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по дисциплине «Иностранный язык»

Методическая записка

Основной целью самостоятельной работы студентов по дисциплине «Иностранный язык» является подготовка к практическим занятиям и экзамену по дисциплине, а также, совершенствование навыков чтения текстов из научно-популярной и специальной литературы. Для самостоятельной работы студентам предлагается план самостоятельных занятий, рассчитанный на 17-22 учебные недели.

В ходе подготовки к практическим занятиям студентам рекомендуется пользоваться литературой, указанной в рабочей программе по дисциплине. При подготовке заданий приветствуется использование любой соответствующей теме литературы на родном и иностранном языках, включая Интернет.

Самостоятельную работу студентов можно разделить на несколько видов. Это подготовка к текущим домашним заданиям, самостоятельное чтение текстов по специальности, защита рефератов о выдающихся представителях своей будущей профессии, разработка и презентация творческих проектов. При работе с иноязычными текстами по специальности рекомендуется вести словарь.

При самостоятельной работе с лексико-грамматическими упражнениями студентам необходимо проанализировать изучаемое грамматическое явление и выполнить упражнения в тетради для самостоятельной работы.

График выполнения заданий

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Test 1.

I. Translate the sentences, paying attention to the articles.

  1. Some Students are in the classroom.

  2. The young men and women are students of an English college

  3. The college is in London.

  4. The students have their lectures in the morning and sometimes in the evening.

  5. They have three lessons today.

  6. The first is a lecture on physics and the third is a class in English

  7. The first lecture was the most interesting.

II. Explain the usage of the articles.

Pattern: This is a note-book. It's thick and black.

The note-book is thick and black.

  1. This is a pen. It's long and yellow.

  2. That is a desk. It's big and old.

  3. This is an apple. It's big and red

  4. Those are armchairs. They're small and cosy.

  5. These are magazines. They are old and interesting.

  6. This is a flat. It's big and light.

  7. These are pencils. They're long and sharp.

III. Insert articles where necessary.

a) 1. He is ... father already. 2. They are ... orphans. 3. This man is ... distant relative of mine. 4. This woman is ... widow. 5. They are … husband and wife. 6. They are … brother and sister 7. Is your mother at home, Alec? - No, … mother is not at home. 8. Where is your uncle, Peter? - ... uncle is at the factory.9. ... mother is ... employer and ... father is ... doctor. 10. ... aunt, what is the short for ... Richard? - It's … Dick 11. ... Petrovs, our neighbours are very nice people. They are six in ... family: … grandfather, ... grandmother, ... father, … mother, … son and ... daughter. 12. What is your cousin's profession? - My cousin is . surgeon by … profession. 13. Are ... Smirnovs in ... Far East now ? - Yes, they are. They are in ... Khabarovsk.

b) 1. I am going to explain … new rule to you. Please, take ... notes. Look at ... blackboard Here are .examples. 2 What is ... English for "город"? ... English for "город" is "city". If this word is new to you, take ... dictionary, look up this word in ... dictionary and put down ... pronunciation and ... spelling of ... word in your note-books. Write down ... word in ... singular and in … plural. 3. We are studying ... English. It is not easy to learn … foreign language.4." ... Grammar is ... art of speaking, reading, writing … English language correctly.

c) 1. Open ... book at ... page 20, please. 2. ... pupils are doing ... exercise. 3. Will you read ... paragraph 3, please? 4. Will you write... sentence 2, please? 5. They are in ... room 6.

d) 1. I usually have ... breakfast at eight o'clock. 2. I like to have ... hot breakfast in ... rooming. 3. What do you usually have for . breakfasf? I usually have .. eggs, bread, butter and tea for breakfast. It is … very substantial breakfast, isn't it? 4. ... breakfast today is very good. 5. I like to have ... dinner at home. 6. In summer we have ... very simple dinner at home 7. ... dinner is already cold, we must warm it up. 8. I have ... supper with my friend three times … week. 9. It is pleasant to play … chess in... evening after ... good supper. 10. ... dinner is over. 11. ... supper is ready.

