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Каушанская. Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка

Part I. ACCIDENCE

THE NOUN

Exercise 1. State the morphological composition of the following nouns.

Snow, sandstone, impossibility, widower, opinion, exclamation, passer-by, misunderstanding, inactivity, snowball, kingdom, anticyclone, mother-of-pearl, immobility, might, warmth, succession, ex-president, nurse, misdeed, wisdom, blackbird, attention, policeman, merry-go-round, girlhood, usefulness, fortune, friendship, statesman, brother-in-law, population, fellow-boarder, smelling-salt.

Exercise 2. Point out the nouns and define the class each belongs to.

1. Don't forget, Pettinger, Europe is still the heart of the world, and Germany the heart of Europe. (Heym)2. Pursuing his inquiries, Clennam found that the Gowan family were a very distant ramification of the Barnacles... (Dickens)3. His face was sick with pain and rage. (Maltz)4. He drank coffee, letting the warmth go through his cold, tired body. (This is America)5. But there is only one place I met with the brotherhood of man, and it was in the Communist Party. (This is America)6. The mysteries of storm and the rain and tide were revealed. (Galsworthy)7. Having set the tea, she stood by the table and said slowly: ";Tea's ready, Father. I'm going to London."; (Galsworthy)8. By this time, quite a small crowd had collected, and people were asking each other what was the matter. (Jerome i(. Jerome)9. There were several small losses: a spoon used for the baby's feeding, a pair of scissors. (Lessing)10. He was professor of physics. (London)11. A band of dark clouds lay across the sky, and underneath it was the last pale brilliance of the evening. (Murdoch)12. ";I have some luggage,"; he said, ";at the Brumblehurst Station,"; and he asked her how he could have it. (Wells)13. In the kitchen Bowen read the telegram aloud. (Amis)14. The crowd laughed and moved, pushing every way and everybody. (This is America)15. De Witt fished through his pockets, found his eyeglasses, carefully slipped them out of their case... (Heylri)16. A stone caught her heel. (Maltz)17. George suggested meat and fruit pies, cold meat, tomatoes, fruit and green stuff. (Jerome K. Jerome)18. The silvercoloured carpet felt wonderfully soft beneath his feet, the furniture was of a golden wood. (Galsworthy)19. The major seemed to be looking out at the sky... (Heytn)20. Winslow spoke with his usual caustic courtesy. (Snow)21. The bourgeoisie is cowardly. (London)22. The moon was shining through the tree stems when they sax again side by side on the log seat. (Galsworthy)23. ";It's not Sunday, tomorrow,"; said Karg. (Heytn)24. He looked down at his audience. (Heyrri)25. His hair was grey and he was short and fat. (Hemingway)

Exercise 3. Give the plural oi the following nouns.

Face, portfolio, swine, house, tomato, hearth, mother-in-law, basis, clergyman, ox, cry, key, fox, downfall, looker-on, rock, bush, enemy, leaf, roof, genius, hero, bunch, sheep, ship, criterion, youth, journey, penknife, man-of-war, loss, datum, goose, deer, pie, Englishwoman, wolf, mouse, formula, bath, volcano, possibility, forget-me-not, foot, handkerchief, thief, crisis, stepdaughter, birth, echo, finger-tip, court martial, joy, mischief-maker, extremity, spy, lie.

Exercise 4. Use the appropriate form of the verb.

1. ";There — money in my pocket,"; 1 said to the porter, (is, are) (Hemingway)2. I know my hair __ beautiful, everybody says so. (is, are) (Hardy)3. The works __ his country, his home, his reason for being, (was, were) (Heym)4. These white swine — not live, (does, do) (Sabatini)5. Means __ easily found, (was, were) (Thackeray)6....this watch __ a special favourite with Mr. Pickwick, having been carried about... for a greater number of years than we feel called upon to state, at present, (was, were) (Dickens)7. ";Good,"; I said. ";No one shall tell me again that fish — no sense with them."; (has, have) (Llewellyn) 8. The deer __ ravaging the man's fields, (was, were) (Twain)9. Money __ so scarce that it could fairly be said not to exist at all. (was, were) (Dreiser)10. I was here before the gates __ opened, but I was afraid to come straight to you. (was, were) (Dickens)11. The papers __ dull, the news _ local and stale, and the war news __ all old. (was, were) (Hemingway)12. At Capracotta, he had told me, there __ trout in the stream below the town, (was, were) (Hemingway)13. The sugartongs __ too wide for one of her hands, and she had to use both in wielding them, (was, were) (Ch. Bronte)14. Her hair __ loose and half-falling, and she wore a nurse's dress, (was, were) (Hemingway)15. And the baggage __ apparatus and appliances, (contain, contains) (Wells)16. The china __ good, of a delicate pattern, (was, were) (Dreiser)17. The nurse's wages.: __ good... (was, were) (Collins)

Exercise 5. Explain the use of the genitive case.

