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Master Bibliography 2005


International Society for Environmental Ethics

See the README file that accompanies this bibliography.

This bibliography contains ISEE Newsletter entries, vols. 1-16, 1990-2005, but not 2006 Newsletter entries. They will be merged into this document spring 2007. They can meanwhile be searched in the separate quarterly newsletters at the ISEE website.

1991-92 Green Index: A State-by-State Guide to the Nation's Environmental Health. Covelo, CA: Island Press, 1991. 168 pages. $ 29.95 cloth, $ 18.95 paper. A report card on all fifty states, using 200 indicators to rank each state. (v2,#3)

1992 Plant Conservation Directory. Center for Plant Conserva­tion, Missouri Botanical Garden, P. O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166. 100 pages. Over 500 professionals and offices involved in conserving U. S. native plants. Rare plant laws by state. Sources for obtaining state lists of rare and endangered plants. (v3,#2)

Aagesen, D., ";Crisis and conservation at the end of the world: sheep ranching in Argentine Patagonia,"; Environmental Conservation 27(no.2, JUN 01 2000):208- . (EE v.12,#1)

Aaltola, Elisa, ";Other Animal Ethics and the Demand for Difference,"; Environmental Values 11(2002):193 209. Traditionally animal ethics has criticized the anthropocentric worldview according to which humans differ categorically from the rest of the nature in some morally relevant way. It has claimed that even though there are differences, there are also crucial similarities between humans and animals that make it impossible to draw a categorical distinction between humans who are morally valuable and animals which are not. This argument, according to which animals and humans share common characteristics that lead to moral value, is at the heart of animal ethics. Lately the emphasis on similarity has been under attack. It has been claimed that the search for similarity is itself part of anthropocentric morality, since only those like us are valuable. It also has been claimed that true respect for animals comes from recognizing their difference and ";otherness";, not from seeing similarities. This paper analyses the new ";other animal ethics"; by critically examining its basis and consequences. The conclusion is that despite the fact that other animal ethics is right in demanding respect also for difference, it remains both vague and contradictory in its theoretical basis, and leads to undesirable consequences from the perspective of animal welfare. (EV)

Aaltola, Elisa, Review of: Ingram, David, Green Screen: Environmentalism and Hollywood Cinema. Exeter: University Exeter Press, 2004. Environmental Values 14(2005):539-543.

Aaltola, Elisa. Review of Steve Baker, The Postmodern Animal, London: Reaktion Books, 2000, Environmental Values 10(2001):417. (EV)

Aaltola, Eliza, ";Animal Ethics and Interest Conflicts,"; Ethics and the Environment 10(no. 1, 2005):19-48. Animal ethics has presented convincing arguments for the individual value of animals. Animals are not only valuable instrumentally or indirectly, but in themselves. Less has been written about interest conflicts between humans and other animals, and the use of animals in practice. The motive of this paper is to analyze different approaches to interest conflicts. It concertrates on six models, which are the rights model, the interest model, the mental complexity model, the special relations model, the multi criteria model, and the contextual model. Of these, the contextual model is the strongest, and carries clear consequences for the practical use of animals. Aaltola is a researcher in philosophy, Turku University, Finland. (Eth&Env)

Abaidoo, Samuel, Human-Nature Interaction and the Modern Agricultural Regime: Agricultural Practices and Environmental Ethics, 1997, University of Saskatchewan (Canada), Ph.D. thesis in sociology. 305 pages. The relationship between farming practices and two predominant ontological assumptions: (1) the ";externality"; assumption: humans interact with nature but are only externally related to nature; and (2) the ";internality"; assumption: humans are internally related to nature. The theoretical orientation is Habermas' neo-modernity thesis, which argues that changes in social normative structures and actions can, and do develop, without changes in ontological assumptions about human-nature relationship. The Habermasian approach rejects the reenchantment thesis espoused by constructive postmodernists. One aspect of the study involved archival research of Canadian agricultural policy; another was a survey of farm families living in the south western Saskatchewan section of the Palliser Triangle. There is a moderate to strong relationship between the ";internality"; assumption and alternative farming practices. The ";externality"; assumption was more predominant among conventional farmers. Nevertheless there is only partial support for the Habermasian thesis. A significant minority of alternative farmers espouse environmentalist ethics and also an ";externality"; ontological assumption. The advisor was H. Dickinson. (v.10,#1)

Abakerli, Stefania, ";A Critique of Development and Conservation Policies in Environmentally Sensitive Regions in Brazil,"; Geoforum (Pergamon): 32(2001):551-565. The current model of protected areas originated in the capitalist U.S., with development on most of the landscape but some protected areas. This has been unsuitably exported to Brazil as a ";politically viable rationale."; Such protected areas have been implemented by a top-down authority, with no serious attention to the ways in which local peoples' livelihoods were connected with the designated reserves. In English, but the English needs considerable copy-editing. Abakerli lives in Rotterdam, Netherlands. (v.13,#2)

Abbasi, S.A., Krishnakumari, P., Khan, F.I. Hot Topics: Everyday Environmental Concerns. New York, Oxford University Press, 1999. 224 pp. $14. Questions concerning the ozone hole at the Antarctic, radioactive waste treatment and transportation, and the basic components of a hazard control system. (v.10,#3)

Abbey, Edward. ";Earth First! and The Monkey Wrench Gang."; Environmental Ethics 5(1983):94 95. (EE)

Abbot, Ian, ";Improving The Conservation Of Threatened And Rare Mammal Species Through Translocation to Islands: Case Study Western Australia,"; Biological Conservation 93 (No. 2, 2000): 195- . (v.11,#2)