IV. Fill in the blanks with articles where necessary.

a) My watch is right. I set it by ... radio-time signal. Your watch is correct, too. It is telling ... right time. ...of clock in ... living room is not right. It is three minutes slow.

b) Twelve o'clock in ... daytime is ... noon, twelve o'clock at ... night is … midnight. When it is noon in ... Hague, it is ... midnight in the region of ... Chukotsk sea. When it is 4 o'clock in ... afternoon in ... Vladivostok it is 9 o'clock in ... morning in … Moscow. When it is 5 o'clock in ... afternoon in ... London it is ... noon in ... New Jork. When it is ... day in the European part of ... Russia, it is ... night in ... United States of ... America.

c) 1. There are sixty minutes in ... hour. 2. There are sixty seconds in ... minute. 3. You must return this book in ... week. 4. It is ... quarter past eight. 5. You may take my magazines for ... month. 6. Will you give me ... hundred postcards, please?

d) 1. ... Moscow is ... capitai of ...Russia. 2. ... New York is... largest city of ... United States of America. 3. ... Hague is not ... capital of ... Holland. 4. ... Smiths live in ... Centre of London. 5. ... water in ... Black Sea is very warm in summer. 6. I buy ... Morning Star four times ... month. 7. ... Volga flows through ... Tver. 8. ... St. Petersburg University is on ... Neva Embankment. 9. ... Paris is ... capital of ... France. 10. ... French live in ... France. 11. Big Ben is ... biggest clock in ... England. 12. ... English are proud of Big Веn.

V. Translate the sentences, paying attention to the pronouns.

We have our English class here. She likes her new dress very much. Paul keeps his books in the book-case. I usually go to see my friends in the evening. They often take their children to this park. Do you help your parents? The film is interesting but I don't remember its title. Mary does her work well. Mr. Wilson is in his office.

VI. Replace the underlined words by personal pronouns.

1. John gives the book to Henry 2. Tell the students the answer 3. My sister and I have got a room of our own. 4. Alee and Mary are engineers by profession. 5. Jane buy a magazine for Granny. 6. Kate reads this story to Mary and me. 7. Tom has got no nephews or nieces. 8. His wife .is not in Leningrad now. 9. Peter brings Hewers for your mother. 10. Send the letter to your parents.

VII. Fill to the blanks with possessive pronouns.

1.I am a worker. ... name is Ivanov. 2. Ted is a schoolboy ... marks are good 3. Ann and Jane are engineers ... sons arc schoolboys. 4. Mary is very talented ... work is really excellent. 5. We are engineers. … friends are engineers too. 6. "What are ... names ?" - ".-. name is Nick and ... is Jane." 7. Journalists were upset ... time was over. 8. Peter gave me ... book because I lost ... one.

VIII. Insert the missing possessives.

1. Tell me, isn't that ... girl-friend over there? Oh, no, she isn't …. friend, she is ... . 2. Don't take this book. it is not ... book, it is ..… 3. My sister is at home. - And where is your sister? - ... is at the office. 4. Tell him not to forget ... ticket, ask Helen not to forget ... cither. 5. Take ... English magazines and give me ... 6. Look at the cat, ... cat is so thick. 7. Isn't that ... composition? Yes, it is .... 8. Don't come, ... sister is ill. 9. Don't touch ...face. 10. ... answers are good.

IX. Put the pronouns given in brackets in the form of the objective case.

  1. My friend sends (I) many letters.

  2. His brother knows (you) well.

  3. I often see (they) in the park.

  4. Don't ask (he) about it.

  5. Do you know Latin? – No, I don't know ( it ) at all.

  6. Sometimes we meet (she) at the Browns.

  7. The teacher greets (we) every morning.

  8. (you) son studies together with (she), doesn't he?

  9. I have a wonderful family. I love (they) very much, and they love (I).

X. Change the following statements according to the given pattern.

Pattern: He is my friend

He is a friend of mine

1. Kate is his distant relative. 2. Her uncle is in the Far East now.

3. Let me introduce my cousin to you. 4. Their great friend is a doctor.

5. Our grandson is a first-year student at the University.

6. Is Helen your niece? 7. It is my habit to get up early.

8. It is his favourite expression. 9. He is our colleague. 10. It is her idea.


Test 2.

I. Fill in the blank spaces with self-forms.

I like to cook dinner

Pattern: I'll cook it myself

1. Let him introduce ... . 2. Helen! Do this exercise ... and let Peter and Bob do it ... too. 3. Let's translate these articles ... , they are not difficult at all.

4. Don't go out today. It is very cold. Let Kate buy a present for her friend ...

5. Children, dress ... 1 It's time to go for a walk. The weather is so beautiful.

6. Mother, let me take the books to die library … The library is just round the corner. 7. Go there ... . 8. They know it … . 9. Let me speak with the child.

