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Summary of Discovery Projects Applications for Funding to Commence in 2006

New South Wales

Australian Catholic University 2

Charles Sturt University 2

CSIRO   Australia Telescope National Facility 1

Macquarie University 31

Southern Cross University 3

The University of New England 6

The University of New South Wales 91

The University of Newcastle 26

The University of Sydney 115

University of Technology, Sydney 15

University of Western Sydney 8

University of Wollongong 25

New South Wales 325

Victoria

CSIRO   Molecular Science 2

Deakin University 9

La Trobe University 11

Monash University 70

RMIT University 14

Swinburne University of Technology 11

The University of Melbourne 91

University of Ballarat 2

Victoria University of Technology 1

Walter & Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research 1

Victoria 212

Queensland

Central Queensland University 1

Griffith University 17

James Cook University 5

Queensland University of Technology 20

The University of Queensland 83

University of Southern Queensland 2

Queensland 128

South Australia

The Flinders University of South Australia 15

The University of Adelaide 33

University of South Australia 5

South Australia 53

Western Australia

Curtin University of Technology 15

Murdoch University 9

Museum of Western Australia 1

The University of Western Australia 41

Western Australia 66

Tasmania

University of Tasmania 16

Tasmania 16

Northern Territory

Charles Darwin University 2

Northern Territory 2

Australian Capital Territory

The Australian National University 113

University of Canberra 2

Australian Capital Territory 115

Total Number of Grants 917

New South Wales

Australian Catholic University

DP0662942 Prof P Allen; Dr WE Mayer; Dr BJ Neil

Approved Poverty and Welfare in Late Antiquity

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $105,000

2008 : $105,000

Primary RFCD 4402 RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS

Administering Institution Australian Catholic University

Project Summary

Poverty and the provision of welfare are key concerns in Australia today. Many of the problems we face   refugee influxes,

inflated housing costs, increased competition between charities for limited resources   are paralleled in late antiquity. This is a

critical time in history that has unique things to say to Australian society today. A focussed study of this turning point in

history provides a novel perspective from which to assess the implications of current Australian trends, in which welfare is

increasingly being devolved upon non government organisations. It also enlarges the foundation for a dialogue on these

issues, assisting in creating better solutions at both a government and non government level.

DP0663985 A/Prof SL Swain; A/Prof ML Hillel

Approved Child, Nation, Race and Empire: a critical analysis of child rescue narratives in Britain, Australia and

Project Title Canada 1850 1915

2006 : $60,594

2007 : $77,608

2008 : $58,343

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution Australian Catholic University

Project Summary

The aftermath of past child welfare practices has generated pain and anger across Australia. Through an analysis of the

literature which informed such practices the project will strengthen Australia's social fabric by providing a much needed

historical context for the individuals, voluntary and government organizations seeking to understand how actions cast as

benevolent could cause such harm. Such an understanding will also be cautionary for those engaged in the promotion of

intercountry aid and adoption programs, which make similarly emotional appeals thus enhancing Australia's capacity to

interpret and engage with its regional and global environment.

Charles Sturt University

DP0663901 Mr MP Anstey

Approved The Grammar of Biblical Hebrew: Functional and Corpus Analyses

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $75,000

2009 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 3802 LINGUISTICS

APD Mr MP Anstey

Administering Institution Charles Sturt University

Project Summary

The project promotes original, innovative research in Australia into Biblical Hebrew linguistics. Advancement in the

knowledge of linguistics increases our understanding of language and its central role in cognition, social interaction, and

culture. Biblical Hebrew is the language of the Hebrew Bible, a text sacred to Judaism and Christianity, and of interest to the

wider Australian public. The Hebrew Bible is inextricably bound to these two religious traditions that continue to influence

substantially Australian society and societies across the world. This project furthers Australia's capacity to contribute to the

vital task of interpreting the Hebrew Bible in contemporary, responsible ways and translating it into the world's languages.

DP0666699 Dr KJ Horton

Approved Collective Obligations and Partial Compliance

Project Title

2006 : $74,340

2007 : $74,340

2008 : $74,340

Primary RFCD 4401 PHILOSOPHY

APD Dr KJ Horton

Administering Institution Charles Sturt University

Project Summary

The research I would conduct is likely to have considerable impact at both the national and international level. Despite the

lack of systematic work on the issues my projects tackles, the importance of those issues is now widely recognized, and so

work on them is likely to be widely noted and discussed. In addition, the research will have important implications for a

number of the most prominent issues in contemporary life in Australia, such as issues concerning refugees, relations with the

aboriginal community, and international aid.

CSIRO   Australia Telescope National Facility

DP0666822 Dr RN Manchester; Dr M Kesteven; Dr S Johnston

Approved Defeating Radio Frequency Interference

Project Title

2006 : $40,000

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 2401 ASTRONOMICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution CSIRO   Australia Telescope National Facility

Project Summary

The radio spectrum is a valuable resource. Development of techniques which minimize the impact of various users on one

another, allowing this resource to be shared, will benefit the entire community. For astronomy in particular, shared use is

essential because of the very wide bandwidths needed to obtain sufficient sensitivity. Usage of the radio spectrum is

increasing rapidly and radio telescopes are becoming more and more sensitive, compounding the problems. The digital

signal processing techniques developed under this project will be widely applicable, not only to future radio astronomy

facilities such as the Square Kilometer Array, but also to the communications industry generally.

Macquarie University

DP0665680 Dr M Choat

Approved Religious authority and linguistic change in late antique Egypt: non elite perspectives on the rise of

Project Title monasticism in contemporary documents

2006 : $35,000

2007 : $35,000

2008 : $35,000

Primary RFCD 4402 RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

This will enhance Australia's hard earned profile in the fields which contribute to its approach, promoting internationally the

quality of local research. It poses questions which multilingual societies drawn from different migratory strands and strong

indigenous traditions must face. Its answers will contribute to the debates Australia continues to have on these issues. It

directly contributes to the preservation of the culture of Australia's own Coptic community, facilitating access to its own

traditions, and providing a research focus to complement Macquarie's new commitment to the teaching of the Coptic

language and history. The resulting monograph will transform international scholarship on a key development of world

civilisation.

DP0665723 A/Prof A Cranny Francis

Approved Skin Jobs: Biopolitics, Embodiment and Haptic Technologies

Project Title

2006 : $46,000

2007 : $23,000

2008 : $35,000

Primary RFCD 4203 CULTURAL STUDIES

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Haptic technologies use a combination of mechanical pressure and electrical impulses to simulate human touch, and have

potential applications in a wide variety of fields including medicine, education, disability services, and entertainment. This

project will contribute to the development of this technology, by locating the cultural meanings associated with touch and so

enabling applications to be developed for specific audiences and users. The project thereby contributes to the development

of smart technologies and, in its combination of resources from science and the arts, promotes a culture of innovation   both

of which are essential to Australia's economic future.

DP0663373 Dr NR Daczko; Dr JA Dickinson

Approved Spreading ridge sedimentation processes: a novel approach using Macquarie Island as a natural

Project Title laboratory.

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 2601 GEOLOGY

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

This research will examine the south eastern tectonic plate boundary of Australia, providing analogues for seafloor spreading

related crustal processes that relate to present plate boundaries and ancient examples now joined to the Australian continent.

The scientific innovation represented by this project will help Australian scientists to better understand an important part of

the plate tectonic cycle. This project will be of direct relevance to the Australian minerals exploration industry and will provide

better constraints on rift related metallogenesis.

DP0663431 A/Prof X Duong

Approved A new approach in Harmonic Analysis: Function spaces associated with operators and their

Project Title applications

2006 : $92,000

2007 : $82,000

2008 : $84,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Harmonic analysis is an important part of modern mathematics which has extensive applications in the theory of partial

differential equations. The type of mathematics in this project is closely related to theoretical work of applied technology such

as signal processing and medical research. Australia is known as a world leader of harmonic analysis and this project

ensures that we can keep the leading edge in research in this field.

DP0664714 A/Prof CS Evans; Dr PW Taylor

Approved Multi modal signals: an experimental analysis

Project Title

2006 : $95,000

2007 : $72,000

2008 : $72,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

This project is built upon innovations that permit the first exploration of an important, but previously inaccessible, problem.

We will continue to develop techniques with wide applicability for the analysis of movement, and will make them available to

other research groups. The proposed work addresses a hot topic that is generating international attention; it will hence make

a distinctive Australian contribution to a rapidly expanding research area. Results will be communicated through the WWW

and science documentaries. Animal Behaviour is of great interest to the general public. This can be engaged to attract more

young people to careers in science. We will continue to train postgraduates in a well resourced and stimulating environment.

DP0666232 Prof PR Hayward; Mr DC Crowdy

Approved Melanesian Popular Music, Local Recording Industries and Copyright

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $97,000

2008 : $26,000

2009 : $24,000

Primary RFCD 4101 PERFORMING ARTS

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Australia has recently begun to express heightened concern for the social and economic sustainability of its Melanesian

regional neighbours. Along with providing aid and peace keeping forces, we are now exploring the distinctive forms of local

socio economic practices. These practices resist easy incorporation into Australian or broader Western norms. The project

aims for informed dialogue and debate to better understand local cultural and industrial practices. It will be of significant

benefit to Australia in its engagement with the cultures of Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Fiji.

DP0662884 Dr A Henderson Sellers

Approved Stable water isotopic simulation and analysis to improve Earth System models and deliver better

Project Title predictions of Australian water resource vulnerability

2006 : $210,000

2007 : $165,000

2008 : $170,000

2009 : $180,000

2010 : $180,000

Primary RFCD 2606 ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

APF Dr A Henderson Sellers

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

As Australia's challenges in environmental sustainability rival those anywhere on Earth, we must be clever in our diagnosis of

susceptibility and insightful in proposed remedies. Climate change and variability have impacts on people and society that

must be managed effectively whatever their causes. Of importance to Australia is the availability of water for drinking and

agriculture. The new, interdisciplinary ARC network for Earth System Science provides models for novel and synergistic

research such as naturally occurring water isotopes as a tool for improving predictive skill and confidence. We exploit these

and leverage international programs to improve regional hydro climate and water resource understanding in Australia.

