Главная > Документ


References for Volume II of Tobias and Johnston: Veterinary Surgery: Small Animal, ed. 1

SECTION V: Skin and Reconstruction

Chapter 75: Primary Wound Closure

REFERENCES

  1. Akgun K, Korpinar MA, Kalkan MT, et al: Temperature changes in superficial and deep tissue layers with respect to time of cold gel pack application in dogs. Yonsei Med J 45(4):711–718, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  2. Berger N, Eeg PH: Veterinary laser surgery: a practical guide, ed 1, Ames, IA, 2006, Blackwell Publishing.

  3. Blomme EA, Chinn KS, Hardy MN, et al: Selective cyclooxygenase inhibition does not affect the healing of cutaneous full-thickness incisional wounds in SKH-1 mice. Br J Dermatol 148:211–223, 2003.

  4. Bohling MW, Henderson RA, Swaim SF, et al: Comparison of the role of the subcutaneous tissues in cutaneous wound healing in the dog and cat. Vet Surg 35:3–14, 2006. PUBMED Abstract

  5. Bohling MW, Henderson RA, Swaim SF, et al: Cutaneous wound healing in the cat: a macroscopic description and comparison with cutaneous wound healing in the dog. Vet Surg 33:579–587, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  6. Cahill RA, Sheehan KM, Scanlon RW, et al: Effects of a selective cyclo-oxygenase 2 inhibitor on colonic anastomotic and skin wound integrity. Br J Surg 91:1613–1618, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  7. Cengiz Y, Blomquist P, Israelsson LA: Small tissue bites and wound strength. Arch Surg 136:272–275, 2001. PUBMED Abstract

  8. Chu C, vonFraunhofer JA, Greisler HP: Wound closure biomaterials and devices, ed 1, Boca Raton, FL, 1997, CRC Press.

  9. Doughty DB, Sparks-Defriese B: Wound-healing physiology. In Bryant RA, Nix DP, editors: Acute & chronic wounds, ed 3, St Louis, 2007, Mosby, p 56.

  10. Eidelman A, Weiss JM, Enu IK, et al: Comparative efficacy and costs of various topical anesthetics for repair of dermal lacerations: a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials. J Clin Anesth 17:106–116, 2005. PUBMED Abstract

  11. Fahie MA, Shettko D: Evidence-based wound management: a systematic review of therapeutic agents to enhance granulation and epithelialization. Vet Clin North Am Sm Anim Pract 37:559–577, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  12. Freeman LJ, Pettit GD, Robinette JD, et al: Tissue reaction to suture material in the feline linea alba: retrospective, prospective, and histologic study. Vet Surg 16:440, 1987. PUBMED Abstract

  13. Gellman CL, Barroso EG, Britton CT, et al: The effect of lasers, electrocautery and sharp dissection on cutaneous flaps. Plast Reconst Surg 94:829, 1994. PUBMED Abstract

  14. Hamamoto T, Yabuki A, Yamate O, et al: Immunohistochemical analysis of cyclooxygenase-2 induction during wound healing in dog skin. Res Vet Sci 87(3):349–354, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  15. Hohenleutner U, Egner N, Hohenleutner S, et al: Intradermal buried vertical mattress suture as sole skin closure: evaluation of 149 cases. Acta Derm Venereol 80:344–347, 2000. PUBMED Abstract

  16. Hosgood G: Stages of wound healing and their clinical relevance. Vet Clin North Am Sm Anim Pract 36:667–685, 2006. PUBMED Abstract

  17. Irwin DHG: Tension lines in the skin of the dog. J Small Anim Pract 7:593, 1966. PUBMED Abstract

  18. Johnson RG, Cohn WE, Thurer RL, et al: Cutaneous closure after cardiac operations. A controlled, randomized, prospective comparison of intradermal versus staple closures. Ann Surg 226(5):606–612, 1997. PUBMED Abstract

  19. Kettle C, Hills RK, Ismail KMK: Continuous versus interrupted sutures for repair of episiotomy or second degree tears [review]. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2007;(4): CD000947. PUBMED Abstract

  20. Kirpensteijn J, Maarschalkerweerd RJ, Koeman JP, et al: Comparison of two suture materials for intradermal skin closure in dogs. Vet Q 19:20–22, 1997. PUBMED Abstract

  21. Knecht CD, Clark RL, Fletcher OJ: Healing of sharp incisions and electroincisions in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 159:1447–1452, 1971. PUBMED Abstract

  22. Ko J, Weil A, Maxwell L, et al: Plasma concentrations of lidocaine in dogs following lidocaine patch application. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 43:280–283, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  23. Kummeling A, van Sluijs FJ: Closure of the rectus sheath with a continuous looped suture and the skin with staples in dogs: speed, safety, and costs compared to closure of the rectus sheath with interrupted sutures and the skin with a continuous subdermal suture. Vet Q 20:126–130, 1998. PUBMED Abstract

  24. Lee KS, Kim NG, Jang PY, et al: Statistical analysis of surgical dog-ear regression. Dermatol Surg 34:8, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  25. Mauldin GE, Davidson JR: Nutritional support of hospitalized cats and dogs. In Slatter D, editor: Textbook of small animal surgery, ed 3, Philadelphia, 2003, Saunders, p 87.

  26. Mbugua SW, Skoglund LA, Lokken P: Effects of phenylbutazone and indomethacin on the post-operative course following experimental orthopaedic surgery in dogs. Acta Vet Scan 30:27, 1989. PUBMED Abstract

  27. Orgill D, Demling RH: Current concepts and approaches to wound healing. Crit Care Med 16:899–908, 1988. PUBMED Abstract

  28. Pavletic MM: Atlas of small animal reconstructive surgery, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1999, Saunders.

  29. Pavletic MM: The integument. In Slatter D, editor: Textbook of small animal surgery, ed 3, Philadelphia, 2003, Saunders, p 250.

