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Doctoral Study Programme “Civil Engineering”

RIGA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

Faculty of Civil Engineering

Higher Academic Education Doctoral Study Programme

CIVIL ENGINEERING”

Self-Assessment Report

Riga - 2003

Table of Contents

Objectives and Tasks of Study Programme 4

Development of Study Programme 4

Amendments to Study Programme and Study Plan 4

Correspondence of Study Programme to Academic Education Standard 5

Practical Implementation of Study Programme 5

Methods of Instruction 5

Analysis of Resources for Programme Implementation 6

Involvement of Students in Research Activities 8

Inter-University and International Cooperation 10

Cooperation with Potential Employers 13

System of Assessment 13

Students 14

Academic Staff 15

Self-Assessment – SWOT Analysis 18

Comparison with Study Programmes in Other Countries 19

Survey Results 22

Recommendations for Improvement of Program Quality 21

Naudzuns 33

Juris Rihards 33

SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS: 104 37

THE MOST IMPORTANT PUBLICATIONS 37

Description of the course unit 61

Requirements to the students preparing for regular studies: 61

Planned discussions and debates: themes and contents: 62

Professor: Juris Naudžuns, g. 64

Name of the course unit:: AUTOMATION OF DESIGN OF TRANSPORTATION STRUCTURES 64

Methods of teaching of the course unit 64

Principles of the assessment of mastering the course unit 64

Contents of the course unit 71

of materials 76

Contents of the course unit 77

Textbooks, the list of to be used and recommended literature sources 78

Name of the course unit: FINITE AND BOUNDARY ELEMENT METHODS 83

Contents of the course unit 84

Textbooks, the list of to be used and recommended literature sources 86

Name of the course unit: LAMINATED COMPOSITE AND SANDWICH STRUCTURES 88

Contents of the course unit 89

Textbooks, the list of to be used and recommended literature sources 91

Name of the course unit: STRUCTURES OPTIMISATION 94

Contents of the course unit 95

Textbooks, the list of to be used and recommended literature sources 96

Name of the course unit 98

Associated professor: Juris Smirnovs, g. 100

Name of the course unit: TRAFFIC PLANNING 100

Methods of teaching of the course unit 100

Principles of the assessment of mastering the course unit 100

Contents of the course unit 103

Name of the course unit:. 104

TRANSPORT SYSTEM AND LOGISTICS 104

Name of the course unit: VIBRATION DAMPING 106

Contents of the course unit 107

Textbooks, the list of to be used and recommended literature sources 108

Objectives and Tasks of Study Programme

Doctoral Studies

Profile

Civil Engineering

RTU Programme

Civil Engineering

Level of Studies

Doctoral studies

Nominal Length of Studies

3 years

Scope of Studies

144 credit points

Prior Education

Master of Engineering Science in Construction Science

Professional Master’s Degree in Civil Engineering

Professional Master’s Degree in Transportation Structures or comparable education

Obtainable Qualification

Doctor of Engineering Science

Objectives of Study Programme

a) preparation of highly qualified specialists for research activities

b) preparation of academic staff for teaching at university level in the area of civil engineering

c) preparation of researchers for independent undertaking and supervision of research projects

Tasks

  1. Gain mastery of scientific research methods;

  2. Complete a promotional paper (dissertation);

  3. Publish articles in quotable sources and deliver research results in scientific conferences.

Development of Study Programme

Amendments to Study Programme and Study Plan

Within the Civil Engineering study program (general study programme code RBD), since 2001 the following doctoral level study programmes have been internationally accredited:

  • Specialization: construction materials – approved on 25.03.96. with Senate decision No.410 (Study programme code RBD42);

  • Specialization: civil engineering and reconstruction – approved on 25.03.96. with Senate decision No.410, (Study programme code RBD32);

  • Specialization: transportation engineering – approved on 25.03.96. with Senate decision No.410, (Study programme code RBD12);

  • Specialization: automated design of building constructions – approved on 07.04.97. with Senate Protocol No. 419, (Study programme code RBDB8).

