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Laws";; Lib. de tile, Lice i de tile

inter re Qnum et sacer

xi et zam conecrtpti, Books concerning

the Strife between the Civil and Eccle 

siastical Authorities in the Eleventh

and Twelfth Centuries Nee., Ne­

~i crokpia Oetmanim, 14e :of

Germany";; Poi. Let. drri Car.,

Poeto: Latirti aryl Carolini, "; Latin

Poets of the Caroline Time";; Poet.

Let, med. anti, Poetd Latini medii dvi,

Latin Poets of the Middle Aaee ";;

Script.. Scrsptoru, Writers '• Sortpt:

rer. war";, Scriptoru rerun tiermani­

carum, . ' Writers on German Sub­

jects ";; Scrfipt. rer. Lanpob„ Scriptoru

rarum Lange bardicarum et ltalrocarum,

"; Writers on Lombard sad Italian

Subjects ";; Script. rer. Mom. Scrip.

toree rerum Merovinpicarum. ' Writers

on Merovingian Subjects'

Mimh

H. H. Milmsn History of Latin Chria 

Milman, Zs tin ~ tianity, Including dud of the Popes' to

Christianity . iliclwlas ~., 8 • vole London,

C. Mirbt, Quaikn our Guchichk du Paprt­

Mirbt, Qusllen: tuns xnd des rthnssa'Kathdieiemxe,

Ttlbingen, 1901

Mueller, Chris  W. Mueller, History of the Christian

lion Church Church, 3 vole., London, 1892 1900

MP(i . J. P. Migne, Patrokpiaa cursua compktva,

arise urea, 182 vole., Paris, 18578

MPL . J. P. Migne~ Patrolopioe curaue eompktus,

aeries Latino, 221 vole., Paris, 1844 84

M$ MSS . Msnuacript. Manuscripts

Muratori, Scrip  L. A. MuWrit Rerun ltaiicarum scrip.

tore . . tore, 28 vole. 1723 51

~Nauu ArcAiv is; Geadlachaft W Alters

NAdeutsche GescAichtskxnds. Hanover,

1878 eqq.

Nah Nahum

n.d no data of publication

Neander, Chris  ~ A• Nesnder. General History of the Chris­tian Church. . . ~n Religion and Church, B vole. sad

index, Boston, 1872 81

Neh . . . . . Nehemirh

N i eerun , MR. P. Nioeron, MEmoipour. s.srni.r1'histoirs des hommsa luatrea 43

d

moi vole Paris 1729 45

~Naua kirc~ Zeikchrift. Leipaic,• 1890

NKZ . 11 sqq_

MGH ........

Mic ...........


LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

Nowaek, Archtt ~W. Nowaek. Lehrbuch der hebrt'•.iachen

ologie . . . ArehBolopie, 2 vole Freiburg, 1894

n.p no place of publication

The Nicene and Post Nicene Fathers, Ices

NPNF .. . . . . . . . aeries, 14 vole., New York, 1887 92; 2d

aeries, 14 vole., New York, 1890 1900

N. T. . . . . . . . . . , ~ New Testament, Novum Teatamentum,

Nouveau Testament, Neuee Testament

Num . . . . . . . . Numbers

Ob . Obadiah

(J. Wordsworth, H. J. White and others.

OLBT . . . . . Old Latin Biblical Texts, baford, 1883

sqq

O. $. B . . . . . . . ~ O";d° .°ancti Benedicti• "; Order of $t.

Benedict ";

O. T Old Testament

OTJC . See Smith

P Prieatly document

L. Pastor, The History of the Popes from

pastor, Popes.. . ~ the Close of the Middle Ages, 8 vole.,

London, 1891 1902

PEA . . . . . . . I Palree ., Anglieanw' ed. J. A. Giles,

34 vole., London, 1&38 48

PEF .. ......... Palestine Exploration Fund

I Pet . First Epistle of Peter

II Pet . $econd Epistle of Peter

Pliny, Hiat. nat..Plin . Hietoris naluraZia

Potthast, ' 1Veg ~ A' ~otthaat, Bibliotheca histories medii

a:vi. Wegoedaer lurch die Geechichta­

uxiaer . we,.keBerlin, 1898

Prov Proverbs

Ps Psalms

PSBA. . . . .. . . . .) Proceedings of the Society of Biblical

f Archeology, London. 1880 egg.