AbdelMagid (Abdel-Magid), Isam Mohammed, Mohammed, Abdel-Wahid Hago, Rowe, Donald R. Modeling Methods for Environmental Engineers. Boca Raton, FL: St. Lucie Press, 1997. 544 pp. $79.95. (v8,#3)

Abdo, Geneive, ";Cairo Conference Shifts Focus of Population Effort,"; The Christian Science Monitor 86 (15 September 1994): 1, 4. (v5,#3)

Abel, Donald C. Discourses. Customized environmental ethics anthology, under construction. McGraw-Hill has developed an electronic database publication system, called Primis, that enables instructors to create customized anthologies for their courses. Instructors can construct their text and order a free sample copy over the Internet, using the Primis web page: /primis. The philosophy section is called Discourses, currently with 127 readings. A further set is under construction on environmental ethics. See web page: /primis/philo. For further information also contact: Donald C. Abel, Philosophy Department, St. Norbert College, 100 Grant St., De Pere, WI 54115. E-mail: abeldc@mail.snc.edu. Phone: 920/403-3086. Fax: 920/403-4086. (v10,#4)

Abel, TD, ";Review of: Myers, Norman, and Jennifer Kent, Perverse Subsidies: How Tax Dollars Can Undercut the Environment and the Economy";, Society and Natural Resources 15(no.4, 2003):363-364.

Abelson, Raziel and Marie-Louise Friquegnon, eds. Ethics for Modern Life, 5th edition. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995. 496 pages. Chapter 8 is Environmental Ethics, with two articles: Jan Narveson, ";Moral Problems of Population,"; and Derek Parfit, ";On Doing the Best for our Children."; Rather strange choices, if there are to be only two articles representing environmental ethics. The editors do not seem to be able to distinguish between environmental ethics and intergenerational ethics. The two 5th edition articles replace Ruth Macklin, ";Can Future Generations Correctly be Said to Have Rights?"; and Joel Feinberg, ";The Rights of Animals and Unborn Generations"; in the 4th edition (newsletter v2, #4). Chapter 11 is on animal rights: Peter Singer, ";Animal Liberation,"; and Ruth Cigman, ";No Need for Liberation."; The suggested reading list is quite inadequate for environmental ethics, mentioning not a single one of the systematic works in the field, and but two of some sixteen anthologies. Abelson is at New York University; Friquegnon at William Patterson College. (v5,#4)

Abelson, Raziel and Marie-Louise Friquegnon, Ethics for Modern Life, 4th edition. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991. Chapter 7 is ";Environmental Ethics."; Readings are Ruth Macklin, ";Can Future Generations Correctly be Said To Have Rights?";; Joel Feinberg, ";The Rights of Animals and Unborn Generations."; (v2,#4)

Abelson, Raziel, and Friquenon, Marie-Louise, eds., Ethics for Modern Life, 6th edition. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2003. Contains, on environmental ethics:

-Gore, Al, ";The Need for Environmental Protection,";

-Kaufman, Wallace, ";The Excesses of Environmentalism,";

and, on animal rights:

-Regan, Tom, ";Animals Have Rights,";

-Cigman, Ruth, ";Animals Do Not Have Rights,";

-Hof, Christina, ";Immoral and Moral Uses of Animals.";

Aber, J; Neilson, RP; McNulty, S; Lenihan, JM, Bachelet, D; Drapek, RJ, ";Forest Processes and Global Environmental Change: Predicting the Effects of Individual and Multiple Stressors,"; Bioscience 51(no, 9, 2001):735-752. (v.13,#1)

Abernethy, Virginia Deane. ";Allowing Fertility Decline: 200 Years After Malthus's Essay on Population,"; Environmental Law 27(no.4, 1997):1097- . (v9,#2)

Abouchar, Juli A. ";A Foot in the Door,"; Alternatives 23 (no.2, 1997): 28. Transnational corporations have always had access to international levers of power. Environmental groups are just now gaining some legal recognition and access. (v8,#2)

Aboud, Abdillahi, Sofranko, Andrew J., Ndiaye, Serigne. ";The Effect of Gender on Adoption of Conservation Practices by Heads of Farm Households in Kenya";, Society & Natural Resources 9(no.5, 1996):447. (v7,#4)

Abram, David, The Spell of the Sensuous: Perception and Language in a More than Human World. Reviewed by James Hatley. Environmental Ethics 19(1997):109 112. (EE)

Abram, David, ";The Ecology of Magic,"; Orion Nature Quarterly, summer 1991. ";The traditional shaman ... is in many ways the `ecologist' of a tribal society. He or she acts as intermediary between the human community and the larger ecological field, regulating the flow of nourishment, not just from the landscape to the human inhabitants, but from the human community back to the local earth. By his or her constant rituals, trances, ecstacies, and `journeys' the shaman ensures that the relation between human society and the larger society of beings is balanced and reciprocal, and that the village never takes more from the living land than it returns."; ";Sadly, our society's relation to the living biosphere can in no way be considered a reciprocal or balanced one. ... From an animistic perspective, the clearest source of all this distress, both physical and psychological, lies in the ... violence perpetrated by our civilization; only by alleviating the latter will we be able to heal the former. ... We are human only in contact and convivi­ality with what is not human. Only in reciprocity with what is Other will we begin to heal ourselves."; (v2,#4)

Abram, David, ";Merleau Ponty and the Voice of the Earth,"; Environmental Ethics 10(1988):101 120. An important analysis of Merleau Ponty, showing his relevance to environmental ethics and deep ecology. ";[T]he hidden thrust of the phenomenological movement is the reflective rediscovery of our inherence in the body of the Earth"; (p. 106). Thus his ";work suggests a rigorous way to approach and to speak of the myriad ecosystems without positing our immediate selves outside of them"; (p. 119). (Katz, Bibl # 2)