In accordance with the recommendation from the Accreditation Commission and proposals from the Ministry of Education and Science, as well as in line with the Decision of the Riga Technical University Senate (30.10.2000.) „On the RTU Statutes” amendments have been made to the aforementioned study programmes and currently studies take place in the following study programmes:

  • BDB1 “Building Construction and Reconstruction”(approved in the RTU Senate on 26.03.2001, Protocol No. 457);

  • BDB8 “Automated Design of Building Constructions”(approved in the RTU Senate on 26.03.2001, Protocol No. 457);

  • BDB4 „Transportation Engineering” (approved in the RTU Senate on 28.04.2003, Protocol No. 477)

In the programmes under codes BDB1, BDB4 and BDB8 the total number of credit points has been increased from 120 credit points to 144 credit points.

According to the Decision (02.06.03.) of the RTU Senate, Protocol No.478, the aforementioned study programmes have been combined into a single program BDBO, where the directions of Automated Design of Building Constructions, Building Construction and Reconstruction, and Transportation Engineering have been maintained.

Correspondence of Study Programme to Academic Education Standard

The requirements for doctoral study programmes as prescribed in the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No.2 „On the Standard of Academic Education” (length of studies – 3 years and scope of studies – 144 credit points) have been fulfilled.

.

Practical Implementation of Study Programme

Methods of Instruction

Doctoral studies can be characterized by a small number of students in each study programme, consequently the studies of advanced subjects often materialize as consultations and discussions with docents of relevant subjects. This aspect of doctoral studies allows for much deeper appreciation and understanding of study material then in bachelors’ or masters’ level. The proportion of independent studies at the doctoral level thus is very significant. Often doctoral students, in order to improve their financial situation, are gainfully employed outside the university; therefore, occasionally students fall behind in the fulfilment of study plans, which finds reflection in the overall university statistics.

More often than before, doctoral students obtain fellowships in universities abroad. So far, the doctoral-level students of our faculty have obtained fellowships in University of Wales (L.Pakrastiņš), Lulea Technological University (L.Pakrastiņš), Padova University (A.Zariņš). This type of study organization allows the doctoral students to improve their foreign language proficiency and establish connections with foreign colleagues for their future careers, and undertake significant amount of scientific research.

During the reference period between February 27, 2002 and June 27, 2002 O.Ozoliņš, a doctoral student in the BDB8 programme, was a fellow at Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden. During his fellowship, Ozoliņš defended his license project. A license project in Sweden is considered a higher level degree than a Masters’, but a lower level than a Doctorate. In any event, it is one of the requirements that students must pass on their way towards a doctoral degree.

During the Fall Semester of 2002/2003 study year A.Ivaškovs, a doctoral student of the BDB8 programme, was a fellow at Hull University.

Analysis of Resources for Programme Implementation

3.2.1 Faculty of Civil Engineering

In terms of procurement, 200 auditorium chairs and 100 auditorium tables have been procured. The first floor and restroom facilities have been reconstructed. 100 new chalkboards have also been procured.

The Civil Engineering Computing Centre together with the Evening and Distance Learning Department have established a computer classroom which is equipped with 8 PENTIUMIV grade computers.

The experts of Civil Engineering Computing Centre have developed the intranet of Faculty of Civil Engineering by setting up 2 separate networks – one for students and one for the faculty staff. Each one of these networks is connected to the Internet though a radio link.

A new service agreement has been concluded with the internet service provider LATNET, which allows the Faculty of Civil Engineering unlimited use of the Internet for a fixed payment.

In order to improve the transmission of data, an optical connection has been established with the GEANT system of the Institute of Mathematics of the University of Latvia.

3.2.2 Institute of Construction and Reconstruction

Company “MikroKods”, involved in both research and industry, has presented the Faculty with licensed educational software Bentley Academic Suite version 7.0 for the training of architects and construction engineers.

A new computer classroom with 14 terminals has been established. The computer desks and chairs have been purchased with the resources of the professorial group. Methodological aids for instruction in the computer classroom have been updated and three new lab work descriptions in computerized design have been developed.

The professorial group of geometry and computer graphics in the time period between 2000 and 2002 have published the following educational materials:

  • M. Dobelis, I. Jurāne, Z. Veide, G. Fjodorova, J. Auzukalns, V. Dobelis, G. Veide, E. Leja. Graphic Geometry. Educational Materials for the RTU Students. Riga: RTU, (Revised and Updated Edition), 2002. –108 pp.

