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Curriculum Civil Engineering

Profile of the studies Civil Engineering

Mode of the studies academic, professional

Level of the studies bachelor; professional studies for bachelor’s degree

Volume of the course unit - 3 credits

Objective of the course unit

To acquire the proficiency of programming in Turbo Pascal language. To accomplish an independent drawing – up, compilation and application of programs for problem solutions. To apply standard program batches of Pascal language library.

Tasks of the course unit

The main tasks are as follows:

  • to acquire the proficiency of drawing – up, tuning and application of programs for solutions of practical tasks;

  • to acquire efficient non – standard methods of calculation tasks for solution of multiconditioned and cyclic tasks;

  • to develop algorithmic proficiency for tasks.

References

  1. G.Spalis. Turbo Pascal for Windows. Rīga, Datorzinību centrs. 1998, 126 lpp.

  2. A.Jepaņešņikovs, V.Jepaņešņikovs. Programmēšana Turbo Pascal 7.0 vidē. Maskava, 1998, 367 lpp. (krievu val.)

  3. A.Ratnieks. Datormācība. Lekciju konspekts. Rīga, 1997, 82 lpp.

Teaching methods of the course unit

Lectures, laboratory works by means of the computer, individual students’ tasks and their defence.

Assessment principles of mastering the course unit

Test on independently accomplished projects.

Requirements to mastering the course unit

Attendance of laboratory works or mastering of the specific subject by literature sources and obligatory implementation and defence of individual calculation tasks.

Requirements to students preparing for regular

Knowledge concerning the methods for implementation of laboratory work, and principles and means of application of practical calculation programs.

Planned discussions and debates, topics and content

Discussions on the tests passed.

Content of the course unit

Informatics and computers. Basic principles of information. Units of measurement of information: Baits – bits. Transmission of information by unremitting and discreet signals. Recording of letter reproducing elements in figures. Counting systems with different bases. Whole numbers, real numbers in exponential and fixed points’ form. Interpretation of information in computer files and memory. Brief summary on the main algorithmic languages and their comparison.

Data and their classification. Structure of the electronic computer. The main components and functions of the computer.

The central processor, memory systems, input – output channels and appliances. Basic principles of computer operation. Operational system, its character and tasks. Files and directories, their types and structure. The most important OS programs.

Preparation and solution tasks by the computer. Algorithmization of tasks. Algorithmic scheme. Algorithmic structures (linear, branched, cyclic, iterative). Program elements: constants, inconstant quantities, operators. Structure of standard programs. Content of the descriptive part.

Numerical, logical and characters constants, their entering in program. Notation and description of inconstant quantities. Arithmetical, logical and characters expressions. Arithmetical and logical operations. Modeling of the assignment, input and linearly nonbranched programs. Labeled and transitional operators. Recurrent branching. Conditional operators. Simple and complex operators. Cyclic operators. Cycle with a fixed number of repetitions.

One – and multidimensional data array. Refilling, methods of classification of elements. Operations with data array and their elements.

Standardfictions, functions and procedures realized by the user. Formal and real parameters. Reitalic functions and procedures. Operation with program libraries. More frequently used libraries of programs.

Requirements to gaining the credits:

volume of the course 48hours

lectures 24 hours

laboratory work 24 hours

defence of individual project

test

Calendar plan

See the curriculum BBM103 of the course unit Computer Sciences (Fundamental course).

Importance of the course unit Computer Sciences (Fundamental course) within the CURRICULA of studies for bachelor’s degree and professional studies of civil engineering.

The course unit prepares the students for rational acquirement of subjects in their future studies. It also enables to find a self – dependent solution on any algorithmic problem within the limits of the assigned precision.

Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics

8.BTG131.0 UO; B 2.00 K (0.00-0.00-2.00) I; D

Curriculum

Transportation Engineering, Civil Engineering

Profile of Study

Professional

Level of Study

5th level Professional Study Programm

Staff:

Modris Dobelis

Professor, g.