Abram, David. ";A Reply to 'Phenomenology versus Pragmatism.'"; Environmental Ethics 23(2001):335 336. (EE)

Abram, David. ";Returning to our Animal Senses,"; Wild Earth 7 (no.1, 1997): 7. (v8,#2)

Abram, David. ";Nature at Arm's Length."; Research in Philosophy and Technology 15 (1995): 177. (v7, #3)

Abram, David. ";Merleau Ponty and the Voice of the Earth."; Environmental Ethics 10(1988):101 20. Ecologists and environmental theorists have paid little attention to our direct, sensory experience of the enveloping world. In this paper I discuss the importance of such experience for ecological philosophy. Merleau-Ponty's careful phenomenology of perceptual experience shows perception to be an inherently creative, participatory activity  a sort of conversation, carried on underneath our spoken discourse, between the living body and its world. His later work discloses the character of language itself as a medium born of the body's participation with a world experienced as alive. That living world is none other than the Earth. Abram is in the department of philosophy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY. (EE)

Abram, David. The Spell of the Sensuous: Perception and Language in a More-than-Human World. New York: Pantheon Books, 1996. 333 pages. $25.00 cloth. ";Nobody writes about the ecological depths of the human and more-than-human world with more love and lyrical sensitivity than David Abram"; (Theodore Roszak). A sleight-of-hand magician as well as a philosopher, Abram has lived and traded magic with indigenous magicians on several continents. Starting from the intimate relation between these practitioners and the animals, plants, and natural elements, his book draws the reader into investigations regarding the fluid, participatory nature of perception, and the reciprocity between our senses and the sensuous earth. This unfolds into an exploration of language, and the power words have to enhance or to stifle the spontaneous life of the senses. Our most cherished human attributes--from the gift of language, to the awareness of past and future, to the rational intellect itself--all emerge in interaction with the animate natural world, and remain wholly dependent upon that living world for their coherence.

";I know of no work more valuable for shifting our thinking and feeling about the place of humans in the world. Your children and their children will be grateful to him; the planet itself must be glad";--James Hillman, psychologist). ";Scholars will doubtless recognize its brilliance, but they may overlook the most important part of Abram's achievement: he has written the best instruction manual yet for becoming fully human. I walked outside when I was done and the world was a different place"; (Bill McKibben). ";A masterpiece--combining poetic passion with intellectual rigor and daring. Electric with energy, it offers us a new model of scholarly inquiry: as a fully embodied human animal. It opens pathways and vistas that will be fruitfully explored for years, indeed for generations, to come"; (Joanna Macy, deep ecology activist). Abram is an ecologist and philosopher, with a PhD from SUNY, Stony Brook. (v6,#4)

Abram, David. ";Between the Body and the Breathing Earth: A Reply to Ted Toadvine."; Environmental Ethics 27 (2005):171-190. I take issue with several themes in Ted Toadvine's lively paper, ";Limits of the Flesh,"; suggesting that he has significantly misread many of the arguments in The Spell of the Sensuous. I first engage his contention that I disparage reflection and denigrate the written word. Then I take up the assertion that I exclude the symbolic dimension of experience from my account, and indeed that I seek to eliminate the symbolic from our interactions with others. Finally, I refute his claim that my ecophenomenological stance leaves no room for resistance, contradiction, and alterityCelements that are, in fact, central to my understanding of ethics. My reply leads directly into a discussion of one of the crucial concerns of my work: the manner in which the very style of our discourseCour way of wielding wordsCtacitly works to either enhance, or to stifle, the solidarity between the human community and the more-than-human earth. (EE)

Abram, David; Light, Andrew; and Wenz, Peter. ";Discussion of David Rothenberg's Hand's End."; Research in Philosophy and Technology 15 (1995): 199. (v7, #3)

Abrams, Paula. ";Population Control and Sustainability: It's the Same Old Song but With a Different Meaning,"; Environmental Law 27(no.4, 1997):1111- . (v9,#2)

AbuAsab, MS; Peterson, PM; Shetler, SG; Orli, SS, ";Earlier plant flowering in spring as a response to global warming in the Washington, DC, area,"; Biodiversity and Conservation 10(no.4, 2001):597-612. (v.12,#4)

Acampora, Ralph R. Review of Electric Animal: Toward a Rhetoric of Wildlife. By Akira Mizuta Lippit. Environmmental Ethics 24(2002):219 220. (EE)

Acampora, Ralph R., ";Using and Abusing Nietzsche for Environmental Ethics."; Environmental Ethics 16(1994):187-194. Max Hallman has put forward an interpretation of Nietzsche's philosophy according to which Nietzsche is a prototypical deep ecologist. In reply, I dispute Hallman's main interpretive claim as well as its ethical and exegetical corollaries. I hold that Nietzsche is not a ";biospheric egalitarian,"; but rather an aristocratically individualistic ";high humanist."; A consistently naturalistic transcendentalist, Nietzsche does submit a critique of modernity's Christian inflected anthropocentrism (pace Hallman), and yetCin his later workChe endorses exploitation in the quest for nobility (contra Hallman). I conclude that ecophilosophers need to exercise hermeneutical caution in any attempt to appropriate Nietzsche for environmentally ethical designs, lest they illegitimately ventriloquize their own moral voices into an authoritative but alien mouthpiece. Acampora is in philosophy, Emory University, Atlanta. (EE)

Acevedo, Mariana T., ";The Intersection of Human Rights and Environmental Protection in the European Court of Human Rights,"; New York University Environmental Law Journal 8 (No. 2, 2000): 347- . (v.11,#4)

Achtenmeier, Elizabeth, Nature, God, and Pulpit. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1992. 206 pages. $ 17. A biblically based study of preaching about nature and God. With sample sermons. ";Few doctrines are so neglected as the doctrine of creation and yet none is more important to the gospel in the twentieth century."; Achtenmeier is adjunct professor of homiletics at Union Theolog­ical Seminary in Richmond, VA. (v3,#4)

Achterberg, Wouter, Review of Goodin, Robert, Green Political Theory. Environmental Values 3(1994):79-80.