10. Let her do her homework ... .

II. Insert demonstrative pronouns.

Pattern: This book is new and that one is old.

These books are new and those ones are old

1. ... article is easy and … one is difficult. 2. Pass me ... magazines. Thank you. 3. ... boy is fond of music and his dream is to become a pianist.

4. Who is ... little girl at the window? 5. These books are mine and ... are yours. 6. Are ... men over there your friends? 7. ... flowers are beautiful, aren't they? 8. Leave ... two dictionaries on my table and take ... books on the table over there to the library. 9. ... picture is framed and ... one is not. 10. ... roof is red and ... one is green.

III. Fill in the missing relative pronouns.

1. The magazine ... you have lent me is very interesting.

2. The old man … lives next door has gone to Moscow.

3. The garden ... is at the back of our house has a tennis coutt.

4. Can you remember the person ... you have borrowed the newspaper from?

5. The shop ... we buy our cakes at is shut.

6. The girl ... works in the kiosk is my sister.

7. The man ... is sitting at the desk is the secretary.

8. Where is the shop ... sells picture - postcards?

9. Shakespeare, ... is the world's greatest dramatist, was born in 1564.

IV. Translate the following sentences into Russian and explain the usage of pronouns some, any and no

1. Some children don't like to play.2. Please give me some chalk.

3. Have you got any friends here?4.I haven't got any questions.

5. I don't think we've got any time left.6. Please take any magazine you like.

7. I haven't got any cakes, but I've got some biscuits.

V. Choose the necessary pronouns.

1. Do you learn (some, any) foreign languages? 2. Has your friend got (some, any) English magazines? 3.I didn't get (some, any) letters yesterday. 4. Please take (some, any) German book you like. 5. I don't think we've got (some, any) time today to discuss this question. 6. I don't see ( some, any) mistakes in this sentence. 7. I haven't ( some, any) questions to you. 8. ... students prepare their classes here (some, any).

VI. Translate into English.

1. Я прочитал его статью на прошлой неделе. 2. Погода была хорошая и дети попросили отвести их в парк. 3. Мой ребенок очень резвый. А ваш? - Мой тоже.

4. Это задание по химии, а то по математике. 5. Эти книги мы читали, а те нет. 6. Наш отец работает на заводе, а их в институте. 7. Дети сами убрали в квартире. 8. Мы сами не хотим беспокоить его. 9. Я не вижу никаких ошибок в этом предложении. 10. Сейчас слишком поздно что-нибудь сделать. 11. Этот человек никогда ничего не боится.

VII. Do the exercise according to the pattern

a) I'm a doctor (My brother)

Pattern: My brother isn't a doctor.

b) They're schoolboys (Their friends)

Their friends aren't schoolboys

1 Peter is a student (His younger sister)

2 Mother is an engineer. (Father).

3. My uncle is a teacher (His wife)

4 We are siudents.(0ur friends)

5. Paul's sister is a surgeon (His cousin)

6 Mary's mother is a housewife. (Her aunt)

7. My grandfather is an architect. (My uncle)

8 Kitty's sisters arc actresses. (Her mother)

9. We are First-year students (Helen and John)

VIII. Give negative answers

Is your brother a student? (an engineer)

Pattern: - No, he isn't. He is an engineer.

1. Is Mary an actress? (a secretary) 2. Are you an architect (an artist). 3. Are Paul and John schoolboys? (students). 4. Is your father a singer? (a teacher) 5. Is your aunt a librarian? (a nurse). 6 Is your uncle a teacher? (an actor) 7. Are your sisters dancers? (singers)

IX. Do the exercise according to the pattern.

The children play in a large garden.

Pattern: The children have got a large garden to play.

1 She drinks from a nice little cup. 2 John keeps his book on a big shelf

3. Granny sits m a very comfortable armchair 4. They write letters on beautiful paper 5.I cook meals on a gas range.6. We listen to very good records.

7. He sleeps in a comfortable bed.

X. Give short answers.

Pattern: Have you got any sisters and brothers?

- Yes, I have

Do you often have a meal with them?

- Yes, I do

  1. Have they got many English books in the original?

Do they have any difficulty in reading them?

  1. Have you got a large family?

Do you always have breakfast together?

  1. Have you got a water heater in your flat?

Do you have a shower every morning?

  1. Has he got a good collection of books?

Does he have time to read them?