  30. Pearl ML, Rayburn WF: Choosing abdominal incision and closure techniques: a review. J Reprod Med 49:662–670, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  31. Richey ML, Roe SC: Assessment of knot security in continuous intradermal wound closures. J Surg Res 123:284–288, 2005. PUBMED Abstract

  32. Rosin E, Robinson GM: Knot security of suture materials. Vet Surg 18:269–273, 1989. PUBMED Abstract

  33. Savvas I, Papazoglou LG, Kazakos G, et al: Incisional block with bupivacaine for analgesia after celiotomy in dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 44:60–66; 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  34. Scardino MS, Swaim SF, Morse BS, et al: Evaluation of fibrin sealants in cutaneous wound closure. J Biomed Mater Res (Appl Biomater) 48:315–321, 1999. PUBMED Abstract

  35. Silverman EB, Read RW, Boyle CR, et al: Histologic comparison of canine skin biopsies collected using monopolar electrosurgery, CO2 laser, radiowave radiosurgery, skin biopsy punch, and scalpel. Vet Surg 36:50–56, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  36. Smeak DD: Avoiding skin tension without flaps. North American Veterinary Conference, 2006. Available at: /proceedings/navc/2006/SAE/521. asp?LA=1.

  37. Smeak DD: Buried continuous intradermal suture closure. Comp Contin Ed Pract Vet 14:907–919, 1992.

  38. Smoot E, Clyde MD: Method for securing a subcuticular suture with minimal buried knot. Plast Reconst Surg 102:2447–2449, 1998. PUBMED Abstract

  39. Stanley BJ: Impaired wound healing challenges. North American Veterinary Conference, 2007. Available at: /proceedings/navc/2007/SAE/ 512.asp?LA=1.

  40. Stewart JB: Tissue sparing repair. A new approach to shorten excisional lines. J Dermatol Surg Oncol 18:822–826, 1992. PUBMED Abstract

  41. Swaim SF, Henderson RA: Small animal wound management, ed 2, Baltimore, 1997, Williams & Wilkins.

  42. Sylvestre A, Wilson J, Hare J: A comparison of 2 different suture patterns for skin closure of canine ovariohysterectomy. Can Vet J 43:699–702, 2002. PUBMED Abstract

  43. Taylor GI, Minabe T: The angiosomes of the mammals and other vertebrates. Plast Reconstr Surg 89:181, 1192.

  44. Temple WJ, Voitk AJ, Snelling CF, et al: Effect of nutrition, diet and suture material on long-term wound healing. Ann Surg 182:93–97, 1975. PUBMED Abstract

  45. Toombs JP, Clarke KM: Basic operative techniques. In Slatter D, editor: Textbook of small animal surgery, ed 3, Philadelphia, 2003, Saunders, p 199.

  46. Trott AT: Wounds and lacerations: emergency care and closure, ed 3, Philadelphia, 2005, Elsevier Mosby.

  47. Trout NJ: Principles of plastic and reconstructive surgery. In Slatter D, editor: Textbook of small animal surgery, ed 3, Philadelphia, 2003, Saunders, p 274.

  48. VanWinkle W, Hastings JC: Considerations in the choice of suture material for various tissues. Surg Gynecol Obstet 135:113–126, 1972.

  49. Vasconcellos CH, Matera JM, Dagli ML: Clinical evaluation of random skin flaps based on the subdermal plexus secured with sutures or sutures and cyanoacrylate adhesive for reconstructive surgery in dogs. Vet Surg 34:59–63, 2005.

  50. Weiland L, Croubels S, Baert K, et al: Pharmacokinetics of a lidocaine patch 5% in dogs. J Vet Med 53:34–39, 2006. PUBMED Abstract

  51. Wilson DA: Early wound management. North American Veterinary Conference, 2007. Available at http://www. /proceedings/navc/2006/LA/096.asp?LA=1.

Chapter 76: Open Wounds

REFERENCES

  1. Adkesson MJ, Travis EK, Weber MA, et al: Vacuum-assisted closure for treatment of a deep shell abscess and osteomyelitis in a tortoise. J Am Vet Med Assoc 231:1249, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  2. Argenta LC, Morykwas MJ: Vacuum-assisted closure: a new method for wound control and treatment: clinical experience. Ann Plast Surg 38:563, 1997. PUBMED Abstract

  3. Australian Wound Management Association: Standard for wound management, 2002, Available at .au/publications/2009/bacterial_impact_position_document_V_1_0.pdf.

  4. Australian Wound Management Association: Bacterial impact on wound healing: from contamination to infection. Position Document of the Australian Wound Management Association, 2002, Available at .au/publications/2009/bacterial_impact_position_document_V_1_0.pdf.

  5. Baldwin C, Potter M, Clayton E, et al: Topical negative pressure stimulates endothelial migration and proliferation: a suggested mechanism for improved integration of Integra. Ann Plast Surg 62:92, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  6. Bang LM, Buntting C, Molan P: The effect of dilution on the rate of hydrogen peroxide production in honey and its implications for wound healing. J Altern Complement Med 9:267, 2003. PUBMED Abstract

  7. Bardy J, Slevin NJ, Mais KL, et al: A systematic review of honey uses and its potential value within oncology care. J Clin Nurs 17:2604, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  8. Ben-Amotz R, Lanz OI, Miller JM, et al: The use of vacuum-assisted closure therapy for the treatment of distal extremity wounds in 15 dogs. Vet Surg 36:684, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  9. Blackburn JH 2nd, Boemi L, Hall WW, et al: Negative-pressure dressings as a bolster for skin grafts. Ann Plast Surg 40:453, 1998. PUBMED Abstract

  10. Bohling MW, Henderson RA, Swaim SF, et al: Comparison of the role of the subcutaneous tissues in cutaneous wound healing in the dog and cat. Vet Surg 35:3, 2006. PUBMED Abstract

  11. Bohling MW, Henderson RA, Swaim SF, et al: Cutaneous wound healing in the cat: a macroscopic description and comparison with cutaneous wound healing in the dog. Vet Surg 33:579, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  12. Bovill E, Banwell PE, Teot L, et al: Topical negative pressure wound therapy: a review of its role and guidelines for its use in the management of acute wounds. Int Wound J 5:511, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  13. Bowler PG, Jones SA, Walker M, et al: Microbicidal properties of a silver-containing hydrofiber dressing against a variety of burn wound pathogens. J Burn Care Rehabil 25:192, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  14. Buffa EA, Lubbe AM, Verstraete FJM, et al: The effect of wound lavage solution on canine fibroblasts: an in vitro study. Vet Surg 26:460, 1986.