1. For four months, since in the canteen she saw Jon's tired smile, he had been one long thought in her mind. (Galsworthy)2. Agnes was at her wit's-end. (Lindsay)3. Since his illness, however, he had reluctantly abandoned this attempt to get twentyfour hours’ work out of each day. (Murdoch)4....the Radicals' real supporters were the urban classes. (Galsworthy)5. To Elizabeth it seemed that the lines with which fear had falsely aged his face were smoothed away, and it was a boy's face which watched her with a boy's enthusiasm. (Greene)6. For his honor's sake Torn has got to commit suicide. (Saroyan) 7. They were to leave the house without an instant's delay and go at once to the river's edge and go aboard a steamer that would be waiting there for them. (Buck)8. And he lifted his strange lowering eyes to Derek's. (Galsworthy)9. I was encouraged when, after Roger had proposed the guest of honor's health, Lufkin got up to reply. (Snow)10. ";Where are the children?"; ";I sent them to mother's."; (Cronin)11. Philip heard a man's voice talking quickly, but soothingljr, over the phone. (/. Shaw)12. Presently Rex was on his two miles' walk to Offendene. (Eliot)13. That early morning he had already done a good two hours' work. (Galsworthy)14. Bowen sat on the veranda of Buckmaster's house. (Amis)15. Crime is the product of a country's social order. (Cronin)16. I spotted the bride's father's uncle's silk hat on the seat of a straight chair across the room. (Salinger)17. I spent Christmas at my aunt Emily's. (Braine) 18. We took some bread and cheese with us and got some goat's milk up there on the pasture. (Voynich)19. He was still thinking of next morning's papers. (Snow)20. Why, for God's sake, why must we go through all this hell? (Saroyan)21. A man stepped out from a tobacconist's and waved to them, and the car slid to the kerb and. stopped. (Greene)22. A woman's love is not worth anything until it has been cleaned of all romanticism. (Murdoch)23. Her skin was as dry as a child's with fever. (Greene)

Exercise 6. Put the noun in the genitive case. Explain the use of the genitive case.

1. Well, I'd rather be married to a saint that never saw my good looks than to a sinner who saw every other __. (woman) (Buck)2. The breakfast table at __ was usually a very pleasant one, and was always presided over by Bella. (Mr. Boffin) (Dickens)3. ";I think __ friendships are much deeper than __,"; Mrs. Thompson said, (men, women) (Braine) 4. That night he had chosen a basement bar a __ throw from Scotland Yard... (stone) (Hansford Johnson)5. As he passed through the __ room he saw an evening paper spread out conspicuously on the desk of the __ nephew. (clerks, director) (Greene)6. But I suppose that need not prevent us from quarrelling to our __ content in future, (heart) (Voynich)7. With one cold glance could she send me back into childhood with all a lonely __ terrors and shames, (child) (Lindsay)8. I will even go farther, if you like, and admit, for __ sake and for __ sake, that the identity of Lady Glyde, as a living person, is a proved fact to Miss Hal combe ";and yourself, (courtesy, argument) (Collins)9. He stopped to dinner that evening and much to — satisfaction made a favorable impression on her father. (Ruth) (London)10. He said to her: ";Look at my brother __ property."; (James) (Galsworthy)11. He had not been at __ for nearly two years. (Timothy) (Galsworthy)12. Benson... was listening among the __ representatives cocking his head on one side, (workers) (Lindsay)13. He had never thought that a mere __ hand could be sweetly soft, (woman) (London)14. But he was daunted the next moment by his own and __ insignificance. (Milly) (Greene)15. But by that time the bride was near the end of the first _ journey towards Florence, (day) (Dickens)16....he too wished she had remained at home, as did most of the __ families, (congressmen) (Stone)17. You need a good __ sleep, (night) (Shaw)18. Haven't you noticed that other __ bread-and-butter is always much nicer than your own? Robert is like that. He always prefers __ fireside, (people, somebody else) (Maugham)19. The __ wives were more expensively dressed than the Civil __, and in general more spectacular, (politicians, servants) (Snow)20. One evening, on the way to the __, I saw Irwing sitting on the steps of his house, (grocer) (Saroyan)21. I cannot be blamed for all my __ doings, (kin) (Lindsay)

Exercise 7. Translate into English, using a noun in the genitive case where possible.

1. Давид провел две недели в Ярмуте у мистера Пеготти. 2. Уезжая в Ярмут, мальчик ничего не знал о предполагаемом (intended) браке своей матери. 3. После путешествия, которое длилось несколько часов, Пеготти с Давидом прибыли в Ярмут. 4. Приближаясь к дому мистера Пеготти, Давид увидел детскую фигурку, стоявшую на пороге. 5. Дядя Хэма и Эмили усыновил их, когда они были детьми. 6. Пеготти с гордостью говорила о доброте своего брата. 7. Двухнедельное пребывание в Ярмуте доставило Давиду большое удовольствие. 8. В присутствии мужа миссис Копперфильд боялась приласкать своего сына. 9. После минутной нерешительности Давид подошел к миссис Копперфильд и поцеловал ее. 10. После смерти жены мистер Мердстон послал Давида в Лондон, где мальчик должен был работать в торговом доме (warehouse) Мердстона и Гринби.

THE USE OF ARTICLES

Exercise 1. Change the nouns into the plural. Use some (any) where necessary and make the other necessary changes.

1. A kitten likes to play. 2. A violet does not smell so sweet as a lily of the valley. 3. Have you bought an apple for your child? 4. Here is a letter to be posted. 5. He ate a spoonful of broth and a sandwich. 6. I must buy a postcard. 7. She did not bring me a magazine, she brought me a newspaper. 8. She made a step towards him. 9. In the bedroom a candle was burning. 10. Did she ever lend you a book?

Exercise 2. Insert articles where 'necessary. (Articles with class nouns.)

