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F R E E B A N K I N G -


A LITERATURE LIST compiled by John Zube, February 1990

listing most of the LMP titles readily available on microfiche (up to about PEACE PLANS No. 840, in 1990) titles in my private collection, titles I have heard about and would like to check out, titles I have long been looking for and titles listed by other monetary freedom writers.


ABROMEIT, TRISTAN, Die Selbst-Hilfe-Bank, a 4pp pamphlet, n.d., in German only, in PP 814.

ACKERMANN, WERNER, Die Cosmopolitische Union, 1930, 2 S., 29x, in PP 428ff, & 617, 36x, in PP 736,; The Cosmopolitan Union, Declaration of Principles; Declaration des Principles de L'Union Cosmopolitan, 29x, in S.244, in PP 428ff.

ADAMS, EDGAR M., 1913, Private Gold Coinage of California, N.Y., privately printed. Selgin.

ADAMS/HERBERT/LEVY/MORLEY/CHODOROV/ROTHBARD: Voluntary Taxatin or Taxation and Anarchism, 24x, in PP 336. (Compare the 46pp article in PP 14 and the one on tax strike in PP 13.)

ADDRESSES OF MONETARY FREEDOM SCHOLARS, Addresses from Cato Institute, 7th. annual monetary conference : Alternatives to Government Fiat Money, Feb. 89, 5pp, 29x, in PP 905. (The very incomplete and outdated listing in PP 659 has still to be updated by me. Any help in this is welcome. J.Z.)

ALISON, ARCHIBALD, Banking and Currency Reform, 1865. (For free banking? J.Z.)

ALLIANCE FOR INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, Individual Rights drafts, in Peace Plans 589/590.

AMERICAN ANTI-SOCIALIST, THE, Feb. 1912, with 16 pp contribution by Meulen, articles by Donisthorpe et al. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection, bound together with other pamphlets.)

AMERICAN APPRAISERS GUILD, 2 pp. leaflet on gemstone investments, 29x, in PP 867.

ANARCHIST, THE, ed. by H. Seymour, 3/1885. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

ANDERSON KENNEDY, ALFRED, Marco Polo on Money, THE FREEMAN, Dec. 77, 5pp, in PP 806.

ANDERSON, B.L., see entry under COTTRELL.

ANDERSON, CARLOTTA, Jo Labadie, Detroit's Gentle Anarchist, MICHIGAN HISTORY, July/Aug. 86, 8pp, in PP 804.

ANDERSON KENNEDY, ALFRED, Marco Polo on Money, THE FREEMAN, Dec. ­77, 5pp, in PP 806.

ANDERSON, MARTIN, An Economic Bill of Rights, 1984, 5 points, favours the Gold Standard, in Peace Plans 589/590.

ANDERSON, ROBERT G., Gold Is Legal, BUT ..., The Freeman, Jan. 1975, pp. 17-22, FEE.

ANDERSON, ROBERT G., Root of all evil? The Freeman, 8/71, FEE.

ANDRADE, DAVID A., Money: A Study of the Currency Question, especially in its Relations to the Principles of Equity, Utility & Liberty, Melbourne, 1887. (I am seeking a copy for microfilming. J.Z.)

ANDREADES, A., History of the Bank of England, P.S. King, 1909. - Dowd

ANDREW, A. PIATT, 1910, Statistics for the United States 1867-1909, US National Monetary Commission, 61st. Congress, 2nd. Session, Senate doc. no. 570. Washington, GPO, Repr. N.Y. Garland Publishing, n.d.

ANDREW, ABRAM PIATT, 1907, Substitutes for Cash in the Panic of 1907, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 22 (3), August 1908. Selgin. Also in Sprague, 1977,(1910). Schuler.

ANDREWS, STEPHEN PEARL, The Great American Crisis, in The Continental Monthly, IV, 12, 1863, p 658-670, V, Jan. 1864, 87-89, March 64, pp 300-317.

ANDREWS, STEPHEN PEARL, The Labor Dollar, Boston 1881. First published in Tucker's Radical Review, 1877. The latter is microfilmed in Peace Plans Nos, 373-375, p. 287.

ANDREWS, STEPHEN PEARL, The Science of Society, N.Y., 1851. PEACE PLANS 222, also in "Liberty", Nos. 88ff. Verkuerzte deutsche Ausgabe, herausgegeben von Wilhelm Russbueldt, 1904, in Peace Plans 359. Reprint 1970, M.& S Press, Weston Mass., is introduced by Charles Shively. (Defect: Believes in cost as the limit of price. J.Z.)

ANDREWS, STEPHEN PEARL, The Sovereignty of the Individual, Berkeley Heights, N.J., 1938.

ANNALS OF COLLECTIVE ECONOMY, vol. 12, 1936, ed. by Prof. Edgard­Milhaud. Only the main parts are reproduced here: Milhaud: ­Organized Compensatory Trading, 305pp and Zander: A Way Out of ­the Monetary Chaos, 20pp. In PP 770.

ANNALS FOR COLLECTIVE ECONOMY, Geneva, multilingual, founded and edited by Edgard Milhaud, in the twenties and continued at least to the fifties by him. See Milhaud. They were later renamed Annals of Public and Cooperative Economy and published, e.g. 1967 by Prof. Paul Lambert. The address of the Annals was then Liege, 45, quai de Rome, Belgium. Then there was a secretary of the Annals in Geneva, Mrs G. Calame, Acacias 7, 1227, Geneva 24, Switzerland, who could supply copies for reprinting. Current addresses are not known to me. Perhaps one of my readers has them handy. My collection of its volumes that I do want to microfiche is still not complete. See also under Milhaud, Beckerath, Zander, Rittershausen et al. J.Z.)

ANNALS FOR COLLECTIVE ECONOMY, VOLUME 10, 1934, ed. by Prof. Edgard Milhaud, English edition, 1935, Ending the Unemployment and Trade Crisis by the Introduction of Purchasing Certificates and the Establishment of an International Clearing System, from the 1968 reprint, 402 pp, in PP 769. Of VOLUME 12, 1936, only the main parts are reproduced in PEACE PLANS: Milhaud: Organized Compensatory Trading, 305pp and Zander: A Way Out of the Monetary Chaos, 20 pp. In PP 770.

ANONYMOUS, A Digest of the Evidence on the Bank Charter Taken Before the Committee of 1832, 1833, James Ridgway. Dowd

ANONYMOUS, A Few Observations on Joint Stock Banks; on Private Banks; and on the Bank of England, as the Sole Bank of Issue in the Metropolis. London: Edward Brewster. (White)

ANONYMOUS, An Examination of the Bank Charter Question, Murray, 1833. (Mentioned by Scrope, p. 414: "A history of the mismanagement of the paper currency of this country during the last half century, chiefly by the great central source of issue, the Bank of England - countenanced, and, indeed, often goaded on to misconduct by the government of the day, - would be too lengthened to find a place here. We must be contented to refer our readers to a publication which treats of this subject, and in which the great leading error is shewn to lie in the constitution and exclusive privileges of that monstrous monopoly." Written by Scrope himself? J.Z.)

ANONYMOUS, Corn and Currency; or, How Shall We get through the Winter? by a Merchant, 1839, London: Pelham Richardson. (White)

ANONYMOUS, Free Trade in Banking, 1844. The Bankers' Magazine; and Journal of the Money Market 1(May):67-75.(White)

ANONYMOUS, Letter to the R.H. Robert Peel, 1826. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

ANONYMOUS, Letter to the Rt. Hon. C.P. Thomson, M.P......in Explanation and defence of the Principles and Practices of Joint Stock Banking. Manchester: Love and Barton, 1834. (White)

ANONYMOUS, On Circulating Credit : With Hints for Improving the Banking System of Britain, by a Scottisch Banker, Edinburgh: William Tait, 1932. (White)

ANONYMOUS, On the Present State of Banking Affairs, 1844, The Bankers' Magazine; and Journal of the Money Market 1 (April):4-12. (White)

ANONYMOUS, Practical Remarks on Currency and Banking, Particularly in Reference to the System of Scotland, 1849, by a Scotch Banker. Glasgow: John Smith. (White)

ANONYMOUS, Report 3 of the Deputation from the Bankers of Scotland, 1841, London: J.B. Nichols. (White)

ANONYMOUS, Sketch of Country Bank Practice, with Remarks on the One Bank Issue Project, 1840, by a Country Banker, London: Pelham Richardson.(White)

ANONYMOUS, Social Credit pamphlet: I Want the Earth Plus 5 Percent, reproduced here only as a starting point for a discussion by David Taylor, 21 pp, 36x, in PP 656. (Most Social Credit notions belong, in my opinion, into a vast encyclopaedia of monetary myths, misconceptions, prejudices and errors, with their best refutations. - J.Z.)

ANONYMOUS, The Currency Theory Reviewed; in a Letter to the Scottish People on the Menaced Interference by Government with the Existing System of Banking in Scotland, 1845, by a Banker in England. Edinburgh: William Tait. (White)

ANONYMOUS, The Evils of One Bank of Issue, 1844. The Bankers' Magazine; and Journal of the Money Market 1 (May):61-6. (White)

ANONYMOUS, The Fable of the Bees, or Private Vices, Public Benefits, 2 vols., 1772. (With 1 letter, in Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection.)

ANONYMOUS, The Government Currency Measure, 1844, The Bankers' Magazine; and Journal of the Money Market 1 (June):117-21. (White)

ANONYMOUS, The Life, Adventures and Serious Remonstrances of a Scotch Guinea Note, Containing a Defense of the Scotch System of Banking, Edinburgh: Waugh & Innes, 1826. (White)

ANONYMOUS, The Money Question Considered, 2nd. ed., 16pp, London, W. Reeves. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

ANONYMOUS, The Utility of Country Banks Considered, 1802, In J.R. McCulloch, ed., A Select Collection of Scarce and Valuable Tracts ...on Paper Currency and Banking, 1857, Kelley reprint 1966. (White)

ANONYMOUS, Thoughts on the Currency, 1842, London: James Ridgway. (White)

ANONYMOUS, Thoughts upon the Principles of Banks, and the Wisdom of Legislative Interference, 1837, London: James Ridgway. (White)

ANTON, GUENTHER, Geschichte der preussischen Fabrikgesetzgebung bis zu ihrer Aufnahme durch die Reichsgewerbeordnung, 2nd. ed., Ruetten & Loening, Berlin, 1953. 229pp. (Good only in its report on the Prussian anti-truck legislation, against even the most primitive monetary self-help attempts. J.Z.) JZL. Peace Plans microfiched its 2nd section on truck legislation: "Geschichte des preussischen Truckverbots", 30pp, in PP 641.

ANTWORT, DIE, Jan.-Aug. 1969, ueber offizielle u. unoffizielle Widerstaende gegen K. Zube's SAG Zahlungssystem, mit Anmerkungen von J.Z., 20pp, 29x, in PP 741/2.

APPONYI, A.F., to Australian Financial Systems Inquiry, 28 May 79, 2pp, in PP 803.

ARDREY, ROBERT, World's Beginning, Readers Union, Hamish Hamilton, 204 pp, London, 1946, a utopia of the later famous author, in which he describes a private scrip issue in some detail. (JZL)

ARMAGUARD, advertisement for cash payments, 1987, 1p, 48x, in PP 739.

ARMSDEN, JOHN, Value, London, about 1890. (Was member of free currency movement, collaborator in "Free Trade and Exchange", 1892.)

ARTHUR, TERRY, 95 per cent is Crap - a plain man's guide to British politics, Libertarian Books, Ltd., Cranfield Book Service, Wharley End, Bedford, 246 pp. Defends freedom of note-issue, according to Meulen, TI 12/75.

ASHTON, T.S., An Economic History of England. The 18th Century, Methuen, London, 1955-1972, indexed, 257 pp, especially ch. VI : Money, Banking and Foreign Exchange, pp 167-200. JZL (A real economist! - J.Z.)

ASHTON, T.S., The Bill of Exchange and Private Banks in Lancashire, 1790-1830, Economic History Review, XV, 1945, reprinted in T.S. Ashton, R.S. Sayers, eds., Papers in English Monetary History, Oxford, 1953. (Cameron)

ATCOPS REPORTER, THE, 7 & 9?72, 1, 4 & 9/73, 1 & 4/74, 4/76, 5/77, 18pp, 48x, in PP 739.

ATHENEUM, THE, March 1890 review of Hake & Wesslau: Free Trade in Capital ,1p, review of Feb. 8, 1896 of Hake & Wesslau, The Coming Individualism, 1p, in PP 787.

ATKINS, JAMES, Tradesmen's Tokens of the 18th Century, 1892, W.S. Lincoln & Sons.

ATTWOOD, THOMAS, The Later Prosperity, and the Present Adversity of the Country, Explained; the Proper Remedies Considered, and the Comparative Merits of English and Scottish Systems of Banking Discussed, in a Correspondence between Sir John Sinclair and Mr. Thomas Attwood, 1826. In Frank Whitson Fetter, ed., Selected Economic Writings, London, London School of Economics and Political Science, 1964. (White)

ATTWOOD, THOMAS, The Scottish Banker, 1828, London, James Ridgway (White); The Scotch Banker, London, 1832, 175pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

AUERSWALD, HANS von, Staatswirtschaft, 1809, Auszuege aus Kap. 3 & 4 ueb. Steuerfundation und Bankfreiheit, durch Einloesungspflicht beschraenkt, 99pp, 29x, in PP 735.

AUSTRALIAN FINANCIAL SYSTEMS INQUIRY, List of the Public Submissions that are offered on microfiche by C.I.C., Congress Information Centre, 11pp, in PP 803.

AUSTRALIAN, THE, Singapore blazes trail towards a cashless society, 21 Jan. 86, clipping, 1p, 29x, in PP 741/2. (Beware of the tax and control consequences. Many bureaucrats have similar ambitions in other States. - J.Z.)

AVRAM, Duke of, The, His Highness, a materials collection regarding his independent ROYAL BANK OF AVRAM, Tasmania, & its note issues & clash with the Australian government & police.(The Duke does not consider himself as a secessionist but practises secessionism. He claims Tasmania is NOT part of Australia and thus not subject to its centralized Reserve Bank system. I consider him to be a de-facto secessionist) through his free banking effort. Published thus by me in ON PANARCHY IX. - J.Z.) 55pp, in PP 689.

AYTOUN, W.E., The Scottish Banking System, BLACKWOOD'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE, 1844, v. 56, pp, 671-86. Schuler & White. (The name is given in brackets & thus either may not be certain or may indicate that it was written by him anonymously. If I included the brackets here, the title would be automatically sorted out of alphabetical order. J.Z.)


BADCOCK, J., Slaves to Duty. (Member of the Free Currency Movement, Mentioned in Wendy McElroy's LIBERTY INDEX, may have written: THE MONEY FAMINE.

BADCOCK, JOHN, article in FREE REVIEW on currency. Title? Year? Location?

BAGCHI, AMIYA KUNAR, 1978, The Evolution of the State Bank of India, v. 1-2, Bombay, OUP. Schuler

BAGEHOT, W., Lombard Street : A Description of the Money Market, H.S. King, 1873. JZL

BAGEHOT, W., The Currency Monopoly, THE PROSPECTIVE REVIEW, 1848, reprinted in Mrs. R. Barrington, ed., The Works and Life of Walter Bagehot, Longman, Green & Co., vol. 8, pp 146-87. Dowd.

BAILEY, NORMAN A., Brazil as a Monetary Model, Committee for Monetary Research and Education, Tract 10, 1975, 22 pp. JZL. Hints at 2 periods of freedom for notes issues in Brazil, on pp 6& 7. J.Z.)

BAILEY, SAMUEL, A Critical Dissertation on the Nature, Measures, and Causes of Value; Chiefly in Reference to the Writings of Mr. Ricardo and His Followers. London, R. Hunter, 1825.

BAILEY, SAMUEL, A Defence of Joint-Stock Banks and Country Issues. London, 1840, James Ridgway. (White)

BAILEY, SAMUEL, Money and Its Vicissitudes in Value; ....with a Postscript on Joint-Stock Banks. London, Effingham Wilson, 1837. (White)

BAILIE, WILLIAM : Josiah Warren: The First American Anarchist, 1906, Peace Plans 109-110.

BAIRD, WILLIAM, The One Pound Note: Its History, Place, and Power in Scotland, and Its Adaptability for England, 2nd. ed. Edinburgh, 1901, 61 pp, Andrew Baxendine, 3rd. ed. 1912, 72 pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection & R. Carnaghan.)

BAKEWELL, JAMES TAYLOR OF -, (Mentioned by Meulen. J.Z.)

BAKEWELL, PAUL, 13 Curious Errors About Money, Caldwell, Idaho; Caxton Press, 1962. M. (For free banking? I thought that I had it in my library but cannot at present lay my hands on it. Probably, at most, a "gold bug". J.Z.)

BALL, RAY & BOWERS, JOHN, The Resource Rent Tax: A Penalty on Risk-Taking, CIS, 1984, 20pp, 36x, in PP 720. (Is it much larger, as such, than any other tax? J.Z.)

BALL, RAY, The Australian Stockbroking Cartel, 20pp, 1984, CIS, 29x, in PP 722.

BALTENSPERGER, ERNST, Alternative Approaches to the Theory of the Banking Firm, Journal of Monetary Economics, 6, (January), 1980, 1-37. (White)

BANCK, RUDOLPH, Geschichte der saechsischen Banken mit Beruecksichtigung der Wirtschaftsverhaeltnisse, Friedrich Wilhelms Universitaet, Berlin, 1896, Dissertation. (Cameron)

BANCROFT, GEORGE, 1800 - 1891, A Plea for the Constitution of the United States, Wounded in the House of its Guardians. Main part of a Spencer Judd 1983 reprint, without its comments, 89 pp, 29x, in PP 731.

BANK, DIE, copy in Freiburg Univ., Historisches Seminar, may contain some essays by the Beckerath circle in the thirties. Or were they only published in BANK ARCHIV? J.Z.

BANKING AND CURRENCY REFORM LEAGUE, THE, A Short Explanation and Statement of Aims of the League, n.d., 8 pp, in PP 806.

BANKING AND CURRENCY REFORM LEAGUE, THE, pres. A. Kitson, 8pp prospectus. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

BARK, GEORG R., Dr., Boden als Geld, Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Papiergeldes, Berlin, Verlag von Emil Ebering, 1930, 99 pp, in PP 813. (On attempts to realize a recurring wrong notion. J.Z.)

BARKER, JACOB, Private Banking, N.Y., 1819. (Miller)


BARNHILL-TICHENER, Debate on Socialism, 1914. (Bound with volume of The American Anti-Socialist, Donisthorpe et al, Feb. 1912, in Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

BARRO, R.J. & GORDON, D.B., 1983a, Rules, discretion and reputation in a model of monetary policy, JME,12,pp101-121. Dowd

BARRO, R.J. & GORDON, D.B., 1983b, A positive theory of monetary policy in a natural rate model, Journal of Political Economy, 91, pp 580-610. Dowd

BARRO, R.J., Bank deregulation, accounting systems of exchange, and the unit of account: a comment on the McCallum Paper, Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, 23, pp 47-54. Dowd

BARRO, R.J., Money and the price level under the golds standard, Economic Journal, 89, 1979, pp 13-33. Dowd

BARTER AMERICA, Thriving Without Money, Back to Barter: The New Way to Beat Inflation, 2pp, 1981, 29x, in PP 865.

BARTER, Das Wirtschaftsmagazin fuer Verrechnungsgeschaefte, Nr. 1, 1989, 36 S., sample only, 29x, in PP 912. In very small print. Use larger that 29x magnification lenses!

BARTON HEPBURN, A., A History of Currency in the United States, 10 pp extract from the rev. ed., N.Y., Macmillan, 1924, dealing with the issue of clearing house certificates during the currency famines of 1893 & 1907, in PP 795.

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Briefe ueber Kapital und Zins, herausgegeben von Arthur Muelberger, 1896, Peace Plans 617. (Letzter Brief fehlt in dieser Ausgabe. Sie soll auch nicht so gut sein wie die von Bastiat. - J.Z.)

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Capital & Interest, 48 pp, in Essays on Political Economy, London, Bennet, no date, in Peace Plans 484 & 547.( His controversy with Proudhon, on the same theme, Capital and Interest, in Bastiat's own edition, is wanted in English, French and German by LMP.)

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Essays on Political Economy, including: Capital & Interest, 48pp, What Is Money? 37pp, 29x, in PP 547.

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Works, complete, but, alas, only in French, from the 1854-1962 edition, 6 volumes, 29x, in PP 660-665. (It contains his famous discussion with Proudhon on interest. Has anyone ever finalized this discussion - on both sides? - J.Z.)

BAYRISCHE VEREINSBANK, Zeittafel des Geldes, 1974, 4pp, 48x, in PP 739. (I would like to see a time-table of legal tender introductions & repeals and of the inflations in-between. - J.Z.)

BCI JOURNAL, 1. Jahrgang, Nr. 1, August 1988, 32 S., in German, in fine print. Use higher than 29x, magnification! Sample only, in PP 912.

BEARCE, ROBERT G., John Witherspoon: Disciple of Freedom, THE FREEMAN, May 77, 9 pp, in PP 806.

BECK, WILLIAM, Money and Banking, or their Nature and Effects Considered, Cincinnati, 1839. Anonymously published in Ohio, 1830. (Recommended by Greene as forerunner of mutual banking: Mr. Beck, as Greene said "thought out a Mutual Bank by generalizing credit in account; Proudhon, by generalizing the bill of exchange." Should be in some Cincinnati library. J.Z.)

BECKER, GARY S., A Proposal for Free Banking, Chicago, 1957, mimeographed. (Rockoff 141)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, 14.5.1882 - 28.2.1969:

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, A Programme for the Immediate Abolition of Unemployment, 7 pp, 1933, in Peace Plans 544.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Aphorismen zum Geldproblem, 1931, with Englisch translation: Aphorisms on the money problem, leaflet, in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 287 & Peace Plans 586/587.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Artikel in Bankwissenschaft, Heft 17, S. 584-585 &, before 5.3.31, pages 809-813.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Artikel ueber Versicherung, Wertbestaendigkeit, Zins, Bausparkassen und Geldfreiheit, 1925-1936, 96pp, Peace Plans 337.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Aus der Volkswirtschaftslehre", in "Fragen und Antworten", Herausgeber Dr. W. Jaeneke, Berlin, Nos. 1-8, 1935.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Banknoten sind typisierte Wechsel und ihre Sicherung gegen Inflation, in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 196.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Berlin Program, 1953, in PP 41, in English. In German in the Beckerath papers in Peace Plans 428 ff.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Brief an Dr. Mann, 29.9.57, mit 8 Punkten ueber Menschenrechte, insbesondere wirtschaftliche Rechte, with English translation : 8 Points on Human Rights, in Peace Plans 589/90 & 617.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Comments on Proudhon's monetary ideas, in Peace Plans 292

BECKERATH, ULRICH VON, Co-author of "Die Vier Gesetzentwuerfe", Four Law Drafts for Fight Deflation, Prevent Inflation and Lower the Interest Rate, in German and in English in Peace Plans No. 40.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Creer du Travail Doit-il Necessairement couter de l/Argent?, Recueil Sirey, Paris, 1935, 161pp, Peace Plans 334.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Das Gold als Wertmesser, als Zahlungsmittel und als Kapital, Wirtschafts-Bericht, Deutsche Festmark-Bank, Berlin, 15.2.1932, Peace Plans 428 ff, S. 318.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Declaration about the Rights of the Unemployed to Exchange, to Supply themselves with Job Opportunities and to Undertake all Monetary and Financial Measures Justified and Required for this Purpose, 1951, in Peace Plans 545.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Der Reichsbankausweis, Aus Volkswirtschaft und Statistik, "Waehrung und Wirtschaft", 31.1.1925.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Der Zins als Ausgleichsbetrag, "Heim und Scholle", Dezember 1930.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Der Zins bei Bausparkassen, "Heim und Scholle", November 1930.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Der Zins und das Recht auf den vollen Arbeitsertrag, in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 2199.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Die Durchfuehrung der Vorschlaege von Milhaud, Annalen der Gemeinwirtschaft, Heft 1, 1934, auch als Sonderdruck der Annalen erschienen. Peace Plans 357/358.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Die Gewaehrung langfristiger Kredite nach dem Verrechnungsprinzip, in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 814.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Die Sicherung der Goldwaehrung. Die Aufhebung der Geldentwertungsklausel. Aufrechnung unter Friedrich dem Grossen : Aus Volkswirtschaft und Statistik, in :"Waehrung und Wirtschaft", Mitteilungsblatter der Deutschland Versicherungs A.G., Berlin, 2.1.1925, in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 120.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Die Sicherung der Kaufkraft des Geldes by Bausparkassen, Heim und Scholle, Berlin, 1930.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Does the Provision of Employment Necessitate Money Expenditure? - The Financing of Public Works without Recourse to the Money Market, as proposed in the Milhaud Plan, with remarks on the latter, Williams & Norgate, London, 1935. Under the title : Must Full Employment cost Money? microfilmed in Peace Plans No. 10. (German edition Peace Plans 372, French in Peace Plans 334.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, A Programme for the Immediate Abolition of Unemployment, 7pp, 1933, in Peace Plans 544.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Anmerkungen zum Eisenbahngeld, in einem Brief an Dr. Foerster, 28.8.1933, in PP 741/42.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Aphorismen zum Geldproblem, 1931, with English translation: Aphorisms on the money problem, leaflet, in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 287 & Peace Plans 586/587.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Artikel in Bankwissenschaft, Heft 17, S. 584-585 &, before 5.3.31, pages 809-813.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Artikel ueber Versicherung, Wertbestaendigkeit, Zins, Bausparkassen und Geldfreiheit, 1925-1936, 96pp, Peace Plans 337.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Banknoten sind typisierte Wechsel und ihre Sicherung gegen Inflation, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 196.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Berlin Program, 1953, in PP 41, in English. In German in the Beckerath papers in Peace Plans 428ff. (Formally by Berliner Gesellschaft von 1952 zur Bekaempfung der Ursachen der Arbeitslosigkeit but B. was its main writer and spokesman,and secretary.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Brief an Dr. Mann, 29.9.57, mit 8 Punkten ueber Menschenrechte, insbesondere wirtschaftliche Rechte, with English translation : 8 Points on Human Rights, in Peace Plans 589/90 & 617.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Comments on Proudhon's monetary ideas, in PP 292.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Creer du Travail Doit-il Necessairement couter de l'Argent?, Recueil Sirey, Paris, 1935, 161pp, PP 334.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Das Gold als Wertmesser, als Zahlungsmittel und als Kapital, Wirtschafts-Bericht, Deutsche Festmark-Bank, Berlin, 15.2.1932, 29x, PP 428ff, S. 318.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Declaration about the Rights of the Unemployed to Exchange, to Supply themselves with Job Opportunities and to Undertake all Monetary and Financial Measures Justified and Required for this Purpose, 1951, 29x, in PP 545.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Der Reichsbankausweis, Aus Volkswirtschaft und Statistik, "Waehrung und Wirtschaft", 31.1.1925, 7pp, 29x, pages 128ff, in PP 428ff,

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Der Zins als Ausgleichsbetrag, "Heim und Scholle", Dezember 1930, 4pp, 24x, in PP 337.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Der Zins bei Bausparkassen, "Heim und Scholle", November 1930, 13pp, 24x, in PP 337.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Der Zins und das Recht auf den vollen Arbeitsertrag, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 2199.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Die Durchfuehrung der Vorschlaege von Milhaud, Annalen der Gemeinwirtschaft, Heft 1, 1934, auch als Sonderdruck, in PP 357/358. English translation, 24x, in PP 9.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Die Gewaehrung langfristiger Kredite nach dem Verrechnungsprinzip, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 814.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Die Sicherung der Goldwaehrung. Die Aufhebung der Geldentwertungsklausel. Aufrechnung unter Friedrich dem Grossen : Aus Volkswirtschaft und Statistik, in :"Waehrung und Wirtschaft", 2.1.1925, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 120.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Die Sicherung der Kaufkraft des Geldes by Bausparkassen, Heim und Scholle, Berlin, 1930, 9pp, 24x, in PP 337.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Does the Provision of Employment Necessitate Money Expenditure? - The Financing of Public Works without Recourse to the Money Market, as proposed in the Milhaud Plan, with remarks on the latter, Williams & Norgate, London, 1935. Under the title : Must Full Employment cost Money? Microfilmed in Peace Plans No. 10, 97pp, 24x. (German edition in Peace Plans 372, French edition in Peace Plans 334.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Draft of the Conditions for the next peace treaty with Russia, PP 14. In German in PP 399-401 & in 428ff.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Economic and Human Rights Aspects Ignored by Modern Authors, extract from a letter, 29 Sep. 57, to Dr. Mann, Bth. Papers, PP 428ff, page 3794, in German, English in PP 589/90 & 740.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ein Sofortprogramm zur Behebung der Arbeitslosigkeit, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 2311 & 4195. (Vergl. Eine Neue Notverordnung...)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Eine Neue Notverordnung, in 11 Par., im "Wirtschaftsbericht" der Deutschen Festmark Bank, Berlin, 31.12.1931. With English translation in PP 544. The German text is also in PP 428ff, S. 277. Vgl.: Ein Sorfortprogramm...

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Einige Bemerkungen zu im Jahre 1947 veroeffentlichten Vorschlaegen zur Waehrungsreform, 28.12.1950. (Eine Geld-Utopie, die die Abschaffung aller Geldgesetze annimmt, mit einer Deklaration von 18 wirtschaftlichen Rechten, insbesondere monetaeren. Mit Englischer Uebersetzung in Peace Plans 589/590. Der deutsche Text ist auch in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 1651.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Einige Factoren welche in dem neuen System den Umlauf der Zahlungsmittel beschleunigen und zwar voraussichtlich in viel staerkerem Ausmass als es im System von Silvio Gesell geschieht, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 2200.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Einige Prinzipien zu einer Sozialordnung, die vielleicht in die von uns beabsichtigte Prinzipienerklaerung aufgenommen werden koennen, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 2569. English translation, 48x, in PP 589/590: Some principles on a social order... 7 points.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Einige Saetze der von Milhaud, Rittershausen, Zander und anderen vertretenen Geldtheorie, die nicht als selbstverstaendlich angesehen werden koennen, 29x, in PP 428, S. 1764, repeated 2149. English translation under: The German School on Money.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Einige von der UN nicht kodifizierte Rechte des Menschen und Buergers, 8 Punkte, with English translation, 48x, in PP 589/590.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Entwurf zu einer Arbeitsbeschaffungsbank, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 1670.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Erklaerung ueber das Recht sich Arbeit zu beschaffen, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 1735. English translation under: Declaration about...

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Freier Goldmarkt versus Einloesung, mit Anm. von H. Rittershausen, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 869.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, German School of Money, in short statements, with comments by J.Zube, 8pp leaflet, title by J.Z., not U.v.B., 24x, in PP 41, 29x, in PP 357/58.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Gesammelte Briefe, Aufsaetze und Notize, erste Ausgabe, 1984, unter dem Titel: "Zur Freiheit, zum Frieden und zur Gerechtigkeit" ( Towards Freedom, Peace and Justice. Contains many contributions by other members of the German monetary freedom school. ) 39 microfiche at 29x in PP 428-466. Kurzes Inhaltsverzeichnis in PP 741, langes in PP 428. Segments of these writings and his 3 major books have been translated into English, the latter also into French. LMP attempts to expand this series and seeks further material by and on Beckerath's monetary freedom and related ideas.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Inhaltsverzeichnis, 1.) kurzes, zur Sammlung seiner Papiere in PP 428-466, mit einer Uebersicht ueber seine hauptsaechlichen Reformvorschlaege, in PP 741/42. 2. Ein ausfuehrliches, hauptsaechlich aber nicht ausschliesslich chronologisches Inhaltsverzeichnis fuer diese Sammlung, ist in PP 428 zu finden. 3. Ein alphabetisches Inhaltsverzeichnis ist immer noch nur geplant.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, La Mise A Execution Du Projet Milhaud, in: Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, par Edgard Milhaud, ed., Recueil Sirey, Paris, 1934, pp. 7-108, 29x, in PP 744..

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Letter and statement to Henry Meulen, 1.&12.8.1935, on their differences regarding monetary freedom, 12pp, 24x, in PP 350-354, & 561.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Letter to Dr. Schinnagel, containing a short liberation programme, 9 points, 1.5.1959, in PP 544.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Meulen, differences between Beckerath and M., 1935, 12pp, in PP 350-354 & 36x, in PP 561.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Monetaere Rechte zur Arbeitsbeschaffung, 4 Punkte, 2 Seiten, 21.5.1956, in Peace Plans 589/590, p 740. With translation: BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Monetary Rights for the Provision of Employment, 4 points, 21.5.1956, in Peace Plans 589/590, p 740.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Muss Arbeitsbeschaffung Geld kosten? Die Finanzierung oeffentlicher Arbeiten ohne Beanspruchung des Geldmarktes nach den Vorschlaegen Milhauds nebst einigen Bemerkungen ueber sein System, Annalen der Gemeinwirtschaft, Genf, 11. Jahrgang, Heft 1, Januar/Mai 1935, 147 S., in PP No. 372.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Must full employment cost money? 1935, in PP 10. French edition of the same, 24, in PP 334, German ed. 29x, in PP 372. Previously published under the title: "Does the Provision of Employment necessitate Money Expenditure? The financing of Public Works without recourse to the Money Market, as proposed in the Milhaud Plan; with remarks on the latter, 1935, 160 pp. (A classic work on how to abolish involuntary mass unemployment - by self-help measures, within days at most - using monetary freedom techniques, i.e. while avoiding inflation, deflation and stagflation. How many millions have suffered since, directly and indirectly from unemployment, in ignorance of this work? - J.Z.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Oeffentliches Versicherungswesen u. Verrechnungsgeld, Die Entwicklungsmoeglichkeiten des Versicherungswesens in Asien u. besonders Irans bei Anwendung der Grundsaetze des Milhaudschen Zahlungssystems, nebst einigen Bemerkungen ueber das System, Genf, Annalen der Gemeinwirtchaft, 1936, 103 S., 29x, in PP 665. ( On Contribution Money, discussing the Milhaud payment system & offering a monetary revisionist view of the French Revolution. English ed., together with an alphabetical index to this work and his 2 prior monetary freedom books in PP 9 & 10, in PP 11.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, One New Emergency Law (to remove the emergency), 1931, in Peace Plans 544. (German in PP 427ff, S. 277.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Practical Realization of the Milhaud Proposals, The, 1934, in PP 9. German edition : Die Durchfuehrung der Vorschlaege von Milhaud, 24x, in PP 347/48. (A primer on monetary freedom as a predondition for a really free market.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Programmentwurf fur Ostzonenfluechtlinge, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 1506.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Programmentwurf fur die Berliner Vereinigung zur Bekaempfung der Ursachen den Ehelosigkeit, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 2645.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Protokoll zur Sitzung am 11.2.54, 1 S., Berliner Gesellschaft von 1952 zur Bekaempfung der Ursachen der Arbeitslosigkeit, in PP 803.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Proudhon, Comments on Proudhon's monetary ideas, 29x, in PP 292.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Public Insurance and Compensation Money, 1938, Peace Plans 11, with an alphabetical index for this and his previous monetary freedom books, reproduced in Peace Plans 9 & 10. (Discusses fundamental monetary freedom principles and applies them to public insurance, especially in underdeveloped countries. Also brings a revisionist view of the history of the French Revolution, in the light of monetary freedom ideas. The French issue is wanted for filming. J.Z.) German issue in PP 665.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Railway Money and the Nuclear Threat, excerpt from a letter of 11.12.54, in Peace Plans 16-18. The German original text is in Peace Plans 428ff.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Saetze aus der modernen "Regierungsoekonomie", 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 1435…

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Sofortmassnahmen, die keinen Geldaufwand erfordern, in PP 428ff, S. 1731 & 48x, in 589/590. (Zur Behebung der Arbeitslosigkeit.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Some human rights and rights of citizens not codified by the UN, 8 points, in Peace Plans 589/590.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Some principles of a Social Order.... 7 points, in Peace Plans 589/590.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Some Remarks to Proposals Published in 1947 on Currency Reform, 28.12.1950. (A monetary utopia, presupposing the abolition of all monetary laws and proclaiming 18 economic rights, mainly monetary rights, in Peace Plans 589/590, with the German text.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Some Technical Details of the Statutes of an Employment Bank, ca. 1951, 29x, in PP 544. (Compare his statutes proposals in PP 9-11.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Some human rights and rights of citizens not codified by the UN, 8 points, 48x, in PP 589/590.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Some principles of a Social Order.... 7 points, 48x in PP 589/590.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, The Case for Economic and Political Tolerance as the Only Sound Policy, 24x, in PP 42-44, more legible edition, 29x, in PP 415. With notes by J. Zube

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, The German School on Money, Some Principles of Monetary Theory, represented by Rittershausen, Milhaud, Zander and others that cannot be considered as self-evident, 25.1.1952, a pamphlet with comments by John Zube, in Peace Plans 41 & 357/358.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, The Practical Realization of the Milhaud Proposals, in "Ending the Unemployment and Trade Crisis", ed. by Edgard Milhaud, Williams & Norgate, London, 1934, & in Peace Plans 9 & 769, 92 pp. (A primer on monetary freedom as a precondition for a really free market.) German original in Peace Plans 357/358.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber bargeldlose Entlohnung. ( Ein frueher Aufsatz ueber sein Gutscheinsystem), in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 21.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber das Bankgeschaeft, aeltere und neuere Ansicht, in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 142.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber das Geldprinzip der modernen, totalitaeren Staaten, in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 2309.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber das Geldwesen in Kanada, duplicated paper, 15.10.1924.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber Deflation, 29x, in PP 428 ff, S. 234, 1242.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber den Kauf der Betriebe durch die Belegschaften, in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 2923.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber die Vier Gesetzentwuerfe, in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 285ff, 390ff, 421ff.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber Dr. Herpel's Plan, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 259

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber eine Scheckbank (Verrechnungsbank), Peace Plans 428ff, S. 376, 380-382, 487, 515, 538.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber Geldfreiheit, 29x, in PP 428 ff, e.g. S. 277.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber Gold, Goldwaehrung und Warenpreise, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 32, 38, 47, 107, 120, 745 ff.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber Goldstuecke als Wertmesser und als nicht aufdraengbare Zahlungsmittel, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 2227, 2235 etc.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber Inflation, Zwangskurs und Zentralnotenbanken, in Peace Plans 428 ff, S. 18, 30, 99, 103, 196, 198, 239 ff.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber Kanadisches Geldwesen, 29x, PP 428 ff, S. 64, 67, 237, 1207.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber Kaufkraftparitaeten und Indexzahlen, in PP 428ff, S. 12, 18, 31, 39, 41, 44, 49, 50, 87, 92, 100, 135, 149, 162, 163, 176, 177, 180, 224, 684, 687, 745; I. Fisher: S. 46, 104, 220; Laves: S.52. See also duplicated paper of 15 Oct. 1924.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber Steuerfundation, 29x, in PP 428 ff, S. 386, 394 ff, 492.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber bargeldlose Entlohnung. (Ein frueher Aufsatz ueber sein Gutscheinsystem), 29x, in PP 428ff, S.21.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber das Bankgeschaeft, aeltere und neuere Ansicht, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 142.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber das Geldprinzip der modernen totalitaeren Staaten, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 2309.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber den Kauf der Betriebe durch die Belegschaften, 29x,in PP 428ff, S. 2923.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber die Vier Gesetzentwuerfe, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 285ff, 390ff, 421ff.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ueber eine Scheckbank (Verrechnungsbank), 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 376,380-382, 487,515,538.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Vier Gesetzentwuerfe zur Bekaempfung der Deflation, Verhinderung der Inflation und Senkung des Zinses, nebst Begruendung, 1932/33, 24x, in, PP 40. (With German original and a pamphlet on it by Dr. Best. Beckerath was co-author with Rittershausen, Zander, Munzer, Unger & Meis. The Explanation was written by Dr. Walter Zander.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Was Kann der Einzelne Tun damit Deutschland zu einem Gesunden Geldwesen kommt? 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 126.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Zahlungserleichterung fuer die Landwirtschaft, 1945, 1 S., with English translation: Facilitating Payments for Agricultural Enterprises, 48x, in PP 645.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Zu dem Punkt unseres Programmes, der das Wesen des Zinses betrifft, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 2785.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Zur Freiheit, zum Frieden und zur Gerechtigkeit, gesammelte Briefe, Aufsaetze und Notizen. (Contains many monetary freedom contributions of the German monetary freedom school, on 39 microfiche, at 29x, in PP 428-466. Kurzes Inhaltsverzeichnis, 5 pp, 48x, in PP 647, langes in PP 428. Supplementary issue is being prepared and also an alphabetical index. More Beckerath writings and correspondence are wanted for further editions. - J.Z. )

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Zur gegenwaertigen Lage der deutschen Wirtschaft, 15.9.1924., 29x, in PP 428ff.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an Dr. Mann, 29.9.57, mit 8 Punkten ueber Menschenrechte, insbesondere wirtschaftliche Rechte, with English translation : 8 Points on Human Rights, 48x, in PP 589/90 & 617.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, to Mann, Dr., 29.9.1957, 5 S., in PP 804. - A significant segment of this letter, containing 8 major points of Beckerath's liberation programme, has been translated here.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, to Runge, Dr., 21.6.1956, 3 S., in PP 804.

BECKERATH, URLICH von, Some Remarks to Proposals Published in 1947 on Currency Reform, 28 Dec. 1950, 9pp, containing a 17 point programme on economic rights, including monetary rights, in PP 804. MANY more monetary freedom contributions by him can be found in PP 428 ff & will be microfilmed to the extent that they are already on hand or will become available. J.Z.

BECKHART, BENJAMIN H., ed., 1929, Foreign Banking Systems, ch. 5, The Banking System of Canada, N.Y., Henry Holt & Co. Schuler

BEER, Geschichte des Welthandels, Bd. 2, Wien 1862, Cap. 3 & 13, 1964, Cap. 3 : Ueber Entwicklung des Geldwesens & Bankwesens, mit vielen historischen und statistischen Notizen. "Brauchbare Uebersicht", lt. Adolf Wagner.

BEER, M., A History of British Socialism, Bell and Sons, London, 1919-1929, vol. I, 361pp, vol. II 441 pp. (JZL) Shortly mentions and discusses private token money issues by manufacturers and Thomas Attwood, 1783-1856, as a currency reformer, Owen's currency plan & others and Labour Exchanges. Scholefield, Muntz, Salt, Douglas, R.K., James Bronterre O'Brien, Gray and Bray are also mentioned as currency reformers. Most of them, however, were, probably, favouring one or the other type of alternative monetary despotism in form of a coercive paper money scheme. All-over, this book was one of the favourite ones of Ulrich von Beckerath and I found much in it that is of interest to me. Withdrawal of savings and deposits as a "resistance" act is mentioned e.g. on page 69 & 74. This, potentially disastrous step, for all, has recently, unfortunately, become popular again among some members of the Green Movement. But at least some of them intend re-investment in their own kind of investment bank - the Oekobank Projekt. - J.Z.

BELL, G.M., The Country Banks and the Currency, London, Longmans, 1842. (White)

BELL, G.M., The Currency Question, London, Longmans, 1841. (White)

BELL, G.M., The Philosophy of Joint Stock Banking, London, Longmans, 1840. (White)

BELL, ROBERT, A Letter to James William Gilbart ... on the Regulation of the Currency by the Foreign Exchanges; and on the Appointment of the Bank of England to be the Sole Bank of Issue throughout Great Britain, London, Pelham Richardson, 1840. (White)

BELL, ROBERT, A Letter to James William Gilbart...on the Relative Merits of the English and Scotch Banking System, 1838, Edinburgh, Bell & Bradfute. (White)

BELLOC & MCDONALD, Socialism and the Servile State, 1911. (Bound together with The American Anti-Socialist, Feb. 1912ff, in Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

BELTON, JUDITH, Do not Pass Go, Do not Collect $200, ISLANDER Mag., 8 June 86, on "LETS game". "Monopoly has nothing to do with reality." 1p, 29x, in PP 865.

BENAVIDES M., JULIO, 1972, Historia de la Moneda en Bolivia, La Paz, Ediciones 'Puerto del Sol'. Schuler.

BENDIXEN, according to Ulrich von Beckerath, 18.5.1925, has written at least something on private goods warrants issues, before 1925.

BENNDORF, ALEX., Fuer Bankfreiheit, 1870, Braunschweig, 38pp, 29x, in PP 687. (Warning : He argues rather against than for monetary freedom, in spite of this title : For Free Banking. Under this title all kinds of "funny money" or all too restrictionist theories were and are still advocated and they have given free banking a bad name. Freedom to issue notes does no more mean freedom to issues monopolized, coercive, exclusive, fraudulent or fictitious notes than freedom to issue checks means freedom to issue fraudulent cheques. J.Z.)

BENNISON, W., The Cause of the Present Money Crisis Explained, in an Answer to the Pamphlet of Mr. J. Horsely Palmer, 1837, 3rd. ed., London, Effingham Wilson. (White)

BENTHAM, JEREMY, DEFENCE OF USURY, showing the impolicy of the present legal restraints on the terms of pecuniary bargains, in letters to a friend, to which is added a letter to Adam Smnith, Esq LL.D. on the discouragement opposed by the above restraints to the progress of inventive industry, 1788, 1816, 1962, 29pp, in PP 890.

BENTHAM, JEREMY, Defense de l'usure, ou Lettres sur les inconvenients des lois qui fixent le taux de l'interet de l'argent, in Melanges d'economie politiques, volumes I & II, 1847, 1848, in PP 778-783. This particular essay is in PP 783.

BERGIUS, C.J., Geschichte des Preussischen Papiergeldes, Zeitschrift fuer die gesammte Staatswissenschat, 1870, 225-60. (Cameron)

BERKELEY, BISHOP, on money, extracts by James Harvey, from "Wuerist", London, Provost, 1872. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

BERKEY, WILLIAM AUGUSTUS, 1823-1902, The Money Question: The Legal Tender Paper Monetary System of the U.S., Grand Rapids, 1876. National Library of Australia. (Not yet checked out. - J.Z.)

BERLIN SOCIETY OF 1952 TO FIGHT THE CAUSES OF UNEMPLOYMENT (Berliner Gesellschaft von 1952 zur Bekaempfung der Ursachen der Arbeitslosigkeit), see under Beckerath.

BERNARDI, G.B. de, An Object Lesson for Labour Reformers... The Guernsey Market House, Free Currency League, Henry Seymour Sec., 4 pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

BERNHOLZ, PETER M., Inflation & Monetary Constitution in Historical Perspective, KYKLOS, Vol. 36, (6?) 1983, S. 387-419. (Shows no understanding of the influence of legal tender legislation. - J.Z.) 2 pp in PP 806.

BERNHOLZ, PETER M., Universitaet Basel, Besprechung zu F. A. Hayek, Denationalisation of Money, in Kyklos, 31, 3pp, 1978, in PP 794 & 805. (Gerding hint) (Shows no understanding of the influence of legal tender legislation. - J.Z.)

BESANT, ANNI vs. FREDERICK MILLAR, Socialism vs. Individualism, 1890, 32 pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

BEST, Dr., Die Vier Gesetzentwuerfe, and English translation of the following pamphlet, reproduced in Peace Plans 40.

BEST, Dr., Oberlandesgerichtspraesident (I just don't know his Christian names. - J.Z.): Arbeitsbeschaffung und Kreditausweitung, "Volksrecht", 11.3.1933, Peace Plans 428 ff, S. 616. (JZL)

BEST, Dr., Ueber die Vier Gesetzentwuerfe, Sparerbund, Berlin, ca. 1933, 24x, in PP 40, 29x, in PP 428 ff, S. 861.

BEST, Dr., Waehrungsfragen, Selbsthilfe, 4.8.1934, 29x, in PP 428 ff, S. 861.

BEST, Dr., Zur Frage der Goldwaehrung, 25.3.1933, 29x, in PP 428 ff, S. 625.

BETT, VIRGIL, 1957, Central Banking in Mexico: Monetary Policies and Financial Crises, 1864-1949, Bureau of Business Research, School of Business Administration, Univ. of Mich., v. 13, no. 1, Ann Arbor. Schuler

BIDDULPH, JOHN and ANNA J. SCHWARTZ, editors, 1984, A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931, Chicago, UCP. Schuler

BIDDULPH, JOHN, 1968, 1892, The Grasshopper in Lombard Street, N.Y., Burt Franklin, orig. ed. London. Schuler

BIDDULPH, JOHN, 1984, The Gold Standard: The Traditional Approach. In Bordo and Schwartz, 1984. Schuler. (By B.? Schuler gives the title a line and full stop following Biddulph: Grasshopper but the dating of the first (1892) and the editorship of the title, written with Schwartz, 1984, speak against this. Unless Schwartz commented 1984 to the 1892 text by B. J.Z.)

BILGRAM, HUGO & LEVY, LOUIS EDWARD, The Cause of Business Depressions, Philadelphia, 1914, Libertarian Book House, Bombay, 1950, 541pp, indexed. JZL (Maybe still available through the "Indian Libertarian". For free clearing but still for centralized note issue and gold redemption upon presentation of clearing cheques. From my point of view this work is so full or errors that I had so far hesitated to list it as a free banking book. But at least it is a collection of materials and arguments related to it. The only point that I can easily agree with is that a problem of money shortage does exist, at least temporarily, and can during this period cause great problems. - J.Z.)

BILGRAM, HUGO, A Commercial Clearing House - A Substitute for Elastic Currency and a Simple Remedy for Financial Stringency, Philadelphia, 27 pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection )

BILGRAM, HUGO, A Study of the Money Question, Philadelphia, 1889, Humboldt Publishing Co., N.Y., 1894/5, Libertarian Social Institute, Bombay, 1955, 55 pp, in PP 645. (While he opposed the money monopoly and proposes, what he calls "free banking", he suggested that the government, for reasons of expedience, and acting merely as an agent, provide "a single, uniform issue, which can be most advantageously controlled by that social organization which is invested with the function of preventing infractions of equal freedom." - Page 52. Such qualifications have so far prevented me from closely reading his writings. - J.Z.)

BILGRAM, HUGO, Analysis of the Nature of Capital & Interest, pages 129-151, The Journal of Political Economy, XVI/3, March 1908, 24pp, 29x, in PP 732.

BILGRAM, HUGO, Involuntary Idleness, an Exposition of the Cause of the Discrepancy Existing between the Supply of and the Demand for Labor and its Products, Philadelphia, Pa., 1889, 119 pp. (LMP seeks a copy. One is among the Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection. According to Tucker the best treatise in English on money since Greene's Mutual Banking. B. was a very frequent contributor to "Liberty". J.Z.)

BILGRAM, HUGO, The Iron Law of Wages, 1887. (FB? n.d., n.p.)

BILGRAM, HUGO, The Quantity Theory Scrutinized, The Journal of Political Economy, XXIX, Nov. 1921, pp 757-766.

BILGRAM, HUGO, The Remedy for Overpopulation and Under Employment, N.Y., 1928

BLAKEWELL, PAUL, What Are We Using for Money? (Against fiat money, not for free banking or only within the limits of gold redemption. But opposes legal tender. J.Z.)

BLANKERTZ, STEFAN, an Helmut Creutz, zwei Briefe, 1983 & 19.12.1983, & "Information zur Staatskritik, Nr. 1: Was mit dem Geld auf Ihrem Konto Passiert, oder: Wo Inflation gemacht wird und wer daran verdient," in PP 741/42. (Zu diesem speziellen Thema ist Creutz ihm in seinen Antworten ueberlegen. Aber wenn es um Zins geht, dann sind B.'s Argumente besser. Nichtsdestotrotz, die Zinsgegnerschaft von Creutz ist beachtenswert durch sorgfaeltige und klare Zusammenstellung der Argumente gegen Zinsen. - J.Z.)

BLAU, J.L., 1947, Introduction: Jacksonian social thought, in Joseph L. Blau, ed., Social Theories of Jacksonian Democracy: Representative Writings of the Period 1825-1850, Hafner Publishing Co. - Dowd.

BOARDMAN, GEORGE, Steps to Freedom, published by K. Paucitis, contain some monetary freedom ideas. (I would like a full set for microfiching and get in touch with K. P. again, if he is still alive and active. - J.Z.)

BOLLES, A.S., Financial History of the US, 1774-1885. (On legal tender laws and legislation, in State Library of N.S.W. - J.Z.)

BOLLMAN, ERIC, Plan of an Improved System of Money Concerns of the Union, 1810, Miller, pp. 72/73. fb?

BONDA, H.J., Goods Currencies, English University Press, London. For time limit on international payments, free convertibility. Knows former works of Milhaud but disagrees with all but his 1949 Geneva work: "The Compensation-Cheque". (LMP would like a copy of the latter work.)

BOON, GEORGE D., Welsh Industrial Tokens & Medals, National Museum of Wales, 1972.

BORDO, M.D. & REDISCH, A., 1988, Was the establishment of a Canadian central bank in 1935 necessary? in: C. England and T. Huertas, editors, The Financial Services Revolution, The Cato Institute, ch. 4. Dowd.

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID, Explorations in Monetary History. A survey of literature. Mimeo, Univ. of South California. Copy wanted by LMP.

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID, The Gold Standard: Myths and Realities, 42 pp, in Siegel, Barry N., Money in Crisis. JZL.

BORSODI, RALPH, A Pan-Humanist Manifesto, in "A Way Out, Oct. 1963, discussed in the March 1964 issue, in PP 56.

BORSODI, RALPH, notice in Reason, Sept. 74: "Inflation-Proof­ Money?, on Borsodi's CONSTANTS, 1p, in PP 793.

BORSODI, RALPH, Inflation Is Coming, N.Y., 1945, 1948, 29 in PP 409.

BORSODI, RALPH, Seventeen Problems of Man and Society, 1968, 595 pp, 42x, in PP 427.

BORSODI, RALPH, Some papers on and by Dr. Ralph Borsodi, 1886-1977, decentralist, money- and land reformer, free trader, peace lover and founder of the School of Living, 24x, PP 56.


BORSODI, RALPH, notice in Reason, Sept. 74: "Inflation-Proof Money?, on Borsodi's CONSTANTS, 1p, in PP 793. (I am still hoping that the School of Living will make Borsodi's voluminous papers available on microfiche. - J.Z.)

BOUCHE, CAMILLE, French review, 3 pp, p 195, of "Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail", containing essays by Milhaud, Beckerath, Zander and Rittershausen, in PP 802.

BOURDET, CLAUDE, A French View of the Woergl Experiment, 1933, 2 pp, in PP 769.

BOURDET, CLAUDE, Une Opinion Francaise sur l'Experience de Woergl, in: Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, by Edgard Milhaud, Recueil Sirey, 1934. pp 330/1, 29x, in PP 744.

BOWEN, IAN, Country Banking, the Note Issues and the Banking Controversies in 1825, Econ. History, suppl. to Econ. Journal, 1938, t. III, No. 13, Feb. 1939, 3, 68-88, in PP 732. (Coppetiers)

BOWERS, JOHN & BALL, RAY, The Resource Rent Tax: A Penalty on Risk-Taking, CIS, 1984, 20pp, 36x, in PP 720.

BOYER, RUSSEL S., Monetary Experiments in a Neo-Classical Model, Economic Inquiry, March 1976, (14)1, pp 89-104. (FB? Freiburg Univ., II/149, not on shelf.)

BOYER, RUSSELL, Nickels and Dimes, 1972, 2 pp, in PP 810.

BRAKEMAN, ROBERT, Honest Money - Not Congress Money, SLM, 11/81, 1p, in PP 793.

BRAKEMAN, ROBERT, One of the very Best, a 1p review of Warren Kearse's book: "The War Against Honesty", from The Southern Libertarian Messenger, Jan. 1981, in PP 793. (Monetarily one of the worst, I think. - J.Z.)

BRAUN, CONRAD, A Proposal toward Free Market Money, 1988, in PP 791.

BRAUN, CONRAD, The Role of Private Coinage, 12pp, 29x, in PP 905.

BRECKENRIDGE, ROELIFF MORTON, 1894, The Canadian Banking System, 1817-1890, Toronto, Canadian Bankers' Association?, 1894. Schuler.

BRECKENRIDGE, ROELIFF MORTON, 1910, The History of Banking in Canada, Washington, Gov. Printg. Office, Schuler.

BRECKENRIDGE, S.P., Legal Tender, University of Chicago Press, 1903. Out in a Greenwood Reprint. Wanted by LMP.

BREED,..., An Impartial Inquiry into the Bank Question: With Observations on Banking and Currency, by a Merchant, 1832, London, James Ridgway. (White)

BRENNAN, H. GEOFFREY and BUCHANAN, JAMES M., Monopoly in Money and Inflation. The Case for a Constitution to Discipline Government, IEA, London, 1981, Hobart Paper 88, 68 pp. (JZL. As the title already indicates, it does not go far in the direction of monetary freedom. - J.Z.)

BRIMELOW, PETER, Do you want to be paid in Rockefellers? In Wristons? Or how about a Hayek? Forbes Magazine, 30 May 1988, 6 pp, in PP 803.

BRITISH SESSIONAL PAPERS (BSP), N.Y., Readex Microprint, v.d.: 1826 a (402) III; 257. Report from the Select Committee Appointed to inquire into the State of the Circulation of Promissory Notes under the Value of L 5 in Scotland and Ireland... 1826-7a (245), VI: 377. Report from the Lords Committee Appointed a Select Committee to Inquire into the State of Circulation of Promissory Notes under the Value of L 5 in Scotland and Ireland... 1833c (457), XXIII: 319. Memorial from the Committee of Country Bankers. Delivered to the Duke of Wellington and Mr. Goulbourn, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, 9.5.1828....1833d (457), XXIII: 321, Memorial from the Committee of Country Bankers to Earl Grey and Lord Althorp, Chancellor of the Exchequer, 12.6.1833... 1836 (591), IX: 411. Report from the Secret Committee on Joint Stock Banks....1840 (602), IV: 1, Report from the Select Committee on Banks of Issue...1841 (366), V:1; (410), V:5. First and Second Reports from the Select Committee of the House of Commons on Banks of Issue. (White)

BRITTAN, S., Attractions of a Competitive Approach to Money, in The Financial Times, 20.11.1975. (Gerding)

BRODERICK, FRANCIS J., Sec.-Treasurer, about the Institute for Monetary Research, Inc., 1p leaflet, in PP 803.

BRODIE, W.B., A Letter to the Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Peel... Containing an Answer to Mr. Samuel Jones Lloyd's Proposition for the Suppression of the Country Banks of Issue, and for the Establishment of "One General Bank of Issue", 1840, London, Simpkin, Marshall. (White)

BRONFENBRENNER, MARTIN, The Currency-Choice Defense, 7 pp, in CHALLENGE, The Magazine of Economic Affairs, Jan./Feb. 1980, 31-36. In PP 803. - Brown.