Achterberg, Wouter, Review of Robert E. Goodin, Green Political Theory, Environmental Values 3(1994):79-80. (EV)

Achterberg, Wouter, ed. Natuur: Uitbuiting of respect? Natuurwaarden in discussie (Nature: Exploitation or Respect? Natural Values in Discussion) (in Dutch) Kampen (Netherlands): Kok Agora, 1989. ISBN 90-242-7651-9 Section I. The limits of the ";making"; of things. (";Make-ability,"; ";construct-ability,"; ";fabrication";; cf. Greek techne, the modes in which nature can be remade by humans. Koo van der Wal, ";The `making' of things";; Maarten Coolen, ";Some philosophical-anthropological notions of `making'";; Wim Zweers, ";Intrinsic value as a norm for `making'";; Section II. The Social Context. Wouter Achterberg, ";Future generations: intuitive and contra-intuitive";; Wibren van der Burg, ";The environment in political philosophy: toward an alternative vision of the state'; Hans Achterhuis, ";Nature: desire and scarcity";; Section III. The image of nature. Henk Verhoog, ";Reading the book of nature";; Nico van der Perk, ";Social criticism based on an image of nature";; Victor Westhoff, ";The image of nature in non-literate societies in the higher-developed Eastern worldviews."; Achterberg teaches philosophy at the University of Amsterdam. (v6,#3)

Achterberg, Wouter, Samenleving, Natuur en Duurzaamheid: Een Inleiding in de Milieufilosofie (Society, Nature and Sustainability: An Introduction to Environmental Philosophy). Assen, Netherlands: Van Gorcum, 1994. Achterberg provides a philosophical analysis of the environmental problematique from a social philosophical and ethical perspective. The book is primarily intended for use by students in environmental philosophy at universities and colleges, but can be of help to anyone interested in the environmental issues. Leading questions are 1) why our society seems to be inherently unable to utilize the environment in a sustainable way and 2) what structural changes can and should be made to change the current unsustainable utilization of the environment.  Chapters include: 1) What is environmental philosophy? 2) Sustainability. History and analysis of the idea; 3) Whose environment? Tragedies and dilemmas? 4) Market economy, capitalism and the pressure to grow; 5) State and environmental crisis; 6) Environmental crisis and technology; 7) Attitudes towards nature, 8) Environmental Ethics: Respect for nature and intrinsic worth; 9) Environmental Ethics: Future generations. The book is comprehensive, provides an in depth analysis of central concepts, positions and theoretical perspectives and offers valuable suggestions for structural change. It is recommended for anyone with a good command of the Dutch language. Achterberg teaches philosophy at the University of Amsterdam and is the ISEE contact for Europe.

Achterberg, Wouter. Samenleving, natuur en duurzaamheid; Een inleiding in de milieu-filosofie [In Dutch: Society, nature and sustainability; An introduction in environmental philosophy], Assen: Van Gorcum 1994. Achterberg is professor in ethics at the University of Amsterdam. (v.11,#1)

Achterberg, Wouter. Samenleving natuur en durrzaamheid: Een Inleiding in de Milieufilosofie (Society, Nature, and Sustainability: An Introduction to Environmental Philosophy) (in Dutch). Assen, Netherlands: Van Gorcum and Comp, 1994. ISBN 90-232-2865-0. Chapters: 1. What is environmental philosophy? 2. Sustainability: History and analysis of an idea. Part I. Environment and industrial society: Will we ever get it right? 3. Whose environment? Tragedies and dilemmas. 4. Market economics, capitalism, and the forces of growth. 5. The state and the environmental crisis. 6. The environmental crisis and technology. Part II. What is the value of nature for us? 7. Attitudes toward nature. 8. Environmental ethics: Respect for nature and intrinsic value. 9. Environmental ethics: Future generations. Achterberg teaches philosophy at the University of Amsterdam and is the European contact person for the International Society of Environmental Ethics. (v6,#3)

Achterhuis, Hans. ed., American Philosophy of Technology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001. Offers thumbnail sketches of the work of six American philosophers of technology: Albert Borgmann, Hubert Dreyfus, Andrew Feenberg, Donna Harraway, Don Ihde and Langdon Winner. (v.13,#4)

Ackerman, Bruce. Private Property and the Constitution. Reviewed in Environmental Ethics 1(1979):89 96.

Ackerman, D., ";Earth-Healing in South Africa: Challenges to the Church,"; Ecotheology, No. 2, January, 1998, p. 48- . (v9,#2)

Ackerman, Denise, ";Earth-Healing in South Africa: Challenges to the Church,"; Ecotheology No 2(1997):48-58.

Ackerman, Diane, The Rarest of the Rare: Vanishing Animals, Timeless Worlds. New York: Random House, 1995. $ 23.00 Rare species such as the Brazilian golden lion tamarin, monk seals in the Pacific, the short-tailed albatross on an island off the coast of Japan, and the migrations of the monarch butterfly. (v6,#4)

Ackerman, Diane. A Slender Thread. New York: Random House, 1997. A meditation on the interconnection of the human and natural worlds. The form is a quasi-journal that blends her observations on nature, as seen through Ackerman's garden windows, with her observations on human nature, as seen through her volunteer work at a local crisis center. Ackerman is also the author of The Rarest of the Rare, a look at endangered species, and A Natural History of the Senses, an effort to catch emotion and sensory beauty in words. (v8,#1)

