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Agenda Item No :


Report title: Annual Report of Research Institutes

Report of: Research Institutes

For submission to:

Date: 28 November 2008

Summary of report: Reports from the University’s Research Institutes:

  • Applicable Computing

  • Applied Natural Sciences

  • Applied Social Research

  • Business & Management Research

  • Education

  • Health

  • Media, Art and Design

Please note that the Institute for Research in Sport and Physical Activity was

in a developmental stage during 2008-09 and its first report will not be due

until September 2009.

Documents used in compiling this report:

Contact officer: Professor Andrew Slade and Research Institute Directors

Recommendations: For note

Institute for Research in Applicable Computing

Annual Research Report

Academic Year 2007-2008

Annual Report 2007-08

Research Areas

The Institute for Research in Applicable Computing (IRAC), focuses on solving real-world problems by developing novel applications of computer technology and by providing innovative tools to enable users to employ computer technology more efficiently and more effectively, and aims at producing high quality research results and PhD students. In the same time, IRAC is also conducting some research at the highest level in theoretical computer science and advanced number-theoretic cryptography.

It has three main centres, CREDIT, the Centre for Research in Distributed Technologies, led by Prof Carsten Maple, CWiND, the Centre for Wireless Network Design, led by Prof Jie Zhang, and CCGV, the Centre for Computer Graphics and Visualisation, led by Prof Gordon Clapworthy.

Within CREDIT, the Secure Services Group has research interests in the areas of secure web services, ubiquitous systems, trust and privacy, and their work is partly funded by EPSRC.  Particular strengths of the group include novel methods for authentication, including visual password systems. The Distributed Processing Group has interests in solving complex problems through parallel computing strategies. Several members of the Centre are involved in the application of artificial intelligence techniques to a variety of applications including biomedical work associated with patient care, drug testing in sport, industrial sensing and quality control, and driver awareness.

CWiND works in the area of network design for mobile communication. It is the most rapidly expanding of the centres as a result of two successful bids to the European Commission under the Marie Curie Programme, which have brought a large number of research students and postdoctoral researchers to the Institute over the last year. A further bid was successful recently – the project will start in early 2009. CWiND is working in a “hot” area currently and has attracted many further applications from students wishing to study for a research degree; hence its growth is projected to continue into the future. It is now probably the largest research group in Europe working in this domain.

CCGV concentrates on research in computer graphics, computer animation and medical visualisation. It has a strong record in collaborative work, having active collaborations with research partners in more than 20 countries world-wide. It has been a partner in 18 international projects in recent years, in 7 of which it acted as project co-ordinator. The group currently has 12 research fellows working on 5 EU projects and 2 EPSRC projects, making it amongst the largest computer graphics/visualisation groups in the UK.

CCGV also appointed Prof Hai Lin, from the State Key Lab (SKL) of CAD and Computer Graphics at Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China as Visiting Professor. This is the topmost lab in China; it has a strong international reputation and a publication record that far surpasses that of any UK graphics lab. Under the agreement, Prof Lin will supervise research students at the SKL working on projects defined by CCGV; this will increase the critical mass of CCGV and give its work greater momentum.


The Institute has several labs and studying rooms in Park Square for research students and research fellows. D109 is housing all researchers in CWiND. D107-108 currently houses CCGV and these rooms are shortly to be refurbished into a single Lab for CCGV researchers. A third lab for about 15 researchers in E301/E301a was opened in September 2007.

As the Institute continues to grow, and to take new post-doctoral researchers, additional space will be needed if more research degree students and research fellows are to be accommodated. A bid for a cluster is also in consideration but an air-conditioned room for this cluster is needed to be found first.


Prof Song Yan succeeded Professor Clapworthy as the Director of the Institute from September 2007.


The Institute continues to develop rapidly. Many staff are submitting substantial research proposals to funding bodies, and the proportion of computing staff involved in research supervision has increased from 25% in 2003, when the Institute was founded, to 80% in 2008. This clearly demonstrates the increased level of confidence and research maturity that has developed across the Institute.

IRAC again played a prominent part in the University Poster Day in July, with an impressive set of posters demonstrating the full range of its activities.

CCGV currently has 5 EC projects, all of which are centred in the area of the Virtual Physiological Human (VPH) – see below. These projects are:

  • LHDL: Living Human Digital Library - creating an infrastructure of support for the development and deployment of biomedical applications in a distributed environment

  • Aneurist: a huge project with 32 partners looking at all aspects of brain aneurysms and providing a comprehensive toolkit to support clinicians in defining treatment and aftercare

  • VPHOP: the Osteoporotic Virtual Physiological Human - again a large-scale project looking at osteoporosis (";brittle bone disease";) which, surprisingly, annually kills more women in Europe than breast cancer 

  • VPH2: the Virtual Pathological Heart of the Virtual Physiological Human - modelling dysfunction of the left ventricle, which includes some challenging aspects on real-time visualisation of time-dependent (4D) data

  • Contra Cancrum: multiscale modelling of two main types of cancer (lung & brain).