Within the interactive computer graphics course a new topical direction has been developed, including the use of AutoCAD software.


In terms of introducing new technologies, the following docents of the Interactive Computer Graphics and Computerized Design courses and practical sessions have acquired the skill of computer projection and successfully use this technique in their work: M. Dobelis, I. Jurāne, Z. Veide.

In the Building Construction professorial group the fundamental principles of construction and calculation of hierarchical saddle shape cable roof have been developed.

The following set of lecture notes for foreign students have been compiled and published:

  • L.Koupche. Timber and Plastic Structures. Riga – 2003. – 112 pp.

The staff of Building Mechanics department – Professors F.Bulavs, A.Skudra and Associate Professor I.Radiņš and Alb.Skudra have published lecture notes for the following courses:

  • F.Bulavs, I.Radiņš. Introduction to Building Mechanics. Riga – 2002. – 142 pp.

  • A.Skudra, Alb.Skudra. Introduction to Mechanics of Layered Materials and Constructions. Riga – 2002. – 116 pp.

Computer software programme “LIRA-50” for calculation of building constructions has been purchased and is being used in the training of students.

3.2.3 Institute of Transportation Engineering

The library of the Institute of Transportation Engineering has been supplemented with materials received from US Federal Highway Administration.

In 2001 a set of lecture notes for the course “Highways” has been prepared and published. Professor J.Naudžuns and Associate Professors J.Smirnovs and A.Paeglītis have taken part in preparation of this publication.

In 2003 study materials have been prepared in Latvian in 12 different areas of transportation structures and transport for courses “Transport Roads” and “Transport System and Logistics”. These materials are based on the results of research projects undertaken with the assistance of EU funding.

Acquired literature:

  • N.J.Garber, L.A.Hoel. Traffic and Highway Engineering. – 2001. – 1150 pp.

  • R.Lamm, B.Psarionos, T.Mailander. Highway Design and Traffic safety Engineering Handbook – 1999. – Mc Graw-Hill.

  • C.A.O’Flaherty. Highways – 2002. – 553 pp.

  • J.T.Ball. The McGraw-Hill Civil Engineering PE Exam Depth Guide. – 2001.

3.2.4 Institute of Materials and Constructions

Supported by financing from the Ministry of Education and Science, Building Construction Automated Design professorial group has set up a laboratory for material testing with quasi-static gradually increasing, constant, variable and pulsating pressure by shaering, thrusting, and bending using the material testing device ZWICK Z100.

Students can access lecture notes in electronic format (.pdf files) from the home page of Institute of Materials and Constructions:

  • Finite Element Method;

  • Calculations of Layered Constructions;

  • Identification of Material Properties.

In 2002, Riga Technical University Press has published lecture notes prepared by J.Barkanovs for the course “Finite Element Method” for foreign students which are educated in English.

      • Company “Inter-CAD Kft”, involved in research and industry, has contributed to the Faculty licensed software AXISvm for calculation of finite elements

      • Two finite element computer software programs ANSYS 6.1 and LS-DYNA 950D have been purchased for both instruction of students and scientific research.

3.2.5 Institute of Construction Industry

Laboratory projects have been prepared and posted on the web. Home page address:

http://bF.RTU.Lv/buvniecibas/brzi/bmbm/lab_darbi.htm

The following book has been published:

  • J.Grabis. Remodelling of Residential Housing. – Riga – 2003. – 302 pp.

Involvement of Students in Research Activities

On January 8, 2002, Oļģerts Ozoliņš, a doctoral student of the Faculty of Civil Engineering, was awarded the Latvian Academy of Science Young Scientist Award for his research paper “New Method of Calculation of Fastener Junction Using the Finite Element Method”.

On January 12, 2003, Kaspars Kalniņš, a doctoral student of the Faculty of Civil Engineering, was awarded the Latvian Academy of Science Young Scientist Award for his research paper “Research of Material Rifts and Plasticity”.

Kaspars Kalniņš and Sandris Ručevskis, students of the Institute of Materials and Constructions, took part in a conference for young scientists in material science, Junior Euromat 2002, in Switzerland where they read scientific papers.

In April 2003, Kaspars Kalniņš took part in an international conference in Hungary where he read a scientific report.