BROUGH, WILLIAM, Open Mints and Free Banking, New York, Putnam, 1894. (Siegel. Copy wanted for LMP.)

BROWN, MALCOLM & ROBINSON, PHILIP, The Bank that Bungled, 1p on Bank of England, The Sunday Times, The Weekend Australian, June 29-30, 1985, in PP 793.

BROWN, PAMELA J., Constitution or Competition? Alternative Views of Monetary Reform, LITERATURE OF LIBERTY, Autumn 1982, pages 7 - 52, in PP 805. ("Monetary Reform and Competition, Constitution or Competition? Alternative Views on Monetary Reform." - is another title mentioned. One of the best surveys of modern monetary freedom writings. - with extensive bibliography. - J.Z.)

BRUNNER, KARL and MELTZER, ALAN, 1971, The Uses of Money: Money in the Theory of an Exchange Economy, American Economic Review, vol. 65, no. 5, December. - Schuler.

BRUNNER, KARL, Konzepte der Geldordnung in einer freiheitlichen Wirtschaftsordnung, in: Joachim Starbatty, Geldordnung und Geldpolitik in einer freiheitlichen Gesellschaft, Walter Eucken Institut, Freiburg Br., Mohr, Tuebingen, 1982, S.7-17. (JZL)

BUCH, RICARDA, Entwurf: Dienstleistungen der Informations-Auskunftsbank, ca. 1985. Gutscheinausgabe fuer Information war geplant. 48x, in PP 739.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., & TIDEMANN, T. NICOLAUS, Gold, Money & the Law: The Limits of Governmental Monetary Authority, in MANNE, H. G. and MILLER, R.L., eds., 1975, pp 9-69 (G.U.S.) & Response to comments, ibid, 125-129.

BUECHI, JOHN HENRI, Free Money: a way out of the money maze, 1933, Australian National Library. (Could not be found when I asked for it, in 1976. I believe he is an opponent of legal tender. - J.Z.)

BUESCH, JOHANN GEORG, Abhandlung von dem Geldumlauf, 1800. Nur ein interessanter Auszug, 9pp, 29x, in PP 731.

BUESCHGEN, H.E., see Rittershausen, Geld, Kapital u. Kredit.

BULLOCK, CHARLES JESSE, Essays on the Monetary History of the United States, 1900, 1912, Peace Plans 375. (Does not insist on gold cover. According to notes on a conversation I had with Ulrich von Beckerath on this work, it was, at least at his time, the only one in which the right to issue notes is clearly recognized as a human right. The right to run a bank belongs to the right to freely choose one's occupation and trade. The right to work cannot be otherwise realized than through the right to issue. It does not meant a claim against a government, to be provided with work and an obligation of the government to provide it but a right to supply oneself with work, without depriving others of it and to undertake all the technical, financial and monetary steps required for this purpose. See the many discussions on this in the Beckerath papers, most of which, alas, are not yet translated. In a quick skimming I looked in vain for this passage and another one Beckerath mentioned: A report on "smith money", a kind of private emergency money without metallic redemption but other acceptance foundation, which in the Western States for decades was supposed to be one of the most important currencies. - J.Z. - Or are there 2 different books : a) these essays, already filmed and "Monetary History of the U.S.", 1912? If so, then I want the latter, too. - J.Z.)

BUND, DER, Fingerabdruecke als Zahlungsmittel, Bern, 22 June 73.

BUREAU OF MINES, Gold, a chapter from: Mineral Facts & Problems, 1975 ed., in PP 739.

BURGESS, A., Perfect World Limited, 2pp extract from this book published by Robertson & Mullens Ltd., Melbourne 1942, on Chinese currency, in PP 794. (This may be the infamous "fellow -traveller". But here or on this he just wrote like a good journalist. - J.Z.)

BURNHAM, P. BECKWITH, Eight Forecasts for U.S. Banking, THE FUTURIST, 3-4/ 89, 7pp, in PP 906.

BURNS, T.D., short letter in REASON, 4/88, on The Trickle Up Program, 29x, in PP 905.

BUSHNELL, CHARLES, An Historical Account of the First Three Business Tokens Issued in the City of New York, N.Y., 1859.

BUSINESS WEEK, Paying with constants instead of dollars, 1p, 4 May 1974, in PP 803.

BUTLIN, S.H., 1986, The Australian Monetary System 1851 to 1914, Sydney? Ambassador Press. Schuler.

BUTLIN, S.J., Foundations of the Australian Monetary System, 1788-1851, Melbourne University Press, 1953, indexed, 727 pp. (JZL. Good on private token money and local currency expedients. - J.Z.)

BUTLIN, S.J., Prof., Australia & N.Z. Bank - The Bank of Australasia & the Union Bank of Australia, Ltd., 1828-1951, some quotes, 1/2p, in PP 913.

BUTOS, W.N., 1986, The knowledge problem under alternative monetary regimes, CATO JOURNAL 5, pp 849-71. Dowd.


CALIFORNIA MINING JOURNAL, monthly, discusses money as property. (Horrigan)

CAMERON, RONDO EMMETT et al, Banking in the Early Stages of Industrialization, a study in comparative economic history, N.Y., Toronto, London, Oxford University Press, 1967, 349 pp, with long bibliography, contains his own essay :"England, 1750-1844. and also a chapter by him on Scottish developments. (I saw this or another work by him in the Reserve Bank library and found that he came close to monetary freedom notions. A librarian showed me the door, all too soon, since this library, containing "confidential" material, would be for "authorized" personnel only. I copied a few pages from a copy in the Queensland Un. library & would like a complete copy. J.Z.)

CAMERON, RONDO EMMETT, 1892, Banking and Industrialization in Britain in the Nineteenth Century. In SLAVEN, ANTHONY and DEREK H. ADLCROFT, editors, Business, Banking and Urban History, Essays in Honour of S.G. Checkland. Edinburgh, John Donald. Schuler.

CAMERON, RONDO EMMETT, An Economic History of Scotland in the Eighteenth Century, Scottish Journal of Political Economy, XI, 1, February 1964, 17-24. (I could find nothing of free banking interest in this work. J.Z.)

CAMERON, RONDO EMMETT, Scotland, 1750-1845, in R. Cameron et al, 1967, Banking in the Early Stages of Industrialization, OUP. Dowd.

CAMERON, RONDO EMMETT, The Banker as Entrepreneur, Explorations in Entrepreneurial History, 2nd. series, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 50-55.

CAMERON, RONDO EMMETT, editor, Banking and economic development; some lessons of history, N.Y., OUP, 1972, 267pp. (Contains a number of various articles. None of them obviously by a free banking advocate. No mention of legal tender in index. Not clear or impressive to me. J.Z.) Qld. Univ.

CAMPBELL, COLIN & WILLIAM R. DOUGAN, eds., Alternative Monetary Regimes, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, especially J. Huston McCallum's article: Beyond the Historical Gold Standard. Selgin.

CAMPBELL, R. H., An Economic History of Scotland in the 18th Century,1964, Review, SJPE. (Munn)

CAMPBELL, R. H., The Law and the Joint-Stock Company in Scotland, 1967, in Peter L. Payne, ed., Studies in Scottish Business History, London, Frank Cass. (White)

CANNAN, EDWIN, ed., The Paper Pound of 1797-1821. A Reprint of the Bullion Report and Resolutions Proposed to the House of Commons, 145 pp, 1919,(JZL), 2nd. ed. 1925, with an introductory essay by Cannan on the monetary history of England during the period and the evils of paper money. LFB sales price $ 8.75.

CANNON, JAMES G., 1900, 1901, Clearing Houses: Their History, Methods, and Administration, Smith Elder & Co, N.Y., Appleton, 1910, 2nd. ed. Washington, Government Printing Office. Schuler

CAPIE, F. and G. E. WOOD, editors, Financial Crises and the World Banking system, London, McMillan. Dowd.

CAPIE, FORREST, Conditions in which very rapid Inflation Has Appeared, 1986, 54 pp, with a short note by J. Zube, in PP 814.

CAPIE, FORRESTS, and ALAN WEBBER, 1985, A Monetary History of the United Kingdom, 1870-1982, v. 1, London, George Allen and Unwin. Schuler

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Answers to Questions: What Constitutes Currency? What Are the Causes of Unsteadiness of the Currency? and What Is the Remedy? Philadelphia, Lea & Blanchard, 1840. (White.) (Carey, 1793-1889 did not insist upon redemption and translated some works by Coquelin. A full free banking advocacy would not have fitted in well with his protectionism, mentioned in the Encyclopedia Britannica.J.Z.)

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Letters to the President, etc., Philadelphia, 1858. (Miller)

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Memoir of H.C. Carey, by William Elder, 1880.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Miscellaneous Works, published by H. C. Baird, Philadelphia, 1862.(Miller)

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Money, N.Y., 1855. (Miller)

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Principles of Social Science, 3 vols., Philadelphia, 1858-1860. (Miller)

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, The Credit System in France, Great Britain and the United States, 1838, Kelley reprint 1974, 130 pp, 24x, in PP 538.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, The Past, the Present, and the Future, Philadelphia, 1848. (Miller)

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES., Financial Crises: Their Causes and Effects, Philadelphia, 1864, written 1859-60. (Miller)

CARNAGHAN, ROBERT B., contribution in A WAY OUT, Jan/Feb. 1966.

CARNAGHAN, ROBERT, Banking in a Free Economy, 1 p. from INNOVATOR, Jan. 1967, in pp 793. (I would still like to obtain copies of his references 5 & 7. - J.Z.)

CARNAGHAN, ROBERT, The Function of Money and Credit, 1p, n.d., in PP 913.

CAROTHERS, NEIL, Fractional Money, a history of the small coins and fractional paper currency of the United States, 1916, dissertation, first printed 1930, Kelley reprint 1967, 386 pp, indexed, with bibliography, in PP 784/785. (At the same time a history of persistent currency shortages and emergency money issues. An excellent work. J.Z.)

CARROLL, CHARLES HOLT, Organization of Debt into Currency and other Papers, Van Nostrand Company, 1964, 438 pp, indexed. JZL. (An enemy of any note issue by banks unless 100% redeemable. J.Z.)

CARROLL, CHARLES HOLT, note only, on Money Follows Commerce, in THE FREEMAN, with a critical note by John Zube, 1p, in PP 906.

CARSON, CLARENCE B., The Founding of the American Republic, part 12, The Scourge of Inflation, in The Freeman, July 1972, pp. 419-433.(Good on legal tender and Gresham's Law. J.Z.)

CATO INSTITUTE, Letter by DAVID D. BOAZ, introducing SELGIN's book: THE THEORY OF FREE BANKING, 1p, 29x, in PP 865. (I find the book excellent, as far as it goes - but it does not represent "the" theory of free banking but, rather, only "a" theory of free banking, one that is mainly concerned with the rare metalredemptionist options. As such, it appears to be a quite scientific treatment and may thus help to open a break in the walls behind which most conventional academic economists hide, a breach through which other free banking theories may finally penetrate, too. There are now quite a number of free banking titles in print or coming up in print. I would love to get permission - non-exclusively and revocable, as usual - to reproduce all of them cheaply on microfiche. But I guess I ought to wait at least until the publishers have recovered their considerable investment in print and achieved whatever returns they can get from it. And I won't pass any petitions around for such permissions, either. The facts ought to speak for themselves, namely: The extent to which such writings remain unpublished or out of print and unobtainable in most libraries and on the second-hand book market. J.Z.)

CATO JOURNAL, THE, Vol. 3, No. 1, Spring 1983, "The Search for Stable Money", especially the contributions by Robert A. Mundell, Alan Reynolds, Joseph T. Salerno, Lawrence H. White & Leland B. Yeager, published by the Cato Institute, Spring 1983, 333 pp, available from University Microfilms. JZL

CERNUSCHI, HENRI, 1821-1896: Nomisma; or Legal Tender, N.Y., Appleton, 1877, Australian National Library, 332.423. ( Not yet checked out. J.Z.)

CHAIM, B., A Bibliography of Mutualism & Individualist Anarchism, Mutualist Press, 1979, $ 42,95. (I have not seen a copy of this or of any other output of this press. It should contain some more monetary freedom titles. ISBN-0-686-25748-0. J.Z.)

CHAITLIN, MARC ERIC ELY-, Depository Trust Co. of Elysia, One Elyat Note, 1984, letter to Theo Megalli, 20 July 86, Information Paper # 5, THINK Series, Central News Service: Where's The Money?, also : extract from letter to Theo Megalli, 1 Dec. 86, all in PP 740.

CHAMBERLAIN, JOHN, Money, A Reviewer's Notebook, THE FREEMAN, Apr. 74, 6 pp, in PP 804.

CHAPMAN, JOHN M., and WESTERFIELD, RAY B, 1942, Branch Banking: Its Historical and Theoretical Position in the America and Abroad. N.Y., Harper & Brothers. Schuler

CHAPPEL, DAVID & DOWD, KEVIN, Option Clauses and Banknote Convertibility, 1988, 21 pp, in PP 792.

CHATTERS, H., Is Municipal Scrip a Panacea? From Public Management, March 133, 3 pp, in Milhaud, Fresh Work, Fresh Markets, 1933.

CHECKLAND, S.G., Adam Smith and the Bankers, In Andrew S. Skinner and Thomas Wilson, eds., Essays on Adam Smith, 1975, Oxford, Clarendon Press. (White)

CHECKLAND, S.G., Banking History and Economic Development: Seven Systems, Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 1968, 15:144-66. (White)

CHECKLAND, S. G., Scottish Banking: A History, 1695-1973, Glasgow & London, Collins, 1975. ("Rather misses the significance of free banking, though it contains much useful information." (M. Frey.)

CHECKLAND, S. G., The Lancashire Bill System and its Liverpool Protagonists, Economica, May 1954.

CHICK, VICTORIA, 1983, "Circulation Notes" in Rural China, 1957, Far Eastern Economic Review, April 11.

CHISHOLM, D., 1979, Canadian Monetary Policy 1914-1934: The Enduring Glitter of the Gold Standard, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Cambridge University. Dowd

CHISHOLM, D., 1983, La Banque du Canada: etait-elle necessaire?, L'Actualite Economique, 59, pp 551-74. Dowd

CHLEPNER, B.S., 1943, Belgian Banking and Banking Theory, Washington, Brookings Institution. Schuler

CLAASSEN, EMIL-MARIA, Der Wettbewerb als Ordnungsprinzip der Geldschaffung, in Verstehen und Gestalten der Wirtschaft, Festgabe fuer F.A. Lutz zum 70. Geburtstag, Tuebingen, Mohr (Siebeck),1971. (Gerding)

CLAASSEN, EMIL-MARIA, Grundlagen der Geldtheorie, 2., neubearbeitete u. erweiterte Auflage, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, N.Y.,1980, enthaelt Kapitel wie: Freier Wettbewerb zwischen den Geldproduzenten, S.275-278. (partly copied, in JZL)

CLAASSEN, EMIL-MARIA, Monetary Integration and Monetary Stability: The Economic Criteria of the Monetary Constitution, Diskussionsbeitraege des Fachbereichs Wirtschaftswissenschaft, Gesamthochschule Duisburg, No. 11, Oct. 1979. (Gerding)

CLAASSEN, EMIL-MARIA, Recent Issues in International Monetary Economics, Amsterdam, 1976, 428 pp ? Qld. U. fb?

CLAGETT, W.C., Money, Banks, Panics & Prosperity, Washington, Chicago, 1898. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

CLAY, WILLIAM, Hansard 1839, XLIX, col. 813. ( "...cast the issue in sharp relief as one of free banking versus Parliament-designed central banking. - White,70.)

CLAY, WILLIAM, Remarks on the Expediencey of Restricting the Issue of Promissory Notes to a Single Issuing Body, London, James Ridgway, 1844. (White)

COBB, JOE, Review of Henry Mark Holzer: Government's Money Monopoly, from REASON, 1982, in PP 740.

COBB, JOE, The Fallacy of Central Banking, Nomos, Studies in Spontaneous Order, Autumn 1983, 4 pp, 48x, in PP 740.

COBB, JOE, What to Do about Money? 1p, in REASON, March 1981, review of : "The Coming Currency Collapse", by Jerome F. Smith, in PP 913.

COBB, JOE, Why Credit Cards Cause Inflation, "Reason", June 1976, pp 56-62. JZL (From a wrong premise he comes, nevertheless, to the right conclusion: "...give every citizen free choice as to the system he will use." - J.Z.)

COHEN, HENRY, editor of: Proudhon's Solution of the Social Problem, N.Y., Vanguard Press, 1927.

COIN COLLECTORS' JOURNAL, Volume 1, p 12, eulogizes Civil War tokens. W.

COLLINS, CHARLES M., The History, Law and Practice of Banking, 1882, 384 pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

COLWEL, STEPHEN, Ways and Means of Payment, 1859. Miller 74/5. JZL. Will be filmed by LMP. Excellent on clearing.

COMMITTEE FOR MONETARY RESEARCH AND EDUCATION, INC., P.O. Box 1630, Greenwich, Connecticut 06830, has published between 1973 and 1979 at least 27 monetary tracts, mostly against inflation and for the gold standard. Only a few of these take a general stand for monetary freedom: freedom to issue exchange media, select any standard of value for one's dealings and to clear one's debts in the technically best form. A few of these tracts are mentioned under their authors. Its work might continue. J.Z.)

COMMITTEE FOR REFERENDUM 41, on money system review, 1987, 2 pp, in PP 791. (Rather than just one more government review, more private studies are needed or referendums which directly re-establish the monetary rights of the people and individual and voluntary associations. J.Z.)

COMMITTEE OF COUNTRY BANKERS, 1828 (BSP 1833c), memorialized the government "that no special privilege or monopoly be granted or continued to the Governor and Company of the Bank of England: but that they may be placed on a perfect equality with the country bankers..." (White, p.65)

COMMITTEE TO ABOLISH THE FED, 2 pp leaflet on its Mises Institute conference, Sep. 86, in PP 814. (I would like to obtain and film all the papers of this conference. J.Z.)


COMMODITY TECHNICAL TRADING CO., Move into Gold, 1p adv., 187, 29x, in PP 738.

CONANT, CHARLES A., 1910, The Banking System of Mexico, U.S. National Monetary Commission, 61st Congress, 2nd. Session, Senate doc. no. 493, Washington, GPO. Schuler

CONANT, CHARLES A., A History of Modern Banks of Issue, 1886, 1927, 6th. ed., reprinted by Kelley, 1969, indexed, 842 pp. JZL (A comprehensive history of banking in ever major country in the world, with an interpretation of economic crises in terms of monetary mismanagement, LFB sales price was $ 17.50. Describes largely only the central banks in the 1890-ties. Laissez Faire Books called it "an interpretation of economic crises in terms of monetary mismanagement. I have so far, by skimming, seen nothing constructive on monetary freedom in it. However, I intend to film it as a materials collection. J.Z.)

CONANT, CHARLES A., Banking upon Business Assets, Sound Currency, 4 (23), December 1897.

CONGDON, TIM, Is the Provision of a Sound Currency a Necessary Function of the State?, National Westminster Bank Quarterly Review, 1981, August, 2-21. (White)

CONVIVIAL MONEY, sample copy, No. 2, Dec. 1987, The Forum of the Action Linkage Local Economics Task Group, ed. by Mark Kinney, 6 pp, in PP 793. (Only copy in my possession so far.)

COOK, John C., How to End Inflation, pamphlet, U.K., after 1958, 2 pp, 48x, in PP 740.

COOLEY, OSCAR W., Freedom and the Gold Standard, in Rampart Journal of Individualist Thought, Pine Tree Press, Fall 1966.

COOLEY, OSCAR W., Noble Prize Winner Would Privatize Money, Colorado Springs Gazette Telegraph, Arpil 26, 1978, p 7 B. (Excellent summary, according to J.J. Martin.)

COOLEY, OSCAR W., Private Money = Economic Stability, in "The Standard", Feb. 1963.

COPPIETERS, EMMANUEL, English Bank Note Circulation 1694-1954, The Louvain Institute of Economic and Social Research & Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, 1955, 171 pp, indexed, with bibliography. PP 813.( Brings interesting details on Scottish note issues. J.Z.)

COQUELIN, CHARLES, Dictionaire de l'economie politique, 1854, reprint 1973 (1978?)

COQUELIN, CHARLES, Du credit et des Banques, Paris, Guillaumin, 1848, IV, 424pp. Staatsbibliothek Berlin. For metallic redemption.

COQUELIN, CHARLES, Liberte du commerce et des banques, in Ge de Nouvion, Charles Coquelin, sa vie et ses travaux, 1908. British Library.

COQUELIN, CHARLES, Traite sur le banque du credit et des banques, 420 pp, 1848, 1849, in Peace Plans No. 584. Also under short title: "Du credit et des Banques"? or are two titles involved, one published 1848 and one 1849? - JZ )

CORNELIUS, BRIGITTE, Die Zinsfreie Wirtschaftsordnung, 1984, 2pp, in PP 793. (Not one of MY ideals. J.Z.)

COTHREN, RICHARD, 1987, Asymmetric Information and Optimal Bank Reserves, JMCB, v. 19, no. 1, Feb, pp 68-77. Schuler

COTTRELL, P. L. and ANDERSON, B. L., Money and Banking, The Development of the Banking System, 1694-1914, David & Charles, London, 1974, 351 pp. ( Part III deals with Private Banking and the Money Market to 1825 & contains at least 2 apparently worthwhile articles by Thomas Joplin and George Carr Glyn. Generally statist. J.Z., JZL.)

COUGHLIN, MICHAEL E., HAMILTON, CHARLES H. & SULLIVAN, MARK A., editors, Benjamin R. Tucker & The Champions of Liberty, A Centenary Anthology, 1981, 232pp, 29x, in PP 912.

COUNCIL FOR MONETARY REFORM, Statement of Goals, 1984, in PP 586/587.

COURCELLE SENEUIL, JEAN GUSTAV., La Banque Libre, Paris, 1867, 359 pp, in Peace Plans Nos. 313/314. (For redemption. English & German translations are wanted. J.Z.)

COURCELLE-SENEUIL, JEAN GUSTAV, Les Operations de Banque, 9th. ed., par Andre Liesse, pp XXIV, 670, Paris, 1905. (British Library. Reprinted at least once more, in Paris, 1909.) For banking principle.

COURCELLE SENEUIL, JEAN GUSTAV, Traite des operations de banque, Paris 1864.

COURCELLE SENEUIL, JEAN GUSTAV, Traite theoretique et Pratique des Operations de Banque, Paris, 1853, 488 pp, 29x, in PP 600. (Later editions, Traite des operations de banque, Paris 1864, 6th. ed., Paris, 1876, 9th. ed., 1905, another & one in 1909, were not available to LMP. However, earlier writings are often less influenced by the popular bias in favour of central banking. Even the writings of scholars like A. Wagner are subject to such public opinion pressures - instead of countering them. - Are there English & German translations of his books? - J.Z.)

COURCELLE SENEUIL, JEAN GUSTAV, Traite theorique et pratique d'economie politique, EXTRACTS ONLY, from 2nd. vol., Paris 1967, "Des emissions de billets de banque," pp 332-348 & "De l'emploi de l'autorite dans les reformes economiques", pp 348-354, in PP 738.

COURCELLE SENEUIL, JEAN GUSTAV, Traite theorique et pratique d'economie politique, deuxieme edition, revue et augmentee, 1867, tome premier, 495 pages, tome second, 538 pp, in PP 778, 779, 780.

COWEN T. & KROSZNER, RANDALL, 1988b, Scottish banking before 1944: a model for laissez faire? JMCB, forthcoming. Dowd.

COWEN, T. & KROSZNER, RANDALL, 1987, The development of the new monetary economics, JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, 95, pp 567-90. Dowd

COWEN, T. & KROSZNER, RANDALL, 1988a, The Evolution of an Unregulated Payments System, unpublished manuscript. Dowd

COWEN, TYLER & KROSZNER, RANDALL, The Evolution of an Unregulated Payments System, May 88 version, 2pp, in PP 815. (2pp only or typo? - JZ )

CRAMER von CLAUSBRUCH, JULIANE, Freiwirtschaft - Fuehrt die Geldreform aus der Krise? Diplomarbeit, Berlin 1985, 81 S., 48x, in PP 668.

CRAWCOUR, SYDNEY, 1921, The Development of a Credit System in Seventeenth Century Japan, Journal of Economic History, v. 20, o. 3, Sep., pp 342-360. Schuler.

CRAWFORD, JOHN, The Philosophy of Wealth, London & Paisley, 3rd. ed., 1873. (R. Carnaghan library? Advocates pure banking principle. Quoted in Innovator, Jan. 67. - J.Z.)

CRC, COMMITTEE TO RESTORE THE CONSTITUTIONS, Inc., 2pp leaflet by R.E. Roberts, n.d., in PP 817.

CREUTZ, HELMUT, Zins treibt in die Krise, mit Liste seiner Schriften zur Sozialreform, in PP 737.

CREUTZ, HELMUT, an BLANKERTZ, STEFAN, 12 Dec. 83, ueber "Kreditschoepfung?" Jan. 84, "Zum Thema 'Kredit- u. Buchgeld-schoepfung'", "'Geldschoepfung' - Rechenbeispiel", "Zum Thema 'Fristentransformation'", Briefwechsel mit Prof. Dr. Dieter SUHR, May 84, und Theo MEGALLI, 30.12.86, "Geldschoepfung durch die Banken - Zum Thema 'Buchgeldschoepfung'L, "Geldbezogene Begriffe - Versuch einer Definition", 8/86, in PP 741/742. (If all enemies as well as advocates of particular freedom ideas argued, wrote and printed as well as C. does, it would be a delight. Who wants to dive into muck? I do not agree with him on many points but he does state his case beautifully. J.Z.)

CREUTZ, HELMUT, some leaflets : "Veraenderung der volkswirtschaftlichen Schuldenleisten bei Einfuehrung einer konstruktiven Umlaufssicherung...", "Entwicklung der Kapitalmarkt-zinsen", "Heutiger Zins - Groesse u. Zusammensetzung", "Relationen und Entwicklungen bankbezogener Groessen", "New Yorker Notenbankchef Corrigan attackiert Explosion der Schuldenlast", "Scherenoeffnung", "Einkommen: Gesamtverschuldung", "Veraenderte Relationen", "Anteile je Haushalt", "Zins im Preis","Mehrarbeit", "Parallelen", "Arbeitslosigkeit u. Zins", all in PP 736. (At least this opponent of interest has stated his case clearly, with facts & figures, upon which worthwhile further discussion can be based. Even Boehm Bawerk's classical "Capital & Interest", possibly the best pro and con survey of the arguments and facts involved, has not yet settled the question, at least not as far as public opinion or the opinions of many money reformers are concerned. Thus an encyclopaedic effort might be required. On fiche, with many participating, it could be easily and gradually compiled and published in frequently updated versions. J.Z.)

CRIBB, JOE, 1987, Money in the Bank: An Illustrated Introduction to the Money Collection of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, London, Spink and Son. Schuler.

CRICK, W. E. and WADSWORTH, J. E., A Hundred Years of Joint Stock Banking, 1936. (Coppetiers)

CRICK, W.F., 1965, Commonwealth Banking Systems, Oxford, Clarendon Press. Schuler.

CROCKETT, DAVID, Not Yours to Give, 1884, 8pp, 29x, in PP 522.

CROSBIE, GEORGE, Remarks on the Scotch System of Banking, 1841, Edinburgh, University Press. (White)

CROSBY, SYLVESTER S., The Early Coins of America, Boston, 1875, on colonial tokens by Hickley, Chalmers, Getz et al. W.

CURL, JOHN, Living in the UXA, "EXPRESS, The East Bay's Free Weekly, 11 Nov. 83, 7pp, 29x, in PP 865. (On the largest U.S. barter exchange and coop-self help by unemployed, during the Depression.)

CURLEY, CHARLES, Gold Standards, The Freeman, June 1975, pp. 353-361, FEE. 9 pages in PP 806.

CURLEY, CHARLES, The Coming Profit in Gold, Bantam Books, 1974, 154 pp, indexed. (It is good on legal tender and Gresham's Law. - J.Z., JZL.)

CURTIS, CLIFFORD A., 1931, Statistics of Banking, vol. 1 of Statistical Contributions to Canadian Economics, Toronto, Macmillan of Canada. Schuler.


DAHN, FELIX, Deutsches Rechtsbuch, Beck, Noerdlingen, 1877. (JZL.)

DALTON & HAMER, The Provincial Token: Coinage of the 18th Century, 1915.

DANA, CHARLES A., Proudhon and his Bank of the People, New York Tribune, 1849, published in Henry Cohen's Proudhon's Solution of the Social Problem, introduced by B. R. Tucker in 1896, 24x, in PP 57-60, 29x, in PP 544.

DARLAND, LLOYD, Feature on his gold certificate issues in The Record, Oct., 1979, in PP 787.

DARLAND, LLOYD, The Emperor's Clothes Cost Twenty Dollars. About the difference between Federal Reserve Notes and honest money, 1977, 1980, 38 pp, 24x, in PP 288.

DARLAND, LLOYD, Feature on his gold certificate issues in The­ Record, Oct., 1979, in PP 787.

DAUGHERTY, MARION R., The Currency-Banking Controversy, unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Chicago, 1941 according to Coppetiers. Microfilm copies exist. Then part or all? was published under the same name in Southern Economic Journal, October 1942, and January 1943.

DAVIS, NORD, Jr., The Almighty Buck, with recom. by Lloyd Darland, in PP 741/742.

De Witt, Free Money, Libertarian Social Institute, Bombay.

DE KOCK, M.H., 1974, Central Banking, 4th ed., N.Y., St. Martin's Press. Schuler.

DE MELO FRANCO, ALFONSO ARINOS, 1973, Historia do Banco do Brasil, 4 v., Rio de Janeiro, Banco do Brasil. Schuler.

DE NARCO, Grundlehren der Finanzwissenschaft. (Good on legal tender, according to Rittershausen. J.Z.)


DEAN, WILLIAM B., Natural Bank Currency and National Bank Currency, 1901, in PP 745.

DEHN, JOE, Liberty Bucks Prove Successful, 1p, 29x, in PP 665.

DeJAN JOSEPH, DeJAN INSTITUTE, A Challenge to Modern Alchemists, ca. 1970, in Peace Plans 547.

DENISON, MERRIL, 1967, Canada's First Bank: A History of the Bank of Montreal. Toronto : McClelland and Stewart, Schuler.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, USA, Fees and Charges Handbook for Parks, 24x, in PP 76C. (The government acting as an advisor on how to finance nature preserves privately! J.Z.)

DEPOSITORY TRUST CO. OF ELYSIA, Open YOUR Security Account, 2pp, 48x, in PP 740.

DES ESSARS, PIERRE, 1896, A Histor of Banking in the Latin Nations, in: A HISTORY OF BANKING IN ALL THE LEADING NATIONS, N.Y., Journal of Commerce and Commercial Bulletin. Schuler.

DEWEY, DAVIS RICH, Financial History of the U.S., N.Y., Longmans, Green & Co, 1903. (Rittershausen intended - 8 May 48 - to reprint from it on monetary freedom. J.Z.)


DICK, MARGARET, What to Do when the Cash Flow Stows, SAVVY, July 82, 2pp, 29x, in PP 865.

DICTIONAIRE DE ECONOMIE POLITIQUE, 2 tom. Paris, 1852, is supposed to contain many entries on free banking. Copy prob. in Brit. Libr.

DIEHL, K. & MOMBERT, P., Ausgewaehlte Lesestuecke zum Studium der politischen Oekonomie, Vom Gelde, 1910, 1912, Neuauflage, Ullstein Buch, mit Einfuehrung von Rudolf Hickel, 1979, 411 pp, mit Auszuegen von e.g. A. Wagner & J. Horn.

DIEHL, K. & MOMBERT, P., Ausgewaehlte Lesestuecke zum Studium der Politischen Oekonomie, Wert und Preis, 1912,1920, Karlsruhe i.Br., Braunsche Hofburchdruckerei und Verlag.

DIERSCHKE, K. and F. MUELLER, editors, 1926, Die Notenbanken der Welt, 2 v., Berlin, Verlag fuer bargeldlosen Zahlungsverkehr, R. Gruegens. Schuler.

DIEUDONNE, MARCEL, Le neant monetaeire, pamphlet 16pp, published 1965 by Marcel Renoulet, Les Editions de L'Homme Libre, France. (JZL. FB? Unfortunately, my French is not sufficient to understand it. J.Z.)

DINARDI, GIUSEPPE, 1953, La Banche de Emissione in Italia nel Secolo XIX, Turin, Unione Tipografico-Editore Torinese. Schuler.

DIRECTORY OF FREE BANKING PROFESSORS, 1p, 29x, in PP 865. (I would not only like to see a complete listing of the academic scholars but of all private researchers and people interested in this field. Please send me your compilations and mailing lists for filming. If we do not freely exchange such information, how can we hope to achieve full freedom of exchange? Add whatever private advertising you like and if you want some of this or other LMP fiche in exchange, i.e. if you have a fiche reader, are going to get one and are going to use it, please let me know. Otherwise, I am hesitant to send any from the few I do initially get done. My own listing in PP 657 is all too outdated & the lists I have seen so far are all too short. And subscribers to my MONETARY FREEDOM NEWSLETTER - AND MICROFICHE are so far too few to bother listing them. Once there are more than 100, I would gladly see someone else taking over the paper part of it. J.Z. - That newsletter was discontinued with issue 5 for lack of interest.)

DISCONTO CASSE, the founder of this French institution favoured, already in 1848, a renunciation of the claim to convertibility. - Hint by Ulrich von Beckerath.

DISCOUNT COUPONS, American, 14 million a week processed at CPA, 1985, 1p, 29x, in PP 731.

DISCUSSION, A Journal for Free Spirits, ed. by Laurance Labadie, vol. 1, Nos. 6 & 7, 1937, with extensive free banking discussion, in PP 740. (The rest of these issues are wanted for filming.)

DISNEY MONEY, a clipping and a note, 1987, in PP 731.

DIVERSE ASPECTS DE L'ANARCHISME & L'IDEE DOMINANTE, 28 pp pamphlet, with contributions by Labadie, Meulen, Mackay & Cleyre. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, Fiscal Reform, London, 188?. (LMP wants a copy.)

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, Labor Capitalisation, London, 1887. (LMP wants a copy.)

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, Law in a Free State, 1895, 323 pp, in PP 485. (FB?)

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, Liberty or Law? Liberty & Property Defence League, 1885. (I saw only the cover of this in Meulen's books, in the Goldsmith Collection, 1984. - J.Z.)

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, Money, 2 pp, JUS, 25 Nov. 1887, in PP 803.

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, Principles of Plutology, London, 1876. (Free Banking? J.Z.)

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, True Money, London, in the 1880-ties. (Copy wanted. See also under JUS. J.Z.)

DOORN, ROBERT J., A Blueprint for a New Nation, The Structure of the Na-Griamel Federation, a comprehensive plan of government that may signal the return of the concept of individual rights the world over, with a foreword by Sir Harry Schultz, Exposition Press, Hicksville, N.Y., 1979, 97 pp. (JZL. Radically for monetary & financial freedom, with essential principles stated on pp 82-84. I got the author's reproduction permission but, unfortunately, not that of Exposition Press. They may still have copies for sale. - J.Z.

DORN, JAMES A., and SCHWARTZ, ANNA J., eds., 1987, The Search for Stable Money : Essays on Monetary Reform. Chicago, Univ. of Ch. Press, Schuler.

DORTORT, P., letter to Theo Megalli, on monetary freedom, with note by J.Z., in PP 737.

DOUGLAS, JAMES, A.I.B. (Scot.), Scottish Banknotes, Stanley Gibbons Publications Ltd., 391 Strand, London WC2 RoLX, 1975,257p, with a good theoretical introduction, pages 1-9, otherwise interesting through numerous illustrations and notes on particular issues. (JZL)

DOWD, KEVIN & CHAPPEL, DAVID, Option Clauses and Banknote Convertibility, 1988, 21 pp, in PP 792.

DOWD, KEVIN to ZUBE, JOHN, 1 Nov. 88, 3 pp, in PP 810, 27 Nov. 88, 4 pp, in PP 815, 19 Jan. 89, 2 pp, 8 Feb. 1989, 3 pp, in PP 827, 6 March 89, 1p, 29x, in PP 867.

DOWD, KEVIN, 1988, Automatic Stabilizing Mechanisms under Free Banking, CATO JOURNAL, vol. 7, No. 3, Winter. Schuler.

DOWD, KEVIN, Adam Smith and the 'Real Bills' Doctrine, 1985, 1st. draft, 20pp, with 10pp of notes by J.Z., in PP 827.

DOWD, KEVIN, Free Banking and the 'Real Bills' Doctrine, 6 pp, an addition to his manuscript: The State and the Monetary System, to be published this year, in PP 815.

DOWD, KEVIN, How Necessary Is State Deposit Insurance? 1988, 12 pp, in PP 792.

DOWD, KEVIN, Monetary Freedom and Monetary Stability, Feb. 89, 30 pp, intended for CATO Conference, with Some Remarks to Kevin Dowd's Paper, by John Zube, March 89, 18 pp, in PP 827.

DOWD, KEVIN, Option Clauses and the Stability of a Laissez Faire Monetary System, 1987, 27 pp, in PP 792.

DOWD, KEVIN, The Evolution of Central Banking in England, 1821 - 1890, a 1989 draft, 47 pp, prepared for the CUBS Conference on Unregulated Banking, in London, 19 May 89, in PP 904.

DOWD, KEVIN, The Gold Standard, the Fixed Price of Gold and the Boom-Bust Cycle, Nov. 88, 16 pp, with 1p of notes by J. Zube, in PP 815.

DOWD, KEVIN, The Monetary Economics of Henry Meulen, Discussion Paper, University of Nottingham, Dpt. of Ec., Dec. 88, No. 64, 35pp, in PP 818.

DOWD, KEVIN, The State and the Monetary System, Philip Allan, N.Y., London, Toronto, Sydney, Tokyo, 1989, a division of Simon & Schuster, International Group, ISBN 0-86003-088-1, ISBN 0-86003-182-9 Pbk, 213pp, indexed and with bibliography.

DOWD, KEVIN, to Zube, John, letter of 1 Nov. 88, pp, in PP 810. Letter of 27 Nov. 88, 4pp, in PP 815.

DOWE, W.A., Money in a Free Society, article in "Good Government", October 1965, published by the Association for Good Government, Sydney, reprint, original title: The Place of Money in a Free Society, in PP 731.

DREYHAUPT, KLAUS F. & UDO SIEPMANN, Privater Wettbewerb im Geldwesen, Ueberlegungen zu einem Vorschlag von F. A. von Hayek, ORDO, 29, 1978, 16 pp, in PP 795.

DRIVER, C.H., Thomas Hodgskin and the Individualists, in F.H.C. Hearnshaw, ed., The Social and Political Ideas of Some Representative Thinkers of the Age of Reaction and Reconstruction, 1815-1865, New York, Barnes & Noble, 1949. (White)

DRUMMOND, SIR HENRY, Causes which led to the Bank Restriction Bill, 1839. (Coppetiers)

DUBREUIL, H. On liberation at the place of work by suitable organizational and financial arrangements, an extract from A CHANCE FOR EVERYBODY" & comments by J.Zube, 24x, in PP 13.

DUCPETIAUX, Beckerath asked Rittershausen to look up his works. Possibly of monetary freedom interest. (Beckerath letter, 8.9,1931.)

DUN, JOHN, The Banking Institutions, Bullion Reserves, and Non-Legal Tender Note Circulation of the United Kingdom, Statistically Investigated, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, XXXIX, March 1876. (Cameron)

DUNBAR, CHARLES F, compiler, Laws of the United States relating to Currency and Banking from 1789 to 1896, revised ed. 1897, Kelly reprint 1969, 310 pp. (JZL. LFB sale price $9.75. Does an updated version exist? Revisionist Press has listed, as published in 1982 for $ 75, an issue of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, with amendments and laws relating to banking. Is there no cheaper government publication of these texts? Did the R. P. issue actually come out? J.Z.)

DUNCAN, JONATHAN, The Bank Charge Act, 1857, 2nd. ed. 1858. (Carnaghan)

DUNCAN, JONATHAN, The Mystery of Money Explained, 2nd. ed., 1863.

DUNCOMBE, CHARLES, Duncombe's Free Banking, an Essay on Banking, Currency, Finance, Exchanges and Political Economy, 1841, Kelly reprint, 1969, 356 pp. (I had been looking forward to this work and was very disappointed. He is rather an enemy than an advocate of free banking, e.g. on p. 60. He not only favours convertibility but uniform means of payment (pp. 1&5), to be issued by one central bank to local discounters (p.7) and opposed small bills, suggesting even a minimum denomination of $ 20, and thought that local banknote issues are harmful. Thus, in some respects, his system might be considered worse than the present central banking system. I have not yet discovered any redeeming features in this book, although, undoubtedly, there are some. LFB offered it for sale for $ 12.50, with the comment which drew me in, together with the title: "An early American defense of the efficiency and superiority of free banking, with a critique of the dangers of government central banking." What he actually wrote about was competition among banks that are NOT note-issuing banks, like our present "deregulated" banks - and he called THAT "free banking"! - J.Z.)

DUNOYER, CHARLES, according to Leonard Liggio, Charles Dunoyer and French Classical Liberalism, JLS, Summer 1977, pp.168/69, he was opposed to paper money and central banking. (He may have proposed competition among note issuing banks only in very general terms. J.Z.)

DURRELL FOUNDATION, Money, Banking, The American Experience, conference sponsored by the Durell Foundation, in Washington, May 24-25 1990. Participants: Dowd, Rockoff, Salerno, Selgin, White et al.

DURRELL JOURNAL OF MONEY AND BANKING, published by the George Edward Durrell Foundation, P.O. Box 847, Berryville, Virginia, 22 611, Tel. (703) 955-4939. Free to U.S. individuals, $ 10 p.a. to libraries and foreign addresses. Back issues $ 3. Reprints: 50c per article. Thanks to Kevin Dowd, I have received Vo. I, No. 2, Nov. 89, of this new monetary freedom journal, 40 pages, impressively printed. Alas, in my copy there are 4 blank pages. - J.Z. - Note: Later issues came more and more away from free banking ideas.

DYER, JOSEPH C., in parliamentary committee testimony (BSP 1831-2, QQ.4274-6: "The issue of bank notes is merely an exchange of credits." Also: BSP 1832, QQ.4274-6. (White,83,85).


EAGLE AND THE SERPENT, THE, magazine, 1898, by John Basil Barnhill, under pseudonym. (He was a libertarian egoist. J.Z.)

ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, IEA, Cover page only, of June/July 86 issue, 1p, note : several free banking articles! (I have not got them yet but would like to obtain them. Is this journal being microfilmed? If not, why not? J.Z.) 29x, in PP 865.

ECONOMIC CIVIL LIBERTIES ASSOCIATION, THE, Economic Bill of Rights, 4 points, in Peace Plans 689/590.

ECONOMIST, THE, From the Financial Ashes, a Phoenix World Dollar, THE AUSTRALIAN, 12 Jan. 88, 1p. with a note by J.Z. on a "world currency", in PP 818.

ECONOMIST, THE, Open-pit slather leaves South Africa behind in rush for gold, Dec. 88, 1p, in PP 818.

ECONOMOPOULOS, ANDREW J., Illinois Free Banking Experience, JMCB, 20, pp 249-64, May 88, 16 pp, in PP 813.

EDWARDS, JAMES ROLPH, Monopoly and Competition in Money, pp 107-117 of The Journal of Libertarian Studies, Winter 1980. JZL (He still imagined that Klein & Hayek were the first economist writers on this subject!) 11 pp, in PP 794.

EICHENBAUM, MARTIN S. & WALLACE, NEIL, A Shred of Evidence on Public Acceptance of Privately Issued Currency, 1985, 1p, 29x, in PP 731.

EINAUDI, LUIGI, Medieval Practice of Managed Currency, in Arthur D. Gayer, ed., The Lessons on Monetary Experience, N.Y, Kelley, 1970, pp. 259-268. (Brown)

EINSIEDEL, Wechseldeckung oder Effektendecking? Bankarchiv, 1934, S. 269ff.

EINZIG, PAUL, Monetary Reform in Theory and Practice, N.Y., The MacMillan Co., 1936, indexed, 343pp. (JZL. Considers under "monetary reform" ONLY managed currencies, expounding his own ideal.

EINZIG, PAUL, Primitive Money, London, 1948, 1949, Eyre & Spottiswoode. (Full of interesting instances, according to Beckerath and Rittershausen. On the first primitive steps when people are not under monetary legislation & uninformed on the subject. It is a rather thick volume, over 800 pp. - J.Z.)

ELLIS, C.A.A., The Science & Art of Economic Government, 1947, Australia, with 1951 leaflet. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection. In his later book, Business, Government and All of Us, he had some rather despotic notions, e.g. on "stabilizing the price level" and, according to a talk and correspondence with him, he had no real understanding of legal tender & its consequences. Long-time subscriber to The Individualist. Anyhow, I would like a copy. I corresponded with him for a while. J.Z.)

ELTZBACHER, PAUL, Anarchism, N.Y., 1900, 1908, 253 pp, in PP 208. (Brings at least some details of Proudhon's Bank of the People. J.Z.)

ELTZBACHER, PAUL, Der Anarchismus, 1900, 305pp, 36x, in PP 709.

ELY, BERT, 1988, The Big Bust: The 1920-33 Banking Collapse - Its Causes, Its Lessons, in England and Huertas, 1988. Schuler.

ELY-CHAITLIN, MARC ERIC, Information Paper, # 5, on his silver ounce certificates. P.O. Box 7075, Laguna Niguel, Ca 92 677 (Royal Territorial Government of the Free Territory of Ely-Chatelaine, Elyat monetary system etc.), 1985.

EMMINGHAUS, A., Geld u. Geldwirtschaft, in Rentzsch, Handwoerterbuch, 1866, 14pp, 29x, in PP 732.

ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA, Real Bills Doctrine, some references in the 1958 edition, 3pp, in PP 815. (This debate has been going on for about 200 years. Will it finally be settled? Help to do this in this series. See e.g. Kevin Dowd's and my own contribution, listed here. J.Z.)

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, Arbeitslosigkeit. Woher sie kommt und wie man sie beheben kann, Frankfurter Institut fuer wirtschaftliche Forschung, Bad Homburg, 1984, 63 S. JZL. (Deals only with conventional theories of cause and cure. No notion of relation to monetary despotism. J.Z.)

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, Die Realassetwaehrung - Waehrungsmonopol bei Notenemissionskonkurrenz, in Joachim Starbatty, Geldordnung u. Geldpolitik, Mohr, Tuebingen, 1982, S. 35-43. JZL.

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, Korreferat zu "Stabilisierungspolitische Aspekte der Wettbewerbsordnung im Banksystem", in "Stabilisierungspolitik in der Marktwirtschaft, Schriften des Vereins fuer Sozialpolitik, Bd. 85, II, Berlin, 1975. (Gerding)

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, Note Issue as a Branch of Banking, unpublished manuscript, April 1977. (Brown). (There may be hundreds of unpublished manuscripts on monetary freedom. They should at least be brought to the light of microfiche reading machines, accessible to all those willing to use this technology. But at least the German original seems to have been printed. See the following entry. J.Z.)

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, Notenbanktechnik, 1979. (Freiburg Univ. Library. Appears to be only an examination of the note issue technique of central banks. J.Z.)

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, Notenemission als Bankgeschaeft, in Suechting, J. (Hrsg), Der Bankbetrieb zwischen Theorie und Praxis, Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag von K. F. Hagenmueller, Wiesbaden, Gabler, 1977, S 193 ff. Gerding. 12 S., in PP 806.

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, The Optimal Monetary Unit. Real-Asset Currency, State Money Sovereignty, and the Private Issue of Banknotes, Frankfurt/M, Campus, 1981, 134pp. JZL.

ENGLAND, CATHERINE, 1988, Agency Costs and Unregulated Banks: Could Depositors Protect Themselves? In England and Huertas, 1988. Schuler.

ENGLAND, CATHERINE, 1988, Nonbank banks are not the problem: outmoded regulations are, in C. England and T. Huertas, editors, The Financial Services Revolution, The Cato Institute, ch. 9. Dowd.

ENGLAND, CATHERINE, and HUERTAS, THOMAS, eds., 1988, The Financial Services Revolution: Policy Directions for the Future. Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Cato Institute. Schuler. Dowd.

ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCE CENTRE, 1982 bartering project, with notes by J.Z., 2pp, 48x, in PP 740.

ERTEL, ERICH, Dr., Breslau, Der Schutz der Notenbanken vor den Kreditanspruechen der Staaten, Bankwissenschaft, 20.2.31. (Was in Rittershausen's papers.)

EUROPEAN GUIDE TO GOLD, with Summary of National Gold Regulations - by 31 Dec. 1984, in PP 738.


FAERBER, HEINRICH, Ergokrat, Die Irrlehre Silvio Gesells, 31 S., undatiert, in PP 804.

FALERO, FRANK, Jr., 1972, A Monetary History of Honduras, 1950-1968. Office of Business Development and Government Services, College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, Lesington, Kentucky. - Schuler.

FALKNER, R.P., The Private Issue of Token Coins, Political Science Quarterly, vol. 16, on Jackson and Civil War token money.. (Copy wanted by LMP.) See Faulkner.

FARRER, THOMAS LORD, Studies in Currency, 1898, London, MacMillan, Kelley reprint 168, indexed, 415pp. (JZL. Among other things, on legal tender, 39ff, and gold clearing standard, XV/XVI. J.Z.)

FAULKNER (OR FALKNER?) MENTIONED IN "MONETARY NOTES" BY WALTER E. SPAHR. Beckerath tried in vain to find out more on him.

FDIC, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, U.S., 1934, Annual Report. Schuler.

FEAVERYEAR, ALBERT E., The Pound Sterling - A History of English Money, 1931, Oxford University Press, 1960, Freiburg, Historisches Seminar. 2nd. (3rd?) ed., revised by E. Victor Morgan, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1963. JZL.

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CHICAGO, "Competition in Banking: The Issues." In Fenstermaker, J.van., Readings in Financial Markets and Institutions, N.Y., Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1969, 421-430. (Brown)

FEIBELMANN, E., Die schweizerischen Notenbanken und der gegenwaertige Zustand der Centralisationsfrage, Zeitschr. f. d. ges. Staatswiss., 53 (1897), S. 633 fg. Elster, Notenbank.

FENSTERMAKER, J., 1965, The Development of American Commercial Banking 1792-1837, Kent, Ohio, Kent State Univ. Bureau of Economic and Busiiness Research, Printed Series No. 5. Schuler.

FERRARA, FRANCESCO, 1866, El Corso Forzato de Biglietti di Banco in Italia, Nuovo Antologia, March and June. Selgin.

FERRARIS, CARLO F., 1911, The Italian Banks of Issue. U.S. National Monetary Commission, 61st Congress, 2nd. Session, Senate doc. no. 578, Washington, GPO. Schuler.

FERRARIS, L'abolizione del corso forzeso, Annuario delle scienze giuridiche etc., Vol. IV.

FERRARIS, Moneta e corso forzoso, Milano, 1879.

FETTER, F.W. & D. GREGORY, Monetary and Financial Policy in 19th Cent. Britain, Irish University Press, 1973, Government & Society in the 19th Century Britain Series, 106 pp, 1973. (BIP, 1985) with microfilming rights reserved to Irish University Microforms. JZL.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, Development of British Monetary Orthodoxy, 1797-1875. A detailing of the British debates over the role of sound money and the gold standard, indexed, 1965, Kelley reprint, 1978. (LFB sale $11.25, JZL. On page 62 he mentions that there were 90 pamphlets on monetary and banking problems in 1810-1811! - J.Z.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, Legal Tender during the English and Irish Bank Restrictions, Journal of Political Economy, June 1950, 13pp, 29x, in PP 731.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, Literature of English Monetary and Banking Controversy, 1797-1875, Northwestern University, Mimeo, 1966. (White)

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, Some Neglected Aspects of Gresham's Law, p.480-495, in The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. XLVI, (1931-32), Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press 1932, 480-95, 16 pp, 29x, in PP 737.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, The Bullion Report Reconsidered, Quarterly Journal of Economics, August 1942, reprinted by T. Ashton and R.S. Sayers in Papers in English Monetary History, Oxford, 1953. (Coppetiers)

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON,& GREGORY, D., Monetary & Financial Policy in the Nineteenth Century Britain, Government & Society in the 19th Century Britain Series, 106pp, 1973. (BIP,1985)

FEUCHTWANGER, L., Die Darlehenskassen des Deutschen Reichs, Berlin, Stuttgart, 1918. (Holzhauer) (On tax foundation paper money. - J.Z.)

FIKE, ELMER A., Why Inflation? THE FREEMAN, Aug. 77, 2 pp, in PP 815.

FILTHY PIERRE, 1p comment to THEO LANCELOT FISHER, An Alternative Money System, 29x, in PP 905.

FINGERABDRUECKE als Zahlungsmittel, Der Bund, Bern, 22 June 73.

FISCHER, S., 1982, Friedman versus Hayek on private money, JME, 17, pp 433-9. Dowd.

FISHER, ALLAN G.B., 1935, Does an Increase in Volume of Production Call for a Corresponding Increase in Volume of Money? Am. Ec. Review, 25(2), June. Selgin.

FISHER, GREEVZ J., Voluntary Taxation, London, 1890.

FISHER, IRVING, 1906, The Nature of Capital and Income, reprinted by Kelley, 1965, 427pp, indexed. JZL. Dedicated to W.G. Summner!

FISHER, IRVING, 1920, The Purchasing Power of Money: Its Determination and Relation to Credit, Interest and Crises, new ed., Macmillan. Dowd.

FISHER, IRVING, 1922, 1927, The Making of Index Numbers, 538pp, 1967 Kelley reprint. JZL (Since he seems to have advocated merely an alternative value standard, one to be imposed upon all, not freedom also, in the choice of value standards, his works do not really fit into a monetary freedom series. J.Z.)

FISHER, IRVING, 1933, Inflation? London, George Allen & Unwin, 104pp, JZL.

FISHER, MALCOLM, ed., A New Financial Revolution? An international review of the Campbell Report, CIS, 1982, 115pp, indexed, 36x, in PP 718.

FISHER, THEO LANCELOT, An Alternative Money System, 4pp, THE CONNECTION, No. 102, 6 March 82, with a 1p comment by FILTHY PIERRE, 29x, in PP 905.

FLEMING, J., Shopping Around, The Financial Times, 28.10.1976. (Gerding)

FLEMING, JAMES SIMPSON, Scottish Banking: A Historical Sketch, 1877, 3rd. rev. ed., Edinburgh, William Blackwood. (White)

FLUERSCHEIM, MICHAEL, Clue to the Economic Labyrinth, n.d., 547pp, 36x, in PP 688. (Offers some of his monetary freedom notions & describes his own exchange bank of 1898.)

FLUERSCHEIM, MICHAEL, The Economic and Social Problem, 1909, 277pp, 29x, in PP 687. (With some notes by J. Zube. F. advocated a kind of goods warrants system.)

FLUERSCHEIM, MICHAEL, The Real History of Money Island, Croydon, London, The Brotherhood Publishing Co., 1896, 138 pp, 29x, in PP 548. (Reprinted in 1897 by E.W. Cole, at a retail price of: twopence! I just read that English history books, costing in the U.K. L 35, could now only be offered here for A $ 100 and thus are not offered here. Go fiching! J.Z.)

FLUX, A.W., 1910, The Swedisch Banking System, U.S. National Monetary Commission, 61st Congress, 2nd Session, Senate doc. no. 576, Washington, GPO. Schuler.

FOLDVARY, FRED, The Soul of Liberty, The Universal Ethic of Freedom and Human Rights, 1980, 326pp, Gutenberg Press, San Francisco, Peace Plans 386. (For monetary freedom, even for the State, on pp 150/160.)

FOLLIN, H.L., Paroles d'un voyant, 1934, 203pp, in Peace Plans 322. (Translations into English and German wanted by LMP, also all other of his writings. He was not only for monetary freedom but for individual secession. - J.Z.)

FORGAN, JAMES E., The Money Supply of the United States, 1903, in PP 745.

FORSTMANN, ALBRECHT, Volkswirtschaftliche Theorie des Geldes, 2. Band, Monetaere Oekonomie. Allgemeine Volkswirtschaftslehre der Geldwirtschaft, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, 1955, indexiert, 940 S. (JZL. Einziges modernes Buch, dass die Steuerfundation, den Rueckstrom und den Zwangskurs einigermassen gruendlich und vernuenftig behandelt. Leider wussten Beckerath und er voneinander anscheinend nichts. - J.Z.)

FOSTER, ELLERY, letter of 11 Dec. 84, 1p, 48x, in PP 740. (On a local clearing of acknowledgements of value received, with the primitive labour-value standard creeping in, again. - J.Z.)

FOWLER, CHARLES T., The Reorganization of Business. An Essay showing how the Principles of Co-operation may be realized in the Store, the Bank and the Factory, Kansas City, 1885. (LMP wants a copy.)

FRAGEN DER FREIHEIT, Sept. 68, 2 S.: Zahlen zum Nachdenken, ueber den deutschen Geldumlauf, 1913-1966, in PP 814. See also under Schueller, Alfred. Gesellian journal containing articles going beyond G.'s ideas. - J.Z.

FRANKE, HERBERT, Geld und Wirtschaft in China unter der Mongolen-Herrschaft. Beitraege zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte der Yuean-Zeit, Otto Harrassowitz, Leipzig, 1949, 175 S. (JZL.) - Reports, e.g. on page 105, that already in 1294 and 1314 there were laws against goods-warrants self-help issues, Chinese types of "street money" or local currency.)

FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money and Liberty, Washington, American Enterprise Institute, 1980. (Brown, 37)

FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money. Two Philosophies. The Conflict of Trust and Authority, Basil Blackwell, 1977, Dowd. JZL. (Seems to me to be merely general philosophizing on money with little understanding of monetary freedom practices and possibilities. For gold, and "trust", against monetary manipulation. - J.Z. )

FRANKFURTER RUNDSCHAU, Computer hilft beim Tauschen, 1p, 24.10.88, 29x, in PP 867.

FRATIANNI, MICHELE and FRANCO SPINELLI, 1984, Italy in the Gold Standard Period, 1861-1914. In Bordo and Schwartz, 1984.

FRATIANNI, MICHELE and FRANCO SPINELLI, 1985, Currency Competition, Fiscal Policy and the Money Supply Process in Italy from Unification to World War I, Journal of European Economic History, v.14, no. 3, Sep.-Dec., pp 473-499. Schuler.