  15. Cazander G, van Veen KE, Bernards AT, et al: Do maggots have an influence on bacterial growth? A study on the susceptibility of strains of six different bacterial species to maggots of Lucilia sericata and their excretions/secretions. J Tissue Viability 18:80, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  16. Chatterjee JS: A critical review of irrigation techniques in acute wounds. Int Wound J 2:258, 2005. PUBMED Abstract

  17. Fernandez R, Griffiths R: Water for wound cleansing. Cochrane Database Syst Rev CD003861, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  18. Fong J, Wood F, Fowler B: A silver coated dressing reduces the incidence of early burn wound cellulitis and associated costs of inpatient treatment: comparative patient care audits. Burns 31:562, 2005. PUBMED Abstract

  19. French VM, Cooper RA, Molan PC: The antibacterial activity of honey against coagulase-negative staphylococci. J Antimicrob Chemother 56:228, 2005. PUBMED Abstract

  20. Gabriel A, Shores J, Heinrich C, et al: Negative pressure wound therapy with instillation: a pilot study describing a new method for treating infected wounds. Int Wound J 5:399, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  21. Gregor S, Maegele M, Sauerland S, et al: Negative pressure wound therapy: a vacuum of evidence? Arch Surg 143:189, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  22. Guille AE, Tseng LW, Orsher RJ: Use of vacuum-assisted closure for management of a large skin wound in a cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc 230:1669, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  23. Gupta A: A review of the use of maggots in wound therapy. Ann Plast Surg 60:224, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  24. Jacobs S, Simhaee DA, Marsano A, et al: Efficacy and mechanisms of vacuum-assisted closure (vac) therapy in promoting wound healing: a rodent model. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 62(10):1331–1338, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  25. Jaklic D, Lapanje A, Zupancic K, et al: Selective antimicrobial activity of maggots against pathogenic bacteria. J Med Microbiol 57:617, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  26. Jeschke MG, Sandmann G, Schubert T, et al: Effect of oxidized regenerated cellulose/collagen matrix on dermal and epidermal healing and growth factors in an acute wound. Wound Repair Regen 13:324, 2005. PUBMED Abstract

  27. Jones SA, Bowler PG, Walker M, et al: Controlling wound bioburden with a novel silver-containing hydrofiber dressing. Wound Repair Regen 12:288, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  28. Jull A, Walker N, Parag V, et al: Randomized clinical trial of honey-impregnated dressings for venous leg ulcers. Br J Surg 95:175, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  29. Jull AB, Rodgers A, Walker N: Honey as a topical treatment for wounds. Cochrane Database Syst Rev CD005083, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  30. Kairinos N, Solomons M, Hudson DA: Negative-pressure wound therapy I: the paradox of negative-pressure wound therapy. Plast Reconstr Surg 123:589, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  31. Kairinos N, Voogd AM, Botha PH, et al: Negative-pressure wound therapy II: negative-pressure wound therapy and increased perfusion. Just an illusion? Plast Reconstr Surg 123:601, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  32. Labler L, Rancan M, Mica L, et al: Vacuum-assisted closure therapy increases local interleukin-8 and vascular endothelial growth factor levels in traumatic wounds. J Trauma 66:749, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  33. Lee WR, Tobias KM, Bemis DA, et al: In vitro efficacy of a polyhexamethylene biguanide-impregnated gauze dressing against bacteria found in veterinary patients. Vet Surg 33:404, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  34. Loebl EC, Marvin JA, Heck EL, et al: The method of quantitative burn-wound biopsy cultures and its routine use in the care of the burned patient. Am J Clin Pathol 61:20, 1974. PUBMED Abstract

  35. Loebl EC, Marvin JA, Heck EL, et al: The use of quantitative biopsy cultures in bacteriologic monitoring of burn patients. J Surg Res 16:1, 1974. PUBMED Abstract

  36. Malmsjo M, Ingemansson R, Martin R, et al: Negative-pressure wound therapy using gauze or open-cell polyurethane foam: similar early effects on pressure transduction and tissue contraction in an experimental porcine wound model. Wound Repair Regen 17:200, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  37. McNulty AK, Schmidt M, Feeley T, et al: Effects of negative pressure wound therapy on fibroblast viability, chemotactic signaling, and proliferation in a provisional wound (fibrin) matrix. Wound Repair Regen 15:838, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  38. Metzmacher I, Ruth P, Abel M, et al: In vitro binding of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-9, and bacterial collagenase on collagenous wound dressings. Wound Repair Regen 15:549, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  39. Mitchell V, Galizia JP, Fournier L: Precise diagnosis of infection in burn wound biopsy specimens. Combination of histologic technique, acridine orange staining, and culture. J Burn Care Rehabil 10:195, 1989. PUBMED Abstract

  40. Mitsui A, Mathews KG, Linder KE, et al: Effects of fascial abrasion, fasciotomy, and fascial excision on cutaneous wound healing in cats. Am J Vet Res 70:532, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  41. Monstrey S, Hoeksema H, Verbelen J, et al: Assessment of burn depth and burn wound healing potential. Burns 34:761, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  42. Morykwas MJ, Argenta LC, Shelton-Brown EI, et al: Vacuum-assisted closure: a new method for wound control and treatment: animal studies and basic foundation. Ann Plast Surg 38:553, 1997. PUBMED Abstract

  43. Moscati RM, Mayrose J, Priya A: A meta-analysis of wound irrigation comparing tap-water versus sterile saline. Ann Emerg Med 48:S84, 2006.