1. Not __ word was spoken in __ parlour. (Caldwelt) 2. __ room itself was filling up, so was __ staircase. (Snow)3. I think that __ man's life is worth saving, whoever it belongs to. (Shaw)4. Though __ earth was cold and wet, __ sky was clear and __ sun rose bright and beautiful. (Dickens)5. He made them provide not one car, but half __ dozen. (Snow)6.. __ compass was invented in ancient China. 7. Not __ word was spoken, not __ sound was made. (Dickens)8. __ sky outside __ window was already dark, __ secretaries had gone home, all was quiet. (Snow)9. Edward remained __ week at __ cottage. (Austen)10. I tell you, he's as brave as __ man can reasonably be. (Snow)11. After that they would meet, perhaps, two or three times __ year. (Galsworthy) 12. Dinny looked up at __ house; and suddenly saw __ face in __ window of __ dining-room. (Galsxnorthy) 13. You know I never cared for __ drama. 14. ";It is not __ large house,"; I said. ";We don't want __ large house."; (Jerome K. Jercme) 15. He looks older than he is, as __ dark men often do. (Dickens)16. Roger looked at him and, without __. word, took out his wallet and gave him __ ten-shilling note. (Snow)17. As __ man sows, so shall he reap. 18. This morning __ tobacconist was at his door. (Bennett)19. It was Sunday afternoon, and __ sun, which had teen shining now for several hours, was beginning to warm __ earth. (Murdoch)20. I have __ long story to tell you. Come and sit down on __ sofa and let us have __ comfortable chat. (Marryat)21. __ arm in __ arm, they walked toward home. (/. Shaw)22. It was __ cottage built like __ mansion, having __ central hall with __ wooden gallery running round it, and __ rooms no bigger than __ closets. (Hardy)23. And what __ beautiful moth there is over there on-----wall. (Murdoch)24. She had __ key of her own. (Conan Doyle)25. He was __ short, plump man with __ very white face and __ very white hands. It was rumoured in London that he powdered them like __ woman. (Greene)26. __ old couldn't help __ young... (Galsworthy)27. To him she would always be __ loveliest woman in __ world. (Maugham)28. __ strongest have their hours of depression. (Dreiser)29. Her aunt, in __ straw hat so broad that it covered her to __ very edges of her shoulders, was standing below with two gardeners behind her. (Galsworthy)30. 1 am afraid I addressed __ wrong person. (Collins)31. They must have had very fair notions of __ artistic and __ beautiful. (Jerome K. Jerome)32. __ rich think they can buy anything. (Snow)33. __ room has three doors; one on __ same side as __ fireplace, near — corner, leading to __ best bedroom. (Shaw)34. My thousand __ year is not merely. __. matter of dirty banknotes and jaundicedguineas... but, it may be, health to __ drooping, strength to __ weak, consolation to __ sad. (Ch. Bronte)35. Thank you, Stephen: I knew you would give me __ right advice. (Shaw)36. Sometimes... visitors rang __ wrong bell. (Bennett)37. My family came from hereabouts some generations back. I just wanted to have — look at __ place, and ask you __ question or two. (Galsworthy)38. __ woman will only be ";the equal of __ man when she earns her living in __ same way that he does. (Maugham)39. He arrived half __ hour before dinner time, and went up to __ schoolroom at __ top of __ house, to see __ children. (Galsworthy)40. You will see him __ steady character yet. I am sure of it. There is something in. __ very expression of his face that tells me so. (Marryat)41. Far away in __ little street there is __ poor house. One of __ windows is open and through it I can see __ woman seated at __ table. She is __ seamstress. (Wilde)42. _ man who entered was short and broad. He had black hair, and was wearing __ grey flannel trousers with __ red woollen shirt, open at __ neck, whose collar he carried outside __ lapels of his dark tweed jacket. (Clark)43. Believe me, when __ woman really makes up her mind to marry __ man nothing on God's earth can save him. (Maugham)44. I stopped,., still uncertain of myself and whether I was saying. __ right thing. (Du Maurier)45, Then it was night and he was awake, standing in __ street, looking up at __ dark windows of __ place where he lived. __ front door was locked and there was no one in __ house. (Saroyan)46. I believe I can tell __ very.moment I began to love him. (Galsworthy)47. We are told that __ heart of __ man is deceitful above all __ things, and desperately wicked. (Shaw)48. ";I must do it,"; said Adam; ";it's __ right thing."; (Eliot)49. Mr. Boythorn lived in __ pretty house with __ lawn in front, __ bright flower garden at __ side and __ kitchen-garden in __ rear, enclosed with __ wall. __ house was __ real old house. (Dickens)50 __ bartender was __ pale little man in __ vest and apron, with __ pale, hairy arms and __ long, nervous nose. (/. Shaw)51. __ face to __.face, he was as warm and easy-natured as he had ever been. (Snow)52. 1 had not yet learnt how contradictory is human nature; I did not know how much pose there is in __ sincere, how much baseness in _ noble, or how much goodness in __ reprobate. 10 (Maugham)53. During __ country house parties one day is very like another. __ men put on __ same kind of variegated tie, eat __ same breakfast, tap __ same barometer, smoke __ same pipes and kill __ same birds. (Galsworthy)54. Almost at. very moment when r,he had returned Aileen had appeared. (Dreiser) 55. __ old man quitted __ house secretly at __ same hour as before. (Dickens)56. We are told that __ wicked shall be punished. (Shaw)57. __ arm in __ arm we walked on, sometimes stumbling over __ hump of earth or catching our feet in __ rabbit-holes. (Hansford lohnson) 58. Clare was __ most vivid member of __ family. She had dark fine shingled hair and __ pale expressive face, of which __ lips were slightly brightened. __ eyes were brown, with __ straight and eager glance, __ brow low and very white. Her expression was old for __ girl of twenty, being calm and yet adventurous. (Galsworthy)59. When I was __ child my mother used to make __ cakes and send me out with them as __ presents to __ neighbours. And. __ neighbours would give us __ presents too, and not only at Christmas time. (Murdoch)60. I wrote to __ Managing Editor that this was __ wrong moment to change their correspondent. (Greene)

Exercise 3. Translate into English.