FREE BANKING PROFESSORS, DIRECTORY, First compilation, n.d., supplied to me by Theo Megalli, 3/89, 1p, 29x, in PP 865. (LMP wants for microfilming all addresses of people interested in monetary freedom. - J.Z.)

FREE CURRENCY LEAGUE, Leaflet, Why Pay Interest? 1 Blatt, Mackay Bibl., N.Y.? n.d. Several of its leaflets are mentioned in the loose leaf catalog of the British Library, London. I asked for all and received only one. Maybe they had been "liberated". - J.Z.

FREE CURRENCY TRACTS, Vol. 1 etc. 1895, W. Reeves. British Library, Great Russell St., London. "08226h".

FREE EXCHANGE, The Only Solution to the Labour Problem, ed. by Henry Seymour, Nos. I-III, May-July 1892, 12 pp, in PP 803.

FREEDOM NEWSPAPERS, daily, discuss money.

FREELIFE, 1890-1901, ed. by Auberon Herbert. (University Microfilms. Freiburg University Library? - J.Z.)

FREEMAN, THE, Foundation for Economic Education, monthly. (Favours monetary freedom in numerous articles but usually only in very short and general terms. - J.Z.)

FREEMAN, THE, November 1983, article: Those Things Called Money. (Author? Against legal tender.)

FREEMAN, THE, Notes on legal tender, 2/73, p. 123, 11/73 p. 675.

FREENETWORK REGISTER, compiled by Andre SPIES, contains many names and addresses of people interested in monetary freedom. With other Freenetwork papers filmed in PP 690. (Other FN & AS issues are: PP 553,555,579,638,657 & 736. The Libertarian Alliance, London, is supposed to continue this listing now while A.S. enjoys raw food and other delights, like freedom of international movement. But this means that I may never catch up with his large private freedom library. J.Z.)

FREENETWORK, Literatur der Freiheit, 6pp, 29x in PP 731.

FRERIS, A.F., 1986, The Greek Economy in the Twentieth Century, London, Croom Helm. Schuler.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON & SCHWARTZ, A., Has Government Any Role in Money? JME, 17, January, 1986. Selgin, Dowd.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON & SCHWARTZ, ANNA J., A Monetary History of the United States, 1857-1960, Princeton, N.J., Princeton UP, 1963. M.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Monetary Policy: Tactics versus Strategy, in Dorn and Schwartz, 1984, 1987. Schuler.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, The resource cost of irredeemable paper money, JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, 94, 1986, pp 642-7. Dowd.

FROST, JAMES D., 1982, The 'Nationalization' of the Bank of Nova Scotia, 1880-1910, Acadiensis, vol. 12, no. 1, Autumn 1982, pp 3-38. Schuler.

FRY, EARL H., Financial Invasion of the U.S.A.: A Threat to American Society? Ph.D., Boise State Univ., 224 pp, 1980.

FRY, MICHAEL, for free banking, at least in letters (to Theo Megalli). Address: 15 Rothesay Place, Edinburgh, EH4 7SQ, Tel. 031-225 4353.

FRY, MICHAEL, to Theo MEGALLI, 29 June 86, in PP 740.

FULLARTON, JOHN, On the Regulation of Currencies - Being an Examination of the Principles on which it is Proposed to Restrict, within certain Limits, the Future Issues on Credit of the Bank of England and of the other Banking Establishments throughout the Country, London, John Murray, 1844, 2nd. ed., 1845, Kelly reprint 1969, 253 pp. (For redemption and also for non-cash covered banknotes, accepting good other securities. Favours banking principle. Distinguished Wertumsatzmittel (exchange medium) and Wertaufbewahrungsmittel (Value standard for value storage). PP 794. JZL.

FULLARTON, JOHN, On the Regulation of Currencies: being an Examination of the Principles on which it is proposed to restrict, within certain fixed limits, the future issues on credit of the BANK OF ENGLAND, and of the other BANKING ESTABLISHMENTS throughout the country, 1845, 1969, 265pp, in PP 794.

FULTON, EDWARD H., Land, Money & Property, Columbus Junction, Iowa, 1896, Liberty Library Nos. 8, 9. See also under "The Mutualist".

FULTON, JAMES A., The Other Side of the Money Question, Hutchison, PA, 1908. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)


GAGE, LYMAN, Economic Waste of our Treasury System, 1901, in PP 745.

GAIRDNER, CHARLES, Constitution and Course of the Money Market, Glasgow, 1888. (Fry)

GAIRDNER, CHARLES, Economy in the Use of Gold as Practised in Scotland, Journal of the Institute of Bankers, 1886.

GAIRDNER, CHARLES, Mr. Goschen's Scheme for the Reform of the Bank Acts, Glasgow, 1892. (Fry)

GAIRDNER, CHARLES, The Making of the Gold Reserves, Glasgow, 1891. (Fry's listing of the most important of the writings of this forgotten Scottish theorist.)

GALLATIN, ALBERT, Considerations on the Currency and Banking System of the United States, Philadelphia, Carey & Lea, 1831. (White)

GALLIEN, Abrechnungsbank, 26x., n.d., wahrscheinlich Anfang der 30'er Jahre, 29x, in PP 737.

GARCIA, RUIZ, SOSE LUIS, 1989, En Torno a la Libertad de Emision de Billetes en Espana, 1856-1874. Unpublished manuscript, Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Schuler. (I would love to microfilm that, too, if I could get a copy. How differently could history have turned out if most of the former free banking advocates had not insisted upon metallic redemption as a prerequisite for media to mediate the clearing of goods and services! - J.Z.)

GARNIER, JOSEPH, Elements de l'economie politique, expose des notions fondamentales de cette science, 1846, deuxieme ed., 1848, Paris, Guillaumin. (Coquelin)

GARNIER, JOSEPH, Traite d'economie politique sociale ou industrielle...sur le credit, les banques, le libre echange, 7th edition, Paris, 1873, first edition 1845, 784pp. Freiburg Univ. library. (Only a few pages copied, in JZL, from Freiburg 10. Nothing seems to be of particular interest. GARNIER, JOSEPH, denied the right of the State to issue currency. (Leonard P. Liggio, Charles Dunoyer and French classical liberalism, JLS. Summer 77, p.164. - J.Z. )

GARNIER, M. JOSEPH, Traite d'economie politique..., Paris, 1875. (Extract only - of pp 340-393 that are of some monetary freedom interest, from imperfect original & photocopy.) 29x, in PP 741 - 742.

GASH, NORMAN, ed., The Age of Peel, 1968, N.Y., St. Martin's Press. (White)

GASKIN, M., The Note-Issue in Modern Scottish Banking, in "Scottish Journal of Political Economy, vol. I, pp 154-173. JZL (The article seems to me to show little understanding of the banking principle involved in these note issues. J.Z.) SJPE, 20pp, in PP 795.

GASKIN, MAXWELL, The Scottish Banks, A Modern Survey, George Allen & Unwin, London, 1965, indexed, 264 pp. (JZL)

GEHRIG, BRUNO, Brauchen wir eine monopolistische Zentralbank? In Wirtschaft und Recht, 30. Jg., 1978, S. 252ff. Gerding. 13 S, in PP 813. (The author thinks : Yes, we do need a monopolistic , coercive and centralized bank of issue! J.Z.)

GEORGE STEELE'S INDIVIDUALIST JOURNAL, vol. 1, Nos. 1-12, April 86 - March 87, 124pp, 29x, in PP 754. (A worthy successor to Meulen's The Individualist, with, naturally, very individualistic variations. J.Z.)

GERBER, HANS, Dr., Geld und Staat, 1926, extract, in German, on emergency money issues during the Great Inflation, 13pp, 29x, in PP 905.

GERDING, RAINER & STARBATTY, JOACHIM und M. NELDER, Notenausgabe Monopol oder Waehrungswettbewerb? in WiSt., Heft 8 (1983), S. 397-403.

GERDING, RAINER & STARBATTY, JOACHIM, Ein Diskussionsbericht, in Starbatty, Geldordnung u. Geldpolitik, 1982.

GERDING, RAINER & STARBATTY, JOACHIM, Geldordnung und Geldpolitik in einer freiheitlichen Gesellschaft, Ein Diskussionsbericht, S. 177-133 in Starbatty, Joachim, Herausgeber, Geldordnung und Geldpolitik in einer freiheitlichen Gesellschaft, Walter Eucken Institute, Freiburg i.Br., Nr. 18, Mohr, Tuebingen, 1982.(JZL)

GERDING, RAINER & STARBATTY, JOACHIM, Zur Entnationalisierung des Geldes, Eine Zwischenbilanz, Tuebingen 1980, ca. 100 pp with bibliography. (JZL)

GERMAN SCHOOL ON MONEY, A summary of the Teachings, by Ulrich von Beckerath and John Zube, 8pp, 29x, in PP 715.

GESELL et al, Tomorrow's Money, offered some years ago by Libertarian Social Institute, Bombay.

GESELL, SILVIO, The Natural Economic Order, London 1958, transl. by Phillip Pye, M.A., copyright S.G.-heirs, 1958. (Not a monetary freedom book, but, with notes by Henry Meulen, Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection. I have a copy of the German edition. J.Z.)

GESETZ gegen Missbrauch des bargeldlosen Zahlungsverkehrs vom 3. Juli 1934, RGBl.I, 1934, S. 156f, (RGBl. I, 1934, S. 593?), 29x, in PP 428ff, S.857.

GEYER, P.J., 1867, Theorie und Praxis des Zettelbankwesens, Munich, E.A. Fleischmann, Selgin.

GIBBINS, J.S., 1858, The Banks of New York, their Dealers, the Clearinghouse, and the Panic of 1857, N.Y., D. Appleton and Co. Schuler.

GIBBINS, JOHN to ZUBE, JOHN, Nov. 89, 1 1/2pp, with notes by John Zube, 3pp, in PP 913.

GIBBINS, JOHN, L.E.T.S. Talent$hare, 12pp paper, 1989, in PP 913.

GIFFEN, SIR R., Fancy monetary standards, Economic Journal, 1892, vol. 2, pp 239-55. Dowd.

GIFT COUPONS AS PAY RISE, to avert a strike, the case of Grace Bros, Roseland, Sydney 1964, as little as I could find out, 4pp, in PP 913.

GILBART, J. W., 1865, 1827, A Practical Treatise on Banking, London, Bell and Daley. Schuler.

GILBART, JAMES WILLIAM, (A?)The History of Banking in America: with an inquiry how far the banking institutions of America are adapted to this country; and A review of the causes of the recent pressure on the money market, Longman, London, 1837, Kelley reprint, N.Y., 1967, 207? 219 pp, in PP 795. JZL.

GILBART, JAMES WILLIAM, A Practical Treatise on Banking... 2nd. ed., London, 1828, Effingham Wilson. (London 1863 and 1922 revised edition at Berlin Staatsbibliothek. For free banking. - J.Z.)

GILBART, JAMES WILLIAM, An Inquiry into the Causes of the Pressure on the Money Market during the year 1839, London, Longmans, 1840. (White)

GILBART, JAMES WILLIAM, Currency and Banking: A Review ..., London, 1841, H. Hooper, reprint ed. with added footnotes. Westminster Review, American ed., 35:45-67. (White)

GILBART, JAMES WILLIAM, The History of Banking in America: with... a Review of the Causes of the Recent Pressure on the Money Market, 1837, London, Longmans. (White)

GILBART, JAMES WILLIAM, The History and Principles of Banking, 1834.

GILBART, JAMES WILLIAM, The History, Principles and Practice of Banking, 1834, revised by A. S. Michie, vol. I, London, New York, George Bell & Sons, 1892 (1907. Freiburg/B, VoWiSem.) JZL. (Contains some free banking notions on pp. 108/9, 143 ff. But it appears to me that he was no clear-cut advocate of monetary freedom. J.Z.) New edition and revised issue by Ernest Sykes, London, Bell, 1922, 3rd. ed. 1937, London, Longmans.

GILBART, JAMES WILLIAM, The Laws of the Currency in Scotland,Journal Statist. Soc., XIX, 144-169, London. White.

GILBART, JAMES WILLIAM, The Laws of the Currency, Foreign and Colonial Quarterly Review, 1844, 3 (April), 592-622. White.

GILBART, JAMES WILLIAM, The Letters of Nehimiah; Relating to the Laws Affecting Joint Stock Banks, and the Effects Likely to Be Produced, by the Measures of Sir Robert Peel, upon the System of Banking in London and throughout the Country, 1845. (White)

GILBART, JAMES WILLIAM, The Logic of Banking, Bell & Daldy, London, 1865, 580pp, espec. sect. V. Freiburg, VoWiSem.

GIRTON, LANCE & ROPER, DON, Theory and Implication of Currency Substitution, JMCB, Feb. 81, 19 pp, in PP 806.

GIRTON, LANCE and DON ROPER, Substitutable Monies and the Monetary Standard, in Michel P. Dooley, Herbert M. Kaufman, and Raymond E. Lombra, eds., The Political Economy of Policy-Making, Beverly Hills, Sage Publications, 1939, pp. 233-246. (Brown)

GIRTON, LANCE and DON ROPER, Theory and Implications of Currency Substitution, Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 13, Feb., 1981, 14-30. (Brown) JZL

GIRTON, LANCE, and ROPER, DON, J. Laurence Laughlin and the Quantity Theory of Money, 1978, Journal of Political Economy, 88 (August), 599-625. (White)

GLASNER, D., Competitive Banking and Monetary Reform, tentative title, manuscript, Manhattan Institute, 1987.

GLOBAL RESOURCE BANK NEWSLETTER, THE, 2pp on another odd money foundation attempt, in PP 791.

GODSCHALK, HUGO, Die geldlose Wirtschaft - vom Tempeltausch bis Barter-Club, Muenster, 1984, Schreibmaschinenschrift, 33pp, Lehrstuhl fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre, Geld und Waehrung, 4400 Muenster, Am Stadtgraben 9. (JZL)

GOERITZ, THOMAS & MEULEN, HENRY, The Price of Gold, 4th. ed., 1973, 8 pp, PP 561. (Meulen favoured an abstract and managed paper standard, "safeguarded" against fluctuations in the value of gold by variations of the price at which gold weights would be bought and sold with notes using this paper standard. Still held that to "preserve confidence" and at a fluctuating "gold price" - with goods and services marked in his paper pounds, his paper pounds ought to be redeemed in gold. To that extent he had pre-WWI notions of "reforming" the gold standard and was not amenable to reasoning on the subject. I am under the impression that people who invent a value standard "fall in love with it" for the rest of their lives. This loves tends to stand up to all "disappointments", facts and arguments. Otherwise, and this is important, Meulen favoured competitive note issue. Alas, he seems never to have been quite clear on the role of legal tender. J.Z.)

GOLD BANK NOTES of Antigua and Barbuda, on gold sheets rather than paper, for collectors, 12pp, 29x, in PP 866.

GOLD FLASH, Sept. 86, 8 pp, 48x, in PP 739.

GOLD LETTER, Die Welt des Goldes, Informationen und Meinungen rund ums Gold, 11/85, 3,6,10,12/86, all in German, 40 pp, 48x, in PP 739, 1987/III, August 1987, 8 pp, in PP 803, Dez. 87 & 3/88, 16 pp, in PP 793, 9/88, 12/88 & 3/89, 32 S., 29x, in PP 866.

GOLD NEWSLETTER, March 86 sample & leaflets, 12pp, 29x, in PP 735.

GOLD REVIEW, Mai-June & July-August, 1989, in German, 19pp, with Portfolio Strategy of the review, July-August 89, 4pp, in PP 913.

GOLD STANDARD CORPORATION, 1 sheet flyer on its 1/1oth oz gold coin issue, in PP 787, letter to Roger YOUNG, of 4 Aug. 88, 1p, in PP 791.


GOLD STANDARD, THE, Nos. 1-12, 1895. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection), by Gold Standard Defence Association. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

GOLD, A chapter from "Mineral Facts and Problems", 1975 edition, Bureau of Mines, 19 pp, 48x, in PP 739.

GOLDPLAN, DER, a 1p adv. of 6 German banks offering gold investment, 29x, in PP 866.

GOLDSMITH KRESS LIBRARY OF ECONOMIC LITERATURE, microfilmed on ca. 2500 reels, ca. 60,000 items of the Harvard and London University collections, up to 1850, 3 vols. catalogue. (Someone ought to induce it to put all the monetary freedom writings contained therein into cheap microfiche issues.)

GOLLAN, ROBIN, 1968, The Commonwealth Bank of Australia: Origins and Early History, Canberra, ANUP. Schuler.

GOODHART, CHARLES A.E., 1984, The Evolution of Central Banks: A Natural Development? Bank of England. Selgin. Suntory-Toyota Centre for Economic & Related Disciplines, London School of Economics, 1985. Dowd. 1988, Cambridge, Mass, MIT Press. Schuler

GOODHART, CHARLES A.E., Review of L.H. White's Free Banking in Britain, ECONOMICA, 1987, PP 129-131. Dowd.

GORST, HAROLD E., The Curse of Education, London, 1904, 92 pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection. On free banking, too?? - J.Z.)

GORTON, GARY, 1985, Bank Suspensions of Convertibility, Journal of Monetary Economics, vol. 15, no. 2, Schuler.

GORTON, GARY, 1985b, Banking Theory and Free Banking History, JME, 1985, 16(2), Sep., a review essay, 10 pp. - Selgin.

GORTON, GARY, 1985c, Clearing Houses and the Origin of Central Banking in the U.S., JEH 45(2), June. Selgin.

GORTON, GARY, 1986, Banking Panics and Business Cycles, Working Paper 86-9, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, March. Schuler.

GORTON, GARY, Banking Theory and Free Banking History, A Review Essay, 1985, 10pp, in PP 813.

GOUGE, WILLIAM M, Principles and Effects of the Banking System, 1833, an extract from his: "A Short History of Paper Money & Banking in the US", part I, pp 90-101, abridged, 16 pp in PP 815.

GOULD, MAURICE, BRESSET, KENNETH, DETHERIDGE, KAYE & NANCY, Alaska's Coinage Through the Years, Racine, Wisconsin, 1965, on private coinage. W.

GPE NETWORK, Greening the Planet Economically, address list, 1p, 29x, in PP 741. (Compare MARK KINNEY papers.)

GRAEBER, KENNETH, Local Paper Money, issued during the Spanish Civil War, International Bank Note Society, USA, vol.3, 1979. (Pick)

GRAHAM, FRANK D., The Creation of Employment, Princeton University Press, N.J., 1932, reproduced in Edgard Milhaud, Fresh Work, Fresh Markets, 1933, pp. 326-337.(On payment in "consumption certificates", J.Z.)

GRAHAM, WILLIAM P, Laissez-Faire and the Optimum Quantity of Money, Economic Inquiry, 12/1, March 74, pp. 125-132. Brown 40. - Freiburg Uni, II/149, not on shelf.

GRAHAM, WILLIAM, The Banknote Circulation of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1903, 48 pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

GRAHAM, WILLIAM, The One Pound Note in the Rise and Progress of Banking in Scotland and its Adaptability to England, 1885, 343 pp, 29x, in PP 339. (2nd. ed., Edinburgh, James Thin, 1911, under title: The One Pound Note in the History of Banking in Great Britain.)

GRAMM, WILLIAM P., Laissez-Faire and the Optimum Quantity of Money, q., March 1974, 8 pp, in PP 794. Brown 40.

GRANT, A. W., Remarks on the Influence Attributed to the State of the Currency on Prices and Credit, and on the Suppression of Small Notes, London, 1828, J. M. Richardson. (White)

GRANT, RICHARD W., The Incredible Bread Machine, A Study of Capitalism, Freedom and the State, self-published, 1966, indexed, 286 pp. (Opposes government money monopoly on pp 119-226.) JZL.

GRASSER, WALTER, und ALBERT PICK, Das Bielefelder Stoffgeld 1917-1923, Berlin 1972. (Pick)

GRATISVEREIN, Berlin, einige Flugblaetter u. Ausschnitte, 14pp,29x, in PP 741/742.

GRAY, JOHN, Lectures on Human Happiness, 1825.

GRAY, JOHN, Lectures on the Nature and Use of Money, Edinburgh, 1848, 1972, 356pp, with 16 pp of notes by John Zube, 1986, 29x, in PP 642.

GRAY, JOHN, Social System, A Treatise on the Principles of Exchange, 1831.

GREAT BRITAIN, COLONIAL OFFICE, 1919, Fiji. Report for 1918. Colonial Reports - Annual, no. 1006, London, His Majesty's Stationery Office. Schuler.

GREAVES, PERCY L., Understanding the Dollar Crisis, Belmont, Mass, 302 pp, reviewed in 3 pp by Henry Hazlitt in The Freeman, Jan. 74. JZL. "A free market economy cannot permanently operate on a politically manipulated paper money standard. Free men need a market-selected money. Under present conditions, this means a gold standard.") The review only has been filmed in PP 804.

GRECO, THOMAS H. Jr., to WILSON, CARL, LARC system, 25 May 89, 5pp, in PP 906.

GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., Report on the Cato Institute Conference on Money, A, 4pp, in PP 906.

GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., Some Thoughts on Demurrage Currency and Convivial Money, 2pp, in PP 791.

GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., 1.) Usury & Interest, 1985, 2.) Just Money, 7 pp, 29x, in PP 738, 3.) Economic Transformation, 4 pp, 1986, 29x, in PP 732, 4.) to Theo MEGALLI, 24 July 86, 1p, 29x, in PP 741/42, 5.) Usury and Interest, 1985, 2pp, 29x, in PP 731, 6.) 1985 circular, 21 June 86 communique, with reply by John Zube, total of 17 pp, 48x, in PP 645.

GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., Geld und Schulden : Eine Loesung der globalen Krise, Teil II : Freiheit und das monetaere Ideal, 18 S., in RUNDBRIEF Nr. 5, April 89, in PP 906.

GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., Gold Convertibility, Legal Tender & Monopolized Currency, 5pp, in PP 906.

GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., Monetary Transformation in one Easy Lesson, 1987, 5 pp, in PP 791.

GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., Money and Debt: A Solution to the Global Crisis, 1989, 38pp, in PP 823.

GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., News from Tom Greco, March 2, 1989, 2pp, in PP 906.

GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., Some Thoughts on Syncrediting and Funded Exchange, 4 pp, in PP 791.

GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., The Interpersonal Dimension in Economic Interrelationships, 4 pp, 1987, in PP 791.

GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., Transforming Society, 1988, 3pp, in PP 761.

GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., correspondence in the GPE Network. (Some of it reproduced in Peace Plans.)

GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., to MORGAN, JOHN, 8 March 89, 2pp, in PP 906.

GRECO, THOMAS, Excerpt, 1/2 p, from WHITE, LAWRENCE H., Free Banking as an Alternative Monetary System, in: SIEGEL, BARRY, Money in Crisis, 1984, Pacific Institute, 29x, in PP 865.

GRECO, THOMAS, Excerpt, of HAYEK, FRIEDRICH, The Future Monetary Unit of Value, 1984, 2pp, 29x, in PP 865.

GRECO, THOMAS, Excerpts from TIMBERLAKE, RICHARD H., Federal Reserve Policy Since 1945, 1/2p, 29x, in PP 865.

GRECO, THOMAS, Precis of MONEY IN CRISIS, introd. by Barry N. Siegel, ed., 2pp, 29x, in PP 865.

GRECO, THOMAS, Precis of ROTHBARD, MURRAY, The Federal Reserve as a Cartellization Device, 5pp, 29x, in PP 865.

GREEN ALLIANCE BULLETIN, Newsletter Dec. 85, on alternative economics, 5 pp, in PP 803.

GREEN REVOLUTION, Fall 1985, by School of Living, with 3 monet. freedom articles, listed separately, 8 pp, 29x, in PP 738.

GREEN, TIMOTHY, The World of Gold Today, Arrow Books, London etc., 1968, 1973, 287 pp. (JZL. Brings details on gold smuggling. - J.Z.)

GREENE, WILLIAM B., Mutual Banking, showing the radical Deficience of the existing circulating Medium and how Interests of Money can be abolished, Westfield, Mass., 1849, 1850, New England Labor League, Worcester, Mass., 1870, Anti-Interest League, Columbus Junction, Iowa, 1895, Vanguard Press, 1927, N.Y., Peace Plans 106 was reproduced from the later Indian edition.

GREENE, WILLIAM B., Socialistic, Communistic, Mutualistic, and Financial Fragments, 1875, Hyperion reprint 1975, 271pp, 29x, in PP 556. (Monetarily, it brings only extracts from "Mutual Banking". -J.Z.)

GREENE, WILLIAM B., The Radical Deficiency of the Existing Circulation Medium, and the Advantages of a Mutual Currency, Boston, 1857. (Miller) - I do want a copy! - J.Z.)

GREENFIELD, ROBERT L., & YEAGER, LELAND B., A Laissez-Faire Approach to Monetary Stability, in Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Vol. 15, No. 3, Aug. 1983, pp. 302-315. JZL. - 14 pp, in PP 795.

GREENWOOD, ROBERT, The Other World, Fisher's Store, Bear Creek, California, "Reason", Dec. 173, pp. 18-23. (A fictional story on a goods warrants issue.) JZL. 6pp, in PP 803.

GREEVZ FISHER, J., Currency, JUS, 9 March 1888, 1p, in PP 803.


GRIFFEN, CLARENCE, 1929, The Story of the Bechtler Gold Coinage, The Numismatist, Sept., Selgin.

GRIFFIN, CLARENCE, The Bechtlers and Bechtler Coinage, Forest City, Courier, 1929, W.

GRISCOM, MORGAN, A Community's Need for An Economy, mimeographed, for communities trying to develop a sound exchange system. M. Loomis.

GROSECLOSE, ELGIN, America's Money Machine: The Story of the Federal Reserve, Arlington House, 1980.

GROSECLOSE, ELGIN, Fiat and the Founding Fathers, in The Freeman, Oct. 1976, pp. 585-590. (Opposed to legal tender.) 6 pp, in PP 806.

GROSECLOSE, ELGIN, Money and Man, A Survey of Monetary Experience, 1934 (then titled Money: The Human Conflict), 306 pp, indexed. 4th. ed., 1976, University of Oklahoma Press.(JZL) Brings little on free banking. As bullionist largely against it. I miss e.g. clarity on Gresham's Law and on tax foundation. - J.Z.)

GROTKOPP, Grosse Krise, Econ Verlag, Duesseldorf, 1954. (Traute Nellessen schrieb in 1955 dass Rittershausen darin haeufig zitiert wird.)

GRUBEL, H.G., Towards a Theory of Free Economic Zones, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, Tuebingen, 118, No. 1, 1982, p.39. (Deals only with commercial banking within free trade, free enterprise zones. -J.Z.)

GRUBIAK, OLIVE & JAN, The Guernsey Experiment, with notes on the Glasgow Rates Voucher Scheme, William MacLelan, Glasgow, 1960, 1963. (Describes tax-foundation issues but is weak in theory and rather inclined towards Social Credit. - J.Z.)

GRUENE REFORM, No. 15, 1/1980 & No. 28, 1.7.85, ueber Geldreform nach Laemmel, 4 S., in PP 793.

GRUPP, CLAUSE C., Geld zu Jeder Zeit, Geschichten vom Geld am Rande der Geschichte, Verlag Deutsche Jugendbuecherei, Rodenkirchen bei Koeln, 5. Auflage. (Populaere Darstellung, die einige interessante Einzelheiten bringt ueber Steuerfundationsgeld und Preussische Landschaften und Hypothekenbanken, die nach dem Beispiel des credit foncier kleine Pfandbriefe ausgaben. - J.Z. (JZL)

GUARDIAN, THE, You pays your money, who makes your choice? Reprint of this Aug. 6, 1979 article on the IWA, 14pp, 29x, in PP 687.

GUNASEKERA, H.A. de S., 1962, From Dependent Currency to Central Banking in Ceylon: An Analysis of Monetary Experience 1825-1927, London, G. Bell and Sons, Ltd. Schuler. (Alas, most such titles reveal only inexperienced analysis of monetary inexperience, I suspect, after x bad experiences. The observed monetary freedom traces were mostly misunderstood or misinterpreted in literature. But they are there for the trained observers now coming forward. - J.Z.)


GUY, GRAN, G., La pensee de Proudhon, Paris, 1897. (I have read only recently that up to half of all of P.'s writings may still not be published, not even in French! And still some do still deny the need for microfiche publishing! - J.Z.)


HABEGGER, JAY, Origins of the Chinese Hyperinflation, THE FREEMAN, Sep. 88, 5pp, in PP 818.

HABER, F., Untersuchungen ueber Irrtuemer moderner Geldverbesserer, Jena, Fischer, 1926. (Gerding)

HAENKE, DAVID, A Stable Bioregional Exchange System, Fall 85, Green Revolution, in PP 738.

HAGUE, GEORGE, 1896, Bank Reserves, Journal of the Canadian Bankers Association, vo. 1. Schuler.

HAHN, OSWALD, 1968, Die Waehrungsbanken der Welt, 2 v., Stuttgart, C.E. Poeschel Verlag. Schuler.

HAKE & WESSLAU, The Economic Crisis, London, Kegan Paul, 1888, over 86pp, Meulen, Free Banking, 289.

HAKE, A. EGMONT & WESSLAU, O. E., The Coming Individualism, 1895, Constable, 347 pp, in PP 774. The Athenaeum, Feb. 8, 1896 review, 1p, The Spectator, July 11, 1896 review, 1p, in PP 787. Yale Review, May 1896, 4 pp, by D.C. Wells, in PP 795. See also Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 2/72, p. 10.

HAKE, A. EGMONT, & WESSLAU, O. E., Free Trade in Capital or Free Competition in the Supply of Capital to Labour, and its Bearings on the Political and Social Questions of the Day, London, 1890, 432pp, with abstracts of chapters, 36x, in PP 656.

HALEVY, ELIE, ed., Thomas Hodgskin, trans., and with an introduction by A. J. Taylor, London, Ernest Benn. (White)

HALIBURTON, JOHN D., extracts from a brochure & samples on his "lights" or "labour" currency, 13pp, 19x, in PP 743.

HALL, BOWMAN N., The Economic Theories of Stephen Pearl Andrews: Neglected Utopian Writer, The South African Journal of Economics, 4. I, 1975 (March?), 11 pp, in PP 806.

HALL, ROBERT E., A Free-Market Policy to Stabilize the Purchasing Power of the Dollar, in Barry N. Siegel, ed., Money in Crisis, San Francisco, The Pacific Institute, 1984

HALL, ROBERT E., Explorations in the Gold Standard and Related Policies for Stabilizing the Dollar, in Robert E. Hall, ed., Inflation: Causes and Effects, Chicago, UCP, 1982, Selgin.

HALL, ROBERT E., Optimal fiduciary monetary systems, JME, 1983,12, pp 33-50. Dowd.

HALL, ROBERT E., The Government and the Monetary Unit, manuscript, 1981b, NBER, Nov., Dowd.

HALLOCK, J.E., Jr., Refusing its Own Coin, Brooklyn, 1884. (Copy wanted by LMP.)

HAMILTON, CHARLES, COUGHLIN, MICHAEL E. & SULLIVAN, MARK A., editors, Benjamin R. Tucker & The Champions of Liberty, A Centenary Anthology, 1981, 232pp, 29x, in PP 912.

HAMILTON, HENRY, An Economic History of Scotland in the Eighteenth Century, 1963, Oxford, Clarendon Press.

HAMILTON, HENRY, The Industrial Revolution in Scotland, Oxford, 1932. (Cameron)

HAMILTON, J.D., Monetary Factors in the Great Depression, 1987,JME, 19, pp 145-69. Dowd.

HAMMOND, BRAY, Banking in the Early West: Monopoly, Prohibition and Laissez Faire, JEH, VIII, May 1948, 1-25. (Rockoff)

HAMMOND, BRAY, Banks and Politics in America from the Revolution to the Civil War, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1957. (Brown)

HAMMOND, BRAY, Free Banks and Corporations: The New York Free Banking Act lf 1838, JPE, XLIV, April 136, 184-209. (Rockoff)

HANNIGAN, A. ST. J., Companies in Financial Difficulties, 1970, 8pp on the rights of creditors and how they might be better safeguarded, with a note by John Zube, in PP 818.

HANNIGAN, Monetary and Legal Tender Acts (1934) 14 Boulder Univ. Law. Rev. 485, 504. (Holzer, Government's Money Monopoly.) (LMP wants a copy.)

HANSCH, ERICK S., An Intuitively Perceived Theory of Money and Interest, Taxpayer's Publications, Portland, Oregon, first published in Free Deeds, Blauvelt, N.Y., Autumn 1964, 24 pp, mimeo. (Leanings towards Gesell. I disagree with it on so many points that I never reproduced it. Some correct views are mixed in with a lot of highly doubtful ones. The author wrote also a contribution to A Way Out, Jan./Feb. 1966. J.Z., JZL)

HANSCH, ERICK S., Community Based Money, mimeographed, 10pp, on issusing "money on local goods going to market". Loomis. (ERICH?)

HANSEN, BENT, Monetary Norms in an Open Economy, J. Monet. Econ., Supplementary Series, 1976, 4, pp 141-153. Freiburg, II/200, not on shelf.

HARDING, ROBERT, How to put 100 000 Persons to Work in one Week, London 1893. (Free Banking could do this - but, is this a free banking book? It is mentioned by Rocker: Pioneers of American Freedom. -J.Z.)

HARDY, GEORGE, CONSISTENT Liberalism, Policies for a Better Tomorrow, 1985, 238pp, in PP 821. (There are probably some monetary freedom paragraphs in his other books, too, all filmed by LMP. J.Z.)

HARE, ROBERT, Do Banks Increase Loanable ,Capital?" Hunt's Merchants' Magazine, June 1852, XXVI, 202-204. (Miller)

HARE, ROBERT, A Brief Exposition of the Injury Done...by the Prohibition of Bills under Five Dollars, Philadelphia, 1841. (Miller)

HARE, ROBERT, A Brief View of the Policy and Resources of the United States, Philadelphia, 1810. (Miller)

HARE, ROBERT, Proofs that Credit as Money in a Truly Free Country is to a Great Extent Preferable to Coin, Philadelphia, 1834.

HARE, ROBERT, Suggestions Respecting the Reformation of the Banking System, Philadelphia, 1837. (Miller)

HARGIS, ANTHONY & Co., A Free Market Business Trust: General Conditions of Business & Current Gold Account Agreement, 4pp, 29x, in PP 738.

HARGIS, ANTHONY & MACCLAUGHLIN, JANE, Current Gold Accounts, 15 pp, 1981, 29x, in PP 738.

HARGIS, ANTHONY, A Measure of Gold, n.d., 28 pp, 29x, in PP 738. (Through a friend he got a very unusual marriage present from me: monetary freedom fiche. But will he look down upon them even more than he does upon paper money? Is he one of those practitioners who believe that they already know all that needs to be known on the subject? I am waiting for him to tackle unlimited clearing exchanges based on gold value reckoning, without any gold storage by and with him, using the free gold market as a sufficient indicator and free market rating of his standardized clearing cheques, if the Fed would let him get away with this. Trades in all kinds of goods and services should never be confined to the availability of just one commodity. But one commodity CAN serve as a suitable, honest and sufficiently stable value standard for unlimited numbers of free exchanges, particularly when this is only attempted within the framework of free choice of value standards. The medium of exchange does not have to be identical with the medium of account under freedom conditions and both should never be made identical via monetary despotism. Even a territorially exclusive gold standard, unless and while unanimously accepted, would be despotic. Even the best should not be imposed but merely freely demonstrated to others. How does one get this message across to gold bugs? In the meantime, his private and competitive and non-coercive efforts to realize his ideal do provide a valuable experiment. By the way, WESTPAC, formerly BANK OF NEW SOUTH WALES, one of the biggest banks in Australia, now keeps gold accounts, in ounces, minimum deals 5 ounces, and deals with Australian nugget coins, in denominations from 1 ounce to 1/2th of an ounce. Gold bugs could take it from there - if the scheme is honestly administered. That I cannot and will not guaranty. Moreover, this and other Australian banks, are compelled to report to the tax department. J.Z.)

HARGREAVES, R.P., 1972, From Beads to Bank Notes, Dunedin, New Zealand, John McIndoe, Ltd.; Schuler.

HARLLEE, JOHN, note on F. Tupper Saussy: The Miracle on Main Street, in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, July 1981, in PP 787.


HARPER, F.A., in WRITINGS OF F.A. HARPER, Vol. 1, 1978, on "The Confusion of Competing Moneys", 2pp, which rather show HIS confusion on competing moneys, with some annotations by John Zube, 1989, 29x, in PP 905.

HARPER, JOEL, W. C., Scrip & other Forms of Local Money, 183 pp, PhD, 1949, Univ. of Chicago, Xerox Comprehensive Diss, Index, W 1949, p. 102.

HARWOOD, E.C., The Lost Art of Commercial Banking, 1974, 6pp, in PP 906.

HASENACH, WILHELM, Die Technik einer Indexwaehrung auf Goldbasis, Bankwissenschaft, Heft 12 vom 20.9.1933. (Bezieht sich auf einen Aufsatz von Rittershausen.) Freiburg, Hist. Sem.

HAULK, R.S., review of Tom Greco: Money and Debt, in THE ACTION LINKAGE NETWORK, April 89, 1/2p, with a summary by Tom Greco & letter to Tom Greco from Mark Kinney, total 1p, in PP 906.

HAWES, BENJAMIN, Speeches in Parliament, Hansard, 1844, LXXV, cols. 777-97. (Bullionist position: convertibility alone as a sufficient regulator.) (White,78)

HAWTREY, R.G., The Gold Standard in Theory and Practice, Longmans, Green, London, 1947, 5th. ed.

HAYEK, F.A., A commodity-reserve currency, ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 1943, pp. 176-84.

HAYEK, FRIEDRICH A., Choice in Currency, A Way to Stop Inflation, with commentaries by Ivor F. Pearce, Harold B. Rose, Douglas Jay, Sir Keith Joseph, IEA, Occasional Paper 48, 2nd. ed., 1976, 1977, 46 pp. (JZL)

HAYEK, FRIEDRICH A., Entnationalisierung des Geldes, J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), Tuebingen, 1977, with bibliography, 136pp. (JZL)

HAYEK, FRIEDRICH A., Law, Legislation and Liberty, Chicago UP, 3 volumes, 1973, 1976, 1979. Dowd.

HAYEK, FRIEDRICH A., The Constitution of Liberty, University of Chicago Press, 3rd. impr., 1961, chapter 21, p. 324 & notes, on page 520/521.(JZL)

HAYEK, FRIEDRICH A., The Denationalization of Money, London, IEA, 1976.(JZL)

HAYEK, FRIEDRICH A., The Future Monetary Unit of Value, 13 pp, in Siegel, Barry N., Money in Crisis.(JZL)

HAYEK, FRIEDRICH A., Toward a Free Market Monetary System, The Journal of Libertarian Studies, III, 1979, No.1, a lecture delivered at the Gold and Monetary Conference, New Orleans, Nov. 10, 1977, 8 pp. (JZL)

HAYEK, FRIEDRICH A., Was der Goldwaehrung geschehen ist. Ein Bericht aus dem Jahre 1932 mit zwei Ergaenzungen, Walter Eucken Institut (Hrsg), Vortraege und Aufsaetze 62, Tuebingen, Bohr, 34 S., 1965.(Gerding) (JZL)

HAYEK, FRIEDRICH A., ed., An Enquiry into the Nature and Effects of the Paper Credit of Great Britain, 1802, by Henry Thornton, together with supplementary material, edited and introduced by F. A. v. Hayek, 1939, Kelley reprint 1978, 368 pp. (JZL)

HAYEK, FRIEDRICH A., in B. Siegel, ed., Money and Crisis: The Federal Reserve, the Economy, and Monetary Reform, Ballinger Publishing. Dowd.

HAZLITT, HENRY, Free Choice of Currency, THE FREEMAN, Aug. 77, reviewing Hayek, 9 pp in PP 815.

HAZLITT, HENRY, The Future of the Dollar, THE FREEMAN, Jan 74, 12 pp, in PP 804. (For gold weight clearing as an option. J.Z.)

HAZLITT, HENRY, The Inflation Crisis and How to Resolve It, 192pp.

HAZLITT, HENRY, The Search for an Ideal Money, THE FREEMAN, Nov. 75, 13 pp, in PP 806.

HAZLITT, HENRY, To Stop Inflation: Return to Gold, Committee for Monetary Research and Education, Greenwhich, Connecticut, Tract 5, 1974, 22pp. (JZL)

HAZLITT, HENRY, Where the Monetarists Go Wrong, THE FREEMAN, Aug. 76, 11 pp, in PP 815.

HAZLITT, HENRY, Review of: Understanding the Dollar Crisis, by Percy L. Greaves, THE FREEMAN, Jan. 74, pp, in PP 804.

HEATH, SPENCER, Citadel, Market and Altar, Emerging Society, Outline of Socionomy, The New Natural Science of Society, The Science of Society Foundation, Rodadsend Gardens, Elkridge, Baltimore, MD., 1957, 259 pp, indexed. (For monetary freedom. His work is carried on by his grandson, Spencer Heath MacCallum, with his Heather Foundation, publishing also the works of Riegel. J.Z.)

HECHT, FELIX, Dr., Bankwesen und Bankpolitik in den sueddeutschen Staaten, 1819-1875, mit statistischen Unterlagen, 1880, 185pp, 29x, in PP 715.

HEILPERIN, MICHAEL A., A Method of Reconstructing International Economic Relations, pp 200-211 of: Edgard Milhaud, ed., Ending the Unemployment and Trade Crisis, by the Introduction of Purchasing Certificates and the Establisment of an International Clearing System, 355pp, Williams and Norgate, London, 1935, 1934, 11 pp, in PP 769.

HEILPERIN, MICHAEL A., Ein Plan fuer die Wiederherstellung der Internationalen Transaktionen, Annals for Collective Economy, ed. by E. Milhaud, 10. Jahrg., Heft 1, Jan/July 1934, S. 223, in Peace Plans 347/348.

HEILPERIN, MICHEL A., Une Methode pour le Retablissement des Relations Economique Internationales, in : Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, ed. by E. Milhaud, Recuel Sirey, Paris, 134,pp. 231-242.

HEINE, TH. TH., Wir waehlen die Meteorpartei. Macht Deutschland zur Aktiengesellschaft, ein Aufruf, Ausschnitt, 1 S., 29x, in PP 667.

HEINSOHN, GUNNAR, Privateigentum, Patriarchat & Geldwirtschaft, Suhrkamp, 1984. Bahnbrechend lt. Martin, Paul. fb?

HELANDER, SVEN, Das Kreditproblem in den unterentwickelten Laender, WIRTSCHAFTSDIENST, 41, 1961, 513-521. (Despite the title not of free banking interest. - J.Z.)

HELANDER, SVEN, Theorie der Zentralisation im Notenbankwesen, Jena, G. Fischer, 1916, 148pp, in PP 730. (Discusses Free Banking, espec. Adolf Wagner's works. J.Z.)

HENDRY, D., Monetary economic myth and econometric reality, 1985, OXFORD REVIEW OF ECONOMIC POLICY, 1, pp 72-84. Dowd.

HENRY, F, Dr., The Theory of Money, P. S. King & Son Ltd., Westminster, 1946. ( I have a Staples Press edition, 1948, which refers to a first edition of 1942, 107 pp, stating his 217 points, with glimpses of monetary freedom, E.G. p. 6. J.Z.)

HENRY, J.A., and H.A. SIEPMAN, 1963, The First Hundred Years of the Standard Bank, London, OUP. Schuler.

HEPBURN, A. BARTON, A History of Currency in the US, revised ed., N.Y., MacMillan, 1924. (Brings e.g. on pp 350-353 and 390-394 details on Clearing House Certificates, 1893 & 1907. I have a photocopy of these few pages and may reproduce it in Peace Plans. - J.Z.)

HEPBURN, A. BARTON, Desirable Changes in the Banking Law, 1902, in PP 745.

HEPBURN, ALONZO BARTON, 1968, 1903. History of Coinage andCurrency in the United States, and the Perennial Contest for Sound Money. N.Y., Greenwood Press. Schuler.

HEPNER, RUTH, Gold Appeal Goes to Supreme Court, on Richard L. Solyom's case, 1p, 29x, in PP 731.

HERALD OF ANARCHY, THE, vol. I, No. 2, Nov. 1890, 4 pp, in PP 803.

HERTZKA, THEODOR, Das Wesen des Geldes, Leipzig, Duncker & Humblot, 1887, VIII, 121 S., Freiburg Univ. JZL. (No good from a free banking point of view. - J.Z.)

HERTZKA, THEODOR, Das international Waehrungsproblem und dessen Loesung, Leipzig, 1892, X, 136 S., Freiburg 10. (Note, this and the following titles by T.H. are here only listed as warnings. H. favoured central banking, never mind his libertarinism otherwise. - J.Z.)

HERTZKA, THEODOR, Goldwaehrung mit Paperumlauf. Ein Vorschlag zur Loesung des internationalen Waehrungsproblems, S. 192-231 in Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik, Jena, X 380, 1895, f.3.10 1895.

HERTZKA, THEODOR, Wechselkurs & Agio. Eine waehrungspolitische Studie, Wien, Mainz 1894, VII, 162 S. Freiburg/Br., Univ., Freib. 10, Jo 720. (H. was not a free banking advocate. Alles gute ist nie beisammen! J.Z.)

HERZFELD, M., Die Gechichte als Funktion der Geldbewegungen, AfSw., Bd. 56, 1920. Hayek.

HETRICH, GEORGE & GUTTAG, JULIA, Civil War Tokens and Tradesmen's Store Cards. W.

HEWITT, ABRAM S., Business Depression and Revenue Reform, 10 pp, 29x in PP 602.

HEYNITZ, JOBST von, Einige wirtschaftliche Schaeden der Inflation und ein geldpolitischer Versuch zu ihrer Bekaempfung, FRAGEN DER FREIHEIT, Folge 132, May/Juni 1978, 29 S., in PP 805.

HEYWOOD, EZRA H., Hard Cash, an Essay to show that financial Monopolies hinder Enterprises and defraud both Labor and Capital; and that Panics and Business Revulsions will be effectually prevented only through free Money. Princeton, Mass., 1870. (Rocker: Pioneers …) (Further contributions possibly in the periodical "The Word", since 1872.)

HEYWOOD, EZRA H., The Word, which he edited, at least since 1872, should contain some free banking articles.

HILDRETH, RICHARD, Banks, Banking, and Paper Currencies, Boston, 1840. (Miller)

HILDRETH, RICHARD, Letter to his Excellency, Marcus Morton, on Banking and the Currency, Boston, 1840. (Miller)

HILDRETH, RICHARD, The History of Banks, to which is added, A Demonstration of the Advantages and Necessity of Free Competition in the Business of Banking, 1837, with A Letter to His Excellency Marcus Morton on Banking and the Currency, 166 pp, 1840, Kelley reprints, 1968, 1971, Peace Plans 601. (JZL. LFB sale recently at $ 8.75.)

HILTON, GEORGE W., The Truck System, including a History of the British Truck Acts, 1465-1960, Heffer, Cambridge, 1960, 166 pp, indexed. (A reprint appears to be still in print for $ 15. Best book on the subject that I have seen. Reports how monetary freedom in this sphere has been legislated against for 575 years. While the legislation was not fully effective, it did prevent the free development of private local currencies & thus has done uncalculated harm. Alas, anti-truck legislation is still popular, even among "scholars". J.Z., JZL.)

HINE, ROBERT V., California's Utopian Colonies, 1850-1950, 1953, extract, 29pp, on the Kaweah Colonies, which issued "time checks", in PP 814.

HIRSCH, MAX, Economic Principles, A Manual of Political Economy, 1896, 1942, 78pp, Peae Plans 528. (Against legal tender, seeing in it the pre-condition for inflation, e.g. on pp 37/38. J.Z.)

HIRST, FRANCIS W., Gold, Silver & Paper Money, 1943, Cobden Club, 24 pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

HISTORICAL STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1976, Washington, Government Printing Office. Schuler.

HISTORY OF BANKING OF ALL NATIONS, A, by several writers, 4 volumes, N.Y., 1896. Meulen, TI, 8/1978, p. 39.

HOBHOUSE, H.W., Chairman of the Committee of Country Bankers, see there. (White, 68)

HOCK, KARL(?) Ritter von -, Austrian economist, 1808-1869. (Someone pointed him out to me as a possible free banking advocate. - J.Z.)

HODGSKIN, THOMAS, Popular Political Economy, 1827, London, Charles Tait. with an appendix, A Lecture on Free Trade, 1843, Kelley reprint, 1966, 291 pp. (Sale by LFB $12.50. JZL. For monetary freedom, but opponent of interest and landlords. He also wrote: Labour Defended against the Claims of Capital, 1825 and The Natural and Artificial Right of Property Contrasted, 1832. - According to Enc. Brit., he turned, similarly to William Thompson, the doctrines of the Ricardians against capitalism, but, following Godwin, arrived at anarchist rather than socialist conclusions about the new social order. LFB classed PPE as a pro-laissez faire treatise.) 286 pp, in PP 785.

HOFFMAN, D. (or O.?), The Coming Culture, Calif. (FB? J.Z.)

HOLCH, ARTHUR, When Rubber Checks Didn't Bounce, American Heritage, June 1961, on private issues during the depression. W.

HOLLIS, CHRISTOPHER, The Breakdown of Money, 1937. Only a 3pp extract, on Woergl, in PP 741/742. (Note the tax foundation that was involved. Otherwise, I found this book of no interest to me as a free banking advocate. - J.Z.)

HOLYOAKE, GEORGE JACOB, History of Co-Operation, The, 2nd. ed., revised & completed, 1906, 691pp, indexed, 42x, in PP 659. (Brings some information on "labour exchanges".)

HOLZER, HENRY MARK, The Gold Clause: What It Is And How to Use It Profitably, 1980, introduced by Henry Hazlitt, 381pp. (Sale price LFB $ 9.95.)

HOLZER, HENRY MARK, compiler and editor, Government's Money Monopoly, its origin and scope and how to fight it, introduced by Murray Rothbard (2pp), 227pp, Books in Focus, New York, 1981. (JZL. Excellent! LFB sale price, 1986, $ 12.95.)

HOLZHAUER, GEORG, Barzahlung und Zahlungsmittelversorgung in militaerisch besetzten Gebieten, Fischer, Jena, 1939, 115 pp with bibliography, 29x, in PP 532. (Schueler von Rittershausen, in Stalingrad verschollen. His parents lived, I believe, in East Germany and may still possess, if alive, any unpublished manuscripts by G.H. I would welcome help to trace such manuscripts and get them on fiche. - J.Z.)

HOLZHAUER, GEORG, Das deutsche Kriegsnotgeld, 1914, ein Beitrag zum Notgeldproblem der Kriegs- und Nachkriegszeit, Wissen und Wehr, Heft 7, 1938, Peace Plans 428 ff, S. 935.

HOLZHAUER, GEORG, Die Reserven an Konsumguetern, Produktionsmitteln und Produktivkraeften in der Kriegfuehrung, Wehrtechnische Monatshefte, Heft 9, 1938. (vielleicht war es gut, dass die Nazis keine besseren Gebrauch von ihm machten als ihn bei Stalingrad zu verpulvern. Haetten sie seine Finanzierungsideen angenommen, was sehr unwahrscheinlich war und weder von Beckerath noch, wahrscheinlich, von H., erwartet wurde, so haette der Krieg noch laenger dauern koennen. Andererseits haette sich daraufhin aber auch eine Revolution gegen die Soviets und schliesslich gegen Hitler ereignen koennen. Der Zahlungsfaehige ist schon auf dem Wege zur allgemeinen Freiheit. - J.Z. 22.2.90.)

HOLZHAUER, GEORG, Theorie und Praxis der Diskontpolitik im Wandel der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung und der wirtschaftlichen Zielsetzungen, 1935, Peace Plans 545.

HOLZHAUER, GEORG, Ueber "Barzahlung in besetzten Gebieten", in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 995, 1007.

HOLZHAUER, GEORG, Zur wirtschaftlichen Nutzung besetzter Gebiete (unter besonderer Erwaegung des Nutzens der Barzahlung und der zweckmaessigten Ausgestaltung der Zahlungsmittel waehrend der Besetzung, um 1938, Manuskript zu Barzahlung und Zahlungsmittel-versorgung..., 145 S., Literaturverzeichnis, Anmerkungen von John Zube, in Peace Plans 531. (Nach Beckerath hatte H. auch einen Anhang ueber Revolutionsfinanzierung verfasst. Der wurde aber nicht veroeffentlicht und scheint verschollen zu sein. Beckerath's eigenes Manuskript zu diesem Thema ist leider bei einem Bombenangriff verbrannt. Aber die Ideen dieses Buches von Holzhauer koennen sinngemaess darauf angewandt werden. J.Z.)

HOLZHAUER, GEORG, Zur wirtschaftlichen Nutzung und Verwaltung der von den Japanern besetzten Gebiete Chinas, Zeitschrift fuer Heeresverwaltung, Jan. 1939. (Ich hoerte, dass die Japaner einigen Gebrauch von diesen Ideen gemacht haetten, aber immer noch vermischt mit ihren Zwangskurs-Papiergeld Ideen. - J.Z.)

HOOVER, K., Money, Price and Finance in the New Monetary Economics, 1988, OXFORD ECONOMIC PAPERS, 40, pp. 150-67. Dowd.

HOPMAN, CONRAD S., "A Way Out of the Monetary Mess - And How We Got Into It", to J.Z., 29 June 86, J.Z. to C.S.H., 17 July 86, C.S.H. to M.K., 30 Aug.86, C.S.H. to M.K., 18 Dec. 86, in PP 741/742.

HOPMAN, CONRAD S., A Way Out of Our Monetary Mess - And How We Got Into It, a new CCC outline, Aug./Sep. 86, with letters: C.S.H. to J.Z., 18 Aug. 86, to C.R.E., 3 Sep. 86, to S.H. McC., 3 Sept.86, J.Z. to C.S.H., 11 Sept. 86, 12pp, & some samples of "store currencies", 36x, in PP 656, a 4pp outline is also filmed at 29x, in PP 741.

HOPMAN, CONRAD S., Some letters on monetary reform, in PP 586/587.

HOPMAN, CONRAD S., The Community Co-Operation Coordinator Computer Game. An Implementation of the Generalized Barter Economy, 98 pp, 1985, Peace Plans 577.

HOPMAN, CONRAD S., The Community Co-Operation Coordinator, Volume III, Generative Agreement for a Regulated System of Social Order, 1985, 74 pp, in Pace Plans 588.

HOPMAN, CONRAD S., The Community Cooperation Coordinator, Outlines I & II, 30pp each, 48x, in PP 645.

HOPMAN, CONRAD S., The Generalized Barter Economy, volumes I & II, 1985, 364 pp, in Peace Plans 557. (Now the CCC System, with re-written versions coming up, including computer programmes. "No Inflation. No Depressions. No Unemployment. Runs on Microcomputers." Most of these microfiche of the first run are in the possession of the author, address :B.P. 225, Noumea, New Caledonia, South Pacific. I have not yet re-ordered them. He is also pushing an ingenious wave-power and ocean freedom project, that could, possibly, be combined with his CCC system. - His system is much better thought out than the Letsystem - but not yet practised. He is seeking people to run it in their computer nodes. A new outline of the CCC System (Community Cooperation Coordinator) is now being filmed, together with some letters by Hopman and others of the Mark Kinney monetary reform circle. Hopman's computerized clearing system runs now also under the CCC name, with re-written versions coming up, including computer programmes. The author offers more information on floppies. Address: B.P. 225, Noumea, New Caledonia, South Pacific. He is also pushing an ingenious wave-power and ocean freedom project, that could, possibly, be combined with his CCC system. - J.Z.

HOPMAN, CONRAD S., Die Allgemeine Tauschwirtschaft, Script fuer ein Videoband, 1985? 18pp, with letter to J.Z., 29 June 86, circular to friends, 7 Feb. 86, & address compilation for this circle, 48x, in PP 645.

HOPMAN, CONRAD S., On Not Going Bananas in the Pacific. (What to do with New Caledonia ), Nov. 88, 16pp, in PP 810.

HOPMAN, CONRAD S., Papers and Correspondence by C.S. Hopman regarding his CCC system, the LETS system and monetary reform, 1986-1988, 126pp, in PP 802. (I have not yet seen the book on his system which he got recently published, in a low impression, by the Institute for Social Inventions in London. If the Institute were to push the microfiche publishing option, it would at the same time push for a chance to get all social inventions published in full, not just in abstracts by the Institute. They could then be published, with the aid of micrographic agencies, by the innovators themselves, at very little cost to themselves. Their information problems could thus be solved… Monetary freedom advocates were kept out of print and still are, probably, more than any other minority group of reformers. They do favour freedom of exchange and yet they still do not seem to realize the unused and quite legal freedom of expression and information opportunities that microfiche use can provide them with. Fiche need the "readiness to accept" foundation among libertarians. Then they could even serve as a supplementary exchange medium among libertarians. They are already pretty much standardized, in their size, format and in their production costs. They are long-lasting and have a use value at home in this supposed information age. They are easily stored and transported for values up to a few hundred dollars. If a central distribution centre were developed, for all or most of many libertarian microfiche publishers, then through it one could obtain the special fiche selections one wants, in exchange for one's own fiche output and deposit to the centre or for one's fiche credit at the centre, established by transfers from others. How many libertarian fiche producers would it take and what degree of acceptance of the medium among the movement, in order to make such a fiche exchange possible, at least as an experimental pilot scheme. Game playing may be needed to popularized fiche as it was needed to popularized computers. Writers, editors, publishers, collectors, compilers and sponsors of useful information could then really "coin" their own "money" at least for this information exchange game. The standard fiche would be the value standard of this game. Quantities of duplicates, each different but each also dealing with the same subject of interest to the recipient, would be the exchange medium. Since there could be no compulsory acceptance, and people would compare them with other value standards, they could not be inflated. And since they could be competitively issued, they could not be deflated. But for circulation, at least within limited channels, they need a minimal acceptance within these channels. Network information exchanges could become much more voluminous, intense and specialized, not only among advocates of monetary freedom. J.Z., 24.5.89.)

HORN, J.E., Annaire du credit. (Adolf Wagner: "leider nicht fortgesetzt".)

HORN, J.E., BANKFREIHEIT, 1867, 450 S., Stuttgart und Leipzig, Kroener, Peace Plans 333. (JZL. For metallic redemption. - J.Z.)