  44. Moscati RM, Mayrose J, Reardon RF, et al: A multicenter comparison of tap water versus sterile saline for wound irrigation. Acad Emerg Med 14:404, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  45. Mueller SW, Krebsbach LE: Impact of an antimicrobial-impregnated gauze dressing on surgical site infections including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections. Am J Infect Control 36:651, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  46. Nguyen TT, Cox CS, Traber DL, et al: Free radical activity and loss of plasma antioxidants, vitamin e, and sulfhydryl groups in patients with burns: the 1993 Moyer Award. J Burn Care Rehabil 14:602, 1993. PUBMED Abstract

  47. Olaitan PB, Adeleke OE, Ola IO: Honey: a reservoir for microorganisms and an inhibitory agent for microbes. Afr Health Sci 7:159, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  48. Potter MJ, Banwell P, Baldwin C, et al: In vitro optimisation of topical negative pressure regimens for angiogenesis into synthetic dermal replacements. Burns 34:164, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  49. Pruitt BA Jr, Foley FD: The use of biopsies in burn patient care. Surgery 73:887, 1973. PUBMED Abstract

  50. Ramundo J, Gray M: Enzymatic wound debridement. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 35:273, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  51. Robson MC, Heggers JP: Delayed wound closure based on bacterial counts. J Surg Oncol 2:379, 1970. PUBMED Abstract

  52. Sanchez IR, Nusbaum KE, Swaim SF: Chlorhexidine diacetate and povidone-iodine cytotoxicity to canine embryonic fibroblasts and Staphylococcus aureus. Vet Surg 17:182, 1988. PUBMED Abstract

  53. Saxena V, Hwang CW, Huang S, et al: Vacuum-assisted closure: microdeformations of wounds and cell proliferation, Plast Reconstr Surg 114:1086, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  54. Schallberger SP, Stanley BJ, Hauptman JG, et al: Effect of porcine small intestinal submucosa on acute full-thickness wounds in dogs. Vet Surg 37:515, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  55. Senet P: Becaplermin gel (Regranex gel). Ann Dermatol Venereol 131:351, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  56. Swaim SF, Gillette RL, Sartin EA, et al: Effects of a hydrolyzed collagen dressing on the healing of open wounds in dogs. Am J Vet Res 61:1574, 2000. PUBMED Abstract

  57. Ubbink DT, Westerbos SJ, Nelson EA, et al: A systematic review of topical negative pressure therapy for acute and chronic wounds. Br J Surg 95:685, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  58. Ueno H, Murakami M, Okumura M, et al: Chitosan accelerates the production of osteopontin from polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Biomaterials 22:1667, 2001. PUBMED Abstract

  59. Ueno H, Ohya T, Ito H, et al: Chitosan application to x-ray irradiated wound in dogs. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 60:304, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  60. Wackenfors A, Gustafsson R, Sjogren J, et al: Blood flow responses in the peristernal thoracic wall during vacuum-assisted closure therapy. Ann Thorac Surg 79:1724, 2005. PUBMED Abstract

  61. Whaley S: Tap water or normal saline for cleansing traumatic wounds? Br J Community Nurs 9:471, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  62. Wheeler CB, Rodeheaver GT, Thacker JG, et al: Side-effects of high pressure irrigation. Surg Gynecol Obstet 143:775, 1976. PUBMED Abstract

  63. White JW Jr, Subers MH, Schepartz AI: The identification of inhibine, the antibacterial factor in honey, as hydrogen peroxide and its origin in a honey glucose-oxidase system. Biochim Biophys Acta 73:57, 1963. PUBMED Abstract

  64. Wiegand C, Heinze T, Hipler UC: Comparative in vitro study on cytotoxicity, antimicrobial activity, and binding capacity for pathophysiological factors in chronic wounds of alginate and silver-containing alginate. Wound Repair Regen 17:511, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  65. Wijesinghe M, Weatherall M, Perrin K, et al: Honey in the treatment of burns: a systematic review and meta-analysis of its efficacy. N Z Med J 122:47, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  66. Wilkes R, Zhao Y, Kieswetter K, et al: Effects of dressing type on 3d tissue microdeformations during negative pressure wound therapy: a computational study. J Biomech Eng 131:031012, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  67. Willix DJ, Molan PC, Harfoot CG: A comparison of the sensitivity of wound-infecting species of bacteria to the antibacterial activity of Manuka honey and other honey. J Appl Bacteriol 73:388, 1992. PUBMED Abstract

  68. Winkler JT, Swaim SF, Sartin EA, et al: The effect of a porcine-derived small intestinal submucosa product on wounds with exposed bone in dogs. Vet Surg 31:541, 2002. PUBMED Abstract

Chapter 77: Tension-Relieving Techniques

REFERENCES

  1. Abramson DL, Gibstein LA, Pribaz JJ: An inexpensive method of intraoperative skin stretching for closure of large cutaneous wounds. Ann Plast Surg 38:540–542, 1997. PUBMED Abstract

  2. Al-Bagdadi F: The Integument. In Evans HE, editor: Miller’s anatomy of the dog, ed 3, Philadelphia, 1993, Saunders, pp 98–121.

  3. Alvarado A: Reciprocal incisions for closure of circular skin defects. Plast Reconstr Surg 67:482–491, 1981. PUBMED Abstract

  4. Austin BR, Henderson RA: Buried tension sutures: force-tension comparisons of pulley, double butterfly, mattress, and simple interrupted suture patterns. Vet Surg 35:43–48, 2006. PUBMED Abstract

  5. Bailey JV, Jacobs KA: The mesh expansion method of suturing wounds on the legs of horses. Vet Surg 12:78–82, 1983.

  6. Belkoff SM, Naylor EC, Walshaw R, et al: Effects of subcutaneous expansion on the mechanical properties of porcine skin. J Surg Res 58:117–123, 1995. PUBMED Abstract

  7. Hamilton HL, McLaughlin SA, Whitley RD, et al: Surgical reconstruction of severe cicatricial ectropion in a puppy. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 34:212–218, 1998. PUBMED Abstract

  8. Hedlund CS: Large trunk wounds. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 36:847–872, 2006. PUBMED Abstract

  9. Hedlund CS: Surgery of the integumentary system. In Fossum TW, editor: Small animal surgery, ed 2, St Louis, 2002, Mosby, pp 134–228.

