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Report of self-evaluation. Studies program “CHEMICAL ENGINEERING”

RIGA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

ACADEMIC

BACHELOR’S, MASTER’S, DOCTORAL

STUDIES PROGRAMS

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING”

REPORT OF SELF-EVALUATION

2000

Content

Index of data requested in chapter 19 of “Regulations for accreditation of higher education establishments”

2

Index of appendices

2

Introduction. Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry

5

1.

Bachelor’s academic studies program

10

1.1. Aims and objectives

10

1.2. Description

11

1.3. Comparing of program with others degree programs of universities in European Union countries

12

2.

Master’s academic studies program

15

2.1. Aims and objectives

15

2.2. Description

15

2.3. Comparing of program with others degree programs of universities in European Union countries

16

3.

Doctoral academic studies program

17

3.1. Aims and objectives

17

3.2. Description

17

3.3. Comparing of program with others degree programs of universities in European Union countries

18

4.

Academic staff

19

5.

Research

20

6.

Material and technical provision of studies programs “Chemical engineering”

21

7.

Quality assessment and assurance of studies programs “Chemical engineering”

22

8.

Perspective evaluation of academic studies programs “Chemical engineering”

24

9.

Strategic plan for development of academic studies programs “Chemical engineering”

27

10.

Advertisement and popularization of academic studies programs “Chemical engineering”

34

11.

Financial bases for academic studies programs “Chemical engineering”

34

Conclusions

36

Appendix A. Docket from protocol of meeting of Convention of Counselors of Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry

37

Index of data requested in chapter 19 of

Regulations for accreditation of higher education establishments”

Appendices N#1-4; chapter N#1 of self-evaluation report

Appendix N#15; chapter N#10 of self-evaluation report

Appendices N#1-4; chapter N#1.2 of self-evaluation report

Chapters N#1.2, 2.2, 3.2 of self-evaluation report

Chapters N#1.2, 1.3, 2.2, 2.3, 3.2, 3.3 of self-evaluation report

Chapter N#8 of self-evaluation report

Chapters N#6, 8, 9, 11 of self-evaluation report

Appendices N#11, 14; chapter N#11 of self-evaluation report

Appendices N#4, 6, 14

Appendix N#12

Appendices N#5-8; chapter N#4 of self-evaluation report

Appendices N#6, 9-11; chapter N#5 of self-evaluation report

Appendices N#16, 17; chapter N#6 of self-evaluation report

Introduction

Appendix N#12; chapters N#1.2, 2.2, 3.2 of self-evaluation report

Appendix N#1; chapters N#1.2, 2.2, 3.2 of self-evaluation report

Appendices N#1, 14, 16, 17; chapter N#6 of self-evaluation report

Index of appendices

PART I (56 p.)

Studies programs

1.1. Studies program “Chemistry”

Academic studies programs

1.1.1. Bachelor’s studies program (ĶBĶ)

1.1.2. Master’s studies program (specialties ĶMĶ1, ĶMĶ6)

1.1.3. Doctoral studies program (specialties ĶDĶ2, ĶDĶ3)

Professional studies program

1.1.4. Engineer’s studies program (specialty ĶIĶ6)

1.2. Studies program “Chemical engineering”

Academic studies programs

1.2.1. Bachelor’s studies program (ĶBL)

1.2.2. Master’s studies program (specialties ĶML1, ĶML2, ĶML6, ĶML7, ĶML8, ĶML9)

1.2.3. Doctoral studies program (specialties ĶDL6, ĶDL7, ĶDL9)

Professional studies program

1.2.4. Engineer’s studies program (specialties ĶIL1, ĶIL2, ĶIL6, ĶIL7, ĶIL8, ĶIL9)

1

2

4

8

10

12

12

14

26

29

Studies plans

2.1. Studies program “Chemistry”

Academic studies programs

2.1.1. Bachelor’s studies program (ĶBĶ)

2.1.2. Master’s studies program (specialties ĶMĶ1, ĶMĶ6)

Professional studies program

2.1.3. Engineer’s studies program (specialty ĶIĶ6)

2.2. Studies program “Chemical engineering”

Academic studies programs

2.2.1. Bachelor’s studies program (ĶBL)

2.2.2. Master’s studies program (specialties ĶML1, ĶML2, ĶML6, ĶML7, ĶML8, ĶML9)

Professional studies program

2.2.3. Engineer’s studies program (specialties ĶIL1, ĶIL2, ĶIL6, ĶIL7, ĶIL8, ĶIL9)

41

42

45

50

52

52

54

56

PART II (214 p.)