HORN, J.E., La Liberte des Banques, Paris, 1866, 464pp, PP 601. English translation wanted for filming! I saw it among Meulen's remaining books, in the Goldsmith Collection of the British Library, but there, with many other of his rare titles and much against Henry Meulen's wishes, it is locked up against copying, at least through me, C.T. and R.C. Do not leave your books to a public library! - J.Z.)

HORRIGAN, JACK ALLEN, A Review of Money, in Free Star, No. 20, published by Karlis Paucitis, September 1967, 3pp, in Peace Plans 586/587. (I would like the present address of H., if he is still alive and active. - J.Z.)

HORSEFIELD, J. K., British Banking Practices, 1750-1850: Some Legal Sidelights, Economica, 2nd. series, XIX, August 1952, 308-21. (Cameron) (Seen at Freiburg Univ., II/22. Seems of not special fb interest. J.Z.)

HORSEFIELD, J. K., The Origins of the Bank Charter Act, 1844, in T. S. Ashton and R. S. Sayers, eds., Papers in English Monetary History, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1953. (White)

HORWITZ, STEVEN, Review of the Gold Standard, 3pp, in AUSTRIAN ECONOMICS NEWSLETTER, Summer 1987, in PP 803.

HOSKINS, RICHARD KELLY, Zinstragendes gegen Freigeld, aus DIAGNOSEN, 2 S., in PP 803.

HOWARD, D. H., Besprechung zu F. A. v. Hayek, Denationalisation of Money, in Journal of Monetary Economics, 3, 1977. (Gerding) (Freiburg, II//200, not on shelves. JZ.)

HUEBNER, OTTO, Die Banken, Leipzig 1854, 476 pp, Peace Plans 566. (For full gold cover. - J.Z.)

HULL, WALTER HENRY, ed., Practical Problems in Banking and Currency, selected addresses delivered in recent years by prominent bankers, financiers and economists, 1907. Extracts only, of 8 addresses, are reproduced in PP 745.

HUMAN RIGHTS DRAFT, by U.v. Beckerath, E.M. Zube & J. Zube, 4x, in PP 4, 36x, in PP 61-63, 29x, in PP 506, 48x, in PP 589/590.

HUME, DAVID, Of the Balance of Trade, in Eugene Rotwein, ed., Writings on Economics, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1955. (Bullionist) (White)

HUME, JOSEPH, Speeches in Parliament, Hansard, 1826, XIV, col. 161, Hansard 1839, XLIX, cols. 806-12, Hansard 1844, LXXV, cols. 834-8. (White, 61,70,78)

HUMMEL, JEFFREY ROGERS, Privatize Deposit Insurance, 2pp, THE FREEMAN, 7/89, in PP 904.

HUSKINSON, T.W., The Bank of England's Charters, The Cause of Our Social Distress, London, King, 1912. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection.)

HUTT RIVER PROVINCE, Coins and Notes of this secession in Western Australia, 1p, in PP 787.

HUTT, W.H., The Theory of Idle Resources. Critical of Keynes.

Horn, J.E., La Liberte des Banques, Paris, 1866, 464pp, Peace Plans 601. English translation urgently wanted for filming! J.Z.) (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)


ICTA, 1986-87, membership directory, INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL FOR TANGIBLE ASSETS, with WASHINGTON WIRE, their Oct. 86 newsletter, 48x, in PP 739.

INCE, CLIFFORD H., 1970, The Royal Bank of Canada. Montreal Royal Bank of Canada. Schuler.

INDIVIDUALIST JOURNAL, ed. by George R. Steele, 2nd. issue in 1986. Likes to discuss monetary freedom options. Drafted a "Generalized Value Claim, a promissory note". Vol. 1, Nos. 1-12, April 86 - March 87, 124 pp, 29x, in PP 754. (No longer active for the last ca. 11 years!)

INDIVIDUALIST, THE, 3 candidates for new editor, Jillian Becker, Pauline Russell and G. W. Swain, with short statements, 1p, in PP 803.

INDIVIDUALIST, THE, London, issues 1 & 2, March 1980, March 1981, first ones since August 1978, 30 pp, in PP 806.

INDIVIDUALIST, THE, London, under Henry Meulen's editorship, ca. 1937-1978. (So far only 1975-1978 have been reproduced, 36x, in PP 561, with an index for all issues under H. Meulen. Many copies are still needed for further such issues. Can one mobilize his surviving former supporters to that extent?

INFLATION NEWSLETTER, 1942, ed. by Riegel, E.C., in PP 80-82.

INFLATION example: German 50 Billion Mark note, 10 Oct. 1923, page 82 of PP 906.

INFORMATION PAPER No. 5, Think Series, Central News Service, Where Is The Money? 2pp, 48x, in PP 740.

INGALLS, JOSHUA KING, Economic Equities: A Compend of the Natural Laws of Industrial Production and Exchange, N.Y., 1887. (Roscher: Pioneers... LMP wants a copy.)

INGALLS, JOSHUA KING, Periodical Business Crises, N.Y., 1878. (Martin)

INGALLS, JOSHUA KING, Reminiscences of an Octogenarian in the Fields of Industrial and Social Reform, Sioux City, Iowa, 1891. (Martin)

INGALLS, JOSHUA KING, Social Industry, or the Sole Source of Increase, Sioux City, Iowa, 1891. (Martin)

INGALLS, JOSHUA KING, Social Wealth, 1885 & other writings in the 70ties & 80ties. (He is mentioned by Martin as a free banking advocate. J.Z.)

INGALLS, JOSHUA KING, Work and Wealth, Boston 1881. (Martin)

INNOVATOR, January 1967. One whole issue on monetary freedom. Whole set, 1964-1969, 29x, in PP 592-594. JZL.

INSTITUTE FOR MONETARY RESEARCH, Sec.- Treasurer J. Francis Broderick, 1p leaflet, in PP 803.

INTERNATIONAL HARRY SCHULTZ LETTER, THE, samples of Oct. 27, 1981 & June 1986, 20pp, 48x, in PP 739. (October 1987, H.S. came out in favour of monetary freedom. But I do not know whether he ever advocated it in any of his newsletter issues. If so, please send me a photocopy. I gave him some of my monetary freedom material but got no response out of him. Like my father, he believe that big money is necessary to push the case of freedom. Thus his attempt to gather $10 million for his FREEDOM Inc. project. The combined annual budget of the various libertarian think tanks may already go much beyond that and the funds are largely wasted in all too expensive channels. Enough libertarians do already posses PCs and all could afford at least a used microfiche reading machine - and this might be all the capital equipment required to achieve enlightenment on libertarian options, not only among libertarians but also among the general public, since in this way each libertarian, if he could not BE a lighttower, at least he could HAVE ONE at his disposal. Self-enlightenment and that of others could and should become a cottage industry and business. - J.Z. 24.5.89.)

INTERNATIONAL INDEPENDENCE INSTITUTE, I.I.I. NEWSLETTER, October 1971, by Bob Swann, 4pp, in PP 793, Robert Swann letter, 10 Dec. 75, 2pp, 29x, in PP 865.

INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND, Gold Prices in August 1988, 8pp, 29x, in PP 866.

INTERNATIONAL RECIPROCAL TRADE ASSOCIATION, 7 leaflets on bartering, 14pp, 29x, in PP 905.

IRMLER, H., Kreditrestriktion als aktuelles und als strukturelles Problem, in Zeitschrift fuer das gesamte Kreditwesen, 1972, H.23. (Gerding) Freiburg, I/130. Favours central note issuing banks. Not of free banking interest. -J.Z.

IRVING, EDWARD, The Legal Tender Fraud, Labour Exchange Quarterly, March 1897, No. 3, Independence, Mo. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection. Copy wanted by LMP.)

ISAAC, CHARLES P., The Menace of Money Power, London 1921. (Carnaghan)

ITG VERTRIEBSRING, IDEEN-ARCHIV, Kaufen Ohne Geld, 1950, Nr. 9, S. 431, 3 S., in PP 913, pages 127-128.


JACKSON, ROBERT, Gold as a "Barbaric Relic": A Modernist Myth, article in NOMOS, Autumn 1983, 2pp, 48x, in PP 740.

JACOBY, S., Die Deutsche Zettelbankreform i.J. 1891, in PP 617.

JAGGARD, R.H., Dr., 3 JAGs : Guilty, 1981, Fakes, 1986, Independents, 1986, 3pp, on monetary freedom, 29x, in PP 905. (Otherwise, see under JAG.)

JAKOB, LUDWIG HEINRICH, Staatsfinanzwissenschaft, 1821, 1823, 2. Aufl. 1837. (Very good, according to Beckerath, on currency stabilization. J.Z.)

JASTROW, J., Herausgeber, Geld und Kredit, Textbuch, 1923, 199pp, 29x, in PP 546. (J. was not a free banking advocate - but the book contains many relevant facts and extracts. J.Z.)

JASTROW, Prof. Dr., Textbuecher zum Studium ueber Wirtschaft und Staat. Recommended by Bth. "Finanzwesen". JZL.

JEFFELS, M., An Analysis of the Currency, to Which Is Added a Defence of Banks of Issue, London, Longmans, 1840. (White)

JESSUP, PAUL, 1967, The Theory and Practics of Nonpar Banking, Evanston, Ill., Northwestern University Press. Schuler.

JEVONS, W.S., Investigations in Currency and Finance. 1884. (Beckerath recommended all his writings. On skimming, I found nothing of free banking interest except that on p. 298 he advocated the extension of the cheque and clearing system to the poorer classes and that he advocated, for long term credits only, some indexing standard rather than gold clauses or the gold standard. J.Z.)

JEVONS, W.S., Money and the Mechanism of Exchange, 1875, 8th ed. 1887, 1902. The 1875 ed., 349x, indexed, 29x in PP 628. (Not free banking book but a thoughtful contribution of interest to monetary freedom advocates. J.Z.)

JOHANNSEN, OSCAR B., two of his articles were reproduced in the Commercial and Financial Chronicle, March 22, 1956 and June 12, 1958. (Alas, so far, I asked him in vain to compile all of them. - J.Z.)

JOHN, Prince of Laird's Corner, near Robertson, NSW, Some declarations, photographs and press clippings of his secession, and rates strike, and "war" against the local council, 19pp, in ON PANARCHY No. XI, in PP 832. (He lived only a short drive from me and even planedf to issue his own currency. He would not read, write or talk much about it or his secession. It's a secession and rate strike out of a gut feeling disgust about the injustices practised by the local government. If there is such a thing as a pop-secessionist, that was Prince John. He liked his beer and the publicity he thus gained for his excellent pie shop, run efficiently by his amiable wife. His resistance paid him! - Deceased! - J.Z.)

JOHNSON, IVAN C. & WILLIAM W. ROBERTS, Money and Banking, a market-oriented approach, with index and bibliography, X, 659 pp, 1982. British Library. (Free Banking? J.Z.)

JOHNSON, JOSEPH FRENCH, 1910, The Canadian Banking System. Washington, Gov. Printing Office. Schuler.

JONES, IVOR WHYNNE, Money for All, The Story of the Welsh Pound, published by Cwmni y Ddafad Ddu Gymreig Ltd., Llandudno, Wales, 1969, 64 pp. (JZL)

JONES, REG CHAMBERS, "ARIAN", The Story of Money and Banking in Wales, Christopher Davies, Swansea, 1978, 170 pp, indexed.(JZL)

JONES, ROBERT V., Result Misery, Micawber's Law in International Law, in Modern Age, Summer 1966, pp 251-266. (Opposed to fiat money. "...basically, it is a cheating money system..."- p 258. - JZL. J.Z.) 10pp, in PP 804.

JONUNG, LARS, 1985, The Economics of Private Money: The Experience of Private Notes in Sweden, 1831-1902, paper presented at the Monetary History Group Meeting, London, Sept. 27. Selgin. Preliminary version. Comments invited, 1985, 48pp, in PP 792.

JOPLIN, THOMAS, An Analysis and History of the Currency Question, London, 1832, James Ridgway. (White)

JOPLIN, THOMAS, An Essay on the General Principles and Present Practice of Banking, in England and Scotland; with Observations upon the Justice and Policy of an Immediate Alteration of the Charter of the Bank of England and the Measures to be Pursued to Effect It, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1822, 2nd. ed. 1822, 5th. ed. 1826, London, Baldwin, Cradock & Joy; Edward Walker.

JOPLIN, THOMAS, An Examination of the Principles of an Improved System of Banking...., 1831. (Coppetiers)

JOPLIN, THOMAS, An Examination of the Report of the Joint Stock Bank Committee, 1837, 2nd. ed., London, James Ridgway. (White)

JOPLIN, THOMAS, Currency Reform: Improvement, Not Depreciation, 1844, London, James Ridgway.

JOPLIN, THOMAS, On our Monetary System...the Pressure in the Money Market..., 1839.

JOPLIN, THOMAS, Outlines of a System of POLITICAL ECONOMY, written with a view to prove to government and country that THE CAUSE of the present agricultural distress is entirely artificial and to Suggest a Plan for the Management of the Currency, together with the Fourth Edition of an Essay on THE PRINCIPLES OF BANKING. 1823, main part 320 pp. Appendix: price statistics and a statement by David Hodgson, 52 pp, An Essay on the general principles and present practice of BANKING in England and Scotland; with observations upon the justice and policy of an immediate Alteration in The Charter of the Bank of England and the measures to be pursued in order to effect it, fourth edition, 102pp, correspondence, 19 pp, 3 pages of notes by John Zube, all in PP 787. (According to G. A. Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking, T. Joplin was the first who gained at least a temporary victory over the growing powers and privileges of the Bank of England. - J.Z.) 485 pp, Kelly reprint 1970. (Full of early insights and early and still persisting fallacies on banking and currencies. LFB sale recently at $ 8.75. In PP 787: $1.

JOPLIN, THOMAS, Views on the Subject of Coin and Currency, 1826, London, Baldwin, Cradock & Joy. (White)

JOPLIN, Thomas., 1822, 1876, 5th ed., An Essay on the General Principles and Present Practice of Banking, in England and Scotland, Newcastle, Edward Walker. Dowd.

JORDAN, HANK, to DAVID YOUNG, 20 May 88, 1p, on LETSystem Maleny, Qeensland, 29x, in PP 905.

JORDAN, JILL & SMITH, IAN, letter, 4pp, on LETSystem, Maleny, Queensland, 29x, in PP 905.

JOSLIN, DAVID, 1963, A Century of Banking in Latin America : To Commenmorate the Centenary in 1962 of the Bank of London and South America Limited, London, OUP. Schuler.

JOURNAL OF MONETARY FREEDOM, THE, Announcement for Articles and an Outline, 1p, 48x, in PP 740.

JUS, a weekly organ of individualism, 1885-1888, ed. & publ. by Wordsworth Donisthorpe, 1885-1888.


KANE, EDWARD J., The Central Bank as Big Brother, Journal of Money, Credit and Economy 84, Nov. 1973, 979-981. (Brown)

KANN, E., The Currencies of China, Old and New, in Gayer, Arthur D., ed., The Lessons of Monetary Experience: Essays in Honor of Irving Fisher, N.Y., Kelley, 1970, 363-378. (Brown)

KAPACO NOTES, Camp Verde, Arizona, published by K. Paucitis.

KASPER, WOLFGANG, Capital Xenophobia, Australia's Controls of Foreign Investments, CIS, 1984, 95pp, 36x, in PP 719.

KATZ, HOWARD S., Honest Money Now? Selected Essays, Books in Focus, 1979, 85 pp. (JZL)

KAUFMAN, GEORGE G., 1988, The Truth about Bank Runs. In England and Huertas, 1988. Schuler.

KAUFMANN, Dr. EUGEN, Das Franzoesische Geldwesen, 1911. (Recommended by Beckerath, 18.4.1925.)

KELLER, ARNOLD, Das Notgeld der Inflation, 1922, 1923, Nachdruck (3 Baende ), Muenchen 1976 & 1977.

KELLER, ARNOLD, Das Notgeld von 1914, 2. Aufl., Nachdruck Muenchen 176. (Pick)

KELLER, ARNOLD, Das wertbestaendige Notgeld (Goldnotgeld), 1923/24, 2. Aufl., Nachdruck Muenchen 1976.

KELLER, ARNOLD, Deutsche Kleingeldscheine 1916-1922, 1. Teil Verkehrsausgaben, neubearbeitet von Albert Pick und Carl Siemsen, Nachdruck Muenchen 1979.

KELLER, ARNOLD, Notgeld besonderer Art, 3. Aufl., Berlin 1959, Nachdruck, Muenchen 1977.

KELLOG, E., A New Monetary System, 1874. (Free Banking? J.Z.)

KEMMERER, DONALD L., The Gold Standard and Economic Growth, Committee for Monetary Research and Education, Inc., Greenwich, Connecticut, Tract 6, 1974, 16pp. (JZL)

KEMMERER, DONALD L., Under a True Gold Standard the Free Market Does not Fix the Price of Gold, 4pp, Committee for Monetary Research and Education, D.L.K. president, undated, 29x, in PP 544.

KEMMERER, DONALD L., Why a Gold Standard and Why still a Controversy? Committee for Monetary Research and Education, Inc., Greenwich, Connecticut, Tract 25, 1974, 16pp. See also under WORMSER.

KERR, ANDREW WILLIAM, History of Banking in Scotland, 1884, 3rd. ed. 1918, 340 pp, Peace Plans 346.

KERSHNER, HOWARD E., God, Gold and Goverment, 1961, Christian Freedom Foundation, a small pamphlet.

KEYNES, JOHN MAYNARD. Best critical analyses of the Keynesian doctrine, according to Henry Hazlitt, are spread over individual chapters and articles by the following. H. suggested that they be collected in a single volume: Benjamin M. Anderson, Arthur Burns, Philip Cortney, Gottfried Haberler, F.A. Hayek, Frank H. Knight, Ludwig von Mises, Melchior Palyi, Charles Rist, Wilhelm Roepke, Harry Gunnison Brown, L.M. Lachmann, Joseph Stagg Lawrence, Etienne Mantoux (only in French), Franco Modigliani, Edwin G. Nourse, Jacques Rueff, Jacob Viner, John H. Williams, David McCord Wright.

KINDLEBERGER, C.P., 1978, Manias, Panics, and Crashes: A History of Financial Crises, N.Y., Basic Books. Dowd.

KINDLEBERGER, C.P., The Benefits of International Money, p. 426. (On legal tender. Brown.)

KING, FRANK H.H., 1957, Money in British East Asia, London, Her Mejesty's Stationery Office. Schuler.

KING, FRANK H.H., 1965, Money and Monetary Policy in China, 1845-1895, Cambridge, Mass, HUP. Schuler.

KING, FRANK H.H., 1987, 1988, 1989, The History of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, v. 1, v. 2, v. 3, Cambridge, CUP. Schuler.

KING, MURRAY E.: The Meaning of the Barter Exchanges & Back to Barter, from The New Republic, Jan. 4, 1933, in E. Milhaud: Fresh Work, Fresh Markets, 1933. (From primitive trade to use of scrip. - J.Z.)

KING, PETER, Lord, Thoughts on the Restriction of Payments in Specie, 1804, 2nd. ed., in Earl Fortescue, ed., A Selection from the Speeches and Writings of the Late Lord King, London, Longmans, 1844. (White)

KING, ROBERT G., On the Economics of Private Money, JME, v.12, no. 1, July, pp 127-158. Schuler, JME, 12(1) May 1983 according to Selgin. 2pp in PP 794, from JME 12/198.

KINLEY, DAVID, The Use of Credit Instruments in Payments in the United States, Washington, Government Printing Office, 1910, 229 pp. (JZL)

KINNEAR, JOHN G., The Crisis and the Currency: With a Comparison between the English and Scotch System of Banking, 1847, 2nd. ed., with postscript, London, John Murray. (White)

KINNEY, MARK to GRECO, THOMAS, 29 Feb. 88, 4pp, 29x, in PP 865.

KINNEY, MARK, 1.) Address list, 1p, of people in his GPE circle interested in monetary experiments, 42x, in PP 637, 2.) A Credit Union Forming, 1p, 1987, 29x, in PP 738, 3.) GPE Network notes, n.d., ca. Dec. 86, 3pp, 29x, in PP 742, 4.) List of GPE correspondents, 1p, 29x, in PP 741, 5.) A New Look at Money and Monetary Reform, inspired by "Syncrediting", April 87, 9pp, 29x, in PP 738, 6.) Off the Debt Standard, 1985, 1p, 29x, in PP 738, 7.) Several GPE contributions, with some notes by John Zube, 1985/86 : Bull Taming, Paydirt, De-Nuking our Heads, 48x, in PP 645, 8.) Some letters on monetary reform, 29x, in PP 586/587, 9.) The Ethology of Liberation, 16pp, 29x, in PP 741/742, 10.) To BRADEN, DAVID, 6 Oct. 86, 2pp, 29x, in PP 741, 11.) To HOPMAN, CONRAD, 9 April 87, 3pp, 29x, in PP 738, 12.) To DEVASIA, Sebastian, 29 Aug. 86, 6pp, 29x, in PP 741, 13.) To HOPMAN, CONRAD, 2 Oct. 86 & 26 Dec. 86, 3pp, 29x, in PP 741, 14.) To MEGALLI, THEO, 7 Nov. 86, 1p, 29x, in PP 741, 15.) To ZUBE, JOHN, 10 Jan. 87, 2pp, 29x, in PP 742, Sept. 86, 1p & 7 Nov. 86, 1p, 29x, 16.) J.Z. to M.K., 11 Sep. 86, 29 Dec.86, in PP 741/742. To SABEL, BRUCE, 30. 8.86, 1 p in PP 803. To HOPMAN, CONRAD, 30.8.86, 2pp, in PP 803.

KINNEY, MARK, Action Linkage, Core Group "Staff Meeting", 28April 88, 1p, 29x, in PP 865.

KINNEY, MARK, Some addresses of his monetary reform circle, 1p, in PP 798.

KINNEY, MARK, Some letters on Monetary Reform, in Peace Plans 586/587.

KINNEY, MARK, to GPE Network, 6 April 87 & to C.H., 9 April 87, 15 points, 3pp, with some notes by John Zube, & another 8 mixed pages of GPE contributions, 29x, in PP 738.

KINNEY, MARK, to Hopman, Conrad, 30 Aug. 86, 2pp, in PP 803.

KINNEY, MARK, to Sabel, Bruce, 30 Aug. 86, 1p, in PP 803.

KITSON, ARTHUR, A Fraudulent Standard, King, London, 1917. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

KITSON, ARTHUR, A Scientific Solution of the Money Question, Boston, 1895. 418 pp. Review only, in 4 pp, by Linday M. Keasbey, in PP 815..

KITSON, ARTHUR, Industrial Depression, its Cause and Cure, London, 1905, 35 pp. (Kitson: 1860-1937.) Meulen knew him & wrote about him in his letters. - J.Z.

KITSON, ARTHUR, Money Problems, Stamford, Lics., 1920.

KITSON, ARTHUR, Obituary in The Times, Oct 4, 1937, for Arthur Kitson, inventor and money reformer, 1p, in PP 815.

KITSON, ARTHUR, The Money Question, Grant Richards, London, 1903, Peace Plans 42-44. (Excellent in his criticism of the money monopoly. - But later he deteriorated into a Social Credit fan! - J.Z.)

KLEIN, B., Competing Monies, A Comment, in Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 8 (4), Nov. 1976, pp 513-519. (Gerding)

KLEIN, B., Competing Monies, European Monetary Union and the Dollar, in M. Fratianni und T. Peeters (Hrsg), One Money for Europe, London, MacMillan, 1978.

KLEIN, BENJAMIN, The Competitive Supply of Money, Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 6/4, November 1976 (74?), pp 423-53, 31 pp, in PP 793.

KLEINHEYER, NORBERT, Bankenfreihandelszonen in den USA, Kredit und Kapital, 1981, 143,412-22. (Deals, apparently, only with commercial banking, not note-issuing banks.)

KNAPP, GEORG FRIEDRICH, 1842-1926, Die staatliche Theorie des Geldes, here only a 1951 note by Ulrich von Beckerath and a 1989 one by J. Zube, on a new edition of this classical work, one often misunderstood, by those who read only the title, as if it contained only statist thoughts. 1p in PP 906.

KNAPP, GEORG FRIEDRICH, 1842-1926, Staatliche Theorie des Geldes, 4. Ausgabe, Muenchen u. Leipzig, Duncker & Humblot, 1923, 461pp. (JZL) At least on pages 120/121 he describes private payment communities using their own banknotes for clearing purposes. An English translation exists as a Kelley reprint, offered 10/84 for L 11.50. K. was one of the few who has seen "readiness to accept" as much more important for a currency than redemption in metal. 1923, vierte durchgesehene Auflage, aber praktisch unveraenderter Abdruck der 3. Aufl, mit Bibliographie und alphabetischem Inhaltsverzeichnis, 461 S., in PP 797. (He had at least seen the possibility of private payment communities, but he did not develop it, like Ulrich von Beckerath did. - J.Z.)

KNAPP, GEORG FRIEDRICH, The State Theory of Money, London, Macmillan, 1924. Kelley reprint, 1973, 306 pp, indexed (JZL. Was offered by LFB, in 1984, for L 11.50.) This is the translation of the first three chapters only, 315 pp, in PP 798.

KNIBBS, DAVID, Shovels tendered for tax in kinder world, an unusual tax strike, 1p, 29x, in PP 731.

KNIGHT, JOHN T.P., 1908, Canadian Banking Practice, 2nd. ed., Montreal, F. Wilson-Smith. Schuler.

KNIGHT, PATRICK, Where a Sack of Cash Lasts just one Day, 1984, 1p, 29x, in PP 731.

KNOWLES, FRANCIS C., Sir, The Monetary Crisis Considered, Being Incidentally a Reply to Mr. Horsley Palmer's Pamphlet "On the Action of the Bank of England, etc." and a Defence of the Joint-Stock Banks against His Accusation, London, 1837, Pelham Richardson. (White)

KNOX, JOHN JAY, A History of Banking in the United States, N.Y., Bradford Rhodes & Co, 1900. Miller. (According to Rothbard he came out, at least on pp 368/9, for private clearing, following the Suffolk System. - However, clearing only of notes that are redeemable in rare metals, does not really amount to FREE clearing. however private that business may be. - J.Z.)

KOENEN, K., Nationalbank, Bank fuer Wechsel, Traeume, Noten und Sterne, 3pp. (On Hungarian central bank development. Not for free banking! - J.Z.)

KORTMANN, EGON, Ueber Kapitalbildung u. Arbeitslosigkeit, 2 S., 29x, in PP 731.

KRAUS, CHRISTIAN JACOB, Staatswirtschaft, 3. Teil, 1808, Koenigsberg. (Zum Teil gut, ueber Steuerfundationsgeld, z.B., Auszug kopiert fuer JZL.)

KREPS, CLIFTON H., Jr., Characteristic of Local Banking Competition, in Carson, Dean, ed., Banking and Monetary Studies, Homewood, Ill, Riacard D. Irwin, 1963, 320-322. (Brown)

KREZNER, JOHN E., Know Your Grocer, from THE FREE MARKET YELLOW PAGES, 1987, 2 pp, in PP 793.

KRIMERMAN, LEONARD & LEWIS PERRY, editors, Patterns of Anarchy, Doubleday Anchor Books, N.Y. 1966.

KRUG, WILFRIED, Besprechung zu F.A. von Hayek, Entnationalisiertung des Geldes, in Zeitschrift fuer die gesamte Staatswissenschaft, 134, 1978, 3 1/2 S., in PP 794.

KU SUI-LU, Die Form bankmaessiger Transaktionen im inneren chinesischen Verkehr, mit besonderer Beruecksichtigung des Notengeschaefts, 1926, Hamburg, Kommissionsverlag L. Friedrichsen, 77pp, with some notes by John Zube, in Peace Plans 565.

KUETTEL, KARL, A New Basis for External Trading & The Question of an Inter-State Goods Clearing System, pp. 188-200, in Edgard Milhaud, ed., Ending the Unemployment and Trade Crisis, by the Inroduction of Purchasing Certificates and the Establishment of an International Clearing System, Williams & Norgate, London, 1935, 1934, 9 pp, in PP 769.

KUETTEL, KARL, Eine neue Grundlage fuer den Aussenhandel; Zur Frage des Interstaatlichen Warenclearings, S. 208 ff of Edgard Milhaud, ed., Zahlungsverkehr, Einkaufsscheine und Arbeitsbeschaffung, Annalen der Gemeinwirtschaft, Genf, 10 Jahrg., Heft 1, Janua/Juli 1933, Peace Plans 347/348.

KUETTEL, KARL, The Question of an Inter-State Goods Clearing System, 1934, 4 pp, in PP 769.

KUETTEL, KARL, Une Nouvelle Base Pour le Commerce Exterieur, et: Encore la Question du Clearing des Marchandises entre Etats. Des difficultes de son introduction e de la necessite de l'instituer, both in: Edgard Milhaud, ed., Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, Recueil Sirey, Paris, 134, pp. 215-230, 29x, in PP 744.

KUVOG - System vn Nick Wahl, 1 S., 29x, in PP 742.

KYRKILITSIS, ANDREAS, 1968, The Greek Banking System: A Historical Review, Revue Internationale de l'Histoire de la Banque, v.1. Schuler.

Konkurrierende Waehrungen ein Ausweg? FRAGEN DER FREIHEIT, Folge 132, Mai/Juni 1978, 19 S., in PP 805.


LABADIE, JOSEPH A., Anarchism, Detroit, 1932.

LABADIE, JOSEPH A., Anarchism: Genuine & Asinine, Wixozm, Michigan, 1925.

LABADIE, JOSEPH A., Anarchism: What it is and What it is not, Detroit, 1896.

LABADIE, JOSEPH A., Cranky Notions, in LIBERTY, Boston, Nos. 117ff, Peace Plans 247-273.

LABADIE, JOSEPH A., Essays, Detroit, Mich., 1911.

LABADIE, LAURANCE, Anarchism Applied to Economics: Value, Privilege and Usury, Detroit, 1933, 2 pp, in Peace Plans 533 & 875.

LABADIE, LAURANCE, DISCUSSION, Detroit, Michigan, 1937, vol. 1, Nos. 6 & 7, in PP 740. (For how long did it appear? All issues are wanted for filming. - J.Z.)

LABADIE, LAURANCE, Economics of Liberty, leaflet, in Peace Plans 536, page 119, also in 3pp in PP 875.

LABADIE, LAURANCE, Geldemission und Freiheit, 5pp. JZL (Copied by Megalli und uebersetzt.) 36x, in PP 736.

LABADIE, LAURANCE, Money and your Freedom, chapter 20 of "Go Ahead and Live!, by Mildred J. Loomis, School of Living. JZL

LABADIE, LAURANCE, Reflections on Socio-Economic Evolution, 2pp, in PP 875.

LABADIE, LAURANCE, Saviours of Mankind - and other unpublished works. (Maybe, one day, someone will microfiche the treasures of the Labadie Collection, or I will get this chance myself. - J.Z.) (I did get and microfiched many of them and digitized some of them. - J.Z., 28.12.03.)

LABADIE, LAURANCE, Selected Essays, with an introduction and appendices by JAMES J. MARTIN, 1978, Ralph Myles Libertarian Broadsides, No. 7, 80pp, in PP 875.

LABADIE, LAURANCE, The Money Problem in the Light of Liberty, 1p, 29x, in PP 742.

LABADIE, LAURANCE, Wert, Privileg, Wucher, 4pp, 36x, in PP 736.

LABADIE, LAURANCE, What Is Man's Destiny?, published by Mark Sullivan, N.Y., Peace Plans 390, pp 512-428.

LABADIE, LAURANCE, diverse writings on money, usually short, in the alternative movement literature. (I have seen only occasional tantalizing titbits. For instance, I have, what seems to be, just an introductory half page from some journal: The Money Problem in the Light of Liberty, in which he comes out for full monetary freedom. There is a comment by him in "A Way Out, Jan./Feb. 1966 and some small items have been microfilmed in Peace Plans. The Labadie Collection may have it all. Who will help me to bring them from there to the light of microfiche reading machines? - Since then I have acquired a number of his essays but have not yet got around to prepare them for microfiching. - J.Z., 5.1.01.)

LAKE, WILFRED S., 1947, The End of the Suffolk System, JEH 7(2). Selgin.

LANDMANN, JULIUS, 1910, The Swiss Banking System, U.S. National Monetary Commission, 61st Congress, 2nd. Session, Senate doc. no. 401, Washington, GPO. Schuler.

LANDSMAN COMMUNITY SERVICES, The Letsystem, 1985, 45pp, in Peace Plans 564.

LANDSMAN COMMUNITY SERVICES, The Letsystem, some more material on it: 1.) Problems with Money, 2.) Letsplay, 17 Apr. 86 and 3.)Letsystem Training Programme, 12pp, 1986, 48x, in PP 740.

LANDSMAN COMMUNITY, Message, 1 May 88, 1 p, with 2pp of LETS addresses, 29x, in PP 865.

LANGELUETKE, H., Tauschbank und Schwundgeld als Wege zur zinsloen Wirtschaft, Jena, 125, S. 38ff.

LANNOY, CH. de, L'evolution du billet de banque comme instrument monetaire, 1935, 95pp, in PP 792. (Does not appear to be a free banking advocate but offers a survey of French developments. From Rittershausen's collection. - J.Z.) ( I possess only an imperfect photocopy, not really good enough for microfilming and my French is insufficient to judge whether this book is worth filming, anyhow. J.Z.)

LARSON, MARTIN A., It's a Miracle, 1983, on Tupper Saussy's book THE MIRACLE ON MAIN STREET, 1p, in PP 810.

LARSON, MARTIN A., Trust Funds Abused, 2pp, n.d., in PP 806.

LARSON, MARTIN, A. 1.) Honest Money Sought, The Spotlight, 29 Sep. 86, 1p, 48x, in PP 740, 2.) Opposition to Specie, 1p, Spotlight, Dec. 81, 48x, in PP 645. 3.) It's a Miracle, 1983, on Tupper Saussy's book ­THE MIRACLE ON MAIN STREET, 1p, in PP 810.

LASKER, LEOPOLD, Bankfreiheit oder nicht? Mit besonderer Ruecksicht auf preussen und Deutschland, 1871, Berlin, Verlag von Julius Springer, 67pp, in Peace Plans 541.

LASO, LUIS EDUARDO, 1971, Evolucion de las Sistemas Monetarias y Bancos Centrales de America Latina, Mexico City, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos. Schuler. (As if anything as much subjected to legislative intervention could still be classed as "developing"! - J.Z.)

LAUCHLIN, J. LAWRENCE, Principles of Money, 1903, selections only, on legal tender and Gresham's Law, 24x, in PP 341. ( Principles of Money, is informative on Legal Tender, good on Gresham's Law but otherwise full of misunderstandings and favours gold redemption. This book has also a section on token money. State Library of NSW. J.Z. )

LAUGHLIN, J. LAWRENCE, A New Exposition of Money, Credit and Prices, Univ. of Chicago Press, 1931. Benj. Klein. (Not checked out. Still good at least on legal tender history? J.Z.)

LAUGHLIN, J. LAWRENCE, Principles of Money, 1903. (This book is informative on Legal Tender & good on Gresham's Law but otherwise full of misunderstandings and favours gold redemption. It has also a section on token money. The State Library of NSW. has a copy. Selections on legal tender and Gresham's Law were reproduced in Peace Plans 341. - J.Z.)

LAURES, J., The Political Economy of Juan de Mariana, N.Y., 1928, contains the latin text of "De Mutatione Monetae". An English and German translation is wanted of this text, by LMP. See under Mariana.

LAVES, Dr., TH., Die Warenwaehrung als Ergaenzung der Edelmetallwaehrung, 1890. Rec. by Bth.

LAWSON, W.J., The History of Banking, 1850. (Coppetier)

LEAKEY, R.D., Multi-Currency, undated, with a letter by the author & note by J.Z., 20pp, 29x, in PP 735. (Not really for monetary freedom, in spite of the title. Moreover, full of doubtful notions. - J.Z.)

LEARD, JOHN, Superannuation or a Financial Power Play? The Unions Are Taking Over Australia, The Australian, Jan. 28, 1986, adv. with comments by John Zube, 29x, in PP 599.

LEDERER, E. Prof., Dr., Work for the Workless, a Proposal, in Milhaud, Fresh Work, Fresh Markets, 1933, pp. 338-341.

LEE, SHENG-YI, The Monetary and Banking Development of Singapore, rev. ed., Singapore, Singapore UP. Schuler. No date given.

LEFEVRE, ROBERT, Money, Pine Tree Press pamphlet, 1965, Larkspur, Colorado.

LEFEVRE, ROBERT, Whale Money, an instance of private enterprise coinage, 24x, plan 197 in PP 12.

LEGGETT, WILLIAM, The Working of the Free Banking System in Scotland, 1837, The Plaindealer 1 (July 8), 501-2. (White)

LEHMAN, MARY, Syncrediting, 2pp article, n.d., 29x, in PP 738. (Discussed in the GPE circle by Mark Kinney.)

LEITCH, GORDON, Jr., Monetary Errors and Deceptions of the Supreme Court, 166 pp, Oct. 1978. (I would, indeed, like a copy of that! - J.Z.)

LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Beitraege aus der Reihe "Lernziel Anarchie", Nr. 9-12, Mackay Gesellschaft, 1980. 272 S., in PP 824. (Nr. 1-8 in PP 283-285, Nr. 13-16, 1981, 232pp, in PP 825. Nr. 9-14 enthalten : Das Manifest der Freiheit und des Friedens, der Gegenpol zum Kommunistischen Manifest, 354 S., 1977, von K.H.Z. Solneman, und wurden in der Buchausgabe bereits in PP 188 verfilmt. Nr. 15 enthaelt Diskussionsbeitraege zu diesem Buch, von Stefan Blankertz, Kurt Zube u. Uwe Timm.)

LESLIE, J.O., The Notes Exchange and Clearing House System, Edinburgh, 1950, William Blackwood. Selgin. Cameron.

LESTER, RICHARD A, Monetary Experiments, Early American and Recent Scandinavian. Princeton University Press, 1939. JZL.

LET SYSTEM, The Richmond Valley, Australia, 2pp leaflet, in PP 787.

LETSYSTEM, see Landsman Community Services, Kinney & Hopman papers.

LETSystem, Maleny, Queensland, letter 4pp, by Jill Jordan & Ian Smith, 29x, 4pp, in PP 905.

LEVY, J. H., ed., A Symposium on Value, London, 58 pp, n.d. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

LEVY, RAPHAEL-GEORGES, 1911, Banques d'Emission et Tresors Publics, Paris, Librarie Hachette et Cie. Schuler.

LEWIN, PETER, The Denationalization of Money, unpublished manuscript, June 1981. (Brown) (LMP gladly reproduces such manuscripts at its costs. If it fills one fiche, 50 free duplicates are offered - or proportional number. The author can thus at least cheaply circulate his manuscripts to libraries - and potential book publishers.- J.Z.)

LEXIS, WILHELM, 1.) Papiergeld, 8pp, 2. Zins, 7pp, Artikel in Elster's Woerterbuch der Volkswirtschaft, 1898, 29x, in PP 737.

LEXIS, WILHELM, Allgemeine Volkswirtschaftslehre, 2nd. ed., Teubner, Leipzig, Berlin, 1913, 1922. Good on the possibility of managing all payments by clearing. A passage on pp 120ff deal with: "Theoretisch moegliche Ausschaltung des Barverkehrs" (Theoretically possible elimination of cash payments.) It is quoted somewhere in the Beckerath papers, PP 428ff.

LEXIS, WILHELM, Die Aufhebung des Zwangskurses in Italien, Jahrb. f. Nat. u. St., N.F. Bd. 2, S. 520.

LIBERTARIAN INTERNATIONAL, 1p on their issue of "Spooners", to help finance their efforts. In PP 791. (Should be assignments for to be privatized wealth that is presently nationalized, before bureaucrats pocket all possible sale proceeds from privatizations on their terms, in which they embezzle and waste the sales proceeds, as usual, but sometimes even with the consent of libertarians who look only at one side of that coin. For a consistent all-over re-privatization based on the issue principle and useful for financing extensive libertarian propaganda and the transition to a voluntarist society, see PP 19 c : Let Freedom Pay Its Way. - J.Z.)

LIBERTAS, Tucker's magazine, German issue, included in LMP issue of Liberty. See Liberty and Tucker.

LIBERTY TREE NETWORK, adv., 1p, from REASON, 4/88, on tax resistance titles, 29x, in PP 905.

LIBERTY, Boston, ed. by Benjamin R. Tucker, issues 1-402, 1881-1908, Peace Plans 247-273. (These 27 microfiche are offered by LMP at only $ 27 and thus save, on their own, the price of one or two microfiche reading machines, compared with the last reprint price that I heard of: $ 600. However, since LFB do not list it any longer, I presume that even this expensive reprint is out of print again. With the Wendy McElroy index for $ 50, while the few printed indexes that I have last. Once Micheael F. Coughlin, its publisher, has sold out all of his copies, I may get his permission, at last, to microfiche this edition, offering it, probably, for $1 on one fiche. J.Z. - I did!)

LIBRARY OF TRUTH, DENVER, CO, Obsessed with Gold? and adv., in FACTSHEET FIVE, No. 32.

LIEPMANN, L., Der Kampf um die Gestaltung der Englischen Waehrungsverfassung, 1819-1844, Berlin 1933. (Coppetiers) Freiburg/B Hist. Sem.

LINDERMAN, H.R., Money & Legal Tender in the United States, N.Y., 1879. Mentioned by Bullock.

LINTON, MICHAEL, Local Exchange Trading System, Green Revolution, 1985, on LETS, 1p, 29x, in PP 741/742.

LISSA, ALFRED de, wrote a work in which he distinguished between political money, issued by lords and a truly economic money, minted by producers in conjunction with commercial bankers. (Hint by Dr. H.G. Pearce, J.Z.)

LITERATUR DER FREIHEIT, a Freenetwork compilation, 6pp, 29x, in PP 731.

LLOYD, FRANCIS, A Letter to the Right Hon. the Viscount Althorp...on His Proposed Interference with the Present System of Country Banking, by a Country Banker, 1833, London, James Ridgway. (White)

LLOYD, J.W., Tokens: Wales.

LLOYD, S., 1837, Further Reflections on the State of the Currency and the Action of the Bank of England, London, Pelham Richardson. Dowd.

LMP money pamphlet, a 24 pp introduction to Libertarian Microfiche Publishing by John Zube, offering a primitive goods warrant, in PP 736. (Could fiche, floppies, hard disks, video disks, DAT cassettes etc. one day become information exchange currencies and standards of value that are widely used? What would be minimal preconditions for this? - JZ)

LOASBY, B.J., Choice, Complexity and Ignorance, Cambridge UP, 1976. Dowd. ( fb? The art of picking informative titles seems to be almost lost, as Beckerath often pointed out. - J.Z.)

LOECHTERMANN, ERNST-DIETER, Das Bankakzept unter Einbeziehung seiner Entwicklung seit der Waehrungsreform 1948, 80pp, Diplomarbeit, angefertigt im Seminar fuer Allgemeine Betriebswirtschaftslehre und besonders der Banken an der Universitaet zu Koeln, Seminardirektor : Prof. D. H. Rittershausen, Wintersemester 1956/57. (Should be useful fordescribing how clearing still operates under the money monopoly. Rittershausen noted: "Outstanding lecture material...suitable for publication." J.Z. JZL, greyish photocopy.)

LOGAN, JOHN, How the LEAGUE OF RIGHTS Gets it Wrong, CIS POLICY REPORT, Dec. 88 - Jan. 89, 3pp, critical of the Social Credit Theory, in PP 906.

LOGAN, W.H., The Scotch Banker, Edinburg, 1844. (Munn)

LOMBRA, RAYMOND E. & HERBERT KAUFMAN, 1984, The Money Supply Process : Identification, Stability and Estimation, Southern Economic Journal, April. Selgin.

LONDON, M. & I.D. & TA-LING LEE, Bread, Rice & Freedom, 1983, 9pp, 29x in PP 530.

LONGFIELD, S.M., Banking and Currency, Dublin University Magazine, Feb. 1840. Dowd.

LOOMIS, MILDRED J., Claryfying the Economics of Peace, 1966, 6pp, in PP 913.

LOOMIS, MILDRED J., Steps Toward Peace or Developing a Free Economy, article in pamphlet : Who Is a Liberal?, published by School of Living.

LOOMIS, MILDRED J., Who Is A Liberal? 12pp pamphlet, SOL, n.d., in PP 913.

LOOMIS, MILDRED J., ed., Go Ahead and Live, Philosophical Library, N.Y., 1965, available from School of Living. JZL.

LOOMIS, MILDRED J., On monetary freedom, in Peace Plans Nos. 55/56.

LOOMIS, MILDRED J., some statements from A Way Out, I/II/1966, filmed 24x, in PP 55/56.

LOOMIS, MILDRED J, conference chairman : Moving into the Front Ranks of Social Change, complete proceedings of the Labor Day 73 Conference, Henry George Schools and The School of Living, published by R. Bruce Allison, Sol Press, Hinsdale, Illinois 88 pp, 1974. (For monetary freedom at least on pp. 5/6,68.)

LOPEZ, ROBERT S., Back to Gold, 1252, Economic History Review, Dec. 1956, 219-240. (JZL)

LOTZ, W., Gresham'sches Gesetz, Artikel in Woerterbuch der Volkswirtschaft, 1898, 2 S, 29x, in PP 737.

LOW, L.H., Hard Time Tokens, N.Y, 1899, Am. J. of Numismatics, volumes 33-35. (Copy wanted by LMP.)

LOYD, SAMUEL JONES (LORD OVERSTONE ), Tracts and Other Publications on Metallic and Paper Currency, ed. J.R. McCulloch, London. Selgin.

LUBBOCK, SIR JOHN, On Currency, 1840, Charles Knight & Co. (Good on Clearing, Beckerath to K.Z., 7.7.1962.)

LUBBOCK, SIR JOHN, The Country Clearing, Journal Statist. Soc., XXVIII, 361-371, London, 1865.

LUCAS, R.E., Jr., Expectations and the neutrality of money, JOURNAL OF MONETARY THEORY, 1972, 4, pp 103-24. Dowd.

LUCIFER, THE LIGHT BEARER, 1883-1903, by Moses Harman. (Advocated monetary freedom. J.Z.)

LUCKETT, D., Money and Banking, 2nd. ed., 1980, MacGraw-Hill. Dowd.

LUM, DYER D., Social Problems of Today, N.Y., 1886. (Already for FB then? - J.Z.)

LUM, DYER D., The Economics of Liberty, A Study of the Industrial Type, Chicago, 1890, 59 pp. (Was in later writings for mutual bank money, according to Martin. - J.Z.)

LUM, DYER D., The Social Question, in THE BEACON, LUM, DYER D., contributions to LIBERTY, V, Nov. 19, 1887 & BEACON I, May 3, 1890.

LUND, KARL, Das Papiernotgeld von Schleswig-Holstein und Hamburg 1914-1923, Berlin 1971.(Pick)

LUTZ, FRIEDRICH A., Geld und Waehrung, Gesammelte Abhandlungen, Mohr, Tuebingen, 1962, 267 S. (For gold standard. J.Z.)

LUTZ, FRIEDRICH, Das Grundproblem der Geldverfassung, Kohlhammer, Stuttgart und Berlin, 1936. (Central banking advocate, arguing against free banking in the 2nd. chapter. J.Z.) (JZL, a few pages in photocopy) Ein 18 S. Auszug aus dem 1. & 2. Kapitel ist in PP 805.

LYLE, ROBERT, Real Money, 1976, Doubleday, Anchor paperback. fb?

LYNCH, E.M., Killboylan Bank; or, Every Man his own Banker, Village Library, Kegan Paul, ca. 1896. (Free banking book or unusual novel title? - J.Z.)


MA, TAK-WO, 1987, Currency of Macau. Hongkong, Urban Council and Meseu Luis de Camoes. Schuler.

MACASKILL, FRED, In Search of Liberty, Books in Focus, N.Y., 1979, pp 51-55. (JZL) Extract on monetary freedom, from this book, with some advertisements for the publisher, BOOKS IN FOCUS, 8 pp, 29x, in PP 905.

MACCALLUM, SPENCER HEATH, The Art of Community, 1970, in PP 107/108. (The author supports the monetary freedom ideas of Riegel and those of his grandfather, Spencer Heath. - J.Z.)

MACFARLAN, J.G., Remarks on the Scotch Banking System, 1845, Edinburgh, Adam and Charles Black. (White)

MCFARLANCE, BRUCE, Monetary "Cranks" Have A Point, in WORONI, 11 May 67, 1p, with 1p by John Zube, 5 June 67, in response, in PP 913.

MACFIE, A.L., Banking Controversies in 1825, Economic History, Feb. 1938. JZL.

MACHINNON, written anonymously, Remarks on the Question of again Permitting the Issue of One Pound Notes, Saunders and Ostey, 1830. (Coppetiers).

MACKAY, Der Freiheitssucher, 1920, 260 pp, Peace Plans 186.

MACKAY, JOHN HENRY, Die Anarchisten, 1891.

MACKAY, JOHN HENRY, The Anarchists, a Picture of Civilization at the Close of the 19th Century, translated from the German by George Schumm, Boston, Mass., 1891, 24x, in PP 57-60.

MACKAY, JOHN HENRY, The Freedom Seeker, 1920, 1983, 198pp, 29x, in PP 819.

MACKLIN, THEODORE, Gold - Key to Confidence, Economists' National Committee on Monetary Policy, N.Y., 1967, 44 pp. (JZL)

MACLEOD, H.D., 1896, A History of Banking in Great Britain: With a Historic Analysis of the Principles Governing Banking, Currency and Credit, in W.G. Sumner, ed., 1896, A History of Banking in All the Leading Nations, vol. II, reprinted by Augustus M. Kelly, N.Y., 1971. Dowd.

MADELAINE, Sr., M. GRACE, Monetary & Banking Theories of the Jacksonian Democracy, 1943, 1970, publ. by Kennikat.

MAHRAD, AHMAD, Kriegsfinanzierung durch waehrungspolitische Manipulationen im I. Weltkrieg, 1970, reproduced in Information, Zukunfts- und Friedensforschung, I/II, 1976, pp. 9-17. (Reports not only a particular application of monetary despotism, but, by the way, that in Persia there has been free and private coinage of silver for a long time. - J.Z. JZL)

MAMIS, ROBERT A., Trade Secrets : Good old-fashioned barter, INC, 8/82, 4pp, 29x, in PP 865.

MANES, ALFRED, Prof., Staatsbankrotte, wirtschaftliche u. rechtliche Betrachtungen, 1918, 3. Aufl., 1922, 290 S., 29x, in PP 635.

MANHATTAN REPORT, IV/3, 1984: Is Central Banking Obsolete? 24pp, 36x, in PP 640.

MANHATTAN REPORT, Special edition, June 1981, Alternative International Monetary Systems, 12 pp, 29x, in PP 544.

MANIPULATIONEN im I. Weltkrieg, 1970, reproduced in Information, Zukunfts- und Friedensforschung, I/II,1976, pp.9-17. (Reports not only a particular application of monetary despotism, but, by the way, that in Persia there has been free and private coinage of silver for a long time. J.Z. JZL)

MANN, FRITZ ALEXANDER, The Legal Aspects of Money, Clarendon Press, 1953. (I checked the title at least twice: Once, when I saw it in the State Library of N.S.W. I found it useless for my purposes, it being full of legal terms and definitions that did not help my economic understanding. However, a legal mind might get something of value out of it. - J.Z.)

MARCUS, Remarks on Private Banking, 1818, Albany, N.Y., E.& E. Hosford. (White)

MARIANA, JUAN DE, De Mutatione Monetae (On the Changing Value of Money). One of the Tractatus Septem, Cologne, 1609. "Accused of attacking the sovereign power of Spain in his criticism of its fiscal policies, Mariana was tried in 1609 by the Spanish Inquisition and acquitted." - The Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, ed. by Paul Edwards, MacMillan & The Free Press, 1967. He was "a strong advocate of the power of the people" but of "all possessions held in common", as well. Qld. U, History Dept. See also under Ullastres.

MARKOVITZ, MORRIS J., Fractional vs. 100% Reserve Banking, 1988, 4 pp, in PP 791. (More legible copy than the one reproduced with Jim Stumm's comment in PP 787.)

MARKOVITZ, MORRIS J., I$ Inflation Here to $tay? THE FREEMAN, Apr. 74, 5 pp, in PP 804. (One of the few articles that clearly recognizes legal tender as a precondition for inflation. - J.Z.)

MARSHALL, TOM, contribution in A Way Out, Jan., Feb. 1966, 29x, in PP 564.

MARTIN, JAMES J., Men Against The State, The Expositors of Individualist Anarchism in America, 1827-1908, 1953, Libertarian Book Club, N.Y., 1957, Ralph Myles Publishers, Colorado Springs, 1970, 314pp. German issue produced by the Mackay Gesellschaft.

MARTIN, JOHN B., An Inquiry into the History, Functions, and Fluctuations of the Bank Note Circulation in the United Kingdom, Continental Europe, and the United States, Journ. Int. Bankers, I, 273-341, London, 1880. (FB? Should at least bring interesting historical material. - J.Z.)

MARTIN, PAUL C. & WALTER LUEFTL, Die Formen fuer den Staatsbankrott, am Beispiel des finanziellen Endes der Republic Oesterreich, Wirtschaftsverlag Langen-Mueller/Herbig, 1984, 92 S. JZL. fb?

MARTIN, PAUL C. & Walter Lueftl, Die Pleite, Staatschulden, Waehrungskrise und Betrug am Sparer, Wirtschaftsverlag Langen-Mueller/Herbig, 1984, 416 S. JZL. fb?

MARTIN, PAUL C., Klartext, Beobachtungen aus der Endzeit des sozialliberalen Versuchs, Wirtschaftsverlag Langen Mueller/Herbig, 1982, 128 S. JZL, fb?

MARTIN, PAUL C., Sachwert schlaegt Geldwert, 1983, nur ein kurzer Auszug, als Buchhinweis, 6 S., 29x in PP 738. Das Buch erschien im Wirtschaftsverlag Langen-Mueller/Herbig. (M. befuerwortet Geldfreiheit, insbesondere auf S. 150-52.) JZL. (Are there monetary freedom ideas contained in his other works, too? I have seen no evidence of that as yet but then I have only bought and skimmed them. - J.Z.)

MARTIN, PAUL C., Wann kommt der Staatsbankrott? Wirtschaftsverlag Langen-Mueller/Herbig, 289 S., 1982-84. JZL, fb?

MARTIN-ALEXANDER LUMBER CO., v. JOHNSON, Arkansas, 1902, truck payment case, 2pp, 29x, in PP 731.

MARTINEAU, HARRIET, Berkeley the Banker, 1933. See the PP 701-705 edition of her Illustrations of Political Economy. (I wasn't very impressed by her opinions on note issuing banks. - J.Z.)

MATHIAS, PETER, English Trade Tokens, Abelard-Schuman, London 1962.

MATONIS, JON W., 1.) Letters to Theo Megalli reg. monet. freedom, 2.) statement on his INSTITUTE FOR MONETARY FREEDOM, 3.) letters to & from J.Z., 18 July - 8 Aug. 86, 11pp, 48x, in PP 645, 4.) to Carl WATNER, 2 Nov. 86, 1p, 5.) to Siegfried SCHWENKE, 19 Aug. 86, 1p, 6.) Announcement for Articles & Outline for THE JOURNAL FOR MONETARY FREEDOM, 48x, in PP 740.

MATONIS, JON W., Anarchy and Money, 1984 manuscript, 20pp, with select bibliography, 48x, in PP 740. 1986?

MATONIS, JON W., Issue Papers 1 & 2, 2pp, on Alternative Currencies, Issue Paper 3, Free Banking/Free Money, 6pp, 29x, in PP 741.

MATONIS, JON W., The Political Appropriation of the Monetary Unit, 1985 manuscript, 50pp, 48x, in PP 740. (Matonis has planned or established an Institute for Monetary Freedom and a monetary freedom quarterly, as a scholarly journal and his writings may appear complete at least on microfiche. Some information on his efforts is contained in Peace Plans 645. J.Z.)

MATONIS, JON, A Critique of Marx's "The Power of Money in Bourgois Society in the Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844", 16 Aug. 85, 8 pp, in PP 810.

MATONIS, JON, The Direction of the Free Money Movement, Issue Paper No. 4, 12 June 88, 2 pp, in PP 810.

MAURUS, HEINRICH, Das Papiergeld, 1868, 18. Kapital aus seinem: Die Grundsaetze der Volkswirtschaftslehre vom Standpunkte der sozialen Reform, 24pp, 29x, in PP 732.

MAURUS, HEINRICH, Dr., Grundsaetze der Volkswirtschaftslehre, Carl Winters Universitaetsbuchhandlung, Heidelberg, 1968. (Kapitel 18 ueber das Papiergeld ist gut. Kopiert fuer JZl.)

MAXWELL, E.W., Principal Cause of Unemployment, a simple explanation of our defective money system, showing how it causes unemployment and industrial disaster, 1932. (Free Banking? - J.Z.)

MAYER, F.W., Natuerliches Geld, W.A., 64, 1950. (Forstmann. FB?)

MCAULIFFE, JOSEPH R., The Banking Blues, Part I, CHALCEDON REPORT, Nov. 88, 2 pp, in PP 810.

MCCALLIE, JOHN, 2pp extract from an article, Winter 88, Australian Economics Newsletter, on the 5th anniversary of the Mises Institute, honouring Henry Hazlitt, with remarks on gold standard and legal tender, in PP 795.

MCCALLUM, BENNETT T., 1984, Bank Deregulation, Accounting Systems of Exchange, and the Unit of Account: A Critical Review, Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Autumn, 23, PP 13-46. Selgin. 1985 accordg. to Dowd.

MCCLAUGHRY, JOHN, Sorcery at the FED, INQUIRY, Jan. 8, 5pp, 29x, in PP 865.

MCCULLOCH, J. HUSTON, 1986, Beyond the Historical Gold Standard, in Colin Campbell and William R. Dougan, MCCULLOCH, J.R., Historical Sketch of the Bank of England: with an Examination of the Questions as to the Prolongation of the Exclusive Privileges of that Institution, London, Longman, Ress, Orane, Brown & Green, 1831. Selgin.

MCCULLOCK, J. HUSTON, Money and Inflation - A Monetarist Approach, Academic Press, 1975, 2nd. ed., N.Y., 1982, 115pp. (He got Gresham's Law right, possibly from Hayek. He is still somewhat unclear on paper money and legal tender and reports nothing on tax foundation. He mentions but does not quite comprehend the Real Bills Doctrine. Thinks IT, rather than the continued acceptance of an inflated paper money standard or the parallel pretence of 100 % gold coverage of issue, could lead to inflationary depreciation of such notes. Makes not distinction between legal tender notes and those without - bar for his insight on Gresham's Law. But then I have not studied but only skimmed the book and might be wrong. - J.Z.)

