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1. Samuel RULE. Born about 1739 in Ireland. Samuel died in Bourbon County, Kentucky in 1790; he was 51.
Descendants of Samuel and Sarah (Robinson/Robison) Rule
SAMUEL RULE #1601 born bef 1740, married ca 1760, in PA, SARAH ROBINSON
#1602, died 1804, Bourbon Co, KY. SAMUEL died ca 1791
The book, ";Biographical Encyclopedia of Kentucky"; contains a biography of George Robinson Rule, a great-grandson of a ";Samuel Rule who emigrated from Ireland, settled in western Pennsylvania, and married Sarah Robinson there before moving to Nicholas county, Kentucky."; Judging from the ages of the children of Samuel and Sarah, they would appear to have married around 1760. [Earl Colley relates an oral tradition preserved by one line of descent of Samuel Rule that he was ";born on a sea voyage from Ireland to America.";] It is questionable if Samuel and Sarah actually resided in Nicholas county as their great-grandson suggests in his writings although in 1798, seven years after Samuel's death, the area which later became Nicholas county was a part of Bourbon county.
It is believed Samuel and Sarah were married in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, based on Shaker records at Pleasant Hill, Kentucky in which their son, Thomas, stated he was born 16 Oct 1761 in Lancaster county. It would also seem they resided in Lancaster county until around 1778 when Thomas enlisted in military service at age 17, in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania. If the family moved westward before 1771, they could have lived in Cumberland county which was formed in 1750. Bedford county was formed in 1771 from the western part of Cumberland county and Westmoreland county was formed in 1773 from the western part of Bedford county. This family could have lived in any one, or all of these counties before settling in Kentucky.
Found in the Pennsylvania Archives under ";Warranties of Land, County of Westmoreland 1773 to 1892"; is a warrant for a survey dated 21 May 1785 for Samuel Rule. Located at the Westmoreland County Map Office at Greensburg, Pennsylvania is a photocopy of a plat of ";Rules Choice";, 201 3/4 acres, dated 16 Feb 1787 and noted to be from page 327 of Rolls Patent Book 8. Also found in the Archives is a deed, dated 21 Sep 1801, after Samuel's death, transferring 201 and 3/4 acres, known as ";Rules Choice"; in South Huntington township from Thomas Rule of Bourbon county, Kentucky to Daniel Mathies Jr, of Westmoreland county for a consideration of 403 pounds, ten shillings. Series 3, Volume 22, page 416 of the Pennsylvania Archives includes tax returns for Huntington township of Westmoreland county for the year 1783 and Samuel Rule is listed with 225 acres, three horses, three cattle, and seven sheep. Tax lists also exist for Samuel Rule, in Huntington township in 1786.
THEORY OF THE POSSIBLE PATTERN OF MIGRATION OF THIS RULE FAMILY FROM PENNSYLVANIA, TO BOURBON COUNTY, KENTUCKY:
Based on available tax lists found in Bourbon county records, it would seem the second, third and fourth oldest sons of Samuel and Sarah (Robinson) Rule journeyed to Bourbon county sometime around 1787 when their names first appear on tax listings there. It would also appear they probably arrived shortly after calculations of taxable persons were their since their names are written on two pieces of paper as an addition to the former lists. Andrew Rule was at Strode's Station in Kentucky in 1782 and may have encouraged his brothers, James and John to return to Kentucky with him in 1787.
No Rules are found on the 1788 Bourbon county tax rolls but brothers, Andrew, James and John reappear in 1789, along with a Samuel Rule, who is presumed to be their father, and Thomas, their oldest brother. The Samuel on this list in 1789 and 1790 is presumed to be their father since Samuel Jr would not have been of taxable age until around 1795. A second Samuel Rule does appear on the rolls in 1795 for the first time. Samuel Sr died in 1790/91 and his name is replaced on the rolls by the name of Sarah, his widow.
It appears Andrew, James and John, who were all unmarried in 1787, journeyed to Bourbon county with the hope of settling in the area and eventually bringing their parents and siblings to a new home.
Thomas, believed to be the eldest son of Samuel and Sarah, and brother to Andrew, James and John was married around 1783 in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania and his first son, John Rule, was born there around 1784. A second son, Edward Byram Rule, was born there in November of 1785. Samuel Sr owned the above mentioned property in Westmoreland county at that time and it is reasonable to believe Thomas would have stayed behind in Pennsylvania with his young family. It is further reasonable to believe Thomas would have stayed behind during 1787 and 1788 to assist his father and mother since the six remaining children of Samuel and Sarah were between approximately one year and fourteen years of age. These children were sons, Samuel Jr, 14; Matthew, I 1; and William, 9; daughters were Elizabeth, about 9; Sarah, about 5; and Mary, about 1. Samuel Sr owned around 300 acres of ground in Westmoreland county and would certainly have needed other adult help to maintain his property. He may also have been of an age where he was unable to do a considerable amount of work. Allowing at least 21 years at the time he married (ca 1860) and noting his children ranged in age from about four years to 30 years of age when he died, he was probably at least 51 or 52 when he died. A person of that age, during that period of time, would have done a great deal of manual labor in his lifetime to maintain his property,
even with assistance, and life expectancy at that time was not much past age 50 or 60.