Credits:

2 CP

Objective:

To provide the student with detailed understanding of the theory and practice of the fundamental means of graphically communicating ideas and concepts in Engineering.

Tasks:

1. To provide the student with the theoretical background and methods of the presentation of the three dimensional objects in the two dimensional drawings.

2. To teach the student the practical methods of producing complex drawings in European and American systems.

3. To develop the skills of geometrical shape analysis of special objects.

4. To introduce with the basics of computer aided drafting and design systems.

Study language:

The subject is delivered in Latvian, English and Russian.

Recommended literature:

Text books:

  1. M. Dobelis, I. Jurāne, Z. Veide, G. Fjodorova, J. Auzukalns, V. Dobelis, G. Veide, E. Leja. Inženiergrafikas pamati. Mācību līdzeklis tehnisko augstskolu studentiem. Rīga, RTU, 2003. –180 lpp.

  2. V. Jurāns, V. Rieksts, A. Seņins. Inženiergrafika. 1983.

  3. J. Auzukalns, M. Dobelis, V. Dobelis, D. Sloka. Tehniskā grafika. 1994.

  4. А. Д. Посвянкий. Краткий курс начертательной геометрии. 1974.

  5. А. А. Чекмарев. Инженерная графика. 1988.

  6. В. Е. Михайленко. Инженерная графика. 1990.

  7. А. И. Лагерь. Инженерная графика. 1985.

  8. G. C. Beakley. Infroduction to Engineering Graphics. 1971.

Lecture notes:

  1. M. Dobelis. Palīgmateriāli grafisko darbu izpildei inženiergrafikā. Rīga: RTU, TGIDG. 1999.

  2. M. Dobelis. Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics. Textbook for Foreign Department Students. 2001.

Instruction methods:

Lectures, individual practical exercises in the class, lab excersize, homeworks.

Requirements:

The study of theoretical materials from the text books. Complete all the individual home assignments and lab exercises. Test excersizes.

Evaluation principles:

Test the skills to apply the acquired knowledge into practice according to the chosen professional career. The student has to prove his individual assignments and answer the instructors questions.

Subject Description

Computer Graphics (Civil Engineering)

BTG242.0 VI; B 2.00 K (0.00-0.00-2.00) D; I

Curriculum

Civil Engineering

Profile of Study

Professional

Level of Study

5th level Professional Study Program

Staff:

Modris Dobelis

Professor, g.

Credits:

2 CP

Objective:

To provide the student with basic principles about design documentation preparation in the transportation engineering and civil engineering using both the traditional and computer aided drafting and design approach.

Tasks:

  1. Provide the students with the theoretical background and special methods of representing engineering objects on 2D plane.

  2. Train the students in preparation of different transportation engineering and civil engineering drawings following the proper industry codes.

  3. Introduce to the projections with digital marks and their application in surveying projects.

  4. Give an introduction to the computer aided drafting and design applications in transportation and civil engineering projects.

  5. Train to use both traditional methods and computer software applications in practical solving of transportation and civil engineering design and drafting tasks.

Study language:

The subject is delivered in Latvian, English and Russian.

Recommended literature:

Text books:

  1. Korojevs J. Rasēšana celtniekiem. Rīga: Zvaigzne. 1975.
    – 276 lpp.

  2. M. Dobelis. Inženiergrafika. Ievads datorgrafikā. Rīga: Zvaigzne. 1999. – 48 lpp.

  3. Cūberga M. Tēlotāja ģeometrija. Ēnu teorija, perspektīva, kotētās projekcijas. Īss lekciju konspekts un uzdevumu krājums. Rīga: RTU. 1991. –112 lpp.

Methodical Materials:

  1. Dobelis M. Datorgrafika būvniecībā. Pamatjēdzieni ēku telpiskajā modelēšanā. RTU: TGIDG, 1998. –21 lpp.

  2. Dobelis M. Būvniecības datorgrafika. Ēkas telpiskā modelēšana. Laboratorijas darbs. RTU: TGIDG, 1997-2003. –16 lpp.

Instruction methods:

Lectures, home excersizes, lab sessions and individual practical exercises in the computer class.