1. Приходил почтальон? 2. Это был высокий белый дом; он был окружен большим садом. 3. Дом построен два года назад. 4. Мое любимое дерево — дуб. 5. Возле дома рос старый дуб. 6. Мы опоздали на поезд, и нам пришлось долго ждать на вокзале. 7. Попугай может подражать человеческой речи. 8. Мы вошли в маленькую комнату, в которой стоял стол, несколько стульев и кресло. 9. Я надеюсь, что завтра вы дадите мне ответ. 10. Телескоп нужен астрономам, а микроскоп — биологам. 11. Серебряная луна светила на небе. 12. Скрипка — струнный инструмент, флейта — духовой. 13. Шекспир и Сервантес умерли в одном и том же году. 14. Мы получили телеграмму в самый день нашего отъезда. 15. Вы мне дали не тот адрес. 16. Некоторые из гостей ушли рано. 17. Они живут на одной улице. 18. Он постучался не в ту дверь.

Exercise 4. Insert articles where necessary. (Articles with nouns modified by attributes in post-position.)

1. __ man of whom I speak is __ low pantomime actor. 2. Excuse me now, I have to see __ man who's in trouble... (Galsworthy) 3 __ people familiar with these moors often miss their road on such evenings. (E. Bronte) 4. He listened attentively to a great many stories she told him about __ amiable and handsome daughter of hers, who was married to __ amiable and handsome man and lived in the country. (Dickens)5. I always think there's something rather cold and cheerless about __ house that lacks __ woman's touch. (Maugham)6. He stood up and looked at __ house where he had been born, grown up, and played, as if asking for __ answer. (Galsworthy)7. Her throat aches because of __. tears locked in it. (Lessing)8. I am persuaded that this will be __ shock of which he will feel __ effects all his life- (Eliot)9. There were half __ dozen pocket robberies __ day in __ trams of Brussels. (Bennett)10. There we were in __ country none of us knew anything about, amongst Indians and __ people that were only half civilised. (Galsworthy)11. At last they reached — door at which __ servant knocked cautiously. (Murdoch)12. We passed—set of chambers where I had worked as __ young man. (Snow)13. It is in __ hour of trial that __ man finds his true profession. (Shaw)14. We dropped into __ very pleasant nook under — great elm tree, to __ spreading roots of which we fastened __ boat. (Jerome K. Jerome)15. It chanced that when this lonely young lady was about nineteen, she, being __ fearless horsewoman, was riding, with only — young lad..,. in one of __ woods near her uncle's house... and, in trotting along, her horse stumbled over __ root of — felled tree. She slipped to __ ground, not seriously hurt, and was assisted home by — gentleman who came in view at __ moment of her mishap. It turned out that this gentleman... was on __ visit at __ house of __ neighbouring landowner. (Hardy)16. He was staring at __ waves like __ man cornered by __ strange animal. (Murdoch)17. You don't know _ man you are married to. (Shaw)18. He spoke with a very slow, distinct voice... and always looked over — shoulder of __ person to whom he was talking. (Wilde)19. There had been at — dining table __ middle-aged man with __ dark eye and — sunburnt face, who had attracted Martin's attention. (Dickens)20. And he had tea sitting on __ edge of __.chair that did not look too firm, all gilt and spindly. (Galsworthy)21. They walked __ mile or more along __ handsome street which __ colonel said was called Broadway... Turning, at length, into one of — numerous streets which branched from this main thoroughfare, they stopped before __ rather meanlooking house. (Dickens)22. Colonel Mordaunt does not look like — man who would do __ mean or dishonourable thing. (Marryaf) 23. She is __ elderly matron who has worked hard and got nothing by it. (Shaw)24. He was, in fact, __ younger edition of his father. (Galsworthy)25. As Dick took up his pipe, __ man who had passed into __ smoking car with him put down his newspaper and looked at him. For __ moment Dick was puzzled. It was __ face he knew, but he could not put __ name to it. Where had he seen __ man? (Winter) 26. During __ twenty minutes Michael took to read __ doem, there was not __ sound, except from the sheets being turned. (Galsworthy)27. Rosa then noticed with surprise that she was in __ room in which __ party had been held. (Murdoch)

Exercise 5. Translate into English.

1. Сегодня я, наконец, достал книгу, которую я уже давно хочу прочесть. 2. Вот человек, с которым вы хотите поговорить. 3. Я не люблю людей, которые ко всем придираются. 4. Я знаю девушку, которая удивительно хорошо декламирует стихи. Вчера она прочла стихотворение, которое мне очень понравилось. 5. Улицы, по которым он проходил, были узкие и грязные. 6. Старик постучал в дверь небольшого домика, окна которого были ярко освещены. 7. Когда Ольга вернулась домой, она увидела, что ее сестра разговаривает с человеком, которого она никогда прежде не видела. 8. Я нашла гостиницу, где мы жили несколько лет назад. 9. Письмо, которое она получила утром, расстроило ее. 10. Утром она получила письмо, которое ее расстроило. 11. Молодая девушка долго думала об удивительном открытии, которое она сделала. 12. На дороге они увидели большой камень, которого там раньше не было. 13. Я знаю адрес человека, которому вы хотите написать. 14. Дверь открыла женщина; в ней он сразу узнал оригинал портрета, который ему показал его приятель. 15. Она поехала в город, где жила ее дочь.

Exercise 6. (A) Insert articles or some where necessary. (Articles with nouns- of material.)