W.V., qq.v. . . . quod (puss) vide, ' which see

R . Redactor Ranks, Popes. . . ~ L' von Ranks, History o/ the Popes,

3 vole., London, 1898

RDM . Revue dace deuz mondea, Paris, 1831 sqq.

RE See Hauck Herzog

Reich, Docu  ) F. Reich SeleclDocumands Illustrating Me­mento .. . . . ... . I diteval and Modern Hiatory, London, 1905

REJ . Revue rise 6tudee Juives, Paris, 1880 sqq.

RettbOrg, KD... 1 F' W. Rettberg, Kirchenpeachichte Dcutaclr

1 lands, 2 vole., Gottingen, 1848 48

Rev ........ Book of Revelation

RHR . . . . . ~ Revue do l hiatoire dace religions, Paris,

1880 Net

Richter, Kirchen ~ A' L. Richter, Lehrbuch dace kaflaoliachen

recht . urn evattge7iachen Kirchenrechta, 8th

ed. by W. Kohl, Leipaic, 1888

Robinson, R e  ( E. Robineon. Biblical Re searches in searches, and J Palestine, Boston, 1841, and Later Later Re  Il Biblical Researches in Palestine, 3d ed. searches.. . . . .. of the whole, 3 vole.. 1887

Robinson, Euro  J. H. Robinson, Readings in European peon History.. ~ History, 2 vols, Boston, 1904  08

Rom . ... ....... Epistle to the Romans

RSE .. . . . . . . . . . ~ R  des sciences ecellsiaatiquea, Arias, 1860 74, Amiena, 1875 sqq.

RTP. . . . . . . . . . . ~ Revue de th&logia ,. et de philoeophie,

Lausanne, 1873­

8. V Revieed Version (of the English Bible)

sac . eacuLum, ' century ";

I Sam . .I Samuel

II Sam . ........... II Samuel

SBA Sitaungaberichte der Berliner Akadtmie;

F1882 eqq.

~Berlin,

. Ilias IHOller and others The Sacred

i Books of the East, Oxford, 1879 eqq.,

vol. xlviii., 1904

Sacred Books o/ ribs Old Testament ("; Rain­bow Bible ), Leipaic, London, and Baltimore, 1894 eq '

P. Schaff, History of ~ Christian Church, vole. i. iv., vi., vii., New York 1882 92, Vol. v., art 1, by D. $. $chajk, 1907

iP. Schaff, The Creeds of Christendom, 3 vole. New York, 1877 84

E. Schrader, Cuneiform Inecriytions and the Old Testament, 2 vole., London, 188b 88

Schrader, KAT . ~ E• Schrader, Die Kealinachriften and dace Alts Testament, 2 vole., Berlin, 1902 03

; E. Schrader, KeilinsckrijUiche BibGioh,

Schrader, KB. .. 8 vole., Berlin, 1889 1901

~E. $chflrer, Geachichte dace jiidiachen

S ll Y olkes im ZeitalterJeau Christi, 3 vole.,

Ghte Leipaie, 1898 1901; Eng. tranal., 5

vole„ New York, 1891

Script . Scr_iptoree, ters . .

$orivener, F. H. A. $criivwriener, Introduction !o Ness Tea­

Introductian , . ~ lament Criticism, 4th ed., 1.ondou,1894

Sam . 3enkntid Sentences

$. J. . . . . . . . .Societaa leeu, Society of Jesus ";

Theologiaehe 3tudien and Rritiken. Ham­

SK . burg, 1828 sqq.

BMA : Sitzu~to der Mqnchensr Aka­

demch, 1880 sqq.

$BE ..........

AYBOT ..........

Schaff Chris&# Church .......

Schaff, Creeds...

Schrader, COT. .

