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Holdings of the Department of Defense Polygraph Institute Library

as of 26 September 2002

1. Anonymous. (1980). ABSCAM leak probe may use polygraph to find guilty. Crime Control Digest, 14, 10
Rec#: 42
Keywords: applications-information leak/cases-ABSCAM.

2. Anonymous. (1986). Abuses in polygraph testing. Security Letter, 16,
Rec#: 7313
Keywords: preemployment screening/polygraph-profession.

3. Anonymous. (nd). Accelerated access authorization program (AAAP). Albuquerque, NM: Department of Energy.
Rec#: 8971
Keywords: techniques-CSP/screening-government.

4. Anonymous. (1979). ACLU votes "no" on use of polygraph. Oregon State Bar Bulletin, 14
Rec#: 7128
Keywords: criticism-ACLU/stress/techniques/evidence.

5. Actions taken by the Reagan adminstration to restrict public access to government information. 83.
Rec#: 6577
Keywords: Reagan administration/FOI/counterintelligence/applications-federal.
Notes: Prepared by the reporters committee for Freedom of the Press.

6. Anonymous. (1985). Admiral Inman recommends polygraph tests for national security. APA Newsletter, 18, 8
Rec#: 67
Keywords: applications-national security/question formulation-screening/screening-federal.

7. Anonymous. (1939). Admissibility of "lie detector" evidence. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 29, 735
Rec#: 7518
Keywords: admissibility/evidence/pathometer.

8. Anonymous. (1986). Admissibility of polygraph evidence in child protective proceeding. New York Law Journal,
Rec#: 6287
Keywords: admissibility/applications-child abuse.

9. Anonymous. (2001). Admissions in comparison questions: Trying to get wording that's short and natural......... Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1 & 4
Rec#: 6856
Keywords: pretest interview/confessions/habituation.

10. Anonymous. Affidavit in support of complaint, arrest warrant and search warrants: United States vs Harold J. Nicholson. 1996; Washington, D. C.:()
Rec#: 6858
Keywords: counterintelligence/espionage/CIA/computerized polygraph.
Notes: Off the internet .

11. Anonymous. (1990). The aftermath of EPPA. The Investigator, 6,
Rec#: 9127
Keywords: EPPA/Employee Polygraph Protection Act.

12. Anonymous. (1944). Against the lie detector. Science Digest, 16, 90
Rec#: 77
Keywords: criticism.

13. Anonymous. (1980). All electronic cardios are NOT created equal...or the dangers of selective enhancement. Stoelting Company's Polygraph Instrumentation Bulletin 104, 8 .
Rec#: 90
Keywords: instruments-cardio/test data analysis-cardio.

14. Anonymous. (1994). All FBI Applicants Must Take Polygraph Test. Narcotics Control Digest , 24, 6-7.
Rec#: 9569
Keywords: screening-preemployment/FBI/applicants.

15. Anonymous. (1980). All subjects are not created equal...or the benefits of selective enhancement. Lafayette Instrument Company Guideposts, 1-4.
Rec#: 91
Keywords: instrumentation-cardio/test data analysis-cardio/cardio-electronic enhancement/subjects.

16. Anonymous. (1980). Alleged polygraph flaws raise critic's blood pressure. Law Enforcement News, 6, 3, 5.
Rec#: 7537
Keywords: blood pressure/physiological responses/control questions.

17. Anonymous. (1983). Alleged toothpaste contamination solved by polygraph. APA Newsletter, 16, 13
Rec#: 93
Keywords: cases-contamination of product/screening-commercial-product protection.

18. Anonymous. (1987). Amendment offered by Mr. Young of Florida. Congressional Reocrd - House, H 3391-H 3383
Rec#: 5309
Keywords: counterintelligence/appropriations/espionage.

19. Anonymous. (1980). American Polygraph Association (APA) supports legislation on examinee's rights. Security Letter, 10, 3
Rec#: 113
Keywords: legislation-federal.

20. Anonymous. (2001). Ames and Simpson complain about polygraph. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 2
Rec#: 7615
Keywords: Ames, Aldrich/CIA/polygraph-criticism/interrogation.

21. Anonymous. (1984). Another look at polygraph research: The Department of Defense's view. Security Letter, 14, 1-2.
Rec#: 141
Keywords: validity/utility/applications.

22. Anonymous. (nd). Another report from the American Bar Journal [other articles follow]. Council of Polygraph Examiners Newsletter,
Rec#: 8334
Keywords: law-limiting/legislation-federal/constitutional rights.

23. Anonymous. (1995). Anti-climax dampening: What do we mean? Polygraph News and Views, 3, 1-2.
Rec#: 7600
Keywords: anti-climax dampening.

24. Anonymous. (1988). Anti-polygraph bill may actually improve business for contract guary companies. Security Business, 18,
Rec#: 7078
Keywords: preemployment screening/anti-polygraph laws.

25. Anonymous. (1986). Anti-polygraph bill passes senate labor panel. But its not so anti anymore. Security Letter, 16,
Rec#: 7312
Keywords: preemployment screening/employee screening.

26. Anonymous. ed. 1985 Feb 24-1985 Feb 28; Jerusalem, Israel: The International Congress on Techniques for Criminal Identification.
Rec#: 247
Keywords: test data analysis-numerical/countermeasures/theory/validity-research-laboratory/voice stress analysis/PSE.

27. Anonymous. (1987). APA asks for polygraph ban. Security pulse,
Rec#: 7484
Keywords: APA/psychological testing/deception.

28. Anonymous. (2001). APA debates standards for sex offender exams. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1 & 3
Rec#: 7544
Keywords: sex offenders/APA.

29. Anonymous. (1999). APA proposed distinct sex speciality training. Polygraph News and Views, 7, 3 & 4
Rec#: 7563
Keywords: training/APA/sex offenders.

30. Anonymous. (1999). APA proses distinct sex speciality training. Polygraph News and Views, 7, 3 & 4
Rec#: 7726
Keywords: sex offenders/polygraph-research-general/voice stress analysis.

31. Anonymous. (1998). APL releases new polygscore version: Single method evalutates MGQT & zone. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 1-2.
Rec#: 7587
Keywords: Axciton/MGQT/POLYSCORE/algorithm/inconclusive results.

32. Anonymous. (1976). Arbitration decisions and the polygraph. Polygraph, 5, 315-330.
Rec#: 254
Keywords: law-arbitration/cases-arbitration/cases-sabotage-industrial/American Arbitration Association/cases-theft.

33. Anonymous. (1992). Are full disclosure tests violating the Constitution? APA Newsletter, 21, 3-4.
Rec#: 7700
Keywords: constitutional rights/drug use.

34. Anonymous. (1976). Arizona licensing act. Polygraph, 5, 337-344.
Rec#: 260
Keywords: licensing-Arizona/regulations-Arizona/examiners-qualifications.

35. Anonymous. (1985). Army Chief of Staff endorses polygraph tests in national security. APA Newsletter, 18, 8-9.
Rec#: 262
Keywords: screening-federal/applications-national security.

36. Anonymous. (1975). Arrest in Texas for examining without a license. APA Newsletter, 13-14.
Rec#: 274
Keywords: licensing-Texas/examiners-Texas.

37. Anonymous. (1998). Arther's golden rules: Update. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 33,
Rec#: 5519
Keywords: polygraph general.

38. Anonymous. (1990). ASIS In Action: Finding Mr./Ms. Right. Security Management, 34, 8
Rec#: 9700
Keywords: screening/stress/American Society For Industrial Security.

39. Anonymous. (1980). Asis proposes polygraph standards. APA Newsletter, 13, 20-21.
Rec#: 9701
Keywords: examiners-standards.

40. Anonymous. (1988). ASIS statement on S. 1904. Security Management, 131-132, 135-136.
Rec#: 7570
Keywords: employee screening.

41. Anonymous. (1990). Attorney General passed polygraph test. APA Newsletter, 23, 1
Rec#: 397
Keywords: cases-internal security/cases-leaks of information/U.S. Department of Justice/Attorney General.

42. Anonymous. (1981). Atwood and Weir conduct case review test on 15 year old crime. APA Newsletter, 14, 5
Rec#: 399
Keywords: cases-robbery/cases-attempted homicide/case review committee.

43. Anonymous. (1985). Auditors recommend the use of the polygraph. APA Newsletter, 18, 44
Rec#: 410
Keywords: applications-auditing accounts.

44. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1999 Mar 10). 110224-1998-MO,
Rec#: 6747
Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method/autonomic response/paradigm/mock screening.
Notes: Final report to the Central Intelligence Agency.
Abstract:Study examined the possibility of automating the Relevant-irrelevant test with a mock-screening paradigm.

45. Anonymous. (1984). The awful truth: Polygraph pioneers. New York, 54
Rec#: 7235
Keywords: polygraph-theory/blood pressure/Keeler, Leonarde/Keeler polygraph.

46. Anonymous. (1976). Ban urged on federal use of lie detectors. Behavior Today, 2-3.
Rec#: 493
Keywords: criticism-screening-government/screening-federal.

47. Anonymous. (1975). Bank fraud and embezzlement. Polygraph, 4, 77-78.
Rec#: 9454
Keywords: applications-banking/FBI/law-federal.
Notes: Reprinted from FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, February 1975.

48. Anonymous. (1998). Bank robbery case suggests test difficulties from undisclosed, similiar crimes. Polygraph News and Views, 3
Rec#: 7440
Keywords: cases-bank robbery/eyewitness identification/deception/errors.

49. Anonymous. (1987). Banks use polygraph tests more than background investigations. APA Newsletter, 20, 8
Rec#: 497
Keywords: applications-banking/screening-commercial-banking.

50. Anonymous. (1977). Bartlett's examination saves Yemeni from prison and deportation. APA Newsletter, 7-8.
Rec#: 594
Keywords: cases-deportation.

51. Anonymous. (1985). Bass angler fails lie test, loses big prize. Austin American, -
Rec#: 606
Keywords: cases-fishing contests/applications-fishing tournaments.
Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter , 18(3), 28.

52. Anonymous. (1976). Beating the polygraph. Polygraph Technical Company.
Rec#: 7528
Keywords: polygraph general/blood pressure/anxiety/pretest.

53. Anonymous. (1988). Benton County, Oregon includes polygraph in probation program. APA Newsletter, 21, 2
Rec#: 673
Keywords: applications-probation.

54. Anonymous. (1996). A bibliography of the polygraph works of Akihiro Suzuki. Polygraph, 25, 7380
Rec#: 4334
Keywords: bibliographies.

55. Anonymous. (1961). A bill to be entitled and act to license polygraph examiner. Newsletter of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation, 2-3.
Rec#: 6276
Keywords: law-limiting/editorials.
Notes: See also letter page 1.

56. Blood Pulse Tachometer. nd.
Rec#: 9726
Keywords: Blood Pulse Tachometer.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

57. Anonymous. (1936). Bloodhound evidence. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 26, 926
Rec#: 7529
Keywords: evidence/detection of deception/interrogation-burglary/confessions.

58. Anonymous. (1983). Bloodhounds find wrong man: Suspect freed by polygraph test. APA Newsletter, 16, 12
Rec#: 743
Keywords: cases-innocent .

59. Anonymous. (1992). Brain Machine Betters Polygraph. Security, 29, 8
Rec#: 9583
Keywords: brain wave analysis/ERP.

60. Anonymous. (1998). Bringing the incident alive with words. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 3
Rec#: 7224
Keywords: control questions/standards.

61. Anonymous. (1981). Burglary charges dropped following polygraph test. APA Newsletter, 14, 1
Rec#: 926
Keywords: cases-burglary.

62. Anonymous. (1978). Business buys the lie detector. Business Week, 100-101, 104.
Rec#: 950
Keywords: screening-commercial/voice stress analysis/surveys-business.

63. Anonymous. (1960). Business uses the lie detector. Business Week, 98, 105-106.
Rec#: 952
Keywords: screening-commercial.

64. Anonymous. (1987). But I tell you, I ain't lying! The Army Lawyer, 34-35.
Rec#: 6865
Keywords: law-military/credibility assessment/evidence/admissibility.
Notes: Department of the Army Pamphlet 27-50-171.

65. Anonymous. (1972). California court admits polygraph evidence - Order of Judge Allen Miller. Polygraph, 1, 243-246.
Rec#: 966
Keywords: admissibility-California.

66. Anonymous. (1986). California Supreme Court bars mandatory tests of city employees. APA Newsletter, 13, 19
Rec#: 968
Keywords: law-public employees/law-rights-public employees/cases-theft/Long Beach Marine Patrol Officers.

67. Anonymous. (1980). Can a computer verify veracity? University of Utah Review, 8
Rec#: 9014
Keywords: computerized polygraph/Raskin, David C.

68. Anonymous. (1980). Can a judge suggest a polygraph test to determine who is lying? Protection Management, 1
Rec#: 977
Keywords: admissibility-court ordered/law-court ordered tests.

69. Anonymous. (1976). Can a polygraph test given to one employee be used against another? Protection Management, 2-3.
Rec#: 978
Keywords: law-employment/admissibility-codefendant/law-employee rights.

70. Anonymous. (1978). Can an employee "change her mind" after agreeing to take a polygraph test? Protection Management, 1
Rec#: 979
Keywords: law-employment/law-employee rights.

71. Anonymous. (1976). Can an employee collect for a breakdown caused by flunking a lie detector test? Protection Management, 2, 4.
Rec#: 980
Keywords: litigation-nervous breakdown/nervous breakdown/personality variables.

72. Anonymous. (1978). Can the insurance company demand its policyholder take a lie detector test? Protection Management, 3
Rec#: 981
Keywords: applications-insurance/law-insurance claims.

73. Anonymous. (1980). Can you ax an employee for refusing to take a lie detector test? Protection Management, 3-4.
Rec#: 982
Keywords: law-labor-refusal.

74. Anonymous. (1979). Can you fire workers who refuse to take polygraph tests? Protection Management, 1-2.
Rec#: 983
Keywords: law-employment/law-employee rights.

75. Anonymous. (1978). Can you get into trouble by asking workers to submit to a lie detector test? Protection Management, 2-3.
Rec#: 984
Keywords: screening-commercial/law-employment/law-employee rights.

76. Anonymous. (1995). Can you polygraph an employee accused of theft? Corporate Security , 21, 9
Rec#: 9244
Keywords: employees/law-labor/applications-employees.

77. Anonymous. (1983). Can you tell when someone is lying to you? Polygraph Update, 3, 1-2.
Rec#: 986
Keywords: lying-nonverbal behavior/nonverbal detection of deception.

78. Anonymous. (1983). Can your insurance claim be denied if you don't pass a lie detector test? Corporate Security, 8
Rec#: 987
Keywords: applications-insurance/law-insurance.

79. Anonymous. (1988). Canadian articles on the polygraph - A bibliography. Polygraph, 17, 38
Rec#: 988
Keywords: Canada/bibliographies-Canada.

80. Anonymous. (1987). Canadian Supreme Court decides against polygraph evidence. APA Newsletter, 20, 12
Rec#: 992
Keywords: Canada/admissibility-Canada.

81. Anonymous. (1977). Canadian Supreme Court rejects appeal on exclusion of polygraph evidence in an unusual case. Polygraph, 6, 177-183.
Rec#: 991
Keywords: admissibility-Canada/cases-murder/Canada.

82. Anonymous. (1983). Captive inking, thermal writing, and fiber tip pens: A comparative study. Polygraph Update, 3, 1-3.
Rec#: 1009
Keywords: instruments-pens.

83. Anonymous. (1998). Careful work by examiner is key component in obtaining reliable results from computer. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 2
Rec#: 7595
Keywords: computerized polygraph/MGQT/deception/lying.

84. Anonymous. (1988). Case in point: Answer to fall case. The Investigator, 4, 12-14.
Rec#: 1043
Keywords: interrogation-factual analysis/factual analysis-robbery.

85. Anonymous. (1988). Case in point: Answer to Winter Case. The Investigator, 4, 18-19.
Rec#: 1044
Keywords: interrogation-arson.

86. Anonymous. (1963). The case of a new Anastasia: Her strongest support comes from the lie detector test. Life, 55, 104-112.
Rec#: 1045
Keywords: cases-identity-Anastasia/Backster, Cleve.

87. Anonymous. (1972). A case of innocence. APA Newsletter, 2
Rec#: 1046
Keywords: cases-innocent.

88. Anonymous. (1990). Caught In A Lie. Law And Order, 38, 95
Rec#: 9744
Keywords: police questioning.

89. Anonymous. (1938). Chicago buys Northwestern laboratory. The Police Chief, 137-138.
Rec#: 2926
Keywords: historical interest/Northwestern University Crime Laboratory.
Notes: Reprinted in Silent Witness, edited by Donald C. Dilworth, 1977, 364.128 Sil.

90. Anonymous. (1987). Child abuse charges dropped after polygraph test. Cincinnati Enquirer, -
Rec#: 1083
Keywords: cases-child abuse.
Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter (1987, May/June), 20(3), 21.

91. Anonymous. (1891). Children's lies. American Journal of Psychology, 3, 59-70.
Rec#: 2191
Keywords: lying-children.

92. Anonymous. (1977). Chilean diplomat takes examination from FBI in murder case. APA Newsletter, 5, 7
Rec#: 1084
Keywords: cases-murder.

93. Anonymous. (1977). Chocolate chips - yes! Barbed wire - no! Unions use of the polygraph. APA Newsletter, 5, 7
Rec#: 1088
Keywords: screening-commercial-bakery/cases-industrial sabotage/law-labor.

94. Anonymous. (1997). The colour of lying. The Economist, 345, 29
Rec#: 6491
Keywords: admissibility/Supreme Court.
Notes: Supreme Court's docket and issue of admissibility of polygraph tests.
Abstract:Although in 1923, the Supreme Court ruled that the results of polygraph tests should not be admitted as evidence in trials, the question of admissibility has risen again. The case that has revived this issue emerged from a military court's conviction of an air-force man found guilty, among other things, of using methaphetamine.

95. Comments on Beary Report. nd.
Rec#: 4783
Keywords: lying/Accuracy/false negative/physiological responses.

96. Anonymous. Anonymous. Commission to review the DoD security policies and practices. (1985).
Rec#: 1151
Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/screening-federal-counterintelligence/Stilwell Commission/Department of Defense.

97. Commonwealth v. A Juvenile (No. 1). (1974). S. Jud Ct. Mass 1974. 313 N. E. 2d 120. Anonymous.
Rec#: 5613
Keywords: admissibility-Massachusetts/constitutional rights.
Notes: Also see P 4042.

98. Commonwealth v. Benjamin Mendes. (1989). S. Jud. Ct. Mass 1989. 547 N. E. 2d 35. Anonymous.
Rec#: 5634
Keywords: admissibility-Massachusetts/rape/child sexual abuse.
Notes: Also see P 1180.

99. Commonwealth v. Peter Vitello. (1978). 1978 MA-QL 550. 381 N. E. 2d 582, 76 Mass. 426. Anonymous.
Rec#: 5640
Keywords: admissibility-Massachusetts/admissibility-Federal Rules of Evidence.
Notes: Also see P 2089.

100. Anonymous. (1986). Comparing the skin conductance and skin resistance measures. Polygraph Update, 6, 1-3.
Rec#: 1153
Keywords: electrodermal-skin resistance/electrodermal-skin conductance/instruments-electrodermal.

101. Anonymous. (2001). Comparison question test: Obsolete? Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1 & 4
Rec#: 7571
Keywords: examiner practices/polygraph general.

102. Anonymous. (2000). Comparison questions for juveniles allow for differences based on age. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 3
Rec#: 7542
Keywords: interview techniques/juveniles.

103. Anonymous. (2001). The complicated realm of intent: "state of mind" vs. accidental acts. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 3
Rec#: 6849
Keywords: cases-embezzlement.

104. Anonymous. (1995). Computer polygraphs offer choices. Polygraph News and Views, 3, 1-2.
Rec#: 7602
Keywords: Axciton/Lafayette Instrument Company.

105. Anonymous. (2001). Condit ignites fizzle of interest in polygraph. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1
Rec#: 6857
Keywords: polygraph general.

106. Anonymous. (1982). Confessions of a polygraph examiner. Corporate Security, 2-3 & 6.
Rec#: 1162
Keywords: screening-commercial/cases-commercial.

107. Anonymous. (1981). Congress eyes privacy legislation. Occupational Hazards, 43, 55-56.
Rec#: 1164
Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial.

108. Anonymous. (1987). Congress increases counterintelligence polygraph testing. APA Newsletter, 20, 8
Rec#: 1166
Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/legislation-counterintelligence.

109. Anonymous. (1977). Congress told lie detectors are needed by stores. Crime Control Digest, 11, 6
Rec#: 1168
Keywords: screening-commercial.

110. Anonymous. (1988). Congress wants OTA study on "honesty" tests. Labor Relations Reporter, 129, 405-406.
Rec#: 1169
Keywords: Office of Technology Assessment/honesty testing/paper and pencil tests.

111. Anonymous. (1987). Congressman Biaggi asked for a polygraph test. APA Newsletter, 20, 15-16.
Rec#: 1170
Keywords: cases-Congressman Biaggi.

112. Anonymous. (1977). Congressman Koch reintroduces anti-polygraph bill. APA Newsletter, 20-22.
Rec#: 1171
Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial.

113. Anonymous. (1976). Congresswoman [Abzug] continues battle against polygraph use by federal agencies. Security Letter, 6, 3-4.
Rec#: 1172
Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/legislation-federal-counterintelligence.

114. Anonymous. (1998). Constructing questions: Too long or too short?? Polygraph News and Views, 6, 1 & 3-4
Rec#: 7225
Keywords: control questions.

115. Anonymous. (1981). The continuous relative blood pressure measure and its implications in electro-cardio recording. Polygraph Update, 1, 1-7.
Rec#: 1177
Keywords: instruments-cardio/cardio.

116. Anonymous. (1985). Contract homicide solved by polygraph examinations. APA Newsletter, 18, 18
Rec#: 1178
Keywords: cases-murder.

117. Control question bank (substantive). nd.
Rec#: 9751
Keywords: control questions.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

118. Control question test scoring methods. nd.
Rec#: 9752
Keywords: techniques-CQT/test data analysis.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

119. Anonymous. (1986). Control questions approved by U. S. Court of Appeals. APA Newsletter, 19, 11
Rec#: 1179
Keywords: law-Constitutional-control questions/question formulation-control questions/screening-city-firemen/control questions/law-federal court decision.

120. Anonymous. (1980). Coors Industries polygraph survey. APA Newsletter, 13, 2-5.
Rec#: 1187
Keywords: surveys-Coors/screening-commercial/Coors Industries.

121. Anonymous. (1973). Cops vs lie detectors. Newsweek, 81, 52
Rec#: 249
Keywords: interrogation/applications/evidence.

122. Anonymous. (1973). Corporate lie detectors come under fire. Business Week, 88, 90.
Rec#: 1200
Keywords: screening-commercial/criticism/MMPI.

123. Anonymous. (2000). Countering cheaters: Simple is usually best. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 2, 4.
Rec#: 7536
Keywords: countermeasures/pretest interview.

124. Anonymous. (1985). Counterintelligence polygraph program. Congressional Record - House, 6533-6534.
Rec#: 1204
Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/legislation-counterintelligence.

125. Anonymous. (2000). Countermeasure info classified by Feds to avoid compromising its value; examiners lose resource. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 4
Rec#: 7636
Keywords: countermeasures/lying.

126. Anonymous. (2001). Countermeasure second attempt has no more success than first try. Polygraph, News and Views, 9, 2
Rec#: 1977
Keywords: countermeasures/respiration/electrodermal response/chart markings.

127. Anonymous. (1997). Court: Daubert not needed as testimony review guide. The Testifying Expert, 5, 4
Rec#: 6868
Keywords: Daubert Standard/courtroom testimony.

128. Anonymous. (1972). Court of Appeals reverses trial court order admitting polygraph, U.S. v. Zeiger. Polygraph, 1, 250
Rec#: 1207
Keywords: admissibility-federal.

129. Anonymous. (1974). Court ordered test clears innocent suspect in robbery case. APA Newsletter, 3
Rec#: 1208
Keywords: cases-robbery/admissibility-court ordered.

130. Anonymous. (1977). Crime: Free polygraph service for unjustly convicted. Trial, 13, 4
Rec#: 5412
Keywords: American Polygraph Association/applications-convicted unjustly.

131. Crime laboratory bureau- an evaluation of the Dektor Psychological Stress Evaluator. nd.
Rec#: 7586
Keywords: psychological stress evaluator/PSE/dektor psychological stress analyzer.

132. Anonymous. Criminal law cases 1967-72 involving use or reference to the polygraph. ed. L. E. Publishers Inc. 1-4p.
Rec#: 1222
Keywords: law-criminal.

133. Anonymous. (1970). Criminal law--Pre-trial immunity agreement--Binding both sides to results of polygraph test upheld as a pledge of public faith. New York Law Forum, 16, 646-653.
Rec#: 1225
Keywords: immunity/pledge of public faith/rape/nolle prosequi/Florida/Butler v. State.

134. Anonymous. (1998). Critical report on PolyScore draws fire from APL. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 3
Rec#: 7596
Keywords: polyscore/algorithm.

135. Anonymous. (1976). Cross-examining the lie detector. Human Behavior, 5, 20
Rec#: 9122
Keywords: polygraph-general/research-validity/University of Utah/Barland, Gordon H./Raskin, David C./psychopaths.

136. Anonymous. (2001). CVSA clears suspect then wants to try again. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1
Rec#: 6850
Keywords: CVSA/deception.

137. Anonymous. (1963). Dangerous polygraph. Scientific American, 209, 66-67.
Rec#: 1280
Keywords: criticism-validity.

138. Anonymous. (1996). Dangers with a known-solution peak. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 31,
Rec#: 5037
Keywords: lying/thefts/cases-robbery/interrogation/irrelevants/pretest interview.

139. David Law v. City of Colorado Springs. (1979). District Court, County of El Paso, State of Colorado, Colorado Springs, CO. case # 92CV0896, Division 2.Anonymous.
Rec#: 7619
Keywords: cases-Colorado/relevant-irrelevant method/drugs-marijuana/theft-employees/employee screening/cases-screening-police.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 26, (1) 45-53.

140. DEA polygraph program. nd.
Rec#: 9760
Keywords: DEA.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

141. Anonymous. (1981). Deception detection. Protection of Assets Bulletin, 1-2.
Rec#: 1329
Keywords: countermeasures-drugs.

142. Anonymous. (1994). Deception Or Truth? Analyzing Investigation Statements. Corporate Security, 20, 1-3.
Rec#: 9588
Keywords: criminal investigations/statement analysis.

143. Anonymous. (1973). Defendant cleared of murder. APA Newsletter, 3, 3
Rec#: 1344
Keywords: cases-homicide.

144. Anonymous. (1976). Defense Department letter to Bella S. Abzug. APA Newsletter, 2-3.
Rec#: 1350
Keywords: legislation-federal-counterintelligence.

145. Anonymous. (1982). Defense Department officials took polygraph tests during investigation. APA Newsletter, 15, 9
Rec#: 1351
Keywords: cases-national security/screening-government.

146. Anonymous. (1984). Defense Dept. appeals again for right to use lie detectors. Aviation Week and Space Technology, 120, 272
Rec#: 1348
Keywords: leaks/counterintelligence/background investigations/U.S. Department of Justice/Saxe, Leonard/espionage/countermeasures/applications-national security.

147. Anonymous. (1986). Defense official dismissed for allegedly divulging defense data. APA Newsletter, 19, 17
Rec#: 1352
Keywords: cases-national security/Pillsbury, Michael E.

148. Anonymous. (1991). Defense Research funding available for 1991 and 1992. Polygraph, 20, 167-168.
Rec#: 1353
Keywords: Department of Defense/research-funding-PERSEREC.

149. Anonymous. (1984). DeLorean polygraph results can't be used. Crime Control Digest, 18, 9
Rec#: 1361
Keywords: admissibility-federal-criminal cases.

150. Anonymous. (1983). Department of Justice defends limited use of polygraph. American Bar Association Law and National Security Intelligence Report, 5, 1, 2, 6-8.
Rec#: 1380
Keywords: screening-government/applications-national security/validity.

151. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1997). Department Policy toward polygraph use: Polygraphs, polygarph test, polygraphs--department policy, polygraphs as an investigative tool, admission of polygraph eviene, lie detector examination.
Rec#: 6945
Keywords: FBI/Department of Justice/polygraph general/physiological responses.

152. Anonymous. (2001). Despite advances in measuring physiological changes, polygraph sticks with old ways. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 3 & 4
Rec#: 7678
Keywords: physiological responses/computerized polygraph/countermeasures.

153. Anonymous. (1974). Despite polygraph, innocent man served two years. APA Newsletter, 3
Rec#: 1402
Keywords: cases-innocent/cases-armed robbery.

154. Anonymous. (1932). Detecting liars. The Literary Digest,
Rec#: 7072
Keywords: blood pressure/Keeler, Leonarde/deception/sex offenders/confessions.

155. Anonymous. (1978). Detection of deception. Protection of Assets Manual, (Supplement), Section 31, pp. 1-18.
Rec#: 1408
Keywords: polygraph-general/history/test procedures/applications/countermeasures/examiners-training/examiners-qualifications.

156. Anonymous. (1938). Detection of Deception - admissibility of "lie detector" evidence. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 29, 424-425.
Rec#: 7519
Keywords: admissibility/detection of deception.

157. Anonymous. (1938). Detection of deception - admissibility of "lie detector" evidence. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 29, 285
Rec#: 7520
Keywords: detection of deception/pathometer/psychogalvanic response.

158. Anonymous. (1980). The dimensions of privacy - A survey. APA Newsletter, 13, 11-12.
Rec#: 1434
Keywords: surveys-privacy/screening-commercial-privacy.

159. Anonymous. (1987). The director's column: Establishing the truthfulness of the sexual assault victim. The Investigator, 3, 5-8.
Rec#: 3638
Keywords: interrogation-sexual assault-victims/factual analysis-sexual assault-victims.

160. Anonymous. (1988). Director's column: Profiling arson suspects for interrogation. The Investigator, 4, 1-5.
Rec#: 1437
Keywords: interrogation-profiling-arson/interrogation-arson.

161. Anonymous. (1988). Director's column: Selecting themes for sexual assault interrogations. The Investigator, 4, 3-8.
Rec#: 1438
Keywords: interrogation-sexual assault.

162. Anonymous. (1987). The director's column: Themes for homicide investigations. The Investigator, 3, 3-7.
Rec#: 3640
Keywords: interrogation-homicide.

163. Anonymous. (1988). Director's column: Transitional phrases. The Investigator, 4, 3-6.
Rec#: 1439
Keywords: interrogation-transitional phrases.

164. Anonymous. (1988). Disaster! President allows HR 1212/S 1904 to become law. APA Newsletter, 19, 1-7.
Rec#: 1440
Keywords: law-federal-commercial.

165. Anonymous. (1988). District attorneys recommend polygraphing pedophiles on probation. APA Newsletter, 21, 2
Rec#: 1446
Keywords: applications-probation/applications-pedophiles/National District Attorneys Association/Abrams, Stanley.

166. Anonymous. (1978). District of Columbia court admits polygraph evidence in juvenile case. APA Newsletter, 1, 1
Rec#: 1447
Keywords: cases-juveniles/admissibility-juveniles/subjects-juveniles/Washington DC.

167. Anonymous. (1977). Do lie detectors lie? Grafton Publications.
Rec#: 7303
Keywords: blood pressure/skin conductance/galvanic skin response/admissibility/voice stress.

168. Anonymous. (1987). DoD turns to polygraph tests to deter espionage. Inside the Turret, -
Rec#: 1450
Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/Department of Defense.
Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter (1987, May/June), 20(3), 12.

169. Anonymous. (1978). Don't look now, but your eyes reveal those little white lies. Science Digest, 83, 29-33.
Rec#: 7400
Keywords: lying/lying-psychopaths/deception.

170. Anonymous. (nd). Donahue transcript #04201. Cincinatti, OH: Multimedia Program Productions.
Rec#: 9057
Keywords: criticism/admissibility/cases.

171. Donald Ray Watson v. State of Maryland. (1977). Ct. of Special App. of Maryland. 370 A. 2d 1149. Anonymous.
Rec#: 7493
Keywords: admissibility-Maryland.
Abstract:The Maryland Court of Special Appeals sustained the confession received after a polygraph examination. The subject was given a Miranda warning, but his counsel was not present at the time of the examination, despite the attorney's earlier advice to his client that he should be present. The Court noted that the right to have counsel present during an interrogation is a right of the defendant and not a right of defendant's counsel, despite Massiah v. U. S. Although notice was taken of the recent Johnson v. State, the Court did not discuss the element of complete disclosure of the polygraph proceedings as required by Johnson, and seemed to undermine that decision by Johnson, and seemed to undermine that decision by quoting from a different aspect of the case, dealing with the ability of the defendant to assert his innocence when confronted with results of a polygraph test.

172. Donald W. Wyrick v. Edward Fields. (1982). S. Ct. 1982. 103 S. Ct. 394, 74 Ed. 2d 214. Anonymous.
Rec#: 5648
Keywords: interrogation/polygraph general.
Notes: Also see P 2611.

173. Anonymous. (1988). Dr. Stanley Abrams summarizes findings of recent studies assessing use of activity sensor for countermeasures. Polygraph Update, 5, 1-2.
Rec#: 1472
Keywords: countermeasures-physical.

174. Anonymous. (1989). The drug war - U. S. Customs' secret weapon. APA Newsletter, 22, 9-10.
Rec#: 6001
Keywords: cases-narcotics/cases-smuggling/U.S. Customs Service.

175. Anonymous. Anonymous. (nd). Austin, TX: Texas Department o f Public Safety. 1-10 p.
Rec#: 1515
Keywords: subjects/pretest/law-waivers.

176. Anonymous. (1956). Electronic marvel weeds out dishonest and unfit applicants. Bus Transportation, November,
Rec#: 7338
Keywords: Backster technique/Backster, Cleve/applications-screening.

177. Anonymous. (1989). Eleventh circuit admits polygraph evidence. Polygraph, 18, 125-142.
Rec#: 9196
Keywords: admissibility-Federal-11th Circuit.

178. Anonymous. (1989). Eleventh Circuit admits polygraph evidence. APA Newsletter, 22, 5
Rec#: 1576
Keywords: admissibility-federal.

179. Anonymous. (1995). The elusive 'perfect' polygraph test. Polygraph News and Views, 3, 1
Rec#: 7598
Keywords: question formulation-relevant-arson/background investigations/MGQT.

180. Anonymous. (2001). Email: The fine art of sending computer charts as message attachments. Polygraph News and Views, 9,
Rec#: 7679
Keywords: charts.

181. Embargoed for conclusion of background briefing. 83.
Rec#: 7614
Keywords: background investigations/Attorney General/criminal investigations.
Notes: Held March 11, 1983, at the Department of Justice. Fact sheet Presidential Directive on Safeguarding National Security Information.

182. Anonymous. (1973). The emergence of the polygraph at trial. Columbia Law Review, 73, 1120-1144.
Rec#: 1588
Keywords: admissibility.

183. Anonymous. (1976). Eminent stress researcher comments on the validity of the polygraph. Security Letter, 6, 3
Rec#: 1589
Keywords: validity-comment-Canada/Canada.

184. Anonymous. (1988). Employee polygraph protection act of 1988.
Rec#: 6711
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/EPPA.
Notes: Public Law 100-347, 100th Congress.

185. Anonymous. (1988). Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988: Law and explanation. Chicago, IL: Commerce Clearing House.
Rec#: 1592
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/law-federal-screening-commercial/law-limiting/law-labor-rights/law-EPPA.

186. Anonymous. (1988). End users register mixed reactions to Employee Polygraph Protection Act. Security Letter, 18, part I
Rec#: 1596
Keywords: law-EPPA/Employee Polygraph Protection Act.

187. Anonymous. (1981). Erasing stress with a tranquilizer. Science News, 119, 214
Rec#: 9274
Keywords: stress/drugs-tranquilizers/countermeasures-drugs/Orne, Martin T.

188. Ethical conduct. 55.
Rec#: 7613
Keywords: ethics/interrogation.
Notes: Report to the President by the Committee on Ethics.

189. Anonymous. (1998). Evaluate what you are really providing. Nation's Business, 86, 14
Rec#: 3647
Keywords: business aspects/preemployment screening.
Abstract:Discusses the redefining of a business. Example of William M. Greenblatt and his conversion of his business from a polygraph-administering firm into a pre-employment screening service; His successful re-evaluation of his business Sterling Testing Systems.

190. Anonymous. (nd). Evidence - admissibility of lie detector results in criminal actions. Trial Lawyer's Guide, 463-464.
Rec#: 8564
Keywords: evidence/admissibility/Arizona.

191. Anonymous. (1975). Evidence - Polygraph tests - The results of a polygraph test are admissible if the defendant agrees in advance to the admission of the results regardless of the outcome. South Carolina Law Review, 26, 766-772.
Rec#: 1629
Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/stipulated examinations.

192. Anonymous. (nd). Evidentiary standards "Frye" suffers another fatal blow; New Mexico renounces Frye "general acceptance" as the sole criterion for admissibilty of expert testimony -- follows the Daubert "validity" model.
Rec#: 6480
Keywords: Frye case/Daubert Standard/New Mexico.
Notes: name of journal unknown 17 (3), p. 10, 12.

193. Anonymous. (2001). Examination after interrogation: A difficult decision for police examiners.... Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1 & 4
Rec#: 7543
Keywords: interrogation/investigations-commercial/law enforcement.

194. Anonymous. (2000). Examinees complain & offer cheating advice. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 1-2.
Rec#: 7533
Keywords: criticism-general.

195. Anonymous. (2001). Examiner aims at single issue but discovers facts are more complicated; interpreting the results as mixed issue leads to admission from suspect. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 2
Rec#: 6852
Keywords: POLYSCORE/deception/relevant questions/comparison question.

196. Anonymous. (2001). Examiner beats medical doctors to right conclusion in suspicions of infant abuse. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 2-3.
Rec#: 3369
Keywords: applications-child sexual abuse/credibility assessment.

197. Anonymous. (1976). Examiner protected by attorney-client privilege in Virginia. APA Newsletter, 12-13.
Rec#: 1638
Keywords: law-attorney-client-privilege/Virginia.

198. Anonymous. (1985). Exculpatory examinations clear suspect of armed robbery charges. APA Newsletter, 18, 22
Rec#: 1640
Keywords: exculpatory tests/cases-armed robbery.

199. Anonymous. (1972). Expert testimony regarding the admissibility of the results of polygraph examinations in court. Chicago, IL: Leonarde Keeler, Inc.
Rec#: 5848
Keywords: courtroom testimony.
Notes: Excerpt from: Transcript of proceedings in United States District Court in the District of Columbia in the case of United States v. Errol Zeiger, July 24, 1972.

200. Anonymous. (1989). F. Lee Bailey addresses APA luncheon. APA Newsletter, 22, 3-4.
Rec#: 1649
Keywords: admissibility/Bailey, F. Lee.

201. Anonymous. (1989). False charges of rape cleared up by polygraph tests. APA Newsletter, 22, 21
Rec#: 1655
Keywords: cases-rape-false/cases-child sexual abuse.

202. Anonymous. False-negatives in screening tests. ed.
Rec#: 6710
Keywords: screening.
Notes: Paper presented at the Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar FBI Academy, June 18, 1987.

203. Anonymous. (1973). False robbery claim exposed. APA Newsletter, 3
Rec#: 1657
Keywords: cases-robbery.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 38-39). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

204. Anonymous. (1979). A false tale of rape cleared by polygraph examination. APA Newsletter, 11
Rec#: 1658
Keywords: cases-rape-false.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 19-20). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

205. Anonymous. (1983). FBI director instructs field agents about policies for missing children investigations. Crime Control Digest, 17, 2-4.
Rec#: 1683
Keywords: applications-missing children.

206. Anonymous. (1986). FBI expert produces evidence of high accuracy of polygraph tests. APA Newsletter, 19, 10
Rec#: 1684
Keywords: Federal Bureau of Investigation/research-validity-field examinations/validity-field examinations/surveys-error-FBI.

207. Anonymous. (1982). FBI helped solve the murder of nuns in El Salvador. APA Newsletter, 15, 32
Rec#: 1685
Keywords: cases-homicide-El Salvador/El Salvador/Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 34). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

208. Anonymous. (1986). FBI polygraph examination saves midshipman's career. APA Newsletter, 19, 7
Rec#: 1687
Keywords: cases-drugs/Federal Bureau of Investigation.

209. Anonymous. (1985). FBI polygraph examiner wins attorney general's award. APA Newsletter, 18, 7
Rec#: 1686
Keywords: examiners-federal/biographies-Murphy, James K./Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 37). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

210. Anonymous. Anonymous. FBI statement before Foreign Operations and Government Information Subcommittee of the House Committee on Government Operations. (1974 Jun 05).
Rec#: 1688
Keywords: law/screening-FBI/applications-federal/surveys/Federal Bureau of Investigation.

211. Anonymous. (1986). FBI to polygraph agents with classified access. APA Newsletter, 19, 4
Rec#: 1689
Keywords: applications-national security/Federal Bureau of Investigation.

212. Anonymous. (1981). FBI used polygraph examinations in investigating ABSCAM leaks. APA Newsletter, 14, 1-2.
Rec#: 1690
Keywords: applications-national security/cases-internal investigations/law-administrative hearings/law/Federal Bureau of Investigation.

213. Anonymous. (1995). Federal Appeals Court Removes Ban On Polygraph Evidence. Criminal Justice Newsletter , 26, 4-5.
Rec#: 9277
Keywords: courtroom testimony/Judicial Discretion/Supreme Court.

214. Anonymous. (1989). Federal judge dismisses industry challenge to polygraph test restrictions. Corporate security digest, 3,
Rec#: 7488
Keywords: constitutional rights/screening/preemployment screening.
Notes: suited by security firm.

215. Anonymous. (1988). Federal polygraph law enacted. Personnel Journal, August, 26
Rec#: 6353
Keywords: preemployment screening/background investigations.

216. Anonymous. ed. Washington DC: GPO.
Rec#: 1698
Keywords: National Security Decision Directive 84/applications-national security.

217. Anonymous. (1985). Federal polygraph policies - Described in Senate testimony. Polygraph, 14, 126-128.
Rec#: 1699
Keywords: applications-personnel security/applications-espionage/applications-counterintelligence/screening-government/U.S. Air Force Personnel Security program/U.S. Army Personnel Security program/screening-Air Force/screening-Army/screening-FBI/Federal Bureau of Investigation/Boyce, Christopher J.

218. Anonymous. (1976). Federal trial court invalidates confession following examination. APA Newsletter, 26
Rec#: 1700
Keywords: law-confessions/interrogation-admissibility.

219. Anonymous. (2001). Feds plan to spend big to validate DOE polys. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 2
Rec#: 7620
Keywords: polygraph general/Office of Technology Assessment/Department of Energy.

220. Anonymous. (1981). A few facts about the psychological stress evaluator. Security Management,
Rec#: 7559
Keywords: PSE.

221. Anonymous. (1999). Fewer spy tests scheduled by Energy after complaints. Polygraph News and Views, 7, 3
Rec#: 7680
Keywords: espionage/criticism/DOE.

222. Anonymous. (2001). Fidgeting and broken eye contact: No longer regarded as indicators of lying...... Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1
Rec#: 7682
Keywords: accuracy/CIA/interrogation/confessions.

223. Final question preparation and review. 80.
Rec#: 6870
Keywords: stimulation tests/question formulation/irrelevants/pretest.

224. Anonymous. (1987). Finding the cardio leak. Polygraph Update, 4, 4-5.
Rec#: 1741
Keywords: instruments-cardio.

225. Anonymous. (1995). Five Guidelines On Integrity Tests. Security , 32, 65
Rec#: 9283
Keywords: employee screening/Psychological Testing.

226. Anonymous. (1990). Florida examiner solves New York case. APA Newsletter, 23, 18
Rec#: 1771
Keywords: cases-homicide.

227. Anonymous. (1986). Florida school system uses polygraph tests when students make the request. APA Newsletter, 19, 34-35.
Rec#: 1773
Keywords: applications-schools.

228. Anonymous. (1985). Fluttering the Pentagon. Newsweek, 104, 31
Rec#: 1775
Keywords: Weinberger, Caspar W./Stilwell, Richard G./Department of Defense/applications-national security.

229. Anonymous. (1994). Focus - spy catchers: (Analysis of spy case - Aldrich Ames). MacNeil/Lehrer Newshour,
Rec#: 6488
Keywords: screening-CIA/counterintelligence.
Notes: Transcript of show #4874.

230. Anonymous. (1981). For your information. Polygraph Update, 1, 3
Rec#: 1778
Keywords: instruments-line voltage/courtroom testimony .

231. Anonymous. (2001). Forensic neuroscience on trial. Nature Neuroscience, 4, 1
Rec#: 6840
Keywords: EEG/Farwell, Lawrence/P300/evidence/electromyography/admissibility.

232. Anonymous. (1987). Former CIA Chief says he tried to have Marine guards polygraphed. APA Newsletter, 20, 11
Rec#: 1787
Keywords: applications-embassies/applications-counterintelligence-embassies.

233. Anonymous. (1987). Former national security Dir. Bud McFarlane twice fluked polygraph exam in 1982. Security Letter, 17,
Rec#: 7316
Keywords: leaks.

234. Anonymous. (1982). Former police chief cleared of accusation. APA Newsletter, 15, 17
Rec#: 1788
Keywords: cases-false allegation.

235. Anonymous. (1988). Four polygraph tests free innocent youth from prison. APA Newsletter, 21, 11
Rec#: 1794
Keywords: cases-robbery.

236. Anonymous. (1980). Framed man cleared by polygraph. APA Newsletter, 13, 7
Rec#: 1803
Keywords: cases-burglary.

237. Anonymous. (1998). Fred Inbau. Economist, 347, 86
Rec#: 7238
Keywords: Inbau, Fred E.
Abstract:Notes the death of the controversial criminologist Fred Inbau on May 25, 1998. Age of Inbau when he died. Unorthodox teaching techniques at Northwestern University at Evanstown, Illinois; Views on the science of criminal justice; Work on the polygraph; Criticism of the Supreme Court's `Miranda' decision in 1966; His book "Criminal Interrogation and Confessions.".

238. Fundamentals of courtroom testimony for polygraph examiners. 90.
Rec#: 7300
Keywords: courtroom testimony/Qualifications/polygraph techniques.

239. Gary Witherspoon v. The Superior Court of Los Angeles County. (1982). Ct. App. Div. 2 CA 1982. 13 Cal. App. 3d 24. Anonymous.
Rec#: 5660
Keywords: admissibility-California/evidence/criminal trials.
Notes: Also see P 910.

240. Anonymous. (1980). General question test. Polygraph Review, 1, 1-4.
Rec#: 9291
Keywords: polygraph-general.

241. Anonymous. (1986). General Stilwell dedicates new DoD Polygraph School. APA Newsletter, 19, 2-4.
Rec#: 1965
Keywords: history/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.

242. Anonymous. (1978). Georgia admits polygraph evidence - State v. Chambers. Polygraph, 7, 53-57.
Rec#: 1969
Keywords: admissibility-Georgia/stipulated examinations-Georgia.

243. Anonymous. (1984). Georgia State Board of Polygraph Examiners Survey. APA Newsletter, 17, 22
Rec#: 1970
Keywords: examiners-Georgia/ethics/training-examiners-Georgia/surveys-Georgia.

244. Anonymous. (1982). Georgia Supreme Court Justice gives his views on the polygraph. APA Newsletter, 15, 11
Rec#: 1971
Keywords: admissibility-Georgia.

245. Anonymous. (1980). Getaway driver didn't know it was a robbery. APA Newsletter, 13, 12
Rec#: 1986
Keywords: cases-robbery.

246. Anonymous. (1987). Ghorbanifar: Truth was the victim. Insight, 20
Rec#: 1987
Keywords: cases-intelligence.

247. Anonymous. (1987). Girl lies about abduction, polygraph test clears the case. APA Newsletter, 20, 9
Rec#: 2003
Keywords: cases-kidnapping.

248. Anonymous. (1988). Glenn E. Davis retires from profession. APA Newsletter, 21, 12-13.
Rec#: 2010
Keywords: biographies-Davis, Glenn E.

249. Anonymous. (1996). Go figure. Sports Illustrated, 14
Rec#: 7164
Keywords: polygraph general.

250. Anonymous. (1988). Golden age of polygraph comes to an end as Reagan signs bill to limit its use. Security Letter, 18,
Rec#: 7079
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/investigations-commercial/preemployment screening.

251. Anonymous. (1988). Good news and bad news. NDI, Newsletter of the NWPE, 1, 10-11.
Rec#: 2039
Keywords: cases-sexual abuse.

252. The GQT polygraph test: scoring and reliability. nd.
Rec#: 6552
Keywords: techniques-GQT/test data analysis/reliability.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

253. Anonymous. (1989). GSG vs. GSR: A measurement comparison of skin conductance to skin resistance. Polygraph Update, 6,
Rec#: 6494
Keywords: electrodermal/skin conductance/skin resistance/GSR/GSG/Lafayette Instrument Company.

254. Anonymous. (2001). GSR scoring become more flexible. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1 & 4
Rec#: 4010
Keywords: GSR/electrodermal response/skin conductance/baseline arousal.

255. Anonymous. (1990). Guard In $10.8 Million Heist Fails Polygraph Test. Corporate Security Digest, 4, 6-7.
Rec#: 9797
Keywords: cases-armored vehicle robberies.

256. A guide to post-test interrogation. nd.
Rec#: 9182
Keywords: interrogation-post-test.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

257. Anonymous. (1998). Guidelines suggested for post-conviction testing. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 2
Rec#: 7588
Keywords: sex offenders/false positive/post test.

258. Anonymous. H. R. 4681. ed.
Rec#: 6090
Keywords: screening/litigation-federal/physiological responses.

259. Anonymous. H.R. 9878. A bill to amend the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946 to prohibit, except in certain instances, the expenditure of any funds by any executive department or agency of the United States for the acquisition or use of a polygraph (lie detector) machine. ed. 1965 Jul 15; Washington DC: GPO.
Rec#: 9798
Keywords: legislation-federal/prohibiting.

260. Anonymous. (1996). Habituation and polygraph testing: a bibliography. Polygraph, 25, 150-151.
Rec#: 7107
Keywords: bibliographies/polygraph general/habituation.

261. Anonymous. (2002). Handbook of polygraph testing. San Diego: Academic Press.
Rec#: 3537
Keywords: CQT/pretest interview/sex offenders/countermeasures/event-related potentials/GKT/concealed information/criminal investigations/detection of deception.

262. Anonymous. (1986). Have you ever owed a bar bill? Harper's, 272, 14-17.
Rec#: 2301
Keywords: screening-government.

263. Hearing on Motions to Suppress and excerpts from July trial. United States of America vs Robert Lee Morrow. 83.
Rec#: 6823
Keywords: admissibility-North Carolina.
Notes: In the District Court of the United States for the Western district of North Carolina, Charlotte Division, Docket No. C-CR-83-23.

264. Anonymous. (1995). The Heart Rate Response As An Index Of The Lie Detection Test: A Study Of Heart Rate Response On Field Testing Situations. Polygraph , 24, 56
Rec#: 9305
Keywords: Reports/heart rate-research.

265. Anonymous. (2000). Her heart was in her shoe: A countermeasure. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 3
Rec#: 7683
Keywords: countermeasures.

266. Anonymous. (1998). High court decision renews debate. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 1-3.
Rec#: 7590
Keywords: reliability/credibility assessment/Scheffer case.

267. Anonymous. (2002). High court sets sex offender policy: Extended sentence deemed unjustified..... Polygraph News and Views, 10, 1 &4
Rec#: 7262
Keywords: sex offenders/supreme court.

268. Anonymous. (2001). High court to hear disclosure case: may limit aggressive sex offender programs. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1 & 4
Rec#: 6853
Keywords: sex offenders/rape.

269. Anonymous. (2000). High profile polygraphs: Simpson & Ramseys. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 1 & 2
Rec#: 7684
Keywords: interrogation/Ramseys/Simpson, O.J.

270. Anonymous. (1987). Highest military court accepts polygraph. APA Newsletter, 20, 8
Rec#: 2380
Keywords: admissibility-military.

271. Anonymous. (1953). Highlights of polygraph survey conducted by University of Tennessee. The Police Chief, 20, 30
Rec#: 2382
Keywords: surveys/validity-surveys/history.

272. Anonymous. (1991). Historical Note. Polygraph, 20, 52-53.
Rec#: 9636
Keywords: polygraph-general.

273. Anonymous. (1975). Historical note: The first polygraphist. Security Letter, 5, 4
Rec#: 2405
Keywords: history.

274. Anonymous. (1987). Historycal note: Chloroform for interrogation. Polygraph , 16, 81
Rec#: 2404
Keywords: historical interest/narcointerrogation/chloroform.

275. Anonymous. (1977). Holiday thefts expected to be huge. APA Newsletter, 7
Rec#: 2435
Keywords: screening-commercial-theft.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 43). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

276. Anonymous. Homer Allen Marcum v. The State of Texas. ed.
Rec#: 5217
Keywords: admissibility/court rulings/probation/interrogation.
Abstract:Polygraph examination administered as part of a court-ordered condition of probation is not an in custody interrogation for purposes of triggering the need to give Miranda warning and parolee's confession to additional crimes during a polygraph post-examination interview is admissible in a parole revocation hearing. Case #983 S. W. 2d 762, Texas App. 14th District.

277. Anonymous. (1975). Honesty of Congressional chairwoman questioned in polygraph hearing. Security Letter, 6, 4
Rec#: 2453
Keywords: legislation-federal.

278. Anonymous. (1969). Honesty questionnaire enables employers to determine applicant's trustworthiness. Mid-Continent Banker,
Rec#: 2454
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/integrity tests/bank protection act/honesty questionnaires/Reid Report.

279. Anonymous. (1988). House bill would severely limit FBI and DEA testing. APA Newsletter, 21, 1
Rec#: 2552
Keywords: legislation-federal/Federal Bureau of Investigation/Drug Enforcement Administration.

280. Anonymous. (1976). House committee calls for ban on government use of polygraphs. APA Monitor, 7, 8, 10.
Rec#: 2553
Keywords: screening-government/voice stress analysis/PSE/criticism-validity.

281. Anonymous. (1979). House committee notes use of polygraph screening in federal service. APA Newsletter, 1
Rec#: 2554
Keywords: screening-government.

282. Anonymous. (1985). House hears testimony on bills to ban use of polygraphs by private industry employers. Narcotics Control Digest, 15, 7
Rec#: 2555
Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial.

283. Anonymous. (1985). House of Representatives - Reports on Brooks/Schroeder Bill. Polygraph, 14, 158-190.
Rec#: 2560
Keywords: legislation-federal-counterintelligence/screening-government/applications-counterintelligence/cases-counterintelligence.

284. Anonymous. (1986). House to vote to ban polygraph. Security Management, 30, 112
Rec#: 2566
Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial.

285. Anonymous. (1969). How a lie detector works. McCall's, 52
Rec#: 2571
Keywords: physiological responses/screening/breathing changes/GSR/electrocardiogram.

286. Anonymous. (1985). How accurate is the polygraph? CSC Special Security Office Newsletter, 1-2.
Rec#: 2572
Keywords: validity.

287. Anonymous. (1975). How good is a confession brought about by a lie detector test? Protection Management, 1
Rec#: 2574
Keywords: admissibility-confessions.

288. Anonymous. (1980). How many times can employees be compelled to take polygraph tests? Protection Management, 1-2.
Rec#: 2575
Keywords: screening-commercial/law-labor.

289. Anonymous. (1989). How to comply with the polygraph law. Nation's Business, 77, 36-37.
Rec#: 2577
Keywords: law-EPPA.

290. Anonymous. (1964). How true are lie detectors? Good Housekeeping, 158, 157
Rec#: 7399
Keywords: blood pressure/Accuracy/lying-pathological.

291. Anonymous. (1989). Huge settlement reached in polygraph testing case . Corporate security digest,
Rec#: 7485
Keywords: criticism/applications-preemployment/California.

292. Anonymous. (1996). IACP establishes a model policy on polygraph. Polygraph , 25, 128-133.
Rec#: 5099
Keywords: policy/criminal justice system/inconclusive results.

293. Anonymous. (1990). IACP resolution advocates quality control. APA Newsletter, 23, 10
Rec#: 2638
Keywords: quality control/International Association of Chiefs of Police.

294. Anonymous. (1989). Idaho admits stipulated polygraph test results. APA Newsletter, 22, 6
Rec#: 2641
Keywords: admissibility-Idaho.

295. Anonymous. (1986). Idaho Supreme Court admits polygraph evidence. APA Newsletter, 19, 18
Rec#: 2642
Keywords: admissibility-Idaho/cases-child sexual abuse.

296. Anonymous. (1998). Identifi computer chart evaluation: Another way of looking at Axcition charts. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 1 & 2
Rec#: 7231
Keywords: Axciton/charts/POLYSCORE.

297. Anonymous. (1989). If it were not for a polygraph test.... APA Newsletter, 22, 22
Rec#: 2644
Keywords: cases-homicide.

298. Anonymous. (1984). If you're asked to take a lie detector test....... Changing Times, 38, 66-70.
Rec#: 2645
Keywords: screening-commercial/criticism-rights.

299. Anonymous. (1983). Illinois Polygraph Society survey. Illinois Polygraph Society Newsletter, 5-8.
Rec#: 2651
Keywords: surveys-Illinois/applications-commercial/stipulated examinations/Illinois/validity-opinion.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 12 , 383-386.

300. Anonymous. (1977). Illinois Polygraph Society v. Anthony Joseph Pellicano. Polygraph, 6, 277-292.
Rec#: 2650
Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE/licensing-Illinois/litigation-licensing-Illinois.

301. Anonymous. (1976). Illinois regulations. Polygraph, 5, 332-336.
Rec#: 2652
Keywords: licensing-Illinois/regulations-Illinois/examiners-qualifications.

302. Anonymous. (1980). In the courts. The Criminal Law Reporter, 26, 2385-2386.
Rec#: 9156
Keywords: admissibility-New York.
Notes: [BNA, Inc.].

303. Anonymous. (1977). In the Supreme Court of British Columbia: Her Majesty the Queen against William Wong - Reasons for holding as admissible opinion evidence of polygraph examiners. Polygraph, 6, 58-70.
Rec#: 2674
Keywords: admissibility-Canada/cases-homicide-Canada/Canada.

304. Anonymous. (2001). In the United States Supreme Court: No hearings granted to velitations. Academy News, 31, 22
Rec#: 7720
Keywords: supreme court/admissibility.

305. Anonymous. (1998). Inconclusives: Are they trying to tell the examiner something? Polygraph News and Views, 6, 2-3.
Rec#: 7592
Keywords: inconclusive results/Accuracy/sexual perverts.

306. Anonymous. (1990). Indiana Supreme court upholds murder conviction involving polygraph tests. APA Newsletter, 23, 2-3.
Rec#: 2720
Keywords: admissibility-Indiana.

307. Anonymous. (1991). Indiana trial court admits stipulated polygraph evidence. APA Newsletter, 24, 6
Rec#: 2721
Keywords: admissibility-Indiana.

308. Anonymous. (1980). Indigent defendants may be entitled to free lie detector tests. The Criminal Law Reporter, 27, 2488-2489.
Rec#: 2722
Keywords: law-rights to free test/law-constitutional rights/free test/indigent defendant.

309. Anonymous. (1979). Innocent of rape, man spends three months in jail. APA Newsletter, 12, 15-16.
Rec#: 2729
Keywords: cases-rape-innocent.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 10). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

310. Anonymous. (1985). Innocent person writes to congressman. APA Newsletter, 18, 13
Rec#: 2730
Keywords: cases-innocent.

311. Anonymous. (1979). Innocently doing his job. APA Newsletter, 12, 16-17.
Rec#: 2731
Keywords: cases-bribery.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 19). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

312. Anonymous. (1998). Inside polygraph: the same process that helps select books and movies. Polygraph New & Views, 6, 3
Rec#: 7594
Keywords: criticism.

313. Anonymous. (nd). Interrogation and lie detection examination rooms. Bulletin of the C. H. Stoelting Company, 6 pp.
Rec#: 2733
Keywords: facilities.

314. Anonymous. (1998). Interrogation relies on human nature : Old techniques are still some of the best. Polygraph News& Views, 6, 1-2.
Rec#: 7492
Keywords: interrogation/confessions/techniques.

315. Anonymous. (1979). The intimidation of job tests. AFL-CIO American Federationist, 86, 1-8.
Rec#: 2737
Keywords: screening-commercial/criticism-intimidation.

316. Anonymous. (1995). Investigations: Reprieve For The Polygraph? Security Letter , 25, 4
Rec#: 9313
Keywords: courtroom testimony.

317. Anonymous. (1993). Investigator Bails Out Of Export Biz After Conviction Involving Faulty Paperwork. Security Letter , 23,
Rec#: 9601
Keywords: export law/import law.

318. Anonymous. (1988). Iowa passes polygraph limiting act. APA Newsletter, 21, 2-3.
Rec#: 2739
Keywords: law-limiting-state/Iowa/Iowa limiting act.

319. Anonymous. (1978). Is a confession "involuntary" if it was induced by a lie detector? Protection Management, 2172, 3-4.
Rec#: 2745
Keywords: law-confessions-post test.

320. Anonymous. (1978). Is a suspect justified in questioning the accuracy of a lie detector machine? Protection Management, 2185, 2, 4.
Rec#: 2746
Keywords: admissibility.

321. Anonymous. (1995). The ISDD, an APA predecessor. Polygraph , 24, 54-56.
Rec#: 9314
Keywords: APA.

322. Anonymous. (1985). It's a lie. Nation's Business, 73, 12-13.
Rec#: 2751
Keywords: screening-commercial.

323. Anonymous. (1981). It wasn't self defense. APA Newsletter, 14, 6
Rec#: 2752
Keywords: cases-homicide.

324. James A. Frye vs. United States. (1923). Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia.Anonymous.
Rec#: 6982
Keywords: Frye case/courtroom testimony-expert qualifications/blood pressure/admissibility.
Notes: Supplementary brief.

325. Anonymous. (1999). Jefferson's two-pen polygraph. Polygraph News and Views, 7, 2
Rec#: 7727
Keywords: historical interest-instruments.

326. John Kaske v. The City of Rockford. 82.
Rec#: 6342
Keywords: admissibility.
Notes: Docket Nos. 55501, 55599 cons.-Agenda 29-May 1982.

327. Johnson v. Maryland. (1976). Ct. of Special App. of Maryland. 31 Md. app. 03, 355 A.2d 504. Anonymous.
Rec#: 7494
Keywords: admissibility-Maryland/interrogation/False statements.
Notes: Also see P 181.

328. Anonymous. (1999). JonBenet Ramsey: A lesson for polygraph examiners ----go by the book. Polygraph News and Views, 7, 3
Rec#: 7008
Keywords: investigations-commercial.

329. Anonymous. (1978). Journalist claims polygraph tells lies. Security Letter, 8, Part I, 2-3.
Rec#: 2841
Keywords: criticism-validity.

330. Anonymous. (1982). Judge required defendants to pass polygraph test in pleading. APA Newsletter, 15, 16
Rec#: 2849
Keywords: applications-plea bargains/cases-homicide.

331. Anonymous. (1973). Judicial order admits polygraph in Florida. Polygraph, 2, 59-64.
Rec#: 2852
Keywords: admissibility-Florida.

332. Anonymous. (1980). Judicial: State v. Catanese. Security Management, 24, 39
Rec#: 2853
Keywords: admissibility-Louisiana.
Notes: See also P 7497.

333. Anonymous. (1973). Justice Department recommends polygraph for police intelligence. Polygraph, 2, 144-145.
Rec#: 2866
Keywords: applications-intelligence.

334. Anonymous. (1981). Justice sometimes. APA Newsletter, 14, 6
Rec#: 2869
Keywords: cases-kidnapping/cases-robbery/American Polygraph Association-Case Review Committee/applications-defense/applications-criminal investigations.

335. Anonymous. (1979). Juvenile spared arson prosecution. APA Newsletter, 12, 12-13.
Rec#: 2870
Keywords: cases-arson.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 20). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

336. Anonymous. (1978). Kampiles confessed to espionage after FBI polygraph examination. APA Newsletter, 11, 1-2.
Rec#: 2880
Keywords: cases-espionage/applications-counterintelligence.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 33). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

337. Anonymous. (1990). Kansas Bureau of Investigation finds prisoners allegations false. APA Newsletter, 23, 11
Rec#: 2881
Keywords: cases-police/cases-false reports/Kansas.

338. Anonymous. (1988). Kansas court supports polygraph requirement for diversion program. APA Newsletter, 21, 8
Rec#: 2882
Keywords: law-probation/Kansas/law-diversion programs/applications-probation.

339. Anonymous. (nd). Keeler Polygraphs "The pacesetter series". Chicago, Illinois: Associated Research, Inc.
Rec#: 7643
Keywords: instruments-Keeler/historical interest-instruments-Keeler.
Notes: T.P. Manual 70.1.

340. Anonymous. (1981). Keeping secrets secret. The Lipman Report, 1-2.
Rec#: 2940
Keywords: screening-government/Central Intelligence Agency.

341. Keith Anderson et al. vs. The City of Philadlephia et al., appellants. 88.
Rec#: 9824
Keywords: preemployment screening/cases.
Notes: United Sates Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit No. 87-1546. On Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennesylvania (Civil Action No. 86-7571).

342. Keith v. Stoelting Inc. (1990). 5th Cir. 915 F. 2d 996. Anonymous.
Rec#: 7495
Keywords: admissibility/Stoelting.

343. Anonymous. (1991). Knoxville begins testing sex offenders on probation. APA Newsletter, 24, 5
Rec#: 7703
Keywords: probation/sex offenders.

344. Kristine S. Chatwin v. Davis County. (1996). U. S. Dist. Ct., D. Utah, Central Div. 936 F. Supp. 832, 45 Fed. R. Evid. Serv. 665. Anonymous.
Rec#: 7496
Keywords: admissibility-Utah/evidence.

345. Anonymous. Anonymous. Kubis report of 1973 - An invalid study - Critical analysis. Dektor Counterintelligence and Security, Inc. (1973).
Rec#: 7922
Keywords: Dektor psychological stress analyzer/Kubis, Joseph F.
Abstract:Criticisms fall into three categories: (1) The objective of the contract was not addressed by the specifications; (2) Certain specifications of this contract were not performed; and (3) Sufficient variables were uncontrolled rendering the study scientifically invalid. The objective of the contract was to validate the voice analyzer in as realistic a situation as possible. The study failed to use available polygraph examinations of actual criminal investigations and failed to examine all possible combinations of criminals, accomplices, and innocents. The study failed to model the interrogation after standard examining procedures. This report also finds that the study did not perform certain specifications of the contract. The contract specifies that an analysis should be made for each subject showing the accuracy of each instrument. This was not done and reasons were not given for the missing data. Furthermore, required charts showing stress levels of subjects for each response do not appear in the study report. The Fordham study also failed to control certain variables. It failed to identify stress stemming from other causes, and experimenteal procedure was not consistent. It was concluded as follows: (1) The award of the contract was unwise; (2) The study met neither the specifications nor the objective of the contract; (3) The results of the report appear invalid; (4) Public funds should be returned; and (5) A statement of the false authenticity of the study report should be issued.

346. Anonymous. (1985). Lafayette reports findings of recent examiner questionnaire. Polygraph Update, 5, 1-2.
Rec#: 3152
Keywords: surveys-examiners/instruments-Lafayette.

347. Anonymous. (1992). Last minute test of Coleman didn't stop the execution. American Polygraph Association Newsletter, 25, 8
Rec#: 6624
Keywords: polygraph use by criminals.

348. Anonymous. (1983). Law limits Department of Defense from expanding polygraph use. APA Newsletter, 16, 1-2.
Rec#: 3241
Keywords: law-federal/applications-national security/screening-government.

349. Anonymous. (1991). Law Notes--Observations On The Final EPPA Rules. Polygraph, 20, 108-114.
Rec#: 9639
Keywords: EPPA/employees/legal status/privacy rights/voice stress analysis.
Notes: Reprinted in The Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 (EPPA), 363.254 Am3.

350. Anonymous. (1986). The leak mania. The Nation, 242, 779-780.
Rec#: 7575
Keywords: cases-burglary/leaks/surveillance/interviewing.

351. Lecture by Hans Zimmermann. 55-56.
Rec#: 7585
Keywords: Germany/personality variables-cultural influences/cross-cultural differences/displaced persons/social perception.
Notes: Annual meeting of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation @ 1955 or 1956.

352. Anonymous. (1989). Legislative analysis: legislative highlights of the 100th congress. Police chief, 48-49.
Rec#: 7480
Keywords: legislation/death penalty/verification tests.

353. Anonymous. (1990). Legislative analysis: Polygraphs in law enforcement: Quality control for the future. Police Chief, 58, 58-60.
Rec#: 3278
Keywords: EPPA/quality control/American Association of Police Polygraphists/Colassa, Dan/Addison, Milt/AAPP/IACP.
Abstract:IACP Executive Committee passed a resolution endorsing quality control programs (Feb 90). AAPP set up QC program Jun 90.

354. Anonymous. (1987). Legislative analysis - The polygraph controversy. Police Chief, 54, 62
Rec#: 3277
Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial.

355. Anonymous. (1988). Lenders face new home equity duties. ABA Banking Journal, 80, 14-17.
Rec#: 9339
Keywords: applications-banking.

356. Anonymous. (1985). Licensing act passed by Suffolk County, New York. APA Newsletter, 18, 14
Rec#: 3326
Keywords: legislation-state/New York/licensing-New York.

357. Anonymous. (1952). Lie detecting set AN/USS-2A. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 5699
Keywords: instruments-AN-USS-2A (Stoelting)/Stoelting.
Notes: Technical manual: Army TM 11-5530, Air Force TO 16-30USS-2-5.

358. Anonymous. (1952). The Lie detector. Drake Law Review, 1, 50-55.
Rec#: 3336
Keywords: admissibility.

359. Anonymous. (1957). Lie detector. Newsweek, 49, 32
Rec#: 3337
Keywords: polygraph-general.

360. Anonymous. (1939). The lie detector and the prison break. Finger Print Magazine, 3-8, 19-20.
Rec#: 1185
Keywords: cases-prisoners/historical interest-law enforcement.

361. Anonymous. (1987). Lie detector ban height of hypocrisy. Spotlight, 13, 13-14.
Rec#: 3341
Keywords: legislation-federal.

362. Anonymous. (1964). The lie detector confirms his story. Life, 56, 88-89.
Rec#: 3344
Keywords: cases-assassination/cases-bombing/Partin, Edward Grady/Hoffa/Harrelson/polygram/R & I specific/relevant-irrelevant method.
Abstract:The lie detector which verified Partin's story about Hoffa was administered by the nation's foremost expert in the field. He is Leonard H. Harrelson, president of Leonarde Keeler, Inc. of Chicago, prioneer developers of the testing technique and teachers of its technique.

363. Anonymous. (1985). Lie detector evidence fails to alter grand jury's decision. Review Journal, -
Rec#: 3351
Keywords: admissibility-grand jury/admissibility-Nevada/cases-child sexual abuse/grand jury.
Notes: Abstracted in APA Newsletter, 19(1), 31-32.

364. Anonymous. (1960). Lie detector helps heart. Science News Letter, 78, 84
Rec#: 6431
Keywords: heart disease/respiration.

365. Anonymous. (1965). The lie detector investigated. Scientific American, 212, 50
Rec#: 3356
Keywords: criticism.

366. Anonymous. (1938). The lie detector: Opinions as to use and value of polygraph. American Journal of Medical Jurisprudence, 1, 258-259.
Rec#: 3363
Keywords: law/admissibility/historical interest/opinions/Woods/Guttmacher/Camp/Overholser/Myerson/Huddleson/Snyder.

367. Anonymous. (1951). Lie detector tests. Journal of the American Medical Association, 147, 615
Rec#: 3370
Keywords: polygraph-general/pulse rate/blood pressure.

368. Anonymous. (1959). Lie detector tests. Current Medicine for Attorneys, 6, 41-43.
Rec#: 8948
Keywords: polygraph-general/pulse rate/respiration/blood pressure/autonomic nervous system/false positive/false negative/truth serum.

369. Anonymous. (1978). Lie detector tests: Admissibility. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 10
Rec#: 3382
Keywords: admissibility.

370. Anonymous. (1979). Lie detector tests: Admissibility. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 11-12.
Rec#: 3388
Keywords: admissibility.

371. Anonymous. (1982). Lie detector tests: Admissibility. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 15
Rec#: 3394
Keywords: admissibility.

372. Anonymous. (1978). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Impeachment of defendant. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 7
Rec#: 3383
Keywords: admissibility-impeachment/law-impeachment.

373. Anonymous. (1975). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Massachusetts. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 15
Rec#: 3373
Keywords: admissibility-Massachusetts.

374. Anonymous. (1981). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Missouri. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 11-12.
Rec#: 3393
Keywords: admissibility-Missouri.

375. Anonymous. (1978). Lie detector tests: Admissibility; New Jersey. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 7-8.
Rec#: 3385
Keywords: admissibility-New Jersey.

376. Anonymous. (1978). Lie detector tests: Admissibility of fact of test to bolster witness credibility. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 7
Rec#: 3384
Keywords: admissibility.

377. Anonymous. (1979). Lie detector tests: Admissibility of results as independent evidence of guilty - Harmless error. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 13
Rec#: 3389
Keywords: admissibility.

378. Anonymous. (1976). Lie detector tests: Admissibility of unstipulated test results. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 10-11.
Rec#: 3378
Keywords: admissibility-unstipulated.

379. Anonymous. (1975). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Ohio. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 12-13.
Rec#: 3372
Keywords: admissibility-Ohio.

380. Anonymous. (1975). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Permitting witness to testify to statements made by defendant during test. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 10
Rec#: 3374
Keywords: admissibility-witnesses.

381. Anonymous. (1978). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Post-conviction proceedings. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 11
Rec#: 3387
Keywords: admissibility-post trial.

382. Anonymous. (1975). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Probation revocation hearings - Procedure. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 12
Rec#: 3375
Keywords: applications-probation/admissibility-probation.

383. Anonymous. (1981). Lie detector tests: Admissibility; qualification of examiner. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 9
Rec#: 6340
Keywords: stipulated examinations/admissibility.

384. Anonymous. (1975). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Qualifications of examiner-witness. IACP Law Enforcement legal Review, 9
Rec#: 3376
Keywords: admissibility-expert testimony/courtroom testimony/examiners-expert witness/courtroom testimony-expert qualifications/admissibility-standards.

385. Anonymous. (1976). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Reference by witness to tests and results. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 11
Rec#: 3380
Keywords: admissibility-expert testimony.

386. Anonymous. (1980). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Stipulation. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 12
Rec#: 3392
Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/stipulated examinations.

387. Anonymous. (1976). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Stipulation and lack of objection. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 11-12.
Rec#: 3381
Keywords: admissibility-stipulated.

388. Anonymous. (1981). Lie detector tests: admissibility: stipulations; Waiver. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 9
Rec#: 3400
Keywords: admissibility/stipulated examinations/law-waivers.

389. Anonymous. (1975). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Sufficiency of the record. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 13
Rec#: 3377
Keywords: admissibility.

390. Anonymous. (1979). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Testimony of statistical reliability. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 13-14.
Rec#: 3390
Keywords: admissibility-statistical/courtroom testimony/reliability/validity-statistical.

391. Anonymous. (1979). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Trial and post-trial proceedings. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 15
Rec#: 3391
Keywords: admissibility/admissibility-post trial/applications-post trial.

392. Anonymous. (1978). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Wyoming. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 11-12.
Rec#: 3386
Keywords: admissibility-Wyoming.

393. Anonymous. (1951). Lie-detector tests on workers. Business Week, 24
Rec#: 3447
Keywords: modified lie detector/Fries, Beall & Sharp/employees/Personnel Research Inc/applications-commercial.

394. Anonymous. (1982). Lie detector tests: Standards for admission. IACP Law Enforcement legal Review, 8
Rec#: 3402
Keywords: admissibility-standards.

395. Anonymous. (1980). Lie detector tests: Stipulation - Admissibility - Non-licensed examiners. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 14
Rec#: 3399
Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/licensing-admissibility/examiners-qualifications.

396. Anonymous. (1979). Lie detector tests: Stipulation - Impeachment. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 14
Rec#: 3397
Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/stipulated examinations/admissibility-impeachment.

397. Anonymous. (1952). Lie detector vs. civil rights. Senior Scholastic, 59, 5-7.
Rec#: 3413
Keywords: law-civil rights.
Notes: (teacher edition).

398. Anonymous. (1953). Lie detectors and rehabilitation of witnesses. Stanford Law Review, 6, 172-177.
Rec#: 6358
Keywords: admissibility/applications-witnesses.

399. Anonymous. (1986). Lie detectors can make a liar of you. Discover, 7, 7
Rec#: 3415
Keywords: criticism-general.

400. Anonymous. (nd). Lie detectors for employees. Labor and Management,
Rec#: 3417
Keywords: theft losses/employee screening/store thefts/labor unions/Deception Tests Service Co/applications-commercial/applications-screening.

401. Anonymous. (1988). Lie detectors in the workplace: The need for civil actions against employers. Harvard Law Review, 101, 806-825.
Rec#: 3420
Keywords: law-labor/law-civil actions/criticism-legal rights/law-wrongful discharge.

402. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1980). Lie detectors not used in USSR. Caversham Park, Reading, England: British Broadcasting Corporation. - p.
Rec#: 3422
Keywords: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics/Russia/criticism-USSR.

403. Anonymous. Anonymous. (nd). Lie Detectors: Your right to refuse. Seattle, Washington: American Civil Liberties Union of Washington Foundation.
Rec#: 9858
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/psychological stress evaluator/PSE/criticism/voice stress/blood pressure.

404. Anonymous. (1953). Lie gadgets. Scientific American, 188, 46-50.
Rec#: 3430
Keywords: polygraph-general/narcoanalysis-criticism.

405. Anonymous. (1975). Lie misdetectors. Human Behavior, 4, 71 &73
Rec#: 3431
Keywords: subjects-maturity/subjects-normality.

406. Anonymous. (1988). Lie test ban in assaults. Toronto Sun, -
Rec#: 3433
Keywords: applications-sexual assault/Canada.
Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter, 21(4), 21.

407. Anonymous. (1980). Lie test clears arson suspect. Polygraph, 9, 277
Rec#: 7168
Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method/investigations-commercial.

408. Anonymous. (1986). Lie test helps clear man in rape. Richmond News Leader, -
Rec#: 3434
Keywords: cases-rape-innocent/cases-robbery.
Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter, 19(4), 19.

409. Anonymous. (1989). Life after EPPA: Polygraphers cope with testing limits and learn some political lessons. Security Letter, 19, p. 2, Part I, Corrected copy.
Rec#: 3453
Keywords: EPPA/screening-commercial.

410. Anonymous. (1985). Limited couterintellignece polygraph program. Congressional Record - House, H 5027-H 5034
Rec#: 5549
Keywords: counterintelligence/espionage.

411. Anonymous. (1979). Limiting the use of lie detectors. AFL-CIO American Federationist, 86, 6-7.
Rec#: 7150
Keywords: trustworthiness/legislation/admissibility/anti-polygraph laws.

412. Live radio talk show at WRC in Washington D. C. 82.
Rec#: 7293
Keywords: sex offenders/credibility assessment/historical interest /reliability/accuracy/autonomic nervous system.

413. Anonymous. (1982). Looking for an honest man: An interview with polygraph expert Richard O. Arther. Law Enforcement News, 8, 8-10.
Rec#: 3519
Keywords: biographies-Arther, Richard O.

414. Anonymous. (1978). Louisiana may use polygraph evidence in non-jury trials, text of opinion. Polygraph, 7, 106-112.
Rec#: 4170
Keywords: validity/witnesses/testimony assessment.

415. Anonymous. (1988). The love test. 1988 NAWP Newsletter, 4, 6-7.
Rec#: 9054
Keywords: historical interest/Marston, William M.

416. Anonymous. (1988). Lying for a job. Psychology Today, 22, 80
Rec#: 7041
Keywords: employment interview/preemployment screening.

417. Anonymous. (1987). Lying in congress. Fortune, 116, 186
Rec#: 7415
Keywords: employee screening/stress.

418. Anonymous. (1963). Lying machine. Newsweek, 61, 82-83.
Rec#: 3536
Keywords: criticism-general.

419. Anonymous. (1984). Lying to the lie detector. Harper's, 268, 34
Rec#: 9547
Keywords: countermeasures.

420. Anonymous. (1974). Man cleared by polygraph after 3 months in jail. APA Newsletter, 10
Rec#: 3645
Keywords: cases-robbery.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 4). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

421. Manual on defeating the polygraph through countermeasures. nd.
Rec#: 9152
Keywords: countermeasures/screening-general/preemployment screening.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

422. Anonymous. (1987). Marine Corps Commandant urges exculpatory polygraph tests. APA Newsletter, 20, 9
Rec#: 3679
Keywords: law-military/applications-military/U.S. Marine Corps.

423. Anonymous. (1987). Marines excluded from polygraph screening. Security Letter, 17,
Rec#: 7318
Keywords: U.S. Marine Corps/espionage/false statements.

424. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1975). Maryland State Police applicant polygraph screening technique. Pikesville, MD: Maryland State Police. 11 p.
Rec#: 3726
Keywords: screening-police-Maryland/question formulation-screening/law-waiver-Maryland.

425. Anonymous. (1995). May a suspected employee refuse a lie-detector test? Corporate Security , 21, 9
Rec#: 9351
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988/applications-employees/suspect refusal.

426. Anonymous. (1983). Measures urged to stem tide of sensitive data to Soviets. Aviation Week, 118, 22-23.
Rec#: 3838
Keywords: applications-export controls/applications-national security/technology transfer.

427. Anonymous. (1999). Meeting countermeasures head-on: methods to combat a growing problem. Polygraph News and Views, 7, 2
Rec#: 6532
Keywords: countermeasures.

428. Anonymous. (1931). Methods of scientific crime detection as infringements of personal rights. Harvard Law Review, 44, 842-845.
Rec#: 3864
Keywords: privacy rights/criminal investigations/truth serum/self-incrimination.

429. Anonymous. (1988). Military newspapers carry questions and answers on polygraph evidence. APA Newsletter, 21, 12
Rec#: 3886
Keywords: admissibility-military.

430. Anonymous. (1979). Miranda: Custody - Lie detector tests. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 9-10.
Rec#: 3916
Keywords: law-interrogation-warnings/law-Miranda warnings/admissibility-Miranda Warning.

431. Anonymous. (1984). Miranda rights violated - Use of polygraph clause to prove witness reliability - Convictions reversed - Oregon. Search and Seizure Bulletin, 3, 7
Rec#: 3917
Keywords: admissibility-Miranda Warning/law-Miranda warnings/admissibility-Oregon.

432. Anonymous. (1983). Misinformation, implied threats and promises made confession inadmissible. Criminal Law Reporter,
Rec#: 6912
Keywords: witnesses/confessions-admissibility/deception.

433. Anonymous. (1993). Mississippi Polygraph Examiners Licensing Law. Polygraph , 22, 217-226.
Rec#: 9606
Keywords: law-licensing-state/Mississippi.

434. Anonymous. (nd). Model 6303 Keeler Polygraph operating instructions. Chicago, Illinois: Associated Research, Inc.
Rec#: 7640
Keywords: instruments-Associated Research/historical interest-instruments/instruments-Keeler/plethysmograph/Associated Research, Inc.

435. Anonymous. (nd). Model 6317 Polygraph. Chicago, Illinois: Associated Research, Inc.
Rec#: 7642
Keywords: instruments-Associated Research/historical interest-instruments-Keeler/instruments-Keeler/plethysmograph/Associated Research, Inc.

436. Anonymous. (1990). Model guidelines for preemployment integrity testing programs. The Association of Personnel Test Publishers.
Rec#: 9875
Keywords: integrity tests/screening-preemployment.

437. Anonymous. (2001). Modifications to test techniques: How far can an examiner go before dropping off the edge of accepted pratice--who decides and how? Polygraph News and Views, 9, 2 & 3
Rec#: 6874
Keywords: Department of Defense Polygraph Institute/Backster, Cleve/validity-techniques/MGQT/APA/techniques-zone /relevant-irrelevant method.

438. Anonymous. (1979). More junk coming onto the market purporting to be "truth machines". Security Letter, 9, 2-3.
Rec#: 3970
Keywords: instruments-voice analysis/voice stress.

439. Anonymous. (1987). More on the Safire columns. Will biodata replace the polygraph? Security Letter, 17,
Rec#: 7317
Keywords: preemployment screening/paper and pencil tests.

440. Anonymous. (1989). Mother cleared in infant death by polygraph test. APA Newsletter, 22, 20
Rec#: 4004
Keywords: cases-homicide.

441. Anonymous. (1984). Mother commits murder, blames it on her 4-year-old daughter. APA Newsletter, 17, 9
Rec#: 4005
Keywords: cases-homicide.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 9). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

442. Anonymous. (1989). Murder case solved by polygraph. APA Newsletter, 22, 19
Rec#: 4032
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

443. Anonymous. (1989). Murder charge dismissed after polygraph test. APA Newsletter, 22, 20
Rec#: 4033
Keywords: cases-homicide.

444. Anonymous. (1990). Murder charges dropped after polygraph test. APA Newsletter, 23, 2
Rec#: 4034
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

445. Anonymous. (1985). Murder confession follows test of witness. APA Newsletter, 18, 21
Rec#: 4035
Keywords: cases-homicide.

446. Anonymous. (1981). Murder suspect cleared. APA Newsletter, 14, 1
Rec#: 4036
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Phumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 11-12). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

447. Anonymous. (1985). Murder suspect cleared: Fresno man questioned in double homicide. Fresno Bee, -
Rec#: 4037
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.
Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter, 18(3), 25.

448. Anonymous. (2000). Murder suspect trains for polygraph: Countermeasures confirmed 10 years later..... Polygraph News and Views, 8, 1-2.
Rec#: 7530
Keywords: countermeasures/relevant-irrelevant method/respiration.

449. Anonymous. (1977). Murderer confesses during screening test. APA Newsletter, 10
Rec#: 4038
Keywords: cases-homicide/screening-admission.

450. Anonymous. (1955). Muss man sich das gefallen lassen? [Do you have to submit to it?]. MŸnchener Illustrierte, 16,
Rec#: 9362
Keywords: Zimmermann, Hans/Germany.
Notes: [text in German].
Abstract:Photo of polygraph in use. The MŸnchener Illustrierte is a national magazine similar to Look. The photograph shows a woman strapped to a chair and hooked up to a machine being operated by a man standing over the machine and behind the woman. It is a loaded photograph meant to achieve a negative reaction from the reader. The lanugae in the blurb is highly charged. Under the heading "interrogation" it points out a woman was taken under arrest and subjected to the lie detector, implying it is against her will. The blurb call this "soul spying" stating it has been used for years in the United States, but can be used only under certain circumstances in Germany. The blurb ends with the notice that other similar methods, "such as force and hypnosis" are banned.

451. Anonymous. (1975). Must a suspect have freedom of choice in "volunteering" for a lie detector test. Protection Management, 3-4.
Rec#: 4053
Keywords: law-commercial-screening/law-labor-rights/screening-commercial.

452. Anonymous. (1991). Must An Employee Agree To A Polygraph? Corporate Security, 8
Rec#: 9641
Keywords: employees/legal status/employee dishonesty/self-incrimination.

453. Anonymous. (1984). Must failing a polygraph test cost an employee his job. Corporate Security, 11, 8
Rec#: 4054
Keywords: screening-commercial/law-labor-rights.

454. Anonymous. (1977). National Academy of Lady Polygraphists founded by Joyce Hansen. APA Newsletter, 31
Rec#: 4080
Keywords: examiners-women/biographies-Hansen, Joyce.

455. Anonymous. (1984). National security, polygraph, and information protection. Security Letter, 14, 1-2, part II.
Rec#: 4091
Keywords: screening-government.

456. Anonymous. (1985). Navy wants to polygraph more persons for clearances. APA Newsletter, 18, 8
Rec#: 4093
Keywords: applications-national security.

457. Anonymous. (1965). Needlepoint justice. Newsweek, 29-30.
Rec#: 4099
Keywords: cases-mistaken identity/cases-robbery.

458. Neurolinguistic programming. 88.
Rec#: 7622
Keywords: memory-revived emotions/nonverbal communication/eye movement/kinesic interview techniques.

459. Anonymous. (1988). New DoD polygraph site. Military Police Professional Bulletin, 30
Rec#: 6083
Keywords: Department of Defense Polygraph Institute/training-Department of Defense/historical interest .

460. Anonymous. (1981). The new Lafayette PLE coupler. Polygraph Update, 1, 2
Rec#: 4109
Keywords: plethysmograph/plethysmograph.

461. Anonymous. (1974). New Mexico appeals decision. Polygraph, 3, 223-230.
Rec#: 9505
Keywords: admissibility-New Mexico.

462. Anonymous. (1990). New polygraph course at Western Oregon State College. APA Newsletter, 23, 3
Rec#: 4114
Keywords: training.