DP0662873 Dr ME Herberstein; Dr T Tregenza

Approved The evolution of insect genitalia: phallic reversal in Australian praying mantids

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

This project will enhance our knowledge of the evolutionary processes that drive biodiversity within species and speciation

itself. These issues are fundamental to evolutionary biology, and are of great interest for the general public. We have been

extraordinarily successful in communicating our research to the public via natural history articles and films. We will continue

to generate high impact publications from this research that will increase the international research profile of Australia in the

scientific community. This project will establish international collaborations between Australia and the University of Exeter in

Cornwall (UK) and provide employment and high quality training to a research associate and a research assistant.

DP0665761 Dr LA Hughes; Prof AJ Beattie; Dr DP Faith; Prof RL Kitching

Approved A new phylogenetic framework for estimating local, regional, and global biodiversity

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $127,000

2008 : $127,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Australia is one of the 12 megadiverse countries that together account for 75% of global biodiversity. Invertebrates comprise

the single largest component of biodiversity. The Australian invertebrate fauna is poorly known and therefore most

conservation planning takes place in the absence of knowledge about the group that contributes most to biodiversity. This

project will provide novel methods for estimating invertebrate species richness for conservation planning as well as

contributing to the important debate about the magnitude and distribution of global biodiversity.

DP0663874 Prof JM Joss; Ms ZM Johanson; Dr PE Ahlberg; Dr P Sordino; Prof GP Wagner

Approved Lungfish Paired Fins and the Origin of Limbs as an Evolutionary Novelty.

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

This project will utilise a uniquely Australian animal, the lungfish, to address a hitherto unresolved problem of considerable

scientific significance   how a fish fin evolved into a tetrapod (four legged animal) limb. The Australian lungfish is the most

primitive of the four surviving genera of lobe finned fish and is recognised as the closest living ancestor to the tetrapods. It is

listed as 'vulnerable' in its native habitat. Macquarie University, however, has the only captive breeding population of lungfish

in the world. We are thus uniquely placed to address critically important questions concerning the evolution of fish into

tetrapods.

DP0664551 Dr M Kangas

Approved Expressive Writing: An Investigation of How Writing About Stressful Experiences Can Be Used to

Project Title Enhance Psychological and Physical Health Benefits

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $68,000

Primary RFCD 3212 PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

An experimental writing technique that involves writing about one's personal stressful experiences by using emotive

descriptive words has been found to be helpful in improving mental health and physical functioning in various populations.

This study will test how this expressive writing task leads to health benefits in two distinct samples; cancer survivors and

healthy individuals. By identifying the methods by which this writing task can improve health functioning, this project will

assist in adapting this task for use as a therapeutic technique in clinical settings to enhance the well being of Australians. This

will place less demands on health services, reduce absenteeism, and improve productivity.

DP0665068 Dr F Liu; Dr MP Molloy

Approved Natural Product derived Proteomics Probes for Specific Detection of Protein Kinase C Activities

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2503 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Better health care depends on how well diseases are understood and how accurately disease analysis and diagnosis can be

carried out. This is not only important to disease treatment but also prevention. This project will first generate new

compounds that could have improved therapeutic value in cancer treatment. In addition, these compounds will be further

engineered to provide a new technology of tracing the molecular signature of diseases such as cancer for early detection and

better preventative care and treatment. This will create new economic advantage and contributes to the transformation of

Australian health care industry.

DP0665969 A/Prof CA Mackenzie

Approved Autonomy and Identity: A Relational Theory

Project Title

2006 : $40,000

2007 : $20,000

Primary RFCD 4401 PHILOSOPHY

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Autonomy is widely regarded as an important value in liberal democratic societies and underpins many of the basic rights and

legal protections enjoyed by citizens. The principle of respect for autonomy is a guiding ethical principle in a range of areas,

including in medical and legal contexts, for example in requirements regarding informed consent, and in ethical guidelines

governing protocols for research involving human subjects. A better understanding of autonomy and its relationship to the

social context has the potential to produce indirect socio economic benefits by informing theory and practice in these and

other areas.

DP0663974 A/Prof BP Mans; Dr P Jacquet

Approved Algorithmics for Extremely Mobile Wireless Networks

Project Title

2006 : $108,000

2007 : $86,000

2008 : $88,000

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Existing wireless network protocols need stringent conditions to be effective. These conditions are rarely met for concrete

applications such as Defence, Disaster Relief, Search and Rescue. All these cannot rely on existing infrastructure, and often

require high mobility. This is crucial in the case of Australia which cannot rely on complete network coverage of its lands and

seas. This project will develop new wireless protocols for applications requiring extreme mobility. It will increase Australia's

control of this, now ubiquitous, technology thus rendering Australia a key player in this field.

DP0665528 Dr JA Mathews

Approved Cyclical industrial dynamics in high technology industry: The case of Flat Panel Displays

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 3502 BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Australian high technology industry policy is strongly focused on securing entry by Australian firms into such industries as

semiconductors and flat panel displays (which utilize ICT and photonics technologies). Success to date has been modest.

One of the prime barriers to entry is the cyclical character of the industries   in the sense that firms in East Asia appear to

have secured entry only during downturns. A deeper understanding of the cyclical industrial dynamics of such industries

promises to enhance the prospects for successful entry by Australian firms, and thereby contribute to fulfilling the goals of

public policy in this area.

DP0664108 A/Prof PC Menzies

Approved Mental Causation in a Physical World

Project Title

2006 : $35,000

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 4401 PHILOSOPHY

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

The issues concerning mental causation are not just philosophical issues. They are discussed in the fields of psychology,

cognitive science, and psychiatry as questions about whether mental phenomena, eg mental illnesses, are best understood

at the cognitive level or the neurophysiological level of causation. The project will result in a research monograph aimed at

practitioners from these fields among others. By introducing these practitioners to recent philosophical thinking about

causation and reduction, the present project may lead to more subtle ways of conceptualising and treating mental illnesses,

and so contribute indirectly to the socio economic benefits accruing from more reflective psychological and psychiatric

practice.

DP0663629 Dr MP Molloy

Approved Differential Isotope Proteome Mapping of Transforming Growth Factor Beta Cell Signalling

Project Title

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $45,000

Primary RFCD 2504 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Our research will capitalise on Australia's expertise and prior infrastructure investments in frontier, proteomic technologies to

elucidate novel intracellular signalling pathways that contribute to the development of cancer. New approaches will be

developed using isotopes to provide sensitive and accurate measurements of changes in protein expression levels. This

technology will allow us to define complex intracellular signalling networks. This is an important step towards identifying new

drug targets that are responsible for tumour growth. Australian science will benefit from the training of new scientists in

modern, post genome technologies where there is currently a world shortage of experienced personnel.

DP0663054 A/Prof MH Morley; Mr CJ McGillion

Approved Brokering Democracy: United States Policy toward Chile from Nixon to Bush Sr. (September

Project Title 1973 December 1989)

2006 : $40,000

2007 : $20,000

Primary RFCD 3601 POLITICAL SCIENCE

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Australia's capacity to interpret and engage its regional and global environment is more dependent on thorough anaysis of

American foreign policy than ever before. Distinguishing between US and Ausralian national interests is vital to avoid making

commitments that prove harmful to Australia's best interests and its international standing. The way in which the US resolved

the tensions been national interest and democracy promotion in Chile provides a key reference point for subsequent US

interventions in the Third World up to the present. Public discussion about contemporary US foreign policy will be

encouraged via newspaper articles, media interviews, and a companion website to the monograph

DP0665038 Mr SG Nielsen

Approved Thallium isotopes: a novel geochemical tracer to map recycling in Earth's mantle

Project Title

2006 : $105,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2601 GEOLOGY

APD Mr SG Nielsen

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

This project will transfer to Australia an advanced new methodology: the characterisation of thallium isotopic signatures in the

mantle system introduced during recycling of crustal material. This will allow the tracking of fluid processes in the mantle

system in a completely new way and will provide significant new information about the fluids that can percolate up from

subduction zones. The source of most economically interesting elements in the crust is from mantle derived fluids, so their

characterisation is critical to an understanding of the whole ore forming process. Hence, this study will provide unique new

information to apply to this important large scale Earth problem.

DP0663452 Prof JP Pieprzyk; Dr C Charnes; Dr S McCallum

Approved Algebraic Properties of Cryptographic Components and their Cryptanalysis

Project Title

2006 : $123,000

2007 : $113,000

2008 : $115,000

Primary RFCD 2805 DATA FORMAT

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

The outcomes will enhance information and communication security, which is absolutely crucial for the rapidly growing

e commerce and e government services in Australia. International collaboration will be strengthened by reciprocal exchange

of researchers and postgraduate students leading to more attractive and productive research environment. Our project will

help to maintain a high profile of Australian researchers, to increase the capacity for consultancy and contract work, and

provide a cutting edge information technology for the Australian telecommunications industry, business and government.

DP0662887 Prof AJ Pitman; Dr Y Wang; Dr JL McGregor

Approved Do terrestrial processes intensify Australian droughts ?

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2606 ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Australia's agricultural productivity is strongly affected by climate, climate variability and climate change. Recent climate

changes in Western Australia forced adaptation strategies costing $500 million while the anomalously intense 2002

Murray Darling Basin drought significantly affected agriculture. Any further intensification of droughts would affect Australia's

rural economy. This proposal will assess the role of terrestrial processes, linked to increasing CO2, in causing the drought

intensification and declines in rainfall. This will provide knowledge that will guide the development of future environmental

management strategies.

DP0665817 Dr SR Scalmer

Approved The Circulation of Nonviolence: Gandhi and the History of Global Politics

Project Title

2006 : $45,000

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $20,000

Primary RFCD 3701 SOCIOLOGY

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Global protest movements have become a feature of recent campaigns against war and corporate power. The diffusion of

protest across national boundaries disrupts official routine, threatens state power, and raises new questions about global

citizenship. However, the history, dynamics and novelty of transnational diffusion is still only dimly understood. This project

will address such absences. It focuses on the circulation of Gandhian nonviolence, and it offers the first comparative,

long term study of the diffusion of collective action. This will greatly enhance our understanding of the processes currently

reshaping politics and society and should enrich the practice of contemporary democratic participation.

DP0665009 Dr NH Smith; Dr J Deranty

Approved Applying the Ethics of Recognition: Work and the Social Bond

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 4401 PHILOSOPHY

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Work matters to most Australians. It is not just of instrumental value, worth it just for the money: a good, fulfilling job is

integral to a fulfilled life. Our sense of well being is inseparably bound up with how things are going at work. But how is this

well being sustained? What moral expectations do we bring to work and what happens when they are not met? This project

will develop new answers to these questions by focusing on claims for recognition arising out of work. Experiences of

misrecognition at work, we propose, seriously damage one's capacity to lead a fulfilling life. By identifying ways in which

recognition can be given or denied at work, the project will be of great community benefit.