1. We sipped __ tea so weak that it tasted like __ metal against the teeth. (Snow)2. You will be wishing to have __ tea after your journey, I'm thinking. (Shaw)3. George said that we must take __ rug, __ lamp, __.soap, __ brush and __ comb, __ tooth-brush, __ tooth-powder and __ couple of big towels for bathing. (Jerome K. Jerome)4. __ children of his age seldom have natural pleasure in __ soap and water. (E. Bronte) 5. He bought __ cold beef, and __ ham, and __ French bread and butter, and came back with his pockets pretty heavily laden. (Dickens)6. There were two bottles of __ wine, __ plate of __ oranges... with _ powdered sugar. (Dickens)7. Here, have __ champagne, I quite forgot to offer you any, or would you rather have __ tea? (Murdoch)8. She made __ coffee. (Murdoch)9. __ coffee without __ bread could never honestly serve as supper. (Saroyan)10 __ rest of us had finished eating, but Cave had cut himself another slice of __ cheese. (Snow)11. Mrs. Leek... frankly gave way to __ soft tears while eating __ bread-and-butter, (Bennett)12. You've caught cold: I saw you shivering, and you must have __ gruel to drive it out. (E. Bronte) 13. She did not answer, but her face was hard and pale as __ stone. (Galsworthy)

(b) Insert articles where necessary. (Articles with nouns of material.)

1. She hurried in again and found __ water almost boiled away. (Lindsay)2.... __ blood is thicker than __ water. (Galsworthy)3. She went about looking into __ dining room, which... had been transformed into __ kind of jewel box glowing with __ flowers, __ silver, __ gold, __ tinted glass. (Dreiser) 4. Rosa tasted __ wine. It was harsh but refreshing. (Murdoch)5. You drank __ wine with breakfast, dinner and supper, and fifty people always drank it with you. (/. Shaw)6. She looked with __ eager, hungry eyes at __ bread and __ meat and __ beer that __ landlady brought her. (Eliol) 7....Willows replied that he had made friends with __ sculptor in Pisa... and had commissioned this artist to make __ bust of himself in __ marble. (Hardy)8. __ coffee was better than Dinny had hoped and very hot. (Galsworthy)9. Without giving her __ opportunity to protest any more, he went to __. thelephone and ordered __ coffee and several sandwiches. (Caldwell)10. She wears __ little sailor hat of __ black straw that has long been exposed to __ dust and soot of London. (Shaw)11. The mother was yellow in colour and her skin resembled __ leather. (Murdoch)12. The maid brought in __ pears, __ cold chicken, __ tongue, __ cheese. (Snow)13. My heart... felt as heavy as __ lead. (Dи Maurier) 14. Every meal was __ bread and __ coffee and __ cigarettes, and now -he had no more bread. (Saroyan)

Exercise 7. Translate into English.

1. Портфель мал, но кожа хорошая. 2. Я люблю зеленый бархат. 3. Он не любил кофе. 4. Ему не понравился кофе. 5. Чай слишком крепкий; я не люблю крепкий чай. 6. Не забудьте дать кошке молока, у нее теперь котята! (Чехов)7. Я ходил по аллее и думал о вишневом варенье. (Чехов)

Exercise 8. Insert articles where necessary. (Articles with abstract nouns.)