463. Anonymous. (1976). New report gives high reliability and validity to the polygraph. Security Letter, 6, 1-2.
Rec#: 4116
Keywords: validity-laboratory/techniques-general.

464. Anonymous. (1982). New rule may ease ban on polygraphs as evidence. Security World, 19, 25-26.
Rec#: 4117
Keywords: admissibility.

465. Anonymous. (1988). New statute in Iowa - Law notes. Polygraph, 17, 119-120.
Rec#: 4118
Keywords: law-limiting-state/Iowa.

466. Anonymous. (1990). New study of validity of real tests to be presented at seminar. APA Newsletter, 23, 3
Rec#: 4119
Keywords: research-validity.

467. Anonymous. (2002). New style of comparison questions: Are they only weak relevants in disguise? Polygraph News and Views, 10, 1 & 3
Rec#: 3993
Keywords: comparison question/sex offenders/sex offender testing/relevant questions/specific issue test.

468. Anonymous. (1972). New trap for liars. Newsweek, 25, 103
Rec#: 7246
Keywords: interrogation/PSE/standards.

469. Anonymous. (1977). New York jewelers say they will move out if polygraph banned. APA Newsletter, 2
Rec#: 4122
Keywords: screening-commercial-jewelers/legislation-state/New York.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 41-42). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

470. Anonymous. (1978). Nineteen twenty-eight bribery case false, polygraph supports ex-police officer. APA Newsletter, 1
Rec#: 4146
Keywords: cases-bribery/Ireland/Eire.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 18). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

471. Anonymous. (2002). Nonsymmetrical scoring: Will it be the next change in "standard" technique? Polygraph News and Views, 10, 3
Rec#: 6666
Keywords: deception/Backster, Cleve/truthfulness/inconclusive results/GSR.

472. Anonymous. (1981). Now is the time for all polygraph examiners to come to the aid of their profession! Polygraph Update, 1, 1
Rec#: 4163
Keywords: legislation-federal.

473. Anonymous. (1978). Ohio Supreme Court admits stipulated polygraph evidence - Text of Opinion - State v. Souel. Polygraph, 7, 141-150.
Rec#: 4205
Keywords: admissibility-Ohio/stipulated examinations-Ohio.

474. Anonymous. (1988). Old murder story has odd ending. APA Newsletter, 21, 4-5.
Rec#: 4216
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent/Keeler, Leonarde/cases-perjury.

475. Anonymous. (1965). Operating instructions Model 6308 & 6318 Polygraph. Chicago, Illinois: Associated Research, Inc.
Rec#: 7639
Keywords: instruments-Associated Research/historical interest-instruments/instruments-Keeler/plethysmograph/Associated Research, Inc.

476. Anonymous. (1965). Operating instructions Model 6338 Keeler Polygraph. Chicago, Illinois: Associated Research, Inc.
Rec#: 7648
Keywords: instruments-Associated Research-Model 6348/historical interest-instruments/instruments-Keeler/plethysmograph/Associated Research, Inc.

477. Order of the Secretary of State of the State of Florida. Before the Secretary of State of the Sate of Florida as administrative hearing examiner. @1973.
Rec#: 7625
Keywords: Florida/PSE/detection of deception/physiological responses/credibility assessment.
Notes: Public hearings Department of State, State of Florida, Psychological Stress Evaluator.

478. Anonymous. (1988). Oregon judge orders polygraph test before sentencing. APA Newsletter, 21, 5-6.
Rec#: 4232
Keywords: law-sentencing-Oregon.

479. Anonymous. (1977). Oregon polygraph licensing regulations. Polygraph, 6, 78-86.
Rec#: 4233
Keywords: licensing-Oregon/law-regulations/Oregon.

480. Anonymous. (1986). OTA calls meeting of experts and others, nothing achieved. APA Newsletter, 19, 26
Rec#: 4245
Keywords: Office of Technology Assessment/Department of Defense Research Program.

481. Anonymous. (1975). Outlawing lie detector tests for private jobs? Nation's Business, 23
Rec#: 4251
Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial.

482. Anonymous. (1979). An outline: psychological sources for pre-employment screening [Part 2]. Security Letter, 9, 1-2.
Rec#: 4252
Keywords: screening-general.

483. Anonymous. (2002). Outside issue means wrong results: Study shows symptomatics not helpful. Polygraph News and Views, 10, 1 &2
Rec#: 7715
Keywords: mock screening/inconclusive results.

484. Anonymous. (1982). Owners of Telstar Voice Analyzer Company charged with fraud. APA Newsletter, 15, 34
Rec#: 4254
Keywords: voice stress analysis-fraud-Telstar.

485. Anonymous. (1987). Paper and pencil employment screening tests: No legal barriers to use in 48 states. Security Letter, 17,
Rec#: 7320
Keywords: paper and pencil tests/employee screening/preemployment screening/legal issues.

486. Anonymous. (1989). Paper and pencil integrity tests fill growing want, but secrutiny needed. Security Letter, XIX,
Rec#: 6914
Keywords: paper and pencil tests/integrity tests/reliability/validity/MMPI.

487. Anonymous. (1979). Paper and pencil "truth verification test" finding acceptance in pre-employment screening. Security Letter, 9, Part 1, 1-2.
Rec#: 4263
Keywords: paper and pencil tests/screening-general.

488. Anonymous. (1982). Pentagon polygraph tests. Congressional Record, S 14727-8.
Rec#: 131
Keywords: constitutional rights/employee screening/reliability/psychological responses/criticism.

489. Anonymous. People of the State of California vs Angel Albert Cardona. ed.
Rec#: 6985
Keywords: charts/control questions.
Notes: Superior court of the State of California, County of Ventura.

490. Anonymous. (1976). People of the State of New York v. Edward Carter White, defendant. Polygraph, 5, 266-268.
Rec#: 4319
Keywords: admissibility-New York/courtroom testimony.

491. Phase II evaluation of computer assisted polygraph: A pilot study. nd.
Rec#: 9887
Keywords: CAPS/computer assisted polygraph/CIA.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

492. Phil Donahue Show transcript. 80.
Rec#: 9035
Keywords: criticism/countermeasures/Lykken, David T.

493. Physical aspects of a polygraph examination. nd.
Rec#: 8978
Keywords: polygraph-general-methods.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

494. Anonymous. (1975). Physiology as applied to polygraphy. Progressive Polygraph Studies, 1, 2-7.
Rec#: 7337
Keywords: intelligence/pretest interview/physiological responses/physiology.

495. Pilot studies of the PSE-1. 72.
Rec#: 9888
Keywords: psychological stress evaluator/voice stress analysis/PSE.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

496. Anonymous. (1976). Piloting Patty's Defense. Time, 46-51.
Rec#: 5665
Keywords: Hearst, Patty/courtroom testimony-Canada/Bailey, F. Lee.

497. Pinter v. State. (1948). S. Ct., Miss 1948. 34 So. 2d 723. Anonymous.
Rec#: 5685
Keywords: admissibilty-Mississippi/confessions.
Notes: Also see P 5204.

498. Anonymous. (1980). Plethysmo - What? Polygraph Update, 1, 2-4.
Rec#: 4367
Keywords: plethysmograph/test data analysis-plethysmograph.

499. Anonymous. (1978). The Pneumograph attachment. Polygraph Instrumentation Bulletin 101,
Rec#: 4370
Keywords: pneumograph/instrumentation-pneumo.
Notes: Chicago, Stoelting Co.

500. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraph admissibility in court gaining ground as FL case rejects exclusionary rule. Security Letter, 19,
Rec#: 7297
Keywords: admissibility/exculpatory tests/standards/Frye case/examiners-training.

501. Anonymous. (1973). Polygraph admitted in Miami. APA Newsletter, 9
Rec#: 4397
Keywords: admissibility-Florida/cases-sniper.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 3). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

502. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph aids in conviction in unusual murder case in Utah. APA Newsletter, 15, 16
Rec#: 4398
Keywords: cases-homicide.

503. Anonymous. (1979). The Polygraph: Another report supports its reliability. Security Letter, 9, Part 1, 4.
Rec#: 4403
Keywords: validity.

504. Anonymous. (1987). The polygraph: Another year of attacks begins. The Moscow embassy case. Security Letter, 17,
Rec#: 7319
Keywords: Soviet Union/employee screening/labor relations.

505. Anonymous. (1970). The polygraph as a truth detector. The Office, 39-41.
Rec#: 4405
Keywords: screening-commercial.

506. Anonymous. (1975). The Polygraph as used today: Some questions and answers. Security Letter, 5, 1-4.
Rec#: 4407
Keywords: polygraph-general.

507. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph bears up facts in grizzly death. APA Newsletter, 13, 4
Rec#: 4411
Keywords: cases-hunting violation-innocent.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 53). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

508. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph - Bibliography. Quantico, VA: Federal Bureau of Investigation Academy Library .
Rec#: 4412
Keywords: bibliographies.
Notes: 11 p.

509. Polygraph bibliography - General. nd.
Rec#: 8804
Keywords: bibliographies.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

510. Anonymous. (1971). Polygraph breakthrough. Security World, 21
Rec#: 7534
Keywords: cases-burglary/reliability/evidence.

511. Anonymous. (1978). Polygraph can be valid in 95% of all criminal investigations, says researcher. Security Letter, 8, 1
Rec#: 4414
Keywords: validity.

512. Anonymous. (1975). Polygraph challenged in dismissal of police officers. Polygraph, 4, 175-179.
Rec#: 4415
Keywords: law-labor-police/cases-internal investigations.

513. Anonymous. (1975). Polygraph clears bank employee. APA Newsletter, 5
Rec#: 4416
Keywords: cases-forgery.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 15). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

514. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph clears clerk in robbery case. APA Newsletter, 14, 7
Rec#: 4417
Keywords: cases-robbery.

515. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph clears man accused of killing a police officer. APA Newsletter, 14, 7
Rec#: 4420
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

516. Anonymous. (1977). Polygraph clears man of rape accusation, charges dropped. APA Newsletter, 1
Rec#: 4419
Keywords: cases-rape-innocent.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 5). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

517. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph clears man of sexual assault charge. APA Newsletter, 15, 33
Rec#: 4421
Keywords: cases-sexual assault/Denver Police Department.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 20-21). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

518. Anonymous. (1972). Polygraph clears man who served two years. APA Newsletter, 1
Rec#: 4418
Keywords: cases-rape-statutory.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 9). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

519. Anonymous. (1986). Polygraph clears Marine of forgery charge. APA Newsletter, 19, 3
Rec#: 4422
Keywords: cases-forgery.

520. Anonymous. (1976). Polygraph clears retarded deaf mute. APA Newsletter, 5
Rec#: 4423
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent/subjects-retardates/subjects-deaf mute.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 15). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

521. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph clears robbery suspect in two cases. APA Newsletter, 14, 5
Rec#: 4424
Keywords: cases-robbery.

522. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph clears suspect in murder case. APA Newsletter, 13, 2
Rec#: 4425
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

523. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraph curbs implemented. Corporate Security Digest, 3,
Rec#: 7577
Keywords: American Civil Liberties Union/preemployment screening.

524. Anonymous. (1978). Polygraph cuts jewel thefts from 6% to less than 1/2%. APA Newsletter, 11, 1
Rec#: 4427
Keywords: screening-commercial-jewelers/surveys-commercial-losses.

525. Anonymous. (1988). Polygraph debate continues in Congress. Security pulse,
Rec#: 7486
Keywords: private industry/theft-employees/validity.

526. Anonymous. (1975). Polygraph destroys alibi - Murderer confesses. APA Newsletter, 8
Rec#: 4428
Keywords: cases-murder.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 35). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

527. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph evidence admitted - Defendant acquitted. APA Newsletter, 18, 20
Rec#: 4434
Keywords: admissibility/cases-robbery.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 7). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

528. Anonymous. (1975). Polygraph evidence admitted in Buffalo, NY. APA Newsletter, 5-7.
Rec#: 4431
Keywords: admissibility-New York.

529. Anonymous. (1988). Polygraph evidence gets conviction reversed. APA Newsletter, 21, 7-8.
Rec#: 4436
Keywords: cases-drunk driving/cases-identity error.

530. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph evidence ruled admissible over objection. APA Newsletter, 18, 20
Rec#: 4441
Keywords: cases-sexual assault/admissibility-Alaska.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 7-8). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

531. Anonymous. (1979). Polygraph examination aids in the release of innocent man. APA Newsletter, 12, 1
Rec#: 4449
Keywords: law-court ordered tests/Texas/cases-rape-innocent.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 17). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

532. Anonymous. (1977). Polygraph examination frees man from prison term. APA Newsletter, 1
Rec#: 4447
Keywords: cases-arson/stipulated examinations-Massachusetts.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 17). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

533. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph examination shows suspect in shooting was innocent. APA Newsletter, 14, 7
Rec#: 4450
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

534. Polygraph examination: Student manual. 90.
Rec#: 6896
Keywords: polygraph general/training/control questions.

535. Anonymous. (1986). Polygraph examinations are reliable, proven loss control aids, says practitioner. Security Letter, 16, 3
Rec#: 4454
Keywords: screening-commercial-theft.

536. Anonymous. (1974). Polygraph examinations free robbery suspect. APA Newsletter, 8
Rec#: 4445
Keywords: cases-robbery.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 5). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

537. Anonymous. (1983). Polygraph examinations saves meat packer from financial ruin. APA Newsletter, 16, 14
Rec#: 4451
Keywords: screening-commercial-Michigan/cases-food contamination/Hygrade Food Products-Ball Park Franks.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 42-43). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

538. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1995). Richmond, VA: Title 54.1, chapter 18.
Rec#: 7015
Keywords: examiner-standards/regulations/Virginia/law-licensing-state.

539. Anonymous. (1983). Polygraph foes find new ammunition in release of Congressional Research Memorandum. Security Letter, 13, 1, part I.
Rec#: 4460
Keywords: screening-federal/screening-Great Britain/Great Britain.

540. Anonymous. (1976). Polygraph frees man in New York City arson case. APA Newsletter, 17
Rec#: 4462
Keywords: cases-arson.

541. Anonymous. (1965). Polygraph hearing testimony published. The Police Chief, 32, 41
Rec#: 6829
Keywords: congressional hearings/testimony.
Abstract:2 paragraphs discuss the availability of the results of hearings conducted by the Foreign Operations and Govenment Information Subcommittee of the US Congress.

542. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph helps clear man in mistaken identity arrests. APA Newsletter, 13, 1-2.
Rec#: 4465
Keywords: cases-child sexual abuse.

543. Anonymous. (1979). Polygraph helps escaped convict prove his innocence. APA Newsletter, 14
Rec#: 4466
Keywords: cases-robbery/cases-escape.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 19). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

544. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph helps free innocent man. APA Newsletter, 15, 4
Rec#: 4467
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent/Delaware .
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 27). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

545. Anonymous. (1979). The Polygraph in criminal Investigations. The Polygraph in criminal investigations [training key #286], 6 pp.
Rec#: 4468
Keywords: criminal investigations.
Notes: International Association of Chiefs of Police, Gaithersburg, MD.

546. Anonymous. (1991). Polygraph in law enforcement: Quality control for the future. Polygraph Update, 7,
Rec#: 6533
Keywords: quality control/polygraph/lafayette instrument company.

547. Anonymous. (1983). Polygraph industry seems pleased with F. Lee Bailey TV series "Lie Detector". Security Letter, 13, 1-2.
Rec#: 4472
Keywords: public relations-television/Bailey, F. Lee.

548. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph instrumental in freeing man jailed for murder. APA Newsletter, 14, 13
Rec#: 4473
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

549. Anonymous. (1986). Polygraph irony. UFCW Action, 17
Rec#: 7127
Keywords: polygraph general.

550. Anonymous. (1996). Polygraph: Issues and answers. Polygraph , 25, 134-146.
Rec#: 5097
Keywords: Employee-Screening/criminal investigations.

551. Polygraph (KT-1) operations manual. 79.
Rec#: 4477
Keywords: instruments-Japanese/Japan.
Notes: Takei & Company, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan. [text in English, illustrations, diagrams].

552. Anonymous. (1986). Polygraph-limiting federal bill appears dead for this year. Security Letter, 16,
Rec#: 7314
Keywords: legislation-federal.

553. Anonymous. (1977). Polygraph operator - Qualifications. Criminal Law Bulletin, 13, 232-233.
Rec#: 4480
Keywords: examiners-qualifications/courtroom testimony.

554. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph played a role in freeing condemned but innocent prisoner. APA Newsletter, 14, 13
Rec#: 4483
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

555. Anonymous. (1988). The polygraph principle has not lost its importance. Corporate security,
Rec#: 7483
Keywords: Los Angeles/lying/preemployment screening/standards.

556. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraph professionals: the fight has just begun. Corporate Security Digest, 3,
Rec#: 7576
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act.

557. Anonymous. Anonymous. Royal Canadian Mounted Police. (1977).
Rec#: 7608
Keywords: Royal Canadian Mounted Police/training-Canada/RCMP report.

558. Anonymous. Anonymous. Royal Canadian Mounted Police. (1979).
Rec#: 7609
Keywords: training-Canada/Royal Canadian Mounted Police/RCMP report.

559. Anonymous. Anonymous. Royal Canadian Mounted Police. (1980).
Rec#: 7610
Keywords: training-Canada/Royal Canadian Mounted Police/RCMP report.

560. Anonymous. Anonymous. Royal Canadian Mounted Police. (1981).
Rec#: 7612
Keywords: training-Canada/Royal Canadian Mounted Police/RCMP report.

561. Anonymous. (1991). Polygraph protection act of 1988 (EPPA): Final rules. Polygraph, 20, 115-143.
Rec#: 8032
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/legislation-federal-screening-commercial.
Abstract:Individual sections define the terms used and explain the exclusion for public-sector employees and the exemptions from the law for national security and defense; employers conducting investigations of economic loss or injury; security firms; and employers authorized to manufacture, distribute, or dispense controlled substnces. The rights of employees receiving polygraph tests under these exemptions are also detailed. Further sections cover recordkeeping, disclosure, enforcement, and administrative proceedings to be used in cases of alleged violations of the law and regulations.

562. Anonymous. (1988). Polygraph protection act regulations. Personnel Journal, December, 23
Rec#: 6367
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/regulations/voice stress analyzer/psychological stress evaluator.

563. Anonymous. (2002). Polygraph raises alarm on bad drug arrests. Polygraph News and Views, 10, 3
Rec#: 4887
Keywords: drug use.

564. Anonymous. (1984). Polygraph refutes claim of assault and rape. APA Newsletter, 17, 29
Rec#: 4491
Keywords: cases-rape-innocent.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 12). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.
Abstract:Alexandria Police Department, Alexandria Correctional Center.

565. Anonymous. (1998). Polygraph rekindles interest in Texas child murders; father fails test- tries to call off wealthy "benefactor". Polygraph News and Views, 4
Rec#: 7326
Keywords: cases-murder/deception.

566. Anonymous. (1988). Polygraph research in Canada - A bibliography. Polygraph, 17, 37
Rec#: 4492
Keywords: bibliographies-Canada/bibliographies-research/research-Canada/Canada.

567. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph results banned. Law Enforcement News, 7,
Rec#: 6347
Keywords: admissibility-Colorado/courtroom testimony-expert witness/reliability/examiners-standards.

568. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph results correct, but ignored in rape case. APA Newsletter, 14, 7-8.
Rec#: 4493
Keywords: cases-rape.

569. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph results refute handwriting experts report. APA Newsletter, 18, 18
Rec#: 4495
Keywords: cases-forgery/Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Office of Inspector General.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 7). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

570. Anonymous. (1990). Polygraph ruled admissible. Polygraph Update, 1,
Rec#: 72
Keywords: admissibility/evidence.

571. Anonymous. (1979). Polygraph saves a young man from a murder charge. APA Newsletter, 12, 1
Rec#: 4498
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

572. Anonymous. (1979). Polygraph saves advertising executive. APA Newsletter, 12, 11-12.
Rec#: 4499
Keywords: cases-checks-innocent.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 44). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

573. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph saves Coast Guard Petty Officer from rape charge. APA Newsletter, 15, 15
Rec#: 4500
Keywords: cases-rape-innocent/U.S. Coast Guard.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 21). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

574. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph saves innocent person from PSE error. APA Newsletter, 15, 17
Rec#: 4501
Keywords: cases-arson/voice stress analysis/PSE.

575. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph saves jailer from false accusation by inmate. APA Newsletter, 15, 32
Rec#: 4502
Keywords: cases-weapons charge-innocent.

576. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph saves man from rape charges. APA Newsletter, 13, 2
Rec#: 4503
Keywords: cases-rape-innocent/Wisconsin Crime Laboratory.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 11). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

577. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph subject of Labor Department hearings. APA Newsletter, 13, 1-13.
Rec#: 4508
Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial/American Polygraph Association/AFL-CIO.
Notes: Statements of J. Kirk Barefoot for the APA; Michael Tines and Peter Allstrom for the AFL-CIO; Statement excerpts of James W. Webb for AFL-CIO.

578. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph supports inmate's testimony. APA Newsletter, 14, 13
Rec#: 4510
Keywords: cases-narcotics.

579. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraph supports kickback story. APA Newsletter, 22, 19
Rec#: 4511
Keywords: cases-kickback.

580. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph surveillance: Forging new and exciting frontiers. Polygraph Update, 5, 1-2.
Rec#: 4512
Keywords: applications-probation/probation.

581. Anonymous. (2001). The polygraph test. Popular Science, 258, 85
Rec#: 7446
Keywords: polygraph-general.

582. Anonymous. (1990). Polygraph test and new evidence suggests false conviction in murder case. APA Newsletter, 23, 2
Rec#: 4514
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

583. Anonymous. (1990). Polygraph test creates the necessary reasonable doubt. APA Newsletter, 23, 11
Rec#: 4516
Keywords: cases-shootout.

584. Anonymous. (1977). Polygraph test okay, DEA tells NACDS. APA Newsletter, 3, 3
Rec#: 4519
Keywords: screening-commercial-pharmacies/Drug Enforcement Administration.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 42). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

585. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph test results more accurate than infallible electronics. APA Newsletter, 15, 16
Rec#: 4520
Keywords: cases-speeding-railroad engineer/cases-railroad safety.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 44-45). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

586. Anonymous. (1990). Polygraph test results shift blame in drug case. APA Newsletter, 23, 3
Rec#: 4522
Keywords: cases-drugs.

587. Anonymous. (1983). Polygraph test saves innocent man from rape charge. APA Newsletter, 16, 14
Rec#: 4523
Keywords: cases-rape-innocent.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 22). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

588. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph test solves missing person case in Canada. APA Newsletter, 15, 22
Rec#: 4524
Keywords: cases-homicide/Canada.

589. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph tests for J.C. Penney Company confirmed 12 years later. APA Newsletter, 15, 16
Rec#: 4530
Keywords: cases-bank robbery/J.C. Penney Company/cases-theft/National Bank and Trust Company, Michigan.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 42). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

590. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph tests: Lie detector or truth distorter? Personnel Journal, June, 33
Rec#: 6349
Keywords: preemployment screening/reliability/legislation-limiting.

591. Anonymous. (1986). Polygraph: The "other" APA passes resolution. Calls polygraph a psychological test. Security Letter, 16, 3-4.
Rec#: 4533
Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial/American Psychological Association.

592. Polygraph training information. nd.
Rec#: 8980
Keywords: blood pressure/pneumo/electrodermal/tremor.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

593. Polygraph training information. nd.
Rec#: 8981
Keywords: subjects-intelligence.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

594. Anonymous. (1984). Polygraph under attack in new study but DoD supports value of government testing. Security letter, 14, 2-3, part I.
Rec#: 4534
Keywords: OTA report/applications-national security/Department of Defense.

595. Polygraph usage in the U.S. Air Force. 83.
Rec#: 5812
Keywords: counterintelligence/reexaminations/regulations/relevant-irrelevant method/polygraph-general-military/validity.

596. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph use by federal government to rise from Walker spy case. Security Letter, 15, 1-2.
Rec#: 4535
Keywords: screening-government/applications-counterintelligence.

597. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph use continues strong in government - While civilian use comes down under court pressure. Security Letter, 15,
Rec#: 4536
Keywords: screening-government/screening-commercial.

598. Anonymous. (1984). Polygraph use for employment screening questioned at major science meeting. Security Letter, 14, 1-2, part II.
Rec#: 4539
Keywords: screening-commercial/validity/techniques-guilty knowledge.

599. Anonymous. (1976). Polygraph use in chain pharmacies. Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, 16, 182, 224.
Rec#: 4540
Keywords: screening-commercial-pharmacies/applications-pharmacies/surveys-pharmacies.

600. Anonymous. (1976). Polygraph used by judge to get shoplifters to repay all thefts. APA Newsletter, 9-10.
Rec#: 4543
Keywords: probation/cases-shoplifting/Spokane Chamber of Commerce/Spokane County District Court.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 60-62). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

601. Anonymous. (1979). Polygraph used in bank embezzlement in Hong Kong. APA Newsletter, 12, 1-2.
Rec#: 4544
Keywords: cases-embezzlement-Hong Kong/screening-commercial-banking/Hong Kong.

602. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraph used in espionage investigation. APA Newsletter, 22, 20-21.
Rec#: 4545
Keywords: cases-espionage.

603. Anonymous. (1978). Polygraph users preparing to fight possible legislative prohibitions. Security Letter, 8, 1
Rec#: 4547
Keywords: legislation.

604. Anonymous. (1987). Polygraph validity found inconclusive. Security, 24, 10
Rec#: 4548
Keywords: validity.

605. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph wins dismissal for convicted felon. APA Newsletter, 13, 26
Rec#: 4551
Keywords: cases-felon-released.

606. Anonymous. (1986). Polygraph workshop. Polygraph Update, 6, 4-5.
Rec#: 4553
Keywords: instruments-repair-vents.

607. Anonymous. (1991). Polygraphers help fish for truth in bass catching contest--keeping tails honest. Security Letter, 21, 2
Rec#: 9644
Keywords: applications-fishing tournaments.

608. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraphers losing their businesses as the result of new national law. Corporate Security Digest, 3,
Rec#: 7578
Keywords: psychological testing/preemployment screening.

609. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraphing toll collectors increases revenues dramatically. APA Newsletter, 13, 2
Rec#: 4557
Keywords: screening-toll collectors/applications-toll collectors/utility.

610. Anonymous. (1979). Polygraphing "victim" of rape saves teenager from trial. APA Newsletter, 16
Rec#: 4558
Keywords: cases-rape-innocent/Miami Police Department/subjects-juveniles.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 10). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

611. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraphists still fighting ban. Poor options for polygraph exams in investigations. Security Letter, 19,
Rec#: 7298
Keywords: APA/polygraph-profession/EPPA.

612. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1997). Polygraphs: In general polygraph examination, lie detector examination, employee polygraph protection acto of 1988, polygraphs as investigative tool.
Rec#: 6946
Keywords: physiological responses/PSE.

613. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1997). Polygraphs: Technique, polygraphs, lie detector, polygraph examination, deception.
Rec#: 6948
Keywords: polygraph techniques/deception/blood pressure/pretest interview.

614. Anonymous. (1999). Poppy seeds: An old excuse gians support. Polygraph News and Views, 7, 1
Rec#: 7555
Keywords: drug use.

615. Anonymous. (1990). Post-trial polygraph test offered by Pennsylvania judge. APA Newsletter, 23, 18
Rec#: 4592
Keywords: admissibility-post trial/Pennsylvania/pre-sentencing test.

616. Anonymous. (1976). Postmaster General's letter to Bella S. Abzug. APA Newsletter, 6
Rec#: 4589
Keywords: legislation-federal/applications-postal/examiners-Postal Inspection Service/Postal Inspection Service.

617. Pre-employment Lie Detector Test. Quantico, Virginia. 87.
Rec#: 7637
Keywords: employee screening/pretest interview/post test.
Notes: Handout at the Federal Interagency Polgraph Seminar, Quantico, Virginia, June 1987.

618. Anonymous. (1988). Pre-employment polygraph test solves murder. APA Newsletter, 21, 11
Rec#: 4602
Keywords: cases-homicide/screening-commercial/preemployment screening.

619. Anonymous. (1987). Pre-employment screening: Coors replaces polygraph with a battery of tests. Security Letter, 17, Part I
Rec#: 4603
Keywords: screening-commercial-discontinued/screening-commercial/Coors Industries.

620. Anonymous. (1988). Pre-employment screening: Polygraph apparently out as committee agrees on measures. Security Letter, 18, part I
Rec#: 4604
Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial.

621. Anonymous. (1986). Pre-employment tests disclose high percentage of drug use. APA Newsletter, 19, 10
Rec#: 4605
Keywords: surveys-drug use/screening-commercial-drug use.

622. Pre-test interview of "Red" Blake in the murder during the course of a robbery of John Jones at First and Main Streets. nd.
Rec#: 8984
Keywords: Reid, John E./pretest interview.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

623. Anonymous. (1995). Preserving testability in maintenance exams. Polygraph News and Views, 3, 1-2.
Rec#: 7597
Keywords: probation/sex offenders.

624. Anonymous. (1982). President Kennedy secretly taped conversation about polygraph use. APA Newsletter, 15, 10
Rec#: 4610
Keywords: applications-national security/quotations/Kennedy, John F.

625. Anonymous. (1983). President orders tighter handling of government classified data. Security Letter, 13, Part I
Rec#: 4612
Keywords: screening-government/applications-national security.

626. Anonymous. (1985). President orders wider use of the polygraph in counterintelligence matters. APA Newsletter, 18, 9
Rec#: 4613
Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/screening-government.

627. Anonymous. (1982). President Reagan's remarks on leaks and lie detectors. APA Newsletter, 15, 8-9.
Rec#: 4616
Keywords: cases-national security/screening-government/quotations/applications-national security.

628. Anonymous. (1983). President Reagan sends greetings to APA Seminar. APA Newsletter, 16, 1
Rec#: 4614
Keywords: American Polygraph Association/training-seminars/quotations/research-encouraged.

629. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1983 Mar 11). National Security Decision Directive No. 84,
Rec#: 5014
Keywords: applications-national security/National Security Decision Directive 84/screening-government/regulations-NSDD 84.

630. Anonymous. (1976). Press release by Representative Bella S. Abzug, April 18, 1976. APA Newsletter, 8
Rec#: 4619
Keywords: criticism-general/Abzug, Bella S.

631. Anonymous. (2000). Pretest techniques for sex issues: Adapting from interrogation methods. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 1 & 4
Rec#: 7687
Keywords: pretest interview/sex offenders/interrogation.

632. Anonymous. (1990). Proposed federal law on clearances would increase testing. APA Newsletter, 23, 4
Rec#: 4643
Keywords: legislation-clearances/law-counterintelligence/applications-counterintelligence.

633. Anonymous. (1986). Proposed model federal policy for protection of human subjects. Federal Register, 51, 20204-20216.
Rec#: 9164
Keywords: policy-federal-human use.

634. Anonymous. (2002). Prosecutors want exams on undisclosed victims before conviction, not the usual full disclosure. Polygraph News and Views, 10, 2 & 4
Rec#: 2066
Keywords: sex offenders/pretest interview/post conviction sex offender testing.

635. Anonymous. (1975). The PSE could prove your innocence. Saturday Evening Post, 38-45.
Rec#: 4651
Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE/cases-homicide.

636. Anonymous. (1981). Psychological Stress Evaluator (PSE) comes under heavy stress at Carnahan by researchers. Security Letter, 11, 4
Rec#: 4656
Keywords: validity-voice stress/PSE/voice stress analysis-PSE.

637. The psychological stress evaluator (PSE) in psychiatry and research. nd.
Rec#: 9898
Keywords: psychological stress evaluator/PSE/voice stress analysis.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

638. Anonymous. (1975). Psychologists hear about polygraph at annual convention. Security Letter, 5, 3-4.
Rec#: 4660
Keywords: public relations/American Psychological Association.

639. Anonymous. (1993). Psychologists Validate The Use Of Integrity Tests. Corporate Security , 19, 1-2.
Rec#: 9613
Keywords: integrity tests/psychological testing.

640. Qualifying as an expert witness. 90.
Rec#: 3829
Keywords: background investigations/witnesses.

641. Anonymous. (1998). Question templates with axciton- a means to conrol the numbr of files. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 4
Rec#: 7589
Keywords: Axciton/control question tests.

642. Anonymous. (1987). Questions and answers. The Investigator, 3, 1-3.
Rec#: 892
Keywords: interrogation-defense mechanisms.

643. Anonymous. (1988). Questions and answers. The Investigator, 4, 1
Rec#: 896
Keywords: pretest interview-preparation.

644. Anonymous. (1993). The Quiz Query. Security Management , 37, 11, 13.
Rec#: 9576
Keywords: screening-employment/psychological testing/drug use.

645. Anonymous. (2000). Ramsey relevant questions released to media. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 2
Rec#: 7689
Keywords: validity/Ramseys/relevant questions.

646. Anonymous. (1981). Rape charges dropped following polygraph tests. APA Newsletter, 14, 10
Rec#: 4702
Keywords: cases-rape-innocent.

647. Anonymous. (1987). Rape suspect cleared by polygraph - Victim lied. APA Newsletter, 20, 15
Rec#: 4705
Keywords: cases-rape-false.

648. Anonymous. (1979). Rape victim is truthful but bitter. APA Newsletter, 12, 15
Rec#: 4706
Keywords: cases-rape.

649. Anonymous. (1981). Reagan administration testing wider use of polygraph examination. Security Letter, 11, 2-3.
Rec#: 4755
Keywords: screening-government/applications-counterintelligence.

650. Anonymous. (1992). Recent developments concerning employees and lie detectors tests. The Louisiana Retailer,
Rec#: 7093
Keywords: Employee Polygraph protection act/applications-business-theft/regulations.

651. Recommended guidelines for clinical polygraph examination of sex offenders. 95.
Rec#: 6536
Keywords: polygraph/applications-sex offenders.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

652. Anonymous. (1994). Redefining security, a report to the Secretary of Defense and the Director of Central Intelligence. Polygraph , 23, 1
Rec#: 2864
Keywords: Department of Defense/CIA/Central Intelligence Agency/Reports/security programs.

653. References for electro-dermal. nd.
Rec#: 8951
Keywords: electrodermal/bibliographies.
Notes: C.H. Stoelting Company.

654. References for lie detector . 61.
Rec#: 8952
Keywords: bibliographies.
Notes: C.H. Stoelting Company.

655. Anonymous. (1998). Refusal to answer "other" questions: dealing with the difficult examinee. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 1-2.
Rec#: 7593
Keywords: control questions.

656. Anonymous. (1980). Reid survey. APA Newsletter, 13, 5
Rec#: 4814
Keywords: Reid survey/paper and pencil tests/screening-commercial.

657. Anonymous. (2000). Relationship tests as entertainment: Daytime TV causes increase in inquiries...... Polygraph News and Views, 8, 1
Rec#: 5769
Keywords: APA/TV program.

658. Anonymous. (2000). Repeat of disclosure contradicts examiner's own previous results. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 3
Rec#: 7690
Keywords: deception/sex offenders.

659. Anonymous. (1980). Report of the Department of Commerce on the feasibility and desirability of licensure of audio stress examiners to the Governor and the General Assembly of Virginia. Polygraph, 9, 251-271.
Rec#: 4832
Keywords: validity-voice stress/licensing-Virginia/research-validity-voice stress/Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Commerce.

660. Anonymous. Anonymous. Chevy Chase, Maryland. (1951). ORO-S-85,
Rec#: 7710
Keywords: historical interest /sphygmomanometer/blood pressure/pneumograph/Berkeley polygraph/Keeler polygraph/Korea.
Notes: DTIC AD Number B222624.

661. Anonymous. (2000). Report writing: Not just what is said, but how. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 3
Rec#: 7692
Keywords: physiological responses/deception/lying.

662. Anonymous. (1996). Research and the Reid control question test: A bibliography. Polygraph, 25, 246-247.
Rec#: 7229
Keywords: bibliographies/control question tests.

663. Anonymous. (2000). Research concludes that bars are unnecessary in comparison questions. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 2 & 4
Rec#: 5781
Keywords: comparison question.

664. Anonymous. (1983). Research continues to reveal the significance of the electrodermal response. Polygraph Update, 3, 1-2.
Rec#: 4841
Keywords: research-electrodermal/electrodermal/validity-electrodermal-laboratory.

665. Research methodology. nd.
Rec#: 9661
Keywords: CAPS/computer assisted polygraph /CIA.

666. Anonymous. (1980). Research: Women, liars less capable at detecting lies. Security Letter, 10, 4
Rec#: 4842
Keywords: lying-detection.

667. Anonymous. (1999). Researchers put a face on deception. Polygraph News and Views, 7,
Rec#: 6524
Keywords: deception/nonverbal detection of deception-face.

668. Anonymous. (2001). Respiration analysis---single-cycle "rule" no longer rigidly applied. Polygraph News and Views, 10, 2
Rec#: 7133
Keywords: respiration/rank order scoring.

669. Anonymous. (1995). Results of polygraph examination deemed admissible under Daubert standard. The Criminal Law Reporter, 58, 1069-1070.
Rec#: 9382
Keywords: admissibility/Judicial Discretion/Daubert Standard.

670. Anonymous. (1978). Retail Clerks Union official cleared by polygraph. APA Newsletter, 22
Rec#: 4846
Keywords: cases-assault/Retail Clerks .
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 44). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

671. Anonymous. (1992). [Review of the book Detecting Deception: Winning The Polygraph Game]. Polygraph, 21, 78-79.
Rec#: 9580
Keywords: book reviews.

672. Anonymous. (1997). [Review of the book Expert witness handbook]. Polygraph, 26, 63
Rec#: 6915
Keywords: book reviews/admissibility/evidence.

673. Anonymous. (1997). [Review of the book How honesty testing works]. Polygraph, 26, 64
Rec#: 6930
Keywords: book reviews/Honesty testing/psychological testing.

674. Anonymous. (1981). [Review of the book The art and science of the polygraph technique]. Trial, 17,
Rec#: 9012
Keywords: book reviews.

675. Anonymous. (1938). [Review of the book The lie detector test ]. Booklist, 34, 349
Rec#: 771
Keywords: book reviews.

676. Anonymous. (1993). [Review of the book Theories And Applications In The Detection Of Deception]. Criminal Justice Review, 18, 304-306.
Rec#: 9582
Keywords: book reviews.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 23, (3), 254-256.

677. Anonymous. (1988). Rewriting the probation story. Polygraph Update, 5, 1-3.
Rec#: 4850
Keywords: applications-probation.

678. Anonymous. (1973). Rizzo's waterloo? Newsweek, 82, 90-91.
Rec#: 6455
Keywords: evidence/admissibility.

679. Anonymous. (1981). Robber kept off police force by polygraph examination. APA Newsletter, 14, 6
Rec#: 4880
Keywords: cases-robbery/screening-police.

680. Anonymous. (1980). A robbery that wasn't. APA Newsletter, 13, 5
Rec#: 4881
Keywords: cases-theft/cases-robbery/Beloit Police Department.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 39). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

681. Anonymous. (1989). Ron Decker retires. APA Newsletter, 22, 19
Rec#: 4928
Keywords: biographies-Decker, Ronald.

682. Anonymous. (1989). Ron Decker to retire. APA Newsletter, 22, 8
Rec#: 4929
Keywords: biographies-Decker, Ronald.

683. Anonymous. (1980). Royal Canadian Mounted Police report on polygraph use. APA Newsletter, 13, 12
Rec#: 4971
Keywords: applications-foreign/surveys-police-Canada/Canada/Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

684. Anonymous. (1986). S. 1815: The polygraph protection act of 1985: A statement from ASIS to the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources. Security Management, 30, 63-67.
Rec#: 4999
Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial/American Society for Industrial Security.

685. Anonymous. Sabrina Maddoz v. Cash Loans of Huntsville II. ed.
Rec#: 5155
Keywords: evidence.
Abstract:Polygraph evidence is inadmissible in a civil action as it is not proper character evidence under F.R.C.P. 608 and its probative value is outweighed by its prejudicial effect under F.R.C.P. 403. Case # 21 F. Supp. 2d 1336.

686. Anonymous. (1994). The sad-truth phone. The New York Times Magazine, 6, 13
Rec#: 9931
Keywords: voice stress analysis/micro-tremor/telephones.
Abstract:Phone that works as lie detector by detecting voice microtremors discussed.

687. Anonymous. (1995). The Science Of Honesty Testing. Security , 32, 11
Rec#: 9400
Keywords: employee screening/psychological tests/honesty testing.

688. Anonymous. (1999). Scientific American helps liars beat tests. Polygraph News and Views, 7,
Rec#: 6531
Keywords: countermeasures/privacy.

689. Anonymous. (1980). Screening test solves an old murder. APA Newsletter, 13, 26
Rec#: 5122
Keywords: cases-homicide/cases-screening-homicide/nuclear power plant-screening.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 53). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

690. Anonymous. (1986). Searching for honest employee. Employee Theft Resource Center ,
Rec#: 7247
Keywords: employee screening/APA/paper and pencil tests/blood pressure/licensing/deception/polygraph techniques/guilty knowledge/Lykken, David T./Reid Report.
Abstract:Articles included are Polygraph: Employer's ally or employee's enemy?. Polygraph vs. Pen & pencil test. Why is the polygraph worth all the furor?. The pen that's mightier than the lie. Choosing your honesty tool.

691. Anonymous. (2001). Seating arrangements: Seeing the most while trying to remain invisible. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 3
Rec#: 6880
Keywords: polygraph general.

692. Anonymous. (1992). Secret service best lie detectors. Security, 29, 6
Rec#: 9615
Keywords: U.S. Secret Service.

693. Anonymous. (1985). Security closeup: The polygraph strikes back. Security Management, 1414, July 25
Rec#: 5134
Keywords: utility/Department of Defense/Bush, George/Central Intelligence Agency/Devine, David/American Polygraph Association/screening-federal/applications-counterintelligence.

694. Anonymous. Security practices in the National Security Agency (Defection of Bernon F. Mitchell and William H. Martin). ed. 1962 Aug 13; Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 9916
Keywords: National Security Agency/screening-national security/espionage/Mitchell, Bernon F./Martin, William H.

695. Anonymous. (1993). Seminar Instructs Auditors In Giving Fraud Suspects The Third Degree. Corporate Security Digest , 7, 4-5.
Rec#: 9617
Keywords: interrogation/fraud/criminal investigations/police questioning.

696. Anonymous. (1987). Senate report on counterintelligence and security. Polygraph, 16, 72-74.
Rec#: 5144
Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/Department of Defense/legislation-federal-Senate.

697. Anonymous. (1985). Sex assault dropped after polygraph examination. APA Newsletter, 18, 21
Rec#: 5162
Keywords: cases-sexual assault.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 8). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

698. Anonymous. (2001). Sex offender seminars energize debate about best comparison questions: Instructors advocate for their favorites about lies, fantasy, activity or a mix. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 3
Rec#: 7621
Keywords: sex offenders/lying/question formulation.

699. Anonymous. (2000). Sex offender test result becomes pivotal in suit. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 1
Rec#: 5783
Keywords: sex offenders/law-suits.

700. Anonymous. (2000). Shaggy dogs confirm test results. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 2
Rec#: 5797
Keywords: background investigations/investigations-commercial/interrogation.

701. Anonymous. (1999). Shaken baby syndrome: What is it? Polygraph News and Views, 7, 1 & 3
Rec#: 7553
Keywords: background investigations/interrogation.

702. Anonymous. (1985). Shultz: A flutter. Newsweek, 106, 20
Rec#: 6433
Keywords: employee screening/Shultz, George.

703. Anonymous. (1999). A silent answer comparison question & a police pre-employement critique. Polygraph News and Views, 7, 2
Rec#: 7556
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/applications/preemployment screening/ADA.

704. Anonymous. (2002). Simple instruction improves behavior anaylsis. Polygraph News and Views, 10, 4
Rec#: 1459
Keywords: lying/pretest interview/behavioral indicators.

705. Anonymous. (1972). Soldier cleared in robbery case. APA Newsletter, 2
Rec#: 5284
Keywords: cases-robbery.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 4). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

706. Anonymous. (1974). Some further observations on the DeBetham case - Correction. Polygraph, 3, 105-106.
Rec#: 9515
Keywords: cases-drugs/admissibility-federal.
Notes: Correction to article appearing in Polygraph, 1(4), 247-249 .

707. Anonymous. (1977). Southwest School of Polygraph seeks APA accreditation. APA Newsletter, 23-24.
Rec#: 5294
Keywords: training-Texas/Southwest School of Polygraph.

708. Anonymous. (1994). Special Issue: Leonard Keeler. Polygraph, 23, 118-187.
Rec#: 7194
Keywords: historical interest-Keeler, Leonarde.

709. Anonymous. (1988). Special report on the polygraph act: Rules allow many exceptions. Questions remain. Security Letter, 18,
Rec#: 7299
Keywords: theft losses/Employee Polygraph Protection Act.

710. Anonymous. (1987). Spokane commissioner says polygraph invaluable. APA Newsletter, 20, 13
Rec#: 5307
Keywords: Spokane County Civil Service Commission/applications-screening-law enforcement/screening-police.

711. Anonymous. (2001). Spy scandals generate new polygraph policies. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1 & 4
Rec#: 7232
Keywords: FBI/privacy/screening/validity/reliability/physiological responses.

712. Anonymous. (2001). Standards in polygraph: How we decide the correct way to do what we do. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 2-4.
Rec#: 7545
Keywords: standardization/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute/APA/APA-school accreditation/Accuracy/inconclusive results/control questions/quality control.

713. Anonymous. (1988). State Department establishes a polygraph program. APA Newsletter, 21, 11
Rec#: 5317
Keywords: applications-counterintelligence.

714. Anonymous. (1989). State Department regulations on the polygraph. Polygraph, 18, 106-116.
Rec#: 5318
Keywords: regulations-State Department/U.S. Department of State/applications-counterintelligence.

715. Anonymous. (1989-1990). State high court rules on criminal psychological testing. The Truthseekers, 1,
Rec#: 7322
Keywords: psychological testing/witnesses/court rulings.

716. State of Idaho vs. John Kildare. Testimony of Dr. David C. Raskin. 84.
Rec#: 6935
Keywords: polygraph techniques/courtroom testimony-expert qualifications/EEG/detection of deception.
Notes: District Court of the Fifth Judicial District of the State of Idaho, case no. #4085.

717. Anonymous. State of Kansas v. Jason M. Wakefield. ed.
Rec#: 5124
Keywords: admissibility.
Abstract:Applying an analysis under United States v. Piccinonna, 885 F. 2d 1529 (11th Cir. 1989), the court upheld the exclusion from evidence of the defendant's exculpatory polygraph examination as there was no stipulation regarding its admissibility and there was no claim by the prosecution that the defendant was untruthful as to the relevant question tested. Case #977 P.2d 941.

718. Anonymous. State of Kansas v. Roy A. Lumley. ed.
Rec#: 5127
Keywords: probation/criminal trials/evidence.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 29, (1), 116-123.
Abstract:Polygraph evidence is "sufficiently reliable" under the relaxed standards of a revocation of probation hearing to be admissible as proof of the defendant's violation of conditions of probation. The court observed that there are significant differences betwwen criminal trials and probation revocation hearings, the latter requiring proof only by a preponderance of the evidence. Case # 977 P.2d 914.

719. State of Louisiana v. Joseph A. Catanese. (1979). S. Ct. of Louisiana. 368 So. 2d 975. Anonymous.
Rec#: 7497
Keywords: admissibility-Louisiana/criminal trials/cases-armed robbery.
Notes: See also P 2853.
Abstract:Taks here is to rule on the defense motion to allow the defense to attempt to introduce in evidence the results of a polygraph examination administered to the defendent. the issue is not whether this particular test will be allowed.. It will be recalled that our jurisprudence flately precludes the use of a polygraph result in evidence. Therefore, any party attempting to intruduce a polygraph result will meet an insurmountable objection.

720. Anonymous. State of Montana v. William Joseph Anderson. ed.
Rec#: 5349
Keywords: admissibility-Montana.
Abstract:Holding that polygraph evidence is not admissible in any proceeding in a court of law in Montana, the court remanded for sentencing where the original sentence was based on a psychosexual evaluation which relied, in part, on polygraph results. Case # 977 P.2d 315.

721. Anonymous. (1971). State of New Jersey v. Joseph Watson. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 6,
Rec#: 7024
Keywords: admissibility/admissibility-post trial/courtroom testimony.

722. State of New Jersey v. Joseph Watson. (1971). Hudson County Ct. NJ 1971. 278 A. 2d 543. Anonymous.
Rec#: 5829
Keywords: admissibility-New Jersey/testimony assessment/voluntary.
Notes: Also see P 7024.

723. The State of New Jersey v. Lonny McDavitt. (1971). S. Ct. NJ 1971. 286 a. 2D 86. Anonymous.
Rec#: 5839
Keywords: admissibility-New Jersey/Supreme Court.
Notes: Case # 118 N. J. Supper. 77, 286 A.2d 86 case reversed followed by case # 62 N.J. 36, 297 A.2d 849 judgment of Appellate Division reversed and judgment of conviction reinstated. Also see P 266.

724. Anonymous. State of New Mexico v. Samson Blue. ed.
Rec#: 5271
Keywords: exculpatory tests.
Abstract:Prosecutor's failure to present details of defendant's exculpatory polygraph to grand jury did not require dismissal of indictment where the grand jury was told that the defendant passed a polygraph examination. The polygraph did not directly negate the defendant's guilt and the defendant failed to demonstrate that the polygraph examination was conducted pursuant to New Mexico statutory requirments for admissibility of polygraph results. Case # 125 N.M. 826, 965 P. 2d 945 (N.M. App., cert pending).

725. Anonymous. State of Oregon vs. Anthony Pickens. ed.
Rec#: 4758
Keywords: interrogation/False statements.
Notes: Case No #C97-08-36352.

726. The State v. Dempsey Ray Chambers. (1977). S. Ct., GA 1977. 239 S. E. 2d 324. Anonymous.
Rec#: 5905
Keywords: admissibility-Georgia/jurors/rape.
Notes: Also see P 1969.

727. Anonymous. (1984). Statement of chairman Bill Nichols, investigations Subcommittee House Armed Services Committee on H.R. 4681. Polygraph, 13, 217-230.
Rec#: 7269
Keywords: applications-screening/screening.

728. Anonymous. (1970). Statement of Empire State Chamber of Commerce. APA Newsletter, 5, 12-13.
Rec#: 5323
Keywords: legislation-state/New York/law-labor-privacy.

729. Anonymous. (1972). Status of two anti-polygraph bills. APA Newsletter, 7
Rec#: 5327
Keywords: law-limiting-state/Indiana/Wisconsin.

730. Anonymous. (1996). Stehney v. Perry 1995 wl 688283 fed supp (d.n.j.). Polygraph , 25, 81-99.
Rec#: 9873
Keywords: law-6th amendment/employee screening.

731. Anonymous. (1996). The stimulus test-an annotated bibliography. Polygraph, 25, 290-297.
Rec#: 7270
Keywords: bibliographies/stimulus tests/relevant-irrelevant method/control questions-Reid/peak of tension/numbers test/card test.

732. Anonymous. (1991). Stipulated polygraph evidence admitted in Michigan. APA Newsletter, 24, 6
Rec#: 5386
Keywords: admissibility-Michigan/admissibility-stipulated.

733. Anonymous. (1980). Stoelting manufactures new program pacer for polygraph instruments. APA Newsletter, 13, 6
Rec#: 5390
Keywords: instruments-polygraph pacer-Stoelting.

734. Anonymous. (1973). Stress test, who's lying. Newsweek, 82, 19
Rec#: 6384
Keywords: testimony assessment/PSE/stress/credibility assessment.

735. Anonymous. (2000). Striving to become a S. O. specialist. Polygrpah News and Views, 8, 1
Rec#: 7693
Keywords: certification.

736. Anonymous. (1995). Styles of controls: Reid vs. Backster: to bar or not to bar. Polygraph News and Views, 3, 1-2.
Rec#: 7599
Keywords: control questions/Backster, Cleve/Reid, John E.

737. Anonymous. (1973). Subject guilty in one case - Innocent in another. APA Newsletter, 3-4.
Rec#: 5406
Keywords: cases-robbery/cases-drugs/Federal Public Defender/Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 1-2). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

738. Suggested format of direct examination of a polygraph examiner. nd.
Rec#: 9050
Keywords: law.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

739. Suggested question sequence . 79.
Rec#: 6906
Keywords: question formulation-relevant.

740. Suggested test sequence and stim techniques. 80.
Rec#: 6908
Keywords: MGQT/pretest.

741. Anonymous. Summary of experimental psychophysiology and North American pseudoscientific polygraphy (sic): Conceptual concerns and practical problems. ed. 1990 Jul 09;
Rec#: 7634
Keywords: Guilty knowledge test/GKT/interrogation/validity/Accuracy/Saxe, Leonard/Lykken, David T./Ben-Shakhar, Gershon/CQT/control questions/P300.
Notes: The 5th International Congress of Psychophysiology, Budapest, Hungary, July 9-13, 1990.

742. Anonymous. (1983). Supreme Court finds no Fifth Amendment violation when interrogation in counsel's absence follow polygraph test. Search and Seizure Law Report, 10, 103
Rec#: 5421
Keywords: interrogation-post test/interrogation-Fifth Amendment.

743. Anonymous. (2002). Supreme court splits vote on inmate's refusal to complete "full disclosure" - O'Connor joins with conservatives but writes her own separate opinion. Polygraph News and Views, 10, 3
Rec#: 7717
Keywords: supreme court/polygraph general.

744. Anonymous. (1976). Suspect cleared of twenty year old murder. APA Newsletter, 1-2.
Rec#: 5426
Keywords: cases-homicide/Ku Klux Klan/Arther, Richard O./Malinowski, Benjamin F./Backster, Cleve.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 11). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

745. Anonymous. (2002). Symptomatics: Remedy or headache?: Research revisited with different results. Polygraph News and Views, 10, 1 & 4
Rec#: 6439
Keywords: inconclusive results/comparison question.

746. Tana Wood v. Dwayne Earl Bartholomew. (1995). S. Ct. 116 S. Ct.7, 13 L. Ed. 2d 1, 64 USLW 3260 USLW 267, 95 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 7960, 95 Daily Journal D. A. R. 13, 641. Anonymous.
Rec#: 7498
Keywords: admissibility-Washington State/Supreme Court.

747. Anonymous. (1977). Telling lies and spotting liars. Psychology Today, 152
Rec#: 7049
Keywords: lying/psychological test data.

748. Anonymous. (1999). Tennessee polygraph examiners laws and rules. Charlottesville, VA: Lexis Law Publishing.
Rec#: 6485
Keywords: law-state/Tennessee/polygraph general.
Notes: Reprinted from Tennessee Code annotated and 1999 supplement.

749. Anonymous. (2001). Terrorism gives recruiting boost to CIA while voice stress seller makes a few phony claims. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 3
Rec#: 3511
Keywords: voice stress analyzer/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute/voice stress analysis.

750. Anonymous. (1989). Test brings confession to odd murder. APA Newsletter, 22, 17
Rec#: 5530
Keywords: cases-murder.

751. Anonymous. (1986). Test clears teacher of student assault. APA Newsletter, 19, 4
Rec#: 5531
Keywords: cases-assault.

752. Anonymous. (1990). Test results admissible in prison proceeding but insufficient as sole evidence. APA Newsletter, 23, 2
Rec#: 5533
Keywords: admissibility-prison proceedings.

753. Anonymous. Testimony of David T. Lykken. ed. 1980 Dec;
Rec#: 9936
Keywords: Lykken, David T./courtroom testimony-expert witness.

754. Anonymous. Testimony of David T. Lykken. ed. 1981 Nov 05;
Rec#: 9935
Keywords: Lykken, David T./courtroom testimony-expert witness.

755. Anonymous. (1979). Testimony of Mr. Raymond J. Weir before the United States Senate Ethics Committee, May 7, 1979. Polygraph, 8, 325-356.
Rec#: 5537
Keywords: courtroom testimony/applications-Senate ethics/cases-Talmadge, Herman/biographies-Weir, Raymond J., Jr./Ninchew, Daniel/Talmadge, Herman/Federal Bureau of Investigation.

756. Anonymous. Testimony of Rabbi David Saperstein. ed.
Rec#: 5842
Keywords: Surveillance/polygraph general.
Notes: On the behalf of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.

757. Anonymous. (1987). Testing once for drugs. Security, 24, 9
Rec#: 5538
Keywords: applications-drug testing.

758. Testing phase. 81.
Rec#: 6907
Keywords: control question tests-Arther/relevant-irrelevant method/pretest.

759. Anonymous. (1989). Testing the water or walking on water? Guardsmarks requests polygraph in job ad. Security Letter, 19, part I
Rec#: 5539
Keywords: EPPA/screening-commercial.

760. Anonymous. (1986). Texas governor offers to take polygraph test. APA Newsletter, 19, 3
Rec#: 5543
Keywords: cases-political.

761. Texas State Employees Union v. Texas Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation, et.al. 87.
Rec#: 6986
Keywords: mental state/employee screening/deception cues/physiological responses/admissibility.
Notes: Opinion, Supreme Court of Texas, C-5384.

762. Anonymous. (1984). Theft suspect arrives for test in stolen car. APA Newsletter, 17, 3
Rec#: 5550
Keywords: cases-auto-theft/cases-theft.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 30). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

763. Anonymous. (1979). A Theft that wasn't a theft. APA Newsletter, 17
Rec#: 5551
Keywords: cases-theft.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 44). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

764. Anonymous. (1976). To tell the truth. Security Management Plant & Property Protection, 1-4.
Rec#: 331
Keywords: screening-commercial-Arther.

765. Anonymous. (1986). To tell the truth, lie detectors don't. UFCW Action, 15
Rec#: 7124
Keywords: theft-employees/licensing/criticism.

766. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1968). Training Key #110: The Polygraph and its use . Gaithersburg, MD: International Association of Chiefs of Police. 1-5 p.
Rec#: 4401
Keywords: applications-law enforcement.

767. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1970). The Training of polygraph examiners. Chicago: Keeler Polygraph Institute. - p.
Rec#: 5611
Keywords: training-Keeler Polygraph Institute/history/Keeler Polygraph Institute.

768. Anonymous. (1976). Treasury Department letter to Bella S. Abzug. APA Newsletter, 7
Rec#: 5618
Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial/U.S. Treasury Department/Abzug, Bella S.

769. Anonymous. (1987). Trio avoid murder charge following tests - Witnesses charged. APA Newsletter, 20, 14
Rec#: 5623
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

770. Anonymous. (1973). Triple mistaken identity case cleared up. APA Newsletter, 1-2.
Rec#: 5624
Keywords: cases-armed robbery/eyewitness testimony/applications-mistaken identity.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 2). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

771. Anonymous. (1972). Troubleshooting a Stoelting GSR system. Polygraph, 1, 185-186.
Rec#: 9524
Keywords: Stoelting/GSR/troubleshooting/instruments-Stoelting.

772. Anonymous. (1985). The truth about the polygraph test. Congressional Record - House, H 1832
Rec#: 5608
Keywords: reliability/physiological responses/validity.

773. Anonymous. (1981). TV reporter takes Dr. Lykken's advice, but the countermeasures failed. APA Newsletter, 14, 8
Rec#: 5663
Keywords: countermeasures-pain/public relations.

774. Anonymous. (1985). Two polygraph examinations get dismissal. APA Newsletter, 18, 20
Rec#: 5668
Keywords: cases-dismissal.

775. U. S. Department of Energy of Polygraph Examination Regulation. (1999). CN-RM-99-POLY, CN-RM-99-POLY.
Rec#: 7296
Keywords: screening-national security/Department of Energy/screening-federal .
Notes: Public Hearing of the Polygraph Examination Regulation.

776. U. S. Department of Energy on Polygraph Examination Regulation. (1999). CN-RM-99-POLY, CN-RM-99-POLY.
Rec#: 7308
Keywords: screening-national security/Department of Energy/screening-federal .
Notes: Public hearing was held in the Forrestal Auditorium, Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D. C. at 9:00 a.m..

777. U. S. Department of Energy Polygraph Examination Regulation. (1999). CN-RM-99-POLY, CN-RM-99-POLY.
Rec#: 7309
Keywords: screening-national security/Department of Energy/screening-federal .
Notes: Notice of proposed rulemakeing and public hearing, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, morning session.

778. U. S. Department of Energy Polygraph Examination Rulgation. (1999). CN-RM-99-POLY, CN-RM-99-POLY.
Rec#: 7315
Keywords: screening-national security/Department of Energy/screening-federal .
Notes: Notice of proposed rulemaking and public hearing, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Afternoon Session.

779. Anonymous. (1986). U.S. Department of Justice opposes H.R. 1524. APA Newsletter, 19, 8-9.
Rec#: 5774
Keywords: law-federal-commercial/U.S. Department of Justice.

780. Anonymous. (1988). U.S. Department of Labor - Application of the Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 - Final Rule. Polygraph, 17, 149-194.
Rec#: 5775
Keywords: law-federal/Employee Polygraph Protection Act.

781. Anonymous. (1974). U. S. District Court supports police polygraph screening. Polygraph, 3, 412-416.
Rec#: 7514
Keywords: screening/court rulings.

782. Anonymous. (1994). U.S. Joint Security Commission Report Includes Polygraph Considerations. Polygraph, 23, 1-23.
Rec#: 9623
Keywords: screening-national security/examiners.

783. U. S. Military courts - recent cases involving polygraphs. 88.
Rec#: 411
Keywords: cases-military.
Notes: Presented at the Military Judges' conference, Maxwell AFB, Alabama, 22 March 1988. Involved 4 cases: United States v. Abeyta, United States v. Howard, United States v. Allen, United States v. Baldwin.

784. Anonymous. (1996). Under oath. People, 46, 164
Rec#: 7002
Keywords: trials-litigation.

785. Anonymous. (1988). Understanding the auto response. Polygraph Update, 5, 4
Rec#: 5676
Keywords: instrumentation-cardio.

786. Anonymous. (1979). Union representative testifies before House Labor-Management Committee. APA Newsletter, 1-2.
Rec#: 5684
Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial.

787. Anonymous. United State v. Jerry Preston Thomas. ed.
Rec#: 5154
Keywords: admissibility/stipulated examinations.
Abstract:Observing that the defendant's polygraph examination was unilaterally obtained without notice to the prosecution, the Sixth Circuit restated its position that, absent a stipulation, polygraph evidence is generally inadmissible and upheld exclusion from evidence of the polygrpah results. Case # 167 F. d 299.

788. United States, Appellee versus David J. Martinez, Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army, Appellant, No. 93-6001, CMR Misc. No. 9202472. 93.
Rec#: 9422
Keywords: confessions-admissibility/admissibility-confessions/admissibility-courts martial.
Notes: United States Court of Military Appeals.

789. United States Department of Energy Polygraph Examination Regulation. (1999). CN-RM-99-POLY, CN-RM-99-POLY.
Rec#: 7328
Keywords: screening-national security/Department of Energy/screening-federal .
Notes: Public hearing of the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Administration Building, Main Auditorium, Los Alamos, New Mexico.

790. United States of America, Appellee, v. Joseph Armand Oliver, Appellant. 75.
Rec#: 9130
Keywords: admissibility/cases-rape/Missouri.
Notes: Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri, United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. Reprinted in Polygraph, 4, (4), 384-394.

791. United States of America, plaintiff vs. John Z. DeLorean, defendant. 84.
Rec#: 9055
Keywords: DeLorean, John Z./admissibility-federal-criminal cases/cases-drugs-DeLorean/instrumentation/countermeasures/validity.
Notes: Selected portions of reporter's transcript of proceedings of John Z. DeLorean trial, Los Angeles, CA.

792. United States of America v. Bruce Eugene DeBetham. (1972). US D Ct. S. D. CA 1972. 348 F. Supp. 1377. Anonymous.
Rec#: 5650
Keywords: admissibility-California/judicial discretion/evidence/reliability-general.
Notes: Appeals case follow, case # 470 F /2d 1367, US App, 9th Circuit. Also see P 8874. 9th Circuit Court's lengthy analysis of the foundational evidence in support of the accuracy of polygraph results. Include the appeals cite as 470 F. 2d 1367.

793. United States of America v. Joseph Armand Oliver. (1975). US Ct. App MO 1975. 25 F. 2d 731. Anonymous.
Rec#: 5917
Keywords: admissibility-Missouri/abuse of/polygraph-general-U.S. Government.
Notes: Also see P 176.

794. Anonymous. United States of American Vs. Constance R. Orians and Ronald G. Orians. ed.
Rec#: 5031
Keywords: reliability/inconclusive results/countermeasures/Supreme Court/admissibility/Daubert standard.
Notes: Case No # CR-96-534 PHX RCB.

795. Anonymous. United States v Brian H. West. ed.
Rec#: 6944
Keywords: false statements/sodium pentathol.
Notes: U. S. Court of Military Appeals.

796. Anonymous. United States v. Chris Wright. ed.
Rec#: 5203
Keywords: admissibility/stipulated examinations.
Abstract:Notwithstanding parties prior stipulation to the admissibility of polygraph evidence and that stipulated polygraph evidence is admissible in the Fourth Circuit, the court exercised its discretionary authority to grant the defendant's motion to prevent introduction to polygraph evidence.

797. Anonymous. (1987). United States v. Jerry L. Gipson. Military Justice Reporter, 246-256.
Rec#: 6920
Keywords: examiners-military/admissibility-military/physiological responses/Frye case.

798. United States v. Jerry L. Gipson. U.S. Ct of Mil. App. 24 M. J. 246, 56 USLW 2130, 23 Fed. R. Evid. Serv. 384. Anonymous.
Rec#: 7499
Keywords: admissibility-military .
Notes: Appellant's motion to dismiss the Charge and its specifications granted. The Charge and its specifications are dismissed. Forfeitures which have been collected will be restored to appellant. Also see P 1020, P 3685, P 6786, P 6920, P 6019.

799. United States v. Leon-Delfis. (2000). U. S. Ct. of Appeals, 1st Ct. 99-1021, 1st Cir. Anonymous.
Rec#: 7500
Keywords: admissibility.

800. United States v. Posado. 5th Cir. 57 F. 3d 428. Anonymous.
Rec#: 7502
Keywords: admissibility.
Notes: Also see P 6860, P 6961.

801. United States v. Specialist James L. Williams. (1994). U.S. Ct. 39 M. J. 555. Anonymous.
Rec#: 7503
Keywords: admissibility-military/admissibility-Military Rules of Evidence.
Notes: The first case was in the U.S. Army Court of Military Review and the second was in the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.

802. Anonymous. United States vs. David F. Jameson. ed.
Rec#: 6919
Keywords: admissibility/polygraph general/validity.
Notes: Argument in opposition to admittance of polygraph evidence and proposed findings, see also P 6939.

803. Anonymous. United States vs. David F. Jameson. ed.
Rec#: 6939
Keywords: admissibility/validity/physiological responses/examiners-qualifications/control questions.
Notes: Argument supporting the admissibility of the polygraph evidence and proposed findings, see also P 6919.

804. The United States vs. Jerry D. Clayton and R. J. Dalley. Testimony of Gordon Barland. 94.
Rec#: 1458
Keywords: Arizona/courtroom testimony/countermeasures.
Notes: United States Distric Court District of Arizona.

805. Anonymous. (1976). The use of polygraphs and similar devices by federal agencies. Polygraph, 5, 2-58.
Rec#: 5794
Keywords: legislation-federal/applications-counterintelligence/screening-government/voice stress/research-federal/Abzug, Bella S.
Notes: [copy of the report by Bella Abzug's committee--the Government Information and Individual Rights Subcommittee].

806. Anonymous. (1989). Utah corrections official cleared of murder suspicion. APA Newsletter, 22, 16
Rec#: 5798
Keywords: cases-murder.

807. Anonymous. (1997). The validity and reliability of polygraph testing. Polygraph, 26, 215-239.
Rec#: 7283
Keywords: reliability/validity.

808. Anonymous. (1980). Vermont licensing law upheld in federal court. Polygraph, 9, 238-250.
Rec#: 7301
Keywords: licensing-Vermont/PSE/Vermont licensing law/legislation-Vermont.

809. Anonymous. (1980). Victim of robbery turns out to be the thief. APA Newsletter, 13, 2
Rec#: 5830
Keywords: cases-theft/cases-false reports/Phoenix Police Department/Mohr, Carl T.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 39). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

810. Anonymous. (1981). Victim's identification outweighs polygraph evidence in Norfolk trial. APA Newsletter, 14, 6
Rec#: 5831
Keywords: cases-rape/cases-robbery.

811. Anonymous. (1986). The victims of lie detector tests. UFCW Action, 16-17.
Rec#: 7126
Keywords: polygraph-criticism.
Notes: Includes The case of the man who knew his own name, The case of the missing drugs, The case of the ineffective state law, The case of the missing money, The case of the screening examiner, The case of the examiner's wandering hands, The case of the accused test minipulator, The case of the deodorant powder.

812. Anonymous. (2001). Voice stress continues to attract police interest. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1 & 4
Rec#: 7573
Keywords: voice stress/CVSA.

813. Anonymous. (2002). Voice stress devices and the detection of lies. Policy Review, 13, 1-4.
Rec#: 7390
Keywords: voice stress/training/accuracy/interrogation/CVSA/PSE/counterintelligence.

814. Anonymous. (1981). Voice stress tests: testimony concerning; admissibility. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 9
Rec#: 7624
Keywords: Oral communication/voice stress.

815. Anonymous. (1985). The Walker case complication: Polygraphy may have been used to further spying. Security Letter, 15, 2
Rec#: 5888
Keywords: cases-espionage/cases-espionage-Walker/Walker case.

816. Anonymous. (1990). Walter F. Atwood receives Forensic Academy's John R. Hont award. APA Newsletter, 23, 7-8.
Rec#: 5899
Keywords: biographies-Atwood, Walter F./Atwood, Walter F.

817. Anonymous. (1990). Welcoming Remarks Of William J. Yankee, At The 1990 Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar. Polygraph, 19, 182-187.
Rec#: 9949
Keywords: examiners/Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar.

818. Anonymous. (1988). What's going to happen to the polygraph now? Security Letter, 18,
Rec#: 7083
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/industrial espionage.

819. Anonymous. (2000). What's wrong with this picture??? Polygraph News and Views, 8, 3
Rec#: 7222
Keywords: reliability/interviews/screening/Ramseys.

820. White paper for conversion, storage, and manipulation of Lafayette strip chart data. 88.
Rec#: 9951
Keywords: digital data conversion/data storage/data retrieval/data display.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

821. Anonymous. (1980). Why the polygraph is important to business, especially small business. Security Letter, 10, 1-2.
Rec#: 6025
Keywords: screening-commercial.

822. Anonymous. (1981). Wife submits to lie detector test (an Australian case). APA Newsletter, 14, 7-8.
Rec#: 6049
Keywords: cases-homicide/admissibility-Australia/Australia.

823. Anonymous. (1991). William Daubert; Joyce Daubert, individually and as guardians ad litem for Jason Daubert, a minor; Anita DeYounr, individually, and as guardian ad litem for Eric Schuller, plaintiffs-appellants, v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Delaware corporation, defendant-appellee. Federal Reporter, 2d Series, 1128-1131.
Rec#: 6566
Keywords: Daubert, William/admissibility.
Notes: No. 90-55397, United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit, argued and submitted April 5, 1991, decided December 20, 1991.

824. Anonymous. (1974). Wisconsin admits polygraph evidence. Polygraph, 3, 220-222.
Rec#: 6100
Keywords: admissibility-Wisconsin.

825. Anonymous. (1992). Wisconsin passes act similar to EPPA, police not exempt. Polygraph, 21, 154-160.
Rec#: 6103
Keywords: Anti-polygraph laws.

826. Anonymous. (1988). With the polygraph weakened - Opponents will turn on paper and pencil testing. Security Letter, 18, part I
Rec#: 6107
Keywords: paper and pencil tests/Reid Psychological Systems/London House-Stanton surveys/law-labor-rights-exconvicts/rights-exconvicts.

827. Anonymous. (1972). Witness charged after polygraph clears suspect. APA Newsletter, 2
Rec#: 6110
Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 1). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

828. Anonymous. (2002). Witness says polygraph, court says have new trial. Polygraph News and Views, 10, 3
Rec#: 7412
Keywords: witnesses/courtroom testimony-Maryland/irrelevant.

829. Anonymous. (1986). The witness to murder had first-hand knowledge. APA Newsletter, 19, 14
Rec#: 6111
Keywords: cases-homicide/applications-witnesses.

830. Anonymous. (1985). The works of William Moulton Marston. Polygraph, 14, 287-288.
Rec#: 4365
Keywords: bibliographies.

831. Anonymous. (1962). The Workshops: Use of the polygraph. The Police Chief, 29, 144
Rec#: 6127
Keywords: training.

832. Yes test polygraph technique. nd.
Rec#: 6197
Keywords: techniques-yes test (Reid)/Michigan State Police.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Michigan State Police.

833. Anonymous. (2000). "Yes" test targets liars who want to try tricks. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 1 & 2 & 4
Rec#: 7223
Keywords: lying/preemployment screening/Yes answered RQs/deception.

834. Anonymous. (1987). Zweifel an der nŸtzlichkeit von lŸgendetektoren in den USA (Doubts in the USA about the usefulness of lie detectors). Berliner Morgenpost,
Rec#: 7345
Keywords: heart rate/GSR/Office of Technology Assessment/detection of deception/irrelevants/countermeasures.
Notes: [Text in German; English translation avalable].

835. Abbell, M. (1977). Polygraph evidence: The case against admissibility in federal criminal trials. The American Criminal Law Review, 15, 29-62.
Rec#: 3
Keywords: admissibility-federal-criminal cases/law-criminal/stipulated examinations-criminal cases.

836. Abeles, N. (1986). Proceedings of the American Psychological Association, Incorporated, for the year 1985: Minutes of the annual meeting of the Council of Representatives August 22 and 25, 1985, Los Angeles, California, and January 31-February 2, 1986, Washington, D.C. American Psychologist, 41, 633-663.
Rec#: 9214
Keywords: criticism.
Notes: p. 659-660, policy position of the use of polygraph test.
Abstract:Presents the official record of actions of the American Psychological Association (APA) taken during the year by both the Board of Directors and the Council of Representatives. Actions in the following areas are outlined: minutes of meetings in 1985-1986; elections, awards, membership, and human resources; ethics; the psychology defense fund; development program; education and credentialing; public affairs; insurance issues; legal and legislative issues and functions; divisions; state associations; structure of the APA; liaison/participant system; council procedures; publications and communications; convention affairs; educational affairs, including accreditations, continuing education, undergraduate curriculum, psychology in secondary schools, and national conference on issues of graduate education; professional affairs, including peer review, advocacy, practitioner policy, and changes in the Committee on APA/State Association Relations; scientific affairs, including animal research, test issues, a chief scientific advisor, and a traveling psychology exhibition; social and ethical responsibility, including proposals on the elimination of boxing, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, polygraph testing, and the establishment of a committee on children, youth, and families; ethnic minority affairs; international affairs; central office; financial affairs; and communications concerning outside organizations.

837. Abelson, D., & Meyer, V. (1971). A Dopplercardiometer with electronic gate. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, 33, 564-575.
Rec#: 9445
Keywords: instruments-Doppler cardiometer/blood flow .
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 2(4), 357.

838. Aberth, J. (1986). Pre-employment testing is losing favor. Personnel Journal , 65, 96, 98, 101-102, 104.
Rec#: 9215
Keywords: preemployment screening.
Abstract:Describes American Management Association survey findings with regard to the uses of pre-employment testing, as reported by 7,000 US human resource managers. Results show that most Ss did not test at all, and the average financial investment of those who did was $400. Psychological and job-skill tests comprised most of the testing still used, although there were indications of dissatisfaction with psychological tests. After psychological tests, job skills were the next most frequently used tests, followed by behavior simulation (recreation of the environment in which the candidate will work), and polygraphs. Testing distribution varied widely with regard to position, with high incidences among computer programmers, accountants, and human resources specialists and lower-level positions. Psychological testing was especially popular with high-level positions. Financial officers and sales managers received the most polygraph testing, whereas plant personnel managers and telemarketing managers underwent the most behavior simulation. Diversified conglomerates and government/military bureaus were the biggest users of job-skills testing. There was no correlation between testing and organization size, but smaller companies reported their intent to spend less on programs already in place.

839. Abrams, S. (2001). Statistics and other lies. Polygraph, 30, 29-36.
Rec#: 7347
Keywords: false negative/directed lie/deception/confessions.

840. Abrams, S., & Simmons, G. (2000). Post-conviction polygraph testing: Then and now. Polygraph, 29, 63-69.
Rec#: 4595
Keywords: post-conviction sex offender testing.
Abstract:This paper consists of a brief review of the history of post-conviction sex abuser testing, a survey of the use of this procedure throughout the United States and some recommendations that should enhance the validity of these approaches.

841. Abrams, S. (1988). Benefits of polygraphs for child molesters on probation. NDAA Bulletin, 7, 3
Rec#: 641
Keywords: applications-probation/subjects-child molesters/subjects-pedophiles/Abrams, Stanley/National District Attorneys Association/applications-sex offenders.
Notes: Review in APA Newsletter (1988), 21(4).

842. Abrams, S. (1981). A case of multiple personality. Polygraph, 10, 212-215.
Rec#: 6759
Keywords: cases-embezzlement/personality/amnesia.

843. Abrams, S. (1989). The complete polygraph handbook. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
Rec#: 35
Keywords: history/psychophysiology-polygraph theory/instrumentation/techniques/validity/reliability.

844. Abrams, S. (1976). The control question: A technique for effective introduction. Polygraph, 5, 290-292.
Rec#: 24
Keywords: question formulation-control questions/theory-control questions.

845. Abrams, S. (1991). The directed lie control question. Polygraph, 20, 26-31.
Rec#: 37
Keywords: directed lie/control questions.

846. Abrams, S. (1995). False memory syndrome vs. total repression: Only polygraphy can know. Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 23, 283-293.
Rec#: 5248
Keywords: false memory/repressed memory/sex offenders/child sexual abuse.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 24(4), 297-301.

847. Abrams, S. (1987). The heart rate monitor. Polygraph Update, 4, 1-2.
Rec#: 9669
Keywords: heart rate monitor/GSR.

848. Abrams, S. (1972). On the side of truth: APA discusses the polygraph, history and techniques. Part I. Security World, 9, 20-29.
Rec#: 8
Keywords: polygraph-general.
Notes: J. Kirk Barefoot, Ed.

849. Anonymous. Paper by Stanley Abrams. ed. 1995 Aug 13-1995 Aug 18;
Rec#: 9072
Keywords: applications-professional boards/false memory/repressed memory/false positive/control questions-child sexual abuse/preclusions/inclusions/applications-sex offenders.
Abstract:I. Testing for Professional Boards II. False Memory Syndrome Versus Repressed Memory
III. The Evidence Form Test IV. Psychological Set V. False Positives VI. Preclusions and Inclusions to Polygraph Testing VII. Sex Abuse Testing Today.

850. Abrams, S. (1984). The penile plethysmograph: A new transducer used for detection and therapy with sexual deviation cases. Polygraph, 13, 198-201.
Rec#: 33
Keywords: plethysmograph-penile/applications-sex offenders.

851. Abrams, S. (1976). The physiological bases of polygraph transducers. Polygraph, 5, 146-155.
Rec#: 25
Keywords: physiological measures/physiology.

852. Abrams, Stanley. The polygraph and the malingerer. nd.
Rec#: 16
Keywords: applications-malingering/subjects-malingerers.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

853. Abrams, S. (1977). A polygraph handbook for attorneys. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
Rec#: 26
Keywords: history/psychophysiology-polygraph theory/theory/validity/techniques-zone comparison test/techniques-relevant-irrelevant/techniques-peak of tension/question formulation-relevant/question formulation-control questions/question formulation-irrelevants/test data analysis-numerical/reliability-test data analysis/research-laboratory/admissibility/courtroom testimony.

854. Abrams, S. (1973). The polygraph in a psychiatric setting. American Journal of Psychiatry, 130, 94-97.
Rec#: 11
Keywords: applications-psychiatry/research-psychiatry.

855. Abrams, S. (1973). The polygraph in Japan. Polygraph, 2, 36-41.
Rec#: 12
Keywords: Japan/instruments/admissibility/validity.

856. Abrams, Stanley. The polygraph: Laboratory vs. field research. nd.
Rec#: 9
Keywords: research-laboratory/research-field.
Notes: Published in Polygraph, 1(3), 145-150.

857. Abrams, Stanley. The polygraph (lie detector). nd.
Rec#: 19
Keywords: polygraph-general.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

858. Abrams, S. (1973). Polygraph validity and reliability: A review. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 18, 313-326.
Rec#: 13
Keywords: validity/reliability/bibliographies.

859. Abrams, S. (2000). Polygraph validity in the new millennium. Polygraph, 29, 344-356.
Rec#: 7332
Keywords: 3-position scale/7-position scale/reliability/validity.
Abstract:This is an investigation into various aspects of polygraph validity and reliability that can be divided into five segments. The major portion of this paper deals with evaluation of 10 confirmed truthful and deceptive single-issue computerized polygraph charts that were blind scored independently by two polygraphists.

860. Abrams, S. E.J. Imwinkelried. (1981). Polygraphy. 2nd ed, New York: Practicing Law Institute. 755-804 p.
Rec#: 31
Keywords: admissibility-scientific evidence/research-validity.
Abstract: Of all the techniques attempted to determine truth of deception, only polygraphy has stood the test of time. Polygraphy use is increasing in courts, and in many jurisdictions, the testimony of polygraphists is routinely admitted on a stipulated basis. Attorneys are also relying more heavily upon polygraphy in both criminal and civil cases. Since no one of the theories advanced to explain the effectiveness of the polygraph technique is adequate in itself to explain lie detection in the varying situations, it must be assumed that there is no one explanation. For laboratory research, generalized excitement may be the main factor, while in field investigations, it may be fear of the consequences. The polygraph mechanism measures physiologic changes in the subject during the testing but does not deduce deception. The polygraphist infers deception from the measurements of the polygraph under the assumption that the physiological responses result from fear reactions associated with deception. The effectiveness of the polygraph depends on the physical, mental, and emotional state of the subject; the instrument being used; the testing environment; and the expertise of the polygraphist. The polygraph procedure consists of the distinct phases of data gathering, pretest interview, testing, and the posttest interrogations. Of all the field validity studies reported, only one has demonstrated a low level of accuracy for the polygraph. Reliability studies have been conducted much less frequently than validity studies, but the findings tend to be consistently high. Laboratory settings have demonstrated that polygraph accuracy can be greatly reduced when the subject presses his/her toes against the floor, engages in exciting fantasies, or has been subjected to hypnotic suggestions. It can be expected that more courts will admit polygraph testimony over objection and that there will be a continuing trend to make use of this procedure in a wider variety of cases. A total of 100 footnotes are provided.

861. Abrams, S. (1991). Polygraphy: A new beginning. Polygraph, 20, 204-213.
Rec#: 6259
Keywords: probation supervision/sex offenders.

862. Abrams, S. (1977). Polygraphy today. The National Journal of Criminal Defense, 3, 85-106.
Rec#: 27
Keywords: admissibility.

863. Abrams, S. (1989). Probation polygraph surveillance of child abusers. The Prosecutor, 22, 29-35.
Rec#: 6742
Keywords: child sexual abuse/sex offenders/probation/validity.

864. Abrams, S. (1973). Problems in interpreting polygraph examinations of malingerers. Polygraph, 2, 234-238.
Rec#: 14
Keywords: applications-malingering/test data analysis/countermeasures/malingering.

865. Abrams, S. (1974). The psychological basis of polygraph technique. Polygraph, 3, 377-380.
Rec#: 17
Keywords: psychophysiology-polygraph theory/theory.

866. Abrams, S. (1984). The question of the intent question. Polygraph, 13, 326-332.
Rec#: 34
Keywords: question formulation-intent questions.

867. Abrams, S. (1999). A response to Honts on the issue of the discussion of questions between charts. Polygraph, 28, 223-228.
Rec#: 1841
Keywords: directed lie .

868. Abrams, S. (1975). A response to Lykken on the polygraph. American Psychologist, 30, 709-711.
Rec#: 20
Keywords: polygraph theory.
Notes: Response to Lykken's article, see P 3547. Lykken replies P 3552.

869. Abrams, S. (1992). A response to Wygant's critique of the discovery test. Polygraph, 21, 248-253.
Rec#: 4
Keywords: discovery test/Wygant, James.

870. Abrams, S. (1974). [Review of the book Drive reduction and radical behavioris] . Polygraph, 3, 343
Rec#: 15
Keywords: book reviews.

871. Abrams, S. (1999). The role of polygraphy with the professional board. Polygraph, 28, 300-303.
Rec#: 6693
Keywords: applications-professional boards/exculpatory tests .

872. Abrams, Stanley. The "stim test" and its effectiveness. nd.
Rec#: 9128
Keywords: stimulation tests.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

873. Abrams, S. (1977). A survey of attitudes on the guilt complex technique. Polygraph, 6, 123-124.
Rec#: 28
Keywords: question formulation-guilt complex /surveys-examiners.

874. Abrams, S. (1975). Techniques for the expert witness. Polygraph, 4, 1-6.
Rec#: 22
Keywords: courtroom testimony.

875. Abrams, S. (1980). An update: Hypnosis and its relationship to polygraphy. Polygraph Update, 1, 1
Rec#: 30
Keywords: countermeasures-hypnosis/hypnosis.

876. Abrams, S. (1978). The utilization and effectiveness of the stimulation test. Polygraph, 7, 178-181.
Rec#: 29
Keywords: stimulation tests.

877. Abrams, S. (1972). Validity of the polygraph: A bibliography. Polygraph, 1, 97-101.
Rec#: 10
Keywords: bibliographies/validity-bibliographies.

878. Abrams, S. (1975). The validity of the polygraph technique with children. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 3, 310-311.
Rec#: 23
Keywords: validity/children.
Notes: Abstract in Polygraph, 23 (1), 115-116.

879. Abrams, S. (1974). The validity of the polygraph with schizophrenics. Polygraph, 3, 328-337.
Rec#: 18
Keywords: schizophrenia/validity.

880. Abrams, S., & Abrams, J.B. (1993). Polygraph testing of the pedophile. Portland, OR: Ryan Gwinner Press.
Rec#: 5
Keywords: child sexual abuse.

881. Abrams, S., Barefoot, J.K., Marcy, L.P., Weir, R.J., Zimmerman, C.H., & Zonn, L.M. J.K. Barefoot. (1974). Revised 3rd printing ed, Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association. 34 p.
Rec#: 515
Keywords: polygraph-general/labor relations/techniques-general/licensing/American Polygraph Association/law labor rights.

882. Abrams, S., & Davidson, M. (1988). Counter-countermeasures in polygraph testing. Polygraph, 17, 16-20.
Rec#: 38
Keywords: countermeasures-movement/movement bar.
Abstract:Three subjects, a male and two females, each performed 23 physical movements at the instruction of the researcher in the course of a polygraph examination. A Lafayette four-pen amplified polygraph instrument with an activity sensor was used. The activity sensor consists of a 28-inch metal strip placed beneath the fron two legs of the subject's chair while plugged into the auxiliary input of the multifunction amplifier of the polygraph. The weight of the subject slightly bends the sensor, and any change in the subject's weight distribution alters the bend in the sensor to produce a continuous tracing that can be compared with the other polygraph tracings to inform the polygrapher if and when a movement has occurred. The subjects' every movement resulted in a change in the tracings in at least one of the three measures being used. Findings indicate that a sophisticated subject could create reactions on the control questions that would greater than responses to the relevant items. The activity sensor detected 92 percent of the movements, suggesting that it can be effectively used to detect subjects' muscular movements designed to undermine polygraph accuracy.

883. Abrams, S., Hoyt, D., & Jewell, C. (1991). The effectiveness of the disclosure test with sex abusers of children. Polygraph, 20, 197-203.
Rec#: 6
Keywords: applications-child sexual abuse/disclosure test.

884. Abrams, S., Marcy, L.P., Weir, R.J., Zimmerman, C.H., & Zonn, L.M. (1972). APA reviews the polygraph, employees and unions. Security World, 9, 48-52.
Rec#: 7
Keywords: American Polygraph Association/screening-commercial-general.

885. Abrams, S., Marcy, L.P., Weir, R.J., Jr., Zimmerman, C.H., & Zonn, L.M. (1972). On the side of truth: APA discusses the polygraph, examiner and test. Part II. Security World, 50-52, 54, 56, 59-60.
Rec#: 9217
Keywords: applications-commercial/applications-law enforcement/applications-federal/techniques-general/pretest interview/post-test.

886. Abrams, S., & Ogard, E. (1986). Polygraph surveillance of probationers. Polygraph, 15, 174-182.
Rec#: 39
Keywords: applications-probation.

887. Abrams, S., & Weinstein, E. (1974). The validity of the polygraph with retardates. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 2, 11-14.
Rec#: 40
Keywords: validity/retardates/subjects.

888. Abramson, G.A. (1985). To catch a thief.... Baltimore Labor, 54
Rec#: 41
Keywords: legislation-state/Maryland/screening-commercial-favorable.