CCGV also successfully completed the STEP project, which was classified as “outstanding” by the EC Reviewers (as, indeed, were the LHDL and Aneurist projects at their Reviews, earlier in 2008).

Gordon Clapworthy was, for the entire period, heavily involved in the Virtual Physiological Human (VPH). This is an initiative of the European Commission that is linking with similar projects worldwide and is designed to create an integrated model of the human physiology. Thus, a characteristic of VPH projects is the multiscale modelling of biomedical structures involving physical scales ranging from the whole body through organs, tissues, cells, genes, molecules, etc., using models at each scale that are compatible with those at adjacent scales.

As part of this, Prof Clapworthy was Project Coordinator of the STEP project, which organised two international conferences in Brussels, with 300 delegates, and structured an extended Internet-based discussion involving 600 international experts that eventually led to the production of the roadmap Seeding the EuroPhysiome which was circulated to over 1500 recipients in the European Parliament, the European Commission and national ministries of health around Europe in 2007. Pressure from STEP helped to ensure that work on VPH became a priority in the European Commission’s Framework 7 Programme, and the first Call for Proposals on the VPH closed in October 2007. Two further VPH calls are planned for 2009 and 2010. In the 2007 Call, the Centre for Computer Graphics & Visualisation (CCGV) was successful with 3 proposals worth over €830,000; these projects started in late summer 2008.

Prof Clapworthy acted as Guest Editor for two special issues on the VPH for the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A (the oldest scientific journal in the world); both issues appeared in the later summer of 2008. He also continued his invited membership of the International Advisory Board of the Chinese NSF Virtual Mechanical Human project, which is based at Shanghai JiaTong University.

Feng Dong joined CCGV as Professor of Visual Computing in September 2007. He is currently Principal Investigator on 2 EPSRC projects on figure animation. Both projects deal directly with images and involve the use of texture. The most recent project is exploring the possibilities of reducing the amount of 3D modelling required in the production of computer games and computer-generated scenes in movies by adopting a novel image-based approach. Collaborators in these projects are Antics 3D, an international company marketing computer animation software, and Cinesite, a movie effects company that works regularly on box-office films such as Harry Potter, The Golden Compass, etc.

Prof Dong has taken over the organisation of the annual MediVis conference from Gordon Clapworthy and helped to stage the successful 2008 conference in London in July. MediVis has now established itself as the leading European conference in visualisation in the biological and medical sciences.

Enjie Liu coordinates the Web Services aspects of the projects in CCGV. Dr Liu, who also has an innovative EPSRC project on femtocells within CWiND, has been working on LHDL, VPHOP and Contra Cancrum to enable researchers to gain access to the huge volumes of data that are distributed across Europe and to access it using legacy software that is wrapped to enable it to be run from a single unified system, no matter by whom it was produced and under what computer language or operating system it was originally developed.

CWiND has become one of the largest, best-funded and leading groups in radio access network (RAN) planning and optimisation. It is now well-known in the wireless communications community in Europe. And it has become a reputable wireless communications group in Europe. Since 2005, CWiND members won over €3.0M funding from the EPSRC and the EC. There are six permanent academic staff and 15-18 postdoctoral Research Fellows (RFs) / PhD students within CWiND. CWiND research covers almost the whole spectrum of radio access network (RAN) planning and optimisation (P&O). The research topics include new radio propagation models, automatic UMTS/HSPA/LTE/WiMAX planning and optimisation, simulation methods, and the use of high performance computing (HPC) in radio propagation, static and dynamic simulator and RAN optimisation engine. Some current projects are as follows:

  • Marie Curie EST RanPlan-HEC: €832K; Principal Investigator: Prof. Jie Zhang; Fernando Gordejuela and Hui Song started in Oct. 2006, both of them are on 36 month contracts. Xiaoyan Lin started in Dec. 2006; she is on 21 month contract. Panu Lahdekorpi started 28 Jan 2007, on 12 month stipend contract. David Lopez started in May 2007, Alvaro Valcarce started in July 2007. Guillaume de la Roche acted as a short term visiting PhD fellow on the project while he is finishing his PhD. Lorenzo Galati started in March 2008 for 6 months. The project attracts PhD students of very high calibre. It is expected the project will have a great success and the project will be complete in August 2010.