The absence of Rules from the 1788 Bourbon county tax rolls could indicate the three brothers had returned to Pennsylvania during that year to bring the parents and remaining brothers and sisters to a new home in Bourbon county since they make a reappearance in Bourbon county in 1789 and the names of Samuel Rule Sr and Thomas appear for the first time.
Although Samuel Rule Sr is shown on the 1789 Bourbon county tax list as having two males over 21, no blacks and three horses, it is who the second male is since his four oldest sons are accounted for and his next oldest son, Samuel Jr, would only have been 14 at the time. In 1790, Samuel is listed as having one male over 21, which would be himself, and one male 16 to 21, which most probably is Samuel Jr who would have been close to 16 at that time.
Samuel Rule Sr died in 1790/91 and son, Thomas, then residing in Bourbon county, appears in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania court records selling the 201 3/4 acres known as ";Rules Choice"; to Daniel Mathies Jr, of Westmoreland county. A question remains if Samuel Sr retained his land in Westmoreland county after he moved to Bourbon county or did he deed it to Thomas thinking his sons would return there eventually. Or did he deed it to Thomas to repay him for the assistance he may have given his parents and siblings during 1787 and 1788? Or did he plan to return to Westmoreland county at a later date? And, who tended the property in his absence? ";Rules Choice"; is located east of Smithton, Pennsylvania off of 1-70, township road 366, SR 981.
Samuel Rule Sr's widow remained in Bourbon county until her death in 1804. Her eldest son, Thomas, was appointed administrator of her estate and received the house and plantation where he was living in Bourbon county.
SARAH: Bourbon County, Kentucky Will Book B, page 242, records the Will of Sarah Rule, signed 13 March 1804 and probated in July 1804. She names a daughter ";Meary Rule"; and uses the words, "; . . . was left hir by hir Father in his last Will and Testament . . . "; although no Will record has been located for Samuel Rule. It would appear that by 1790 the Bourbon courts were requiring legal administration or execution of the estate of deceased persons but no court action has been found in Bourbon county records which indicate administration of property of Samuel Rule after his death, if it occurred in Bourbon county.
Documents regarding Sarah's Will and estate records are also recorded in Bourbon County in Order Book C, page 412. The original Will cannot be located in the court vault and the only written record available is that which is recorded in the court books. An inventory of her estate is located in Order Book C, page 513 and Will Book C, page 22. William Kennett, Joseph Wharton, Samuel Hudelson and Isaac W Hall submitted the estate inventory in July 1805.
[The Robinson name is also found spelled Robison in various court records and the family of Andrew Robison from Bourbon county, Kentucky, who settled in Decatur county, Indiana in 1823, used the name Robison, rather than Robinson. Sarah is suspected of being related to Andrew's father, James, who came to Bourbon county from Franklin county, Pennsylvania prior to Andrew's birth in 1793 in Ruddles Mills. James was born in Franklin county, Pennsylvania in 1765, a son of Andrew Robison Sr.)
Further data on Sarah is contained in the Biographies Section - (Above data from Paula Karmire) WNN
In 1760 when Samuel was 21, he married Sarah ROBINSON, in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Born about 1740 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Sarah died in Bourbon County, Kentucky in 1804; she was 64.