889. Abzug, B.S. S.o.D. the Honorable Donald H. Rumsfeld. (Jan 29 1976).
Rec#: 45
Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/Department of Defense/legislation-federal.

890. Abzug, B.S. (1976). Ban on polygraphs introduced. Congressional Record , 122, 3346-3349.
Rec#: 46
Keywords: legislation-federal/screening-government.
Notes: 94th Congress, Second Session.

891. Anonymous. Testimony of Bella S. Abzug . ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 44
Keywords: law-federal/legislation-federal.

892. Ackerman, B.P. (1981). Young children's understanding of a speaker's intentional use of a false utterance. Developmental Psychology, 17, 472-480.
Rec#: 48
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-children/psychology-cognitive.

893. Adachi, K. (1989). Discriminant functions based on medels for randomized block design for detection of deception. Scientific Police Research Institute Report, 42, 24-31.
Rec#: 9672
Keywords: deception/GKT.
Abstract:Studies the statistical methods for examining weights in physiological responses which minimize false negative rate in guilty knowledge test (GKT). Three kinds of discriminant functions based on linear models for the randomized block design were used. They were assessed, along with usual discriminant function and simple summation score, in validity using seven response variables of GKT.

894. Adachi, K. (1995). Statistical classification procedures for polygraph tests of guilty knowledge. Behaviormetrika, 22, 49-66.
Rec#: 2868
Keywords: physiological responses/interrogation/Guilty knowledge test/GKT/statistical analysis/detection of deception/discriminant analysis.
Abstract:Presents statistical procedures for classifying records of psychophysiological responses obtained in the guilty knowledge polygraph tests. The procedures to be presented are divided into a within-subject approach and a training-data approach. In the former approach, the classification is made using only the record to be classified, whereas in the latter the rule for the classification is derived using training data. Procedures were evaluated with records obtained in an experiment. The major result was that both the approaches yielded almost 80% correct classifications for the records containing a sufficient number of observations, but the within-subject approach became inaccurate for the records with few observations in contrast to the training data approach showing stable outcomes. It was also shown that the statistical procedures were superior to the diagnostic procedure relying on human interpretations of the records.

895. Adachi, K., & Suzuki, A. (1995). An application of neural network classifier to polygraph test. Reports of the National Research Institute of Police Science, 48, 36-39.
Rec#: 9447
Keywords: neural network classifier.
Notes: Text in Japanese with English abstract.

896. Adachi, K., & Suzuki, A. (1992). A computer-based system for objective diagnosis in polygraph test. Reports of the National Research Institute of Police Science, 45, 1-7.
Rec#: 7157
Keywords: GKT/algorithm/Accuracy/validity.
Notes: Text in Japanese with English abstract.

897. Adachi, K., & Suzuki, A. (1990). Correlation structure among response measures in detection of deception. Reports of the National Research Institute of Police Science, 43, 13-16.
Rec#: 49
Keywords: physiological responses/electrodermal/heart rate.
Notes: Text in Japanese, English text available.

898. Adachi, K., & Suzuki, A. (1991). Hanbetsu kansu no kincho saikoten shiteumonho e no tekiyo [An application of discriminant function for guilty knowledge test]. Reports of the National Research Institute of Police Science, 44, 139-141.
Rec#: 2144
Keywords: techniques-guilty knowledge test/GKT/discriminant function.
Abstract:Forty-eight college students divided into criminal (a mock theft; C) and an innocent (l) groups were given guilty knowledge test questionnaires. Optimal weights were determined using discriminant analysis.

899. Adachi, K., & Suzuki, A. (1994). A statistical diagnosis algorithm for polygraph test using training data. Reports of the National Research Institute of Police Science, 47, 9-16.
Rec#: 9449
Keywords: algorithm/test data analysis/training data/guilty knowledge.
Notes: Text in Japanese with English abstract.

900. Adachi, K., & Yamaoka, K. (1985). Shitsumon komokukan no hiruijisei ga joho no sainin oyobi kyogi kenshutsu ni oyobosu koka [Effects of dissimilarity among questions of recognition for information and detection of deception]. Scientific Police Research Institute Report, 38, 14-20.
Rec#: 1253
Keywords: POT/detection of deception/electrodermal.
Abstract:Studies the effects of similarity or dissimilarity among items in POT'S questionnaires on detection efficiency of deception through recognition for quilty information by subject. Critical items in both questionnaires, "similar and dissimilar" are identical. Following a mick crime, electrodermal detection of deception and recognition test for the critical items were administered to subject by presentation of either similar or dissimilar questionnaire.

901. Adams, C. (1986). Polygraph: Criminal Investigation Command does "whodunit" testing. Pentagram,
Rec#: 50
Keywords: applications-criminal investigations/U.S. Army-Criminal Investigation Command.

902. Adams, C. (1986). Polygraph: When the body tells what the tongue won't disclose. Stripe, 11
Rec#: 51
Keywords: applications-criminal investigations/U.S. Army-Criminal Investigation Command.

903. Adams, S.H. (1996). Statement Analysis: What do suspects' words really reveal? FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 65, 12-20.
Rec#: 7712
Keywords: Susan Smith case/confessions/interviewing.

904. Adams, Thomas. An introduction to a rationale for polygraph interpretation. 81.
Rec#: 54
Keywords: electrodermal-physiology/physiology/theory-physiological.
Notes: Paper presented at the 11th Annual National Workshop on Practical Polygraph Procedures, Delta College, University Center, Michigan.

905. Adams, T. (1982). A neurophysiological review and a proposed rationale for intrepreting electrodermal polygraph records. Polygraph, 11, 285-303.
Rec#: 55
Keywords: electrodermal-physiology/physiology-polygraph theory/psychophysiology/theory-physiological.

906. Adams, Thomas. The physiological basis for skin electrical properties. 80.
Rec#: 53
Keywords: electrodermal-physiology/physiology-electrodermal.
Notes: Paper presented at the 10th Annual Practical Polygraph Workshop, Delta College, University Center, MI.

907. Adams, T.F. R. Marks & P.A. Payne. (1980). Effect of epidermal hydration and osmolarity on skin phenomena. MGS Press, Ltd. 52-64 p. 2.
Rec#: 6388
Keywords: skin-hydration/osmolarity.

908. Adams, T.F. R. Marks & P.A. Payne. (1981). Epidermal water and electrolyte content and the thermal, electrical and mechanical properties of skin. MGS Press, Ltd.
Rec#: 6390
Keywords: skin/water content/electrolytes/thermal properties/electrodermal.

909. Adams, T.F. (1965). Field preparations for the polygraph. Police, 9, 17-19.
Rec#: 58
Keywords: pretest preparation.

910. Adams, T.F. (1965). Human eccrine sweat gland activity and palmar electrical skin resistance. Journal of Applied Physiology, 20, 980-983.
Rec#: 6391
Keywords: electrodermal-skin resistance response-palmar/sweat gland activity-eccrine.

911. Adams, T.F. (1963). Interview and interrogation. Police, 8, 50-53.
Rec#: 57
Keywords: interrogation.

912. Adams, T.F. (1961). Legal aspects of the polygraph. Police, 6, 52-58.
Rec#: 56
Keywords: admissibility-criminal cases.

913. Adams, Thomas F. Physiological basis for skin properties in palpatory physical diagnosis. nd.
Rec#: 6392
Keywords: skin-palpation/physical diagnosis.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

914. Adamson, J. (1970). The polygraph or lie detector. The Australian Police Journal, 19-26.
Rec#: 59
Keywords: polygraph-general/Australia.

915. Adang, S.R. (1995). The use of the polygraph with children. Polygraph , 24, 259-274.
Rec#: 7044
Keywords: applications-juveniles/law-child abuse.

916. Addison, Millard E. Question formulation principles. 76.
Rec#: 61
Keywords: question formulation-principles.
Notes: Paper presented at the Annual Seminar of the American Polygraph Association, New Orleans, LA.

917. Addison, Millard E. and Jones, J. Hilton. Non-verbal communication. 79.
Rec#: 62
Keywords: interrogation/nonverbal detection of deception/Naval Investigative Service/kinesic interview techniques.
Notes: Paper presented at the Ninth Annual Seminar of the Maryland Polygraph Association, Anne Arundel Community College, Arnold, MD.

918. Adelman, R.M., & Howard, A. (1984). Expert testimony on malingering: The admissibility of clinical procedures for the detection of deception. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 2, 5-20.
Rec#: 63
Keywords: admissibility-expert testimony/applications-malingering/subjects-malingerers/narcoanalysis/personality variables-MMPI/MMPI/hypnosis-malingerers.

919. Adkins, T.E. (1987). Informant polygraph testing. Polygraph, 16, 106-115.
Rec#: 64
Keywords: applications-informants/question formulation-relevants-informants/subjects-informants/techniques-selection.
Abstract:There are two categories of informants: the one-time informant and the informant who regularly provides information to police. A one-time informant may provide important information which must be immediately verified due to time constraints. The reliability of the information may also be crucial in determining whether to commit investigative resources, and confirmation by other means than the polygraph may jeopardize an investigation. The polygraph can be helpful in determining what the informant knows and has observed or heard. In the case of regular informants, it is imiportant to determine their claims of access to important information, such as the claim of a close relationship with the potential subject of an investigation. The polygraph can be helpful in determining what the informant knows ahd has observed or heard. In the case of regular informants, it is important to determine their claims of access to important information, such as the claim of a close relationship with the potential subject of an investigation. The polygraph examination can also determine whether an informant correctly performed departmental instructions and has kept his/her informant status confidential. Informants may be periodically examined for security purposes. The informant should not be treated as a suspect, and the examiner must be careful not to jeopardize the relationship between the informant and the officer handling the informant. Probable-lie control question tests are the tests most widely used by Federal and police examiners, but the relevant/irrelevant test eliminates problems associated with the aforementioned teset. The directed-lie control question test was developed by a Federal agency with an informant testing program for the specific purpose of testing informants.

920. Adler, Herman M. and Larson, John A. Deception and self-deception. 27.
Rec#: 65
Keywords: historical interest-cases/historical interest-instruments/historical interest-techniques.
Notes: Paper presented before the American Neurological Association, Atlantic City, NJ.

921. Adler, H.M., & Larson, J.A. (1928). Deception and self-deception. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 22, 364-371.
Rec#: 66
Keywords: historical interest-cases/historical interest-techniques/historical interest-instruments.

922. AFL-CIO. Anonymous. AFL-CIO Maritime Trades Department . (1970 Feb 12).
Rec#: 76
Keywords: screening-commercial-opposed/criticism-civil rights/screening-commercial-unions.
Notes: First in a series of reports on invasion of privacy in America.

923. Aftergood, S. (2000). Polygraph testing and DOE National Laboratories. Science, 290, 939-940.
Rec#: 6393
Keywords: screening-employment/counterintelligence/respiration/cardiovascular/skin conductance/post test/interviews/deception/leaks.

924. Agee, P. Anonymous. (1975). New York: Stonehill Publishing Company. 10-17, 29, 47-50 p.
Rec#: 78
Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/screening-CIA/Central Intelligence Agency.
Notes: Reprinted New York: Bantam, 1976.

925. Ahern, James D. Individuals who have failed urinalysis drug tests. 86.
Rec#: 6394
Keywords: drug screening.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

926. Albanese, J.S. (1984). Justice, privacy and crime control. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
Rec#: 79
Keywords: criticism-privacy/law-constitutional rights.

927. Albrecht, Heinz. The ethical principle in lie detection. 61.
Rec#: 81
Keywords: narcoanalysis-admissibility/admissibility-criminal cases/ethics/Germany.

928. Albrecht, H. (1960). Lie detection in Germany. Newsletter of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation, 1-2.
Rec#: 80
Keywords: Germany.

929. Albright, A. (1985). A life could have been saved. APA Newsletter, 18, 21
Rec#: 84
Keywords: cases-homicide.

930. Albright, A. (1982). The need for polygraph examinations in rape cases. APA Newsletter, 15, 14-15.
Rec#: 82
Keywords: cases-rape/applications-rape.

931. Albright, A. (1982). Surprise results in arson case. APA Newsletter, 15, 16
Rec#: 83
Keywords: cases-arson.

932. Albury, W.R. (1983). Lying and deception in science. Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences, 16, 26-33.
Rec#: 86
Keywords: lying-scientists.

933. Alderman, C., Jr. (1987). Remarks of the Honorable Craig Alderman, Jr., Deputy Undersecretary of Defense for Policy at the Defense Polygraph Institute. APA Newsletter, 20, 5-6.
Rec#: 87
Keywords: training-federal-examiners/training-schools/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.

934. Aldrich, C.K. (1989). Psychiatric aspects of lying. American Journal of Psychiatry, 146, 405
Rec#: 9218
Keywords: lying-psychiatric evaluation.
Abstract:Comments that C. V. Ford et al (see PA, Vol 75:26669) did not discuss why patients lie instead of channeling their conflicts into other manifestations. A case study of a 21-yr-old female is presented to illustrate this component of acting-out behavior.

935. Aleksic, Z.L. Anonymous. (1972). Naucno Otkrivanje Zlocina [Scientific Crime Detection] . Belgrade: Yugoslav League of Bar Association. 275-301, 345 p.
Rec#: 88
Keywords: Yugoslavia/admissibility/cases/techniques-POT /validity/surveys.

936. Aleksic, Z.L. (1965). Primena nauchnih dostignuca kod licnih izvora dokaza u krivicnom postupku [The application of scientific innovations concerning personal sources of evidence in crimnal investigations]. Beograd: Institut Za Kriminoloska I Kriminalisticka istrazivanja.
Rec#: 6260
Keywords: Yugoslavia/dissertations and theses/truth serum/criminal investigations.
Notes: Doctoral dissertation; [text in Serbo-Croatian].
Abstract:The monograph is based on the author's revised doctoral dissertation concerning the application of technical accessories and techniques such as the magneto phone, tone filming, polygrpah (lie detector), and drugs in information and evidence gathering durng criminal investigations and/or prosecution. The text consists of an introduction and three chapters.

937. Alexander, A.A., Roessler, R., & Greenfield, N.S. (1963). Ego strength and physiological responsivity. Archives of General Psychiatry, 9, 142-145.
Rec#: 6602
Keywords: autonomic response/MMPI/EMG/heart rate.

938. Alexander, J. (1975). [Review of the book The Assassination Tapes]. Saturday Evening Post, 247, 6, 120.
Rec#: 6438
Keywords: Kennedy, John F./PSE/voice stress analysis/Warren Report/book reviews.

939. Alker, Henry A. Mystification and deception in Presidential press conferences. 76.
Rec#: 89
Keywords: research-content analysis/content analysis.
Notes: Paper presented at the 84th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

940. Allen, D.F. (1983). The effects of suspiciousness on the performance of subjects forewarned about potential deception. Dissertation Abstracts International, 43: (10-A). 3262
Rec#: 94
Keywords: theory-suspiciousness.
Notes: (University Microfilms No. AAD83-00068), 150 p.

941. Allen, John. Memorandum for Dr. John F. Beary, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense, Health Affairs . 83.
Rec#: 95
Keywords: regulations-Department of Defense/screening-Department of Defense/Department of Defense.
Notes: Comments on revised draft DoD 5210.48 and DoD draft regulation 5210.48-12 .

942. Allen, John J. and Iacono, William G. Event-related potentials and implicit behavioral measure in the identification of concealed memories. 91.
Rec#: 97
Keywords: concealed information/event-related potentials/behavioral cues.
Notes: Paper presented at the 31st annual meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research Chicago, IL. Abstracted in Psychophysiology, 28(3A)(Supplement), S3.

943. Allen, J.J.B., & Iacono, W.G. (1997). A comparison of methods for the analysis of event-related potentials in deception detection. Psychophysiology, 34, 234-240.
Rec#: 5223
Keywords: ERP/ROC/P3/deception detection/memory.

944. Allen, J.J.B., & Movius, H.L.I. (2000). The objective assessment of amnesia in dissociative identity disorder using event-related potentials. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 38, 21-41.
Rec#: 7195
Keywords: amnesia/memory/dissociative identity disorder.
Abstract:Assessment of amnesia in dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) typically relies on self-report, the veracity of which cannot often be independently verified. Memory in DID was therefore assessed using an objective method that involved event-related potentials (ERPs) as well as indirect behavioral measures of memory, and that provided statistically supported assessments for each participant.

945. Allen, J.J.I.W.G.D.K.D. (1992). The identification of concealed memories using the event-related potential and implicit behavioral measures: a methodology for prediction in the face of individual differences. Psychophysiology, 29, 504-522.
Rec#: 96
Keywords: event-related potentials/ERP.

946. Allen, Kelly M. and Gutman, Edward G. The polygraph and hypnotically induced repression and reinforcement. 77.
Rec#: 98
Keywords: hypnosis/research-hypnosis.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

947. Allen, R.E. (1939). Lie detector pays . American City, 54, 15
Rec#: 99
Keywords: historical interest-law enforcement/Ohio.

948. Allen, V.L., & Atkinson, M.L. (1981). Detection and perception of deception - The role of analysis of nonverbal behavior. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 364, 279-290.
Rec#: 100
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/research-nonverbal detection of deception.

949. Allmers, H.H., Jr. (1964). Creating proper environment improves polygraph examinations. Law and Order, 12, 66-68.
Rec#: 102
Keywords: testing environment.

950. Allmers, H.H., Jr. (1963). The role of the investigator in preparing for a polygraph examination. Law and Order, 12, 42-43.
Rec#: 101
Keywords: pretest preparation.

951. Alpern, D.M., Sandza, R., Walcott, J., & Willenson, K. (1985). CIA spy hunt: A defector's tale fuels a debate on counterintelligence. Newsweek, November 4, 22-24.
Rec#: 9675
Keywords: counterintelligence/CIA.

952. Alpert, M., Kurtzeberg, R., & Friedhoff, A.J. (1963). Transient voice changes associated with emotional stimuli. Archives of General Psychiatry, 8, 362-365.
Rec#: 6396
Keywords: voice stress analysis/stimuli/emotion.

953. Alpher, V.S., & Blanton, R.L. (1985). The accuracy of lie detection: Why lie tests based on the polygraph should not be admitted into evidence today. Law and Psychology Review, 9, 67-75.
Rec#: 104
Keywords: ethics/criticism-law/admissibility-validity/criticism-validity.

954. Alsop, S. (1964). It's none of your lousy business. Saturday Evening Post, 237, 12
Rec#: 6452
Keywords: counterespionage/CIA/KGB.

955. Altarescu, H.S. (1973). Problems remaining for the "generally accepted" polygraph. Boston University Law Review, 53, 375-405.
Rec#: 107
Keywords: general acceptance/admissibility-unstipulated/admissibility-constitutional issues.

956. Altes, R.A., Redmond, G.F., & Connelly, S.F. Anonymous. ORINCON Corporation. (1985 Dec 20). OCR-85-U-0049,
Rec#: 9676
Keywords: speech content/infrared emission/peak of tension.
Notes: Contract No. 83F802500. Final Report.

957. Altschule, M.D. (1951). Emotion and circulation. Circulation, 3, 444-454.
Rec#: 9451
Keywords: surveys/emotion/circulation.

958. Amato-Henderson, S.L. Anonymous. DoD Polygraph Institute. (1996 Aug). DoDPI97-R-0001,
Rec#: 6679
Keywords: forensic psychophysiology/concealed knowledge test/misinformation effect/memory impairment.
Notes: DTICAD Number A321367.

959. Amato, S.L. (1993 Nov). A survey of members of the Society for Psychophysiological Research regarding the polygraph: opinions and implications.
Rec#: 110
Keywords: surveys-SPR/dissertations and theses.
Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.
Abstract:SPR members generally believe polygraph is useful. Similar to 1982 Gallup Survey.

960. Amato, S.L., & Honts, C.R. Anonymous. (1993).
Rec#: 109
Keywords: surveys-SPR.
Abstract:Of 135 SPR members responding, about 60% believe polygraph is a useful diagnostic tool when considered with other available information; about 38% believe it is of questionable usefulness entitled to little weight. Among the 45% of respondants considering themselves "informed" or "well informed" about PDD, the breakdown was 70% and 26%, respectively.

961. Amelang, M., & Rodel, G. (1970). Persšnlichkeits- und einstellungskorrelate krimineller verhaltensweisen [Personality and attitudinal correlates of criminal behavior]. Psychologische Rundschau, 21, 157-179.
Rec#: 8896
Keywords: attitudes/personality.

962. Amelung, K. (1982). Die verwendung....[The use of a polygraph ("lie detector") as evidence in criminal trials is inadmissible even with the concurrance of the accused]. Neue Zeitschrift fŸr Strafrecht, 1, 38-40.
Rec#: 8895
Keywords: admissibility-Germany/Germany.

963. American Bar Association. (1965). The polygraph [editorial]. ABA Journal, 51,
Rec#: 111
Keywords: examiners-competence.

964. American Medical Association Council on Scientific Affairs. (1986). Polygraph. Journal of the American Medical Association, 256, 1172-1175.
Rec#: 2342
Keywords: criticism/American Medical Association/AMA/research.
Notes: John H. Moxley, Chairman; William R. Hendee, Secretary.
Abstract:Lie detector tests, recording blood pressure, pulse, respirations, and galvanic skin resistance while questions are asked, have been offered in court as evidence since the 1920's. The courts have still not entirely accepted polygraph evidence. However, employers are using it for security clearance, screening, cheating, and determination of paternity. These uses have not been adequately studied, but the test is not yet reliable enough to be the sole arbiter of guilt or innocence in a criminal trial. It is no more accurate when applied to personnel screening. Though the polygraph can recognize guilty suspects with an accuracy that is better than chance, error rates of significant size are possible. Until testing and its scoring can be shown to be valid with a high level of predictability, the AMA should not support the polygraphy test in industry or in the Federal Government as a preemployment test.

965. American Polygraph Association. (1983). Manual for polygraph school inspections. Polygraph, 12, 91-143.
Rec#: 114
Keywords: American Polygraph Association/training-basic/ethics/school accreditation.

966. American Psychological Association. (1986). APA resolution says reliability of polygraph test "unsatisfactory." [APA press release].
Rec#: 119
Keywords: American Psychological Association/criticism-screening.
Notes: 2 p.

967. American Psychological Association. (1975). Can the sane be distinguished from the insane? Polygraph, 4, 372-374.
Rec#: 117
Keywords: psychology-psychosis/subjects-psychotic/American Psychological Association.

968. American Psychological Association. (1976). Motives for drug use related to adverse reactions. Polygraph, 5, 331
Rec#: 118
Keywords: American Psychological Association/drugs/personality variables-drug use.

969. American Psychological Association. (1987). Polygraphs unsuitable for employment screening, APA tells Congress [press release].
Rec#: 120
Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/American Psychological Association/criticism-screening.
Notes: 2 p.

970. American Psychological Association, Subcommittee on Methods of Lie Detection. (1946). [Report of the subcommittee]. American Journal of Psychology, 59, 544-545.
Rec#: 116
Keywords: American Psychological Association/historical interest-psychology.

971. Anonymous. Statement concerning the Polygraph Protection Act of 1985 (Senate Bill S. 1815) . ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 297-309p.
Rec#: 122
Keywords: legislation-federal-screening-ban/screening-commercial-legislation/American Society for Industrial Security.

972. Ames, F.R. (1953). Objective detection of lying. Journal of Forensic Medicine, 1, 94-100.
Rec#: 124
Keywords: history.

973. Ames, M.P. (1977). Preparation of the expert witness. Trial , August, 20-28.
Rec#: 9678
Keywords: witnesses/eyewitness testimony.

974. Amsel, Tuvya. PSE-polygraph study: Psychological stress evaluation compared to polygraph validity as a lie detector. 79.
Rec#: 126
Keywords: research-voice stress analysis/PSE-correlation to polygraph/reliability-PSE to polygraph.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Zarynoff & Co. Atlanta, Georgia; study performed in Tel-Aviv, Israel .

975. Amsel, T.T. (1999). Exclusive or nonexclusive comparison questions: A comparative field study. Polygraph, 28, 273-283.
Rec#: 6774
Keywords: ZCT/physiological responses/comparison questions-exclusive /field study.

976. Amsel, T.T. (1997). Fear of consequences and motivation as influencing factors in the psychophysiological detection of deception. Polygraph, 26, 255-267.
Rec#: 6773
Keywords: psychophysiological responses/detection of deception.

977. Andanoff, J.C., Furedy, J.J., & Heslegrave, R.J. (1995). Electrodermal detection of deception as a function of method acting on temporal sequencing of events. Psychophysiology, 32, S16
Rec#: 9136
Keywords: electrodermal/method acting.
Notes: [abstract].
Abstract:The Toronto laboratory has recently been assessing a role-playing laboratory Guilty Knowledge Test analogue in which subjects are taken through an imaginary house break-in through one (e.g., kitchen) of five PLACEs, and choose to take one (e.g., wallet) of five ITEMs. Questions are then delivered by computer (to reduce examiner bias) about the PLACEs and ITEMs, and electrodermal detection is assessed by the degree to which skin-conductance responses to critical questions (the PLACE entered and the ITEM taken) exceed those to control questions. In this study, half of 32 subject were given method-acting instructions, while the remainder were given standard instructions. Another between-subject manipulation was whether the questions were asked in a temporally-consistent (PLACEs questions first) or inconsistent (ITEMs questions first) order. In general, the detection effect (critical>control) emerged reliably, p<.01. However, an interaction occurred between method acting and temporal sequencing, with method acting leading to reduced electrodermal responding during temporally-inconsistent questioning, and enhanced responding during temporally-consistent questioning. In addition, the combination of inconsistent questioning and method acting eliminated the detection-of-deception effect. Finally, a subjective measure of emotional involvement suggested that those subjects who reported less emotional involvement yielded a greater detection effect. These counter-intuitive effects of manipulated and measured emotional involvement reinforce the necessity of relying on empirical data for testing our intuitions.

978. Anderson, D.E., Ansfield, M.E., & DePaulo, B.M. (1999). Love's best habit: Deception in the context of relationships. In P. Philippot, R.S. Feldman, & E.J. Coats (Eds.), The social context of nonverbal behavior. (pp. 372-409). Paris: Cambridge University Press.
Rec#: 6023
Keywords: deception/nonverbal-communication.
Abstract:(Chapter 14) Examines the social context of deception, particularly its detection within the context of relationships, intimate and otherwise. The authors review the available research on this subject, examining the various motivations, both of the liar and of the target of deception, that may improve or undermine accuracy at detecting deception. In addition, they explore why deception may occur in relationships, and how it may, at times, help preserve a relationship when the truth might threaten it.///The relationship between deception and cues found in nonverbal behavior, types of lies, familiarity and deception detection accuracy, evidence pertinent to the link between closeness and truth bias, and the consequences of deception are discussed.

979. Anderson, L. (1997). Everything you wanted to know about sex offender polygraph examinations. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 31,
Rec#: 5319
Keywords: sex offenders/blood pressure/criminal trials/accuracy/lying.

980. Anderson, L., Arther, R., & Arther, C. (1995). Conducting sex-offender polygraph examinations: part one. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 29,
Rec#: 5664
Keywords: sex offenders/probation/pretest interview.

981. Anderson, L., Arther, R., & Arther, C. (1995). Conducting sex-offender polygraph examinations: part two. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 30,
Rec#: 5666
Keywords: sex offenders/probation/pretest interview.

982. Anderson, M.C. (1991). The role of forensic psychophysiology in our future concept of security. Polygraph, 20, 181-186.
Rec#: 132
Keywords: Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.

983. Anderson, N.B. (1989). Racial differences in stress-induced cardiovascular reactivity and hypertension: Current status and substantive issues. Psychological Bulletin, 105, 89-105.
Rec#: 9219
Keywords: hypertension/cardiovascular reactivity-stress induced/demographics/race.

984. Anderson, W.B. (1997). Chinese torture of Tibetans, was it true? Polygraph, 26, 280-286.
Rec#: 6775
Keywords: victims/witnesses/polygraph general/China.
Abstract:An experienced polygraph examiner is sent to India by the Philadelphia Inquirer to test 24 Tibetan refugees to determine if these witness/victim/sources were truthful in their statemenets of severe torture, and death by Chinese officials of Tibetan independence activists.

985. Anderson, W.B. (1999). Memory, reason, emotion, anatomy and the polygraph the mind-body link offered by neurobiology and related sciences. Polygraph, 28, 259-262.
Rec#: 6778
Keywords: testifying-memory/testimony-eyewitness/emotion.

986. Andreassi, J.L. Anonymous. (1995). 3rd ed, Hillsdale, N. J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Rec#: 7513
Keywords: validity-surveys.
Notes: Chapter 14: Applied Psychophysiology. Contains detection of deception.

987. Andreassi, J.L. Anonymous. (1980). New York: Oxford University Press.
Rec#: 133
Keywords: validity-surveys.
Notes: Chapter 13: Applications of Physiological Measures to Practical Problems contains detection of deception.

988. Andreassi, J.L. Anonymous. (1989). 2nd ed. ed, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Rec#: 134
Keywords: validity-surveys.
Notes: Chapter 13: Applications of Physiological Measures to Practical Problems contains detection of deception.

989. Andrews, E. (1986). Polygraph tests now an issue. Restaurant Business, October 10,
Rec#: 9679
Keywords: Accuracy/theft-employees/discriminant analysis.

990. Andrews, L.B. (1983). How lie detectors lie. Parents, March, 26-31.
Rec#: 9680
Keywords: applications/preemployment screening/psychological stress evaluator/credibility assessment.

991. Angoff, W.H. (1974). The development of statistical indices for detecting cheaters. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 69, 44-49.
Rec#: 136
Keywords: research-psychology/content analysis/cheating-detection.

992. Angus, J.E., & Castelaz, P.F. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1993 Oct). DoDPI93-R-0010,
Rec#: 137
Keywords: artificial neural networks/ANN/signal processing/algorithms.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A305751.
Abstract:The purpose of this research was to investigate the use of artificial neural networks (ANN) in classifying psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) examinations as deceptive or non-deceptive. ANNs are mathematical models of the computing architecture of the human brain. An ANN was designed to accept all four signals (galvanic skin resistance, cardiovascular activity, thoracic respiration and abdominal respiration) from the polygraph output in their entirety. The PDD data used in the study consisted of confirmed Zone Comparison Technique (ZCT) examinations of 56 subjects, of which only 15 were non-deceptive. The ANN application resulted in an 87% correct classification of non-deceptive subjects and a 95% correct classification of deceptive subjects. The misclassifications were evenly split: 2 misclassified deceptives (out of 41) and 2 misclassified non-deceptives (out of 15). The two non-deceptives were just slightly over the classification threshold, into the deceptive region of the classification space, and could potentially be called inconclusive. While these results are promising, they are based on a limited set of data, so generalization to a claim that they will successfully address the overall polygraph classification problem requires more extensive evaluation and demonstration on a much larger database of subjects.

993. Angus, J.E., & Castelaz, P.F. Anonymous. (1993 Nov 30). Final Report, CDRL 0001AC, Contract No. N00014-93-C-0207, submitted to the Office of Naval Research. DoDPI93-R-0011.,
Rec#: 138
Keywords: artificial neural networks/ANN/Claremont Graduate School.

994. Angus, J.E., Castelaz, P.F., & Crowley, M. Anonymous. (1995 Jun 30). CDRL Item No. 0001AE, Contract No. N00014-94-C-0255,
Rec#: 9110
Keywords: questions-all-relevant/test data analysis-artificial neural networks.

995. Anliker, W.C. (1983). Photographs: A pre-test danger. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 18, 3-4.
Rec#: 140
Keywords: pretest/subjects-pretest interview.

996. Annon, J.S. (1988). Detection of deception and search for truth: A proposed model with particular reference to the witness, the victim, and the defendant. Forensic Reports, 1, 303-360.
Rec#: 9220
Keywords: theory/instrumentation/plethysmograph/narcoanalysis/hypnosis/interrogation/cognitive interview/behavioral cues/nonverbal cues/psychological tests/testimony assessment/evidence/memory.

997. Ansley, A. (1982). Can tranquilizers distort polygraph tests? Alabama Association of Polygraph Examiners Newsletter, 1
Rec#: 142
Keywords: countermeasures-drugs/tranquilizers.

998. Ansley, N. Bill Marley. (Oct 5 1988).
Rec#: 8374
Keywords: inconclusive results.
Notes: Regarding inconclusive polygraph results.

999. Ansley, N. William J. Yankee. (Sep 8 1989).
Rec#: 8384
Keywords: admissibility-military.
Notes: Regarding polygraph admissibility at military trials.

1000. Ansley, N. (1975). The 1975 hearings before the District of Columbia Council. Polygraph Review, 2, 1-7.
Rec#: 158
Keywords: licensing-Washington, DC/screening-commercial-licensing/criticism-political.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 4(4), 382.

1001. Ansley, N. (1972). Acceptance test for instruments. Polygraph, 1, 32-35.
Rec#: 147
Keywords: instruments.

1002. Ansley, N. (1989). Accuracy and utility of RI screening by student examiners at DoDPI. Fort Meade, MD: National Security Agency.
Rec#: 6399
Keywords: techniques-R&I/utility/validity.

1003. Ansley, N. (1978). Admissibility of polygraph evidence in criminal and civil cases. Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association.
Rec#: 185
Keywords: admissibility-criminal cases/admissibility-civil cases.

1004. Ansley, N. (1982). Analysis of polygraph charts: A bibliography. Polygraph , 12, 28-37.
Rec#: 6872
Keywords: charts.

1005. Ansley, N. (1994). Appellate Decisions Involving Polygraph Issues. Polygraph, 23, 95-104.
Rec#: 9570
Keywords: judicial decisions/evidence.

1006. Ansley, N. (1977). Basic and advanced polygraph training. American Polygraph Association Newsletter, 10, 8
Rec#: 177
Keywords: training-basic/training-advanced.

1007. Ansley, N. (1986). A bibliography of recent scientific studies on the polygraph. Polygraph, 15, 228-230.
Rec#: 5958
Keywords: bibliographies.

1008. Ansley, N. (1979). Bibliography on paternity and the polygraph. Polygraph Law Reporter, 2, 3
Rec#: 188
Keywords: applications-paternity/bibliographies-paternity/admissibility-paternity.

1009. Ansley, N. (1986). Bibliography on stipulated admissibility of polygraph test results. Polygraph, 15, 77-80.
Rec#: 213
Keywords: bibliographies/admissibility-stipulated.

1010. Ansley, Norman. A bibliography on validity and reliability of polygraph techniques. 82.
Rec#: 6288
Keywords: bibliographies/validity/reliability/techniques.

1011. Ansley, N. N. Ansley. (1956). The board of polygraph examiners. Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners. 63-66 p.
Rec#: 145
Keywords: Board of Polygraph Examiners/instruments-standards/examiners-ethics.
Notes: [Paper presented at the New York University Conference on Criminal Interrogation & Lie Detection,1952].

1012. Ansley, N. N. Ansley. (1975). Capillary responses as a polygraph channel. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 257-265 p.
Rec#: 159
Keywords: plethysmograph/test data analysis-plethysmograph.

1013. Ansley, N. (1999). Chart Interpretation--a bibliography. Polygraph, 28, 85-93.
Rec#: 4457
Keywords: bibliographies.

1014. Ansley, N. (1959). A comparison of arm-cuff and wrist-cuff blood pressure patterns in polygraph charts. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science, 50, 192-194.
Rec#: 146
Keywords: physiological measures/blood pressure/instruments-blood pressure/instruments-wrist cuff.

1015. Ansley, Norman. A comparison of two standard techniques in an operational polygraph setting. 87.
Rec#: 6262
Keywords: techniques-counterintelligence screening.

1016. Ansley, N. (1983). A compendium on polygraph validity. Polygraph, 12, 53-61.
Rec#: 204
Keywords: validity.

1017. Ansley, N. (1989). A compendium on polygraph validity. The Narc Officer, 5, 43-45.
Rec#: 223
Keywords: validity-field examinations/validity-laboratory.

1018. Ansley, Norman. Countermeasures publications. nd.
Rec#: 9111
Keywords: countermeasures.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1019. Ansley, N. (1975). Court protects examiner-attorney relationship. APA Newsletter, 9
Rec#: 166
Keywords: law-attorney-client privilege.

1020. Ansley, N. (1999). Development of deception criteria prior to 1950. Polygraph, 28, 28-36.
Rec#: 6817
Keywords: cardiovascular/deception cues/electrodermal/motor response/historical interest/respiration/word association/terminology.

1021. Ansley, N. (1953). Directory of polygraph instruments. Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners.
Rec#: 143
Keywords: historical interest-instruments.
Notes: Later incorporated into N. Ansley and R. Weir, Jr. (Eds.), Selected papers on the polygraph, Appendix I, Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners.

1022. Ansley, N. (1991). Drugs and the polygraph: A bibliography. Polygraph, 20, 214-216.
Rec#: 225
Keywords: drugs/bibliographies.

1023. Ansley, N. (1977). Drugs for hypertension and polygraph results - A case example. Polygraph, 6, 53-57.
Rec#: 178
Keywords: drugs-hypertension/test data analysis-drug effects.

1024. Ansley, N. (1974). The education and training of Maryland polygraph examiners. Maryland Polygraph Review, 1-5.
Rec#: 157
Keywords: training/examiners-training.

1025. Ansley, Norman. The effectiveness of third and fourth polygraph examinations. 80.
Rec#: 8394
Keywords: repeated tests/National Security Agency-polygraph program.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1026. Ansley, N. (1991). Emotion And Respiration: A Bibliography. Polygraph, 20, 46-51.
Rec#: 9627
Keywords: emotion/respiration/bibliographies.

1027. Ansley, N. (1976). Examiner reviews criticism by psychologist. The Hennepin Lawyer, 44, 5, 31.
Rec#: 171
Keywords: criticism-general/reviews.

1028. Ansley, N. (1989). The eye and lie detection - A bibliography. Polygraph, 18, 221-222.
Rec#: 217
Keywords: eye/pupillometry/bibliographies-eye.

1029. Ansley, Norman. Federal and state case law on polygraph screening. nd.
Rec#: 6581
Keywords: screening/law-federal/law-state.

1030. Ansley, N. (1977). Free polygraph service for unjustly convicted. Federal Probation, 41, 51-52.
Rec#: 179
Keywords: applications-criminal justice/American Polygraph Association-case review committee.

1031. Ansley, N. Anonymous. Defense Personnel Research Center. (1999 Jul). FRI-99-1,
Rec#: 1226
Keywords: zone comparison/deception criteria/charts.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A366488.
Abstract:FRI recorded on forms the deception related reactions found on 616 polygraph charts from 174 criminal cases in which ground truth was known.

1032. Ansley, N. (1980). General problems. Polygraph Review, 1, 1-17.
Rec#: 195
Keywords: question formulation/techniques-general.

1033. Ansley, N. (1977). Georgia Supreme Court admits polygraph evidence. APA Newsletter, 10-11.
Rec#: 183
Keywords: admissibility-Georgia.

1034. Ansley, N. (1988). Grand jury admissibility. Polygraph, 17, 118-119.
Rec#: 2063
Keywords: admissibility-grand jury/grand jury.

1035. Ansley, Norman. A guide to the admissibility of polygraph results. 77.
Rec#: 9681
Keywords: admissibility/court rulings.

1036. Ansley, Norman. Guilty knkowledge tests (GKT) and Peak of tension tests (POT). 93.
Rec#: 9688
Keywords: GKT/POT/emotion.

1037. Ansley, N. (1981). Habeas corpus relief and exclusion of polygraph results. Polygraph Review, 2, 1-7.
Rec#: 199
Keywords: admissibility-habeas corpus.

1038. Ansley, N. (1992). Historical note: A.R. Luria: Motor reactions and lie detection in the 1920s. Polygraph, 21, 80-81.
Rec#: 227
Keywords: USSR/Russia/tremorgraph/history.

1039. Ansley, N. (1992). The history and accuracy of guilty knowledge and peak of tension tests. Polygraph, 21, 174-247.
Rec#: 228
Keywords: GKT/POT.

1040. Ansley, N. (1982). House of Representatives hearing on Pentagon polygraph regulation. APA Newsletter, 15, 5-10.
Rec#: 200
Keywords: legislation-federal/screening-government/applications-counterintelligence.

1041. Ansley, N. (1986). Hypnosis and the polygraph: A bibliography. Polygraph, 15, 276-278.
Rec#: 214
Keywords: bibliographies/hypnosis/countermeasures.

1042. Ansley, N. (1977). Illinois court rules polygraph a profession, PSE excluded. APA Newsletter, 13-14.
Rec#: 184
Keywords: law-profession defined/licensing-Illinois/voice stress analysis/PSE.

1043. Ansley, N. (1998). The irrelevant question: A descriptive review. Polygraph, 276, 276-283.
Rec#: 6782
Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method/control questions.

1044. Ansley, N. (1973). Israeli police polygraph school. Polygraph, 2, 146-147.
Rec#: 151
Keywords: training/Israel-training/APA-school accreditation/Israel.

1045. Ansley, N. (1972). The Keeler Polygraph Institute. Polygraph, 1, 27-31.
Rec#: 149
Keywords: training/history/APA-school accreditation.

1046. Ansley, N. (1989). Law and the polygraph: a bibliography. Fort Meade, MD: National Security Agency.
Rec#: 6400
Keywords: law/bibliographies-law.

1047. Ansley, N. (1990). Law Notes. Polygraph, 19, 210-220.
Rec#: 9684
Keywords: evidence /admissibility/limiting-states/prisons-discipline.
Abstract:Lenea v. Lane; United States V. Piccinonna; Elder v. Coronet Insurance Co. and Elston Claim Service, Inc.; State v. Schaeffer; Warren v. City of Asheville; State v. Jamison; Navada bill limiting polygraph use by business.

1048. Ansley, N. (1989). Law notes: Case decisions on admissibility. Polygraph, 18, 117-121.
Rec#: 218
Keywords: admissibility/cases.

1049. Ansley, N. (1990). Law notes: Civil and criminal cases. Polygraph, 19, 72-102.
Rec#: 224
Keywords: applications-warrants/admissibility-civil cases/admissibility-criminal cases/law-constitutional rights/ACLU/Houston Police Department/Houston Fire Department/law-class action suit/legislation-Nevada.

1050. Ansley, N. (1989). Law notes: Jury polled. Polygraph, 18, 46-47.
Rec#: 219
Keywords: law-juries/bibliographies-law.

1051. Ansley, N. (1989). Law notes: Text of H.R. 3451 to amend EPPA, and case abstracts. Polygraph, 18, 223-229.
Rec#: 220
Keywords: admissibility/law-EPPA.

1052. Ansley, N. (1989). Law notes: Two jurisdictions and admissibility: federal and case notes and abstracts. Polygraph, 18, 177-182.
Rec#: 6779
Keywords: admissibility/cases-federal.

1053. Ansley, N. Anonymous. (1978). Laws relating to the polygraph. Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association.
Rec#: 186
Keywords: law-state/law-federal/licensing.

1054. Ansley, N. Anonymous. (1975). Legal admissibility of the polygraph. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
Rec#: 161
Keywords: admissibility/law/techniques-general/validity-general/surveys/bibliographies/instruments.
Abstract:Papers given at the seventh annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association are presented. The 1972 seminar was aimed at overturning the 1923 Frye v. United States decision, which remains the basis for rejecting polygraph evidence as admissible legal testimony. Polygraph experts, lawyers, physiologists, and psychologists have put themselves on record that this decision no longer represents the state of the art of polygraph. New and promising techniques in papers by polygraph experts show that the polygraph is scientifically valid, accurate, and reliable and provide data to attack Frye in the following areas: law, validity, technique, and instrumentation.

1055. Ansley, N. (1994). Legal Articles On The Employee Polygraph Protection Act Of 1988. Polygraph, 23, 112-115.
Rec#: 9571
Keywords: EPPA/legal issues.

1056. Ansley, Norman. The legal status of polygraph evidence in foreign nations. 89.
Rec#: 6401
Keywords: foreign usage.

1057. Ansley, Norman. The literature on countermeasures. 82.
Rec#: 202
Keywords: countermeasures/bibliographies.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the Maryland Polygraph Association, Anne Arundel Community College, Arnold, MD.

1058. Ansley, N. (1989). Management and supervision of police polygraph operations, a bibliography. Polygraph, 18, 168-176.
Rec#: 7732
Keywords: bibliographies/police-management/police-supervision.

1059. Ansley, N. (nd). Non-verbal detection of deception: A bibliographic supplement.
Rec#: 6591
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

1060. Ansley, N. (1979). Peak of tension - A bibliography. Polygraph, 8, 68-72.
Rec#: 190
Keywords: bibliographies-techniques-peak of tension/stimulus tests/questions-peak of tension.

1061. Ansley, N. (1988). PL 100-347: Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988. Polygraph, 17, 138-148.
Rec#: 7742
Keywords: PSE/psychological stress evaluator/voice stress analyzer/Employee Polygraph Protection Act.
Abstract:Under the law, lie detector includes a polygraph, deceptograph, voice stress analyzer, psychological stress evaluator or any other similar device (mechanical or electrical) that is used for the purpose of rendering a diagnostic opinion regarding the honesty or dishonesty of an individual. The law prohibits employers from requiring or suggesting that any employee or prospective take a lie detector test; prohibits the use of test results; and prohibits the discharge, discipline, or discrimination against any employee on the basis of test results or for refusal to submit to lie detector testing. The law calls for civil penalties against employers who violate the terms of the law. It also specifies certain exemptions in the interest of national defense and security, in the case of Federal Bureau of Investigation contractors; in certain ongoing investigations; and in specified security services. Restrictions on the use of exemptions are delineated. Rights of the examinee during the pretest, test, and post-test phases are outlined, as are qualifications and requirements of examiners. The law was approved June 27, 1988.

1062. Ansley, N. (1973). Plethysmography - A bibliography. Polygraph, 2, 153-161.
Rec#: 152
Keywords: plethysmography/bibliographies/plethysmograph.

1063. Ansley, N. N. Ansley. (1975). Plethysmography - A bibliography. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 333-338 p.
Rec#: 162
Keywords: plethysmography/bibliographies/plethysmograph.

1064. Ansley, N. (1976). The pneumograph: A bibliography. Polygraph, 5, 269-272.
Rec#: 172
Keywords: pneumo-bibliographies/bibliographies-pneumograph/instruments-pneumo/test data analysis-pneumo.

1065. Ansley, N. (1993). Police Applicant Screening--A Bibliography. Polygraph, 22, 120-124.
Rec#: 9572
Keywords: screening-police/applicants/bibliographies.

1066. Ansley, N. (1975). Police screening - The results of 413 examinations. Maryland Polygraph Review, 2-7.
Rec#: 167
Keywords: screening-police/Maryland/cases-screening-police.

1067. Ansley, Norman. The polygraph : A product of cultural and technical progress. nd.
Rec#: 9689
Keywords: physiological processes/interrogation.

1068. Ansley, N. (1992). Polygraph and probation: A bibliography. Polygraph, 21, 143-145.
Rec#: 229
Keywords: applications-probation/bibliographies.

1069. Ansley, Norman. Polygraph bibliography. nd.
Rec#: 8344
Keywords: bibliographies.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1070. Ansley, Norman. Polygraph countermeasures. 82.
Rec#: 6403
Keywords: countermeasures.
Notes: Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar, FBI Academy, Quantico, VA.

1071. Ansley, Norman. Polygraph evidence and courtroom testimony: a selected bibliography. 89.
Rec#: 6263
Keywords: courtroom testimony/bibliographies.
Notes: Prepared for DoD Polygraph Institute, Ft. McClellan, AL.

1072. Ansley, Norman. Polygraph in the federal service. 84.
Rec#: 9683
Keywords: preemployment screening/detection of deception.
Notes: Paper prepared for the SECOM meeting, October 15, 1984, Williamsburg, Virginia.

1073. Ansley, N. (1975). The polygraph profession: An opportunity for psychologists. Maryland Psychological Association Newsletter, 4-6.
Rec#: 169
Keywords: examiners-general.

1074. Ansley, N. (1979). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 8, 78-79.
Rec#: 192
Keywords: ethics.

1075. Ansley, N. (1976). The pre-test interview: A bibliography. Polygraph, 5, 92-93.
Rec#: 174
Keywords: bibliographies-pretest interview/pretest.

1076. Ansley, Norman. Psychopaths as polygraph subjects. nd.
Rec#: 8354
Keywords: psychopaths.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1077. Ansley, N. (1998). Question formulation. Polygraph, 27, 181-187.
Rec#: 6803
Keywords: control questions/Guilty knowledge test/peak of tension/question formulation/irrelevants/relevant questions/semantics.

1078. Ansley, N. (1978). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility. Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association.
Rec#: 6405
Keywords: admissibility.

1079. Ansley, Norman. Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, 3rd ed. 79.
Rec#: 6404
Keywords: admissibility.
Notes: Special issue for the Federal Interagency Polygraph Committee Seminar, FBI Academy, Quantico, VA.

1080. Ansley, N. (1980). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, 6th ed. Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association.
Rec#: 6261
Keywords: admissibility.

1081. Ansley, N. (1983). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, licensing laws, and limiting laws . Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association.
Rec#: 6289
Keywords: admissibility/licensing-state/law-limiting-state/law-limiting-federal/admissibility-state/admissibility-federal.
Notes: (8th ed., revised and enlarged).

1082. Ansley, N. (1990). Quick Reference Guide To Polygraph Admissibility, Licensing Laws, And Limiting Laws. Polygraph, 19, 140
Rec#: 9685
Keywords: admissibility/law-licensing/law-limiting.

1083. Ansley, N. (1985). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, licensing laws, and limiting laws, 10th edition. Severna Park, Maryland: American Polygraph Association.
Rec#: 6924
Keywords: admissibility-federal/admissibility-state/licensing-state/law-limiting.

1084. Ansley, N. (1987). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, licensing laws and limiting laws, 11th ed. Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.
Rec#: 6406
Keywords: admissibility-state/admissibility-federal/licensing-state/law-limiting-state.

1085. Ansley, N. (1987). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, licensing laws and limiting laws, 12th edition, revised. Severna Park, Maryland: American Polygraph association.
Rec#: 6925
Keywords: admissibility-federal/admissibility-state/licensing-state.

1086. Ansley, N. (1988). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, licensing laws and limiting laws, 13th ed. APA:
Rec#: 7016
Keywords: admissibility-federal/admissibility-state/law-licensing.

1087. Ansley, N. Anonymous. (1989). Quick Reference Guide to Polygraph Admissibility, Licensing Laws, and Limiting Laws, 14th Edition, Revised. Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.
Rec#: 221
Keywords: licensing-state/law-limiting-state/law-limiting-federal/admissibility-state.

1088. Ansley, Norman. Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, licensing laws, and limiting laws, 9th ed. 84.
Rec#: 6770
Keywords: admissibility.

1089. Ansley, Norman. Quick reference guide to polygraph validity. 83.
Rec#: 9682
Keywords: validity/criminal trials.

1090. Ansley, N. (1992). A. R. Luria: Motor Reactions And Lie Detection In The 1920s. Polygraph, 21, 80-81.
Rec#: 9573
Keywords: Luria, A. R./historical interest .

1091. Ansley, Norman. Recent scientific studies on the polygraph. nd.
Rec#: 8364
Keywords: bibliographies-research.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1092. Ansley, N. (1980). Research on the validity of the relevant-irrelevant technique as used in screening. Polygraph, 9, 153-161.
Rec#: 197
Keywords: validity/techniques-R&I/screening/bibliographies.

1093. Ansley, N. (1989). Resource materials on the polygraph and child abuse cases. Polygraph, 18, 51-53.
Rec#: 222
Keywords: law-child abuse/cases-child abuse/bibliographies-child abuse.

1094. Ansley, N. (1993). Review of polygraph case law for 1992-1993. Polygraph, 22, 194-226.
Rec#: 232
Keywords: licensing/Mississippi/court rulings.

1095. Ansley, N. (1992). A review of polygraph case law in 1991. Polygraph, 21, 58-71.
Rec#: 230
Keywords: legal rulings.

1096. Ansley, N. (1975). [Review of the book Cardiovascular Psychophysiology, Current Issues in Response Mechanisms, Biofeedback, and Methodology]. Polygraph, 4, 180-182.
Rec#: 9452
Keywords: psychophysiology-cardiovascular/book reviews.

1097. Ansley, N. (1975). [Review of the book Electrodermal activity in psychological research]. Polygraph, 4, 377-379.
Rec#: 160
Keywords: book reviews/research-electrodermal.

1098. Ansley, N. (1979). [Review of the book Employee theft investigation]. Polygraph, 8, 384-385.
Rec#: 189
Keywords: book reviews.

1099. Ansley, N. (1997). [Review of the book Forensic psychophysiology, using the polygraph: scientific truth verification -lie detection]. Polygraph , 26, 65-68.
Rec#: 6780
Keywords: book reviews/forensic psychophysiology/countermeasures/validity.

1100. Ansley, N. (1979). [Review of the book How to Sting the Polygraph]. Polygraph, 8, 289
Rec#: 7508
Keywords: book reviews/countermeasures-general.

1101. Ansley, N. (1972). [Review of the book International registry of computer users among psychophysiologists]. Polygraph, 1, 252
Rec#: 9453
Keywords: book reviews/psychophysiologists/computer.

1102. Ansley, N. (1972). [Review of the book Investigation and preparation of criminal cases, federal and state]. Polygraph, 1, 180-181.
Rec#: 148
Keywords: admissibility-federal/admissibility-state/book reviews.

1103. Ansley, N. (1975). [Review of the book Scientific and expert evidence in criminal advocac]. Polygraph, 4, 380-381.
Rec#: 163
Keywords: book reviews.

1104. Ansley, N. (1974). [Review of the book So who's afraid of a polygraph test?]. Polygraph, 3, 344
Rec#: 155
Keywords: book reviews.

1105. Ansley, N. (1984). [Review of the book Ten years of Polygraph: A ten-year index, 1972-1982]. Polygraph, 13, 279
Rec#: 5274
Keywords: book reviews/bibliographies.

1106. Ansley, N. (1975). [Review of the book Undercover investigation]. Polygraph, 4, 288
Rec#: 165
Keywords: book reviews.

1107. Ansley, N. (1975). [Review of the motion picture The autonomic nervous system]. Polygraph, 4, 289
Rec#: 150
Keywords: book reviews.

1108. Ansley, N. (1979). Review of "The polygraph and probation", by John O. Knowlton. Polygraph Law Reporter, 2, -
Rec#: 191
Keywords: applications-probation/law--probation.
Notes: "The polygraph and probation" published in Idaho Law Review, 9 (1) (Fall 1972), p. 74-82.

1109. Ansley, N. Anonymous. (1983). A review of the scientific literature on the validity, reliability, and utility of polygraph techniques (3rd ed.). Fort Meade, MD: National Security Agency.
Rec#: 205
Keywords: validity/reliability/utility/reviews.

1110. Ansley, N. (1990). Scientific research on detecting deception and verifying truth. Washington, D. C: United States Department of Defense.
Rec#: 7504
Keywords: detection of deception.
Notes: Collection of abstracts.

1111. Ansley, N. (1995). Simulations and polygraph research. Polygraph , 24, 275-289.
Rec#: 5063
Keywords: research.

1112. Ansley, N. (1980). Some observations on question formulation. Polygraph Review, 1, 1-21.
Rec#: 198
Keywords: question formulation.
Notes: Reprinted in Voice, p. 19-25.

1113. Ansley, Norman. Some observations on question formulation. 80.
Rec#: 8404
Keywords: question formulation.
Notes: Paper presented at the Spring Seminar of the Ohio Association of Polygraph Examiners, Columbus, OH.

1114. Ansley, Norman. Some old thoughts and some new thoughts on polygraph research. 91.
Rec#: 226
Keywords: history/research-computers/test data analysis-computer/validity-laboratory/validity-field examinations/surveys-research.
Notes: Paper presented at the meeting of the Virginia Polygraph Association, Williamsburg, VA.

1115. Ansley, Norman. State laws on the polygraph. nd.
Rec#: 9129
Keywords: law-licensing/law-limiting.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1116. Anonymous. Statement of Norman Ansley, Chief, Polygraph Division, Office of Security, National Security Agency . ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 45-62p.
Rec#: 211
Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/screening-NSA/validity-research/validity-field research/cases-counterintelligence.
Notes: Relating to the administration of polygraph examinations and prepublication review requirements by federal agencies .

1117. Ansley, N. (1987). The status of polygraph evidence in federal courts. Polygraph, 16, 75-78.
Rec#: 215
Keywords: admissibility-federal/admissibility-military .

1118. Ansley, N. (1975). Stipulated admissibility reversed by Georgia Appellate Court. Polygraph, 4, 340
Rec#: 164
Keywords: admissibility-Georgia/stipulated examinations-Georgia.

1119. Ansley, Norman. The study of countermeasures. 82.
Rec#: 201
Keywords: countermeasures/bibliographies.
Notes: Paper prepared for the Twelfth Annual National Workshop on Practical Polygraph Procedures, Delta College, University Center, MI.

1120. Ansley, N. (1979). Testifying in court - A bibliography. Polygraph, 8, 239-241.
Rec#: 193
Keywords: courtroom testimony/bibliographies.

1121. Anonymous. Testimony of Norman Ansley, Chief, Polygraph Division, Office of Security, National Security Agency. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 206
Keywords: screening-federal/legislation-federal/examiners-federal.

1122. Anonymous. Testimony of Norman Ansley, Chief, Polygraph Division, Office of Security, National Security Agency. ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 44-53, 87-94p.
Rec#: 209
Keywords: screening-government/cases-counterintelligence/applications-counterintelligence/surveys-CI test results/Department of Defense-polygraph programs/National Security Agency-polygraph program.
Notes: Printed in Polygraph, 13, 166-176.

1123. Ansley, N. (1953). Testing the physically handicapped. Board of Polygraph Examiners Bulletin, 3 p.
Rec#: 144
Keywords: subjects-handicapped/techniques-handicapped.

1124. Ansley, N. (1976). Testing the physically handicapped. Polygraph, 5, 59-67.
Rec#: 175
Keywords: subjects-handicapped/techniques-handicapped.

1125. Ansley, N. (1992). Twenty years of Polygraph. Polygraph, 21, 146-153.
Rec#: 231
Keywords: History.

1126. Ansley, N. (1974). U.S. District Court supports police polygraph screening. Polygraph, 3, 412-416.
Rec#: 156
Keywords: screening-police-San Francisco/law-screening-police/San Francisco Police Department.

1127. Ansley, N. (1976). U.S. v. Oliver, a federal landmark decision. Security Management, 20, 28-29.
Rec#: 176
Keywords: admissibility-federal-criminal cases.

1128. Ansley, Norman. Use of the GSR in lie detection. 71.
Rec#: 9112
Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/bibliographies.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1129. Ansley, N. (1975-1976). The use of the polygraph in paternity suits being studied. APA Newsletter, 8
Rec#: 170
Keywords: applications-paternity.

1130. Ansley, N. (1990). The validity and reliability of polygraph decisions in real cases. Polygraph, 19, 169-181.
Rec#: 6264
Keywords: validity/reliability.
Notes: Reprinted by the American Polygraph Association. Library has 1 copies including one signed by the author.

1131. Ansley, Norman. Validity and the relevant-irrelevant technique, abstracts of research. 79.
Rec#: 194
Keywords: validity-relevant-irrelevant techniques/reliability-relevant-irrelevant techniques/screening-general/research-validity/techniques-RI.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the Maryland Polygraph Association, Anne Arundel Community College, Arnold, MD.

1132. Ansley, N. (1998). The validity of the modified general question test (MGQT). Polygraph, 27, 35-44.
Rec#: 6804
Keywords: comparison question/control questions/field study/MGQT/validity.

1133. Ansley, N. (1975). The value and function of state association newsletters. APA Newsletter, 7-10.
Rec#: 168
Keywords: public relations.

1134. Ansley, N. (1977). Van Gregory Johnson v. Maryland, a paradoxical precedent. Polygraph Review, 3, 1-6.
Rec#: 181
Keywords: admissibility-Maryland/cases-rape/cases-murder.

1135. Ansley, N. (1973). Vermont State Police polygraph service. Polygraph, 2, 239-244.
Rec#: 153
Keywords: cases-criminal/admissibility-Vermont/surveys-statistical/screening-police-Vermont.

1136. Ansley, N. (1988). Vittorio Benussi and research: Historical note. Polygraph, 17, 121-122.
Rec#: 216
Keywords: history-research/Benussi, Vittorio/biographies-Benussi, Vittorio.

1137. Ansley, N. (1990). Was He Driving? Polygraph, 19, 147-149.
Rec#: 9686
Keywords: applications-investigations.

1138. Ansley, N. (1990). Zone comparison is the proper name. Polygraph, 19, 161-163.
Rec#: 8897
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test.

1139. Ansley, N. (1998). The zone comparison test. Polygraph, 27, 108-122.
Rec#: 6805
Keywords: ZCT/validity/field validity/control questions.

1140. Ansley, N.,, & Abrams, S. Anonymous. (1980). The polygraph profession. Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association.
Rec#: 233
Keywords: history/law/psychology/physiology/techniques-general/screening-commercial-preemployment/American Polygraph Association/bibliographies/ethics.

1141. Ansley, N., & Beaumont, L.S. (1992). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, licensing laws, and limiting laws, 16th edition. Polygraph, 21, Center pull-out
Rec#: 235
Keywords: law/legal rulings/cases/admissibility/law-licensing/law-limiting.

1142. Ansley, N., & Furgerson, R.M. (1987). Pioneers in the polygraph: The Federal Bureau of Investigation in the 1930's. Polygraph, 16, 33-52.
Rec#: 236
Keywords: history/instruments/techniques/cases/Federal Bureau of Investigation/biographies-Coffey, E. P.

1143. Ansley, N., Garwood, M., Barland, G.H., Fedor, W., & Bell, W.H. Anonymous. (1984). The accuracy and utility of polygraph testing. Washington, DC: Department of Defense.
Rec#: 237
Keywords: validity-field examinations/validity-laboratory/reliability-test data analysis-blind/research field validity/research-validity-laboratory/research-reliability-field/research-reliability-field/cases-criminal/cases-counterintelligence/surveys-statistical-subjects/applications-counterintelligence/applications-criminal cases.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 13, 1-143. Reprinted as a separate publication by the American Polygraph Association, 1984.
Abstract:Information on polygraph use in the Federal Goverment, particularly the Department of Defense, focuses on the number of examiners and annual polygraph utilization by Federal agencies. The polygraph as an aid in criminal investigation and exculpatory examination is discussed; data and examples on criminal conduct revealed during screening examinations are presented. The history of the use of polygraph examinations in intelligence, counterintelligence and security is included; specific examples of polygraph examinations revealing espionage are cited. A survey of the history of traditional polygraph methods from 1953 to 1983 looks at testing techniques, such as zone comparison, modified general question, relevant/irrelevant association, and peak of tension method. Also reviewed are (1)Research on Polygraph criterion validity and reliability based on laboratory and field studies, (2)studies investigating the relationship between the examiner's decision and the criteria of truth and deception, and (3)studies investigating the relationship between the decision of a blind examiner and actual truth or deception using verified polygraph cases. A discussion of problems and issues involved in lie detection finds evidence suggesting that control question tests may be more accurate in detecting the deception of the guilty person than in verifying the truthfulness of the < innocent person. Research studies to determine the validity and reliability of the polygraph in a field setting are also summarized. Tabular data and 38 references are provided.

1144. Ansley, N., & Horvath, F.S. (1975). Bibliography on screening of police applicants with the polygraph. Polygraph, 4, 282-284.
Rec#: 238
Keywords: screening-police/bibliographies.

1145. Ansley, N.,, & Horvath, F.S. Anonymous. (1977). Truth and science: A comprehensive index to international literature on the detection of deception (lie detector) technique. Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association. - p.
Rec#: 239
Keywords: bibliographies-general.

1146. Ansley, N., Horvath, F.S., & Barland, G.H. Anonymous. (1983). Truth and science: A comprehensive index to international literature on the detection of deception and the polygraph (lie detector) technique (2nd edition, revised). Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association. - p.
Rec#: 240
Keywords: bibliographies-general.

1147. Ansley, Norman and Knill, Brenda L. A bibliography on the relationship of polygraph testing and cultural variables. 89.
Rec#: 9199
Keywords: cultural differences.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1148. Ansley, Norman and Knill, Brenda L. A bibliography on the relationship of polygraph testing and personality variables. 89.
Rec#: 9200
Keywords: personality variables/bibliographies.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1149. Ansley, N., & Knill, B.L. (1989). Nonverbal detection of deception: A bibliography. Polygraph, 18, 90-105.
Rec#: 241
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/bibliographies-nonverbal detection of deception.

1150. Ansley, N., & Knill, B.L. (1991). Psychological variables and the detection of deception - An indexed bibliography. Polygraph, 20, 144-158.
Rec#: 242
Keywords: psychological variables/bibliographies-psychological variables.

1151. Ansley, N., & Krapohl, D.J. (2000). The frequency of appearance of evaluative criteria in field polygraph charts. Polygraph , 29, 169-176.
Rec#: 7047
Keywords: cardiovascular/electrodermal response/habituation/pneumograph/zone comparison/deception criteria/distribution of reactions/normative data/polygraph tracing features/tonic heart rate.
Abstract:Every appearance of each of 22 response patterns considered to be diagnostic for the detection of deception by the US Department of Defense Polygraph Institute (DoDPI) was tabulated for 177 cases (616 polygraph charts) selected from the DoDPI database of confirmed field cases.

1152. Ansley, N., & Pumphrey, J.K. (1985). Justice and the polygraph. Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.
Rec#: 243
Keywords: cases-general/applications-general/surveys-subjects.
Abstract:Cases were selected from Government and American Polygraph Association publications. A brief note on the source is included with each citation. Cases are grouped by their use with innocent persons (eyewitnesses, the falsely accused, victims) and guilty persons (to obtain confessions, lead to evidence, or expose false testimony), as well as in applications to employment screening, parole and probation supervision, and espionage investigations. In addition, articles are included on such specific topics as polygraph employment screening, handling shoplifting, Federal statistics, and surveys of attitudes toward the use of the polygraph. An extensive index cites cases by offense committed, geographical location, name of examiner, agency involved, author, and other topics. (Author abstract modified).

1153. Ansley, N., & Pumphrey, J.K. (1986). Survey results: Polygraph exams of 100 police and fire applicants. Journal of Healthcare Protection Management, 2, 86-93.
Rec#: 244
Keywords: surveys-employees/preemployment screening-general.

1154. Ansley, Norman and Weir, Raymond J. Statistical study on the use of the Polygraph as a personnel security screening aid. 53.
Rec#: 9690
Keywords: security screening/background investigations/statistical analysis.

1155. Ansley, Norman and Weir, Raymond J. Jr. A numerical scoring system for relevant-irrelevant polygraph tests. 76.
Rec#: 9691
Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method/control question tests.

1156. Ansley, N., & Weir, R.J., Jr. (1956). Selected papers on the polygraph. Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners.
Rec#: 245
Keywords: book reviews/question formulation-control questions/techniques-handicapped subjects/physiology-vascular system/training-schools/glossary/instruments.
Notes: Copy available from University Microfilms OP 69, 619.
Abstract:minutes-New York University Conference on Lie Detection.

1157. Arata, C. (1975). Statement of the Metropolitan Board of Trade. Polygraph Review, 2, 14-16.
Rec#: 253
Keywords: licensing-District of Columbia/screening-commercial-District of Columbia.

1158. Arbetter, L. (1993). Brain Betrayal. Security Management , 37, 10
Rec#: 9575
Keywords: detection of deception.

1159. Arellano, Luis R. The polygraph examination of Spanish speaking subjects. 84.
Rec#: 6408
Keywords: subjects-Spanish speaking/validity/reliability-zone comparison/polygraph-research-general.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph 19 (2), 155-156, 1990.

1160. Arena, J.G., Goldberg, S.J., Saul, D.L., & Hobbs, S.H. (1989). Temporal stability of psychophysiological response profiles: Analysis of individual response stereotypy and stimulus response specificity. Behavior Therapy, 20, 609-618.
Rec#: 257
Keywords: response specificity/response stereotype/pulse rate.

1161. Arens, R., & Meadow, A. (1956). Psycholinguistics and the confession dilemma. Columbia Law Review, 56, 19-46.
Rec#: 258
Keywords: confessions-voluntariness/psycholinguistics/psychology-interrogation/law-interrogation/criticism-interrogation/psycholinguistics/word frequency.

1162. Arledge, G. (2000). The published works of Norman Ansley. Polygraph, 29, 270-277.
Rec#: 7407
Keywords: bibliographies.

1163. Arment, J. (1984). The investigation of David Raskin: Winning through insinuation. Utah Holiday, 9-10.
Rec#: 9009
Keywords: Raskin, David C./DeLorean, John Z.

1164. Armstead, C.A., Lawler, K.A., Gorden, G., Cross, J., & Gibbons, J. (1989). Relationship of racial stressors to blood pressure responses and anger expression in Black college students. Special Issue: Race, reactivity, and blood pressure regulation. Health-Psychology , 8, 541-556.
Rec#: 9694
Abstract:27 Black college students viewed 3 excerpts showing racist situations involving Blacks; anger-provoking, nonracist situations; and neutral situations. After each scene, blood pressure (BP) was taken; a mood checklist, the Framingham Anger Scale (S. Haynes et al; see PA, Vol 68:10702), and the Anger Expression Scale of C. Spielberger et al (1985) were administered. Analyses revealed that BP significantly increased during the presentation of racist stimuli but not of anger-provoking or neutral stimuli. Self-reports of state anger, as measured by the mood checklist, were significant for both the anger-provoking and racist stimuli. BP scores were significantly correlated to the 2 trait anger measures. Exposure to racist stimuli was associated with BP increases among Blacks.

1165. Arnold, D.W., & Thiemann, A.J. (1994). Psychological Testing In ADA's Wake. Security Management, 38, 43-45.
Rec#: 9577
Keywords: screening-employment/psychological testing/legal status/employees/Americans with Disabilities Act/discrimination.

1166. Arnold, E.W. (1962). Investigators get full value from a polygraph examination. Police, 6, 45-47.
Rec#: 265
Keywords: applications-investigations/applications-law enforcement.

1167. Arnold, E.W. (1961). Polygraph tests using an interpreter. Police, 5, 53-55.
Rec#: 264
Keywords: interpreters.

1168. Arons, H. (1961). Hypnosis: A new tool in police work. Police, 68-71.
Rec#: 6409
Keywords: hypnosis.

1169. Arons, H. Anonymous. (1966). Hypnosis and the polygraph. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 142-151 p.
Rec#: 924
Keywords: hypnosis-polygraph/posthypnotic amnesia/deception.

1170. Arons, H. Anonymous. (1966). Truth verification and detection of faking. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 131-141 p.
Rec#: 271
Keywords: hypnosis-deception test/cases-rape alleged/techniques-hypnosis.

1171. Arther, C.A. (1987). Accentuate the positive. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 21,
Rec#: 277
Keywords: public relations.

1172. Arther, C.A. (1991). The Americans with disabilities act. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 26, 1-4.
Rec#: 275
Keywords: Americans With Disabilities Act.

1173. Arther, C.A. (1986). Eliminating opposing results. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 21,
Rec#: 276
Keywords: reexaminations/ethics.

1174. Arther, C.A. (1995). The polygraph profession: using the past to prepare for the future. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 29,
Rec#: 5653
Keywords: interrogation/preemployment screening/ADA.

1175. Arther, C.A., & Arther, R.O. (1988). The effective alternative. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 22, 1-3.
Rec#: 278
Keywords: screening-commercial-interviewing.

1176. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (2001). Irrelevant Questions. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 35, 1-4.
Rec#: 6889
Keywords: irrelevant/relevant-irrelevant method.

1177. Arther, R. (1994). Miscellaneous chart-analysis principes: Part Three. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 29,
Rec#: 6969
Keywords: control questions.

1178. Arther, R., & Arther, C. (1993). The re-examination. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 27,
Rec#: 6990
Keywords: reexaminations/charts/pretest.

1179. Arther, R.O. (1982). 22nd annual New York professonal polygraph seminar, Monday May 17 thru Wednesday May 19, 1982. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 16,
Rec#: 6410
Keywords: polygraph-general.

1180. Arther, R.O. (1996). Advancing the polygraph profession . The Journal of Polygraph Science, 31,
Rec#: 5357
Keywords: polygraph general.

1181. Anonymous. The analysis of Jack Ruby's polygraph exam. ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 197-219p.
Rec#: 6425
Keywords: Ruby, Jack/testimony/test data analysis.

1182. Anonymous. The analysis of Yuri Nosenko's polygraph examination. ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 187-196p.
Rec#: 6426
Keywords: courtroom testimony.

1183. Arther, R.O. (1977). Annual New York polygraph seminar, May 1977. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 11,
Rec#: 6411
Keywords: polygraph-general.

1184. Arther, R.O. (1978). Annual New York polygraph seminar, May 1978. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 12,
Rec#: 6413
Keywords: polygraph-general.

1185. Arther, R.O. (1979). Annual New York Polygraph Seminar, May 1979. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 13,
Rec#: 6414
Keywords: polygraph-general.

1186. Arther, Richard O. The Arther Law-Enforcement Exploratory Examination. 85.
Rec#: 9696
Keywords: Crime/examiners-general/trustworthiness/techniques-Arther-exploratory examination/pretest interview.
Notes: Paper delivered at the 20th annual seminar of The American Polygraph Association, Reno, Nevada, August 7, 1985.

1187. Arther, R.O. (1992). Being a more effective polygraphist. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 27,
Rec#: 6975
Keywords: polygraph techniques.

1188. Arther, R.O. (1967). Blood-pressure rises on crime questions - Sometimes an indication of truthfulness. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 1, 1-4.
Rec#: 294
Keywords: test data analysis/blood pressure/crime questions/truthfulness.
Notes: Also published in Vol. 16, No. 5 (March-April) 1981.

1189. Arther, R.O. (1981). Blood-pressure rises on crime questions: sometimes an indication of truthfulness. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 15,
Rec#: 6978
Keywords: blood pressure/chart markings.

1190. Arther, R.O. (1955). Blood pressure rises on relevant questions in lie detection - Sometimes an indication of innocence not guilt. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 45, 112-115.
Rec#: 281
Keywords: test data analysis/blood pressure/relevant questions/innocence.

1191. Arther, R.O. (1971). Breathing analysis, Part I. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 5,
Rec#: 312
Keywords: test data analysis-Arther/pneumo.

1192. Arther, R.O. (1971). Breathing analysis, Part II. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 5,
Rec#: 313
Keywords: test data analysis-Arther/pneumo.

1193. Arther, R.O. (1970). The breathing unit. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 5,
Rec#: 307
Keywords: pneumo/test data analysis-pneumo.

1194. Arther, R.O. (1989). The breathing unit: an update. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 23,
Rec#: 6976
Keywords: instrumental deception/pneumograph/physiological responses.

1195. Arther, R.O. (1971). The cardio unit. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 6,
Rec#: 314
Keywords: cardio/test data analysis-cardio.

1196. Arther, R.O. (1989). The cardio unit: An update. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 24, 1-4.
Rec#: 371
Keywords: test data analysis-cardio.

1197. Arther, R.O. (1995). Courtroom testimony. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 30,
Rec#: 5667
Keywords: witnesses/courtroom testimony.

1198. Arther, R.O. (1974). Crime and peak question wording. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 8,
Rec#: 323
Keywords: question formulation-peak of tension/techniques-peak of tension-Arther.

1199. Arther, R.O. (1969). Crime question wording. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 4,
Rec#: 302
Keywords: question formulation-relevant questions-Arther/CQT.

1200. Arther, Richard O. DHT3 (Don't have to take test). 80.
Rec#: 343
Keywords: pretest interview.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association, Alexandria, VA.

1201. Arther, R.O. (1973). Drugs, medicines, alcohol - And chart analysis. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 7, 1-4.
Rec#: 319
Keywords: test data analysis/drugs/alcohol.

1202. Arther, R.O. (1975-1976). Educational Bulletin 1975-1976. New York, NY: The National Training Center of Polygraph Science.
Rec#: 6416
Keywords: polygraph-general/promotional material.

1203. Arther, R.O. (1979). Educational Bulletin 1979-1980. New York: The National Training Center of Polygraph Science.
Rec#: 9131
Keywords: training.

1204. Arther, R.O. (1975). The eight known-lie question principles. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 10, 1-4.
Rec#: 6266
Keywords: question formulation-Arther technique.

1205. Arther, R.O. (1976). Establishment of the known-lie questions. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 10, 1-4.
Rec#: 329
Keywords: techniques-Arther/known-lie questions.

1206. Arther, R.O. (1981). Examining victims and witnesses, Parts I & II. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 16, 1-4.
Rec#: 344
Keywords: techniques-Arther/subjects-victims/subjects-witnessesses.

1207. Arther, R.O. (1956). A further interpretation of innocent blood-pressure rises in polygraph testing. The Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science, 47, 260-263.
Rec#: 283
Keywords: blood pressure/card test/second relevant test/test data analysis-blood pressure.

1208. Arther, R.O. (1989). The greatest interrogation ever. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 23,
Rec#: 6958
Keywords: interrogation/polygraph techniques.

1209. Arther, R.O. (1971). The GSR unit. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 5, 1-4.
Rec#: 315
Keywords: instrumentation-electrodermal/GSR/history-electrodermal.

1210. Arther, R.O. (1969). The guilt complex question. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 4,
Rec#: 303
Keywords: question formulation-guilt complex .

1211. Arther, R.O. (1972). How many robbers, buglars, sex criminals is your department hiring this year? The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 6,
Rec#: 316
Keywords: screening-police.
Notes: Reprinted in Pennsylvania Law Enforcement Journal, (1956, June), 50-55.

1212. Arther, R.O. (1982). How to administer peak of tension tests. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 17, 1-4.
Rec#: 348
Keywords: peak of tension/POT/techniques-POT/question formulation-POT .

1213. Arther, R.O. (1999). How to correctly word the known-lie questions. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 34,
Rec#: 6539
Keywords: control questions/child sexual abuse/reliability/validity.

1214. Arther, R.O. (1983). How to establish the known-lie questions. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 17, 1-4.
Rec#: 6270
Keywords: known-lie questions.

1215. Arther, R.O. (1982). How to word peak questions. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 17, 1-4.
Rec#: 349
Keywords: question formulation-Arther technique/question formulation-control questions/techniques-Arther.

1216. Arther, R.O. (1996). How to word peak questions. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 31,
Rec#: 5380
Keywords: question formulation-Arther technique/question formulation-control questions/techniques-Arther.

1217. Arther, R.O. (1983). How to word the known-lie questions. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 17, 1-4.
Rec#: 353
Keywords: known-lie questions/question formulation/Arther technique/techniques-CQT.

1218. Arther, R.O. (1967). An important advance in polygraph instrumentation. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 2,
Rec#: 295
Keywords: instruments-Arther.

1219. Arther, R.O. (1981). Interpreters. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 16, 1-4.
Rec#: 6269
Keywords: interpreters.

1220. Arther, R.O. (1961). The investigator and the crime laboratory--A code for polygraph procedure Chapter XII. Law and Order, 9, 56-59, 70.
Rec#: 286
Keywords: crime labs.

1221. Arther, R.O. (1961). The investigator and the crime laboratory--The polygraph can help, if you want it to . Law and Order, 9, 50-53.
Rec#: 285
Keywords: crime labs.

1222. Arther, R.O. (1976). Known-lie chart analysis. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 11, 1-4 and 11(2), 1-4.
Rec#: 330
Keywords: test data analysis/known-lie questions/Arther technique.

1223. Arther, R.O. (1967). Let's get back to first things first - Interrogation. Law and Order, 28-30.
Rec#: 299
Keywords: interrogation.

1224. Arther, R.O. (1960). The lie detector, is it of any value? Federal Probation, 24, 36-39.
Rec#: 284
Keywords: applications-investigations.

1225. Arther, R.O. (1977). Miscellaneous chart-analysis principles - Part 1. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 11, 1-4.
Rec#: 332
Keywords: countermeasures-test data analysis/subjects-homosexuals/applications-homosexuals/instrumentation-cardio/applications-police brutality.

1226. Arther, R.O. (1977). Miscellaneous chart-analysis principles - Part 2. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 12, 1-4.
Rec#: 333
Keywords: test data analysis-Arther/ethics/stipulated examinations/techniques-Arther/psychology-anger.

1227. Arther, R.O. (1992). Miscellaneous chart-analysis principles: Part One. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 26,
Rec#: 6988
Keywords: chart markings/GSR/verification tests.

1228. Arther, R.O. (1994). Miscellaneous chart-analysis principles: Part Two. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 29,
Rec#: 6959
Keywords: control questions/verification tests/test data analysis.

1229. Arther, R.O. (1970). National Training Center's certified polygraphists. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 5,
Rec#: 7023
Keywords: polygraph-general/licensing.

1230. Arther, R.O. (1976). The national training center's certified polygraphists. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 11,
Rec#: 6419
Keywords: polygraph-general/examiners.

1231. Arther, R.O. (1978). The national training center's certified polygraphists. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 23,
Rec#: 6420
Keywords: polygraph-general/examiners.

1232. Arther, R.O. (1980). The national training center's certified polygraphists. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 15,
Rec#: 6421
Keywords: polygraph-general/examiners.

1233. Arther, R.O. (1980). New York supreme court upholds privilege. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 16, 1-4.
Rec#: 6268
Keywords: cases-New York.

1234. Arther, R.O. (1977). Non-reactors. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 12,
Rec#: 334
Keywords: test data analysis-Arther/subjects-non-reactors/countermeasures/techniques-Arther CQT.

1235. Arther, R.O. (1979). Observing gestures. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 14, 1-4 .
Rec#: 338
Keywords: nonverbal cues/detection of deception.
Notes: Part 2 14(3), 1-4; Part 3 14(4), 1-4; Part 4 14(5), 1-4. Do not have part 2.

1236. Arther, R.O. (1967). Peak of tension: Basic information. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 1, 4
Rec#: 296
Keywords: techniques-peak of tension-Arther/techniques-Arther-peak of tension.

1237. Arther, R.O. (1968). Peak of tension: dangers. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 2,
Rec#: 300
Keywords: techniques-peak of tension-Arther/techniques-Arther-peak of tension.

1238. Arther, R.O. (1970). Peak of tension: Examination procedures. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 5, 1-4.
Rec#: 309
Keywords: techniques-Arther/techniques-peak of tension.

1239. Arther, R.O. (1970). Peak of tension: Question formulation. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 4,
Rec#: 310
Keywords: question formulation-peak of tension/question formulation-Arther technique/techniques-peak of tension/techniques-Arther-peak of tension.

1240. Arther, R.O. (1996). The peak of tension test. The journal of polygraph science, 31,
Rec#: 5368
Keywords: peak of tension .

1241. Arther, R.O. (1974). Periodic polygraph examinations. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 9,
Rec#: 324
Keywords: periodic examinations/screening-commercial-periodic.

1242. Arther, R.O. (1994). Polygraph agreement and stipulation. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 29,
Rec#: 6970
Keywords: historical interest .

1243. Arther, R.O. (1967). The polygraph determines the truth in disputed paternity cases. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 2, 1-4.
Rec#: 297
Keywords: applications-paternity/cases-paternity.

1244. Arther, R.O. (1967). Polygraph picks potential policemen. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 2,
Rec#: 298
Keywords: screening-police.

1245. Arther, R.O. (1993). Polygraph profession in danger. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 27,
Rec#: 6954
Keywords: examiners-certification.

1246. Arther, R.O. (1993). Polygraph profession remains in danger!! The Journal of Polygraph Science, 28,
Rec#: 6955
Keywords: examiners-certification.

1247. Arther, R.O. (1969). Polygraph report wording. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 3,
Rec#: 7019
Keywords: polygraph general.

1248. Arther, R.O. (1978). Polygraph report wording. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 12, 1-4.
Rec#: 336
Keywords: report wording.

1249. Arther, R.O. (1995). Polygraph report wording. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 30,
Rec#: 5715
Keywords: word association/pretest interview/reexaminations.

1250. Arther, R.O. (1964). The polygraph's enemies. Law and Order, 12, 42
Rec#: 288
Keywords: criticism-morality/criticism-scientific/criticism-reply.

1251. Arther, R.O. (1966). The polygraph's enemies. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 1,
Rec#: 292
Keywords: criticism-morality/criticism-scientific/criticism-reply.

1252. Arther, R.O. (1988). The polygraph's enemies: 1988 update. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 22,
Rec#: 369
Keywords: public relations.

1253. Arther, R.O. (1979). The polygraphist and the investigator: Working together as an effective team - Part 1. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 13, 1-4.
Rec#: 339
Keywords: public relations.

1254. Arther, R.O. (1979). The polygraphist and the investigator: Working together as an effective team - Part 2. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 13, 1-4.
Rec#: 340
Keywords: pretest interview.

1255. Arther, R.O. (1979). The polygraphist and the investigator: Working together as an effective team - Part 3. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 14, 1-4.
Rec#: 341
Keywords: question formulation-relevant questions-Arther/interrogation/public relations.

1256. Arther, R.O. (1997). Pre-employment polygraph examinations. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 32,
Rec#: 5399
Keywords: preemployment screening/background investigations/cases-criminal.

1257. Arther, R.O. (1982). Procedures for unusual situations. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 16, 4
Rec#: 351
Keywords: subjects-handicapped/techniques-handicapped.

1258. Arther, R.O. (1994). Questions and answers updated. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 28,
Rec#: 6973
Keywords: pretest.

1259. Arther, R.O. (1968). Re-examinations. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 3,
Rec#: 6989
Keywords: reexaminations/charts/pretest/interrogation.

1260. Arther, R.O. (1971). Recommended law-enforcement polygraph rules and regulations. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 6,
Rec#: 7020
Keywords: law enforcement/regulations/evidence.

1261. Arther, R.O. (1980). Reducing company pre-employment "no-shows". The Journal of Polygraph Science, 15, 3-4.
Rec#: 342
Keywords: screening-commercial-Arther/business aspects.

1262. Arther, R.O. (1996). Required law enforcement polygraph rules and regulation. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 30,
Rec#: 5347
Keywords: evidence/reexaminations/preemployment screening-general.

1263. Arther, R.O. (1972). The required polygraph suite. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 7,
Rec#: 317
Keywords: facilities.

1264. Arther, R.O. (1993). The required polygraph suite. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 28,
Rec#: 6992
Keywords: reliability/validity.

1265. Arther, R.O. Anonymous. (1965). The scientific investigator. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. - p.
Rec#: 290
Keywords: crime labs.

1266. Arther, R.O. (1988). The security clearance polygraph examination. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 22, 1-4.
Rec#: 370
Keywords: screening-police/applicants/techniques-Arther.

1267. Arther, R.O. (1974). Should a law enforcement polygraphist examine his fellow officers? No! Law & Order, 105-106.
Rec#: 325
Keywords: cases-police/applications-internal affairs.

1268. Arther, R.O. (1996). Special situation procedures. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 30,
Rec#: 5793
Keywords: pretest interview.

1269. Arther, R.O. (1968). The subversive in the police department. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 2,
Rec#: 301
Keywords: screening-police/applications-subversion-police.

1270. Arther, R.O. (1998). Truths about the proven truth verifier- the polygraph. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 33,
Rec#: 5422
Keywords: truth verification, inc/physiological responses.

1271. Arther, R.O. (1996). The two types of spot responders. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 30,
Rec#: 5803
Keywords: chart markings/control questions/verification tests.

1272. Arther, R.O. (1977). An unusual New York State Supreme Court case. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 11, 1-4.
Rec#: 335
Keywords: admissibility-New York.

1273. Arther, R.O. (1991). Updating breathing analysis: Part one. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 26,
Rec#: 9697
Keywords: pneumo.

1274. Arther, R.O. (1991). Updating breathing analysis: Part two. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 26,
Rec#: 6949
Keywords: heart rate/verification tests/pneumo.

1275. Arther, R.O. Anonymous. (1953). Outline of a report delivered before the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Boston, MA,
Rec#: 280
Keywords: admissibility-juveniles/applications-juveniles.

1276. Arther, R.O. (nd). Use of Reid polygraph by insurance companies. The Eastern Underwriter,
Rec#: 6265
Keywords: applications-insurance.

1277. Arther, R.O. (1993). Using an interpreter. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 27,
Rec#: 6974
Keywords: interpreters/reexaminations.

1278. Arther, R.O. (1964). Why does law enforcement attract so many failures. Law and Order, 12, 62-69.
Rec#: 289
Keywords: screening-police-Arther.

1279. Arther, R.O. (1976). Wording the known-lie questions. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 10, 1-4.
Rec#: 6267
Keywords: question formulation-Arther technique.

1280. Arther, R.O. (1966). Words make the profession. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 1,
Rec#: 6977
Keywords: polygraph-profession.

1281. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (1998). Educational catalog 1998 thru 2000. New York: National Training Center of Polygraph Science.
Rec#: 7616
Keywords: polygraph general/promotional material.

1282. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (1999). How the polygraph greatly assists attorneys. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 33,
Rec#: 4528
Keywords: lying/accuracy.

1283. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (1998). Medicines, drugs and alcohol vs. the polygraph. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 30,
Rec#: 5500
Keywords: drug use/drugs-alcohol.

1284. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (1999). Principles of controls--especially knowl-lie questions. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 33,
Rec#: 4653
Keywords: lying/control questions/reliability/validity/PDD.