DP0665301 Dr DJ Spence

Approved Direct deep ultraviolet tunable laser sources generating continuous and ultra short pulse radiation

Project Title for photonics applications.

2006 : $165,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2404 OPTICAL PHYSICS

APD Dr DJ Spence

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

This project will develop two versatile and efficient sources of tunable deep ultraviolet laser radiation. These sources are an

enabling photonics technology that will have impact in the applied fields of precision spectroscopy and flow cytometry for

detection of biological agents. The proposed ultrafast laser source will enable new fundamental research probing high energy

processes, such as ultrafast chemical reactions, on the femtosecond timescale.

Training through an APD fellowship in the national priority area of Frontier technologies: photonics will enhance Australia's

expertise in this important area.

DP0663154 Dr RJ Stevenson; Dr TI Case

Approved Testing a disease avoidance account of disgust

Project Title

2006 : $43,206

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $75,000

2009 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

Inadequate hand washing is responsible for some of the yearly 2 million deaths from diarrhoea (WHO), for an estimated 40%

of the 80 million cases of foodborne illness in the US (CDC) and for approximately 20% of the 20,000 US deaths from

hospital acquired infections (CDC). Although the value of hand washing as a disease avoidance strategy is well understood

by many, even healthcare professionals do not follow hand washing guidelines. This project examines why the emotion of

disgust engenders such potent avoidance of certain disease vectors (e.g. faeces). The project should lead to an

understanding of how we can get inadequate hand washing to also evoke disgust and thus to new and powerful strategies to

improve hand washing compliance.

DP0663514 Prof RH Street

Approved Categorical structures in string theory

Project Title

2006 : $95,000

2007 : $82,000

2008 : $84,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

The proposal is a contribution to the mathematics of fundamental laws of nature. Developments in string theory are unfolding

internationally from top physicists and mathematicians. Basic research by our expert group of category theorists will reach

out into the Australian community to varying degrees through our own teaching, vacation scholars, media interviews, and

links with our academic colleagues in other disciplines. Such basic research underpins the capacity of the private sector by

providing skilled graduates and enhancing the capabilities of the economy. Australia must maintain expertise in basic

science and technology to be ready for uncertain future demands.

DP0663691 Dr PW Taylor; Prof R Jackson

Approved How Stenolemus Assassin Bugs Crack Spider Codes

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

This unique study of sophisticated behavioural flexibility and dynamic sensory exploitation in an insect will provide novel

insights into how simple cognitive architecture can be used to solve complex problems. These insights are important for the

development of artificial intelligence systems. This will be the first study of flexible aggressive mimicry in an insect and will

attract considerable international attention, raise the profile of Australian science and support numerous students. We will

make the first use in Australia of state of the art vibration recording and interactive playback techniques. Making these

powerful experimental tools available in Australia will enable other many additional innovative lines of research.

DP0662967 Dr S Velayutham; Dr AY Wise

Approved Transnational Affect and the Moral Economies of Temporary Skilled Migration of South Indians to

Project Title Australia

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $95,000

Primary RFCD 4203 CULTURAL STUDIES

APD Dr S Velayutham

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

India is expected to surpass China soon as Australia's third largest migration source after New Zealand and the United

Kingdom. A majority of Indian migrants to Australia work in highly skilled occupations, a large proportion of whom arrive on a

temporary skilled migration visa (457). There is intense international competition for these highly educated and skilled

migrant workers and this migration category represents a major new direction in Australia's migration policy. The proposed

study will provide significant insights for policy makers into the impacts of the new temporary skilled migration scheme on

both the temporary migrants and the wider Australian community.

DP0663847 Prof MR Walter; Prof AH Knoll

Approved A revolution in Earth History: Life and Environment in the Neoarchaean (2.5 2.8 Ga)

Project Title

2006 : $50,000

2007 : $45,000

2008 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 2601 GEOLOGY

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

This research will keep Australian scientists in the forefront of studies of early life on Earth. At a time when there is a great

deal of interest in this topic because of the search for similar life elsewhere in the Solar System, this work will take a

prominant place in international research. It will attract leading researchers from elsewhere, with consequent intellectual

benefits, and will inspire students to careers in science.

DP0665035 Dr H Wang; Prof JR Seberry; A/Prof C Xing; Prof Y Desmedt

Approved Secure Multi Party Computation

Project Title

2006 : $165,000

2007 : $114,000

2008 : $111,000

Primary RFCD 2805 DATA FORMAT

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

The outcomes of this project will enhance information protection which is crucial fore rapidly growing e commerce service

and strengthen national safeguard capability of our digital systems and infrastructure. It will contribute to maintain Australia's

leading position in the telecommunication and information industries. It will contribute to the quality of our culture by

protecting individual's privacy and providing security for sensitive data.

DP0664537 Prof B Wood; Prof D Rubie; Dr SP Kelley; Prof R Hervig

Approved The behaviour of geochemical tracers during differentiation of the Earth

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2601 GEOLOGY

Administering Institution Macquarie University

Project Summary

This project is aimed at providing fundamental data which Earth Scientists will use to understand the processes by which the

Earth separated into its chemically distinct layers (core, mantle, crust, atmosphere, oceans) and to determine the nature of

the continuing interactions between the surface environment in which we live and the deep interior. It will provide training in

modern high temperature high pressure materials science techniques for Ph.D. students and postdoctoral researchers. This

will provide Australia with Earth Scientists who have both traditional skills and the ability to work with Materials Scientists on

the synthesis of novel materials under extreme conditions.

Southern Cross University

DP0666334 Dr RT Bush; A/Prof LA Sullivan

Approved Schwertmannite in acid sulfate soil landscapes: iron cycling induced acidification

Project Title

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

2009 : $70,000

2010 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3008 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

ARF Dr RT Bush

Administering Institution Southern Cross University

Project Summary

Acid sulfate soils impact over 24 million ha of land throughout the world, 4 million ha of valuable coastal land in Australia

alone. Their oxidation and acidification are the cause of catastrophic declines in water quality, aquatic habitat, agricultural

productivity and urban infrastructure. The practical benefits of this project arise from an improved understanding of the

processes controlling acidification and water quality in these areas. Intellectual benefits include the development and

application of novel geochemical concepts involving iron minerals relevant to acidity impacted coastal rivers, wetlands and

estuaries; this project will enhance Australia's capacity for sustainable environmental management.

DP0663159 Dr BD Eyre; Dr P Cook; Prof Dr JJ Middelburg

Approved Unraveling Pathways of Nitrogen Cycling in the Sediments of Shallow Coastal Systems using

Project Title Biomarkers, Stable Isotope Tracer Experiments and Modeling

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2599 OTHER CHEMICAL SCIENCES

APD Dr P Cook

Administering Institution Southern Cross University

Project Summary

Many 100's of millions of dollars are likely to be spent over the next ten years on the management of nitrogen enrichment,

and protection of biodiversity, in Australia's coastal waters. This project will significantly advance our understanding of how

organisms from bacteria to macrofauna affect the functioning of our coastal systems. Understanding the role that organisms

at all levels play in the functioning of coastal ecosystems is the first step towards protecting this biodiversity. As such the

findings from this research will have direct implications to the management, rehabilitation and protection of waterways

(including biodiversity) in Australia.

DP0663145 Prof P Thom; Dr JA Marenbon; Dr S Ebbesen; Dr AD Street

Approved Aristotle's Categories in the Byzantine, Arabic and Latin Traditions

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 4401 PHILOSOPHY

Administering Institution Southern Cross University

Project Summary

High quality pure research is of national benefit because it adds to the depth of national culture and because it enhances our

national profile overseas. When it involves collaboration with leading scholars at leading international universities, the

enhancement is even greater. To understand the great religions that form part of our national identity, and their influence on

philosophical thought, is of national benefit because it helps understand our place in today's world.

The University of New England

DP0663498 Prof BJ Byrne; Prof RK Olson; Dr SJ Wadsworth; Dr E Willcutt; Prof SS Samuelsson

Approved Longitudinal twin study of literacy, language and attention

Project Title

2006 : $208,000

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $75,000

2009 : $55,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of New England

Project Summary

The primary practical national benefit will be in the unrivalled picture that emerges about how genetic factors interact with

aspects of the familial and educational environment to determine the course of children's development in literacy and

language. Policy makers in preschool and school education will be able to use the information to guide curriculum refinement

and to develop policies for the early identification of children at developmental risk in these domains. As an international

project, the research will also promote scientific cooperation between Australia, the USA, and Scandinavia in a cutting edge

branch of human psychology, the interaction of genes and environment in psychological development.

DP0666015 Prof A Kaur

Approved Managing the Border: Migration, Security, and State Policy Responses to Global Governance in

Project Title Southeast Asia

2006 : $49,864

2007 : $45,244

2008 : $44,614

2009 : $44,614

2010 : $39,864

Primary RFCD 3705 DEMOGRAPHY

Administering Institution The University of New England

Project Summary

This project, which aims to inform public discussion and policy development on two important areas, population and migration

and security and governance, in Southeast Asia, will contribute to the process of safeguarding Australia through improved

understanding of our neighbours' state policies. The scholarly outcomes will also support teaching in refugee and migration

studies. An enhanced understanding of, and cooperation on population regulation and the movement of people across and

within borders in the region is central to the maintenance of effective bilateral and multilateral relations between Australia and

its neighbours.

DP0665079 Mr M Moore

Approved How Do Stone Tools Reflect Cognition Among the First Australians and their Precursors?

Project Title

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $78,000

2008 : $78,000

Primary RFCD 4302 ARCHAEOLOGY AND PREHISTORY

APD Mr M Moore

Administering Institution The University of New England

Project Summary

The popularity of the Indonesian 'hobbit' (Homo floresiensis) discovery provides an ideal platform for interpreting Australasian

prehistory to a wider community. This project explores the arrival of modern humans in Indonesia, their interaction with

'hobbits', and the colonisation of Australia by comparing the different ways these hominins made stone tools. Although

research indicates a significant level of behavioural unity in our genus, 'hobbits' were not like us. 'Us' refers, of course, to

modern humans, and hence this research is of global relevance. By applying a 'design space' model to toolmaking in the

past, this project will demonstrate that the earliest trends in technology apply equally to human groups throughout the world.