Requirements:

The study of theoretical materials from the text books. Complete all the individual home assignments and lab exercises in the computer class.

Evaluation principles:

Test the skills to apply the acquired knowledge into practice according to the chosen professional career. The student has to prove his individual assignments and answer the instructors questions.

RTU Faculty of Civil Engineering

Institute of Materials and Structures

Division of the Building Materials and Building Wares

Study subject program

Building chemistry

Code BMT 305

Civil engineering program for bachelor studies

Credit points –2, hours – 32, lectures – 16, control – I

Approved at Materials and Constructions Institute’s session in April 16, 2003.

Protocol No.7

Riga, 2003

  1. Raw materials for production of building ceramic. Classification of raw materials. Plastic raw materials, lean materials, materials to decreases firing temperature, additives, which are firing out. Chemical composition and granulometrical content of clays. Properties of clays: resistance to fire, plastic, shrinkage. Properties of clays in different temperatures. (1.week – 2 lectures)

  1. Basic technological principles for production of building ceramic. Preparation of raw materials. Dosage of raw materials. Mixing of raw materials. Preparation of clay mass. Formation of products. Draying and firing of ceramic building materials. (2.week – 2 lectures)

  1. Building ceramic. Materials for walls. Materials for roofs. Materials for outdoors and indoors finishing. Sanitary materials. Special ceramic materials. Porous ceramic materials. Production of materials and their technological properties. (3.week – 2 lectures)

  1. Properties of building ceramic. Density. Porosity. Water absorption and desorption. Frost resistance. Water suction. Corrosion of building ceramic materials. (4.week – 2 lectures)

  1. Building glass. Raw materials and technological production of glass. Technical properties of glass and possibilities to increase these properties. Ordinary and decorative sheets glass. Special glass. Constructive building materials. (5.week – 2 lecture)

  1. Classification of inorganically binders. Binders, which harder in the air. Hydraulic binders. Binders, which are hardening by using thermal conditions. Acid - resist binders. (6.week – 2 lectures)

  1. Gypsum binders. Raw materials for production of gypsum binders. Technological process for production of building gypsum. Anhydrite. Hydraulic gipsium. Hardening of gypsum binders. Properties of gypsum binders. (7.week – 2 lecture)

  1. Line binders. Production technology of lime: firing of limestone, treatment of lime by water. Hardening of lime. Application of lime in the building industry. Production technology of dolomite lime. Production technology of hydraulic lime. Hydraulic module. Production technology of roman cement. Caustic magnetite. (8.week – 2 lectures)

  1. Raw materials and technological production scheme for portlandcement. Raw materials for clinker: type and chemical composition of carbonate, standard requirements; clays, standard requirements; additives. Production schema for portlandcement: preparation of raw material mix, correcting of mix; firing and cooling of clinker; milling of clinker. (9.week – 2 lectures)

  1. Testing of portlandcement. Chemical and mineralogical composition of cement. Description of cement by using modules and coefficients. Hidrasation of cement’s minerals. Testing of cement: normal consistence, setting time, changes of density, fineness, compressive and flexural strength, chemical content, microscopically and x-ray analyses. (10.week – 2 lectures)

  1. Admixtures for cement. Hydraulic admixtures. Micro admixtures. Retarders and accelerators. Admixtures to increase early and final strength of concrete. Hydrophobic and hydrophilic admixtures. Plasticizators. Pucolanic additives. (11.week – 2 lectures)

  1. Products produced by using inorganically binders. Light porous products on the base of silicate. Products from concrete and reinforced concrete. Ordinary heavy concrete products. Light concrete products. Porous concrete products. Special concrete products. Production technologies of silicatbriks. Products from asbest cement. (12.week – 2 lectures)