1285. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (1992). True known-lie questions = superior charts. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 26,
Rec#: 9698
Keywords: lying.

1286. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (1994). The use of the polygraph by investigators. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 29,
Rec#: 6972
Keywords: historical interest /GSR/blood pressure/Accuracy.

1287. Arther, Richard O. and Phillips, Barbara J. An effective way of learning a person's background. 59.
Rec#: 375
Keywords: pretest preparation.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1288. Arther, R.O., & Phillips, B.J. (1963). Words make the profession: A commentary on terminology for the polygraph examiner. Law and Order, 11, 10-12.
Rec#: 376
Keywords: terminology.

1289. Arther, R.O., & Reid, J.E. (1954). Utilizing the lie detector to determine the truth in disputed paternity cases. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 45, 213-221.
Rec#: 377
Keywords: cases-paternity/applications-paternity.

1290. Arther, R.O., Robertson, B.P., & Redstone, P.L. (1990). Model polygraph guidelines for accreditation: Part One. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 25,
Rec#: 6956
Keywords: accreditation/preemployment screening.

1291. Arther, R.O., Robertson, B.P., & Redstone, P.L. (1990). Model polygraph guidelines for accreditation: Part Two. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 25,
Rec#: 6957
Keywords: interrogation/polygraph general.

1292. Ash, P. (1980). The polygraph in pre-employment screening: Research on pre-employment use. Polygraph, 9, 17-26.
Rec#: 384
Keywords: screening-general-Reid/validity-screening-commercial/surveys-applicants/surveys-employees.

1293. Ash, P. (1975). Predicting dishonesty with the Reid report. Polygraph, 4, 139-153.
Rec#: 381
Keywords: paper and pencil tests/applications-preemployment/research-paper and pencil tests.

1294. Ash, P. (1971). Screening employment applicants for attitudes toward theft. Journal of Applied Psychology, 55, 161-164.
Rec#: 379
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/paper and pencil tests.

1295. Ash, P. (1973). Survey of attitudes on the polygraph. Polygraph, 2, 200-223.
Rec#: 380
Keywords: surveys.

1296. Ash, P. N. Ansley. (1975). Survey of subjects, attorneys and scientists . Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 79-93 p.
Rec#: 382
Keywords: surveys-subjects/surveys-attorneys/surveys-scientists.

1297. Ash, Philip. Validation of an instrument to predict the likelihood of employee theft; part 2. 579-580. 70.
Rec#: 6271
Keywords: preemployment screening.
Notes: Proceedings, 78th annual convention, American Psychological Association, University of Illinois at Chicago Circle.

1298. Ash, P., Kenyon, O., Wagman, A.M.I., Trovillo, P.V., & Barland, G.H. N. Ansley. (1975). Validity panel. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 153-185 p.
Rec#: 386
Keywords: validity-general.

1299. Ash, P., Slora, K.B., & Britton, C.F. (1990). Police agency officer selection practices. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 17, 258-269.
Rec#: 9699
Keywords: applications-applicants/police selection/screening-preemployment.

1300. Associated Research, Inc. (nd). Keeler Polygram Bulletin 6-15.5,
Rec#: 6291
Keywords: historical interest-instruments.
Notes: 1 p.

1301. Associated Research, Inc. (nd). Keeler Polygraph Bulletin 133,
Rec#: 6290
Keywords: instruments-Keeler polygraph/historical interest-instruments.
Notes: 5 p.

1302. Associated Research, Inc. "Value of lie detector tremendous". Keeler Polygram Bulletin 6-15.7,
Rec#: 6292
Keywords: historical interest-law enforcement.
Notes: 2 p.

1303. Associated Research, Incorporated. (1940). Keeler Polygraph Bulletin K, -
Rec#: 391
Keywords: instruments-Keeler Polygraph/techniques-R & I-Keeler/techniques-peak of tension-Keeler/test data analysis-R & I/historical interest-techniques/historical interest-instruments.
Notes: 12 p.

1304. Atcheson, M. (1980). Polygraph tests in pre-employment screening: Should they be controlled by law? Polygraph, 9, 26-30.
Rec#: 392
Keywords: screening-commercial-law/legislation-screening-commercial.

1305. Atkinson, J. (1982). The box. Texas Monthly, 180-188.
Rec#: 6272
Keywords: polygraph-general.

1306. Atmiyanandana, V. (1976). An experimental study in the detection of deception in cross-cultural communication. Dissertation Abstracts International, 37: (7-A). 3974
Rec#: 394
Keywords: cultural differences/Latin American/Asian/dissertations and theses/nonverbal detection of deception/cross-cultural differences.
Notes: (University Microfilm No. 76-29416), 141 p.

1307. Atwood, W.F. (1976). New standard for school accreditation proposed. APA Newsletter, 20-25.
Rec#: 401
Keywords: training-school accreditation/American Polygraph Association-school accreditation.

1308. Atwood, Walter F. Pre-test interviewing, a critical factor in applicant screening. 62.
Rec#: 400
Keywords: screening-federal-pretest/pretest interview/errors.
Notes: Paper presented to the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

1309. Atwood, W.F. (1989). Test results restore drivers license. APA Newsletter, 22, 20
Rec#: 404
Keywords: cases-drivers license.

1310. Atwood, Walter F. and Belt, Norman E. Professionalism - Our future standards and qualifications. 63.
Rec#: 405
Keywords: examiners-professionalism/ethics.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

1311. Atwood, W.F., & Hollien, H. (1986). Stress monitoring by polygraphy for research purposes. Polygraph, 15, 47-56.
Rec#: 406
Keywords: research-stress.

1312. Aubry, A.S. (1962). Are we using lie detectors? Police, 6, 40-42.
Rec#: 407
Keywords: law enforcement.

1313. Anonymous. (1972). The polygraph and the interrogator. In A.S. Aubry & R.R. Caputo (Eds.), Criminal interrogation . (pp. - Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
Rec#: 409
Keywords: interrogation-criminal.
Notes: Also chapter 26, p. 340-345 in 3rd ed. (1980).

1314. Aubry, A.S., Caputo, R.R., & Gallati, R.R. Anonymous. (1965). Criminal interrogation. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. - p.
Rec#: 408
Keywords: interrogation-criminal.

1315. Anonymous. (1980). The current status of lie detection 1979. In A.S. Aubry, R.R. Caputo, & R.R.J. Gallati (Eds.), Criminal interrogation. (pp. 346-355). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
Rec#: 7264
Keywords: confessions/Supreme Court/pneumograph/blood pressure/GSR/physiological responses/reliability/accuracy.
Notes: Chapter 28.
Abstract:This third edition contains revised and updated chapters, and five new chapters, on interrogator qualifications, current legal aspects of confessions, the status of lie detection, the art and science of persuasion, and selected United States Supreme Court decisions from 1971 to 1979.

1316. Augeri, R.M. (1990). Polygraph: A brief history. INSCOM Journal, 13, 18-21.
Rec#: 8898
Keywords: history/INSCOM/examiners-recruitment.

1317. Ax, Albert F. Multivariant recording of physiological processes. 54.
Rec#: 4853
Keywords: physiology/stress/screening/physiological responses/physiological processes.

1318. Ax, A.F. (1953). The physiological differentiation between fear and anger in humans. Psychosomatic Medicine, 15, 433-442.
Rec#: 6629
Keywords: blood pressure/heart rate/skin perspiration/anger.

1319. Ax, A.F. M. Greenblati & H.C. Solomon. (1953). The Polygraph Procedure. New York, N.Y.: Springer Publishing Company, Inc. 87-94 p.
Rec#: 9707
Keywords: polygraph techniques/autonomic nervous system/emotion.

1320. Axelrod, R.M. (1980). The need for an evidentiary privelege for the use of lie detectors in criminal cases: Investigation as risk. South Carolina Law Review, 31, 469-553.
Rec#: 415
Keywords: admissibility-evidentiary privilege/admissibility-criminal cases/law-evidentiary privilege.

1321. Ayers, J., & Heineman, R.E. (1985). Most cost-effective part of the hiring process. Security Management, 29, 55-56.
Rec#: 419
Keywords: screening-commercial-applicants.

1322. B&W Associates. Anonymous. (1960).
Rec#: 421
Keywords: instruments-electrodermal-B&W/training-manual-B&W.
Notes: Michigan City, Indiana .

1323. Backster, Cleve. "Anticlimax dampening" concept. Annual school research series of polygraph technique trends. 1-2. 60.
Rec#: 8899
Keywords: anticlimax dampening.

1324. Backster, C. (1963). Anticlimax dampening concept. Military Police Journal, 22-23.
Rec#: 446
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test-Backster/test data analysis-Backster/theory-anticlimax dampening concept.

1325. Backster, C. (1974). Anticlimax dampening concept. Polygraph, 3, 48-50.
Rec#: 455
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test-Backster/test data analysis-Backster/theory-anticlimax dampening concept.

1326. Backster, C. (1963). The Backster chart reliability rating method. Law and Order, 11, 63-64.
Rec#: 439
Keywords: test data analysis-Backster/reliability.

1327. Backster, Cleve. Backster evaluation - confidential report forms. 56.
Rec#: 8904
Keywords: Backster technique.

1328. Backster, Cleve. Backster's rules for breathing tracing interpretations. nd.
Rec#: 9709
Keywords: test data analysis/respiration/pneumo.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1329. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison polygraph technique - pre-examination target reliability estimate. nd.
Rec#: 8900
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/Backster, Cleve.

1330. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique (basis for spot analysis numerical scoring). 83.
Rec#: 8906
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/ZCT/Backster, Cleve.

1331. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique - chart analysis rules. 89.
Rec#: 8909
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/test data analysis.

1332. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique: Chart analysis rules. 90.
Rec#: 461
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test-Backster/test data analysis-Backster.
Notes: Paper presented at the 25th annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association, Louisville, KY.

1333. Backster, C. (nd). Backster zone comparison technique - chart interpretation.
Rec#: 8903
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/test data analysis.

1334. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique: Chart interpretation - Summary. 85.
Rec#: 460
Keywords: test data analysis-Backster/techniques-zone comparison test-Backster.
Notes: Paper presented at the 20th annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association, Reno, NV.

1335. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique - exploratory test - numerical analysis data sheet. 84.
Rec#: 8908
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/test data analysis/Backster, Cleve.

1336. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique numerically scored "spot" analysis tests. 83.
Rec#: 8907
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/test data analysis/numerical scoring/spot analysis/Backster, Cleve.

1337. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique - "S-K-Y" test - numerical analysis data sheet. nd.
Rec#: 8901
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/S-K-Y test/test data analysis/Backster, Cleve.

1338. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison test variation ("even distribution numerical cutoffs"). 83.
Rec#: 8905
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/Backster, Cleve.

1339. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison test variations ("adjusted distribution numerical cutoffs"). 83.
Rec#: 8942
Keywords: test data analysis/techniques-zone comparison test/Backster, Cleve.

1340. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison "YOU" phase numerical analysis (two spots) analysis data sheet. nd.
Rec#: 8902
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/test data analysis/YOU phase/Backster, Cleve.

1341. Backster, C. (1964). Cardio baseline changes sometimes misleading. Military Police Journal, 24-25.
Rec#: 450
Keywords: test data analysis-Backster.

1342. Backster, Cleve. Chart marking. 52.
Rec#: 427
Keywords: test data analysis-Backster-chart marking/techniques-chart marking.
Notes: Stoelting Technique Bulletin.

1343. Backster, C. (1974). Cleve Backster's presentation to Congressional committee. Polygraph, 3, 272-276.
Rec#: 456
Keywords: techniques/Backster, Cleve/legislation-federal/Backster technique.

1344. Backster, C. (1963). Do the charts speak for themselves? New standards in polygraph chart interpretation. Law and Order, 11, 67-68, 71.
Rec#: 441
Keywords: test data analysis-Backster.

1345. Backster, C. (1963). Don't trust the lie detector vs. do trust the lie detector. Law and Order, 11, 67-68.
Rec#: 440
Keywords: validity/reliability/criticism/Backster, Cleve.

1346. Backster, C. (1968). Evidence for a primary perception at the cellular level in plants and animals. International Journal of Parapsychology, 344-346.
Rec#: 6432
Keywords: parapsychology/plant testing.

1347. Backster, C. (1964). The grand duchess of polygraph. Law and Order, 12, 55-56.
Rec#: 447
Keywords: polygraph-general.

1348. Backster, Cleve. How to reduce the number of inconclusive polygraph examination results. 99.
Rec#: 5610
Keywords: inclusions/Backster, Cleve/Zone Comparison /ZCT/Backster technique.
Notes: Presented by Cleve Backster at the American Polygrapaph Association, 1999 Seminar Program at Dallas, Texas. There is no page 2, it is misnumbered.

1349. Backster, C. Anonymous. (1959 Aug 16).
Rec#: 429
Keywords: research-Backster, Cleve/research-instruments.

1350. Backster, Cleve. Irrelevant questions. nd.
Rec#: 424
Keywords: question formulation-irrelevant questions.
Notes: Stoelting Technique Bulletin.

1351. Backster, Cleve. Is the polygraph profession's greatest danger from within? 64.
Rec#: 425
Keywords: ethics-examiners.
Notes: Paper presented at the Polygraph Work Conference, Florida Law Enforcement Academy, Tallahassee, FL.

1352. Backster, Cleve. Josephs murder case. 82.
Rec#: 8912
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/Backster, Cleve/cases-murder.

1353. Backster, Cleve. Lie detection comes of age (Polygraph examination is now a technique -- not a tool). 61.
Rec#: 8913
Keywords: Backster technique.

1354. Backster, C. (1962). Lie detection comes of age (Polygraph examination is now a technique - not a tool). Law and Order, 10, 73-74.
Rec#: 454
Keywords: polygraph-general-Backster, Cleve.

1355. Backster, C. (1951). The lie detector: Fact or Fiction? Washington, D. C.: Lie Detection, Inc.
Rec#: 9708
Keywords: skin conductance/guilty knowledge/preemployment screening.

1356. Backster, C. (1962). Methods of strengthening our polygraph technique. Police, 6, 61-68.
Rec#: 437
Keywords: techniques-Backster.

1357. Backster, C. (1960). Misleading cardio baseline changes. Newsletter of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation, 1-4.
Rec#: 433
Keywords: test data analysis-Backster/cardio-interpretation.

1358. Backster, Cleve. National Training Center of lie detection : Research report. 60.
Rec#: 4848
Keywords: training-basic.

1359. Backster, Cleve. Outside "super-dampening" factor. Annual school research series of polygraph technique trends. 5-7. 60.
Rec#: 8915
Keywords: super-dampening factors.

1360. Backster, C. (1964). Outside "super-dampening" factor. Military Police Journal, 20-21.
Rec#: 3632
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test.

1361. Backster, C. (1964). Polygraph. Military Police Journal, 20-21.
Rec#: 448
Keywords: polygraph-general-Backster, Cleve.

1362. Backster, Cleve. The polygraph (lie detector): Fact or fiction? 68.
Rec#: 452
Keywords: psychophysiology-polygraph theory/instrumentation/validity/examiners-expertise/applications.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1363. Backster, C. (1963). Polygraph professionalization through technique standardization. Law and Order, 11, 63-65.
Rec#: 442
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test-Backster/question formulation-zone comparison-Backster.

1364. Backster, C. (1964). Polygraph spot analysis versus non-localized analysis. Law and Order, 12, 31-32.
Rec#: 449
Keywords: test data analysis/spot analysis/non-localized analysis.

1365. Backster, C. (1963). Polygraph technique trouble shooting. Law and Order, 11, 54-55.
Rec#: 443
Keywords: question formulation-Backster/techniques-Backster.

1366. Backster, C. (1974). Reducing inconclusive results by pre-testing relevant questions. Polygraph, 3, 216-219.
Rec#: 457
Keywords: question formulation-relevant questions-Backster.

1367. Backster, Cleve. Reducing "inconclusives" by pre-testing relevant questions. Technique Tips. nd.
Rec#: 8918
Keywords: question formulation/relevant questions/Backster, Cleve.

1368. Backster, C. (1966). Respiration cycle identification in breathing tracing interpretation. Tri-Zone Polygraph Bulletin, 1, 1-14.
Rec#: 451
Keywords: test data analysis-pneumo/pneumo-interpretation.

1369. Backster, C. (2001). A response to Krapohl & Ryan's "belated look at symptomatic questions". Polygraph, 30, 213-215.
Rec#: 7376
Keywords: ruper-dampening concept/symptomatic questions.

1370. Backster, Cleve. "Spot analysis" vs. "non-localized analysis" techniques. Annual school research series of polygraph technique trends. 3-4. 60.
Rec#: 8919
Keywords: test data analysis-Backster/spot analysis.

1371. Backster, Cleve. Standardized polygraph notepack and technique guide. 79.
Rec#: 8920
Keywords: Backster technique .

1372. Backster, C. Anonymous. (1963). Standardized polygraph notepack and technique guide: Backster zone comparison technique. New York: Cleve Baxter. - p.
Rec#: 444
Keywords: Backster technique.

1373. Anonymous. Statement of Cleve Backster, Director, Backster School of Lie Detection, New York, NY . ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 373-384p.
Rec#: 8921
Keywords: polygraph-general/Backster, Cleve/instrumentation/plant testing/question formulation-Backster/techniques-Backster/legislation-federal.

1374. Backster, Cleve. "Total chart minutes" concept. Annual school research series of polygraph technique trends. 8. 60.
Rec#: 8922
Keywords: total chart minutes/cardio/pneumo/electrodermal/Backster, Cleve.

1375. Backster, C. (1963). Total chart minutes concept. Law and Order, 11, 77-79.
Rec#: 445
Keywords: research-habituation/test data analysis-habituation/theory-habituation/electrodermal-habituation/psychophysiology-habituation/total chart minutes .

1376. Backster, Cleve. Tri-zone reaction combinations - Backster zone comparison test. 62.
Rec#: 8923
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/Backster, Cleve.

1377. Backster, C. Anonymous. (1960).
Rec#: 432
Keywords: test data analysis-chart markings/chart markings.
Notes: C. H. Stoelting Company bulletin.

1378. Backster, Cleve. Why is the GSR neglected? 58.
Rec#: 428
Keywords: electrodermal-GSR.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners.

1379. Backster, Cleve. Zone comparison technique. Annual school research series of polygraph technique trends. 8. 60.
Rec#: 8924
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/Backster, Cleve.

1380. Badgley, Theodore M. Psychiatric screening for security. 64.
Rec#: 463
Keywords: psychiatric disorders/security screening/schizophrenia/recognition.
Notes: Address to the International Association for Polygraph Research, Munich, Germany.

1381. Baesen, H.V., Chung, C.-M., & Yang, C.-Y. (1948-1949). A lie-detector experiment. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 39, 532-537.
Rec#: 464
Keywords: historical interest/techniques-peak of tension/techniques-control question test.

1382. Baesler, E.J., & Burgoon, J.K. (1987). Measurement and reliability of nonverbal behavior. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 11, 205-233.
Rec#: 9710
Keywords: nonverbal-communication/measurement/interrater-reliability/literature review.
Abstract:Synthesizes data on the reliability of nonverbal behaviors, classified according to kinesics, proxemics, haptics, vocalics, turn-taking behaviors, and global assessments, across a wide range of studies identified in a literature review to determine (1) which nonverbal behaviors within each classification can be measured reliably and (2) which codes/classifications can be reliably measured. It is concluded that (1) most nonverbal behaviors within each classification, except vocalics, can be measured reliably and (2) the codes themselves, when considered in aggregate form, can be measured reliably when using the median as the best estimate.

1383. Bailey, C. (1983). Student falsified rape story. Commercial Appeal, -
Rec#: 465
Keywords: cases-rape-false/cases-false reports.
Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter, 17(1), 34.

1384. Bailey, F.L. (1976). The use of the Polygraph. In Anonymous, Investigation and preparation of criminal cases. (pp. 357-381). New York, N. Y.: The lawyers co-operative publishing, Co.
Rec#: 9711
Keywords: evidence/psychological stress evaluator/admissibility-Bailey, F. Lee/stress.

1385. Bailey, F. Lee. An address by F. Lee Bailey. 68.
Rec#: 468
Keywords: admissibility/Bailey, F. Lee/criminal justice system.
Notes: The American Polygraph Association Seminar, Washington, DC. Reprinted in part (August 22) Evening Star and The Washington Post, p. D22.

1386. Bailey, F.L. (1972). The polygraph in court. Auburndale, MA: BHF Printing, Inc.
Rec#: 6235
Keywords: credibility/courtroom testimony/testimony-scientific reliability/admissibility-courts martial.
Abstract:The complete transcript of expert testimony in support of laying a foundation for scientific credibility of the polygraph and its technique as given before the judge in the trial by Courts Martial of Captain Ernest Medina regarding My Lai 4, and other interesting features about such presentation in trial proceedings. Contains testimony from Cleve Backster, Lemoyne Snyder, John Reid, Charles Zimmermann, and Clayborne Lowry.

1387. Bailey, F.L. (1962). Proposed statute for licensing of polygraph examiners. Newsletter of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation, 3
Rec#: 466
Keywords: licensing-proposed.

1388. Bailey, F.L. (1967). [Review of the book Truth and deception]. Suffolk University Law Review, 1, 137-141.
Rec#: 467
Keywords: book reviews.

1389. Bailey, F. Lee. The status of polygraphic evidence in courts of the United States. 83.
Rec#: 470
Keywords: admissibility-state/admissibility-federal.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1390. Bailey, F.L. (1978). Watch out for trial lawyers. Newsweek, January 2, 7
Rec#: 9712
Keywords: guessing/courtroom testimony-cross examination.

1391. Bailey, F.L.,, & Rothblatt, H.B. Anonymous. (1970). The use of the polygraph. Rochester, NY: Lawyer's Cooperative Publishing Company. 287-383 p.
Rec#: 474
Keywords: admissibility-criminal cases/courtroom testimony.

1392. Bailey F Lee, Zuckerman, R.E., & Pierce, K.R. (1989). The Employee Polygraph Protection Act : A manual for polygraph examiners and employers. Severna Park M.D.: Amerian Polygraph Association.
Rec#: 7286
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988/investigations-commercial.
Abstract:This manual is intended as a guide to compliance with the Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988. This act allows for one type of lie detector test - the polygraph - to be used by private sector employers for certain types of pre-employment screening, and as an aid in investigations of incidents involving economic loss or injury to the business or the lawyer. The guide is primarily intended for polygraph examiners but may be used by private employers.

1393. Johnnie B. McKenzie, Appellant, vs. State of Florida, Appellee. (@1991). Bailey, Fishman, Freeman and Ferrin.
Rec#: 6434
Keywords: admissibility-Frye case.
Notes: The District Court of Appeal of the State of Florida, Fourth District, Case No: 92-03303, Circuit No: 91-10781 CFA2.

1394. Baird, J.M. (1993). Detection of deception based on responses to structured interview questions. Dissertation Abstract International , 31, 1943
Rec#: 478
Keywords: dissertations and theses.
Notes: Masters thesis, University of Houston (University microfilm NO: AAD13-52108), 76 pages.
Abstract:Thirty municipal jail trustees served as subjects in a study on the detection of truth and deception. The researcher used structured interview questions to question subjects about damaged property found in an interview room. Half of these subjects truthfully claimed to have no knowledge about who damaged the property. The remaining subjects watched the confederate damage the property, and were instructed to lie about it by the confederate, a police jailer who determined their trustee status. All of the subjects professed no knowledge about the damage, despite the fact that one-half had knowledge of the damage. A statistical analysis of the responses to these structured interview questions found a significant difference between truthful and deceptive answers ($\chi\sp2$(1) = 20.07; $p < .001)$.

1395. Baker, A.J.L., Tabacoff, R., Tornusciolo, G., & Eisenstadt, M. (2001). Calculating number of offenses and victims of juvenilve sexual offending: The role of posttreatment disclosures. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 13, 79-90.
Rec#: 7175
Keywords: sex offenders/juveniles.
Abstract:This research was designed to compare data obtained from agency records at three treatment programs for juvenile male sex offenders with information available from clinicians once youth and thier families had been in treatment for at least 6 months.

1396. Baker, G.A., Hanley, J.R., Jackson, H.F., Kimmance, S., & Slade, P. (1993). Detecting the faking of amnesia: performance differences between simulators and patients with memory impairment. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 15, 668-684.
Rec#: 479
Keywords: amnesia.

1397. Baker, L., Goldstein, R., & Stern, J.A. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1992 Dec). DoDPI92-R-0003,
Rec#: 480
Keywords: eye movement/saccades/subjects-veracity.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A304658.
Abstract:Informal observations suggest that sacadic eye movements which occur during the period beginning when a subject indicates readiness for the next trial and ending at the outset of the following trial may be indicative of subject veracity. The validity of this informal observation was tested by calculating analyses of variance using previously collected data from 10 subjects. Among the measures analyzed were: mean saccade amplitude per trial; total saccade amplitude per trial; and total number of saccades per trial as well as visual fixation frequency; mediation fixation durations in a trial around the mean duration for that trial; and variance of fixation durations in a trial calculated around the mean duration of the entire session. Variables examined included the direction of saccadic movement and subject veracity. While there were sporadic significant differences, it is concluded that there is little support for the hypothesis that post-response saccadic or fixation activity can be used to determine subject veracity. It is emphasized that significant effects indicative of subject veracity were found when subjects were responding to a question, but that this response pattern ceases after the response to the question of interest occurs.

1398. Baker, L., Stern, J.A., & Goldstein, R. Anonymous. Washington University Behavior Research Laboratory (WUBRL), Department of Psychology. (1900a). Final report for Contract #90-F131400,
Rec#: 481
Keywords: pupillometry/eye movement/saccades/eye blink/reaction time/EOG/skin potential.

1399. Baker, L., & Wagner, J.L. (1987). Evaluating information for truthfulness: The effects of logical subordination. Memory & Cognition, 15, 247-255.
Rec#: 482
Keywords: logical subordination/truthfulness.

1400. Baker, N.F., & Inbau, F.E. (1933). The scientific detection of crime. Minnesota Law Review, 17, 602-609.
Rec#: 483
Keywords: cases-murder/historical interest-techniques-Keeler/techniques-searching peak of tension-Keeler.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph 30 (2), 81-97.

1401. Baker, R. (1980). Lie detector operator pulls a thread and unravels a murder. Peoria Journal Star,
Rec#: 484
Keywords: screening-commercial-Illinois/cases-homicide.

1402. Baker Stephen A. (1995). Effects of law enforcement accreditation: Officer selection, promotion, and education. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Rec#: 7657
Keywords: accreditation/police-administration/screening-police.
Notes: Contains polygraph on pgs 34-40 & 98-103.
Abstract:A study evaluates the effects of police agency accreditation on personnel administration, particularly: the adoption of procedures for selecting new officers; the setting of educational requirements; and the use of testing techniques for promotion. A quasi-experimental design compares 70 accredited municipal police departments in the U.S. with 64 matched non-accredited agencies. Data were obtained from a self-administered questionnaire. Overall, there were only slight differences between accredited and unaccredited agencies in the use of oral interviews, background checks and written exams to select new officers. Accredited agencies did, however, use a current job analysis and polygraph screening more frequently. Differences between accredited and non-accredited departments in educational requirements for recruits were not statistically significant. Promotion procedures were unaffected by accreditation status and department size, although there was an effect for some specific mechanisms. For example, accredited agencies made greater use of assessment centers than unaccredited agencies. Thus, accreditation is having a positive impact which is, however, small and not statistically significant.

1403. Bales, J. (1987). Polygraph called invalid job screen. APA Monitor, 18, 28
Rec#: 486
Keywords: law-limiting/criticism/legislation-federal/American Psychological Association.

1404. Bales, J. (1988). Polygraph screening banned in Senate bill. APA Monitor, 19, 10
Rec#: 487
Keywords: criticism/Raskin, David C./McGuiness, Kevin/Harvey, Jay/Camara, Wayne/Katkin, Edward/Saxe, Leonard/legislation-federal/American Psychological Association.

1405. Anonymous. Testimony of Geroge W. Ball. ed.
Rec#: 6682
Keywords: constitutional rights/NSDD-84/National Security Decision Directive 84.

1406. Ball, T.J. (1991). The polygraph's part in prosecuting. Security Management, 46-47.
Rec#: 488
Keywords: applications-employee misconduct/applications-theft.

1407. Balloun, K.D., & Holmes, D.S. (1979). Effects of repeated examinations on the ability to detect guilt with a polygraphic examination: A laboratory experiment with a real crime. Journal of Applied Psychology, 64, 316-322.
Rec#: 490
Keywords: reexaminations/reliability/techniques-GKT/validity/heart rate/finger pulse volume.

1408. Baltissen, R., & Boucsein, W. (1986). Effects of a warning signal on reactions to aversive white noise stimulation: Does warning "short-circuit" habituation? Psychophysiology, 23, 224-231.
Rec#: 9132
Keywords: habituation/orienting response/perception/stimuli-aversive.

1409. Bamford, J. Anonymous. (2001). Body of Secrets. New York, New York: Doubleday. 537-542 p. 0-385-49907-8.
Rec#: 3409
Keywords: polygraph general/background investigations/historical interest-screening.

1410. Bami, H.L. (1982). Scientific aid equipment for crime investigation. C.B.I. Bulletin, 16, 1-6.
Rec#: 491
Keywords: crime investigation-scientific equipment.
Abstract:Discribes the polygraph as a sophisticated psycho-pharmacological equipment widely used to determine the truthfulness of information offered by a suspect/witness under interrogation. Has been used for decades and refined to a level, where in the hands of a competent expert, has reliability of up to 98%. Talks about introducing the Lafayette instrument in India.

1411. Baranowski, G.H. (1998). Managing sex offenders in the community with the assistance of polygraph testing. Polygraph, 27, 75-88.
Rec#: 6833
Keywords: applications-sex offenders/sex offenders.

1412. Baranowski, George H. Polygraph monitoring/testing programs of sex offenders in treatment - "society's early warning system". 95.
Rec#: 9073
Keywords: applications-sex offenders/applications-monitoring.
Notes: Presentation at the American Polygraph Association 30th annual seminar and workshop, Las Vegas, NV.

1413. Barber, T.X. (1965). Physiological effects of "hypnotic suggestions": A critical review of recent research (1960-1964). Psychological Bulletin, 63, 201-222.
Rec#: 500
Keywords: hypnosis/surveys-hypnosis-research.

1414. Barber, T.X., & Calverley, D.S. (1966). Toward a theory of hypnotic behavior: Experimental analyses of suggested amnesia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 71, 95-107.
Rec#: 501
Keywords: theory-hypnotic behavior/hypnosis.

1415. Anonymous. ed. 1965 Aug 02-1965 Aug 07; Chicago, IL: Keeler Polygraph Institute . 1-39p.
Rec#: 504
Keywords: research-peak of tension/validity-searching peak of tension/techniques-peak of tension-Keeler/dissertations and theses.
Notes: (Master's thesis, Western Michigan University) Presented at the Keeler Polygraph Institute second annual seminar proceedings.

1416. Barber, William E. Interrogation: Listening as a factor. nd.
Rec#: 502
Keywords: interrogation-listening.
Notes: Paper presented at the Keeler Polygraph Institute, Chicago, IL.

1417. Barber, William E. Interrogation techniques: Practical and psychological aspects. nd.
Rec#: 503
Keywords: interrogation-psychology.
Notes: Paper presented at the Keeler Polygraph Institute, Chicago, IL.

1418. Anonymous. ed. Chicago, IL: Keeler Polygraph Institute. 1-12p.
Rec#: 505
Keywords: screening-police.
Notes: Proceedings of the Keeler Polygraph Institute Alumni Association Seminar .

1419. Barber, William E. Psychological aspects of interrogation. 65.
Rec#: 506
Keywords: interrogation-psychology.
Notes: Paper presented at the Keeler Polygraph Institute, Chicago, IL.

1420. Anonymous. ed. Chicago, IL: Keeler Polygraph Institute. 1-11p.
Rec#: 507
Keywords: examiners-training.
Notes: Proceedings of the 3rd annual seminar, Keeler Polygraph Institute Alumni Association .

1421. Barefoot, J.K. Ed. (1972). On the side of truth- APA reviews the polygraph, employees and unions. Security World, November, 48-52.
Rec#: 9713
Keywords: labor unions/employees/American Polygraph Association.

1422. Barefoot, J.K. (1981). The bottom line on lie detectors. Wharton Magazine, 5, 66
Rec#: 520
Keywords: screening.

1423. Barefoot, J.K. (1979). Employee theft investigation. Los Angeles, CA: Security World Publishing Co., Inc.
Rec#: 6172
Keywords: theft-employees/confessions/interrogation/evidence.

1424. Barefoot, J.K. (1972). On the side of truth - APA discusses the polygraph, examiner and test - Part II. Security World, 50-60.
Rec#: 9137
Keywords: techniques/instrumentation/screening.

1425. Barefoot, J.K. (1972). On the side of truth - APA discusses the polygraph, history and techniques - Part 1. Security World, 9, 20-24.
Rec#: 7772
Keywords: criminalistics/research/history.

1426. Barefoot, J.K. (1972). On the side of truth - APA reviews the polygraph in the courts, cites cases. Security World, 9, 44-45, 47-50, 52, 54-55.
Rec#: 7782
Keywords: criminalistics/courtroom testimony.
Abstract:The article states that it is time to invest the polygraph examination with its appropriate stature. The value of the technique, when used in a proper manner, warrants judicial recognition. However, this recommendation for recognition does not imply approval of an unconditional, or unreasoning acceptance. The endorsement is intended strictly for the areas where polygraph examination has exhibited a high degree of reliability--and only for use by a competent, fully professional, examiner under the proper test conditions. The examiner, in all cases, must be available for cross examination and court inquiry into the test environment, the reliability issue, and his own personal qualifications. In criminal cases, the defendant must be advised of the right to counsel and the right to remain silent.

1427. Barefoot, J.K. Anonymous. (1972). The polygraph technique: Dedicated to man's right to verify the truth. Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association. 54 p.
Rec#: 514
Keywords: law-labor-rights/history/techniques/applications-labor unions/American Polygraph Association/admissibility.

1428. Anonymous. Statement of J. Kirk Barefoot for the American Polygraph Association. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 519
Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial/screening-commercial-preemployment/screening-commercial-investigations/American Polygraph Association.
Notes: Printed in APA Newsletter, 13(1), 1-6.

1429. Barefoot, J.K. (1975). Supreme Court places restrictions on questioning union members. APA Newsletter, 3-4.
Rec#: 516
Keywords: interrogation-union members/law-interrogation-labor.

1430. Anonymous. Testimony of J. Kirk Barefoot, Chief of Security, Cluett, Peabody & Co., New York, representing the American Polygraph Association, accompanied by Charles Marino, Counsel, American Polygraph Association, Chicago. ed. 1977 Nov 15; Washington, DC: GPO. 33-196p.
Rec#: 517
Keywords: validity/licensing-state/screening-general/legislation-federal.

1431. Barefoot, J.K. (1985). Testimony of J. Kirk Barefoot for the American Polygraph Association. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Employment Opportunities of the House Committee on Education and Labor. Polygraph, 14, 239-242.
Rec#: 521
Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial/surveys.

1432. Barefoot, J. Kirk. A time for decisive action. 63.
Rec#: 512
Keywords: legislation-history/history-law.
Notes: Paper presented at the 10th annual meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

1433. Barefoot, J.K. Anonymous. (1995). Undercover investigation. 3rd ed, Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann. 0-7506-9645-1.
Rec#: 5770
Keywords: criminal investigations/testimony assessment.

1434. Barefoot, J.K., Bliss, G., Burki, F., Cohen, D., & Marino, C.F. N. Ansley. (1975). Labor and legislation panel . Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 297-327 p.
Rec#: 511
Keywords: applications-screening-commercial/law-screening-commercial/labor unions/legislation.

1435. Barker, R. (1996). Dancing with the devil: Sex, espionage and the U. S. Marines: The Clayton Lonetree Story. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Rec#: 5910
Keywords: Lonetree, Clayton /cases-espionage/applications-espionage/applications-military/applications-national security.
Notes: polygraph mentioned on pgs. 43-47, 77-79, 123, 140-141, 143,160, 165, 179, 193, 219, 221, 225, 229-230, 235,and 239.

1436. Barker, T., & Carter, D. (1990). "Fluffing up the evidence and covering your ass": Some conceptual notes on police lying. Deviant-Behavior, 11, 61-73.
Rec#: 9714
Abstract:Discusses the patterns of lying that might occur in a police organization, the circumstances under which police lies (PLs) occur, and the possible consequences of PLs. A taxonomy of PLs is outlined that includes accepted lying and tolerated lying. Deviant PLs in support of perceived legitimate goals and illegitimate goals are explored. PLs may contribute to distrust within the organization and the community served, misconduct and corruption within the organization, and a decline in the effectiveness of the criminal justice system.

1437. Barland, G.H. Anonymous. DoD Polygraph Institute. (1990 Aug 10).
Rec#: 567
Keywords: research-DoDPI.
Abstract:Comparison of mock crime accuracy at DPI v elsewhere, and mock crime versus mock screening.

1438. Barland, Gordon H. Autonomic responsivity of psychopaths in a detection of deception situation. 74.
Rec#: 3404
Keywords: pathological liar/question formulation/detection of deception/judicial system/psychopaths.

1439. Barland, G.H. N. Ansley. (1975). A bibliography of scientific studies pertaining to the validity of current lie detection techniques. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 328-332 p.
Rec#: 534
Keywords: validity-bibliographies/bibliographies-validity.

1440. Barland, G.H. (1972). Bibliography on validity. Polygraph, 1, 256-262.
Rec#: 523
Keywords: validity-bibliographies.

1441. Barland, G.H. (1974). Bibliography: The use of polygraphs in pre-employment screening. Polygraph, 3, 231-234.
Rec#: 9455
Keywords: screening-preemployment/bibliographies.

1442. Barland, Gordon H. The cardio channel: A primer. 83.
Rec#: 551
Keywords: physiology/cardio.
Notes: Paper presented at the Maryland Polygraph Association Meeting, Arnold, MD.

1443. Barland, G.H. (1985). The case for the polygraph in employment screening. Personnel Administrator, 30, 58-65.
Rec#: 573
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/cases-theft.

1444. Barland, Gordon H. Comparison of the polygraph and voice stress analysis. 3 pp. 74.
Rec#: 531
Keywords: voice stress analysis.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1445. Barland, Gordon H. Considerations concerning polygraphic evidence admissibility. 75.
Rec#: 535
Keywords: admissibility/techniques-general.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1446. Barland, G.H. (2001). A conversation with Fred E. Inbau and John E. Reid: Origins of the Illinois crime lab. Polygraph, 30, 114-118.
Rec#: 7360
Keywords: historical interest /Inbau, Fred E./crime labs/Reid, John E.

1447. Barland, Gordon H. Conversations with Fred E. Inbau and John E. Reid -- An interview by Gordon H. Barland. 79.
Rec#: 8972
Keywords: history/Inbau, Fred E./Reid, John E./Keeler, Leonarde/Larson, John A./Vollmer, August/Wilson, Charles.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1448. Barland, G.H. (1975). Detection of deception in criminal suspects: A field validation study. Dissertation Abstracts International, 36, 3083
Rec#: 536
Keywords: validity/reliability/research-field-validity/techniques-zone comparison test/question formulation/voice stress analysis-PSE/dissertations and theses.
Notes: (University Microfilm # AAD 75-28874), 72 pages.

1449. Barland, G.H. (1986). The detection of deception: What are the empirically researchable psychophysiological issues? Psychophysiology, 23, 418
Rec#: 7474
Keywords: witnesses/Accuracy/POT/control questions.
Notes: [abstract only].

1450. Barland, G.H. (1983). A dual-issue test format. Polygraph, 12, 1-6.
Rec#: 552
Keywords: techniques-dual issue/false positive.

1451. Barland, G.H. (1973). The evolution of control question tests. Utah Polygraph Association Newsletter, 1, 5-14.
Rec#: 528
Keywords: techniques-control question test/history.

1452. Barland, G.H. (1972 Jun). An experimental study of field techniques in lie detection.
Rec#: 524
Keywords: research-field-techniques/validity/reliability/dissertations and theses.
Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

1453. Barland, G.H. (1978). A fail-proof blind numbers test. Polygraph, 7, 203-208.
Rec#: 540
Keywords: numbers test/stimulation tests.

1454. Barland, Gordon H. Foreign use of the polygraph - summary. 95.
Rec#: 9074
Keywords: foreign usage.
Notes: Presentation at the American Polygraph Association 30th annual seminar and workshop, Las Vegas, NV.

1455. Barland, Gordon H. Guilty knowledge test. 82.
Rec#: 550
Keywords: techniques-guilty knowledge test.
Notes: Paper presented at the FBI Advanced Polygraph Course, Quantico, VA. Also presented at the National Polygraph Workshop, Delta College, University Center, MI.

1456. Barland, Gordon H. Hypnotically induced amnesia as a polygraph countermeasure. 79.
Rec#: 544
Keywords: countermeasures-hypnosis/hypnosis-amnesia/research-countermeasures.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association.

1457. Barland, G.H. (1973). Implications of drug induced memory loss for interrogation and lie detection. Polygraph, 2, 287-294.
Rec#: 529
Keywords: memory loss/drugs/interrogation/amnesia/state dependant memory loss.

1458. Barland, Gordon H. Interview with Cleve Backster in his laboratory on top of the Daily Transcript Building in San Diego. 80.
Rec#: 8925
Keywords: Backster, Cleve/polygraph-general.

1459. Barland, G.H. (1978). An introduction to the number test. Polygraph, 7, 173-175.
Rec#: 541
Keywords: stimulation tests.

1460. Barland, G.H. (1972). Legal aspects of the polygraph - A bibliography. Polygraph, 1, 36-39.
Rec#: 525
Keywords: bibliographies/law-bibliographies.

1461. Barland, G.H. (1985). Liars and lie detection: Criminal investigation. Society, 22, 46-51.
Rec#: 561
Keywords: applications-criminal investigations/validity.

1462. Anonymous. A method of estimating the accuracy of individual control question polygraph tests. ed. 1985 Feb 24-1985 Feb 28; Jerusalem, Israel.: The International Congress on Techniques for Criminal Identification. 142-147p.
Rec#: 563
Keywords: techniques-CQT/validity.
Notes: Paper presented at the International Conference of Techniques for Criminal Identification, Jerusalem, Israel.

1463. Barland, G.H. (1982). On the accuracy of the polygraph: An evaluation review of Lykken's Tremor in the Blood. Polygraph, 11, 258
Rec#: 6273
Keywords: accuracy/Lykken, David T.

1464. Barland, Gordon H. Polygraph countermeasures: The state-of-the-art in 1984. 84.
Rec#: 557
Keywords: countermeasures/bibliographies-countermeasures.
Notes: Paper presented at the American Polygraph Association Seminar, Nashville, TN.

1465. Barland, Gordon H. Polygraph research guidelines: Initial draft. 88.
Rec#: 566
Keywords: research-guidelines.
Notes: Paper presented at the meeting of NATO Advanced Study Institute on Credibility Assessment, Maratea, Italy.

1466. Barland, G.H. A. Gale. (1988). The polygraph test in the USA and elsewhere. London: Sage Publications, Inc. 73-95 p.
Rec#: 565
Keywords: history/surveys-examiners/surveys-foreign use/theory-general/theory-base rate/screening-general/utility/theory-screening/cases-kidnapping/cases-homicide-Army/cases-espionage.

1467. Barland, Gordon H. Psychological stress evaluator (PSE) (voice polygraph). 70.
Rec#: 6942
Keywords: PSE/counterintelligence/stress/voice stress analysis/peak of tension/voiceprint identification/POT/inconclusive results.

1468. Barland, G.H. N. Ansley. (1975). The reliability of chart evaluations . Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 120-132 p.
Rec#: 537
Keywords: reliability-test data analysis/test data analysis-blind.

1469. Barland, G.H. (1972). Reliability of polygraph chart evaluations. Polygraph, 1, 192-206.
Rec#: 526
Keywords: test data analysis-blind/reliability-test data analysis.

1470. Barland, Gordon H. The reliability of polygraph chart evaluations. 72.
Rec#: 527
Keywords: reliability-test data analysis/test data analysis-blind.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association, Chicago, IL. Published in Polygraph, 1, 192-206.

1471. Barland, G.H. Anonymous. (1984 Sep 15). Final report, (Contract MDA904-83-M-1150) for the National Security Agency,
Rec#: 553
Keywords: research-electrodermal biofeedback/stimulation tests.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph , 26, (1), 1-37.

1472. Barland, G.H. (1982). [Review of the book HAGOTH: Fundamentals of voice stress analysis]. Polygraph, 11, 200-201.
Rec#: 549
Keywords: book reviews/voice stress analysis-book reviews.

1473. Barland, G.H. (2001). [Review of the book Traitors among us]. Polygraph, 30, 223-224.
Rec#: 2681
Keywords: book reviews/espionage.

1474. Barland, G.H. (1984). Standards for the admissibility of polygraph results as evidence. University of West Los Angeles Law Review, 16, 37-54.
Rec#: 554
Keywords: stipulated examinations/examiners-expert witness/training/courtroom testimony/admissibility-standards.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 15, 157-173.
Abstract:Standards for polygraph tests to be used in court should be higher than those applied to tests associated with investigations. The examiner should be properly trained, licensed, and experienced; should use a testing technique appropriate for the issue to be resolved; and should record the entire examination on videotape. If the examination was conducted confidentially for the defense, the subject must waive confidentiality privileges, and all aspects of the examination must be disclosed. The most important safeguard to ensure that standards were met in an examination is a formal review of all aspects of the examination by a disinterested polygraph expert. If this review does not support the original examiner's decision, the polygraph results should not be admissible as evidence, although the results of a re-examination may be admitted providing the independent expert supports the findings of this re-examination. 22 notes and 12 references.

1475. Anonymous. Statement of Gordon H. Barland. ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 63-67p.
Rec#: 558
Keywords: utility-screening/validity-screening.
Notes: Relating to the administration of polygraph examinations and prepublication review requirements by federal agencies.

1476. Barland, Gordon H. Statement on the polygraph technique in screening. 85.
Rec#: 562
Keywords: screening-validity/countermeasures/examiners-qualifications.
Notes: Prepared at the request of the Employment Committee, House of Commons, Great Britain.

1477. Barland, G.H. (1977). A survey of the effect of the polygraph in screening Utah job applicants: Preliminary results. Polygraph, 6, 318-323.
Rec#: 539
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/surveys-Utah.

1478. Barland, G.H. N. Ansley & S. Abrams. (1980). A survey of the effects of polygraph in screening Utah job applicants. Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association. 37-43, Appendix A p.
Rec#: 546
Keywords: screening-commercial-Utah/surveys-Utah.

1479. Anonymous. Testimony of Gordon H. Barland, Ph.D., American Polygraph Association. ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 100-117p.
Rec#: 545
Keywords: screening-federal/screening-commercial-preemployment/countermeasures/applications-arms control/validity-laboratory.

1480. Barland, G.H. (1998). Towards a unified theory of detection of deception. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 30, 192
Rec#: 7552
Keywords: detection of deception.
Notes: [abstract only].

1481. Barland, Gordon H. Understanding the GSR. 85.
Rec#: 564
Keywords: electrodermal/test data analysis-electrodermal.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Polygraph Association, Reno, NV.

1482. Anonymous. ed. 1998 Feb 02;
Rec#: 1219
Keywords: GSR/Daubert standard/galvanic skin response/admissibility-courts martial/heart rate/blood pressure/physiological responses/orienting response.
Notes: Polygraph testimony in US vs. Thomas, a court martial in Mannheim, GE. The testimony was on the evening (6 to 9 p.m.) of Monday, 2 Feb. 98 in Taylor Barracks. The judge ruled not to admit the polygraph.

1483. Barland, Gordon H. Use of voice changes in the detection of deception. 73.
Rec#: 530
Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE.
Notes: Paper presented at the 86th annual meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Los Angeles, CA.

1484. Barland, G.H. (1978). Use of voice changes in the detection of deception. Polygraph, 7, 129-140.
Rec#: 542
Keywords: voice stress analysis.

1485. Barland, G.H. (1974). Use of voice changes in the detection of deception [abstract]. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 55, 423
Rec#: 532
Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE.
Notes: Presented at Acoustical Society of America, Los Angeles, October 31, 1973.
Abstract:Short-term voice changes from subjects in low-stress and high-stress lie-detection situations were visually displayed by Psychological Stress Evaluator, model PSE-1. Under the low-stress condition the detection rate was not significantly differerent from chance. Under the high-stress condition, using polygraph responses as the criterion for stress, voice changes were clearly able to distinguish between truth and deception. Using ranks to compare the effectiveness of voice changes against the three individual components of the polygraph, it was found that the voice was the second most effective single parameter. It is hypothesized that a certain level of stress must be reached in the individual before changes in the voice occur; but once that level of stress is exceded, differetial changes in the voice can be used to determine deceptiveness.

1486. Anonymous. The utility of the polygraph in aperiodic screening. ed. Washington, DC: GPO .
Rec#: 9113
Keywords: screening-aperiodic/utility/Department of Defense.

1487. Barland, Gordon H. A validation and reliability study of counterintelligence screening test. 81.
Rec#: 548
Keywords: screening-counterintelligence/validity/directed lie /reliability/test data analysis/numerical scoring/global scoring.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Security Support Battalion, 902nd Military Intelligence Group, Fort Meade, Maryland.

1488. Barland, Gordon H. Validity of the polygraph: A bibliography. nd.
Rec#: 9114
Keywords: validity/bibliographies.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1489. Barland, G.H. N. Ansley. (1975). The validity of the polygraph technique. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 153-167 p.
Rec#: 538
Keywords: research-validity.

1490. Barland, G.H., & Honts, C.R. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute . (1990 Nov). DoDPI88-P-0002,
Rec#: 572
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/validity/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A339267/PAA.

1491. Barland, G.H., Honts, C.R., & Barger, S.D. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute . (1990 Jan). DoDPI89-P-0005,
Rec#: 571
Keywords: multiple issues.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A339187/PAA.

1492. Barland, G.H., Honts, C.R., & Barger, S.D. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1990 Nov). DoDPI88-P-0002; DoDPI89-P-0005; DoDPI89-P-0007,
Rec#: 9560
Keywords: executive summaries.
Notes: See ProCite record numbers 571, 572 and 2460.

1493. Barland, G.H., Honts, C.R., & Barger, S.D. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute . (1990 Jan). DoDPI89-R-0001,
Rec#: 2460
Keywords: skin conductance/skin resistance/utility/electrodermal.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A339184/ PAA.

1494. Barland, G.H., Honts, C.R., & Barger, S.D. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1989 Mar 24).
Rec#: 569
Keywords: security screening/accuracy.
Notes: DoDPI87-P-0001/DoDPI-89-R-0001.

1495. Barland, G.H., Honts, C.R., & Barger, S.D. (1989). The validity of detection of deception for multiple issues . Psychophysiology, 26, 13
Rec#: 570
Keywords: research-laboratory/techniques-control question test/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute/validity-laboratory.
Notes: [abstract].

1496. Barland, G.H.,, & Raskin, D.C. W.F. Prokasy & D.C. Raskin. (1973). Detection and deception. New York: Academic Press. 417-477 p.
Rec#: 576
Keywords: research-lie detection paradigm/polygraph-general.

1497. Barland, G.H., & Raskin, D.C. (1975). An evaluation of field techniques in detection of deception. Psychophysiology, 12, 321-330.
Rec#: 578
Keywords: field techniques/validity/test data analysis/cardio/pneumo/electrodermal/reliability.

1498. Barland, Gordon H. and Raskin, David C. An experimental study of field techniques in lie detection. 71.
Rec#: 574
Keywords: research-validity/techniques-zone comparison test/validity-mock crime/test data analysis-numerical.
Notes: Paper presented at the Society for Psychophysiological Research, St. Louis, MO.

1499. Barland, G.H., & Raskin, D.C. (1972). An experimental study of field techniques in lie detection . Polygraph, 1, 22-26.
Rec#: 575
Keywords: research-field-techniques/validity-mock crime/techniques-zone comparison test.
Notes: abstracted in Psychophysiology, 9, 275.

1500. Anonymous. ed.
Rec#: 577
Keywords: psychopaths/criminal suspects.
Notes: Paper presented at the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Salt Lake City, UT.

1501. Barland, G.H., & Raskin, D.C. (1975). Psychopathy and detection of deception in criminal suspects. Psychophysiology, 12, 224
Rec#: 579
Keywords: subjects-psychopaths/psychopathy/research-psychopaths/validity-psychopaths.
Notes: [abstract].

1502. Barland, G.H., & Raskin, D.C. Anonymous. (1976). Report No. 76-1 (Contract 75-NI-99-0001), National Institute of the Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, U.S. Department of Justice; and Department of Psychology, University of Utah,
Rec#: 580
Keywords: criminal suspects/reliability/validity/personality variables/MMPI/hypochondriac/psychopaths/depression.

1503. Barnes, J.A. (1983). Lying: A sociological view. Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences, 15, 152-158.
Rec#: 582
Keywords: lying-sociological view/Australia/lying-symposium-Australia.

1504. Barnes, Philip G. Should the polygraph be used to periodically screen all members of a police department. 61.
Rec#: 583
Keywords: screening-police.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, prepared for the 67th Session of the FBI National Academy.

1505. Barnett, F.J. (1973). How does a jury view polygraph examination results? Polygraph, 2, 275-277.
Rec#: 584
Keywords: admissibility/cases-drugs/stipulated examinations/juries.

1506. Barnett, R.H. (1972). The polygraph: A narcotic investigative aid. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 7, 1-4.
Rec#: 585
Keywords: applications-drug enforcement.

1507. Barnett, R.H. (1997). The polygraph: A narcotic investigative aid . The Journal of Polygraph Science, 32,
Rec#: 5529
Keywords: drugs/background investigations/drug use.

1508. M. Baro. Cadet lovers confess to murder. Sep 7, 1996; The Associated Press. ()
Rec#: 6866
Keywords: applications-homicide/confessions/polygraph general.
Notes: Off the internet AOLNewsProfiles@.

1509. Barry, R.J. (1998). The North American polygraph: Ethical and methodological implications for scienctific and applied psychophysiologists. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 30, 26
Rec#: 6834
Keywords: control question tests/concealed information/physiological measures/CQT/validity/psychophysiology-research.
Notes: abstract only.

1510. Barry, R.J. (1990). Scoring criteria for response latency and habituation in electrodermal research: A study in the context of the orienting research. Psychophysiology, 27, 94-100.
Rec#: 588
Keywords: test data analysis-electrodermal/interstimulus internal/electrodermal-response latency/electrodermal-habituation.

1511. Barry, Robert J. and Prescott, John. The effect of alcohol on the involuntary OR. 89.
Rec#: 589
Keywords: countermeasures/electrodermal/habituation/orienting response/alcohol.
Notes: Paper presented at the 29th annual meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, New Orleans, LA. Abstracted in Polygraph, 19(4) 309.

1512. Bartelheim, J.R. (1989 Mar 07). The polygraph "Lie Detector" technique, the issue of validity.
Rec#: 9222
Keywords: validity/relevant-irrelevant method/polygraph techniques/admissibility/field validity.
Notes: Master's thesis.

1513. Bartholomew, A.A. (1983). Psychiatric evaluation of lying. Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences, 15, 174-190.
Rec#: 593
Keywords: lying-psychiatric evaluation/Australia.

1514. Bartlett, Steven K. Graduation address. 95.
Rec#: 9193
Keywords: historical interest/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute/graduation address.
Notes: Department of Defense Polygraph Institute Graduation, Fort McClellan, AL.

1515. Bartlett, Steven K. Law enforcement applicant polygraph screening. 95.
Rec#: 9075
Keywords: screening-police.
Notes: Presentation at the American Polygraph Association National Training Seminar, Las Vegas, NV.

1516. Bartlett, S.K. (1981). Polygraph: An aid to investigation in law enforcement. Utah Peace Officer, 58, 26-30.
Rec#: 595
Keywords: applications-criminal investigations.

1517. Bartlett, S.K. (1985). Polygraph examinations in Utah, 1979-1983. Utah Polygraph Association Newsletter, 3-5.
Rec#: 596
Keywords: surveys-Utah/screening-commercial-Utah/licensing-Utah.

1518. Bartlett, Steven K. Standardization of law enforcement polygraph screening. 91.
Rec#: 9115
Keywords: applications-law enforcement/standardization.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1519. Bartlett, S.K., Murphy, V.T., & Putnam, D. (1993). Standard Chart Markings. Polygraph , 22, 125-131.
Rec#: 9579
Keywords: chart markings.

1520. Barton, M.F. (1974). Polygraph as a police pre-employment selection tool. Polygraph, 3, 401-411.
Rec#: 597
Keywords: screening-police-Texas.

1521. Barton, M.F. (1977). [Review of the book The assassination tapes]. Polygraph, 6, 91
Rec#: 599
Keywords: book reviews/voice stress/PSE-book reviews.

1522. Barton, M.F. (1976). A study of admissions made during pre-employment polygraph examinations, 1964-1975, and their significance to the business community.
Rec#: 598
Keywords: screening-commercial-Texas/surveys-screening/surveys-commercial/dissertations and theses.
Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

1523. Bashore, T.R., & Rapp, P.E. (1993). Are there alternatives to traditional polygraph procedures? Psychological Bulletin, 113, 3-22.
Rec#: 601
Keywords: ERP/event-related potentials/P300/N400/countermeasures-mental.
Notes: 3 graphs.
Abstract:Argues that the dependence of procedures to detect lying on autonomic measures diminishes their effectiveness and inhibits the development of alternatives tests. A review of several studies suggests that EEG activity can be used to infer the possession of concealed information.

1524. Baskett, G.D., & Freedle, R. (1974). Aspects of language pragmatics and the social perception of lying. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 3, 117-131.
Rec#: 605
Keywords: detection of deception/reaction time/linguistic variables/extralinguistic variables.

1525. Bassett, J.W. (1990). Retooling for investigations. Security Management, 34, 66
Rec#: 9717
Keywords: theft-employees/applications-criminal investigations.

1526. Basu, P.K. (1982). Modern method of interrogation of suspect. Indian Journal of Criminology and Criminalistics, 2, 33-35.
Rec#: 607
Keywords: interrogation-India/India.

1527. Bates, E.B. (1959). Can a small department afford to use the polygraph? Police, 3, 44-48.
Rec#: 608
Keywords: applications-police.

1528. Bates, E.B. (1969). The emotionally low responder. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 3,
Rec#: 6953
Keywords: heart rate/GSR/blood pressure/irrelevants.

1529. Bates, N.D. (1990). Understanding the liability of negligent hiring. Security Management, 34, 7A-10A.
Rec#: 6315
Keywords: employee screening/background investigations/paper and pencil tests/Honesty testing/drug screening/preemployment screening.

1530. Bates, R.B. (1985). Maximizing the psychological set by effective use of the personal history sheet. The Academy Journal, 7, 1-4.
Rec#: 609
Keywords: pretest interview/theory-psychological set.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 14, 258-262.

1531. Bates, R.B. (1985). The pre-test information network: Maximizing psychological set by effective use of the personal history sheet. The Academy Journal, 7, 1-4.
Rec#: 7118
Keywords: training/polygraph-theory/pretest interview/validity.

1532. Bates, R.B. (1985). Toward a philosophy of polygraph science: Accepted standards of the profession. The Academy Journal, 7, 1-3.
Rec#: 610
Keywords: polygraph science-philosophy.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 14, 271-275.
Abstract:All sciences rest on a solid foundation of basic assumptions and tenets not demonstrable with the usual proof. They begin with a philosophy. Polygraphy has come a long way in its development, but its acceptance as a science by the general public will depend on common agreement as to instrumentation, physiological and psychological mechanisms, examination format, chart interpretation rules, etc. An examination of the field as a whole, however, reveals fundamental disagreements and general ambiguity regarding fundamental polygraph philosophy. There is vagueness on the basic psychology of polygraphy, difference among polygraphers in the information used to distinguish the "guilty" from the "innocent," debate about how the polygraph should be used, and variation in chart interpretation rules as taught by the leading professional polygraph schools. 4 footnotes.

1533. Bauchner, J.E., Kaplan, E.P., & Miller, G.R. (1980). Detecting deception: The relationship of available information to judgmental accuracy in initial encounters. Human Communication Research, 6, 251-264.
Rec#: 612
Keywords: lying/nonverbal detection of deception.

1534. Bauer, R.M. (1984). Autonomic recognition of names and faces in Prosopagnosia: A neuropsychological application of the guilty knowledge test. Neuropsychologia, 22, 457-469.
Rec#: 613
Keywords: guilty knowledge test/autonomic response.

1535. Bavelas, J.B., & Smith, B.J. (1982). A method for scaling verbal disqualification. Human Communication Research, 8, 214-227.
Rec#: 6274
Keywords: communication/disqualification/interrogation/narrative analysis.

1536. Bayley, C.T. (1973). Polygraph and the law - A prosecutor's view. Washington State Bar News, 13, 15, 57.
Rec#: 615
Keywords: admissibility/courtroom testimony/applications-internal investigations.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 3 (3), 308-315.

1537. Beaber, R.J. (1984). Not guilty by reason of polygraph. University of West Los Angeles Law Review, 16, 27-36.
Rec#: 618
Keywords: criticism-base rate theory/criticism-research.

1538. Beard, P.D. (1972). Truth or consequences: Lie detectors in business. Harper's Bazaar, 105, 44-46.
Rec#: 8123
Keywords: applications-commercial.

1539. Beardsley, T. (1999). Truth or consequences. Scientific American, 281, 21, 24.
Rec#: 6550
Keywords: screening/screening-employment/respiration/heart rate/skin conductance/lying/stress/directed lie /computerized polygraph/false positive/screening-counterintelligence/counterintelligence/espionage --government policy --United States.
Abstract:Focuses on polygraph screening and questions about the science of lie detection. Plan by United States Department of Energy to institute polygraph screening to detect spies at three national laboratories that work on nuclear weapons; History of lie detectors in laboratories; Resentment from laboratory employees over the plan; How polygraphs work; Criticism and support for the plan.

1540. Beary, J.F. Deputy under Secretary of Defense on polygraph/lie detector. (Aug 10 1983).
Rec#: 6767
Keywords: morale/false positive/Guilty knowledge test/lying.

1541. Beary, J.F. (1986). Guest editorial: The polygraph: Does it really Detect Lies? American Family Physician, 33, 98 & 100
Rec#: 621
Keywords: criticism-validity.

1542. Beason, G.M., & Belt, J.A. (1976). Verifying applicant's backgrounds. Personnel Journal, 55, 345-348.
Rec#: 623
Keywords: screening-commercial-applicants.

1543. Beason, G.M., & Belt, J.A. (1974). Verifying job applicants' backgrounds. Personnel Administrator, 19, 29-32.
Rec#: 622
Keywords: screening-commercial-applicants.

1544. Beattie, R.J. V.A. Leonard. (1957). The semantics of question preparation. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 29-43 p.
Rec#: 624
Keywords: question formulation-semantics.

1545. Beatty, J.,, & Lucero-Wagoner, B. J.T. Cacioppo, L.G. Tassinary, & G.G. Berntson. The pupillary system. 2nd ed, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 142-162 p. 052162634X.
Rec#: 6418
Keywords: eye movement/pupillometry.
Notes: Chapter 6.

1546. Beatty, T.G. (1975). Admissibility rules eased in New Mexico v. Dorsey. Polygraph, 4, 339
Rec#: 626
Keywords: admissibility-New Mexico.

1547. Beatty, T.G. (1976). Confession after polygraph not coercive in New York. Polygraph, 5, 250-251.
Rec#: 628
Keywords: law-interrogation-New York/interrogation-coercion.

1548. Beatty, T.G. (1974). A landmark decision on polygraph evidence. Polygraph, 3, 373-376.
Rec#: 625
Keywords: admissibility-Massachusetts/applications-juveniles.

1549. Beatty, T.G. (1975). The polygraph in the federal court. Polygraph, 4, 301-303, 384-394.
Rec#: 627
Keywords: admissibility-federal/courtroom testimony/examiners-expert witness.

1550. Beatty, T.G. (1975). [Review of the book Cochran's Law Dictionary]. Polygraph, 4, 287
Rec#: 9457
Keywords: book reviews.

1551. Beatty, T.G. (1975). [Review of the book Understanding Medical Terminology]. Polygraph, 4, 287-288.
Rec#: 2138
Keywords: book reviews/terminology-medical.

1552. Beauchamp, Dale M. "The five year drug question". 92.
Rec#: 9718
Keywords: drug use/control questions/screening-NSA.

1553. Bechtel, H.K., & Pearson, W. (1985). Deviant scientists and scientific deviance. Deviant Behavior, 6, 237-252.
Rec#: 629
Keywords: cases-fraud-science/lying-scientists/fraud-science.

1554. Beigel, H.G. (1953). Prevarication under hypnosis. Journal of Clinical Experimental Hypnosis, 1, 32-40.
Rec#: 1358
Keywords: hypnosis/pathological liar.

1555. Beijk, J. (1980). Experimental and procedural influences on differential electrodermal activity. Psychophysiology, 17, 274-278.
Rec#: 632
Keywords: research-theory/validity-laboratory/electrodermal/skin conductance/motivation/theory-motivation/Holland.

1556. Belau, H. (1957). VorfŸhrung des Keeler LŸgendetektors vor šrtlichen deutschen Polizeivertretern [Demonstration of the Keeler lie detector before local police representatives]. Die Hessische Polizei, 10,
Rec#: 9224
Keywords: Zimmermann, Hans/Germany.
Notes: [text in German].
Abstract:The American MPs in Bad Hersfeld demonstrated the polygraph to local police officials on 21 May 1957. Hans Zimmermann conducted the demonstration. A very short article which was written primarily to explain a photograph. The photo shows the German chief of police fo Bad Hersfeld ready to be tested on a lie detector. Standing behnd and around him are a variety of American and German military and police officials witnessing a demonstration. The demonstration provided for the use and function of the lie detector. American Hans Zimmermann provided the expertise. A discussion followed the demonstration, but not just related to the lie detector.

1557. Bell, A.D., Jr. (1976). The Abzug Committee Report. The Bureaucrat, 5, 235-246.
Rec#: 634
Keywords: legislation-federal.

1558. Bell, A.D., Jr. (1981). PSE: A decade of controversy. Security Management, 63-66.
Rec#: 633
Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE.

1559. Bell, A.D., Jr./Ford, Wilson H./McQuiston, Charles R. (1974). I. Dektor Counterintelligence and Security. Physiological response analysis method and apparatus. Canada. 943230. 349-36.
Rec#: 6441
Keywords: psychological stress evaluator.
Notes: C.R. CL. 354-48.

1560. Bell, B.G., Raskin, D.C., Honts, C.R., & Kircher, J.C. (1999). The Utah numerical scoring system. Polygraph, 28, 1-9.
Rec#: 6904
Keywords: numerical scoring/comparison question .

1561. Beller, P.W. (1979). Polygraph is plagued with misconceptions. Security Management, 23, 24-26.
Rec#: 635
Keywords: misconceptions.

1562. Belley, Rejean. Informational redundancy within the cardiovascular system: Its impact on chart interpretation. 91.
Rec#: 9720
Keywords: cardiovascular/charts/circulatory system/blood pressure.
Notes: Government of Canada, Sollicitor General Office, Ottawa.

1563. Belt, J.A. (1983). The polygraph: A questionable personnel tool. Personnel Administrator, 65-66, 68-69, 91.
Rec#: 637
Keywords: screening-commercial-applicants.

1564. Belt, J.A., & Holden, P.B. (1978). Polygraph usage among major U.S. corporations. Personnel Journal, 57, 80-86.
Rec#: 638
Keywords: screening-commercial-major corporations/applications-corporate use.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 7, 222-232.

1565. Bem, D.J. (1966). Inducing belief in false confessions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 707-710.
Rec#: 3631
Keywords: confessions/Accuracy/False statements.

1566. Ben-Ishai, A. (1960). Polygraph use in Israel. Newsletter of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation, 1-2.
Rec#: 642
Keywords: applications-foreign/Israel.

1567. Ben-Ishai, Akiva. Some remarks on polygraph examinations in Israel. 61.
Rec#: 643
Keywords: subjects-cultural influences/test data analysis-electrodermal/Israel/cultural influences.
Notes: Paper presented at the 8th annual meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners, Washington, DC.

1568. Ben-Shakhar, G. Norman Ansley. (Feb 2 1992).
Rec#: 9721
Keywords: GKT.

1569. Ben-Shakhar, G. (1991). Clinical judgment and decision-making in CQT-polygraphy: A comparison with other pseudoscientific applications in psychology. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science , 26, 232-240.
Rec#: 5213
Keywords: techniques-control question test/test data analysis.
Notes: International Organization of Psychophysiology Symposium on the Validity of the Polygraph (1990, Budapest, Hungary).
Abstract: Accounts for the tremendous popularity of the Control Question Technique (CQT) and presents a theory describing how decisions and conclusions are reached within the typical CQT-interrogation process. It is claimed that the examiner starts with an a priori hypothesis derived from background information and from prior interactions with the examinee. The test-specific information is then used to test the a priori hypothesis, but this process is influenced by the confirmation bias. The complexity of the information available to the examiner coupled with the lack of well-defined quantification and integration rules allow the examiner to overweigh confirming evidence and to disregard disconfirming cues. This description may be applicable to other pseudoscientific methods.

1570. Ben-Shakhar, G. (1995). Confirmation bias in judgements of CQT-polygraph examiners - Hypothetical description and preliminary-results of the examiner decision-maker process. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science, 30, 102-103.
Rec#: 5190
Keywords: CQT/examiners-judgement/examiners-bias.
Notes: Abstract only.

1571. Ben-Shakhar, G. (1977). A further study of the dichotomization theory in detection of information. Psychophysiology, 14, 408-413.
Rec#: 652
Keywords: research-theory/psychophysiology/electrodermal/techniques-peak of tension/theory/Israel.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 7, 21-31.

1572. Ben-Shakhar, G. J.R. Jennings, P.K. Ackles, & M.G.H. Coles. (1991). Future prospects of psychophysiological detection: Replacing the CQT by the GKT. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. 193-199 p. 4 .
Rec#: 648
Keywords: techniques-CQT/techniques-GKT.

1573. Ben-Shakhar, Gershon. The GKT as a paradigm for the study of orienting reactions to significant stimuli. 91.
Rec#: 655
Keywords: GKT/orienting response.
Notes: Paper presented at the 31st annual meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Chicago, IL, October 9-13, 1991. Abstracted in Psychophysiology, 28(3A) (Supplement), S4.

1574. Ben-Shakhar, G. (1980). Habituation of the orienting response in complex sequences of stimuli. Psychophysiology, 17, 524-534.
Rec#: 649
Keywords: orienting response/habituation/stimuli.

1575. Ben-Shakhar, G. P. Harriot. (1988). Non-conventional methods in personnel selection . New York: John Wiley & Sons. - p.
Rec#: 654
Keywords: applications-screening/Israel.

1576. Ben-Shakhar, Gershon. The role of orienting response habituation in autonomic information detection. 78.
Rec#: 653
Keywords: orienting response/habituation/autonomic nervous system.
Notes: Paper presented at the 18th annual meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research.

1577. Ben-Shakhar, G. (1994). The role of stimulus novelty and significance in determining the electrodermal orienting response: Interactive versus additive approaches. Psychophysiology, 31, 402-411.
Rec#: 9191
Keywords: orienting response/stimulus novelty/electrodermal response/guilty knowledge test.

1578. Ben-Shakhar, G., Asher, T., Poznansky-Levy, A., Asherowitz, R., & Lieblich, I. (1989). Stimulus novelty and significance as determinants of electrodermal responsivity: The serial position effect. Psychophysiology, 26, 29-38.
Rec#: 656
Keywords: electrodermal/stimulus novelty/responsivity/serial position effect.

1579. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Bar-Hillel, M. (1993). Misconceptions in Martin and Terris's (1991) "Predicting infrequent behavior: Clarifying the impact on false-positive rates". Journal of Applied Psychology , 78, 148-150.
Rec#: 9227
Keywords: false positive/psychometric tests/criticism.
Abstract:S. L. Martin and W. Terris (see PA, Vol 78:28965) recently attributed to a number of psychologists a concept they called the false-positive argument (FPA), according to which a test should not be used if an individual who fails is more likely to be qualified than unqualified, and they attempted to clarify the conditions under which the FPA may be appropriate. It is argued that in none of the articles cited by Martin and Terris is the FPA truly posited and also that they failed to clarify the conditions under which the FPA might be appropriate. These conditions depend on the costs and payoffs associated with the various outcomes of the decision problem, as is demonstrated through the use of a threshold utility model. Finally, the examples used by Martin and Terris deal with the detection of deception but were discussed without proper consideration of the contexts in which lie-detection techniques are typically used.

1580. Ben-Shakhar, G., Bar-Hillel, M., & Lieblich, I. (1986). Trial by polygraph: Scientific and juridical issues in lie detection. Behavior Sciences and the Law, 4, 459-479.
Rec#: 657
Keywords: techniques-CQT/techniques-GKT/theory/validity/legal issues.
Notes: Special Issue: Psychology in Law Enforcement.

1581. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Dolev, K. (1996). Psychophysiological detection through the guilty knowledge technique: Effects of mental countermeasures. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81, 273-281.
Rec#: 6594
Keywords: countermeasures/techniques-guilty knowledge /research-mock crime/irrelevants .

1582. Ben-Shakhar, G., Dymshitz, J., & Lieblich, I. (1982). Generalization of habituation of skin conductance responses to multidimensional sequences of stimuli. Psychophysiology, 19, 178-182.
Rec#: 658
Keywords: electrodermal-skin conductance/habituation/stimuli.

1583. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Elaad, E. (1999). Effects of questions' repetition on the efficiency of the guilty knowledge test: A reexamination. Psychophysiology, 35, S32
Rec#: 6885
Keywords: GKT/repeated tests.

1584. Ben-Shakhar, G., Frost, R., Gati, I., & Kresh, Y. (1996). Is an apple a fruit? Semantic relatedness as reflected by psychophysiological responsivity. Psychophysiology, 33, 671-679.
Rec#: 6996
Keywords: techniques-guilty knowledge/orienting response/skin conductance/stimulus similarity.

1585. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Furedy, J.J. (1991). Another critical assault on lie detection. Contemporary Psychology, 36, 862-864.
Rec#: 6913
Keywords: criticism/CQT/GKT.

1586. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Furedy, J.J. (1990). Theories and applications in the detection of deception: A psychophysiological and international perspective. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Rec#: 659
Keywords: research/Israel/Canada/techniques-control question test/techniques-guilty knowledge test/applications-screening/validity/reliability/bibliographies-general/theory/polygraph-general.

1587. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Gati, I. (1987). Common and distinctive features of verbal and pictorial stimuli as determinants of psychophysiological responsivity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 116, 91-105.
Rec#: 661
Keywords: stimuli-verbal/stimuli-visual/responsivity.

1588. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Gati, I. (1990). A comparison of common and distinctive stimulus components in determining orienting reactions. Psychophysiology, 27, S16
Rec#: 662
Keywords: orienting response/stimulus components.
Notes: [abstract].

1589. Ben-Shakhar, Gershon and Gati, Itamar. The effect of similarity on psychophysiological responsivity to pictorial and verbal stimuli. 85.
Rec#: 660
Keywords: Israel/skin conductance response/stimuli-verbal/stimuli-visual/techniques-GKT/physiological responses.
Notes: The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

1590. Ben-Shakhar, G., Gati, I., Ben Bassat, N., & Sniper, G. (2000). Orienting response reinstatement and dishabituation: Effects of substituting, adding, and deleting components of nonsignificant stimuli. Psychophysiology, 37, 102-110.
Rec#: 4569
Keywords: habituation/orienting response/skin resistance.
Abstract:The prediction that orienting response (OR) reinstatement is negatively related to the measure of common features, shared by the stimulus input and representations of preceding events, and positively related to the measure of their distinctive features, was examined. A nonsignificant test stimulus (TS) was presented after 9 repetitions of a standard stimulus (SS), followed by 2 additional repetitions of SS. TS was created by either substituting 0, 1, or 2 components of SS (Exp 1), or by either adding or deleting 0, 1, or 2 components of SS (Exp 2). Skin conductance changes to TS (OR reinstatement) and the subsequent SS (dishabituation) were used as dependent measures. The results of Exp 1 supported the prediction that substituting components of neutral stimuli affects OR reinstatement, with a larger effect for between-categories than within-categories substitution. Exp 2 demonstrated that adding and deleting components similarly affects OR reinstatement.

1591. Ben-Shakhar, G., Gati, I., & Salamon, N. (1995). Generalization of the orienting response to significant stimuli: The roles of common and distinctive stimulus components. Psychophysiology, 32, 36-42.
Rec#: 4297
Keywords: orienting response/skin resistance.
Abstract:Explored effects of common and distinctive stimulus components on generalization of the orienting response (OR) in 240 undergraduates to significant stimuli. Compound pictorial stimuli were used as the relevant items memorized by the Ss. Skin conductance responses were measured during subsequent presentation of a stimulus sequence that included a test stimulus that shared some common components with the relevant one. Types of stimulus components (common and distinctive) were independently manipulated. As predicted by the feature-matching theory, both types of features affected OR generalization, but the distinctive components effect was due mainly to a large decline in OR with the introduction of the 1st distinctive component. Similar OR generalization was obtained regardless of whether the test stimulus was constructed by deleting stimulus components from the relevant stimulus or by adding components to that stimulus.

1592. Ben-Shakhar, G., Gronau, N., & Elaad, E. (1999). Leakage of relevant information to innocent examinees in the GKT: An attempt to reduce false-positive outcomes by introducing target stimuli. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 651-660.
Rec#: 4555
Keywords: GKT/guilty knowledge test/respiration/electrodermal.
Abstract:This study focused on the Guilty Knowledge Test (GKT)--a psychophysiological detection method based on a series of multiple-choice questions, each having one relevant and several neutral (control) alternatives. The study examined a new method designed to reduce false-positive outcomes due to leakage of relevant items to innocent suspects by introducing target items (i.e., items known to all examinees but unrelated to the crime) to which participants have to respond (e.g., by pressing a key) while answering the GKT questions. Informed innocent participants showed relatively larger electrodermal responses to the critical items than uninformed participants, but not as large as the responses made by guilty participants. No differences between informed and uninformed innocent participants were obtained with a respiration measure. The use of the target items tended to reduce the differences between informed and uninformed innocent participants. The results further demonstrated that electrodermal responding to the relevant items was correlated with memory of these items.

1593. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Lieblich, I. (1982). The dichotomization theory for differential autonomic responsivity reconsidered. Psychophysiology, 19, 277
Rec#: 668
Keywords: theory-dichotomization/skin conductance/autonomic response/habituation.

1594. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Lieblich, I. (1984). On statistical detection of deception: Comment on Szucko & Kleinmuntz. American Psychologist, 39, 79-80.
Rec#: 671
Keywords: research methodology-criticism/test data analysis-statistical.

1595. Ben-Shakhar, Gershon and Lieblich, Israel. A psychophysiological method for detecting cognitive categories. 81.
Rec#: 666
Keywords: habituation/orienting response/stimuli/cognition/personality variables.
Notes: Paper presented at the 21st annual meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Washington, DC.

1596. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Lieblich, I. (1982). Similarity of auditory stimuli and generalization of skin conductance response habituation. Physiological Psychology, 10, 331-335.
Rec#: 6586
Keywords: theory-habituation/theory-auditory stimuli/Israel/electrodermal-skin conductance/habituation.
Abstract:Two alternative models for orienting response habituation to complex sequences of stimuli were formulated. Model 1 assumed complete generalization of habituation, while model 2 assumed independent habituation processes for the different stimuli making up the complex sequence.

1597. Ben-Shakhar, Gershon and Lieblich, Israel. Similarity of auditory stimuli and generalization of skin conductance response habituation. nd.
Rec#: 663
Keywords: theory-habituation/theory-auditory stimuli/Israel/electrodermal-skin conductance/habituation.

1598. Ben-Shakhar, G., Lieblich, I., & Bar-Hillel, M. (1982). An evaluation of polygraphers' judgments: A review from a decision theoretic perspective. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67, 701-713.
Rec#: 669
Keywords: theory/test data analysis/control question tests/applications-screening/validity/research-test data analysis-field/Israel.

1599. Ben-Shakhar, G., Lieblich, I., & Kugelmass, S. (1975). Detection of information and GSR habituation: An attempt to derive detection efficiency from two habituation curves. Psychophysiology, 12, 283-288.
Rec#: 665
Keywords: electrodermal-habituation/GSR/dichotomization/detection of information.

1600. Ben-Shakhar, G., Lieblich, I., & Kugelmass, S. (1970). Guilty knowledge technique: Application of signal detection measures. Journal of Applied Psychology, 54, 409-413.
Rec#: 664
Keywords: techniques-GKT/signal detection /test data analysis.

1601. Ben-Shakhar, G., Lieblich, I., & Kugelmass, S. (1982). Interactive effects of stimulus probability and significance on the skin conductance response. Psychophysiology, 19, 112-114.
Rec#: 670
Keywords: electrodermal-SCR/stimulus probability.

1602. Bennett, J.V. (1961). Penal administrator views the polygraph. Federal Probation, 24, 40-44.
Rec#: 645
Keywords: applications-prisons/applications-probation/applications-parole.

1603. Bennett, J.V. (1961). A penal administrator views the polygraph . American Journal of Corrections, 23, 8-10, 12-13.
Rec#: 7467
Keywords: applications-prisons/applications-probation/applications-parole/blood pressure/respiration .

1604. Bennett, R.E. (1979). A study of micromomentary facial expressions to investigate the detection of deception in the journalistic interview. Dissertation Abstracts International, 39: (7-A). 3893-3894.
Rec#: 647
Keywords: micromomentary movement/dissertations and theses/nonverbal detection of deception.

1605. Benson, P.G., & Krois, P.S. (1979). The polygraph in employment: Some unresolved issues. Personnel Journal, 58, 616-621.
Rec#: 672
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/psychological stress evaluator/screening-periodic/privacy/legal status/legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial/criticism/validity/applications-employees /applications-theft.

1606. Benussi, V. (1914). Die atmungssymptome der lŸge [The respiratory symptoms of lying]. Archiv fuer die Gesamte Psychologie, 31, 244-273.
Rec#: 674
Keywords: historical interest/pneumo/research-pneumo-validity/countermeasures-respiratory/validity-pneumograph-laboratory/test data analysis-pneumo/Austria.
Notes: English translation printed in 1975 in Polygraph, 4 (1), 52-76.

1607. Berger, M. (1988). Compromise and continuity: Miranda waivers, confession admissibility, and the retention of interrogation protections. University of Pittsburgh Law Review, 49, 1007-1064.
Rec#: 678
Keywords: interrogation-law/confessions-admissibility.

1608. Bergmann, T.J., Mundt, D.H., & Illgen, E.J. (1990). The evolution of honesty tests and means for their evaluation. Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal , 3, 215-223.
Rec#: 9229
Keywords: paper and pencil tests/integrity tests/screening-commercial/privacy/honesty testing-legal issues/validity.
Abstract:Paper-and-pencil testing may be the most widely used method of employee honesty assessment. This technique, though, must be improved before it will be more widely accepted. Scoring must be reevaluated, validation standards must be further refined, additional research is needed regarding the accuracy of the tests, and future legal challenges probably will have to be met with respect to such testing relative to privacy, discrimination, and union busting.

1609. Berkhout, J. (1969). Computers in behavioral science: Automatic computation of evoked heart-rate and pulse-volume responses to verbal stimuli. Behavioral Science, 14, 393-403.
Rec#: 6442
Keywords: evoked heart rate/evoked pulse-volume/stimuli-verbal.

1610. Berkhout, J., Walter, D.O., & Adey, W.R. (1970). Autonomic responses during a replicable interrogation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 54, 316-325.
Rec#: 679
Keywords: autonomic response/heart rate/pulse volume/stimulus/evoked responses/stimuli-auditory/stimuli-visual.

1611. Berman, Milton A. Drugs and the polygraph. 68.
Rec#: 682
Keywords: drugs/subjects-medical-drugs.
Notes: Paper presented at the American Polygraph Association seminar.

1612. Berman, Milton A. Drugs and the polygraph. 75.
Rec#: 684
Keywords: drugs/subjects-medical-drugs/countermeasures-drugs.
Notes: Delta College 5th Annual National Workshop on Practical Polygraph Procedures, University Center, MI.

1613. Berman, M.A. (1967). Drugs versus the polygraph. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 1, 1-3.
Rec#: 681
Keywords: drugs/subjects-medical-drugs.

1614. Berman, M.A. (1975). Prescription drugs and the polygraph. Polygraph, 4, 329-338.
Rec#: 683
Keywords: drugs/subjects-medical-drugs.

1615. Berman, M.A. (1972). [Review of the book Drug Atlas]. Polygraph, 1, 255
Rec#: 9460
Keywords: drugs/book reviews.

1616. Bernal, M.E. Anonymous. (1962 Aug). Technical Report No. 8, (Contract NONR 908-15) with Indiana University,
Rec#: 685
Keywords: research-general/electrocardiography/pneumo-research/electrodermal-research.

1617. Berndt, William J., Jr. and Ansley, Norman. Polygraph testing the deaf mute. nd.
Rec#: 686
Keywords: subjects-deaf mute.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, American Academy of Polygraph Examiners (APA Archives).

1618. Berner, S.M. (1977). Polygraph defense strategies. The Breezy Reader, 17-18.
Rec#: 687
Keywords: countermeasures/criticism-general.

1619. Berning, B.R. (1992 Feb). "LŸgendetektion" aus InterdisziplinŠrer Sicht: Eine Psychologisch-Juristische Abhandlung. ["Lie detection" from an Interdisciplinary View: a Psychological-Juridical Treatment] Vols. 1 & 2. University of OsnabrŸck;
Rec#: 688
Keywords: Germany/dissertations and theses/Admissibility/history.
Notes: Text in German, number 81A &81B.
Abstract:There are two sections to volume 1 of this work. The introduction (24 p.) consists of a lengthy review of the development of "lie detection," that is, the process of determining truth-telling. The author reviews the development of the lie detector. The following section (137 p.) presents the various findamentals of the lie detector. The author first describes aspects such as dermal activity and measurement, then presents the validity of such findings. After discussing field studies and results, the author discusses the variety of questioning methods as well as factors that can influence the validity of the test. These factors can range from the "friendly polygrpah syndrome, " the mental instability of the test subject, to outright fraud.
Vol. 2 is dolely dedicated to judicial review. The first half regards a review of the lie detector in American law. Reviewing some legal discussion up to the US Suppreme Court, the author discusses the foundations of concepts such as due process and the right to refuse self-incrimination. The author also discusses the noncriminal (administrative ) use of the lie detector in employment, ending with a summary. The last half regards the lie detector in German law. Similar to American law, in Germany, the accused cannot be compelled to testify, and the author reviews the various German legal decisions. The author reviews the use of the device in police investigations as well as private sector employment. Included is a discussion of legal responsibilities for psychologists and polygraph examiners who administer the tests. The study ends with a complete overview, future outlook, as well as a comprehensive bibliography.

1620. Berning, B.R. (1993). "LŸgendetektion": eine InterdisziplinŠre Beurteilung. ["Lie Detection:" An Interdisciplinary Evaluation]. Monatsschrift fŸr Kriminologie und Strafrechtsreform, 76, 242-255.
Rec#: 689
Keywords: Germany/admissibility/GKT/CQT.
Notes: [text in German].
Abstract:The author argues that DI GKT tests indicate guilt and NDI CQTs indicate innocence, and should be admissible as circumstantial evidence in court after field tests in Germany.

1621. Bernstein, A.S., Taylor, K.W., & Weinstein, E. (1975). The phasic electrodermal response as a differential complex reflecting stimulus significance. Psychophysiology, 12, 158-169.
Rec#: 9722
Keywords: stimulus significance/skin conductance.
Abstract:To examine the influence of stimulus significance on the skin conductance response (SCR), a 21-sec, 1,000-Hz tone was sounded variously in one ear or the other of 64 male undergraduates. A click occurred during many tones, and a light signal always followed offset by 9 sec. Four groups were studied: one was told to press a pedal immediately on hearing any click; another only on hearing the click during a tone in a specified ear; a 3rd was also to respond only to the specified ear, but was to withhold the press until the light following tone-offset; and a 1/4 group simply listened without any response. Each of a series of predictions regarding the incremental effect of stimulus significance on the SCR was confirmed, at each point at which information was delivered on any trial (i.e., tone-onset, click, tone-offset, or light-onset). This was true for both independent as well as for within-S (between ear) comparisons. The presence of verbally induced "significance" as well as the complex nature of its influence indicated the presence of central mediation in the elicitation of "peripheral" SCRs. An execute-SCR was identified which correlated uniquely with motor reaction time, did not habituate, and did not correlate with SCRs elicited by other signals in this task. The execute-SCR did not simply reflect judgments of "significance"; rather, it was qualitatively distinguished from other SCRs which, in general, were associated with stimulus "significance." .