  1. Have you got many flowers in the garden?

Do you often have a walk round it in the evening?

  1. Has Bill got a car?

Does he sometimes have trouble with it?

  1. Has your Institute got a camp at the seaside?

Do the students have a good time there in summer?


Test 3.

I. Do the exercise according to the pattern.

Pattern: I study at the University

He/she studies at the University.

1. I pass exams successfully. 2 I study at the University. 3.I do English. 4.I do grammar exercises every day. 5 I speak English well. 6.I understand you. 7.I watch TV every evening.8 I cook well.

II. Answer with 'yes'.

a) Pattern: Do you live in Rostov ?

Yes,I do

1. Do the students play tennis well? 2. Do the sisters dress so beautifully? 3. Do you often go to the theatre? 4. Do you ask John to dance? 5. Do you leave hospital in a fortnight? 6. Do you discuss this problem today? 7. Do they explain everything to us?

b) Pattern: Does a teacher leach?

Yes, he does.

1. Does a pianist play the piano? 2. Does a painter paint pictures? 3. Does a singer sing songs? 4. Does a driver drive cars? 5. Does a reader read books? 6. Does a butcher sell meat?7. Does a skier ski?

III. Ask alternative questions.

Pattern: I go there on Tuesday.(on Thursday).

Do you go there on Tuesday or on Thursday?

1.I watch the play on TV (at the theatre).

2. Nick leaves for Moscow (for London).

3. She plays the piano (the violin).

4. You prefer coffee (tea).

5. My watch is 5 minutes fast (slow)

6. Your hobby is music (painting).

7. It is warm at noon (cold).

8. You are a first-year student (an undergraduate).

IV. Form special questions.

Pattern: The Scots live in that white house (who)

Who lives in that what house?

1. They watch TV every evening (Who ... ?)

2. Students make mistakes in grammar (Who … ?)

3. We listen to the news in the evening (Who .... ?).

4. Mother generally cooks dinner in the evening (Who … ?)

5. They write letters on beautitiii paper. (Who … ?)

6. She drinks from a little cup. (Who … ?)

7. The books are on the shelf. (What … ?).

8. The loiters lie in his pocket (What … ?).

9. The Browns have dinner at five. (Who … ?)

V. Answer the following questions.

Pattern: What do singers do? They sing.

What does a teacher do? He leaches

1. What do the pianists do ?

2 What does a painter do ?

3. What do the drivers do ?

4. What does a singer do ?

5. What (toes a butcher do ?

6. What does a skier do ?

7. What does a reader do ?

VI. Form special questions.

Pattern: They prefer to go to the pictures.

Where do they prefer to go?

1. These men go to town every day. (How often?).

2. Birds fly to the south in autumn. (When..?).

3. Mary does her work quickly. (How...?).

4. He usually spends his holidays on the Black Sea coast (Where....?).

5. She travels a lot in summer. (What..?).

6. We want to catch the six o'clock train. (What train...?).

7. Mother wakes up at 7 o'clock in the morning. (When ..?).

8. We always do History on Mondays (On what days-.?)

9. I like that green hat best. (Which....?).

10. The book costs 20 dollars. (How much...?)

VII. Make disjunctive questions.

Pattern: He loves music passionately.

He loves music passionately, doesn't he?

1. Lucy writes neatly.

2. Your brother plays the piano wonderfully.

3. I play tennis badly.

4. They like to get up early.

5 I translate into English slowly.

6. The sun doesn't shine brightly.

7. Mary doesn't know English history well.

8. She has got a sister in Moscow.

9. There are a lot of people at the stadium.

10. There isn't any sugar in the sugar- basin.

VIII. Use the verbs in their proper position.

a) Pattern: I work here (often )

I often work here

1. He reads aloud (often ).

2. My friend stays at school after classes (always).

3. He sleeps in the open air ( never)

4. My friend works here (usually )

5. This girl plays in the garden ( seldom).

5. She reads in the room ( sometimes ).

7.I go to the library to work (sometimes ).