DP0662961 Dr SJ Pearson (nee Smith)

Approved Synchrotrons, wavelet analysis and novel imaging techniques   applying physics tools to the war

Project Title against breast cancer

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 2499 OTHER PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of New England

Project Summary

Breast cancer leads to the second highest number of person years of life lost due to cancer in Australia, with little known

about its transport around the body. Current screening methods for breast cancer are neither 100% sensitive or specific and

are heavily dependent upon expert training. This project will contribute by yielding valuable information on the transport of

breast cancer and contribute to the development of an automated diagnostic method, with the possibility of its application to

other diseases. The project will also involve members of the regional community, train regional scientists and provide

synchrotron experience for Australian scientists in time for Australia's first synchrotron.

DP0663798 A/Prof M Somerville; Prof BD Davies; Dr K Power; Dr SM Gannon

Approved Enabling place pedagogies in rural and urban Australia

Project Title

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 3302 CURRICULUM STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of New England

Project Summary

This project will tell us how children and adults learn about place in the local areas where they live and work. The findings will

be applied in action research with teachers in early childhood, school, and adult education settings, and in the preparation of

teachers. It will address two Research Priority areas, 1: An Environmentally Sustainable Australia and 2. Strengthening

AustraliaÍs economic and social fabric, which we argue are inseparable. Incorporating the findings into the curricula of

teacher education will ensure that the project will have sustained long term benefits as well as the immediate application built

into the study.

DP0666376 A/Prof M Somerville

Approved Bubbles on the surface: a place pedagogy of the Narran Lakes

Project Title

2006 : $74,000

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $44,000

Primary RFCD 4203 CULTURAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of New England

Project Summary

The project will provide Aboriginal, ecological humanities, and pedagogical input into the problem of environmental

sustainability in the Murray Darling Basin, complementing current physical science initiatives. It will have immediate national

benefit in the production of educational resources based on alternative and previously invisible stories of water in the Narran

Lakes area, an icon site in the Murray Darling Basin. The findings will have longer term national benefit by identifying the

elements of a general pedagogy of place, drawn from the specific local case study of the Narran Lakes, which will be applied

in adult and community education.

The University of New South Wales

DP0665553 Prof R Amal; A/Prof G Peng

Approved Advanced Particles and Systems for Photoinduced Processes

Project Title

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2911 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

One of the most crucial challenges facing chemical scientists is the need for ecologically clean chemical processes and

technology. Solar induced processes, such as photocatalysis, are adept at utilising more of our natural energy resources.

However, these processes currently suffer from low efficiencies. The proposed research aims to address these issues.

Successful implementation of this technology will help place Australian research at the forefront of sustainable methods for

water treatment and material synthesis for functional applications. This will provide economic and social benefits due to

improvements in processes with higher efficiencies and greater use of clean, natural resources.

DP0667123 Dr MG Barlow; Dr HA Abbass

Approved Defence and Security Risk Assessment using Agent Based Distillations

Project Title

2006 : $108,000

2007 : $98,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Today's society continues to be occupied with the idea of risk. The recent events of September 11th, the Bali bombing,

SARS, the bush fires in Canberra, and the Tsunami are examples of human made and natural disasters. These events had

dramatic consequences on the social, economic, and political environment and numerous industries. This project offers an

innovative methodological paradigm for assessing risk through the transfer of technologies drawn from defence simulations

to the safety and security areas. The success of this project will mark a paradigm shift in the area of risk assessment and

management.

DP0662808 Prof MA Bradford; Prof RI Gilbert

Approved Nonlinear Analysis And Behaviour Of Thin Concrete Axisymmeric Shells

Project Title

2006 : $170,000

2007 : $130,000

2008 : $130,000

Primary RFCD 2908 CIVIL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This project concerns the highly complex behaviour of thin concrete shells and domes. These structures were in vogue in

Australia in the 1970's because their construction is highly efficient, but their use ceased following several collapses. The

reason was an inability at the time to predict their behaviour, which requires challenging theoretical methodologies and

computer software. The project will develop sophisticated mathematical tools, that include concrete shrinkage, creep,

cracking and thermal effects, to enable the design of safe concrete shells and domes, and it is underpinned by and builds on

support awarded recently by the ARC to the investigators.

DP0665967 Dr RC Brooks; Dr R Bonduriansky

Approved Why do good males die young? The relationship between ageing and sexual selection.

Project Title

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $98,000

2008 : $98,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

A biological understanding of ageing is directly relevant to human welfare. We will use lab and field studies to explore the

evolutionary genetics of ageing in an Australian cricket, with particular emphasis on how diet and the timing of reproduction

influence the rate at which crickets deteriorate with age. We will also test whether biological differences between males and

females generate genetic conflicts over ageing rates. Our results will not only complement an evolutionary study of ageing,

but may ultimately suggest interventions that may prolong human life or improve the quality of life in an ageing population.

DP0663052 Prof PR Brown; Dr AC Ferguson

Approved Tax Loss Selling: Implications for investor share trading behaviour and industry effects

Project Title

2006 : $65,000

2007 : $55,000

Primary RFCD 3501 ACCOUNTING, AUDITING AND ACCOUNTABILITY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

We will contribute to the national interest in several ways. First, we will provide up to date evidence on Tax Loss Selling

(TLS), addressing an acute lack of research in this area. Second, a predictive model of TLS is being developed, which is

important in understanding when and where significant TLS will arise. Third, we will examine whether the mineral exploration

industry has been particularly disadvantaged by the Capital Gains Tax. As recognised in the Prosser Report, current tax

policy is a potentially important cause of the decline in exploration expenditure. Its role needs to be understood, because the

exploration industry contributes substantially to exports and national income, and is critical to the national interest.

DP0665838 Prof RA Bryant; Prof KM McConkey

Approved An Integrative Theory of Flashback Memories

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $110,000

2009 : $130,000

2010 : $130,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

APF Prof RA Bryant

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Flashback memories are a core phenomenon in a range of psychological disorders. People who have suffered trauma, for

example, experience a sense of reliving the past. This project will conduct the first comprehensive analysis of flashbacks by

building on existing theories of autobiographical memory and applying convergent methodologies to study flashbacks. The

project will assess the content, retrieval mode, and the brain mechanisms underpinning flashbacks. These data will lead to

the first empirically driven model of flashbacks that encompasses the psychological and neural bases of flashbacks. This

model will advance our understanding of cognitive processes underpinning many psychological disorders.

DP0664805 Dr V Bulmus; Dr M Kavallaris

Approved Development of Acid Degradable Polymeric Nanoparticles for Intracellular and Tumour Site

Project Title Selective Delivery of Drugs

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2915 BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

There is an enormous need to develop effective anticancer drug delivery systems to reduce the social and economic impact

of cancer. One of the most critical problems in tumour treatment is the lack of selective toxicity of anticancer drugs against

tumour tissues. Our multidisciplinary team will aim to develop a novel polymer based system for tumour site selective delivery

of anticancer drugs. Development of such advanced drug delivery systems will significantly enhance Australia`s power in

biotechnology. Development and/or formation of strategies to improve the health quality of Australians, is an important

anticipated outcome of this innovative project.

DP0662962 Dr BP Burns; Prof MR Walter

Approved Functional complexity of modern marine stromatolites

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $103,000

2008 : $103,000

2009 : $103,000

2010 : $103,000

Primary RFCD 2703 MICROBIOLOGY

ARF Dr BP Burns

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This research has the potential for providing the most detailed data regarding these ancient ecosystems, and will provide

information for the environmental management of the famous modern stromatolites of Western Australia. Australia needs

scientists applying their research to interactions of microorganisms with earth materials, and the synergy between biology

and geology undertaken here has the potential to solve many outstanding problems in the interpretation of stromatolites. In

addition, this project has the potential for contributing to improvements in water quality, Australia's growing salinity problem,

and in the development of new pharmaceuticals.

DP0662883 A/Prof R Cavicchioli; Dr NF Saunders; A/Prof M Guilhaus

Approved The molecular basis of cold adaptation: an integrated genomic and proteomic study of Antarctic

Project Title archaea.

2006 : $93,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $83,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The project enables Australia to remain a world leader in extremophiles, cold adaptation and Antarctic biology, strengthening

the reputation Australian scientists have in scientific programs of global significance and fostering the interests of the

international community in sciences ranging from bioprospecting to the search for extraterrestrial life. National benefit is

directly derived from technological innovation and training local scientists in modern biology of environmental

microorganisms. The Antarctic microorganisms provide unique compounds, enzymes and molecules for biotechnology and

industry. Insight will be gained into the critical role that methanogens play in the global carbon cycle and global warming.

DP0666103 Dr MM Chakravarty; Dr G Keller

Approved Micro Compilers: An Extensible Compiler Architecture for Increased Flexibility and Safety

Project Title

2006 : $108,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $102,000

Primary RFCD 2803 COMPUTER SOFTWARE

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Programming languages specialised to a particular application domain can cut software development costs and reduce

programming errors. Unfortunately, most application domains cannot sustain the costly development and maintenance of the

specialised compilers required to implement specialised languages. We address this problem by introducing a novel

customisable compiler architecture that can be adapted to specialised languages and other special purpose compiler

requirements. Customisable compilers are especially important to a country like Australia that has only limited resources for

special purpose developments. Moreover, we will train students at undergraduate and postgraduate level in the area of

programming languages and compilers.

DP0665515 Dr S Chang; Prof TD Waite

Approved Membrane Fouling in Submerged Hollow Fibre Membrane Bioreactor Systems: Theory, Modelling

Project Title and Fouling Control

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $95,000

Primary RFCD 2906 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The outcomes of this project will provide fundamental insights into the mechanisms of fouling in submerged hollow fibre

membrane bioreactors (SHFMBR) and will provide a sound base for optimization of design and operation of SHFMBR

systems. Given the crucial role of the SHFMBR in wastewater treatment and water reuse, this project will significantly

contribute to the national priority area of 'an environmentally sustainable Australia (water a critical resource)'. In addition, the

outcomes of this project on quantitative simulation of the gel/cake structure and resulting transport phenomena will promote

Australia's reputation for high quality fundamental and applied research in the area of membrane filtration.