3/19/00 From ";Rule Family Biographies"; compiled by Paula Karmire
Will of Sarah Rule - Bourbon County, KY Will Book B, page 242, 13 March 1804
In the name of God Amen: I Sarah Rule of the County of Bourbon and State of Kentucky widow woman being in a sick and low state of body but of perfect mind and memory thanks be given unto God for all his mercys, calling to mind the mortality of my body and knowing that is appointed for all mankind once to die, do make and ordain this my last that it is to say principally and first of all I give and recommend my soul to the hands of Almighty God that gave it and my body I recommend to the Earth to be buryed in a decent Christian burel at the discretion of my Executor, nothing doubting but at the general resurrection shall receive the same again by the mighty power of God, and as tuching of such earthly Estate whereas has pleased God to bless me with in this life, I give devise and dispose of the same in the following manner and form. First I order my funeral charges and all my just debts to be paid, and I give and bequeath unto my son Thomas Rule the house and plantation where he now lives, together with four beds, and the furniture thereunto belonging, during his and his wifes lives and after their death be Equly divided between his children, and further it is my will and desire that he my said son Thomas Rule may sell of dispose of the same as he may think proper or best for the use of himself children. I also give and bequeth unto my said son Thomas Rule all my right and interest in the estate of my son Andrew Rules estate (deceased) bouth real and parsonal to be disposed of in the same manner and way as above, and one half of my crop of Flax now on hand, and I give and bequeth unto my son John Rule the house and plantation where he now lives, together with an the household furniture and stock of every kind thereunto belonging during his and his wifes naterel lives, and after there deth to be Equly decided between there children, and further it is my desire that my said son John Rule may sell of dispose of the same in any way or manner he may think propper or best for the use of himself of children and I give and bequeth unto my Daughter Meary Rule the two beds and furniter thereunto belonging known by the name of myne and hir beds, and hir riding ?? and one half of my crop of Flax on hand together with ... spoon ... ?? ... of the stock now in ... possession ?? was left hir by hir Father in his last will and testament to be ... ?? . to hir by my Executor when she shall be of lawful ... ?? . - ., and I give and bequeth unto my Daughter ??ards and Sarah Rule one bed and fumitures and all my wering apperl to be divided beween them as my Executor may think proper, save my hat which I give to my son Thomas and the rest of my Estate it is my will and desire that it be Equly divided among my six sons and three Daughters; and I ?? make and ordain my son Thomas Rule to be the sole Executor of thismy last will and Testament hereby revoking all . . ?? . . heretofore made; In testimony hereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 13th day of March 1804.
Sign sealed in presents of us her
Sarah (X) Rule
William Kennett mark
Joseph Whorton WNN
RULE, SARAH-B, 242-Sons, Thomas, Andrew, (deceased), John, three other sons mentioned but not named; dau., Meary Rule; Elizabeth Edwards; Sarah Rule. Mar. 13, 1804-July, 1801. Win. Kennett, Jonathan Dazey, Joseph Wharton, Wts. 
They had the following children:
2 i. Thomas (1761-1846)
3 ii. John (1764-1813)
4 iii. James (~1765->1818)
5 iv. Samuel (1774-~1825)
v. Matthew. Born about 1776 in Pennsylvania. Matthew died.
4/28/99 Matthew and Mary were married by Isaac Tull and Mary may have been Mathew's second wife. (Data per Paula Karmire) WNN
Matthew was in the Cornstalk Militia of Kentucky (I 792-1811) and was listed in July 1802 as an Ensign in the 47th Regiment. Brothers, Andrew, Samuel and Thomas were also commissioned officers in the 47th between 1800 and 1804.
Page 178 of the book, ";Remember the Raisin"; includes Matthew as a private in the Ist Regiment of Thomas Morris' Company of Scott's Regiment of Kentucky Militia (Bourbon county) from 15 Aug to 14 Oct 1812. He is also listed as a private in the roll of Captain Thomas Metcalf's Company of Kentucky Militia, Detached, from March through September of 1813.
Matthew and Mary were married by Isaac Tull. Their children remain unidentified. [A possible son is a Matthew Rule, who is listed in the 1850 census of Jackson county, Missouri as a carpenter, age 41 and born in KY. Also included is Amazonia, presumed to be a wife and children James, age 4 and Elizabeth, age 5. In the 1870 census of Lake county, Colorado is a listing for a Matthew Rule, age 58, born in KY and a James Rule, age 23, born in Missouri.] Matthew and Mary had also previously owned land in Platte county, Missouri.
(Above data per Paula Karmire) WNN
On January 7, 1800 when Matthew was 24, he married Mary WATSON, in Bourbon County, Kentucky. Born. Mary died.
6 vi. William (~1778-1843)
vii. Sarah. Born in 1782 in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Sarah died in Morgan County, Indiana on September 15, 1825; she was 43.
3/25/99 Appears on First Census of KY - 1790. WNN
On May 27, 1802 when Sarah was 20, she married Jesse TULL, in Bourbon County, Kentucky. Born about 1775 in NW Fork, Sussex County, DE. Jesse died in Morgan County, Indiana about 1835; he was 60.
SARAH (Sally) RULE born 1782, Westmoreland Co, PA, married 27 May 1802, in Bourbon Co, KY, Marr Rec 2- 1 0, Bourbon Co, KY, JESSE TULL, born 1775/80, NW Fork, Sussex Co, DE, died 1835/1838, probably Morgan Co, IN, buried: Waverly, Morgan Co, IN. SARAH died 15 Sep 1825, Morgan Co, IN, buried: Waverly, Morgan Co, IN.
Sarah and Jesse resided near Rules Mills at Millersburg, Kentucky and settled in Harrison township in Morgan county, Indiana in 1821 where Jesse obtained a federal land grant on 17 July 1821 for the east half of the SE quarter of Section 23 and a second parcel of ground, 21 Sep 1821, for the east half of the NE
quarter of Section 24.