MCCULLOCK, J.R., Old and Scarce Tracts on Money, 1933. (reprint?)

MCDONALD, HAMISH, Japanese paying with their lives. Increase in suicides induced by debt, 1983, with note by J. Zube, 1p, 29x, in PP 742.

MCIVOR, RUSSEL CRAIG, 1958, Canadian Monetary, Banking, and Fiscal Development, Toronto, Macmillan of Canada. Schuler.

MCKINNON, RONALD I, Optimum Currency Areas, American Economic Review, 53, September 1963, 717-25. (For fixed exchange rates, according to skimming. Apparently does not want the determination to "optimum currency areas" to be left to the market. This and other such works are listed here only as warnings. If I am wrong in my hints, please do correct me. - J.Z.)

MCKNIGHT, Logan, "Free Banking", De Bow's Review (1852-1853), XII, 610-613; XIII, 127-134, XIV, 28-33, 151-157. (Miller)

MCLAUGHLIN, JANE D. & HARGIS, ANTHONY L., Current Gold Accounts, 1981, 15pp, 29x, in PP 738.

MCLAUGHRY, JOHN, The Debt Crisis, RESURGENCE, Nov., Dec. 84, 1 1/2 pp, in PP 913.

MEEKER-LOWRY, SUSAN, The Local Exchange Trading System, 1985, 2pp, 29x, in PP 738.

MEGALLI, THEO, 1.) Aktuelle Geldexperimente, with notes, illustrations & charts, 13pp, 36x, in PP 736, 2.) Alternative Zahlungsmittel, 2. Fassung, 9pp, 1986, 29x, in PP 732., 3.) Some notes on monetary reform studies & attempts, 6 Aug. 85, to J.Z. & extract of letter to K.Z., 48x, in PP 645..

MEHL, MANFRED, Das Papiernotgeld von Mecklenburg und Vorpommern, 1914-1923, Berlin 1971. (Pick)

MEHL, MANFRED, Das Papiernotgeld von Ostpeussen, Westpreussen und Posen 1914-1923, Brlin 1976. (Pick)

MEIS, HANS, Die Steuergutscheine und ihre Maengel. (Pseudonym Siem). In Rittershausen papers.

MEIS, HANS, co-author of "Die Vier Gesetzentwuerfe" (The Four Law Drafts), 24x, in PP 40.

MEISEL ROCA, ADOLFO, 1989, Las Bancos Commerciales en la Era de la Banca Libre, 1871-1923, unpublished manuscript, Banco de la Republica, Bogota. Schuler. (How could I obtain it for microfilming or induce the authors and libraries do this themselves? - J.Z.)

MELITZ, JACQUES, 1974, Primitive and Modern Money: An Interdisciplinary Approach, Reading, Mass., Addison-Wesley. Selgin.

MELTZER, ALBERT, Anarchism, Arguments For & Against, pp. 33/34.

MENDELSOHN, KURT, Self-Help Undertakings Started by the Workless. A Method of Creating Work and Raising Consumption, in Milhaud: Fresh Work, Fresh Markets, 1933, pp 342-353.

MENGER SOCIETY, THE CARL -, 1p leaflet on its 1981 conference: The Denationalizatin of Money, 29x in PP 738. (The proceedings are wanted, preferably with non-exclusive & revocable permission for filming. - J.Z.)

MENGER, CARL, 1871, Principles of Economics, trans. James Dingwall and Bert F. Hoselitz, N.Y. UP 1981.

MENGER, CARL, On the Origins of Money, Economic Journal 2, 1892, 239-55.

MENGER, KARL, Artikel "Geld" im Handwoerterbuch der Staatswissenschaften, 3. Auflage. (Highly recommended by von Beckerath, wanted by LMP. J.Z.)

MERRICK, JOHN J. & ANTHONY SAUNDERS, 1985, Bank Regulation and Monetary Policy, JMCB 17(4) Nov. Selgin.

MERTENS, GEORG, Die Zahlungsmittelversorgung in militaerisch besetzten Gebieten, 6pp Seminararbeit, in Peace Plans 532.

METCALF, JACK, Sen., Honest Money for America, 2 pp leaflet, 1987, in PP 791.

MEULEN HENRY, Free Banking, an outline of a policy of individualism, 1934, indexed, 429 pp, in PP 796. (This is the 2nd. ed. of his previous work, published in 1917 and titled: "Industrial Justice through Banking Reform". With a letter by Ulrich von Beckerath, 7 April 1968, warning me not to publish this book, since Meulen was an opponent of free banking as advocated by Beckerath and myself. Includes also 15pp of letter exchanges between Meulen and myself, 1964-69, of letters ready on hand and not already filmed in the human rights discussion in PP 589/590. 6 more pages of this correspondence are reproduced in PP 797 and some more correspondence of Meulen with Rittershausen, 20 pp, 1950 to 1973, partly in English and partly in German, is filmed in PP 798. J.Z.)

MEULEN, HENRY & SAGEHORN, ROBERT, some correspondence, 1968-1978, 29pp, in PP 791. (Since Meulen has destroyed his part of his correspondence, it is important for all his correspondents to come forward and help preserve what is left, at least on microfiche! - J.Z.)

MEULEN, HENRY, editor of "The Individualist", from ca. 1937 to his death in 1978. Issues 1975-1978 (last), with an index of all issues under his editorship : Peace Plans 561. (Once several more consecutive years become complete in my collection, I will film them, too. Appeals for the missing issues, listed in PP 561, were, in vain, so far. A US firm seemed to intend to film his set, got it supplied but, apparently, never went ahead with the project. - J.Z.)

MEULEN, HENRY, 1.) Monetary Reform Proposals, 2.) Free Banking, 3.) Individualist Anarchism, 3 pamphlets, 24x, in PP 45.

MEULEN, HENRY, Banking Reform & Commerce, The Clare Market Review, Vol. 7., No. 1, pp 13-18. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

MEULEN, HENRY, Banking and the Social Probem, 1909 pamphlet, 17pp, in Peace Plans 320.

MEULEN, HENRY, Correspondence with John Zube on human rights, 48x, in PP 589/590.

MEULEN, HENRY, Free Banking, A Short Statement of a Policy of Individualism, 16 pp, 24x, in PP 45, 36x, in PP 561..

MEULEN, HENRY, Individualist Anarchism, 1949, 16pp, 36x, in PP 561.

MEULEN, HENRY, Letter in THE FREE TRADER, Jan.-Feb. 1952, 1p, on the bank rate, in PP 803.

MEULEN, HENRY, Monetary Reform Proposals, in Peace Plans 45.(pamphlet)

MEULEN, HENRY, Peace through enlightenment on individualism, Henry Meulen Speaking, in Peace Plans 12.

MEULEN, HENRY, Short Description of "Industrial Justice through Banking Reform". (Insert in a book, in Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection. All his remaining letters relating to monetary freedom and issues of The Individualist, 1937-1978, that have been listed in Peace Plans 561 as being still short, are wanted for the microfiche reproduction of all issues of The Individualist under his editorship. A preliminary index, based on his own indexing notes, is already contained in this Peace Plans issue. - J.Z.)

MEULEN, HENRY, The Price of Gold, 4th ed., co-authored with Thomas Goeritz, 1973, 8pp, 36x, in PP 561.. (See note under Goeritz. - J.Z.)

MEULEN, HENRY, To RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, 1950 to 1973, as far as on hand, partly in English, partly in German, 20pp, in PP 798.

MEYER, FRITZ W. und SCHUELLER, ALFRED, Spontane Ordnungen in der Geldwirtschaft und das Inflationsproblem, Walter Eucken Institut, Vortraege und Aufsaetze, Nr. 59, Francke & Mohr 1951, Mohr, Tuebingen,1976, 64 S. (More against than for free banking. Misleading title. - J.Z. JZL)

MEYER, HANS, Das Papiernotgeld des Koenigreiches Sachsen, Braunschweig 1979. (Pick)

MEYER, HANS, Das Papiernotgeld des nachmaligen Landes Thueringen 1914-1923, Berlin 1976. (Pick)

MEYER, HANS, Das Papiernotgeld von Baden 1914-1924, Berlin 1974. (Pick)

MEYER, HANS, Das Papiernotgeld von Bayern 1914-1924, Berlin 1974. (Pick)

MEYER, HANS, Das Papiernotgeld von Schlesien 1914-1924, Berlin 1975. (Pick)

MEYER, HANS, Das Papiernotgeld von Wuerttemberg 1914-1924. (Pick)

MEYER, HANS, Deutsches Papiernotgeld 1914 bis zu Beginn der Hochinflation, Berlin 1971-78; Heft 1, Rheinprovinz, Heft 2, Westfalen, Heft 3, Hessen, Pfalz, Elsass. (Pick)

MEYERS KONVERSATIONS-LEXIKON, 3rd. Ausgabe, 1874, Artikel: Banken; Banknoten, 48 S., Papiergeld, 1 S., 29x, in PP 737.

MIDDELMANN, RAOUL F., Dr., CREDIT FONCIER, A Challenge to Existing Australian Practices of Long-Term Financing of Building Construction, 1971, 16pp, in PP 818.

MIDDLEMAN, RAOUL F., Dr., 3 page submission to the Campbell Enquiry into the Australian Financial System, 1979, 3pp, in PP 818. (Address then: 142 La Perouse Street, Griffith, ACT 2603, Australia. For banking principle - real bills doctrine - and mortgage banking, with a 1971 paper on mortgage banking: Second Conference of Economics, Sydney, August 1971 :'Credit Foncier', a Challenge to existing Australian Practices of long-term Financing of Buiding Construction,16pp, on mortgage banking. JZL.)

MIKSCH, L., Die Geldschoepfung in der Gleichgewichtstheorie, in Ordo II, Bad Godesberg, 1949, PP 308-328. According to Prof. Rittershausen, in Bankpolitik, S.211: "Miksch fights especially the ruling opinion of monopoly as the only possible and justified organizational principle for the creation of money." JZL (See Ri to Bth, 10/9/48, & Ri, Bankpolitik, p. 211.) 20pp, 29x, in PP 731. Otherwise, academic response at that time to monetary freedom ideas was zero. - J.Z.)

MILHAUD, EDGAR, Prof., Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, Contra la Crise. - La mise a execution des propositions Milhaud. - Bons d'achat et Monnaie ferroviaire. - Le Chomage comme probleme de moyens de paiement et de credit. - La Compensation internationale. Edited by Milhaud. Authors: Edgard Milhaud, U.v.Beckerath, Walter Zander, H. Rittershausen, K. Kuettel, M.A. Heilperin, from Annals..., 1934, Recueil Sirey, Paris, 1934, 404pp. (Will also be filmed by LMP.)

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., A Gold Truce, A Constructive Plan for the Revival of International Trade, Annals of Collective Economy, 1933, vol. IX, 159pp, in Peace Plans 299. (French translation wanted for filming. J.Z.)

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., A Plan for Immediate Action Against Unemployment and the Economic Crisis, in his Annals for Collective Economy, vol. VIII, January-March, 1932. (Reproduced, with updated statistics, in the 1933 volume.)

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., A Plan for Immediate Action against Unemployment and the Economic Crisis, simultaneous and joint provision of employment and markets, in "Annals of Collective Economy", Vol. IX, No. 2, June-November 1933, pp. 161-183. (Reproduction of his 1932 article, with updated statistics. Proposing internal and external "purchasing certificates", a plan later developed in Beckerath's writings.) Discussion of the Plan at the Geneva National Institute, pp. 184-193, The Plan and International Public Opinion, pp. 194-206, The Plan before the Belgian Association for Social Progress, pp. 207-249, The Plan in New Zealand, pp 250-252, App. A., The Meaning of the Barter Exchanges, from The New Republic, Jan. 4, 1933, App. B., Back to Barter, from The New Republic, Jan. 4, 1933, both, apparently by Murray E. King. App. C., A Million Men Return to Barter, extract from National Municipal Review, March 1933,6pp, App. D., Cooperative Self-Help Activities Among the Unemployed, extract from the Monthly Labor Review, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, March 1933, here on pp 268-322, App. D., Carl H. Chatters: Is Municipal Scrip a Panacea?, extract from "Public Management", March 1933, here pages 323-325. (JZL, very imperfect photocopy.)

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Absatzmoeglichkeiten und internatinales Clearing, 1934, Artikel in PP 347/348.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Creation Conjointe d'Emplois de de Debouches et Clearing International. Progres du Mouvement, in: Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, pp. 243-313, 29x, in PP 744.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Ending the Unemployment and Trade Crisis by the Introduction of Purchasing Certificates and the Establishment of an International Clearing System, a Sequel to "A Gold Truce" and "Fresh Work Fresh Markets" by Edgard Milhaud, collaborators: U.v. Beckerath, Walter Zander, H. Rittershausen, K. Kuettel and M.A. Heilperin, 354pp. Williams & Norgate, London, 1935.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Fresh Work, Fresh Markets. A Plan for Immediate Action Agaist Unemployment and the Economic Crisis, with contributions by Prof. Edgard Milhaud, Prof. Dr. E. Lederer, Berlin, Dr. Kurt Mendelsohn, Berlin and Frank D. Graham, Princeton, Annals of Collective Economy, Vol. IX, No. 2, June-November 1933, 353pp. (JZL, very imperfect photocopy)

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Gleichzeitige Schaffung von Arbeitsgelegenheit sowie Absatzmoeglichkeiten und internationales Clearing,- Fortschritte der Bewegung, in : Zahlungsverkehr, Einkaufsscheine und Arbeitsbeschaffung, Annalen der Gemeinwirtschaft, 10. Jahr., Haft 1, Januar/Juli 1934, Peace Plans 347/348.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Goldburgfriede und internationales Clearing, Plan fuer die Wiederherstellung des Internationalen Handels, Annalen der Gemeinwirtschaft, Jahrgang IX, Heft 1, Genf, 1933, Peace Plans 360.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., La Compensation Organisee, Une Idee en Marche, 1935, 322pp, in PP 745.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Le Cheque-Compensation International Devant L'Opinion, 1936, 301pp, 29x, in PP 658.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Le Probleme des Compensations devant la Societe des nations, in : Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, pp. 389-398, 29x, in PP 744.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Les Gouvernements nous entendront-ils enfin? in: Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, pp. 1-6, 29x, in PP 744.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Neue Arbeit, Neue Absaetze, Annalen der Gemeinwirtschaft, 9. Jahrg., 1933, Heft 2.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Nouveau Travail, Nouveaux Debouches. Un projet d'action immediate contre le chomage et contre la crise, Paris, Maison Cooperative du Livre, 1933.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Nouveau Travail, Nouveaux Debouches, Avant-Propos, Les Annales de L'Economie Collective, 7-12/1933, 4pp, 29x in PP 665.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, Contra la Crise. - La mise a execution des propositions Milhaud. - Bons d'achat et Monnaie ferroviaire.- Le Chomage comme probleme de moyens de paiement et de credit. - La Compensation internationale. Edited by Milhaud. Authors: Edgard Milhaud, U.v.Beckerath, Walter Zander, H. Rittershausen, K. Kuettel, M.A. Heilperin, from Annals..., 1934, 404pp. , 29x, in PP 744.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Organized Compensatory Trading, 305 pp, the main part of Annals of Collective Economy, vol. 12, 1936, from the Amsterdam, 1968 reprint, in PP 770.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Postscript. The Compensation Problem before the Assembly of the League of Nations, 1934, 9pp, in PP 769.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Simultaneous Provision of Employment and of Markets and an International Clearing System. Progress of the Movement, 1934, 68 pp, in PP 769.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Will Governments Heed our Proposals at last? 6pp, 1935, in PP 769.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., ed., Annals of Collective Economy, vol. 10, 1934, Ending the Unemployment and Trade Crisis by the introduction of purchasing certificates and the establishment of an international clearing system, London, Williams & Norgate, 1935, 402 pp. Contains essential monetary freedom writings by Beckerath, Rittershausen and Zander, which are separately listed. In PP 769. Taken from the 1968 reprint, Swets & Zeitlinger N.V., Amsterdam.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., The Compensations Cheque, Geneva, 1949. Criticized by J.J. Bonda, in Goods Currencies, English Univ.Press, London.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Postscript. The Compensation Problem­before the Assembly of the League of Nations, 1934, 9pp, in PP ­769.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Treve de l'Or et Clearing International. Plan pour le retablissement des echanges internationaux, Paris, Recueil Sirey, 1933.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Un Project d'Action Immediate Contre le Chomage et Contre la Crise, Les Annales de L'Economie Collective, 7-12/1933, 25pp, 29x, in PP 665.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Werden die massgebenden Stellen uns endlich hoeren? In PP 347/348.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Will Governments Heed our Proposals at­last? 6pp, 1935, in PP 769.

MILHAUD, EDGARD, Prof., Zahlungsverkehr, Einkaufsscheine und Arbeitsbeschaffung, Annalen der Gemeinwirtschaft, 10. Jahrg., Heft 1, Januar/ Juli 1934, mit Beitraegen von Milhaud, Beckerath, Zander, Rittershausen, Kuettel, Heilperin, Muralt, Unterguggenberger, 316 S, in Peace Plans 347/348.

MILL, JAMES, Over-Production and Unemployment, A Pleas for Freedom, Philadelphia, 1940, 30 pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

MILL, JAMES, Privilege and the Effects of Privilege.

MILL, JAMES, Some Observations on a Sound Money System. According to L. Labadie, Bilgram followed Mill's line of thought.

MILL, JOHN STUART, Principles of Political Economy, 1848, N.Y., Kelly, 1973. (Favoured competitive issues on principle, although he personally preferred central banking. - White.)

MILLER, HARRY E., Banking Theories in the United States Before 1860, 1927, 1972 Kelly reprint, 235pp, with bibliography, Peace Plans No. 549. (Good on the particular kind of private note issues that was classed in the U.S. as "free banking". - J.Z. "aeusserst gut", according to Ri.) JZL.

MILLER, HUGH, Words of Warning to the People of Scotland, on Sir R. Peel's Scotch Currency Scheme, 1844, Edinburgh, John Johnston. (White)

MILLER, JOHN W., The Distribution of Wealth by Money, London, n.d., 154pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

MILNE, DAVID, On Circulating Credit: With Hints for Improving the Banking System of Britain, by a Scottish Banker, 1832, Edinburgh, William Tait. (White)

MINTS, LLOYD W., A History of Banking Theory in Great Britain and the United States 1945,University of Chicago Press, 2nd. impression, Chicago, 1948. (Coppetiers) (Seen at CIS library?)

MINTS, LLOYD, 1930, The Elasticity of Bank Notes, JPE 38(4), Aug. Selgin

MISES, LUDWIG VON, The Theory of Money and Credit, Cape, 1934, Yale University Press, FEE, N.Y., 1971. (JZL)

MISES, LUDWIG VON, Theorie des Geldes und der Umlaufsmittel, Vienna 1911, Leipzig 1912. (From my point of view, only partly in favour of monetary freedom. J.Z.) Ferry, N.Y., Free Market Books, 1978. (JZL)

MISES, LUDWIG von, On the Manipulation of Money and Credit, Dobbs Ferry, N.Y., Free Market Books, 1978. (JZL)

MISKIMIM, HARRY A., 1979, The Impact of Credit on Sixteenth Century English Industry. In Robert S. Lopez, ed., The Dawn of Modern Banking, New Haven, YUP. Selgin.

MODESTE, P., 1866, Le billet des Banques d'emission et la Fausse Monnaie, Journal des Economists 3, Aug. Selgin

MOHAN, P, & COCKINGTON, J., The Misspent Youth of PVX 324435 (on the circulation of a tagged A$ 5 note, SMH, Aug.13, 1988, 6 pp, in PP 810.

MONETARY COMMISSION, U.S., Washington, 1910, reproduced: A history of banking in all nations, several writers, N.Y., 1896. (Recomm. by Meulen, The Individualist, 8/78, p. 39.)

MONETARY FREEDOM BIBLIOGRAPHY, PRELIMINARY, August 1986, compiled by J.Zube, 56 pp, 48x, in PP 647. (Still very imperfect & outdated and incomplete. Help is needed! - J.Z.)

MONETARY FREEDOM LETTERS, ARTICLES, DRAFTS & SLOGANS, a compilation by John Zube, with contributions by Kinney, Beckerath, Zube, Swann, Turnbull, Hopman et all, 252pp, 29x, in PP 586/587. (For more such compilations see under ZUBE, John.)

MONETARY FREEDOM MICROFICHE in the subseries in PEACE PLANS of LIBERTARIAN MICROFICHE PUBLISHING, e.g., PP 904 - 906, 911 - 913. (Most have not yet been sorted out as such in a list by numbers. Moreover, many monetary freedom contributions are dispersed through other PEACE PLANS numbers. - J.Z.)

MONETARY FREEDOM NETWORK, Berlin, letter by Siegfried Schwenke, 7 April 89, with some notes on discussions in the network, 5pp, 29x, in PP 905.

MONETARY FREEDOM NETWORK, RUNDBRIEF, Einfuehrung u. Inhaltsverzeichnis, Nr. 1-3, 29x, in PP 730 & 794, 1 S., 36x, in PP 736, RUNDBRIEFE 1-3, ed. by S. Schwenke & Theo Megalli, 1986/87, 55pp, in PP 741/742. RUNDBRIEF No. 4, 32 S., 1988, in PP 795. 1p leaflet of the Network in PP 791. Nr. 5, 32pp, April 89, in PP 906. German international network letter, written in German. The Network has reproduced essays by Rittershausen & Zander on monetary freedom in English and German, in brochures.

MONETARY FREEDOM NETWORK, an embryonic beginning of a directory of correspondents & contributors to newsletters, old & new addresses, of people who were or are interested in monetary freedom: "On the Road to Monetary Freedom." Contains many outdated addresses at this stage, 14 pp, 48x, in PP 647. (Help is needed to correct & update this listing. J.Z.)

MONETARY FREEDOM SCHOLARS, Addresses from Cato Institute, 7th. annual monetary conference: Alternatives to Government Fiat Money, Feb. 89, 5pp, 29x, in PP 905.

MONETARY FREEDOM! - NEWSLETTER - AND ...M I C R O F I C H E, No. 1, Nov. 86, 6pp, 36x, in Pp 736, 29x, in PP 708 & 731. ( It took to Nov. 87 for the 2nd. issue to come out.) first 4 issues, Nov. 86 to Feb. 89, 24pp, 29x, in PP 867. Some initial notes, by John Zube, in pages 67, 139, 141, 144 in PP 913. Subscription to 4 issues, $ 8 ord. mail, $ 10 airmail, entitles the subscriber to his choice of 8 monetary freedom or other microfiche offered by LMP. It reproduces the German Monetary Freedom Network Rundbrief - but only on microfiche. (Discontinued with issue 5!)

MONETARY NOTES, issued for many years by Walter E. Spahr, Economists' National Committee on Monetary Policy. (He was, however, only interested in metallic redemption currencies. I have a few odd copies of this publication but my interest in reproducing them fast is rather low. - J.Z.)

MONETARY TIMES, Toronto, weekly. Schuler

MONEY, LEO, CHIOZZA, Sir, Product Money, Methuen, London, 1933, indexed, 172pp. JZL. (He had something like Milhaud's goods warrants in mind. He wants official, centralized & exclusive certification of the producer's contribution and monetary equivalwent. Thus the book amounts rather to a step towards central than free banking. His index indicates how little of the alternative money literature has been read by money reformers like L.C.M. - J.Z.)

MOON, JASPER, Freedom and Gold, 2pp, from FREEDOM FIRST, Autumn 1965, 29x, in PP 905.

MOORE, CAROL, Alternative Trade Networks, Draft, 7/86, 29x, in PP 865.

MOORE, CAROL, DECENTRALIST DIRECTORY, 3rd. d., April 88, 17pp, 29x, in PP 865.

MOORE, CAROL, Finding Freedom in your Backyard, 8pp, NOMOS, 5/6,1986, 29x, in PP 867.

MOORE, CAROL, Trade Creates Money, How trade exchanges demonstrate the truth of libertarian theories of money, NOMOS, Spring 84, 5pp, 29x, in PP 865.

MORAN, CHARLES, Money, Currencies and Banking, New York, 1875.(R. Carnaghan. One of the few who has seen convertibility to be superfluous. Quoted in Innovator, Jan. 67.)

MORAN, CHARLES, Money, N.Y., 1863. (Carnaghan) 1875.

MORAWETZ, VICTOR, 1909, The Banking & Currency Problem in the United States, 2nd. ed., N.Y., North American Review Pub. Co. Selgin.

MORGAN, E. VICTOR and ANN D., Gold or Paper? An Essay on Government's Attempt to Manage the Post-War Monetary System and the Case for and against Restoring a Link with Gold, IEA, Hobart Paper 69, 58pp. (JZL)

MORGAN, E. VICTOR, The Theory and Practice of Central Banking, 1797-1913, Cambridge University Press, 1943, Kelly reprint 1965, 252 pp, indexed. (JZL. Brings all too little and superficial arguments only on the banking-principle vs. currency principle controversiy. But then, whoever would have closely studied it would find it hard to remain a central banking advocate. - J.Z.)

MORGAN, HUGH, interviewed by Prof. Lawrence W. Reed, 1988, WMC Chief Trashes Paper Money, 2pp, THE OPTIMIST, Nov./Dec. 88, in PP 810.

MORLEY, JOHN, Viscount, 1898, On Compromise, London, Macmillan. Selgin. JZL. (fb? J.Z.)

MORRELL, STEPHEN O., An Open Discussion on Aspects of a Freely Competitive Monetary Arrangement, 2pp, in Peace Plans 602.

MORRELL, STEPHEN O., In Search of a Monetary Order: An Open Discussion on Aspects of a Freely Competitive Monetary Arrangement, in Institute Scholar, Institute for Humane Studies, Menlo Park, California, 1(1980), No. 1.(Gerding)

MORSE, H.B., The Guilds of China, 1933, 1p extract on a Chinese predecessor to Milhaud's purchasing certificates, in PP 810.

MUELBERGER, ARTHUR, Kapital und Zins. Die Polemik zwischen Bastiat und Proudhon, 1896 & Jena, 1968, Peace Plans 617. (Der letzte Brief von B. wurde von M. absichtlich ausgelassen. Eine vollstaendige Ausgabe ist erwuenscht. Die von Bastiat selbst besorgte soll the beste sein. - J.Z.)

MUELBERGER, ARTHUR, P.J.Proudhon, Leben und Werke, 1898, 1979, mit Nachwort der Mackay Gesellschaft, 254 S., Peace Plans 293.

MUELBERGER, ARTHUR, Weder Silber noch Gold. Ein Beitrag zur Waehrungsfrage, Wien 1896. ( Was in Mackay's library. J.Z.)

MUNDELL, ALEXANDER, A Comparative View of the Industrial Situation of Great Britain, from the Year 1775 to the Present Time; with an Examination of the Causes of Her Distress, 1832, London, Longmans. (White)

MUNDELL, ALEXANDER, An Examination of the Evidence Taken before the Committee of Secrecy, on the Bank of England Charter, 1832, London, Longmans. (White)

MUNDELL, ALEXANDER, Four Letters Addressed to the Chairman of the Agricultural Committees of Both Houses of Parliament, Showing the Operation of the Corn Laws, and of the Appreciation of Money, 1836, London, Longmans. (White)

MUNDELL, ALEXANDER, Supplement to "An Examination of the Evidence Taken before the Committee of Secrecy, on the Bank of England Charter." 1832, London, Longmans. (White)

MUNDELL, ALEXANDER, The Danger of the Resolutions Relative to the Bank Charter, as Propoed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Succinctly Pointed Out, London, 1833, Longmans. (White)

MUNDELL, ALEXANDER, The Influence of Interest and Prejudice upon Proceedings in Parliament Stated, and Illustrated by What Has Been Done in Matters Relative to Education - Religion - the Poor - the Corn Laws - Joint Stock Companies - the Bank of England and Banking Companies - and Taxes. London, 1825, John Murray. (White) - (I would love to get a copy of that for filming. - J.Z.)

MUNDELL, ALEXANDER, The Philosophy of Legislation: An Essay, 1834, London, Longmans. (White)

MUNDELL, ALEXANDER, The Principle and Operation of Gold and Silver in Coin; of Paper in Currency; and of Gold and Silver in Buying and Selling; Stated in the Shape of Substantive Propositions, 1830, London, Longmans. (White)

MUNDELL, ALEXANDER, The Principles Which Govern the Value of Paper Currency, with Reference to Banking Establishments, as Stated in the New Edinburgh Review for January, 1823; with Some Observations on Joint Stock Companies, 1823, Edinburgh, Waugh and Innes. (White)

MUNDELL, ALEXANDER, The Reviewer of Publications on the Bank Charter, in the Last Number of the Edingburgh Review, Reviewed, 1833, London, Longmans. (White)

MUNDELL, ROBERT A., A Theory of Optimum Currency Areas, American Economic Review, 51, Sept. 61, pp 657-65. (For fixed exchange rates, according to skimming, i.e., another coercive money manipulator. - J.Z.

MUNDELL, ROBERT A., International Monetary Options, in Cato Journal, vol. 3, No. 1, Spring 1983, p.189ff. (JZL)

MUNN, CHARLES W., Review of L.H. White, Free Banking in Britain, BUSINESS HISTORY, 1985, 27, pp 341-3. Dowd.

MUNN, CHARLES W., The Origins of the Scottish Notes Exchange, 1975, Three Banks Review, 107,45-60. (White)

MUNN, CHARLES W., The Scottish Provincial Banking Companies 1747-1864, John Donald Publishers, Edinburgh, John Donald, 1981 306 pp., with bibliography and index. (JZL)

MUNZER, EGBERT, "Die Vier Gesetzentwuerfe", Berlin 1932. See Zander. Not mentioned as co-author since he was close to Bruening, then Chancellor, 24x, in PP 40.

MUNZER, EGBERT, "Staatspapiergeld und 'Das andere System'", in:"Bankwissenschaft", Heft 24 v. 20.3.1933, 5 S., 29x, in PP 428ff, S.637. (See under NEUMARK.)

MUNZER, EGBERT, Die Vier Gesetzentwuerfe, eine Erwiderung auf Prof. M. Palyi's Kritik, in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 523,534. Ueber Fragen Neumarks: S. 598, Kanadisches Geldwesen, S. 1207.

MUNZER, EGBERT, Staatspapiergeld und "Das andere System", Bankwissenschaft, Erwiderung zu Prof. Neumark, Heft 24 v. 20.3.1933. (Already in Beckerath Papers?)

MUNZER, EGBERT, Staatspapiergeld, Bankwissenschaft, Heft 9 vom 5.8.1932, in the collection of printed essays, edited by Rittershausen & in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 620.

MUNZER, EGBERT, co-author of "Die Vier Gesetzentwuerfe", Berlin 1932. See Zander. Not mentioned as co-author since he was close to Bruening, then Chancellor.

MURALT, ALEX. von, The Woergl Experiment with Depreciating Money, 10 pp, 1933, in PP 769.

MURALT, ALEXANDER von, Der Woergler Versuch mit Schwundgeld, Annalen der Gemeinwirtschaft, ed. von Edgard Milhaud, 10. Jahrg., Heft 1, Januar/July 1933, S. 295- 306, in Peace Plans 347/348.

MURALT, ALEXANDER von, La Monnaie a Valeur Decroissante, et L'Experience de Woergl (Austriche), in: Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, by Milhaud, Edgard, Recueil Sirey, Paris, 1934, pp. 314-325, 29x, in PP 744.

MURALT, ALEXANDER von, The Woergl Experiment with Depreciating Money, App. VII to Milhaud: Ending the Unemployment and Trade Crisis, Williams & Norgate, London, 1935. (I have only a very imperfect photocopy of this volume and seek an excellent one for microfilming. - J.Z.)

MUSHET, ROBERT, An Attempt to Explain from Facts the Effect of the Issues of the Bank of England upon Its Own Interests, Public Credit, and Country Banks. London, 1826, Baldwin, Cradock & Joy.(White)


NA-GRIAMEL FEDERATION, Brief Summary of Constitution, 1976, 11 points, 48x, in PP 589/590.

NAGEL, PAUL, Geld und Boden, Buchhaus der Schaffer, Frankfurt a.M., 1928. JZL (One of the few Gesellians who favours freedom of note issue, because he imagines that "Schwundgeld" would win out. Others I know of: Urjo Rey, Karl Walker - deceased and Heinz Peter Neumann, deceased. J.Z.)

NASSE, ERWIN, Ueber das englische Bankwesen im Jahre 1857, in Zeitschr. f.d. gesamte Staatswissenschaft, Bd. 15, 1959, S. 3-39. fb?

NASSE, ERWIN, Zur Banknoten- und Papiergeldgrage mit spez. Beziehung auf den preussischen Staat, Zeitschr. fuer die gesamete Staatswiss, Bd. 12, 1856, S. 637-708. fb?

NATAF, PHILIPE, Free Banking: A Workable System, paper presented at the 10th annual conference of the Committee for Monetary Research and Education, Harrima, N.Y., 14.3.1982. (Brown)

NATAF, PHILIPPE, 1984, Competitive Banking and the Cycle, 1850-1868, paper presented at the History of Economics Society annual meeting. Pittsburgh. Schuler, Selgin

NATAF, PHILIPPE, An Inquiry into the Free Banking Movement in Nineteenth Century France, with particular emphasis on Charles Coquelin's Writings, unpublished manuscript. Dowd, 1987. (Wanted by LMP with perm. from author for filming.)

NATIONAL ALLIANCE FOR CONSTITUTIONAL MONEY, 2 pp personal questionaire, 1988, in PP 791. (Money should not be regulated by a constitution, either, except to keep government out, as did e.g. the constitution of Na-Griamel. The U.S. Constitution was so unclear about it that the matter is still subject to constitutional arguments now. J.Z.)

NATIONAL COMMODITY AND BARTER ASSOCIATION, Mutual Assistance Plan, MAP, 5pp, 48x, in PP 645.

NATIONALIST, THE, No. 3, Law of Civilization and Decay. (Bound together with The American Anti-Socialist, Feb. 1912 ff, in Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

NAYLOR, ROBIN THOMAS, 1975, The History of Canadian Business, 1867-1914, Toronto. Schuler

NEISSER, HANS, Dr., Notenbankfreiheit? 1930, 16pp, 29x, in PP 658. Weltwirtsch. Archiv, Bd. 32, 1930, S. 146. (Rittershausen)

NEUE ZUERCHER ZEITUNG, 21.4.1977, S. 11: Privatisierung der Waehrungen? Prof. F.A. v. Hayeks unorthodoxer Vorstoss. Bericht ueber die Tagung der Mont-Pelerin Society in Amsterdam.(Gerding)

NEUFELD, EDWIN PETER, The Financial System of Canada: Its Growth and Development, N.Y., St. Martin's Press, 1972. Schuler

NEUMARK, F., "Staatspapiergeld - ein 'anderes System'"?, Bankwissenschaft, Heft 17 vom 5.12.1932, 8pp, 29x, in PP 428ff, S.637.

NEW ECONOMY, World Affairs in a Fresh Light, sample of NE, Winter, 1987, 28pp, ed. Christopher J. Budd, 29x, in PP 866. Introductory leaflets and sample copy of NEW ECONOMY, No. 11, wholly reproduced here, although this time it contains only 2pp on monetary alternatives. He is into lots of other "things", too. In PP 906.

NEWMARCH, WILLIAM, An Attempt to Ascertain the Magnitude and Fluctuations of the Amount of Bills of Exchange (Inland and Foreign) in Circulation at one time in Great Britain...1828-1847, Journal of the Statistical Society, XIX, May 1851. (Coppetiers)

NEWTON, MAX, Stable Prices Point to New Gold Standard, July 88 clipping, in PP 787, The Marvellous Miracle of the Disappearing Greenback, Dec. 88, 1p, in PP 818.

NEWTON, MAX, The Tough Money Scoffs at us Lousy Mug Punters, THE AUSTRALIAN, 25 April 89, 2pp, 29x, in PP 865. (Without any envy, this tough stand of big money toughs against governmental regulators and interventionists, does get my CHEERS! Between them, the small savers and investors could have even more clout - if only they realized this, organized and used it! J.Z.)

NICHOLSON, J. SHIELD, Scotch Banking, Journal of Political Economy, 1893, 1,487-502. (White)

NIEBYL, K.H., Studies in the Classical Theories of Money, N.Y., 1946. (FB review?) (Coppetiers)

NOELL v.d. NAHMER, ROBERT, Die Deckung des oeffentlichen Bedarfs durch nicht-inflatorische Papiergeldausgabe, FINANZARCHIV, Neue Folge, 2. Bd., 194, 35 S., in PP 805. (Soll, angeblich, Rittershausen's Steuerfundations-Ideen diskutieren. Ich kann das aber nicht bestaetigen. J.Z.)

NOELL v.d.NAHMER, ROBERT, Ein Beitrag zur Lehre von der Deckung des oeffentlichen Bedarfs auf geldtheoretischer Grundlage, Finanzarchiv, NF 1, vom 14.8.1934. (Bezieht sich angeblich auf Rittershausen, aber wenn ich mich recht erinnere, ist wenigstens sein Name nicht erwaehnt. J.Z.)

NOONAN, LAWRENCE, Eternal Love, Essays on Liberty, FEE, vol. VII, 1960, pp.410-415. (JZL. Fictional story on free coinage. Raises the question: How many nudges in the direction of monetary freedom did Hayek get and need and how many did he ignore, until, finally, in 1975, he spoke up in favour of monetary freedom? But then he is certainly not the only later riser and he did make up for a long silence. J.Z.)

NORMAN, G.W., Remarks upon Some Prevalent Errors with Respect to Currency and Banking, 1837, Pelham Richardson. Dowd

NORTH, GARY, Fixed Exchange Rates and Monetary Crises, The Freeman, March 1972, 18 pp, in PP 793.

NORTON, S.F., Ten Men of Money Island, 1895, with appendix by Henry Seymour. British Library.

NORVELL v. THE STATE, Supreme Court of Alabama, 1873/1874, on company store tokens, in PP 738.

NOUVION, Ge de, Charles Coquelin, sa vie et ses travaux, 1908, British Library.

NOZICK, ROBERT, Anarchy, State, and Utopia, N.Y., Basic Books, 1974. (White)

Newman, Eric P., The Early Paper Money of America, Racine, 1967, on issues from 1690 to 1789. (Weber, Charles E.)


O'DRISCOLL, GERALD P., Jr., 1885, Money in a Deregulated Financial System, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, ECONOMIC REVIEW, May. Selgin.

O'DRISCOLL, GERALD P.,Jr., 1988, Deposit Insurance in Theory and Practice. In England and Huertas, 1988. Schuler.

OEKOBANK, DIE, eine Bank fuer die Bewegung? 6 S., 36x, in PP 736. (So far, it aims, officially, only at being permitted to trade with monopoly money but some of its supporters would like to go beyond that. If it were to allocate its funds as unbusinesslike and emotionally as it did movement funds in the one meeting of its supporters, which I attended, then I would not expect the Oekobank to last for long. - J.Z.)

OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION, DIVISION OF REVIEW, Report of the Committee on the Economic & Social Implications of the Company Store & Scrip System. (Hinton, Truck System, p. 57. I would like a copy of the report for filming. - J.Z.)

OLARENSHAW, GEORGE TOMS, The Taxless State..., 1948, Trondon Cross, Okehampton, 26pp, copyrighted. (Meulen books, with 3 pamphlets inserted, Goldsmith Collection) (I would like a copy of this, after looking for it in vain for decades. But it appears to be full of flaws: against "usury" and "debt currency" and identifies "communism with Zionism"! Regarding taxes it may simply advocate Georgism. J.Z.)

OLIVER, M., A New Constitution for a New Country, revised ed., Fine Arts Press, Reno, Nevada, 1968, 128 pages, in PP 209. JZL. (A very radical and concise libertarian book, for monetary and financial freedom, e.g. pp. 19,75/76,95 & 113. The author appeared to be the moving spirit behind the Phoenix Foundation. Many of its ideas have later been expressed or developed in: Robert J. Dooren: A Blueprint for a New Nation. See there. J.Z.)

OLLERENSHAW, PHILIP, 1987, Banking in Nineteenth-Century Ireland: the Belfast Banks, 1825-1914, Manchester: Manchester University Press. Schuler. (If they had been really free banks, the "troubles" in Ireland would have been long over. - J.Z.)

ONCKEN, W., Ein vergessenes Kapitel der Wirtschaftsgeschichte - Schwanenkirche, Woergl und andere Freigeldexperimente, in Zeitschrift fuer Sozialoekonomie, 20. Jg., 57/58, Folge 1983, S. 3ff. (Freiburg, VoWiSem, I/27)

ONOH, J.K., 1982, Money and Banking in Africa, N.Y., Longman. Schuler.

OPEN REVIEW, ed. by Arthur Kitson with Henry Meulen, coeditor. London, Frank Palmer, vol. 1, 460pp, vol. 2, 104pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

OPPENHEIM, SAMUEL, Die Natur des Geldes, Mainz, Victor Zabern, 1855. (I looked it up. It is not worth filming. J.Z.)

OUIDA, SEBESTYEN, IOU's, 192p, April 1982, Atlantic Monthly Press, April 1982. BIP, $ 12.45. (FB or just legal study? J.Z.)

OWEN, HOMER L., The Money Changers, a small pamphlet, 1963, Owen Publishing.

OWEN, ROBERT, founded a barter bank: The Equitable Labour Exchange", in 1832, which issued "labour notes" as currency. Reference : Simon, H., Robert Owen, Jena, 1905.


P'ENG HSIN-WEI, Monetary History of China, Oct. 1985. (For informatin write West Wash. Univ. I would like a copy. Might be a good supplement to Vissering's classic. J.Z.)

PACIFIC INSTITUTE, Inflation or Deflation? 3pp leaflet on 1981 conference, 29x, in PP 731. (Why either? Monetary freedom ideas may have been uttered there & are wanted for filming. - J.Z.)

PAINE, THOMAS, Agrarian Justice, in PP 798.

PAINE, THOMAS, The Decline and Fall of the English System of Finance, 1796, 30 pp, in PP 798. (Paine not at his best! - J.Z.)

PALGRAVE, R.H. INGLIS, Notes on Banking, published as a book, and in a) Statistical Journal for March 1873, vol. XXVI p 106. Mentioned by Jevons, 1875, in Money and the Mechanism of Exchange, p. 317. fb.

PALYI, MELCHIOR, Doppelwaehrung und Parallelwaehrung, im Handwoerterbuch der Staatswissenschaften, 4. Aufl.

PALYI, MELCHIOR, Dr., Der Streit um die Staatliche Theorie des Geldes, 1922, 95 S., in PP 806.

PALYI, MELCHIOR, The Inflation Primer, Chicago, Regnery, 1972. (Siegel.) (Prof. Heinrich Rittershausen had an extensive correspondence with him, now probably at the University of Koeln, which may have influenced P. in the monetary freedom direction, apart from his advocacy of a gold standard. - J.Z.)

PALYI, MELCHIOR, The Twilight of Gold, 1914-1936: Myths and Realities, Chicago, Regnery, 1972, 365pp, indexed. (JZL. For gold standard,otherwise no notion o monetary freedom, in spite of long contact with Prof. Rittrshausen. - J.Z.)

PARIS, ALEXANDER, The Coming Credit Collapse, 1980, rec. by Lloyd Darland.

PARKER, LOYD L., The Gold Report, Gold vs. Dollars, Debts and Socialists, 1962 pamphlet.

PARNELL, HENRY, A Plain Statement of the Power of the Bank of England and of the Use It Has Made of It; with a Refutation of the Objections Made to the Scotch System of Banking; and a Reply to the "Historical Sketch of the Bank of England", 2nd. ed., London, 1833, James Ridgway.

PARNELL, HENRY, Hansard, 1826, XIV, cols. 391-3. (Criticized the Bank of England's "exclusive and mischievous privilege" See also Hansard 1824, X, cols. 232-3, in which he moved for an investigation. White, 62.

PARNELL, HENRY, SIR, 1827, Observations on Paper Money, Banking, and Overtrading, London, James Ridgeway. Selgin.

PARNELL, HENRY, pushed free banking principles within the Political Economy Club, founded 1821 to promote free trade. (Higgs, Henry, ed., Political Economy Club,vol. 6, London, Macmillan,1921,pp.27,28. - White.

PAUL, RON, 1.) Monetary Policy, Congressional Record, June 6, 1984, in Peace Plans 586/687, 2.) On R 7874: "To repeal the privilege of banks to create money", 9pp, with comment by John Zube, 29x, in PP 484.

PAUL, RON, INVESTMENT LETTER, 2pp leaflet only, post 1984, in PP 791.

PAUL, RON, Monetary Policy, Congressional Record, June 6, 1984,in Peace Plans 586/687.

PAUL, RON, On R 7874 : "To repeal the privilege of banks to create money", 9pp, with some remarks by John Zube. (This social credit notion has even penetrated into some libertarian heads. - J.Z.)

PEACE PLANS pamphlet series, since 1964, contains first duplicated, then offset, then, from 1978 onwards, only on microfiche, published many monetary freedom titles, listed here, mostly but not completely. LIBERTARIAN MICROFICHE PUBLISHING published in this series also all material of the RESEARCH CENTRE FOR MONETARY AND FINANCIAL FREEDOM, same address.

PEACEFUL REVOLUTIONIST, THE, 1833, publ. by Josiah Warren.

PEARCE, HENRY GEORGE, Dr. & ZUBE, JOHN, Summary of a Discussion on the Development of India through Monetary Freedom, written by Dr. Pearce, 2pp, 48x, in PP 740.

PEARCE, HENRY GEORGE, Dr., Coinage - A Prerogative of Governments: But Why? in "Good Goverment", October 1965, 1p, 29x, in PP 731.

PEARCE, HENRY GEORGE, Dr., Value, Normal and Morbid, 1946, 271pp, 29x, in PP 631.

PEASE, EDWARD R., Gold and State Banking. A Study in the Economics of Monopoly, Fabian Society, London, 1912, 19pp. (Meulen books. Goldsmith Collection)

PEEL, ROBERT, Speeches in the House of Commons, May 6th and 20th,1844, on the Renewal of the Bank Charter and the State of the Law Respecting Currency and Banking, 1844, with notes by John Zube, in Peace Plans 565. (One should also listen to the enemy. - J.Z.)

PEISKER,ALBERT, Das Berliner Notgeld 1914-1924, Berlin 1972. (Pick)

PELL, C.E., Riddle of Unemployment and its Solution, with bibliography, 1922. (Free Banking?)

PERKINS, RICHARD & ERNESTINE, Precondition for Peace and Prosperity: Rational Anarchy, Phibbs Printing World, St. Thomas, Ontario, 1971, 155pp. (For free banking pp 134ff. JZL. I would like the microfiche reproduction permission. -J.Z.)

PERRETT, JANINE, Born among feminist fervour, the women's bank grows up, N.Y., 1988, 2pp, in PP 787. (Are there any monetary freedom advocates among them, as there are among the German supporters of the Oekobank?)

PERRIN, JOHN, 1911, What Is Wrong with Our Banking and Currency System? JPE, 1910, Dec. Selgin.

PERRY, LEWIS, see Krimerman.

PERSONAL RIGHS ASSOCIATION, Monetary Reform Proposals, 44pp, in Peace Plans 561. (See Meulen)

PERSONAL RIGHTS ASSOCIATION, Notice of a meeting, 19 May 1979, 1p, in PP 803.

PETTERSON, JAN SOMMERFELT, Index on Liberty, May/June 1986, 12pp, 29x, in PP 675.

PHILLIPS, C.A., MCMANUS, T.F. & NELSON, R.W., Banking and the Business Cycle: A Study of the Great Depression in the United States, 1937, Arno Press Reprint, n.d., The Right Wing Individualist Tradition in America.

PHILLIPS, WENDELL, mentioned as a currency reformer by Rocker, Pioneers, 159.

PICK, ALBERT und Carl Siemsen, Das Lagergeld der Konzentrations- und D.P.-Lager 1933-1945, Muenchen 1976.

PICK, ALBERT, 1986, Standard Catalog of World Paper Money, Iola, Wis., Krause Pubications. Schuler.

PICK, ALBERT, Deutsche Laender- und Privatbanknoten, Geldscheine der Landesregierungen, Provinzialverwaltungen und Bezirksregierungen, 1872-1948, Berlin 1975.

PICK, ALBERT, Papiergeld, Ein Brevier fuer Sammler, 1967, Klinkl Falken Verlag, Niederhausen/Ts., 1980, 115 S. (JZL) (Has interesting bibliography on emergency money issues etc., desigend for collectors but containing many examples of interest to the advocate of monetary freedom. Reminding often of the old saying that nothing is more unknown than the history of yesterday. - J.Z.)

PICK, MONIKA, Der Notgeld-Kompass, Schwabach 1975.

PICK, MONIKA, Der Notgeld-Mufti, Schwabach 1975.

PICON-SALAS, MARIANO, et al, 1962, Venezuela Independente 1810-1960, Caracas, Fundacion Eugenia Mendoza. Schuler.

PITT, W.H., Currency Debasement and the Academic, a 1p Georgist leaflet, 29x, in PP 631.

POIROT, PAUL L., Legal Tender, Sellers Beware, The Freeman, 1/72, FEE.

POIROT, PAUL L., Money and the Market, THE FREEMAN, Aug. 69, 6pp, in PP 804,.

POIROT, PAUL L., Mud Pies for Sale, THE FREEMAN, Dec. 74, 3 pp, in PP 804.

POIROT, PAUL L., Sellers Beware, THE FREEMAN, Jan. 72, pp, in PP 804.

POIROT, PAUL L., Social Inflation, THE FREEMAN, Nov. 72, 2 pp, in PP 804.

POIROT, PAUL L., The Market OR The Welfare State, THE FREEMAN, Oct. 73, 4 pp, in PP 804. (JZL. Good on legal tender and Gresham's Law.)

POIROT, PAUL L., The Message of Depression, THE FREEMAN, Apr. 75, 4 pp, in PP 804. (JZL. Opposed to monetary despotism, especially legal tender. - J.Z.)

POLLOCK, LANSING, The Freedom Principle, Prometheus Books, Buffalo, N.Y., 14215, 1981,130pp. (Favours a degree of monetary freedom, p. 70. J.Z. (JZL)

POOR, HENRY V., Money and Its Laws: Embracing a History of Monetary Theories and A History of the Currencies of the United States, 1877, 663pp, with 34 pp of contents listing and notes by J. Zube, in Peace Plans 540/541.

POOR, HENRY V., The Money Question, 1898, 457pp, with free banking notes by Greenberg, Harman, Hoffman, King, Pierre & J. Zube, in Peace Plans 558.

POSTWAITE, ANDREW, and VIVES, XAVIER, 1987, Bank Runs as an Equilibrium Phenomenon, Journal of Political Economy, vol. 95, no. 3, June. Schuler ( I have still to see the first academic study of shop runs of shop currency that has, for one reason or the other, got a temporary discount against its nominal gold value, although it is still accepted at par at the shops. Old models preoccupy academic minds even after several hundred years. - J.Z.)

POTTER, E.R., & RIDER, S.S., Some Account of the Bills of Credit, or Paper Money of Rhode Island, R.I. Historical Tract, 1st Series, no. 8. (Miller) (Since R.I. had once one note-issuing bank per 2000 people, as Beckerath reported, this report might be interesting. J.Z.)

POWELL, E.T., 1966, The Evolution of the Money Market, 1385-1915, London, Frank Cass and Co. Dowd.

PRESSNELL, L.S., Country Banking in the Industrial Revolution, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1956. (In the first part, on origins, he describes numerous token money and note issues and extensive bill clearings by private industrialists and businessmen, who gradually specialized on banking. They were mainly mining and metallurgical firms. On page 153 he mentions "the widespread use of private notes for small everyday payments."

PRICE, BONAMY, Principles of Currency, N.Y., 1875. Favours the banking principle. I have seen only a few pages of this book, photocopied by someone else, and they did not impress me.- J.Z.

PRIVATE COIN COLLETOR, June 1983 saemple, 2pp, 48x, in PP 739.

PROTOKOLL ANARCHISMUS - AG, Unsere Sackgasse: die Geldtheorie, 1p, in PP 906.

PROUDHON, J.P., Property Is Theft, 1876. (Annotated, Meulen book, with card to Meulen, Goldsmith Collection. Steal that card to turn it into reprivatized property again! To that extent, this property might be established by theft! - J.Z.)

PROUDHON, P.J., Banque d'Echange, with "Bank du Peuple", 1868, in Peace Plans 292, with comments by Ulrich von Beckerath.

PROUDHON, P.J., Bekenntnisse eines Revolutionaers (von 1848), Leipzig 1850, Laub'sche, Berlin, 1923, Peace Plans 421.

PROUDHON, P.J., Briefe ueber Kapital und Zins, herausgegeben von Arthur Muelberger, 1896, 29x, in PP 617. (Die letzte Antwort von F.B. wurde hier von A. M. ausgelassen. J.Z.)

PROUDHON, P.J., Correspondence, in French, Paris, 1875, 14 volumes.

PROUDHON, P.J., Das Recht auf Arbeit, das Eigentumsrecht und die Loesung der sozialen Frage, Leipzig, 1849.

PROUDHON, P.J., Die Soziale Revolution, Bremen, 2. Aufl, 1871.

PROUDHON, P.J., Die Volksbank, eingeleitet, uebersetzt und erlaeutert von Ludwig Bamberger, Frankfurt, 1849, in Karl Diehl und Paul Mombert, Herausgeber, Ausgewaehlte Lesestuecke zum Studium der politischen Oekonomie, 11. Band, Sozialismus, Kommunismus, Anarchismus, Karlsruhe, Braunsche Hofbuchdruckerei und Verlag, 1920, S. 242-274. (Kopie dieses Aufsatzes u. des beigefuegten von Kropotkin ueber Anarchismus in JZL. - J.Z.)

PROUDHON, P.J., Die Volksbank, eingeleitet, uebersetzt und erlaeutert von Ludwig Bamberger, Frankfurt, 1849, mit Anm. vom Verlag MONTE VERITA, 52 S., 29x, in PP 732.

PROUDHON, P.J., General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century, 1851, 300pp, Freedom Press, London, when?, Peace Plans No. 216.

PROUDHON, P.J., Gratuite du Credit, Paris, 1850.

PROUDHON, P.J., Letter exchange with Bastiat, ueber Kapital and Interest, in French, in Bastiat's works, PP 660-665.

PROUDHON, P.J., Organisation du Credit...,, in Peace Plans 292.

PROUDHON, P.J., Society de l'Exposition Perpetuelle. Rec. by Fluerscheim in Clue to the Economic Labyrinth, 418/9.

PROUDHON, P.J., Solution of the Social Problem, N.Y., Vanguard Press, 1927. In Peace Plans 292.

PROUDHON, P.J., Works, published only in French, 1867-1876. (Copy in Freiburg University. According to recent note in Freedom Press, only ca. 50% of Proudhon's writings were ever published, even in French, "because" there are so many of them! How many centuries will it take most anarchists and libertarians to see the need for microfiche publications, at least for serious researchers? A reprint that costs several hundred or even several thousand dollars would only help researchers in large libraries. - J.Z.)

PUGSLEY, CORNELIUS A., Emergency Circulation, 1902, in PP 745.


QUIGGEN, A. HINGSTON, A Survey of Primitive Money, the Beginning of Currency, Methuen, London, 1949, 1963, indexed, 344pp, illustrated. (Seen at Freiburg, VoWiSem. Does not appear worth filming. - J.Z.)

QUIJANO, ALONSO, Revolution of the Bourgeoisie, from FRAGMENTS, July 1966, on 4 basic richts, favours monetary freedom, 48x, in PP 589/590.

QUINTERO-RAMOS, ANGEL M., 1965, A History of Money and Banking in Argentina, Rio Piedras, Puerto Roco, University of Puerto Rico. Schuler.


RACEY, DICK, Grow Your Own Dollars, 2pp from NEW INTERNATIONALIST, May 87, 29x, in PP 905.

RACEY, R.A., 1.) An Idea for the Times: The Function of Money, extract only, 2pp,2.) to Mark Kinney, 16 Dec. 86, 1p, 3.) Barter in British Columbia (on LETS), 29x, in PP 741.

RAD, Rechnungs-Ausgleichs-Dienst, 1983, Anfrage von Johannes Schumann, Antwort von Nick Wahl, 9pp, 29x, in PP 742. (Compare KUVOG.)

RAJ, K.N., 1954, Plural Note Issue System: A Case Study, Indian Economic Journal, vol. 2, no. 1, July. Schuler.

RAMIN, GUSTAV, 8 Punkte zur Lage: On the Present Sitation, 1931, 29x, in PP 544. (Not signed, anly ascribed to R. J.Z.)

RAMIN, GUSTAV, Absatznot - Zahlungsmittelnot, in Wirtschafts - Bericht, Deutsche Festmark Bank, Berlin, 22.1.1932.

RAMIN, GUSTAV, Bargeldlose Lohnzahlung: Non-Cash Wage Payments, 1931, 29x, in PP 544, & in PP 741/742. Deutsche Bergwerks Zeitung, 30.9.1931 und Wirtschafts-Bericht der Deutschen Festmark Bank, 31.12.1931.

RAMIN, GUSTAV, Das Sparprogramm der "Deutschland" - Deutschland Versicherungs A.G., Berlin, 24.1.1924. 29x, in PP 428ff.

RAMIN, GUSTAV, Der Sturm auf Dr. Luther, Wirtschafts-Bericht, 15.2.1932. 29x, in PP 428ff.

RAMIN, GUSTAV, Die Hamsternoten, 29x, in PP 428ff.

RAMIN, GUSTAV, Die Wirtschaftskrisis von 1907-1908, 29x, in 428ff.

RAMIN, GUSTAV, co-author of "Die Vier Gesetzentwuerfe", 1932, see Zander. 29x, in PP 428ff. (Most of these articles were only or as well reproduced in the Beckerath papers, Peace Plans 428ff. J.Z.)

RANDALL, LAURA, 1977, A Comparative Economic History of Latin America 1500-1914, v. 3: Brazil; v. 4: Peru. Ann Arbor: University Microfilm Internatinal. Schuler.

RANDNITZ, JOSEF, Das Oesterreichische Staatspapiergeld und die Privilegierte Notenbank, 1. Teil, 1762-1820, Wien, 1917, ca. 250 pp. (In Vowi. Sem., Freiburg, good on legal tender. Tax foundation money? - J.Z.)

RANTALA, LAURI, Money Without the State, from FREE LIFE, 1/4, 1p,29x, in PP 731.