Register of courses provided at Faculty

2

Syllabuses of courses

4.1. Undergraduate studies

4.2. Professional and graduate studies

4.3. Postgraduate studies

16

17

51

164

PART III (232 p., appendices 7-11 available only in Latvian)

Curriculum vitae of academic staff

2

List of publications and teaching-methodological materials prepared by academic staff (1995-1999)

80

Qualification, age, fieldwork, further education of academic staff (1995-1999)

179

List of courses (sorted by lecturers’ names)

189

Involvement of academic staff and students in research work

9.1. Programs and projects granted by LZP (Latvian Science

Council)

9.2. International collaboration

197

198

201

List of defended Masters’ thesis, Doctoral thesis, Engineers’ projects and supervisors (1995-1999)

204

Awards of students’ research works, materials of students’ conferences held at RTU (1995-2000)

216

PART IV (74 p., available only in Latvian)

Regulations of Faculty

12.1. Regulations of Bachelor’s thesis

12.2. Regulations of Master’s thesis

12.3. Regulations of Doctoral thesis (H-01)

12.4. Regulations of Doctoral thesis (H-02)

12.5. Regulations of Engineer’s project – qualification work

12.6. Regulations of Professional qualification commissions of Engineer’s project defense at RTU

12.7. Regulations of practice

12.8. Rules of students registration for elective courses

12.9. Council of Faculty

12.10. RTU Promotional Council H-01

12.11. RTU Promotional Council H-01

12.12. Science Council of Faculty

12.13. Convention of Counselors of Faculty

12.14. Regulations of Convention of Counselors of Faculty

2

3

5

7

8

9

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

Questioning of students, academic staff, employers and graduates about studies programs (1999)

13.1. Questionnaires of undergraduates

13.2. Questionnaires of graduate and postgraduate students

13.3. Questionnaires of professional studies students

13.4. Questionnaires of academic staff

13.5. Questionnaires of employers

13.6. Questionnaires of graduates

23

26

33

41

47

53

57

Technical provision of studies

14.1. Occupied space and total value of materials

and technical equipment of Departments

14.2. List of most important equipment

14.3. Technical provision for preparation and delivery of

courses

14.4. Demonstration equipment – overhead projectors

14.5. Printers and copiers

14.6. Provision of licensed software

14.7. Hardware

62

63

64

66

67

67

68

69

Advertisement and popularization of studies programs

15.1. Enrollment data (1982-1999)

15.2. Questioning of enrolled students and candidates (1999)

15.3. Advertisement and informative matter on possibilities

of studies

71

72

73

PART V (133 p., appendix 17 available only in Latvian)

Curriculum vitae of academic staff of other faculties of RTU

2

Syllabuses of courses provided by academic staff of other faculties of RTU

31

Introduction. Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry

Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry (till Senate decision (spring, 2000) of Riga Technical University (RTU) – Faculty of Chemical Technology (FCT)) was founded in 1862. It functioned as a part of Riga Polytechnic School (1863-1896), Riga Polytechnical Institute (1896-1919 and 1958-1990), Latvian University (1919-1944), Latvian State University (1944-1958), Riga Technical University (since 1990).

More than century both chemistry research and chemical production have been situated at high level in Latvia. Several worldwide known chemists – such as Nobel Prize winner Wilhelm Ostvald, Paul Walden (mentioned almost in all textbooks on organic chemistry published throughout the world), a.o. - were founders of scientific traditions of chemistry in Riga, here they made important investigations and discoveries. Taking in account facts, that Latvia does not have abundance of natural resources, but at the same time has qualified specialists and high level of education, USSR built factories, which were not material assuming, but demanded high level research. Specialties of chemistry became very popular during sixties, when students had to pass strong competition to be enrolled in chemistry programs.

Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry (FMC) of Riga Technical University is the only one education establishment in Latvia, training engineers in chemistry and chemical technology. In 1999/2000 year 210 students are studying here (100 undergraduates, 40 students in professional programs, 40 students in graduate programs, 30 postgraduates). Every year about 50 candidates are enrolled (see enrollment data for 1986-1999 in appendix 15.1) in two studies programs (“Chemistry” and “Chemical engineering”). Unfortunately, only 30-40% from enrolled students graduate; the highest student dropout is after first semester of undergraduate studies and during postgraduate studies. In the former case the problems are students adaptation at University, faults of general secondary education system in Latvia (there are students, which have not take chemistry, physics, computer science, mechanical drawing at secondary school), overestimation of their knowledge and potential. Till year 2000, according the decision of RTU Senate, only 20% of students graduating in current year from bachelor’s programs could continue their studies in graduate programs of Faculty without payment of fee (State budget financed studies); so, according rank list about 5 students are accepted for Master’s studies, but those others who are not able to pay for their studies, leave for Master’s programs at University of Latvia (there is only one student at FMC, who pays for studies at graduate level, and taking in account social situation in country increase of this number can not be expected in next few years). Enrollment in professional programs of FMC is not restricted by number of accepted persons and usually reach 15-20 students per year. The main reason for dropout during professional and graduate studies is incapability to combine studies with job; more often nonattendance of lessons is associated with duties at job. In general, 5 students every year are accepted for post graduate studies; in last years this number dropped to 1, because enrollment is restricted by regulation, that any Professor, supervisor of postgraduate, may not have more than 5 doctoral students and only few students may be enrolled in the same specialty in current year. This leads to competition between candidates, when availability of supervisor and specialty (but not the knowledge and potential of student) dictates result. The highest dropout is between postgraduate students, because larger salaries and possibilities for career (consistent with their knowledge and skills) are provided them from outside, comparing with University. When postgraduates find out that they will never earn the same money working at RTU or any other research institution in Latvia as working outside, they lose motivation for studies.

Stipendiums are granted to all successful students, but the best can receive special stipendiums (up to 65 LVL) granted by RTU, foundations, employers; financial prizes are available for those who participate in competitions and projects. Foreign Professors, who have accepted our students for studies continuation abroad, mention, that FMC graduates are skilled in chemistry like students of the best foreign universities, but our students are often stronger in their narrow specialty.

Volume of studies program at RTU is evaluated in credit points (CP). Total volume of credit points for one studies year (2 semesters) in the case of full workload reaches 40 CP. 16 contact hours of lectures or in laboratories correspond to 1 CP. Subjects are divided in compulsory and elective courses. The last might be elective (from the given list) or free choice subjects. Before new studies year students must register for elective and free choice subjects; every semester according nominal plan they have to receive at least 20 CP (for some semesters the correction ±2 CP is eligible). There is a possibility to study according individual plan (receiving at least 10 CP per semester).

Starting from 1993 a lot of changes in studies curriculum have been done by Faculty, in order to fulfill recommendations of European Federation of Chemical Engineers (EFCE). In 1999/2000, following regulations of Studies Department of RTU, number of contact hours has been dramatically reduced. During the last 2 years we switched from oral to written examination forms. Till this, during classical oral exams students got some (1-3) individual questions, and, being lucky, could pass exam without knowledge in other course material; the another important problem was remarkable mental interaction between student and examiner during exam, which could give rise to subjectivity in evaluation. Transfer to written examinations with the same questions for all students, which are general and reflect all problems of subject (usually up to 20 short, well defined and important questions), created conditions for more objective evaluation of students’ knowledge. Students are evaluated in 10 mark scale, were “6” means the last successful mark; during all studies student can get one mark “5”, but not in the main subjects, which are mentioned in diploma. Middle exams, quizzes, tutorials, tests are used between exams in many subjects, which help to find out students’ problems in understanding of material in order to provide additional consultations. Some teachers are using analytical evaluation system: student is not evaluated only for his answer at the exam, but also results demonstrated by him during semester (marks of quizzes, tests, home works, studies projects etc.) are taken into an account. Backward students may take exams in other subjects, but if they can’t successfully complete exam in the same subject during 2 semesters, they are discharged. For more than one uncompleted subject in examination period students pay penalty according decisions of RTU Senate.

Studies environment of both Faculty and Riga Technical University suffers from monotony and dullness of social life. Actually, self-government of students does not work at Faculty, because students are very passive.

Chemical engineering studies programs are provided at almost all universities in the world. The previous period of our studies programs can be characterized with preparation of high-level specialists, good material and technical base. Further development mainly depends from financial situation of University, which is not satisfactory at this moment. One of the most important things is the fact, that salaries of academic staff are much more lower than those of officials and employees of companies. This is the reason of escape of the youth - most promising teachers and specialists - from the University. Positive moment, when the best students of Faculty take some period or next level of studies in Sweden, Finland, Spain, Germany and USA, is overweighed by the negative one – most of them are not going to return back and stay abroad for job at university or company (e.g., in organic chemistry specialty during last 5 years 5 students). Nevertheless, FMC has all necessary intellectual and technological potential for realization of academic and professional programs of chemical engineering. The knowledge obtained by students allows them to continue studies at the next level (including foreign universities) or to start job in research institutions. After graduation they have enough wide base of fundamental knowledge to be able to follow fast changes of chemistry and chemical engineering in the world. There is high demand for specialists of chemical engineering in Latvia, but employers are mainly looking for male graduates. Taking into account facts, that average number of males between our students as well as total number of graduates of Faculty is low, necessities of employers can't be satisfied at this moment. As now the middle age of scientists and leading specialists in chemistry in Latvia is close to retirement age, but there is not enough younger specialists for their replacement, in the next few years (especially, after changes made by Government in retirement rules) young and good chemists will be highly demanded as well in chemical industry, as in research institutions and educational establishments.