Jesse was a son of John and Anne/Anna ( ) Tull and grandson of Joshua and Esther Tull. Bourbon County, Kentucky Deed Book K, page 218, records a sale of 99 acres of land from John Tull to Jesse Tull in May 1814. Another parcel of I I acres of land was recorded in Bourbon county, Kentucky Deed Book E,
page 283, as purchased by Jesse from Thomas and Phebe Rule in May 1818. [Most of the Tull data was provided in May 1999 by Nona Ruel, PO Box 427, Clark Fork, Idaho 83811-0427.'
An infant was born 28 Mar 1824 in Morgan county to Sarah and Jesse and is buried in Waverly in Morgan county in Jacob Wetzel Cemetery.
viii. Andrew. Born. Andrew died in August 1804.
3/25/99 Appears on First Census of KY - 1790 WNN
4/27/99 Per Bourbon County, KY Court Record
C-83 10/9/1794 from Hunt and Flowers, landing Scott county on Grassy Creek in waters of Licking river - paid 120 pounds for part of a survey of 30,000A known as Cuttindin's Survey - 400 poles square.
E-458 6/14/1800 from Thomas Rule, 400A ";where my mills now stand"; (near Millersburg) - paid 300 pounds.
It is believed Andrew was unmarried. (per Paula Karmire) WNN
ANDREW RULE # 1 604 born PA, died by Aug 1804.
Andrew served in the Battle of Lower Blue Licks in August 1782 and a Samuel Boone, of Clark county, appeared in Clark county, Kentucky court 29 Sep 1832 to apply for a Revolutionary pension and stated he and Andrew Rule volunteered as spies at Strode's Station in 1782. Strode's Station was built in 1779 by
Captain John Strode and was located two and one-half miles from Winchester in Clark county, Kentucky at the junction of Lexington road and Clintonville road and is noted in ";Kentucky in Retrospect: Noteworthy Personages & Events in Kentucky History 1792-1967"; published by the Kentucky Historical Society. Strode's was a palisaded fort whose homes circled the inner was and in 1926, excavations found chimney rocks there covered by sod. A burial ground was unearthed in 1965 and the remains interred in Winchester Cemetery.
The following text was extracted from a photocopy, distributed by Earl Colley, of pages 240 and 241 of a printed book or journal, undated, untitled and with no reference to the author. The top of page 240 is titled ";News and Comment"; and the text is as follows: ";The Annual Celebration of the Battle of Lower Blue
Licks took place August 19 in Blue Licks Battlefield State Park. Among the speakers were Judge Samuel M Wilson and Mr Charles R Staples of Lexington. Judge Wilson called attention to the fact that in addition to the 108 heretofore known names of those who participated in the battle, fifty-three more have been gleaned from the records of the Commissioners for Settling Western Accounts of those who were in Kentucky in 1782/1783. This number, the fifty-three recently discovered, added to the 108, makes a total of 161 names, leaving only twenty-one of the entire number of 182 still to be accounted for. The number of slain is increased from a total of fifty-seven known to a total of sixty-two known. The following, supplied by Judge Wilson, are the fifty-three additional names of Kentucky pioneers who participated in the Battle of Lower Blue Licks August l9, 1782."; The name of Andrew Rule is among the additional names.
[The last Kentucky battle of the Revolutionary War was fought on the battlefield at Blue Licks in 1782 when Kentuckians engaged the Indians and British near Licking River and were defeated. Blue Licks Battlefield State Park is at Mount Olivet, Kentucky.]
A petition by the early inhabitants of Kentucky to the General Assembly of Virginia (I 769 to 1792) asking for better government was signed by Andrew Rule. The date of this petition is but is noted in Filson Club Publication #27.
A notation has also been found for Andrew in the ";Cornstalk Militia of Kentucky 1792-1804"; in a list of commissioned officers of Bourbon county as Captain of the 47th Regiment in January of 1800. Feeling that the state of Virginia was not protecting the citizens of Kentucky, the inhabitants of Kentucky decided to establish their own militia and the primary decision made at the first of ten conventions leading to statehood in 1792 was the establishment of a militia. According to B 0 Gaines' ";History of Scott County, Kentucky";, Volume 1, page 98, published in 1904, ";One of the early and most important laws passed by the Legislature was the establishment of militias over which the Governor was given almost complete control. These militias were established for the same purpose State Guards are used for now, in suppressing riots, mobs, etc. Each regiment was required to muster once a year. Preachers, bank cashiers, printers and court officers were the only ones exempt from duty, and nearly every male over sixteen years of age was required to do duty or pay a fine."; Uniforms were adopted and Gaines' history writes ";captains and subaltern officers wore a deep blue hunting shirt and pantaloons, with red trimmings, half boots or gaiters, a round black hat, black cockade, red plume and small sword. Chaplains, surgeons and surgeon's mates were not required to wear a uniform and captains wore one epaulette on the right shoulder and subaltern officers wore theirs on the left shoulder.";
Bourbon county KY Court Record C-83, dated 09 Oct 1794, shows a purchase of land by Andrew from John and Esther Hunt and Thomas and Prudence Flower located in Scott county on Grassy Creek, at the waters of Licking river. One hundred twenty pounds was paid for this ";400 poles square"; piece of ground
listed as part of a survey of 30,000 acres known as Crittenden's Survey.
