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Register Report

First Generation


1. James DUNCAN. Born about 1665 in Ireland. James died in Ireland between 1725-1758; he was 60.

Part One

The Duncans of Bourbon County--With Notes From Other Counties

By Julia Ardery

It is said the chiefs of the clan Duncan descended from Duncan, eldest son of Malcolm III (see Macbeth). It seems a well established fact that the Gaelic name of the clan Donnchadh, pronounced Donnachy and translated Duncan, was derived from an ancestor of the name, fourth in descent from Conan, son of Henry, last of the ancient Celtic Earls of Atholl, while the other name of the clan, MacRobert or Robertson, found its origin in Robert Duncanson, called Robert Reoch, or ";the Swarthy,"; of the days of James I and James II, who played a prominent part in the dramatic history of his time. The chief seat of the clan was Struan, or Strowan, meaning ";Streamy."; It was otherwise known as Glenerochie, and the possession was erected into a barony in 1451. In a feud with the Earls of Atholl early in the 16th century the chief was killed and a large part of the lands of the clan were lost. At Struan, however, the chiefs treasured to the last as an heirloom a mysterious stone set in silver. It was known as the Clach na Bratach-stone of the flag-and was believed to give them assurance of victory in the field. [1]

Several families of Duncan apparently not related have lived in Paris and Bourbon county, Kentucky. The first of the Duncans to establish homes in this locality were the sons of Matthew and Sarah Duncan of Berkeley county, Virginia (now West Virginia). It is believed the first American ancestor of this branch of the family was one Matthew Duncan whose estate was settled in Frederick county, Virginia, 1766. Deeds of record in the office of the county clerk of Frederick county indicate this man lived on Tuscarora Creek in what is now Berkeley county which was formed from Frederick county in the year of 1772. It is probable he settled first in Pennsylvania and later followed the general migration into the Valley of Virginia; that he was brother of Seth Duncan who emigrated from the county of Donegal, Ireland, to Pennsylvania about the year 1750, son of James Duncan whose father-Duncan (no record of Christian name) came from ~Queens Ferry, opposite Edinburgh on the Firth of Forth, to Donegal county, Ireland. James Duncan, the father, remained in Ireland (Donegal) with his daughter, Martha, but Seth came to America with his brothers. The latter went further into the interior, while Seth remained until his death in the early part of the century, at Abbotstown, Pennsylvania. [2] Matthew Duncan, thought to have been the son of the elder Matthew Duncan, has been definitely established as the ancestor of several sons and daughters who came out to the Kentucky territory from Berkeley county, Virginia, when the country was a tangled wilderness. This family took a prominent part in affairs effecting the well-being of Bourbon county and the State. Matthew Duncan, the younger, whom we shall refer to as Matthew Duncan II, owned hundreds of acres of land in Berkleley and Hampshire counties, Virginia (West Virginia). It is though he also owned property in Franklin county, Pennsylvania. His name appears as a member of the first grand jury to sit for Berkeley in the year 1772.[3] He rendered a patriot's service during the Revolutionary war by furnishing supplies for the Continental Army.[4] He was a member of the Tuscarora Presbyterian Church of Frederick county, one of the earliest churches established in that section of Virginia and he and his son, James, signed a petition of Dissenters of the congregation to the Virginia House of Representatives in 1776. He died intestate in the year 1793 leaving a widow, Sarah Duncan, and a number of children.[5]

[1] Highland Clans of Scotland"; by George Eyre-Todd.

[2] Letter from Lee N. Whitacre, Clerk of Frederick County, Va.; letter written by John G. Ford, 713 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 15, 1896, to Mrs. Katherine Duncan Smith. Note: As the name ";Seth"; appears in every generation of the Matthew Duncan branch of the family and as Mr. Ford, who descended from Seth Duncan, emigrant, mentioned his distant relationship to Governor Joseph Duncan and brother Matthew, it is reasonable to believe Matthew Duncan of Frederick County, Va., was one of the brothers of Seth who went ";further into the interior.";

[3]History of Shepherdstown.

[4]Archives Dept., Virginia State Library.

[5]Chancery suit, Bourbon county, Ky., Duncan vs. Duncan; Duncan vs. Swearingen; Duncan's Adm'r. vs. Reeder's Adm'r. and others.


I-MATTHEW DUNCAN III died in Berkeley county, Virginia, prior to the death of his father. His will appears in will book 2, p. 22, written July 11, 1787 and recorded April 22, 1789. He probably died without issue as he left his estate to his brothers, Thomas, Joseph, and Seth, and sister, Sarah Greer (or Greear, Grier).

II-THOMAS DUNCAN was living in Berkeley as late as 1796 but moved later to Kentucky. By his will filed in Pendleton county, Kentucky, 1806, he left large tracts of land to Matthew, Seth and Eliza Duncan, children of his brother, Seth Duncan. He referred to property due him. from the estate of John Carney of Berkeley county, Virginia, and also property, located in Franklin county, Pennsylvania.