RASCHKE, MARIE, Die Entwicklung der Frauenbank - ihre Ziele und Zwecke, 1914, 5pp, 29x, in PP 731.

READ, LEONARD E., Economics for the Teachable, FEE, Essays on Liberty, Vol. VII, pp. 83&91

READ, LEONARD E., Government - An Ideal Concept, FEE, especially pp 66 & 80 ff. (He was satisfied with pointing out the right and the opportunity but did not provide detailed monetary freedom plans or projects. J.Z.) 1954, 24x, 150pp, PP 232.

READ, LEONARD E., How to Stop Inflation, THE FREEMAN, Nov. 73, 6 pp, in PP 804.

READ, LEONARD E., Those Things Called Money, THE FREEMAN, Jan. 75, 4 pp, in PP 804.

REESE, JOHN D, Gold Warning...Financial Disaster Ahead, 1962, DeJaris Press, a small pamphlet.

REICHERT, WILLIAM O., Partisans of Freedom, A Study of American Anarchism, Bowling Green University Popular Press, Bowling Green, Ohio, 1976, 602 pp, indexed and with bibliography, Peace Plans 357/358.

REISMAN, GEORGE, Dr., Report to the Congress of the Commission on the Role of Gold in the Domestic and International Monetary Systems, Washington, D.C., March 1982, II, pp. 476-477. According to Rothbard, similarly sweeping plan to his own.

RENTZSCH, H., Handwoerterbuch der Volkswirtschaftslehre, 1866, 1148 S..(Sehr gut, lt. Beckerath.) 2 editions at Freiburg Univ., articles on Geld & Bank copies for JZL. Whole edition wanted.

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE COMPANY STORE AND SCRIP SYSTEM, Office of the National Recovery Administration, Division of Review. - Quoted by Hinton, Truck System, p 57.

RESEARCH CENTRE FOR MONETARY AND FINANCIAL FREEDOM, 1.) Discussion Paper No. 7, 1952, 1977, by Ulrich von Beckerath and John Zube, summarizing the German School on Money, 8pp, 29x, in PP 732. 2.) 1984/85 literature list, 8pp, with earlier 2p listing and preliminary bibliography and address list, 48x, in PP 647, 1980 leaflet, 2pp, in PP 793. A new list of free banking publications, up to PP 758, can be found in PP 765. All its publications appear in the PEACE PLANS series, published by LIBERTARIAN MICROFICHE PUBLISHING and, apart from its short and merely photocopied newsletter, put out in only a few copies, appear only on microfiche. Whoever wants to can get photocopy prints made through a reader printer machine. LMP and the "Centre" do not offer this service - simply because I have my hands full. Has anyone else published more on this subject? - J.Z.

RESERVE BANK OF AUSTRALLIA, letter to David Zube, 4 Sept. 84, 1p, 48x, in PP 740.

REVIEW OF AUSTRIAN ECONOMICS, 2nd. vol., by The Mises Institute, Fall 87. 1p announcement. Contains several free banking articles, 29x, in PP 866.

REY, URJO, Geldanarchie (Monetary Anarchy), 1931, Effizienz Verlag, Leipzig, 64pp, 24x, PP 282. (For free note issue, although follower of Silvio Gesell. - J.Z.)

REYNOLDS, ALAN, Gold and Economic Boom: Five Case Studies, 1792-1926, 20pp, in Siegel, Barry N., Money in Crisis.

REYNOLDS, ALAN, Why Gold?, in Cato Journal, vol. 3, No. 1, Spring 1983, pp. 211ff, comment by Roger W. Garrison. (JZL)

RICARDO, R.D., 1929, The Early History of Banking in England, London, P.S. King and Son. Dowd.

RICE, MARK, Dealing Without Dollars: Toward a Barter Community, 6pp, 29x, in PP 865.

RICH, GEORG, 1988, The Cross of Gold: Money and the Canadian Business Cycle 1867-1913, Ottawa, Carleton UP. Schuler. (It wasn't "the cross of gold" but the "cross of the creditors' right to demand gold rather than gold value clearing! - J.Z.)

RICHARDS, R.D., The Early History of Banking in England, 1929, 1958, 1965, 319pp, indexed, with bibliography, Frank Cass, London, P.S. King & Son Ltd., 36x, in PP 717. (Not a free banking book but offers historical material of interest to free banking advocates. - J.Z.)

RICKENBACHER, W.R., The Case for Gold - The Case for Silver, 1972. Rickenbacker?

RICKENBACHER, WILLIAM F., Wooden Nickels, Arlington House, 1966, on recent rash of token money. W.

RIDGLEY, WILLIAM B., Gold Reserve National Bank Notes, 1903, in PP 745.

RIEBESELL, P., Die Kreditschoepfung durch Notgeld, in Wirtchaftsdienst, 18. Jg., Heft 39 vom 29.9.1933, S. 1333-1335. ("...wird von der Reichsregierung abgelehnt und das mit Recht..." - No good at all! J.Z.)

RIEGEL, E.C., Abundance through Money Control, excerpts from "Private Enterprise Money", Valun Institute, N.Y., undated, 104pp. Reproduced in Peace Plans No. 544.

RIEGEL, E.C., Approaching Monetary Crisis, A, World Revolution Is In Progress, a leaflet of the Valun Institute for Monetary Research, n.d., 4pp, 48x, in PP 645.

RIEGEL, E.C., Dollar Doomsday, 24x, PP 79.

RIEGEL, E.C., Essays on the Separation of Money and the State, The Heather Foundation, San Pedro, California, 1976, 24x, in PP 77/78.

RIEGEL, E.C., Flight from Inflation - the monetary alternative, 24x, in PP 83/84.

RIEGEL, E.C., Free Enterprise Money. A Non-Political Money System, Harbinger House, New York, 1944, 24x, in PP 80-82.

RIEGEL, E.C., Inflation Newsletter, 1942, 24x, in PP 80-82.

RIEGEL, E.C., The Meaning of Money, 1935.

RIEGEL, E.C., The New Approach to Freedom, Valun Institute, N.Y., undated, some time after 1948, 48 pp. The Heather Foundation, San Pedro, Cal., 1976, Peace Plans 77/78. The new issue contains also his following essays: Design Requirements for a Personal Enterprise System, The Money Pact, Ignorance of Money, The Right-Wing Socialists, Beclouded Revolution, Warfare, The Naturalness of Competition, The Essential Capitalism, Democracy Realized. The fiche edition also contains The Valunist, Nos. 1&2, 1947,1948 and a pamphlet : The Valun System. (JZL. One of the best short introductions to monetary freedom. - J.Z.)

RIESSER, J., 1911, The German Great Banks. Tr. by Morris Jacobson. U.S. National Monetary Commission. 61st Congress, 2nd Session, Senate doc. no. 593. Repr. N.Y., Arno Press, 1977. - Schuler.

RIST, CHARLES, 1966, History of Monetary and Credit Theory from John Law to the Present Day, trans. Jane Degras, N.Y., Kelley reprint of 1940 ed. Selgin.

RIST, CHARLES, Geschichte der Geld- und Kredittheorien von John Law bis heute, 414 S., Bern, 1947.

RIST, CHARLES, Histoire des Doctrines relatives au Credit et a la Monnaie depuis John Law jusqu'a nor sjours, Paris, 1938. Coppetiers

RIST, CHARLES, The Triumpf of Gold, translated from the French and with an introduction by Philip Cortney, Philosophical Library, N.Y., 1961, indexed, 258 pp. JZL. Ruest? Courtney?

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, AAA, WORKS BY PROFESSOR Dr. HEINRICH RITTERSHAUSEN, 1898-1984. Alas, few of them have been translated & some of them not published at all, e.g. his unfinished "Geldtheorie".

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Abwertung und Sparkapital. ( Seen at Freiburg, VoWiSem?)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Abwertung und Wirtschaftsethik, 5.10.1949.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Am Tage nach dem Zusammenbruch, 77 S., Stilke, Berlin, 1931, Feb. 1932, Peace Plans 394.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Arbeitsbeschaffung durch Kreditausweitung? Vortrag, Jan. 1933.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Arbeitslosigkeit und Kapitalbildung, zugleich ein bankpolitisches Programm zur Bekaempfung der Wirtschaftskrise, Gustav Fischer, Jena, 1930, 164 S, PP 393.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Arbeitsplan zur Gruendung einers Institutes zur Foerderung des Spar- und Kreditwesens in den Islamischen Laendern. JZL.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Ausgleichskassen, Die Bank, 26.Jg., Heft 13, vom 29.3.1933, S. 454-459.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Ausgleichskassen? Bankwissenschaft, Heft 19, v.5.1.1933.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Auswahl u. Sicherung langfristiger Industriekredite, Bankwissenschaft, 20.8.30, Heft 10, July 1930?

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Banknoten, Geldumlauf und Devisenfrage, 1936, in PP 312.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Bankpolitik, Eine Untersuchung des Grenzgebiets zwischen Kredittheorie, Preistheorie und Wirtschaftspolitik, Fritz Knapp Verlag, Frankfurt a.M.,1956,223pp. (This is not an explicit free banking book. The author's real views on this subject can only be found "between the lines" and in a few hints and notes, e.g. pp.207,211. It is good in discussing grass roots economic happenings and basic terms, also relating them to modern and fashionable terms and anticipates some of the findings of his monetary theory. Often just one or two lines can give much food for thought. J.Z.15.8.86. JZL.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Bankwesen, 2 St. Vortrag, 8-13.12.1958. (JZL)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Beschaeftigungsgrad, Preispolitik und Kapitalbildung. (Manuscript copied. J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Correspondence with MEULEN, HENRY, 1950-1973, as far as on hand, partly in English, partly in German, 20 pp, in PP 798.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Correspondence with Ulrich von Beckerath & some other.s, to the extent that it was accessible to me and dealing with monetary questions, can be found in Peace Plans 428ff. Many of his writings, not under publishers' restrictions and provided they are or come into my possession, will also be reproduced in the Peace Plans series. - J.Z.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Das Andere System, 2. Fassung, 1948, weitgehend umgeschrieben und mit vielen spaeteren Anmerkungen, bisher ungedruckt, in Peace Plans 394.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Das Bienenvolk der Sparer, Der Tagesspiegel, 22.1.1949. (Actually written by his wife, as she assured me. - J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Das Fuer- u. Wider einer Kreditausweitung, F.Z., 5.2.33.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Das Irrlicht der Ausgleichskassen.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Das Rechtsproblem: Abwertung und Sparkapital, Mannheimer Morgen, 11.10.1949.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Das andere System, ein Wirtschafts- und Finanzvorschlag in vier Gesetzentwuerfen, 1. Auflage, 1932, Stilke, Berlin, 135 S., 24x, in PP 315. (Diese Auflage fiel fast ganz einer Buecherverbrennung durch die Nazis zum Opfer, mehr zufaellig als absichtlich. Jeder Buechertransport wurde zu dieser Zeit einfach zu den Verbrennungsstellen geleitet und diskutieren konnte man mit diesen "Fuehrernaturen" nicht. Eine 2. und verbesserte Ausgabe sollte noch kurz vor der 1948 Waehrungsreform herauskommen, das gelang aber nicht. Daher wurde sie nur auf Mikrofiche in Peace Plans 394 veroeffentlicht und ist daher noch immer in Deutschland fast ganz unbekannt - und, natuerlich, auch noch nicht uebersetzt worden. - J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Denkschrift ueber Massnahmen zur Vorbereitung der Konversion durch Schaffung von Nachfrage nach Festverzinslichen und Verfluessingung des Geldmarktes, (manuscript copied, JZL.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Der Bluff der Freiwirtschaftsleute.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Der Neubau des Deutschen Kreditsystems, Stilke, Berlin 1932, 184 S. Peace Plans 315.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Der ungeklaerte Geldmengenbegriff als Gegenstand gemeinsamer statistischer und theoretischer Bemuehungen, in Statistik, Festgabe fuer Albert Hesse, Nuermberg, 1952.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Arbeitslosigkeit als Problem des Umsatzkredits und der Zahlungsmittelversorgung, 1933, in PP 41 & 347/348. (Has recently been reproduced as brochures, in English and German, by the Monetary Freedom Network. J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Bankenenqueten von 1908 und 1933 u. d. Entwicklungs des bargeldlosen Zahlungsverkehrs, Zahlungsverkehr und Bankbetrieb, Okt. 1933.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Beibehaltung der Naturaltilgung bei der Pfandbriefhypothek, manuscript, 1934, (copied, J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Berliner Waehrung und das Greshamsche Gesetz, Der Tagesspiegel, 16.9.1948. (This article was very disappointing to me. However, he had largely to live as a freelance, then, & had to write what would sell. - J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Feinde des Sparers oder Der Sparer in der Muehle der Wirtschaftspolitik unserer Zeit, (manuscript copied, J.Z.). Die Feinde des Sparers, Sparkasse, Fr./M., 4. Jg., Heft 21, S. 282/3, 30.10.50.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Finanzierung der Arbeitsbeschaffung, Vortrag, in ter H.V. des Reichsverbandes industrieller Bauunternehmungen, am 19.10.32, Deutsche Bauzeitung, 21.6.33, Bankwissenschaft, Heft 11, v. 5.9.33. (copied,JZ), Berlin 1932, 40 S.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Goldfrage zwischen Technik, Wirtschaft und Monopol, 22 S. in PP 802.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Indexwaehrung unmoeglich, Essen, 29.7.1933.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Reform der Muendelsicherheitsbestimmungen und der Industrielle Anlagekredit; zugleich ein Beitrag zum Erwerbslosenproblem, Fischer, Jena, 1929, 90 S., in PP 532.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Unbrauchbarkeit der Indexziffern fuer Waehrungszwecke, Technik und Wirtschaft, September 1933.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Valorisierung des Goldes als Waehrungs- und Aussenhandelsproblem, in PP 394.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Vereinigung von Geldtheorie und Preistheorie, in Wirtschaftstheorie und Wirtschaftspolitik, Festgabe fuer Adolf Weber, herausgegeben von Alfred Kruse, Berlin, 1951, S. 229-238.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Vier Gesetzentwuerfe, Volksrecht, 1.4.1933.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Zentralnotenbank, Ein Handbuch ihrer Instrumente, ihrer Poltik, ihrer Theorie. Frankfurt/M., Knapp, 1962, 820 S. (Nicht eine Kritik und ein Vorschlag zu ihrer Abschaffung sondern ein Versuch, sie besser zu verstehen und zu leiten, so lange sie noch besteht. - J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Zukunft der Notendeckung durch Handelswechsel, 1945, 36 S., in PP 300.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die aeltere deutsche Gesetzgebung zum Staatspapiergeld, 1806-1837, unveroeffentlicht, 1945, 62 Seiten. (Contains the old legal texts only, without comments, as material for the discussion of tax-foundation- and contribution-money. The texts were transcribed by Rittershausen or his aids as "Bergungsgut" (Material to be saved), when it seemed that all German libraries were destined to destruction. I transcribed the imperfect duplicate copy into 29pp, 29x, in PP 641. J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die beiden Formen der Indexwaehrung, Bankwissenschaft, Heft 8, vom 20.7.1933, 24 S.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die Goldfrage zwischen Technik, Wirtschaft und Monopol, ca. 197, 22 S., in PP 802.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die kuenftige Gleichgewichstlage am Zinsmarkt, Koelnische Zeitung, 28.2.34. (copied, J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die kurzfristigen Finanzdispositionen: Liquiditaet, Bewegungsbilanz, Finanzplanung, Kredit, Zahlungsverkehr und Aussenhandelsfinanzierung, Handbuch der Wirtschaftswissenschaft, 1958.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Die organische Zinssenkung im Rahmen der Arbeitsbeschaffung, Bankwissenschaft, Heft 16, 20.11.1933.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Dilemma der Weichwaehrungspolitik, Volkswirt, 11.10.58, 21S. (copied, J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Ehrlichkeit als Staatsprinzip, Sparkkasse, Frankfurt/M, 4.Jg., Heft 10/11, S. 132.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Ein Katalog von Sofortmassnahmen zur Erzeugung von Nachfrage nach festverzinslichen Werten und zur Verfluessigung des Geldmarktes zwecks Vorbereitung einer Konversion, Bankarchiv, 15.6.1933. (Due securities as means of payment or clearing, as often as possible. - J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Ergaenzung der Kabinettsvorlage ueber das Staatspapiergeld, Manuskript, Kabinettssitzung, 31.5.33. (copied, J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Erst Arbeit, dann Kapital, Deutscher Volkswirt, 11.8.1933.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Four Law Drafts to Fight Deflation, Prevent Inflation and Lower the Interest Rate, together with the German text and with comments by Dr. Walter Zander and Dr. Best, in collaboration with Ulrich von Beckerath, Dr. Walter Zander, Dr. Gustav Ramin, Walter Unger, Dr. Munzer, 1932, in Peace Plans 40, in English and German.(See also Rittershausen's booklength treatment of these proposals in: Das andere System, 1. & 2. Auflage. - J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Geld, Kapital und Kredit, Festschrift zum 70. Geburtstag von H.R., herausgegb. von H.E. Bueschgen, Stuttgart, Poeschel Verlag, 480pp, 1968, Brit.Libr., JZL. (Seems to contain nothing on free banking! J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Geldwesen und Wirtschaftskrise, Technik u. Wirtschaft, Oct. 32

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Giro & Geldmenge, Vor-Entwurf, 22.11.44. (Copied, J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Gutachten ueber die Hypothekenbanken, Frankfurter Zeitug, 24.7.34. (copied, J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Haben Wir Kapitalmangel? Der Volkswirt, 24.6.49, (copied, J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Herausgeber der Taschenbuecher fuer Geld-, Bank und Boersenwesen, 1962. (It is rather unlikely that he could "smuggle in" many monetary freedom notions there. - J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Hintergruende des Notenbankausweises, manuscript, 29.4.49, printed in Der Tagesspiegel, some days later. (copied, J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Hypothekenwesen, I-III, Bankwissenschaft, Heft 12, 20.9.1930, Bankwissenschaft, Heft 4, vom 20. 5. 1931, Heft 8 v. 20.7.1931.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Inflation, Hortung und wertbestaendige Rechnung, 1942, in PP 312.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Inflationsbekaempfung wirksam aufgeraeumt, Mannheimer Morgen, 30.3.51.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Internationale Handels- und Devisenpolitik, Frankfurt/M., 1952? 1953? Knapp, 450 S., 2. erweiterte Auflage, Knapp, Frankfurt/M., 1955, 528 S. (JZL. Free banking ideas can be found only "between the lines". J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Internationale Waehrungsreform, Rheinischer Merkur, 14.8.1948.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Investment Trust in Gold, Zeitschrift fuer das gesamte Kreditwesen, 1.3.1951, S. 114.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Ist Inflation nur bei Zwangskurs moeglich? Bankwissenschaft, Heft 13/14 vom 15.10.1933, unter pseudonym: Friedrich Buehring.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Ist die schleichende Inflation unser Schicksal? manuscript, 1965, (copied, J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Kredit u. Boerse als Motoren der Konkurrenz an den Warenmaerkten, (manuscript copied, JZL.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Kreditexpansion oder Kreditergaenzung? Bankwissenschaft, Heft 13, vom 5.10.1931.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Kreditgewaehrung der Banken an die Industrie in Deutschland, Frankreich, England und Amerika, Bankwissenschaft, Heft 13/14, 20.10.1930.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Kreditpolitik und Arbeitslosigkeit, manuscript.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Kreditwirtschaftliche Forderungen an eine kommende nationale Bau- und Arbeitsbeschaffungspolitik, Vortrag gehalten im Jan. 1933, Berlin 1933, 16 S., in Peace Plans 394.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Kriegsfinanzierung, ein Beitrag zur Wehrwirtschaft, 2. Auflage, manuscript.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Kritik an Keynes, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 20.9.1951.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, L'inflation dangereuse des Depots, La congeiation des Credits et les engagements excessive des Banques, (manuscript copied, J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Le Chomage, Probleme de Credit Commercial et d'Approvisionnement en Moyens de Paiement, in: Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, ed. by E. Milhaud, Recueil Sirey, Paris, 1934. 76pp. (Brit. Lib.) JZL. 29x, in PP 744.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Mitherausgeber von Veroeffentlichungen, Bank und Boersenseminar, von 1956 bis Nr. XIV (?)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Modellverwendung bei waehrungspolitischen Aussagen, in Pp 394. (Many other writings by Prof. Rittershausen are being prepared for filming, especially his unfinished book on monetary theory. However, I seem to have lost or mislaid or never received through the mail the photocopy of the last typed transcript of part of the 5th and last version, ca. 80pp, which, in spite of being incomplete, will one day be considered a classic essay on the subject of means of exchange as smeans of clearing etc. - J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Mutual Marketing as a Remedy for Unemployment, The Insurance and Finance Review, vol. 1, Calcutta, India, 1930, 2. August-Heft. (Free banking interest? - J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Neugestaltung des Bankwesens, ca. 1933 - 1939. (Unter Nazi Zensur geschrieben und daher mit entsprechenden eingeschobenen Bemerkungen! - J.Z. ) 9 pp, in PP 798.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Paro Forzoso Y Capital, traduccion directa del Aleman y Revision por Rafael Luengo Tapia y Nicolas Floristan, Editorial Labor, S.A., Barcelona, Madrid, Buenos Aires, 1935, with index 291 pp. {Spanish translation of his German work: "Arbeitslosigkeit und Kapitalbildung" (Unemployment and the Formation of Capital), which was reproduced in Peace Plans 393. Since the German original has only 150 comparable pages, this edition was much enlarged and the enlarged German manuscript was, apparently, not published at all and I did not see it in Rittershausen's papers, so it might be lost, if it is not still preserved somewhere in Spain. I have only an imperfect photocopy of the Spanish edition in my library and intend to film it. However, I would much prefer to film a good copy, IF I could obtain it somehow. - J.Z.}

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Sind stabile Preise ideal? Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 1.8.1951.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Steueranrechnungsscheine, "Bank", 7.9.1932.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Streit ueber Reichsbank, Ankurbelung der Wirtschaft und Wagemann-Plan. - Rittershausen papers. JZL?

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Taschenbuch fuer Geld, Bank und Boerse, 1962, herausgegeben von Rittershausen.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Unemployment as a Problem of Turnover Credits and the Supply of Means of Payment, 1934, 51 pp, in PP 769, in Ending the Unemployment and Trade Crisis, ed. by E. Milhaud, 1935, 24x, in PP 41.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Veroeffentlichungen des Bank- und Boersenseminars der Universitaet Koeln, 1956, Herausgeber: Rittershausen.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Vor Krisenbekaempfungsmassnahmen in Westdeutschland, Neue Zuercher Zeitung, 27.5.1949.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Was Ist eine Indexwaehrung?

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Wege der deutschen Wirtschatspolitik, Artikel in Europaeische Revue, Nov. 1931.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Wirtschaft, Bd. 8 des Fischer Lexikons, Frankfurt Main, 1958ff, 370 S. Mehrere spaetere Auflagen. Die 1976 Ausgabe kam auf 320 Tsd.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Zins und Steuer, manuscript.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Zinssenkung und Arbeitsbeschaffung, Wirtschaftsdienst, 8.9.1933.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Zinssenkung, Realkredit und Hausbesitz, 1934 manuscript, 22pp.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Zur Ausgabe von Pfandbriefen seitens der Bausparkassen, Mitteilungsblatt des Arbeitsausschusses, 11.9.34. (copied, J.Z.)

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, Zur Indexwaehrung, Bankwissenschaft, Jahrg. 10, 1933, Heft 7, 5.7.33.

RITTERSHAUSEN, HEINRICH, see Noell v.d.Nahmer, Robert RIXEN, JENS-UWE, Das Notgeld der Deutschen Reichsbahn und der Deutschen Reichspost, Berlin 1974.

ROBBINS, JOHN W. to The Coalition for Sound Money, THE VOLUNTARYIST, June 88, 1/2p, 29x, in PP 911.

ROBERTS, R.D., 17th Century Tokens of Wales, 1895.


ROBERTSON, J. M., The Economics of Progress, 1918, here only a 4 pp extract on free banking, in PP 791.

ROBINSON, JOHN BEVERLEY, Economics of Liberty, Kuehn, Minneapolis, 1916. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection), filmed in Peace Plans 346 from the Modern Publishers, Indore, reprint.

ROBINSON, JOHN BEVERLEY, Rebuilding the World, 32pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)EAGLE AND THE SERPENT, THE, Vol. I, 1-12, 1898-1908, Vol. II, 1-5, 18&19. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection.) ROBINSON, translated Proudhon's "General Idea of Revolution..."

ROCKER, RUDOLF, Pioneers of American Freedom, Rocker Publications Committee, Los Angeles, 1949, 215pp, indexed, with bibliography, Peace Plans 270.

ROCKOFF, HUGH., Walter Bagehot and the Theory of Central Banking, 1986, in F. CAPIE and G. E. WOOD, editors, Financial Crises and the World Banking system, London, McMillan. Dowd.

ROCKOFF, HUGH, Some Evidence on the Real Price of Gold, Its Costs of Production and Commodity Prices, in Michael D. Bordo and Anna J. Schwartz, eds., A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931, Chicago, UCP, 1984, Selgin.

ROCKOFF, HUGH, American Free Banking before the Civil War, 1970. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection.)

ROCKOFF, HUGH, The Free Banking Era, A Re-Examination, 1972 dissertation, University of Chicago, revised for Arno Press, N.Y., 1975 edition, 141pp, with bibliography. - JZL.

ROCKOFF, HUGH, The Free Banking Era, A Reexamination, JMCB, Feb. 1974, 27pp, in PP 804.

ROCKOFF, HUGH, Varieties of Banking and Regional Economic Development in the United States, 1840-1860, Journal of Economic History, 35 (March 1975). Rothbard. LMP wants a copy.)

ROCKWELL, LEW, 1p memo on : Jeffrey A. Tucker, Black Monday and the Australian Theory of the Business Cycle, in PP 847 & 850.

ROCKWELL, LLEWELLYN H.Jr., Sound Money: Gold or Denationalization? 1987, 1p, 29x, in PP 735.

ROCKWELL/BRADLEY interview, Government vs. Sound Money, 1988, "The Free Market", 2pp, in PP 791.

RODBERTUS, CARL, Die Forderungen der arbeitenden Klassen, 1839, 27pp, with hint towards his monetary reform scheme, 29x, in PP 731.

RODBERTUS, CARL, according to Ulrich von Beckerath, had the notion of "Arbeitsgeld" or "labour notes".

RODRIGUEZ, EDUARDO HUARTE, Dr., 19 Oct. 87, to ZUBE, JOHN, with reply, 5 Nov. 87, 4pp, 48x, in PP 740.

ROELOFS, W.P., Dr., Correspondence with MEGALLI, THEO & ZUBE, JOHN, on monetary freedom, 29x, in PP 735.

ROLNICK, ARTHUR J. & WARREN E. WEBER, 1982, Free Banking, Wildcat Banking, and Shinplasters, Fed. Res. Bk of Minneapolis, QUARTERLY REVIEW 6, Fall, 10-19.

ROLNICK, ARTHUR J. & WARREN E. WEBER, 1983, New Evidence on Laissez-Faire Banking, Am Ec. Rev. 73(5) 1080-91, Dec. Selgin, Dowd.

ROLNICK, ARTHUR J. & WARREN E. WEBER, Banking Instability and Regulation in the U.S. Free Banking Era, Fed. Res. Bk. of Minneapolis, QUARTERLY REVIEW, Summer 1985, pp 2-9. Selgin, Dowd.

ROLNICK, ARTHUR J. & WARREN E. WEBER, Inherent Instability in Banking: The Free Banking Experience, CATO JOURNAL, 1986, 5(3), Winter. Selgin.

ROLNICK, ARTHUR J. & WEBER, WARREN E., The Causes of Free Bank Failures, A detailed examination, S. 267-291, JME, Amsterdam, 14, 1984.3, pp 267-91. (Freiburg Uni.)

ROLNICK, ARTHUR J. & WEBER, WARREN E., The Free Banking Era: New Evidence on Laissez-Faire Banking, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Research Department Staff Report,80. (White)

ROLNICK, ARTHUR, and WARREN E. WEBER, 1988, Explaining the Demand for Free Bank Notes, JME, v. 21, no.1, Jan., pp 47-72.

ROOT, L. CARROLL, 1894, Canadian Bank-Note Currency, Sound Currency 2(2), Dec. Selgin.

ROOT, L. CARROLL, 1895, New York Bank Currency, Sound Currency, vol. 2(5), Feb. Schuler, Selgin.

ROPER, DON & GIRTON, LANCE, Theory and Implication of Currency Substitution, JMCB, Feb. 81, 19 pp, in PP 806.


ROSCH, CARL, Kreditinflation und Waehrungskrisen. Rec. by Bth?

ROSCHER, WILHELM, Nationaloekonomik des Gewerbfleisses und Handels, 8. Aufl., bearbeitet von Wilhelm Stieda, Stuttgart u. Berlin, Cotta'sche Buchhandlung Nachfolger, 1917, Par.161. (Roscher was not a free banking advocate but, as usual, rather objective in his reporting. - J.Z. JZL)

ROSE, JOHN, 1869, Speech of Hon. John Rose before the House of Commons...May 14, 1869. Montreal, Hunter, Rose and Co. Schuler.

ROSELANDS SHOPPING CENTRE, of Grace Bros, Gift Voucher case in its construction, to avert a threatened strike, 1964, 4pp, in PP 913.

ROSEMAN, HERBERT C, to ZUBE, JOHN, 21 Jan. 67, 1p, & 13 April 67, 2pp, in PP 913.

ROSEMAN, HERBERT C., The Economics of Scarcity vs. Economics of Liberty, in "A Way Out", July-August 1966, 2pp from WAY OUT, in THE INDIAN LIBERTARIAN, April 15, 1967, 29x, in PP 911.

ROSEMAN, HERBERT C., The Economics of Scarcity, 4pp, THE INDIAN LIBERTARIAN, 1 May 67, 29x, in PP 911.

ROSENBOHM, ELIMAR, Die Kreditschoepfungstheorie ist eine Theorienschoepfung, Zum neuen Buch : "Geld und Boden", von Prof. Werner Zimmermann, 1967, 2pp, 29x, in PP 742. (I would like to obtain this text full-size for better filming. Compare CREUTZ vs. BLANKERTZ, letters, the paper by TAYLOR, DAVID, and the CREUTZ vs. SUHR exchange. - J.Z.)

ROSS, VICTOR, 1920, History of the Canadian Bank of Commerce, vol. 1, vol. (Vol. 2, 1922), Toronto, OUP. Schuler.

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., a quote, "The Money Supply", from his WHAT ­HAS GOVERNMENT DONE TO OUR MONEY?, THE FREEMAN, Oct. 74, with a­ somewhat belated reply by J. Zube, 1p, in PP 804. ( IS IT "our" ­money or a money the government has imposed upon us??? J.Z. )

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., Banking and the Federal Reserve, 2 audio tapes, 2 hours, Sale at LFB $14.95.

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., Hayek's Denationalized Money, The Libertarian Forum, XV,5-6, August 1981-January 1982, p. 9.

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., How Government Destroys Our Money, audio tape, 59 minutes, recently from LFB at $ 10.95.

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., Prof., Another Round in the Gold Debate, REASON, 4/86, 1p, reviewing: Hans Sennholz : Money and Freedom, 29x, in PP 742.

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., Prof., The Spooner-Tucker Doctrine, from the Point of View of an Economist, 1965, with various replies by its defenders, 29x, in PP 564.

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., The Austrian Theory of Money, in Edwin G. Dolan, ed. The Foundations of Austrian Economics, pp 160-84, Kansas City, Sheed Andrews & McMeel, 1978.

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., The Case for a 100% Gold Dollar, Alexandria, Va., Libertarian Review Press, 1974.

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., The Federal Reserve as a Cartelization Device: The Early Years, 1913-1930, 67pp, in Siegel, Barry N., Money in Crisis.

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., The Mystery of Banking, Richardson & Snyder, 1983, 297pp, indexed. JZL. (Seems to be just an expansion of his criticism of central banking and of his 100% gold dollar alternative. The banking school seems to be only shortly mentioned, in ch.X. - J.Z.)

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., The myth of free banking in Scotland, REVIEW OF AUSTRIAN ECONOMICS, 2, 1987, pp 229-45, Lexington, Mass., Lexington Books. Dowd.

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., To The Gold Commission, The LibertarianForum, XVI, 3, April 1982. (I wish I had and could microfilm the whole set. Some years ago, University Microfilms had filmed some 1972 issues and declared: "Additional years upon sufficient demand."

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., What Has Government Done to Our Money? 1st ed. 1964, Libertarian Publishers, Novato, Calif., 2nd. ed., revised, 1974, 7th. printing, 1980, Liberty Printing, Sunny Vale, Calif. 62pp.

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., a quote, "The Money Supply", from his WHAT HAS GOVERNMENT DONE TO OUR MONEY?, THE FREEMAN, Oct. 74, with a somewhat belated reply by J.Zube, 1p, in PP 804. (IS IT "our" money or a money the government has imposed upon us??? - J.Z.)

ROTHBARD, MURRAY N., a) Palyi, Melchior: The Twilight of Gold, 1914-1936: Myths & Realities, b) Rueff, Jacques, The Monetary Sin of the West, 1p, 2 reviews, BOOKS FOR LIBERTARIANS, May 1973, in PP 803. Two reviews, BOOKS FOR LIBERTARIANS, May 1973, 1p, in PP 803.

RUBY, JOSEF, Die Badische Bank 1870-1908. Ein Beitrag zur Notenbankfrage in Deutschland, Karlsruhe i.B., Braunsche Hofbuchdruckerei & Verlag, 1911, 115pp. JZL., but only in imperfect photocopy. Written when of the 33 note-issuing banks of 1875 only 4 were left. Evidence of chicanery by the German Reichsbank. - J.Z.)

RUDIN, RONALD, 1985, Banking en francais: The French Banks of Quebec 1835-1925. Toronto, UTP. Schuler.

RUEDIGER, HELMUT, Diskussionsbrief ueber Proudhon und den Syndicalismus, 1949, 4 S. Diskussionsprotokoll ueber diesen Brief, von Urta, mit 2 S. Gedanken zu Ruedigers Brief, in PP 906.

RUM CURRENCY, in Australia's early days, adv. in The Reader's Digest, Nov. 1952, 1p, in PP 806.

RUNDBRIEF DER AG SPAK - TAK-AOE, Sommerseminar 1987, Zusammenfassungen und Auszuege nur, von Gerhard & Burghard Flieger, 6 S., in RUNDBRIEF, MONETARY FREEDOM NETWORK, Nr. 5, in PP 906.

RUNGE, H., Haushaltsfinanzierung durch Notendruck, 70 S., Volkswirtschaftliche Schriften, 360, Duncker & Humblot, 1986. (That is probably not the Herr Runge with whom Beckerath corresponded for a long time and who developed his own kind of monetary theory. What is meant is probably only GOVERNMENT budget finance - deficit financing. - J.Z.)

RUSHDOONY, ROUSAS JOHN, Rev., God, the Devil, and Legal Tender, 1981, 1p, 29x, in PP 731.


SAGEHORN, ROBERT & MEULEN, HENRY, some correspondence, 1968-1978, 29 pp, in PP 791.

SAGEHORN, ROBERT, Marginal notes for monetary freedom, to his special issue of "Western World Review", Winter 76/77, on Henry Meulen, 5pp, 36x, in PP 561. (See Western Review Institute.)

SAGEHORN, ROBERT, WESTERN WORLD REVIEW, for monetary freedom in some articles in his "Western World Review". Special issue on Henry Meulen, Winter 1976/77, reproduced in Peace Plans 561.

SALERNO, JOSEPH T., An Analysis and Critique of Recent Plans to Re-establish the Gold Standard, unpublished manuscript, 1982. (According to Rothbard, TMOB, it reviews the Lehrman, Laffer and similar plans.)

SALERNO, JOSEPH T., Gold Standards: True and False, in Cato Journal, vol. 3, No. 1, Spring 1983, pp. 239 ff, with comment by David I. Meiselman. (JZL)

SALOMON, GOTTFRIED, in the introduction to: Bekenntnisse eines Revolutionaers (von 1848), by Proudhon, Laub'sche, Berlin, 1923. Peace Plans 421.

SALOMONS, DAVID, A Defence of Joint-Stock Banks, 1837, 2nd. ed., London, Pelham Richardson. (White)

SALSTROM, PAUL, The Logic of LETS, 2pp, 29x, in PP 742.

SAMTER, somewhat for free banking, restricted by redemption. (No more details known at this stage. J.Z.) Adolf Samter?

SAMUELSON, PAUL, 1969, The Non-Optimality of Money Holding under Laissez-Faire, Canadian Journal of Economics, May. Selgin.

SANDBERG, LARS G., Banking and Economic Growth in Sweden before World War I, Journal of Economic History 38(3) Sep. 1978, pp 650-80. Selgin. Dowd.

SANDOZ, A., The Bank-note System of Switzerland, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 12, 1898, S. 280ff.

SARGENT & WALLACE, The Real Bills Doctrine versus the Quantity Theory: a Reconsideration, in JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, 1982. (Wanted by LMP for filming, to supplement its considerable discussion of the RBD.)

SAVING, THOMAS R., A Theory of the Money Supply with Competitive Banking, J. Mon. Ec., July 1977 3(3), 289-303.

SAVING, Thomas R., Competitive Money Production und Price Level Determinancy, in The Southern Economic Journal, Texas A & M Unversity, vol. 43, 1976, 987-995. (JZL) 10 pp in PP 793.

SAVVY, A Barter Firm Goes National, 1p, July 82, 29x, in PP 865. (On Terry Upshaw of Barter Systems Inc.)

SAY, Jean Baptiste, Ausfuehrliches Lehrbuch der praktischen politischen Oekonomy, Bd. w, Leipzig, Wigand, 1845, uebersetzt und mit Anmerkungen von Stirner. (Freiburg Universitaet, Volkswirtsch. Seminar, has a reprint. 1945? J.Z.)

SAYERS, R.S., 1952, Banking in the Britisch Commonwealth, Oxford,Clarendon Press. Schuler.

SAYERS, R.S., Central Banking after Bagehot, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1957. (Brings also some criticism of central banking. - J.Z.)

SCHANZ, G., 1.) Abrechnungsstellen, 9 S., 2.) Agio, 1 S., 3.) Giroverkehr, 10 S., 4.) Noten- oder Zettelbank, 20 S., in: Woerterbuch der Volkswirtschaft, herausgegeben von Prof. Ludwig Elster, Jena, Fischer, 1898, 2. Band, S. 299-313. 29x, in PP 737. (JZL)

SCHEU, DR. ROBERT, Neues Geld, Verlag C. Schmeidel, Wien, 1947. (44 S.? A complete edition is wanted. He describes a type of goods warrants system. In my photocopy, from K.Z.'s incomplete original, pages 15-30 & 42ff, are missing. J.Z.) Incomplete as it is, filmed in PP 738, 29x.

SCHEU, ROBERT, Gedenkblatt, 1948, 4 S. (I still want the 2 titles mentioned here! J.Z.) In PP 906.

SCHIPPEL, MAX, Die Waehrungsfrage und die Sozialdemokratie. (Beckerath)

SCHLESINGER, HELMUT, Besprechung von Heinrich Rittershausens DIE ZENTRALNOTENBANK, 1962, 4 S., 1965, in PP 813.

SCHMITZ, OTTO, Die Bewegung der Warenpreise in Deutschland von 1851 bis 1902, Berlin, Franz Siemenroth, nebst Ergaenzungen: Bankdiskont, Goldproduktion u. Warenpreisstand, Der Weizenpreis von 400 v. Chr. bis 1900, 1903, 443 S., Berlin, Franz Siemenroth. JZL. (Good for refuting the "gold inflation" argument. - J.Z.)

SCHMOELDERS, G., Die Zigarettenwaehrung, Koelner Universitaets-zeitung, 1948, No. 6.

SCHMOELDERS, G., Gutes und schlechtes Geld, Frankfurt, Knapp, 1968. (Gerding)

SCHMOELDERS, G., The Decline of the Money Illusion, Committee for Monetary Research and Education, Greenwich, Connecticut, Tract 5, 1974, 17pp.

SCHNEIDER, KEITH, Economics, Hate and the Farm Crisis, NYT, 7 Dec. 87, 2pp, 29x, in PP 865.

SCHOENBERG, MANFRED, Notgeld des Stammwerkes der Hoechst AG. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Inflationsjahre 1918-1923, Hoechst AG, 1978, 140 S., 24x, in PP 734. (Berichtet u.a. ueber wertbestaendiges Notgeld. Reports, among other things, about stable-value emergency issues. - J.Z.)

SCHOOL OF LIVING PRESS, Brookville, Ohio, 1967, release, 1p, in PP 913, on free banking.

SCHOOL OF LIVING, magazine "Way Out", Jan./Feb. 1966 issue, with contributions pro and con Spooner-Tucker-Rothbard, by M.J. Loomis, Tom Marshall, Don Werkheiser, L. Labadie, Erich Hansch, Robert Carnaghan and some quotes from the Tucker - Fisher controversy. With some notes by John Zube in Peace Plans 564.

SCHUELLER, ALFRED, Konkurrenz der Waehrungen als Geldwirtschaftliches Ordnungsprinzip, S.23-50, in Wirtschaftspolitische Chronik, 26.Jahrg., 1977, Heft 1, 28 S., Institut fuer Wirtschaftspolitik and der Universitaet zu Koeln. (JZL) 28 S. in PP 815.

SCHUELLER, ALFRED, Schuldnerprivilegien als Inflationsursache -Konkurrierende Waehrungen ein Ausweg?, in Seminar fuer freiheitliche Ordnung: Fragen der Freiheit, Folge 132, Mai/Juni 1978, S. 38-56. JZL. 19 S. in PP 805.

SCHUELLER, ALFRED, Spontane Ordnungen in der Geldwirtschaft und das Inflationsproblem, 1976, S. Meyer, Fritz W. SCHUELLER, ALFRED, see MEYER, FRITZ W.

SCHULER, KURT, Canadian Banking, 1837-1867, unpublished manuscript, University of Georgia, 1988a. Dowd.

SCHULER, KURT, Competitive Note Issue Episodes, March 89, 3pp, 29x, in PP 865. (I couldn's see any obvious gaps in his list. A very worthwhile compilation that might spur on further research into these and perhaps some other such episodes. Conventional history is largely an agreed upon fable - as an old proverb says. - J.Z.)

SCHULER, KURT, Deposit Insurance, Deja Vu, 5pp, THE FREEMAN, 7/89, in PP 904.

SCHULER, KURT, Evolution of Canadian Banking, 1867-1914, 85pp, manuscript, University of Georgia, in PP 904.

SCHULER, KURT, Free Banking, Bibliographical Essay, HUMANE STUDIES REVIEW, Fall 88, 8pp, 29x, in PP 866.

SCHULER, KURT, Hands Off! The History of Canadian Free Banking, 1985 manuscript. Dowd.

SCHULER, KURT, Review of Selgin's book for LFB, in PP 787. In PP 787.

SCHULER, KURT, World History of Free Banking, The, Oct. 89, with tabulations and bibliography, 57pp, in PP 913.

SCHULER, KURT, to ZUBE, JOHN, 15 Sep. 89, 1/2 p, in PP 904.

SCHULL, JOSEPH and J. DOUBLAS GIBSON, The Scotiabank Story: A History of the Bank of Nova Scotia, 1832-1982, Toronto, Macmillan of Canada. Schuler.

SCHULTZ, HARRY D., The International Monetary Muddle, La Jolla Rancho Press, La Jolla, Cal., 1969, mini-book of 58pp. (JZL.)

SCHULTZ, HARRY D., The New Country Approach, "Reason", June 1976, pp 100-103. (Approach towards free banking. For instance M. Oliver, R. Doorn and C. Hopman have this approach in mind. - J.Z.)

SCHULZ-KIRCHNER, ULRICH, Optimale Geldversorgung im Rahmen alternativer Geldangebotsformen, Peter Lang Verlag A.G., Bern, Frankfurt/M, N.Y, Nancy, 1984. SFr. 52. JZL (After long delivery delays, I finally cancelled the order for this SFr. 52 book, since it is doubtful that it will support monetary freedom. - J.Z.)

SCHUMACHER, GERTRAUD, or Traute, Dr. (Traute Schumacher - Nellessen ), Die Entwicklung der Banknote in Deutschland, 1943 dissertation, 144 S., first publication. In PP 792. (Contains some important distinctions for monetary freedom theory and practice, between the German and Scottish and the British models, although the author is not a monetary freedom advocate. She studied under Prof. Rittershausen. Included are some comments by Ulrich von Beckerath on an earlier draft and some letter exchanges with Prof. Rittershausen and John Zube, for a total of 166 pages. A 45 year publishing delay is almost typical for such writings. How many unpublished manuscripts that deal with monetary freedom, do still exist? - J.Z.)

SCHUMACHER, HEINZ, Die Ursachen der Geldkrisis, Dresden, 1908, 65 S, Freiburg, Hist. Sem.

SCHUMACHER, HEINZ, Proudhon's Mutualisierung des Kredits, 1934, 114pp, in PP 338

SCHUMACHER, HERMANN, Geschichte der Deutschen Bankliteratur im Neunzehnten Jahrhundert, in Schmoller's "Entwicklung der Deutschen Volkswirtschaftslehre im Neunzehnten Jahrhundert", vol. 1. (Miller)

SCHUMANN, Dr. FRITZ, Die Privatnotenbanken. Ein Beitag zu ihrer Geschichte und Lage. Die Bankfrage in Wuerttemberg, Verlag Puttkammer & Muehlbrecht, Berlin 1909, 125 S. (JZL. Interesting especially through its report on how the Reichsbank abused its powers towards the remaining small note-issuing banks. - J.Z.)

SCHUMANN, HANS, Sozialistische Geldpolitik, ein Buchhinweis - oder vielmehr eine Warnung, 1 S., in PP 745.

SCHUSTER, F., The Bank of England and the State, (J.D.Unwin)

SCHUYLER, LAMBERT, Think Fast America, Hollywood, Cal, 367pp., rec. by Labadie. "..decline of liberty due to monopoly of money lending; fall of civilizations concurrent with debased money and debt currency. Constructive suggestions..."

SCHWARZ, FRITZ, Das Experiment von Woergl, 1951,1983, 79 S., in ­PP 804.

SCHWARTZ, PEDRO, Central Bank Monopoly in the History of Economic Thought: A Century of Myopia in England, unpublished paper, presented at the Conference on "European Monetary Union and Currency Competition", Institutum Europaeum, Brussels, 1-2 Dec. 1980. (Brown) Finally published in P. Salin, ed., Currency, Competition and Monetary Union, The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff. Selgin.

SCHWARZ, FRITZ, Das Experiment von Woergl, 1951,1983, 79 S., in PP 804.

SCHWEIKART, LARRY, 1987, Banking in the American South from the Age of Jackson to the Reconstruction, Baton Rouge, Louisiana State UP. Schuler.

SCHWENKE, SIEGFRIED H., Monetary Freedom Network, Freenetwork, articles and lectures, in German, on the monetary freedom tradition upheld and developed by Ulrich von Beckerath, Heinrich Rittershausen et al. E.g. in Contraste, by Oekobank Verein, June 86, pages 8&9: Orientierung bei Waehrung und Verrechnung, eine kurze Uebersicht, 1 S., 36x, in PP 736, Anmerkungen, 13.12.84, zu einem Rundbrief von Gesima Vogel, Arrow Verlag, vom 8.12.84, 2pp, 48x, in PP 740. (See Monetary Freedom Network, Rundbrief.)

SCHWENKE, SIEGFRIED, Beitrags- und Umsatzfinanzierung einer alternativen Krankenkasse, Monetary Freedom Network, 1987, 1p, in PP 793.

SCHWENKE, SIEGFRIED, Der reine Staat ist nur noch Gewalt, 4 S. Flugblatt, in PP 803.

SCHWENKE, SIEGFRIED, letter of 7 April 89, with some notes on discussions in the MONETARY FREEDOM NETWORK, Berlin, 5pp, 29x, in PP 905.

SCOTT, J.W., et al, En Angleterre: Phipsonisme et Experience de "Homecroft", in Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, by Edgard Milhaud, Recueil Sirey, Paris, 1934, pp. 332-359.

SCOTT, OTTO J., Paper Money in Colonial America, 1984, 1p, 29x, in PP 731.

SCOTT, SIR WALTER, The Letters of Malachi Malagrowther, 1826, 1981, 186 pp, 36x, in PP 769. ( He defended decentralized Scottish banking. Meulen, Free Banking, pp. 114/5. According to Beckerath, he also defended the L 1 note. J.Z.)

SCOTT, WALTER, A Third Letter to the Editor of the EdinburghWeekly Journal, from Malachy Malagrowther, Esq. on the Proposed Change of Currency, 1826. Thoughts on the Proposed Change of Currency, N.Y., Barnes & Noble, 1972. (White)

SCOTUS, Three Letters on the Scottish Currency Question, 1844, Edinburgh, William Blackwood. (White)

SCROPE, G. POULETT, 1832, The Rights of Industry and the Banking System, QUARTERLY REVIEW, July. Selgin.

SCROPE, G. POULETT, An Examination of the Bank Charter Question, 1833, London, John Murray. (White)

SCROPE, G. POULETT, On Credit Currency, and Its Superiority to Coin, in Support of a Petition for the Establishment of a Cheap, Safe, and Sufficient Circulating Medium, 1830, London, John Murray. (White)

SCROPE, G. POULETT, Principles of Political Economy, deducted from the Natural Laws of Social Welfare.., 1833, London, Longmans, Kelly reprint 1969, 467 pp, on sale from Laissez Faire Books for $ 13.75. ("An exposition of economic theory from a perspective of 'natural rights' with an argument for free banking." - JZL. While, in one part of the book, he does favour competitive private note issue, in another, he favours a national bank issuing legal tender - probably moderated by gold redemption obligation - and has thus, like all too many academics, his feet firmly planted in both camps. - J.Z.)

SCROPE, G. POULETT, The Currency Question Freed from Mystery, London, James Ridgway, 1830.

SCROPE, G. POULETT, The Rights of Industry and the Banking System, 1832, Quarterly Review, 47, July, 407-57. (White)

SECHREST, LARRY, 1988, White's Free Banking Thesis: A Case of Mistaken Identity, Review of Austrian Economics, v. 2, pp 247-257, Lexington, Mass., Lexington Books. Schuler.

SEIDEL, EBERHARD, Venture Capital fuer Kollective, 1985, 1 S., 29x, in PP 731.

SELGIN, G. A., 1938 a, Free Banking in China, 1800-1935, unpublished manuscript, Univ. of Hong Kong, George Mason University. Dowd.

SELGIN, GEORGE A. & LAWRENCE A. WHITE, The Evolution of a Free Banking System, Economic Inquiry, 25, July 1987, 439-57.

SELGIN, GEORGE A. & WHITE, LAWRENCE H., The Evolution of a Free Banking System, ECONOMIC INQUIRY, July 87, 19 pp, in PP 814.

SELGIN, GEORGE A., 1985, The Case for Free Banking: Then and Now, Cato Institute, POLICY ANALYSIS, Oct 21.

SELGIN, GEORGE A., 1988, The Theory of Free Banking: Money Supply under Competitive Note Issue, Totowa, N.J., Towman and Littlefield, 1988. Schuler. JZL. Some hints towards this book, by a reproduction of the cover & cover notes, with an introductory letter by David D. Boaz of the Cato Institute, in PP 787. To my disappointment, his book still deals only with competing metal redemptionist banks of issue, i.e. with only a small and perhaps even insignificant fraction of the free banking options. - J.Z.

SELGIN, GEORGE A., Accommodation Changes in the Relative Demand for Currency : Free Banking vs. Central Banking, CATO JOURNAL, vol. 7, no. 3, pp 621-41, Winter, 1988. Schuler.

SELGIN, GEORGE A., Free Banking in Foochow, ASIAN MONETARY MONITOR, v. 11, No. 4, July-Aug., pp. 26-35. Schuler.

SELGIN, GEORGE A., Hints to his book "The Theory of Free Banking, Money Supply under Competitive Note Issue", by a reproduction of the cover and cover notes, with an introductory letter by David D. Boaz of the Cato Institute, in PP 787. To my disappointment, his book still deals only with competing metal redemptionist banks of issue, i.e. with only a small and perhaps even insignificant fraction of the free banking options. - J.Z.

SELLERS, DIXON B., B. Econ., 242 Waterloo Rd., Oak Park, Vic. 3046, Australia, 4 pp submission to the Campbell Inquiry, for property rights,gold standard and floating exchange rates. (JZL)

SELLERS, DIXON B., Submission to Australian Financial System Inquiry, submission of 29 May 1979, 4pp, 48x, in PP 740.

SENIOR, NASSAU WILLIAM, Three Lectures on the Cost of Obtaining Money and on some Effects of Private and Government Paper Money, Oxford University, 1829, London, John Murray, 1830, London School of Economics, reprint No. 5, undated, 103 pp. (JZL. A Free Trader with some insights into the discounting of bills. Realizes that the gold standard IS a labour standard currency in a very much improved and concrete form, least open to misunderstandings and abuse. But the few pearls I found in his writing did not induce me to microfiche it so far. If someone else sponsors the costs, ca $ 15, I would be willing. - J.Z.)

SENIOR, NASSAU WILLIAM, Three Lectures on the Value of Money, delivered Oxford University, 1829: On the Quantity and Value of Money, 84pp, London, Fellowes,1840, London School of Economics, reprint No. 4, 1931. (JZL)

SENNHOLZ, HANS F., Dr., Free Money Is SOUND Money, THE FREEMAN, June 75, ?pp, in PP 806.

SENNHOLZ, HANS F., Dr., The American Economy is NOT Depression-Proof, THE FREEMAN, Nov. 72, 8pp, in PP 804.

SENNHOLZ, HANS F., Dr., The Federal Reserve System, THE FREEMAN, April 72, 9 pp, in PP 804.

SENNHOLZ, HANS F., Dr., Two-Digit Inflation, THE FREEMAN, Jan. 75, 13 pp, in PP 806.

SENNHOLZ, HANS F., Dr., Free Money is SOUND Money, The Freeman, June 1975, pp 338-343, FEE.

SENNHOLZ, HANS F., Dr., Gold is Honest Money, address, Nov. 1974, meeting of the Committee for Monetary Research and Education, The Freeman, Feb. 1975, FEE. (The article is good but, unfortunately, copyrighted. - J.Z.)

SENNHOLZ, HANS F., Dr., Inflation or Gold Standard? Bramble Mini-Book, 64pp, undated. (JZL. Attacks central banking and legal tender. - J.Z.)

SENNHOLZ, HANS F., Dr., Money and Freedom, Libertarian Press, Spring Mills, PA, 16 875, tel. 319-277-7546, also available from: FEE, N.Y., 1986, 102pp, indexed, pb. (Single $ 6, 5 for $ 5 each, 10 for $4 each. "Money and Freedom critically examines the abuses of central banking and legal-tender laws that breed inflation." - Takes a radical stand for monetary freedom. Will be reviewed in future Peace Plans issues, since, alas, I cannot film it Should be microfilmed at least once it is again out of this cheap print edition. - J.Z. - A 2 page introductory leaflet by Libertarian Press, in PP 791.

SENNHOLZ, HANS F., Dr., No $hortage of Gold, THE FREEMAN, Sep. 7, 8 pp, in PP 804.

SENNHOLZ, HANS F., Dr., The American Economy is NOT­ Depression-Proof, THE FREEMAN, Nov. 72, 8 pp, in PP 804.

SENNHOLZ, HANS F., Dr., The Federal Reserve System, in Freedom Magazine, September, October 1966. The Freeman, April 1972, pp. 245-253, FEE. (Thinks that the "real bills doctrine was vitiated by the effect of the rediscount rate. I hold that the substitution of sound commercial bills by financial bills was probably more significant. - J.Z.) 9pp in PP 804.

SENNHOLZ, HANS F., Dr., The Truth about the Great Depression, Lansing, Michigan, Constitutional Alliance, 1969. M.

SENNHOLZ, HANS, F., Dr., ed., Gold Is Money, Westport, Conn., Greenwoood, 1975, 204 pp, indexed. (JZL)

SERVICE EXCHANGE ASSOCIATION, P.O. Box 55, Greenbrook, New Jersey 08 812. publishes or published an association directory. (I have only a 1981, 1 page advertisement of it and do not know whether this assn. still exists. - J.Z.)

SEUSS, WILHELM, Die Geldtheorie von Friedrich A.von Hayek. Zur Neuauflage der beiden Fruehwerke und zu "Denationalisation of Money", ORDO, Band 28, 1977, 6 S., in PP 806.

SEUSS, WILHELM, Die Vision vom guten Geld, in Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung vom 8.3.1977. (Gerding)

SEYMOUR, F. NORTON, Ten Men of Money Island, London, 161pp, appendix by Henry Seymour. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection.

SEYMOUR, HENRY, was the moving spirit behind the Free Currency Movement and "Free Trade and Free Exchange", 1892. All his writings are wanted by LMP. - J.Z.) See: FREE EXCHANGE.

SEYMOUR, HENRY, A short exchange with W. Thorne, 1896, 1p, in PP 806.

SEYMOUR, HENRY, LIBERTY, London, Nov. 1895, review of "Ten Men of Money Island", by Seymour F. Norton, with an appendix by Henry Seymour, 2pp, in PP 806.

SEYMOUR, HENRY, P.J. Proudhon, London, 1888.

SEYMOUR, HENRY, THE ANARCHIST, mag., see "Anarchist".

SEYMOUR, HENRY, The ABC of Free Money, Free Currency Leaflet 3, 1 page, London, n.d., Mackay Bibl.

SEYMOUR, HENRY, The Fallacy of Marxist Theory of Surplus Value, Murdoch & Co, London 1897. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

SEYMOUR, HENRY, The Monomaniacs: A Fable in Finance, Free Currency Tract No. 1, 1895, 6 pp, in PP 806, 8 pp in PP 803.

SEYMOUR, HENRY, The Philosophy of Anarchism, London, 1887, 16pp.

SEYMOUR, HENRY, The Two Anarchisms, leaflet, 2pp, London, 1894. (All of his writings are wanted by LMP for microfiching. - J.Z.)



SHAFFER, BUTLER, Personal Declaration of Principles, Innovator, Sept. 1966, Peace Plans 589/590, also in the Innovator issue: Peace Plans 592-594.

SHAW, SHOSHY ERICA, Poverty in India: God Given or Man Made? A view of the underdevelopment in India, May 83 course paper, 20pp, with some monetary freedom notions, in PP 906.

SHAW, WILLIAM A., Seclect Tracts and Documents Illustrative of English Monetary History, 1626-1730, London, Wilsons and Milne, 1896, Kelley reprint 1967. (JZL. Seems to contain little if anything on monetary freedom. Only history of the usual governmental restrictions and abuses. 214pp, LFB sale $ 8.75. - J.Z.)