  1. Ferrous metals. Production and properties of ferrous metals. Production technology of steel. Constructive and instrumental steel. Thermal, chemical and thermo -chemical treatment of steel. Corrosion and protection of ferrous metals. (13.week – 2 lectures)

  1. Non-ferrous metals. Production and properties of non- ferrous metals. Most popular non-ferrous metals, which are used in building industry. Corrosion and protection of non- ferrous metals. (14.week – 2 lectures)

  1. Heat isolation materials. Raw materials and production technology of mineral wool. Properties of mineral wool. Porous rocks. Asbest and products from asbest. Porous glass. (15.week – 2 lectures)

  1. Building wooden materials. Properties of wooden building materials. Corrosion resistance of wooden building materials. Mechanical properties, strength, elastic, plastic. Preparation of wooden building materials. Protection of wooden building materials. Resistance against fire. Products made from wood. (16.week – 2 lectures)

Literature

  1. J. Freibergs, I.Šulcs, A.Zīle, Arhitektūras materiālmācība, RTU, Rīga, 1991

  2. J. Freibergs, A.Zīle, Arhitektūras materiālmācība, I daļa, RTU, Rīga, 1987

  3. Žurnāli “Māja un dzīvoklis”

  4. Švinka R., Švinka V. Silikātu materiālu ķīmija un tehnoloģija, Rīga, RTU, 1997.

  5. Švinka V., Lindiņa L. Latvijas mālu mineraloģiskais sastāvs un to termoķimiskās pārvērtības apdedzināšanas procesā, Latvijas Ķīmijas Žurnāls, 1994, Nr.3, lpp.295-303.

  6. Stinkule A., Kuršs V. Latvijas derīgie izrakteņi, Rīga, 1997.

  7. Kuršs V., Stinkule A., Māli Latvijas zemes dzīlēs un rūpniecībā. Rīga, Liesma, 1972

  8. Sedmanis U. Latvijas izplatītākās minerālās izejvielas un to izmantošanas iespējas, Latvijas ķīmijas žurnāls, 1997, Nr.2, lpp.16.-30.

Prepared by g Diana Bajare

RIGA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

FACULTY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

PROFESSOR GROUP OF CAD IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

PROGRAM OF EDUCATIONAL SUBJECT

COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN IN STRUCTURAL OPTIMIZATION

Code: BKA 505

Level of education: Master study

Subject status: Obligatory subject for direction

Credit points – 4, semesters – 1, hours – 64, lectures – 2, practical jobs – 2, control – E

Confirmed on council of the Institute of Computer Analysis of Structures

4 February 1998, certificate N 1

RIGA 1999.

Optimal design numerical approach. Introduction. Optimal construction design with continues and discrete variables. Design variables and they selection. Design objective function options: weight; cost; maximum stiffness and other. Design constraints. Physical constraints: deflection, strength, buckling, weight, frequency and others. Geometrical constraints: boundary conditions, robustness and other. Examples

2 hours, 1. week

9.Optimal design numerical approach. Solutions for optimal design numerical tasks: nonlinear programming, experiment design, response surface method RSM, neural networks NN, and others. Comparison between construction analysis and optimal design of structure. Examples

2 hours, 2. week

Optimal design numerical approach. Nonlinear programming methods: gradient method; simples method; penalties methods, random search method; genetic algorithms and others. Minimization without constraints. Minimization with constraints. Examples

2 hours, 3. week

Optimal design numerical approach. Physical function sensitivity analysis. Examples

2 hours, 4. weekOptimal design numerical approach. Approximation of the physical constrains: response surface method; neural networks and other methods. Application of experiment design for mathematical approximations. Polynomial approximations for numerical values extracted from experimental design.

2 hours, 5. week

Optimal design numerical approach. Experiment design methods: D-optimal; Latin hypercube and others. Evaluation of the plan of experiment for discrete and continues variables: D-optimal; Latin hypercube. Examples.