1622. Bernstein, I.H. (1982). Measuring honesty. Security Management, 26, 41-45, 47.
Rec#: 7792
Keywords: applications-preemployment/applications-personality tests/personality tests/PSE.
Abstract:Straightforward questions about an applicant's honesty in past jobs is one of the least expensive methods for testing an applicant's honesty. The initial development of a polygraphy test, which is most effective when oriented toward the particular company's environment, is the most expensive aspect. The primary problem with these direct-method tests is that they can be easily faked. Polygraphing, which is basically a tool for detecting liars, is the most expensive testing method on a per person basis. The following are suggested as steps for reducing problems in typical polygraph tests where a large number of people are asked the same question: (1) tape the question ahead of time so an examiner's inflection cannot bias the respondent; (2) determine which involuntary reactions are the most responsive for each individual during a pretest session; (3) measure the differential response to critical versus neutral questions along the most responsive reaction channels; (4) translate this differential response to a yes-no decision, with a predetermined false alarm rate. The psychological stress evaluation focuses on the vocal tract as a way of detecting lying. The test is limited by its narrow reactive focus and sparse research on its validity. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) constitute an indirect method of honesty detection. The MMPI is best for screening applicants when concern for severe maladjustment is primary, and the CPI is best for measuring interpersonal skills for high visibility jobs. The securing of background data on employees can be helpful in identifying certain problem areas. The pros and cons of the aforementioned methods for measuring honesty are summarized in an exhibit.

1623. Bernstein, P. (1973). Prosecution and the polygraph. Polygraph, 2, 108-115.
Rec#: 690
Keywords: admissibility-criminal cases/stipulated examinations.

1624. Anonymous. F.K. Berrien. (1945). Detecting deception. New York: The Macmillan Company. 445-455 p.
Rec#: 9116
Keywords: detection of deception/historical interest-techniques.

1625. Berrien, F.K. (1939). Finger oscillations as indices of emotion-I. Preliminary validation. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 24, 485-498.
Rec#: 692
Keywords: research-general/historical interest/EMG/nonverbal detection of deception-finger movement.

1626. Berrien, F.K. (1939). Finger oscillations as indices of emotion-II. Further validation and use in detecting deception. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 24, 609-620.
Rec#: 693
Keywords: research-general/historical interest/nonverbal detection of deception-finger movement.

1627. Berrien, F.K. (1939). A note on laboratory studies of deception. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 24, 524-546.
Rec#: 694
Keywords: historical interest-research.

1628. Berrien, F.K. (1942). Ocular stability in deception. Journal of Applied Psychology, 26, 55-63.
Rec#: 697
Keywords: historical interest/pupillometry/research-eye contact/eye contact.

1629. Berrien, F.K. (1940). Possibilities in the use of the opthalmograph as a supplement to existing indices of deception. Psychological Bulletin, 37, 507
Rec#: 695
Keywords: historical interest/pupillometry/research-eye contact/eye contact.

1630. Berrien, F.K. (1940). Pupillary responses as indicators of deception. Psychological Bulletin, 39, 504-505.
Rec#: 696
Keywords: historical interest/pupillometry/research-pupillometry.

1631. Berrien, F.K. (1938). A study of finger movements as indicators of emotion. Ohio State University;
Rec#: 691
Keywords: historical interest/research-finger movement/EMG/dissertations and theses.

1632. Berrien, F.K., & Huntington, G.H. (1943). An exploratory study of pupillary responses during deception. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 32, 443-449.
Rec#: 699
Keywords: historical interest/pupillometry/cardio/delayed answer test/validity-cardio/validity-pupillometry.

1633. Berry, Robert L. A study of the effect of hypnotically induced amnesia upon the accuracy of the lie detector test results. 61.
Rec#: 700
Keywords: hypnosis-amnesia/countermeasures-hypnosis/research-hypnosis/hypnosis.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners, Washington, DC.

1634. Berry, R.L., & Malinowski, B.F. (1963). Fort Gordon lie detector course updated. Law and Order, 11, 25-26.
Rec#: 701
Keywords: training-Army/History-DoDPI.

1635. Berry, R.L., & Malinowski, B.F. (1963). Lie detection. The Military Police Journal, 20-21.
Rec#: 702
Keywords: history-World War II/screening-government-World War II.

1636. Berry, S. (2001). Decoding minds, foiling adversaries. Signal Magazine, October,
Rec#: 3782
Keywords: countermeasures/truth verification/polygraph general.

1637. Bersh, P.J. (1969). A validation study of polygraph examiner judgments. Journal of Applied Psychology, 53, 399-403.
Rec#: 703
Keywords: examiners-judgement/reliability/validity/panel method of research.

1638. Bessinger, G. Todd, Rosenfeld, J. Peter, and Hays, Stephen. Feedback evoked P3 responses as an indirect deception detector. 91.
Rec#: 705
Keywords: P3/feedback/evoked responses.
Notes: Paper presented at the 31st annual meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Chicago, IL. Abstract in Psychophysiology, 28(3A) (Supplement), S12.
Abstract:1991, October 9-13 .

1639. Bhide, A., & Stevenson, H.H. (1990). Why be honest if honesty doesn't pay. Harvard Business Review, 121-129.
Rec#: 6275
Keywords: honesty.

1640. Bible, J.D. (1990). When employers look for things other than drugs: The legality of AIDS, genetic, intelligence, and honesty testing in the workplace. Labor Law Journal, 41, 195-213.
Rec#: 7802
Keywords: polygraph/intelligence tests/personnel selection/AIDS/workplace policies.
Abstract:Faced with the specter of litigation under the charge of negligent hiring practices and the spiraling costs of insurance and employee benefit packages, employers want to learn as much as possible about employees' and appliants' physical and mental health. Regarding polygraph testing, Federal and State laws and case law either bar most private employers from requiring employees and applicants to take a polygraph or other honesty test or severely limit their ability to do so. Various State and Federal laws also prohibit or severely limit employer action against employees infected with AIDS, suggesting that AIDS testing would be of limited use for determining employers' policies. Regarding genetic testing, court cases thus far indicate that if a connection between certain genetic traits and a high risk injury can be established for particular jobs, exclusion from a job based on genetic testing is permissible. Regarding intelligence and ability testing, the courts permit this so long as the testing is directly related to job task requirements. The same reasoning applies to psychological testing.

1641. Biddle, W. (1986). The deception of detection. Discover, 7, 24-26, 28-33.
Rec#: 7581
Keywords: criticism/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.

1642. Biddle, W. (1986). How to make a liar out of the lie detector. Discover, 33
Rec#: 9462
Keywords: countermeasures/OTA report/Williams, Doug/Decker, Ronald.

1643. Bierman, L. (1978). Polygraph vs. white collar crime. Security Industry & Product News, 7, 30
Rec#: 708
Keywords: screening-commercial-investigations.

1644. Biggs, W.R., & Codd, P.J. (1988). Countermeasure study: The effect of pain on the electrodermal tracing during polygraph testing. Polygraph, 17, 28-36.
Rec#: 710
Keywords: countermeasures-physical/test data analysis-electrodermal.
Abstract:The self-inflicted pain countermeasure of biting the tongue and pressing the toe on a tack were incorporated into a series of peak-of-tension (POT) tests comprised of 30 separate charts. For each test, two subjects were examined, and three charts for each were produced. The same two subjects were used for each test. On the first chart, no countermeasures were used; the second chart incorporated the countermeasure of tingue biting; and the third chart involved the examinee's pressing a toe on a tack at a predetermined padding question. All examinations were conducted on a Lafayette four-channel electronic polygraph model #76475-G. Apparently the countermeasures used could be effective in a control-question test if the subject were to inflict pain at the control question. The countermeasures used are particularly difficult to detect by the examiner, since they do not require much movement by the subject. A field study is required, however, to determine whether these countermeasures could be effective in an actual polygraph examination. Charts, 35-item bibliography, and 2 abstracts.

1645. Bimmerle, G. (1961). "Truth" drugs in interrogation. Studies in Intelligence, A1-A19
Rec#: 7697
Keywords: drug use/interrogation/narcoanalysis/truth serum/criminal investigations.

1646. Binet, A., & Vaschide, N. (1896). Influence due travail intellectuel des emotions et du travail physique sur la pression du sang [The influence of intellectual work on the blood-pressure in man]. L'Annee Psychologie, 3, 127-183.
Rec#: 714
Keywords: historical interest/blood pressure.
Notes: [text in French] Reprinted in Psychological Review, 1897, Jan, 4, (1), 54-66.
Abstract:Studied changes in blood pressure as a result of mental processes. Describes an experiment conducted on a 23 yr. old. Two methods were used to measure pressure (1) by varying the pressure by sudden jumps, and (2) by slow changes. In the second method a differentiation of the cunter pressure was established to determine the effect of mental calculations on blood pressure. The results show that a pressure of 100-120 mm completely suppressed the pulsation of a state of repose as against a state of intellectual labor. A counter test was conducted to reconfirm that constant pressure should lie between 100-120 mm. Concluded that a change in the amplitude of the pulsation of people is a result of their physiological condition.

1647. Biography of William M. Marston. Anonymous. (1950). Chicago, IL: The A. N. Marquis Company. 347 p.
Rec#: 9011
Keywords: historical interest/biographies-Marston, William M.

1648. Biran, I. (1975). Chart interpretation: An interdisciplinary paradigm. Polygraph, 4, 7-17.
Rec#: 717
Keywords: test data analysis-numerical/theory-interpretation.

1649. Birbaumer, N., Tunner, W., Holzl, R., & Mittelstaedt, L. (1973). Ein geraet zur kontinuierlichen messung subjektiver veraenderungen [Apparatus for continuous measurement for subjective changes]. Zeitschrift Fuer Experimentelle Und Angewandte Psychologie, 20, 173-181.
Rec#: 718
Keywords: Germany/instruments.
Notes: [text in German].
Abstract:The authors constructyed a device, similar to a lie detector device, in order to measure the changing co-variations between subjective, physiological and physical motor reactions. The authors contend that in order for the test data to be valid, the means used to measure must be able to not only measure all three reactions continuously, but to also correlate the three into a simultaneous test result. The test resutls are projected on paper as with a lie detector. The motor reactions the authors analyzed were "finger span" set to a scale. The premise is that the subject under questioning will move his fingers in a pattern consistent with lying or telling the truth, e.g. the more agitated he becomes the more the fingers move.

1650. Birch, G.A. (1990). False statements to federal agents: induced lies and the exculpatory no. The University of Chicago Law Review, 57, 1273-1296.
Rec#: 6277
Keywords: false statements.

1651. Bird, K., & Holland, M. (1985). United States: American Legion snitches. The Nation, 240, 105
Rec#: 719
Keywords: applications-national security/screening-federal.

1652. Bitterman, M.E., & Marcuse, F.L. (1946). Cardiovascular response of innocent persons to criminal interrogation. American Journal of Psychology, 60, 407-412.
Rec#: 724
Keywords: historical interest-cases/cases-theft/reliability-field examinations/theory-base rate/cardio/reexaminations/techniques-relevant-irrelevant-theft/techniques-peak of tension-theft.
Notes: Series on Minor Studies from the Psychological Laboratories of Cornell University, part XCV.

1653. Bitterman, M.E., & Marcuse, F.L. (1947). Minor studies from the psychological laboratory of Cornell University; XCV, cardiovascular responses of innocent persons to criminal interrogation. American Journal of Psychology, 60, 407-412.
Rec#: 722
Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method/relative frequency/response patterns-cardio-innocent/interrogation.

1654. Bittker, T.E., Buchsbaum, M.S., Redford, B. W., Jr., & Lyman, C.W. (1975). Cardiovascular and neurophysiologic correlates of sensory intake and rejection: Part II - Interview behavior. Psychophysiology, 12, 434-438.
Rec#: 725
Keywords: heart rate/pulse volume/blood flow/blood pressure/nonverbal detection of deception-interview behavior.
Notes: [Note: Part I is under author Williams, R. B., Jr.].

1655. Black, B. (1988). A unified theory of scientific evidence. Fordham Law Review, 56, 595-695.
Rec#: 726
Keywords: admissibility-Frye case/admissibility-scientific evidence.

1656. Blackwell, N.J. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1994 Mar). DoDPI94-R-0003,
Rec#: 9441
Keywords: Polygraph Automated Scoring System/PASS/Axciton/test data analysis-computerized/algorithms/techniques-control question test/techniques-zone comparison test/probable lie/directed lie .
Notes: DTIC AD Number A305755.
Abstract:The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of a prototype scoring algorithm, the Polygraph Automated Scoring System (PASS), version 2.0, when analyzing mock crime data. A database of psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) measurements was collected using the Axciton Polygraph System. The PDD test format used was the Zone Comparison Test (ZCT). In addition, two types of control question tests (CQTs) were used during the study: (a) an experimental version of the directed lie control (DLC), and (b) the conventional probable lie control (PLC) currently in use throughout the PDD community. The data set is composed of 120 local civilian citizens who underwent a PDD examination, half of which committed a mock theft of money. The results showed that PASS accuracy on controlled laboratory data with known ground truth was far below that attained by APL during algorithm development when using "live" PDD examinations. In fact, rates of accuracy for both PASS and the PDD examiners were lower than anticipated. PASS was clearly more accurate in identifying indivduals who had been programmed "innocent," while the PDD examiners were more accurate in detecting individuals who had been programmed "guilty." Use of the DLC versus the PLC made no apparent difference in overall accuracy for either PASS or the PDD examiners, though there were statistically significant differences when analyzed from the standpoint of programmed condition. Analysis also showed a PDD examiner performance decrement over time which contributed to the lower than expected examiner accuracy rates.

1657. Blackwell, N.J. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1998 Sep). DoDPI97-R-006,
Rec#: 2474
Keywords: POLYSCORE/7-position scale/3-position scale/PDD/algorithms.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A355504/PAA. Reprinted in Polygraph, 28, (2) 149-175.
Abstract:A stratified random sample of 200 confirmed examinations were scored using Polyscore 3.3. Three experienced psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) examiners scored the 100 Zone comparison Test (ZCT) examinations, and three PDD examiners scored the 100 Modified General Question Test (Mgqt) examinations, using a 7-postition scale. The scores were converted to 3-position scale for comparison.

1658. Blackwell, N.J. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1996 Jun). DoDPI94-P-0006,
Rec#: 9958
Keywords: POLYSCORE/axciton/algorithms/Zone Comparison /ZCT/polygraph /forensic psychophysiology.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A313520.

1659. Blackwood, L.J. (1972-1973). Evidence: How some courts have learned to stop worrying and love the polygraph. North Carolina Law Review, 51, 900-911.
Rec#: 4248
Keywords: admissibility/voluntary/physiological responses/evidence.

1660. Blakemore, F.T. (1953). Can criminals beat the lie detector? Science and Mechanics, 80-84.
Rec#: 728
Keywords: countermeasures-movement/pathological liar/rationalization/movement chair.
Notes: Reprinted in ISDD Bulletin, 6(4), 10-14. Reprinted in Board of Polygraph Examiners Bulletin (1953, September).

1661. Blanton, D.E., Dykman, R.A., & Juniper, J., Jr. (1967). Palmer skin resistance and sweat-gland counts in drug and non-drug states. Psychophysiology, 4, 231-243.
Rec#: 9463
Keywords: drugs/skin resistance-palmer/sweat gland counts.

1662. Blasingame, G.D. (1998). Suggested clinical uses of polygraphy in community-based sexual offender treatment programs. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 10, 37-45.
Rec#: 7268
Keywords: sex offenders treatment/literature review.
Abstract:A literature review was conducted to evaluate the research findings regarding the use of polygraphy with sexaul offenders.

1663. Blatz, W.E. (1925). The cardiac, respiratory and electrical phenomena involved in the emotion of fear. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 8, 109-132.
Rec#: 731
Keywords: fear/cardio/respiration/electrodermal.

1664. Blaylock, K.T. N.N.R.N.O. All DOD Presidents. (Oct 7 1983).
Rec#: 6636
Keywords: criticism/screening-Department of Defense/screening-federal/screening-federal-DoD/preemployment screening.
Notes: on polygraph.

1665. Bledsoe, A.H. (1942). Aid to diogenes. California Monthly, -
Rec#: 733
Keywords: historical interest/Berkeley Police Department.

1666. Bledsoe, A.H. (1941). The lie detector and national defense. Police and Peace Officers' Journal of California, February, 12
Rec#: 732
Keywords: screening-government/historical interest/applications-national security.

1667. Blinkhorn, S. A. Gale. (1988). Lie detection as a psychometric procedure. London: Sage Publications, Inc. 29-39 p.
Rec#: 736
Keywords: Great Britain/psychometric tests/criticism-techniques-Great Britain.

1668. Blinkhorn, S., Bull, R., Carroll, D., & Cunningham, C. (1986). Report of the working group on the use of the polygraph in criminal investigation and personnel screening. Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 39, 81-94.
Rec#: 735
Keywords: polygraph-general-Great Britain/screening-commercial/research-review/criticism-validity/criminal investigations/employee screening/techniques-CQT/techniques-GKT.
Abstract:Presents the report of the UK's Working Group on the use of the polygraph in criminal investigations and employment screening. Practices in other countries are surveyed, and the polygraph method is compared with other ways of identifying guilty individuals and investigating criminality. The issue of bias is analyzed, and the merits and disadvantages of the control-question and guilty-knowledge methods are outlined. Overall the report concludes that polygraph tests are well established in several countries and are generally used in criminal and forensic investigations, security-clearance screening, and preemployment evaluations. Procedures used in polygraph examinations are not standardized and there is no simple method of checking on the practices of individual polygraphers. The use of polygraph tests in commercial settings is not endorsed. Use in preemployment is recommended only if consent and participation are truly voluntary. Polygraphic methods must be introduced against a background of general cultural and societal norms and accepted business practices.

1669. Bliss, George. The polygraph and labor relations. 63.
Rec#: 9724
Keywords: labor relations.
Notes: 10th annual meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners, chicago, Illinois, September 1963.

1670. Block, E.G. (1977). Lie detectors: Their history and use. New York: David McKay Company.
Rec#: 737
Keywords: history/admissibility/biographies/cases.
Notes: 211 p.

1671. Block, J.D., Rouke, F.L., Salpeter, M.M., Toback, E., Kubis, J.F., & Welch, L. (1952). An attempt at reversal of the truth-lie relationship as measured by the psychogalvanic response. Journal of Psychology, 34, 55-66.
Rec#: 739
Keywords: stimulus-response/electrodermal/research-theory/truth-lie relationship/psychogalvanic response.

1672. Block, J. (1955). Personality correlates of the GSR responsivity in the lie detection situation. American Psychologist, 10, 387
Rec#: 740
Keywords: research-personality variables/electrodermal-GSR/electrodermal-personality/subjects-personality variables.

1673. Block, J. (1957). A study of affective responsiveness in a lie detection situation. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 55, 11-15.
Rec#: 741
Keywords: techniques-POT/personality variables/reactivity.

1674. Blocklyn, P.L. (1988). Pre-employment testing. Personnel, 66-67.
Rec#: 742
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/paper and pencil tests/screening-psychological/screening-aids.

1675. Bloom, L. (1980). Lying and culture: A West African case-study. Journal of Psychological Anthropology, 3, 175-189.
Rec#: 744
Keywords: cultural influences/Nigeria/theory-lying.

1676. Bloss, W.P. (1996). Privacy issues involving law enforcement personnel: a constitutional analysis. Dissertation Abstracts International, 57, 3651
Rec#: 6321
Keywords: constitutional rights/courts/ethics.
Abstract:Law enforcement personnel have sought to find their nichein legal doctrine involving individual privacy rights. Relying on constitutional analysis, this study examines the doctrines and principles utilized by federal and state courts to interpret law enforcement personnel privacy rights involving workplace serach, drug testing, disease testing, polygraph testing, intimate associations involving lifestyle preference and sexual conduct and disclosure of personal, medical and financial information.

1677. Blum, R.H. (1967). The polygraph examination in law enforcement personnel selection. Police, 12, 60-75.
Rec#: 746
Keywords: screening-police.

1678. Blum, R.H., & Osterloh, W. (1968). The polygraph examination as a means for detecting truth and falsehood in stories presented by police informants. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 59, 133-137.
Rec#: 747
Keywords: applications-informants.

1679. Boaz, S.E. (1941). Lies and their detection. Tennessee Law Review, 16, 856-865.
Rec#: 749
Keywords: lying-detection.

1680. Boaz, T.L., Raney, G., Fischler, I.S., Perry, N. W., Jr., & Shuman, D. (1991). Detection of guilty knowledge with event-related potentials. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76, 788-795.
Rec#: 750
Keywords: event-related potentials/EEG/ERP.

1681. Bodine, L. (1980). Polygraphs take the stand. The National Law Journal, 2, 1, 10-11.
Rec#: 751
Keywords: admissibility.

1682. Boehmer, R.D. (1988). FINAPRESR. Medical Electronics, -
Rec#: 9727
Keywords: blood pressure/instrumentation.

1683. Bohan, T.L., & Heels, E.J. (1995). The case against Daubert: The new scientific evidence "standard" and the standards of the several states. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 40, 1030-1044.
Rec#: 9230
Keywords: evidence-scientific/Frye case/general acceptance/courtroom testimony-expert witness/evidence-computer generated/Daubert Standard.

1684. Bohardt, P.H. (1959). Tucson uses new police personnel selection methods. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 28, 8-12.
Rec#: 755
Keywords: screening-police-Tucson/Tucson Police Department.

1685. Bohn, L.C. Anonymous. Lockheed Electronics Company. (1961 Jan 03).
Rec#: 756
Keywords: applications-arms control.
Notes: Reprinted in Arms Control and National Security, by Donald G. Brennan (Ed.).

1686. Bohr, E. (1953). Lie detector. Radio and Television News, 56-58.
Rec#: 757
Keywords: instruments-electrodermal-homemade.

1687. Bok, S. Anonymous. (1999). Lying: Moral choice in public and private life. 2nd ed, New York, N. Y.: Vintage Books. 0-375-70528-7.
Rec#: 3566
Keywords: honesty/lying.

1688. Bolinger, D. (1986). Uncovering potential spies before security is breached. Military Police Journal, 13, 27
Rec#: 760
Keywords: applications-counterintelligence.

1689. Bolinger, D. (1973). Truth is a linguistic question. Language, 49, 539-550.
Rec#: 759
Keywords: truth/linguistics/semantics/communication.

1690. Bonaguro, L.A. (1969). Consequences of police officers' refusal to testify, answer questions, or submit to a polygraph. Traffic Digest and Review, 18-23.
Rec#: 763
Keywords: law-police/applications-police.

1691. Bond, C.F., Omar, A., Pitre, U., Lashley, B.R., Skaggs, L.M., & Kirk, C.T. (1992). Fishy-looking liars: Deception judgment from expectancy violation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 969-977.
Rec#: 9728
Keywords: nonverbal behavior/Deception detection/SOCIAL-PERCEPTION/EXPECTATIONS/expectancy model.
Abstract:To explain how people judge that others are lying, an expectancy-violation model is proposed. According to the model, deception is perceived from nonverbal behavior that violates normative expectation. To test the model, 3 experiments were conducted, 2 in the United States and 1 in India. In each experiment, people described acquaintances while exhibiting weird nonverbal behaviors, such as arm raising, head tilting, and staring. Other Ss watched the videotapes of the descriptions and made deception judgments. Consistent with the expectancy-violation model, both American undergraduates and Indian illiterates inferred deception from weird behaviors. Implications of the model are discussed.

1692. Bond, C.F. Jr., & Atoum, A.O. (2000). International deception. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 385-395.
Rec#: 7666
Keywords: cross cultural differences/deception.
Abstract:This article reports 3 studies of international deception. Americans, Jordanians, and Indians were videotaped while lying and telling the truth, and the resulting tapes were judged for deception by other Americans, Jordanians, and Indians. Results show that lies can be detected across cultures. They can be detected across cultures that share a language and cultures that do not, by illiterates as well as university students. Contrary to a hypothesis of ethnocentrism, perceivers show no general tendency to judge persons from other countries as deceptive; in fact, they often judge foreigners to be more truthful than compatriots. There is,. however, some evidence for a language-based ethnocentrism when perceivers are judging the deceptiveness of a series of people from the same multilingual culture. Ancillary results reveal that people from diverse backgrounds reach consensus in deception judgements and that motivation can impair a liar's ability to achieve communication goals.

1693. Bond, C.F., Jr., Kahler, K.N., & Paolicelli, L.M. (1985). The miscommunication of deception: An adaptive perspective. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 21, 331-345.
Rec#: 765
Keywords: behavioral cues/nonverbal behavior.

1694. Bond, C.F., Jr., Omar, A., Mahmoud, A., & Bonser, R.N. (1990). Lie detection across cultures. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 14, 189-204.
Rec#: 764
Keywords: cross-cultural differences/nonverbal detection of deception-eye contact/nonverbal behavior/Jordan/detection of deception-cross cultural.

1695. Bond, C.F., Jr., & Robinson, M. (1988). The evolution of deception. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 12, 295-307.
Rec#: 766
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

1696. Borgen, Lowell A. and Goodman, Lowell I. Voice print analysis of anxiolytic drug effects: Preliminary results. 76.
Rec#: 9117
Keywords: voice stress analysis/drugs/PSE.
Notes: Presentation at the American Society of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seattle, WA.

1697. Borkenstein, R.F.,, & Larson, J.A. V.A. Leonard. (1957). The clinical team approach. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 11-19 p.
Rec#: 775
Keywords: techniques-team testing/facilities.

1698. Borod, J.C., Kent, J., Koff, E., Martin, C., & Alpert, M. (1988). Facial assymetry while posing positive and negative emotions: Support for the right hemisphere hypothesis. Neuropsychologia, 26, 759-764.
Rec#: 777
Keywords: research-nonverbal detection of deception/nonverbal detection of deception/theory-emotions.

1699. Bosshardt, M.J., DuBois, D.A., Paullin, C., & Carter, G.W. Anonymous. Department of Defense Personnel Security Research and Education Center. (1989). Contract No. N0014-87-D0717-0002, NTIS No. AD-A235 851/3/XAB.
Rec#: 779
Keywords: interviewing/interrogation/research-interviewing.

1700. Bottom, B. (1979). Lie detector lobby raises its voice. The Bulletin, 19-21.
Rec#: 781
Keywords: Australia.
Notes: [Australian magazine].

1701. Bottoms, A.M. (1956). Use of a "lie detector" in marriage trials. Jurist, 16, 292-298.
Rec#: 782
Keywords: applications-divorce.

1702. Boucsein, W. (1984). Dependence of skin conductance reactions and skin resistance reactions upon previous level. Psychophysiology, 21, 212-218.
Rec#: 6443
Keywords: electrodermal/electrodermal-skin conductance/electrodermal-skin resistance.

1703. Boucsein, W. (1976). The effect of chlordiazepoxide on the anticipation of electric shocks. Psychopharmacology, 48, 303-306.
Rec#: 6445
Keywords: drugs-tranquilizers.

1704. Boucsein, W., & Hoffman, G. (1979). A direct comparison of the skin conductance and skin resistance methods. Psychophysiology, 16, 66-70.
Rec#: 772
Keywords: electrodermal/electrodermal-skin resistance/electrodermal-skin conductance/instrumentation-electrodermal/theory-electrodermal.

1705. Bower, B. (1984). Senate hears new lie detector proposals. Science News, 125, 183
Rec#: 784
Keywords: applications-national security/Department of Defense.

1706. Bowling, M. (1978). Comparative analysis of responses in unknown and known solution stimulation tests. Polygraph, 7, 263-265.
Rec#: 785
Keywords: validity-stimulation tests/pneumo/cardiosphygmograph/techniques-stimulation tests/research-stimulation tests.

1707. Anonymous. Statement of Christopher J. Boyce. ed. 1985 Apr; Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 787
Keywords: screening-counterintelligence/applications-counterintelligence/cases-espionage/Central Intelligence Agency.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, (14)2, 128-238.

1708. Boyce, R.N. (1963). Judicial recognition of scientific evidence in criminal cases. Utah Law Review, 8, 313-327.
Rec#: 788
Keywords: admissibility-scientific evidence.

1709. Boyd, D.A. (1995). The effect of quality control on counterintelligence and personnel security polygraph testing.
Rec#: 9178
Keywords: screening-federal/quality control/countermeasures.
Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

1710. Boyle, J.S. (1959). A bar association's viewpoint regarding the lie detector technique. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 50, 99-100.
Rec#: 789
Keywords: Chicago Bar Association-investigation-polygraph.

1711. Boysen, Wayne M. and Kirby, Arthur G. Technical scientific aspect. Minneapolis, Minnesota. 69.
Rec#: 7334
Keywords: pneumo/cardio tracing/chart markings/physiological responses/transducer/GSR.
Notes: A preper prepared for presentation to the Fourth Annual Seminar American Polygraph Assoication, Houston, Texas, August 18,1969. Department of Police, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

1712. Braddock, Samuel L. A comparative investigation between skin conductance and skin resistance. 88.
Rec#: 6447
Keywords: electrodermal/electrodermal-skin conductance/electrodermal-skin resistance.

1713. Braddock, Samuel L. Polygraph strategies for serial rapist. 90.
Rec#: 9729
Keywords: victims/interrogation-rape.

1714. Bradford, G. (1933). A machine that makes criminals confess. Los Angeles Times Sunday Magazine, 9, 18.
Rec#: 790
Keywords: historical interest-Keeler, Leonarde/cases-homicide-innocent/narcoanalysis/cases-insurance-truthful/cases-insurance-malingering/malingering/cases-false reports/interrogation-post test/surveys Northwestern University Crime Laboratory/cases-embezzlement.
Notes: Abstract in APA Newsletter (1988, July/August), 23(4), 4-5.

1715. Bradley, M.T., MacLaren, V.V., & Carle, S.B. (1996). Deception and non-deception in guilty knowledge and guilty actions polygraph tests. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81, 153-160.
Rec#: 7037
Keywords: guilty knowledge.

1716. Bradley, M.T., MacLarin, N.V., & Black, M.E. (1996). The control question test in polygraphic examinations with actual controls for truth. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 83, 755-762.
Rec#: 7050
Keywords: control question tests/CQT.

1717. Bradley, M.T., McLaren, V., & Carle, S.B. Anonymous. University of New Brunswick. (1992 Jul 08). DoDPI94-R-0017,
Rec#: 7582
Keywords: repetition rate/respiration/emotion/GKT/GAT.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A303184, contract #N00014-90-J-1298, #N00014-93-1-1242.
Abstract:The guilty knowledge polygraph test (GKT) and a variation of the test, the guilty actions test (GAT) were compared in a laboratory setting. 84 men who committed or witnessed a mock crime answered "no", repeated items, or remained silent in response to items on the GKT or GAT. A monetary reward was promised for appearing innocent on the test. An interaction with scores based on skin resistance showed that innocent witnesses tested on the GKT scored more in the guilt direction than subjects in any other groups. Subjects required to say "no" were more reactive to key items than subjects in the item repetition or silence groups. Thoracic respiration scores showed a difference between guilty and innocent subjects.

1718. Bradley, M.T. (1980). Accuracy demonstrations, threat and the detection of deception: Cardiovascular, electrodermal and pupillary measures. University of Manitoba;
Rec#: 808
Keywords: stimulation tests/dissertations and theses/cardio/electrodermal/pupillometry/threat.

1719. Bradley, M.T. (1988). Choice and the detection of deception. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 66, 43-48.
Rec#: 791
Keywords: validity.

1720. Bradley, M.T. (1989). Monetary incentives and the detection of deception. Canadian Psychology, 30, 450
Rec#: 792
Keywords: research-laboratory/Canada/theory-arousal/incentives/motivation-financial.
Notes: [Special abstracts edition].

1721. Bradley, M.T., & Ainsworth, D. (1984). Alcohol and the psychophysiological detection of deception. Psychophysiology, 21, 63-71.
Rec#: 793
Keywords: alcohol/validity/countermeasures/techniques-GKT/techniques-CQT/drugs.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 13, 177-192.
Abstract:Intoxication at time of crime reduced accuracy; intoxication at time of test did not.

1722. Bradley, M.T., & Cullen, M.C. (1993). Polygraph lie detection on real events in a laboratory setting. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 76, 1051-1058.
Rec#: 794
Keywords: test repetition effect/gender/order effect.
Abstract:12 Ss were given 2 CQT tests; once when denying an embarrassing incident in their own past (Deceptive), once when denying an incident that happened to someone else (Truthful). Deception was more easily detected on the second test than on the first. Deceptive females were more easily detected in respiration than both nondeceptive females and deceptive males.

1723. Bradley, M.T., Cullen, M.C., & Carle, S.B. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1993 Dec). DoDPI93-R-0012,
Rec#: 6448
Keywords: techniques-CQT/examiners-police/examiners-laboratory/control question tests/skin resistance/cardiovascular.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A304407. Reprinted in Polygraph 25(1)1-14, 1996.
Abstract:Males and females, truthful or deceptive, about a real life embarrassing story or a laboratory mock crime were examined with Control Question detection of deception tests. Exams were conducted either by a police or a laboratory trained polygraph operator. Subjects were more reactive to event relevant questions when deceptive than when truthful. Police scored subject records more towards innocence whereas laboratory investigators scored them more towards guilt. This was especially pronounced with skin resistance response (SRR) measurement on embarassing stories. Such a result could mean that laboratory investigators, when mistaken, would have a tendency to classify innocent people as guilty when dealing with real events, whereas the police when wrong, would tend to classify the guilty as innocent.

1724. Bradley, M.T., & Janisse, M.P. (1981). Accuracy demonstrations, threat, and the detection of deception: Cardiovascular, electrodermal, and pupillary measures. Psychophysiology, 18, 307-315.
Rec#: 799
Keywords: validity/reliability/stimulation tests/techniques-zone comparison test/techniques-POT/pupillometry/electrodermal/heart rate/cardio.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph 10(2), 77-91.

1725. Bradley, M.T., & Janisse, M.P. (1981). Extraversion and the detection of deception. Personality and Individual Differences, 2, 99-103.
Rec#: 800
Keywords: personality variables-extraversion/personality variables.

1726. Bradley, Michael T. and Janisse, Michel P. Machiavellianism and the pupillary response in the detection of deception. 76.
Rec#: 796
Keywords: pupillometry/research-pupillometry/Canada.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, University of Manitoba, Canada.

1727. Bradley, M.T., & Janisse, M.P. (1979). Pupil size and lie detection: The effect of certainty on detection. Psychology, 16, 33-39.
Rec#: 797
Keywords: pupillometry.

1728. Bradley, M.T., & Janisse, M.P. (1983). A reply to Gudjonsson's comments on the paper: Extraversion and the detection of deception. Personality and Individual Differences, 4, 363-364.
Rec#: 801
Keywords: theory-personality variables/Canada/techniques-control question test/techniques-relevant-irrelevant/techniques-guilty knowledge test.

1729. Bradley, M.T., & Klohn, K.I. (1987). Machiavellianism, the control question test and the detection of deception. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 64, 747-757.
Rec#: 802
Keywords: machiavellianism/personality variables/techniques-CQT.

1730. Bradley, M.T., MacDonald, P., & Fleming, I. (1989). Amnesia, feelings of knowing and the guilty knowledge test. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 21, 224-231.
Rec#: 803
Keywords: GKT/amnesia/guilty knowledge test.

1731. Bradley, Michael T., MacLaren, V. V., and Carle, S. B. Deception and non-deception in guilty knowledge and guilty actions polygraph tests. 92.
Rec#: 9175
Keywords: techniques-GKT/techniques-GAT.

1732. Bradley, M.T., & Rettinger, J. (1992). Awareness of crime relevant information and the guilty knowledge test. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 55-59.
Rec#: 804
Keywords: GKT/guilty knowledge test/crime relevant information.

1733. Bradley, Michael T., Venkatarangam, N., and Williston, T. Choice versus random assignment in a laboratory study of lie detection. 88.
Rec#: 805
Keywords: research-subjects/random assignment/choice.
Notes: Paper presented at the meeting of NATO Advanced Study Institute on Credibility Assessment, Maratea, Italy.

1734. Bradley, M.T., & Warfield, J.F. (1984). Innocence, information, and the guilty knowledge test in the detection of deception. Psychophysiology, 21, 683-689.
Rec#: 806
Keywords: techniques-GKT/guilty knowledge/skin resistance/innocence.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 15, 82.

1735. Bradshaw, J.W. (1982). Employer uses of polygraph. Polygraph, 11, 159-184.
Rec#: 810
Keywords: applications-employee misconduct/screening-commercial/National Labor Relations Act/Civil Rights Act/admissibility-stipulated.
Abstract:Employee misconduct has become a major concern of public and private employers in recent years, as employee crimes against property have been estimated to cost between $12 billion and $40 billion annually. Examination of recent cases and relevant laws indicates that employers may request that a prospective employee submit to and successfully take a polygraph examination as a condition of employment. However, if the employers' use of the polygraph examination has a disproportionately adverse impact on members of a protected group, such use violates Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Futhermore, employers violate the National Labor Relations Act if they use the polygraph to inquire into the applicant's union sympathies. Employers may require an employee to submit to a polygraph examination when the employee is the subject of specific evidence indication misconduct in employment or when the employers' use of the examination represents a bargained-for condition of employment. Generally, when employers have a lawful motive to use the polygraph examination, the employee's refusal to take the examination constitutes cause for discharge within the meaning of Section 10 (c) of the National Labor Relations Act. Many courts allow polygraph evidence to be used only if there has been a prior stipulation to such use by both parties. A total of 108 footnote references are provided. (Author summary modified).

1736. Brandsma, J.M. (1972). The effects of personality and placebo-instructional sets on psychophysiological responding. Dissertation Abstracts International, 32: (11-B). 6672
Rec#: 8424
Keywords: psychophysiological responses/placebos.

1737. Brandt, D.R., Miller, G.R., & Hocking, J.E. (1980). The truth-deception attribution: Effects of familiarity on the ability of observers to detect deception. Human Communication Research, 6, 99-110.
Rec#: 812
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

1738. Brannon, P. (1989). Polygraphs - right to counsel. American Association of Police Polygraphists Newsletter, 24-25.
Rec#: 9133
Keywords: stipulated examinations.

1739. Brannon, P. (1989). The use of the polygraph in child sexual abuse cases. American Association of Police Polygraphists Newsletter, 19-20.
Rec#: 816
Keywords: applications-sex offenders/question formulation-relevant questions.

1740. Anonymous. Statement of Mary C. Braxton. ed. 1986 Apr 23; Washington, D. C.: GPO. 87-91p.
Rec#: 9732
Keywords: preemployment screening.

1741. Brazel, C. (1986). Taking a polygraph test. AFCW Action, 18
Rec#: 7125
Keywords: preemployment screening/criticism.

1742. Breitzman, A.L. (1957). The certification program of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation. Police, 1, 50-51; 1(4), 52; 1(5), 42-44; 1(6), 44.
Rec#: 820
Keywords: Academy for Scientific Interrogation/examiners-certification/training.

1743. Brekke, N.C. (1985). Expert scientific testimony in rape trials (Rape trauma syndrome, lie detectors, jury decision-making, social judgment, myths). Dissertation Abstracts International, 47: (1-B). 429
Rec#: 821
Keywords: dissertations and theses/applications-rape/courtroom testimony.
Notes: (University Microfilms No. AAD86-06213), 237 p.

1744. Brekke, N.C., Enko, P.J., Clavet, G., & Seelau, E. (1991). Of juries and court-appointed experts: The impact of nonadversarial versus adversarial expert testimony. Law and Human Behavior, 15, 451-475.
Rec#: 822
Keywords: courtroom testimony-jurors.

1745. Brennan, D.G. Anonymous. (1961). Arms control, disarmament and national security. New York: Braziller.
Rec#: 823
Keywords: applications-arms control.

1746. Brenner, Malcolm. Stagefright and Steven's law: A study. 74.
Rec#: 9118
Keywords: voice stress analysis/Steven's Law.
Notes: Presentation at the Eastern Psychological Association Convention, Ohio State University.

1747. Anonymous. The psychological stress evaluator: Technical limitations affecting lie detection. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 826
Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE/validity.
Notes: Printed in Polygraph, 8, 127-132.

1748. Brenner, M., Branscomb, H., & Schwartz, G.E. (1979). Psychological stress evaluator: Two tests of a vocal measure. Psychophysiology, 16, 351-357.
Rec#: 827
Keywords: research-voice stress analysis/voice stress/PSE/validity-PSE.

1749. Brenner, Malcolm and Branscomb, Harvie H. The telestar truth machine: Four problems affecting its use. 81.
Rec#: 9733
Keywords: response patterns/reliability.
Notes: Prepared for the U. S. Department of Justice, December 1981.

1750. Brenner, Malcolm and Donaghy, William. Audience size and stagefright: A test of the PSE. nd.
Rec#: 828
Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, University of Michigan.

1751. Brenner, Malcolm and Shipp, Thomas. Acoustic and physiologic manifestations of psychological stress. 82.
Rec#: 829
Keywords: voice stress analysis/psychological stress.
Notes: Paper presented at the 103rd meeting of the Acoustical Society of American, Chicago, IL.

1752. Brenner, M. (1997). American Nightmare: the ballad of Richard Jewell. Vanity fair, 100-165.
Rec#: 7014
Keywords: cases-bombing/screening/FBI.

1753. Anonymous. M. Brenton. (1964). The lie detector: Industry's electric chair. Parts I & II. New York: Coward-McCann. 91-116 p.
Rec#: 830
Keywords: criticism-privacy.

1754. Breslin, Veronica D. A study to determine the anxiety levels of learning disabled children and normal ability children as measured by the children's manifest anxiety scale and the psychological stress evaluator. 75.
Rec#: 831
Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE/manifest anxiety scale/children.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Glassboro State College.

1755. Brett, A., Phillips, M., & Beary, J.F. (1986). Predictive powers of the polygraph: Can the "lie detector" really detect liars? The Lancet, 1, 544-547.
Rec#: 832
Keywords: criticism-validity.

1756. Bricker, J.G. Dr. John F. Beary . (Aug 4 1983).
Rec#: 6766
Keywords: guilt/post test/interrogation/polygraph techniques.

1757. Bricker, J.G., & Allen, J. c.o.1.r.o.t.l.o.p.r.b.Mr.N.A. Dr. Beary. (Aug 1 1983).
Rec#: 6768
Keywords: validity/reliability/Guilty knowledge test.

1758. Briere, John, Sandler, Lorna S., and Runtz, Marsha. On the use of the polygraph to verify rape complaints: A critique. nd.
Rec#: 9119
Keywords: applications-victims/rape/criticism.
Notes: Reprints may be obtained from Klinic Inc. Community Health Centre, 545 Broadway Ave., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3C 0W3.

1759. Brill, A.A. (1914). Artificial dreams and lying. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 9, 321
Rec#: 835
Keywords: historical interest/lying/dreams.

1760. Brisentine, Robert. Quality Control Problems. 76.
Rec#: 6863
Keywords: interrogation/GSR/deception/control questions/drug use.

1761. Brisentine, Robert A., Jr. Exculpatory drug examinations. 87.
Rec#: 842
Keywords: applications-drug cases-exculpation/question formulation-relevant questions/question formulation-control questions/statistics/U.S. Army CID.
Notes: Paper presented at the Virginia Polygraph Association fall seminar.

1762. Brisentine, R.A., Jr. (1991). Hidden controls. Polygraph, 20, 194-196.
Rec#: 843
Keywords: control questions/CQT/MRI.

1763. Brisentine, Robert A., Jr. Polygraph quality control. 79.
Rec#: 841
Keywords: pretest interview/examiners-certification/quality control.
Notes: Paper presented at the National Polygraph Workshop, Delta College, MI.

1764. Brisentine, Robert A., Jr. Polygraph quality control. 91.
Rec#: 6450
Keywords: quality control.
Notes: Paper presented at the American Polygraph Association Annual Seminar of the American Polygraph Association, Reno, NV.

1765. Brisentine, Robert A., Jr. Polygraph quality control summary sheet. 89.
Rec#: 6449
Keywords: quality control.
Notes: Paper presented at the American Polygraph Association 24th Annual Seminar, Sparks, NV.

1766. Brisentine, R.A., Jr. (1974). Polygraph research in the U.S. Army. Polygraph, 3, 66-80.
Rec#: 837
Keywords: research-U.S. Army/validity/reliability-general/instrumentation.

1767. Brisentine, R.A., Jr. (1973). Quality control. Polygraph, 2, 278-286.
Rec#: 836
Keywords: quality control/reliability-test data analysis/U.S. Army CID/test data analysis-quality control.

1768. Brisentine, Robert A., Jr. Speech by R. A. Brisentine. 73.
Rec#: 9120
Keywords: quality control/standardization.
Notes: Presented at the American Polygraph Association.

1769. Brisentine, Robert A., Jr. Speech by R. A. Brisentine. 73.
Rec#: 9121
Keywords: research-DoD/research-validity/research-reliability.
Notes: Presented at the American Polygraph Association.

1770. Brisentine, R.A., Jr. (1979). State of the art of polygraph examinations. Detective, 7, 24-31.
Rec#: 840
Keywords: polygraph-general-U.S. Army/U.S. Army CID.
Abstract:The basic polygraph instrument includes a cardiograph to record changes in blood pressure and pulse rate, a pneumograph to record changes in respiration, and a galvanized skin resistance instrument to record changes in the skin's resistance to electrical current. During polygraph examinations, stimuli are applied by asking questions. Some law enforcement agencies use the polygraph in 15 percent to 20 percent of their criminal investigations. Polygraph examinations are used in cases where physical evidence is such that the incident may or may not be a crime, e.g., in suicide cases that appear to be homicide or vice versa, and in fraud cases. They are also used in cases where many persons had the opportunity to commit the crime and it could have been committed by one or more persons. In addition, polygraph examinations are useful in crimes where there aare no eyewitnesses, e.g., crimes against property such as burglary and larceny. All federal agencies and many police departments have quality control programs to monitor the use and interpretation of polygraph examinations. Even though the results of such examinations demonstrate their reliability, the problem of verifying the examination still remains. Verification can only be accomplished when a confession is obtained. The American Polygraph Association supports state or federal licensing of the instrument's use. As of mid-1979, licensing bills or other regulatory laws had been passed in 22 states.

1771. Anonymous. Statement of Mr. Robert A. Brisentne, Jr. senior polgraph examiner, U. S. Army Criminal Investigation Command. ed.
Rec#: 6628
Keywords: examiners/training.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 3, (3), 285-307.

1772. Brisentine, R.A., Jr. (1990). "Zone Comparison Is The Proper Name," A Response. Polygraph, 19, 222-224.
Rec#: 9735
Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test.

1773. Brisentine, Sharon. A study on the polygraph testing and clearance decisions of cases involving illegal drug use. 84.
Rec#: 9736
Keywords: security screening/cases-drugs.

1774. Brobst, K.E., & Brock, R.D., III. (1987). A winning combination. Security Management, 3, 79-87.
Rec#: 847
Keywords: research-paper and pencil tests/paper and pencil tests/screening-commercial/reliability-general.

1775. Anonymous. D. Brock. (1993). The myth of the typical case. 279-286 p.
Rec#: 8854
Keywords: reliability/Minor, Paul K.

1776. Brock, D. (1993). The Real Anita Hill: The Untold Story. New York: The Free Press.
Rec#: 848
Keywords: Minor, Paul K./Gugas, Chris/Bull, Ray/Lykken, David T./Roemer, Bill/Hatch, Orrin/Silas, Herman/Hickman, Richard/Gobie, Stephen/error/false negative/false positive/male prostitute/battle of experts.

1777. Brock, Randolph D., III. Politicians and the polygraph: Is pre-election screening as absurd as it sounds? 76.
Rec#: 849
Keywords: applications-political candidates.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1778. Brockway, B.F. (1979). Situational stress and temporal changes in self-report and vocal measurement. Nursing Research, 28, 19-24.
Rec#: 5132
Keywords: voice stress/PSE/dektor psychological stress analyzer/autonomic nervous system.

1779. Brokaw, J.R., Heckel, R.H., Salzbert, H.C., & Wiggins, S.L. (1962). Polygraphic variations in reactivity between delusional, non-delusional, and control groups in a crime situation. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology & Police, 53, 380
Rec#: 6818
Keywords: Crime/applications-criminal investigations.

1780. Brooks, J. (1985). Polygraph testing: Thoughts of a skeptical legislator. American Psychologist, 40, 348-354.
Rec#: 852
Keywords: legislation-federal/screening-federal/applications-national security/criticism-general.
Abstract:The federal government, under the leadership of the Reagan administration, is expanding the use ofo polygraph tests for screening and investigative purposes. This artical reviews the history of debate within the government over the use of the polygraph, and it describes legislation that must be enacted to control the proliferation of unwarranted and inaccurate polygraph use.

1781. Anonymous. Statement of Congressman Jack Brooks. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 851
Keywords: legislation-federal-counterintelligence/applications-national security/screening-DoD-counterintelligence.

1782. Brown, A. (1985). Employment tests: Issues without clear answers. Personnel Administrator, 30, 43-56.
Rec#: 854
Keywords: screening-commercial/law-EEOC/paper and pencil tests.

1783. Brown, C.C. Anonymous. (1967). The techniques of plethysmography: Chapter 2. Baltimore: Wilkins Co. 54-74 p.
Rec#: 6928
Keywords: plethysmography.

1784. Brown, M.J., & Ream, D. (1989). Recent tort cases: Polygraph examinations of employees. Defense, 31, 2-6.
Rec#: 856
Keywords: law-labor-rights/law-labor/law-EPPA.

1785. Brown, P. (1989). Handwriting analysis: Your passport to success. Get Paid, 14, 16, 45.
Rec#: 857
Keywords: graphology.

1786. S. Brown. Peron family and followers protest exhumation order. Aug 30, 1996; Reuters Limited. ()
Rec#: 6905
Keywords: polygraph general/applications.
Notes: Off the internet AOLNewsProfiles@.

1787. Brown, W.P. (1965). Emotional indicators in word association. British Journal of Psychology, 56, 401-402.
Rec#: 859
Keywords: word association.

1788. Brownley, K.A., Hurwitz, B.E., & Schneiderman, N. J.T. Cacioppo, L.G. Tassinary, & G.G. Berntson. Cardiovascular psychophysiology. 2 nd ed, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 224-264 p. 052162634X.
Rec#: 6436
Keywords: cardio/blood pressure/blood flow.
Notes: Chapter 9.

1789. Brownlie, Charles. Cultural diversity and polygraph science. 97.
Rec#: 6864
Keywords: cultural differences/polygraph general.

1790. Anonymous. Testimony of Harold L. Brownman, Deputy Director for Management and Service, Central Intelligence Agency. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 860
Keywords: Central Intelligence Agency/screening-CIA/applications-counterintelligence/research-CIA.

1791. Brubaker, R.F., Worthen, D.M., Feather, J.E., & Newman, J.S. Anonymous. (1969 Feb). Space Sciences Incorporated, Rome Air Development Center, Air Force Systems Command, Griffiss Air Force Base, New York; final technical report for RADC-TR-68-333,
Rec#: 861
Keywords: instruments-cardio activity monitor/cardio activity monitor/test data analysis-CAM/research-instruments-Cardio.

1792. Bryan, A.I. (1930). Blood pressure deception changes and their use as an index of personality.
Rec#: 862
Keywords: historical interest/blood pressure/theory-personality variables/research-personality variables/dissertations and theses.
Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

1793. Bryant, W.G. (1989). Asset forfeiture - Disclosing hidden assets: Plea bargains and use of the polygraph. Washington, DC: The Bureau of Justice Assistance.
Rec#: 6278
Keywords: applications-plea bargains.
Notes: 49 p.

1794. Buchan, D.S. (1985). Criminal procedure - Totality of the circumstances examined in determining that suspect, who waived his Miranda Rights before taking a polygraph test, must be readvised of those rights before post-polygraph interrogation (case note). Temple Law Quarterly, 58, 681-691.
Rec#: 864
Keywords: law-Miranda warnings/stipulated examinations-Miranda warning.

1795. Buck, J.A. (1979). Leading questions and the guilty knowledge test. Dissertation Abstracts International, 40: (4B). 1880
Rec#: 865
Keywords: research-GKT/techniques-GKT/memory/dissertations and theses.
Notes: (University Microfilm No. AAD79-22717), 58 p.

1796. Buckley, J.P. Richard H. Bolt. (Jun 16 1986).
Rec#: 9738
Keywords: security screening/counterintelligence.

1797. Buckley, Joseph P. Guideline for the proper use of the polygraph technique by the employer. nd.
Rec#: 809
Keywords: preemployment screening/Accuracy/John E. Reid & Associates/applications-general/drug use/pretest interview/GSR.

1798. Buckley, J.P., III. (1985). Analysis of Kleinmuntz' Trial magazine article. APA Newsletter, 18, 17-18.
Rec#: 878
Keywords: validity-partial charts-laboratory.

1799. Buckley, J.P., III. (1989). APA public relations releasing stories on police use of the polygraph: First release on U.S. Customs. APA Newsletter, 22, 9-10.
Rec#: 871
Keywords: cases-smuggling/cases-narcotics/U.S. Customs Service.

1800. Buckley, Joseph P., III. Behavior symptom analysis outline. 88.
Rec#: 869
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/interrogation-nonverbal behavior.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association, Miami Beach, FL.

1801. Buckley, J.P., III. (1987). Buckley refutes assertions in AMA Journal letters. APA Newsletter, 20, 9-13.
Rec#: 888
Keywords: validity/base rate/AMA.

1802. Buckley, Joseph P., III. Control questions - Theoretical foundation and practical application - The Reid perspective. 85.
Rec#: 881
Keywords: question formulation-control questions/question formulation-Reid control questions.
Notes: Paper presented at the 20th annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association, Reno, NV.

1803. Buckley, J.P., III. (1987). Courts look favorably on employers using the polygraph. APA Newsletter, 20, 20
Rec#: 889
Keywords: law-civil-federal/law-labor/law-civil-Pennsylvania/law-civil-Georgia.

1804. Buckley, J.P., III. (1986). Honestly, it's the truth. Security Management, 1-6.
Rec#: 883
Keywords: surveys/screening-commercial-preemployment/screening-commercial-investigations/utility-screening-commercial.

1805. Buckley, Joseph P., III. Interviewing for integrity: A presentation on job applicants for positions of trust. 88.
Rec#: 870
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/integrity tests.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association, Miami Beach, FL.

1806. Buckley, J.P., III. (1986). Letters to the Editor. Harvard Business Review, 6-7.
Rec#: 884
Keywords: validity-test data analysis.
Notes: includes reply by Kleinmuntz.

1807. Buckley, J.P., III. (1987). Nobody's perfect. Security Management, 31, 77-82.
Rec#: 890
Keywords: screening-commercial.

1808. Buckley, J.P., III. (1985). The polygraph. Trial, 21, 10
Rec#: 879
Keywords: admissibility.

1809. Buckley, J.P., III. (1980). The polygraph examination - An explanation for subjects. APA Newsletter, 13, 9-13.
Rec#: 876
Keywords: subjects-explanation to/public relations/pretest.

1810. Buckley, J.P., III. (1986). Polygraph testing: The pros and cons: The use of polygraphs by the business community. Management Review, 59-61.
Rec#: 885
Keywords: screening-preemployment.

1811. Buckley, J.P., III. (1988). Polygraphs in the workplace. Small Business Report, 6, July
Rec#: 868
Keywords: American Polygraph Association/screening-commercial/ethics.

1812. Buckley, J.P., III. (1979). Public relations committee report. APA Newsletter, 16-18.
Rec#: 875
Keywords: public relations/surveys-subject attitudes/American Polygraph Association.

1813. Buckley, J.P., III. (1986). Questions and answers. The Investigator, 2, 1-2.
Rec#: 886
Keywords: interrogation-inventory loss.

1814. Buckley, J.P., III. (1986). Questions and answers. The Investigator, 2, 1-2.
Rec#: 887
Keywords: verbal behavior/nonverbal behavior/bibliographies.

1815. Buckley, J.P., III. (1987). Questions and answers. The Investigator, 3, 1-2.
Rec#: 893
Keywords: interrogation-juveniles.

1816. Buckley, Joseph P., III. The Reid control question technique - Specific issue examination. 85.
Rec#: 880
Keywords: techniques-CQT/specific issue test/Reid, John E.
Notes: Paper presented at the 20th annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association, Reno, NV.

1817. Buckley, Joseph P., III. The Reid nine steps of interrogation. 91.
Rec#: 872
Keywords: interrogation-Reid.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual conference of the American Polygraph Association, Sparks, NV.

1818. Buckley, J.P., III. (1988). The use of the polygraph in the workplace. Polygraph, 17, 80-90.
Rec#: 897
Keywords: applications/false positive/false negative/American Polygraph Association policy/licensing-state/limiting-states/screening-commercial-preemployment/screening-commercial-investigations/validity/OTA report.

1819. Buckley, J.P., III. (1987). The use of the polygraph in the workplace: The American Polygraph Association's view. Employment Testing, 1, 4-5.
Rec#: 894
Keywords: screening-commercial-protection for subjects/American Polygraph Association policy.

1820. Buckley, Joseph P., III. The use of the polygraph in the workplace: The American Polygraph Association's view. 87.
Rec#: 895
Keywords: screening-commercial/false positive/false negative/licensing-state/limiting-states/admissibility/screening-commercial-preemployment/screening-commercial-investigations/validity/American Polygraph Association/OTA Report.
Notes: Paper presented at the Privacy Claims in the Workplace Conference, Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC.

1821. Buckley, J.P., III, & Mullenix, P.A. (1985). The use of behavior symptoms in the search for truth: A tool for the prosecutor. The Prosecutor, 19, 41-44.
Rec#: 877
Keywords: nonverbal cues/nonverbal detection of deception/interrogation.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 15, 40-46.

1822. Buckley, J.P., III, & Senese, L.C. (1991). The influence of race and gender on blind polygraph chart analyses. Polygraph, 20, 247-258.
Rec#: 899
Keywords: test data analysis-blind/race/gender.

1823. Buckley, J.P., III, & Senese, L.C. (1991). The influence of race and gender on preemployment polygraph examination results. Polygraph, 20, 238-246.
Rec#: 900
Keywords: screening-preemployment/race/gender.

1824. Buckley, J.P., III, & Senese, L.C. (1991). The influence of race and gender on specific issue polygraph examinations. Polygraph, 20, 229-237.
Rec#: 898
Keywords: demographics/techniques-specific issues/race/gender.

1825. Buckley, W.F., Jr. (1974). Polygraph anyone? National Review, 26, 942-943.
Rec#: 901
Keywords: applications-political candidates.

1826. Budiansky, S. (1984). Some truths about lie detectors. The Atlantic Monthly, 28, 31-32, 34-35.
Rec#: 903
Keywords: screening-government/criticism.

1827. Budiansky, S. (1984). Technology: Lie detectors. The Atlantic, 254, 40,42,44.
Rec#: 9236
Keywords: technology/validity/OTA report.

1828. Budman, M. (1993). The honesty business. Across the Board, 30, 34-37.
Rec#: 9237
Keywords: paper and pencil tests/honesty testing/screening-commercial-preemployment.
Abstract:Paper-and-pencil honesty testing has gained a foothold in hiring policies, but complaints and concerns linger.

1829. Budnick, J.A., Love, K.G., & Wisniewski, L. (1983). Predictors of liar/non-liar status: Birth order, age, reason for polygraph investigation and previous arrest. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 11, 402-404.
Rec#: 904
Keywords: lying/age/personality variables-birth order.

1830. Bull, R.H. J.C. Yuille. (1989). Can training enhance the detection of deception? Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 83-99 p. 47. 0-7923-0195-1 (hardcover).
Rec#: 5103
Keywords: paralinguistic indicators/verbal cues/nonverbal detection of deception/deception detection-training.
Abstract:(from the chapter) a number of police recruitment advertisements and police training books seem to imply that the detection of deception from behavioral and speech cues is a simple affair. Furthermore, they suggest that training with regard to these cues can enhance the detection of deception. This chapter reviews the published literature on the effects of training and finds no evidence of a training effect.

1831. Bull, R.H. A. Gale. (1988). What is the lie detector test? London: Sage Publications. 10-18 p.
Rec#: 908
Keywords: Great Britain/criticism-Great Britain/criticism-validity.

1832. Buller, D.B., & Aune, R.K. (1987). Nonverbal cues to deception among intimates, friends and strangers. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 11, 269-290.
Rec#: 914
Keywords: nonverbal cues/detection of deception.
Notes: Reprinted in David V. Canter, Criminal Detection and the Psychology of Crime (p. 107-128), Brookfield, Vermont, Dartmouth Publishing Company Limited.

1833. Buller, D.B.,, & Burgoon, J.K. P.A. Andersen & L.K. Guerrero. (1998). Emotional expression in the deception process. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, Inc. 381-402 p. 0120577704.
Rec#: 7505
Keywords: deception/emotional content/interpersonal communication.
Abstract:(from the chapter) We begin this chapter by defining emotion and its related components. We then turn to where and how emotion enters the deception process. We frame our discussion within Interpersonal Deception Theory (IDT), a new theory we are developing that highlights the communication between sender and receiver rather than the intrapsychic processes of the actors. We move from considering relevant preinteraction factors that instigate deception and deception-related emotional displays, to considering deceptive and emotional messages during interaction, the iterative interaction process between senders and receivers, and the emotion-relevant consequences of such interactions. From the sender's vantage point, emotions are discussed as motivators of deception, as purposive and inadvertent parts of the deceptive message, and as signals of deceptive intent. Also examined is how successful deception depends on the sender's skill at encoding emotion. On the receiver side of the equation, the chapter describes how suspicion of deception provokes emotion and considers receivers' ability to detect deception-related emotion cues and deceptive messages about emotions. Throughout, we focus primarily on how emotion is communicated, rather than on how it is experienced psychologically.

1834. Buller, D.B., Comstock, J., Aune, R.K., & Strzyzewski, K.D. (1989). The effect of probing on deceivers and truthtellers. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 13, 155-170.
Rec#: 912
Keywords: nonverbal cues/verbal cues/probing/detection of deception.

1835. Buller, D.B., Stiff, J.B., & Burgoon, J.K. (1996). Behavioral adaptation in deceptive transactions: Fact or fiction: Reply to Levine and McCornack. Human Communication Research, 22, 589-603.
Rec#: 7482
Keywords: behavior change/deception/impression formation/interviewing.
Notes: see also P 7193.
Abstract:Comments on T. R. Levine and S. A. McCornack's (see P 7193) criticisms of the behavioral adaptation explanation (BAE) for the probing effect in deception research. The inaccurate description of the theoretical relationships in the BAE, omissions of critical data, and concerns about the generalizability of data from noninteractive experimental designs pose large problems with those criticisms. Buller et al suggest accepting that both behavioral adaptation and heuristic processing occur in deceptive interactions.

1836. Buller, D.B., Strzyzewski, K.D., & Comstock, J. (1991). Interpersonal deception: I. Deceivers' reactions to receivers' suspicions and probing. Communication Monographs , 58, 1-24.
Rec#: 9240
Keywords: deception detection/communication-interpersonal.
Abstract:Investigated the mutual influence of deceivers and those they deceive in communication, using 420 undergraduates. Interviews were conducted in which the source (a stranger or friend) either told the truth or lied to receivers. Half of the receivers were induced to be suspicious and half probed for additional information. Receivers in the suspicion condition actually encoded less suspicious probes, suggesting that they attempted to deceive sources about their suspicions. Sources accurately perceived suspicion and were more sensitive to suspicion communicated by friends, implying that decoding suspicion may be similar to detecting deceit. As expected, deceivers altered their behavior when they perceived suspicion and their behavior management was more pronounced when probed. Deceivers concealed their deceit by masking arousal cues and encoding a more positive demeanor. Neither probing, suspicion, nor familiarity improved deception detection.

1837. Buller, D.B., Strzyzewski, K.D., & Hunsaker, F.G. (1991). Interpersonal deception: II. The inferiority of conversational participants as deception detectors. Communication Monographs, 58, 25-40.
Rec#: 913
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

1838. Bunn, G.C. (1997). The lie detector, Wonder Woman and liberty: The life and work of William Moulton Marston. History of the Human Sciences, 10, 91-119.
Rec#: 6518
Keywords: deception/historical interest/Marston, William M.
Abstract:In the context of R. Cooter and S. Pumfrey's (1994) challenge to confront "the politics of the popular," the author describes and analyzes the life and work of the American psychologist William Moulton Marston (1893-1947). The article discusses two significant legacies that Marston left for American popular culture: the lie detector, which Marston claimed to have invented, and the creation of the female comic book superhero Wonder Woman. The article also discusses the development of the dominance-submission principle in Marston's experimental and theoretical work and how Marston came to regard them as the quintessential vehicles for sexual, social, and political freedom.

1839. Burack, B.A. (1955). A critical analysis of the theory, method and limitations of the "lie detector". Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 46, 414-426.
Rec#: 916
Keywords: techniques/examiners-qualifications/validity/polygraph-theory/ethics/admissibility/criticism/polygraph-general.

1840. Burch, F.B., & Frankel, H.J. (1976). Correctional personnel may be polygraphed in Maryland: Opinions of the Attorney General. Polygraph, 5, 156-162.
Rec#: 917
Keywords: law-Maryland/applications-correctional personnel.

1841. Burch, N. Anonymous. USAF School of Aerospace Medicine Aerospace Medical Division (AFSC). (1963 Nov). 63-74,
Rec#: 9739
Keywords: GSR.
Notes: Task No. 775102, prepare under contract # 41 (609)-1527 by Baylor University College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

1842. Burch, N.R. Anonymous. Office of Naval Research . (1969 Oct 17). Final report, (NTIS No. AD-695 432) accession DN723721,
Rec#: 918
Keywords: test data analysis- computerized.

1843. Burdick, A. H. Preliminary report on the effects of biofeedback training on polygraph examination results. 77.
Rec#: 921
Keywords: research-biofeedback/countermeasures-biofeedback.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association.

1844. Burdick, A.H. (1973). Use of an interpreter during a polygraph examination. Polygraph, 2, 305-308.
Rec#: 920
Keywords: interpreters/interrogation-interpreters.

1845. Burdick, J.A., Steward, D.Y., & Adamson, J.D. (1974). Cardiac activity and verbal report of homosexuals and heterosexuals. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 18, 377-385.
Rec#: 922
Keywords: personality variables-homosexuals/personality variables-heterosexuals/heart rate/subjects-homosexuals/personality variables-extraversion/habituation/neuroticism.

1846. Burgoon, J.K., Buller, D.B., Floyd, K., & Grandpre, J. (1996). Deceptive realities. Sender, receiver, and observer perspectives in deceptive conversations. Communication Research, 23, 724-748.
Rec#: 7198
Keywords: deception/interpersonal interaction.
Abstract:Deceptive interpersonal interactions are an ideal venue in which to examine the issue of reality. Interpersonal deception theory offers a framework for considering why deceivers (by convention called senders), coparticipants (i.e., targeted receivers), and observers arrive at discordant views of reality. Deceivers' ulterior motives lead them to construct through communication aversion of reality contrary to what they hold to be true. Due to adherence to Gricean principles of cooperative discourse, conversational demands, and the nature of the relationship between participants, interlocutors as well as nonparticipative observers may be inclined to accept the alter reality created by senders rather than apprehend the "true" state of affairs. Recent research findings are reviewed, and original data from a pilot investigation of deception strategies are presented to illustrate ways in which senders may perpetrate deception and the extent to which receivers and observers recognize such machinations.

1847. Burgoon, J.K., Buller, D.B., Hale, J.L., & deTurck, M.A. (1984). Relational messages associated with nonverbal behaviors. Human Communication Research, 10, 351-378.
Rec#: 9138
Keywords: nonverbal cues.

1848. Burgoon, J.K., Buller, D.B., White, C.H., Afifi, W., & Buslig, A.L.S. (1999). The role of conversational involvement in deceptive interpersonal interactions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 669-685.
Rec#: 4575
Keywords: dishonesty/interpersonal communication.
Abstract:Interpersonal Deception Theory (IDT) postulates that interactive deception differs from noninteractive deception due to combined influences of deceiver goals and social skills, mutual influence processes between sender and receiver, feedback, and interaction dynamics. An experiment with 122 adults tested hypotheses that (a) interactive deception displays differ from truthful ones only at the outset of interaction and approximate truthful displays over time, (b) displays are moderated by deceiver social skills, (c) deceivers adapt to receiver communication with reciprocal or compensatory displays, (d) low involvement by receivers conveys negative feedback that instigates more behavioral adjustments by deceivers than does high involvement, and (e) receivers' postinteraction judgments of deceivers are directly related to deceiver behavioral displays. An experiment in which senders alternated between telling the truth and deceiving, and partners varied their own level of involvement, produced supportive results that have implications for the stability of, and causal mechanisms underlying, deception displays and interpersonal communication.

1849. Burgoon, J.K., & Koper, R.J. (1984). Nonverbal and relational communication associated with reticence. Human Communication Research, 10, 601-626.
Rec#: 9139
Keywords: nonverbal behavior.

1850. Burhl, James T. Polygraph program. 79.
Rec#: 3395
Keywords: training/standardization/polygraph-profession.

1851. Burke, Marita Anne. The polygraph. 66.
Rec#: 9740
Keywords: Qualifications.

1852. Burkey, L.M. (1965). The case against the polygraph. American Bar Association Journal, 51, 855-857.
Rec#: 930
Keywords: criticism-labor.

1853. Burkey, L.M. (1963). Lie detectors in industrial relations. Continuing Legal Education, 1, 107-118.
Rec#: 928
Keywords: screening-commercial-labor/law-arbitration-Illinois/law-labor.

1854. Burkey, L.M. (1964). Lie detectors in labor relations. Arbitration Journal, 19, 193
Rec#: 929
Keywords: screening-commercial/labor relations.

1855. Burkey, L.M. (1972). The polygraph: A justified tool? The People's Forum, -
Rec#: 932
Keywords: criticism-law-labor/law-labor.
Notes: (AFL-CIO Maritime Trades Department, Transportation Institute). Reprinted in APA Newsletter, 6(3), 18-28.

1856. Burkey, L.M. (1967). Privacy, property and the polygraph. Labor Law Journal, 18, 79-89.
Rec#: 931
Keywords: screening-commercial/examiners-competence/ethics-examiners/privacy rights/history.

1857. Burkhardt, R. (1964). How to lie successfully to the lie detector. New Republic, 150, 6-7, May.
Rec#: 933
Keywords: countermeasures/criticism-inaccurate/applications-federal/law.

1858. Burns, J.A., Jr. (1991). Employer/employee rights. Employee Relations Law Journal, 16, 411-417.
Rec#: 937
Keywords: law-EPPA.

1859. Burns, J.A., & Kintz, B.L. (1976). Eye contact while lying during an interview. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 7, 87-89.
Rec#: 938
Keywords: eye contact/nonverbal detection of deception/interrogation-nonverbal behavior/gender.

1860. Burns, R.E. N. Ansley. (1975). Why is the polygraph discriminated against by courts? Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
Rec#: 939
Keywords: admissibility.

1861. Burpo John H. (1972). The policeman's bill of rights. Police Chief, 39, 18-19, 22-23, 26.
Rec#: 7249
Keywords: applications-police/interrogation/admissibility/criminal investigations/constitutional rights.
Abstract:The investigation of police officer violations of departmental regulations, called an "internal investigation," is a concept of recent origin. Since 1967, considerable dispute has arisen between police officers and administrators concerning the legal and administrative powers that police chiefs should possess to deal effectively with internal investigation problems. The focal point of the internal investigation controversy has been the interrogation, an important tool for the police administrator to obtain information from an officer suspected of committing a violation of departmental regulations. As a result, many police employee organizations throughout the country have made determined efforts to expand the rights of officers during internal investigations. The feeling of these employee organizations is that policemen should not be treated as second-class citizens and should be afforded the same rights as other citizens who are charged with wrongdoing under the criminal law. The effort of police employee organizations has been geared toward providing officers with optimum protections during internal investigation interrogations. Police organizations have attempted to achieve this goal by having these protections written into contracts or implemented administrati- vely. The policeman's bill of rights is analyzed and explained. Areas covered are time of interrogation, identification of investigating officers, information about the investigation, length of interrogation, use of coercion, presence of counsel, recording of interrogation, criminal rights warning, furnishing copy of interrogation, refusal to answer questions, and refusal to answer questions utilizing the polygraph.

1862. Burtt, H.E. D.H. Fryer & E.R. Henry. (1950). Examination of offenders. New York: Rinehart. - p.
Rec#: 946
Keywords: techniques/historical interest/deception detection.

1863. Burtt, H.E. (1921). Further technique for inspiration/expiration ratios. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 4, 106-111.
Rec#: 942
Keywords: historical interest/pneumo.

1864. Burtt, H.E. (1921). The inspiration/expiration ratio during truth and falsehood. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 4, 1-23.
Rec#: 943
Keywords: historical interest/respiration/pneumo/blood pressure/test data analysis.

1865. Burtt, H.E. (1936). Motor concomitants of the association reaction. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 19, 51-63.
Rec#: 945
Keywords: historical interest/movement-body/EMG/word association/research-word association/research-motor movement.

1866. Burtt, H.E. (1918). A pneumograph for inspiration-expiration ratios. Psychological Bulletin, 15, 325-328.
Rec#: 941
Keywords: historical interest/pneumo/test data analysis-pneumo/research-respiration.

1867. Burtt, H.E. Anonymous. (1957). Psychology in crime detection: The polygraph in expert hand, (Chapter 11). New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 266-299 p.
Rec#: 6598
Keywords: applications-witnesses/False statements/polygraph-general/techniques.

1868. Butler, R. (1989). Child molestation examinations. Veracity, 3-5.
Rec#: 953
Keywords: applications-child sexual abuse/control questions-child sexual abuse.

1869. Byers, Owen W. Abnormal psychology and the law enforcement polygraph. 64.
Rec#: 955
Keywords: subjects-psychotic/subjects-neurotic.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners.

1870. Byers, Owen W. The importance of pre-test interrogation. 62.
Rec#: 954
Keywords: pretest interview.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners.

1871. Byrne, W. (1971). Some functional aspects of the polygraph. Law and Order, 24-27, 44, 75.
Rec#: 956
Keywords: cases-criminal/Cedar Rapids Police Department.

1872. C. H. Stoelting Co. (nd). The senses.
Rec#: 957
Keywords: physiology.
Notes: Technical Bulletin, 4 p.

1873. C. H. Stoelting Company. Electrodermal response and self centering . nd.
Rec#: 1573
Keywords: electrodermal/instruments-electrodermal-self centering.

1874. Cabot, R.E. (1977). Validity of the polygraph. Law and Order, 25, 52-53.
Rec#: 960
Keywords: validity.

1875. Cacioppo, J.T., Tassinary, L.G., & Berntson, G.G. Anonymous. (2000). Handbook of psychophysiology . 2nd. ed,
Rec#: 7662
Keywords: psychophysiology.
Abstract:(from the jacket) This expanded 2nd edition of the Handbook of Psychophysiology provides both a context for and coverage of the biological bases of cognition, emotion, and behavior. Psychophysiological methods, paradigms, and theories offer entry to a biological cosmos that does not stop at skin's edge, and this reference is designed as a road map for every explorer of this cosmos. The revised 2nd edition is a reference for students, researchers, and professionals in psychophysiology, psychology, psychiatry, neuroscience, and related biological and behavioral sciences.

1876. Cahill, W. (1950). Lie detector finds daily use testing honesty of employees. Chicago Journal of Commerce.,
Rec#: 962
Keywords: screening-commercial.

1877. J. Cail-Sirota & H.R. Lieberman. A database of research on drugs which could influence the outcome of PDD examination. 1995; Ft. Mcclellan, AL: DoD Polygraph Institute. ()
Rec#: 9979
Keywords: bibliographies/drugs/drugs-state dependant memory/countermeasures-drugs.
Notes: FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY, Report # DoDPI95-R-0005, DTIC AD Number B211213.

1878. Call, B.J. (1986). Polygraph regulations: A trend toward tougher standards. Employee Relations Law Journal, 11, 585-603.
Rec#: 969
Keywords: EEOC/law-suits-employees/regulations/law-state/screening-commercial-law/law-labor-NLRB.

1879. Calvin, A.D., & Hanley, C. (1957). An investigation of dissimulation on the MMPI by means of the "lie detector.". Journal of Applied Psychology, 41, 312-316.
Rec#: 4179
Keywords: MMPI/keeler polygraph/historical interest .
Abstract:"The MMPI was administered in group form to approximately 300 undergraduate students. From this group 13 were selected who showed evidence of dissimulation. Nine appeared to be "faking good" and four "faking bad." These 13 Ss were each carefully matched with control Ss who had similar raw-score MMPI profiles with no evidence of dissimulation. All Ss were again given the MMPI while being tested by a Keeler Polygraph. The findings tended to support the value of the validating scales, although many specific hypotheses were not verified in a statistically significant manner. Implications of these findings were discussed." .

1880. Camara, W.J., & Schneider, D.L. (1994). Integrity tests. American Psychologist, 49, 112-119.
Rec#: 5946
Keywords: integrity tests/Honesty testing/paper and pencil tests/psychological testing.

1881. Cameron, J.M. (1977). Editorial. Medicine, Science and the Law, 17, 153-154.
Rec#: 972
Keywords: courtroom testimony.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 6, 296.

1882. Campbell, D.L. (1959). Admissibility of lie detector evidence. Tulane Law Review, 33, 880-884.
Rec#: 973
Keywords: admissibility-California.

1883. Campbell, D.P. (1982). A tremor in the blood. Issues & Observations, 2,
Rec#: 9741
Keywords: applications/techniques/irrelevants/GKT/Lykken, David T.

1884. Campisi, S. (1997). Build a lie detector. Popular Electronics, 14 , 31
Rec#: 7438
Keywords: GSR/skin resistance/instruments.
Abstract:Introduces the assembly of a skin resistant lie detector or the polygraph. Basic information on galvanic skin response (GSR); Circuit description of the lie detector; Construction of the lie detector; The use of quality electrodes for measurement in the polygraph; Things to be observed before using the assembled lie detector; Alterations that can be made if more current is required to operate the polygraph. INSET: Parts list for the lie detector.

1885. Canadian Police College. Polygraph examination student manual. 85.
Rec#: 990
Keywords: pretest interview/techniques-Canada/Canada/law-waivers-Canada/question formulation-relevant-Canada/question formulation-irrelevant questions/question formulation-symptomatic-Canada/question formulation-truth questions-Canada/control question tests-Canada/forms-Canada/question formulation-control questions/stimulation tests/Canada.
Notes: Presented at the 15th annual national Workshop on Practical Polygraph Procedures, Delta College, MI by Charles C. Koppang.

1886. Canadian Police College. Legal aspects regarding the use of the polygraph in Canada. nd.
Rec#: 6284
Keywords: Canada/legal issues.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1887. Canadian Police College Notices: Polygraph Examiner's Course. (1982). Canadian Police College Bulletin, 154-155.
Rec#: 989
Keywords: training-police-Canada/training-Canada/Canada.

1888. Candilis, P.J. (1998). Ethics, malingering, and a lie-detector at the bedside. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 43, 609-612.
Rec#: 5952
Keywords: ethics/malingering/forensic psychiatry/deception/electrocardiography.
Abstract:A psychiatric consultation is presented in which the physician uses a cardiac monitor in the manner of a lie-detector. Ethical analysis of a clinician's duties in cases of suspected malingering addresses both the standard of informed consent necessary for such assessments and the potential forensic consequences of unanticipated clinical findings.

1889. Canham, J.J. (1993). Military rule of evidence 707: A bright-line rule that needs to be dimmed. Military Law Review, 140, 65-111.
Rec#: 477
Keywords: evidence/admissibility-Military Rules of Evidence/witnesses/psychological testing/control question tests/physiological responses.

1890. Canter, D. (1992). An evaluation of the "cusum" stylistic analysis of confessions. Expert Evidence, 93-99.
Rec#: 6490
Keywords: confessions.
Notes: Reprinted in David V. Canter, Criminal Detection and the Psychology of Crime (p. 209-215), Brookfield, Vermont, Dartmouth Publishing Company Limited.

1891. Cantrell, Alton. The effect of drugs on polygraph examinations. 88.
Rec#: 994
Keywords: drugs/subjects-drugs/countermeasures.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Argenbright International Institute of Polygraph, College Park, Georgia.

1892. Anonymous. ed. Chicago, IL: Keeler Polygraph Institute.
Rec#: 995
Keywords: subjects-sexual deviants.
Notes: Keeler Polygrah Institute second annual seminar,Chicago, Illinois.

1893. Canty, H.L. (1971). Court decision. APA Newsletter, 5, 6-7.
Rec#: 996
Keywords: admissibility/Alaska.

1894. Canty, H.L. (1972). Elevated elbow technique. Polygraph, 1, 87-90.
Rec#: 997
Keywords: cardio/instruments-cardio.

1895. Anonymous. Testimony of Henry L. Canty. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 998
Keywords: legislation-federal-counterintelligence/screening-federal-counterintelligence.

1896. Canty, H.S. (1990). Judicial systems support polygraph expert testimony. The National Sheriff, 42, 23-24.
Rec#: 6279
Keywords: courtroom testimony/courtroom testimony.

1897. Capatosto, Pamela F. The polygraph and its court implications. 76.
Rec#: 6294
Keywords: admissibility.
Abstract: Psychology 307, Detection of deception, Dr. David Raskin.

1898. Issues surrounding the use of polygraph. (2001). Senate Committee on the Judiciary.
Rec#: 7685
Keywords: counterintelligence/espionage/criminal investigations/Hanssen, Robert.

1899. Capps, M.H. (1991). Accuracy of individual parameters in field polygraph studies. Polygraph, 20, 65-69.
Rec#: 1001
Keywords: test data analysis/research-validity/research-electrodermal/research-cardio/research-pneumo.

1900. Capps, M.H. (1989). Can we still pick out the bad apples? Security Management, 126, 128.
Rec#: 1000
Keywords: screening-commercial/EPPA/paper and pencil tests.

1901. Capps, M.H. (1993 Jun). The contribution of physiological parameters and criterion frequency in polygraph evaluations. University of Baltimore;
Rec#: 6601
Keywords: physiological measures.
Notes: Unpublished master's thesis.

1902. Capps, M.H. (1991). Predictive value of the sacrifice relevant. Polygraph, 20, 1-6.
Rec#: 1002
Keywords: sacrifice relevant question/predictive value/test data analysis.

1903. Capps, M.H., & Ansley, N. (1992). Analysis of federal polygraph charts by spot and chart total. Polygraph, 21, 110-131.
Rec#: 1003
Keywords: test data analysis/decision criteria/spot scoring/chart control.

1904. Capps, M.H., & Ansley, N. (1992). Analysis of private industry polygraph charts by spot and chart control. Polygraph, 21, 132-142.
Rec#: 1004
Keywords: test data analysis/decision criteria/spot scoring/chart control.

1905. Capps, M.H., & Ansley, N. (1992). Anomalies: The contributions of the cardio, pneumo, and electrodermal measures towards a valid conclusion. Polygraph, 21, 321-340.
Rec#: 1005
Keywords: cardio/pneumo/electrodermal.

1906. Capps, M.H., & Ansley, N. (1992). Comparison of two scoring scales. Polygraph, 21, 39-43.
Rec#: 1006
Keywords: 7-position scale/3-position scale/scoring cut-offs/decision criteria.

1907. Capps, M.H., & Ansley, N. (1992). Numerical scoring of polygraph charts: What examiners really do. Polygraph, 21, 264-320.
Rec#: 999
Keywords: test data analysis/reaction criteria/numerical scoring/physiological measures.

1908. Capps, M.H., & Ansley, N. (1992). Strong control versus weak control. Polygraph, 21, 341-348.
Rec#: 1007
Keywords: control questions/test data analysis.
Abstract:RQs should be compared against the stronger, not weaker CQ; cutoffs for the inconclusive area should be determined by policy considerations.

1909. Capps, M.H., Knill, B.L., & Evans, R.K. (1993). Effectiveness of the symptomatic questions. Polygraph, 22, 285-298.
Rec#: 1008
Keywords: questions-symptomatic/Backster Symptomatic questions/POLYSCORE.
Abstract:Use of symptomatic questions reduced inconclusives by 2/3rds. Polyscore had more DI calls, fewer NDI & Incl calls than original examiner on unverified field cases.

1910. Capps, M.H., Knill, B.L., Evans, R.K., & Johnson, G.J. (1995). Cognitive Arousal As A Means Of Evaluation. Polygraph , 24, 1-5.
Rec#: 9246
Keywords: cognitive processes.

1911. Caputo, Rudolph R. The breaking point. 62.
Rec#: 1012
Keywords: interrogation.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1912. Caputo, Rudolph R. The confession. 63.
Rec#: 1016
Keywords: confessions/interrogation.
Notes: Paper presented at the Tenth Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, Illinois, September 1963.

1913. Caputo, R.R. (1965). The confession. Police, 9, 85-86.
Rec#: 1017
Keywords: interrogation.

1914. Caputo, R.R. (1963). The danger of the "interrogation as though guilty" practice. Law and Order, 11, 49-50.
Rec#: 1014
Keywords: interrogation-examiner's attitude/interrogation.

1915. Caputo, Rudolph R. In defense of the lie detector examiner. 61.
Rec#: 1011
Keywords: examiners-defense of/examiners-general/American Academy of Polygraph Examiners.
Notes: Paper presented at the 8th annual meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners, Washington, DC.

1916. Caputo, Rudolph R. Lie detection, a full grown profession. 62.
Rec#: 1013
Keywords: examiners-professionalism/American Academy of Polygraph Examiners.
Notes: Paper presented at the 9th annual meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners.

1917. Caputo, Rudolph R. Lie detector is growing in public acceptance. nd.
Rec#: 1010
Keywords: public relations.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1918. Caputo, R.R. (1963). The question of inconclusives. Law and Order, 11, 55-56.
Rec#: 1015
Keywords: test data analysis-inconclusive.

1919. Caputo, Rudolph R. and Kaufman, Victor C. The polygraph examiner - Scientist or detective? 64.
Rec#: 1018
Keywords: examiners-general.
Notes: Paper presented at the 11th annual meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners.

1920. Carey, W.D., Hornig, D.F., Horwitz, S., Vinson, F.M., White, L., & Macy, J.W. The President of United States. (Jul 29 1966).
Rec#: 6799
Keywords: validity/employee screening/cases-criminal.
Notes: see also P 786.
Abstract:A report to the president from an inter-agency committee consisting of Civil Service Commission, DoD, Bureau of the Budget, Office of Science and Technology, DOJ, and CIA on the use of polygraph in the Executive Branch.

1921. Cargill, R.V. (1988). United States v. Gipson: A leap forward or impetus for a step backward? The Army Lawyer, DA Pamphlet 27-50-191 at 27.
Rec#: 1020
Keywords: admissibility-military/cases-drugs/law-federal rules of evidence/criticism-law-military.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph (1989), 18(1), 33-41.

1922. Carlisle, N. (1972). Do lie detectors lie? Science and Mechanics, 70-71, 81.
Rec#: 1022
Keywords: criticism-validity.

1923. Carlson, S.C., Pansano, M.S., & Jannuzzo, J.A. (1977). The effect of lie detector evidence on jury deliberations: An empirical study. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 5, 148-154.
Rec#: 1024
Keywords: admissibility/courtroom testimony/juries.

1924. Carlton, Barbara. Systolic time intervals (STIs): Cardiovascular research. 91.
Rec#: 7138
Keywords: systolic time intervals/EKG/CPC/physiological measures.

1925. Carlton, Barbara L. Polygraph examiners attitudes on cross-cultural differences in the Far East. 90.
Rec#: 1025
Keywords: examiners attitudes/cross-cultural differences.
Notes: Department of Defense Polygraph Institute, Fort McCLellan, Alabama.

1926. Carlton, Barbara L., Richardson, Drew C., Kenney, Richard A., and Barland, Gordon H. The development of a new systolic time interval: RWPCI. nd.
Rec#: 1026
Keywords: Systolic time interval/STI/Cardio/RWPCI/R wave pulse carotid incisura.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1927. Carlton, B.L., & Smith, B.J. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1991 Jan). DoDPI91-R-0002,
Rec#: 9247
Keywords: stimulus mode/questions-aural presentation/questions-visual presentation/techniques-guilty knowledge test.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A304657.
Abstract:The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between accuracy of a detection of deception task and the stimulus mode of the question presentation. That is, will the presentation of questions on a computer screen change the accuracy rate when compared to exams conducted, more traditionally, in a verbal mode? Eighty subjects were assigned to either a guilty or innocent condition. Guilty subjects were shown a video of a mock crime scenario, while innocent subjects viewed a clip from a training video. Half of the innocent and half of the guilty groups were given the exams aurally using a tape recorder, and the other half were shown the questions on a computer terminal. Subjects were then given a guilty knowledge test by the experimenter using a Coulbourn polygraph. Overall accuracy of the decisions of the original examiner was 78%, 74% for the blind examiner, and 76% for the Lykken system. Accuracy rates for subjects in the visual condition were 83% for the original examiner,78% for the blind evaluator, and 70% for the Lykken system. The decisions for the aural condition were 73% accurate for the blind examiner, 70% accurate for the blind evaluator, and 83% accurate for Lykken scoring system. There was no significant association between an accurate decision and the stimulus mode condition for the original examiner, the blind evaluator, or the Lykken scoring decision.