8. They rest in the garden.( hardly ever).

9.I understand my teacher of English (always)

10. She helps me with math (never).

b) Pattern: He is busy (always)

He is always busy

1. My mother is at home (seldom).

2. Nick is late (often).

3 My mother is glad to receive guests (always).

4. You are welcome to my house (always ).

5. Your pupils are lazy (sometimes).

6. My sister is wrong (frequently).

7. Cartoons are interesting films (usually).

IX. Put the questions to the underlined words.

1. Our teacher always speaks English in class

2. We sometimes have English in the evening.

3. My friend works at the Ministry of Foreign Trade.

4. We often have dictations in class.

5. They do a lot of exercises at home.

6. He discusses a lot of questions at the office.

7. His sisters work at a new factory.

8. Our English lesson usually lasts two hours.

9. He never sleeps in the open air.

10. My mother is seldom at home.

X. Give negative forms of the following sentences.

a) Pattern: He understands your question.

He doesn't understand your question.

1. He lives here.

2. The boy plays the piano.

3. He knows tills word.

4. He refuses to help us.

5. The girl works in this room.

6. John knows us.

7. She works with me.

8. He comes to see us.

The students get excellent marks

b) Pattern: The students don't get excellent marks

1. The books arrive this week.

2. The students spend many hours in the library.

3. We sometimes explain grammar to him.

4. I like this detective.

5. My sisters work much.

6. They play football in the yard.

7. My parents work at a factory.


Test 4.

I. Open the brackets.

1. He usually (to walk) home after work

2. He ( not to work ) hard at his German

3. You often (to speak ) in class?

4. Your sister often (to stay ) at the office after work ?

5. Who often (to discuss ) plans with these engineers ?

6. How well they (to know ) English ?

7. «The students (to revise ) the words at home or in class» «They (to do ) it at home.»

8. My parents (to be glad) to see you.

II. Translate the following sentences into English.

1. Mы всегда рады видеть вас здесь.

2. По вторникам он обычно опаздывает.

3. Он иногда объясняет мне грамматику.

4. Студенты нашей группы часто обсуждают фильмы.

5. Он редко навещает нас

6. Я всегда жду его здесь.

7. Она редко бывает в библиотеке, обычно она работает дома.

8.Еe оценки всегда хорошие.

9. Он иногда читает немецкие журналы.

10. Я обычно вечером дома, но иногда иду заниматься в библиотеку.

III. Read the joke. Reproduce it as close tо the text as possible using the Present Indefinite Tense.

A Barking Dog Does not Bite

" Sam ", says his father," put on your cap and coat and let us go for a walk" Sam is happy. He likes to go out with his father. He puts on his cap and coat and says: "Father, I am ready ". Sam and his father go out into the street. Suddenly they see a big black dog The dog begins to bark. Sam is afraid of the dog. He wants to run home His father says "Don't be afraid, Sam. Don't you know the proverb. "A barking dog does not bite7 "Oh, yes", says Sam," I know the proverb, you know the proverb but does the dog know the proverb ?"

IV. Transform the verb into the Past Indefinite Tense.

a) Pattern: My cat likes fish

My cat liked fish

1. It often snows here.

2. This seems quite easy.

3. He often listens to records.

4. He always lives in Paris.

5. We enjoy our vacations in Florida.

6. The teacher explains grammar in the class.

7.The girl likes her dog very much.

8. I play the piano rather well.

b) Pattern: Classes begin at 8 o'clock

Classes began at 8 o'clock

1.I understand the text quite well

2. He is in my room.

3. I find many good stories in this magazine

4. The students spend many hours in the library

5. He makes many mistakes in dictations.

6. I am glad to meet my friends.

7. We read a lot of books.

8 We have got many magazines.

V. Put general questions.

Pattern: The concert lasted for two hours.

Did the concert last for two hours?

1. He dried his hands carefully.

2. The students went to the club yesterday

3. They understood the text very well

4. She enjoyed the performance.

5. lie wanted to be a sailor.

6. I met my friend at the theatre

7. I told my friends the news.

8. She made a mistake.

VI. Make the sentences negative.

Pattern: In summer she watched the sunrise

In summer she didn't watch the sunrise

1. I saw Peter at the meeting.

2. The children stayed at home all the evening.

3. They spent the summer vacation in the Crimea.

4. I read this newspaper yesterday.

5. They had time to do it.

6. She sent her mother a telegram.

7. They watched TV last night.

8. Peter wanted to wait for a few minutes.

9. You left umbrella here.

10. Mr. Cook wrote newspaper reports.

VII. Put the Questions to the underlined words.

1. He was in Kiev last week.

2. My friend wrote to me very often last year.

3. They were at their office yesterday morning.

4. Our students read a lot of English books last year.

5. He took his son out on Monday evening.

6. Mr. Brown spoke to us about the plan yesterday.

7. The students usually go home after classes.

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