Bourbon county KY Court Record E-458, dated 14 Jun 1800, shows Thomas Rule indebted to Andrew in the amount of 300 pounds and mortgaging his interest in land purchased by himself and John Rule from Laban Shipp which was noted as ";400 acres ";where my mills now stand"; (near Millersburg).
No marriage has been located for Andrew and it is presumed he was unmarried and had no children. If he had a family at the time of his death, they most likely would have inherited his estate. Instead, his mother Sarah gave a bequest to son, Thomas in her Will of all her ";right and interest in the estate of son Andrew Rule's estate (deceased) both real and personal.";
(Above data per Paula Karmire) WNN
7 ix. Mary (Polly) (~1785-)
8 x. Elizabeth (1775-<1830)
9 xi. Elizabeth (1775-<1830)
Family of Samuel RULE (1) & Sarah ROBINSON
2. Thomas RULE. Born on October 16, 1761 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Thomas died in Pleasant Hill, Mercer County, Kentucky on December 28, 1846; he was 85.
3/25/99 Appears on First Census of KY - 1790. WNN
THOMAS RULE born 16 Oct 1761, Lancaster Co, PA, married ca 1783, in Westmoreland Co, PA, PHEBE BYRAM, born 24 Oct 1766, Morris Co, NJ, (daughter of EDWARD BYRAM SR. and PHEBE ANN COE died 02 Jan 184 1, Pleasant Hill, Mercer Co, KY, buried: Shaker Cem, Pleasant Hill, KY. THOMAS died 28 Dec 1846, Pleasant Hill, Mercer Co, KY, buried: Shaker Cem, Pleasant HiII, KY. Thomas is believed to be the oldest son of Samuel and Sarah since he was named administrator of his mother's Will. Born in Pennsylvania, he came to Kentucky Territory while it was still part of Virginia. He was a miller and owned mills near Millersburg in Bourbon county, Kentucky and was at one time sheriff of Bourbon county. In his mother's Will, in 1804, he was granted ";the house and plantation where he now lives.";
Bourbon county, Kentucky Deed Book E, page 458, records on 14 June 1800, Thomas Rule of Bourbon county was indebted to Andrew Rule of Bourbon county in the amount of 330 pounds, and mortgaged to Andrew Rule his interest in land purchased by himself (Thomas) and John Rule of Laban Shipp. Witnesses were William Kennett, Press G Kennett and Samuel Rule.
Bourbon county Deed Book 8, pages 209 through 216, records a series of deeds on the 15th and 16th of March 1805, from Colby Shipp and Sally, his wife, for what appear to be adjoining tracts of land on Brushy Fork of Hinkson creek. Thomas Rule purchased one of these tracts.
Bourbon County Survey Book 1798 - 1817 recorded the following transaction: Survey for Ejectment- Thomas Rule vs Jesse Henderson, 5-7-1806, 95 acres lying on Brushy Fork of Hinkston on division between Colby Shipp and Samuel Haws - points of Survey shown to Zachariah Eastin, Surveyor of Bourbon Co and John Rule Sr & Jr.
Bourbon County Deed Book 1, page 177, records a mortgage, in 1812, of 89 acres by Thomas Rule to James Sandusky in consideration of his loan of $220. This mortgage mentions the site of Rule's old mill and the mill irons of both sawmill and gristmill on Brushy Fork of Hinkston. [Current geological survey maps show Big Brushy creek flowing into Hinkston creek a short distance up I-Hinkston from Millersburg. Hinkston creek is the present boundary between Bourbon and Nicholas counties. Big Brushy creek enters Hinkston from the north and is now in Nicholas county. Approximately two miles above the mouth of Big Brushy creek is a small tributary named Brushy Fork. Nicholas county was formed in December 1799. Prior to that, Big Brushy creek would have been in Bourbon county. In 1817, a strip of land was given back to Bourbon county and the Brushy Creek area is near or within the exchanged land.]
Bourbon County Court Record - Book B-419, 24 Oct 1814 Thomas Rule from Edward Byram - letter of attorney appointing him as lawful attorney to demand and recover money owed to Byram Sr of Highland county, Ohio by John Jones on a note of real estate. Thomas is listed in Bourbon county records between March of 1815 and August of 1817 as sheriff of Bourbon county.