1928. Carlyle-Gordge, P. (1979). Truth shall not be free: Proposal to outlaw use of polygraph and voice stress analysis in job interviews. Macleans, 92, 27
Rec#: 1028
Keywords: legislation-federal/voice stress analysis/screening-commercial-preemployment.

1929. Carol, R.L. (1956). Science in the courts: A survey of scientific evidence and its impact upon the judicial process. Dissertation Abstracts International, 16: (10). 1934
Rec#: 7822
Keywords: evidence/judicial discretion/polygraph.
Notes: 187 p.
Abstract:The author includes a discussion of the possible threat to procedural safeguards posed by the various scientific evidence-gathering devices.

1930. Carr, J.A. (1997). The admissibility of polygraph evidence in court martial proceedings: Does the Constitution mandate the gatekeeper? Air Force Law Review, 43, 1-94.
Rec#: 7387
Keywords: admissibility-courts martial/admissibility-military/evidence-scientific/applications-investigations.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A360055.
Abstract:Presents information about the polygraph test used by the US Department of Defense as investigative tool. Admissibility of polygraph testimony as scientific evidence; The sixth amendment and the polygraph; Polygraph and the military court-martial.

1931. Carroll, D. (1985). The accuracy of polygraph lie detection . Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 38, A56
Rec#: 1035
Keywords: Great Britain/validity.
Notes: [abstract].

1932. Carroll, D. A. Gale. (1988). How accurate is polygraph lie detection? London: Sage Publications, Inc. 19-28 p.
Rec#: 1036
Keywords: Great Britain/criticism-Great Britain.

1933. Carroll, D. Anonymous. (1984). Testimony before the House of Commons Employment Committee, 1983-84 Session. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 55-139 p.
Rec#: 1037
Keywords: techniques-compared/validity/screening-commercial/Great Britain/screening-national security/ethics/examiners-training.

1934. Carroll, D., Turner, J.R., & Hellawell, J.C. (1986). Heart rate and oxygen consumption during active psychological challange: the effects of level of difficulty. Psychophysiology, 23, 174-181.
Rec#: 6617
Keywords: heart rate/respiration.

1935. Carroll, J.G. (1981). Still more on PSE [Letter to the editor]. Security Management, 22-24.
Rec#: 1038
Keywords: PSE/psychological stress evaluator/voice stress analysis.

1936. Carson, T.L. (1988). On the definition of lying: A reply to Jones and revisions. Journal of Business Ethics, 7, 509-514.
Rec#: 1039
Keywords: lying-definition.

1937. Carver, Robert F. Lie detection is an exacting science. 63.
Rec#: 1041
Keywords: polygraph-general.
Notes: Paper prepared for the 71st Session of the FBI National Academy.

1938. Casady, M. (1975). Formula for fibbing. Psychology Today, 8, 59
Rec#: 1042
Keywords: techniques-R&I/false positive/theory.

1939. Cassata, D.M. (1978). Nonverbal behavior and law enforcement: The hidden clues. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 6, 10-17.
Rec#: 1050
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/cross-cultural differences.

1940. Castelaz, P.F., & Angus, J.E. (1994). Deception classification via nonconventional processing techniques. Psychophysiology, 31, S12
Rec#: 1054
Keywords: Classification.
Notes: [abstract].

1941. Cavoukian, A., & Heslegrave, R.J. (1980). The admissibility of polygraph evidence in court: Some empirical findings. Law and Human Behavior, 4, 117-131.
Rec#: 1060
Keywords: courtroom testimony-Canada/research-law/admissibility-Canada/Canada.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 10(1), 20-36.

1942. Anonymous. Chris Gugas vs. Ann McLaughlin. ed.
Rec#: 6940
Keywords: polygraph general/licensing-California.

1943. Central Intelligence Agency. (1976). Letter to Bella S. Abzug. APA Newsletter, 3-5.
Rec#: 1061
Keywords: screening-CIA/legislation-federal/reliability-general/applications-counterintelligence/Central Intelligence Agency.

1944. Cerio, G., & Howard Lucy. (1994). Lies on lies? Newsweek, 124, 6
Rec#: 7004
Keywords: interrogation-admissibility.

1945. Cestaro, V.L. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1995 Aug). DoDPI95-R-0002,
Rec#: 9187
Keywords: voice stress analysis/CVSA/validity/micro-tremor/PSE/interrater reliability.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A300334, reprinted in Polygraph 25(2)117-127.
Abstract:This two-experiment study was designed to (1) validate the underlying electronic theory of operation of the Computer Voice Stress Analyzer (CVSA), and (2) examine the decision accuracy and agreement rates using the traditional polygraph instrument and the CVSA. The CVSA input/output was evaluated using simulation signals from lab test generators. Forty-two subjects took psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) examinations with the polygraph and CVSA instruments, within the context of Peak of Tension (POT) tests using numbers between 3 and 8. Half of the subjects were tested with the polygraph instrument, then the CVSA instrument. The remaining half were tested using the instruments in the opposite order. PDD and CVSA based POT tests were blind-evaluated by four examiners for each instrument. The frequencies of accurate determinations made using each instrument were compared using proportionality tests. The lab simulations established that the CVSA performs electrically according to the manufacturer's theory of operation. The CVSA and associated processes were less accurate than the polygraph and PDD processes tested in similar circumstances (38.7% vs. 62.5%). Interrater reliability, assessed using a multiple rater Kappa test, showed agreement among all blind evaluators within each instrument category was significantly better than chance (p < .05). These data indicate there may be a systematic and predictable relationship between voice patterns and stress related to deception.

1946. Cestaro, V.L. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1996 Aug). DoDPI95-R-0004,
Rec#: 9959
Keywords: CVSA/PDD/DLC/directed lie /interrater agreement/jeopardy.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A318985.

1947. Cestaro, V.L. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1993 Aug). DoDPI93-R-0005,
Rec#: 9443
Keywords: conditioning-classical/countermeasures/subliminal perception.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A279806.
Abstract:Traditionally, classical conditioning paradigms have focused on reflexive responses to stimuli that are readily identified. In this research, the probability and magnitude of electrodermal responses elicited by stimuli below awareness levels (subliminal) were investigated. Thirty male college students were randomly assigned to either a supraliminal or subliminal treatment group (15 per group). During conditioning employing a partial reinforcement schedule, one of three geometric shapes presented at awareness level (supraliminal) was paired with a 1 to 4 milliampere electrical shock of 250 milliseconds duration. After conditioning had occurred, subjects electrodermal responses to sub- and supraliminally presented stimuli (the geometric shapes) were measured. Backward masking was used to reduce the probability of accurate stimulus recognition during the subliminal treatment condition. Data analysis showed that subjects in both conditions responded more frequently to target stimuli (CS+) than to stimuli which had not been previously paired with shock (CS-). While subliminally presented stimulus recognition accuracy did not differ significantly from chance level, the frequency and magnitude of subliminal treatment group responses to both the CS+ and CS- were greater than those of the supraliminal group. These results suggest that subliminally presented visual stimuli can elicit differential autonomic nervous system responding to CS+ and CS-.

1948. Cestaro, V.L. (1998). Instrumentation for presenting a known standard signal to the electrodermal activity channel for assessing response characteristics. Polygraph, 27, 188-209.
Rec#: 6931
Keywords: electrodermal activity/instrumentation.

1949. Cestaro, V.L. Anonymous. DoD Polygraph Institute. (1997 May). DODPI96-R-0004,
Rec#: 6994
Keywords: computerized polygraph/GSR/linearity/response/standardized signal/simulation/skin resistance/PDD.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A330186.

1950. Cestaro, V.L. (1996). A test of the computer voice stress analyzer (CVSA) theory of operation. Polygraph , 25, 101-116.
Rec#: 6234
Keywords: voice stress analysis /CVSA.

1951. Cestaro, V.L., & Dollins, A.B. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1994 Jun). DoDPI94-R-0001,
Rec#: 9174
Keywords: voice stress analysis/spectrum analysis/vagal/parasympathetic/fundamental frequency.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A298417 (Replaced #6008, same title).
Abstract:This study was designed to examine the feasibility of using audio pitch analysis and spectrum decomposition techniques to aid in the detection of deception following a numbers test. Useable audio recordings from 28 of 44 male subjects' responses during a Peak of Tension (POT) test were made while a Lafayette field polygraph was used to collect respiration, cardiovascular, and electrodermal responses for manual evaluation. Half of the examinees were programmed "deceptive" and half were programmed "truthful". Off-line analysis using pitch and spectral analysis software to examine truthful and deceptive "no" responses disclosed no significant differences between the two groups on individual measures of pitch variation, response duration, or mean response energy. A significant concurrence rate (p < .01) was seen between decisions made by pitch/energy analysis and the examiner's decisions based on analysis of the test data. Significant differences were found between the number of correct decisions made by the examiner (79%) and by pitch/energy analysis (37%). No significant differences were seen between the number of false positive decisions made by the examiner and by pitch/energy analysis (35% versus 29%).

1952. Cestaro, V.L., & Dollins, A.B. (1996). An analysis of voice responses for the detection of deception. Polygraph, 25, 15-34.
Rec#: 6008
Keywords: voice stress analysis/spectrum analysis/vagal/parasympathetic/fundamental frequency.

1953. Cestaro, V.L., & Dollins, A.B. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1994 Jul). DoDPI94-R-0002,
Rec#: 9172
Keywords: cardiovascular/occlusive arm cuff/finger cuff/blood volume.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A298599. Reprinted in Polygraph, 26, (2), 69-78.
Abstract:This study was designed to investigate the correlation between cardiovascular signals measured during a psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) examination using the occlusive arm and finger cuffs. Twenty subjects completed a number search task and participated in a PDD examination where the questions addressed the number circled during the number search task. Half of the subjects circled numbers within the range of the PDD questions and half circled numbers outside of the range. Dependent measures included the time-locked amplitudes of electrophysiologic signals measured from the occlusive arm and finger cuffs. The degree of correlation between these measures was assessed. The Pearson correlations between the right finger cuff and the left arm cuff were 0.90 or higher for 379 of 529 (72%) data pairs. The correlations between the left finger cuff and the left arm cuff were equal to or greater than 0.90 for 219 of 523 (42%) data pairs. These results, and practical considerations, suggest that the occlusive finger cuff tests (Lafayette Model 7620) is not a viable alternative to the traditional arm cuff. A finger cuff may, however, be more sensitive to peripheral blood volume changes than the arm cuff and a less problematic design should be investigated.

1954. Chaffe, Z., Jr. (1921). The progress of the law, 1919-1921, Evidence. Harvard Law Review, 35, 302-317.
Rec#: 1063
Keywords: evidence.

1955. Chagoya, L., & Schkolne, T. (1986). Children who lie: A review of the literature. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry , 31, 665-669.
Rec#: 5020
Keywords: lying-children/morality/morality.
Notes: French abstract included.
Abstract:Reviews 18 yrs of literature on the causes and management of lying in children. It is suggested that developmental, psychoanalytic, interactional, and sociological frames of reference have been applied in different papers to understand this phenomenon of childhood and adolescence. In recent years, some experimental studies confirm developmental concepts, yet others suggest that children of the 1980's are changing in their moral development. The scarcity of references on the management of lying as a symptom is noted.

1956. Chamberlain, Robert and Findlay, Doug. The irrelevant question eight. 86.
Rec#: 6296
Keywords: irrelevants.
Notes: Prepared for Polygraph Examiners Course 86-1, Canadian Police College.

1957. Chamberlin, C.S. (1985). The polygraph, while not foolproof, can serve as a useful adjunct tool in employee screening. Security World, 22, 22
Rec#: 1064
Keywords: screening-commercial.

1958. Chamberlin, C.S. (1985). Research that debates the validity of the polygraph raises a different set of questions. Security World, 22, 23
Rec#: 1065
Keywords: validity.

1959. Chambers, R.W. (1977). An argument against anti-polygraph legislation. Security Management, 21-24.
Rec#: 1066
Keywords: legislation-federal/screening-commercial.

1960. Chandler, L. (1964). The use of polygraph in private business: do you know the polygraph? Security World, 30-32.
Rec#: 1067
Keywords: polygraph-general.

1961. Chao, E.Y. (1987). Correlates of deceit: A cross-cultural examination. Dissertation Abstracts International, 48, 248
Rec#: 9180
Keywords: dissertations and theses/cross-cultural differences/Chinese/theory-lying.
Notes: [abstract] (not available from University Microfilms).

1962. Chapin-Maizel, D. (1985). An innocent man: The accused who passes the polygraph. The Army Lawyer, 66-70.
Rec#: 3628
Keywords: U.S. Army-JAGC/law-military/admissibility.

1963. Chappell, M.N. (1929). Blood pressure changes in deception. Archives of Psychology, 17, 5-39.
Rec#: 1070
Keywords: historical interest/blood pressure/cardio.

1964. Chappell, M.N. (1929). Blood pressure changes in deception. Columbia University;
Rec#: 1071
Keywords: historical interest/blood pressure/research-blood pressure/theory/cardio/dissertations and theses/circulatory system/control experiments/mental work/unemotional deception/intelligence test.

1965. Chapple, E.D. (1953). The standard experimental (stress) interview as used in interaction chronograph investigations. Human Organization, 12, 23-32.
Rec#: 1074
Keywords: research-stress interviewing/interrogation.

1966. Chapple, N.L. (1963). Interrogation in England.
Rec#: 6458
Keywords: interrogation-Great Britain.
Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

1967. Charney, J.A. (1961). The qualified polygraph examiner. American Journal of Corrections, 23, 6-7, 22-23.
Rec#: 1075
Keywords: examiners-qualifications.

1968. Chatham, R.B. (1953). The polygraphic truth test: Further developments, recent legislation in New York. Tennessee Law Review, 22, 916-918.
Rec#: 1078
Keywords: legislation-New York/applications-counterintelligence/historical interest-law/applications-national security/test data analysis-inconclusive/screening-federal-Atomic Energy Commission.

1969. Chatham, R.B. Ansley, Norman & R.J. Weir, Jr. (1956). Public employee screening. Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners. 86-89 p.
Rec#: 1079
Keywords: historical interest/screening-federal-Atomic Energy Commission, Oak Ridge, TN/cases-sabotage-Cuba/surveys-examiners/Atomic Energy Commission/ethics/training.

1970. Cheney, M.H. (1978). Validity of GSR. Law and Order, 64-65.
Rec#: 1082
Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/validity.

1971. Chimarys, Michael. Nonverbal indicators of deception. nd.
Rec#: 6297
Keywords: nonverbal cues/detection of deception.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1972. Chimarys, Michael. Polygraphing the psychopath. nd.
Rec#: 6298
Keywords: psychopaths.
Notes: Prepared for Psychology 522, Jacksonville State University, AL. Printed in Polygraph, 16(3), 206-217.
Abstract:Also included is information on physiological responses within the spectrum of autonomic arousal related to the detection of deception. The reviewed research reflected that the psychopath can be detected during deception as easily as the nonpsychopath. Overwhelming evidence was found to indicate that if tangible punishment conditions are used then sufficient autonomic arousal in psychopaths can be induced for near normal level responses for polygraph recording. (Author abstract).

1973. Chistolini, J.A. (1988). The admissibility of polygraph evidence in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Polygraph, 17, 106-113.
Rec#: 1087
Keywords: admissibility-Massachusetts.

1974. Christensen, Mark. On effects of motivation in the detection of deception. 76.
Rec#: 6299
Keywords: deception detection/motivation.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1975. Christie, R. (1963). Do lie detectors lie? Popular Science, 183, 64-67, 202-204.
Rec#: 1089
Keywords: history/cases-robbery/cases-theft-Hesse Crown Jewels/cases-homicide-German POWs/cases-rape-innocent.

1976. Chu, D.S.C. General Stilwell on revision of DoD polygraph directive. (Aug 9 1983).
Rec#: 6764
Keywords: deception/accuracy.

1977. Churchill, M., Remington, B., & Siddle, D.A.T. (1987). The effects of context change on long-term habituation of the orienting response in humans. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 39B, 315-338.
Rec#: 1092
Keywords: habituation/orienting response.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 17(1), 40.

1978. Churchill, W.S. Anonymous. The Kubis Report: An evaluation by a behavioral scientist. (@1974).
Rec#: 7419
Keywords: behavioral cues/emotion/PSE.

1979. Cimerman, A. (1981). They'll let me go tomorrow: The Fay case. Criminal Defense, 7, 7-10.
Rec#: 1096
Keywords: FP error/cases-homicide-Fay, Michael.

1980. Ciofu, I. (1974). Audiospectral analysis in lie detection. Archiv fur Psychology, 126, 170-180.
Rec#: 1098
Keywords: voice stress analysis/Romania/conditioning/EKG.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 6, 88.

1981. Civiletti, B.R. (1979). Deputy Attorney General addresses federal examiners. Polygraph, 8, 97-99.
Rec#: 1102
Keywords: examiners-ethics.

1982. Clark, A.A.M. (1984 Aug). Employee theft and methods of deterrence.
Rec#: 1105
Keywords: dissertations and theses/applications-commercial/cases-theft/screening-commercial/background investigations/paper and pencil tests/graphology/surveys-retail stores/surveys-specialty stores.
Notes: Doctoral dissertation, Texas Woman's University.

1983. Clark, H.H., & Schaefer, E.F. (1987). Concealing one's meaning from overhearers. Journal of Memory and Language, 26, 209-225.
Rec#: 1107
Keywords: psychology-nonverbal/interrogation/nonverbal detection of deception.

1984. Clark, J.P., John, P., & Tifft, L.L. (1966). Polygraph and interview validation of self-reported deviant behavior. American Sociological Review, 31, 516-523.
Rec#: 1108
Keywords: self-report/validity/interviewing/deviant behavior.

1985. Clark, M.W. (1996). Characteristics of juvenile sex offenders who admit versus those who deny their offenses. Dissertation Abstracts International, 57, 7718
Rec#: 7386
Keywords: sex offenders/child sexual abuse.
Abstract:A comparison was made between juvenile sex offenders who admitted and those who denied their offenses. Eighty-nine male child molesters ages 12-17 were divided into admitters and deniers based on polygraph results and victims' statements.

1986. Clarkson, D.B., & Martin, D. Anonymous. (1994 Jan 27).
Rec#: 1110
Keywords: MGQT/computerized test data analysis/decision tree/algorithms/validity/reliability/probability.
Notes: Contract no. N00014-93-1-0451, DTIC AD Number A303889.
Abstract:The report summarized the work completed during the second year of a two year study to examine the efficacy of using tree-based classifiers to analyze polygraph charts produced in a detection of deception context. Four hundred twenty-six (426) Modified General Question Techniques (MGQT) polygraph charts produced by 144 subjects were used in this phase of the study. Half of the charts were used to develop the tree-based classifiers, the other half were used for cross-validation including estimating the probabilities of misclassification for each of the tree classifiers tested. The lowest misclassification probability achieved was 13.9%. Detailed information is provided about research procedures employed to both capture and analyze the data.

1987. Clay, W. (1987). Lie detectors do lie. Congressional Record - Extensions of Remarks, E2823
Rec#: 1111
Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial/criticism-validity.

1988. Clede, B. (1992). A quantum leap in polygraphy. Law and Order, 40, 43
Rec#: 9538
Keywords: computerized polygraph.

1989. Clede, B. (1998). Technology it helps find the truth. Law and Order, 91--93
Rec#: 7580
Keywords: Axciton/Lafayette Instrument Company/computerized polygraph/algorithm development/voice stress analyzer/plethysmograph/deception/blood volume.

1990. Cleland, M., & Miller, W. G. Jr. (1990). Georgia polygraph examiners act. Atlanta, GA:
Rec#: 1113
Keywords: legislation-Georgia/licensing.
Abstract:Opinions of the Attorney General, creation of board, duties, administrative rules and regulations, qualifications, research references, interns, licenses, reciprocity, rights, examinee, notification, preservation of records, liability, bond, research, amendment, provisions.

1991. Cleland, M., & Miller, W. G., Jr. (1990). Georgia state board of polygraph examiners rules. Atlanta, GA:
Rec#: 1114
Keywords: licensing-Georgia/examiners-compensation.
Notes: The public may obtain information and all necessary forms from the joint Secretary, State Examining Boards, 166 Pryor Street, S.W., Atlanta, Georgia 30303.
Abstract:Internship, polygraph school, applications, procedural rules, authority o.c.g.a. Section 43-36-5.

1992. Clemens, T.L., & Selesnick, S.T. (1967). Psychological method for evaluating medication by repeated exposure to a stressor film. Diseases of the Nervous System, 28, 98-104.
Rec#: 9747
Keywords: countermeasures/drugs-tranquilizers.

1993. Clifford, B.R.,, & Davies, G. D.C. Raskin. (1989). Procedures for obtaining identification evidence. New York: Springer Publication Co. 47-95 p.
Rec#: 1116
Keywords: eyewitness testimony.

1994. Clifton, C. (1991). Deception detection: Winning the polygraph game. Boulder, Colorado: Paladin Press.
Rec#: 7307
Keywords: countermeasures/validity/bogus pipeline/biofeedback/CQT/false positive/false negative/GSR/inconclusive results/GKT/pretest interview/physiological responses/Backster technique/post test/preemployment screening/stimulation tests.

1995. Cline, R.S. (1987). Technology and intelligence. Terrorism, 10, 253-255.
Rec#: 6459
Keywords: technology/intelligence.

1996. Cobb, C.R. (1952). Can the lie detector be made to lie? International Association of Arson Investigators Newsletter, -
Rec#: 1123
Keywords: countermeasures-hypnosis/research-hypnosis.
Notes: Reprinted in the ISDD Bulletin (1952, June), p. 8.

1997. Cobb, J., Brooks, J., Safire, W., Lykken, D.T., Wilson, G.C., Saxe, L., Edwards, D., Young, C.W., Boyce, C.J., Levchenko, S., Inman, B., Stilwell, R.G., & Ansley, N. (1985). To tell the truth: Do national security concerns warrant the expanded use of polygraphs by federal government? Common Cause Magazine, 33-37.
Rec#: 1124
Keywords: screening-federal-counterintelligence/applications-counterintelligence/criticism-validity/cases-espionage.

1998. Cochetti, Philip M. and Gordon, Nathan J. The effectiveness of polygraph in the personnel selection process. Philadelphia, PA. nd.
Rec#: 9749
Keywords: screening/pretest interview/preemployment screening/background investigations.

1999. Cody, M.J., & O'Hair, D. (1983). Nonverbal communication and deception: Differences in deception cues due to gender and communicator dominance. Communication Monographs, 50, 175-192.
Rec#: 1127
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/gender.

2000. Coe, W.C., & Sluis, A.E. (1989). Increasing contextual pressures to breach posthypnotic amnesia. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 885-894.
Rec#: 9198
Keywords: hypnosis.

2001. Coe, W.C., & Yashinski, E. (1985). Volitional experiences associated with breaching posthypnotic amnesia. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 716-722.
Rec#: 6621
Keywords: polygraph/posthypnotic amnesia.

2002. Cofer, C.N., Judson, A.J., & Weick, D.V. (1949). On the significance of the psychogalvanic response as an indicator of reaction to personality test items. Journal of Psychology, 27, 347-354.
Rec#: 1128
Keywords: malingering /personality variables-MMPI /skin potential/MMPI/electrodermal/historical interest.

2003. Coffey, E.P. Mr. Tolson. (Mar 4 1935).
Rec#: 8434
Keywords: historical interest/applications/Keeler, Leonarde.
Notes: [subject of letter concerns a study of the polygraph made by Mr. Coffey and its application to detection of deception].

2004. Anonymous. Statement of Dr. Kenneth J. Coffey. ed. 1983 Oct 19;
Rec#: 9750
Keywords: security screening.

2005. Coghill, M.A. Anonymous. Cornell University, Industrial and Labor Relations Library. (1968 Jul).
Rec#: 1129
Keywords: screening-commercial-labor/criticism-labor.

2006. Coghlan, J. (1965). Putting the lie to the truth machine. Ave Maria,
Rec#: 6460
Keywords: criticism.

2007. Coghlan, J.P., Sr. (1963). Lie box lies. Trial Lawyer's Guide, 7, 47
Rec#: 1131
Keywords: criticism/legal issues.

2008. Cohen, H.V. (1976). The polygraph and research in Israel. Polygraph, 5, 235-243.
Rec#: 1132
Keywords: Israel/subjects-cultural influences/techniques-Israel/admissibility-Israel.

2009. Cohen, J.A. (1961). The integrated control question technique. Police, 56-58.
Rec#: 1133
Keywords: techniques-ICQT.

2010. Cohen, L.H. (1932). [Review of the book Lying and its detection]. Yale Law Journal, 42, 301-302.
Rec#: 1135
Keywords: book reviews.

2011. Cohen, N., McConkie, G., Wasserman, S., Althoff, R., Maciukenas, M., Whitlow, S., & Azen, R. Anonymous. (1996 Mar 14).
Rec#: 7477
Keywords: eye movement/guilty knowledge.
Notes: Presentation material and hand-outs.

2012. Cohen, N.J., McConkie, G.W., Webb, J.M., Althoff, R.R., Holden, J.A., & Noll, E.L. Anonymous. Detecting guilty knowledge using eye monitoring data. (1992 Jun).
Rec#: 7478
Keywords: guilty knowledge/validity/reliability/electrodermal response/autonomic response/autonomic nervous system/heart rate/paradigm/eye movement/EEG/ERP/P300.
Notes: Revised October 1992.

2013. Cole, Robert P. Stimulation test and polygraph accuracy: A study of the effect of changing the placement of the stimulation has on the accuracy of a standard government control question examination. 87.
Rec#: 6461
Keywords: stimulation tests/reliability-general.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2014. Anonymous. Statement of William L. Cole, on behalf of Borg-Warner Corporation. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 1139
Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial/screening-commercial/cases-commercial.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 14, 252-255.

2015. Collier, R.L. (1973). Again, the truth machine. The New York Times Magazine, 35-36, 106-116.
Rec#: 1142
Keywords: polygraph-general.
Abstract:J. L. collier article on increasing use of lie detectors and the effect that acceptance of instrument has begun to have on society.

2016. Collier, R.L. V.A. Leonard. (1958). Benefits of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 71-83 p. 2.
Rec#: 1141
Keywords: Academy for Scientific Interrogation.

2017. Colvin, G. (1983). Who's putting razor blades in our hot dogs? Medical Economics, 217-219, 227.
Rec#: 1145
Keywords: cases-tampering-guilty.

2018. Comadena, M.E. (1982). Examination of the deception attribution process of friends and intimates. Dissertation Abstracts International, 42: (8-B). 3491
Rec#: 1147
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/dissertations and theses.
Notes: (University Microfilms No. AAD82-00659), 181 p.

2019. Commonwealth of virginia. Anonymous. Commonwealth of Virginia. (1981). House Document No. 5,
Rec#: 7527
Keywords: validity/PSE/voice stress analysis/reliability.

2020. Compos, D. (1958). The interrogationof suspects under arrest. Studies in Intelligence, 2, 51-61.
Rec#: 7696
Keywords: interrogation/interviews.

2021. Conahan, F.C. (1984). Polygraph and prepublication review policies of federal agencies. Polygraph, 13, 231-245.
Rec#: 7009
Keywords: policy/criminal investigations.

2022. Conley, B.J. Gerber, S. R. & Schroeder, O., Jr. (1962). Instrumental detection of deception. Cincinnati, OH: W. H. Anderson. 307-328 p.
Rec#: 1173
Keywords: polygraph-general/history/instrumentation/law enforcement/admissibility.

2023. Connelly, F.M. (1981). Some thoughts on lying and confessing. Polygraph, 10, 42-44.
Rec#: 7022
Keywords: confessions/lying/deception.

2024. Conrad, E. (1933). Evidence - Expert Testimony - Admissibility of deception test (lie detector). Wisconsin Law Review, 8, 283-284.
Rec#: 1175
Keywords: historical interest/admissibility-expert testimony.

2025. Consolo, V.M. Anonymous. (1987). How to pass any lie detector test. California: V. Michael Consolo.
Rec#: 1176
Keywords: countermeasures.

2026. Conti, M.E. (1997). The Massachusetts State Police Crime Laboratory. Law And Order, 45, 41-43.
Rec#: 7026
Keywords: State Police/crime laboratories/fingerprinting/examiners/Massachusetts.

2027. Contrella, Larry. Polygraph utility study - The use of lifestyle questions on the NSA polygraph examination. 86.
Rec#: 6463
Keywords: screening-federal/lifestyle questions/utility.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2028. Cook, E.H. Anonymous. (1981). Monticello, IL: Vance Bibliographies. 28 p. p.
Rec#: 1181
Keywords: bibliographies/law /applications-commercial.

2029. Cook, M.R. (1972). The cephalic vasomotor orienting response. Psychophysiology, 9, 273-274.
Rec#: 9465
Keywords: orienting response/cephalic vasomotor response.
Notes: [abstract] Reprinted in Polygraph, 1(3), 183-184.

2030. Cook, R.E. (1968). Truth, statistics and the polygraph. Police, 13, 36-41.
Rec#: 1183
Keywords: validity/statistics.

2031. Anonymous. Statement of David O. Cooke, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Office of the Comptroller, Department of Defense; accompanied by Robert A. Brisentine, Jr., Senior Polygraph Examiner, Army Criminal Investigative Command. ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 421-433p.
Rec#: 1184
Keywords: applications-criminal cases/validity/reliability-general/voice stress analysis-validity/training/examiners-federal.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 3, (3), 269-271.

2032. Cooley-Towell, S., Pasini-Hill, D., & Patrick, D. (2000). The value of the post-conviction polygraph : The importance of sanctions. Polygraph, 29, 6-20.
Rec#: 6890
Keywords: post-conviction sex offender testing/utility/surveys/sex offenders.
Abstract:The use of the post-conviction polygraph is becoming a valuable tool in the management and treatment of convicted sex ofenders. An accurate polygraph examination and an effective supervision strategy are contingent on whether sanctions are imposed against the offender when new information is revealed, or when the offender scores deceptive on the examination.

2033. Coons, T.F. (1966). Voiceprint identification. Police, 10,
Rec#: 6464
Keywords: voiceprint identification.

2034. Corah, Norman L. GSR and heart rate indicants of future behavior change induced by a fear appeal. 75.
Rec#: 9753
Keywords: electrodermal/GSR/heart rate/fear .
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2035. Corcoran, J.F.T., Lewis, M.D., & Garver, R.B. (1978). Biofeedback-conditioned galvanic skin response and hypnotic supression of arousal: A pilot study of their relation to deception. The Journal of Forensic Sciences, 23, 155-162.
Rec#: 1191
Keywords: biofeedback/electrodermal-GSR/electrodermal/hypnosis/conditioning.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 7, 113-122.

2036. Corcoran, J.F.T., & Wilson, D.H. (1979). Biofeedback conditioned responses and the polygraph: A case report. Polygraph, 8, 120-126.
Rec#: 1192
Keywords: biofeedback/countermeasures/cases-theft/test data analysis.

2037. Cormack, R.W. (1989). The PASS III-Data Survey, the Personnel Assessment Selection System (PASS) measuring drug, alienation and trustworthiness attitude (DATA). The Journal of Polygraph Science, 24, 3-4.
Rec#: 1198
Keywords: paper and pencil tests.

2038. Cormack, Robert W. The police candidate polygraph examination program of John E. Reid and Associates. 63.
Rec#: 1197
Keywords: screening-police.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

2039. Cormack, Robert W. Practical use of an interpreter in polygraph testing. 62.
Rec#: 1196
Keywords: interpreters/pretest interview.
Notes: Paper presented at the 9th annual meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

2040. Cornell, D.G., & Hawk, G.L. (1989). Clinical presentation of malingerers diagnosed by experienced forensic psychologists. Law and Human Behavior, 13, 375-383.
Rec#: 1199
Keywords: malingering/psychological variables/subjects/psychotics.

2041. Corr, J.J. (1960). Criminalistics in the United States Army. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 5, 155-168.
Rec#: 8454
Keywords: criminology.

2042. Correa, E.J., & Adams, H.E. (1981). The validity of the pre-employment polygraph examination and the effects of motivation. Polygraph, 10, 143-155.
Rec#: 1202
Keywords: screening-preemployment/validity/pneumo/motivation.
Abstract:Subjects were 40 research participants (20 male, 20 females), undergraduates from the University of Georgia. Five females and five males were randomly assigned to each of four groups: Lying-Motivated, Lying-Unmotivated, Truthful-Motivated, Truthful-Unmotivated. Validity of experimenter B's subjective ratings of polygraph records as overall Truthful or Lying was 100%, significantly more accurate than chance (p < .01); validity of experimenter B's subjective identifications of individual lie items ranged from 68% to 100%. Objectively, lying responses were characterized by significantly larger increases in conductance for SRL and larger decreases in heart rate than truthful responses; motivation had no overall main effect but interacted with other independent variables on several physiological measures. Results were discussed in light of previous research.

2043. Costa, H.L. (1954). Die verwendung des lŸgendetektors im strafverfahren. Kriminalistik, 177-180.
Rec#: 8464
Keywords: Germany.
Notes: [text in German].

2044. Costanzo, M.A.,, & Archer, D. M.E. Ware & D.E. Johnson. (2000). A method for teaching about verbal and nonverbal communication. 2nd ed, Mahwah, N. J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. 273-276 p. 3. 0-80-58-3047-2.
Rec#: 7199
Keywords: deception/nonverbal-communication/verbal-cues.
Abstract:Discusses using the Interpersonal Perception Task, consisting of a videotape of 30 brief scenes, to illustrate the complexity of verbal and nonverbal cues .

2045. Cowden, G.W. (1988). Preemployment screening: Is polygraph the answer? Security Management, 32, 80,82-84.
Rec#: 1211
Keywords: screening-preemployment.

2046. Craddock, S.H. (1977). The validity and reliability of the electrodermal response - An annotated bibliography. Polygraph, 6, 163-169.
Rec#: 1212
Keywords: electrodermal/research-validity-electrodermal/bibliographies.

2047. Craig, K.D., Hill, M.L., & McMurtry, B.W. (1999). Detecting deception and malingering. In A.R. Blcik & E.F. Kremer (Eds.), Handbook of pain syndromes: Biopsychosocial perspectives. (pp. 41-58). Mahwah, N. J. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Rec#: 6634
Keywords: deception/measurement/malingering-detection.
Abstract:(from the chapter) Ideally, this chapter would identify features of pain representations known to discriminate between subjective experiences of pain and claims that are falsified. Regrettably, it is too soon to promise strategies capable of producing an absolute differentiation. Definitive, empirically validated procedures for distinguishing genuine and deceptive pain report are not available and current approaches to the detection of deception remain to some degree intuitive. Recent research provides evidence that (a) genuine presentations of pain differ from deceptive presentations, (b) informed and careful observers, clinicians as well as others, can discriminate genuine and deceptive presentations, and (c) empirically informed assessment approaches can be developed. /// Topics include: definition; the nature of deception; assessment of deception and malingering; training to improve detection; and decision making and judgmental processes.

2048. Craig, R.A. (1997). The use of physiological measures to detect deception in juveniles: possible cognitie developmental influences (polygraph). Dissertation Abstracts International, 58, 5669
Rec#: 3429
Keywords: deception/discriminant analysis/juveniles.
Abstract:Examined the effectiveness of using a polygraph test to detect deception in juveniles. Eighty-four juveniles (9 to 15 year olds) were given directed lie polygraph examinations regarding a mock crime like scenario.

2049. Crane, H.W. (1915). A study in association reaction with an attempted application of results in determining the presence of guilty knowledge. Psychological Monographs, 18, 1-61.
Rec#: 1215
Keywords: historical interest/word association/reaction time/guilty knowledge.
Notes: + tables.

2050. Craver, C.B. (1977). Lie detection devices. Cornell Law Review, 63, 28-43.
Rec#: 1216
Keywords: screening-commercial-law/law-labor.

2051. Crawford, C.C. (1960). The polygraph in agent interrogation. Studies in Intelligence, 4, 31-37.
Rec#: 7032
Keywords: interrogation/blood pressure/CIA/pretest/fabrication/inconclusive results/post test.

2052. Creek, L.V., & Watkins, J.T. (1972). Responses to incongruent verbal and nonverbal emotional cues. Journal of Communication, 22, 311-316.
Rec#: 5807
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/theory-cognitive processing.
Abstract:An alternate forms test was constructed with each test consisting of 40 20-second segments of tape.

2053. Crenshaw, J.R. (1981). Management's use of polygraph examinations. Employer-Employee Relations, 12, 1
Rec#: 1218
Keywords: law-labor/screening-commercial.

2054. Crewson, P.E. Anonymous. Research Support Service. (2001 Dec).
Rec#: 7702
Keywords: diagnostic test/screening/comparison question.
Notes: Funded by the Department of Defense Polygraph Institute, contract no. DABT60-01-P-3017.

2055. Criscuoli, E.J., Jr. (1986). Statement of the American Society for Industrial Security concerning the Polygraph Protection Act of 1985. Polygraph, 15, 69-77.
Rec#: 1226
Keywords: screening-commercial-investigations/cases-commercial/surveys-employees/legislation-federal-commercial/EPPA.
Notes: Also printed in Security Management, p. 63-67.

2056. Cross, Alfred J. Skin potential: A beneficial additional parameter in polygraph examinations. 84.
Rec#: 1229
Keywords: skin potential response.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, APA Archives.

2057. Cross, J.L. (1989). The Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988: Background and implications. Labor Law Journal, 40, 663
Rec#: 1231
Keywords: law-EPPA.

2058. Cross, T.P., & Saxe, L. (1992). A critique of the validity of polygraph testing in child sexual abuse cases. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 1, 19-33.
Rec#: 1232
Keywords: base rate/emotional arousal/memory/perception/applications-child sexual abuse/validity.

2059. Crossland, H.R. (1929). The psychological methods of word association and reaction time as tests of deception. Psychology Series, 1,
Rec#: 1233
Keywords: word association/reaction time/bibliographies.
Notes: [University of Oregon Publications].

2060. Crow, L.T., & Ball, C. (1975). Alcohol state-dependency and autonomic reactivity. Psychophysiology, 12, 702-706.
Rec#: 9466
Keywords: drugs-alcohol/state dependent/autonomic response.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 4(4), 383-384.

2061. Crowe, Michael J., Chimarys, Michael, and Schwartz, John R. The GQT polygraph test: Scoring and validity. 88.
Rec#: 6468
Keywords: validity/techniques-GQT.
Notes: Poster presentation at the 96th annual convention of the American Psychological Association.

2062. Crowe, M.J., Peters, R.D., Suarez, Y.M., & Claeren, L. Anonymous. Jacksonville State University. (1989 Jun 01). MDA 904-899-2258,
Rec#: 6469
Keywords: conditioning/covert EMG/GKT/physiological measures/repeated tests.
Abstract:66 Ss conditioned to press buzzer when deceptive. 2 GKT tests 1 week apart. Conditioning procedure inadequate; escape/avoidance may be better. 1st test better; both combined best. GSR best, resp 2nd, cardio & EMG poor.

2063. Crowe, M.J., Peters, R.D., Suarez, Y.M., & Claeren, L. Anonymous. Jacksonville State University. (1988). Contract #MDA 904-87-C-2293,
Rec#: 6470
Keywords: validity/techniques-PCQT/techniques-R&I.

2064. Crowe, Michael J., Suarez, Yolanda M., Peters, R. Douglas, and Claeren, Lisa. The positive control question polygraph technique: Validity and scoring for multiple issue testing. 88.
Rec#: 1236
Keywords: techniques-PCQT/validity/test data analysis/multiple issues/directed lie.
Notes: Paper presented at the Southeastern Psychological Association meeting, Washington, DC .

2065. Crowley, C.H. (1982). Taking the test. Security Management, 26, 33-35.
Rec#: 3776
Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method/blood pressure/drug use/criticism/GSR/galvanic skin response.

2066. Crowley, C.H. (1982). The truth about polygraph . Security Management, 26, 29-35.
Rec#: 1237
Keywords: psychophysiology-polygraph theory/applications-screening/validity/computerized polygraph.
Abstract:The polygraph measures a person's respiration, blood pressure, and perspiration. Its premise is that lying will involuntarily and inevitably lead to a quickening of the monitored physical processes. The use of the polygraph is expanding. Polygraphers regularly test individuals in such agencies as the FBI and the CIA. Polygraph examinations are cheaper and quicker than background investigations for job applicants, and many employers now use the polygraph for this reason. Approximately 6,000 polygraphers practice in the United States, administering an estimated 500,000 to 1,000,000 tests each year. The standard polygraph format is the Control Question Test. Questions are asked in a monotone, sometimes so softly that the examinee must strain to hear. Despite efforts to defend its use, controversy still surrounds the use of the polygraph in criminal trials. No state freely admits polygraph evidence in criminal cases, although about 25 do when both the prosecuting and defense attorneys agree before the testing. The American Polygraph Association cites studies indicating that polygraph accuracy rates range from 87.2 percent to 96.2 percent. Radical advances in instrumentation are not anticipated. However, refinements, such as computer analysis of polygraph charts, will probably play an increasing role in future polygraph procedures. One photograph is included.

2067. Cullen, Alfred B. A decision for polygraph. 64.
Rec#: 4987
Keywords: law-unemployment compensation-Florida.
Notes: Paper presented at the 11th annual meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

2068. Cullen, Alfred B. The pre-test interview. 62.
Rec#: 1238
Keywords: pretest interview.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

2069. Cullen, M.C. (2000 Feb). Polygraph examinations using the CQT with actual truth control questions. University of New Brunswick;
Rec#: 5950
Keywords: CQT/control questions/interrogation/guilty knowledge test/detection of deception.
Abstract:Participants guilty of a mock crime, innocent and informed of the details of the crime or innocent and uninformed of the details were examined on the polygraph with a modified version of a Control Question test. Normally, this test contains questions that are incriminating, ambiguous, and likely to be answered with a lie. Sections in the introduction deal with the history of interrogations with polygraphs, instrument development, measurement considerations, the theory of the control question test as well as other techniques of questioning.

2070. Cumley, W.E. (1959). Hypnosis and the polygraph. Police, 4, 39
Rec#: 1240
Keywords: hypnosis/countermeasures-hypnosis.

2071. Cunningham, C. A. Gale. (1988). Vetting, investigation and interrogation. London: Sage Publications, Inc. 40-52 p.
Rec#: 1243
Keywords: criticism-Great Britain/Great Britain/interrogation-Great Britain/background investigations/applications-counterintelligence-Great Britain/cultural influences-Great Britain/lying-Great Britain/subjects-personality variables-Great Britain.

2072. Cunningham, M.R. (1989). Test-taking motivations and outcomes on a standardized measure of on-the-job integrity. Journal of Business and Psychology, 4, 119-127.
Rec#: 9205
Keywords: integrity tests/motivation/outcomes.

2073. Cunningham, M.R., Wong, D.T., & Barbee, A.P. (1994). Self-presentation dynamics on overt integrity tests: Experimental studies of the Reid Report. Journal of Applied Psychology , 79 , 643-58.
Rec#: 9754
Keywords: integrity tests/honesty testing/validity.
Abstract:Three experiments examined impression-management responses to the Reid Report Integrity Attitude Inventory. Subjects encouraged to score high on the honesty test attained higher scores than a control group, but no higher than a group of job applicants. Study 2 offered money for high scores, and provided information to use concerning the first, second, or both factors of the Reid Report. Subjects in the three information conditions scored higher than those in a control condition, but again were no higher than job applicants. In a third study, subjects were asked to respond to the Reid Report and to several other measures as if they seriously wanted a job. After the test, each subject was overpaid for the participation. Reid Report scores were significantly correlated with returning versus retaining the money. These results suggest that integrity tests possess predictive validity despite some impression-management response distortion. Relations with other personality measures also are presented. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

2074. Cureton, E.E. (1953). A consensus as to the validity of polygraph procedures. Tennessee Law Review, 22, 18-32, 728-742.
Rec#: 1244
Keywords: validity/surveys.

2075. Curio, I., & Scholz, O.B. (1991). Glaubhaftigkeitsbeurteilung von kurzen Zeugenaussagen mittels behavioraler und psychophysiologischer Parameter [Credibility assessment of short eyewitness accounts through the means of behavioral and physiological parameters]. Zeitschrift Fuer Experimentelle Und Angewandte Psychologie, 38, 188-200.
Rec#: 1245
Keywords: Germany/eye movement/respiration/laboratory/heart rate/electrodermal-skin conductance/witnesses/Peters, R./physiological parameters.
Notes: [text in German].
Abstract:The authors studied non-verbal responses of eyewitnesses in intentional true and false statements.

2076. Curtis, S.J. (1958). Stress vs. empathy interview techniques. Police, 3, 51-53.
Rec#: 6471
Keywords: interview techniques/stress/empathy.

2077. Curtis, S.J. Ansley, Norman & R.J. Weir, Jr. (1956). The value of the lie detector to business and industry. Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners. 83-86 p.
Rec#: 1246
Keywords: screening-commercial/cases-commercial.

2078. Cutler, Irwin H., Jr. Legal problems associated with the use of polygraph tests. 86.
Rec#: 1247
Keywords: law-commercial/law-labor.
Notes: Paper presented at the 11th annual seminar in arbitration, Louisville, KY.

2079. Cutler, P.E. (1972). The evidentiary value of spectrographic voice identification. Journal of Criminal Law Criminology and Police Science, 63, 343-355.
Rec#: 6398
Keywords: admissibility/voiceprint identification.
Abstract:Recent developments in both science and the law indicate that despite initial adverse scientific and judicial reaction, spectographic voice identification is perhaps coming of legal age. Although recent case law supports the admissibility of such identification testimony, there are significant unquantified variables which may have an as yet undetermined effect on the accuracy and reliability of spectographic voice analysis. The courts ought to look carefully at the evidence marshalled to support the general admissibility of such an identification until further experimentation establishes the relationship which these variables have on the examiner's proficiency. The techniques certainly possess sufficient reliability to render an identification admissible on stipulation, at least in those jurisdictions which allow such use of polygraph test results. However, the courts ought not be too eager to embrace a technique which has not long ago been subjected to scientific scorn.

2080. Cutrow, R.J. (1973). Detection of deception: Effect of intimidation on GSR and multiple indices. Masters Abstracts, 11: (3). 310
Rec#: 1248
Keywords: intimidation/dissertations and theses.
Notes: Master's thesis, California State University, Long Beach (University Microfilm # AAD13-04300), 53 p.

2081. Cutrow, R.J., Parks, A., Lucas, N., & Thomas, K. (1972). The objective use of multiple physiological indices in the detection of deception. Psychophysiology, 9, 578-588.
Rec#: 1249
Keywords: physiological indices/research-multiple sensors/electrodermal-research/heart rate/pupillometry/eye blink/test data analysis-pneumo/verbal response/sex differences/research-sex differences/gender/arousal/finger pulse volume/GSR/objective measurement.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 2 (4), 355.

2082. Cutshall, J.L.,, & Yuille, J.C. D.C. Raskin. (1989). Field studies of eyewitness memory of actual crimes. New York: Springer Publishing Co. 97-124 p.
Rec#: 1250
Keywords: eyewitness memory.

2083. Czeczot, Z.,, & Czubalski, M. Anonymous. (1972). Zarys kryminalistyki . Warsaw, Poland: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego. 95-99 p.
Rec#: 1252
Keywords: Poland.
Notes: [text in Polish].

2084. Dabrowski, A.S. (1969). The polygraph revisited: An argument for admissibility. Suffolk University Law Review, 4, -
Rec#: 1255
Keywords: admissibility-criminal cases.
Notes: Reprinted in Criminal Law Bulletin, 6(2), 63-80.

2085. Dahm, Anthony E. Study of the field use of the psychological stress evaluator. 74.
Rec#: 8484
Keywords: surveys-PSE/psychological stress evaluator/voice stress analysis.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.
Abstract: Total number of cases reported 39,329... The remaining 10 accounted for 5,045 examinations. Of these, the two instruments (polygraph and PSE) resulted in the same findings in 5,037 cases for a 99.84% correlation...Nine respondents stated savings in terms of recovered funds and/or goods in excess of $18,000...20% increase in registered sales; a 33% decrease in inventory shrinkage; a 40% decline in temporary employee turnover; and a 60% decline in permanent empolyee turnover since incorporating PSE examinations.

2086. Dailey, V. V.A. Leonard. (1957). Interrogation of the subject after testing. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 84-92 p. 1.
Rec#: 1256
Keywords: interrogation.

2087. Daily, B.J. (1975). But for polygraph. Military Police Law Enforcement Journal, 2, 10-12.
Rec#: 1261
Keywords: training-Army/cases-protecting the innocent/U.S. Army.

2088. Daily, B.J. (1974). Changes at the Army Polygraph School. Polygraph, 3, 205-209.
Rec#: 1257
Keywords: training-Army/bibliographies.

2089. Daily, B.J. (1974). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 3, 276, 347-348.
Rec#: 1258
Keywords: test data analysis-numerical.

2090. Daily, B.J. (1974). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 3, 444-446.
Rec#: 1259
Keywords: physiology.

2091. Daily, B.J. (1975). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 4, 375-376.
Rec#: 1264
Keywords: question formulation-relevant questions.

2092. Daily, B.J. (1975). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 4, 285-286.
Rec#: 1263
Keywords: psychophysiology.

2093. Daily, B.J. (1975). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 4, 85-87.
Rec#: 1262
Keywords: instrumentation.

2094. Daily, B.J. (1976). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 5, 273-274.
Rec#: 1265
Keywords: psychology.

2095. Daily, B.J. (1977). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 6, 293-294.
Rec#: 1267
Keywords: pretest interview.

2096. Daily, B.J. (1977). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 6, 201-202.
Rec#: 1266
Keywords: interrogation.

2097. Daily, B.J. (1978). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 7, 157-158.
Rec#: 1268
Keywords: physiology.

2098. Daily, B.J. (1978). Polygraph review - Peak of tension. Polygraph, 7, 89-90.
Rec#: 1269
Keywords: techniques-peak of tension/question formulation-peak of tension.

2099. Daily, B.J. (1974). Pretest interviews. Polygraph, 3, 338-343.
Rec#: 1260
Keywords: pretest interview.

2100. Daily, B.J., & Bartlett, S.K. (1976). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 5, 94-95.
Rec#: 1270
Keywords: physiology.

2101. Daily, B.J., & Decker, R.E. (1976). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 5, 190-191.
Rec#: 1271
Keywords: instruments.

2102. Daily, B.J., & Link, F.C. (1975). Polygraph review - Semantics. Polygraph, 4, 182-183.
Rec#: 1272
Keywords: question formulation-relevant questions.

2103. Dallas Police Department. (nd). Pre-employment polygraph booklet. Dallas, TX: Dallas Police Department.
Rec#: 9659
Keywords: screening-law enforcement.

2104. Dallenback, K.M. (1946). The emergency committee in psychology, National Research Council. American Journal of Psychology, 56, 496-582.
Rec#: 1274
Keywords: historical interest/applications-national security.

2105. Damaser, E.C., Shor, R.E., & Orne, M.T. (1963). Physiological effects during hypnotically requested emotions. Psychosomatic Medicine, 25, 334-343.
Rec#: 6651
Keywords: hypnosis.

2106. Damman, P.A. (1948). Lie detector results inadmissible as evidence. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 38, 683
Rec#: 1276
Keywords: admissibility/historical interest/Kansas/evidence.

2107. Dana, H.J. V.A. Leonard. (1958). It is time to improve the polygraph: A progress report on research and development. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 84-90 p. 2 .
Rec#: 1277
Keywords: instruments.

2108. Dana, H.J.,, & Barnett, C.C. V.A. Leonard. (1957). The emotional stress meter. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 78-83 p. 1 .
Rec#: 1279
Keywords: instruments-pulse wave velocity/plethysmograph/instruments.

2109. Dana, Homer J. and Barnett, Claude C. A more sensitive means of detecting and recording various physiological changes accompanying mild emotional stresses. 55.
Rec#: 1278
Keywords: instruments-oxyhemograph/plethysmograph/instruments-pulse wave velocity.
Notes: Paper presented at the meeting of the Instrument Society of America, Los Angeles, CA.

2110. Daniels, C.W. (1997). New frontiers in polygraph evidence: Law and tactics. The Champion: The Official News Report of the national Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, 21, 16
Rec#: 6385
Keywords: control questions/honesty/admissibility/Supreme Court/Daubert standard.
Notes: Reprint in Polygraph Update, 10, (1), 1-8.
Abstract:Developments in polygraph techniques and the law pertaining to polygraph admissibility have opened new opportunities for the defense to make use of evidence that can corraborate or refute the truthfulness of particular witnesses. In the practice of criminal defense, Charles W. Daniels says it is often critically important to be able to persuade a fact-finder that your client, in particular is telling the truth about matters that cannot otherwise be corroborated persuasively.

2111. Danto, B.L. (1979). The use of brevital sodium in police investigation. Police Chief, 53-55.
Rec#: 1282
Keywords: narcoanalysis/cases-homicide/cases-incest.

2112. Anonymous. Testimony of the Honorable Buddy Darden of Georgia. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 1284
Keywords: screening-commercial/legislation-federal-commercial.
Notes: Printed in APA Newsletter, 20(2), 5-7.

2113. Darr, R.F., Jr. (1974). Personality and vasomotor behavior. Polygraph, 3, 81-89.
Rec#: 1288
Keywords: vasomotor behavior/subjects-personality varibles/SVR/CVR/AVR/Manifest Anxiety Scale/Test Anxiety Scale/Neuroticism Scale/Extraversion Scale/Maudsley Personality Inventory/adaptation/stress/anxiety.

2114. Darr, R.F., Jr. (1973). Vasomotor behavior during semantic conditioning. Polygraph, 2, 65-72.
Rec#: 1286
Keywords: vasomotor behavior/semantic conditioning/plethysmograph/habituation/personality variables/adaptation/extinction/blood pressure/ACR/SVR.

2115. Darrow, C.W. (1932). The behavior research photopolygraph. Journal of General Psychology, 7, 215-219.
Rec#: 1293
Keywords: photopolygraph/instrumentation.

2116. Darrow, C.W. (1929). Differences in the physiological reactions to sensory and ideational stimuli. Psychological Bulletin, 26, 185-201.
Rec#: 1290
Keywords: stimuli/historical interest.

2117. Darrow, C.W. (1937). Neural mechanisms controlling the palmar galvanic skin reflex and palmar sweating. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, 37, 641-663.
Rec#: 8494
Keywords: neural mechanisms/palmar sweating/electrodermal/GSR.

2118. Darrow, C.W. (1964). The rationale for treating the change in galvanic skin response as a change in conductance. Psychophysiology, 1, 31-38.
Rec#: 1296
Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/electrodermal-skin conductance/instrumentation-electrodermal.

2119. Darrow, C.W. (1931). The significance of the galvanic recovery curve. Psychological Bulletin, 28, 678-679.
Rec#: 1292
Keywords: galvanic recovery curve/history-GSR.

2120. Darrow, Chester W. and Solomon, Alfred P. Galvanic skin reflex and blood pressure reactions in psychotic states. nd.
Rec#: 9756
Keywords: electrodermal/GSR/blood pressure/psychopathy.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2121. Dastmalchi, M. Anonymous. Features analysis of the polygraph. (1993 Dec).
Rec#: 1297
Keywords: Fuzzy Logic/Knapp, R. Benjamin/computerized test data analysis.
Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

2122. Davidson, C. (1965). Standpoint - Why ban lie detectors? Council of Polygraph Examiners Newsletter,
Rec#: 8844
Keywords: legislation-state.
Notes: Reprint of WBBM TV, Chicago, IL editorial comment.

2123. Davidson, F.E. (1973). Comparison of the retinoscope and polygraph as indicators of physiological change. Dissertation Abstracts International, 36: (2-A). 775
Rec#: 1302
Keywords: pupillometry/eye/retina/dissertations and theses.

2124. Davidson, P.O. (1968). Validity of the guilty knowledge technique: The effect of motivation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 52, 62-65.
Rec#: 1303
Keywords: techniques-GKT/validity/motivation.

2125. Davidson, W.A. (1979). Validity and reliability of the cardio activity monitor. Polygraph, 8, 104-111.
Rec#: 1304
Keywords: Cardio Activity Monitor/CAM/validity/reliability.

2126. Davis, Brad. Detecting deceit. nd.
Rec#: 9758
Keywords: physiological measures/P300/event-related potentials/instrumentation/research.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2127. Davis, F.H., & Malmo, R.B. (1950). Electromyographic recording during interview. American Journal of Psychiatry, 107, 908-916.
Rec#: 1305
Keywords: muscle tension/personality variables/EMG/research-EMG.

2128. Davis, G. (1991). [Review of the book Theories and applications in the detection of deception]. Veracity, 3-4.
Rec#: 8973
Keywords: book reviews/theory.

2129. Davis, J.R. (1965). Combating theft from within: What is the answer? Police, 9, 66-68.
Rec#: 1307
Keywords: screening-commercial.

2130. Davis, J.R. (1960). The use of the polygraph in private industry. Police, 5, 44-46.
Rec#: 1308
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/screening-commercial-periodic.

2131. Davis, L. (1992). A doubtful device. Health, 6, 92-95.
Rec#: 6301
Keywords: criticism.

2132. Anonymous. Remarks of Congressman Mendel J. Davis on behalf of the American Polygraph Association. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 1310
Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial/American Polygraph Association/admissibility.

2133. Anonymous. Statement of Congressman Mendel J. Davis. ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 356-391p.
Rec#: 5322
Keywords: screening-commercial/validity/reliability-general/admissibility/licensing/American Polygraph Association/law-labor-privacy/cases-general/Davis, Mendel J./Fochtman, John/Barland, Gordon H./Orne, Martin T./Horvath, Frank.
Notes: Presented by John Fochtman, Executive Director, American Polygraph Association; Gordon H. Barland, Ph.D., President, Polygraph Screening Service, Salt Lake City, Utah; Martin T. Orne, M.D., Ph.D., Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Pennsylvania;=and Frank Horvath, Ph.D., School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.

2134. Davis, R.C. A.D. Biderman & H. Zimmer. (1961). Physiological responses as a means of evaluating information. New York: Wiley. 142-168 p.
Rec#: 6671
Keywords: physiological responses.

2135. Davis, R.C. (1936). A psychogalvanic deception detector. Radiocraft, 8, 344
Rec#: 1312
Keywords: instruments-electrodermal/historical interest-instruments.

2136. Davis, Richard E. The polygraph, an aid to the criminal investigator. 70.
Rec#: 1313
Keywords: cases-false complaints/cases-homicide/cases-arson.
Notes: Paper prepared for the course in Police Operations, Anne Arundel Community College .

2137. Davis, W., Bayh, B., Smith, R.E., & Linowes, D. (1978). No more lie detector test. Retail Clerks Advocate, 81, 18-22.
Rec#: 1314
Keywords: screening-commercial-retail/criticism-privacy/voice stress analysis/PSE/legislation-federal-screening/law-labor.
Abstract:Article includes comments by each of the authors concerning legislation to prohibts lie detector tests in employment.

2138. Dawson, Michael E. The delayed answer test (DAT) and the effects of countermeasures. 77.
Rec#: 1318
Keywords: delayed answer test/orienting response/countermeasures.
Notes: Summary of a paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Polygraph Association, Las Vegas, NV.

2139. Dawson, Michael E. Detection of deception, an analysis of psychophysiological component processes. 76.
Rec#: 1316
Keywords: orienting response/delayed answer test/plethysmograph/electrodermal.
Notes: Paper presented at the 16th annual convention of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, San Diego, CA.

2140. Dawson, M.E. (1977). Detection of deception, an analysis of psychophysiological component processes. Psychophysiology, 14, 86
Rec#: 1317
Keywords: theory-orienting response/psychophysiology-orienting response/delayed answer test/plethysmograph/electrodermal.
Notes: [abstract].

2141. Dawson, Michael E. Historical development and interpretation of the "partial-occlusion" technique of measuring cardiovascular changes. 79.
Rec#: 6681
Keywords: cardiovascular/partial-occlusion techniques.

2142. Dawson, M.E. (1980). Physiological detection of deception: Measurement of responses to questions and answers during countermeasure maneuvers. Psychophysiology, 17, 8-17.
Rec#: 1319
Keywords: countermeasures/orienting response.

2143. Dawson, M.E. (1990). Where does the truth lie? [Review of the book The polygraph test: Lies, truth and science]. Psychophysiology, 27, 120-121.
Rec#: 1320
Keywords: book reviews.

2144. Dawson, M.E., Schell, A.M., & Filion, D.L. J.T. Cacioppo, L.G. Tassinary, & G.G. Berntson. (2000). The electrodermal system. 2nd ed, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 200-223 p. 052162634X.
Rec#: 6998
Keywords: electrodermal.
Notes: Chapter 8.

2145. Day, D.A. (1968). The role of the "lie" in lie detection.
Rec#: 1321
Keywords: research-lying/techniques-general-lying/theory-lying.
Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

2146. Day, D.A., & Rourke, B.P. (1974). The role of attention in lie detection. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 6, 270-276.
Rec#: 1323
Keywords: attention/relevant information.
Abstract:Randomly assigned 80 male college students to 1 of 4 groups. Tape-recorded instructions directed Ss in Groups 1 and 2 to evaluate a psychological case history or a newspaper story, respectively. Group 3 read about a kidnapping after being told they were participating in a lie-detection experiment and would be questioned on the material later. Group 4 was given the same information as Group 3, but was told that they should not reveal the information when questioned. Galvanic skin responses (GSRs) were measured as Ss listened to tape-recorded questions on the material read; no verbal responses were made. The E then attempted to determine "blindly" which target information S had received by examining the GSRs. The number of Ss whose given information was successfully detected was significant in Groups 2, 3, and 4. Results suggest that simply attending to or focusing upon relevant information is a sufficient condition for detectability in a lie-detection situation.

2147. Days Inn of America, I. H.o.C.S.S. Employment Committee. (1985).
Rec#: 1324
Keywords: screening-commercial-utility.
Notes: Memoranda laid before the Committee, p. 16-17.

2148. de Young, M. (1986). A conceptual model for judging the truthfulness of a young child's allegation of sexual abuse. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 56, 550-559.
Rec#: 5016
Keywords: child sexual abuse.
Abstract:Develops a conceptual model to direct the user to relevant facets of the experience of child sexual abuse, including developmental issues, social and psychological dynamics, and the interaction between the various facets. A sequential outline of investigative steps is presented to judge the truthfulness of the child's allegations: This involves assessing the child's clarity, celerity, certainty, consistency, and elaborated details in relation to the child's descriptions of specific action and contextual details. Indicators of sexual abuse are described with emphasis on differentiating between other stressors in the child's life and those produced by the sexual abuse. Four traumagenic factors were proposed, including traumatic sexualization, betrayal, disempowerment, and stigmatization. Two final steps in assessing the abuse experience include assessing the child's vulnerability to sexual abuse and any possible motivation for lying. It is suggested that the evaluator utilize an adult caretaker to assess the child's physical, emotional, and behavioral functioning before the time of the alleged abuse and then document subsequent changes in the child.

2149. Dean, J.P., & Whyte, W.F. (1958). How do you know if the informant is telling the truth? Human Organization, 17, 34-38.
Rec#: 1326
Keywords: lying-cultural variables/lying-anthropology.

2150. Dearman, H.H., & Smith, B.M. (1963). Unconscious motivation and the polypraph test. American Journal of Psychiatry, 119, 1017-1020.
Rec#: 1327
Keywords: motivation-unconscious/theory-motivation/psychological variables.

2151. Decker, Ronald. Lecture and demonstration on polygraph. 77.
Rec#: 9761
Keywords: standardization/physiological processes.

2152. Decker, R.E. (1978). The Army stimulation test - A control procedure. Polygraph, 7, 176-177.
Rec#: 1335
Keywords: stimulation tests-Army.

2153. Decker, Ronald E. Chart analysis. 80.
Rec#: 1338
Keywords: test data analysis-numerical.
Notes: Paper presented at the 10th annual National Workshop on Practical Polygraph Procedures, Delta College, University Center, MI.

2154. Decker, Ronald E. Chart analysis. nd.
Rec#: 9762
Keywords: breathing changes/trace processes/GSR.

2155. Decker, R.E. (1972). Repairing the Stoelting pneumograph attachment. Polygraph, 1, 251-252.
Rec#: 1334
Keywords: instruments-pneumo-repair.

2156. Decker, R.E. (1978). Technical notes - Calibrating the 22500 Stoelting GSR amplifier and recording unit. Polygraph, 7, 59-60.
Rec#: 1336
Keywords: instruments-calibration/Stoelting .

2157. Decker, R.E. (1978). Technical notes - Calibration procedure for the all electric Stoelting polyscribe. Polygraph, 7, 151-152.
Rec#: 1337
Keywords: instrumentation-calibration.

2158. Decker, R.E., & Hudson, J. (1978). Technical notes - Low voltage indicator. Polygraph, 7, 315
Rec#: 1340
Keywords: instruments-low voltage indicator.

2159. Decker, R.E., Stein, A.E., & Ansley, N. (1972). A cardio activity monitor. Polygraph, 1, 108-124.
Rec#: 1342
Keywords: instruments-cardio activity monitor/test data analysis-CAM.
Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley (Ed.), Legal admissibility of the polygraph (p. 273-287). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas (1975).

2160. Dees, T.M. (1995). Polygraph technology. Law Enforcement Technology, 52-54.
Rec#: 8975
Keywords: computerized polygraph/algorithms/examiners-training/brain wave analysis.

2161. Defleur, L.B. (1967). On polygraph and interview validation. American Sociological Review, 32, 114-117.
Rec#: 1354
Keywords: research-interview validation/applications-interview validation.
Notes: includes reply by John P. Clark and Larry L. Tifft.

2162. Defoe, D. (1989). Feel the pulse: Defoe's 1730 proposal. Polygraph, 18, 122
Rec#: 1355
Keywords: historical interest/heart rate.

2163. Delacy, C.D. (1934). Has the lie detector failed? Chicago Police Journal, 5-6, 13.
Rec#: 1359
Keywords: subjects-unfit/historical interest-instruments.

2164. DeLucia, J.J., & Stagner, R. (1954). Emotional vs. frequency factors in word-recognition time and association time. Journal of Personality, 22, 299-309.
Rec#: 1362
Keywords: word association/historical interest .

2165. Demopoulos, E.P. (1968). The current status of the law involving admissibility of lie detector results into evidence at criminal trials. Journal of the American Polygraph Association, 1, 1-2.
Rec#: 1364
Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/history-admissibility.

2166. Demopoulos, Eugene P. The licensing of polygraph examiners. nd.
Rec#: 1195
Keywords: techniques/accuracy/licensing-admissibility.

2167. Demorest, A.M.C., Phelps, E., Gardner, H., & Winner, E. (1984). Words speak louder than actions: Understanding deliberately false remarks. Child Development, 55, 1527-1534.
Rec#: 1366
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-children.

2168. Denton, L. (1987). Expert testimony: Law v. Science. APA Monitor, December,
Rec#: 9764
Keywords: courtroom testimony-expert qualifications.

2169. Dentzer, S. (1986). Can you pass the job test? Newsweek, 107, 46-50.
Rec#: 1369
Keywords: law-labor-rights/criticism-privacy/paper and pencil tests-criticism.

2170. Denver Career Service Authority, Research Division. The polygraph as a pre-employment selection device. 72.
Rec#: 1370
Keywords: screening-police-Denver/Denver Police Department.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 26 p.

2171. Department of Commerce, C.o.V. Anonymous. Response to House resolution number 45 requesting the Department of Commerce to study the feasibility and desirability of licensure of audio stress examiners. Department of Commerce. (1980). House Document No. 34,
Rec#: 9907
Keywords: voice stress analysis/psychological stress evaluator/PSE.

2172. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1999 May 13).
Rec#: 7393
Keywords: regulations-Department of Defense/Department of Defense/policy.

2173. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1987).
Rec#: 1375
Keywords: surveys-statistical/bibliographies/biographies-Barland, Gordon H./research-Department of Defense/screening-Department of Defense/applications-counterintelligence/cases-counterintelligence/Department of Defense.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 16, 53-71.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 1986 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2174. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1988).
Rec#: 1378
Keywords: surveys-statistical/research-Department of Defense/screening-Department of Defense/applications-counterintelligence/cases-criminal/cases-counterintelligence/Department of Defense.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 17(2), 56-79.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 1987 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2175. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1989).
Rec#: 7062
Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national security/Department of Defense.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 1988 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2176. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1990).
Rec#: 7063
Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national security/Department of Defense.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 1989 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2177. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1991).
Rec#: 7064
Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national security/Department of Defense.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 1990 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2178. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1992).
Rec#: 1379
Keywords: Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national security/Department of Defense.
Notes: Repinted in Polygraph, 21, (2), 92-109.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 1991 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2179. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1993).
Rec#: 7065
Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national security/Department of Defense.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 1992 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2180. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1994).
Rec#: 9611
Keywords: Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national security/Department of Defense.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 23, (1), 61-84, under title "Polygraph Program: United States Department of Defense.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 1993 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2181. Department of Defense . Anonymous. (1995).
Rec#: 9258
Keywords: Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national security/Department of Defense.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 24, (1), 13-33.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 1994 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2182. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1996).
Rec#: 7066
Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national security/Department of Defense.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 1995 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2183. Department of Defense . Anonymous. (1997).
Rec#: 7067
Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national security/Department of Defense.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 26, (4), 240-254.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 1996 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2184. Department of Defense . Anonymous. (1998).
Rec#: 7068
Keywords: Department of Defense Polygraph Institute/criminal investigations/counterintelligence/CSP/screening.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 27, (3), 171-180.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 1997 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2185. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1999).
Rec#: 7070
Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national security/Department of Defense.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, (28) , (3), 229-239.
Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1998 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2186. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (2000).
Rec#: 7069
Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national security/Department of Defense.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 29,(3), 209-219.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 1999 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2187. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (2001).
Rec#: 7408
Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national security/Department of Defense/cases-counterintelligence/research-Department of Defense/screening-Department of Defense/applications-counterintelligence/cases-criminal/surveys-statistical.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 30, (3), 153-162.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 2000 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2188. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (2002).
Rec#: 1493
Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national security/Department of Defense/cases-counterintelligence/research-Department of Defense/screening-Department of Defense/applications-counterintelligence/cases-criminal/surveys-statistical.
Abstract:A review of fiscal year 2000 polygraph test program results covers the number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence, counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions, and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and difficulties in program expansion.

2189. Department of Defense. Anonymous. Personnel security program. (1987 Jan). DOD Regulation 5200.2-R,
Rec#: 6638
Keywords: security programs/CSP/applications-screening/applications-federal .

2190. Department of Defense. Replies to Congressman Morehead's letter: Polygraph and Psychological stress evaluators, examiners. 74.
Rec#: 6806
Keywords: PSE/PSE-correlation to polygraph.
Notes: Survey results.

2191. Department of Defense. Standard operating procedures(SOP), polygraph test program . 85.
Rec#: 6637
Keywords: SOP/interrogation/interviews/polygraph techniques.

2192. Department of Defense Joint Services Group. Anonymous. (1968 Aug 28).
Rec#: 1371
Keywords: research-Department of Defense/instruments/validity-field examinations-panel/surveys-statistical-Department of Defense/instruments-computers.

2193. Department of Defense Regulation Number 5210.48-R. (1985). DoD Polygraph Program. Washington, DC: Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense Policy.
Rec#: 1373
Keywords: regulations-Department of Defense/screening-Department of Defense/applications-counterintelligence/examiners-training/examiners-selection/instruments-Department of Defense/Department of Defense.
Notes: Republished in Polygraph Law Review, 8.

2194. DePaulo, B.M. (1988). Nonverbal aspects of deception. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 12, 153-161.
Rec#: 9765
Keywords: nonverbal behavior/verbal cues/nonverbal cues.

2195. DePaulo, B.M. (1994). Spotting lies: Can humans learn to do better? Current Directions in Psychological Science , 3, 83-86.
Rec#: 4889
Keywords: deception detection/lying/nonverbal detection of deception.
Abstract:Studied whether people would be better lie detectors if they were forewarned of the possibility that another person might be lying to them, or if they had more experience in lie detection. Suspicious interviewers did not become any more accurate at telling truth-tellers from liars (C. Toris and B. M. DePaulo; see PA, Vol 72:14527). When groups such as law enforcement officers and students were compared in their ability to detect deception, no significant differences in ability were seen, though the officers were more experienced at dealing with deception in their daily work. The article concludes with an analysis of how lies differ from truths and certain nonverbal signs that may be signs of deception.

2196. DePaulo, Bella M. Success at detecting deception: Liability or skill? 80.
Rec#: 1383
Keywords: deception/detection of deception/ethics.
Notes: Paper presented at the Conference on Clever Hans Phenomenon, New York Academy of Sciences, New York, NY.

2197. DePaulo, B.M., Jordan, A., Irvine, A., & Laser, P.S.L. (1982). Age changes in the detection of deception. Child Development, 53, 701-709.
Rec#: 1385
Keywords: lying-children/research-nonverbal detection of deception-age/research-nonverbal detection of deception/personality variables-children/nonverbal detection of deception-children/research-nonverbal detection of deception-children.

2198. DePaulo, B.M., Kashy, D.A., Kirkendol, S.E., Wyer, M.M., & Epstein, J.A. (1996). Lying in everyday life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 979-995.
Rec#: 4570
Keywords: deception.
Abstract:77 college students reported telling 2 lies a day, and 70 community members told 1. Participants told more self-centered lies than other-oriented lies, except in dyads involving only women, in which other oriented lies were as common as self centered ones.

2199. DePaulo, Bella M. and Kirkendol, Susan E. Can liars control themselves? 86.
Rec#: 8504
Keywords: lying-credibility/lying-verbal behavior/lying-nonverbal behavior.
Notes: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association conference, Washington, DC.

2200. DePaulo, B.M.,, & Kirkendol, S.E. J.C. Yuille. (1989). The motivational impairment effect in the communication of deception. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 51-70 p. 47 . 0-7923-0195-1 (hardcover).
Rec#: 1384
Keywords: behavioral indicators.
Abstract:In the communication of deception, there is a "motivational impairment" effect: people who are more highly motivated to succeed with their lives (compared to thosed who are less motivated) are less successful at doing so whenever observers can see or hear their nonverbal behaviors.

2201. DePaulo, B.M., Kirkendol, S.E., Tang, J., & O'Brien, T.P. (1988). The motivational impairment effect in the communication of deception: Replication and extensions. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 12, 177-202.
Rec#: 1386
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2202. DePaulo, B.M., Lanier, K., & Davis T. (1983). Detecting the deceit of the motivated liar. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1096-1103.
Rec#: 1387
Keywords: detection of deception/verbal cues/nonverbal cues/motivation.

2203. DePaulo, B.M., Lassiter, G.D., & Stone, J.I. (1982). Attentional determinants of success at detecting deception and truth. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 8, 273-279.
Rec#: 1388
Keywords: visual cues/verbal cues/vocal cues-tone/detection of deception.

2204. DePaulo, B.M., LeMay, C.S., & Epstein, J.A. (1991). Effects of importance of success and expectations for success on effectiveness at deceiving. Personality-and-Social-Psychology-Bulletin, 17, 14-24.
Rec#: 9766
Abstract:When people are motivated to tell an effective lie, they are less successful when others can observe their nonverbal cues. It was predicted that expectations for success would moderate this motivational impairment effect, such that it would occur primarily when expectations were low. 96 undergraduate women who thought of themselves as very independent told 2 stories (1 true, 1 fabricated) that illustrated their dependence and 2 that illustrated independence to an interviewer described as very trusting (high expectations for success) or very wary (low expectations). They either expected to be evaluated by the interviewer (high importance of success) or did not (low importance). Ss' lies were especially detectable when it was important to succeed but when they had low expectations for success.

2205. DePaulo, B.M., & Pfeifer, R.L. (1986). On the job experience and skill at detecting deception. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 16, 249-267.
Rec#: 1389
Keywords: detection of deception /nonverbal cues/verbal cues.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 19(2), 103.

2206. DePaulo, B.M., & Rosenthal, R. (1979). Telling lies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 1713-1722.
Rec#: 1392
Keywords: detection of deception/verbal cues/nonverbal cues/Machiavellianism .
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 9, 54.

2207. DePaulo, B.M., Rosenthal, R., Green, C.R., & Rosenkrantz, J. (1982). Diagnosing deceptive and mixed messages from verbal and nonverbal cues. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 18, 433-446.
Rec#: 8524
Keywords: detection of deception/paralinguistic indicators/nonverbal cues.

2208. DePaulo, B.M., Rosenthal, R., Rosenkrantz, J., & Green, C.R. (1982). Actual and perceived cues to deception: A closer look at speech. Basic and Applied Psychology, 3, 291-312.
Rec#: 8514
Keywords: paralinguistic indicators-speech rate/vocal cues.

2209. DePaulo, B.M., Stone, J.I., & Lassiter, G.D. B.R. Schlenker. (1985). Deceiving and detecting deceit. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co. - p.
Rec#: 1394
Keywords: deception detection/validity-nonverbal detection of deception/bibliographies-nonverbal detection of deception/leakage/nonverbal cues/verbal cues/deception.

2210. DePaulo, B.M., Stone, J.I., & Lassiter, G.D. (1985). Telling ingratiating lies: Effects of target sex and target attractiveness on verbal and nonverbal deceptive success. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1191-1203.
Rec#: 1395
Keywords: nonverbal cues/verbal cues/subjects-attractiveness/sex differences/detection of deception.

2211. DePaulo, B.M., Tang, J., & Stone, J.I. (1987). Physical attractiveness and skill at detecting deception. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 13, 177-187.
Rec#: 1396
Keywords: deception detection skill/skill specificity formulation.

2212. DePaulo, B.M., Zuckerman, M., & Rosenthal, R. (1980). The deceptions of everyday life. Journal of Communication, 30, 216-218.
Rec#: 1397
Keywords: detection of deception/ethics/lying.

2213. DePaulo, B.M., Zuckerman, M., & Rosenthal, R. L. Wheeler & P. Shaver. (1980). Detecting deception: Modality effects. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications. 125-162 p.
Rec#: 1399
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2214. DePaulo, B.M., Zuckerman, M., & Rosenthal, R. (1980). Humans as lie detectors. Journal of Communication, 30, Spring, 129-139.
Rec#: 1398
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2215. DePaulo, P.J., & DePaulo, B.M. (1989). Can deception by salespersons and customers be detected through nonverbal behavioral cues? Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 19, 1552-1577.
Rec#: 9201
Keywords: nonverbal cues/detection of deception.

2216. DePaulo, Peter J. and DePaulo, Bella M. Nonverbal communication of affect and attempted deception among retail salespersons and automobile customers. 86.
Rec#: 8534
Keywords: behavioral cues/nonverbal detection of deception/nonverbal communication/communication-deceptive.
Notes: Paper presented at the meeting of the American Marketing Association Educators' Conference, Chicago, IL.

2217. Der "lŸgendetektor". L. Schneider. (1991). TŸbingen, Germany: Attempto Verlag. 131-166 p. 3-89308-119-4.
Rec#: 9261
Keywords: Germany/behavioral cues/GKT/CQT.
Notes: [text in German] This is volume 7 of the series: Neue Methoden im Recht [New Methods in Law]. Chapter 5 deals with the polygraph. It reviews the German polygraph literature, concluding that a DI result on a GKT is good evidence of guilt, that an NDI result on a CQT is good evidence of innocence. Schneider concludes that although German law does not permit the polygraph to be used as evidence on a defendant, it ought to facilitate the investigation.

2218. Desforges, D.M., & Lee, T.C. (1995). Detecting deception is not as easy as it looks. Teaching of Psychology, 22, 128-130.
Rec#: 4856
Keywords: deception detection/detection of deception.
Notes: Also published in Handbook of demonstrations and activities in the teaching of psychology, , 2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 271-272, Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000.

2219. Deshere, E. (1960). Hypnosis in interrogation. Studies in Intelligence, 51-64.
Rec#: 7402
Keywords: interrogation/hypnosis.

2220. Desroches, F.J., & Thomas, A.S. (1985). The police use of the polygraph in criminal investigations. Canadian Journal of Criminology, 26, 43-66.
Rec#: 1404
Keywords: cases-general-Canada/applications-criminal investigations-Canada/surveys-Canada/Canada/validity-field examinations-Canada.
Abstract:The polygraph examination is composed of a number of procedures; the examiner must become familiar with the facts of the case, conduct a pretest interview, administer the test, and interpret the results. Following the administration of the test, the examiner compares and quantitatively scores each graph, searches for consistency in the subject's physiological responses, and determines whether he/she has been truthful or deceptive or whether the test is inconclusive. Once the examiner has made his/her determination, he/she informs the subject of the results. Findings from a sample of cases indicate theat slightly more than 50 percent of the subjects were judged to be truthful, slightly less than 40 percent were thought to be deceptive, and 10 percent were classified as inconclusive. Approximately one-half of all inconclusive cases can be resolved upon reexamination. Although polygraph results are not used in criminal courts in Canada, the police have found the polygraph an effective tool in eliminating subjects, determining whether a crime has been committed, obtaining admissions of guilt, and gathering additional information. The polygraph is not infallible; it is subject to both misuse and abuse. However, the polygraph has nonetheless proven helpful in determining the truth in criminal invesetigations. Further, its contribution is particularly unique, because it often successfully resolves a crime when other investigative techniques have failed. Eighteen references are included.

2221. Dession, G.H., Freedman, L.Z., & Donnelly, R.C. (1953). Drug induced revelation and criminal investigation. Yale Law Journal, 62, 315-344.
Rec#: 1405
Keywords: narcoanalysis.

2222. deTurck, Mark A. A behavioral analysis of deception detection. 87.
Rec#: 1409
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.
Notes: Paper presented at the Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar, FBI Academy, Quantico, VA.

2223. deTurck, M.A. (1991). Training observers to detect spontaneous deception: Effects of gender. Communication Reports, 4, 81-89.
Rec#: 1410
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/deception cues/indices of deception/gender.

2224. deTurck, M.A., & Goldhaber, G.M. (1988). Perjury and deceptive judgments: How the timing and modality of witness deception affects jurors' deceptive judgments. Communications Quarterly, 36, 276-289.
Rec#: 1411
Keywords: judgment/deception/perjury/jurors/modality/timing.

2225. deTurck, M.A., Harszlak, J.J., Bodhorn, D.J., & Texter, L.A. (1990). The effects of training social perceivers to detect deception from behavioral cues. Communication Quarterly, 38, 189-199.
Rec#: 1412
Keywords: behavioral cues/nonverbal detection of deception/verbal behavior/deception cues.

2226. deTurck, M.A., & Miller, G.R. (1985). Deception and arousal: Isolating the behavioral correlates of deception. Human Communication Research, 12, 181-201.
Rec#: 1413
Keywords: nonverbal cues/verbal cues/arousal /electrodermal/communication-deceptive .

2227. deTurck, M.A., & Miller, G.R. (1990). Training observers to detect deception: Effects of self-monitoring and rehearsal. Human Communication Research, 16, 603-620.
Rec#: 1414
Keywords: deception detection/self-monitoring/rehearsal/Behavioral cues.
Abstract:Predicted that the highest deception detection accuracy (DDA) would be found among 195 undergraduate trained observers judging the veracity of low self-monitors (16 undergraduates) and unrehearsed liars (16 undergraduates), whereas the lowest DDA would be found among 195 undergraduate untrained observers judging the veracity of high self-monitors and rehearsed deceivers. It also was hypothesized that the discrepancy between observers' ability to detect deception and their certainty in the accuracy of their judgments would be smaller for trained observers than for untrained observers. Observers trained to detect deception used 6 behavioral cues, based on research by M. A. deTurck and G. R. Miller (see PA, Vol 74:3995). These cues were message duration, response latency, adaptors, pauses, nonfluencies, and hand gestures. Results confirm both hypotheses.

2228. deTurck, M.A., & Steele, M.E. (1988). Once a liar, always a liar: Effects of individuating information on the utilization of base-rates in deceptive attributions. Communication Reports, 1, 60-67.
Rec#: 1415
Keywords: deceptive attribution/base rate .

2229. deTurck, M.A., Texter, L.A., & Harszlak, J.J. (1989). Effects of information processing objectives on judgments of deception following perjury. Communication Research Reports, 16, 434-452.
Rec#: 1416
Keywords: cognition/jurors.

2230. Detzer, K. (1953). Don't underestimate the lie detector: Polygraph test. Reader's Digest, 63, 49-52.
Rec#: 1417
Keywords: Reid, John E./cases-general.

2231. Deutsch, H. (1982). On the pathological lie (Pseudologia phantastica). The Journal of The American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 10, 369-386.
Rec#: 1418
Keywords: lying-psychopaths/psychopaths/psychology-fantasy/lying-fantasy/lying-pathological/personality variables-psychopaths.
Notes: Paper presented to the Vienna Psychoanalytical Society, 1921, 30 March . Translated by Eric Mosbacker; Introduction by Paul Roazen.

2232. Devine, D. Anonymous. Benefits derived from corporate polygraph program. Jack Eckerd Drug Company memorandum. (1978 Jan 25).
Rec#: 1421
Keywords: screening-commercial-drug industry/surveys-pharmacies.

2233. Devine, D., & Bayh, B. (1980). Polygraphs: Should they be used in business? Drug Topics, 124, 12-16.
Rec#: 1422
Keywords: screening-commercial-drug industry.

2234. Devitt, M.K. (1992 Dec). A study of the relative accuracy of discriminant analysis, logistic regression, and back propogation neural network classifiers in a psychophysiological detection of deception problem.
Rec#: 8544
Keywords: statistical analysis/reliability/jackknife analysis/discriminant analysis/logistic regression/neural networks/dissertations and theses.
Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

2235. Devitt, Mary K., Honts, Charles R., and Peters, Douglas P. Truth or just bias: The presentation of polygraph testing in introductory psychology texts. 92.
Rec#: 6302
Keywords: textbooks-bias/research-attitudes.
Notes: Paper presented at the Red River Psychology Conference, Fargo, ND.

2236. Devitt, M.K., Honts, C.R., & Vondergeest, L. (1997). Truth or just bias: The treatment of the psychophysiological detection of deception in introductory psychology textbooks. The Journal of Credibility Assessment and Witness Psychology, 1, 9-32.
Rec#: 7028
Keywords: detection of deception/preemployment screening/security clearance.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 27, (2), 123-148.

2237. Devitt, Mary K., Peters, Douglas P., Honts, Charles R., and Amato, Susan L. A study of the willingness of children to make a false accusation about a serious matter. 92.
Rec#: 6929
Keywords: False statements/children/credibility assessment.
Notes: Paper presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Il Ciocco, Italy, May 1992.

2238. DeWitt, C.B. (1993). New approach to interviewing children: A test of its effectiveness. Polygraph, 22, 180-193.
Rec#: 1423
Keywords: cognitive interview.

2239. Diangson, C.R. (1961). Communication to the editors: Reservations on the polygraph. Studies in Intelligence, 5, 58-60.
Rec#: 7698
Keywords: interrogation/interviewing/validity/counterintelligence.

2240. Diaz, R. (1985). The effects of pre-experimental expectancy, opinion and demonstration of accuracy on the physiological detection of information. Dissertation Abstracts International, 47: (2B). 823
Rec#: 1425
Keywords: research-stimulation tests/validity-guilty knowledge test/theory-expectancy/dissertations and theses/stimulus tests/techniques-guilty knowledge test-electrodermal.
Notes: (University microfilm No. AAD86-09293), 118 p.

2241. Dickson, B. (1986). Pre-employment polygraph screening of police applicants. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 55, 7-9.
Rec#: 1428
Keywords: screening-police/Florida/surveys/quality control.

2242. Diekhoff, G.M. (1976). Effects of feedback in a forced-choice GSR detection task. Psychophysiology, 13, 22-26.
Rec#: 1429
Keywords: polygraph-research-laboratory/techniques-POT.

2243. Dienstein, W. (1957). The importance of words in questioning techniques. Police, 11, 47-51.
Rec#: 1430
Keywords: question formulation-semantics/pretest interview.

2244. Dienstein, W. (1961). Morality and lie detection. Newsletter of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation, 4-6.
Rec#: 8926
Keywords: morality.

2245. Dienstein, W. (1964). Morality and lie detection. Police, 8, 35-38.
Rec#: 1432
Keywords: ethics.

2246. Dienstein, W. V.A. Leonard. (1957). The rights of the subject in lie detector interrogation. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 53-72 p.
Rec#: 1431
Keywords: law-rights/subjects-rights.

2247. Dillingham, Christopher R., III. Would pinocchio's eyes have revealed his lies? A study of eye movements as indicators of deception. University of Central Florida. 98.
Rec#: 7579
Keywords: eye movement/detection of deception.
Notes: Master Thesis.

2248. Dimc, K., & Roso, Z. (1974). Ubojstvo indicirano poligrafom i dokazano balistickom ekspertizom [The murder discovered by the polygraph technique and proved by ballistic test]. Plirucnik za Strucno Obrazovanje Radnika Unutrasnjih Poslova [Journal for Police Officers, Zagreb, Yugoslavia], 523-529.
Rec#: 1433
Keywords: Case report/Croatia.
Notes: [text in Serbo-Croatian].

2249. DiPietro, A.L. (1993). Lies, promises, or threats; the voluntariness of confessions. Polygraph, 22, 258-269.
Rec#: 6472
Keywords: confessions/interrogation-coercion.