On June 20, 2003, O. Ozoliņš received the Switzerland Science Award.

The research results of student scientific work have been published in “Architecture and Construction Science”, the Scientific Proceedings of Riga Technical University. During the reference period Volumes 1, 2 and 3 have been published, including the research of the following students and staff of the Faculty of Civil Engineering (see below for the articles in Volume 2):

  • Brauns J., Rocens K., Design of Humidity Sensitive Layered Materials for Multi-Objective Application

  • Jelisejevs B., The Comparative Analysis of Deicing Chemicals

  • Lapsa V.A., Structured Heat and Load Bearing Materials for Building

  • Neilands R., Gjunsburg B., Scour Development on Time near Abutments on Plain Rivers

  • Pakrastinsh L., Rocens K., Hierarchic Cable Structures

  • Rikards R., Korjakins A., Ivaškovs A., Development of Fracture Criterion for Composite Using Compact Tension Shear Specimen

  • Rikards R., Korjakins A., Kovalevs A., Čate A., Characterization of Material Properties by Means of Small Specimens

  • Rubulis J., Sprogis J., Counting of Water Consumption on Apartment Buildings in Riga City

  • Serdjuks D., Rocens K., Rational Form of Saddle Shape Cable Roof with Complianed Anchors

  • Skudra A.M., Skudra A.A., Kruklinsh A., Stress State of Uncracked Reinforced Concrete Beam Strengthened with Externally Bonded Composite Sheets

  • Šahmenko G., Concrete Mix Design in Base of Granulation Method

  • Zariņš A., Naudžuns J., Analysis of Shape Line Functions Used for Road Routing

In the fall of 2002, “Architecture and Construction Science”, Volume 3 of the Scientific Proceedings of Riga Technical University has been published. Within the area of Construction Science, the following articles are published:

  • Barkanov E., Chate A., Ivashkov A., Transient Response Analysis of Sandwich Viscoelastic Structures

  • Akmens P., Klētnieks J., Photogrammetrical Investigation of the Flow-arround of a Model of Air Humidifier by Steam in the Hydraulic Tray

  • Auzins A., Geomatics. Need and Possibilities for Development of the Realm

  • Belindzeva-Korkla O., Estimation of Internal Surface Temperature to Avoid Critical Surface Humidity Accordingly to EN ISO 13788

  • Bože A., Dzelzītis E., Osis U., Performance of Riga District Heating Rehabilitation Project in Aspects of Automated Control

  • Brauns J., Rocens K., Pakrastins L., Long-Term Creep of Chipboards

  • Jelisejevs B., Opportunities for Snow Recycling in Urban Areas

  • Neilands R., Gjunsburg B., Effect of Froude Number/slope Parameters of Flow on Local Scour

  • Ozolinsh O., Non-linear Finite Element Analyses of Forming of Fastener Elements

  • Pelite U., Lesinskis A., Air Conditioning in Storage with Controlled Air Absolute Humidity Content

  • Ruchevskis S., Reichhold J., Effective Elastic Constants of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composites with the Concept of Interphase

  • Serdjuks D., Rocens K., Behavior of Hybrid Composite Tension Cable in Saddle Shape Roof

  • Skudra A., Bulavs F., Tirans N., Diagonal Cracking Criteria of Reinforced Concrete Beams Strengthened for Shear

  • Šahmenko G., Zvejnieks V., Paeglitis A., Linde J., Light Weight concrete for Bridge Constructions

  • Škapare I., Technical and Economical Viability of Geothermal Swimming Pool Development in Latvia

Inter-University and International Cooperation

      1. Institute of Materials and Constructions

  • Member of IACM (International Association for Computational Mechanics) (R. Rikards)

  • Member of ISMO (International Association for Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization) (R. Rikards)

  • Member of Editorial Board of the International Journal “Mechanics of Composite Materials” (R. Rikards)

  • Member of Editorial Board of International Journal “Mechanics of Composite Materials and Structures” (R. Rikards)

  • International Research Project POSICOSS (European Fifth Framework Programme)

  • International Research Project SANDWICH (European Fifth Framework Programme)

  • Lectures in Advanced School “Modern Trends in Composite Laminated Mechanics”, Udine, Italy, July 2002 (R. Rikards)