DP0667009 Ms MM Cheng; Prof KT Trotman

Approved Multi person judgement in management accounting

Project Title

2006 : $55,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $55,000

Primary RFCD 3501 ACCOUNTING, AUDITING AND ACCOUNTABILITY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Improved managerial judgements can facilitate more efficient/effective resource allocation within organizations, significantly

increasing Australian companies' competitiveness. Our project therefore benefits a range of stakeholder groups such as

shareholders and employees. Also, by drawing on theories from different disciplines (accounting, social psychology), this

project increases our understanding of how accounting information can encourage managers to behave in a socially

desirable manner, such as adopting a conciliatory approach during negotiation. Other benefits include the training of future

researchers and raising Australia's profile in accounting research.

DP0663716 Dr C Choe; Dr X Yin

Approved A Synthesis of Agency and Managerial Power Theories and Its Applications to Corporate

Project Title Governance, Management Compensation, and Firm Performance

2006 : $24,724

2007 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3401 ECONOMIC THEORY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The existing models of corporate governance in economics and finance based on agency theory do not successfully portray

all modern corporations. Thus the importance of a new and rigorous way to study corporate governance can be hardly

exaggerated. This project will provide a synthesized theory of corporate governance and is expected to produce

highest quality research publishable in top tier journals. This will, among others, enhance Australia's standing as a

knowledge nation. This project is also expected to contribute to the discussions on how to improve corporate governance

and regulation of management compensation both in Australia and abroad.

DP0664577 Dr C Choe; Dr S Ishiguro; Mr I Park

Approved Multi tier economic hierarchies: existence, structure, and optimal incentives

Project Title

2006 : $48,000

2007 : $26,000

2008 : $36,000

Primary RFCD 3401 ECONOMIC THEORY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

There exists a considerable gap between real world economic organizations and the economic theory of the firm. This project

provides formal theories of multi tier hierarchies, thereby contributing to fill the gap. The project is expected to produce

highest quality research publishable in top tier journals. This will, among others, enhance Australia's standing as a

knowledge nation. Additional benefit comes from international collaboration with high calibre theorists such as the two

partner investigators. The project would provide opportunities for communication between Australian economists and the

partner investigators, as well as a launch pad for further collaboration in the future.

DP0666600 Prof EW Coiera; A/Prof JI Westbrook

Approved An knowledge based approach to multi document text summarisation for automated meta analysis

Project Title of the scientific literature

2006 : $118,000

2007 : $108,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2802 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The biomedical sciences produce literature at an exponential rate, and the size of this knowledge base far exceeds the

capacity of humans to keep up with the growth in new knowledge. This project will develop computational text summarisation

methods to abstract the content of scientific journal articles reporting clinical trials, and develop multi document

summarisation methods to synthesise these abstracts using automated statistical meta analysis methods. These methods

have broad potential to improve text summarisation technologies in general, to profoundly enhance our ability to integrate

published knowledge, and to make a highly significant and specific contribution to improving the quality of evidence used in

health decision making.

DP0664550 Prof MG Cowling; Mr BT Warhurst

Approved Geometry on Nilpotent Groups

Project Title

2006 : $93,000

2007 : $81,000

2008 : $81,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

APD Mr BT Warhurst

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Nilpotent Lie groups turn up in mechanics, robotics, biology, physical chemistry and electrical engineering, to deal with

real world configurations in which it is not possible to move in all directions. This project will develop the mathematical

foundations of the theory in order to underpin the many and varied applications. Development of the foundations also allows

techniques developed to deal with one application to be transferred to deal with another application. The project will also

raise the profile of Australian Mathematics internationally and train the researchers of the future.

DP0665337 Ms JP Craig

Approved If men did more housework, would women have more babies? Cross national fertility rates and the

Project Title gender division of labour

2006 : $105,176

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $95,000

Primary RFCD 3705 DEMOGRAPHY

APD Ms JP Craig

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This project could contribute to the future well being of Australian society and its citizens by addressing the increasingly

pressing social issue of fertility decline, and its consequence, population aging. The Treasury Intergenerational Report

2002 3 has identified structural aging of the population as a major social challenge because it threatens labour supply, social

stability and economic growth. The taxes of a shrinking work force may have to support a mounting number of dependent

elderly. The proposed research could identify practical social interventions to facilitate higher birth rates, which would slow

population aging by increasing the ratio of young people to elderly.

DP0666495 Dr RJ Danneau

Approved Electronics with spin: Investigating spin dependent electrical properties of semiconductor

Project Title nano devices

2006 : $155,000

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $95,000

Primary RFCD 2402 THEORETICAL AND CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS

APD Dr RJ Danneau

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Devices such as the integrated circuit and semiconductor lasers are products of basic research, and form the basis of new

industries that have revolutionised society. Quantum physics was the science of the 20th century and is likely to become a

key technology of the 21st century. This project will keep Australia at the forefront of the search for new and potentially

commercially useful applications of quantum physics. The project will also provide training for Australian students to work in a

cutting edge semiconductor research facility, and involves linkages with leading international laboratories including Massey

University (NZ), the University of Cambridge (UK), and NTT Basic Research Labs (Japan).

DP0667106 Dr S Dokos; A/Prof NH Lovell

Approved Computational Reconstruction of Cardiac Pacemaker Activation and Atrial Propagation

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2915 BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This study seeks to develop accurate computer models of electrical activity in pacemaker and atrial cells of the heart, in order

to understand how the heartbeat originates and propagates across the atria during normal and abnormal rhythms. In

Australia, atrial fibrillation represents the most common form of chronic cardiac arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice, as

well as being a major risk factor in stroke. Accurate computer modelling of normal and abnormal heart rhythms will provide

greater insights into the development of antiarrythmic drugs as well as advancing knowledge of key electrical phenomena in

the heart.

DP0664990 Prof J Donald

Approved The impact of Josephine Baker and Paul Robeson on European modernism and cultural life

Project Title

2006 : $51,000

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 4203 CULTURAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The story of how the Black American entertainers Josephine Baker and Paul Robeson became stars in Jazz Age Europe is

the stuff of legend. Lionised by artists and intellectuals and idolised by popular audiences, they embodied the spirit of the

age. As an allegory for those times, their story reveals a secret history of cultural intermixing at the heart of European

modernism. It also holds up a mirror to our times. By demonstrating the cosmopolitanism and ingenuity of popular culture,

the research will simultaneously discomfort multicultural and anti racist assumptions and deflate the myth of a pure or

unchanging cultural identity.

DP0662833 Prof PM Doran

Approved Engineering of cartilage based biomaterials under dynamic culture conditions

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2906 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This work contributes to the development of advanced technologies in the area of biomaterials. The cartilage biomaterials

generated in this work will lead to new medical applications in tissue reconstruction and replacement, which is of direct

benefit to society by improving the methods used to treat joint disease and injury. As there is a significant commercial market

for tissue engineered cartilage products, this research also has implications for enhancing the scope and profitability of the

Australian biotechnology industry. The project will be a vehicle for research training in a broad range of interdisciplinary

areas. Students involved in the work will be equipped with a versatile and valuable combination of skills.

DP0665124 Dr J Du

Approved Algebras with Frobenius morphisms and quantum groups

Project Title

2006 : $78,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $67,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

In this digitalized world, our life relies on mathematics more than ever. Counting and numbers are just one example of this.

Another is the public key codes for online payments and transactions. Mathematics is of enormous importance in this

technology dominated age. This proposal is to carry out high level mathematical research in Australia. Basic research on

quantum groups underpins applied research and certain areas such as quantum mechanics and string theory. Some

structure of quantum groups is too complicated to be seen by even a professional mathematician. A possible interpretation by

using representations over a finite field would make it more usable and accessible by computer.

DP0666448 Prof PR Eggert; Prof EA Webby

Approved The transition from print to electronic textuality in the scholarly editing of Australian literature:

Project Title practice and theory

2006 : $111,211

2007 : $94,000

2008 : $129,000

Primary RFCD 4202 LITERATURE STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Scholarly editions of Henry Lawson's While the Billy Boils and colonial poet Charles Harpur's Complete Poems will afford

access to authenticated texts of classic works of Australian literature. The editions complete the Academy Editions of

Australian Literature series, a long term project of the Australian Academy of the Humanities. The analysis of versions will

allow a newly informed study of the works. The Academy Editions series makes a staged transition to electronic delivery with

these editions. The new methodology will lay the groundwork for future projects, and the text authentication method may

have further application. The State Library of New South Wales website will make fruits of the scholarship available to a wider

public.

DP0665062 Prof M Eisenbruch; Prof MN Humphrey; Prof A Galla; Prof B Kapferer

Approved Cultural competence in supporting Cambodians recovering from conflict

Project Title

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $35,000

Primary RFCD 3703 ANTHROPOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This project will (1) reduce the impact of conflict for the next generation, a key to a healthy start to life and ageing well (2)

guide interventions in regional settings (3) inform guidelines for refugee programs in Australia (4) highlight culture as

redressing weakened traditional support structures of survivors of war in Australia and the region, supporting the

Government's welfare reform and participation agendas (5) equip Australia to understand insecurities of globalisation and

what survivors of war can be driven to do   unless their culture is used as an asset rather than a source of terror (6) enhance

Australia's capacity to engage with its cultural environment (7) enhance capacity for AusAID to interpret itself to the rest of the

world.

DP0667075 A/Prof MH England; Dr A Müller

Approved Abrupt Southern Hemisphere Climate Change: The Role Of The Southern Ocean Thermohaline

Project Title Circulation

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $95,000

Primary RFCD 2606 ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Australia's climate is extreme, with harsh droughts, severe bushfire seasons, climate change, soil loss, and salinity all posing

potentially enormous socio economic challenges over the next ten fifty years. Research into climate change and climate

variability is thus highly significant for Australia, and will underpin efforts to protect our biodiversity and ensure the nation's

environmental sustainability. We propose to launch a major new study of the stability of the Southern Ocean's thermohaline

circulation and its role in global climate. This work could have significant long term benefits for those sectors of society

sensitive to shifts in climate; including agriculture, energy, freshwater supply, health, and tourism.

DP0664970 Dr Y Fan; Dr SA Sisson

Approved Trans dimensional and Approximate Bayesian Computation

Project Title

2006 : $69,657

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 2302 STATISTICS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Many applied scientists in Australia, particularly those in the biological, medical and environmental sciences are now

interested in incorporating Bayesian statistical methodologies into their research.