Studies program “Chemical engineering” provides academic studies of undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate levels, as well as professional engineer’s studies in one of engineering sciences – chemical engineering. Particular aims and objectives of each studies level are represented in following chapters of self-evaluation report: 1st – bachelor’s studies, 2nd – master’s studies, 3rd – doctoral studies. “Chemical engineering” studies programs (appendix 1.2), plans (appendix 2.2) and syllabuses of courses (appendices 4, 17) are attached in appendices.

Programs of academic and professional studies “Chemical engineering” are established according rules set by RTU Senate and FMC Council and instructions of RTU Studies Office. Studies programs are accepted by Council of Faculty (previous Faculty of Chemical Technology) and RTU Senate. Students can chose one, most interesting for them, specialty between several provided at graduate, engineers and doctoral studies programs of FMC. List of specialties is given in table 1, but structure of studies programs provided at Faculty is shown in figure 1.

Table 1. Specialties of professional, graduate and postgraduate studies programs:

Engineers’ studies

Graduate studies

Postgraduate studies

Specialty

RĶIL 1

RĶML 1

Biologically active compounds and their ready-to-use forms

RĶIL 2

RĶML 2

Chemistry and technology of biomaterials

RĶIL 6

RĶML 6

RĶDL 6

Technology of polymer materials and composites

RĶIL 7

RĶML 7

RĶDL 7

Chemistry and technology of silicate and high temperature materials

RĶIL 8

RĶML 8

Environmental engineering

RĶIL 9

RĶML 9

RĶDL 9

General chemical technology

Short description of specialties

Biologically active compounds and their ready-to-use forms

Problems of medicinal chemistry are the main subjects of program. Knowledge and skills of chemical synthesis in order to search for new biologically active compounds as well as production technology of pharmaceutical substances and their usage forms are obtained; students are trained in processes of organic syntheses used for production of food, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics etc.

Chemistry and technology of biomaterials

Modern, innovative, research based branch of materials technology, which rapidly developed during last 20 years. Studies concerns problems of replacement of damaged tissues and organs of human an animal bodies. Basics of structure of both human tissues and different materials (metals, glass, ceramics, polymers, composites), as well as technologies of production of biomaterials and their use in different medicinal applications are studied. Graduate program of this specialty is rather new – it was launched at RTU in 1996 and was based on examples of similar studies programs abroad: in Germany, Italy, Great Britain, USA, Australia and Japan. Till now 12 students have mastered theoretical part of program and 8 of them successfully defended Master’s theses.

Technology of polymer materials and composites

Studies envisage preparation of wide profile specialists in branch of polymer materials, which could manage interconnections of structure and properties of polymer materials produced worldwide and processes of production of materials; which could experimentally evaluate quality of materials and carry out investigations necessary for creation of new materials. General studied subjects are: polymer composites and their production, synthetic polymers, such as binders, strings and adhesives, protective covering, recycling of polymer materials etc.

Chemistry and technology of silicate and high temperature materials

Studies concerns material science, new high temperature technology, analyses and production of silicate materials (porcelain, glass, glass fibers, building ceramics, cement, ceramic tiles, optical fibers, glass-crystalline materials and enamels), quality control of production.

Environmental engineering

Knowledge is obtained about possible reasons of environmental degradation and pollution issues, as well as about technologies of isolation of characteristic pollution issues and their liquidation. Problems of assessment and distribution of different pollution and prognoses of its spreading as well as technologies for abolishing of pollution consequences are studied. Particular attention is devoted to establishing of environmentally benign and friendly production.

General chemical technology

Training concerns general problems of chemical technology, new technologies, equipment, analyses of technological lines, management and automation of processes, quality assessment and assurance, application of computers; graduates might use this knowledge in different branches of industry.

Figure 1. General scheme of studies at Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry



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