  10. Hochman M, Branham G, Thomas JR: Relative effects of intraoperative tissue expansion and undermining on wound closing tensions. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 118:1185–1187, 1992. PUBMED Abstract

  11. Irwin DH: Tension lines in the skin of the dog. J Small Anim Pract 7:593–598, 1966. PUBMED Abstract

  12. Johnson TM, Brown MD, Sullivan MJ, et al: Immediate intraoperative tissue expansion. J Am Acad Dermatol 22:283–287, 1990. PUBMED Abstract

  13. Johnston DE: Tension-relieving techniques. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 20:67–80, 1990. PUBMED Abstract

  14. Johnston DE: Tissue expanders. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 20:227–234, 1990. PUBMED Abstract

  15. Keller WG, Aron DN, Rakich PM, et al: Rapid tissue expansion for the development of rotational skin flaps in the distal portion of the hindlimb of dogs: an experimental study. Vet Surg 23:31–39, 1994. PUBMED Abstract

  16. Liang MD, Briggs P, Heckler FR, et al: Presuturing—a new technique for closing large skin defects: clinical and experimental studies. Plast Reconstr Surg 81:694–702, 1988. PUBMED Abstract

  17. Mackay DR, Saggers GC, Kotwal N, et al: Stretching skin: undermining is more important than intraoperative expansion. Plast Reconstr Surg 86:722–730, 1990. PUBMED Abstract

  18. Melis P, Noorlander ML, van der Horst CM, et al: Rapid alignment of collagen fibers in the dermis of undermined and not undermined skin stretched with a skin-stretching device. Plast Reconstr Surg 109:674–680; discussion 681–672, 2002. PUBMED Abstract

  19. Melis P, Noorlander ML, van der Kleij AJ, et al: Oxygenation and microcirculation during skin stretching in undermined and nonundermined skin. Plast Reconstr Surg 112:1295–1301, 2003. PUBMED Abstract

  20. Pavletic MM: Skin stretching techniques. In Atlas of small animal reconstructive surgery, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1999, Saunders, pp 173–189.

  21. Pavletic MM: Tension-relieving techniques. In Atlas of small animal reconstructive surgery, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1999, Saunders, pp 131–171.

  22. Pavletic MM: The integument. In Slatter DH, editor: Textbook of small animal surgery, ed 3, vol 1, Philadelphia, 2003, Saunders, pp 250–259.

  23. Pavletic MM: Use of an external skin-stretching device for wound closure in dogs and cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 217:350–354, 2000. PUBMED Abstract

  24. Ridge MD, Wright V: The directional effects of skin. A bio-engineering study of skin with particular reference to Langer’s lines. J Invest Dermatol 46:341–346, 1966. PUBMED Abstract

  25. Scardino MS, Swaim SF, Henderson RA, et al: Enhancing wound closure on the limbs. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 18:919–933, 1996.

  26. Shapiro AL, Hochman M, Thomas JR, et al: Effects of intraoperative tissue expansion and skin flaps on wound closing tensions. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 122:1107–1111, 1996. PUBMED Abstract

  27. Sharobaro VI, Moroz VY, Starkov YG, et al: First experience of endoscopic implantation of tissue expanders in plastic and reconstructive surgery. Surg Endosc 18: 513–517, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  28. Spodnick GJ, Pavletic MM, Clark GN, et al: Controlled tissue expansion in the distal extremities of dogs. Vet Surg 22:436–443, 1993. PUBMED Abstract

  29. Swaim SF, Bradley DM, Vaughn DM, et al: The greyhound dog as a model for studying pressure ulcers. Decubitus 6:32–35, 38–40, 1993. PUBMED Abstract

  30. Swaim SF, Henderson RA: Management of skin tension. In Small animal wound management, ed 2, Baltimore, 1997, Williams & Wilkins, pp 143–190.

  31. Swaim SF, Henderson RA: Various shaped wounds. In Small animal wound management, ed 2, Baltimore, 1997, Williams & Wilkins, pp 235–274.

  32. Trout NJ: Principles of plastic and reconstructive surgery. In Slatter DH, editor: Textbook of small animal surgery, ed 3, vol 1, Philadelphia, 2003, Saunders, pp 274–292.

  33. Webb AJ, Calhoun ML: The microscopic anatomy of the skin of mongrel dogs. Am J Vet Res 15:274–280, 1954. PUBMED Abstract

  34. Webster RC, Davidson TM, Smith RC, et al: M-plasty techniques. J Dermatol Surg 2:393–396, 1976. PUBMED Abstract

  35. Wilhelmi BJ, Blackwell SJ, Mancoll JS, et al: Creep vs. stretch: a review of the viscoelastic properties of skin. Ann Plast Surg 41:215–219, 1998. PUBMED Abstract

  36. Zeng YJ, Xu CQ, Yang J, et al: Biomechanical comparison between conventional and rapid expansion of skin. Br J Plast Surg 56:660–666, 2003. PUBMED Abstract

Chapter 78: Local or Subdermal Plexus Flaps

REFERENCES

  1. Al Bagdadi F: The integument. In Evans HE, editor: Miller’s anatomy of the dog, ed 3, Philadelphia, 1993, Saunders.

  2. Basher A: Foot injuries in dogs and cats. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 16:1159, 1994.

  3. Bradley DM, Shealy PM, Swaim SF: Meshed skin graft and phalangeal fillet for paw salvage: a case report. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 29:427, 1993.

  4. Friedman HIF: An evidence-based appraisal of the use of hyperbaric oxygen on flaps and grafts. Plast Reconstr Surg 117:175S, 2007.

  5. Ghali S, Butler PEM, Tepper OM, et al: Vascular delay revisited. Plast Reconstr Surg 119:1735, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  6. Hunt GB: Skin-fold advancement flaps for closing large sternal and inguinal wounds in cats and dogs. Vet Surg 24:172, 1995. PUBMED Abstract

  7. Hunt GB: Use of the lip-to-lid flap for replacement of the lower eyelid in five cats. Vet Surg 35:284, 2006. PUBMED Abstract

  8. Hunt GB, Tisdall PLC, Liptak JM, et al: Skin fold advancement flaps for closing large proximal limb and trunk defects in cats and dogs. Vet Surg 30:440, 2001. PUBMED Abstract

  9. Irwin DHG: Tension lines in the skin of the dog. J Small Anim Pract 7:595, 1966.

  10. Matera JM, Tatarunas AC, Fantoni DT, et al: Use of the scrotum as a transposition flap for closure of surgical wounds in three dogs. Vet Surg 33:99, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  11. McGraw-Hill concise dictionary of modern medicine, New York, 2002, McGraw-Hill.