The development of more generic and efficient Bayesian statistical methods will not only benefit applied statisticians but also

the more occasional users of statistics in other disciplinary areas. The success of this project will enhance Australia's

reputation as a strong contributor to the development of Bayesian methodologies. Two PhD students will also be provided

training in computational Bayesian statistics.

DP0665945 Dr AC Ferguson; Prof SL Taylor

Approved Corporate Governance and the Market for Audit Services

Project Title

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $42,000

Primary RFCD 3501 ACCOUNTING, AUDITING AND ACCOUNTABILITY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Corporate governance is essential for the development of efficient and transparent capital markets, which in turn are critical

to economic growth and development. The alleged role of auditors in recent corporate collapses brings into focus the

question of how auditing contributes to effective corporate governance. More broadly, the way in which the market for audit

services functions is critical, especially given the increasingly concentrated nature of this market. This project will provide

evidence on whether auditors have a broader contribution than merely 'checking' the financial statements, as well as the

extent to which the market for audit services may have become less competitive as the number of large audit firms has

declined.

DP0666351 Prof DG Fiebig; Mr EJ Cripps

Approved Bayesian choice modelling

Project Title

2006 : $95,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 3404 ECONOMETRICS

APD Mr EJ Cripps

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Discrete choice models are important as they provide tools to help understand choice processes of decision makers. It

remains a challenge to specify models with covariance structures flexible enough to capture complex patterns of

cross substitution between choices while being able to capture heterogeneity present in individual behaviour. We will develop

a Bayesian approach to choice modelling that uses covariance selection to overcome these problems. This will train

researchers and raise the profile of Australia in an active research area that is important in the social sciences; substantive

applications will be in health economics, but developments will also be relevant to cognate areas of biostatistics,

epidemiology, and ecology.

DP0663811 Prof NR Foster

Approved Development of a Novel Process for the Formation of Polymer Vesicles

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2906 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The project would provide an increased understanding of polymer structures, polymer drug interactions and dense gas

processing of polymers. The novel process developed would be beneficial on a manufacturing level since it dramatically

reduces processing time and minimises energy requirements. The research to be conducted is leading edge technology that

will attract business from international polymer, drug and biotechnology companies. The development of world class research

provides Australia with recognition as a world leader in the field and strengthens and broadens the knowledge base of

Australian scientists and engineers.

DP0665514 Prof NR Foster; Dr F Dehghani

Approved Carbon Dioxide: Solvent, Carrier and Reagent, for novel polymer networks with controlled

Project Title nano architectures

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 3205 PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The proposed environmentally friendly technology has broad applications for improving properties of various polymeric

matrices used for biomedical applications. The process developed would value add for manufacturing biomedical polymeric

devices in Australia with licensing of existing fabrication methods as a best option. Moreover, the leading edge polymer

technology developed would minimise the organic solvent consumption and will attract business from international polymer

and biotechnology companies for production of implant and drug delivery devices. The development of world class research

provides Australia with recognition as a world leader in the field and broadens the knowledge based of Australian scientist

and engineers.

DP0664017 Dr J Franklin; Dr CW Legg

Approved Restraint: Recovering the Virtue of Self Control or Temperance to Strengthen the Australian Social

Project Title Fabric

2006 : $31,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 4401 PHILOSOPHY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The work will provide a focus and an information resource for discussion of policies for educational campaigns on drugs,

sexual behaviour and general life skills in normal communities, and of intervention policies in distressed communities afflicted

by high levels of violence and addiction. The work will provide a complement and unification to the excessively narrow though

partially correct medical, legal, sociological and political discourses that occupy the field in discussions of what to do about

dangerous and unhealthy behaviour, and deliver more control and responsibility, where appropriate, back to the actors who

must have primary care of the problem, those who will or will not act badly.

DP0666941 A/Prof SL Gai; Dr AJ Neely; Dr RR Boyce; A/Prof AF Houwing; Dr SB O'Byrne; Dr HH Kleine

Approved Physics of Base Flows of Planetary Entry Configurations

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $110,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2902 AEROSPACE ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Continued investment by Australia in the AHI will help to maintain Australia's leading role in the exciting fields of space

research and hypersonics and to encourage future international collaboration. The research will use the unique existing

experimental infrastructure (largely ARC funded) for space related research, which will enable Australia to make a valuable

contribution to the design of future planetary missions. The project will provide a stimulating, exciting and supportive

environment for the training of postgraduate and postdoctoral personnel as well as students at the undergraduate level. It will

help to motivate young Australians to pursue their interest in science and engineering.

DP0663077 Dr KP Gelber

Approved Securing Freedom. Political Speech in Australia.

Project Title

2006 : $25,000

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $30,000

Primary RFCD 3601 POLITICAL SCIENCE

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This project will strengthen Australians' ability to secure their own freedom through enhancing and maintaining a stronger

civic culture. Political speech is vital to the health of Australian democracy. By considering political speech in practice, this

project will show the wide extent of political freedoms and thus democratic practice in Australia today. It will also outline some

areas where the freedom may be at risk. In an era where political freedoms can be perceived to be at risk due to the need to

ensure national security, this project will harmonise and reconcile national security needs with the democratic values of

Australian society.

DP0663153 Dr B Goldys; Prof Dr MG Roeckner

Approved Large Time Behavior of Solutions to Stochastic Partial Differential Equations

Project Title

2006 : $93,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

We will study equilibria of complex systems described by stochastic partial differential equations. The rates of convergence to

equilibrium will be obtained for the equations driven by Gaussian and general Levy noises under physically relevant

assumptions. The benefits of this project to the nation include enhancing its scientific standing in the international community,

the training of Australian researchers in forefront methods of mathematical analysis of complex systems and development of

close ties with the world leaders in this area of research. The project will advance our understanding of complex systems

arising in Phyiscs, Engineering, Social and Life Sciences, hence fits into the Priority Goal: Breakthrough Science.

DP0665422 Prof RM Graham

Approved Allosteric regulation, molecular structure and function of transglutaminase 2

Project Title

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

With Australia's ageing population, we can expect to see increasing prevalence of pathologies such as cancer, Alzheimer's

disease, and cataracts. The ubiquitous enzyme transglutaminase 2 (TG2) has been implicated in all of these age related

diseases, as well as in chronic disorders such as coeliac disease and diabetes, and may contribute in a positive way to

wound healing. Understanding how TG2 is activated and inactivated, and how it selects its targets, will be a critical addition

to current knowledge of this enzyme, and will be an essential prerequisite for the development of TG2 targetted drugs and

other TG2 related therapies.

DP0666646 Prof GW Greenleaf; Dr PA Roth; Dr LA Bygrave

Approved Creating more consistent privacy principles through better interpretation and law reform: an

Project Title Australasian initiative to resolve an international problem

2006 : $107,000

2007 : $82,000

2008 : $102,000

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

More consistent information privacy principles at the core of Australia's privacy laws, and more consistency in interpretation,

will result in greater efficiency for business and government, and better protection of human rights and consumer interests. In

the health sector, consistency of privacy laws will facilitate better health through the development of national online health

infrastructure. Australasian privacy scholarship will obtain enhanced international recognition through a pioneering study of

the comparative use of privacy case law for cross national interpretation. 'Model IPPs' will aid the harmonisation of global

privacy laws.

DP0665884 Dr RA Hall

Approved Understanding Low Intensity Conflict

Project Title

2006 : $178,000

2007 : $150,000

2008 : $116,000

2009 : $128,000

2010 : $128,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

QEII Dr RA Hall

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Since 1945, Low Intensity Conflict (LIC) has become the dominant form of warfare. Conventional armies have a poor record

of success in fighting LIC. This project uses the records of the Australian Army's operations in the Vietnam War to better

understand it's operational performance there and to unearth insights into the conduct of LIC. The project has the potential to

reduce casualties, both military and civilian, and assist the Army in selecting new war fighting technologies, designing training

and developing doctrine for future LIC. The project will raise Australia's profile in theorising about this troubling but

increasingly common form of warfare.

DP0663963 Dr BK Hayes; Dr E Heit

Approved The development of causal induction

Project Title

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $60,000

2009 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

An ability to reason inductively is an essential prerequisite for effective learning and decision making. Inductive thinking is

also closely related to creativity and innovation. By acquiring a better understanding of how such reasoning develops we will

contribute to the enhancement of techniques that help children to learn and refine inductive reasoning skills, and will provide

a foundation for the development of programs to assist children who have particular problems in inductive reasoning and

generalisation (i.e. those with autism or an intellectual disability).

DP0665482 A/Prof BI Henry; Dr SL Wearne

Approved Mathematical measurement and modelling of neuronal degeneration

Project Title

2006 : $103,000

2007 : $93,000

2008 : $95,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Currently about 150,000 Australian's suffer from cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's disease or dementia and this

number is expected to double over the next few decades. By combining newly developed mathematical methods in complex

systems with sophisticated neural imaging we will develop new techniques to advance the diagnosis and treatment of

cognitive decline in normal ageing and neurodegenerative disease.

This project will also maintain the collaborative link between researchers in Biomathematics at Mount Sinai School of

Medicine, New York and researchers in Applied Mathematics at UNSW that enables training of Australian scientists in the

vital area of mathematical bio complexity.

DP0663182 Dr JD Henry; Dr S McDonald

Approved Towards a model of emotional control: Assessment of patients with focal cortical injuries.

Project Title

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This project will produce vital information about a potential mechanism that may underlie the observed association between

frontal brain damage and deficits in emotional control. The proposed research will therefore have significant clinical and

theoretical implications; it will enable better prediction of emotional dysregulation following brain injury, generation of more

accurate models of emotional regulation, as well as informing the provision and delivery of evidence based treatments for

emotional dysregulation. It will also contribute to our understanding of emotional functioning in other disorders characterized

by frontal dysfunction, such as schizophrenia, depression and traumatic brain injury.

DP0667062 Prof DB Hibbert

Approved Multivariate approaches to matching spectra for environmental and forensic purposes

Project Title

2006 : $94,000

2007 : $84,000

2008 : $89,000

Primary RFCD 2504 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Apart from an increased understanding of these commonly used analytical methods, and their extension to current problems,

the outcome of the project will be programs that can be used by the Environmental Protection Agency to give the probability

that an oil spill comes from an alleged source. This evidence may be laid before a court, and is more objective than present

methods. The identification of illegal drugs will also be made possible, including information about the country or region of

origin, and the place and processes used to refine the drug.