Ackerman, Frank. Why Do We Recycle?: Markets, Values, and Public Policy. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1996. 180 pages. $29.95 cloth, $16.95 paper. The arguments for and against recycling, focusing on the debate surrounding the use of economic mechanisms to determine the value of recycling. Ackerman presents an alternative view of the theory of market incentives, challenging the notion that setting appropriate prices and allowing unfettered competition will result in the most efficient level of recycling. (v7, #3)

Ackerman, Frank. Why Do We Recycle? Markets, Values, and Public Policy. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1997. 180pp. $29.95 cloth, $16.95 paper. A blend of the economic and environmental arguments for recycling and waste reduction. (v8,#1)

Ackland, Len, Making a Real Killing: Rocky Flats and the Nuclear West. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1999. 308 pages. Rocky Flats, just outside Denver, Colorado, was a manufacturing site for hockey-puck sized cores, made of plutonium, that detonate nuclear weapons. The plant was built and operated before we knew how to handle nuclear wastes and the managers were under intense pressure to produce at break-neck speed to keep up with what it was presumed the Russians were doing, all under a veil of secrecy, which put the public at great risks they knew nothing about. Now these mistakes leave as legacy one of the worst pollution problems in the U.S., costing tens of millions of dollars each year, and difficult if not impossible to clean up. (v.12,#2)

Ackrill, Rob, Review of: Batabyal, Amitrajeet A., and Beladi, Hamid, eds., The Economics of International Trade and Environment. Boca Raton: Lewis, 2001. Environmental Values 12(2003):537-539. (EV)

Acutt, Melinda and Pamela Mason, eds. Environmental Valuation, Economic Policy and Sustainability: Recent Advances in Environmental Economics. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 211pp. Reviewed by Colin Green. Environmental Values 9(2000):537.

Adam, Barbara. ";Food for Thought: Timescapes of Risk."; Environmental Values 8(1999):219-238. ABSTRACT: This paper explores the temporal dimension of risks associated with the production, trade and consumption of food. The paper operates at many levels of substantive and theoretical analysis: it focuses on problems for understanding and action that arise from the invisibility of the hazards, explores the effects of those hazards on consumers and sets out the differences in risks that are faced by farmers, processors, traders and consumers. With its emphasis on that which tends to be disattended in conventional social science analysis   the temporal and the invisible   the paper has implications for social theory at the level of ontology and epistemology. It concludes with reflections on the role of social theory in such contemporary timescapes of risk. KEYWORDS: Timescape, risk, innovative technology, food, invisible hazards. Barbara Adam, School of Social Science Cardiff University 50 Park Place, Cardiff CF1 3AT, UK (EV)

Adam, John A., Mathematics in Nature: Modelling Patterns in the Natural World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003. Math in nature, leading to a deeper appreciation of such natural phenomena as cloud formation, tree heights, leaf patterns, butterfly wings, and even puddles and mud cracks. Adam is in math, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA. (v. 15, # 3)

Adams, A., ed., Proceedings of the First World Conference on National Parks. Washington, DC: National Park Service, U. S. Department of Interior, 1962.

Adams, Ann. The Creation Was Open to Me: An Anthology of Friends' Writings on That of God in All Creation. Wimslow: Quaker Green Concern, 1996. 95 p. (v.11,#1)

Adams, Ansel, The American Wilderness. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co., 1991. 146 pages. 107 black and white duotones. Hardcover $ 100. The first book of this type since the 1970's and probably the last for a long time. Majestic photographs of landscapes, with selections from Adams' letters that form a powerful statement on the imperative of wilderness conservation. (v2,#4)

Adams, Bill, Review of Oates, David, Earth Rising. Environmental Values Vol.1 No.4(1992):370.

Adams, Carol J., and Josephine Donovan, eds., Animals and Women. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995. $ 16.95 paper. 360 pages. (v6,#4)

Adams Carol J., ";Feasting on Life,"; Ecotheology No 9 (July 2000):38-48.

Adams Carol J,, ";Viewpoint: Pity the Poor Mad Cow,"; Ecotheology No 3(1997):117-119.

Adams, Carol J., The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theory. New York: Crossroad/Continuum, 1990 paper, $ 12.95. Reviewed in Environmental Ethics 14(1992):365 69.

Adams, Carol J., ed., Ecofeminism and the Sacred. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1992. 250 pages. $ 16.95 paper. $ 39.95 cloth. Part I: Sallie McFague on an earthly theological agenda, Carol Lee Sanchez on the sacred connection between animal, vegetable, and mineral, Delores Williams on the womanist tradi­tion on sin, defilement, and the environment, Judith Plaskow on feminist Judaism and repairing the world, Lena Gupta on Hinduism and ecofemimism. Part II: on animal consciousness, ecological politics, Goddess mythology, and others. Catherine Keller, Marjorie Procter-Smith, Jane Caputi, Rebecca Johnson, Andy Smith, Janet Biehl, Chellis Glendinning, Marti Keel, Teal Willoughby. [Editor's note: This book was in press but cancelled owing to a dispute over a pro-choice article. It was later published by Continuum, see that entry, in v5, #1.] (v3,#3)

Adams, Carol J., ed., Ecofeminism and the Sacred. New York: Continuum, 1993. 352 pages. $ 18.95. In patriarchal religions, the earthly female body has been profaned, while the transcendent male spirit has been sacralized. Women, animals, and nature in general have suffered systematic degradation and oppression. Twenty essayists wonder what might happen if the physical, sensuous world were seen as sacred. Feminist and womanist analyses of traditional religions; emergent ecofeminist spiritualities, and the way they might work in practice. This book was previously announced as an Orbis book (see Newsletter 3, 3, and more detail there), but, in last minute developments, Orbis refused to publish the book unless a pro-choice article was removed, which Adams refused to do, thereafter seeking another publisher. Orbis is under the jurisdiction of the Maryknoll Order, over which Cardinal O'Connor has canonical authority. See book review by Carol S. Robb in CTNS (Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences) Bulletin, Spring 1993. (v5,#1)