Smith, KinehiP.. ~ W Early Smitabh, labia Kinshipondand Marriage in

Smith, OTJC. . . ~ W' R. Smith, The Old Testament in the

Jewish Church, London, 1892

Smith, Prophets W. R. Smith, Prophets of Israel . . to

the Eighth Centurp, London, 1895

Smith, Rel. of W. R. Smith, Religion of the Semites,

Sem . 1 London. 1894

$. P. C. Ii. . , . , , ( $°eiety for the Promotion of Christian

Knowledge

$. P. G. . . . . . , , , ~ Society for the Propagation of the Gospel

in Foreign Parts

sq., eqq and following

Strom . . . . . . . . . . ..Stromata, Miscellanies ";

e.v aub voce, or sub verbo

Swete, Indroduc )H. B. Swats, Introduction to the Old Tea 

tion .. . . . torment in Greek, London, 1900

Syr . $yriac

TB9. . . . .Trinitarian Bible Society

Thatcheaand oMcN,S~ O. J. Thatcher and E. H. McNeal, A

Source Book for  Mediaeval History.

Book New York, 1905

I Thesa . Firat Epistle to the Thessalonians

II These . 8econd Epistle to the Thessalonians

ThT . . . . . , , , , , Theolpgiddu Tijdachrift, Amsterdam and

Leyden, 1887 sqq.

Tillemont, M6 ~ L'. $• le Nain de Tillemont, Menwarea ecclearaatiquea dace six premiers m°q'~s";";";"; aikclea, 18 vole., Paris, 1693 1712

I Tim ......... First Epistle to Timothy

II Tim . . . . . . . ... . Second Epistle to Timothy

Theologiecher Jahreabericht, Leipaic, 1882 

TJB ... ... . . .. . 1587. Freiburg, 1888. Brunswick, 1889 

1897, Berlin, 1898 sqq.

TLB 77 °Z°gi°ch"; Lirblatt, Bonn. 1888

TLZ l q Litteratu'Teitu'g• Leipeio,

Tob . . . . . . . . . . . Tobit

TQ .. . ~ Th°°logiacha Quarta7achrift, TBbingen,

1819 sqq.

TS. . . .. .. . . . „ , J. A. Robinson, Texts and Studies,

Cambridge, 1891 sq q~

TSBA . Transactions of the Societg of Biblical

Arrhceologlt London, 1872 eqq

TSK .. . . . . . . . ~ The°s Studien und Xratiken, Ham­

burg, 1828 sqq.

(Texts and Unteraurhungen cur Geachichtt

TU . ........ . de'' altchnathchert Ls:kratur, ed. O. von

Gebhardt and A. Harnack, Leipsic,.

( 1882 sqq.

TZT. . . . ~ Tabi°'ger Zeitaehrift /fir Theolopie, Tii­

bingen 1838 40

Ugolin'i, Thesau ~ B. Ugolinus, Thesaurus anlaquitatum

rue aacrarum, 34 voleVieux Venice, 1744 89

V. T VetuaTeatamentum, Teetamant. 'Old

Testament '

Wattenbach, W• Wattenbaeh, Deutachlanda Geaehichta­

. _ , llen, 5th ed., 2 vole., Berlin, 1885; gue

ed., 1893 94

Wellhausen, ) J. Wellhausen, Rests arabiachen Heidett 

Heidentum .... f lama Berlin, 1887

Wellhausen, J• R'ell6ueen, Prolegomena our Geachichte

Prolegomena... ~ I";r°els8th ed., Berlin, 1905, Eng.

tranal.; Edinburgh, 1885

Ztitaehrift iir Aasyriologie, LeipeiR.

ZA . . . . . . . . . . . .; 1886 88 lierlin 1889 sqq.

Zahn, Einlei  ~ T. Zahn, hinleitung in dace New Teata 

tunp . . . . . . 3d ed., Leipaic, 1907

( T. Za~nl~ Geaehichte dace neututamenb

lichen liariOnd 2 vole., Leipeie, 1888=92

ZATiV . ~Znft far die aitteatamenUiche Wia­

aenachaft, Giessen. 1881 sqq.

ZDAL. . . . . . . . . ~ Zeitechritt ftir deutachea Alterthum and daub

scheLUemtw Berlin, 1878eqq

ZDMG ... . .. .. . ~ Zift rice deutachen morgenLSndischen

Geaellacha LeiPaie, 1847 sqq.

Zeitarhri/t far deutsche Phildopie, Halle.