DP0666798 A/Prof RJ Hill; Dr HJ Bateman

Approved The Theory and Measurement of Stock Market Indices

Project Title

2006 : $75,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3402 APPLIED ECONOMICS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This project should promote an innovation culture in Australia by designing new benchmark indices for evaluating the

performance of fund managers (and other uses), thus encouraging the allocation of funds to their most productive uses. It will

produce a better measure of asset price inflation than any currently in existence which will be of use to the Reserve Bank in

the setting of monetary policy. This project will also enhance the reputation of Australian universities as centres of

cutting edge academic research, provide a thesis topic for a PhD student, and help build links between the academic and

private sectors.

DP0667209 A/Prof RJ Hill

Approved House Prices in Australia: A Hedonic Analysis

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $68,000

Primary RFCD 3402 APPLIED ECONOMICS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

House prices are an important input to monetary policy since they impact directly on inflation and may be a source of

speculative bubbles. The Governor of the Reserve Bank, however, recently described housing as the ``weakest link in all the

price data.'' This project will attempt to resolve this problem. The resulting indexes should be of considerable interest to the

Reserve Bank, the media, home owners, the real estate industry, and enhance the reputation of Australian universities. They

will also quantify the extent of the burden imposed on young people by rising house prices, and its consequent strain on

society.

DP0664791 A/Prof SK JHA; Dr CT Chou; Dr A Misra; Prof CJ Sreenan

Approved Efficient Distribution of Content in Multi Rate Multi channel Wireless Mesh Networks

Project Title

2006 : $93,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The current wireless broadband access is one of the fastest growing markets in communications area. A study by market

research firms such as BWCS (England) and SFC (US) estimates the US market itself to be over $3.7 billion by year 2009.

The current Wireless Mesh Network has limited capability to support for a multitude of current, emerging and future services .

The mechanisms developed in this project will allow service providers to raise additional revenue and differentiate

themselves by offering a wide range of enhanced services. Our research will help efficient sharing of network resources

(such as bandwidth) between multiple users of multimedia communications using broadcasting and multicasting protocols.

DP0665146 Dr P Jones; Prof MR Pusey

Approved Political Communication and Media Regulation in Australia

Project Title

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $45,000

2008 : $45,000

Primary RFCD 3602 POLICY AND ADMINISTRATION

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This research joins the study of the Australian media with a new body of international research on political communication. It

shows how the Australian experience with the electronic and print media compares with that of other comparable countries. It

gives evidence on what standards and expectations Australians apply to the media in the communication of political

information. The research indicates what new regulatory principles will be needed to bring media regulation in Australia to

international best standards. It will inform applications of the High Court of Australia's discovery of a new freedom of political

communication.

DP0666970 Dr M Jormakka

Approved Structural determination of respiratory membrane protein complexes by X ray crystallography

Project Title

2006 : $182,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

APD Dr M Jormakka

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Membrane proteins form only 0.3% of the available protein structures in the protein data bank (PDB), yet 30% of the proteins

in the human genome and 50% of human drug targets are membrane proteins. We have managed to increase the success

rate through rational screening and development of new crystallization screens, with downstream implications for basic and

medical research. Results from this proposal will receive international recognition and will encourage more research in this

field, attracting international funding, and create new research opportunities.

DP0663378 Prof LM Khachigian

Approved PKC zeta dependent Sp1 Phosphorylation: Regulatory Insights using Novel Phospho Specific Sp1

Project Title Antibodies and Peptide Decoys

2006 : $94,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This project will demonstrate the value of novel phospho specific Sp1 antibodies and phospho Sp1 peptide decoys as new

molecular tools to provide invaluable insights into the regulatory roles of phosphorylated Sp1 in the control of gene

expression, an area poorly defined at the present time. These agents will be used to increase our fundamental understanding

of Sp1 activity by identifying physiologic agonists of the PKC zeta phospho Sp1 axis and FasL dependent apoptosis,

interactions of phospho Sp1 with the authentic FasL promoter and its recruitment of collaborative factors. The commercial

exploitation of phospho specific Sp1 antibodies and phospho Sp1 peptide decoys will generate economic returns to Australia.

DP0667260 A/Prof N Khalili; Em/Prof S Valliappan; Prof BL Loret; Dr AR Russell

Approved Determination of unsaturated soil properties using cone penetrometer data

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2908 CIVIL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Unsaturated soils account for almost 40 percent of earth's land surface. Over 70 percent of Australia's land surface consists

of unsaturated soils. The research proposed aims at providing a methodology for a realistic characterisation of unsaturated

soils in the field. The developments in this research will be immediately applicable to many engineering problems of national

interest including dams, embankments, foundations, highways and airfields. The work will also benefit Australia and the

Australian research community through the development of a new expertise within Australia, which is likely to receive wide

spread attention in both scientific and engineering communities.

DP0663639 Dr VC Kirby

Approved The Life of Language and the Language of Life: reconsidering the division between the sciences

Project Title and the humanities

2006 : $45,000

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $55,000

Primary RFCD 4203 CULTURAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This innovative theoretical approach will enable a close analysis of the common foundational concepts that connect the

empirical and interpretive sciences. It will:

i) contribute to the knowledge base of the sociology and philosophy of science and social theory so that Australia is a leading

expert in this field of inquiry.

ii) further the unique contribution of Australian 'feminisms of the body' to the ethical and political questions that surround the

foundations of biological life.

iii) initiate different styles of dialogue between social and scientific researchers that will encourage more informed debate

about the direction of Australian technological innovation.

DP0667069 Prof RJ Kohn; Dr DJ Nott

Approved Efficient Estimation of Statistical Models with Many Parameters.

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $106,000

Primary RFCD 2302 STATISTICS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Statistical models are used extensively in business, engineering and the sciences to describe the behavior of systems

subject to uncertainty. There are often many unknowns in such models and relatively little data to estimate them. The object

of the research is to develop methods that make these statistical models practical to use. The research team will apply the

methodology to solve problems in economics, finance, marketing and the analysis of gene expression data. The project will

also train doctoral and postdoctoral students and enhance Australia's reputation for research excellence in the Statistical and

Mathematical Sciences.

DP0666812 A/Prof CY Kwok; Prof PL Chu

Approved MEMS Based Chip to Chip Optical Interconnect for Future Generation of Systems In a Package

Project Title

2006 : $128,000

2007 : $116,000

2008 : $89,000

2009 : $83,000

2010 : $135,000

Primary RFCD 2909 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The project will bring Australian technical known how into the forefront of the information and communication technology

revolution. The technology developed in this project will enable computers to operate at very high speeds. More information

can be communicated than ever before. This has significant impact on Australian society where speed of information is

increasingly important. The technical knowledge of how to make computers operate faster has great commercial value and

would be very much sought after. Hence, its impact on the national economy.

DP0666991 Prof RN Lamb; Dr NH Tran

Approved Thin Films of Oxide Ceramics

Project Title

2006 : $91,000

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $102,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Aluminium oxide films are used extensively in the Australian industries of Protective & Decorative Coatings (examples

include door knobs and cutting tools). The industry will be offered a remarkably simple process for preparation of high quality

films. In the microelectronic industry, the uses of aluminium oxide films as a dielectric alternative to silicon dioxide has just

started to emerge world   wide and this new process would make a dramatic impact with commercial benefits for Australia.

DP0665539 Dr SS Li; Dr D Yu; Dr WT Klooster

Approved Development of Advanced Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors for Spin Transistors

Project Title

2006 : $76,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $55,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Recent advances in diluted magnetic semiconductors hold the promise of surmounting the fundamental limits of silicon

technology by exploiting the spin degree of freedom in semiconductors to realize spin transistors with enhanced functionality,

higher speeds and integration densities, and lower power consumption in future. Current transistors are electronic circuits

that make up most semiconductors, an international market worth US$200bn in 2003 and this market will grow to

US$1000bn per year in next 12 years. In 8 years time, the spin transistor will be on par with electronics. Therefore, success

of this program will facilitate the development of spintronic materials and technologies, which have enormous international

market, in Australia.

DP0666412 Dr SS Li; Dr TM Silver; Dr D Yu

Approved Separating Subtle Interplay between Competing/Cooperating Superconductivity and Magnetism in

Project Title YBa2Cu3O7 x with Nanotechnology

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Superconducting cables can carry 100 to 200 times more electric current than conventional cables. The innovations in this

program could enable the widespread commercialization of more efficient types of power generation, transmission, and

electrical equipment and devices, offering tremendous energy savings and emissions reductions. It is estimated that ~A$400

million per year can be saved if high Tc superconducting wires and cables were to replace conventional metallic conductors.

The success of this program will greatly increase scientific understanding of hig Tc superconductivity and expand Australia's

knowledge in the research on high Tc superconductors. The training will also provide scientific talents to the country.

DP0666428 A/Prof X Lin; Prof X Zhou; A/Prof JX Yu

Approved Computing Order Statistcs over Data Streams

Project Title

2006 : $131,000

2007 : $89,000

2008 : $95,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

While data stream computation currently is one of the most challenging areas in IT research community, order statistics

computation is a very important topic in data stream computation.

This project aims to deliver advanced techniques that promise a great impact on data stream technology. The success of

this project will give another competitive edge for Australia to continue her leading role in the development of core IT

technology. Moreover, the research outcome of the project will provide generic solutions to many Australia based

industries, including e finance, telecommunication, network management, sensor network technology

development, and environment monitoring.

DP0666147 Dr DJ Marshall

Approved Does mate choice play a role in the fertilization ecology of free spawners?

Project Title

2006 : $135,000

2007 : $110,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

APD Dr DJ Marshall

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Botanists have long recognised the consequences of differential compatibility between mates for breeding programs and

agriculture. In important aquaculture species such as abalone and sea urchins, similar variation in mate compatibility has

been observed but current theory struggles to explain this variation and its consequences. I have identified a new explanation

for this variation and will test this explanation using a marine invertebrate that is a model system for study around the world.

A positive result offers promise of explaining how females 'select' mates in free spawning species and explaining the

consequence of this mate selection.

DP0664031 Dr DP Miller

Approved The Eureka! Myth: Discourses of Discovery and Invention in Modern Societies

Project Title

2006 : $57,295

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 3706 HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND MEDICINE

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The advances in understanding made through this project will assist in reinterpreting the value of different institutional forms

of provision for scientific work, will illuminate the process of commercialisation of research, and will help in assessing many

unspoken assumptions behind intellectual property and patent law.