Adams, Carol. Neither Man Nor Beast: Feminism and the Defense of Animals. New York: Continuum Press, 1994. (v7, #3)

Adams, Cass, ed. The Soul Unearthed: Celebrating Wildness and Personal Renewal Through Nature. New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher and G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1996. ISBN 0-87477-838-7. 288 pages, paperback, $14.95. A collection of stories, essays and poetry by well-known writers about the transformative power of wilderness experience. Included are selections from: Robert Bly, Delores LaChapelle, James Swan, Terry Tempest Williams, Joan halifax, Roderick nash, Michael Roads, John Stokes, Jim Nollman, Deena Metzger, John Seed, John Daniel, Brenda Peterson, Matthew Fox, Michael J. Cohen, Joseph Bruchac, Steven Foster, Maxine Kumin, and others. Tarcher/Putnam, 200 Madison Ave., 18th Floor, New York, NY 10016, 212-951-8581. (v7, #3)

Adams, David A., Renewable Resource Policy: The Legal-Institu­tional Foundations. Washington: Island Press, 1993. 580 pages. $ 75.00 hardcover. The history, laws, and important national policies affecting renewable resource management. (v4,#3)

Adams, J. M., Piovesan, G., Strauss, S., and Brown, S., ";The Case for Genetic Engineering of Native and Landscape Trees against Introduced Pests and Diseases,"; Conservation Biology 16(no.4, 2002): 874-79. (v.13,#4)

Adams, Jane, ";Class: an Essential Aspect of Watershed Planning,"; Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18(2005):533-556. A study of a watershed planning process in the Cache River Watershed in southern Illinois revealed that class divisions, based on property ownership, underlay key conflicts over land use and decision making relevant to resource use. A class analysis of the region indicates that the planning process served to endorse and solidify the locally dominant theory that landownership confers the right to govern. This obscured the class differences between large full time farmers and small holders whose livelihood depends on non farm labor. These two groups generally opposed one another regarding wetland drainage. Their common identity as property owner consolidated the power wielded locally by large farmers. It also provided an instrument - the planning document - for state and federal government agencies to enhance their power and to bring resources to the region. Keywords Cache River   class   deliberative democracy   Southern Illinois   watershed planning Adams is in history, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale. (JAEE)

Adams, John, ";The Emperor's Old Clothes: The Curious Comeback of Cost-benefit Analysis."; Environmental Values Vol.2 No.3(1993) 247-260. ABSTRACT: Cost-benefit analysis is enjoying a resurgence. Despite its well documented failures in the past to cope with the environmental damage caused by major transport projects, and despite lack of progress in resolving the causes of these failures, Britain's Department of the Environment now proposes to apply it not just to projects, but to the formulation of policy. Curious. KEYWORDS: Cost-benefit analysis, valuation, willingness to pay, willingness to accept. Department of Geography, University College, London, 26 Bedford Way, London WC1H OAP, UK.

Adams, John, Risk. Reviewed by John Proops. Environmental Values 5(1996):181-182. (EV)

Adams, John, Review of Douthwaite, Richard, The Growth Illusion. Environmental Values Vol.2 No.1(1993):79.

Adams, John. ";Cost Benefit Analysis: The Problem, Not the Solution."; The Ecologist 26, no.1 (1996): 2. (v7, #3)

Adams, Jonathan M., et al, ";The Case for Genetic Engineering of Native and Landscape Trees against Introduced Pests and Diseases,"; Conservation Biology 16(no. 4, August 2002):874-879. Important native forest trees and familiar landscape trees have been ravaged by introduced pests and diseases. Without human intervention many of these trees will become extinct. The problem is likely to get worse. Cautious transfer of resistance genes might be a desirable conservation strategy, gradually replacing the present trees with the transgenics. Adams is in natural resource science, University of Rhode Island. (v.13, #3)

Adams, Jonathan S., and Thomas O. McShane, The Myth of Wild Africa: Conservation without Illusion. New York: W. W. Norton, 1992. Also, in a paper edition, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1996. $ 14.95.

Adams, Jonathan S., Mcshane, Thomas O. The Myth of Wild Africa: Conservation without Illusion. San Francisco: University of California Press, 1996. $14.95 paper. Seeks to redress the lack of understanding of the vital position of Africans in effective conservation. (v.7,#4)

Adams, Jonathan S., and McShane, Thomas O., The Myth of Wild Africa: Conservation without Illusion. ";Europeans invented a mythical Africa, which soon claimed a place of privilege in the Western imagination"; (p. xii). ";Success lies ... in understanding that conservation and development, long at loggerheads, are two parts of a single process. Conservation cannot ignore the needs of human beings, while development that runs roughshod over the environment is doomed"; (p. xix). (v 14, #3)

Adams, Lowell W. Urban Wildlife Habitats: A Landscape Perspective. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994. 160 pages. $34.95; $16.95 paper. (v5,#2)

Adams, Michael S., Kausch, Hartmut, Kruger, Karl-Ernst. ";The Effect of the Reunification of Germany on the Water Chemistry and Ecology of Selected Rivers,"; Environmental Conservation 23(no.4 1996):289. (v8,#3)

Adams, Noah, Far Appalachia: Following the New River North. New York: Random House, 2001. In search of Appalachian roots, Noah Adams took time off from hosting NPR's All Things Considered to follow the New River out of western North Carolina through Virginia and into West Virginia. He drove, hiked, and paddled, exploring the ecology, and became deeply appreciative of one of America's most beautiful regions. Listeners to ATC are still waiting for this to translate into good environmental reporting. (v.12,#4)