  12. Milton SH: Pedicled skin flaps: the fallacy of the length:width ratio. Br J Surg 57:502–508, 1970. PUBMED Abstract

  13. Pavletic MM: Mucocutaneous subdermal plexus flap from the lip for lower eyelid reconstruction in the dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 180:921, 1982. PUBMED Abstract

  14. Pavletic MM: Nasal and rostral labial reconstruction in the dog. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 19:913, 1983.

  15. Pavletic MM: Pedicle grafts. In Slatter DH, editor: Textbook of small animal surgery, ed 3, Philadelphia, 1993, Saunders, p 292.

  16. Pavletic MM: Vascular supply to the skin of the dog: a review. Vet Surg 9:77, 1980.

  17. Séguin B, McDonald DE, Kent MS, et al: Tolerance of cutaneous or mucosal flaps placed into a radiation therapy field in dogs. Vet Surg 34:214–222, 2005. PUBMED Abstract

  18. Smith MM, Gourley IM: Preputial reconstruction in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 196:1493, 1990. PUBMED Abstract

  19. Suzuki S, Isshiki N, Ogawa Y, et al: The minimal requirement of circulation for survival of undelayed and delayed flaps in rats. Plast Reconstr Surg 77:222–227, 1986. PUBMED Abstract

  20. Swaim SF, Garrett PD: Foot salvage techniques in dogs and cats: options, “do’s” and “don’ts.” J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 21:511, 1985.

  21. Vasconcellos CH de C, Matera JM, Dagli MLZ: Clinical evaluation of random skin flaps based on the subdermal plexus secured with sutures or sutures and cyanoacrylate adhesive for reconstructive surgery in dogs. Vet Surg 34:59, 2005. PUBMED Abstract

Chapter 79: Axial Pattern and Myocutaneous Flaps

REFERENCES

  1. Aper RL, Smeak DD: Clinical evaluation of caudal superficial epigastric axial pattern flap reconstruction of skin defects in 10 dogs (1989–2001). J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 41:185, 2005. PUBMED Abstract

  2. Aper RL, Smeak DD: Complications and outcome after thoracodorsal axial pattern flap reconstruction of forelimb skin defects in 10 dogs, 1989–2001. Vet Surg 32:378, 2003. PUBMED Abstract

  3. Argenta LC, Morykwas MJ: Vacuum-assisted closure: a new method for wound control and treatment: clinical experience. Ann Plast Surg 38(6):563, 1997. PUBMED Abstract

  4. Atalay C, Yilmaz KB: The effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on postmastectomy skin flap necrosis. Breast Cancer Res Treat 117(3):611, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  5. Barnett TM, Shilt JS: Use of vacuum-assisted closure and a dermal regeneration template as an alternative to flap reconstruction in pediatric grade IIIB open lower-extremity injuries. Am J Orthop 38(6):301, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  6. Bloomenstein RB: Evaluation of tests for predicting the viability of axial pattern skin flaps in the pig. Plast Reconstr Surg 64(3):396, 1979. PUBMED Abstract

  7. Bohling MW, Henderson RA, Swaim SF, et al: Comparison of the role of subcutaneous tissues in cutaneous wound healing in the dog and cat. Vet Surg 35:1, 2006. PUBMED Abstract

  8. Bohling MW, Henderson RA, Swaim SF, et al: Cutaneous wound healing in the cat: a macroscopic description and comparison with cutaneous wound healing in the dog. Vet Surg 33:579, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  9. Bristol DG: The effect of tension on perfusion of axial and random pattern flaps in foals. Vet Surg 21(3):223, 1992. PUBMED Abstract

  10. Bryant KJ, Moore K, Mcanulty JF: Angularis oris axial pattern buccal flap for reconstruction of recurrent fistulae of the palate. Vet Surg 32:113, 2003. PUBMED Abstract

  11. Cohen BE: Beneficial effect of staged division of pedicle in experimental axial-pattern flaps. Plast Reconstr Surg 64(3):366, 1979. PUBMED Abstract

  12. Cornell K, Salisbury K, Jakovljevic S, et al: Reverse saphenous conduit flap in cats: an anatomic study. Vet Surg 24:202, 1995. PUBMED Abstract

  13. Dundas JM, Fowler JD, Shmon CL, et al: Modification of the superficial cervical axial pattern skin flap for oral reconstruction. Vet Surg 34:206, 2005. PUBMED Abstract

  14. Evans HE: Miller’s anatomy of the dog, ed 3, Philadelphia, 1993, Saunders.

  15. Fahie MA, Smith MM: Axial pattern flap based on the cutaneous branch of the superficial temporal artery in dogs: an experimental study and case report. Vet Surg 28:141, 1999. PUBMED Abstract

  16. Fahie MA, Smith MM: Axial pattern flap based on the superficial temporal artery in cats: an experimental study. Vet Surg 26:86, 1997. PUBMED Abstract

  17. Forrest CR, Pang CY, Zhong AG, Neligan PC: Role of noradrenaline in the pathogenesis of skin flap ischemic necrosis in the pig. J Surg Res 48(3):237, 1990. PUBMED Abstract

  18. Fowler JD, Degner DA, Walshaw R, et al: Microvascular free tissue transfer: results in 57 consecutive cases. Vet Surg 27:406, 1998. PUBMED Abstract

  19. Gray MJ: Chronic axillary wound repair in a cat with omentalisation and omocervical skin flap. J Sm Anim Pract 46:499, 2005. PUBMED Abstract

  20. Griffiths RW, Hobby JA, Humphries NL, Trengove-Jones G: The influence of postoperative pharmacological vasodilator agents on the pattern of necrosis in a standardised rat skin flap. Br J Plast Surg 34(4):441, 1981. PUBMED Abstract

  21. Guba AM Jr, Callahan J: Nutrient blood flow in delayed axial pattern skin flaps in pigs. Plast Reconstr Surg 64(3):372, 1979. PUBMED Abstract