1. We both appreciate __ simplicity. (Du Maurier)2. In less than __ week Cowperwood knew __ financial condition of Messrs. Waterman as well as they did, better, to __ dollar. (Dreiser)3. It is such __ weary, weary work. (Dickens)4. He [White] had __ comfortable feeling of working alone in __ large empty building, __ feeling of __ peace and __ complete privacy. (Wilson)5. I've reason to believe she [Fleur] has never properly got over __ feeling she used to have. (Galsworthy)6. I had seldom heard my friend speak with such __ intensity of __ feeling. (Conan Doyle) 7. His footsteps were now heard striking upon __ stony road at __ distance of about twenty yards. (Hardy)8. We had __ wonderful weather. (Du Maurier)9. You must learn to face __ life seriously, Stephen. (Shaw)10. However, __ life of such striking monotony does not seem to depress him. (Durrell) 11. May you be happy in — life you have chosen! (Dickens)12. I love to think of __ time that must come some day when __ man will have conquered — nature, and __ toilworn human race enter upon __ era of — peace. (Leacock) 13. She was panting now, and in her face was __ terror which was inexplicable. (Maugham)14. His round blue eyes behind. __ spectacles were ghastly with _ terror. (Maugham)15. I think in some curious way __ horror which she felt for him was __ transference of __ horror which she felt for herself because he so strangely troubled her. (Maugham)16. She was brilliantly familiar with- __ literature, __ tongues, __ art, __ history, __ physics, __ metaphysics, __ philosophy, and — politics (in which I include __ modern politics). (Bennett)17. It was __ cold, bleak, biting weather. (Dickens)18. __ weather was sunny and dry. (Hardy) 19.. __ modern science is __ wonderful thing. (Shaw)20. He was __ steady, uninspired researcher in __ properties of __ liquid state of __ matter. (Wilson)21. Their blue eyes became filled with __ gaiety and __ ferocity and __ joy, and their mouths with __ laughter. (Murdoch) 22. Jon laughed, and __ sound of __ laugh was hard. (Galsworthy)23. Then she gave __ crisp, ironic, almost cheerful laugh... (Snow)24. On that fine day __ poverty of __ district she was entering seemed to her country-nurtured eyes intensely cheerless, (Galsworthy)25. __ reason is __ greatest discovery ever made by __ man. Yet it is __ most disregarded and least used. (Jones) 26....what I offer is __ security and __ respect. That doesn't sound very exciting, but perhaps it's better than __ passion. (Greene)27. And __ passion that held Strickland was __ passion to create __ beauty. (Maugham)28. She looked __ incarnation of __ supreme loveliness, __ loveliness which was always revealing itself anew. (Bennett)29. She (Aileen] knew nothing of __ literature except __ certain authors who to __ truly cultured might seem banal. (Dreiser)30. __ expression on her face — hungry and hard and feverish — had the most peculiar effect upon Soames. (Galsworthy)31. She listened with, __ expression impatient, strained and intent. (Snow)32. At that age I had __ very faulty view of __ geography. (Miller) 33. __ poor fellow's face looked haggard with __ want: he had __ aspect of __ man who had not known what it was to live in __ comfort... for __ weeks, perhaps __ months past. (Ch. Bronte)34. He longed for __ comfort of his sister's society. (Marryaf) 35. He pines for __ kindness. (E. Bronte) 36. She sighed for __ air, _ liberty, __ quiet of __ country. (Austen)37. Miss Cherrell, I am going to do all I can to remove __ unpleasant impression you have of me. I am your very humble servant, and I hope some day to have __ chance to be something else to you. (Galsworthy)38. Then all four sat down and began to inspect Hunter and Calvin with __ air of suspicion and curiosity. (Murdoch)39. He spoke with __ air of someone who has got over with an unpleasant duty and can now get on to __ brighter matters. (Murdoch)40. How quietly you live, John. I love __. silence of this room and garden. (Murdoch)41. At other times he would come and sit for long periods in her room in __ silence. (Murdoch)42. What — noble thing __ courage is. (Reade)43. Nothing gave him [little Hans] greater pleasure than to listen to all __ wonderful things __ Miller used to say about __ unselfishness of __ true friendship. (Wilde)44. __ friendship which he had imposed from __ beginning he now emphasised more than ever. (Greene) 45. And when multitudes of men are hurt to __ death in wars I am driven to __ grief which borders on __ insanity. (Saroyan) 46. She could not only sing like __ lark... but she had such __ kindly, smiling, tender, gentle, generous heart of her own as won __ love of everybody who came near her. (Thackeray)47. What __ delightful weather we are having! (Wilde)48. Pray, don't talk to me about __ weather, Mr. Worthing. Whenever __ people talk to me about __ weather, I always feel quite certain that they mean something else. (Wilde)49. Such __ weather makes everything and everybody disgusting. (Austen)50. When he let her go, she sank breathless into __ chair, gazing at him with __ expression of such __ terror that he put his hands over his face. (Galsworthy)51. And so, concerned in talk that touched not on __ feelings within them, they reached Mount Street. (Galsworthy)52. Owen saw __ figure of Edward at __ distance of two or three hundred yards. (Hardy) 53. Mrs. Maylie took up her abode with her son and daughter-inlaw to enjoy during __ tranquil remainder of her days __, greatest felicity that __ age and worth can know, __ contemplation of __ happiness of those on whom __ warmest affections and tenderest cares... have been unceasingly bestowed. (Dickens)54. __ art is — manifestation of __ emotion, and __ emotion speaks __ language that all may understand. (Maugham)55. Ada sat at __ piano, Richard stood beside her. She touched __ notes so softly, and sang so low, that __ wind, sighing away in __ distant hills, was as audible as __ music. (Dickens)56. Mr. Bob Sawyer adjusted his skates with __ dexterity which to Mr. Winkle was perfectly marvellous. (Dickens)57. He had not been stationary half __ minute, when he heard his own name pronounced by __ voice which he at once recognized as Mr. Tupman's, and looking upwards, he beheld __ sight which filled him with __ surprise and __ pleasure. (Dickens) 58. She sat by __ window reading. From her position she could see up __ lane for __ distance of at least __ hundred yards. (Hardy) 59. I can see __ beauty and __ peace of this home; 1 think I have never been more at __ rest in my life than at this moment. (Shaw) 60. Beside his bed, for __ first time during __ period of nearly twenty years, he fell down on his knees in __ passionate outburst of __ feeling. (Hardy)61. It was __ new fear, different from that which she had once confided in her own flat, yet grown from __ same root. (Snow)62. __ empty windows of __ ruins were filled with __ life of their own. (Heym)63. Cowperwood awakened to __ sense of __ joy in __ life such as he fancied he had never experienced before. (Dreiser)64. Mr. Pickwick stood in __ principal street of this illustrious town, and gazed with __ air of __ curiosity not unmixed with __ interest, on __ objects around him. (Dickens)

Exercise 9. Translate into English.

1. Декабристы погибли в борьбе за свободу народа. 2. Все народы земли хотят мира. 3. Мы никогда не забудем героизм тех, кто боролся против фашизма. 4. Я очень ценю в людях скромность и простоту. 5. Природа играла большую роль в творчестве романтиков. 6. Музыкант должен знать историю оперы. 7. С ней он мог говорить о литературе, об искусстве, о чем угодно, мог жаловаться ей на жизнь, на людей. (Чехов)8. Я хочу быть артисткой, я хочу славы, успехов, свободы. (Чехов)9. Оставим пока геометрию. Обратимся к науке, которую вы, как чиновник почтового ведомства, вероятно, любите. География — наука почтальонов. (Чехов)10. Зачем я стереометрию учил, ежели ее в программе нет? (Чехов)11. Я с детства люблю музыку. 12. Он изучает английскую историю. 13. Он изучает историю Англии. 14. На расстоянии 20—30 шагов мы увидели странную фигуру. 15. Если вы плохо себя чувствуете, не выходите в такую погоду. 16. Мой брат очень любит архитектуру и мечтает стать архитектором. 17. Меня интересует история развития английского романа.

Exercise 10. insert articles where necessary. (Articles with names of persons.)