  • Marie Curie ToK GAWIND: €917K; Principal Investigator: Prof. Jie Zhang; Dr Liqiang Zhao joined the group in July 2007 on a 12-month contract; Dr Raymond Kwan joined the group in July 2007 on a 24-month contract; Dr Alpar Jutter joined the group in September 2007 on a 24-month contract; Guillaume de la Roche will transfer to this project from Jan 2008. Mr Akos Ladanyi joined the group in June 2008 on 12-month contract. Mr. Fengjun Lu joined CWiND on this project in June 2008 for 12-month FTE contract.

  • EPSRC WiMAX femtocells: £72K; Principal Investigator: Dr. Enjie Liu, Co-Investigator: Prof. Jie Zhang; The project started in April 2008 and will complete in Dec 2008). The project is doing quite well.

In addition to the above a succession of new projects are about to commence:

  • EC Framework 7: three new FP7 projects will start from Nov. 2008, Jan. 2009 and Feb. 2009, with a total of €850K funding. The projects are centred on 3G/4G radio access network planning and optimisation.

  • EPSRC: A UK-China Science Bridge Award on 4G Mobile Communications: Prof. Jie Zhang is one of the 7 investigators of the project. The project has an EPSRC contribution of £1.1 million. The proposal was very highly evaluated by five reviewers. The proposal is waiting for panel decision.

CREDIT has some 11 academic staff with 2 postdoctoral research fellows, 11 PhD students and 2 Masters by Research students. The Centre has research expertise in a range of areas of distributed technologies and comprises three research groups: Distributed Data and Processing; Web Services and Internet Systems; and Telecommunications and Networking. The Centre currently has close to £850K of funding (approximately half of which from EPSRC).

Distributed Data and Processing

This research group, led by Prof. Maple, involves solving a variety of problems from science and engineering. Key areas of interest are Grid computing and parallel algorithms for: image processing, electrical engineering, graph matching and data mining. Collaborating institutions include Cardiff University, Loughborough University, the Polish Academy of Sciences, Bialystok Technical University, the Technical University of Dresden and University College Cork.

Web Services and Internet Systems

This interdisciplinary research group cross the three centres of CREDIT, CWiND and CCGV , led by Dr Enjie Liu, involves a range of activities in the area of internet systems. The main areas of focus include security and trust, reliability, authentication techniques, SOAP, XML and the semantic web. Collaborating institutions include Reading University, The Open University, Reading University and Thames Valley University.

Theory of Computing and Cryptography

This group, led by Prof Song Yan, conducts research in computability, intractability and learnability in number theory and cryptograph. Collaboration institutions include Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology in USA.

The Institute runs a series of eminent seminars in information security by inviting some of the best people in the field such as Prof Fred Piper. Scheduled seminars including also Prof Steve Cook from University of Toronto (1982 Turing Award Recipient) and Michael Sipser (Expert in Theory of Computation Head of MIT Mathematics Department).

Projects that have run during 2007-08:

STEP: A Strategy for the EuroPhysiome, European Commission, €575,000, Gordon Clapworthy – successfully concluded March 2007

LHDL: The Living Human Digital Library, European Commission, €404,000, Gordon Clapworthy –February 2006 to January 2009

Aneurist: Integrated Biomedical Informatics for the Management of Cerebral Aneurysms, European Commission, €250,000, Gordon Clapworthy – January 2006 to December 2009

VPH2: The Virtual Pathological Heart of the Virtual Physiological Human, European Commission, €200,000, Gordon ClapworthyJune 2008 to May 2011

ContraCancrum: Clinically Oriented Translational Cancer Multilevel Modelling, European Commission, €356,000, Gordon ClapworthyAugust 2008 to July 2011

VPHOP: The Osteoporotic Virtual Physiological Human, European Commission, €277,000, Gordon Clapworthy – September 2008 to August 2012

Animating Humans from Static Images via an Entirely Image-Based Approach, EPSRC, £80,000, Feng Dong – April 2008 to March 2009

Amplifiable Bi-directional Texture Functions for 3D High Fidelity Images, EPSRC, £126,000, Feng Dong – August 2005 to October 2008

RanPlan-HEC,European Commission – Marie Curie EST, €832K; Jie Zhang – November 2006 to October 2010

GAWIND: European Commission – Marie Curie ToK: €917K; Jie Zhang

WiMAX femtocells, EPSRC, £72K, Enjie Liu – April 2008 to March 2009

IRAC was engaged on 5 EPSRC CASE studentships Two projects, supervised by Dayou Li and Carsten Maple, respectively, with local companies HFL and Kinetic, completed in March 2008. The third project, with Modern Networks, started in June 2007, again supervised by Carsten Maple, and two further projects have commenced under the supervision of Wei Huang and Vitaly Schetinin, respectively. The CASE studentships are all with local SMEs, underlining the priority given within IRAC to applying advanced computer technology and novel computational approaches to address “real” problems affecting industry, with a particular emphasis on local companies.