III-CAPTAIN JAMES DUNCAN, born February 20, 1750, who with his brother (see hereafter) came at an early date to explore the western wilderness. About March first 1779, a company of venturesome pioneers set out from Shepherdstown, Virginia to make their way by following ";Boone's Trace"; to the Kentucky territory. Traveling with them were surveyors and guides who had made the difficult journey before. In the company were the Morgans, Bedingers, Swearingens, Captain John Strode and his son-in-law, Captain James Duncan, and others. When they reached Boonesborough, after a narrow escape from massacre at the hands of the Indians, they found the settlement in such a precarious condition for want of defenders they decided to remain there for a time to protect the women and children. In depositions filed in old Bourbon county suits James Duncan, in 1805, stated he came to Kentucky in 1779 and was at Boonesborough, that he returned to the old settlement the same year and came out to Kentucky again in the fall of that year and assisted Benedict Couchman and his brother build the fort at Strodes Station which was ";on a fork";, (Clark county) and he moved his family to Kentucky in the Spring of 1784.[1] James Duncan served as a Captain in the Revolution; his original oath of allegiance, a treasury bill issued him for service as captain and never cashed and other valuable documents preserved in the family of his descendant, James Duncan Bell, have recently been presented the Duncan Tavern Museum. Land grants for 1500 acres in Fayette county, Kentucky, were issued him in 1783 and he was one of the first settlers at Lexington the county seat.[2] He was one of the original proprietors of the little town of Hopewell (later Paris), also served as Sheriff of Bourbon county; presided over the first Court of Quarter Sessions, and was a member of the convention that framed the second constitution of Kentucky. He was a large land owner and lived on Kennedys creek on the Winchester road, now the property of A. B. Hancock.[3] He married December 9, 1777, Elizabeth Strode, born December 25, 1757, daughter of Captain John Strode, founder of Strodes Station, and his wife, Mary (Boyle) Strode. Captain James Duncan died October 16, 1817 and wife, Elizabeth (Strode) Duncan, died July 2nd, 1825.

The children of Capt. James Duncan and wife, Elizabeth Strode Duncan:

(1)MATTHEW DUNCAN, born in Virginia September 24, 1778, married October 20, 1803 Elizabeth Breckenridge, born February 1, 1783, daughter of Alexander and Magdolene (Gamble) Breckenridge, removed to Clay county, Missouri on November 11th, 1826 with a large company from Bourbon county. Among their children were George Breckenridge Duncan of Clinton county, Missouri, and James Duncan, who died November 2, 1837. Matthew Duncan died January 27, 1844 and his wife, Elizabeth, died June 10, 1844.

(2) JOHN DUNCAN, born February 28, 1781, died intestate in Bourbon county, Kentucky, in the year 1833. His widow was named Frances and John Grigsby was guardian of his children: Ruth Ann, Elizabeth and John Strode Duncan.

(3) CAPTAIN JAMES DUNCAN, JR., born July 8, 1782, served in the War of 1812, married April 2, 1807 Nancy Musick born January 13, 1793 to Jehoida (to be continued)

[1] Kentucky Court and Other Records, Vol. II, pps. 113, 138.

[2] O1d Kentucky Entries and Deeds, p. 95, by Jillson; Collins' History of Kentucky.

[3] Early Petitions, Filson Club Publication; Sketches of Paris by Keller and McCann;

[4] Family record from Bell-Duncan Bible and old letters written by William Duncan, born 1790, preserved at Duncan Tavern, old Strode Family Record; Bourbon County Court Record.

Part Three

and Sally (Winn) Musick of Clark county, Kentucky, who later removed to Bourbon county where Jehoida Musick died 1817. James Duncan, Jr., died in Clay county, Missouri, March 25, 1841, and his wife died there some time after the year 1847. Their children were: a-MATTHEW DUNCAN, married Elizabeth Young in Clay county, Mo., November 16, 1848; b-JEREMIAH THOMAS DUNCAN married Amanda Brooks; c-JAMES DUNCAN married Mary A. Duncan in Clay county, Mo., April 20, 1854; d-JOHN (JACK) WILLIAM DUNCAN married first Miss Hall, second Caroline J. Warfield in Clay county, Mo., June 24, 1858; e-STEPHEN M. DUNCAN married Amelia J. Brooks in Clay county, Mo., October 26, 1855; f-JEHOIDA DUNCAN married Eliza Crow, born in Jessamine county, Ky., died in Clinton county, Mo., Oct. 16, 1899, and he died in California 1857; g-JULIET JANE (JENNIE) DUNCAN, born Liberty, Mo., April 14, 1832, married her first cousin, Joseph Duncan (son of Seth and Jane Penn Duncan) ";at the home of Mrs. Nancy Duncan,"; died in Clinton county, Mo., June 1, 1900. Joseph Duncan was born in Henry county, Ky., February 25, 1823 and died in Clinton county, Mo., April 1, 1888; issue: (a) JAMES, died at age of six;; (b) SETH DUNCAN, born 1850, died 1900, married August 6, 1879, Carrie P. Wilkerson; (C) NANNIE DUNCAN died at age of 22 months; (d) LETITIA DUNCAN born 1853, died 1915, married September 11, 1869, Thomas Turner; (e) JOSEPH DUNCAN born 1855, died 1933, married October 11, 1876, Medaline Talbott, born 1854, died 1927; (f) STEPHEN E. DUNCAN, died at nine months; (g) MARY BELLE DUNCAN, born December 29, 1857, Clinton county, Mo., died November 15, 1938, Craig, Colo., married December 6, 1877, William Allen Metcalfe, M. D., born in Trimble county, Ky., July 24, 1849 (son of Sanford and Louisa Spilman Metcalfe) and these were parents of Elizabeth Agnes Lee Metcalfe born October 20, 1878 at Bedford, Trimble county, Ky., who married John Christopher Carr, born October 19, 1876 near Osborn, Mo. (gr. gr. gr. grandson of John Carr, 1684-1794, from county Down, Ireland to Loudoun county, Va.), parents of Nanon Lucile Carr (address 4201 Holmes Street, Kansas City, Mo.), genealogist for this branch of the family of Duncan who writes-";One of the interesting things I have noticed in following my Duncan line is the prevalence of red hair, probably a dominant characteristic because Joseph and Juliet Duncan were from the same line";; (h) JEREMIAH T. DUNCAN lived one day; (i) HANNAH ELIZABETH DUNCAN, born 1867, died 1938, married Thomas Moore; (j) CHARLES STEWART DUNCAN, born 1869, died 1936, married January 17, 1894 in Clinton county, Mo., Myrtle Ethel Hall; (k) DAISY (DOLLY) DUNCAN, born 1873, married November 5, 1890, Preston Hogan Ringo, born 1856, Carrollton, Ky., died 1940, son of James Henry Ringo (1831-1904) (h) LETITIA DUNCAN married November 20, 1844 in Clay county, Mo., Judge William Harrison Lott, born Clark county, Ky., she was his second wife, his first wife being Sarah J. Duncan (died 1842) daughter of Matthew. Letitia Duncan Lott died 1845; (i) SARAH DUNCAN married James Winn; (j) NANCY DUNCAN married December 28, 1826 in Clay county, Mo., John DePriest Hall (Mrs. M. N. Perkins, Chino Valley, Ariz., is genealogist for this branch); (j) ELIZABETH DUNCAN married Peter Holtzclaw; (k) and (1) (twins-ELEANOR married first April 23, 1835, Jeremiah Hall, and second September 10, 1839, Samuel S. Ligan, and MARY DUNCAN married Col. Lewis Wood; (m) PERMELIA DUNCAN married her first cousin, James Duncan, January 25, 1838, Clay county, Mo.[1]