Adams, Paul W., and Hairston, Anne B. ";Calling All Experts: Using Science to Direct Policy."; Journal of Forestry 94, no.4 (1996): 27. (v7, #3)

Adams, Rod D., Liberal Education and the Environment: An Analysis of David Orr's Green Proposal for Higher Education. M.A. thesis, Colorado State University, Fall 2003. Liberal education, David Orr argues, has been equipping students with industrial minds and proposes educating for ecologically literate minds instead. I examine his proposal in the light of the history of liberal education, which has two competing traditions, the rhetorical and the philosophical. Universities tend to emphasize one or the other at various times; a better education would enable students to make their own choices here. Orr requires ideals from both traditions, as well as elements from ancient, modern, and postmodern philosophy. (v.14, #4)

Adams, W. M., Wasting the Rain: Rivers, People, and Planning in Africa. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993. Co-published with Earthscan in the United Kingdom. 240 pages. $ 17.95, paper. For much of Africa, drought seems to be a perma­nent feature. Many attempts have been made to develop water resources through dams and irrigation schemes, but these have almost invariably failed. The best hope of appropriate develop­ment lies in working with local people using local knowledge. Adams wants to use the strength and diversity of indigenous water development in the difficult and often variable climate of Africa. The record of the modern, large-scale developments, particularly dams and irrigation schemes, has been poor and ineffective in conservation. (v4,#2)

Adams, W. T.; Hobbs, Stephen; Johnson, Norm, ";Intensively Managed Forest Plantations in the Pacific Northwest: Introduction,"; Journal of Forestry 103(no.2, March 2005):59-60(2).

Adams, W.M., Future Nature: A Vision for Conservation. Reviewed by John Francis. Environmental Values 5(1996):369-371. (EV)

Adams, W.M. Review of Joseph Hanlon, Peace Without Profit: How the IMF Blocks Rebuilding in Mozambique. Environmental Values 8(1999):113. (EV)

Adams, William M., Brockington, Dan, Dyson, Jane, and Vira, Bhaskar, ";Managing Tragedies: Understanding Conflict over Common Pool Resources,"; Science 302(12 December 2003):1915-1916. ";Conflicts over the management of common pool resources are not simply material. They also depend on the perceptions of the protagonists. Policy to improve management often assumes that problems are self-evident, but in fact careful and transparent consideration of the ways different stakeholders understand management problems is essential to effective dialogue."; ";Religious beliefs and moral convictions can be important in structuring understanding, both among local people and scientists."; ";To some extent, policy will always involve `tragic' choices that contradict the deeply held values and beliefs of some stakeholders."; Adams and Vira are in geography, Cambridge University. Brockington is in geography, Oxford University.

Adams, William M., ";Biodiversity Conservation and the Eradication of Poverty,"; Science 306(12 November 2004):1146-1149. It is widely accepted that biodiversity loss and poverty are linked problems and that conservation and poverty reduction should be tackled together. However, success with integrated strategies is elusive and hard to find. There is sharp debate and the social impacts of conservation programs and the success of community-based approaches to conservation. The links between poverty alleviation and biodiversity conservation are here analyzed. (v.14, #4)

Adams, William Mark, Green Development: Environment and Sustainability in the Third World. London and New York: Routledge, 1990, 1992. 257 pages. An analysis of the concept of sustainable development, with particular reference to the gulf between environment and development studies. The ";greenness"; of development is not to be found in a simple concern for the environment, but in a new understanding of the politics of the development process and the power of the poor to control and determine the future of their own environment. Adams is a lecturer in geography at the University of Cambridge. (v6,#3)

Adamson, Kerry-Ann. Review of Chris Hables Gray, ";Cyborg Citizen: Politics in the Posthuman Age";, Organization and Environment 14 (No. 4, December 2001) pp. 472-4. Adamson is a Marie Curie Fellow with the Technical University of Berlin, researching socio-political issues in relation to the future of the fuel cell market. (v.13,#2)

Adamson, Tim, ";Measure for Measure: The Reliance of Human Knowledge on the Things of the World,"; Ethics and the Environment 10(no. 2, 2005):175-194. The notion that all knowledge is a form of measurement can be traced back to the Socratic insight that knowledge requires the presence of some standard against which things are measured. If experience and knowledge rely on some capacity for measurement, what is measurement and what does it entail. The most common contemporary answer to this question can be found in the notion that our experience and knowledge are ";constructed"; by distinctly human, that is, cultural factors. This raises the question of the place and role of nature in our experience. My aim is to articulate a view of the measurement involved in human experience and knowledge, one which helps us to overcome the privileging of culture over nature that still plagues contemporary thought. My account is inspired by Merleau-Ponty's philosophy of the body, particularly his notion that the human body serves as a ";measurant of things."; Adamson is in philosophy at Iowa Wesleyan College and Adjunct Professor of Religion at the University of Iowa. (Eth&Env)

Addis, Getachew; Urga, Kelbessa; Dikasso, Dawit, ";Ethnobotanical Study of Edible Wild Plants in Some Selected Districts of Ethiopia,"; Human Ecology 33(no.1, February 2005):83-118(36).