Yong Yue was a co-investigator in the UK-China network on intelligent automation, computing and manufacture, funded by the EPSRC, which concluded in 2007.

Paul Sant continues with his Newly-Appointed Lecturer Award from the Nuffield Foundation; this follows the previous successes of Jie Zhang and Enjie Liu in this area.

Song Yan was awarded a Royal Society grand in 2006 to collaborate with Prof Richard Brent (Fellow of ACM and IEEE, formerly Professor in Computing at Oxford University) on feasibility/infeasibility computation in cryptography.

Research Publications – 2007-8


Dong F, Ghinea G, Chen S (2008)

User-Centered Medical Visualization, IDEA Group, USA

Yan S, (2008)

Cryptanalytic Attacks on RSA, Springer, 2008. ISBN 0-387-48741-0

Book Chapters

Viceconti M, Taddei F, Van Sint Jan S L, A Leardini, Clapworthy G J, Galizia S, Quadrani P (2007)

Towards the Multiscale Modelling of the Musculoskeletal System. In: Y Gonzalez and M Cerrolaza (eds), Bioengineering Modeling and Computer Simulation

Aydin M, Yang J, Zhang J (2007)

A Comparative Investigation on Heuristic Optimization of WCDMA Radio Networks, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, LNCS Volume “Applications of Evolutionary Computing”, Springer-Verlag, 2007

Edited Volumes

    Clapworthy G J, Moore C (eds) (2007)

    IEEE Medical Information Visualisation, Proc MediVis 07, IEEE Computer Society Press

Clapworthy G J, Viceconti M, Coveney P V, Kohl P (2008)

Editorial –Building a Framework for Computational Biomedicine I, Phil Trans Royal Society A (Special Issue on the Virtual Physiological Human), Vol 366, No 1878, pp 2975-2978

Kohl P, Coveney P V, Clapworthy G J, Viceconti M (2008)

Editorial –Building a Framework for Computational Biomedicine II, Phil Trans Royal Society A (Special Issue on the Virtual Physiological Human), Vol 366, No 1879, pp 3223-3224

Journal Papers

de la Roche G, Jaffrès-Runser K, Gorce J-M (2007)

On predicting Indoor WLAN coverage with a fast discrete approach. In International Journal of Mobile Network Design and Innovation. Vol 2, No 1, pp.3-12 (ISSN 1744-2869)

Dong F, Clapworthy G J and Lin H (2007)

Pseudo Surface-Texture Synthesis, Computers & Graphics, Vol 31, No 2, pp.252-261

Dong F, Ye X (2007)

Multi-Scaled Texture Synthesis Using Multiple-Sized Neighborhoods, IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, Vol 27, No 3, pp 41-47

Ersotelos N, Dong F (2007)

Building Highly Realistic Facial Animation: A Survey, The Visual Computer, Vol 24, No 1, pp 13-30

Fenner J W, Brook B, Clapworthy G J, Coveney P V, Feipel V, Gregersen H, Hose D R, Kohl P, Lawford P, McCormack K M, Pinney D, Thomas S R, Van Sint Jan S L, Waters S, Viceconti M (2008)

The EuroPhysiome, STEP and a Roadmap for the Virtual Physiological Human, Phil Trans Royal Society A (Special Issue on the Virtual Physiological Human), Vol 366, No 1878, pp 2979-2999

Gu H, Zhang J, Wang K, Liu Z, Kang G (2007)

Enhanced Fault Tolerant Routing Algorithms Using a Concept of Balanced Ring, Journal of Systems Architecture, Vol 53 (12) pp 902-912

Gorce J-M, Jaffrès-Runser K, De La Roche G (2007)

Deterministic Approach for Fast Simulations of Indoor Radio Wave Propagation. In IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. Vol 55, Issue 3, Part 2, March 2007, pp.938-948. (ISSN: 0018-926X)

Huang W, Chen B (2007)

Scheduling of Batch Plants: Constraint-Based Approach and Performance Investigation. International Journal of Production Economics, Vol 105 pp425-444 ISSN 0925-5273

Maple C, Williams G, Yue Y (2007)

Reliability, availability and security of wireless networks in the Community, Informatica, Vol 31 (2) pp 201-208, ISSN 0350-5596

Ou S, Yang K, Zhang J (2007)

An Effective Offloading Middleware for Pervasive Services on Mobile Devices, Elsevier Journal of Pervasive and Mobile Computing (PMC), 2007 Vol 3/4 pp 362-385

    Qiu H, Kubo A, Li Z-Y, Yue Y (2008)

    Optimal Archimedes’ spiral interpolation for cutter path generation in nc machining of noncircular contours, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 36(1-2) pp 69-82,ISSN 0268-3768

Ratchev S, Liu S, Huang W, Becker A A (2007)

Machining simulation and system integration combining FE analysis and cutting mechanics modeling. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 35 pp 55-65.