(4) THOMAS DUNCAN, born February 14, 1784. In Deed Book H, p. 74, Bourbon County, Ky., Clerk's office, is recorded a deed of gift from James Duncan and wife, Elizabeth, to their sons, Thomas and Joseph, for land located on Blyds Creek in Barren county, Ky., dated January 24, 1810. The record of marriage of Thomas Duncan to Eleanor Brooks is filed in Clark county, Ky., December 18, 1810, There is also the marriage of one Thomas Duncan recorded in Barren county, Ky., to Judah Foster, dated December 19, 1819.

(5) JOSEPH DUNCAN, born January 14, 1786, married May 8, 1809, Polly Brooks, born December 15, 1792, daughter of Abijah and Nancy (Strode) Brooks, removed to Glasgow, Kentucky, where a son, Thomas Duncan, was born 1824, and from thence in 1833 to Clay county, Missouri. Joseph and wife, Polly Duncan, died within forty minutes of each other and both were interred in the same grave October 1837. Their son, Thomas Duncan, married his cousin, Mary Ellen Hall, daughter of John Depriest Hall.

(6) MARY DUNCAN, born September 21, 1787, married (as his first wife) March 13, 1810, John Breckenridge of Bourbon county, who was born October 7, 1785, son of Alexander and Magdolene (Gamble) Breckenridge of Virginia and Bourbon county, Kentucky. Alexander Breckenridge was a Revolutionary soldier at the Battle of King's Mountain, and died 1813 on his farm a few miles from Paris on the Winchester Road, now the farm of Charlton Clay. John Breckenridge purchased land on the Hume and Bedford Road and built a brick home. His first wife, Mary Duncan, died 1818 and on February 3rd 1820 he married Ann Weir Brooks, daughter of Abijah and Nancy (Strode) Brooks of Clark county, who was born August 11, 1798. By his first wife John Breckenridge had a son, James A. Breckenridge, who died young, and a son, Oliver Hazard Perry Breckenridge, born September 25, 1813, who married Nancy Ellis and had a daughter, Sally Breckenridge, married Prof. J. W. Ellis and had John Breckenridge Ellis, well known Missouri author.

(7) SETH DUNCAN, born December 29, 1788, married Jane Penn (daughter of Joseph Penn, Revolutionary patriot, of Bourbon county, by his first wife, Charlotte Aker), moved to Henry county prior to the birth of his son, Joseph, in 1823. Family tradition is there were four children: a-JOSEPH, born 1823, married his first cousin, Juliet Jane Duncan (see children of James Duncan Jr.); b-CHARLOTTE DUNCAN, married John Quisenberry; c-JANE DUNCAN, married John W. Stewart, July 30, 1846, and d-SALLY; also probably e-SUSAN who married Mr. Collins.[2]

[1] Notes by Nanon Lucile Carr.

[2] ";The Rollins Family,"; by Mrs. Josephine R. Barnard; Clark County, Ky., Notes.

Part Four

(8) WILLIAM DUNCAN, born March 29, 1790, served in the War of 1812, married March 24, 1813, Jemima S. Scott and removed to Platte county, Missouri. His wife was the daughter of Samuel Scott of Bourbon county. She died in 1837 and he was evidently married a second time. Among his children were WILLIAM and THEODORE, both of whom saw service in the War Between the States, and LOUISE, who was born 1824 and married at the age of thirteen years Gibson T. Owen who went from Henry county, Kentucky, to Missouri, and in 1846 these were the parents of two daughters and one son; and a daughter, Mary Ann, who was mentioned in a letter dated 1846 as having married and was then the mother of two daughters and one son.[1] The Kentucky Register, in obituaries published by G. Glenn Clift, gives the following: ";Mrs. Elizabeth Dunn, relict of C. Dunn, and daughter of Captain William Duncan of Clay county, Mo., died in Fayette county, Ky., residence of Benjamin Scott, June 15, 1835."; William Duncan, in his letters, also mentioned niece, Elizabeth Breckenridge who married, November 17, 1837, Thomas Brasfield, his cousin, John and Asa Ecton, cousins, and Elizabeth Ecton, niece.

