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Report of self-evaluation. Studies program “CHEMISTRY

RIGA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

ACADEMIC

BACHELOR’S, MASTER’S, DOCTORAL

STUDIES PROGRAMS

“CHEMISTRY”

REPORT OF SELF-EVALUATION

2000

Content

Index of data requested in chapter 19 of “Regulations for accreditation of higher education establishments”

3

Index of appendices

3

Introduction. Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry

6

1.

Bachelor’s academic studies program

8

1.1. Aims and objectives

8

1.2. Description

8

1.3. Comparing of program with others degree programs of universities in European Union countries

12

2.

Master’s academic studies program

14

2.1. Aims and objectives

14

2.2. Description

14

2.3. Comparing of program with others degree programs of universities in European Union countries

15

3.

Doctoral academic studies program

17

3.1. Aims and objectives

17

3.2. Description

17

3.3. Comparing of program with others degree programs of universities in European Union countries

19

4.

Academic staff

19

5.

Research

20

6.

Material and technical provision of studies programs

21

7.

Quality assessment and assurance of studies programs

22

8.

Perspective evaluation of academic studies programs “Chemistry”

24

9.

Strategic plan for development of academic studies programs “Chemistry”

26

10.

Advertisement and popularization of academic studies programs “Chemistry”

33

11.

Financial bases for academic studies programs “Chemistry”

33

Conclusions

35

Appendix A. Docket from protocol of meeting of Convention of Counselors of Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry

36

Appendix B. List of workshops, conferences and meetings, at which Master’s studies program “Conservation and restoration” and corresponding plans have been analyzed

38

Index of data requested in chapter 19 of

Regulations for accreditation of higher education establishments”

Appendices N#1-4; chapter N#1 of self-evaluation report

Appendix N#15; chapter N#10 of self-evaluation report

Appendices N#1-4; chapter N#1.2 of self-evaluation report

Chapters N#1.2, 2.2, 3.2 of self-evaluation report

Chapters N#1.2, 1.3, 2.2, 2.3, 3.2, 3.3 of self-evaluation report

Chapter N#8 of self-evaluation report

Chapters N#6, 8, 9, 11 of self-evaluation report

Appendices N#11, 14; chapter N#11 of self-evaluation report

Appendices N#4, 6, 14

Appendix N#12

Appendices N#5-8; chapter N#4 of self-evaluation report

Appendices N#6, 9-11; chapter N#5 of self-evaluation report

Appendices N#16, 17; chapter N#6 of self-evaluation report

Introduction

Appendix N#12; chapters N#1.2, 2.2, 3.2 of self-evaluation report

Appendix N#1; chapters N#1.2, 2.2, 3.2 of self-evaluation report

Appendices N#1, 14, 16, 17; chapter N#6 of self-evaluation report

Index of appendices

PART I (56 p.)

Studies programs

1.1. Studies program “Chemistry”

Academic studies programs

1.1.1. Bachelor’s studies program (ĶBĶ)

1.1.2. Master’s studies program (specialties ĶMĶ1, ĶMĶ6)

1.1.3. Doctoral studies program (specialties ĶDĶ2, ĶDĶ3)

Professional studies program

1.1.4. Engineer’s studies program (specialty ĶIĶ6)

1.2. Studies program “Chemical engineering”

Academic studies programs

1.2.1. Bachelor’s studies program (ĶBL)

1.2.2. Master’s studies program (specialties ĶML1, ĶML2, ĶML6, ĶML7, ĶML8, ĶML9)

1.2.3. Doctoral studies program (specialties ĶDL6, ĶDL7, ĶDL9)

Professional studies program

1.2.4. Engineer’s studies program (specialties ĶIL1, ĶIL2, ĶIL6, ĶIL7, ĶIL8, ĶIL9)

1

2

4

8

10

12

12

14

26

29

Studies plans

2.1. Studies program “Chemistry”

Academic studies programs

2.1.1. Bachelor’s studies program (ĶBĶ)

2.1.2. Master’s studies program (specialties ĶMĶ1, ĶMĶ6)

Professional studies program

2.1.3. Engineer’s studies program (specialty ĶIĶ6)

2.2. Studies program “Chemical engineering”

Academic studies programs

2.2.1. Bachelor’s studies program (ĶBL)

2.2.2. Master’s studies program (specialties ĶML1, ĶML2, ĶML6, ĶML7, ĶML8, ĶML9)

Professional studies program

2.2.3. Engineer’s studies program (specialties ĶIL1, ĶIL2, ĶIL6, ĶIL7, ĶIL8, ĶIL9)

41

42

45

50

52

52

54

56

PART II (214 p.)