Uglov J, Schetinin V, Maple C (2007)

Comparing Robustness of Pairwise and Multiclass Neural-Network Systems for Face Recognition, submitted to the Special Issue on ";Advanced Signal Processing and Pattern Recognition Methods for Biometrics"; in EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing. June 2007.

Uglov J, Jakaite L, Schetinin V, Maple C (2008)

Comparing Robustness of Pairwise and Multiclass Neural-Network Systems for Face Recognition. EURASIP Journal of Applied Signal Processing, Hindawi, USA, 2008. (ISI 0.62)

Uglov J, Jakaite L, Schetinin V and Maple C (2008)

Comparing Robustness of Pairwise and Multiclass Neural-Network Systems for Face Recognition. EURASIP Journal of Applied Signal Processing, Hindawi, USA, ISSN: 1687-6172. Vol 2008, Article ID 468693. doi:10.1155/2008/468693

Viceconti M, Zannoni C, Testi D, Petrone M, Perticoni S, Quadrani P, Taddei F, Imboden S, Clapworthy G J (2007)

The Multimod Application Framework: A Rapid Application Development Tool for Computer Aided Medicine, Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, Vol 85, No 2, Feb 2007, pp 138-151

Viceconti M, Taddei F, Montanari L, Testi D, Leardini A, Clapworthy G J, Van Sint Jan S L (2007)

Multimod Data Manager: a Tool for Data Fusion, Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, Vol 87, No 2, Aug 2007, pp 148-159

Wang J, Zhang S, Maple C, Zhao Z (2008)

Guaranteeing Hard Real-Time Traffic with Legitimately Short Deadlines with the Timed Token Protocol, Computer Standards and Interfaces.

Wang Y, Zhang J, Zhang Q, Zhang N (2008)

Evaluation of an Ultra-wide Bandwidth Wireless Indoor Non-line-of-sight Channels Wiley Journal of Wireless Communication and Mobile Computing, Vol 8 (1) pp 1-11

Yang J, Aydin M, Zhang J, Maple C (2007)

UMTS Base Station Location Planning: a Mathematical Model and Heuristic Optimisation Algorithms, IET Communications, October 2007, Vol 1(5) pp1007-1014

Yang J, Zhang J, Aydin M, Wu J (2007)

Optimisation of WCDMA Radio Networks with Consideration of Link-Level Performance Factors, Inter. J. of Mobile Network Design and Innovation, Vol 2 (1) pp pp 26-33

Yang K, Zhang J, Chen H (2007)

A Flexible QoS-aware Service Gateway for Heterogeneous Wireless Networks, IEEE Network, Vol 21 (2) pp 6-12

Zhao L, Zhang J, Zhang H (2007)

GDCF: A Game-theoretic Distributed Coordination Function in WLANs, IET Electronics Letters, Vol 43 (9) pp 510-511

Zhao L, Zhang J, Zhang H (2007)

Directional DCF – A MAC Protocol to Simultaneously Support Both Omni-directional and Smart Antennas in a Same WLAN Cell, IET Communications, Vol 1 (4) pp 765-771

Zhao L, Zhang J and H. Zhang H (2008)

Using Incompletely Cooperative Game Theory in Wireless Mesh Networks, IEEE Network, Vol 22 (1) pp 39-44

Zhao L, Zhang HW, Zhang J, Zhang H (2008)

Selfish Traffic with Rational Nodes in WLANs, IEEE Communications Letters, Vol12 (9)

Zhao L, Wu Y,  Zhang H, Zhang J (2008)

Integrated QoS Differentiation over IEEE 802.11 WLANs, IET Communications, Vol 2 (2) pp 329-335

ZhaoL, Zhang J, Zhang H (2008)

Hub-Polling-Based IEEE 802.11 PCF with Integrated QoS Differentiation Wiley Journal of Wireless Communication and Mobile Computing, Vol. 8(10)

Conference Papers and Proceedings

Agrawal A, Kohout J, Clapworthy G J, McFarlane N J B, Dong F, Viceconti M, Taddei F, Testi D (2008)

Adapting the Storage of Large Medical Datasets to Enable Interactive Display, Proc International Conference on Computer Graphics & Virtual Reality (CGVR08), Las Vegas, July 2008

Agrawal A, Kohout J, Clapworthy G J, McFarlane N J B, Dong F, Viceconti M, Taddei F, Testi D (2008)

Interactive Out-of-Core Exploration of Large Volume Datasets in VTK Based Visualisation Systems, Proc Conference on Theory & Practice of Computer Graphics (TPCG08), Manchester, June 2008