(9) MAJOR JEREMIAH DUNCAN [2] was born May 11, 1792, rendered service in the War of 1812 and the Mexican War; represented Bourbon county in the Lower House of the Kentucky General Assembly 1845; was an extensive importer and breeder of pure-bred short-horn cattle. On October 14, 1820 Major Duncan was married to Hannah E. Scott, who died May, 1823, sister of his brother William's wife, and daughter of Samuel Scott. His death occurred October 5, 1876. Issue: One son, CAPTAIN JAMES S. DUNCAN, born April 22, 1823; educated at Harrodsburg, Ky., and Miami University, Oxford, Ohio; married Decefhber 14, 1843, Mary C. Williams (daughter of Major George W. Williams, lawyer and man of prominence in his profession) and died August 17, 1849; his wife, born 1825, died 1899; issue: (a) WINIFRED DUNCAN, married 1865, James Keith Ford, born October 23, 1844, had one child, died in infancy; (b) HANNAH DUNCAN, born 1848 died 1917, married October 30, 1873, William M. Taylor, born 1846 died 1893, left three sons, viz: J. Duncan Taylor, born 1881, married Lillian Ogden and died 191-8 at Sandlake, New York, leaving daughter, Sarah, wife of Henry Watson Marble, editor, of Fort Scott, Kansas, had daughter, Sarah, she married Mr. Manette; William Taylor married Maria Worthington but left no issue; Louis Webb Taylor born 1886 married first Leslie Turney, born 1887 and died 1936, leaving one son, Amos Turney Taylor, born July 6, 1913, married Betty Brouse Roberts and these have a daughter, Mary Martin Taylor, born January 6, 1940. Louis W. Taylor married second Sue Jordan, of Paris, Ky.; (c) KATHERINE (KATE) DUNCAN, born 1844, died 1915; married December 5, 1865, William P. Chambers born June 13, 1842, at Louisville, Ky., and in 1859 became identified with business interests of Paris, died 1898; left one son, James Duncan Chambers, born October 28, 1881, married lone MacLean, had two children, William and Dorothy. (d) JAMES (JIMMIE) ANNA DUNCAN married George R. Bell September 26, 1867 and had two sons, James Duncan Bell born August 18, 1869, married Gertrude Trimble Renick, these are in possession of the beautiful portraits of Captain James and Mary (Williams) Duncan, shown in this publication, and have contributed numerous valuable family documents to the Duncan Tavern Museum; the second son, Jeremiah (Jerry) Bell, born 1871, was accidentally killed at age of thirteen years.

(10) SARAH J. DUNCAN, born December 8, 1793, died September 19, 1876, married May 21, 1829 John (Jack) Grigsby, born February 2, 1799, removed to Missouri, died October 20, 1865; left issue: a-FRENCH GRIGSBY, married Mollie Bright, no issue; b-JAMES LEWIS GRIGSBY,- born January 1835, died August 7, 1892, married first Louisa Cravens and had (a) Sarah Frances Grigsby, born October 30, 1861, died November 3, 1935, married William Byrd Hodgkin, born July 24, 1865, died December 11, 1935, had Elizabeth Hodgkin, born October 25, 1894, married Floyd Wilkerson Clay of Winchester, Ky., and (b) Lewis Eugene Grigsby married Emma A. Miller, he died 1932 and she 1930, no issue. James Lewis Grigsby married second-Cravens Outten, widow, and sister of first wife, no children by this marriage, married 3rd Talitha Quisenberry, born January 12, 1852, and had three children by this marriage, viz: (a) ELIZABETH Q. GRIGSBY born March 1, 1884, married October 20, 1909 Thomas Stanley Clay born November 20, 1885 and these had Stanley Elizabeth Clay (continued)

[1]Letters written by William Duncan.

[2]Perrin's History of Bourbon, Scott, Harrison and Nicholas Counties, Ky.; Collins History, Vol. II, p. 640; Court Records.

Part Five

born July 8, 1914, married October 1, 1938 Miller Adams Welch and Mary Eleanor Clay born February 8, 1917 married January 1, 1938 William Ingram Goodwin who have William Joseph Goodwin born June 3, 1942; (b) ELLA FRENCH GRIGSBY born May 18, 1885, married March 23, 1907 John Hudson Hardwick and had three sons viz: Theodore Hudson Hardwick born February 13, 1908 married August 29, 1931 June Bush Hunter and these have Barbara Bush Hardwick born March 1, 1934, and John Hudson Hardwick born October 22, 1935; John Harold Hardwick born January 12, 1910 married May 21, 1938 June Lanford Warden and these had John Harold Hardwick Jr., born January 10, 1940 and Robert Duncan Hardwick born October 31, 1942; Lewis Eugene Hardwick born March 20, 1913, married September 18, 1938 Mary Emily Downton and these had Pearce Downton Hardwick born June 18, 1940 and Eleanor Dana Hardwick born April 7, 1942; (c) GERTRUDE GRIGSBY born January 28, 1893, married February 15, 1917 Robert Raymond Reid and these had Robert Raymond Reid Jr., born November 12, 1927 and Talitha Reid born June 22, 1930.

(11) ELEANOR DUNCAN born January 1, 1795, married January 23, 1817 Eddy Linn Breckenridge, born December 7th, 1788, son of Alexander and Magdolene (Gamble) Breckenridge of Bourbon county, Kentucky. Eddy Linn Breckenridge served in the War of 1812 and later moved with his family to Clay county, Missouri, October 29, 1829. He died July 1st, 1875.

(12) STEPHEN DUNCAN, born October 17, 1797, married September 17, 1797 in Bourbon county Lucy Browning, born April 9, 1809, moved to Henry county, Ky., and later to Saline county, Mo., where she died May 26, 1836. There were seven children of this marriage. Stephen Duncan married second 1839 Nancy Nicholson (daughter of John Nicholson) born in Trimble county, Ky., October 15, 1814, died April 13, 1875, probably in Clay county, Mo. There were eleven children of this union, only five living to attain majority.

(13) JONES DUNCAN, born August 11, 1800-no record, may have died young.