2 hours, 6. week

Optimal design numerical approach. Application of the finite element method (FEM) for structural optimization. FEM together with physical experiments in structural optimization. FEM codes in structural optimization. Examples.

2 hours, 7. Week

Optimal design numerical approach. Sophisticated methods in structural design: more than one objective function – Pareto cluster, multilevel optimization and others.

2 hours, 8. week

Optimal design numerical approach. One dimension mechanical task optimization. Derivation of different approximation function and different optimum conditions.

2 hours, 9. week

Optimal design numerical approach. Appliance of mathematical code MathLab for structural optimization. Examples.

2 hours, 10. week

Optimal design numerical approach. Appliance of RTU code EdaOpt for structural optimization. Experiment design, sensitivity analysis; derivation of optimum solution with different boundary conditions. Examples.

4 hours, 11. and 12. week

Optimal design numerical approach. Appliance of FEM code ANSYS – Topological optimization for structural optimization. Topological optimization examples.

4 hours, 13. and 14. week

Optimal design numerical approach. Appliance of FEM code ANSYS – Design optimization for structural optimization. Examples for different shape beams, trusses and frames.

4 hours, 15. and 16. week

LITERATURE

1. Поляк Б. Т. Введение в оптимизацию. – Наука: Москва. – 1984.

2. Прагер В. Основы теории оптимального проектирования конструкций. – Мир:

Москва. – 1977.

3. Баничук Н. В., Кобелев В. В., Рикардс Р. Б. Оптимизация элементов конструкций

4. Гилл Ф., Мюррей У., Райт М. Практическая оптимизация. – Мир: Москва. – 1985.

5. Баничук Н. В. Введение в оптимизацию конструкций. – Наука: Москва. – 1986.

6. Bendsoe. Optimization of structural topology, shape and material. – Springer-Verlag: Berlin. – 1995.

7. MATLAB application toolbox: Optimization. User’s guide. – The MathWorks, Inc. – 1999

8. ANSYS 8.0 Documentation: Optimization. User’s guide. - 2003

Prepared by Prof. Rolands Rikards

RTU Faculty of Civil Engineering

Institute of Materials and Structures

Division of the Building Materials and Building Wares

Study subject program

Building materials, basic course

Code BMT251

Civil engineering, transport building program for bachelor studies.

Credit points – 3, lectures – 32, practices - 16,

control – E.

Approved at Materials and Constructions Institute’s session in April 16, 2003.

Protocol No.7

Riga, 2003

Introduction. Building materials, building products, building constructions. Standardisation: VSt., EN, DIN u.c. (1.week, 2 lectures)

  1. Properties of building materials. Physical and chemical properties. Mechanical properties. Physical – chemical properties. (2.week, 2 lectures)

  1. Classification of natural stone. Mineralogical classification. Geological classification (3. week, 2 lectures)

  1. Building materials made from natural stone. Production, processing and properties of natural stone. Main raw materials in Latvia. (4.week, 2 lectures)

  1. Fired building materials. Building ceramic. History of building ceramic. Classification of building ceramic. Row materials and production. Properties and application. Preferentiality and indigence of building ceramic. (5.week, 2 lecture)

  1. Fired materials for production of building products. Products made from glass. Development of glass products. Classification of glass products. Raw materials and production of glass. Properties and application of glass. Possibilities to increase mechanical properties of glass. (6.week, 2 lectures)

  1. Mineral binders. Development of mineral binders. Production and properties of gypsum binders. Production and properties of lime binders. Production and properties of roman cement. Production and properties magnesia binders. (7.week, 2 lectures)

  1. Mineral binders. Historical survey about production of poculancement and portlandcement. Active hydraulic additives. Chemical and mineralogical composition of portlandcement. Standards. Special cement (8. week, 2 lectures)

  1. Heat and sound isolation materials. Constructive heat isolation materials. Sheet and roll heat isolations materials. Sacking heat isolation materials. Combinative heat isolation materials. Properties and application. (9.week, 2 lectures)