Ahmed E, Bessis N, Yue Y, Stephens D (2008)

Data Loading and Mapping using Staging DBMS in the Grid, 21st IEEE Annual Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, Symposium on Computer Systems and Applications, CCECE 2008, 4th-7th May, Ontario, Canada

Aydin M, Yang J, Zhang J (2007)

A Comparative Investigation on Heuristic Optimization of WCDMA Radio Networks, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, LNCS Volume “Applications of Evolutionary Computing”, Springer-Verlag

Bessis N, French T, Burakova-Lorgnier M, Huang W (2007)

Using Grid for Data Sharing to Support Intelligence in Decision Making. In Xu M. (ed), Managing Strategic Intelligence: Techniques and Technologies. Idea Group Publishing Inc. ISBN 978-1-59904-243-5.

Bessis N, Norrington P (2007)

Developing the University of Bedfordshire Educational Resource Network, Teaching and Learning Workshop, 19th June, Luton.

Bessis N, French T, Huang W (2007)

Semiotic Approach to Virtual Organisational Trust, Procs. UKAIS Conference, Manchester University.

Bessis N, French T, Lai Z (2007)

Using Grid Technologies to support Intelligence by Providing a Higher Level of Accuracy in Financial Decision Making, e-Society, IADIS, 3rd-6th July 2007, Lisbon, ISBN: 9789728924355.

Bessis N, Asimakopoulou E (2008)

Towards a Grid Aware Forest Fire Evacuation Warning System, International Conference in Disaster and Reduction, IDRC, 25th - 29th August, Davos.

Burakova-Lorgnier M, Bessis N (2008)

Modelling Trust-Control Dynamics for Grid-based Communities, 8th International Conference on Knowledge, Culture and Change in Organizations (Communications, Collaborative Cultures, Teams), 5th-8th August 2008, Cambridge.

Bessis N, Gaitan A, Shukla M, Stephens J (2008)

Using Next Generation Service Oriented Technologies to Assess Cultural Handling of Information Communication Technology, International Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems, Web Based Communities 2008, IADIS, 24th -26th July, Amsterdam.

Bessis N, Asimakopoulou E (2008)

The Development of a Personalised and Dynamic Driven RSS Specification for the Built Environment, International Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems, Web Based Communities 2008, IADIS, 24th -26th July, Amsterdam.

Bessis N (2008)

Data Push Model Architecture to support B2B and B2C Transactions in OGSA-DAI, presented at International Conference in Computer Science, ATINER, 21st-24th July 2008, Athens.

Bessis N, Wells J, Lam K (2008)

The Design and Implementation of a Grid-enabled Web Search Engine to support B2C and B2B Transactions, The Scope of Information Systems: Perspectives from Academia and Practice, UKAIS 2008: 13th International Conference in Information Systems, 10th-11th April, Bournemouth.

Bessis N, Chauhan J (2008)

The Design and Implementation of a Database Consistency Service in OGSA-DAI, International Conference on Information Systems 2008, IADIS, 9th-11th April, Algarve.

Bessis N, Norrington P (2008)

Assessing the Acceptability of a Distributed Learning Resources Repository Catalogue for Computer Based Assessments, International Conference on Web-Based Education 2008, IASTED, 17th-19th March, Innsbruck.

Chang C, Yue Y, Zhang S, Maple C (2007)

PSA: A personalisation support architecture for mobile advertising, Proc 13th International Conference on Automation and Computing (ICAC’07) pp 253-257 ISBN 978-0-9555293-1-3, Stafford, UK, Sept. 2007.

Chen D, Dong F (2007)

Shape from shading using wavelets, Proc. 2nd International Workshop on Semantic Media Adaptation and Personalization (SMAP 2007), London, pp 86-91, December 2007

Clapworthy G J, P Kohl, Gregerson H, Thomas S R, Viceconti M, Hose D R, Pinney D, Fenner J, McCormack K, Lawford P, Van Sint Jan S L, Waters S, Coveney P V (2007)

Digital Human Modelling: A Global Vision and a European Perspective, Proc. HCI International 2007 - Vol 12, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol 4561, Springer Verlag, pp 549-558

Conrad M, Huchard M (2007)

Enhancing the UML with Shadows for Agile Development, , Short paper in Proceedings of Software Engineering 2007, GI-Edition Lecture Notes in Informatics, Vol 105, pp 249-250

Conrad M, Huchard M, Preuss T (2008)

Integrating Shadows in Model Driven Engineering for Agile Software Development, Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Engineering Complex Distributed Systems (ECDS 2008) in conjunction with International Conference on Complex, Intelligent, and Software Intensive Systems (CISIS 2008), IEEE Computer Society, Barcelona, Spain

de la Roche G, Villemaud G, Gorce J-M (2007)