IV-MAJOR JOSEPH DUNCAN, builder of Duncan Tavern, was born about the year 1752. He served during the Revolution in the 7th Virginia Regiment, enlisting prior to December 28th, 1776, when his name appears on the muster roll; appointed corporal June 1st, 1777 and sergeant July 1777; was detached about July 1777 to Captain Thomas Posey's Company, Colonel Daniel Morgan's famous regiment, Continental troops, on rolls of that regiment until October 1777 and was given furlough November 1777 through January 1778.[1] In depositions contained in old Bourbon county suits, Joseph Duncan stated he ";made several trips from Virginia to the Kentucky territory"; before he took up his ";permanent residence in 1788."; In 1791, upon the recommendation of the county court he was commissioned captain in the militia by Governor Beverly Randolph of Virginia and served as a Major of the 14th Regiment of Bourbon County Militia, resigning August 29, 1795, when Governor Isaac Shelby appointed George'Scott to succeed him.[2]

It is to this early settler we are indebted for historic Duncan Tavern which he used first as a residence and later as a tavern. Four years before Kentucky was a state the hand-hewn beams for this magnificent stone building were being lifted into place by sturdy pioneers. It stands today as a memorial to the expert workmanship of those first adventurers into the Western wilderness. Major Duncan conducted his tavern at the time Bourbon county contained within its boundaries thirty-three later Kentucky counties. As early explorers and surveyors in this vast wilderness had to travel to Bourbon county court to transact business one can readily understand the stream of pioneers that passed through the elaborate hand-carved entrance to Duncan Tavern.

Immediately in front of this entrance, Colonel John Floyd, deputy surveyor to William Preston of Fincastle county, Virginia, marked a tree to establish a colonial military grant to Walter Stewart for service in the French and Indian War. This mark, made in 1776, is said to have been the first surveyor's mark on land where the city of Paris stands today. Since Daniel Boone represented Bourbon county in the Virginia Assembly 1787-1788 and Simon Kenton, Michael Stoner, Colonel James Smith and other famious pioneers lived in Bourbon county at the time this building was operated as a tavern, they were unquestionably among those who were extended hospitality. In an old (continued)

[1] War Dept. Record.

[2] Kentucky Historical Register, vol. 28, p. 207; Duncan vs. Fleming, Ct. Ct.

Part Six

circuit court record it is stated John Edwards, first senator from Kentucky, lived at the tavern for some time; and on an old batten door in the basement is carved the name of Aaron Burr.[1] In the Kentucky Gazette of December 15th, 1803, appeared an advertisement of one John Porter who had leased this ";large and elegant stone building in Paris, which belonged to the estate of Major Joseph Duncan and occupied by him as a Tavern, and since his death by Mrs. Duncan at the sign The Goddess of Liberty."; An old lease dated 1815 described the tavern as ";the old stone house on the square with kitchen, billiard room, smoke house, lower stable"; and mentioned ";repairs for the bar"; and ";partitions to be run across the ball room."; The originals of these and other valuable old documents have been presented the Duncan Tavern Museum by a descendant, Hon. George R. Putnam.

Joseph Duncan married Ann Maria McLaughlin, of Cumberland Valley, who bore him six children. At the time of his death in 1803, he left a valuable estate in Paris and 500 acres of land in Barren county, Ky. Later his widow married Captain Benjamin Moore of the United States Army on November 20th, 1809; they had one son, Benjamin Duncan Moore, who was a captain of dragoons and killed in the Mexican War 1846; he left one son, Matthew Moore, who was in the western army in 1888. Captain Benjamin Moore died 1811 and Mrs. Ann Moore's brother, Robert McLaughlin, state treasurer of Illinois in 1818, induced the family to move from Kentucky to Fountain Bluff on the Mississippi River in Jackson County, Illinois.[2]

Issue of Major Joseph Duncan and wife, Ann Maria (McLaughlin) Duncan:

(1) CAPTAIN MATTHEW DUNCAN who was adopted by his uncle, Hon. James H. McLaughlin, first clerk of Christian county, Kentucky, educated at Yale, edited a paper at Russellville, Kentucky, moved to Kaskaskia, Illinois 1814 and published the first newspaper in that state, the Illinois Herald, and the first book in Illinois. In 1817 he sold his paper and entered the army, was made captain of Rangers 1833, resigned after four years and engaged in business at Shelbyville, Illinois. He died January 16th, 1844, only a few hours after his brother, Governor Joseph Duncan, neither knowing of the illness of the other. This double grief proved too great a shock to his aged mother and in a few months she passed away. Matthew Duncan marriad Susan Clayton Slaughter in Nelson county, Kentucky, November, 1810, who died January 11th, 1844. They left one son, Thomas Duncan, born at Kaskaskia, Illinois, 1819, was Brigadier General in regular army, fought in Mexican and Indian wars. In the Mexican war he was wounded in the head by a cannon ball. He died in Washington, D. C., 1887. His wife was Mary Wilson by whom he had two children: (a) WILSON DUNCAN, a Colonel in the U. S. Army, stationed at Fort Sidney, Nebraska; married and had two children: Carol married Major R. Potter Palmer of the United States Army, had two children, Carol Dean Palmer and Patty Palmer and Thomas Duncan, lieutenant U. S. Army; killed in airplane accident at Washington, D. C., leaving widow and daughter. (b) LILLIE DUNCAN married George Baxter of Washington, D. C.; had one daughter, Lillian Baxter, who married Captain George S. Gillis of the U. S. Army; had son, Thomas Duncan Gillis, officer (Captain 1940) in U. S. Army, married, with one child.

(2) CAPTAIN JAMES S. (M.) DUNCAN, [3] educated at Translyvania College, Captain in the War of 1812, returned to home in Paris, Kentucky, when army disbanded 1914. He moved to Illinois, was clerk of the Supreme Court at Vandalia and then at Springfield. He later moved to Jacksonville and became an elder in the Old-School Presbyterian Church. He died at Berlin, Sangamon county, Illinois, 1856. He and his wife, Margaret, had five daughters including Caroline, Ann and Jane who married a Mr. Snow.

(3) JOSEPH DUNCAN born at old Duncan Tavern in Paris, Kentucky, February 22, 1794, in the room on the left, second floor, as one faces the building. He enlisted in the War of 1812, in 1813 as an Ensign took part in the successful defense of Fort Stephenson, Ohio, for which he received a gold sword from Congress. In 1815 he was appointed guardian for his younger brothers and sisters, acting for the family in business matters, and in 1829 offered for sale by auction, town lots in Paris as well as the ";Old Stone House on the Square"; (continued)

[1] Duncan's Adm'r. vs. Reeder's Adm'r., Ct. Ct. Bourbon County, Ky.