  22. Guba AM Jr: Study of the delay phenomenon in axial pattern flaps in pigs. Plast Reconstr Surg 63(4):550, 1979. PUBMED Abstract

  23. Halfacree ZJ, Baines SJ, Lipscomb VJ, et al: Use of a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for one-stage reconstruction of the thoracic wall after en bloc resection of primary rib chondrosarcoma in five dogs. Vet Surg 36:587, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  24. Hartmann M, Jonsson K, Zederfeldt B: Effect of tissue perfusion and oxygenation on accumulation of collagen in healing wounds. Eur J Surg 158:521, 1992. PUBMED Abstract

  25. Henney LHS, Pavletic MM: Axial pattern flap based on the superficial brachial artery in the dog. Vet Surg 17:311, 1988. PUBMED Abstract

  26. Holzbach T, Neshkova I, Vlaskou D, et al: Searching for the right timing of surgical delay: angiogenesis, vascular endothelial growth factor and perfusion changes in a skin-flap model. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  27. Hoopes JE, Im MJ: Skin flap necrosis in guinea pigs: limitation of glucose supply and accumulation of lactate. Plast Reconstr Surg 61(5):748, 1978. PUBMED Abstract

  28. Hunt GB, Tisdall PLC, Liptak JM, et al: Skin-fold advancement flaps for closing large proximal limb and trunk defects in dogs and cats. Vet Surg 30:440, 2001. PUBMED Abstract

  29. Isakow K, Fowler D, Shmon D, et al: Investigation of a modified reverse saphenous conduit flap in the dog. Vet Compar Orthop Traumatol 15:30, 2002.

  30. Jacobi S, Stanley BJ, Petersen-Jones S, et al: Use of an axial pattern flap and nictitans to reconstruct medial eyelid and canthus in a dog. Vet Ophth 11:395, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  31. Jonsson K, Jensen JA, Goodson WH III, et al: Tissue oxygenation, anemia, and perfusion in relation to wound healing in surgical patients. Ann Surg 214:605, 1991. PUBMED Abstract

  32. Kostolich M, Pavletic MM: Axial pattern flap based on the genicular branch of the saphenous artery in the dog. Vet Surg 16:217, 1987. PUBMED Abstract

  33. Lanthier T, Miller C, McDonell WN, et al: Use of laser Doppler flowmetry to determine blood flow in and viability of island axial pattern skin flaps in rabbits. Am J Vet Res 51(12):1914, 1990. PUBMED Abstract

  34. Larrabee WF Jr, Sutton GD, Holloway A Jr, Tolentino G: Laser Doppler velocimetry and fluorescein dye in the prediction of skin flap viability. A comparison. Arch Otolaryngol 109(7):454, 1983. PUBMED Abstract

  35. Lascelles BD, White RAS: Combined omental pedicle grafts and thoracodorsal axial pattern flaps for the reconstruction of chronic, nonhealing axillary wounds in cats. Vet Surg 30:380, 2001. PUBMED Abstract

  36. Lehman JF, DeLateur BJ: Cryotherapy. In Lehman JF, editor: Therapeutic heat and cold, ed 3, Baltimore, 1982, Williams & Wilkins, p 563.

  37. Leonatti S, Tobias KM: Skin reconstruction techniques: axial pattern flaps. Vet Med 99:862, 2004.

  38. Lidbetter DA, Williams FA Jr, Krahwinkel DJ, et al: Radical lateral body-wall resection for fibrosarcoma with reconstruction using polypropylene mesh and a caudal superficial epigastric axial pattern flap: a prospective clinical study of the technique and results in 6 cats. Vet Surg 31:57, 2002. PUBMED Abstract

  39. Losken A, Styblo TM, Schaefer TG, Carlson GW: The use of fluorescein dye as a predictor of mastectomy skin flap viability following autologous tissue reconstruction. Ann Plast Surg 61(1):24, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  40. Mayhew PD, Holt DE: Simultaneous use of bilateral caudal superficial epigastric axial pattern flaps for wound closure in a dog. J Sm Anim Pract 44:534, 2003. PUBMED Abstract

  41. Meirer R, Huemer GM, Gurunluoglu R, et al: Comparison of the effectiveness of gene therapy with vascular endothelial growth factor or shock wave therapy to reduce ischaemic necrosis in an epigastric skin flap model in rats. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 60(3):266, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  42. Mokrý M, Gál P, Harakalová M, et al: Experimental study on predicting skin flap necrosis by fluorescence in the FAD and NADH bands during surgery. Photochem Photobiol 83(5):1193, 2007. PUBMED Abstract

  43. Mulliken JB, Healey NA: Pathogenesis of skin flap necrosis from an underlying hematoma. Plast Reconstr Surg 63(5):725, 1979. PUBMED Abstract

  44. Padubidri A, Browne E: Effect of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on survival of random extension of axial pattern skin flaps in the rat. Ann Plast Surg 37(6):604, 1996. PUBMED Abstract

  45. Pang CY, Neligan P, Nakatsuka T, Sasaki GH: Assessment of the fluorescein dye test for prediction of skin flap viability in pigs. J Surg Res 41(2):173, 1986. PUBMED Abstract

  46. Pavletic MM: Axial pattern flaps in small animal practice. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 20(1):105, 1990. PUBMED Abstract

  47. Pavletic MM: Canine axial pattern flaps, using the omocervical, thoracodorsal, and deep circumflex iliac direct cutaneous arteries. Am J Vet Res 42:391, 1981. PUBMED Abstract

  48. Pavletic MM, Watters J, Henry R, et al: Reverse saphenous conduit flap in the dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 182:380, 1983. PUBMED Abstract

  49. Pokorny AT, Bright DA, Cummings CW: The effects of allopurinol and superoxide dismutase in a rat model of skin flap necrosis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 115(2):207, 1989. PUBMED Abstract

  50. Prather A, Blackburn JP, Williams TR, Lynn JA: Evaluation of tests for predicting the viability of axial pattern skin flaps in the pig. Plast Reconstr Surg 63(2):250, 1979. PUBMED Abstract