1889 sqq.

Zeitachrift dace deuterhsn Paltktina Var 

eina, Leipaic, 1878 eqq .

... Zephaniah

i Zeitachrift far die hiatoriache Theologie,

published successively at Leipai0.

Hamburg and Goths 1832 75

iZeitaehrift jw' Kircherpeechichfe, Goths,

1878 eqq.

i Zeitechrijt igr Xirchenrxht, Berlin, Ta 

bingen Freiburg, 1881eq q.

Zeitachrift fvr katkoliaehs Thaologie, Inns 

bruck, 1877 sqq.

i Zeitadvrift fAr kirchliche Wieaenechajt and

kirchliehea Le6en. Leipeie. 1880 89 .

Zeitaehrif! for Proteatantiamue and Kirche,

Erlangen, 1838 78

i Zeitachntt~r uiassruchaf

Jena, 18$8 80, Halle, 1881 87, Leipai0. 1868 eqq.

Zahn, Kanon .

ZDP .........

ZDPV....... Zech.......... Zeph.......... ZHT.........

ZKG :

ZKR

ZRT..........

ZRW.........

ZPK...........

ZWT..........


SYSTEM OF TRANSLITERATION

The following system of transliteration hoe been need for Hebrew:

~ _ ' or omitted at the 1= z p = .

beginning of a word. n=4 B=p

2=b d=1 D=phorp

3=bhorb `=y

Y=T

'=g ~_>< P=V

t=ghorg ~=khork 1=r

~=a 5=1 m  _'S

~=dhord n=m

;~=h 1=n P1 =t

j=w p=s n=thort

The vowels are transcribed by a, e, i, o, n, without attempt to indicate quantity or quality. Aug* and other Semitic languages are transliterated according to the same system as Hebrew. Greek is written with Roman characters, the common equivalents being use&

KEY TO PRONUNCIATION

When the pronunciation is self evident the titles are not respelled; when by mere division and atxen­tuation it can be shown sufficiently clearly the titles have been divided into syllables, sad the anted

syllables indicated.

a as in sofa a VA m not in an in duration

N rr arm a tr rr nor e =k rt tr cat

a a sr at a if a fall s eh "; rt Aurch

rt u fan fl if a X18 eW  qu as in queen

e u sr phi Q a tr but dh (9h) a tt As

16 rr tr fate Q "; tt burn f « tt'a1W

i a N tin yt a pi"; 1 B (hard) rt tt •90

u rt machine au a is put g u tt look (h)

st re obey ei if n oil hw (u]<) a rt why

er a no IQ Is rr f1w, i u .r haw

3 >'n accented syllables only: in unaccented ey ILibles it sppcorimatee the eoumd of a in over. The letter n, with a dot

beneath i mdicstee the Bound of a r in iok. Nasal n (ae in ~oh words) a rendered n,

~ In ~ and F=V names a approximates the wand d u in dune:


THE NEW SCHAFF HERZOG

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE

BASILICA: 1. Legal codes. Since the great

codification of the Roman law by Justinian, the

Corpus juria civilia, was written in Latin, it could

not meet the needs of the East, and required Greek

translations. To do away with the uncertainty

which had arisen from such versions, in $78 the

emperor Basil the Macedonian had a handbook

put together, covering forty titles, and put out a

revision in 885. A further revision and codifica­

tion of the. older laws, edited once more under Leo

the Wine (888), bears the Greek name of to hasilika.

It is in sixty books, based on Justinian's compila­

tion from the older versions and commentaries,

with extracts from his later constitutions known

as the Novella, and from Basil's handbook men­

tioned above. (E. FHIEI)HERti:)

2. Early form of Christian churches. See Aacax­xrcrua.>e, Ecc~lesTlcal..

Bxszsoaasrar: C. E. Zachsris, Historic juris (1rmva Romani daiineoMo. PP 35 aa. Heidelberg, 1839; Mortxeuil. His­biro du droit Bysanbin, part ii, pp. 1 B9Q.. Dart iii. PD. 230 mm., Pans. 1843 48; Srumtaaher, Oeachirhts. pp. 171, 257 258. 806, 607. 808, 610, 977.



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