Register of courses provided at Faculty

2

Syllabuses of courses

4.1. Undergraduate studies

4.2. Professional and graduate studies

4.3. Postgraduate studies

16

17

51

164

PART III (232 p., appendices 7-11 available only in Latvian)

Curriculum vitae of academic staff

2

List of publications and teaching-methodological materials prepared by academic staff (1995-1999)

80

Qualification, age, fieldwork, further education of academic staff (1995-1999)

179

List of courses (sorted by lecturers’ names)

189

Involvement of academic staff and students in research work

9.1. Programs and projects granted by LZP (Latvian Science

Council)

9.2. International collaboration

197

198

201

List of defended Masters’ thesis, Doctoral thesis, Engineers’ projects and supervisors (1995-1999)

204

Awards of students’ research works, materials of students’ conferences held at RTU (1995-2000)

216

PART IV (74 p., available only in Latvian)

Regulations of Faculty

12.1. Regulations of Bachelor’s thesis

12.2. Regulations of Master’s thesis

12.3. Regulations of Doctoral thesis (H-01)

12.4. Regulations of Doctoral thesis (H-02)

12.5. Regulations of Engineer’s project – qualification work

12.6. Regulations of Professional qualification commissions of Engineer’s project defense at RTU

12.7. Regulations of practice

12.8. Rules of students registration for elective courses

12.9. Council of Faculty

12.10. RTU Promotional Council H-01

12.11. RTU Promotional Council H-01

12.12. Science Council of Faculty

12.13. Convention of Counselors of Faculty

12.14. Regulations of Convention of Counselors of Faculty

2

3

5

7

8

9

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

Questioning of students, academic staff, employers and graduates about studies programs (1999)

13.1. Questionnaires of undergraduates

13.2. Questionnaires of graduate and postgraduate students

13.3. Questionnaires of professional studies students

13.4. Questionnaires of academic staff

13.5. Questionnaires of employers

13.6. Questionnaires of graduates

23

26

33

41

47

53

57

Technical provision of studies

14.1. Occupied space and total value of materials

and technical equipment of Departments

14.2. List of most important equipment

14.3. Technical provision for preparation and delivery of

courses

14.4. Demonstration equipment – overhead projectors

14.5. Printers and copiers

14.6. Provision of licensed software

14.7. Hardware

62

63

64

66

67

67

68

69

Advertisement and popularization of studies programs

15.1. Enrollment data (1982-1999)

15.2. Questioning of enrolled students and candidates (1999)

15.3. Advertisement and informative matter on possibilities

of studies

71

72

73

PART V (133 p., appendix 17 available only in Latvian)

Curriculum vitae of academic staff of other faculties of RTU

2

Syllabuses of courses provided by academic staff of other faculties of RTU

31

Introduction. Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry

Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry (till Senate decision (spring, 2000) of Riga Technical University (RTU) – Faculty of Chemical Technology (FCT)) was founded in 1862. It functioned as a part of Riga Polytechnic School (1863-1896), Riga Polytechnical Institute (1896-1919 and 1958-1990), Latvian University (1919-1944), Latvian State University (1944-1958), Riga Technical University (since 1990).

More than century both chemistry research and chemical production have been situated at high level in Latvia. Several worldwide known chemists – such as Nobel Prize winner Wilhelm Ostvald, Paul Walden (mentioned almost in all textbooks on organic chemistry published throughout the world), a.o. - were founders of scientific traditions of chemistry in Riga, here they made important investigations and discoveries. Taking in account facts, that Latvia does not have abundance of natural resources, but at the same time has qualified specialists and high level of education, USSR built factories, which were not material assuming, but demanded high level research. Specialties of chemistry became very popular during sixties, when students had to pass strong competition to be enrolled in chemistry programs.

Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry (FMC) of Riga Technical University is the only one education establishment in Latvia, training engineers in chemistry and chemical technology. In 1999/2000 year 210 students are studying here (100 undergraduates, 40 students in professional programs, 40 students in graduate programs, 30 postgraduates). Every year about 50 candidates are enrolled (see enrollment data for 1986-1999 in appendix 15.1) in two studies programs (“Chemistry” and “Chemical engineering”). Unfortunately, only 30-40% from enrolled students graduate; the highest student dropout is after first semester of undergraduate studies and during postgraduate studies. In the former case the problems are students adaptation at University, faults of general secondary education system in Latvia (there are students, which have not take chemistry, physics, computer science, mechanical drawing at secondary school), overestimation of their knowledge and potential. Till year 2000, according the decision of RTU Senate, only 20% of students graduating in current year from bachelor’s programs could continue their studies in graduate programs of Faculty without payment of fee (State budget financed studies); so, according rank list about 5 students are accepted for Master’s studies, but those others who are not able to pay for their studies, leave for Master’s programs at University of Latvia (there is only one student at FMC, who pays for studies at graduate level, and taking in account social situation in country increase of this number can not be expected in next few years). Enrollment in professional programs of FMC is not restricted by number of accepted persons and usually reach 15-20 students. The main reason for dropout during graduate and professional studies is incapability to combine studies with job; more often nonattendance of lessons is associated with duties at job. In general, 5 students every year are accepted for post graduate studies; in last years this number dropped to 1, because enrollment is restricted by regulation, that any Professor, supervisor of postgraduate, may not have more than 5 doctoral students and only some students may be enrolled in the same specialty in current year. This leads to competition between candidates, when availability of supervisor and specialty (but not the knowledge and potential of student) dictates result. The highest dropout is between postgraduate students, as comparing with University larger salaries and possibilities for career are provided them (according their knowledge and skills) from outside. When postgraduates find out that they will never earn the same money working at RTU or any other research institution in Latvia as working outside, they lose motivation for studies.

Stipendiums are granted to all successful students, but the best can receive special stipendiums (up to 65 LVL) granted by RTU, foundations, employers; financial prizes are available for those who participate in competitions and projects. Foreign Professors, who have accepted our students for studies continuation abroad, mention, that FMC graduates are skilled in chemistry like students of the best foreign universities, but our students are often stronger in their narrow specialty.

Volume of studies program at RTU is evaluated in credit points (CP). Total volume of credit points for one studies year (2 semesters) in the case of full workload reaches 40 CP. 16 contact hours of lectures or in laboratories correspond to 1 CP. Subjects are divided in compulsory and elective courses. The last might be elective (from the given list) or free choice subjects. Before new studies year students must register for elective and free choice subjects; every semester according nominal plan they have to receive at least 20 CP (for some semesters the correction ±2 CP is eligible). There is a possibility to study according individual plan (receiving at least 10 CP per semester).

Starting from 1993 a lot of changes in studies curriculum have been done by Faculty, in order to fulfill recommendations of European Federation of Chemical Engineers (EFCE). In 1999/2000, following regulations of Studies Department of RTU, number of contact hours has been dramatically reduced. During the last 2 years we switched from oral to written examination forms. Till this, during classical oral exams students got some (1-3) individual questions, and, being lucky, could pass exam without knowledge in other course material; the another important problem was remarkable mental interaction between student and examiner during exam, which could give rise to subjectivity in evaluation. Transfer to written examinations with the same questions for all students, which are general and reflect all problems of subject (usually up to 20 short, well defined and important questions), created conditions for more objective evaluation of students’ knowledge. Students are evaluated in 10 mark scale, were “6” means the last successful mark; during all studies student can get one mark “5”, but not in the main subjects, which are mentioned in diploma. Middle exams, quizzes, tutorials, tests are used between exams in many subjects, which help to find out students’ problems in understanding of material in order to provide additional consultations. Some teachers are using analytical evaluation system: student is not evaluated only for his answer at the exam, but also results demonstrated by him during semester (marks of quizzes, tests, home works, studies projects etc.) are taken into an account. Backward students may take exams in other subjects, but if they can’t successfully complete exam of the same subject during 2 semesters, they are discharged. For more than one uncompleted subject in examination period students pay penalty according decisions of RTU Senate.

Chemistry studies programs are provided at almost all universities in the world. The previous period of our studies programs can be characterized with preparation of high-level specialists, good material and technical base. Further development mainly depends from financial situation of University, which is not satisfactory at this moment. One of the most important things is the fact, that salaries of academic staff are much more lower than those of officials and employees of companies. This is the reason of escape of the youth - most promising teachers and specialists - from the University. Positive moment, when the best students of Faculty take some period or next level of studies in Sweden, Finland, Spain, Germany and USA, is overweighed by the negative one – most of them are not going to return back and stay abroad for job at university or company (e.g., in organic chemistry specialty during last 5 years 5 students). FMC of RTU has all necessary intellectual and technological potential for realization of academic and professional programs in chemistry. The knowledge obtained by students allows them to continue studies at the next level (including foreign universities) or to start job in research institutions. After graduation they have enough wide base of fundamental knowledge to be able to follow fast changes in chemistry in the world. As now the middle age of scientists and leading specialists in chemistry in Latvia is close to retirement age, but there is not enough younger specialists for their replacement, in the next few years (especially, after changes made by Government in retirement rules) young and good chemists will be highly demanded as well in chemical industry, as in research institutions and educational establishments.