  1. Constructive building materials and products for main constructions. Natural stone materials. Ceramic materials. Concrete made from mineral binders. Monolith and jointed reinforced concrete. (10.week, 2 lectures)

  1. Silicate products. Physical and mechanical properties of wood. Wooden building materials. Polimermaterials. (11.week, 2 lectures)

  1. Constructive materials for roof coverings. Ceramic materials. Products made from concrete. Jointed concrete constructions. Polimer materials. Materials made from bitumen and tar. Products made from metal. (12.week, 2 lectures)

  1. Special constructive materials. Hidroisolation materials. Vapour isolation materials, hermetic materials. Classification. Properties. Application. (13.week, 2 lectures)

  1. Constructive finishing materials. Constructive finishing materials for outdoors. Materials for balconies. Materials for covering of floors and stairs. Finishing materials for delimitated constructions. Ceilings, builder furniture. Coverings for roads. Classification, properties, application. (14.week, 2 lecture)

  1. Finishing materials. Finishing materials for outdoors and indoors. Special finishing materials. Classification, properties, application. (15.week, 2 lecture)

  1. Criteria for choosing suitable materials. Criteria, choosing of constructive finishing materials depending from application. Substitution of materials. (16.week, 2 lecture)

Laboratory:

Main properties of building materials. Determination of substance’s density; Determination of material’s density; determination of strength. –2 hours. Testing of gypsum materials. – 2 hours. Testing of cement – 2 hours. Testing of sand – 2 hours. Testing of gravel – 2 hours. Projecting of concrete and mortars – 4 hours. Production of concrete with and without admixtures – 2 hours. Determination of strength, water suction and water permeability for produced concrete.

Literature:

  1. Žurnāls “ Māja un dzīvoklis”

  2. Žurnāls “ Praktiskā būvniecība”

  3. John Ashurt, Nicola Ashurt “Pratical buildung conservation” Ehglish Technical Handbook, volume 1, 2, published by Gower Technical Press Ltd. 1988

  4. Būvniecības rokasgrāmata

  5. J. Freibergs, I.Šulcs, A.Zīle, Arhitektūras materiālmācība, RTU, Rīga, 1991

  6. Строительное материаловедение. И. А. Рыбьев. Высшая школа, Москва, 2002

  7. Koka un plastmasu konstrukcijas. J. Ulpe, L. Kupče, Rīga, “Zvaigzne”, 1991

Description of study subject

Engineering Geology

Studies programme: Civil engineering

Studies form: Professional

Studies level: Baccalaureate

Teacher

Jana Ošiņa M.sc.geol. lecturer

Volume of educational subject

2KP

Aim of teaching

Giving knowledge and skills for estimating, for estimating engineering geological conditions of building sites

Tasks of teaching:

1.Giving fundamentals of Earth structure, soils and rocks in the outer shell, horizons of ground water, geological and possible man-made geological process and phenomena.

2.Development of skills in selection of ground investigations performed in phases depending on the questions raised during planning, design and construction of the actual project

Language

Latvian and English

Literature

Mācību grāmata: dans, J Ošiņa, A.Zobena “Inženierģeoloģija”, Riga, Zvaigzne, 1986

Q.Zaruba, V.Mencl “Engineering Geology”, Academia Prague, 1976

Methods of teaching

Lectures, laboratories, graphical homework

Principe of estimating the level of acquirement of subject

Test on knowledge and skills for solutions of practical problems raised during design

Time for acquirement of subject (contact hours)

Lectures 50%

Laboratories 44%

Test 6%

Requirements for acquirement

Compulsory laboratories, in time laboratories records

In time homework’s

Methods of estimation

Test for a)laboratories

b) homework

c) theoretical course

Teaching methods

Lectures. Lecturer gives fundamentals of theme and instruct in additional studies

Laboratories. Determination of minerals, soils and rocks, drawing maps and geological sections

Home work. Geological cross-section

Tematical plan

Course program and calendar plan

k



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