1. Margaret was talking to __ Osbaldistons. (Snow)2. In __ dim light streaming down __ stairs from behind her, he scarcely recognised __ Lily he had known. (Lindsay)3. __ barbaric Bertie got no hint whatever that he was barbaric. (Bennett)4. __ father and __ daughter appeared at last. (Wells)5. Gradman is here, darling, and __ mother, and __ Aunt Winifred, and Kit and Michael. Is there anyone you would like to see? (Galsworthy) 6. Louis seemed... rather __ grave, still, retiring man, but __ Caroline of this evening, which was not __ Caroline of every day, thawed his reserve. (Ch. Bronte) 7. She watched __ advent of __ Tasburghs almost maliciously. Hubert and __ young Tasburgh at once discovered mutual service in Mesopotamia. (Galsworthy)8. My visit was specially made to __ good Mrs. Ames. (Conan Doyle) 9. __ professor Beans is __ man to whom you'll be responsible for your undergraduate teaching. (Wilson)10. This Pat wasn't at all like __ Pat of his memories. When she smiled he saw __ Pat he had known, __ Pat smiling at him froirt __ worn photo that still lay in — pocketbook against his heart. But watching her ...he grew aware that __ family was divided in its attitude. Alice... and Mrs. Baxter... were partisans of — new Pat. He still felt that he couldn't bring __ two Pats together; but he didn't hold that against __ Pat of __ present. (Lindsay)11. — flustered Clarice stood beside me. (Du Maurier)12. If you are — Napolеоn, you will play __ game of __ power; if you're __ Leonardo, you'll play for — knowledge; __ stakes hardly matter. (Wallace) 13. At that time I had __ greatest admiration for — Impressionists. I longed to possess __ Sisley and __ Degas, and I worshipped Manet. (Maugham)14. I overtook __ pretty little Hetty Sorrel as I was coming to my den. (Eliot)15. He cared to say no more; he had thrown quite dust enough into __ honest Adam's eyes. (Eliot)16. This was __ famous Frank A. Cowperwood whom he had read about... (Dreiser)17. __ certain Joseph Zimmerman suggested that he undertake operating in street railway shares for him. (Dreiser)18. Elsie said she would ring up __ Doctor Worple. (Bennett)19. __ poor Edward muttered something, but what it was nobody knew. (Austen)20. He was gayer than I had thought... youthful and ardent in __ hundred happy ways, not.— Maxim I had first met. (Du Maurier)21. I have __ address of — man in London to whom __ Professor writes. (Conan Doyle)22. It is needless to multiply __ instances of __ high and lofty station, and __ „ vast importance of __ Chuzzlewits at different periods. (Dickens). 23. It has been said that there is no instance, in modern times, of __ Chuzzlewit having been found on terms of __ intimacy with __ great. (Dickens)24. __ gentle, tender-hearted Amelia Sedley was __ only person to whom she [Becky] could attach herself in __ least. (Thackeray)25. Yet __ room itself was bright and elegant; on one wall was — fine Sisley, of poplars and sunny water, on another __ still life by Nicholas de Stael, pastel fruit in __ white dish. (Snow)26. __ captain Cuttle lived on __ brink of — little canal. (Dickens)27. Mr. Tupman, by __ nod, intimated that his question applied to __ disappointed Rachel. (Dickens) 28. I am __ Mr. Martin for whom you were to inquire. (Dickens) 29. I'm to meet __ Professor Hallorsen on Monday. (Galsworthy) 30. If you're going West may I come with you? I want to see __ Aunt Emily and __ Uncle Lawrence. (Galsworthy)31. During — reading of __ paragraph, and for __ minute or two afterwards, he sat with his gaze fixed on — modest Mr. Toots, like — man entranced. (Dickens)32. I had no doubt that you were — Miss Wilfer I have often heard named. (Dickens)33. ";Oh, good evening,"; he exclaimed, removing his cap and bowing. ";How are you?"; while his mind was registering that this truly was __ beautiful, __ exquisite Sondra whom months before he had met at his uncle's. (Dreiser)34. ";I don't care about __ Captain Dobbin's complexion,"; she said... ";I shall always like him, I know."; ";There is not __ finer fellow in __ service,"; Osborne said, ";nor — better officer, though he is not __ Adonis, certainly."; (Thackeray)35. __ difference between __ pair was that while __ father was violent and __ bully, — son had thrice __ nerve and courage of — parent, and could not merely make __ attack, but resist it; and finding that — moment was not come when __ contest between him and his father was to be decided, he took his dinner with __ perfect coolness and appetite before __ engagement began. __ old Osborne, on __ contrary, was nervous and drank much. (Thackeray)36. __ medical practitioner quite, refused to accept __ unhappy Selina's theory. (Hardy)

Exercise 11. Translate into English.

1. Он решил сходить к Туркиным. (Чехов)2. Мой муж ревнив, это Отелло. (Чехов)3. И мать и дочь приняли приглашение. 4. Подождите немножко, отец сейчас придет. 5. Мы сегодня пойдем в театр. Идет «Дядя Ваня». 6. Вы —Коля, тот самый Коля, неуклюжий, застенчивый... Коля? (Куприн)

Exercise 12. Insert articles where necessary. (Articles with geographical names.)

1. After __ tour in __ Austrian Alps they had gone to __ Hotel Splendide at __ Montreux, in order to enjoy for __ day or two __ charms of __ Lake of __ Geneva. (Bennett)2. Dusk was already falling on __ noble curve of __ Thames. (Bennett)3. I hear he's off to __ Central Africa. (Bennett) A. In Ivanhoe Walter Scott describes __ England of __ Middle Ages. 5. __ Capetown is in __ South Africa. 6. In __ heart of __ Central Asia lies __ Khoresm, __ small fertile area in __ sea of __ sand. 7. __ prospect ends... in little hills that come nearly to __ sea; rudiments, these, of __ Atlas Mountains. (Shaw)8. ";We've been touring __ world... We tried __ South America...We lasted three days in __ Australia..."; ";Have you ever been to. __ States?"; (Amis)9. Michael looked quizzically at his parent. Did he quite understand __ England of to-day? (Galsworthy)

Exercise 13. Translate into English.

I. Кордильеры находятся в Северной Америке. 2. Берега Рейна очень живописны. 3. Эльбрус — очень красивая гора. 4. «Пиковая дама» была написана Чайковским во Флоренции в 1890 г. 5. Средиземное море находится между Европой, Азией и Африкой. 6. Венеция расположена на берегу Адриатического моря. 7. Ливингстон погиб в Центральной Африке.