2250. Director of Central Intelligence Security Committee. Anonymous. (1984 Feb 17).
Rec#: 1436
Keywords: cases-espionage/cases-counterintelligence/cases-security/applications-counterintelligence.

2251. Dishlacoff, L., & Shaugnessy, R.B. Anonymous. (1964). Unpublished report to Denver Civil Service Commission,
Rec#: 1444
Keywords: screening-police/Denver Police Department.

2252. Dittrich, Jeffrey C. Uniform chart markings. 85.
Rec#: 1448
Keywords: test data analysis-chart markings.
Notes: Paper presented at the Joint Polygraph Seminar held by the U.S. Army Military Police School Polygraph Division, the Alabama Polygraph Association, and Jacksonville State University.

2253. DoDPI Research Division Staff. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (2001 Jan). DoDPI00-R-0002,
Rec#: 6838
Keywords: research-mock crime/zone comparison.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A393379. Reprinted in Polygraph, 30,(4), 244-253.
Abstract:The study described in this report is a continuation of research to develop a participant manipulation to serve as a standard procedure for laboratory psychophysiological detectin of deception (PDD) ressearch. The manipulatins used in this study were similar to one reported by Kircher (1983) of the University of Utah.

2254. DoDPI Research Division Staff, Meyerhoff, J.L., Saviolakis, G.A., Koenig, M.L., & Yourick, D. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (2001 May). DoDPI98-R-0004,
Rec#: 6846
Keywords: CVSA/physiological responses/blood pressure/deception detection/paradigm.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A393408.
Abstract:A number of features of the voice have been reported to reflect psychological stress. If these claims were validated, this technology could have significant medical and deception detection applications. Unfortunately, the reports have been inconsistent, possibly due to failure to utilize robust stress paradigms supported by validated physiological and biochemical indices of stress.

2255. Anonymous. Statement of Henry S. Dogin, Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Criminal Division, Department of Justice on polygraphs and similar devices. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 1451
Keywords: legislation-federal/applications-federal-FBI/Federal Bureau of Investigation.

2256. Dohm, T.E., & Iacono, W.G. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1993 Jul). DoDPI93-R-0006,
Rec#: 1452
Keywords: validity/research-field/ground truth/confession-verified polygraph tests/reliability/field application.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A305747.
Abstract:This study was conducted to determine whether a panel of individuals could accurately determine ground truth by reviewing case material contained in the files of individuals who underwent confession-verified polygraph tests. Panels were presented with all case material collected prior to the conduct of the polygraph exam. To determine how well panels could decide ground truth, the reliability with which panelists arrived at decisions of suspect-guilt and innocence was determined, and the validity of their decision was evaluated by tests. The study was based on selected specific-incident criminal investigative files requested from the military. Files were sanitized (removing all identifying information) with case material placed in chronological order and abstracted. Twenty-seven confession-verified multiple suspect criminal investigation files were then selected and reviewed by three six-member panels consisting of lay persons, police investigators, and attorneys. The results indicated that panelists, regardless of their professional backgrounds, could not decide which individuals committed crimes with high reliability. The decisions of the panelists were not accurate: their decisions did not match the ground truth criterion. These results indicated that it is unlikely that panels can be used to establish ground truth with any degree of confidence. Field studies of polygraph validity must use some other procedure to establish ground truth.

2257. Doll, R.E., Law, J. G., Jr., & Piotrowski, C. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1990 May). DoDPI90-R-0004,
Rec#: 1455
Keywords: cultural influences/cross-cultural differences/anxiety/literature review.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A304505.
Abstract:This report contains the results of a literary review of cultural factors which could influence the validity of polygraph examinations. Five general cultural factors were selected for the study. For the purpose of this review, culture is defined by geographic area. The methodology consisted of a computer search of 11 databases. Telephone interviews were conducted with individuals actively involved in cultural research. Finally, an on-site visit to the University of Florida was conducted to allow for review of the Human Relations Area Files (HRAF). In addition to the literature review, a rational deductive approach is developed based upon Hofstede's model of cultural differentiation.

2258. Dollins, A.B. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1995). DoDPI95-R-0003,
Rec#: 9188
Keywords: ANOVA/analysis of variance/lambda/alpha/beta/effect size/algorithm/statistical power/computation guide/computation guide/statistical power.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 30, (4), 260-287. DTIC AD Number A300769.
Abstract:This manuscript provides a step-by step guide to statistical power calculation for the fixed effects of analysis of variance (ANOVA) designs with an equal number of observations in each cell. A brief history of ANOVA hypothesis testing theory is included to explain why power calculation is important and how the results can be used. The relationoship between lambda, the noncentrality parameter used to calculate power in the ANOVA, and Cohen's (1988) measure of effect size is provided. Algorithms are provided for power calculation and for conversion between lambda, Cohen's measure of effect size, and phi--the parameter used in many tables of the noncentral F distribution. The appendices contain power of calculation examples for the main and interaction effects of 2 x 3 x 3 between- and within- subjects designs.

2259. Dollins, A.B. (1998). A guide to Department of Defense polygraph institute research interests. Polygraph, 27, 89-95.
Rec#: 7074
Keywords: automated testing /cardiovascular/question formulation/semantic conditioning.

2260. Dollins, A.B., Cestaro, V.L., & Pettit, D.J. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1995 Apr). DoDPI94-R-0013,
Rec#: 9173
Keywords: peak of tension/repeated measures/respiration/electrodermal-GSR/heart rate/power analysis.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A299024. Reprinted in Polygraph, 29, (4), 305-320.
Abstract:Physiological measures were recorded during repeated psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) tests to determine if physiologic response levels change with test repetition. Two groups of 22 healthy male subjects completed six Peak of Tension PDD tests on each of two test days. A minimum between test day interval of six days was maintained. The treatment group was programmed to respond deceptively to one of seven test questions while the control group was programmed to respond truthfully to all questions. The respiration and Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) line lengths, GSR peak response amplitude and latency, and cardiovascular inter-beat-interval (IBI) were calculated for each response. Analyses indicated that: except for GSR peak response latency, differential physiological reactivity during a PDD test did not change significantly during repeated tests or days; there was a decrease in average respiration line lengths during the beginning test(s) of each day; and, differential changes in average respiration line length, GSR peak latency, and cardiovascular IBI responses corresponded to deception. Power analyses are presented to assist in result interpretation. It is suggested that PDD decision accuracy, concerning subject veracity, should not decrease during repeated testing.

2261. Dollins, A.B., Cestaro, V.L., & Pettit, D.J. (1998). Efficacy of repeated psychophysiological detection of deception testing. Journal of Forensic Science, 43, 1016-1023.
Rec#: 7535
Keywords: detection of deception/peak of tension/habituation/repeated measures/respiration/galvanic skin response/heart rate/statistical analysis/deception/habituation/physiological-correlates/cardiovascular-reactivity/galvanic skin response.
Abstract:Physiological measures were recorded during repeated psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) tests to determine if reaction levels change with test repetition. Two groups of 22 healthy male Ss (aged 19-47 yrs) completed 6 peak of tension PDD tests on each of 2 test days. A minimum between test day interval of 6 days was maintained. The treatment group was programmed to respond deceptively to 1 of 7 test questions while the control group was programmed to respond truthfully to all questions. The respiration and galvanic skin resistance (GSR) line lengths, GSR peak response amplitude and latency, and cardiovascular inter-beat-interval (IBI) were calculated for each response. Analyses indicated that, except for GSR peak response latency, differential physiological reactivity during a PDD test did not change significantly over repeated tests or days; there was a decrease in average respiration line lengths at the initial test(s) of each day; and differential changes in average respiration line length, GSR peak latency, and cardiovascular IBI responses corresponded to deception. Power analyses were calculated to assist in result interpretation. It is suggested that PDD decision accuracy, concerning subject veracity, should not decrease during repeated testing.

2262. Dollins, A.B., Krapohl, D.J., & Dutton, D. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygrpah Institute. (1999). DoDPI99--R-0001,
Rec#: 5382
Keywords: PDD/accuracy/CPS/identification/polyscore/computer program/comparison/veracity/chart analysis/test data analysis.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A379990. Published in Polygraph, 29, (3) , 237-243 as Computer Algorithm Comparison.
Abstract:This preliminary study was completed to determine if accuracy differences exist among computer programs designed to render decisions using data collected during psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) examinations. Final report date May 1996-November 1999.

2263. Dollins, A.B., Krapohl, D.J., & Dutton, D.W. (2000). Computer algorithm comparison. Polygraph, 29, 237-247.
Rec#: 6999
Keywords: accuracy/algorithm/polyscore/chart analysis/comparison/computer program/CPS/Identifi/veracity.
Abstract:This preliminary study was completed to determine if accuracy differences exist among computer programs designed to render decisions using data collected during psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) examinations.

2264. Domenici, Pete. Domenici wants review committee to weigh polygraph benefits to DOE lab security. 3pgs. 2001.
Rec#: 7244
Keywords: validity/false positive/polygraph general.
Notes: Press release.

2265. Donnelly, John F. High tech gays vs. disco. 87.
Rec#: 6785
Keywords: counterintelligence/Department of Defense/espionage/litigation/homosexuality.

2266. Doran, W.Y. (1982). Opening address at the Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar, Quantico, Virginia, June 14. APA Newsletter, 15, 30
Rec#: 1460
Keywords: applications-national security/training-federal.

2267. Dougherty, D. Anonymous. Critique of DoD (1984), The accuracy and utility of polygraph testing, and comparison with OTA report, The scientific validity of polygraph testing: A research review and evaluation. Office of Technology Assessment, United States Congress. (1984 Apr 25).
Rec#: 1464
Keywords: OTA report/validity/reliability/legislation-federal/surveys.

2268. Douglas, D.W. Anonymous. (1953). The psychogalvanic reflex: Its theory, applications and measurement by the metrigraph psychogalvanometer Model 85DA, with special emphasis on lie detection. Van Nuys, CA: Thompson Metrigraph Instrument Company.
Rec#: 1465
Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/instruments-electrodermal/Thompson metrigraph.

2269. Douglas, J.E. (1992). [Review of the book Catching serial killers]. Polygraph, 21, 161-162.
Rec#: 1466
Keywords: book reviews.

2270. Douglas, P.L. (1979). Address by the Honorable Paul L. Douglas, Attorney General of the State of Nebraska. Polygraph, 8, 100-103.
Rec#: 1468
Keywords: legislation-state/Nebraska/public relations.

2271. Drake, L., & Moskowitz, R. (1997). Your rights in the workplace. Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 41, 14-21.
Rec#: 6423
Keywords: sexual harassment.

2272. Drdak, R.J. (2000). Polygraph and investigation, perfect partners: A case study. Polygraph, 29, 326-329.
Rec#: 7330
Keywords: cases-burglary/applications-criminal cases/interrogation-burglary.

2273. Dreiband, S. (1978). Polygraph as a scientific aid to law enforcement. Polygraph, 7, 253-256.
Rec#: 1474
Keywords: examiners-federal/quality control-federal/surveys-statistical.
Notes: [The lecture of Major General Paul Timmerburg.].

2274. Dripps, D.A. (1996). Police, plus perjury, equals polygraph. The Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 86, 693-716.
Rec#: 6500
Keywords: Supreme Court/evidence/credibility assessment.
Abstract:Propses a new strategy for dealing with the problem of police perjury. He argues that courts deciding supression motions should admit expert testimony based on polygraph examinations and draw a negative deduction from the failure to introduce such evidence whenever the result of the dispute relies on the credibility of opposing testimony given by the defendant and the police.

2275. Dripps, D.A. (1998). Polygraph evidence after United States v. Scheffer. Trial, 34, 75-77.
Rec#: 7644
Keywords: eyewitness testimony/evidence/credibility assessment/reliability/admissibility/Supreme Court.

2276. Dripps, D.A. (1998). Supreme Court reveiw: Polygraph evidence after United States v. Scheffer. Trial, 34, 75-77.
Rec#: 7423
Keywords: admissibility-courts martial/Scheffer case.

2277. Driscoll, B.V. (1990). The Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988: a balance of interests. Iowa Law Review, 75, 539-566.
Rec#: 9772
Keywords: EPPA.

2278. Driscoll, J. (1985). Polygraph technique in search of a foolproof stim test. Texas Association of Polygraph Examiners Newsletter, 6-7.
Rec#: 1477
Keywords: stimulation tests.

2279. Driscoll, L.N. (1994). A Validity Assessment Of Written Statements From Suspects In Criminal Investigations Using The Scan Technique. Police Studies, 17, 77-88.
Rec#: 9590
Keywords: suspects statements-validity/criminal investigations/SCAN.

2280. Driscoll, L.N., Honts, C.R., & Jones, D. (1987). The validity of the positive control physiological detection of deception technique. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 15, 46-50.
Rec#: 1478
Keywords: techniques-PCQT/validity/test data analysis.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 16(3), 218-225.

2281. DuBois, E.L., III. Gordon H. Barland. (Jul 3 1984).
Rec#: 8554
Keywords: applications-criminal suspects/hypnotic polygraph techniques.
Notes: Letter and related documents regarding journal article by Dr. Charles Mutter.

2282. Dufek, M. (1969). A contribution on the problem of polygraph examination. Czechoslovak Criminalistics, -
Rec#: 1480
Keywords: polygraph-general/research-peak of tension/techniques-peak of tension/validity-peak of tension-laboratory/Czechoslovakia/East Germany/Switzerland/Atomic Energy Commission/history.
Notes: [English translation].

2283. Dufek, M. (1970). Emoce a Polygraf [Emotion and the polygraph]. Prokuratura, 3, 103-106.
Rec#: 1482
Keywords: emotion/EEG/electromyography/validity/peak of tension /movement-body.
Notes: [text in Czech; English translation available].

2284. Dufek, M. Anonymous. (1974). Nektere problemy soudni psychiatrie [Some problems of forensic psychiatry]. Prague: Charles University. - p.
Rec#: 1484
Keywords: forensic psychiatry.
Notes: translation only, published in Polygraph, 13, (4), 346-347.

2285. Dufek, M. (1969). Prispevek k Problematice Polygrafickeho Vysetrovani [A Contribution on the Problem of Polygraph Examination]. Ceskoslovenska Kriminalistika, 2, 139-143.
Rec#: 1481
Keywords: polygraph-general/research-peak of tension/techniques-peak of tension/validity-peak of tension-laboratory/Czechoslovakia/East Germany/Switzerland/Atomic Energy Commission/history.
Notes: [text in Czech; English translation available record 1480].

2286. Dufek, M., Widacki, J., & Valkova, V. (1975). Eksperymentalne badania przydatnosci poligrafu do przeszukania pomieszcen [Experimental studies of the use of the polygraph, the house search]. Archiwum Medycyny Sadowej i Krjminologii, 25, 163-166.
Rec#: 1485
Keywords: techniques-POT/Czechoslovakia/Poland.

2287. Duffy, P.J. (1989). The employee polygraph protection act of 1988. CUPA Journal, 29-42.
Rec#: 9140
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/EPPA.

2288. Duggar, R. Anonymous. (1984). Passing the pre-employment lie detector test. Command Publications.
Rec#: 1487
Keywords: countermeasures/screening-preemployment.

2289. Dujack, S.R. (1986). Lies from the lie detector - Polygraph fever. New Republic, 195, 10-11.
Rec#: 1488
Keywords: criticism-general/applications-national security/National Security Council/Lykken, David T.

2290. Dulaney, E.F. (1982). Changes in language behavior as a function of veracity. Human Communication Research, 9, 75-82.
Rec#: 1489
Keywords: verbal cues/content analysis/lexical analysis.

2291. Dumaine, B. (1987). The new art of hiring smart. Fortune, 116, 78-81.
Rec#: 1491
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment.

2292. Duncan-Johnson, Connie C. and Donchin, Emanuel. On quantifying surprise: The variation of event related potentials with subjective probability. San Diego. 76.
Rec#: 6716
Keywords: P300/stimulus/EEG/ERP.

2293. Dunlap, A. D.C. Dilworth. (1977). Why no lie detector for the Lindbergh case? Gaithersburg, MD: International Association of Chiefs of Police. 153-158 p.
Rec#: 1492
Keywords: Lindbergh case.

2294. Dunn, D.H. (1981). When a lie detector is part of the job interview. Business Week, 85-86.
Rec#: 1495
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment.

2295. Durand, P.P. (1974). The polygraph and the criminal law: An overview. Polygraph, 3, 395-400.
Rec#: 1496
Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/Law.

2296. Durandin, G. (1977). De la difficulte a mentir: Etude phenomenologique et experimentale [Of the difficulty of lying: A phenomenological and experimental study]. Paris: Narwelaertes.
Rec#: 1497
Keywords: theory/guilt/calculations/risk of failure/personality variables.
Notes: [Text in French; English abstract available].
Abstract:Based on a doctoral thesis submitted in 1971 entitled "The fundamentals of lying", this study explores more fully the inherent difficulties of lying and the physiological evidence of deceit. Partly quantitative, the hypothesis posed at the onset is if a tested subject admits to having difficulty or complacency in lying (in a general sense), does this imply a greater tendency to exhibit measurable physiological reactions as opposed to if the subject does not experience a particular negative conscience about being deceitful. A total of 204 individuals (63 males, 141 females) were asked a battery of questions while connected to a lie detector. The author consludes that the difficulty or ease a person might experience in lying is, in large part, independent of measurable physiological reactions; an individual may register deceit while telling the truth and vice-versa.

2297. Durst, Carl A. Personal interview Joseph F. Kubis. 8. 77.
Rec#: 7417
Keywords: Kubis, Joseph F./voice stress analysis/voice stress.

2298. Duston, B. Anonymous. Naval Ocean Systems Center . (1991 Nov). NOSC Technical Document,
Rec#: 1498
Keywords: test data analysis/Naval Ocean Systems Center/statistical algorithms.

2299. Dutton, D.W. (2000). Guide for performing the objective scoring system. Polygraph, 29, 177-184.
Rec#: 7000
Keywords: 7-position scale/zone comparison/objective scoring system/test data analysis.

2300. Dutton, D.W. (2000). Introduction. Polygraph, 29, 1-5.
Rec#: 7046
Keywords: sex offenders.
Notes: Have the standards for APA.

2301. Dworkin, J.B., & Harris, M.M. (1986). Polygraph tests - What labor abritrators need to know. Arbitration Journal, 41, 23-33.
Rec#: 1499
Keywords: law-arbitration/applications-arbitration/OTA report.

2302. Dyer, C.H. (1984). Polygraph utilization in criminal intelligence cases. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 24, 398
Rec#: 1500
Keywords: U.S. Secret Service/cases-criminal/cases-intelligence-U.S. Secret Service.

2303. Dykman, R.A., Reese, W.G., Galbrecht, C.R., & Thomasson, P.J. (1959). Psychophysiological reactions to novel stimuli: measurement adaptation and relationship of psychological and physiological variables in the normal human. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 79, 43-107.
Rec#: 6587
Keywords: autonomic response/orienting response.

2304. Eakins, B.W.,, & Eakins, R.G. Samorar & Porter. (1988). Sex differences in nonverbal communication, (Chapter 6). 292-309 p.
Rec#: 6593
Keywords: nonverbal communication/sex differences.

2305. Earley, P. (1988). Spy Fiasco. Washington Post Magazine, 22-49.
Rec#: 7302
Keywords: cases-espionage/KGB/interrogation/polygraph-general-military/Lonetree, Clayton.

2306. Eason, R.G. (1992). [Review of the book Applications in the detection of deception]. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 13, 305-307.
Rec#: 6281
Keywords: book reviews.

2307. Eastland, J.O. (1974). Marihuana-hashish epidemic and its impact on United States security. Polygraph, 3, 355-372.
Rec#: 9469
Keywords: drugs-marijuana/drugs-hashish/research/law.
Notes: Testimony before the Senate Subcommittee on Internal Security, May-June 1974.

2308. Eckerle, J.S. Anonymous. (1984). SRI tonometer blood pressure measurement system - Operator's instruction manual. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International. 1-19 p.
Rec#: 1502
Keywords: instruments-tonometer/research-instruments-cardio.
Notes: [Prepared for the FBI, Laboratory Division]. SPR project 4908.

2309. Eckerle, J.S., Eid, J.C., Frederick, J., Jeuck, P.R., Montgomery, L.D., Ploeger, D.W., Taenzer, J.C., & Ward, M.M. Anonymous. (1984). Cardio activity monitoring for polygraph examination . Menlo Park, CA: SRI International. 1-53 p.
Rec#: 1503
Keywords: research-instruments-cardio/instruments-tonometer/cardio activity monitor.
Notes: Contract No. J-FBI-82-108 [Prepared for the FBI] SRI Project 4908(Final report).

2310. Eckert, B., & Lynch, M.B. (1977). Glossary of polygraph terms. Polygraph, 6, 189-200.
Rec#: 1504
Keywords: terminology.

2311. Edel, E.C., & Jacoby, J. (1975). Examiner reliability in polygraph chart analysis: Identification of physiological responses. Journal of Applied Psychology, 60, 632-634.
Rec#: 1507
Keywords: examiner reliability/test data analysis/screening-national security/physiological responses.

2312. Edel, E.C., & Moore, L.A., Jr. (1984). Analysis of agreement in polygraph charts. Polygraph, 13, 193-197.
Rec#: 1508
Keywords: reliability/test data analysis/screening-national security/research-test data analysis-field.

2313. Edelberg, B., Orne, M., Lykken, D., Raskin, D., & Ansley, N. Anonymous. (1976 May 05).
Rec#: 6762
Keywords: detection of deception/techniques/validity.

2314. Edelberg, R. (1972). Electrodermal recovery rate, goal-orientation, and aversion. Psychophysiology, 9, 512-520.
Rec#: 9470
Keywords: GSR/electrodermal recovery rate/defensive reflex/activation.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 1(3), 185.

2315. Edelberg, R. Anonymous. USAF School of Aerospace Medicine. (1963 Nov). SAM-TDR-63-95,
Rec#: 9768
Keywords: skin potential/electrodermal/GSR.

2316. Edelberg, R. (1970). The information content of the recovery limb of the electrodermal response. Psychophysiology, 6, 527-539.
Rec#: 9471
Keywords: electrodermal/skin potential response/skin conductance response/GSR/electrodermal recovery limb.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 1(2), 95.

2317. Anonymous. A new look at the initial value effect in the measurement of skin conductance response amplitude. ed.
Rec#: 6715
Keywords: skin conductance/electrodermal.
Notes: Presented at the 18th annual meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Madison, Wisconsin, September 1978.

2318. Edelberg, R., & Burch, N.R. (1962). Skin resistance and galvanic skin response: Influence of surface variables, and methodological implications. Archives of General Psychiatry, 7, 163-169.
Rec#: 9769
Keywords: electrodermal/GSR/autonomic nervous system.

2319. Edwards, D. S.D.o.D. The Honorable Caspar Weinberger. (Nov 29 1982).
Rec#: 1511
Keywords: legislation-federal/screening-Department of Defense.

2320. Edwards, D. (1983). Polygraph examinations. Congressional Record, E2323-2324.
Rec#: 1512
Keywords: screening-government/criticism/applications-national security.
Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter (1983, May/June).

2321. Edwards, Robert H. A survey: reliability of polygraph examinations conducted by Virginia polygraph examiners. 81.
Rec#: 6475
Keywords: reliability-general.
Notes: Published in Polygraph (1981), 10(4), 229-272.
Abstract:A questionnaire was mailed to each licensed polygraph examiner residing in Virginia. Information was requested for specific examinations conducted during 1980, including the categorizing of examination results by the determinations rendered, and the number and category of verified determinations. A total of 147 questionnaires were mailed, yielding a response rate of 48.3 percent. A total of 77.5 percent of law enforcement examiners responded. The mean accuracy level for Virginia law enforcement examiners was found to 98.3 percent. There were 16 errors in the 959 verified law enforcement examinations, with the mean error being 1.7 percent. A review of research on polygraph reliability conducted since the 1923 Frye decision (prohibiting the admission of polygraph results as evidence) shows the polygraph to have an accuracy level in the mid-90 percent range. Based upon the findings of this study, it is recommended that the courts accept polygraph results as circumstantial evidence after determining examiner qualifications and the technique used. Virginia should continue its licensing law requiring a high level of qualifications and training for examiners. Graphic data, 59 footnotes, and 39 bibliographic listings are provided.

2322. Egarhos, D.J. (1993). The influence polygraph and rape expert testimony has on the verdicts of jurors in a simulated sexual assault trial. Dissertation Abstracts International, 33, 668
Rec#: 7385
Keywords: courtroom testimony/cases-rape/sexual assault victims.
Abstract:Mock jurors, viewed a simulated rape trial and deliberated in groups to a verdict. The defendant pled not guilty claiming that the intercourse between the complainant and himself had been consensual.

2323. Egorov, V. (2000). [Review of the book "Detektor Izhi" (lie Detector) ]. Polygraph, 29, 199
Rec#: 7100
Keywords: Russian/psychophysiology/book reviews.

2324. Ehlke, R. (1985). The impact of case law and privacy law on the federal employee loyalty-security program. Polygraph, 14, 263-268.
Rec#: 1517
Keywords: law-federal-security/applications-counterintelligence.

2325. Ehrlichman, H. (1981). From gaze aversion to eye-movement suppression: An investigation of the cognitive interference explanation of gaze patterns during conversation. British Journal of Social Psychology, 20, 233-241.
Rec#: 6660
Keywords: eye movement/CONVERSATION/cognitive processes.
Abstract:Assessed cognitive interference while 88 women answered questions when the interviewer's face was either visible on a video screen or not visible and when Ss were either required to look continuously at the screen or were permitted free eye movements. Data reveal no evidence of greater interference during continuous gaze at the face, providing no support for the interference explanation of gaze patterns. EOG recording of Ss' eye movements also indicated that the visual presence or absence of the face affected gaze and eye movements only when Ss were listening to the question. When thinking and speaking, Ss tended to look away from the screen and produced relatively high rates of eye movements irrespective of the stimulus displayed on the screen. Results suggest that gaze during conversation may be a function of 2 opposing tendencies--the tendency to monitor the other's facial expressions and the tendency to make saccadic eye movements during thinking and speaking.

2326. Eichelberger, Robert S. A method of interrogation. 62.
Rec#: 1520
Keywords: interrogation/cases-theft.
Notes: Paper presented at the 9th annual meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

2327. Eichelberger, R.S. (1960). Sincerity of purpose. Police, 4, 52-56.
Rec#: 1519
Keywords: ethics/cases-rape-Mallory/interrogation-Mallory rule.

2328. Einhorn, H.J., & Hogarth, R.M. (1978). Confidence in judgment: Persistence of the illusion of validity. Psychological Review, 85, 395-416.
Rec#: 7114
Keywords: errors/feedback/judgment/prediction/statistical Probability.
Abstract:Notes that an accumulating body of research on clinical judgment, decision making, and probability estimation has documented a substantial lack of ability of both experts and nonexperts. However, evidence shows that people have great confidence in their fallible judgment. This article examines how this contradiction can be resolved and, in so doing, discusses the relationship between learning and experience. The basic tasks that are considered involve judgments made for the purpose of choosing between actions. At some later time, outcome feedback is used for evaluating the accuracy of judgment. The manner in which judgments of the contingency between predictions and outcomes are made is discussed and is related to the difficulty people have in searching for disconfirming information to test hypotheses. A model for learning and maintaining confidence in one's own judgment is developed that includes the effects of experience and both the frequency and importance of positive and negative feedback.

2329. Anonymous. Age and sex interaction with electrodermal level and response. ed.
Rec#: 6714
Keywords: electrodermal/SCR.
Notes: Paper presented at the 17th annual meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, October 19-22, 1977.

2330. Eisenberger, R., & Shank, D.M. (1985). Personal work ethics and effort training affect cheating. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 520-528.
Rec#: 1523
Keywords: psychology-cheating/cheating.

2331. Ekman, P. M.D. Graham & W.F. House. (1982). Facial expression and facial nerve surgery. New York: Raven Press. 363-368 p.
Rec#: 1525
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-face/emotional expression/verbal cues.

2332. Ekman, P. (1981). Mistakes when deceiving. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 364, 269-278.
Rec#: 1524
Keywords: nonverbal cues.

2333. Ekman, P. (1985). Telling lies: Clues to deceit in the market place, politics, and marriage. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.
Rec#: 1526
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/myography-face/lying.

2334. Ekman, P. (1992). Telling Lies: Clues to deceit in the marketplace, politics, and marriage. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.
Rec#: 1529
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/myography-face/lying.
Notes: Update of 1985 edition.

2335. Ekman, P. J.C. Yuille. (1989). Why lies fail and what behaviors betray a lie. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 71-82 p. 47. 0-7923-0195-1 (hardcover).
Rec#: 1527
Keywords: behavioral indicators/nonverbal behavior.
Abstract:Provides a theoretical analysis of why some lies fail while others succeed and presents a discussion of its implications for the design and interpretation of research on deception.

2336. Ekman, P. (1989). Would a child lie? Psychology Today, 62-65.
Rec#: 1528
Keywords: lying-children/subjects-children.

2337. Ekman, P., Davidson, R.J., & Friesen, W.V. (1990). The Duchenne smile: Emotional expression and brain physiology: II. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 58, 342-353.
Rec#: 6663
Keywords: emotion/EEG/nonverbal behavior.
Abstract:Facial expression, EEG, and self-report of subjective emotional experience were recorded while subjects individually watched both pleasant and unpleasant films. Smiling in which the muscle that orbits the eye is active in addition to the muscle that pulls the lip corners up (the Duchenne smile) was compared with other smiling in which the muscle orbiting the eye was not active. As predicted, the Duchenne smile was related to enjoyment in terms of occurring more often during the pleasant than the unpleasant films, in measures of cerebral asymmetry, and in relation to subjective reports of positive emotions, and other smiling was not.

2338. Ekman, P., & Friesen, W.V. (1974). Detecting deception from the body or face. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 29, 288-298.
Rec#: 1533
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-body movement/nonverbal detection of deception-face.

2339. Ekman, P., & Friesen, W.V. (1982). Felt, false, and miserable smiles. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 6, 238-252.
Rec#: 1537
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2340. Ekman, P., & Friesen, W.V. (1969). Nonverbal leakage and cues to deception. Psychiatry, 32, 88-106.
Rec#: 1530
Keywords: nonverbal cues/leakage.

2341. Ekman, P., & Friesen, W.V. (1969). The repetoire of nonverbal behavior: Categories, origins, usage and coding. Semiotica, 1, 49-100.
Rec#: 1531
Keywords: nonverbal behavior.
Notes: (Contract [U.S. Air Force] AF-AFOSR-67, PHS-MH-11976), 54 p.

2342. Ekman, P., Friesen, W.V., & Ancoli, S. (1980). Facial signs of emotional experience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 1125-1143.
Rec#: 1536
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-face/emotion.

2343. Ekman, P., Friesen, W.V., & O'Sullivan, M. (1988). Smiles when lying. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 414-420.
Rec#: 1538
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-face/movement-facial.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph (1988), 17(3), 123-124.

2344. Ekman, P., Friesen, W.V., & Scherer, K.R. (1976). Body movement and voice pitch in deceptive interaction. Semiotica, 16, 23-27.
Rec#: 1534
Keywords: voice stress/research-nonverbal detection of deception/nonverbal detection of deception-body movement/vocal cues-pitch.

2345. Ekman, P., Hager, J.C., & Friesen, W.V. (1981). The symmetry of emotional and deliberate facial actions. Psychophysiology, 18e, 101-106.
Rec#: 1539
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-face/emotion/hemispheric specialization.

2346. Ekman, P., Levenson, R.W., & Friesen, W.V. (1983). Autonomic nervous system activity distinguishes among emotions. Science, 221, 1208-1210.
Rec#: 1540
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2347. Ekman, P., & O'Sullivan, M. (1991). Who can catch a liar? American Psychologist, 46, 913-920.
Rec#: 1542
Keywords: lying/behavioral cues.
Notes: Reprinted in David V. Canter, Criminal Detection and the Psychology of Crime (p. 129-136), Brookfield, Vermont, Dartmouth Publishing Company Limited.

2348. Ekman, P., & O'Sullivan, M. (1993). Who is misleading whom? A reply to Nickerson and Hammond. American Psychologist, 48, 989
Rec#: 6741
Keywords: criticism-research/ANOVA.
Notes: A reply to an article by Carol A. Nickerson and Kenneth R. Hammond. Article is P 7211.

2349. Ekman, P., O'Sullivan, M., & Frank, M.G. (1999). A few can catch a liar. Psychological Science, 10, May, 263-266.
Rec#: 6579
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/deception/dishonesty/police-personnel.
Abstract:Research suggests that most people cannot tell from demeanor when others are lying. Such poor performance is typical not only of lay people but also of most professionals concerned with lying. In this study, three professional groups with special interest or skill in deception, two law-enforcement groups (made up of 23 federal officers [mean age 40.8 yrs], 43 sheriffs [mean age 40.7 yrs], 84 federal judges [mean age 52.4 yrs], and 36 mixed law-enforcement officers [mean age 34.9 yrs]) and a select group of clinical psychologists (made up of 107 deception- interested clinical psychologists [mean age 49.6 yrs], 209 regular clinical psychologists [mean age 49.1 yrs], and 125 academic psychologists [mean age 39.2 yrs]), obtained high accuracy in judging videotapes of people who were lying or telling the truth about their opinions. These findings strengthen earlier evidence that some professional lie catchers are highly accurate, and that behavioral clues to lying are detectable in real time. This study also provides the first evidence that some psychologists can achieve high accuracy in catching lies.

2350. Ekman, P., O'Sullivan, M., Friesen, W.V., & Scherer, K.R. (1991). Invited article: Face, voice, and body in detecting deceit. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 15, 125-135.
Rec#: 1541
Keywords: deception detection/nonverbal detection of deception-body movement/nonverbal detection of deception-face.

2351. Ekman, P., Roper, G., & Hager, J.C. (1980). Deliberate facial movement. Child Development, 51, 886-891.
Rec#: 1543
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-face/children.

2352. Eksperyment kryminalistyczny. B. Holyst. (1973). Warszwa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe. 399-402 p.
Rec#: 2452
Keywords: Poland/Keeler polygraph.
Notes: [text in Polish].
Abstract:Holyst reviews the history of studying physiological symptoms are linked to personal experiences and describes the U.S. "lie-detector" devices constructed in the 1920s, including the current Keeler polygraph. He discusses the diagnostic value of the "lie-detector" tests, the results of which are at best inconclusive but which can aid in gathering material evidence. He cites a legal code that gives the suspect the right to refuse the test. Holyst also relates the importance of experienced psychologists in decreasing errors in the examinations. He mentions the first use of the lie detector test in Poland and explains the impact of the court verdict.

2353. Elaad, E. (1994). The accuracy of human decisions and objective measurements in psychophysiological detection of knowledge. Journal of Psychology , 128, 267-280.
Rec#: 9270
Keywords: respiration-line length/skin resistance/response-amplitude/human respiration response evaluation/guilty knowledge.
Abstract:Examined the relative detection efficiency of 3 measurements, skin resistance response (SRR) amplitude, respiration line length (RLL), and human respiration response evaluation (RRE), in a guilty knowledge experiment. 32 police investigators and staff were presented with lists of personal information in which only 1 of 5 items was correct. Ss were instructed to try to avoid detection of the relevant items in the polygraph test. All 3 measurements discriminated better than chance between relevant and neutral items, with the objectively measured SRR and RLL superior to the subjective RRE. When SRR and RLL were compared for their relative efficiency, the former yielded better detection. The differentiation was even better with a measure that combined the SRR and the RLL.

2354. Elaad, E. (1998). The challenge of the concealed knowledge polygraph test. Expert Evidence, 6, 161-187.
Rec#: 6886
Keywords: polygraph general/concealed information/biofeedback/countermeasures/drugs/behavioral patterns/criminal justice system.
Abstract:This paper suggests that the concealed knowledge polygraph test (CKT) might be useful for the criminal justice system. The main point is that it is a standard and objective psychological test that can to some extent protect the innocent from false allegation. A review of 15 mock crime studies revealed average detection rates of 80.6% for guilty examinees and 95.9% innocent. In 11 of these studies no false positive identifications were observed. Suggestions for enhancing the detection rate of guilty suspects in real life settings are provided. The effects of several possible countermeasures are discussed.

2355. Elaad, E. (2001). A comparative study of polygraph tests and other forensic methods. Polygraph, 30, 16-28.
Rec#: 7346
Keywords: criminal investigations/GKT/false positive/CQT/pretest interview.

2356. Elaad, E. (1999). The control question technique: A search for improved decision rules. Polygraph, 28, 65-73.
Rec#: 7076
Keywords: control question tests/numerical scoring/CQT.

2357. Anonymous. Decision rules in polygraph examination. ed. 1985 Feb 24-1985 Feb 28; Jerusalem, Israel: The International Congress on Techniques for Criminal Identification. 167-178p.
Rec#: 1547
Keywords: test data analysis.

2358. Elaad, E. (1993). Detection of deception: A transactional analysis perspective. Journal of Psychology, 127, 5-15.
Rec#: 1554
Keywords: Israel/TA/CQT/setting controls/theory/pretest interview/techniques-control question test.
Abstract:Defends CQT against critics who claim that CQs are implausible and do not protect innocent Ss. Elaad describes how CQs are set.

2359. Elaad, E. (1990). Detection of guilty knowledge in real-life criminal investigation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75, 521-529.
Rec#: 1544
Keywords: techniques-GKT/field validity.
Abstract:The present study provides a first attempt to estimate the validity of the Guilty Knowledge Test (GKT) in real-life criminal investigations. Skin resistance responses in GKT records of 50 innocent and 48 guilty Ss, for whom actual truth was established by confession, were analyzed by two methods. On the basis of an a priori decison rule, 98% of the innocent and 42% of the guilty Ss were correctly classified. Signal detection measures based on various possible decision rules indicated that the distribution of guilty Ss was highly differentiated from the distribution of innocent Ss. An optimal dicision rule yielded correct classifications for 94% of the innocent Ss and 65% of the guilty Ss. These results suggest that the GKT could be a useful investigative tool that protects innocent suspects from being falsely classified as guilty. The false-negative identifications were accounted for in terms of the realistic conditions.

2360. Elaad, Eitan. Detection of guilty knowledge in real life criminal investigations using GSR amplitude. nd.
Rec#: 1548
Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/criminal investigations/guilty knowledge/validity-field examinations/electrodermal-GSR.

2361. Elaad, Eitan. The detection of stress in the human voice - A pilot study. 80.
Rec#: 1550
Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE/Mark II/finger pulse volume/heart rate.
Notes: [abstract].

2362. Elaad, E. (1988). Effects of motivation level and verbal response type on psychophysiological detection in the guilty knowledge test.
Rec#: 1553
Keywords: Israel/dissertations and theses/theory/motivation/verbal response/techniques-guilty knowledge test/techniques-GKT.

2363. Elaad, E. (1987 Dec). Psychophysiological detection in the guilty knowledge test. Hebrew University;
Rec#: 1552
Keywords: GKT/Israel/theory/OR/attention/GSR/control questions.
Notes: Text in Hebrew, only 10 pages are in English abstract only.

2364. Elaad, Eitan. Reported confidence in the polygraphic procedure and psychophysiological detection in the guilty knowledge test. nd.
Rec#: 1549
Keywords: subjects-confidence/subjects-belief/techniques-GKT.
Notes: Israel Police Headquarters, Jerusalem, Israel. [abstract].

2365. Elaad, E. (1993). The role of guessing and verbal response type in psychophysiological detection of concealed information. The Journal of Psychology, 127, 455-464.
Rec#: 6751
Keywords: polygraph/psychology/physiology/concealed information/guessing/verbal response.

2366. Elaad, Eitan. Validity of the control question test in criminal cases. 85.
Rec#: 1551
Keywords: techniques-CQT/validity/applications-criminal cases/test data analysis-blind .
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Israel Police Headquarters, Jerusalem, Israel.

2367. Elaad, E., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1997). Effects of item repetitions and variations on the efficiency of the guilty knowledge test. Psychophysiology, 34, 587-596.
Rec#: 6595
Keywords: guilty knowledge test/electrodermal response/respiration changes.

2368. Elaad, E., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1991). Effects of mental countermeasures on psychophysiological detection in the guilty knowledge test. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 11, 99-108.
Rec#: 1558
Keywords: Israel/GKT/countermeasures-mental/research-countermeasures.
Abstract:This study focused on the effects of mental countermeasures on psychophysiological detection in a guilty knowledge paradigm. Two experiments which utilized a 3 x 2 between subjects factorial design were conducted. Two types of mental countermeasures (specific dissociations from the relevant stimulus and continuous dissociation throughout the entire test, as well as a control-no countermeasure condition were used). Each group was further subdivided into two conditions--a high attention condition created by motivational instructions and a deceptive verbal response to the relevant question; and a low attention condition in which no motivational instructions were provided and no verbal response was required. The results of both experiments (one was conducted in a field set up, and the other utilized more standard experimental equipment and measurement procedures) revealed the following pattern: the item-specific countermeasures tended to increase psychophysiological detection, whereas the continuous dissociations tended to decrease detection efficiencies. The pattern was consistent across attention conditions and experiments but it was stronger in the field experiment where overall detection efficiency was relatively high. In other respects the present results replicated previous findings and revealed a significant effect for the attention factor.

2369. Elaad, E., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1989). Effects of motivation and verbal response type on psychophysiological detection of information. Psychophysiology, 26, 442-451.
Rec#: 1557
Keywords: Israel/research-laboratory/motivation/validity-laboratory/research-electrodermal/theory-psychophysiological/verbal response.

2370. Elaad, E., Bonwitt, G., Eisenberg, O., & Meytes, I. (1982). Effects of beta blocking drugs on the polygraph decision rate: A pilot study. Polygraph, 11, 225-233.
Rec#: 1559
Keywords: drugs-beta blocking/countermeasures-drugs/research-countermeasures-drugs/validity-laboratory/Israel.
Abstract:Twenty volunteers underwent a series of 5 POT tests each; half with Trasicor administered beforehand and half with a placebo. Detection rate was highest for the placebo group, while that of the Beta Blocking group was still greater than chance. The GSR channel was found to be the most efficient identification index, but is also most vulnerable to the effect of Trasicor. The respiration channel indicates identification at a level better than chance, which is not effected by the Beta Blocking agent. The cardio channel was not found an efficient index of identification.

2371. Elaad, E., & Elaad, I. (1994). The control question technique in vocational search. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 79, 825-826.
Rec#: 6010
Keywords: techniques-control question test/screening-employment/CQT/control questions/paper and pencil tests.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph 25(1)57-58 .
Abstract:10 men and 16 women, randomly assigned to a guilty and an innocent condition, were presented a set of 10 Control Question Technique questions as a paper-and-pencil test. Subjects indicated up to three questions about which they felt most concern. Analysis indicated guilty subjects were more concerned about relevant questions and innocent subjects about control questions. This controversial Control Question Technique, commonly used in interrogative polygraphy, can be successfully applied in a vocational search context. It was suggested that the rationale underlying the procedure corresponds to a broader phenomenon than the polygraph examination. Reprinted by permission of the publisher, 1994.

2372. Elaad, Eitan and Elaad, Ilana. False feedback effect on psychophysiological detection in the guilty knowledge polygraph test. nd.
Rec#: 1560
Keywords: biofeedback-false/theory-biofeedback/techniques-guilty knowledge test/Israel.
Notes: Division of Criminal Identification, Isreal Police Headquarters, Jerusalem, Isreal.

2373. Elaad, E., Ginton, A., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1994). The effects of prior expectations and outcome knowledge on polygraph examiners' decisions. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 7, 279-292.
Rec#: 1562
Keywords: CQT/examiners-bias/hindsight bias/hypothesis-confirmation bias/outcome knowledge/prior expectations/decision making/expectations.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 27, (4) 288-301.
Abstract:Examined whether judgments made by 10 polygraph examiners working in familiar contexts are affected by prior expectations and beliefs. Two experiments in which prior expectations were manipulated were designed to determine whether and to what extent Ss were affected by their prior expectations when analyzing and interpreting polygraph charts. Prior expectations affected the Ss' judgments when the polygraph charts did not include clear indications of guilt or innocence, but when the objective physiological evidence included strong indications that clearly contradicted the S's expectations, judgments were not affected by these expectations.

2374. Elaad, E., Ginton, A., & Jungman, N. (1992). Detection measures in real-life criminal guilty knowledge tests. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 757-767.
Rec#: 1546
Keywords: GKT/techniques-guilty knowledge test/field validity/electrodermal/respiration/cardio.

2375. Elaad, Eitan, Ginton, Avital, and Jungman, Noam. Respiration line length and GSR amplitude as detection measures in criminal guilty knowledge tests. nd.
Rec#: 1561
Keywords: test data analysis/respiration/electrodermal-GSR.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2376. Elaad, E., & Kleiner, M. (1990). Effects of polygraph chart interpreter-experience on psychophysiological detection of deception. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 17, 115-123.
Rec#: 1564
Keywords: examiners-experience/test data analysis/test data analysis-blind/numerical scoring/cardio/electrodermal-GSR/respiration/decision cutoff scores.
Abstract:100 sets of CQT charts from guilty and innocent Ss, verified by confession, were scored blindly by 5 experienced examiners and 5 trainees. There was about 85% agreement in scoring all 3 channels. GSR was the most accurate (and cardio was ineffective) at detecting deception; respiration was best at detecting truthfulness. Experience was needed to interpret resp accurately.

2377. Elaad, Eitan and Kleiner, Murray. Effects of polygraph chart interpreter experience on the accuracy of three physiological indices. nd.
Rec#: 9078
Keywords: test data analysis/examiners-experience/electrodermal/pneumo/cardio.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript abstract.

2378. Elaad, E., & Kleiner, M. (1993). The police use of polygraph examinations in Israel. Polic. Sigur., 1, 418-425.
Rec#: 1565
Keywords: Croatia/field statistics/legal status/applications-law enforcement-Israel.
Abstract:Of 1,670 exams conducted by 11 examiners in 1991, 15% were incl, 30% DI, 70% NDI. The polygraph course is described. Article was published in a Croatian police journal; invited by Z. Roso.

2379. Elaad, E., & Kleiner, M. (1986). The stimulation test in polygraph field examinations: A case study. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 14, 328-333.
Rec#: 1563
Keywords: stimulation tests.
Abstract:In the ST, a subject is asked to pick a card out of a six-to-eight card pack held face down. The subject chooses and remembers one of the cards and returns it to the pack and is asked to deny that any of the cards were picked. The polygrapher then determines which card was picked from the polygraph results. One of the purposes of the STYLE="is to show the subject that the test is valid. In this study, an STYLE="was used between the first and second presentation of the test questions for 116 examinations. In another 107 examinations, the STYLE="was omitted. Fifty examinations were randomly selected from each group for analysis. In the control question technique, the innocent subject fears the polygraph will falsly indicate deception. This fear is strongest in the first presentation of the test questions, after which there is a gradual decrease in apprehension. As the subject adapts to the procedure, anxiety is less likely to attend control questions, making deceptive responses to relevant questions more prominent in contrast to control-question responses. The STYLE="interferes with subject adaptation and reinforces subject apprehension, obstructing clear distinctions between subject responses to control and relevant questions. This was most noticeable on the measurements of skin resistance. 2 tables and 17 references.

2380. Elaad, E., & Schahar, E. (1985). Polygraph field validity. Polygraph, 14, 217-223.
Rec#: 7852
Keywords: techniques/polygraph/reliability-general/Israel/validity-field examinations/surveys.
Abstract:The criteria for evaluation were subsequent confessions or convictions of the subjects and/or others who cleared the subjects from involvement. Out of the 2540 polygraph examinations conducted during this period, there was definite feedback concerning the innocence or guilt of the subject for only 184 (7 percent). When these 184 cases were considered, in 10 (5 percent) the polygraph results were inconclusive. The remaining 174 cases consisted of 145 (79 percent) conclusive results without any reservation (143 or 78 percent correct and 2 or 1 percent incorrect), and 29 (16 percent) polygraph results with reservation (25 or 14 percent correct and 4 or 2 percent incorrect). Five of the errors were false negatives and one false positive. This suggests that there was a tendency to clear the subject when in doubt. However, these data should be considered cautiously, since the validation criteria, ultimate confessions and convictions, could have been influenced by the polygraph results. Furthermore, confessions and convictions are not infallible since false confessions and convictions could occur.

2381. Elam, G. (1960). Polygraph: An aid in recruiting. Law and Order, 8, 24, 26-27.
Rec#: 1571
Keywords: screening-police.

2382. Eliasberg, W. (1946). Forensic psychology. Southern California Law Review, 19, 349-409.
Rec#: 1577
Keywords: history/hypnosis/historical interest-psychology-forensic/courtroom testimony.

2383. Eller, M.A. (1999). Standardization of pre-employement police applicant screening test results. Polygraph, 28, 304-309.
Rec#: 7080
Keywords: applications-preemployment/applications-screening/inconclusive results/confessions/countermeasures/quality control/R & I.

2384. Ellingson, R.J. (1956). Brain waves and problems of psychology. Psychological Bulletin, 53, 1-34.
Rec#: 6713
Keywords: brain wave analysis/EEG.

2385. Elliott, John W. The use of polygraph testing in corrections. 77.
Rec#: 1581
Keywords: criticism-validity/applications-probation/applications-parole/Law Enforcement Assistance Administration.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, supported in part by Law Enforcement Assistance Administration grant #76-11A-(2)-C2-90.

2386. Ellis, A. Ansley, Norman & R.J. Weir, Jr. (1956). The interrogation of sex psychopaths under narcosis. Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners. 67-71 p.
Rec#: 1583
Keywords: interrogation/psychopaths/hypnosis/narcoanalysis.

2387. Ellis, R.L. Use of polygraph by Ku Klux Klan. (Sep 18 1972).
Rec#: 6745
Keywords: Ku Klux Klan/truth serum/polygraph general.

2388. Ellson, D.G., Davis, R.C., Saltzman, I.J., & Burke, C.J. Anonymous. Department of Psychology . (1952 Sep 15). Contract N60NR-18011 with Office of Naval Research,
Rec#: 1584
Keywords: deception detection-automated/physiological indices/electrodermal/cardio/muscle action potentials/movement-body/eye movement/vascular system/pneumo/electromyography.

2389. Ellwanger, J., Rosenfeld, J.P., & Sweet, J. (1994). P300s to autobiographical and learned information in closed head-injury patients: individual diagnostic test comparisons. Psychophysiology, 31, S43
Rec#: 1585
Keywords: P300.
Notes: [abstract].

2390. Emans, R.L. (1987). Abuse in the name of protecting children. Phi Delta Kappan, 740-743.
Rec#: 9141
Keywords: Lykken, David T./criticism-validity/child sexual abuse.

2391. Emerick, R.L., & Dutton, W.A. (1993). The effect of polygraphy on the self report of adolescent sex offenders: Implications for risk assessment. Annals of Sex Research , 6, 83-103.
Rec#: 4670
Keywords: sex offenders/self report/child sexual abuse-victims.
Abstract:Examined 3 sources of assault history information for 76 "high risk" adolescent sexual offenders (aged 10-18 yrs): collateral (victim statements, police reports, psychological examinations), clinical interviews, and confirmation polygraph testing. Chi-square analysis revealed significant differences between data retrieved by use of clinical polygraph examination and both of the other data sources. Also revealed were selected assault history variables assumed to be relevant for pre-treatment decision making and for which significant differences were observed. These include number of victims, process of victim selection, degree of force used in the commission of offenses, use of pornography, and degree of intrusion. The number of female child victims assaulted by the offenders was demonstrated to be significantly related to the severity of pornography used as a stimulus while masturbating.

2392. Englade, K.F. (1982). The business of the polygraph. Across the Board, 19, 20-27.
Rec#: 1597
Keywords: polygraph-general.

2393. England, D.A. (1976). [Review of the book Deception /Detection]. English Journal, 65, 69-70.
Rec#: 1598
Keywords: book reviews/Schrank, J.

2394. English, H.B. (1926). Reaction time symptoms of deception. American Journal of Psychology, 37, 428-429.
Rec#: 1600
Keywords: historical interest/reaction time/word association.

2395. English, K., Jones, L., Patrick, D., Pasini-Hill, D., & Gonzalez, S. (2000). We need you to become experts in the post-conviction polygraph. Polygraph, 29, 44-63.
Rec#: 7102
Keywords: post-conviction sex offender testing/sex offenders.
Abstract:To improve the risk managment of convicted sex offenders, the criminal justice system needs highly trained, experienced sex offender polygraph examiners. In 1998, researchers asked 679 probabtion and parole supervisors about their use of the post-conviction polygraph.

2396. Ennis, Daniel R. The effect of a pre-polygraph briefing on polygraph outcome. 86.
Rec#: 6712
Keywords: screening/counterintelligence/security screening/validity.

2397. Epstein, S., Boudreau, L., & Klirig, S. (1975). Magnitude of the heart rate and electrodermal response as a function of stimulus input, motor output, and their interaction. Psychophysiology, 12, 15-24.
Rec#: 9472
Keywords: heart rate/skin conductance/electrodermal/motor output/stimulus input.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 4(2), 186.

2398. Erasmus, G.H. (1995). Verifying the truth by voice analysis. Security Focus, 14-15.
Rec#: 4162
Keywords: PSE/voice stress analysis/Verimetrics System/narrative analysis/South Africa/verification tests/VSI.
Notes: Published in South Africa.

2399. Erbs, G. (1951). Unzulssige Vernehungsmethoden: Probleme des Paragraphen 136a StPO [Inadmissible interrogation methods : Problems with Paragraph 136a of the Rules of Criminal Procedure]. Neue Juristische Wochenschrift, 10, 386-390.
Rec#: 9142
Keywords: interrogation/truth serum/hypnosis/Germany.
Notes: [text in German].
Abstract:This article consists of nine sections discussing acceptable police procedures since the implementation of Paragraph 136a. The first two sections very briefly discuss on overview of the law and what constitutes a voluntary confession. The third section provides a variety of illegal interrogation methods such as sleep deprivation, withholding of food and cigarettes, and verbal and physical abuse, deception in presenting evidence and even hypnosis. Section four concerns the interpretation of "force" in relation to the "if" and "how", while section five concerns the "threat" of force. Section six discusses offers of leniency made by the state which do not conform to law in order to obtain testimony from accomplices. Section eight concerns Section 2 of Paragraph 136a, in which illegal means used to impair reason or memory are banned. Section nine of the article concerns Section 3 of 136a, which states the abuses employed as outlined above are inadmissable.

2400. Ertel, C. (1987). Science or scapegoat? The debate over polygraph testing. CSG Backgrounder, 18
Rec#: 1604
Keywords: validity/law-licensing-state/law-limiting-state/criticism/legislation-federal/screening-commercial-preemployment/screening-commercial-theft/screening-government.
Notes: [Council of State Governments].

2401. Ervin, S.J. (1971). Lie detector: The great intimidator. International, Summer-Fall, 2-7.
Rec#: 4635
Keywords: AFL-CIO/screening-employment.

2402. Etcoff, N.L., Ekman, P., Magee, J.J., & Frank, M.G. (2000). Lie detection and language comprehension. Nature, 405, 139
Rec#: 7117
Keywords: nonverbal communication.

2403. Ettema, J.S., & Glasser, T. (1988). Narrative form and moral force: The realization of innocence and guilt through investigative journalism. Journal of Communication, 38, 8-26.
Rec#: 1610
Keywords: lying-journalism/journalism/content analysis/nonverbal detection of deception.

2404. Evans, D.D. (1990). 10 Ways To Sharpen Your Interviewing Skills. Law And Order, 38, 90-94.
Rec#: 9775
Keywords: police questioning/interviewing.

2405. Evans, F.J., O'Connell, D.N., & Tursky, B. (1967). Normality of distribution of resting palmer skin potential. Psychophysiology, 4, 151-155.
Rec#: 9473
Keywords: skin potential-palmar.

2406. Evans, F.J. (1979). Contextual forgetting: posthypnotic source amnesia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 88, 556-563.
Rec#: 6476
Keywords: hypnosis-amnesia.

2407. Evers, M.B. (1981). Hypnotic defeat of truth verification instrumentation systems: Fact or fallacy? Stress Press, 4, 4-9.
Rec#: 6927
Keywords: physiological responses/GSR/voice stress analysis/PSE/hypnosis-countermeasures .

2408. Ewing, A. (1965). Lie detection at a distance. Science News Letter, 88, 106-108.
Rec#: 1637
Keywords: polygraph-general.

2409. Eye Dynamics, I. Anonymous. Office of Naval Research. (1999).
Rec#: 6493
Keywords: motor response/deception/psychophysiology/pupillometry-research/eye blink/eye movement.
Notes: Contract No. N00014-97-C-0098. DODPI # 96-P-0019. Principal Investigator is Ronald Waldorf. Addendum report done on February 29, 2000 included.

2410. Eysenck, H.J. Anonymous. (1957). Lie detectors and truth drugs. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books. 71-105 p.
Rec#: 1646
Keywords: countermeasures-mental/countermeasures-physical/history/theory-Lange, James/Great Britain/polygraph-general/admissibility-Great Britain/narcoanalysis/countermeasures.

2411. Eysenck, H.J. Anonymous. (1961). Lie detectors and truth drugs. Baltimore: Penguin Books. 71-107 p.
Rec#: 1647
Keywords: polygraph-general/narcoanalysis.

2412. Ezell, T. (1988). Questions and answers regarding P.L. 100-347, The Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988. APA Newsletter, 21, 2-10.
Rec#: 1648
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/legislation-federal/waivers.

2413. Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., & Coles, M.G.H. J.T. Cacioppo, L.G. Tassinary, & G.G. Berntson. Event-Related Brain Potentials. 2nd ed, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 53-84 p. 052162634X.
Rec#: 7142
Keywords: event-related potentials.
Notes: Chapter 3.

2414. Anonymous. D.L. Faigman, D.H. Kaye, M.J. Saks, & J. Sanders. (1997). The legal relevance of scientific research on polygraph tests. St. Paul, Minn: West Publishing Co. 554-564 p. 1. 0-314-21410-0.
Rec#: 7603
Keywords: Frye case/Daubert Standard/legal status/admissibility.

2415. Fairbanks, G., & Hoaglin, L.W. (1941). An experimental study of the durational characteristics of the voice during the expression of emotion. Speech Monographs, 8, 85-90.
Rec#: 1652
Keywords: emotion/vocal aspects.

2416. Faircloth, F. (1984). The truth of the matter. Soldier, 10-12.
Rec#: 1653
Keywords: training-federal/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.

2417. Falick, P. (1968). Lie detectors and the right to privacy. New York State Bar Journal, 40, 102-110.
Rec#: 1654
Keywords: privacy rights/legal issues.

2418. Faller, N. (1981). Second assault. Progressive, 45, 29
Rec#: 5130
Keywords: applications-victims/rape.

2419. Fan, R.M.T., Wagner, H.L., & Manstead, A.S.R. (1995). Anchoring, familiarity, and confidence in the detection of deception. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 17, 83-96.
Rec#: 9275
Keywords: detection of deception.

2420. Faniciulli, J.A. (1979). Expert vs. expert - Grounds for dismissal? Identification News, 5
Rec#: 1659
Keywords: admissibility-expert testimony.

2421. Fariss, John. Control procedures within the R&I. nd.
Rec#: 9080
Keywords: techniques-R&I/control procedures.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2422. Fariss, J. (1981). Insanity testing from the R & I perspective. Alabama Association of Polygraph Examiners Newsletter, 2
Rec#: 1661
Keywords: techniques-R&I/subjects-psychotic.

2423. Fariss, J. (1979). The R & I applied to murder. Alabama Association of Polygraph Examiners Newsletter, 3-4.
Rec#: 1660
Keywords: techniques-R&I/cases-homicide/question formulation.

2424. Farrell, C.E. (2001). Electrodermal activity: A lieterature reveiw. Polygraph, 30, 185-191.
Rec#: 7370
Keywords: electrodermal response/literature review/gender.

2425. Farris, E.A. (1985). V. A. Leonard: Legacy of a legend. The Police Chief, 52, 28-29.
Rec#: 1662
Keywords: biographies-Leonard, V. A.

2426. Farwell, L.A. Anonymous. Human Brain Research Laboratory, Inc. (nd).
Rec#: 9081
Keywords: brain wave analysis/MERA.

2427. Farwell, L.A. Anonymous. Human Brain Research Laboratory, Inc. (1993 Sep 30). Final report to the Office of Research and Development, Vol. 1,
Rec#: 9562
Keywords: ERP/P300/EEG/brain wave analysis.
Notes: Contract No. 92*F138600*000.

2428. Farwell, L.A. (1992). The brain-wave information detection (BID) system: A new paradigm for psychophysiological detection of information (lie detection). Dissertation Abstracts International , 53: (7-B ). 3828
Rec#: 1670
Keywords: dissertations and theses.
Notes: University microfilm NO: AAD92-36456, 173 p.
Abstract:This report describes and evaluates a new paradigm for the psychophysiological detection of concealed information. The conventional "lie detection" paradigm has traditionally relied upon measurements of the physiological concomitants of emotional arousal. This new paradigm measures the brain-wave manifestations of information-processing brain activity. A new brain-wave information detection (BID) system was tested in 56 cases. In 100% of the cases where a determination was made, determinations were correct; 14% were indeterminate. This research is based on the P300 component of the event-related brain potential, which is elicited by events that are relatively rare and relevant or noteworthy. In each experiment, three types of short phrases were presented on a video screen for 300 msec at an inter-stimulus interval of 1550 msec. 17% of the stimuli were "target" stimuli, identified as such to subjects. Subjects were instructed to press one button in response to targets, and another button for all others. 66% were "irrelevant" stimuli, which had no particular significance for the subject. Interspersed with the irrelevant stimuli, and not identified in instructions to the subject, were "probe" stimuli which were relevant to a real or mock crime that had been in some cases committed by the subject. 17% were probes. For innocent subjects, probes were indistinguishable from irrelevants. P300s were predicted in response to only the rare, relevant stimuli: targets for "innocent" subjects; targets and probes for "guilty" (knowledgeable) subjects. One experiment tested subjects on mock crimes, one on minor crimes confessed to by subjects, and one on real-life activities of subjects that had not been discussed with them. Results were as predicted. "Guilty" or "innocent" determinations were made through a mathematical algorithm comparing brain-wave responses. The history and scientific foundations of psychophysiological detection of concealed information are reviewed and evaluated. The theory and practice of the new and conventional paradigms are compared. The implications of this research for theories of the functional significance of event-related brain potentials are discussed.

2429. Farwell, L.A. Anonymous. Human Brain Research Laboratory, Inc. (nd).
Rec#: 9082
Keywords: brain wave analysis/MERA.

2430. Farwell, L.A. (1990). I.W.C. University Patents. Method and apparatus for detection of deception. US. 4,941,477.
Rec#: 6812
Keywords: detection of deception/ERP/P300.

2431. Farwell, L.A., & Donchin, E. (1986). The "Brain detector": P300 in the detection of deception. [abstract]. Psychophysiology, 23, 434
Rec#: 1664
Keywords: research-EEG/theory-EEG/EEG-research/techniques-novel-EEG.
Notes: Paper presented at the 78th annual meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, San Francisco, California, 18 p.

2432. Farwell, Lawrence A. and Donchin, Emanuel. Can the P300 be used in the detection of deception? nd.
Rec#: 9778
Keywords: event-related potentials/ERP/P300.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2433. Farwell, L.A., & Donchin, E. (1989). Detection of guilty knowledge with ERPs. Psychophysiology, 26, S8
Rec#: 9083
Keywords: ERP/P300.
Notes: [abstract].

2434. Farwell, L.A., & Donchin, E. (1988). Event-related potentials in interrogative polygraphy: Analysis using bootstrapping. Psychophysiology, 25, 445
Rec#: 1666
Keywords: research-EEG/theory-EEG/EEG-ERP responses/techniques-novel-EEG/validity-EEG tests-laboratory.
Notes: [abstract].

2435. Farwell, L.A., & Donchin, E. (1991). The truth will out: Interrogative polygraphy ("lie detection") with event-related brain potentials. Psychophysiology, 28, 531-547.
Rec#: 1663
Keywords: ERP/P300.

2436. Farwell, L.A., & Donchin, E. Anonymous. (1988 Oct). Poster presented at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research,
Rec#: 1668
Keywords: ERP/P300.

2437. Farwell, L.A., & Kline, G. Anonymous. Human Brain Research Laboratory, Inc. (1993 Mar 30).
Rec#: 9084
Keywords: brain wave analysis/MERA.

2438. Farwell, L.A., Martinerie, J.M., Bashore, T.R., Rapp, P.E., & Goddard, P.H. (1993). Optimal digital filters for long-latency components of the event-related brain potential. Psychophysiology, 30, 306-315.
Rec#: 9204
Keywords: event-related potentials/ERP/P300/P3.

2439. Farwell, L.A., & Richardson, D.C. Anonymous. Human Brain Research Laboratory, Inc. (1993 Mar 30).
Rec#: 9085
Keywords: research-brain wave analysis/research-MERMER/research-eeg.

2440. Faulk, F.J. (1958). South Carolina polygraph solves four murders. Police, 2, 40
Rec#: 1673
Keywords: cases-murder/South Carolina.

2441. Faulk, L.F. V.A. Leonard. (1958). Public relations with other law enforcement agencies. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 122-126 p. 2 .
Rec#: 1674
Keywords: public relations.

2442. Faust, D. (1985). Declarations versus investigations: The case for the special reasoning abilities and capabilities of the expert witness in psychology/psychiatry. Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 33-59.
Rec#: 1675
Keywords: courtroom testimony-expert witness.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 16, 83.

2443. Faust, D., Hart, K., Guilmette, T.J., & Arkes, H.P. (1988). Neuropsychologists capacity to detect adolescent malingerers. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 19, 508-515.
Rec#: 1676
Keywords: malingering/lying-malingering/neuropsychologists.

2444. Faust, D., & Ziskin, J. (1988). The expert witness in psychology and psychiatry. Science, 241, 31-35.
Rec#: 6483
Keywords: witnesses/psychology/psychiatry.

2445. Fay, J.J. Anonymous. (nd).
Rec#: 1677
Keywords: business aspects/instruments/theory/polygraph techniques/proposal.

2446. Fay-Long, I. (1987). Education and laughter. NAWP Journal, 2, 40-42.
Rec#: 1681
Keywords: surveys/examiners-women.

2447. Fay-Long, I. (1984). Interview with Lemoyne Snyder. NALP Newsletter, 5-7.
Rec#: 1680
Keywords: biographies-Snyder, Lemoyne/history/cases-murder.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 13,(3), 267-269.

2448. Fay-Long, I. (1987). A psychologist's view of polygraph. NAWP Journal, 2, 33-39.
Rec#: 1682
Keywords: history/biographies-Undeutsch, Udo/techniques-concealed knowledge test.

2449. Fay, P.J., & Middleton, W.C. (1941). The ability to judge truth telling, or lying, from the voice as transmitted over a public address system. Journal of General Psychology, 24, 211-215.
Rec#: 1678
Keywords: voice/lying/truth telling.

2450. Federal Research Division. (1990). Literature and research support on deception detection and polygraph research. Washington, DC: Library of Congress.
Rec#: 9779
Keywords: bibliographies.
Notes: An annotated bibliography submitted to the Polygraph Research Office, National Security Agency.

2451. Fedor, W. (1983). Speech on DoD use of the polygraph presented to the Standing Committee on Law and National Security, American Bar Association. -
Rec#: 1702
Keywords: screening-federal/applications-counterintelligence/cases-espionage/surveys.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph (1983), 12(4), 333-340.
Abstract:The DOD protects the country's sensitive resources through physical, information, and personnel security. The keystone topersonnel security has been the field investigation, but budget cuts an limitations placed on records access since the mid-1970's have severely limited the DOD's capabilities in this area. At the same time, espionage has been on the upswing. Due to the worsening situation, a panel of representatives from themilitary services and mililtary intelligence agencies was charged with reviewing the DOD personnel security program in 1982. It recommended tighter controls on issuing clearances, improved adjudication of security cases, reinstitution of periodic reinvestigations of employees, and a counterintelligence scope polygraph examination to help determine the eligibility of a limited number of individuals in positions requiring access to extremely sensitive classified information. This meant no lifestyle questions, but questions relating strictly to espionage activities. The DOD recognizes that the polygraph is not infallible and is dependent on the examiner's quality and professionalism. Consequently, the DOD relies on other sources of information and has stringent standards for its examiners. In addition, experiences of the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Agency for over 30 years have demonstrated the polygraph's usefulness in indentifying applicants who clearly are unsuitable for assignment to these agencies. The proposed change in DOD policy that certain adverse consequences may follow an individual's refusal to take a polygraph examination has drawn considerable attention. All these actions, however, are appealable, and they do not include termination of employment. Several safeguards also have been incorporated into the proposed policy to protect the rights of individuals.

2452. Feeley, T.H., & Deturck, M.A. (1998). The behavioral correlates of sanctioned and unsanctioned deceptive communication. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 22, 189-204.
Rec#: 7092
Keywords: nonverbal behavior/behavioral cues.
Abstract:Ninety-three students were randomly assigned to one of three veracity conditions: (1) truthful, (2) unsanctioned-deceptive, or (3) sanctioned-deceptive. Participants in the truthful condition were honest when reporting strategies used when attempting to unscramble a series of anagrams. Students in the sanctioned-deceptive and unsanctioned-deceptive condition were implicated to cheat (by looking at the answers) on the anagram task by a research confederate. Students in the sanctioned condition were asked by an experimenter to conceal their cheating by lying to the interviewer about their ''high score'' on the anagram task whereas students in the unsanctioned condition were not given any instructions about how to answer the interviewer's questions regarding their anagram-solving strategies. All interviews were videotaped and verbal and nonverbal behaviors were analyzed by four student-coders. Results indicated that unsanctioned deceivers, when compared to sanctioned deceivers, made fewer speech errors and speech hesitations, gazed less at their targets, and used fewer other references.

2453. Feeley, T.H., & DeTurck, M.A. (1997). Case-relevant vs. case-irrelevant questioning in experimental lie detection. Communication Reports, 10, 35-45.
Rec#: 6373
Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method.

2454. Feeley, T.H., & deTurck, M.A. (1995). Global cue usage in behavioral lie detection. Communication Quarterly, 43, 420-430.
Rec#: 4615
Keywords: behavioral cues/communication/deception/nonverbal behavior.

2455. Feeley, T.H., deTurck, M.A., & Young Melissa J. (1995). Baseline familiarty in lie detection. Communication Research Reports, 12, 160-169.
Rec#: 4563
Keywords: baseline familiarty.

2456. Feeney, T.J. (1987). Expert psychological testimony on credibility issues. Military Law Review, 115, 121-177.
Rec#: 1703
Keywords: admissibility-expert testimony/psychology-credibility.

2457. Fein, M. (1964). What is truth? Newsweek, 64, 27
Rec#: 1704
Keywords: cases-homicide.

2458. Feldman, R.S. (1979). Nonverbal disclosure of deception in urban Koreans. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 10, 73-83.
Rec#: 1708
Keywords: cultural influences-Korea/nonverbal detection of deception/research-nonverbal detection of deception/Korea.

2459. Feldman, R.S. (1976). Nonverbal disclosure of teacher deception and interpersonal affect. Journal of Educational Psychology, 68, 807-816.
Rec#: 1707
Keywords: theory-nonverbal/nonverbal detection of deception/research-nonverbal detection of deception.

2460. Feldman, R.S., Devin-Sheehan, L., & Allen, V.L. (1978). Nonverbal cues as indicators of verbal dissembling. American Educational Research Journal, 15, 217-231.
Rec#: 1709
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/research-nonverbal detection of deception.

2461. Feldman, R.S., Jenkins, L., & Popoola, O. (1979). Detection of deception in adults and children via facial expressions. Child Development, 50, 350-355.
Rec#: 1710
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/nonverbal detection of deception-children/research-nonverbal detection of deception-children.

2462. Feldman, R.S., & White, J.B. (1980). Detection of deception in children. Journal of Communication, 30, 121-128.
Rec#: 1706
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/children.

2463. Feleky, A. (1916). The influence of the emotions on respiration. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1, 218-241.
Rec#: 1711
Keywords: pneumo/historical interest/emotion/research-respiration/instrumentation-pneumo.

2464. Fenwick, C.L. (1977). Countermeasures - A review of the literature. Polygraph Review, 3, 6-11.
Rec#: 1714
Keywords: bibliographies/countermeasures-general.
Notes: have prepublication copy only.

2465. Ferguson, J.P. (1962). The polygraph knockers. The Police Chief, 29, 26-27.
Rec#: 8173
Keywords: polygraph/criticism.

2466. Ferguson, R.J., Jr. (1968). How correct are critics of the lie detector test? Police, 12, 37-40.
Rec#: 1719
Keywords: public relations.

2467. Ferguson, R.J., Jr. (1972). Polygraph vs. outdated precedent. Military Police Journal, 21, 9-11.
Rec#: 1723
Keywords: admissibility.

2468. Ferguson, R.J., Jr.,, & Gugas, C. Anonymous. (1985). Pre-employment polygraphy. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
Rec#: 1726
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment.

2469. Ferguson, R.J., Jr., Hanscom, C.B., & Goldstein, B.M. (1971). Is justice on trial in America today? Police, 54-59.
Rec#: 1721
Keywords: admissibility.

2470. Ferguson, R.J., Jr., & Miller, A.L. (1974). Polygraph for the defense. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
Rec#: 1725
Keywords: courtroom testimony/admissibility-defense/cases-general.

2471. Ferguson, R.J., Jr., & Miller, A.L. (1973). The polygraph in court. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
Rec#: 1724
Keywords: admissibility/courtroom testimony.

2472. Fidell, E.R., & Greenhouse, L. (1988). A roving commission: Specified issues and the function of the United States court of Military Appeals. Military Law Review, 122, 117-148.
Rec#: 1731
Keywords: law-military/admissibility-military/U.S. Court of Military Appeals.

2473. Fiedler, K., & Walka, I. (1993). Training lie detectors to use nonverbal cues instead of global heuristics. Human Communication Research , 20, 199-223.
Rec#: 9281
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/lens model analysis.
Abstract:72 lie detectors (undergraduates) judged the veracity of 40 reports on minor delinquency that were either truthful or not and referred either to falsifiable manifest actions or to nonfalsifiable subjective feelings. In the uninformed condition, detectors were free to use their intuitive strategies. In the informed condition, they were given detailed instructions about valid nonverbal cues. In the informed feedback condition, they received additional outcome feedback. Performance was generally above chance but further improved through cue information and feedback. Falsifiability caused a bias toward reduced veracity judgments. A lens model analysis supports the interpretation that naive lie detectors follow content-related heuristics but can flexibly change their strategy as they learn about authentic nonverbal cues.

2474. Field, P.B., & Dworkin, S.F. (1967). Strategies of hypnotic interrogation. Journal of Psychology, 67, 47-58.
Rec#: 1734
Keywords: interrogation/hypnosis.

2475. Fields, D. (1986). DoD Polygraph Institute graduates its first class. Military Police Journal, 13, 30-31.
Rec#: 1735
Keywords: training-Department of Defense/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 16, 79-80.

2476. Figueiredo, L.C.M. (1984). A verdade das coisas e a nossa verdade; notas sobre filosofia da ciencia e da cultura [On the truth of things and our truth: Notes on the philosophy of science and culture]. Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia, 36, 39-50.
Rec#: 1738
Keywords: cultural influences/philosophy/Brazil/theory-lying.
Notes: [text in Portuguese, English abstract available].

2477. Filion, Diane L., Dawson, Michael E., and Schell, Anne M. Probing the orienting response. 90.
Rec#: 8574
Keywords: orienting response/electrodermal-skin conductance.
Notes: Paper presented at the Thirtieth Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Boston, MA.

2478. Filion, Diane L., Hazlett, Erin A., Dawson, Michael E., and Schell, Anne M. The relationship between skin conductance orienting and resource allocation: Generality of a dissociation effect. 89.
Rec#: 9781
Keywords: orienting response/skin conductance response/stimuli/dissociation effect.
Notes: Paper presented at the Twenty-Ninth Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, New Orleans, LA.

2479. Finder, J.A. (1982). Statistical implications of reasoning with polygraph evidence: Developing instructions for the trier of fact. Cardoza Law Review, 3, 581-606.
Rec#: 1740
Keywords: admissibility-statistical/theory-base rate/validity-statistical.

2480. Finesinger, J.E. (1944). The effect of pleasant and unpleasant ideas on the respiratory pattern (spirogram) in psychoneurotic patients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 100, 659-667.
Rec#: 6486
Keywords: physiology-respiration.

2481. Fingerhut, K.R. (1978). Use of the stimulation test in pre-employment testing. Polygraph, 7, 185-187.
Rec#: 1742
Keywords: stimulus tests.

2482. Finn, J.F.X. Ansley, Norman & R.J. Weir, Jr. (1956). The legal limits of interrogation . Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners. 47-56 p.
Rec#: 1743
Keywords: law-interrogation/interrogation-law/admissibility-narcoanalysis/law-attorney-client privilege.

2483. Finney, P.D. (1987). When consent information refers to risk and deception: Implications for social research. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 2, 37-48.
Rec#: 6487
Keywords: deception/research-social.

2484. Firestone, G. (1986). Polygraph position statement. APA Newsletter, 19, 12-14.
Rec#: 1745
Keywords: licensing-Florida/Florida/subjects-complaints.

2485. Fischler, I., Bloom, P.A., Childers, D.G., Arroyo, A.A., & Perry, N.W., Jr. (1984). Brain potentials during sentence verification: Late negativity and long-term memory strength. Neuropsychologia, 22, 559-568.
Rec#: 1753
Keywords: ERP/evoked potentials/research-EEG.

2486. Fischler, I., Bloom, P.A., Childers, D.G., Rovcos, S.E., & Perry, N.W., Jr. (1983). Brain potentials related to stages of sentence verification. Psychophysiology, 20, 400-409.
Rec#: 1752
Keywords: research-EEG/EEG/theory-ERPs/evoked potentials.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 12, 389.

2487. Fischman, J. (1985). Beat that lie detector! Psychology Today, 19, 10-11.
Rec#: 1747
Keywords: countermeasures-general.

2488. Fisher, L.E., & Kotses, H. (1974). Experimenter and subject sex effects in the skin conductance response. Psychophysiology, 11, 191-196.
Rec#: 9475
Keywords: experimenter-gender/skin conductance response/gender.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 3(2), 236.

2489. Fisher, L.E., & Kotses, H. (1973). Race differences and experimenter race effect in galvanic skin response. Psychophysiology, 10, 578-582.
Rec#: 9476
Keywords: subjects-racial variables/race-experimenter/GSR/habituation.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 2(4), 356.

2490. Fisher, R.P., & Geiselman, R.E. Anonymous. (1986). Grand USDJ-0-IJ-CX-0053, Final Report for NIJ,
Rec#: 1749
Keywords: interrogation-cognitive interview/research-interrogation/memory-witnesses.

2491. Fisher, R.P., Geiselman, R.E., & Raymond, D.S. (1987). Critical analysis of police interview techniques. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 15, 177-185.
Rec#: 1750
Keywords: interrogation-witnesses/interrogation-cognitive interview/interviewing-witnesses/memory-witnesses/police techniques.

2492. Fisher, R.P., Geiselman, R.E., Raymond, D.S., Jurkevich, L.M., & Warhaftig, M.L. (1987). Enhancing enhanced eyewitness memory: Refining the cognitive interview. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 15, 291-297.
Rec#: 1751
Keywords: memory-witnesses/interviewing-witnesses/interrogation-cognitive interview.
Notes: Reprinted in David V. Canter, Criminal Detection and the Psychology of Crime (p. 65-71), Brookfield, Vermont, Dartmouth Publishing Company Limited.

2493. Fiske, R.B., Jr. (1980). False statements. American Criminal Law Review, 18, 273-280.
Rec#: 1754
Keywords: law-perjury/perjury-surveys-law/lying-perjury.

2494. Fitzpatrick, P., Klorman, R., Brumaghim, J.T., & Keefover, R.W. (1988). Effects of methylphenidate on stimulus evaluation and response processes: Evidence from performance and event-reated potentials. Psychophysiology, 25, 292-304.
Rec#: 6618
Keywords: memory/stimulants/response /methylphenidate/event-related potentials/P3b.

2495. Fitzpatrick, R.B. (1975). Speech by the ACLU before the DC Council. Polygraph, 4, 356-361.
Rec#: 1755
Keywords: criticism-political/legislation-District of Columbia.

2496. Fjordbak, T. (1985). Clinical correlates of high lie scale elevations among forensic patients. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 252-255.
Rec#: 9782
Keywords: MMPI/subjects-psychotic/paranoid psychopathology.

2497. Flaherty, F.J. (1983). Polygraphs: The big lie? The National Law Journal, 5, 1, 28-29.
Rec#: 1761
Keywords: law-suits-examiners/criticism-malpractice.

2498. Flaherty, F.J. (1982). Truth technology. The Progressive, 30-35.
Rec#: 1760
Keywords: American Civil Liberties Union/criticism-political.

2499. Flanagan, S.M. (1987). Employer-employee relations - The Employee Polygraph Protection Act: Eliminating polygraph testing in private employment is not the answer. Southern Illinois University Law Journal, 11, 355-380.
Rec#: 1762
Keywords: law-employment/screening-commercial/legislation-federal-commercial/licensing/EPPA.

2500. Fleming, P.A., & Logan, E. (1976). Countermeasures study: Chemical interferance with dry electrode contacts. Polygraph Review, 2, 14-20.
Rec#: 1765
Keywords: countermeasures-chemical/electrodermal-blocking/countermeasures-chemical.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, (1987), 16(4), 285-291.

2501. Fleming, R.P., & Herrington, P.B. Anonymous. Sandia National Laboratories. (1985). systems research report,
Rec#: 6303
Keywords: computerization.
Notes: Prepared for the Laboratory Division of the FBI.

2502. Fletcher, C.H. (1949). Three systems which protect both personnel and management. Bankers Monthly, 66, 30, 32, 34.
Rec#: 1767
Keywords: screening-commercial-banking.

2503. Floch, M. (1950). Limitations of the lie detector. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 40, 651-653.
Rec#: 1769
Keywords: criticism-validity/historical interest-criticism/subjects-general.

2504. Florez, David, Seigler, John, and Rosenfeld, J. Peter. Feedback -P3-based deception detection. nd.
Rec#: 6304
Keywords: P3.
Notes: Northwestern University, Dept. of Psychology.

2505. Florida Department of Law Enforcement, O.o.I.G. Anonymous. (1993 Oct). IG93-63-006,
Rec#: 6584
Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE/law enforcement.

2506. Florida Institute for Law Enforcement. Anonymous. Department of Police Administration . (1970).
Rec#: 1772
Keywords: applications-criminal investigations/Florida.

2507. Floyd, W. Michael. Comparison of standard yes/no response and keyword response in a counterintelligence-suitability polygraph examination. 87.
Rec#: 1774
Keywords: countermeasures/dissociation/techniques-keyword response/utility/applications-counterintelligence/field-techniques.
Notes: Paper presented at the Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar, FBI Academy, Quantico, VA. Printed in Polygraph, 16, 97-105.
Abstract:A total of 120 subjects of official polygraph examinations were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group 1 was tested using the relevant/irrelevant technique with the standard yes/no response by each subject. Group 2 was also tested using the relevant/irrelevant technique but with the key-word response by each subject. Each polygraph examination consisted of several series of charts with the particular technique. A series consisted of counterintelligence and suitability relevant questions. Three certified polygraph examiners conducted all of the examinations, using a Lafayette Ambassador polygraph instrument, which monitored relative change in thoracic and abdominal respiratory patterns, electrodermal activity, and cardiovascular activity. Results indicate that the standard yes/no response and the key word response produce similar numbers of "no significant reactions," "significant physiological reactions," and "inconclusive reactions." The two techniques are thus similarly successful in developing information. The average number of charts necessary to reach a determination were nearly identical. The overall time of administration was not significantly different between the two techniques. At the minimum, the key word response should be considered as an alternative in approaching re-examination when the examiner suspects the subject to be unstimulated or having difficulty focusing on what is relevant. 3 tables and 2 references.

2508. Flynn, S., Reichard, M., & Slane, S. (1987). Cheating as a function of task outcome and machiavellianism. Journal of Psychology, 121, 423-427.
Rec#: 1776
Keywords: cheating/personality variables-Machiavellianism/subjects-personality variables.

2509. Anonymous. Remarks by John Fochtman on behalf of The American Polygraph Association and the American Association of Police Polygraphists. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 1777
Keywords: screening-commercial/legislation-federal-commercial.
Notes: Printed in APA Newsletter, 15(6), 7-8.

2510. Ford, C.V., King, B.H., & Hollender, M.H. (1988). Lies and liars: Psychiatric aspects of prevarication. American Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 554-562.
Rec#: 1779
Keywords: lying-personality variables/lying-motivation.

2511. Ford, M.H. (1978). [Reivew of the book Profitability through loss control]. Polygraph, 7, 155-156.
Rec#: 1780
Keywords: book reviews.

2512. Forkosch, M.D. (1939). The lie detector and the courts. New York University Law Quarterly Review, 16, 202-231.
Rec#: 1781
Keywords: admissibility/historical interest.

2513. Forman, R.F. (1985). The reliability and validity of three polygraph techniques using the field practice model. Dissertation Abstracts International, 45, 3622
Rec#: 1783
Keywords: validity-laboratory/reliability-laboratory/research-techniques/dissertations and theses/techniques-zone comparison test/techniques-positive control questions/techniques-guilty knowledge test.
Notes: (University Microfilm International No. 8503690).

2514. Forman, R.F., & McCauley, C. (1986). Validity of the positive control polygraph test using the field practice model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71, 691-698.
Rec#: 1784
Keywords: techniques-PCT/techniques-CQT/techniques-GKT/validity.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph (1987), 16(2), 145-160.
Abstract:Using this model, we tested 38 subjects with one repetition of a four-item Positive Control Test, two repetitions of a four-item Control Question Test, and one repetition of a three-item guilty Knowledge Test. The Positive Control Test, a new and previously unvalidated test format, obtained average accuracy of 73 percent for the examiner and 78 percent for a "blind" judge of the polygraph record. Similar average accuracy was obtained with the other two tests, but the Positive Control Test was less biased against detection of truth than the Control Question Test and less biased against detection of deception than the guilty Knowledge Test. Further results indicate that incentive to avoid detection may increase detectability of the deceptive, that a combination of Positive Control and Control Question Tests may be more accurate than either alone, and that number of repetitions of questions may be more important than "chart minutes" in increasing detectability with the Control Question Test.

2515. Forman, S.B. Anonymous. Model notice of employee rights, model employer supporting statement, requirements of Polygraph examiner. (1988).
Rec#: 1786
Keywords: law-waivers/law-labor-rights/Employee Polygraph Protection Act/EPPA.
Notes: National Retail Merchants Association.

2516. Forman, S.B. (1988). A special report: Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988. Labor Developments Newsletter, 1-5.
Rec#: 1785
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/law-federal-commercial/EPPA.

2517. Forney, J.A. President TechTron Manufacturing Corp. (Apr 6 1988).
Rec#: 6760
Keywords: polygraph general/blood pressure/POT/GKT.

2518. Forrest, J.A., & Feldman, R.S. (2000). Detecting deception and judge's involvement: Lower task involvement leads to better lie detection. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 118-125.
Rec#: 6125
Keywords: attention/deception.
Abstract:Videotaped samples of target individuals making honest or dishonest statements were shown to 66 male and female Ss who judged each sample in terms of honesty. The Ss were either highly involved in the judging task or relatively uninvolved. It was hypothesized that highly involved Ss would engage in central route processing and therefore attend more to the verbal message, whereas less-involved Ss would engage in peripheral route processing and therefore attend more to the nonverbal behavior of the targets. Because nonverbal cues are most indicative of deception, it was hypothesized-and found-that low-involvement participants would be more accurate at detecting deception than would high involvement participants. Gender differences and support for a motivational impairment effect were found, in which lies told by people who were highly motivated to lie successfully were more easily detected.

2519. Forth, A.E., Hart, S.D., Hare, R.D., & Harper T. J. (1988). Event-related brain potentials and detection of deception . Psychophysiology, 25, 446
Rec#: 1790
Keywords: research-EEG/EEG-ERP responses/theory-EEG/techniques-novel-EEG .
Notes: [abstract] Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, San Francisco, California, 8 p.

2520. Forth, A.E., Strachan, K.E., & Hare, R.D. (1989). The use of event-related brain potentials for the detection of guilty knowledge. Psychophysiology, 26, S26
Rec#: 1791
Keywords: ERP/EEG/evoked potentials/research-EEG/techniques-GKT/response latency.
Notes: [abstract].

2521. Forth, Adelle E., Strachan, Katy E., and Hare, Robert D. The use of event-related potentials for the detection of guilty knowledge. 89.
Rec#: 9143
Keywords: ERP/P300/guilty knowledge.
Notes: The Society of Psychophysiological Research Twenty-ninth Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

2522. Foster, D.G., & Link, F.C. (1983). Interviewing the structured questions; The kinesic technique (Part VI). The National Fire & Arson Report, 1, 6
Rec#: 1792
Keywords: interrogation-kinesic.