SHENOY, SUDHA, Monetary Policy and Economic Fluctuations: Cause & Consequence, 7--, 1977, 36x, in PP 571.

SHERMAN, ROGER, 1721-1793, A Caveat Against Injustice or: An Inquiry into the Evils of a Fluctuating Medium of Exchange, 35pp, 29x, in PP 732.

SHINJO, HEROSHI, 1962, History of the Yen, Kobe Research Institute for Economic and Business Administration, Series No. 1, Tokyo, Kinokuniya Bookstore Co., Ltd.; Schuler.

SHORTT, ADAM, 1986, Adam Short's History of Canadian Currency and Banking 1600-1880. Toronto, Canad. Bankers' Assn. Originally published as a series of articles in the JOURNAL OF THE CANADIAN BANKERS' ASSN., 1896 to 1906 and 1921 to 1925. Schuler. (Short or Shortt?)

SIEGEL, BARRY N., editor: Money in Crisis, The Federal Reserve, the Economy and Monetary Reform, Pacific Institute for Public Policy Research, San Francisco, Ballinger Publishing Co, 1984, 361pp. (JZL) Contains at least some free banking articles - which are separately listed.

SIEMSEN, CARL, Das Notgeld Portugals 1917-1922, Berlin 1973. (Pick)

SIEPMAN, UDO & DREYHAUPT, KLAUS F., Privater Wettbewerb im Geldwesen, Ueberlegungen zu einem Vorschlag von F.A. von Hayek, ORDO, 29, 1978, 16 pp, in PP 795.

SILBERLING, N.J., British Theories of Money and Credit, 1776-1848, unpublished Harvard thesis, 1919. (Miller)

SILVERMAN, H.A., The Substance of Economics, for the Student and the General Reader, 8th English edition, ed. for Australian use by A. Clunies Ross, Melbourne, Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, 135, indexed, 380 pp. (JZL. One of the few books with a correct view of "Gresham's Law", pp. 196/7. J.Z.)

SIMON, HELEN, Robert Owen, Fischer Jena, 1905. (Brings some details on his "labour notes" and "Equitable Labour Exchange". I would like a copy of this work not only because of this but also because it is supposed to contain a hint that at the end of his life O. came to believe that without a militia a radical social reform could neither be achieved nor protected. I believe that I saw a new edition once for sale, but it was too expensive for me and in rapid browsing I did not find the relative passage. A copy is in the Freiburg Univ. library, if I remember right. - J.Z.)

SIMONS, HENRY G., 1951, Rules versus Authorities in Monetary Policy, in: American Economic Assn., Readings in Monetary Theory, Homewood, Ill, Richard D. Irwin, reprinted from JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, 44, 1936. Selgin.

SINCLAIR, JAMES A., HARRY D. SCHULTZ, How You Can Profit From Gold, 168pp. "Two of the most renowned experts in the field lend their expertise to investor and layman alike."

SINCLAIR, JOHN, Hints on Circulation...with an Account of the Paper Circulation of Scotland, 1822, Edinburgh, Archibald Constable. (White)

SINCLAIR, JOHN, Observations Respectfully Submitted to the Select and Secret Committees of Both Houses of Parliament, Appointed to Consider the Propriety of Resuming Cash-Payments, or Continuing the Bank Restriction, London, 1819, J. Hatchard. (White)

SINCLAIR, JOHN, Thoughts on Currency, and the Means of Promoting National Prosperity, by the Adoption of "An Improved Circulation", London, Hatchard, 1829. (White)

SINGER, M.G., Why Gold? (was offered for $ 6 in Libertarian Review.)

SLOGANS FOR LIBERTY, collection gradually compiled and published in the Peace Plans series by John Zube. Entries on Monetary Despotism, Monetary Freedom, Money, & Unemployment, in Peace Plans 544, 586/87. (By Jan 01 seven issues are out, covering A to part of Government.)

SMITH, ADAM, Auszug aus dem Hauptwerk ueber die Steuerfundation. Uebersetzt von Stirner. 1p, 29x, in PP 620. Ein gewoehnlich uebersehener Teil der Geldlehre von A.S.- J.Z.)

SMITH, ADAM, The Theory of Moral Sentiments, 1759, Liberty Classics reprint. Dowd. (I wasn't aware that it containesanything on free banking! - J.Z.)

SMITH, ADAM, The Wealth of Nations. (For free banking within the limits of full gold cover and redemption obligation by the issuer. He realized, in one largely ignored passage, the possibility of tax foundation, which could have led him to the generalized "readiness to accept foundation" but, alas, did not. - J.Z.)

SMITH, IAN & JORDAN, JILL, letter, 4pp, on LETSystem, Maleny, Queensland, 29x, in PP 905.

SMITH, J.B., Effects of the Administration of the Bank of England, Reply to the Letter of Samuel Jones Loyd, Esq., London, 1840, Pelham Richardson. (White)

SMITH, J.B., Report of the Directors to a Special General Meeting of the Chamber of Commerce and Manufactures at Manchester, on the Effects of the Administration of the Bank of England upon the Commercial and Manufacturing Interests of the Country, 1840, London, Ridgway. (White)

SMITH, JAMES C., (James Carmichael Smith, 1852-1916.), Money and Profit Sharing or The Double Standard Money System, 1908. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

SMITH, JAS C., Legal Tender Essays, London, Kegan Paul, 1910. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

SMITH, JAS C., The Normal Rate of Interest and Rent or The Margin of Investment, London, 1915, 14pp & charts. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

SMITH, JAS C., The Standardization of Money Values, 1915, 16pp. (Meulen Books, Goldsmith Collection)

SMITH, JAS C., The Trust and The Gold Trust, London, 1907. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

SMITH, JEROME F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1p review only, by Joe Cobb, in REASON, March 1981, in PP 913.

SMITH, JEROME F., The Reinstitution of Money, ERC Publishing Co.,1978, 62 pp. (One of the few monetary works in which Gresham's Law is seen correctly but he identifies a standard of capital ownership with money and does not seem to understand other and especially clearing forms properly. But then I have not yet fully read his essay. At least otherwise he is one of the best free market advocates. Alas, he is very possessive about copyrights. I wish all his writings were available cheaply, on microfiche. - J.Z.) 75 pp, in PP 804.

SMITH, JOHN FAIRFULL, Proposed Alterations in the System of Joint Stock Banking; with a Defence of the Small Note Currency of Scotland, 1839, Edingurgh, Bell & Bradfute. (White)

SMITH, VERA CONSTANCE, The Rationale of Central Banking, London, King, 1936, 185pp, indexed & with bibliography, Peace Plans No. 542. (Schueler von Hayek. Compare B. to Ri, 24.8.50, Ri to B, 31.8.50 & 22.8.50.)

SNYDER, LESLIE, Justice or Revolution, America's Choice in the 1980's, Books in Focus, N.Y., 1979, 194 pp, chapter XV: Money, Debt, Legal Tender, Central Banking. (JZL)

SNYDER, LESLIE, Why Gold? The One Sure Cure for Inflation and Economic Tyranny, Exposition Press, N.Y., 1974, 149pp. (I found it good in many respects and object only to her notions on capital and reserves of banks, on page 136.) JZL.


SOLNEMAN, K.H.Z., Das Manifest der Freiheit und des Friedens, der Gegenpol zum Kommunistischen Manifest, 354 S., 1977, in LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr. 9-14, in PP 824 & 825. ( Dieses Buch wurde in der Buchausgabe bereits in PP 188 verfilmt. Nr. 15 von LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, in PP 825, enthaelt Diskussionsbeitraege zu diesem Buch, von Stefan Blankertz, Kurt Zube u. Uwe Timm. Es war der Winner des jaehrlichen Friedenspreises der Alternativen Presse.)

SOLNEMAN, K.H.Z., Der multilaterale Ringtausch in bargeldloser Verrechnung, 2 S., in PP 906.

SOLNEMAN, K.H.Z., The Manifesto of Peace and Freedom, 1983, 240pp, Mackay Society, N.Y., Peace Plans 64/65. Reviewed e.g. in Green Revolution, Winter 1983.

SOLNEMAN, K.H.Z., The Manifesto of Peace and Freedom, 1983, 240pp, Mackay Society, N.Y., PP 64/65 brings only the manuscript version of the translation - but with a number of annotations by John Zube, which K.Zube saw fit to eliminate from the printed version. Reviewed e.g. in Green Revolution, Winter 1983.

SOLNEMAN, K.H.Z., Zu: Robert Lux: Anarchismus - Erstarrung oder Entwicklung? (ZEITGEIST Nr. 23), 1 S., Flugblatt, in PP 906.

SOLVAY, E., Gesellschaftlicher Comptabilimus, Bruessel, 1897, S. 18. (Ueber gesamtwirtschaftliches Verrechnungssystem ohne Bargeld, lt. Gottschalk, Tempeltausch.)

SOLYOM, R. L., July 88, Sound Dollar Committee leaflet, 2 pages, July 88, in PP 791.

SOMER, JAMES, The Guide Book of Canadian Coins, Paper Currency and Tokens, 1670-1970, 11. Aufl., Winnipeg 1970. (Pick)

SOMERS, ROBERT, The Scotch Banks and System of Issue, including translation of "Les Banques D'Ecosse" by L. Wolowski, 244pp, 1873, 29x, in PP 667.

SOUND CURRENCY, 1896, var. contributors, esp. John DeWitt Warner, 24x, PP 350-354. (One of the many books that COULD have changed history but which remained, largely, ignored, out of print and inaccessible. Excellent photocopies of more volumes of this series are wanted by LMP. I possess only the 1896 volume and the $ 50 rollfilm edition of most of the rest, in a week reproduction of a small and weakly printed originals. Some photocopiers do produce more legible copies than the originals provide. They ought to be applied here - by people lucky enough to have access to the originals. Beckerath tried, for decades, in vain, to get such access. J.Z.)

SOUND CURRENCY, April 1891 - March 1905. The 1896 issue reproduces the excellent article on clearing house certificates of 1893, by DeWitt Warner. This volume has been reproduced in Peace Plans 350-354. (Excellent photocopies are wanted for microfilming, of the whole set of this magazine. LMP has so far only obtained a rollfilm edition of most of its issues, with only June 1891 missing over the years of its appearance. Ulrich von Beckerath tried in vain, for almost half a century, to get copies of the other volumes. If I can't get excellent copies of the originals, I might have to transcribe some of the essays from the roll film, which costs $ 50, from Brookhaven Press. Only this proprietor, could legally reformat the roll film issue. A firm to do this automatically and cheaply exists now in the Netherlands. Jacketing is no help, since, because of the size of the roll film frames, ca. 70 fiche would be required, instead of 10-20 at most. - J.Z.)

SOUND DOLLAR COMMITTEE of DICK SOLYOM, 1.) News Release of April 85, 1p, 2. ) Letter by R. L. Solyom, 17 Dec. 86, on Vieira's comments to Sennholz: Money & Freedom, 1p, 48x, in PP 740, 3.) Some 1987 leaflets on R. Solyom's case, 6pp, 29x, in PP 735, leaflet by R.L. Solyom, July 88, 2pp, in PP 791.

SOUTHERN CROSS CAPITAL EXCHANGE, Bulletin No. 2, July 1984, 16pp. (Something like a credit union between education reformers.) 29x, in PP 743.

SOYEDA, JUICHI, 1896, Banking and Money in Japan. In: A HISTORY OF BANKING IN ALL THE LEADING NATIONS, v. 4, pp 409-544, N.Y., Journal of Commerce and Commercial Bulletin. Schuler.

SPAHR, WALTER E., ed. of "Monetary Notes". (From....? to ....? He welcomed monetary freedom only to the extent of the classical gold standard system. Too many goldbugs have a similarly closed mind on this issue. - J.Z.)

SPARKASSE BREGENZ, Goldsparplaene, 1986, 16pp, 29x, in PP 738.

SPASSKII, I.G., Russkaia Monetnaia Sistema, Aurora Press, Leningrad, 1970, well illustrated Russian monetary history. (Weber, Charles E.)

SPAULDING, E.G., History of the Legal Tender Paper Money, Buffalo, 1869. Mentioned by Bullock. Wanted by LMP.

SPECTATOR, THE, Review of Hake & Wesslau: The Coming Individualism, July 11, 1896, 1p, in PP 787.

SPENCE, C.C. & SHADE, W.G., Banks or No Banks - Money Issue in Western Politics, 1832-1865, Am. His. Rev., 80(1), 1986? 1886?

SPENCER, HERBERT, Currency, Postal Arrangements, etc., Chapt. XXIX of SOCIAL STATICS, 1850, 10 pp, in PP 804.

SPENCER, HERBERT, Social Statics, 1981, pp. 434,436, chapter: Currency, Postal Arrangements, etc. (Quoted in Innovator, January 1967.) Reproduced in Peace Plans No. 184. J.Z.)

SPENCER, HERBERT, State Tampering with Money and Banks, 1858, 2pp, 1865, Essays, Moral, Political, and Aesthetic. New York, D. Appleton. (Refers to the Scottish example but does not realize the possibilities of monetary freedom without metal redemption obligation. - J.Z.) In PP 804.

SPIES, ANDRE, Freenetwort Economic System, 1p draft, 1986, in PP 739.

SPIRO, PETER R., Legal Tender, The Bankers' Magazine, Oct. 1952. (Coppetiers)

SPOONER, LYSANDER, A New Banking System, Boston, 1873. Peace Plans 111-134.

SPOONER, LYSANDER, A New System of Paper Currency, Boston, 1861. Peace Plans 111-134.

SPOONER, LYSANDER, Collected Works, indexed by Carl Watner, Peace Plans 111-134, contains all his known and surviving monetary freedom writings, e.g. Constitutional Law, Relative to Credit, Currency and Banking, 1843; Poverty, its Illegal Causes & Legal Cure, Boston, 1850; A New System of Paper Currency; Our Mechanical Industry, as Affected by our Present Currency System; Considerations for Bankers...; A New Banking System; Our Financiers: Their Ignorance, Usurpations and Frauds, Boston, 1877; The Law of Prices: A Demonstration of the Necessity for an Indefinite Increase of Money, Boston, 1877; Gold and Silver as Standards of Value: theFlagrant Cheat in Regard to Them, Boston, 1878; Universal Wealth, Shown to be easily Attainable, Boston, 1879.

SPRADING, CHARLES, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, an anthology on liberty, a handbook of freedom, 1913, 549 pp, PP 220/221

SPRAGUE, OLIVER M.W., History of Crises Under the National Banking System, Fairfield, N.J., 1910, U.S. Natioal Monetary Commission, 61st Congress, 2nd. Session, Senate doc. no. 538, Washington, GPO, 1977 Kelley reprint. Schuler.

STANDARD, THE, long time Henry George Magazine in Sydney, later renamed GOOD GOVERNMENT, contains a number of monetary freedom articles and stood up for it in its motto. At the 24/10/81 meeting most were over-age and disheartened. What's the good of filming all back issues, someone said, no one will read them! - J.Z.

STANGER, JOHN, What Is a Barter Credit Worth? SELF-RELIANT, 4/5-198, 3pp, 29x, in PP 865.

STANLEY, PETER W., 1974, A Nation in the Making: The Phillipines and the United States, 1899-1921. Cambridge, Mass., HUP. (What misleadinging titles! Nations are not "made"! They are forced and held together by police and military might. Only those nations that are assembled and maintained by individual volunteers are truly "made". One is not "made" a true member against one's will and the result of many such acts does not deserve the name of nation. "Nothing but what is voluntary deserves the name of "national" - Mary Chisholm. - J.Z., 21 Feb. 90.)

STANLEY, R., Gold and Wealth. Which? Free Currency Leaflet, No. 4, London, n.d. (As if it had to be one or the other only! Neither should be given legal privileges and coercive powers. Then both will support each other. - J.Z.)

STANWOOD, EDWARD, Mr. Spooner's Island Community, in "Radical Review", pp. 578-581, PP 373-375.

STARBATTY, JOACHIM & GERDING, R., Zur Umkehrung des Greshamschen Gesetzes by

Entnationalisierung des Geldes, 1982, 24 S., in PP 805.

STARBATTY, JOACHIM, Herausgeber: Geldordnung und Geldpolitik in einer freiheitlichen Gesellschaft, Mohr, Tuebingen, 1982, Symposium, 23.-26.7.1981, of Walter Eucken Institute und Seminar fuer freiheitliche Ordnung, Bad Soll, 143 S., indexed, mit Beitraegen von Karl Brunner, Peter Buomberger, Wolfram Engels, Heinrich Irmler, Kurt Nemitz, Dieter Suhr, H.-Joer Thieme. (Mostly typically academic articles, with little genuine insights in or interest for monetary freedom and still less in positive proposals. The articles by Engels, Suhr and the discussion by Gerding & Starbatty are not bad. See the separate entries for them. - J.Z.)

STARBATTY, JOACHIM, Zur Umkehrung des Greshamschen Gesetzes bei Entnationalisierung des Geldes, in KREDIT UND KAPITAL, 15. Jhrg., 1982, S. 387ff. JZL. 24 S., in PP 805.

STEELE, GEORGE R., Correspondence with Zube, John, May 1982 - July 1986, on monetary freedom, nuclear war prevention, panarchism, computers, micrographics, individual liberty, revisionism, 158pp, 42x, in PP 644, To John Zube, 26 July 86 - 1 Jan. 87, John Zube to George Steele, 29 Sept. 86, 7 pp, 48x, in PP 740.

STEELE, GEORGE R., Generalized Value Claim, 1 Gram Gold, in INDIVIDUALIST JOURNAL, May 1986, in PP 803.

STEIN, LORENZ v., Lehrbuch der Finanzwissenschaft, Freiburg,1860, 1871, 4. Aufl. 1878, 1887 4 vols. (Good on tax foundation money, according to Beckerath.)

STEPHENSON, A.H. & STEPHENS, G.F., Money and Currency, Justice Co., Philadelphia, ca. 1892. (The invention of money. The standard of value. Government issue of money. The best currency. Solution of the money question. Price then 15c. Advertised in "Liberty", No. 247 and thus, perhaps, interesting from the monetary freedom angle. - J.Z.)

STEUART, JAMES, SIR, mentioned by Henry Meulen, Free Banking, p. 272/3, but he may have wanted only an alternative and abstract value scale. (Merely skimming it, I did not find it of interest. - J.Z.)

STEVENS, JAMES, The Labour Problem and its Solution, 1 page, Mackay Bibliothek., n.d.

STEVENS, PAUL, How NOT to Advocate a Gold Standard, The Freeman, August 1973, pp. 471-482, FEE. (JZL. Unfortunately copyrighted. This article is mostly correct on monetary freedom. - J.Z.)

STEVENS, PAUL, The Gold Standard. A Standard for Freedom, THE FREEMAN, Jan. 1975, pp. 3-12. (Does not insist on gold as an exclusive standard and means of payment! - J.Z.) 10 pp In PP 804.

STICKNEY, A.B. The Medium of Exchange and the Banking Function, 1901, in PP 745.

STOLPER, GUSTAV, Quote, on the money monopoly, from The Age of Fable, 1943, in PP 736.

STOLPER, GUSTAV, This Age of Fable, The Political & Economic World We Live In ( or die from! J.Z.), 1943, indexed, 318pp, with 5pp of notes on this book by John Zube, 1989, 29x, in PP 911. (Libertarian on many points. Favours free banking. Refutes many of the myths of our times. Follows Mises on money and imagines that Mises is for completely free competition in this sphere, referring to his 1911 work, Theorie des Geldes und der Umlaufsmittel. - J.Z.)

STORM, THE, Nos. 1-12, ed. by Mark Sullivan, with one special issue on monetary freedom, PP 501.

STOWASSER, C.H., Social Credit, from a Georgist point of view, from PROGRESS, 12/87, 1p, in PP 793.

STRAUSS, SIMON D., Some Thoughts on THE PRICE OF GOLD, "California Geology", Oct. 87, 6 pp, in PP 806.

STUCKEN, RUDOLF, Zur Lehre von der Deckung des oeffentlichen Bedarfs durch nichtinflatorische Papiergeldausgabe, Finanzarchiv, N.F.3, v.29.11.34. (Bezieht sich auf Rittershausen.

STUDT, EMIL, Alte und neue Formen der Scrips. (Ueber Rittershausen.)

STUETZEL, WOLFGANG, Who should Issue Money? Private instead of Public Institutions? Bankers instead of Politicians? Unveroeff. Manuskript, 15.4.1977. (Gerding)

STUETZEL, WOLFGANG, Ueber unsere Waehrungsverfassung, Mohr, Tuebingen, Walter Eucken Institut, Nr. 56, 1975, 37 S. (Nur fuer Wertbestaendigkeitsklauseln. - J.Z.)

STUETZEL, WOLFGANG, Ueber unsere Waehrungsverhaeltnisse, Mohr, 1983, Walter Eucken Institute, Nr. 91. (Nur ueber "freely floating exchange rates". - J.Z.)

STUMM, JIM, A Minimal Gold Standard, THE CONNECTION, No. 99, of 2 Nov. 81, 1p, in PP 904.

STUMM, JIM, Financing a Panarchist Militia, RANDOM WRITINGS No. 20, Sep. 88, 3pp, with reply by J.Z., 6pp, in ON PANARCHY No.XII, in PP 833.

STUMM, JIM, Letter, in SLM, Nov. 81, on K. Thornley's article: "Legal Tender: Is It A Conspiracy?" ( SLM 7/81) - 2 pp, in PP 793.

STUMM, JIM, The Silver I.O.U. System, 1970 article, 29x, in PP 617.

SUBERCASEAUX, GUILLERMO, 1922, Monetary and Banking Policy in Chile, Oxford, Clarendon Press. Schuler.

SUHR, DIETER & GODSCHALK, HUGO, Optimale Liquiditaet, Eine liquiditaetstheoretische Analyse und ein kreditwirtschaftliches Wettbewerbskonzept, Fritz Knapp Verlag, Frankf./M, 1986, 155 S., JZL.

SUHR, DIETER, Augsburg, Die Geldordnung aus verfassungsrechtlicher Sicht, in Starbatty, Geldordnung u. Geldpolitik, 1982.

SUHR, DIETER, Prof. Dr., to CREUTZ, HELMUT, 16 May 84, 2pp, 29x, in PP 742.

SULLIVAN, MARK A., COUGHLIN, MICHAEL E. & HAMILTON, CHARLES H., editors, Benjamin R. Tucker & The Champions of Liberty, A Centenary Anthology, 1981, 232pp, 29x, in PP 912.

SUMMERS, BRIAN, 1976, Private Coinage in America, THE FREEMAN, July. Selgin.

SUMMERS, BRIAN, Easy Money: Prelude to Recession, THE FREEMAN, May 77, 4 pp, in PP 806.

SUMMNER, WILLIAM GRAHAM, History of Banking in the United States, N.Y., 1896.

SUMMNER, WILLIAM GRAHAM, editor, A History of American Currency, 1874, 1878, 391pp, LFB sale $12.50. 1884 edition, 400 pp, Kelley, N.Y. reprint, 1971, Peace Plans No. 240. Dowd.

SUNDMAN, RICK, Advantages, Disadvantages of Rare Coin Investment, 2pp, 48x, in PP 739.

SUPLIZIO, PAUL E., Application of the Quantity Theory of Money to Barter Exchange Management, 1986, 12pp, with some notes by John Zube, 29x, in PP 905.

SUPLIZIO, PAUL E., Brief, 9 Sep. 88 to IRS in the matter of The Trade Exchange, 7pp, 29x, in PP 905.

SUPLIZIO, PAUL E., Commercial Barter Exchanges in Society, address, 1985, 18pp, 29x, in PP 905.

SWAN, CHARLES H., Jr., Monetary Problems & Reforms, N.Y., London, 1897, 81pp. (Against legal tender. (JZL, Sound Currency fiche jackets, 31/32.)

SWANN, BOB, October 1971 issue of I.I.I. Newsletter, 4 pp, in PP 793.

SWANN, ROBERT, Some letters on monetary reform, 29x, in PP 586/587.

SWANN, ROBERT, The Place of a Local Currency in a World Economy: Towards an Economy of Permanence, 14pp. (On "Berkshares", at least one page appears missing.) 48x, in PP 739.

SWARTZ, CLARENCE LEE, What Is Mutualism? In collaboration with The Mutalist Associates, 1927, introd. by Prof. P.A.Wadia, Modern Publishers Indore, 1945, 253pp, 24x, PP 197.

SZMAK, G., produced a number of pamphlets on his own unique economic system, containing some monetary freedom notions. Some were reproduced in Peace Plans 417, 589/590 & 611.

Solneman, K.H.Z., Das Manifest der Freiheit und des Friedens, 1977, 305pp, Peace Plans 188.

Studt, Dr. Emil, Alte und neue Formen der Scrips, ueber Rittershausen. (copied, J.Z.)

Sumner, ed., 1896, A History of Banking in All the Leading Nations, 1896, Kelley reprint. Dowd.


TAEUBER, WALTER, Dr., Private Geldschoepfungsversuche, ca. 1933/ 34, 91 S., in PP 791, incomplete. Page 23 is missing and wanted. Good on emergency money issues and clearing attempts. On the German "Ausgleichskassen". Beckerath used to say that they were clearing centres that didn't clear. The monetary theory of the whole is so poor that I am not tempted to transcribe this work or translate it. But it is not bad as a materials collection. T. was private lecturer at the Berlin University, thus in East Berlin a usable copy could, perhaps, still be obtained. - J.Z.)

TAKEOVERS AND CORPORATE CONTROLS, Towards a New Regulatory Environment, The Proceedings of 2 CIS conferences, 1986, DIS, 1987, 246pp, 36x, in PP 718.

TALMUD, Geldtheorie des Talmud, Auszug von ?, zum Gebrauch in einer Talmud Schule in Wilna. Zander schenkte es von Beckerath und es verbrannte bei ihm. Beckerath used to say that Judaism is perhaps the only religion that insists upon stable value honesty in credit transactions, as far as is humanly possible, i.e., excluding it only if oneself is paid in depreciated currency - and to that extent. - I would gladly reproduce the relevant passages - if someone supplied them to me, in German or English. - J.Z.)

TAMAGNA, FRANK, 1965, Central Banking in Latin America, Mexico City, Centro de Estudios Monetarias Latinoamericanos. Schuler.


TANDY, FRANCIS DASHWOOD, Free Competition. An Outline of the Principles of Philosophical Anarchism, Columbus Junction, Liberty Library No., Iowa, 1894, 14pp, in PP 968. Rocker mentions him as a mutual banking advocate. Copies of all his writings are wanted for LMP. - J.Z.)

TANDY, FRANCIS DASHWOOD, Modern Socialistic Tencencies; Columbus Junction, Iowa, 1897, 13pp, in PP 1,000. (Deals with anarchist socialism or socialistic anarchism, even of the individualist anarchist or voluntary socialism type. - J.Z.)

TANDY, FRANCIS DASHWOOD, Voluntary Socialism, Denver, Colorado, 1896, self-published. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection.) Rocker, Rudolf, Pioneers of American Freedom, mentions him thrice and that he died early. I could not find a death date in any of the Goldsmith Collection references that I had time to consult or in any of my own. The same applied to all the other obscure monetary freedom writers that I am interested in? Who knows some or all the death dates of such writers and can supply references? Under the new copyrights acts one may not be able to reproduce these writings from public libraries without such proofs. J.Z.- Should be in a DENVER public library. When I finally got around to visit that library, in which Tandy used to work, I was only allowed to photocopy half that book and had to apply in writing for the reproduction of the second half! I did apply and never heard of these "public servants" again. Luckily, Dr. J.J. Martin could supply me with a copy and its 213 pp wer finaly microfilmed in PP 968. - Some librarians sit like the legendary dragon on their treasures! - J.Z.)

TARN, ALBERT, A Free Currency: What it Means, How it Can Be Established, and What it Can Accomplish, London, 1889. (Roscher: Pioneers. LMP wants a copy.)

TARN, ALBERT, The Individual and the State, London, 1891, 10pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

TAUB, BART, 1985, Private Fiat Money with Many Suppliers, JME 16, Sep. Selgin. (As if private suppliers could issue legal tendernotes. It is a mistake to call any notes without metallic cover and redemption by the issuer a mere "fiat" currency. When they depend on voluntary acceptance and may be freely refused or discounted, then they are thereby, by definition, not fiat money. - J.Z.)

TAVISTOCK, Marquis of, Poverty & Over-Taxation, the Way out, 56 pp, n.d., Portsmouth, with notes by Meulen. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

TAYLOR, DAVID & ZUBE, JOHN, On money, in Feb/Mar/89 letters, 2pp, 29x, in PP 867, letter to J.Z., 26 Dec. 88, 2pp, in PP 812.

TAYLOR, DAVID, An Examination of Monetary and Banking Practices, with special reference to some of the errors od Mark Tier, Social Credit, and the "financial conspiracists:, 2nd. version, ca. Jan. 1987, 11pp, 48x, in PP 740. The first version of this article, with letters, D.T. to J.Z., 1 Sep. 86, J.Z. to D.T., 10 Sep 86, in PP 656.

TAYLOR, F.S., Scottish Banks in the 18th Century, SJPE, 1965. (Munn)

TAYLOR, GEORGE, Savings Banks and Country Banks, 1824, Quarterly Review, 31, December, 128-45. (White)

TAYLOR, GEORGE, The Scotch Currency System and Sir Robert Peel, 1848, London, Effingham Wilson. (White)

TAYLOR, JAMES, A Letter to his Grace, the Duke of Wellington, on Currency, London, 1823(?) 1833?). (Meulen books, with 2 letters and index, Goldsmith Collection)

TAYLOR, JAMES, A View of the Monetary System of Engand..., 1829. (Carnaghan)

TAYLOR, JOHN, A Catechism of the Currency, 3rd. ed. 1836. (Carnaghan. London, 1835 edition in: Meulen books, GoldsmithCollection, and thus inaccessible to the public, at least for photocopying - unless you can prove that and when the author has died. For copyrights purposes they may expect people to live to be 200. - J.Z.)

TELE-TRADE USA, 12 Precious Metal Investment Techniques, 10pp, 29x, in PP 738.

TELLKAMPF, J.L., 1867, Die Prinzipien des Geld- und Bankwesens, Berlin, J. Springer. Selgin.

TELLKAMPF, J.L., Ueber die neuere Entwicklung des BANKWESENS IN DEUTSCHLAND, mit Hinweis auf dessen Vorbilder in England,Schottland und Nordamerika, und auf die Franzoesische Societe generale de Credit Mobilier, 2, Aufl., 1956, 76 S., with notes by J.Z., in PP 738. (One should also listen to one's enemy.)

TEMIN, P., Did Monetary Forces Cause the Great Depression? 1976, W.W. Norton. Dowd.

TEMPLE, R.C., 1899, Beginnings of Currency, Journal of the Anthropological Institute, n.s. 29(2). Selgin.

TERBORGH, GEORGE, The Bogey of Economic Maturity. Kritical of Keynes. H.

THAYER, Legal Tender in Legal Essays, 1908. (Quoted by Holzer. LMP wants a copy.)

THE MUTUALIST, edited by E.H. Fulton, at Clinton, Iowa, 1925-1928. (LMP wants a copy.)

THIRD WORLD DEBT WRITE-OFF, leaflet by West Brundswick CAA, 1p, 1989, in PP 913.

THOMAS, S. EVELYN, The Rise and Growth of Joint Stock Banking to 1860, London, Pitman, 1934.

THOMAS, S.G., The Rise and Growth of Joint Stock Banking, London, 1934. (Cameron. Should at least bring some interesting historical material. - J.Z.)

THOMPSON, EARL A., The Theory of Money and Income Consistent with Orthodox Value Theory, in Samuelson, P.A., and Horwich, G., eds., Trade, Stability, and Macro-economics: Essays in Honor of Lloyd Meltzer, N.Y., Academic Press, 1974, 427-453. (Brown, 23 & 51)

THOMPSON, EARL A., Who Shall Control the Money Supply? Am. Ec. Rev., vol. 71, No. 2, May 1981, pp 356-361. JZL.

THORNLEY, KERRY WENDELL, How to Propagate Monetary Mutualism, in PP 731.

THORNLEY, KERRY WENDELL, Legal Tender: Is It A Conspiracy? 5 pp, SLM, Nov. 81, in PP 793.

THORNLEY, KERRY WENDELL, letter to SLM, Nov. 81 on Fiat Money. (He plans a book on central banking. ) 1p in PP 793.

THORNTON, HENRY, An Enquiry into the Nature and Effects of the Paper Credit of great Britain, 1802, & The Evidence given by Henry Thornton before the Committees of Secrey of the Two Houses of Parliament on the Bank of England, March and April 1797, & Notes on Lord King's Thoughts on the Effects of the Bank Restriction, & Two Speeches of Henry Thornton on the Bullion Report, May 1811, 368pp, 1939, New York, Kelly reprint, 1965, 1978, 368 pp, with a 50 page introduction by F.A. Hayek. LFB sale $12.50.(JZL)

THORWAERT, F., Die Entwicklung des Banknotenumlaufs in Deutschland, 1851-1880, Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik, XLI, 1883,202-3. (Cameron)

THURLINGER & HOLLOWAY, Money: The Decisive Factor. (He studied a number of community or commodity based experiments, everyone successful but suppressed by the State upon pressure by banks. According to Don Bethune, Convivial Money, No. 2, Dec. 87, p.3.)

TICHENOR, G.H., Private Money, "Reason", 6/76.

TIDEMAN, T. NICOLAUS, The STANDARD Has Already Happened, ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, 6/7,1986, 2pp, 29x, in PP 865. (On Hayek's proposal and Borsodi's and Swann's attempts.)

TIENTSIN, had, in 1860, no less than 300 note issuing banks. Source: Meyer's Konversatins Lexikon, article on China. Year of edition: ? This hint has been filmed on page 123 of PP 913. My handbook of the fifties gives a population of 1,8 million. By 1860 it might have had only 600,000 people. That would correspond to the astonishing figure given by Beckerath for Rode Island's banks of issue: One for each 2,000 population. More details are wanted on both cases. J.Z., 21.2.90.

TIER, MARK, A Vicious Circle that May Lead to Runaway Inflation, 1984, 5pp, with notes by J. Zube, 3 pp, 29x, in PP 548. (When I met him in Sydney, many years ago, he was still hung up on the imagined "credit creation" threat and had published a booklet on inflation, which was largely based on this error. His present monetary views are unknown to me. - J.Z.)

TILLY, RICHARD, Financial Institutions and Industrialization in the German Rhineland, 1815-1870, Madison, Wis, 1966. (Cameron)

TIMBERLAKE, R.H., Jr., 1978, The Origins of Central Banking in the United States, Cambridge, MA and London, HUP. Dowd.

TIMBERLAKE, RICHARD H. Federal Reserve Policy Since 1945: The Results of Authority in the Absence of Rules, 20pp, in Siegel, Barry N., Money in Crisis. In the last few pages he does discuss the free banking option..

TIMBERLAKE, RICHARD H., 1984, The Central Banking role of Clearinghouse Associations, JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING, vol. 16, no. 1, Feb. Schuler.

TIMBERLAKE, RICHARD H., Denominational Factors in Nineteenth - Century Currency Experience, Journal of Economic History, 34, December 1974, 835-884.

TIMBERLAKE, RICHARD H., Private production of scrip-money in the isolated community, 1987, JMCB, 19, pp. 437-47. Dowd.

TIMM, HERBERT, Entnationalisierung des Geldes? Einige kritische Bemerkungen zu einem revolutionaeren Vorschlag, in Bohley, P. und Tolkemitt, G. (Hrsg), Wirtschaftswissenschaft als Grundlage staatlichen Handelns, Heinz Haller zum 65. Geburtstag, Tuebingen, Mohr, 1979. (Gerding) S. 537ff. JZL. 18 S., in PP 805.

TOBIN, JAMES, 1963, Commercial Banks as Creators of 'Money', in Deane Carson, ed., Banking and Monetary Studies, Homewood, Ill, Richard D. Irwin. Selgin.

TODD, J.A., The Mechanism of Exchange, (J.D.Unwin)

TOLSTOI, LEO, Graf, Was ist Geld? Berlin, Globus Verlag, 112 S., mit Anmerkungen von J.Z. in Peace Plans 556. (Especially good in describing the evils arising out of the claims of creditors to payment in an exclusive currency. - J.Z. JZL.)

TOMINAGA, YOSHITA, The Truth of Money, A Doctrine on Social Reconstruction by Means of Ticket Money, 1952, 199pp, with some remarks by John Zube, 48x, in PP 668.

TOMORROW'S MONEY, by Gesell & others, Libertarian Social Institute, Bombay. Mentioned in booklist or title of booklist?

TOOKE,THOMAS, A History of Prices (vol. 3), London, Longman, 1938. (Gerding),... with Remarks... on Some of the Alterations Proposed in our Banking System, London, 1840, Longmans. (White)

TOOKE, THOMAS, A History of Prices (vol. 4) and the State of the Circulation, from 1839 to 1847 Inclusive: With a General Review of the Currency Question...1848, London, Longmans. (White) For banking principle.

TOOKE, THOMAS, A Letter to Lord Grenville: On the Effects Ascribed to the Resumption of Cash Payments on the Value of Currency, 1829, London, John Murray. (White)

TOOKE, THOMAS, A Second Letter to Lord Grenvill: On the Currency in Connection with the Corn Trade; and on the Corn Laws; to Which Is Added a Postscript on the Present Commercial Stagnation, 1829, London, John Murray. (White)

TOOKE, THOMAS, An Inquiry into the currency Principle, the Connection of the Currency with Prices and the Expediency of a Separation of the Issue from Banking, 2nd. ed. 1844, London, Longmans, 1856, 1959, 165pp, Peace Plans 565. (For full gold cover. - J.Z.)

TOOKE, THOMAS, Considerations of the State of the Currency, London, 1825, 2nd. ed. 1826, John Murray. (Against Bank of England privileges, for Scottish Bank system, for publicity re note issue - but against notes under 5 pounds! - J.Z.)

TOOKE, THOMAS, On the Bank Charter Act of 1844, London, 1856. For metallic cover.

TORRES GARCIA, GUILLERMO, 1980, Historia de la Moneda en Colombia, 2nd. ed., Medellin, Fondo Rotario de Publicaciones FAES. Schuler.

TORTELLA CASARES, GABRIEL, 1977, Banking, Railroads, and Industry in Spain 1829-1874, N.Y., Arno Press. Schuler.

TRADE AMERICA CARD, CA, adv., 1981, 1p, of a barter exchange, 29x, in PP 865.

TRADE EXCHANGE INC., Explanation of Items, Change in Accounting Method, 1984, 3pp, 29x, in PP 905.

TRADE EXCHANGE INC., Trading Rules and Regulations, 1985, the fine print, 1p, 29x, in PP 905.

TRAEGER, Herr, Erklaerung der Berliner Freiheiten des Buergers, 2 Entwuerfe, ca. 1953/54, mit 4 wirtschaftlichen Grundfreiheiten, in Peace Plans 589/590.

TRAEGER, Herr, Erklaerung der Berliner Freiheiten des Buergers, 2 Entwuerfe, ca. 1953/54, mit 4 wirtschaftlichen Grundfreiheiten, in PP 589/590.

TRUTWEIN, JUDITH, Myth of the cashless society. ATMs increase the ­demand for currency, not diminish it, in PP 787.

TRAVERS-BORGSTROEM, Mutualismus, Eine Synthese, Muenchen 1923, 125. (This seems to be the "mutualist" title that I saw in 1984 in Robert Carnaghan's library. It had nothing to do with mutualist banking or libertarianism as I see it. The author seemd to think that he had invented the word for his kind of philosophy. S. 6: "Entwurf ueber die Verstaatlichung des Geldverkehrs und die Zentralisierung von Banken und Geldverleihung, in der Hand der Nation"! Kennt den alten Mutualismus nicht, obwohl er Proudhon als Motto zitiert: "Eine Theorie der Gegenseitigkeit, die kraft ihres Grundgedankens, statt vom Kapital Kredit und vom Staat Schutz zu fordern, das Kapital des Staates der Arbeit zur Verfuegung stellt. Wo sagt P. DAS? Hoert sich eher nach Lasalle an. - J.Z.)

TREICHLER, BILL & WILSON, ROBERT ANTON, Attack Usury at Its Source, 4pp, 29x, in PP 905.

TRESCOTT, PAUL B., Ideologie & Inflation, S. 17-26 in ACTA MONETARIA, Jahrbuch fuer Geldordnung und Geldpolitik, Frankfurt/M, 3. 1979, I/139 ( 1/1977-4/1980, letzte Nr.). (Seems to me to be of no free banking interest. These and some other titles are included here only as warnings against certain titles. Do not waste your money on them! - J.Z.)

TRESCOTT, PAUL B., Money, banking and economic welfare, N.Y., 2nd. ed., McGraw Hill, 1965, 602pp. (Supposed to contain a good discussion of legal tender. - J.Z.)

TREUHOLM, The People's Money. (According to Rittershausen the best book on legal means of payment.)

TRIFFIN, ROBERT, 1946, Monetary and Banking Reform in Paraguay, Washington, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Schuler.

TRINKHAUS, WILLIAMS, mentioned in LIBERTY index in connection with Mutual Bank Ppropaganda.

TRIVOLI, GEORGE, A Modest Proposal for a Private International Monetary System, in Kredit & Kapital, 1977.

TRIVOLI, GEORGE, Currency competition versus governmental money monopolies, CATO JOURNAL, 5, 1986, pp 927-42. Dowd.

TRIVOLI, GEORGE, The Government's Money Monopoly: Externalities or Natural Monopoly? KYKLOS, 37, 1984, PP. 27-58. Dowd.

TRIVOLI, GEORGE, The Suffolk Bank, A Study of a free-enterprise clearing system, Adam Smith Institute Monograph, London, 1979, 28pp. (JZL. Still hung up on gold redemption as the only option without realizing that a consistent clearing system could makegold redemption and payment superfluous within the system, although it could account in gold weight units and gold coins and gold bullion could and should be freely traded on the free market - with redemption and convertibility referred to the free market and all exchange and clearing certificates daily and hourly quoted on the free market and generally acceptable only while they stand at par with their nominal value. But the proposal is acceptable as ONE option under monetary freedom, for those who want it. - J.Z.)

TRUTWEIN, JUDITH, Myth of the cashless society. ATMs increase the demand for currency, not diminish it, in PP 787.

TUCKER, BENJAMIN & The Champions of Liberty, A Centenary Anthology, edited by Michael E. Coughlin, Charles H. Hamilton, Mark A. Sullivan, 1981, 232pp, 29x, in PP 912.

TUCKER, BENJAMIN R., A Blow at Trial by Jury, N.Y., 1898. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection) (FB?)

TUCKER, BENJAMIN R., Individual Liberty, Selections from the writings of Benjamin R. Tucker, ed. by Clarence Lee Swartz, N.Y., 1926. Eliminated some of the polemics of Instead of a Book while including some of the essays from Liberty, after 1893. 1973, 294pp, indexed, with bibliography, Peace Plans 537.

TUCKER, BENJAMIN R., Instead of a Book, by a Man too Busy too Write One. A Fragmentary Exposition of Philosophical Anarchism, N.Y., 1893, 2nd. ed. 1897. contains all important writings of Tucker in Liberty until 1893. The 1897 edition, 526 pages, was fiched in Peace Plans 210/211.

TUCKER, BENJAMIN R., LIBERTY, numerous articles and discussions, 1881-1908, Boston, Nos. 1-403, in Peace Plans 247-273.

TUCKER, BENJAMIN R., Staatssozialismus und Anarchismus, Peace Plans 291, also in Peace Plans 421.

TUCKER, BENJAMIN R., State Socialism and Anarchism: How far they agree, and wherein they differ, first in Liberty, 1888, later in several editions as pamphlet, 1895 in London, German translation, 1895 in Berlin, Dutch one in 1896 in Amsterdam. A French translation was published by Emile Armand in Orleans, France. Peace Plans 539.

TUCKER, BENJAMIN R., The Attitude of Anarchism to Industrial Combinations, Detroit, 1933. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection) (FB?)

TUCKER, GEORGE, The Theory of Money & Banks Investigated, 1839, Boston, Charles C. Little and James Brown, Kelly reprint 1964, VI, 412pp. (Very limited and often false views of free banking. - J.Z. JZL, LFB sale $ 13.75.)

TUCKER, JEFFREY A., A Review of Ron Paul's Book THE CASE FOR GOLD, from 'The Free Market', The Ludwig von Mises Institute, 3/88, in PP 787.

TUCKER, JEFFREY A., review of Ludwig von Mises's "The Theory of Money & Credit", in PP 740.

TULLOCK, G., Competing Monies, in Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 7, Nov. 1975, pp 491-497. (JZL)

TULLOCK, G., Competing Monies. A Reply, in Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 8, 1976, pp 521-525.. (Gerding) 7 pp in PP 793.

TULLOCK, GORDON, Competing Monies, JMB, 8/1976, 7pp, in PP 793.

TULLOCK, GORDON, Paper Money - A Cycle in Cathay, Economic History Review 9, August 1957, pp 393-407.(Brown)

TURNBULL, SHANN, Creating a Community Currency, 1982, Rural Banking, G.P.E Network Contribution of 2 Sept.85, 29x, in PP 586/587.

TURNBULL, SHANN, Democratising the Wealth of Nations from New Money Sources and Profit Motives, 1975, with monetary freedom proposals, in PP 145/146.

TURNBULL, SHANN, Rural Banking, G.P.E. Network Contribution of 2.9.85, in Peace Plans 586/587.

TURNBULL, SHANN, Selecting a Local Currency, "Options", published by "Optimism", in conjunction with the Australian Adam Smith Club, June 1983, 11pp, available from Centre 2000, 29x, in PP 520.

TURNBULL, SHANN, What Everybody Should Know about Banking and Money, Especially Bankers and Economists, Options, May 1983, "Optimism" & Australian Adam Smith Club, 9pp, was available from Centre 2000. 12pp, 29x, in PP 520.

TURNER, TOM, Publishing History of the Personal Rights Association, 3pp, 36x, in PP 561.

TURNING POINTS NEWSLETTER, Cholsey NR Wallingford, OXON, OX10 9NU, UK, 1985. (Or: c/o James Robertson, 9 New Rd., Ironbridge, Shropshire TF8 IA6,UK. Old address? Likes to point out new monetary experiments and proposals of the Alternatives movement. Brings abstracts or short extracts.

TUSSING, A. DALE, 1967, The Case for Bank Failure, Journal of Law and Economics 10, October. Selgin.


ULLASTRES, CALVO A., La teoria de la Mutaciou monetaria del Mariana, Anales de economia, No. 15, 1944, 273-304, No. 20, 1945, 437-471.

UNGER, WALTER, Dr., Bemerkungen ueber die Wertmessung, 1932, in Beckerath papers, PP. 428ff, co-author of "Die Vier Gesetzentwuerfe". (Siehe Zander's edition and Rittershausen's work Das Andere System. U. was murdered by the Nazis. Rittershausen and Beckerath only survived, after the 20 July 1944 conspiracy failed, because a former pupil of R. managed to destroy their files. If this putsch had not failed, perhaps, we might have had a German Republic, enjoying not only peace and political freedom, but even monetary freedom, since 1944. Their monetary freedom "conspiracy" came once before close to succeeding, namely, back in 1932. - J.Z.)

UNITED STATES V. GELLMAN, 44 F Suppl. 360, on private amusement part token money. W.

UNITED STATES vs. AARON VAN AUKEN, 1878, 2pp. On jurisdiction regarding monetary freedom, 29x, in PP 905.

UNITED STATES vs. MONONGAHELA BRIDGE CO., Fed. Cas. 15, 796, 1863, on bridge toll token money, 1p, 29x, in PP 731.

UNITED STATES, NATIONAL MONETRY COMMISSION, 1910, Interviews on the Banking and Currency Systems of Canada, Washington, GPO. Schuler.

UNTERGUGGENBERGER, MICHAEL, Das Woergler Schwundgeld eingezogen, in Zahlungsverkehr, Einkaufsscheine und Arbeitsbeschaffung, red. von Edgard Milhaud, 1934, in Peace Plans 347/348.

UNTERGUGGENBERGER, MICHAEL, La Fin de l'Experience de Woergl. Un Bilan, in: Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, by Edgard Milhaud, 1934, pp 326-329, 29x, in PP 744.

UNTERGUGGENBERGER, MICHAEL, The End Result of the Woergl Experiment, in Ending the Unemployment and Trade Crisis, ed. by Milhaud, 1934, 4 pp, in PP 769.

UNWIN, J.D., Hopousia or the sexual and economic foundations of a new society, George Allen and Unwin, London, 1940, with an introduction by Aldous Huxley, indexed, 475 pp. (Good e.g. on legal tender, token money, inflation, free coinage. Claims on page 182 that no banking monopoly exists in England. Anyone could take out a licence but speaks on page 198 of a statute law giving the Bank of Engand the monopoly for currency. Are standardized goods warrants in England, not redeemable in rare metals or Bank of England notes, "currency" in this sense or not? Have there been test cases? To the shame of the printing and publishing establishments this excellent book has been out of print for almost half a century! In PP 1364. An extract, rearranged, under the title: Our Economic Problems and their Solution, 1944, 148 pp, was fiched in PP 1398. - J.Z.)

UTLEY, HENRY M., The Wildcat Banking System of Michigan, Michigan Pioneer Collections, V, 1884, 209-222. (Rockoff)


VANDERLINT, JACOB, Money Answers All Things, 1734, reprinted 1970, Beekman Publ., Books in Print 1985. (FB?)

VAUBEL, ROLAND, 1984a, The Government's Money Monopoly: Externalities or Natural Monopoly? Kyklos 37, vol 7, 1984, 32pp, in PP 814. - Selgin.

VAUBEL, ROLAND, 1984b, International Debt, Bank Failures, and the Money Supply: The Thrities and the Eighties, CATO JOURNAL 4, Spring, Summer. Selgin.

VAUBEL, ROLAND, 1984c, Private Competitive Issue in Monetary History, in P. Salin, ed., Currency Competition and MonetaryUnion, The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff. Selgin.

VAUBEL, ROLAND, 1986, Currency Competition versus Governmental Money Monopolies, CATO JOURNAL, Winter. Selgin.

VAUBEL, ROLAND, Choice in European Monetary Union, IEA Occasional Paper 55, 31pp, 1979. (JZL)

VAUBEL, ROLAND, Currency Competition in Monetary History, paper presented at the Institutum Europaeum conference on European Monetary Union and Currency Competition, December 1980. (Brown)

VAUBEL, ROLAND, Free Currency Competition, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv 112, or 113, 1977, 435-459. (Brown)(White)

VAUBEL, ROLAND, Strategies for Currency Unification. The Economics of Currency Competition and the Case for a European Parallel Currency, Tuebingen, Mohr, 1978. (Kieler Studien 156). (Gerding)

VAUBEL, ROLAND, The Government's Money Monopoly: Externalities or Natural Monopoly? KYKLOS, Vol. 37, 1984, S. 27-58. JZL. 32pp in PP 814. (Judging by the title, he has never heard or seen monetary legislation. - J.Z.)

VAUBEL, ROLAND., Freier Wettbewerb zwischen Waehrungen, in Wirtschaftsdienst, 56.jg, 1976, 8, S. 422-428. (Gerding)

VEIT, OTTO, Die Verankerung des Geldes in der realen Welt, S.677-687, Zeitschrift f.d. Ges. Staatswiss., Tuebingen, 125-1969-4, Gen. Ec. Review, 8/1970, ORDO, Bd. 31, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, N.Y., 1980. (No notion of monetary freedom and legal tender here. Presumes the existence of "credit creation". Does not commit himself to definitions. Fits therefore well into most economics departments. Both entries here only to warn people off. Perhaps he has seen some light in some of his other essays but I am not willing to try any more. Worthless from my point of view. - J.Z. 16.August 1986.)

VEIT, OTTO, Reale Theorie des Geldes, Tuebingen, Mohr, 1966. (Gerding) fb?

VEIT, OTTO, The Utopian Element in Monetary Policy, The German Economic Review, vol. 8, No. 1, 1970. (JZL. Was disappointing to me. He is no monetary freedom advocate in those writings that I have seen. According to the wife of Prof. Rittershausen, he understood at least the old monetary freedom theory. Here he argues even against free exchange rates, as not "realistic" enough, as there are still other interventionist forces. They would prompote inflation, according to him! - J.Z.)

VEITH, A.E., In the Wake of Inflation, 1970, 1976, 1986, 70pp. (Christian Constitutionalist and Social Credit man. Against "debt money" and "private money creation". Partly correct in describing and criticising inflation but does nto know the remedy: free market rating and voluntary acceptance or refusal, combined with competitive issues. Wants State monopoly for issue and "proper management": "constitutional money". While opposing inflation, he favours everything that really makes for inflation and opposes what could prevent it. Against "gold", against "usury", against "international conspiracy of bankers" etc. - J.Z.)

VERNON, JODI, An age-old custom is again becoming a big deal, THE ROTARIAN, June 85, on international barter trading agreements, 4pp, 48x, in PP 739, also, 29x, in PP 905.

VERNON, JOHN W., Banking and Currency in Rhode Island, in: The New England States (W.T.Davis, ed.), IV, 2445-2454. (Miller)

VIEIRA, EDWIN, Dr., Jr., 1.) Pieces of Eight, 1p leaflet advertising the book, 29x, in PP 742. 2.) Comments to Sennholz, H.F.: Money and Freedom, 3pp, 48x, in PP 740. (I would like to obtain permission to reproduce his book. JZL. Judging by what I have read so far, it is at least of great value regarding the history of paper money issues with legal tender. His constitutional discussion is more thorough than any that I have seen on this subject. However, monetary freedom should not depend merely upon some formal constitutional clauses and their varying official and unofficial interpretations but should be clearly expressed in corresponding bill of rights clauses, as proposed e.g. by Ulrich von Beckerath and embodied in various human rights drafts reproduced in this series, e.g. in PP 4, 589 & 590. If necessary, these essential liberties should even be protected by armed, trained and well organized and motivasted citizen volunteers. e.g. in PP 4 & 589 & 590. J.Z.)

VILLALOBOS VEGA, Bernardo, 1981, Bancos Emisores y Bancos Hipotecarios en Costa Rica 1850-1910, San Jose, Costa Rica, Editorial Costa Rica. Schuler.

VINER, J., 1937, Studies in the Theory of Internatinal Trade, London, Geroge Allen and Unwin. Dowd, on central banking.

VISSERING, WILLEM, ON CHINESE CURRENCY, coin and paper money, Leiden, 1877, 250pp, in PP 823, Taipei, Taiwan, 1968, 219pp, Queensland University, Brisbane.

VITI DE MARCO, DE, Science Financiere, article Paper monnie de'etat. rec. by Rittershausen.


WADE, JOHN, The Extraordinary Black Book, 1831, Shannon, Irish University Press. (White)


WAERA FIBEL, 20pp, 29x, in PP 731. WAERA issues during the depression in Germany : 3 hints, on pp, in PP 791.

WAGEMANN, ERNST, Die Wirtschaftsverfassung der Republik Chile, Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Geldwirtschaft und der Papierwaehrung, Muenchen & Leipzig, Duncker & Humblot, 1913, 253pp. According to this work, W. possessed some insights into monetary freedom at least as a young man. It is one of the few reports on Chile's free banking period, largely guided by Courcelle Seneuil and one of the few that brings some details on the private note issues of mines in Chile, called "fichas". Thanks to Theo Megalli, I possess a reasonable copy. If I would get reproduction permission, I would probably film it, too, but not the later works of W. that I have seen. J.Z.) JZL.

WAGNER, ADOLF, Die Geld- und Creditlehre der Peel'schen Bankacte, Wien 1862, 320S, Regensburg. (Megalli) (There is also a 1920 edition of it by a Johan P...[sometimes I can't read my own hand writing! For free banking, according to Schueller. - J.Z.)

WAGNER, ADOLF, Die Russische Papierwaehrung, Eine volkswirt-schaftliche und finanzpolitische Studie, nebst Vorschlaegen zur Herstellung der Valuta, Riga, 1868, 295pp. 307pp, in PP 777, 29x. ( Was recommended by Ulrich von Beckerath. I have a somewhat imperfect photocopy. Several times I browsed in it but did not find enough of value in it to make its microfilming urgent for me. - J.Z.)

WAGNER, ADOLF, Dr., Banken und Bankwesen & Banknote, 1866, in Dr. H. Rentzsch, Handwoerterbuch der Volkswirtschaftslehre, 18pp, 29x, in PP 732.

WAGNER, ADOLF, Dr., Beitraege zur Lehre von den Banken, 1857, 353pp, 29x, in PP 615.

WAGNER, ADOLF, Dr., System der Zettelbankpolitik, 2. Aufl., 1873, mit Inhaltsanalyse u. Register, 743 S., 36x, in PP 716/717. (Since the 1st. ed. is supposed to be more in favour of free banking, LMP is trying to get a filmable copy of it, too. - J.Z.)

WAGNER, ADOLF, Finanzwissenschaft, Bd. II, Leipzig, 1880, 2.Aufl., Leipzig 1910-12. Rec. by Holzhauer.

WAGNER, RICHARD E., 1977, Economic Manipulation for Political Profit, Macroeconomic Consequences and Constitutional Implications, KYKLOS 30(3). Selgin.

WAGNER, RICHARD E., Boom and Bust: The Political Economy of Economic Disorder, pp. 1-37 of The Journal of Libertarian Studies, Winter 1980, especially p. 13. JZL. (According to apreliminary blurb in "The Pursuit of Liberty, Jan. 80, he calls for de-politicization of money. - J.Z.)

WAHL, NICK, Interview in CONTRASTE ueber sein KUVOG-System (Kaufen Und Verkaufen Ohne Geld), 1987, 1 S., 29x, in PP 742.

WAHL, NICK, RAD, Rechnungs-Ausgleichs-Dienst, 1983, 9pp, 29x, in PP 742.

WAHL, NICK, interviewed by Gunnar Seitz, in German: Erste Hilfe fuer Alternativbetriebe, "Contraste", 1/87, on Wahl's KUVOG System (Kaufen und Verkaufen Ohne Geld). 1p, in PP 793. (As far as I know, W. still does not distinguish between currency based on short term and currency based on long term securities, i.e. is unaware of the reflux requirement. - J.Z.)

WALKER, AMASA, The Science of Wealth, Boston, Little, Brown, 1867. (Siegel.) (If this is a free banking title, LMP would like a copy.)