  • Masters’ programme student S. Ručevskis has completed (February – May, 2002) a practical course in Dresden Technical University

  • In June 2002 O. Ozoliņš defended a license project in Royal University of Sweden

  • In February 2002 Professor J. Barkanovs visited Dresden Technical University

  • In March 2002 Professor J. Barkānovs visited Taiwan University

  • In January and August 2002 Associate Professor Andris Čate visited Cassel Technical University

  • In May 2002 Professor D. Bajāre participated in a seminar of the Fifth Framework Programme Network

  • Korjakins, R. Rikards, A. Čate, H. Altenbach, Free Damped Vibrations of Sandwich Shells of Revolution, 12th International Conference on Mechanics of Composite Materials, June 9 -13, 2002, Riga, Latvia

  • R. Rikards, Metamodeling Techniques for Structural Optimization and Identification with Application for Composites, 12th International Conference on Mechanics of Composite Materials, June 9 -13, 2002, Riga, Latvia

  • Rikards R., Investigation of Fracture Criterion for Composite using CTS Specimen. ICF 10, 10th International Conference on Fracture, 2-6 December 2001, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA

  • Rikards R., Response Surface Method for Solution of Structural Identification Problems. 4th International Conference on Inverse Problems in Engineering, 26-31 May 2002, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • J. Auziņš and R. Rikards, Identification and Approximation Techniques for Response Surface Method, European Conference of Computational Mechanics, June, 2001, Poland, Krakow

  • R. Rikards, Response Surface Method for Solution of Structural Optimization and Identification Problems, European conference of Computational Mechanics, June, 2001, Poland, Krakow

  • G. Šahmenko, Mechanics of Composite Materials, 12th International Conference June 9-13, 2002, Riga, Latvia

  • Barkanov E., Chate A., Finite Element Modelling of Frequency-Dependent Dynamic Behaviour of Viscoelastic Composite Structures. 5th International Symposium on Advanced Composites, 5-7 May 2003, Corfu, Greece.

      1. Institute of Construction and Reconstruction

  • Member of the Steering Committee of the European Commission COST Action "Quality Improvement of Constructions, Using New Technologies" (K.Rocēns)

  • Member of Regional Coordination Council with the International Timber Academy "Problems of Contemporary Timber Science" (K.Rocēns).

  • Expert in "Timber, Timber Materials, Products and Constructions" Moscow State Forest Technology University (K.Rocēns)

  • Member of Editorial Board of the International Journal "Civil Engineering and Management" (K.Rocēns)

  • Xth International Baltic Conference "Materials Engineering & Balttrib - 2001" September 27 - 28, 2001, Jūrmala, Latvia, Member of Scientific Committee (K.Rocēns)

  • Twelfth International Conference on Mechanics of Composite Materials, June 9 -13, 2002, Riga, Latvia, Co-Chairman of the Local Organizing Committee of the Micro Simposium „Composite Materials in Construction” (K.Rocēns)

  • M. Dobelis participated in international conference “ArchiCAD University Europe 2002”, Nottingham University, UK, April 4 - 6 on training in computerized design for civil engineers and architects, new educational aids obtained.

  • Graphic Geometry and Engineering Computer Graphics professorial group under the supervision of conference chairman M.Dobelis on June 13 – 14, 2002 organized an international conference “Engineering Graphics BALTGRAF-6” in Riga

  • Prepared and published Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference “Engineering Graphics BALTGRAF-6”, reviewed by members of international program committee, Riga, Latvia, 2002. – 256 pp.

  • M. Dobelis participated and read two research papers in 13th Conference of European Society of Biomechanics, Wroclaw, Poland, September 1 - 4, 2002

  • M. Dobelis visited the Centre of Geometry and Engineering Graphics of Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland on September 6, 2002

  • M. Dobelis read a research paper in the International Workshop on Computer Vision, Computer Graphics, New Media ”East-West-Vison 2002, Graz, Austrija on September 12, 2002

  • M. Dobelis and J. Auzukalns are members of the editorial board of the BALTGRAF Association periodical scientific journal

  • M. Dobelis is the president of the BALTGRAF Association

  • M. Dobelis is a member of the Professorial Council in Agricultural Sciences at the Latvia Agricultural University