[2] ";Biographical Sketch of Joseph Duncan"; by Julia Duncan Kirby, ";The Life and Services of Joseph Duncan, Governor of Illinois,"; by Elizabeth Duncan Putnam; Deed Bk. W, p. 448, Duncan vs. Duncan Ct. Ct., Bourbon Co.. Ky.

[3]When a minor, he is shown to have used initial ";S."; and later ";M."; Ref: Suit Joseph Duncan Hrs. and deeds of Joseph Duncan Hrs.

Part Seven

(Duncan Tavern). Joseph Duncan was Representative in Congress 1827 to 1834, fifth Governor of Illinois 1834 to 1838, when Abraham Lincoln was serving his first term in Illinois Legislature. He married 1828 Elizabeth Caldwell Smith of New York City and died at his home at Jacksonville, Illinois, January 15, 1844 leaving a widow, thirty-five years of age, and seven children. His home at Jacksonville was built on the plan of his boyhood home, old Duncan Tavern, at Paris, Kentucky. Known as ";Elm Grove,"; it is now a D. A. R. shrine.

Children of Governor Joseph Duncan and wife: a-MARY LOUISA DUNCAN born 1832 at Greencastle, Pa., at the home of an aunt, and died 1904 at Davenport, Iowa, married Charles E. Putnam, attorney, of Davenport and had a large family of whom two had children viz: (a) GEORGE R. PUTNAM, engineer, born 1865, of Washington, D. C., and Dorset, Vermont; he was director of Coast Surveys in the Philippine Islands for six years, and for 25 years Commissioner of Lighthouses of the United States. He married Marta Aresvik (born in Norway, changed name to Wick in U. S.); two children, Elizabeth Duncan Putnam born in Washington, D. C., 1914 married C. Lombardi Barber instructor at Harvard University, and they have two children: George Putnam Barber born March 18, 1940 and Lucy Lombardi Barber born October 6, 1941; and Kristi Aresvik Putnam, born in Washington, b. C. 1918, married John Hay February 14, 1942, grandson of the former Secretary of State; married in South Carolina. He is now in the Army. (b) BENJAMIN R. PUTNAM, engineer and rancher of Los Angeles, Calif., married Wilella Thorington and these have two sons: William C. Putnam, a professor of Geology in the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, and now stationed in Washington on geological work for the Army; he has just published a book on military applications of maps; married Evelyn Smith and they have two adopted children, and Thorington Caldwell Putnam is a lieutenant in the U. S. Naval Reserves; he has for years been an artist on the staff of Walt Disney. (c) JOSEPH DUNCAN PUTNAM, scientist; (d) WILLIAM CLEMENT PUTNAM who endowed a museum in Davenport, Iowa; (e) ELIZABETH DUNCAN PUTNAM; (f) CHARLES M. PUTNAM who married and had two daughters, Mary and Eunice. b-JULIA DUNCAN, married Judge Edward P. Kirby of Jacksonville, Illinois, no issue. (c)-JOSEPH DUNCAN married and lived in Chicago, Illinois, no children, and others who died in infancy.

(4) POLLY ANN DUNCAN married William Linn, attorney; no information as to family.

(5) THOMAS A. DUNCAN graduated from Transylvania College; was lawyer at Nashville, Tennessee; accidentally killed in Louisiana 1831. He married Margaret Jane Stoddard, sister of Mrs. James Bell. Children: one son and one daughter.

(6) JOHN DUNCAN graduated at Rush Medical College, Philadelphia and lost his life during the first year of his practice. He died intestate and unmarried in the state of Illinois prior to 1829. He was styled John Smith Duncan in early suit.

V-SARAH DUNCAN born in Virginia to Matthew and Sarah Duncan, married first Dr. Charles Greer (Grier, Greear), and second William Bell, a widower with at least one son, William Bell, Jr., who was living at Martinsburg, Berkeley county, Virginia, in 1811. After the death of her husband in 1794 Sarah Duncan Bell removed to Bourbon county, Kentucky and later to Glasgow, Barren county, Kentucky. She made a deed of gift to children of Seth Duncan- (see hereafter).

In a deed recorded in Bk. 9, p. 190, Berkeley county (West) Virginia, Charles Grier, William Grier and others (some in the Kingdom of Ireland) made conveyance; also, Sarah Grier, in 1790, gave power-of-attorney to Thomas Duncan to recover bonds and monies oweing the estate of Charles Grier, deceased. Dr. (continued)

Part Eight

Grier served during the Revolution as Surgeon's Mate, 4th Va. 1777; prisoner at Brandywine, rejoined regt. 1777, transferred 3rd Va. until 1780 (Heitman).

VI-JANE DUNCAN was another daughter born to Matthew and Sarah Duncan of whom we have record. She married William Wilson and moved to Clark county, Kentucky. William Wilson, probably a Revolutionary soldier (War Dept. record) had warrants for hundreds of acres of land in Fayette county, Ky. His will is filed in Clark county, Ky. bk. 4 p. 655 written June 23, 1818, probated August 28, 1820, in which he named his wife, Jane; son, Alvah, balance divided between Edward Wilson, William Wilson, Alvah Wilson and John Lukey; son, John Wilson, Matthew Wilson and son-in-law, James Norwood, previously received. Extr. Thomas Scott. Wts: Abner Robenson, Abraham Inskip, Michael Witton.

The will of Matthew Wilson proved Feb. 1825 named wife, Susannah St. Clair Wilson. It was contested by John Luky, Edward and Alvy Wilson.