Efficient Finite Difference Method for Simulating Radio Propagation in Dense Urban Environments. In European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP 2007), Edinburgh, UK, November 2007. (ISSN: 1045-9243)

de la Roche G, Gorce J-M (2007)

MR-FDPF: an Efficient Finite Difference Method for Simulating Radio Propagation in Complex Environments. COST2100 MCM, Druisbug, Germany September 2007.

de la Roche G, Gallon X, Gorce J-M, Villemaud G (2007)

On predicting Fast Fading Strength from indoor 802.11 Simulations. In International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications (ICEAA 2007), Torino, Italy, September, 2007. (ISBN: 978-1-4244-0767-5)

French T, Liu K, Springett M (2007)

A Card-sorting Probe for E-Banking, Proceedings HCI 2007, (full paper) vol 1 BCS Publications, pp 45-54,ISBN 1-902505-94-8.

French T, Bessis N, Huang W (2007)

Grid Enabled Computing: A Semiotic Approach to Virtual Organisational Trust, 21st century IS: do organisations matter? UKAIS 2007: 12th International Conference in Information Systems, 11th-12th April, Manchester.

French T, Huang W, Hill R, Polovina S (2007)

Semiotic models of trust and usability for agent-managed grid services. Proceedings of the 15th international workshops on Conceptual Structures (ICCS 2007), 22nd- 27th July 2007, Sheffield, pp25-30, ISBN 978-1-84628-990-3, Akhgar Ed., Springer

Gibbons A, Sant P (2008)

Crochemore Sets, London Algorithmics: Theory and Practice. College Publications

Gibbons A, Sant P (2008)

Binary Trees, Towers and Colourings, Proceedings of the International Workshop on Combinatorial Algorithms 2007, L. Brankovich, Y. Lin and W.F. Smyth (Eds), College Publications,

ISBN 9781904987673.

Gu H, Zhang J, Wang K, Wang C (2007)

rHALB: A New Load-Balanced Routing Algorithm for k-ary n-cube Networks, The 7th bi-annual Conference on Parallel Processing Technologies (APPT'07), Guangzhou, China, Nov. 22-23, 2007, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol 3756, Springer-Verlag

Guo X, Li D, Clapworthy G, Pritchett N (2008)

A Survey of Fuzzy Logic on Handling Lexical Vagueness, Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Automation & Computing, September 2008, Brunel University, London, UK

Huang W, Li R, Maple C, Yang H, Foskett D, Cleaver V (2008)

Web application development lifecycle for small medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Proceedings of the 8th International conference on quality software (QSIC 2008), pp247-252, 12-13 August 2008, Oxford, UK, Published by IEEE Computer Society, ISBN 978-0-7695-3312-4

Jakaite L, Schetinin V (2008)

Feature Selection for Bayesian Evaluation of Trauma Death Risk, 14th Nordic Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics

Kang X, Yue Y, Li D,Maple C (2008)

Genetic Algorithm Based Solution to Dead-End Problems in Robot Navigation, Proceedings of ICMIC08, June, 2008, Shanghai, China

Kwan R, Leung C, Zhang J (2008)

A Power Assignment Scheme for Improving Outage Probability in HSDPA. IEEE VTC 2008 Spring

Kwan R, Leung C, Zhang J (2008)

Multiuser Scheduling for High Speed Uplink Packet Access. IEEE VTC 2008 Spring

Lai Z, Bessis N, Zhang J, Clapworthy G (2007).

Some Thoughts on Adaptive Grid-enabled Optimisation Algorithms for Wireless Network Simulation and Planning, UK e-Science, All Hands Meeting (AHM2007), 10th-13th September 2007, Nottingham

Lehmann M, Preuss T, Rambow M, Conrad M (2007)

Multimedia Support for Highend PDAs, Proceedings of the IS&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging Symposium, San Jose, 2007.

    Li YQ, Li D, Maple C, Yue Y (2007)

    Incrementally constructing surround roadmaps, 13th IEEE IFAC International Conference on Methods and Models in Automation and Robotics (MMAR 2007), 1085-1092, Szczecin, Poland, 27-30 August 2007

Liu B, Li D, Jiang D, Maple C, Yue Y (2008)

The Research of Fuzzy Logic based Human-robot Cooperation, Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Automation & Computing, September, 2008, Brunel University, London, UK

Lopez-Perez D, Gordejuela-Sanchez F, Zhao L Q, Huang W, Zhang J (2008)

EMI: Experimental WiMAX simulator for network planning and optimization, presented at 4th MCM COST2100, Wroclaw, Poland, February 2008.