Two graduate level specialties (table 1) are available within chemistry studies program, but at this moment students are studying only in specialty “Conservation and restoration”. Postgraduate courses are provided in specialties “Organic chemistry” and ”Physical chemistry”. Position of program “Chemistry” in general scheme of studies at FMC is presented in figure 1.

Graduate studies

Postgraduate studies

Specialty

RĶMĶ 1

Chemistry

RĶDĶ 2

Physical chemistry

RĶDĶ 3

Organic chemistry

RĶMĶ 6

Conservation and restoration

Table 1. Graduate and postgraduate specialties of program “Chemistry”:

1. Bachelor’s academic studies program

1.1. Aim and objectives

Aim of Bachelor’s studies program is to provide basic academic education in chemistry in order to prepare student for further studies at Master’s degree or higher professional qualification programs.

Objectives of program are to provide:

  • basics of fundamental sciences;

  • general chemistry profile (chemistry, chemical engineering), technical and economical subjects;

  • general education subjects - humanities and social subjects;

  • basic skills of research work, including experimental investigations and analysis of chemical literature;

  • appropriate level ability to use theoretical knowledge for formulation of concrete tasks and problem solving in chemistry;

  • skills in usage of PC and appropriate software.

1.2. Description

All chemistry profile undergraduates, regardless of program, have the same subjects during first year of studies. The most subjects of second year also do not differ, but elective subjects appear, which give students an idea about typical subjects of both programs: Chemistry and Chemical engineering (it is possible to select different elective profile and program subjects within 12 CP volume during 4th semester). During third year of studies main part of curriculum consist from subjects of Chemistry program, including 17 CP for elective

Figure 1. General scheme of studies at Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry

subjects. In order to get Bachelor’s degree of Natural Sciences in Chemistry (degree’s title changed by RTU Senate decesion, dated by 2000, February 28, according the decisions N#48 and N#51 of Higher Education Council) Bachelor’s thesis have to be written and defended at the end of 3rd year. All Bachelor’s degree holders (regardless of graduated university) may continue studies in both Master’s degree programs of Chemistry profile, if they have fulfilled the nominal for Bachelor’s of Chemistry within 70 CP.

Studies program (appendix 1.1.1.) foresees studies of physics, higher mathematics, chemical processes and material science, cycle of theoretical subjects appropriate to chemistry profile (general, inorganic, organic, physical and analytical chemistry), basics of computer science, foreign languages, humanities and social subjects. Bachelor’s degree program offers possibility to learn general education subjects within 14 CP volume. Part of them is elective subjects. Foreign languages, economics, humanities subjects (sociology and political sciences) belong to this group. Besides that, general and advanced courses of Latvian language are provided for students; they have possibility to go in for different kinds of sports (physical training for healthy students first 3 semesters is compulsory). For some courses studies projects with individual tasks have to be worked out and defended.

RTU compulsory subjects:

Physics

6 CP

Electrotechnic and electronics

2 CP

Mathematics

9 CP

Computer science (basic course)

3 CP

Models of social development

2 CP

Basics of rights

2 CP

Drawing geometry and engineering graphics

2 CP

Fundamentals of material science

1 CP

Economics

3 CP

Civil defense

1 CP

Physical culture

0 CP

Compulsory subjects of Chemistry profile:

Engineering mathematics (for chemistry profile)

4 CP

Chemistry information

2 CP

General chemistry (advanced course)

9 CP

Introduction in chemical engineering

2 CP

Organic chemistry (basic course)

5 CP

Inorganic chemistry (basic course)

5 CP

Analytical chemistry (basic course)

2 CP

Analytical chemistry (instrumental methods)

2 CP

Physical chemistry (basic course)

6 CP

Physical chemistry (advanced course)

6 CP

Studies duration and volume

Total volume of Bachelor’s degree program at RTU is 120 CP and minimal duration is 3 years.



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