VII-SETH DUNCAN, referred to as ";Captain,"; brought his widowed mother, Sarah Duncan, from Virginia to Kentucky in 1796. Sarah Duncan was at that time about seventy-three years of age.[1] She lived for three years with her son, Captain James Duncan, in Bourbon county, but died at the home of Seth Duncan, in Pendletorl county, Ky., after his removal to that county from Bourbon. Her estate was administered in Bourbon county, Kentucky, 1806 with James Duncan Administrator. According to deeds in Bourbon and Pendleton counties the wife of Seth Duncan was named Ruahama (family name unknown) and they resided on Licking river in Pendleton county in 1805. This couple may have moved elsewhere from Pendleton county as no record of Seth Duncan's estate was found recorded there. From the will of Thomas Duncan, heretofore mentioned, and from a deed of gift from Sarah Bell (alias Greer), who was the sister of Seth Duncan, to the heirs of Seth Duncan (Bourbon Deeds F p. 197) dated February 24, 1808, we find Seth and Ruahana Duncan left issue: Matthew Duncan, Seth Duncan, Eliza Ann Duncan and Sarah Maria Duncan at which time they were ";of Bourbon county,"; Kentucky. According to the record of descendants of Matthew J. Duncan, son of Seth and Ruahana Duncan, Seth Dun can was born June 29, 1771 and their son, Matthew J. Duncan, was born August 20, 1795 and died in Larue county, Kentucky, August 29 1848, married December 18, 1817 in Nelson county, Kentucky, Mary Miller, daughter of Jacob and Mary Miller,[2] and left issue: Elizabeth, Cassandra, Elisa Ann married Nicholas, Mary, Harriet married Ferguson and had Millie Adams who moved to Texas, Nancy married ______Seth, killed in War Between States, D. F. married Bettie Neff, Sarah, John Myers born July 10, 1839 married Sara Wood Brown and had one child, Clarence Young Duncan, Susan and Helen.

[1] Chancery Suit, Bourbon Co., Ky. Ct. Ct., Box 312, Duncan vs. Duncan Hrs. Mary M. Davidson, late Mary McLaughlin, of Franklin Co., Pa. deposed in this suit at house of John D. Davidson; also Elizabeth Shannon at house of Wm. Shannon, Pendleton Co., Ky., 1810.

[2] Marriages in Nelson county, Ky., records show Seth Duncan to Jane Carter, 1828; Matthew J. Duncan to Nange Vittitow i1849; Matthew Duncan to Nancy Miller, father Jacob Miller, 1817, and others. Compilation of Duncan Family Records by Mrs. Linnie Wright Barrett.

Part Nine

DANIEL DUNCAN, merchant and land owner, of Paris, Kentucky, was born near Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, January 20, 1773, to William and Mary Duncan. William Duncan and his father, Thomas Duncan, took up land in Hopewell Township, Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, as early as 1759 and 1762 when they were issued land warrants.[1] William Duncan served during the Revolution as a First Lieutenant, Fifth Company, Fourth Regiment of Pennsylvania;[2] his will, in which he styled himself ";of Southampton Township";, Cumberland county was recorded April 18, 1794 and mentioned wife, Mary, dau. of Francis Albert) and children: David, John, William (Jr.), Stephen, Daniel (our subject), Joseph, Margaret (married Mr. Blythe), Ann (married Mr. Culbertson of Chambersburg, Pa.), Jane and James. William Duncan Sr. is thought to have descended from Rev. William Duncan A. M., Episcopal minister, born 1630, Pertshire, Scotland; married August 29, 1657 Susan Haldane of Glasgow, Scotland and died 1692 in the 40th year of his ministry. William Duncan, son of Rev. William and Susan (Haldane) Duncan, born October 1, 1659; married 1681 Margaret McMurdo and had among others a son, Thomas Duncan, born January 12, 1686; immigrated with brothers to America and settled in Culpeper county, Virginia; married Jane (family name unknown) removed to the vicinity of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where his will was filed July 18, 1776 in which he named son, William Duncan, who was the father of Daniel Duncan of Paris, Kentucky.[3]

DANIEL DUNCAN was about twenty years of age when he took up his residence in Paris. He soon became a prominent and respected citizen. In 1794 his father-in-law, Richard Timberlake, deeded him three hundred acres on ";Paddy's run"; and that same year he purchased from the Trustees of Paris an out lott no. 25. One James Taffe of Clark county, Kentucky, gave him power-of-attorney, in 1794, to make a deed to a lot in ";Baltimore Town,"; Maryland, and there are numerous other records filed in the office of the county clerk of Bourbon county regarding this man who for forty years conducted his mercantile business and operated his farms in Paris and Bourbon county. On the first Friday in March, 1797, when the first election of trustees for the town of Paris (formerly Hopewell) was held, Daniel Duncan was among the six gentlemen elected. He was one of the trustees of the Bourbon Academy established by the State Legislature December 1798 and was elected treasurer at the organization meeting April 1st, 1799; was appointed by Governor Isaac Shelby justice of the peace of Bourbon county December 1794.[4] Daniel Duncan married Oct. 7, 1793 Mary Timberlake born Dec. 25, 1776, 10 miles north of Richmond, Virginia, to Richard Timberlake and his second wife, Mary (Munden) Smith born May 19, 1747, widow of Samuel Smith and daughter of Thomas and Rachel Munden. The first wife of Richard Timberlake was the sister of Samuel Smith, first husband of his second wife. In 1790 Richard and Mary Timberlake moved from Hanover county, Virginia, to Harrison county, Kentucky, settling four miles east of Cynthiana and a little later to a farm five miles from Paris, Bourbon county, on the waters of Flat Run. Mary Timberlake, wife of Daniel Duncan, had one own brother, Harry (Henry), who represented Bourbon county in the State Legislature 1814, and three half brothers viz: Samuel, Obediah and William Timberlake and three own sisters viz: Nancy who married Hon. Robert Trimble, Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court, Rebecca who married James Findley of Cynthiana, Kentucky, and Betsy who married first George W. Baylor and second Mr. Chinn of Shelbyville, Kentucky, and one half sister, Sally Smith, who married John Clark of Hanover county, Virginia, who after his wife's death moved with his three children (two daughters and a son) to Harrison county, Kentucky; one of the Misses Clark (continued)

[1]Pennsylvania Archives, Third Series, Vol. XXIV, pps. 661, 662; Vol. XX pps. 58, 173, 307, 755, etc.