Adede, Andronico O., ";The Treaty System from Stockholm (1972) to Rio de Janiero (1992),"; Pace Environmental Law Review 13 (no. 1, 1995):33-48. A ";new breed"; of treaty began to appear in this period, which tries to incoporate new concepts and concerns aimed at bringing about sustainable development. These include inter-generational equity, common but differentiated responsibility, caution against allowing a lack of scientific evidence to serve as a pretext for inaction, the polluter-pays principle, duties of co-operation and exchange of scientific information, trade and the environment, sovereignty and the environment, and the role of non-governmental organizations and local communities in the negotiation and implementation of environmental treaties. Above all, the ";new breed"; of treaties address, in greater detail, arrangements for both the transfer of funds to combat environmental problems and the transfer of environmentally sound technologies. Furthermore, they take into account the interest of developing counties to ensure their participation in both the negotiation and governance of such treaties. Adede is with the Office of Legal Affairs, United Nations, New York. (v8,#2)

Adelaja, Adesoji O. and Brumfield, Robin, ";Research Note on Equity and Ethics in State-Promotion of Agricultural Products";, Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4(1991):82-88. Many state governments in the United States promote locally produced farm products. This paper discusses issues related to the ethics and equity of such promotional programs. The paper argues that generic promotion is generally easier to justify in terms of ethics and equity than brand promotion. It also argues that informative and factual brand promotions are easier to justify than deceptive and persuasive brand promotions. Additional equity issues arising when taxpayers finance state promotional programs are also discussed.

Adelaja, Adesoji & Derr, Donn, & Rose-Tank, Karen, ";Economic and Equity Implications of Land-Use Zoning in Suburban Agriculture";, Journal of Agricultural Ethics 2(1989):97-112. A cash-flow viability model is used to evaluate the impacts of land-use zoning on farm households in New Jersey. Findings suggest that zoning results in increased production expenses, lower efficiency and profitability and the devaluation of land assets. The results suggest that the use of land-use zoning statutes to guarantee the existence of agriculture may not be equitable unless transferable development rights or other methods of compensating farmers for their losses are simultaneously implemented. Adelaja, Derr, Rose-Tank are in agricultural economics and marketing at Rutgers State University, New Jersey.

Adeloa, Francis O. ";Cross-National Environmental Injustice and Human Rights Issues: A Review of Evidence in the Developing World,"; American Behavioral Scientist 43(No.4, 2000). (v.11,#1)

Adeola, Francis O., ";Endangered Community, Enduring People: Toxic Contamination, Health, and Adaptive Responses in a Local Context,"; Environment and Behavior 32 (No. 2, 2000, March 01): 209- . (v.11,#2)

Adeola, Francis O. ";Environmental Contamination, Public Hygiene, and Human Health Concerns in the Third World: The Case of Nigerian Environmentalism."; Environment and Behavior 28, no.5 (1996): 614. (v7, #3)

Adeola, Francis, ";Environmentalism and Risk Perception: Empirical Analysis of Black and White Differentials and Convergence";, Society and Natural Resources 17(no.10, Nov-Dec 2004):911-939(29).

Adger, Neil and Katrina Brown, Land Use and the Causes of Global Warming. New York: John Wiley, 1995. 271 pages. $ 54.95. , 37.50. The scientific and policy debate concerning the roles of agriculture, forestry and other activities. How land use produces the greenhouse effect; emissions rates; uncertainties in estimating both the fluxes and the scale of land use change. All land use policies are multi-objective but the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions must be a key element in forestry and agriculture policy on a global basis. The authors are at the University of East Anglia. (v6,#4)

Adger, W. Neil, et al., ";Social-Ecological Resilience to Coastal Disasters,"; Science 309(12 August):1036-1039. Almost as if prescient, Science devoted a theme issue in mid-August to ";Dealing with Disasters."; Half a dozen articles similar to the above. Predictably, many of the sorts of preparations for response recommended here were missing when Katrina hit two weeks later. A frequent theme is social networking, distributed infrastructure that absorbs hits in one region by resilience in another. Another theme is that disasters will inevitably come, storms, fires, droughts are part of the natural order. These will have increasing impact with larger populations, concentrating nearer coastlines and with global warming. The best management strategy is not the command and control of nature, not rebuilding nature, but a social structure that can roll with the punches, absorbing fire, flood, earthquakes.

Adger, W.N., Brown, K., Land Use and the Causes of Global Warming. (Chichester: John Wiley and Sons, 1994). Reviewed by Paola Gatto. Environmental Values 6(1997):366-367. (EV)

Adler, Jonathan H., ";Wetlands, Waterfowl, and the Menace of Mr. Wilson: Commerce Clause Jurisprudence and the Limits of Federal Wetland Regulation."; Environmental Law 29(no. 1, 1999):1- . This article examines the impact the Commerce Clause doctrine in United States v. Lopez will have on the federal government's ability to regulate wetlands. The author concludes that limiting federal regulation of wetlands may improve environmental protection efforts. (v.11,#1)

Adler, Jonathan H., ";Banning `Biofoods': Precaution Can Be a Dangerous Tool,"; PERC Reports (Bozeman, MT) 17 (no. 4, September):8-9. Genetically engineered foods hold great promise, and it is more risky to ban them. In general the precautionary principle is being misused. ";The idea behind the precautionary principle is that it is always better to be safe than sorry. In fact, however, adopting the precautionary principle is likely to make us more sorry than safe."; Adler is a Senior Fellow at the Competitive Enterprise Institute in Washington, DC. (v.10,#3)

Adler, Matthew, ";Incommensurability and Cost-Benefit Analysis,"; University of Pennsylvania Law Review 146(1998):1371-1418. ";Cost-benefit analysis is a flourishing practice, desperately in need of a justification"; (p. 1371). This is a theme issue on incommensurability and law. Adler teaches at the University of Pennsylvania Law School. (v.13,#2)

Adler, Matthew D., and Posner, Eric A., ";Rethinking Cost-Benefit Analysis,"; The Yale Law Journal 109(1999):165-247. A book-length article. CBA is a useful decision procedure and it should be routinely used by agencies. CBA is superior to rival methodologies. It allows agencies to take into account all relevant influences on overall well-being, unlike simpler decision procedures such as risk-risk; and it enables agencies to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of projects in a clear and systematic way, unlike more complex decision procedures.

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