Nicholas county, Kentucky Deed Book E, page 133, filed 14 October 1817, records Laban Shipp of Bourbon county gave deed to Thomas Rule of Nicholas county for land on Brushy Fork. This deed says Thomas Rule paid for the land on 01 July 1792.
Bourbon County Court Record - Book 0-300, 8-12-1819: From trustees of Millersburg to Thomas Rule of Mercer county, Kentucky lot I and 59 in Millersburg. The next transaction on page 301 of the same record transfers the above land to Thomas West.
Revolutionary War Pension File S31346 records a pension application of 1833, in Mercer county, Kentucky, by Thomas Rule. He said he was age 72, that he had first, in 1778, enlisted from Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania as a substitute for Isaac Miller, and that he served later at Pittsburg. On the jacket of this pension folder is a statement, ";Thomas Rule of Mercer County in theState of Kentucky who was a private commanded by Captain Stuart of the Regiment commanded by Col Mooney in the North Carolina line for one year, inscribed on the roll of Kentucky at the rate of 40 dollars ?? cents per annum to commence on the 4th day of March 1831 Certificate of pension issued this 2nd day of December 1833."; A notation at the bottom of the jacket indicates this document was recorded in Book E, Volume 7, page 26.
From ";Rule Family Biographies"; compiled by Paula Karmire (related to above)
MERCER COUNTY, KENTUCKY PENSION RECORDS
Thomas Rule File 31346-NC
On November 13, 1833, aged 72, (note: application was filed at age 72) Enlisted 1778, he entered Captain John Stuart's Company of Pennsylvania militia from Westmoreland County in said state as a substitute for one Isaac Miller who had been drafted for a tour of 3 months and marched to a place called Manunces Mill where the magazine and store house was kept and where we were stationed for 3 months and was discharged by Lt Col Mounce who had the command at that place.
Second: Again in 1779 in the Spring of the year, he entered Captain Coe's Company militia from the same county and state as a volunteer for 3 months tour and marched in pursuit of the Indians. They had burned the block house at Michael Dougless where we remained but a short time and fled on in pursuit of the Indians and succeeded in gathering up the cattle belonging to the frontier people who had fled at the approach of the savages. We returned, having served our tour faithfully and was discharged by Col Hayes in Westmoreland County. Again in the same year in July of August, we cannot recollect which he entered Captain Hugh Mitchell's Company of Volunteers from the same county and state of a tour of 3 months and marched up the Allegheny River between Pittsburg and Keys Community to Hills Station where we remained some time, from thence we marched to a camp about 12 miles above Pittsburg on Turtle Creek, where we remained sometime. From thence we marched back to Westmoreland Co and was honorably discharged by Col Christopher Hays having served our tour faithfully.
Again in the Spring of 1780, he entered Captain Thomas Jones' company of volunteers from Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania and was detached to guard the wagons of ammunition. We guarded them to Petersburg and back again. We remained some considerable time at Pittsburgh. Says he served several short tours against the Indians in the same year and also in 1781 during which we were acting as scouts and spies.
Further states he knows he served one other tour of three months at Pittsburgh under General Irvine.
(The text in this document changes from narrative to first person but has been transcribed as round. P.K.)
Thomas is listed in ";Revolutionary Soldiers in Kentucky"; by Quisenberry in a list titled ";Mercer County Pensioners under the Act of June 7, 1832"; as ";Thomas Rule, Private on the North Carolina Line - $40. ";
Thomas was Lieutenant Colonel and Commander of the 47th Regiment of the Cornstalk Militia of Bourbon county Kentucky in October 1804. Brothers, Andrew Matthew and Samuel were also officers. Thomas was also listed as a Private from September through October 1812 in the roll of Captain Hambleton's Company of Kentucky Mounted Volunteer Militia in the War of 1812 as was his son Edward. Matthew and James, brothers of Thomas, also served.
Page 64 of The Biographical Register of the Shaker Society, Pleasant HiII, Mercer County, Kentucky describes Thomas Rule as follows: He ";believed"; 24 May 1817. His residence was Bourbon county Kentucky and he moved to Pleasant Hill 04 Dec 1817 and deceased in the Junior Order 28 Dec 1846. This record also verifies his date of birth and birthplace. This register also records Phebe joined the Shaker community on 24 May 1817, took up residence at Pleasant Hill 04 Dec 1817,removed from the Junior Order 03 Dec 1838 and deceased 02 Jan 1841.
Further data on Thomas is found in the Biographies Section -(Above data per Paula Karmire) WNN
about 1783 when Thomas was 21, he married Phebe BYRAM, in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Born on October 24, 1766 in Morris County, NJ. Phebe died in Pleasant Hill, Mercer County, Kentucky on January 2, 1841; she was 74.