2523. Foster, G., & Link, F.C. (1984). The four "P's" (part II); privacy. The Interrogation News, 1, 1-2.
Rec#: 6640
Keywords: confessions/privacy.

2524. Fowles, D.C. (1999). For distinguished contributions to psychophysiology: David Lykken. Psychophysiology, 36, 537-542.
Rec#: 7095
Keywords: eye movement/environmental influences/electrodermal activity/affective-disorders/retest stability/skin-conductance/habituation.

2525. Fowles, D.C., Christie, M.J., Edelberg, R., Grings, W.W., Lykken, D.T., & Venables, P.H. (1981). Publication recommendations for electrodermal measurements. Psychophysiology, 18, 232-239.
Rec#: 9181
Keywords: electrodermal-measurement-methodology.

2526. Fowles, D.C., & Johnson, G. (1973). The influence of variations in electrolyte concentration on skin potential level and response amplitude. Biological Psychology, 1, 151-160.
Rec#: 9478
Keywords: electrolytes/skin potential /response amplitude.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 2(4), 354.

2527. Fox, D. (1972). Screening police applicants. Polygraph, 1, 80-83.
Rec#: 1797
Keywords: screening-police-Kalamazoo/Kalamazoo Police Department.

2528. Fox, D.R. (1992). Polygraph techniques for sex offenders on probation. Polygraph, 21, 44-50.
Rec#: 1799
Keywords: Surveillance/sex offenders/probation.

2529. Fox, Dennis R. Survey of state law enforcement agencies and use of the polygraph. 82.
Rec#: 1798
Keywords: examiners-state police/examiners-compensation/surveys-state agencies.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 6 p. Tables.

2530. Fox, S. (1988). Polygraph use: A recent bank experience. ABA Banking Journal, 80, 98, 100.
Rec#: 1801
Keywords: applications-banking.

2531. Fox, W.L. V.A. Leonard. (1958). The chart system of pretest interview in the U.S. Academy. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 91-94 p. 2 .
Rec#: 1802
Keywords: pretest interview.

2532. Frank, M.G. (1989). Human lie detection ability as a function of the liar's motive. Dissertation Abstracts International, 50: (3-B, January). 1153
Rec#: 1804
Keywords: research-nonverbal detection of deception/dissertations and theses.
Notes: (University Microfilm No. AAD89-15105), 101 p.

2533. Frank, R.H. (1989). Honesty as an evolutionary stable strategy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12, 705-706.
Rec#: 1805
Keywords: theory-evolution/theory-cognition/theory-self interest/honesty.

2534. Frank, Robert H. A theory of moral sentiments. 89.
Rec#: 1806
Keywords: theory-evolution/theory-cognition/morality/theory-predisposition of theory-self interest/behavioral indicators.
Notes: Paper delivered at the 1989 meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, San Francisco, CA.

2535. Frankel, E.B. (1986). Why I'm a believer in lie detector tests. Medical Economics, 63, 127
Rec#: 1807
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/screening-commercial-theft.

2536. Franz, M.L. Anonymous. Argenbright Polygraph, Inc. (1988). Technical Report contract # MDA904-88-M-6612,
Rec#: 6282
Keywords: physiological responses/test data analysis.

2537. Frater, E. (2000). Polarized over polygraphs. National Journal, September 9, 2800-2801.
Rec#: 7329
Keywords: employee screening/FBI/CIA/counterintelligence/reliability/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute/Drug Enforcement Administration.

2538. Freedman, C.D. (1988). Structuring investigative discretion in Canada: Recommendations for police questioning. Police Studies, 11, 139-154.
Rec#: 1813
Keywords: police questioning.

2539. Anonymous. Relationship between sweat gland count and skin conductance activity. ed.
Rec#: 6707
Keywords: skin conductance.
Notes: Presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Chicago, October, 1991.

2540. Freedman, L.Z. (1964). Forensic psychiatry. American Journal of Psychiatry, 120, 692-694.
Rec#: 8183
Keywords: forensic psychiatry.
Notes: Review of Psychiatric Progress 1963.

2541. French, M. (1951). Oh, all my employees are honest. American Business Magazine, 5-8.
Rec#: 1816
Keywords: cases-theft/screening-commercial-theft.

2542. French, T. (1991). Unanswered cries. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Rec#: 1818
Keywords: cases-murder/Lewis, George/Gregory, Karen/Michael, Frank/Brentnell, Mike.
Abstract:Chronicles a Florida murder case solved largely by the polygraph. See pp 90-120.

2543. Frese, F.J., III. (1979). Biofeedback, lie detection, and psychophysiological assessment of dangerousness. Polygraph, 8, 301-305.
Rec#: 1820
Keywords: psychophysiology/biofeedback/psychopaths/subjects-psychopaths/research-biofeedback/applications-assessment of dangerousness.

2544. Frese, F.J., III. (1978). General reactivity and stereotypy in detection of deception. Dissertation Abstracts International, (November). -
Rec#: 1821
Keywords: validity-laboratory/test data analysis/dissertations and theses.
Notes: (University Microfilm No. AAD79-18036), 74 p.

2545. Frese, Frederick J., III. Response lability and stereotypy in the detection of deception. 77.
Rec#: 1819
Keywords: research-laboratory/validity-laboratory/psychophysiology-stereotypy/psychophysiology-lability.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Psychophysiological Research, Philadelphia, PA.

2546. Frick, R.W. (1985). Communicating emotion: The role of prosodic features. Psychological Bulletin, 97, 412-429.
Rec#: 1823
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2547. Fried, M. (1985). The truth about lie detectors in Maryland. Maryland Bar Journal, 18, 6-8.
Rec#: 1824
Keywords: screening-commercial-Maryland/law-Maryland.

2548. Friedhoff, A.J., Alpert, M., & Kurtzberg, R.L. (1962). An effect of emotion on voice. Nature, 193, 357
Rec#: 1826
Keywords: voice/mood/emotion.

2549. Friedhoff, A.J., Alpert, M., & Kurtzberg, R.L. (1964). An electro-acoustic analysis of the effects of stress on voice. Journal of Neuropsychiatry, 5, 266-272.
Rec#: 1825
Keywords: voice stress/respiration.

2550. Friedlander, Y., Gazit, E., & Eliahu, E. (1998). Differences in electrodermal response patterns for males and females. Polygraph, 27, 271-275.
Rec#: 7098
Keywords: sex differences/POT/peak of tension/electrodermal response/psychophysiological responses.

2551. Friedman, H.S. (1978). The relative strength of verbal versus nonverbal cues. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 4, 147-150.
Rec#: 1827
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2552. Friedman, N. (1985). Heart skips and jumps. Self,
Rec#: 6706
Keywords: heart rate/EKG.

2553. Friedman, R.N., Martin, J., Reis, G., Lambert, J., & Wilson, G.F. (2001). Evaluation of flexible cloth electrodes for electrodermal activity recording. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, 72, 750-757.
Rec#: 723
Keywords: electrode/electrodermal activity/electrodermal-research.

2554. Frierson, J.G. (1988). New polygraph tests limits. Personnel Journal, 67, 84-89.
Rec#: 1829
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988.

2555. Frierson, J.G. (1988). What are the alternatives as polygraph exams for employees come to an end? Preventive Law Reporter, 10-12.
Rec#: 1830
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988.

2556. Frisby, B.R. (1976). Effect of menses on polygraph examinations - A pilot study. Polygraph, 5, 303-308.
Rec#: 1834
Keywords: research-laboratory/subjects-female/physiology-menstruation/research-menses/menstruation-effect on tests.

2557. Frisby, Bob R. Feasibility study: Reliance on polygraph examinations of females. 65.
Rec#: 1833
Keywords: subjects-female/physiology-menstruation/pretest interview/research-women-menstruation.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, U.S. Air Force.

2558. Frisby, B.R. (1979). Research into the semantics of the irrelevant question. Polygraph, 8, 205-223.
Rec#: 1835
Keywords: question formulation/irrelevants .

2559. Frisby, B.R. (1961). The semantics of the irrelevant question in lie detector examinations.
Rec#: 1832
Keywords: question formulation-irrelevants/research-question formulation/dissertations and theses.
Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

2560. Frister, H. (1994). Der LŸgendetektor - ZulŠssiger Sachbeweis oder unzulŠssige Vernehmungsmethode? [The lie detector: Admissible evidence or inadmissible interrogation method?] . Zeitschrift Fuer Die Gesamte Strafrechtswissenschaft, 106, 303-331.
Rec#: 9144
Keywords: Germany/admissibility-Germany.
Notes: [text in German].
Abstract:General review of polygraph admissibility in Germany. Concludes that the polygraph violates para. 136a of the criminal code, and the current prohibition is correct, even when the defendant wishes to take it.

2561. Frosh, S.B. (1975). Polygraphs: A balancing of the interests. Polygraph, 4, 341-355.
Rec#: 1839
Keywords: screening-commercial-investigations/legislation-municipal.

2562. Fry, E.H., & Fry, N.E. (1988). Information vs. privacy: The polygraph debate. Personnel, 65, 57-60.
Rec#: 1840
Keywords: legislation-federal/applications-commercial.

2563. Fugita, S.S., Hogrebe, M.C., & Wesley, K.N. (1980). Perceptions of deception: Perceived expertise in detecting deception, successfulness of deception and nonverbal cues. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 6, 637-643.
Rec#: 1843
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2564. Anonymous. Cognitive factors and CS-UCS interval effects in the differential conditioning and extinction of skin conductance responses. ed.
Rec#: 6708
Keywords: SCR.
Notes: Presented at the Seventeenth annual meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Otctober, 1977, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

2565. Fukuda, K. (2001). Eye blinks: New indices for the detection of deception. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 40, 239-245.
Rec#: 7233
Keywords: detection of deception/eye blink/selective attention.
Abstract:Examined changes to the temporal distribution of eyeblinks (TDBs) that occur during deception. In Exp 1, eye blinks were recorded for 10 female Ss completing guilty knowledge card tasks. In Exp 2, 11 Ss completed dual modality attention tasks. Results show that the blink rate pattern discriminated between relevant and irrelevant stimuli in Exp 1, and that the blink rate peak after the visual stimulus was significant during auditory attended tasks in Exp 2. Blinks were delayed while attending to stimuli in both modalities. Findings suggest that TDBs are useful measures for detecting deception during performance of dual modality attention-focusing tasks.

2566. Fukumoto, J. (1980). A case in which the polygraph was the sole evidence for conviction. Polygraph, 9, 42-44.
Rec#: 1844
Keywords: admissibility-Japan/cases-theft-Japan/techniques-peak of tension/question formulation-peak of tension/Japan.

2567. Fukumoto, J. (1982). Psychophysiological detection of deception in Japan: The past and the present. Polygraph, 11, 234-238.
Rec#: 1845
Keywords: Japan/history/instruments/examiners/techniques/surveys.
Abstract:During the 1920's several Japanese psychologists researched electrodermal activity as an indicator of emotions, but World War II interrupted research in lie detection activities. After World War II, the polygraphic method was adopted, modeled after that used in the United States. The Keeler model 302 polygraph was first introduced to Japan in 1953 and served as a pattern for two domestically produced polygraphs introduced in 1955: the YKK polygraph and the TKK polygraph. The Japanese polygraphs were gradually adopted at all prefectural police headquarters. Since 1953, police officers and technical officers have been trained as polygraph examiners at the National Institute of Police Science. Examiners trainees are now selected from university graduates majoring in psychology or other related technical fields. Currently, the peak-of-tension test is preferred in examinations, with the control-question test serving as a supplement. About 4,600 to 4,800 polygraph test are administered annually in Japan. The polygraph is used by police,the Inspection Bureau of the Postal service, and the Self Defense Force. The polygraph test in Japan is considered a psychological test or psychological procedure; whereas, in the United States it is used an interrogative technique. Polygraph results have frequently been admitted as evidence in court. Nineteen references are listed.

2568. Fuller, D.J., & Jackson, T.T. (1984). The relationship between altruism and dishonesty. Journal of Social Psychology, 125, 273-274.
Rec#: 1848
Keywords: theory-lying/lying-honesty.

2569. Fuller, F.H. Anonymous. U.S. Army Land Warfare Laboratory. (1972 Sep). LWL-CR-03B70, National Institute of Justice/National Criminal Justice Reference Service Microfiche Program, Box 6000, Department F, Rockville, MD 20850.
Rec#: 7842
Keywords: polygraph/voice stress analysis/stress analyzer/techniques-peak of tension/techniques-zone comparison test.
Abstract:Tests showed that known lie responses to a question caused a shift in the total amount of energy present in the frequency ranges of 100-120 and 600-800 cycles per second of an individual's speech signal. This project tested a prototype voice analyzer by analyzing numerous tape recordings of subject interrogations for actual and staged crimes. These interrogations were grouped into two major categories. The "peak-of-tension tests" were designed such that a subject, asked the same question concerning a number of similar items, was expected to react to only one of these questions as evidenced by a polygraph. In the "zone of comparison test" responses to innocuous questions were compared to responses to questions expected to evoke a stressful response. Results of the voice data analyses are discussed in detail. It was found that the prototype voice analyzer, when used with the zone of comparison protocol, provides an effective means of assessing guilt or innocence with high confidence. Schematic drawings of the prototype circuits and equipment are also included, along with a description of the signal flow through the circuits. The interrogaton and assessment protocols for use of the voice analyzer are also summarized.

2570. Fuller, F.H. S.I. Cohn. (1968). Experimental investigation of voice changes in lying. Illinois Institute of Research. 343-348 p. 2.
Rec#: 1849
Keywords: vocal cues/stress/lying.

2571. Funk, F.L. (1974). California admits polygraph evidence: Comments on the case. APA Newsletter, 2, 10-11.
Rec#: 1853
Keywords: admissibility-California.

2572. Funk, F.L. Anonymous. (1975). The introduction of polygraph into the Superior Court of California. Whittier, CA: International Printers.
Rec#: 1854
Keywords: admissibility-California.
Abstract:A complete transcript laying the foundation for the Polygraph and its techniques as given before Judge Ernest L. Kelly, Superior Court, and other Presentations in Trial Proceedings.

2573. Funk, F.L. (1972). Polygraph operations in the Los Angeles Police Department. Polygraph, 1, 170-175.
Rec#: 1852
Keywords: surveys-police/Los Angeles/administration.

2574. Furedy, J.J. Membership of SPR. (Summer 1994).
Rec#: 8584
Keywords: control question tests/ethics/Society for Psychophysiological Research.
Notes: Regarding potential conflicts between the "control" question "test" (CQT) polygraph and SPR's draft ethics code.

2575. Furedy, J.J. (1991). Alice-in-Wonderland terminological usage in, and communicational concerns about, that peculiarly American flight of technological fancy: The CQT polygraph. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science , 26, 241-247.
Rec#: 4479
Keywords: CQT-criticism/terminology/test data analysis/Canada.
Notes: International Organization of Psychophysiology Symposium on the Validity of the Polygraph (1990, Toronto, Canada). Abstracted in Psychophysiology, 26(4A)(Supplement), 28.
Abstract:Alice-in-Wonderland (AW) terminological usage employs basic terms in a systematically misleading and taxonomically anarchic way. The so-called Control Question Technique (CQT) polygraph procedure, which enjoys a controversial but nevertheless scientific status in North America, involves such AW terminological usage. The concepts of "test," "control," and "quantification" are loosely employed. There is loose talk about the "detection of deception," which generates the paradox that in the CQT it is in the innocent that deception should be detected. Deception is not really assessed either in the CQT or in the more scientifically-based Guilty Knowledge Test. There is loose practice in evaluating the CQT, which should not be primarily assessed in terms of its overall accuracy, but in terms of its specific effects in improving accuracy through the provision of physiological information to the examiner.

2576. Furedy, J.J. (1993). The "control" question "test" (CQT) polygrapher's dilemma: Logico-ethical considerations for psychophysiological practitioners and researchers. International Journal of Psychophysiology , 15, 263-267.
Rec#: 9286
Keywords: techniques-CQT-criticism/ethics/interrogation-false confessions.
Abstract:Contends that the so-called "control" question "test" (CQT) polygraph has been criticized on methodological and ethical grounds by psychophysiologists. Ethical analyses have focussed on the possibility that the CQT's interrogative features may elicit false confessions, but an empirical problem is that the rate of these false confessions is difficult to establish. The author raises a logico-ethical problem for the CQT, called the Polygrapher's Dilemma (PD). The 2 horns of the PD are damage to the innocent examinee classified as deceptive and damage to those examinees' psychological well being who are classified as nondeceptive to the relevant questions and who are not even debriefed concerning their feelings of unease about issues raised by the comparison, so-called "control" questions. It is also argued that not only practitioners but also researchers (who use the CQT in laboratory, "mock-crime" situations) are affected by PD.

2577. Furedy, J.J. (1985). Credulous vs. critical police use of the polygraph in criminal investigations. Canadian Journal of Criminology, 27, 491-495.
Rec#: 9287
Keywords: applications-police/applications-criminal investigations/false positive.
Abstract:Responds to F. J. Desroches and A. S. Thomas's (see PA, Vol 73:3605) study of police use of the polygraph in criminal investigations by discussing the psychological discomfort associated with the procedure for the innocent examinee, the problem of false positives, and the potential for false confessions.

2578. Furedy, J.J. (1970). CS and UCS intervals and orders in human autonomic classifcal differential trace conditioning. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 24, 417-426.
Rec#: 6709
Keywords: GSR/autonomic response.

2579. Furedy, John J. Detection of deception vs. CQT polygraphy: A narrow, psychophysiological perspective. 86.
Rec#: 1862
Keywords: theory/criticism-validity/Canada.
Notes: Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Montreal, Canada. Abstracted in Psychophysiology, 23(4), 418.

2580. Furedy, J.J. (1987). Evaluating polygraphy from a psychophysiological perspective: A specific-effects analysis. Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science, 22, 145-152.
Rec#: 1863
Keywords: criticism-validity/Canada.
Notes: Reprinted in Psychophysiology 28 (2), 163-171.

2581. Furedy, John J. Experimental analysis and theoretical accounts of deception as a psychological process. 91.
Rec#: 1867
Keywords: theory/deception/psychology.
Notes: Paper presented at the 31st annual meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, October 9-13, 1991, Chicago, IL. Reprinted in Psychophysiology, 28(3A) (Supplement), S3.

2582. Furedy, John J. Experimental Psychophysiology and North American pseudoscientific poligraphy (sic): Conceptual concerns and practical problems. 90.
Rec#: 9784
Keywords: psychophysiology/guilty knowledge.
Notes: The 5th International Congress of Psychophysiology, Budapest, Hungary, July 9-13, 1990.

2583. Furedy, J.J. (1991). Experimental psychophysiology and pseudoscientific polygraphy: Conceptual concerns, practical problems, and cultural considerations: An introduction . Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science , 26, 211-213.
Rec#: 4463
Keywords: techniques-control question test/techniques-guilty knowledge test.
Notes: International Organization of Psychophysiology Symposium on the Validity of the Polygraph (1990, Budapest, Hungary).
Abstract:Introduces 4 papers presented orally in a symposium at the International Organization of Psychophysiology Meetings in Budapest, Hungary, in July 1990. The papers review methods of polygraph testing, including the Control Question Technique (CQT) and the Guilty Knowledge Test. Phases of the CQT are outlined.

2584. Furedy, J.J. (1985). In my opinion....Credulous vs. critical police use of the polygraph in criminal investigations. Canadian Journal of Criminology, 27, 491-495.
Rec#: 1858
Keywords: criticism-validity/Canada.

2585. Furedy, J.J. M.G.H. Coles. (1985). Lie detection as psychophysiological differentiation: Some fine lines . - p.
Rec#: 1859
Keywords: lying/polygraph-theory/history/techniques/validity-review.
Notes: (Section III, Applications, Chapter 25).

2586. Furedy, J.J. (1989). The North American CQT polygraph and the legal profession: a case of Canadian credulity and a cause for cultural concern. The Criminal Law Quarterly, 31, 431-451.
Rec#: 9785
Keywords: techniques-CQT.

2587. Furedy, J.J. (1987). On some research-community contributions to the myth and symbol of biofeedback. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 4, 293-297.
Rec#: 6771
Keywords: biofeedback/con-contingent control/instrumental conditioning.

2588. Furedy, J.J. (1986). Polygraphy and biofeedback: Two bone-pointing instruments of modern technological superstitious (?) society. Biological Psychology, 23, 93-94.
Rec#: 1861
Keywords: criticism/Canada.

2589. Furedy, J.J. (1998). A principled evaluation of the "control" question "test": back to some scientific, applied, and ethical basics. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 30, 26
Rec#: 7549
Keywords: CQT/evidence.
Notes: [abstract only].

2590. Furedy, J.J. (1982). [Review of the book A tremor in the blood]. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 9, 501-508.
Rec#: 1856
Keywords: book reviews/Canada.

2591. Furedy, J.J. (1990). [Review of the book The Polygraph test: Lies, truth and science]. Current Psychology: Research & Reviews, 339-341.
Rec#: 6305
Keywords: book reviews.

2592. Furedy, J.J. (1985). Some post-phillionic flights of polygraphic fancy. Criminal Lawyers' Association Newsletter, 6 , -
Rec#: 1860
Keywords: Canada/criticism.

2593. Anonymous. Testimony of Dr. John J. Furedy. ed.
Rec#: 9444
Keywords: confessions-voluntariness/Furedy, John J./psychophysiology/techniques-control question test/techniques-guilty knowledge test/interrogation/Fegley, Arthur/Department of Defense External Curriculum Review Committee/courtroom testimony/criticism-scientific.

2594. Furedy, J.J., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1991). The roles of deception, intention to deceive, and motivation to avoid detection in the psychophysiological detection of guilty knowledge. Psychophysiology, 28, 163-171.
Rec#: 1869
Keywords: electrodermal differentiation/guilty knowledge paradigm/intention to deceive/motivation.

2595. Furedy, J.J., Davis, C., & Gurevich, M. (1988). Differentiation of deception as a psychological process: A psychophysiological approach. Psychophysiology, 25, 683-688.
Rec#: 1871
Keywords: deception differentiation/skin conductance response/techniques-CQT/techniques-GKT/response interference/control for significance and frequency.

2596. Furedy, J.J., Gigliotti, F., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1994). Electrodermal differentiation of deception: The effect of choice versus no choice of deceptive items. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 18, 13-22.
Rec#: 1872
Keywords: GKT/electrodermal.

2597. Furedy, J.J.,, & Heslegrave, R.J. J.R. Jennings, P.K. Ackles, & M.G.H. Coles. (1991). The forensic use of the polygraph: A psychophysiological analysis of current trends and future prospects. London: Jessica Kingsley. 157-189 p. 4.
Rec#: 1868
Keywords: Criticism/validity.

2598. Furedy, J.J.,, & Heslegrave, R.J. J.R. Jennings, P.K. Ackles, & M.G.H. Coles. (1991). Some elaborations on the specific-effects orientation's application to North America CQT polygraphs. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. 233-245 p. 4 .
Rec#: 1855
Keywords: criticism-validity/CQT-specific effects position/control question tests.

2599. Furedy, J.J., & Heslegrave, R.J. (1988). Validity of the lie detector: A psychophysiological perspective. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 15, 219-246.
Rec#: 1873
Keywords: validity-review/Canada.

2600. Furedy, J.J., & Liss, J. (1986). Countering confessions induced by the polygraph; Of confessionals and psychological rubber hoses. The Criminal Law Quarterly, 29, 91-114.
Rec#: 1875
Keywords: criticism-general/Canada.

2601. Furedy, J.J., Posner, R.T., & Vincent, A. (1991). Electrodermal differentiation of deception: Perceived accuracy and perceived memorial content manipulations. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 11, 91-97.
Rec#: 1876
Keywords: electrodermal.

2602. Furedy, J.J., & Vincent, A. (1989). A taxonomy of experimental psychophysiological deception procedures: Some basic distinctions reconsidered. Psychophysiology , 26, 28
Rec#: 1877
Keywords: criticism/Canada.
Notes: [abstract].

2603. Furgerson, R.M. (1989). Evaluating investigative polygraph results. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 58, 6-11.
Rec#: 1881
Keywords: examiners-training/examiners-competence/examiners-ethics/subjects/quality control/policy/Federal Bureau of Investigation/quality control.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 18(4), 208-215.

2604. Furgerson, R.M. (1992). Perspectives on polygraph: A guide to survival. Polygraph, 21, 164-173.
Rec#: 1882
Keywords: polygraph-education/polygraph-research-general/law enforcement.

2605. Furgerson, R.M. (1987). Polygraph policy model for law enforcement. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 56, 6-20.
Rec#: 1879
Keywords: regulations/applications-varied/Federal Bureau of Investigation/policy-FBI.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 16(3), 188-205.
Abstract:General policy considerations pertain to the identification of persons in the agency authorized to approve particular types of polygraph examinations, the development of approval criteria, the administration of the polygraph usage common in law enforcement and which should be governed by policy are applicant testing, internal investigations, criminal investigations, examinations conducted as a service to other agencies, and examinations of convicted subjects. This article outlines policies for each of these types of polygraph examinations. Miscellaneous polygraph policies discussed are polygraph consent forms, monitoring and recording polygraph examinations, examiner competence, and quality control, 19 footnotes.

2606. Furgerson, R.M. (1987). Shaping a polygraph policy. Security Management, 31, 39-42.
Rec#: 1880
Keywords: regulations/applications-varied/Federal Bureau of Investigation/policy-FBI.
Notes: [copies available from UMI].

2607. Fuse, Louis S. Directed lie control testing technique. 82.
Rec#: 1886
Keywords: directed lie/question formulation-directed lie.
Notes: Paper presented at the seminar of the Federal Interagency Polygraph Committee, FBI Academy, Quantico, VA.

2608. Fuse, L.S. Anonymous. Physiological theory of the functioning of the galvanic skin response in polygraphy. Headquarters, U.S. Army Intelligence Command. (1971).
Rec#: 1885
Keywords: theory-electrodermal-GSR.

2609. Fuse, Louis S. and Stallsmith, William A. Directed lie control testing (DLCT) technique. 87.
Rec#: 1887
Keywords: directed lie /test data analysis-directed lie.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 24 p.

2610. Gaillard, F. (1974). Polygraphs and privacy. Progressive, 38, 43-46.
Rec#: 7526
Keywords: interrogation/confessions.

2611. Gaines, Keith H. Peak of tension technique. 91.
Rec#: 4652
Keywords: peak of tension/guilty knowledge/deception/control question tests/POT/stimulation tests/inconclusive results/charts/ZCT/MGQT/CSP.

2612. Gaines, K.H. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1992 Aug). DoDPI92-R-0004, .
Rec#: 6306
Keywords: techniques-GKT/utility/test data analysis/numerical scoring.
Notes: DTIC AD Number A305807.
Abstract:Eighty subjects were given polygraph examinations utilizing the Guilty Knowledge Test (GKT) polygraph procedure in an effort to test the utility of this procedure in a mock crime situation. Additionally, a semi-objective numerical scoring system was implemented, modified and evaluated. The subjects were broken down into two equal groups. The first group was programmed to commit the mock crime (a burglary/homicide). The second group did not commit the mock crime and was given no information regarding the details of the crime. Half of the sample (twenty innocent and twenty guilty), was utilized to design the scoring system. The system was then tested on the remaining half. The GKT with the modified numerical scoring system correctly identified fifteen of twenty programmed innocent subjects, with one inconclusive decision. The overall accuracy rate for the GKT methodology utilized in this study was 82%.

2613. Galbraith, R.S. (1983). Polygraph & the criminal investigator. CBI Bulletin, 17, 8-9.
Rec#: 1889
Keywords: criminal investigators.
Notes: RCMP Gazette, 44(9).

2614. Gale, A. Anonymous. (1988). London: Sage Publications, Inc.
Rec#: 1890
Keywords: Lykken, David T./techniques-CQT/validity/research-laboratory/research-field/countermeasures/applications-screening/techniques-GKT/criticism.

2615. Gall, J.C., Jr. (1962). The case against narcointerrogation. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 7, 29
Rec#: 1891
Keywords: narcoanalysis-criticism/ethics/legal issues.

2616. Gallagher, C.E. (1965). Do lie detectors lie. This Week,
Rec#: 6307
Keywords: criticism.

2617. Gallagher, C.E. (1965). Why house hearings on invasion of privacy. American Psychologist, 20, 881-882.
Rec#: 6308
Keywords: screening-government/criticism.

2618. Gallup Organization. (1984). Survey of members of the Society for Psychophysiological Research concerning their opinion of polygraph test interpretation. Polygraph, 13, 153-165.
Rec#: 1892
Keywords: surveys/poll/Frye case/General Acceptance.

2619. The Gallup Organization, Inc. CNN/US News & World Report poll on polygraph. 95.
Rec#: 9194
Keywords: surveys-public opinion/poll.

2620. Galton, F. (1883). An apparatus for testing the delicacy of muscular and other senses in different persons. Journal of the Anthropological Institute, -
Rec#: 1893
Keywords: historical interest-instruments/instruments-historical.

2621. Galton, F. Anonymous. (1907). Psychometrics experiments. London: J. M. Dent & Company. 133-146 p.
Rec#: 1894
Keywords: word association.

2622. Anonymous. Testimony of Robert Gambino, Director, Office of Security, Central Intelligence Agency . ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 30-54p.
Rec#: 1896
Keywords: Central Intelligence Agency/screening-government/applications-counterintelligence/cases-espionage.

2623. Ganguly, A.K. (1982). Application of polygraph in India. Indian Journal of Criminology and Criminalistics, 2, 31-32.
Rec#: 1898
Keywords: India/validity/field examinations/surveys.

2624. Ganguly, A. K. Polygraph as a tool for the investigation of criminal behavior. 82.
Rec#: 1899
Keywords: subjects-cultural influences-India/applications-homicide/India.
Notes: Paper presented at the 4th International Forensic Science Congress, Sydney, Australia.

2625. Ganguly, A.K. (1983). Polygraph (lie detector) and its legal admissibility. Indian Journal of Criminology and Criminalistics, 3, 88-95.
Rec#: 1900
Keywords: India/admissibility-India/admissibility-Japan/admissibility-Israel.

2626. Ganguly, A. K. Polygraphy in India. 87.
Rec#: 1902
Keywords: India/law-India/history-India/cases-India.
Notes: Paper presented at the 22nd annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association, Fort Worth, TX. Printed in Polygraph, 16(3), 173-187.

2627. Ganguly, A.K. (1983). Psychological basis of polygraph (lie detector) examination & its role in crime investigation. CBI Bulletin, 17, 1-5.
Rec#: 1901
Keywords: theory/criminal investigations/utility.

2628. Ganguly, A.K., & Lahri, S.K. (1976). Application of the polygraph in the investigation of crime in India. Polygraph, 5, 244-249.
Rec#: 1903
Keywords: surveys-statistical-India/test data analysis/cases-theft/cases-homicide/India/bibliographies.

2629. Ganguly, A.K., Lahri, S.K., & Bhaseen, V. (1986). Detection of deception by conventional qualitative method and its confirmation by quantitative method - An experimental study in polygraphy. Polygraph, 15, 203-210.
Rec#: 1905
Keywords: test data analysis.

2630. Garchow, Fred G. 3T: Dick Arther's known truth control question. 75.
Rec#: 1906
Keywords: question formulation-Arther technique/question formulation-guilt complex/question formulation-control questions.
Notes: Paper presented at the 5th annual National Workshop on Practical Polygraph Procedures, Delta College, MI.

2631. Gardella, S.L. (1967). How the combat polygraphist can save lives. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 1,
Rec#: 7018
Keywords: interrogation/screening/pretest interview.

2632. Gardner, Edward R. Analysis of the House hearings on the use of the polygraph. 66.
Rec#: 1908
Keywords: bibliographies/legislation-federal.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 27 p.

2633. Gardner, E.S. (1954). The court of last resort. Pocket Books.
Rec#: 1909
Keywords: historical interest/cases-general/applications-investigations.

2634. Gardner, E.S. (1994). People Are Entitled To The Truth. Polygraph , 23, 105-111.
Rec#: 9594
Keywords: polygraph-general.

2635. Gardner, J.W. (1937). An experimental study of the Luria technique for detecting mental conflict. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 20, 495-506.
Rec#: 1913
Keywords: techniques-Luria/mental state.

2636. Gardner, S. (1989). Congress regulates truth verification in the workplace. Labor Law Journal, 40, 122-127.
Rec#: 1915
Keywords: EPPA/Employee Polygraph Protection Act.

2637. Gardner, S. (1984). Wiretapping the mind: A call to regulate truth verification in employment. San Diego Law Review, 21, 295-324.
Rec#: 1914
Keywords: screening-commercial-legislation/legislation-federal.

2638. Gardner, W.M., Roper, J.T., Gonzalez, C.C., & Simpson, R.G. (1988). Analysis of cheating on academic assignments. Psychological Record, 38, 543-555.
Rec#: 1916
Keywords: cheating.

2639. Garner, R.L. (1989). Guilty knowledge polygraph: The effects of examiner experience and education on interpretation accuracy. Masters Abstracts, 29: (03 ). 498
Rec#: 1918
Keywords: examiners-experience/examiners-education/validity-test data analysis.
Notes: 43 p.
Abstract:The effects of polygraph examiner experience and education on the accuracy of the interpretation of Guilty Knowledge polygraph chart segments were examined using error analysis and signal detection analysis. Twenty Guilty Knowledge polygraph chart segments taken from actual police examinations were presented to examiners at three levels of training and experience. Examiners were asked to rate each segment as to whether it was deceptive, truthful or inconclusive, as well as their certainty of that rating. The average number of errors in classifications was calculated for each group of examiners. In addition, ROC curves and sensitivity measures were determined where possible. Examiners with more than two years of practical experience and Intern examiners (those who had completed the training course but had less than two years of field work) were significantly more accurate in correctly classifying the polygrams than the less experienced subjects in the Trainee group. Additionally, the experienced examiners were significantly more confident in their decisions than the Intern group, while the Intern group demonstrated a significantly greater confidence in their decisions than the Trainees.

2640. Garrett, H.L., III. E.A.I.G.D.o.D. Michael B. Suessman. (Aug 25 1992).
Rec#: 6811
Keywords: Tailhook.
Notes: Declination of invitation to submit to polygraph examination regarding issues surrounding his activities at Tailhook '91 Symposium.

2641. Garrison, J. (1990). Polygraph test does not directly measure truth. Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly, 4
Rec#: 6309
Keywords: validity/base rate.
Notes: 18 M.L.W. 2392.

2642. Garvey, P.J. (1973). New Jersey Supreme Court committee on criminal procedure in polygraph tests - A review. Polygraph, 2, 116-121.
Rec#: 1920
Keywords: admissibility-New Jersey.

2643. Garwood, Marcia. Factors influencing polygraph test validity. 85.
Rec#: 9058
Keywords: screening-validity.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2644. Garwood, Marcia. Issues on the validity of personnel screening polygraph examinations. 85.
Rec#: 1922
Keywords: screening-validity/theory-base rate.
Notes: Paper presented at the 20th annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association, Reno, NV.

2645. Garwood, Marcia. Question wording in screening for illegal drugs and narcotics. nd.
Rec#: 6310
Keywords: question formulation/drugs.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2646. Garwood, M. (1985). Two issues on the validity of personnel screening polygraph examinations. Polygraph, 14, 209-216.
Rec#: 1921
Keywords: validity/screening/retesting.
Abstract:Polygraph examination validity is influenced both by the decisionmaking system of which the polygraph examination is a part and the number of deceptive people in the population. Validity can be increased by retesting subjects and/or using information in addition to polygraph test outcome.

2647. Garwood, M., & Engel, B.T. (1980). Quantification of the physiological components of skin potential level. Psychophysiology, 17, 319
Rec#: 6820
Keywords: skin potential response.

2648. Garwood, M., Engel, B.T., & Kusterer, J.P. (1981). Skin potential level: age and epidermal hydration effects. Journal of Gerontology, 36, 7-13.
Rec#: 6592
Keywords: skin potential.

2649. Gaschler, W.J., McGettigan, J.P., Menges, P.M., & Waller, J.F. (2001). Review of polygraph screening assessement method. Polygraph, 30, 254-259.
Rec#: 6060
Keywords: screening/countermeasures.

2650. Gastwirth, J.L. (1987). The statistical precision of medical screening procedures: Applications to polygraph and AIDS antibody test data. Statistical Science, 2, 213-238.
Rec#: 1923
Keywords: conditional probability/test data analysis/validity/base rate/statistical models/PVP/PVN.

2651. Gatchel, Robert J., Smith, John E., and Kaplan, Norman M. The effect of propranolol on polygraphic detection of deception. 83.
Rec#: 1924
Keywords: drugs-cardiovascular.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript. Abstracted in The accuracy and utility of polygraph testing (p. 94), Department of Defense.

2652. Gately, R.D. (1963). The Investigator's role in a successful polygraph examination. Law and Order, 11, 47-48.
Rec#: 1925
Keywords: pretest interview.

2653. Gately, Robert D. Specific testing with the Atari 800 computer. 83.
Rec#: 1926
Keywords: instruments-computer-Atari 800/research-field-computer screen/question formulation-visual presentation/Atari 800 computer/computer-presents questions.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 7 p.

2654. Gates, E.D. (1980). Polygraph examinations for pre-employment screening: A personnel administrator's viewpoint. Polygraph, 9, 30-33.
Rec#: 1927
Keywords: screening-general.

2655. Gati, I., Ben-Shakhar, G., & Avni-Liberty, S. (1996). Stimulus novelty and significance in electrodermal orienting responses: The effects of adding versus deleting stimulus components. Psychophysiology, 33, 637-643.
Rec#: 6596
Keywords: orienting response/stimulus novelty/stimulus significance/skin conductance response/techniques-guilty knowledge .

2656. Gati, I., Ben-Shakhar Gershon, & Oren, C. (1986). The relationship between similarity judgements and psychophysiological responsivity. Acta Psychologica, 62, 123-139.
Rec#: 1928
Keywords: autonomic responsivity/stimulus similarity/skin conductance response.

2657. Gati, Itamar, Ben-Shakhar, Gershon, and Oren, Carmel. Stimulus similarity and psychophysiological responsivity in an information detection paradigm. 85.
Rec#: 1929
Keywords: stimulus similarity/information detection/responsivity.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

2658. Gatti, A. (1949). African lie detector. The Saturday Evening Post, 36-37, 145-146.
Rec#: 7506
Keywords: detection of deception/polygraph techniques.

2659. Gay, W.O. (1948). The search for the truth. The Police Journal, 21, 284
Rec#: 1931
Keywords: law enforcement-Great Britain.

2660. Gaylen, G.R. (1977). Say it isn't so! Big business has resorted to voice analysis to fight crime from within. Law Enforcement Communications, 39-40.
Rec#: 1932
Keywords: voice stress/PSE.

2661. Geddes, L.A. (1973). History of the polygraph, an instrument for the detection of deception. Biomedical Engineering, 154-156.
Rec#: 1935
Keywords: history.

2662. Geddes, L. A. Transcribed polygraph examinations - A proposal to add two new dimensions to the polygraph examination. nd.
Rec#: 1933
Keywords: instruments-biomedical-video recording/recording-video.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2663. Geddes, L.A. (1974). What does the photoplethysmograph indicate? Polygraph, 3, 167-176.
Rec#: 1936
Keywords: plethysmograph/test data analysis-plethysmograph.

2664. Geddes, L.A., Bourland, J.D., Smalling, R.W., & Steinberg, R.B. (1975). The use of the same pair of dry electrodes to record skin resistance and beat-by-beat heart rate. Medical and Biological Engineering, 89-96.
Rec#: 1939
Keywords: instruments-electrodes/heart rate/electrodermal-skin resistance.

2665. Geddes, L.A., Bourland, J.D., & Tacker, W. A., Jr. (1974). The videograph, a new instrument for recording picture, narrative and physiological data. Polygraph, 3, 64-65.
Rec#: 1938
Keywords: instruments-videograph/recording-video.

2666. Geddes, L.A., Bourland, J.D., Wise, G., & Steinberg, R.B. (1973). Linearity of the horizontal component of the electrooculogram. Medical and Biological Engineering, 73-77.
Rec#: 1937
Keywords: instruments-eye monitoring/pupillometry/lateral eye movement.

2667. Geddes, L.A., Moore, A.G., Bourland, J.D., Sadler, C.R., & Newberg, D.C. (1977). A multifunction transducer for acquisition of the digital volume pulse, skin resistance response, and the electrocardiogram. Medical and Biological Engineering, -
Rec#: 1941
Keywords: plethysmograph/plethysmograph/instruments-electrocardiogram/EKG.
Notes: have pre-publication copy only.

2668. Geddes, L.A., & Newberg, D.C. (1977). Cuff pressure oscillations in the measurement of relative blood pressure. Psychophysiology, 14, 198-202.
Rec#: 1942
Keywords: blood pressure measurement/oscillometry.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 6, 113-122.

2669. Geddes, L.A., Steinberg, R.B., & Wise, G. (1973). Dry electrodes and holder for electrooculography. Medical and Biological Engineering, 69-72.
Rec#: 1943
Keywords: instruments-eye monitoring/pupillometry.

2670. Geddes, L.A., & Tivey, R. (1976). The importance of cuff width in measurement of blood pressure indirectly. Cardiovascular Research Center Bulletin, 14, 69-79.
Rec#: 1944
Keywords: instruments-blood pressure/auscultatory method/young adults.

2671. Gehr, Walter. The value and importance of the guilt complex question. 58.
Rec#: 1947
Keywords: question formulation-guilt complex.
Notes: Paper presented at the American Association of Polygraph Examiners Seminar.

2672. Geis, F.L., & Moon, T.H. (1981). Machiavellianism and deception. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41, 766-775.
Rec#: 1948
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/personality variables-machiavellianism.

2673. Geis, G. (1959). In scopolamine veritas. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 50, 347-357.
Rec#: 1949
Keywords: drugs-tranquilizers/scopolamine/sedatives/narcoanalysis/House, Robert E.

2674. Geiselman, R.E. (nd). The cognitive interview technique for interviewing victims and witnesses of crime. Prosecutor's Brief, 18-20.
Rec#: 6311
Keywords: cognitive interview/interviewing/witnesses/victims.

2675. Geiselman, R.E. G.M. Davies & D.M. Thoson. (1988). Improving eyewitness memory through mental reinstatement of context. New York: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 245-266 p.
Rec#: 6312
Keywords: eyewitness memory.

2676. Geiselman, R.E.,, & Fisher, R.P. D.C. Raskin. (1989). The cognitive interview technique for victims and witnesses of crime. Springer Publishing Company. 191-216 p.
Rec#: 1952
Keywords: interrogation-cognitive interview .

2677. Geiselman, R.E., & Fisher, R.P. (1985). Interviewing victims and witnesses of crime. Research in Brief, 1-4.
Rec#: 1950
Keywords: interrogation/research-interrogation/hypnosis-interrogation.
Notes: [National Institute of Justice, Department of Justice]. Reprinted in Polygraph, 15, (3), 221-227.

2678. Geiselman, R.E., Fisher, R.P., Cohen, G., Holland, H.L., & Surtes, L. (1986). Eyewitness responses to leading and misleading question under the cognitive interview. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 14, 31-39.
Rec#: 6313
Keywords: eyewitness memory/cognitive interview.

2679. Geiselman, R.E., Fisher, R.P., Hutton, L.A., Sullivan, S.J., Avetissian, I.V., & Prosk, A.L. (1984). Enhancement of eyewitness memory: An empirical evaluation of the cognitive interview. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 12, 74-80.
Rec#: 1953
Keywords: interrogation-witnesses/interrogation-cognitive interview/memory-witnesses.

2680. Geiselman, R.E., Fisher, R.P., MacKinnon, D.P., & Holland, H.L. (1986). Enhancement of eyewitness memory with the cognitive interview. American Journal of Psychology, 99, 385-401.
Rec#: 1951
Keywords: interrogation-memory/research-interrogation/memory-witnesses/cognitive interview.

2681. Geiselman, R.E., Fisher, R.P., MacKinnon, D.P., & Holland, H.L. (1985). Eyewitness memory enhancement in the police interview: Cognitive retrieval mnemonics versus hypnosis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 70, 401-412.
Rec#: 1954
Keywords: interrogation-cognitive interview/interrogation-hypnosis/interviewing-witnesses-hypnosis/memory-witnesses.

2682. Geisser, S. (1987). Comment. Statistical Science, 2, 231-232.
Rec#: 1955
Keywords: theory-base rate/predictive value/PVP/PVN/sensitivity/specificity/formulae/statistics.
Notes: This article scanned under record number 1923.

2683. Geizer, R.S., Rarick, D.L., & Soldow, G.F. (1977). Deception and judgment accuracy: A study in person perception. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 3, 446-449.
Rec#: 1956
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/research-nonverbal detection of deception.

2684. Gelb, Edward. Do lie detectors work, a radio talk show interview. 82.
Rec#: 6808
Keywords: polygraph general/credibility assessment/question formulation/autonomic nervous system/blood pressure/reliability-general.

2685. Gelb, Edward I. Control question introduction techniques. 95.
Rec#: 9086
Keywords: techniques-CQT.
Notes: Presentation at the American Polygraph Association 30th annual seminar and workshop, Las Vegas, NV.

2686. Gelb, Edward I. Detection of deception, interviewing and interrogation. 95.
Rec#: 9087
Keywords: interviewing/interrogation.
Notes: Presentation at the American Polygraph Association 30th annual seminar and workshop, Las Vegas, NV.

2687. Anonymous. ed. Hollywood, CA: Intercept, Inc.
Rec#: 6314
Keywords: interrogation.
Notes: Delta College National Workshop Practical Polygraph Procedures, May 7-12, 1989.

2688. Gelb, Edward I. Interviewing and interrogation. 85.
Rec#: 1959
Keywords: interrogation.
Notes: Paper presented at the Delta College National Workshop on Practical Polygraph Procedures.

2689. Anonymous. Interviewing and interrogation. ed. Hollywood, CA: Intercept, Inc.
Rec#: 1958
Keywords: interrogation.

2690. Gelb, E.I. (1990). Interviewing the suspects. Security Management, 1913, Section 1, 3 pp.
Rec#: 1960
Keywords: interviewing.

2691. Gelb, E.I. (1979). Pre-employment screening. SEMA News, 4-5.
Rec#: 1957
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment.

2692. Geldreich, E.W. (1942). Further studies of the use galvanic skin response as a deception indicator. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences, 45, 279-284.
Rec#: 1962
Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/research-laboratory/historical interest/countermeasures/validity-laboratory.

2693. Geldreich, E.W. (1941). Studies of the galvanic skin response as a deception indicator. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences, 44, 346-351.
Rec#: 1961
Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/research-laboratory/historical interest/countermeasures/validity-laboratory.

2694. Geller, D.M. (1979). [Review of the book Lying: Moral choices in public and private life]. Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 4, 387-388.
Rec#: 758
Keywords: book reviews/lying.

2695. George, B.J. (1974). Essential considerations toward judicial acceptance. Polygraph, 3, 90-99.
Rec#: 1967
Keywords: admissibility/base rate/theory-base rate.

2696. George, B.J. (1973). Polygraph at the watershed. Polygraph, 2, 295-304.
Rec#: 1966
Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/theory-base rate.

2697. George, J.R. (1966). Status of the Polygraph in Labor Arbitration.
Rec#: 9789
Keywords: dissertations and theses/labor relations/admissibility/applications-arbitration.
Notes: unpublished master's thesis.

2698. George, M.S., & Skinner, H.A. (1990). Using response latency to detect inaccurate responses in a Computerized Lifestyle Assessment. Computers in Human Behavior, 6, 167-175.
Rec#: 9667
Keywords: response latency/self-report/Computerized Lifestyle Assessment.

2699. Gerard, R.W. Anonymous. (1962 Jun). Michigan University Mental Health Research Institute, Preprint #88,
Rec#: 1974
Keywords: applications-arms control.

2700. Gerard, R.W. (1961). To prevent another world war - Truth detection. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 5, 212-218.
Rec#: 1973
Keywords: applications-arms control.

2701. Germann, A.C. (1961). Hypnosis as related to the scientific detection of deception by polygraph examination: A pilot study. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 9, 309-311.
Rec#: 1976
Keywords: hypnosis/countermeasures-hypnosis/research-hypnosis.

2702. Gerow, J.R. (1977). Attitudes toward the use of the polygraph: Study two. Polygraph, 6, 266-269.
Rec#: 1978
Keywords: surveys-attitudes/public relations.

2703. Gerow, J.R., & Scrogham, N.K. (1976). Attitudes toward the use of the polygraph: Their assessment and sensitivity to change. Polygraph, 5, 89-91.
Rec#: 1979
Keywords: public relations/surveys-attitudes.

2704. Giannelli, P.C. (1994). Forensic Science: Polygraph Evidence: Part I. Criminal Law Bulletin, 30, 262-274.
Rec#: 9595
Keywords: admissibility-expert testimony.

2705. Giannelli, P.C. (1994). Forensic Science: Polygraph Evidence: Part II. Criminal Law Bulletin, 30, 366-380.
Rec#: 9596
Keywords: admissibility-expert testimony/Supreme Court.

2706. Giannelli, P.C. (1993). "Junk science": The criminal cases. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 84, 105-128.
Rec#: 9293
Keywords: courtroom testimony/junk science.

2707. Giannelli, P.C., & Imwinkelried, E.J. (1986). Scientific evidence. Charlottsville, VA: Michie Company.
Rec#: 1989
Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/courtroom testimony/admissibility-scientific evidence.

2708. Gibbons, J.H. Frank Horvath. (Nov 1 1983).
Rec#: 6795
Keywords: testimony/validity/Office of Technology Assessment.
Notes: See also P 6796.

2709. Gibbons, J.H. (1983). Scientific validity of polygraph testing. Polygraph, 12, 196-197.
Rec#: 1990
Keywords: criticism-validity/OTA report.

2710. Anonymous. Scientific validity of polygraph testing. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
Rec#: 1991
Keywords: validity.

2711. Gibbs, E.P. (1973). [Review of the book Techniques in Interviewing for Law Enforcement and Corrections Personnel]. Polygraph, 2, 143-144.
Rec#: 1992
Keywords: book reviews.

2712. Gibbs, H. (1983). Opening address at the National Symposium on Lying. Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences, 15, 150-151.
Rec#: 1993
Keywords: lying-symposium-Australia/Australia/National Symposium on Lying.

2713. Gibson, J.E. (1976). The whole truth about being truthful. Family Weekly, 7
Rec#: 6848
Keywords: deception/psychoanalysis.

2714. Gibson, Keith. Use of the polygraph in sexual abuse treatment programs - Position paper. 87.
Rec#: 1994
Keywords: applications-sex offenders.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 3 p.

2715. Gibson, M. (2001). The truth machine: Polygraphs, popular culture and the confessing body. Social Semiotics, 11, 61-73.
Rec#: 7694
Keywords: confessions/verbal response/guilty knowledge/deception.
Abstract:Disucsses the technology of polygraph machines and lie detector tests in raltion to the body as a specific site of truth investments. It discusses the way the machine is imagined or constituted in popular culture and scientific literature as a means of discovering guilty knowledge or getting the truth objectively and painlessly.

2716. Giesen, M., & Rollinson, M.A. (1980). Guilty knowledge versus innocent associations: Effects on trait anxiety and stimulus context on skin conductance. Journal of Research in Personality, 14, 1-11.
Rec#: 1995
Keywords: techniques-guilty knowledge test/psychological variables-trait anxiety/electrodermal-skin conductance/theory-trait anxiety/theory-stimulus context/laboratory-polygraph validity.

2717. Gilbert, D.T., Krull, D.S., & Malone, P.S. (1990). Unbelieving the unbelievable: Some problems in the rejection of false information. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 601-613.
Rec#: 1996
Keywords: theory-cognitive processing.

2718. Giles, H. W.P. Robinson. (1996). The Polygraph. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. 151-162 p. 6. Language and Language Behaviors. 0803952600 hardcover/0803952619 papberback.
Rec#: 6873
Keywords: EEG/EMG/CQT/guilty knowledge/EOG/GKT/control question tests/Accuracy.

2719. Gillespie, N. (2001). William Marston's secret identity. Reason, 33, 52+
Rec#: 7243
Keywords: Marston, William M./historical interest .

2720. Gilmartin, R.E., & Papastratakos, N. (1988). When to use polygraph evidence. Brief, 17, 30-37.
Rec#: 1997
Keywords: admissibility-insurance/law-insurance/applications-insurance.

2721. Ginsberg, S., & Furedy, J.J. (1974). Stimulus repetition, change, and assessments of sensitivities of relationships among an electrodermal and two plethysmographic component of the orienting reaction. Psychophysiology, 11, 35-43.
Rec#: 9479
Keywords: orienting response/electrodermal/pulse volume/blood volume/stimulus/plethysmography.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 3(1), 104.

2722. Anonymous. A built in validity in polygraph field examinations. ed. 1985 Feb 24-1985 Feb 28; Jerusalem, Israel: International Congress on Techniques for Criminal Identification. 148-154p.
Rec#: 1998
Keywords: validity/field examinations.

2723. Ginton, Avital. Estimating the accuracy of the "control-questions polygraph technique", using a self-validating set of real-life polygraph examnations. 2001.
Rec#: 7735
Keywords: validity/methodology/CQT/criminal investigations/accuracy.

2724. Ginton, A., Daie, N., Elaad, E., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1982). A method for evaluating the use of the polygraph in a real-life situation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67, 131-137.
Rec#: 1999
Keywords: research-field/validity-field examinations/Israel/test data analysis.

2725. Given, D.D. (1988). Pretesting panelist expertise for validity studies comparing panel and polygraph examiners. Polygraph, 17, 91-94.
Rec#: 2004
Keywords: panels-validity.

2726. Gladen, B.C. (1987). Comment. Statistical Science, 2, 233
Rec#: 2005
Keywords: theory-base rate/predictive value/PVP/PVN/sensitivity/specificity/statistics/Gastwirth.
Notes: This article scanned under record number 1923.

2727. Glare, W.C. (1994). Polygraph in Australia: A bibliography. Polygraph, 24, 251-253.
Rec#: 9597
Keywords: Australia/examiners/bibliographies.

2728. Glasser, I. (1989). Why indiscriminate urine testing is a bad idea. The NarcOfficer, 45-51.
Rec#: 6704
Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/drugs-test data analysis.

2729. Glassford, E., & Nyboer, J. (1975). Emotional stress and oscillometric variations of the pulse curve. Polygraph, 4, 108-117.
Rec#: 2008
Keywords: cardio-pulse curve/heart rate/psychophysiology-stress pulse curve.

2730. Glaus, K., & Kotses, H. (1983). Facial muscle tension influences lung airway resistance: Limb muscle tension does not. Biological Psychology, 17, 105-120.
Rec#: 2009
Keywords: theory-psychophysiological/respiration-airway resistance/psychophysiology-muscle tension.

2731. Glymph, George M. Richland County Sheriff's Department Survey of Applicants. 85.
Rec#: 2011
Keywords: South Carolina/surveys-police/surveys-applicants.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 3 p.

2732. Godby, R.E. (1992). Polygraph examinations with interpreters. Polygraph, 21, 83-91.
Rec#: 2012
Keywords: interpreters.

2733. Goddard, C.H. D.C. Dilworth. (1930). The Northwestern Crime Detection Laboratory. 77-92 p.
Rec#: 2016
Keywords: historical interest-Northwestern University Crime Laboratory.

2734. Goddard, C.H. (1954). Some reminiscences on early days of the lie detector. Bulletin of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation, 7, 11-21.
Rec#: 2015
Keywords: history/admissibility-history/narcoanalysis-history.
Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 5, 252-266.

2735. Gšdert, H.W., Rill, H.-G., & Vossel, G. (2001). Psychophysiological differentiation of deception: The effects of electrodermal lability and mode of responding on skin conductance and heart rate. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 40, 61-75.
Rec#: 7200
Keywords: electrodermal-lability/skin conductance/heart rate/self-disclosure.

2736. Gold, D. (1955). The statistical lie detector: An application to possibly evasive responses in a voting behavior study. American Sociological Review, 20, 527-530.
Rec#: 7507
Keywords: behavior/statistics.
Abstract:In a study of voting behavior in Elmira, N. Y., in 1948, it was found that over 50% of the Catholic respondents either said that they did not know which party Catholics would vote for, or said that Catholics "won't vote as a block." Since it was felt that these constituted "evasive answers," the statistical lie detector was applied. This showed that it can be inferred "that a considerable proportion of those Catholics who said they did not know how most Catholics would vote, or that Catholics would not vote as a block, must have believed that most Catholics would vote democratic." .

2737. Goldberg, L.R., Grenier, J.R., Guion, R.M., Sechrest, L.B., & Wing, H. Anonymous. American Psychological Association. (1991 Feb).
Rec#: 8976
Keywords: paper and pencil tests/screening-commercial-preemployment.

2738. Goldberg, M.N., Mills, R.A., & Blockley, W.V. Anonymous. North American Aviation, Inc. (1960 Feb). 60-83,
Rec#: 6703
Keywords: instrumentation-cardio/instrumentation-pneumo.

2739. Goldberg, S., & Rosenthal, R. (1986). Self-touching behavior in the job interview: Antecedents and consequences. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 10, 65-80.
Rec#: 2021
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/screening-nonverbal.

2740. Golden, Richard I. Audio-GSR biofeedback in polygraph examinations. 71.
Rec#: 2028
Keywords: biofeedback-audio-GSR/research-biofeedback.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Polygraph Association, Atlanta, GA.

2741. Golden, R.I. (1966). The closed-eyes polygraph technique. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 1,
Rec#: 2024
Keywords: techniques-closed eyes/eye contact.

2742. Golden, R.I. S.A. Yefsky. (1967). A conditioned reflex technique in lie detection. New York: Thompsons Book Company, Academic Press. 385-392 p.
Rec#: 2025
Keywords: conditioned reflex theory/conditioned response/stimulus.

2743. Golden, Richard I. Control the controls. 80.
Rec#: 2029
Keywords: question formulation/techniques-CQT/techniques-PCT/techniques-yes-no test.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2744. Golden, Richard I. Controlled visual perception technique in lie detection. 63.
Rec#: 2023
Keywords: techniques-controlled visual perception/stimuli-visual/eye.
Notes: Paper presented at the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners meeting.

2745. Golden, Richard I. Figures don't lie? nd.
Rec#: 9059
Keywords: criticism/validity/reliability.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2746. Golden, R.I. (1992). The Riddle of the lie. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 27,
Rec#: 6963
Keywords: physiological responses.

2747. Golden, Richard I. The riddle of the lie: A scientific approach to lie detection. 91.
Rec#: 2022
Keywords: scientific approach to lie-detection/lying-theory/theory/techniques-Golden listen-answer.
Notes: Paper presented at the Department of Defense Polygraph Institute, Ft. McClellan, AL.

2748. Golden, R.I. S.I. Cohn. (1968). A vocal monitor for polygraph testing. ITT Research Institute. 337-342 p. 2.
Rec#: 2026
Keywords: instruments-vocal monitor.

2749. Golden, Richard I. "The yes-no technique in polygraph testing". 69.
Rec#: 2027
Keywords: techniques-yes-no test/question formulation.
Notes: Paper presented at the American Polygraph Association Seminar, Houston, TX.

2750. Golden, Richard I. and Hunter, Fred L. The measurement of upper and lower respiration in lie detection. 70.
Rec#: 2030
Keywords: respiration-upper/respiration-lower/measurement.
Notes: Paper presented at the American Polygraph Association Seminar, Los Angeles, CA.

2751. Goldman-Eisler, F. (1955). Speech breathing activity - A measure of tension and affect during interviews. British Journal of Psychology, 46, 53-63.
Rec#: 2032
Keywords: research-nonverbal detection of deception-respiration rate/paralinguistic indicators-speech rate/Great Britain.

2752. Goldstein, E.R. (1923). Reaction times and the consciousness of deception. American Journal of Psychology, 34, 562-581.
Rec#: 2033
Keywords: word association/historical interest/reaction time.

2753. Goldzband, M.G. (1990). The polygraph and psychiatrists. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 35, 391-402.
Rec#: 2034
Keywords: psychiatry/ethics.

2754. Goleman, D. (1982). Can you tell when someone is lying to you? Psychology Today, 16, 14-23.
Rec#: 2035
Keywords: lying-detection.

2755. Gooch, C.D. (1964). An inquiry into the use of the polygraph in applicant evaluation and personnel screening.
Rec#: 2038
Keywords: screening-police/dissertations and theses.
Notes: Unpublished thesis .

2756. Goodfellow, L.D. (1933). [Review of the book Lying and its detection]. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 23, 1069-1070.
Rec#: 7517
Keywords: book reviews/word association/lying/breathing changes/truth serum.

2757. Goodman, David J. An investigation into the relative effects of repeated tests upon the validity of diagnosis of results obtained in lie detector examinations. 52.
Rec#: 6316
Keywords: repeated tests/validity.
Notes: Paper written while a student a Bowling Green State University. Pages 10-11 are missing, probably contained tabular data which could not be copied at that time.

2758. Goodman, W. (1965). Lie detectors don't lie, but. New York Times Magazine, 12-13+.
Rec#: 2041
Keywords: polygraph-general.

2759. Goodrich, C. (1983). The politics of polygraphy. California Lawyer, 3, 43-44.
Rec#: 2043
Keywords: admissibility-California.

2760. Goodwin, J., Sahd, D., & Rada, R.T. (1978). Incest hoax: False accusations, false denials. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 6, 269-276.
Rec#: 2045
Keywords: cases-incest/psychology-delusional/subjects-children/lying-incest.

2761. Gordon, David F. Polygraph testing needed for trucking industry to ensure highway safety and nation's security. 86.
Rec#: 6776
Keywords: polygraph general/preemployment screening/security screening.

2762. Gordon, N.J. (1999). The academy for scientific investigative training's horizontal scoring system and examiner's algorithm system for chart interpretation. Polygraph, 28, 56-64.
Rec#: 7104
Keywords: test data analysis/algorithm/Backster technique/MGQT/electrodermal/techniques-general question/control questions.

2763. Gordon, N.J. Anonymous. (2002). Effective interviewing and interrogation techniques. San Diego: Academic Press. 7-9 p. 0-12-260381-8.
Rec#: 3642
Keywords: cardiovascular/interviewing/deception detection/physiology/psychology/interrogation.

2764. Gordon, N.J., & Cochetti, P.M. (1987). The horizontal scoring system. Polygraph, 16, 116-125.
Rec#: 2049
Keywords: test data analysis/horizontal scoring.

2765. Gordon, N.J., & Cochetti, P.M. (1982). The positive control concept and technique. Polygraph, 11, 330-342.
Rec#: 2048
Keywords: techniques-positive control questions/question formulation-control questions/test data analysis-positive control.

2766. Gordon, N.J., Fleisher, W.L., Morsie, H., Habib, W., & Salah, K. (2000). A field validity study of the integrated zone comparison technique. Polygraph, 29, 220-225.
Rec#: 7468
Keywords: validity/Egypt/field study/integrated zone comparison technique/specific issue test.
Abstract:This field study tested the validity of the Integrated Zone Comparison Technique (ZCT) designed for specific issue tests, utilizing 309 confirmed field cases by examiners of the Egyptian Government.

2767. Gordon, R.A., Baxter, J.C., Druckman, D., & Rozelle, R.M. (1987). Expectations of honest, evasive, and deceptive nonverbal behavior. Journal of Social Psychology, 127, 231-233.
Rec#: 2050
Keywords: nonverbal cues/detection of deception.

2768. Gorman, C. (2002). The science of anxiety. Time, 159, 46-54.
Rec#: 7702
Keywords: anxiety/brain potentials/fear/phobias.

2769. Gorman, W.F. (1982). Defining malingering. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 27, 401-407.
Rec#: 2052
Keywords: malingering.

2770. Gorsuch, L.A. (1981). Polygraph tests: Sure-shot crime stopper? The Sporting Goods Dealer, 117-118.
Rec#: 2055
Keywords: screening-commercial-sporting goods.

2771. Goss, Edward J. Beaters and beaten. 68.
Rec#: 2057
Keywords: applications-child abuse.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 21 p.

2772. Gottschaulk, L.A. A.D. Biderman & H. Zimmer. (1961). Use of drugs in interrogation. New York: Wiley. - p.
Rec#: 2059
Keywords: narcoanalysis.

2773. Goutink, E.J., Krassner, K., & Micena, J. (1972). A team testing polygraph technique. Polygraph, 1, 83-86.
Rec#: 1601
Keywords: techniques-team testing.

2774. Government is testy about polygraphs. (1983). Security World, 20, 27
Rec#: 2060
Keywords: screening-government.

2775. Grafton, K.S. (1985). The laws that apply to honesty testing. Security Management, 29, 33-36.
Rec#: 2061
Keywords: law-screening-commercial/law-screening-paper and pencil tests/paper and pencil tests-law/EEOC/law-statutes-states.

2776. Graham, G. (1990). Polygraph should be allowed in some instances. Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly, 5
Rec#: 6317
Keywords: admissibility.
Notes: 19 M.L.W. 57.

2777. Granhag, P.A., & Stroemwall, L.A. (2000). Effects of preconceptions on deception detection and new answers to why lie-catchers often fail. Psychology, Crime and Law, 6, 197-218.
Rec#: 7218
Keywords: attribution/cues/deception/witnesses/credibility.
Abstract:This study investigated the extent to which crediting and discrediting background information, given to observers (125 undergraduate students) before they watched 3 videotaped interviews with the same witness, affected their veracity judgments. Analyses show that the observers' distribution of truth/lie judgments were more affected by crediting than discrediting background information. The study also mapped the subjective cues given to justify the truth/lie judgments, and found that the most frequently used cue was whether or not the 3 statements were consistent over time. In addition, analysis revealed 2 types of inter-observer disagreements. One type referred to how different cues were perceived (e.g., 40 observers perceived the 3 statements as being inconsistent over time while an equal number perceived the same 3 statements as being consistent over time). The 2nd type referred to how different cues were used (e.g., the fact that the witness was perceived as not being confident in his testimony worked against him equally as often as it worked for him).

2778. Grano, J.D. (1986). Selling the idea to tell the truth: The professional interrogator and modern confessions law. Michigan Law Review, 84, 662-690.
Rec#: 2064
Keywords: law-interrogation/interrogation-law.

2779. Gray, Rebecca L. The development and uses of lie detectors: Making lie detection safe for humanity. 89.
Rec#: 2068
Keywords: history.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Michigan State University, 19 p.

2780. Green, G.S. (1990). Resurrecting polygraph validation of self-reported crime data: A note on research method and ethics using the deer poacher. Deviant Behavior, 11, 131-137.
Rec#: 2074
Keywords: ethics/morality/applications-validation-criminological data.

2781. Green, G.B. (1973). Truth verification. Security World, 38, 41
Rec#: 8203
Keywords: PSE/psychological stress evaluator.

2782. Green, J. (1991). Control questions, a review. Veracity, 4-5.
Rec#: 2075
Keywords: control questions.

2783. Green, R.L., Dengerink, H.A., & Staples, S.L. (1974). To what does the terminal orienting response respond? Psychophysiology, 11, 639-646.
Rec#: 9480
Keywords: orienting response/stimulus offset/stimulus onset/electrodermal/heart rate.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 4(1), 85.

2784. Green, T.F. (1935). Can science legally get the confession? American Bar Association Journal, J21, 808-809.
Rec#: 2076
Keywords: historical interest/admissibility-confessions.

2785. Greenberg, E.R. (1988). Workplace testing: Results of a new AMA survey. Personnel, 65, 38-44.
Rec#: 2078
Keywords: surveys-commercial-applications/screening-commercial-surveys/American Management Association.

2786. Greenberg, E.R. (1989). Workplace testing: Who's testing whom? Personnel, 66, 39-45.
Rec#: 2079
Keywords: paper and pencil tests/screening-commercial/EPPA/surveys.
Abstract:A 1988 survey by the American Management Association of 1,005 companies examined the current trends in drug testing, polygraph testing, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in the workplace. The survey results revealed that the number of companies that tested new-hires for drugs increased from 27.7% in 1987 to 38.2% in 1988, and the testing of current employees increased 27.8% in 1987 to 36.2% in 1988. Thirty-eight percent of service firms reported using some form of drug testing, while two-thirds of manufacturing companies reported using drug testing. Results also showed that polygraph testing ecreased because of the Employee Polygraph Protection Acto of 1988, but its use ws still most prevalent in retail, wholesale, and banking and finance companies. Of the companies that reported having compulsory or voluntary HIV testing, two-thirds were in the health care field and 14% were military or government employers. Almost half of the health care firms and 13.6% of the non-health care firms surveyed offer AIDS education.

2787. Greenberg, I. (1982). The role of deception in decision theory. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 26, 139-156.
Rec#: 6662
Keywords: DECEPTION/DECISION MAKING/payoff matrix.
Abstract:Attempts to quantify deception in the decision theory framework and to calculate the cost. An opponent may use deception to cause a decision maker to misperceive the likelihood that a specific state was chosen by the decision maker. The value of this deception is defined in terms of the payoff matrix and these misperceived likelihoods. An example, based on the deception planning surrounding the Normandy invasion in 1944, is included to illustrate the concepts.

2788. Greenblatt, M. (1972). Two hearts in three-quarter time: Psychosomatic issues in a study of the psychophysiology of the psychotherapeutic interview. Psychiatric Annals, 2, 6-11.
Rec#: 2080
Keywords: research-interrogation/heart rate/examiners-interaction.

2789. Greene, J.O., O'Hair, H.D., Cody, M.J., & Yen, C. (1985). Planning and control of behavior during deception. Human Communication Research, 11, 335-364.
Rec#: 2081
Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/reaction time/response latency/research-nonverbal detection of deception/eye contact/research-voice latency/lying-theory.

2790. Anonymous. Lateralization of visual input and bilateral electrodermal reactivity. ed. Philadelphiap.
Rec#: 6702
Keywords: electrodermal/autonomic response.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the society for psychophysiological Research, Philadelphia, October, 1977.

2791. Greene, W.H. persons unknown regarding the evaluation of the Sentry Information Analyzer. (Mar 19 1981).
Rec#: 9146
Keywords: instruments.

2792. Greene, Walter H. Evaluation of the "sentry information analyzer". 81.
Rec#: 6700
Keywords: detection of deception/GSR/validity.

2793. Greene, W.H. (1986). The GSR, what you should know. The Academy Journal, 8, 2-3.
Rec#: 2086
Keywords: electrodermal-GSR.

2794. Greene, Walter H. Polygraph countermeasures. 78.
Rec#: 9563
Keywords: countermeasures.

2795. Greene, W.H. (1980). Polygraph countermeasures. The Academy Journal, 3, 1-4.
Rec#: 2084
Keywords: countermeasures.

2796. Greene, Walter H. Simple galvanograph function. nd.
Rec#: 9793
Keywords: electrodermal/GSR/skin conductance response/galvanometer.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2797. Greene, Walter H. Yes/no test (YNT) techniques. 80.
Rec#: 9792
Keywords: directed lie/techniques-PCQT/techniques-yes-no test.

2798. Greenfield, N.S., Katz, D., Alexander, A.A., & Roessler, R. (1963). The relationship between physiological and psychological responsivity: Depression and galvanic skin response. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 136, 535-539.
Rec#: 9794
Keywords: responsivity/physiology/psychology/depression/electrodermal/GSR.

2799. Greenlee, L. L. Massachusetts admits polygraph evidence. 74.
Rec#: 2088
Keywords: admissibility-Massachusetts.
Notes: Published in Journal of Contemporary Law, 1, 93-107.

2800. Gregory, A.L. (1951). Let's understand the lie detector. Michigan State Bar Journal, 30, 6-11.
Rec#: 2091
Keywords: subjects/countermeasures/history/screening-commercial/applications-paternity/instruments/International Society for the Detection of Deception/examiners-general.
Notes: Reprinted in ISDD Bulletin, 4(2), 1, 4-8.

2801. Gregory, A.L. (1962). Why workers steal. Saturday Evening Post, 235, 68-69.
Rec#: 2094
Keywords: theft-employees.

2802. Gregory, W.H. (1982). Harassment in the Pentagon. Aviation Week, 116, 11
Rec#: 2095
Keywords: criticism-rights/applications-national security/Department of Defense.

2803. Greuel, L., & Scholz, O.B. (1990). Deliktspezifische Kenntnisse und Einstellungen als Psychologische Bedingungen des Urteilsverhaltens in VergewaltigungsfŠllen. [Crime Specific Knowledge and Attitudes as Psychological Determinants of Juror's Decisions in Rape Cases.]. Monatsschrift fŸr Kriminologie und Strafrechtsreform, 73, 177-183.
Rec#: 2097
Keywords: jurors/cases-rape/attitudes.
Notes: [text in German].
Abstract: The author conducted an empirical study to determine the effects of a juror's attitudes, his/her knowledge of sex, and gender on a rape conviction.

2804. Greuel, L., & Scholz, O.B. (1988). Der Einflu§ Deliktspezifischer Einstellungen, Kenntnisse und des Lebensalters auf die Aussagegenauigkeit von Zeugen. [The Influence of Specific Attitudes, Sexual Knowledge and Age on Accuracy of Eyewitness Testimony]. Forensia, 9, 29-36.
Rec#: 2096
Keywords: eyewitness testimony/attitudes/age/sexual knowledge.
Notes: [text in German].
Abstract:The authors studied a group of 70 men in the age groups of 16-26 years. The authors were looking for a number of variables: attitude, sexual knowledge and age. The attitude test consisted of 36 questions, such as questions concerning people the test subjects avoids.

2805. Griffin, R.P. (1975). Excerpts from the address of U.S. Senator Robert P. Griffin. Polygraph, 4, 193-199.
Rec#: 2099
Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial.
Notes: Before the American Polygraph Association Traverse City, Michigan, August 7, 1975.

2806. Griffith, C. (1983). The pros and cons of using a polygraph to screen employees. NRA News, -
Rec#: 2100
Keywords: screening-commercial-restaurants.
Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter, 17(2), 43-44. Reprinted in N. Ansley and J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph (p. 47). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

2807. Griffiths, M.D., Gillett, C.A., & Davies, P. (1989). Hypnotic suppression of conditioned electrodermal responses. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 69, 186
Rec#: 9543
Keywords: hypnosis/countermeasures.

2808. Grigo, A. (nd). "Czy mozna zyc bez klamstwa? Odpowiada psychiatra psychoterapeuta Marek Staniaszak ["Can one Live without a lie?" The answer is given by Marek Staniaszak, a Clinical Psychiatrist]. Twoj Styl, 18
Rec#: 9795
Keywords: False statements/deception/Poland.
Notes: Article in Polish, translation available.

2809. Grime, R.P. A. Gale. (1988). Lie detection and the British legal system. London: Sage Publications, Inc. 137-140 p.
Rec#: 2102
Keywords: admissibility-Great Britain/Great Britain.

2810. Grimsley, D. (1983). [Review of the book Perspectives in Cardiovascular psychophysiology]. Polygraph, 12, 38-39.
Rec#: 7106
Keywords: book reviews/cardiovascular/plethysmograph/heart rate/physiological responses/countermeasures.

2811. Grimsley, D.L. (1982). [Review of the book Clinical biofeedback: Efficacy and mechanisms]. Polygraph, 11, 343-344.
Rec#: 2105
Keywords: book reviews/biofeedback.

2812. Grimsley, D.L., & Yankee, W.J. Anonymous. A. Madley Corporation. (1986 Oct 08). NSA Contract MDA 904-85-C-A962,
Rec#: 6319
Keywords: screening-preemployment/retesting.

2813. Grimsley, D.L., & Yankee, W.J. Anonymous. (1985). Final report NSA contract MDA904-84-R-2284,
Rec#: 6318
Keywords: techniques-R&I/response .

2814. Grings, W.W., & Dawson, M.E. (1979). Emotions and bodily responses: A psychophysiological approach. New York: Academic Press.
Rec#: 2106
Keywords: psychological responses/psychophysiology-emotions.

2815. Griswold, W.S. (1959). I lied to a lie detector. Popular Science, 90-92.
Rec#: 2107
Keywords: polygraph-general.

2816. Grosch, J.W., & Sparrow, J.E. (1992). Detecting deception: A Classroom demonstration. Teaching of Psychology, 19, 166-168.
Rec#: 6320
Keywords: polygraph-general/electrodermal-GSR.
Notes: Also published in Handbook of demonstrations and activities in the teaching of psychology, , 2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 268-271, Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000.

2817. Grove, R.B. (1982). Lie detectors. Police Product News, 41-65.
Rec#: 6926
Keywords: Accuracy/PSE/polygraph techniques/GSR.

2818. Gruber, H.S. (1978). Polygraph admissibility remains in the "dark ages" here. The Daily Record, 181,
Rec#: 7113
Keywords: admissibility/polygraph general.

2819. Guajardo, H. (1972). Murder case in Mexico. Polygraph, 1, 241-243.
Rec#: 2115
Keywords: cases-homicide-Mexico/Mexico/admissibility-Mexico.

2820. Gudjonsson, G.H. (1989). Compliance in an interrogative situation: A new scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 10, 535-540.
Rec#: 6495
Keywords: interrogation.

2821. Gudjonsson, G.H. (1977). The efficacy of the galvanic skin response in experimental lie detection: Some personality variables.
Rec#: 2117
Keywords: electrodermal-GSR-efficacy/research-electrodermal/subjects-personality variables/personality variables/cultural influences-Iceland/dissertations and theses.
Notes: Unpublished thesis .

2822. Gudjonsson, G.H. (1979). Electrodermal responsivity in Icelandic criminals, clergymen and policemen. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 18, -
Rec#: 2118
Keywords: electrodermal/responsivity/techniques-POT/psychopaths/cultural influences/Iceland.

2823. Gudjonsson, G.H. (1982). Electrodermal responsivity to interrogation questions and its relation to self-reported emotional disturbance. Biological Psychology, 14, 213-218.
Rec#: 2121
Keywords: electrodermal response/Great Britain/electrodermal-research/theory-emotional stress/personality variables/interrogation.

2824. Gudjonsson, G.H. (1982). Extraversion and the detection of deception: Comments on the paper by Bradley and Janisse. Personality and Individual Differences, 3, 215-216.
Rec#: 2122
Keywords: personality variables-extraversion/subjects/techniques-GKT/techniques-R&I.

2825. Gudjonsson, G.H. (1987). Historical background to suggestibilty: How interrogative suggestibility differs from other types of suggestibility. Personality and Individual Differences, 8, 347-356.
Rec#: 2127
Keywords: Great Britain/interrogation-suggestibility/psychology-suggestibility/theory-suggestibility.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 16(4).

2826. Gudjonsson, G.H. A. Gale. (1988). How to defeat the polygraph tests . London: Sage Publications, Inc. 126-136 p.
Rec#: 2128
Keywords: countermeasures-physical/countermeasures-mental/countermeasures-biofeedback/countermeasures-drugs/counter countermeasures/Great Britain.

2827. Gudjonsson, G.H. S.M.A. Lloyd-Bostock & B.R. Clifford. (1983). Lie detection: Techniques and countermeasures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 137-155 p.
Rec#: 2124
Keywords: countermeasures/research-countermeasures/Great Britain/admissibility-Great Britain.

2828. Gudjonsson, G.H. (1984). A new scale of interrogative suggestibility. Personality and Individual Differences, 5, 303-314.
Rec#: 2125
Keywords: interrogation-suggestibility/personality variables/Great Britain.

2829. Gudjonsson, G.H. (1982). Some psychological determinants of electrodermal responses to deception. Personality and Individual Differences, 3, 381-391.
Rec#: 2123
Keywords: Great Britain/personality variables/research-Great Britain/validity/subjects-personality variables/psychophysiology/electrodermal response.

2830. Gudjonsson, G.H. (1979). The use of electrodermal response in a case of amnesia. Medicine, Science and the Law, 19, 138-140.
Rec#: 2120
Keywords: applications-amnesia/techniques-searching peak of tension/electrodermal.
Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 8, 292.

2831. Gudjonsson, G.H., & Haward, L.R. (1982). Case report: Hysterical amnesia as an alternative to suicide. Medicine, Science, and the Law, 22, 68-72.
Rec#: 2129
Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE/applications-amnesia.

2832. Gudjonsson, G.H., & Haward, L.R. (1982). Detection of deception: Consistency in responding and personality. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 54, 1189-1190.
Rec#: 2130
Keywords: personality variables/responsivity/consistency.

2833. Gudjonsson, G.H., & Hilton, M. (1989). The effects of instructional manipulation on interrogative suggestibilty. Social Behaviour, 4, 189-193.
Rec#: 2131
Keywords: interrogation-false confessions/personality variables/Great Britain.

2834. Gudjonsson, G.H., & Lebegue, B. (1989). Psychological and psychiatric aspects of a coerced-internalized false confession. Journal of the Forensic Science Society, 29, 261-269.
Rec#: 2132
Keywords: cases-homicide/Great Britain/interrogation-false confessions/personality variables.

2835. Gudjonsson, G.H., & MacKeith, J.A.C. (1988). Retracted confessions: Legal, psychological, and psychiatric aspects. Medicine, Science and the Law, 28, 187-194.
Rec#: 2133
Keywords: interrogation-false confessions/personality variables-false confessions/Great Britain.
Notes: Reprinted in David V. Canter, Criminal Detection and the Psychology of Crime (p. 173-180), Brookfield, Vermont, Dartmouth Publishing Company Limited.

2836. Gudjonsson, G.H., & Roberts, J.C. (1983). Guilt and self-concept in "secondary psychopaths.". Personality and Individual Differences, 4, 65-70.
Rec#: 6653
Keywords: guilt/psychopaths/Eysenck Personality Inventory /personality variables.
Abstract:32 male (mean age 26.4 yrs) and 25 female (mean age 24.7 yrs) secondary psychopaths and 24 male (mean age 28.4 yrs) and 24 female (mean age 27.1 yrs) normal Ss completed semantic differential scales relating to the concepts "Myself as I am, Myself when I lie, Myself if I were to steal, Myself as I would like to be, People who lie, and People who steal." The Mosher Guilt Scales and Eysenck Personality Inventory were also administered. The psychopaths exhibited significantly higher Guilt scores than the normal Ss and had poor self-image, which was reflected in a constant feeling of guilt, regardless of whether or not they were rating transgression. Normal Ss rated themselves as feeling guilty only when they violated acceptable norms. Findings suggest that guilt in secondary psychopaths is partly related to their high level of trait anxiety and partly to their poor self-concept, which may be a reflection of disturbed family background and the constant disapproval that their behavior creates. Since guilt in the psychopaths did not markedly increase with transgression, it is argued that this may explain why guilt fails to inhibit unacceptable behavior in some psychopaths.

2837. Guertin, W.H., & Wilhelm, P.L. (1954). A statistical analysis of the electrodermal response employed in lie detection. The Journal of General Psychology, 51, 153-160.
Rec#: 2135
Keywords: electrodermal/validity-electrodermal/instruments-B&W/research-electrodermal-validity/electrodermal-statistical analysis.

2838. Gugas, C. (1962). Better policemen through better screening. Police, 6, 54-58.
Rec#: 2143
Keywords: screening-police.

2839. Gugas, C. (1987). Child molestation examination. Polygraph Update, 4, 1-3.
Rec#: 2159
Keywords: cases-child sexual abuse.
Notes: Reprint of paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association. August 5, 1985. Originally published in the Los Angeles Daily Journal.

2840. Gugas, C. (1976). Cutting losses in small business. Security World, 35
Rec#: 2148
Keywords: screening-commercial.

2841. Gugas, Chris. Establishing rapport with a subject. 83.
Rec#: 2154
Keywords: interrogation-rapport.
Notes: Paper presented at the Los Angeles Polygraph Institute.

2842. Gugas, C. The friendly polygraph examiner. Hollywood, CA: Professional Security Consultants.
Rec#: 6496
Keywords: polygraph-criticism/examiners-private/friendly polygrapher.

2843. Gugas, C. (1978). The high cost of thievery. Security World, 15, 48
Rec#: 2151
Keywords: screening-commercial-theft.

2844. Gugas, C. (1989-1990). New Beginning for polygraph??? The Truthseekers, 1,
Rec#: 7325
Keywords: preemployment screening/accuracy/anti-polygraph laws.

2845. Gugas, C. The polygraph and the courts. Hollywood, CA: Professional Security Consultants.
Rec#: 6498
Keywords: admissibility.

2846. Gugas, C. (1977). Polygraph employment screening: How it helps - Part 1. Security World, 14, 38, 53.
Rec#: 2149
Keywords: screening-commercial.
Notes: Reprinted in Empire State Polygraph Society Newsletter, 2(2), 27-28.

2847. Gugas, C. The polygraph examiner. Hollywood, CA: Professional Security Consultants.
Rec#: 6499
Keywords: examiners-private/examiners-standards/examiners-professionalism.

2848. Gugas, Chris. The polygraph in business. 85.
Rec#: 2155
Keywords: screening-commercial-California.
Notes: Paper presented before the Van Nuys Chamber of Commerce, Van Nuys, CA.

2849. Gugas, C. (1980). Polygraph or PSE: On the trail to the truth. Security World, 17, 48-50.
Rec#: 2153
Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE/validity/training/examiners.

2850. Gugas, C. (1973). The pre-employment polygraph. APA Newsletter, 4-10.
Rec#: 2147
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment.

2851. Gugas, Chris. Pre-test interview do's and don'ts. 85.
Rec#: 2156
Keywords: pretest interview.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2852. Gugas, Chris. Professional polygraphy. 85.
Rec#: 2158
Keywords: American Polygraph Association.
Notes: Paper presented before a meeting of the Los Angeles Trial Lawyers.

2853. Gugas, C. (1961). A scientifically accurate method of personnel screening. Police, 19-24.
Rec#: 2142
Keywords: screening-police.

2854. Gugas, C. (1978). Security problem corner. Security World, 88
Rec#: 2160
Keywords: examiners-qualifications/Reid school/Alabama/Chicago/Army/PSE/stress.

2855. Gugas, C. (1979). The Silent Witness: A Polygraphist's Casebook. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Rec#: 2152
Keywords: Cases.

2856. Gugas, C. (1972). Some observations on the DeBetham case. Polygraph, 1, 247-249.
Rec#: 2146
Keywords: cases-drugs/admissibility-federal.
Notes: Correction to this article appears in Polygraph , 3 (1), 105-106.

2857. Gugas, Chris. Those touchy control questions. 85.
Rec#: 2157
Keywords: question formulation-control questions.
Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph Association, Reno, NV .

2858. Gugas, C. (1977). What makes a good security executive. Security World, 14, 24-25.
Rec#: 2150
Keywords: examiners-security executives.

2859. Gugas, C. (1971). What the polygraph means to you. The Employee Publication of General Plant Protection Co, -
Rec#: 2145
Keywords: screening methods.

2860. Gugas, Chris. Witherspoon and the polygraph. nd.
Rec#: 2139
Keywords: stipulated examinations-California.
Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 3 p.

2861. Gugas, S. (1976). When you polygraph, do it right! Security World, 13, 22-23.
Rec#: 2161
Keywords: screening-commercial/examiners-competence.

2862. Anonymous. J.P. Guilford. (1940). Legal psychology. University of Nebraska: D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc. 539-547 p.
Rec#: 8946
Keywords: polygraph-general/psychology.

2863. Gunn, B. (1970). The polygraph and personnel. Personnel Administration, 32-37.
Rec#: 2166
Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/screening-commercial-periodic/admissibility-stipulated/law-licensing-state/criticism.

2864. Gunn, B. Anonymous. (1966).
Rec#: 2165
Keywords: screening-commercial-theft/history/law-licensing.
Notes: p. 46-58.

2865. Gunsch, D. (1992). Can an honesty test be trusted? Personnel Journal, 71, 92-93.
Rec#: 7043
Keywords: honesty testing.
Abstract:Offers reader response on whether a job candidate who had previously failed a polygraph test should be hired.

2866. Gurvitz, M. Ansley, Norman & R.J. Weir, Jr. (1956). Fact versus fantasy. Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners. 75-81 p.
Rec#: 2168
Keywords: ethics/memory/screening-psychological/personality variables.

2867. Gustafson, Lawrence A. and Orne, Martin T. The effect of "lying" in "lie detection" studies. 64.
Rec#: 2172
Keywords: lying-theory/research-conflict/techniques-general/theory-conflict.
Notes: Paper presented at the 35th annual meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Philadelphia, PA. The study was supported in part by the United states Army Medical research and Development Command Contract DA-499-193-MD-2480.
Abstract:97 paid male college students were instructed that they were taking part in a detection of deception experiment and their task was to deceive the experimenter. From a deck of seven cards of which five had numbers and two were blank, subjects drew one card. If they drew a numbered card they were to thoroughly memorize the number but try to appear during the test that all they saw was a blank card. Those who drew a blank card only had to be truthful as there was no need to lie.

There were two groups of subjects other than the truth and lie condition. Forty-nine subjects were told to say no when they heard the five possible numbers played on a tape recorder, in random order, at 15 second intervals. Actually, there were six, the first being a buffer. Forty-eight subjects were told to attend to the numbers but refrain from making any verbal response. This was to see what difference the act of lying made, compared to no response.


The correct detection rate of those who simply attended to the stimuli, without making a response, was 23 out of 47 (48%). The correct detection rate for t