McFarlane N J B, Clapworthy G J, Agrawal A, Viceconti M, Taddei F, Schileo E, Baruffaldi F (2008)

3D Multiscale Visualisation for Medical Datasets, Proc International Conference on Medical Visualisation (MediVis08), London, UK, 8-11 July 2008, pp 47-52

Oussena S, French, T (2008)

Integrating the Semiotic into UML via Enhancing and Cross-validating Use Case with an Enriched Domain Model, Sociotech ID Workshop: New Insights into Interaction Design, BCS Interaction & Sociotechnical Specialist Groups, London.

Schetinin V, Maple C (2007)

A Bayesian Model Averaging Methodology for Detecting EEG Artefacts. 15th International Conference on Digital Signal Processing, DSP-2007, Sponsored by the IEEE, Cardiff, UK, 499-502

SchetininV, LiD, MapleC (2008)

An Evolutionary-Based Approach to Learning Multiple Decision Models from Underrepresented Data. The 4th International Conference on Natural Computation (ICNC'08), China, IEEE Computer Society

Schetinin V, Krzanowski W.J, Maple C (2007)

The Bayesian Decision Tree Technique Using an Adaptive Sampling Scheme. The 20th IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems, CBMS-2007, Maribor, Slovenia, 121-126

Shukla M, Bessis N, Conrad M, Clapworthy G, Yue Y (2008)

Predicting Group Size in Second Life. International Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems, Web Based Communities 2008, IADIS, 24th -26th July, Amsterdam.

Springett M, French T (2007)

User Experience and its Relationship to Usability: The Case of e-Commerce Web-site Design, Workshop: Towards a User Experience Manifesto, Lancaster University,43-48.

Tao Y B, Lin H, Bao H J, Dong F, Clapworthy G J (2008)

Designing Transfer Functions from Photographic Volumes for Rendering Features of Interest, Proc Computer Graphics International 2008 (CGI2008), Istanbul (Turkey), June 2008

Valcarce A, de la Roche G, Zhang J (2008)

On the Use of a Lower Frequency in Finite-Difference Simulations for Urban Radio Coverage. In IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference Spring (VTC-Spring 2008), Marina Bay, Singapore, May 2008. (ISSN:1550-2252, ISBN: 1-4244-0266-2)

Van Sint Jan S L, Viceconti M, Clapworthy G J (2007)

The Europhysiome: Towards an Infrastructure for a More Integrated Research, Journal of Biomechanics, Vol 40, Supplement 2, p282

Wang J, Zhang S, Maple C (2007)

Real-Time Communication in Wireless Home Networks: A Survey, Proc 13th International Conference on Automation and Computing (ICAC’07), pp248-252, ISBN 978-0-9555293-1-3, Stafford, UK

Yan S, French T (2007)

Non-Repudiable Authentications in E-Systems, Procs. ICCS, pp17-24 Springer.

Yan S, James G (2007)

A New Scheme for Deniable/Repudiable Authentications, Computer Algebra in Scientific Computing, Lecture Note in Computer Science 4770, Springer, pp17-24 Springer, pp 424-432.

Yang J, Zhang J, Aydin M, Wu J (2007)

A Novel Programming Model and Optimisation Algorithms for WCDMA Networks, 65th IEEE VTC, Dublin, Ireland

Zhao L, Zhang J, Yang K, Zhang H (2007)

Using Incompletely Cooperative Game Theory in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, IEEE ICC 2007, 24-27 June 2007, Glasgow

Zhao L, Zhang J, Zhang H (2008)

Using Incompletely Cooperative Game Theory in Wireless Sensor Networks, IEEE WCNC 2008

Zhao X, Liu E, Clapworthy G J (2008)

Service-Oriented Digital Libraries: A Web Services Approach, Proc 3rd International Conference on Internet and Web Applications and Services (ICIW2008), pp 608-613, Athens (Greece), June 2008

Zhao X, Liu E, Clapworthy G J, Quadrani P, Testi D, Viceconti M (2008)

Using Web Services for Distributed Medical Visualisation, Proc Intenational Conference on Medical Visualisation (MediVis08), pp 57-62, London, July 2008

Research Degree Awards

Antony Brown, (PhD 12 February 2008) Director of Studies Prof Carsten Maple

Multilevel regression modelling of Melanoma incidence

Gareth Hannaford, (MPhil 12August 2008) Director of Studies: Dr Jonathan Mullins

A software tool for the identification of protein binding sites and quantification of ligand-protein binding.

Sean Pollonais, (MSc by Research 12 September 2007) Director of Studies: Prof Carsten Maple

Developing secure software and environments for small and medium enterprises

Xiaoliang Zhang (PhD 2008 28 July 2008) Director of Studies: Dr Osei Adjei

Drowsiness detection based on Gebenbauer features

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