[2] Pennsylvania Archives, Fifth Series, Vol. VI, p. 240.

[3] Manuscript compiled by the late John C. Underwood. Manuscript ";Ancestral History"; left by Mary B. Hardin (1887) granddaughter of Daniel and Mary (Timberlake) Duncan in possession of General George B. Duncan. The Story of Thomas Duncan and His Six Sons by Katherine Duncan Smith (1928). Family chart left by the late Henry T. Duncan in possession of his son, General George B. Duncan. Draper Mss. 16cc250-51 lists children of Daniel Duncan and birth dates; extensive notes gathered by Mrs. Geo. B. Duncan.

[4] Bourbon County Court Records; original minutes of Old Bourbon Academy; First Deed to Daniel Duncan dated 1793; Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Vol. 29, P. 209.

Part Ten

married a Mr. Kelly of Cynthiana and the other Mr. Respass of Augusta, Kentucky. The will of Richard Timberlake was filed in Bourbon county October 1806.[1]

To Daniel Duncan and wife, Mary (Timberlake) Duncan were born ten children, seven of whom died in infancy and were buried in the Mt. Garrison (Gehrizon) Cemetery, Harrison county, Ky., where their maternal grandparents were interred and which had been given the Church by Richard Timberlake; three children lived to maturity, viz: I-HENRY TIMBERLAKE born Mar. 21, 1800, II-MARY DUNCAN born Sept. 29, 1802, and III-ELIZA DUNCAN born Dec. 9, 1804. Daniel Duncan died in Scott county, Ky., in the summer of 1833 and his widow removed to Missouri and died in Columbia, Boone county, March 1849. Children who lived to maturity were:

I-HENRY TIMBERLAKE DUNCAN was born in Paris, Ky., March 21, 1800, married November 5, 1826, Elizabeth Dunster Pyke (named for her paternal grandmother) born, September 6, 1808, to Samuel Pyke, a wealthy Englishman, and wife, Hannah (Orchard) Pyke. Samuel Pyke purchased the old Bourbon Academy in 1805 and established the first wool-carding factory in Paris, if not in the State.[2] Henry Timberlake was a farmer of Bourbon county, especially interested in the breeding of thoroughbred stock. His farms known as the ";Scott Farm"; and the ";Bedford Farm"; were located near Hutchison Station. In later life he lived at ";Duncannon,"; his country place two miles from Lexington on the Paris road. He died March 22, 1880, and his wife passed away at ";Ingleside,"; Lexington, Ky., December 29, 1889. Issue:[3]

(1) HENRY DUNCAN JR., born in Bourbon county, Ky., August 30, 1836, married December 13, 1860 Elizabeth (Lily) Vertner Brand, born February 9, 1840, daughter of George W. Brand and wife, Nancy Abercrombie Griffith. Mr. Duncan was graduated from Harvard College 1859; made a distinguished record in U. S. Army; practiced his law profession in Lexington and later entered the field of journalism. He was the founder of the Lexington Daily Press 1870 (first daily paper in Lexington) which was merged with the Transcript as the ";Press-Transcript."; In 1896, he disposed of his interest in this publication to Desha Breckinridge who changed the name to the Lexington Herald. Mr. Duncan was elected mayor of Lexington in 1893 and re-elected in 1900. His weekly letters known as ";Sunday Sermons"; appeared in the Leader and Herald until his death on June 5, 1912. These articles were read throughout the nation because of their fearless attacks on officeholders operating under the spoils system. His wife died October 9, 1881. Issue:

A-GEORGE BRAND DUNCAN.[4] born October 10, 1861, married October 23 1895 at Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, Mary Kercheval. Her father, Benjamin Berry Kercheval, native of Detroit, Michigan, was born 1837 and died in 1885. George Brand Duncan was graduated from the U. S. Military Academy 1886; served grades from a second lieutenant to a Colonel in the Regular Army September 18, 1916; Brigadier General National Army August 5, 1917; Major General April 12, 1918 and later promoted to these grades in the Regular Service. In 1887 he was detailed in charge of Indians in Arizona, his predecessor having been killed; thence to Staff Commanding General of the Army, Washington, D. C. In the Spanish American War, he was stationed at Santiago, Cuba, as Adjutant General Provisional Division, and upon its surrender was with the division in Puerto Rico until 1898, thence to the Department of the Lakes, Chicago, Ill. From 1899 to 1902 and again from 1903 to 1909 he was in the Philippines and was so successful in campaigns against the insurgents that he was selected to organize the Philippine Scouts. From 1914 until June 1917 he was on the General Staff and in June 1917 he went to France with the 1st Division. As Brigadier General, 1st Brigade, he was the first American commander of a sector of the battle front, assigned to command of the 77th Division as Major General May 22, 1918 and later commanded the 82nd Division throughout the Meuse-Argonne offensive. He was the first officer of the American Army to receive the Croix de Guerre in the first world war, this with two palms and star, commander Legion of Honor (France), Companion of (continued)

[1] Mary B. Hardin manuscript; Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, vol. XXXIII, p. 405; Collins' History II, p. 49; Kentucky Court and Other Records, vol. II, pps. 25, 113; Sketches of Paris, Bourbon County Kentucky, by Keller and McCann, p. 13.

[2] Sketches of Paris, Bourbon County, Ky., by Keller and McCann, p. 21.

[3] Paris Presbyterian Church records show Samuel Pyke Duncan and Daniel Duncan, inf.nt sons of Mrs. Eliza Duncan, baptized September 12, 1831; Family chart prepared by the late Henry T. Duncan Jr., in possession of Major General George B. Duncan.

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