WALKER, KARL, "Demokratie und Menschenrechte", Zitzmann, Lauf, 1947. (In this and in other works, for monetary freedom, although otherwise he follows Gesell. Inventor of a game that he offered to schools at a rather high price, which demonstrates internal and external monetary problems and solutions. Died a few years ago. - J.Z.)

WALLACE, NEIL & EICHENBAUM, MARTIN S., A Shred of Evidence on Public Acceptance of Privately Issued Currency, 1985, 1p, 29x, in PP 731.

WALLACE, NEIL, 1983, A Legal Restrictions Theory of Demand for 'Money' and the Role of Monetary Policy, Fed. Res. Bk. of Minneapolis, QUARTERLY REVIEW, Winter. Selgin.

WALRAS, L., Les associations populaire, de consommation, de production et de credti, Paris, Dentu, 1865, Microfilm: Micro-editions Hachette. (Of fb interest? In Freiburg: Etudes, D' 233 + C'567 + J - 0 12.

WARNER, DeWITT, JOHN, The Currency Famine of 1893, in "SoundCurrency", 15.2.1895 & again in 1896, Peace Plans 9, also in Peace Plans 350-354. (Best essay on the American tradition of "clearing house certificates". Some of his articles, in later issues of this magazine, will sooner or later also be reproduced in the Peace Plans series. See also under "WITT". JZL. A practical instance of free enterprise self-help against depression & unemployment. - J.Z.)

WARREN, G.O., member of Free Currency Movement and collaborator for "Free Trade and Free Exchange", an 1892 periodical.

WARREN, JOSIAH, Equitable Commerce, 1846. 2nd. ed., 1849 in Utopia, Ohio, 3rd. 1852 by Fowler and Wells in N.Y., with a preface by Stephen Pearl Andrews. This one has been reproduced in PEACE PLANS 223. I believe that this issue also contains what Rocker calls "The Practical Details of Equitable Commerce", N.Y., 1852. If not, I have to get a copy of it still! - J.Z.)

WARREN, JOSIAH, Manifesto, a libertarian document, introduced by Joseph Ishill, 1952, 12 pp, Oriole Press, Berkeley Heights. JZL.

WARREN, JOSIAH, Practical Applications of the Elementary Principes of True Civilization to the Minute Details of Every Day Life, Being Part Three and Last, Princeton, 1873. Apparently unfinished: only 45 pages, recording his practical experiments, followed by a discussion with the Christian Socialist Adin Ballou on the cost principle. (Rocker)

WARREN, JOSIAH, The Peaceful Revolutionist, magazine, 1833, Cincinnati, Ohio.

WARREN, JOSIAH, True Civilization, an immediate necessity and the last ground of hope for mankind, 1863, 189pp, PP 218, Clintondale, Mass., 1869, Princeton, Mass., by B.R. Tucker, 1875, Boston, 1881. 1963 issue: PP 218.

WARREN, JOSIAH, Utopia, Ohio 1845.

WATNER, CARL, "Hard Money" in the Voluntaryist Tradition, THE VOLUNTARYIST, Jan. 1987, 5 pp, in PP 793.

WATNER, CARL, 1976, California Gold : 1849-65, Reason, Jan. Selgin.

WATNER, CARL, Benjamin Tucker and his Periodical , LIBERTY, JLS, 4/77, 12pp, in PP 915.

WATNER, CARL, Benjamin Tucker's LIBERTY, from REASON, 4/79, 3pp, 24x, in PP 914.

WATNER, CARL, Free Banking and Fractional Reserves, THE VOLUNTARYIST, Dec. 87 2pp, with 1p reply by Lawrence H. White, 29x, in PP 911.

WATNER, CARL, Further Comments directed to WHITE, LAWRENCE H., 1p, 29x, in PP 911.

WATNER, CARL, Hard Money, Soft Money, and Government Money! The VOLUNTARYIST, June 89, 2pp, 29x, in PP 905 & 911.

WATNER, CARL, Private Money Firsts, THE VOLUNTARYIST, Feb. 89, 3pp, 29x, in PP 865.

WATNER, CARL, The Constitution and Unsound Money: A Reply to Conrad Braun's "The Constitution and Sound Money", THE VOLUNTARYIST, June 88, 1/2p, 29x, in PP 911.

WATT, HUGH, The Practice of Banking in Scotland and England, 1833, London, Simpkin and Marshall.

WATT, PETER, The Theory and Practice of Joint-Stock Banking; Shewing the Advantages Which Will Arise to the Agricultural, Commercial, and Maufacturing Interests of England, from the Institution of Joint-Stock Banks of Issue, Discount, and Deposit, 1836, Edinburgh, John Anderson, Jun. (White)

WATTS, V. ORVAL, Money and Free Markets, a Summary", article in The Freeman, Jan. 1966, FEE. (If this article were not copyrighted, I would microfiche it. Watts claims here, to have discovered the proper version of Gresham's Law : Watt's Law: Only under legal tender drives the bad money the good out of circulation, under a free market rate, the good money drives out the bad, apparently unaware of his predecessors. A monography on this subject is planned for this series. J.Z.)

WAY OUT, A, October 1967 issue, Free Land, Free Banking, Free Trade, Free Men for America, vo. 23, Nos. 3 & 4. (Schwenke has a good copy.)

WAYLAND, FRANCIS, Elements of Political Economy, 1837, 3rd. ed., Boston, 1840. Against regulation of banks. (I saw it somewhere and found at least pages 15,114-121,126/127,193-95, 205-206 interesting. - J.Z.)

WEBER, ADOLF, Die Geldqualitaet der Banknote, Dissertation, Leipzig, rec. by Rittershausen. (Seems to me of possible interest only to students of law and commerce. Its economics did not impress me. - J.Z.) At Freiburg Uni.

WEBER, CHARLES E., A Closer Look at Gold, The Freeman, Sept. 1972, pp.533-544. (On private coinage rights with regard to gold. - J.Z.)

WEBER, CHARLES E., American Money: Past, Present and Future, THE FREEMAN, Aug. 76, 6 pp, in PP 806.

WEBER, ERNST JUERG, Currency Competition in Switzerland, 1826-1850, KYKLOS, vol. 41, 1988, 19 pp, in PP 814.


WEBSTER, PELATIAH, Not Worth a Continental, 1780, Foundation for Economic Education, 1950, in Peace Plans 42-44. (JZL. One of the oldest and best articles against legal tender. J.Z.)

WEGELIN, WALTER, Tauschsozialismus und Freigeld, 1921, 122pp, 29x, in PP 568. (Mit Besprechungen ueber Proudhon, Rodbertus, Solvay, Fluerscheim and Spencer. - J.Z.)

WELDON, LU GENE, An I.O.U. for Emily, "A Breezy Novel about a Lady who Fights the Biggest City Hall of them All - the Federal Governmenut", Arlington House, New Rochelle, N.Y.,1967,208pp. (JZL. Favours free banking, at least on pp 125/6 & 135. Was recommended by Dr. George Boardman, deceased, and his follower Karlis Paucitis, with whom I lost contact, unfortunately, years ago. Now I would like to collaborate with him to get all of B's and P's libertarian writings onto microfiche. Copyrights will probably see to it that Weldon's delightful story will remain out of print for another few decades. - JZ.)

WELLS, D.A., Letter to Thomas Farrer on the use of paper currency in the State of California, Sept. 21, 1887, in Gold and Silver Commission Report, London, 1887, II/93/94. (JZL. Legal tender paper money was rejected in favour of gold coins, even during the time of the civil war. Probably it did help to be so far away from the centres of powers. - J.Z.)

WELLS, D.C., review, 4pp, in Yale Review, May 1896, of Hake & Wesslau: The Coming Individualism, in PP 795.

WELLS, DONALD, and L.S. SCRUGGS, 1986, Historical Insight into Deregulation of Money and Banking, CATO JOURNAL, v. 5, no. 3,Spring, pp 899-910. Schuler.

WENLEY, JAMES A, On the History and Development of Banking in Scotland, 1882, Journal of the Institute of Bankers, 3, 119-45. (White)

WERE, J.B. & SON, Gold, an investment that stands the test of time, adv., March 87, 5pp, 48x, in PP 740.

WERKHEISER, DON, Some Letters and Papers on Monetary Freedom, SOR & MOR (closely related to the panarchistic distinctions! - J.Z.), 1987,1988, 26pp, including some notes by J.Z., interspersed during the transcription, 29x, in PP 865.

WERKHEISER, DON, Stop Inflation with Honest Money, 1p, in GREEN REVOLUTION, Winter 1983, in PP 803.

WERKHEISER, DON, to MEGALLI, THEO, 24 Nov. 86, 1p, 48x, in PP 740.

WERTGUTSCHEINE fuer Fluechtlinge, in Berlin, 6pp of leaflets & clippings, 1984, 29x, in PP 731.

WESSLAU, O.E. & HAKE, A. EGMOND, Free Trade in Capital, 1890, 432pp, London, 36x, in PP 656. (For redemption in metal.)

WESSLAU, O.E. & HAKE, A. EGMONT, The Coming Individualism, 1895, 347 pp, in PP 774. The Athenaeum, Feb. 8, 1896 review, 1p, The Spectator, July 11, 1896 review, 1p, in PP 787. Review by D.C. Wells, 4pp, in Yale Review, May 1896, in PP 795.

WESSLAU, O.E., Rational Banking, the Remedy for Depression in Trade, versus Banking Monopoly, ed. by Bancroft Cooke, 1887, 64 pp, in PP 786.


WEST, ROBERT CRAIG, Banking Reform and the Federal Reserve, 1863-1923, Ithaca, N.Y., Cornell UP. Schuler.

WESTERN AUSTRALIA gold note and gold bullion trade centre, 2 clippings, in PP 791, pages 91 & 96.

WESTERN WORLD REVIEW, Winter 1968, vol. 2, No. 2, 20pp, 29x, in PP 911. (A special monetary freedom issue, with extracts from Hutt, Graves, Hoffer, Peace Plans 9-11.)

WESTERN WORLD REVIEW, edited by Robert Sagehorn, the Winter 1976/1977 issue was dedicated to Henry Meulen, in Peace Plans 350-354. (Since I haven't heard from R.S. for many years, I do presume that he has died. - J.Z.)

WESTPAC (Formerly Bank of New South Wales), The Story of Currency in Australia, 1954, 20pp, in PP 793. (A simple description produced for Australian schools.)

WESTRUP, ALFRED B., New Philosophy of Money.

WESTRUP, ALFRED B., Plenty of Money, N.Y., 1899, 13pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

WESTRUP, ALFRED B., The Financial Problem..., Mutual Bank Propaganda, Chicago, 1891, 30pp. (Meulen books, with Meulen letters. Goldsmith Collection)

WHEATLEY, JOHN, Remarks on Currency and Commerce, 1803. (Coppetiers) (FB?)

WHITE, ANDREW D., Fiat Money Inflation in France, FEE. (On abuse of legal tender paper money. But is he really for free banking? And does he distinguish between the abolition of metallic redemption and the introduction of legal tender, when he considers "fiat" money? - J.Z.)

WHITE, B., Neutral War Emergency Money, 1920. (Free Banking? J.Z.)

WHITE, EUGENE NELSON, 1983, The Regulation and Reform of the American Banking System, 1900-1929, Princeton, N.J., PUP. Schuler.

WHITE, EUGENE NELSON, Free Banking during the French Revolution, manuscript at Rutgers Univ., 1988, 38 pp, in PP 815.

WHITE, EUGENE NELSON., 1989, The Regulation of Banking in France, 1776-1814, or : Why Free Banking Failed to Succeed. Paper presented at the conference "Unregulated Banking: Chaos or Order?", City University of London Business School, May 19. Schuler. (Because it wasn't truly free banking! Under it the French Revolution would not have happened - but a very peaceful and prosperous and fast evolution, instead. See especially the revisionist review of the French Revolution in Beckerath's third free banking book, reproduced in Peace Plans No. 11. - J.Z.)

WHITE, HORACE, 1896, Money and Banking Illustrated by American History, Boston, Ginn & Co. Selgin.

WHITE, HORACE, 1897, National and State Banks, Sound Currency 4(10) May. Selgin.

WHITE, HORACE, Asset Currency, 1902, in PP 745.

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., & SELGIN, GEORGE A., The Evolution of a Free Banking System, ECONOMIC INQUIRY, July 87, 19 pp, in PP 814.

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., 1989, Banking Without a Central Bank: Scotland Before 1844 as a "Free Banking" System, paper presented at the conference "Unregulated Banking: Chaos or Order?", City University of London Business School, May 1989? 90? Schuler.

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., Accounting for Non-interest-bearing Currency: A Critique of the Legal Restrictions Theory of Money, JMCB, Nov. 87, 9 pp, with 3 pp of notes by John Zube, in PP 813.

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., Competitive Money, Inside and Out, in Cato Journal, vol. 3, No. 1, Spring 1983, pp. 281-99, comment by Peter Lewin. (JZL)

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., Competitive Payments Systems and the Unit of Account, AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, 74, Sep. 1984, 1984b, pp 699-712. Selgin.

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., Depoliticising the Supply of Money, 1985, 1986a, forthcoming in T. Willett, ed., Political Business Cycles and the Political Economy of Stagflation, The Pacific Institute. Dowd

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., Free Banking as an Alternative Money System,33pp, in Siegel, Barry N., Money in Crisis: Government, Stagflation and Reform, The Pacific Institute, Ballinger Publishing Company, 1984. Later edited, as chapter I of his book: Free Banking in Britain.

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., Free Banking in Britain, Theory, experience and debate, 1800-1845, 171pp, indexed and with bibliography, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1983. (JZL)

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., Free Banking in Britain, here only 1/2 page review from CATO POLICY REPORT, undated, 29x, in PP 905.

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., Free Banking in Scotland Prior to 1845, August 1979 manuscript, 44pp, later incorporated in his book,Free Banking in Britain. (JZL)

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., Gold, Dollars and Private Currencies, Policy Report, June 1981, 6-11. (Brown)

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., Problems inherent in political money supply regimes: some historical and theoretical lessons, forthcoming in T. Willett, ed., Political Business Cycles and the Political Economy of Stagflation, The Pacific Institute. Dowd.

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., The Deregulation of Money and Banking, Cato Journal 3, Spring, 281-99.

WHITE, LAWRENCE H., reply, 1p, to WATNER, CARL, Free Banking & Fractional Reserves, 29x, in PP 911.

WHITE, LAWRENCE H.,Bank Failures and Monetary Policy, 1984a, CATO JOURNAL, 4(1) Spring/Summer. Selgin.

WHITE, LAWRENCE HENRY, 1986, The Secularly Growing Shortage of Banknotes in the United States 1865-1913, unpubl. ms., N.Y. Univ. Schuler.

WHITE, RICHARD A., Review of "Money and Freedom by H.F. Sennholz, 1p, 48x, in PP 740.

WHITTICK, A., fb? Rec. by Fluerscheim.

WHITTICK, WILLIAM A., Bombs: the Poetry & Philosophy of Anarchism, Philadelphia, 1894. (Meulen books, Goldsmith collection)

WHITTICK, WILLIAM A., The Money Question, Philadelphia, 14pp, n.d. (With same author's "Value..." and a Meulen letter in Meulen books, Goldsmith collection)

WHITTICK, WILLIAM A., Value..., Philadelphia, 1896, 131pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

WICKERSHAM, WARREN G., The Unit of Account, Enforceability under American Law of Maintenance-of-Value Provisions in International Bonds, Yale Law Journal, Vol. 71, No. 7, June 1962,1294-1315. (JZL)

WICKSELL, Kurt, Geldzins und Gueterpreise, Jena, G. Fischer, 1898, Jena 1918, rec. by Holzhauer. (Not worth filming in my opinion. J.Z.)

WILLIAMS, R. H., and his Welsh Pound Notes, 1969, some letters, leaflets & clippings, 16pp, 48x, in PP 645.

WILLIAMSON, JOHN H. 1920, Argentine Trade Under Inconvertible Paper Money, 1880-1900, Cambridge, Mass., HUP. Schuler. ( The title expresses already the main error: Not the factor that the paper money was inconvertible into rare metals, at a fixed rate, upon demand, but, rather, that it was a "forced currency", given a ficticious paper value and enforcing its acceptance in general circulation that was there and elsewhere the main defect. What harm can any "inconvertible" paper currency do that anybody can freely refuse at all or may accept only at a discount, while only its issuer must, naturally, accept it at par? This basic alternative model remains usually unexamined in these academic "studies", whose attention is riveted upon metallic redemption instead of being open-minded for all freedom options. - J.Z. 21 Feb. 90.)

WILLIS, HENRY PARKER and BENJAMIN H. BACKHART, 1929, Foreign Banking Systems, N.Y., Columbia UP. Schuler.

WILSON, CHARLES MORROW, Let's Try Barter, Devin-Adair, 1960, 1976.

WILSON, JAMES, Capital, Currency and Banking, London, The Economist, 1847. (Carnaghan. WILSON, JAMES, was founder and first editor of The Economist, 1847. On pp.30-5, 69-74, 97-104. White mentions him and on p. 79, he puts him closer to Tooke than to Gilbart, at least on Bank of England power to overissue. For banking principle, however, combined with metallic redemption. His works were edited by Robert Green, McClosky, 2 vols. In these he may have come out for a national bank. Argues against central banking and for the "banking principle" - as he sees it. J.Z.)

WILSON, ROBERT ANTON, A Review of Proudhon and of his own unpublished works, in an old issue of "A WAY OUT". (By now all of R.A. Wilson's manuscripts may have been published but, apparently, all of Proudhon are still not printed, not even in French. A reference to this was, I believe, in Freedom, Freedom Press, London, March 86 issue. Peter Marshall confirmed this opinion. - J.Z.)

WILSON, ROBERT ANTON, All his writings are permeated with monetary freedom notions in the Spooner-Tucker tradition. I have never seen him offer his complete theory but only tantalizing tit-bits in-between his more or less entertaining and popular writings: With Robert Shea : Illuminatus, Part I: The Eye in the Pyramid, Part II: The Golden Apple, Part III: Leviathan, The Illuminati Papers, Masks of the Illuminati, Cosmic Trigger, Schroedinger's Cat: The Universe Next Door, Schroedinger's Cat II: The Trick Top Hat, Schroedinger's Cat III: The Homing Pigeons and, probably in some further works which I have not yet got. - Recently, he seems to subscribe to the notions of the Letsystem and of Conrad Hopman and Mark Kinney on "money as information". Apart from these, there are numerous dispersed magazine articles. Perhaps he will draw all of them together one day by himself and on microfiche at least, if not in a printed collection? J.Z.)

WILSON, ROBERT ANTON, Review of P.J. Proudhon's "The General Idea of Revolution in the 19th Century", WAY OUT, Jan. 63, 5pp, and: Revolting Conditions? 5pp, ibid. Attack Usury at Its Source, ibid, with Bill Treichler, 4pp, 29x, in PP 905.

WINDER, GEORGE, The Source of Money, Essays on Liberty, vol VI, pp. 385-397, FEE, 1959. (JZL) Excellent! - J.Z.

WINTER, JAMES ALAN, The Fed: Government Agency or Private Monopoly? NOMOS, Autumn 1983, 1p, 48x, in PP 740.

WIRTSCHAFTSBERICHT DER DEUTSCHEN FESTMARKBANK, 31.12.1931, with English translation, and contributions by G.Ramin and U.v.Beckerath in Peace Plans 544.

WIRTSCHAFTSBERICHT DER DEUTSCHEN FESTMARKBANK, 31.12.1931, with English translation, containing contributions by G.Ramin and U.v. Beckerath, 29x, in PP 544. (More issues can be found in the Beckerath papers in PP 428ff.)

WISE, EDMUND D., Gold: Recovery, Properties & Applications, Van Nostrand, N.Y., 1964. (Very useful to counter the argument of the "uselessness" of gold. J.Z.) Only a 10p book hint could be reproduced here, due to copyrights restrictions. 29x, in PP 738.

WISMER, DAVID C., Varieties of Dix Civil War Tokens of the year 1863, Pennsylvania 1922.

WITHERS, HARTLEY, Our Money and the State, London, 1917, State Library of NSW. (I checked it once out, because of its intriguing title and found it no good. In the meantime, I believe, I was captured by the title again, and bought it! J.Z.)

WITHERS, HARTLEY, The Meaning of Money, (J.D.Unwin) Of fb interest? - J.Z.

WITT, DE, Free Money, a pamphlet that was offered some years ago by the Indian Libertarian Social Institute in Bombay. (John De-Witt Warner? I want a copy, anyhow. - J.Z.)

WITTE, Private Geldschoepfungsversuche, in: Untersuchung des Bankwesens, 133, 1. Teil, Vorbereitendes Material, Band 2, Berlin 1933, S. 91-117.

WOLF, ARTUR, Das Waehrungssystem einer freiheitlichen Ordnung, S. 411-421, in Zur Verfassung der Freiheit, Festgabe fuer F.A.von Hayek zur Vollending seines 80.Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart, 1979. (JZL)

WOLFF, Henry W., People's Banks, a Record of Social and Economic Success, 1893, 2nd. ed., revised and enlarged, London, P.S. King, 1896, 399pp. (JZL. Does not appear to deal with private note-issuing banks at all but only with credit cooperatives, just like the planned Oekobank of the ecologists and conservationists in Germany, now. But the latter might be able to learn from it. I would think of filming it soon only if I get sponsors for it. - J.Z.)

WOLL, ARTHUR, Zum Konkurrenzgeldsystem, in: Zur Verfassung der Freiheit.

WOLL, ARTUR, Das Waehrungssystem einer freiheitlichen Ordnung, ORDO, 30, 1979, 11 S., in PP 805.

WOLOWSKI, L, Die Banken von Schottland, als Beitrag zur Loesung der landwirtschaftlichen Creditfrage aus dem Franzoesischen uebersetzt von Julius von Holtzendorff, Berlin, 1870, Luederitzsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, A. Charisius. (JZL, imperfect photocopy, that by its lack of quality and by the contents of the book has not yet tempted me to film it. - J.Z.)

WOLOWSKI, L., Les Banques D'Ecosse, translated into English by Robert Somers, with comments by Somers, 244pp, 1873, 29x, in PP 667.

WOLOWSKI, M.L., La Question des Banques, Paris, Guilaumin, 1864, 592pp, VoWiSem, Freib.

WOOD, ELMER, 1939, English Theories of Central Banking Control, 1819-1858, Cambridge, Mass., 1939, Harvard University Press. (White, 69: "...pp.3-27...for a thorough treatment of the controversy concerning the extent of the Bank of England's control over the country circulation.")

WOOLDRIDGE, WILLIAM C., Uncle Sam the Monopoly Man, Arlington House, N.Y., 1970, 161 pp, chapt. III: Every Man His Own Mintmaster, p. 54-74. (JZL. I would love to microfice this all too long o.o.p. book if I could get reproduction permission.)

WOOLSEY, WARREN W., 1984, The Multiple Standard and the Means of Exchange. Unpublished. Selgin.

WOOLSEY, WARREN W., 1985, Competitive Payments Systems: Comment. Unpublished. Selgin

WORD, THE, ed. by Ezra H. Heywood, 1872-1893, Princeton, Mass.

WORLD MONEY ANALYST, It's ALMOST Time to Buy Gold, 7 pp of leaflets, n. d., in PP 793.

WORLD RESEARCH, INC., The Inflation File, a study guide, intended for use with the film, same title, same firm, which I found to be rather primary school stuff. On page 32 Hayek's monetary freedom option is shortly discussed.

WORMSER, RENE A., and KEMMERER, DONALD L., Restoring "Gold Clauses" in Contracts, Committee for Monetary Research and Education, Tract 7, 1975, 16pp. (Mentions gold clearing standard on pp 9/10. - J.Z.)

WRENCH, Dr. G.T., Land and Motherland, Eighteen Talks on the Indian Question, Faber and Faber, London, 1947, 147pp. (On the right to coin silver coins, even in the villages, from silver jewelry, possibly for centuries, until prohibited by the British government in 1893, especially pages 125-127. It seems only a small step to proceed from this to local goods and service and clearing certificates, in money denominations, priavately issued. However, how many have taken it? JZL)

WRIGHT, AUSTIN W. According to Wendy McElroy's Comprehensive Index to LIBERTY, he wrote on banking in 313p6-8, on currency in 368p3-4, on money in 317p7, 321p3-4,356p7-8. Tucker responded to him in 313p4-5, 321p4,352p1, 363p1. ( Chicago businessman, who favoured full financial liberty in banking and coinage. The June 1980 issue ON LIBERTY refers to him.)



YANG, LIEN-SHENG, 1952, Money and Credit in China, Cambridge, Mass., HUP. Schuler

YARROS, VICTOR, Anarchism, Its Aims and Its Methods, Boston, 1887.

YARROS, VICTOR, Philosophical Anarchism, 1880-1890, Ajof Sociology,1941,475-483 & JofSocialPhil, April 1941, p256.


YEAGER, LELAND B., & GREENFIELD, ROBERT L., A Laissez-Faire Approach to Monetary Stability, JMCB, Aug. 8, 14 pp, in PP 795.

YEAGER, LELAND B., 1983, Stable Money and Free-Market Currencies, in Dorn and Schwartz, 1987. Schuler. CATO JOURNAL 3(1) 1983. Selgin.

YEAGER, LELAND B., 1986, The Significance of Monetary Disequilibrium, CATO JOURNAL 6(2), Fall. Selgin.

YEAGER, LELAND B., Deregulation and Monetary Reform, 1985, American Economic Review, 75, May, in PP 791.

YEAGER, LELAND B., Essential Properties of a Medium of Exchange, 1968, Kyklos, 21, 45-69.(White)

YEAGER, LELAND B., Foreword to Siegel, Barry N., Money in Crisis, 7pp.

YEAGER, LELAND B., Individual and Overall Viewpoints in Monetary Theory, in Israel M. Kirzner, ed., Method, Process, and Austrian Economics: Essays in Honor of Ludwig von Mises, Cambridge, Mass, D.C. Heath, 1982. (White)

YEAGER, LELAND B., Stable Money and Free-Market Currencies, in Cato Journal, vol. 3, No. 1, Spring 19 83, pp. 305-326, comment by Gerald P. O'Driscoll, Jr. (JZL)

YEAGER, LELAND B., What Are Banks?, Atlantic Economic Journal, 1978, 6, December, 1-14. (White)

YOUNG, JOHN PARKE, 1925, Central American Currency and Finance, Princeton UP, Schuler.

YU CHING JAO, Banking and Currency in Hong Kong, London, Basingstoke,1974. (Brown)


ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Railway Money and Unemployment and Further Remarks Concerning Railway Money..., in: Ending the Unemployment and Trade Crisis, ed. by E. Milhaud, Williams and Norgate, London, 1935, Peace Plans 9.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., 1.) Eisenbahngeld und Arbeitslosigkeit, 2.) Weitere Bemerkungen zur Frage des Eisenbahn(Gutschein)-Gelde, 3.) Was koennen Glaeubiger angesichts des rumaenischen Transfermoratoriums fordern? in Zahlungsverkehr, Einkaufsscheine und Arbeitsbeschaffung, Annalen der Gemeinwirtschaft, 10. Jahrg., Heft a, Jan/Juli 1934, red. von Edgard Milhaud, PP 347/348.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., A Suggestion for Liberating Foreign Credits by the Introduction of Clearing Certificates, pp, 1934, in PP 769.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., A Way Out of the Monetary Chaos, 20 pp, in Annals of Collective Economy, vol. 12, 1936, 1968 reprint, in PP 770. Also in: Organized Compensatory Trading, ed. by Edgard Milhaud, Williams & Norgate, 1938

& in Peace Plans 9.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Betr. Steuergutscheine, paper of 19.9.1932. See Peace Plans 428ff.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Der Kampf der Wertpapierbesitzer, Sparerbund, Berlin, 25 Jan. 1933, pamphlet, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 576.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Die Vier Gesetzenwuerfe - zur Bekaempfung der Deflation, Verhinderung der Inflation und Senkung des Zinses, nebst Begruendung, in Zusamenarbeit mit G. Ramin, H. Rittershausen, U.v.Beckerath, H. Meis, W. Unger, Begruendung von W. Zander, Berlin 1932. Peace Plans 40.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Ein Ausweg aus dem Waehrungschaos, Sonderdruck aus Deutsche Sparer - Zeitung, Berlin, Nr. 18-20, 1935. (Vielleicht die beste kurze Darstellung einer Goldwert - Verrechnungswaehrung, in Peace Plans 428ff.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Eisenbahngeld und Arbeitslosigkeit; Weitere Bemerkungen zur Frage des Eisenbahn(Gutschein)-Geldes; Was koennen Glaeubiger angesichts des rumaenischen Transfermoratoriums fordern?, in Zahlungsverkehr, Einkaufsscheine und Arbeitsbeschaffung, Annalen der Gemeinwirtschaft, 10. Jahrg., Heft a, Jan/Juli 1934, red. von Edgard Milhaud, Peace Plans 347/348.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Eisenbahngeld, Arbeitssitzung zum Text, 2 S, in PP 906.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Four Law Drafts to Fight Deflation, Prevent Inflation and Lower the Interest Rate, commentator and co-author. - These four drafts are reproduced, with the German text, in Peace Plans 40.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Further Remarks concerning Railway Money, 5 pp, 194, in PP 769.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Kommunale Steuergutscheine zur Umschuldung, Deutsche Bergwerkszeitung, 12.1.1933. (JZL)

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Monnaeie Ferroviaire et chomage, et: Nouvelles Remarques Sur La Question De La Monnaie Ferroviaire (Bons de chemin de fer), in : Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, par Edgard Milhaud, Recueil Sirey, Paris, 1934 pp, 109-132., 29x, in PP 744.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Pour Sortir Du Chaos Monetarie, Annals de L'Economie Collective, Geneve, in Edgard Milhaud: La Compensation Organisee, Une Idee en Marche, , French edition by Recueil Sirey, Paris, 1935. in Peace Plans 350-354.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Qu'est-ce que les creanciers peuvent exiger en presence du moratoire Roumain des transferts? La creation de bons de compensation, in : Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, Recueil Sirey, Paris, 1934, pp. 133-135.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Railway Money and Unemployment, 14 pp, 1934, in PP 769.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Scrip, Tax Remission Certificates, and Requirements Certificates in Germany, 1934, 16 pp, in PP 769.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Scrips, Steuergutscheine und Bedarfsdeckungsscheine in Deutschland, in Peace Plans 347/348.

ZANDER, WALTER, Dr., Wrote an arcicle on the classical Chinese currency system of taels and of its advantages with modern, centralistic and coercive "currency reforms". Published in Shanghai? Ca. 1935? Wanted for filming. - J.Z.

ZANDER, WALTER, Scrips, Bons Fiscaux et Bons de Marchandises en Allemagne, in :Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, Recueil Sirey, Paris, 1934, pp. 135-153.

ZANDER, WALTER, Was koennen Glaeubiger angesichts des rumaenischen Transfermoratoriums fordern? Peace Plans 347/348.

ZICKERT, HERMANN, Dr., "Wachet Auf! Aktuelle Wirtschaftskorrespondenz", newsletter, at least from the early thirties. He was active first in Berlin then in Switzerland, at least to the fifties and was in contact with Beckerath and Rittershausen, except for the war years. He discussed monetary freedom ideas in a few of his newsletters. I intend to microfilm at least these, to the extent that I have them already or can obtain them. - J.Z.)

ZUBE, D.; J.; K.; & T., Slogans and Thoughts for Liberty, PP 29.

ZUBE, DAVID, letter exchange with ZUBE, JOHN, on monetary freedom, unedited, 1984/85, 16pp, 29x, in PP 544. Compare also the Reserve Bank letter to D.Z.

ZUBE, E. M. (later S. Shaw), Neue Zusammenstellung der bisher bekannt gewordenen Menschenrechte bzw. der Natuerlichen Rechte der Vernuenftigen Wesen, 40 Punkte. (Auf der Grundlage von Briefen und Notizen von Ulrich von Beckerath. Spaeter so oft von mir veraendert, dass ich den Entwurf zu meinem "eigenen" gemacht habe. Die wichtigsten Beitraege, ueber oekonomische Rechte, sind jedoch Beckeraths. Letzte Version in Peace Plans 4, 61-63, 399-401, 589/590. Mehrere kurze Entwuerfe sind in der allgemeinen Literaturliste von LMP zu finden. - J.Z.)

ZUBE, JOHN, a letter, 1987, 4pp, on announcement of Australian­Public Hearing on Insolvency Laws, 1987, in PP 791.

ZUBE, JOHN Notes on the MONETARY FREEDOM NEWSLETTER & MICROFICHE project, before it was begun, pages 67, 139, 141, 144, in PP 913.

ZUBE, JOHN Notes, 5pp, to STOLPER, GUSTAV, This Age of Fable, 29x, in PP 911.

ZUBE, JOHN VS. ZUBE, KURT, 1984, 14 S., in PP 810.

ZUBE, JOHN a note on monetary tolerance, 1p, in PP 913.

ZUBE, JOHN, to and from MEULEN, HENRY, letters, 1964-1969, 15 pp ­in PP 796, 6 pp, 1969-1975, in PP 797, 1961, 1975-1978, 4 pp, in PP­ 798.

ZUBE, JOHN, to Saussy, F. Tupper, letter of 4 Oct. 84, 2pp, in PP ­810.

ZUBE, JOHN to DOWD, KEVIN, 6 June 89, 1p, in PP 904. Letter of 4 May 88, 4 pp, in PP 791. Letter of 6 July 88, with first notes on D.'s new book: The State and the Monetary System, an early pre-publishing version, 4pp, in PP 791. Letter of 19 8 88, with further notes on this book, 12 pp, in PP 791. Letter of 19 8 88, Notes on his article: Automatic Stabilizing Mechanisms under Free Banking, in PP 791.

ZUBE, JOHN to GIBBINS, JOHN, 27 Oct. 89, 6pp, with extracts from Australian currency laws., in PP 913.

ZUBE, JOHN to GRECO, THOMAS H. Jr., 6 June 89, 1p, in PP 906.

ZUBE, JOHN to GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., 5 Aug. 89, 11pp, 10 of them alphabetized entries on monetary freedom, in PP 906.

ZUBE, JOHN to HALL, ROBERT F., 12 April 79, 1/2 page, in monetary freedom issue PP 913.

ZUBE, JOHN to HOWARD, JOHN, Treasurer, 22 March 79, 1p on monetary freedom, in PP 913.

ZUBE, JOHN to RIEGEL, E.C., 2 Feb. 67, 1/2 p, R.T.S., in PP 913.

ZUBE, JOHN to ROSEMAN, HERBERT C., 8 April 67, 3pp, 5 May 67, 3pp, in PP 913.

ZUBE, JOHN to SCHULER, KURT, 22 June 89, 1p, in PP 904.

ZUBE, JOHN to SCHULER, KURT, 23 Oct. 89, 3pp, 29x, in PP 911.

ZUBE, JOHN to SCHWENKE, SIEGFRIED, 6 June 89, 1p, 29x, in PP 905.

ZUBE, JOHN to WILSON, ROBERT ANTON, 11 April 67, 2pp, in PP 913.

ZUBE, JOHN to WORONI, on its 11 May 65 article, by Bruce McFarlane : Monetary "Cranks" Have A Point", 1p, in PP 913.


ZUBE, JOHN, A Preliminary Attempt to Jot down all the Terms, Principles, Facts, Names and References that Should Be Included in a Handbook on Monetary Freedom, 35pp, 48x, in PP 740.

ZUBE, JOHN, AVRAM,Duke of, letter to the Duke, 30 May 87, 1 p, 48x, in PP 740.

ZUBE, JOHN, Alphabetized Notes on Monetary Freedom, first and merely 8 pp print-out. A long way to go before this turns into a handbook of hundreds or even thousands of pages - with your help. In PP 815.

ZUBE, JOHN, An ABC Against Nuclear War, a handbook of ideas on the prevention of nuclear war, mainly through the extension of individual liberties and responsibilities, Peace Plans 16-18. (Yes, there is a monetary freedom connection! J.Z.)

ZUBE, JOHN, Bibliography, Preliminary, on Free Banking and Monetary Freedom, 1986, 56pp, 48x, in PP 647.

ZUBE, JOHN, Brainstorming on Unemployment, 1986, 3pp, 29x, in PP 630.

ZUBE, JOHN, Comments to JOHN LEARD's article: Superannuation or a Financial Powr Play? The Unions Are Taking Over Australia, 8pp, 29x, in PP 599.

ZUBE, JOHN, Contributions, 41, towards Monetary and Financial Freedom, by Hargis, Wise, Kinney, Greco, Seneuil, Scheu, Martin et al, 120--, 29x, in PP 738.

ZUBE, JOHN, Development of India, notes and clippings on the monetary freedom aspect of development, PP 425. Summary of a discussion with Dr. H.G. Pearce on the development of India, written by Dr. Pearce, 2pp, 48x, in PP 740.

ZUBE, JOHN, Draft of a New Declaration of Human Rights and Natural Rights of Rational Beings, including monetary freedom rights, in sections 18-23 & 25-34, of plan 110, in PP 4, compiled , with the aid of Ulrich von Beckerath, at first by E.M.L./Z./S., then x times revised by J.Z., also reproduced in the appendix of PP 61-63 and in German in PP 399-401 and in the compilation of private human rights drafts in PP No. 589/590. - J.Z.

ZUBE, JOHN, Editorial Notes to Henry Meulen, The Individualist, 1st fiche issue, 6pp, in Peace Plans 561.

ZUBE, JOHN, Einige Notizen zu Prof. H. Rittershausen's Wrk: Die Reform der Muendelsicherheitsbestimmungen..., 6pp, in Peace Plans 532.

ZUBE, JOHN, For Monetary Freedom, articles, letters, notes, 64 contributions, var. authors, some separately listed, 317pp, 48x, in PP 645.

ZUBE, JOHN, Four Monetary Freedom Rights, 24x, in PP 4, 29x, in 586/587, 48x, in 589/590.

ZUBE, JOHN, Free Banking: Bibliography and Addresses, 48x, in PP 647.

ZUBE, JOHN, Free Banking vs. Monetary Despotism or: Let Good Money Drive out the Bad, ca. 1968, in Peace Plans 545.

ZUBE, JOHN, How to End all Taxes and all National Socialistic Enterprises, Peacefully, Profitably, witin a Year, 1972, 1p, 29x, in PP 724.

ZUBE, JOHN, How to Replace Unemployment and Under-employment by Full Employment and Over-employment - to the extent that this is wanted by the unemployed, 1974, in Peace Plans 545.

ZUBE, JOHN, LMP Money pamphlet, a 24 pp introduction to micrographics, offering a primitive goods warrant, or rather gift voucher, 1986, 36x, in PP 736.

ZUBE, JOHN, Laissez Faire Capitalism and Free Immigration, in Peace Plans 14.

ZUBE, JOHN, Let Freedom Pay Its Way, A Study Paper on the Financing of a Libertarian Party to Victory, 2nd. ed., in Peace Plans 19C. (This is also the most comprehensive denationalization or reprivatization plan, that distributes titles to national assets already in form of contract promises before the decisive last general election. It appeals to socialists as well as to libertarians with the strongest possible pocketbook appeal. Suitable also for raising some capital to promote revolutions against dictatorships in other coutries. - J.Z.)

ZUBE, JOHN, Let's Get Trucking, Descriptions, condemnations & Defences of the Truck System and what could have developed out of it, with letters by Ulrich von Beckerath, in German, especially on the "fichas" - cantine goods warrants of South American mines, and some comments by John Zube, 93pp, 1896, 29x, in PP 641.

ZUBE, JOHN, Letter exchange on monetary freedom, unedited, 1984/85, 16 pp, in Peace Plans 544.

ZUBE, JOHN, Letter exchange with David Zube, on monetary freedom, unedited, 1984/85, 16pp, in PP 544.

ZUBE, JOHN, Letter, 1987, on financing the Sydney Harbour Tunnel via tokens, 1p, 29x, in PP 732.

ZUBE, JOHN, MONETARY FREEDOM NOTES, alphabetized, first print-out of initial compilation towards a handbook on monetary freedom, 9 pp only, so far, in PP 815. (The German version has reached a more respectable 94 pp so far. I have still computer troubles for long compilations and their sorting. This is an open invitation to all who have something to contribute to this subject. - J.Z.)

ZUBE, JOHN, Monetary Despotism as Cause of Inflation and Monetary Freedom as its Cure, in Peace Plans 385.

ZUBE, JOHN, Monetary Freedom Contributions, var. authors, 17 contributions, 126pp, 29x, in PP 732.

ZUBE, JOHN, Monetary Freedom Letters, Articles, Drafts and Slogans, by Kinney, Beckerath, Zube, Swann, Turnbull, Hopman et al, in Peace Plans 586/587.

ZUBE, JOHN, Monetary Freedom to Stop Inflaton without Causing Unemployment, 24x, 16pp, in PP 19 B.

ZUBE, JOHN, Monetary Reform and Monetary Freedom, 17 contributions, 1987, 117pp, 29x in PP 735.

ZUBE, JOHN, Notes to Kevin Dowd's paper: Adam Smith and the "Real Bills" Doctrine, 10pp, 1989, in PP 827.

ZUBE, JOHN, Notes to Peel's speeches on banking and currency, in Peace Plans 565.

ZUBE, JOHN, Notizen ueber eine Meinungsverschiedenheit zwischen K. Zube & J. Zube ueber Geldfreiehit, 5.10.86, 2 S., 29x, in PP 742.

ZUBE, JOHN, On Monetary Freedom, A Nov. 1987 Compilation, 64 contributions or examples, 29x, 126pp, PP 731.

ZUBE, JOHN, On Panarchy No. IX: The Duke of Avram, 29x, in PP 689. (Reports on the private note-issuing bank of the Duke, in Tasmania.)

ZUBE, JOHN, On Resisting Devaluations and on Monetary Revolutions, 24x, in PP 8 & 29x, in 586/587.

ZUBE, JOHN, On Shop Currencies, in Peace Plans 586/587.

ZUBE, JOHN, On the Current Stock Market Crash, Some Notes, Nov. 87, 10pp, 48x, in PP 740.

ZUBE, JOHN, On the Road to Monetary Freedom, Addresses, old and new ones, 1986, 16pp, 48x, in PP 647.

ZUBE, JOHN, Over 100 Private Human Rights Drafts, 497pp, 1986, in Peace Plans 589/590. (Includes several drafts of monetary rights. - J.Z.)

ZUBE, JOHN, Real Bills Doctrine, The, in Friedman/Jacobson: A Monetary History..., 2pp, in PP 827.

ZUBE, JOHN, STEELE, GEORGE, R., correspondence, May 1982 - July 1986, on monetary freedom, nuclear war prevention, panarchism, computers, micrographics, individual liberty, revisionism, 158pp, 42x, in PP 644.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Circulation Charts for Shop Foundation Money, showing its channels of circulation and different starting points, in Peace Plans 41.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Comments to John Gray: Lectures on the Nature & Use of Money, 1848, 1972, written 1986, 16pp, 29x, in PP 642.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Notes on Financing the Defence of a Free Society without Coercive Taxation or Inflation, in Peace Plans 41.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Notes on Lawrence H. White and the Real Bills Doctrine, 12pp, in PP 827.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Notes on the "Real Bills Doctrine", written in its defence, against the charge by Kevin Dowd, Hayek and Thornton, that it would be entirely fallacious, Feb./March 89, 23pp, in PP 827.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Notes on the Possibility of a Tax Strike, in Peace Plans 13.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Notes on the Possibility of a Tax Strike, in PP 13.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Notes on two Types of Gold Standard which Are Possible and Honest: The 100% Gold Covered Currency and the Gold Clearing or Gold-for-Account Standard, 24x, in PP 11.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Notes to Hans F. Sennholz: MONEY AND FREEDOM, 19pp, 48x, in PP 740.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Observations regarding Monetary Freedom vs. Monetary Despotism, in Peace Plans 545.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Remarks on the Real Bills Doctrine, as treatedby Charles W. Munn, 3pp, in PP 827.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Remarks to Criticism by Hart & Kenen of the REAL BILLS DOCTRINE, 2pp, 29x, in PP 865.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Remarks to Kevin Dowd's Paper: Monetary Freedom and Monetary Stability, Feb. 89, 30pp, intended for CATO Conference, March 89, 18pp, in PP 827.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Speculations on: Why was the rightfulness and usefulness of monetary freedom not recognized before? 1985, 2 pp, in PP 798.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Theses on the Real Bills Doctrine, March 89, 14pp, in PP 827.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some Thoughts on how to Make Sales for Australian Primary Producers Relatively Easy and Assured, at Competitive Prices, by a Method that would Free and Utilize rather than Restrict Market Forces, 5 pp, 1986, 29x, in PP 605, 48x, in PP 645.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some notes on the Possibility of a Tax Strike, 10pp, 24x, in PP 13.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some notes to an extract from James Taylor, A View of the Money System of England, 1828, 194pp, in 2pp, in PP 827.

ZUBE, JOHN, Some preliminary Notes to Murray N. Rothbard's article "The Spooner-Tuck;er Doctrone", 20 pp., in Peace Plans 564. ("Only" 20 years after Murray Rothbard's article. Apparently, I presume that we will live forever. - J.Z.)

ZUBE, JOHN, Standard of Value, a 1p compilation of sayings on the standard of value, 48x, in PP 645.

ZUBE, JOHN, Stop the X00 Million Dollar Legal Tender Crime, in Peace Plans 19A.

ZUBE, JOHN, Summary of the Peace Programme in PP 61-63, containing a mini-draft of 12 human rights, 48x, in PP 589/590.

ZUBE, JOHN, Tax Strike, as a defensive or revolutionary step against an occupation force or a dictatorial or military regime, 10pp, 24x, in PP 13.

ZUBE, JOHN, The Aggressive Act of Currency Devaluation and how to Counter it. With some suggestions for a monetary revolution, pp 19-37 of Peace Plans 8.

ZUBE, JOHN, The Case for Economic and Political Tolerance, with Ulrich von Beckerath. Peace Plans 42-44, & 415, pp 103-117. (The latter is a more legible transcript.)

ZUBE, JOHN, The Injustice and Defects of the Present Monetary System, one of Monetary Despotism instead of Monetary Freedom, in Peace Plans 423,

ZUBE, JOHN, The Soft Option & Monetary Freedom to Stop Inflation without Causing Unemployment, in PP 19 A & B.

ZUBE, JOHN, Towards Monetary and Financial Freedom, a May 89 compilation, including some outdated examples of financial newsletters, 29x, PP 866 & 867. (I have not yet counted up how many such free banking compilations I have so far made in this series. I depend, as ever, on others sending me more such material. Thanks here, especially, to Theo Megalli, Kevin Dowd, Kurt Schuler, Carl Watner, Jim Stumm and D.Y. - J.Z.)

ZUBE, JOHN, Towards Monetary, Financial and Economic Freedom, over 42 contributions, newsletters, lists, leavlets, from var. authors, 430pp, 48x, in PP 739.

ZUBE, JOHN, Ueber den WIR Plan, Schoenstein Plan, das SAG und das ESAG, Verfahren, wie von Kurt Zube vorgeschlagen, 11 S., 1984, in PP 810.

ZUBE, JOHN, Unemployment: 1.) Brainstorming on Unemployment, 3pp, 1986, 2.) Some Notes on Cause and Cure of Unemployment, 30pp, 1985/86, 48x, in PP 645.

ZUBE, JOHN, Verkehrszeichen auf der Strasse zur Geldfreiheit, von A - Z, erste und noch sehr unvollstaendige Zusammenstellung auf dem Wege zu einem Handbuch, 94 S., 1989, in PP 812.

ZUBE, JOHN, Voluntary Education, Voluntarily Financed, 13pp, 24x, in PP 14.

ZUBE, JOHN, Voluntary Taxation in a Voluntarist Society, 46pp, 24x, in PP 14.

ZUBE, JOHN, Voluntary Taxation or Fees for Services instead of Compulsory Taxation, 1974, 3pp, 42x, in PP 650.

ZUBE, JOHN, WITH D., K. & T. ZUBE: Slogans and Thoughts for Liberty, 24x, in PP 29.

ZUBE, JOHN, Was muss an den Staatsverfassungen geaendert werden damit ein andauernder Friede moeglich wird und wie koennen diese Reformen durchgefuehrt werden? Ein 1962 Buch Manuskript, indexiert, mit Korrespondenz. Etwas verbessert und ergaenzt fuer diese Verfilmung, Peace Plans 399-401. English translation in Peace Plans 61-63.

ZUBE, JOHN, What Has to Be Changed in the Constitutions of all States and how Cn these Reform Be Realized? With detailed monetary freedom proposals, Peace Plans 61-63.

ZUBE, JOHN, Why was the rightfulness and usefulness of monetary freedom not recognized before? 1985, 2pp, in Peace Plans 586/587.

ZUBE, JOHN, Will there really be a "free for all" when Indexation goes? PP 390, pages 529/530.

ZUBE, JOHN, Would monetary freedom lead to a rise or a fall in prices? A short reply, on pp 290 - 291 of PP 11.

ZUBE, JOHN, a letter, 1987, 4pp, on announcement of Australian Public Hearing on Insolvency Laws, 1987, in PP 791.

ZUBE, JOHN, comments to the summary of the teachings of the German School on Money, by Ulrich von Beckerath, in Peace Plans 41.

ZUBE, JOHN, to Becker, Jillian, Mrs., 24 April 79, 1p, in PP 803.

ZUBE, JOHN, to Brakeman, Robert, letter of 22 Nov. 87, 1p, in PP 793.

ZUBE, JOHN, to Budd, Christopher, letter of 14 Jan. 88, on New Economy Public., 1p, in PP 793.

ZUBE, JOHN, to DONAGHEY, FRANCIS, 24 May 85, on grain as value standard etc., 4pp, 29x, in PP 741.

ZUBE, JOHN, to DOWD, KEVIN, 4 May 88, 4pp, in PP 791, 16 Nov. 88, 10 pp, in PP 810, 20 Dec. 88, 9pp, in PP 815, 2 Jan. 89, 3pp, mainly discussing his paper on Meulen, in PP 818, 3 Feb. 89, 5pp & 23 Feb. 89, 2pp, in PP 827, 30 March 89, 2pp, 29x, in PP 867.

ZUBE, JOHN, to DOWD, KEVIN, 19 Aug. 88: Notes to his article: Automatic Stabilizing Mechanisms under Free Banking, pp, in PP 791.

ZUBE, JOHN, to DOWD, KEVIN, 19 Aug. 88, with further notes on D.'s "The State and the Monetary System", 12pp, in PP 791.

ZUBE, JOHN, to DOWD, KEVIN, 6 July 88, with first notes on Dowd's new book : The State and the Monetary System, an early pre-publishing version, 4 pp, in PP 791. Letter of 20.12.88, 9 pages, in PP 815.

ZUBE, JOHN, to GRECO, THOMAS H., Jr., 9 March 89, 13pp, on his: Money and Debt : A Solution to the Global Crisis, 1989, 38p, in PP 823, letter of 12 April 1988, 4 pp, in PP 791.

ZUBE, JOHN, to GRIFFITHS, BARRIE, Green Alliance Network, 11 Oct. 85, 3 pp, in PP 803.

ZUBE, JOHN, to HOPMAN, CONRAD S., Some Comments to Contributions regarding Monetary Freedom and Freedom in General and the Specific Proposals of CONRAD S. Hopman, 17 pp, 48x, in PP 645.

ZUBE, JOHN, to Hopman, CONRAD S., letter of 12 Dec. 88, on monetary freedom and panarchism, 6 pp, in PP 810. 28.12.86; 15.5.87, 29.12.87, 4.7.88, 27 pp in PP 802.

ZUBE, JOHN, to Hopman, Conrad, 17 July 86, 3pp, 29x, in PP 741, 48x, in PP 645, 28.12.86, 15.5.87, 29.12.87, 4.7.88, 27pp, in PP 802.

ZUBE, JOHN, to Institut fuer Bankwirtschaft, letter of 9 April 85, in German, concerning their competition " Berlin im Jahre 2000", 4pp, in PP 793. (I had sent them Beckerath's "Berlin Programm". - J.Z.)

ZUBE, JOHN, to KINNEY, MARK, 11 Sep. 86, 1p, 29 Dec. 86, 2pp, 29x, in PP 741.

ZUBE, JOHN, to Luncheon Vouchers Ltd., London, 14 Aug. 77, 1p, in PP 803.

ZUBE, JOHN, to MEGALLI, THEO & MATONIS, JON, 1985/86, with : Some samples of store currency, standardized credit union cheques, gift vouchers, money-like advertising leaflets and "cash credits", to Francis A.Kingen, 23 Jan. 86, to LVA Rheinprovinz, 9 June 86, 14pp, 48x, in PP 645, to MEGALLI, THEO, 31 Dec. 86, in PP 740.

ZUBE, JOHN, to MEULEN, HENRY, and from, letters, 1964-1969, 15pp in PP 796, 6pp, 1969-1975, in PP 797, 1961, 1975-1978, 4pp, in PP 798.

ZUBE, JOHN, to NELLESSEN, WALTER, Dr., 13 July 1985, 1p, 48x, in PP 645.

ZUBE, JOHN, to NEVILLE, J.W., Prof., re CIS Choice In Currency Seminar, 1p, in PP 913.

ZUBE, JOHN, to ROELOFS, W.P., Dr, 1986/87, 10pp, 29x, in PP 735.

ZUBE, JOHN, to RUNAR, SHELDON L., 15 July 87, 5pp, 29x, in PP 755.

ZUBE, JOHN, to SAUSSY, F. TUPPER, letter of 4 Oct. 84, 2pp, in PP 810.

ZUBE, JOHN, to SCHULER, KURT, 9 Jan. 89, 1p, in PP 827.

ZUBE, JOHN, to STUMM, JIM : A Continuation of the Militia Discussion between Jim Stumm and John Zube, Comments by John Zube to Jim Stumm, and his remarks in RANDOM WRITINGS, No. 16, Dec. 87, 24 pp, in ON PANARCHY No. XII, in PP 833, 4 April 89, Some Remarks to Jim Stumm's "Financing a Panarchist Militia", 6pp, in PP 833.

ZUBE, JOHN, to SWAIN, G. W., 24 April 79, 2 pp, in PP 803.

ZUBE, JOHN, to TEMESVARY, A., Dr., 4 Jan 87, on monetary freedom, 4pp, 48x, in PP 740.

ZUBE, JOHN, to TURNER, PAULA, Ms., 22 April 79, 2 pp, in PP 803.

ZUBE, JOHN, to WILSON, ROBERT ANTON, 11 April 1967, 2pp, 29x, in PP 742.

ZUBE, JOHN, to YOUNG, ROGER, letter of 9 Aug. 88, 2 pp, in PP 791.

ZUBE, JOHN, to ZUBE, DAVID, letter of 3 May 88, extracts, containing notes and doubts on experimenting with the LETS system, 3 pp, in PP 793.

ZUBE, KURT, 2 S. Flugblatt ueber das ESaG Zahlungsverfahren, undatiert, 29x, in PP 867.

ZUBE, KURT, Bank von Danzig, Die, Ein Wiederbelebungsprojekt, 1975, 3 S., in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, Basic Concept of the Bank of Danzig, The, 2pp, in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, Das neue ESAG (Existenzsicherung auf Gegenseitigkeit ) Zahlungs- und Kreditsystem, 1981, 8 S., in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, Der Schwindel mit der Arbeitslosigkeit, 19 S., in PP 809. (Ueber Zugang zum Boden, Geldmonopol und "offene" Betriebe.) Also in: ZUR SACHE, No. 2, 1981, 20 S., in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, Der multilaterale Ringtausch in bargeldloser Verrechnung, 2 S., undatiert, in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, Die Bank von Danzig, 1975, 3 S., 29x, in PP 742.

ZUBE, KURT, Die Bank von Danzig, The Bank of Danzig, a revival project, 1975, several short papers, partly in German, partly in English, 18 pp, in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, ESAG Zahlungs- und Kreditsystem, Das, (ESAG = Existenzsicherung auf Gegenseitigkeit), 6 S., undatiert, in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, ESAG, Das neue ESAG - Zahlungs- und Kreditsystem, 1981, 8 S., in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, Grundkonzept der Bank von Danzig, Das, 2 S., undat., in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, MS, The New MS (Mutual Security- Payment and Credity System, 1981, 8 pp, translation of Das Neue ESAG..., in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, Multilaterale Ringtausch in bargeldloser Verrechnung, Der, 2 S., undatiert, in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, Neue Giro- u. Kreditsystem der Bank von Danzig, Das, 6 pp, in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, New Payment and Credit System of the Bank of Danzig, The, 5pp, in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, Offener Brief an Rudolf Augstein der Herrschaft und Knechtschaft fuer notwendig haelt, Mackay Gesellschaft, 1975, 16 S., in PP 815. (Behandelt Geldfreiheit nur sehr kurz und Bodenreform, seinen Lieblingsplan, ausfuehrlicher. J.Z.)

ZUBE, KURT, Schwindel mit der Arbeitslosigkeit, Der, ZUR SACHE,­Nr. 2, 1981, 20 S., in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, an Zube, John, 1984, 7 Fragen zum ESAG Plan, 1 S., mit einigen kurzen Antworten von J.Z., 1 S., in PP 810.

ZUBE, KURT, vs. ZUBE, JOHN, 1984, 14 S., in PP 810.


Contemplate : A handful of monetary freedom activists, using photocopiers and micrographics, could probably reproduce all monetary freedom writings between them, on microfiche, within a few months. It could be an Archimedean leverage option for them.

But will they see it, grasp it and use it? As much as I can do on my own, with the help of some friends, I will do. More I cannot. LMP was never intended to be more than a pilot scheme to demonstrate what can be done, needs to be done and ought to be done in this sphere and to give me a chance to put some of my favourite titles permanently in print, at least in this medium.

Regarding omissions: Please point them out to me.

And send me more such material for filming - if you are not going to do it yourself.

The addresses of those of all of the above authors are wanted, who are still alive and actively working for or seriously interested in monetary freedom. Many of the addresses that I have, are outdated by several years. This time I intend to keep them on computer disk and update them there and include the listing in the planned newsletter - in the accompanying fiche, with all other material too long for a few pages of paper.

John Zube, 24 Feb. 90

35 Oxley St., or P.O. Box 52, Berrima, NSW 2477, Australia, sec. of


Prices : $ 1 per microfiche, with each PP or Peace Plans No. costing $ 1. Cash or $ 2 non-cash, or 2 International Reply Coupons. Small cheques are not acceptable. All cheques must be made out to John Zube.

E-mail: jzube@.au Website: .au/~jzube

I know, that updating the above is, after 10 years, overdue but it requires a prolonged job, even for the inclusion of all the additional LMP titles. So far no one has offered to help. - J.Z., 6.1.2001.


Some lost segments:  

??? Mone-?? Author?

QUARTERLY REVIEW, August, pp. 2-21. Dowd


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