Exercise 14, Insert articles where necessary. (Articles with names of hotels, streets, ships, and newspapers.)

1. She nodded __ command to __ footman, and they drove off westward, down __ Strand, and so into __ little side street by __ Charing Cross. (Bennett)2. I am going to Folkestone to-day, and shall stay at __ Metropole. (Bennett)3. They were excited because they had been dining with __ editor of __ Times, and had been given __ glimpse of next day's paper. (Snow)4. She sat in her superb private drawing room at __ Hotel Cecil. 5. __ boys loved him because he told them that __ Navy had borrowed him from __ U. S. Army just in time to blow taps on __ Maine as she was sinking, and he remained long after everyone including — captain had abandoned __ ship. (Wilson)6. He began to walk very rapidly up towards __ Trafalgar Square. (Greene)7. He went out and ate __ ices at __ pastry-cook's shop in __ Charing Cross; tried __ new coat in __ Pall Mall; and called for __ Captain Cannon, played eleven games at __ billiards with __ captain, and returned to __ Russell Square. (Thackeray)8. __ street was empty, unlighted save by __ reflection from __ Grandlieu Street behind them... (Faulkner)9. In 1905 __ revolt broke out on __ Potem-kin, one of __ battleships of __ Black Sea Fleet. 10. Yet, in — bright drawing room in __ Lord North Street, all he was thinking of... was what __ Telegraph, __ Guardian, the popular press, would say next day. (Snow)

Exercise 15. Insert articles where necessary. (Articles with nouns modified by proper nouns.)

1. I often go to __ Pushkin Theatre. 2. I am very fond of — Pushkin's short tragedies. 3. __ Tretyakov gallery was founded nearly __ century ago by Pavel Tretyakov. __ Tretyakov's devotion to __ art and his indefatigable efforts had __ magnificent results and furthered __ development of __ Russian painting. 4. I am __ medical student and have held __ post of house surgeon at one of __ London hospitals for some time. (Marryat) 5. __ Fox apartment had __ spacious old-fashioned feeling. 6. Towards __ end of __ year 1913 several young students living in Moscow founded __ small group known as __ Students' Drama Studio. It was from that group that __ Vakhtangov Theatre sprang. Vakhtangov was __ tireless innovator. Some of Vakhtan- gov's pupils became __ capable producers. 7. __ sets of furniture were imitations of one of __ Louis periods. (Dreiser)8. __ Pulkovo Observatory is over __ hundred years old. 9. __ chin of __ founder of __ Forsyte clan was settled comfortably between __ widely separated points of. __ old-fashioned collar. (Galsworthy) 10. He had known all __ pretty Montjoy sisters scattered over — Society, but of them all Diana was __ youngest, __ prettiest, most tasteful and wittiest... (Galsworthy)

Exercise 16, Insert articles where necessary. (Articles with set expressions.)

1. I trust you to tell me __ bare truth, whatever it is. (Snow)2. The maid, looking to right and left, spoke in __ low and hurried voice. (Galsworthy)3. On his trip round __ world with Fleur he had often put his nose out and watched the dancing on — deck. (Galsworthy)4. He decided that he would not at __ present explain to her who he was. (Bennett)5. I saw __ good deal of him during __ war. (Snow)6. He has taken his death very much to __ heart indeed. (Collins)7. What did her education and her accomplishments amount to? She could keep __ house. (Bennett)8. AH seemed perfectly at their ease, by no means in __ hurry. (Dickens) 9. Somebody important must have been arriving from Europe by __ air... (Greene)10. Am I dealing, young people, with __ case of __ love at __ first sight? (Galsworthy)11. We've had some tea already on __ board __ yacht. (Shaw)12. Rosa was well aware that she had never taken __ trouble to get to know Annette. (Murdoch)13. You will go to _ sea and forget ail about me in __ month. (Galsworthy)14. He was about to start on __ long journey, __ difficult one, by __ sea, and no soul would know where he was gone. (Eliot)15. It is __ pleasure to see you. (Galsworthy)16. He held __ very guarded conversation with her on his way home, for fear that she would take __ additional offence. Argument was out of __ question. (Dreiser)17. On __ other hand, if he was beaten he took it with complete good humour. (Maugham)18. He is beginning to lose __ heart, they say. (Reade) 19. She burned like __ fire from __ head to __ foot. (Hardy) 20. I got into conversation with him by __ chance at __ concert. (Shaw)21. She's taken quite __ fancy to you, Ridgeon. (Shaw) 22. __ furniture was all sent round by __ water. (Austen)23. I returned at once, and found Ada sitting at __ work by __ fireside. (Dickens)24. He played __ flute. (Miller) 25. Somewhere __ great many men were singing. (Greene)26. He was chronically in __ debt... (Snow)27. __ woman I fixed my eye on was __ woman who kept __ house for me at my cottage. (Collins)28. It is __ pity to worry her if she has __ talent for __ uneasiness. (Galsworthy)29. He has given __ permission to go up and see her there. (Priestley) 30. Behind __ house was __ large garden, and in summer, __ pupils almost lived out of __ doors. (Ch. Bronte)31. __ rain had stopped, and we went on __ foot to __ Ebury Street. (Snow)32. They started at __ dawn, and __ boy I sent with them didn't come back till next day. (Maugham)33. On being informed... that her departure would be delayed... she had flown into __ violent passion. (Collins)34. All of __ sudden, his face had become stony. (Snow)35. Dear, dear! It seems only __ other day since I took you down to school at Sloughl (Galsworthy)36. Mr. Byron Waller could play __ violin. (Lee)

Exercise 17. Translate into English.


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