      1. Institute of Transportation Engineering

  • Member of ICTCT (International Cooperation on Traffic Concepts and Theories) (J.Smirnovs);

  • SOCRATES projects – EUCEET (European Civil Engineering Education and Training 2000 -2001) and EUCEET II (2002.-2004). Responsible persons: g. J.Smirnovs and g. J.Naudžuns;

  • Delivery of research paper “Civil Engineering Education in Latvia” in the second meeting of EUCEET project in Glivitz, Technological University of Silesia, June 2002 (J.Smirnovs);

  • European Union Fifth Framework Programme Project PORTAL (Promotion of Results in Transport Research and Learning 2000 – 2003) Responsible persons: g. J.Smirnovs and g. J.Naudžuns; students A.Buliga and R.Širmelis

  • Participation in PORTAL seminar in December 2001 in Vienna Earth Culture University (J.Smirnovs, R.Širmelis)

  • PHARE project – “Professional Education 2000”. Responsible persons: g. J.Naudžuns and M.Sc. V.Putnaērglis;

  • Masters’ level students Ziedonis Lazda and Raitis Lācis completed a 10-month course at the University of Linkoping on “Traffic Safety and Organization”

  • ES programme BRRT/CT98-5079 DURANET network expert – A.Paeglītis,

  • FIB 5th technical committee 5.2-1 working group expert – A.Paeglītis

  • IABSE Chairman of Latvia division – A.Paeglītis;

  • CEN TC104/SC8 associated participant – A.Paeglītis

  • Delivery of research paper in the 16th IABSE Congress in Switzerland – A.Paeglītis

  • Delivery of research paper in international conference ARC “01” – A.Paeglītis

  • Delivery of research paper in the IABSE symposium in Melburnā in 2002 – A.Paeglītis

      1. Institute of Construction Industry

  • V.Mironov, F. Muktepavel. Iron-Copper Composites. Received by Magnetic - Pulse Pressing on Cu – Impregnation. PM-World Congress, Kyoto, Japan, 2001

  • V.Mironov. Working Armature for the Reinforcement of the Building Material Ware. High Tech in Latvia, 2001

  • V.Mironov, V.Kolosov. Magnetic – Pulse Lifting Device. High Tech in Latvia, 2001

  • V.Mironov, V.Kolosov. Technology of Magnetic – Pulse Pressing. High Tech in Latvia, 2001

  • V.Mironov, V.Kolosov. The Small – Sized Impulse Electromagnetic Generator. High Tech in Latvia, 2001

  • D. Serdjuks, V. Mironov. Perforated Steel Band in the Composite Saddle Shape Cable Roof, in proceedings of the 3rd international conference ”Industrial Engineering”, April, 2002, Tallinn, Estonia

  • V. Mironov, I.Viba. Device for Transportation of Powders in a Vertical Pipe by a Pulse Electromagnetic Field, in proceedings of the 3rd international conference “Industrial Engineering”, April 2002, Tallinn, Estonia

  • V.Mironovs, I.Viba. 3rd international conference “Industrial Engineering”, April 25 – 27, 2002. Tallinn, Estonia.

  • V.Mironovs, F.Muktepavela. International Conference “Materials and Coatings for Extreme Performances”, September 16-20, 2002, Katsiveli, Crimea, the Ukraine

  • V.Mironovs. VI Seminar Höganäs Powder Materials. May 10-15, 2002, St.Petersburg, Russia

  • V.Mironovs. Höganäs Powder Materials in Europe, April 25-29, 2002, Helsinborg, Sweden

Cooperation with Potential Employers

Professor F.Bulavs is chairing Latvian Science Council (LSC) grant 01.0625 “Structural Mechanics of Layered Beams”

Professor R. Rikards is chairing grant 01.0439 “Elaboration of Methods for Optimization of Composite Materials and Constructions”

Professor K.Rocēns is participating in LSC cooperation project 02.0003 ”Materials for Latvian Economy: Elaboration of Technologies, Research of Properties, Elaboration of Rational Use Principles”

Doctoral student Boriss Jeļisejevs for two years in a row has won Latvian Civil Engineering Union scholarship competition for doctoral students of Riga Technical University and Latvia Agricultural University

In cooperation with the Latvia Education Fund and Latvia Highway Directorate, the students in the specialization of Transportation Structures have the possibility to participate in research project and scholarship competition. Every year 6 best authors of research projects and their advisors receive awards.