  51. Reetz JA, Seiler G, Mayhew PD, et al: Ultrasonographic and color-flow Doppler ultrasonographic assessment of direct cutaneous arteries used for axial pattern skin flaps in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 228:1362, 2006. PUBMED Abstract

  52. Reinisch JF: Prevention of skin flap necrosis by a course of treatment with vasodilator drugs: commentary. Plast Reconstr Surg 61(6):903, 1978. PUBMED Abstract

  53. Remedios AM, Bauer MS, Bowen CV, et al: Axial pattern skin flaps in cats, Microsurg 12:125, 1991. PUBMED Abstract

  54. Remedios AM, Bauer MS, Bowen CV: Thoracodorsal and caudal superficial epigastric axial pattern skin flaps in cats. Vet Surg 18:380, 1989. PUBMED Abstract

  55. Remedios AM, Fowler JD: Axial pattern flaps in the cutaneous reconstruction of lower limb wounds. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 17:1356, 1995.

  56. Saifzadeh S, Hobbenaghi R, Noorabadi M: Axial pattern flap based on the lateral caudal arteries of the tail in the dog: an experimental study. Vet Surg 34:509, 2005. PUBMED Abstract

  57. Salerno GM, McBride DM, Bleicher JN, et al: Ciprostene and indomethacin partially reverse the mechanisms of distal end necrosis in the rat random skin flap. Ann Plast Surg 28(6):526, 1992. PUBMED Abstract

  58. Sardinas JC, Pavletic MM, Ross JT, et al: Comparative viability of peninsular and island axial pattern flaps incorporating the cranial superficial epigastric artery in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 207:452, 1995. PUBMED Abstract

  59. Shields Henney LH, Pavletic MM: Axial pattern flap based on the superficial brachial artery in the dog. Vet Surg 17:311, 1988. PUBMED Abstract

  60. Smith MM, Carrig CB, Waldron DR, et al: Direct cutaneous arterial supply to the tail in dogs. Am J Vet Res 53:145, 1992. PUBMED Abstract

  61. Smith MM, Payne JT, Moon ML, et al: Axial pattern flap based on the caudal auricular artery in dogs. Am J Vet Res 52:922, 1991. PUBMED Abstract

  62. Smith PJ: The vascular basis of axial pattern flaps. Br J Plast Surg 26(2):150, 1973. PUBMED Abstract

  63. Spodnick GJ, Hudson LC, Clark GN, et al: Use of a caudal auricular axial pattern flap in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 208:1679, 1996. PUBMED Abstract

  64. Stiles J, Townsend W, Willis M, et al: Use of a caudal auricular axial pattern flap in three cats and one dog following orbital exenteration. Vet Ophth 6:121, 2003. PUBMED Abstract

  65. Taylor GI, Minabe T: The angiosomes of the mammals and other vertebrates. Plast Reconst Surg 89:181, 1992. PUBMED Abstract

  66. Törkvist L, Löfberg R, Raud J, Thorlacius H: Heparin protects against skin flap necrosis: relationship to neutrophil recruitment and anti-coagulant activity. Inflamm Res 53(1):1, 2004. PUBMED Abstract

  67. Toutain CE, Brouchet L, Raymond-Letron I, et al: Prevention of skin flap necrosis by estradiol involves reperfusion of a protected vascular network. Circ Res 104(2):245, 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  68. Trevor PB, Smith MM, Waldron DR, et al: Clinical evalutation of axial pattern skin flaps in dogs and cats: 19 cases (1981–1990). J Am Vet Med Assoc 201:608, 1992. PUBMED Abstract

  69. Uygur F, Duman H, Ulkür E, Ceiköz B: The role of the vacuum-assisted closure therapy in the salvage of venous congestion of the free flap: case report. Int Wound J 5(1):50, 2008. PUBMED Abstract

  70. Weinand C, Jordan M, Jeng J: The vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) device for hastened attachment of an ileo-epigastric flap to third-degree burns on hand and fingers. J Burn Care Res 2009. PUBMED Abstract

  71. Yates G, Landon B, Edwards G: Investigation and clinical application of a novel axial pattern flap for nasal and facial reconstruction in the dog. Aust Vet J 85:113, 2007. PUBMED Abstract



Скачать документ

Похожие документы:

  1. Section i surgical biology chapter 1 inflammatory response references

    Документ
    ... organisms and pathogens from the skin. J Hyg 75: ... pattern flap reconstruction of skin defects ... SECTION IV: Musculoskeletal SystemChapter 40: Tissues of the Musculoskeletal SystemREFERENCES ... Comparison of delayed andprimarywoundclosure in the ...
  2. Scheme and syllabus (with effect from 2010-2011) master of computer applications visvesvaraya technological university belgaum

    Документ
    ... (Chapter 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, Appendix 3, Chapter 2, Chapter 4.1, 4.2, Chapter 5.1 to 5.6, Chapter 7.1 to 7.4, Chapter 16.1, 16.2, 16.3, 16.5 to 16.9, andChapter ... Types andReference Types, The Master Node: System, Object, The System Data Types (and C# ...
  3. CHAPTER 65 ANIMAL FEEDING OPERATIONS [Prior to 7/1/83

    Документ
    ... significant reconstruction. ... 75 percent ... a primary job ... referred to as a system or a water system) means a system ... wind speed and direction and ... section 17A.9 and 561—Chapter ... by season ... closure these excavations must be filled with suitable materials and ...
  4. Primary preventive dentistry - 6th ed (2004)

    Документ
    ... session to sessionand ... reconstruction bridgework ... safety closure. Therapeutic ... 75 Finally, Wright and ... in cross section for primaryand permanent ... (1995). Nutrition andwound healing. Compendium ... chapter. Diet refers to the oral intake of all foods and ...
  5. Section c special provisions section c special provisions

    Документ
    ... 75 mm {1 inch x No. 4} primary ... wind, and ... andreconstructed, ... Chapter 3.2, Article 2, Section 341 and Title 8, Division 1, Chapter ... sectionand depicted in Section F, “Reference Standard Details,” of these Special Provisions. The sign ... street closuresand ...

Другие похожие документы..