4/7/99 See note under husband, Thomas Rule. WNN
They had the following children:
i. John. Born about 1783 in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. John died in Pendleton County, Kentucky on October 16, 1819; he was 36.
JOHN RULE born ca 1784, Westmoreland Co, PA, married 03 Feb 1806, in Fayette Co, KY, THEODOCIA (Dicy) COLLINS, born ca 1780/90. JOHN died 16 Oct 1819, Pendleton Co,KY.
The following items are from Bourbon county, Kentucky court records:
Book P, page 446: John Rule from trustees of Millersburg (5/9/1815) land in new town of Millersburg, Lot 66, a comer lot fronting on South street.
Book M, page 298: John Rule to John Tribby (10/14/1815) Lot 66, one-fourth acre, in Millersburg, fronting South Main Street on the south side for a consideration of $ 100.
Book M,page472: John Rule from Joseph Miller (10/14/1815) Two half-lots, Lots 82 and 83 in Millersburg, each containing one-eighth acre, one fronting North Main Street on the north side and the other North Back Street on the south side, both being the east half of the lots for a consideration of $650.
Book P, page 347: John and Dicy Rule of town of Millersburg to Martin Baker (12/6/1817) Two half lots 1/8 acre each, Lots 82 and 83 $650.
John's son, Thomas R Rule reported on the 1880 Fremont county, Colorado census that his father was born in Virginia. In 1784, what later became Bourbon county, Kentucky was a part of the state of Virginia. It is uncertain when John's parents, Thomas and Phebe Rule, moved from Pennsylvania to that part of Virginia which later became Kentucky but Thomas is not listed on the Bourbon county tax list until 1789.
John Rule evidently lived most of his life in or near Millersburg, Kentucky. Most of his uncles appear to have lived on or near Hinkston creek and a tributary, Brushy Fork in an area which later became Nicholas county. It appears John moved to Pendleton county, Kentucky during the last years of his life and Pendleton county, Kentucky records include a stock mark recorded by John Rule in January of 1819, the year of his death.
John's brother, Edward Byram Rule was appointed administrator of his estate and an account of settlement with Press G Kennett was filed in Pendleton county court after John's death and lists the following purchases in 1819: Feb 6, powder and lead, 53 1/2 cents; Apr 9, 19 yards domestic cotton, $7.98; 1/2 yard linen check, 93 3/4 cents; June 5, 1 1/2 yards cambrick, 93 3/4 cents; 1/4 yard jackinett cambrick, 31 1/4 cents; 3 yards calico, $1.50; July 14, ginger, nutmeg and thread, 34 cents; Oct 9, 1/4 lb tea, 62 1/2 cents. The last entry on the account was made Oct 16, 1819 and was cambrick for a shroud, $2.62, which was presumed to be for John's burial.
Johns nephew, John Thomas Rule, of Louisiana, Missouri wrote to Reverend John M McElroy on 04 June 1898. In his letter, he wrote of his aunt, Dicy Rule, and said she had moved to Missouri after the death of her husband. He also stated that her oldest son, Thomas (R) Rule, was living ";some 20 years ago (at the date of the letter) near Trinidad, Colorado, a Calvinist hardshell Baptist preacher."; [Dicy Rule may have moved to Missouri but she was in Kentucky in 1830 when she appeared on the Pendleton county census.]
On 17 September 1821, in Pendleton county court, John's daughter, Eliza, chose Thomas Rule as her guardian and the court then appointed Thomas guardian of Thomas, Olivia, William, Sarah and Mary, infant orphans of John Rule. [It is presumed this court appointment was made to Thomas Jefferson Rule, uncle to these children, since Thomas Rule, the grandfather, was a member of the Shaker community at Pleasant Hill in 1821, along with their grandmother, Phebe. ] Mary Jane may have been born after her father's death.
Robert Collins is listed as bondsman on the marriage bond for John and Dicy.
Further data on John is contained in the Biographies Section -
(Above data per Paula Karmire) WNN
On February 3, 1806 when John was 23, he married Theodocia (Dicy) COLLINS, in Fayette County, Kentucky. Born about 1785. Theodocia (Dicy) died.
10 ii. Edward Byram (1785-1827)
iii. Jane. Born on March 25, 1789 in Bourbon County, Kentucky. Jane died in Shaker Village, Pleasant Hill, Mercer County, Kentucky on February 16, 1841; she was 51.
4/12/99 Died unmarried - A Shaker. WNN
1/8/00 Page 70 of the Biographical Register kept by the Shaker Society at Pleasant Hill states ";Jane Rule believe in 1816 and removed to Pleasant Hill Dec. 4 1817, removed from the Junior Order into the Church Oct. 31, 1838 and deceased Feb. 16, 1841."; WNN
iv. Sally. Born on November 6, 1791 in Bourbon County, Kentucky. Sally died in Shaker Village, Pleasant Hill, Kentucky on April 5, 1846; she was 54.