The number of recipients of doctoral degrees is miniscule in comparison with the number of students in bachelors’ and masters’ programs. The experience of past years indicates that after the graduation from the doctoral programme most graduates become academic staff of the Faculty of Civil Engineering of Riga Technical University. As a result, Faculty of Civil Engineering of Riga Technical University can (so far) be considered the main employer of students from this doctoral programme.

System of Assessment

The mastery of study material is assessed in a 10-grade system in accordance with the Decision of the RTU Senate of January 29, 2001 “On the transition to uniform assessment of study results” and the Decision of the RTU Senate on May 25, 2001 “On criteria of assessment of study results”. Forms of examination include quizzes, study projects and exams in accordance with study plans for each academic year.

The questions in exams and quizzes are prepared by a responsible docent on the basis of the approved course syllabus and class schedule. The questions are phrased in a way that students which can respond to them in full have gained mastery of the course and has attained the stipulated course goals.

Exams are taken in accordance with the statutes approved on January 26, 1998 and March 30, 1998 “On Order of Examinations”. The assessment of knowledge is undertaken twice a year during exam sessions. The highest evaluation – grade 10 – is given to those students which, in addition to the scope of knowledge required in the study programme, have reported on the results of their research in scientific conferences, acquainted themselves with the relevant experience of other countries etc.

Students

In the Faculty of Civil Engineering the state finances 18 doctoral students. In 2002, 16 of these 18 spaces were filled. The number of admitted students in the Faculty of Civil Engineering during the past years has drastically increased (Table 1). The number of doctoral students in the program of civil engineering has also grown.

Table 1

Years

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

Admitted Students

89

135

151

203

168

185

197

238

240

228

Number of Doctoral Students in the Civil Engineering Programme

-

2

4

3

4

7

10

8

9

8

During the reference period, the doctoral dissertation in construction science has been successfully defended by g. Dimitrijs Serdjuks and g. Viktors Filipenkovs. In the reference period, doctoral students Atis Zariņš, Leonīds Pakrastiņš and Genādijs Šahmenko have completed the theoretical course in full and completed the promotional project by 75%.

For some time, it has been difficult to reflect the fulfilment of the requirement to publish research material in academic journals, which are recognized as quotable in Latvia, within the last 5 years. However, after the commencement of the publication of Scientific Proceedings of Riga Technical University this problem has been resolved.

Currently, the following students are enrolled in the Civil Engineering doctoral program:

  • Institute of Construction and Reconstruction:

  • Normunds Tirāns, Year 1, Thesis Topic: „Criteria for Cracking of Reinforced Concrete Beams”, Research Adviser – Professor, g. F.Bulavs

  • Institute of Transportation Structures:

  • Jānis Bidzāns, Year 1, Thesis Topic „The Impact of Highway Infrastructure on the Level of Traffic Safecty”, Research Adviser – Professor, g. J. Naudžuns;

  • Boriss Jeļisejevs, Year 2, Thesis Topic „Uniform Concept of State Highway Daily Maintenance”, Research Adviser – Professor, g. J.Naudžuns;

  • Institute of Materials and Constructions:

  • Kaspars Kalniņš, Year 1, Thesis Topic „Elaboration of Methods for Optimization of Thin-Walled Composite Constructions”, Research Adviser – Professor, g. R.Rikards

  • Sergejs Borisjuks, Year 1, Thesis Topic „ Elaboration of Methods for Optimization of Thin-Walled Composite Constructions”, Research Adviser – Professor, g. R.Rikards;

  • Aleksandrs Ivaškovs, Year 3, Thesis Topic „Research on Vibrations and Properties of Acoustic Materials in Composite Constructions”, Research Adviser – Professor, g. R.Rikards;

  • Oļģerts Ozoliņš, Year 1, Thesis Topic „ Optimization of Thin-Walled Composite Constructions”, Research Adviser – Professor, g. A..Čate;

  • Andrejs Kovaļovs, Year 3, Thesis Topic „Calculations of Ribbed Composite Shell Durability”, Research Adviser – Professor, g. A.Čate.



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