4/12/99 Died unmarried - a Shaker. WNN
1/8/00 Page 87 of the Biographical Register of the Shaker Society at Pleasent Hill states ";Sally Rule believed March 1818 having removed with her parents from Bourbon county to Pleasant Hill Dec. 4, 1817 and deceased in the Junior Order April 5, 1846."; WNN
v. Thomas Jefferson. Born in 1793. Thomas Jefferson died in 1877; he was 84.
THOMAS JEFFERSON RULE born ca 1793, died 1877.
On 17 September 1821, in Pendleton county court, John Rule's daughter, Eliza, chose Thomas Rule as her guardian and the court then appointed Thomas guardian of Thomas, Olivia, William, Sarah and Mary, infant orphans of John Rule. John and Thomas were brothers and it is presumed this court appointment was made to Thomas Jefferson Rule, uncle to these children, since Thomas Rule, the grandfather, was a member of the Shaker community in 1821, along with their grandmother, Phebe. Thomas would have been about 24 years of age when his parents joined the Shaker community at Pleasant Hill in Mercer county, Kentucky. A marriage has not been located for Thomas.
John Thomas Rule, son of Edward Byram Rule and grandson of Thomas and Phebe wrote on 04 June 1898 from Louisiana, Missouri . . . ";I have heard that father had a brother Jefferson and a brother Louis. . . ";
(Above data per Paula Karmire) WNN
vi. Mary. Born in 1795 in Bourbon County, Kentucky. Mary died in Callaway County, Missouri on October 21, 1848; she was 53.
MARY (Polly) RULE born 1795, Bourbon Co, KY, married 25 May 181 1, in Bourbon Co, KY, Marr Rec: 2-46, Bourbon Co, KY, ABRAHAM MILLER #1689, born 04 Jul 1786, Franklin Co, PA, (son of STEPHEN MILLER SR.) died 22 Dec 1862, Fulton, Callaway Co, MO. MARY died 21 Oct 1848, Callaway Co, MO.
Among records of Bourbon county, Kentucky is the following document: ";May 25th 1813: The Clerk of the County Court of Bourbon is hereby athorized & empowered to issue licenc(sic) for the celebration of Mariag betwene(sic) Abraham Miller & Polly Rule as they have my approbation for the same as witness my hand and seal the day & date above written."; This bond is signed by Phebe Rule, Polly's mother, and attested to by John Rule Jr.
The book, ";Pioneer Families of Missouri"; by Bryan and Rose, page 359, states ";Abraham Miler settled in Callaway county in 1818 and married Pony Rule of Kentucky, by whom he had Warden, William B, Minerva, James W, Noah W, Telemachus, Leander (also known as Lee), Lycergus, Vernile and Barton S Miller. ";
Abraham Miller's War of 1812 Pension File #WC32777 states his wife, Polly, died in Callaway county, Missouri on 21 October 1848. In the last paragraph of Lee Miller's memoir, he indicates his ";mother died in 1846, of bronchitis, at age 66"; and his ";father died in October 1862 of congestion of the brain at age 82."; [This memoir was written in 1913 and his recollection of dates of his parents' deaths appears to be incorrect.] After Polly's death in 1848, Abraham married Mrs Mary K (Baker) West, widow of Jerry West on 07 Jul 1856 and she died in 1892.
An interesting statement in Abraham's pension records says, ";During the war (Civil War), the bushwackers burnt his house in Millersburg (Missouri) for Miller was an outspoken Union man."; This statement is a surprise because two of Abraham's sons (Leander and Vernile) were members of Quantrell's raiders, the most notorious Confederate unit during the war years. Miller received two parcels of bounty land for his service in the War of 1812; warrants #51,066-40-50 and #41,717-120-55 for a total of 160 acres. He and his father-in-law, Thomas Rule, fought in the same company in the War of 1812; Captain Robert Hamilton's company of Kentucky Mounted Volunteers, in a regiment commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James Allen. Thomas Rule did not apply for his bounty land.
According to Lee Miller's memoirs, Abraham's father was born in Germany, one of nine children, and came to Pennsylvania when he was a small boy. He was a soldier during the Revolution and was a member of Light Horse Harry Lee's command. Abraham went to Missouri in 1818, seven years after his marriage to Mary Rule and lived in St Louis one year and then moved to Callaway county, where he entered land on Miller's creek, ten miles west of Fulton. Being the first settler on this creek, it was named for him. His brother, Samuel, took land adjoining his and their homes were a half-mile apart.. Their nearest neighbors were a settlement of six families in what is now Boone county, some ten miles away, and the nearest store and mill were thirty miles
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