DP0663342 Dr H Morita

Approved Human capital acquisition, technological improvement and product market competition: theory and

Project Title evidence

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 3402 APPLIED ECONOMICS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Japan has achieved its economic growth at a remarkable pace in the postwar period, and has become one of Australia's

most important trade partners. This project is expected to benefit the Australian business community and governmental

institutions by offering systematic investigations, both theoretically and empirically, on the recent transition taking place in the

Japanese economy from previously unexplored perspectives by capturing interconnections among employment/labour

market practices, product market competition, and government business relationships. It is envisaged that Australian

industries and government could gain useful information from this project for effective formulation of their international trade

strategies and policies.

DP0664117 Dr S Nooshabadi; Prof MM Lee

Approved Reliable Truly Deep Sub micron VLSI Computational Systems

Project Title

2006 : $138,000

2007 : $128,000

2008 : $130,000

Primary RFCD 2909 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The phenomenal growth of the digital integrated circuits is founded on the fundamental assumption of reliable operation of

logic gates on silicon chip. In the Deep Sub Micron domain this fundamental assumption can no longer be guaranteed. This

project, in association with with Dongshin University, Korea with strong links to the semiconductor industry, will develop

design techniques for the reliable computational hardware, in the presence of unreliable circuit fabric. This significant

research, with potential for generation of IP, will raise the profile of Australian research in integrated circuits design in the

global community and will result in significant publicity for the research team and, through them, for Australian industry.

DP0663998 Prof O Ostrovski; Dr G Zhang

Approved Low temperature carbothermal reduction of alumina

Project Title

2006 : $115,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2913 METALLURGY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Australia is the world's largest producer of alumina and bauxite; and the aluminium industry is our second largest commodity

exporter. This project targets the development of fundamentals of an advanced technology for aluminium production with

advantages of low energy consumption, low production costs and being more environment friendly. This frontier technology

will enhance the competitiveness of the Australian aluminium industry and contribute to making an environmentally

sustainable Australia. The project will also provide high quality education to final year undergraduate students. The project

will contribute to the theory of metallurgical processes, particularly to the gas solid reactions in the reduction and carburisation

processes.

DP0666618 Prof G Paxinos; Prof CR Watson; Prof L Puelles

Approved Rhombomeric Topography of Structures in the Adult Mouse: Evidence from Avian Homologies and

Project Title Transgenic Mice

2006 : $67,000

2007 : $54,000

Primary RFCD 3207 NEUROSCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The brainstem of birds has been shown to be formed by a line of segments, like carriages of a train. The same arrangement

exists in the embryos of mammals, but is hidden in the adult mammalian brain. We will transfer our detailed knowledge of

bird brains to make a maps of the brainstem segments in adult mice. We will then test this map with special gene markers

which will reveal the occult segmental pattern in adult mice. This work will give us a new way of understanding the

organisation of brainstem centres that control breathing, cardiovascular functions and emotional states.

DP0664956 Prof IR Petersen; Prof MR James

Approved Robust Feedback Control in Quantum Technology

Project Title

2006 : $155,000

2007 : $152,000

2008 : $150,000

2009 : $105,000

2010 : $105,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Australia has considerable strengths in quantum technology research. As these technologies advance, the issue of control

and in particular feedback control becomes a critical one. This research project will strengthen Australia's position in quantum

technology by developing new methodologies for designing high performance robust feedback controllers for quantum

systems. The project will also add to Australia's strength in quantum technology by contributing to the research training of

young researchers with expertise both in control systems engineering and quantum technology. This project will help

Australia reap the maximum possible benefit from the new industries to emerge from the field of quantum technology.

DP0667074 Dr MR Pickering; A/Prof MR Frater; Prof JF Arnold

Approved Object based Video Compression for Delay Insensitive Services

Project Title

2006 : $98,000

2007 : $91,000

2008 : $93,000

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Digital television is now big business worldwide. Techniques that can lead to improved compression of audiovisual services

will always be of interest both to international standards bodies and to industry. The development of more efficient

transmission techniques for audiovisual services will be of considerable benefit to all regions of Australia and in particular to

remote regions. It can be expected that the development of this technology will significantly improve service quality in these

areas without the need for upgrading the existing telecommunications infrastructure. This will allow, for example, pay and

free to air operators to provide additional services within their current bandwidth limitations.

DP0665991 Dr RG Prior

Approved The Myths of 1940

Project Title

2006 : $30,690

2007 : $30,806

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This study will investigate Britain in 1940, but many issues faced by that country then   the relationship between the political,

military and intelligence leadership, public opinion and its influence on policy, political leadership and its influence on public

opinion, war planning and fighting   remain as relevant to Australia today as they were to Britain during the Second World

War. The role of the military in a democracy and the benefits of military experience to political leaders are issues still much

discussed today.

DP0667039 A/Prof MF Rahman

Approved A Segmented Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor for Wide Field Weakening Range and

Project Title its Sensorless Control using Improved Flux Estimators

2006 : $65,000

2007 : $66,000

2008 : $67,000

Primary RFCD 2909 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Australia has the world's second largest reserve (after China) of high energy density permanent magnet

(neodymium iron boron) material for the IPM motor. The present limitation of the machine to be driven sensorless over a

wide speed range with field weakening is believed to be holding back its widespread use in applications other than servo type

which requires high resolution mechanical sensors. Extension of the motor speed range by a combination of magnetic

system design (for large field weakening range), and sensorless position and flux estimation with sufficient accuracy for fast

dynamic control should lead to large scale adoption of this motor, and hence to significant improvement in energy efficiency

and market share for Australia.

DP0664518 Dr R Ramer; Dr R Mansour

Approved Radio Frequency Microelectromechanical Systems for Wireless Communications

Project Title

2006 : $113,000

2007 : $103,000

2008 : $120,000

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Current and future Wireless appliances require increased functionality, frequency of operation, and component integration

along with reduced manufacturing costs, size, weight, and power consumption. Micro electro mechanical systems for radio

frequency with versatility to integrate both electronic (2 D) and microelectro mechanical (3 D) devices represent the

technology that can offer wide operational bandwidths, on chip passive components, negligible interconnections, almost ideal

switches and resonators, in a planar fabrication process, compatible with existing integrated circuits and monolithic

microwave integrated circuits. The outcomes of this project will be of significant benefit to the Australian Telecommunication

industry.

DP0667136 Adj/Prof JA Reizes; Prof E Leonardi; A/Prof F Stella; A/Prof CY Kwok

Approved The Enhancement of Heat Transfer in Micro Chips by MEMS actuator: Parametric Study

Project Title

2006 : $180,000

2007 : $160,000

2008 : $180,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This challenging project has the potential of introducing a new technology for cooling micro devices. Since the computer

industry is sensitive to innovation it is necessary to develop the theoretical and practical skill for manufacturing the cooling

devices. This will help Australian industry to greatly enhance its capabilities in this very important area of economy. The

present project is a rare combination of multi disciplinary studies and will result in a better understanding of the complex

thermal and fluid flow phenomena in micro channels, and the design and fabrication techniques for the next generation of

micro chips.

DP0666953 A/Prof R Richardson

Approved The Effects of Early Experiences: A Developmental Analysis of Learning and Memory

Project Title

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The aim of this project is to increase our understanding of fear and anxiety. Anxiety disorders, which are characterised by the

inability to appropriately regulate fear, are among the most prevalent psychological disturbances in industrialized countries,

with between 10 30% of the population suffering from one at some point in their life. Because of this, there has been a

long standing interest in the experimental study of learned fear. The present project takes a developmental approach

because many theories of anxiety disorders emphasise the role of early experience. From this perspective, it is imperative

that we have an understanding of developmental differences in the processes involved in the emotion of fear.

DP0663422 Dr K Salmon; Dr M Pipe

Approved Knowing in advance: Effective strategies for preparing young children for novel experiences

Project Title

2006 : $65,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

To optimise cognitive and emotional development, it is critical to identify the influences on children's lives. How parent child

conversations about the past shape development is well understood, but scant research has examined how adult child

preparatory discussions influence children's experience and memory of future events. Our research addresses this gap. It

has important implications in medical, educational, and other contexts in which it is vital to ensure that information given in

advance increases children's understanding of an experience. More generally, in specifying optimal parent child interactions,

the findings are also relevant to interventions aiming to enhance psychological and emotional resilience in the early years.

DP0667261 Dr EA Scheer

Approved Nineteenth Century Precursors Of New Media Art. On Time and Performance in Early Experiments

Project Title in Art and Science.

2006 : $35,000

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $20,000

Primary RFCD 4103 CINEMA, ELECTRONIC ARTS AND MULTIMEDIA

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The research outcomes will enhance the profile of new media arts and performance studies in Australia by providing a model

for other research in emergent and cross disciplinary artforms. This project addresses the relative absence of scholarship on

the meaning and significance of time and performance in the history of media art. It will attempt to clarify and provide a model

of analysis for debates surrounding the nature of time based art. It will provide a basis for understanding both the temporal

and performative nature of new media art and the place of media in live performance.

DP0664652 Dr A Sharma; Dr B Sivakumar; A/Prof JE Ball

Approved Stochastic rainfall generation for design flow estimation

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 2605 HYDROLOGY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Floods cause one third of all natural disasters worldwide, more than half the fatalities and one third the economic loss.

Accurate design flood estimation can help alleviate this impact. The estimation procedure currently used assumes that a

given rainfall leads to a corresponding design flood, negating the influence variations in pre existing soil moisture conditions

may have. An alternative that overcomes the above limitation is to use stochastically generated rainfall series to simulate

flows from which the design flood can be estimated. This study aims to develop a generic framework for stochastic

generation of rainfall for design flood estimation in Australia.

DP0663090 Prof M Sherris; Dr J Van Der Hoek

Approved Innovations in Enterprise Risk Management: Risk Aggregation, Dependence, and Efficiency

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 3402 APPLIED ECONOMICS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Enterprise risk management is of critical importance to the successful management of business corporations. The savings

from the integrated measurement and management of risk at the enterprise level allowing for diversification in business

activities is massive. The Australian insurance and actuarial science profession is highly regarded internationally. Innovative

contributions to the rapidly developing area of enterprise risk management will benefit Australia by maintaining its high profile

at an international level in this newly emerging area. This will lead to increased demand at an international level for Australian

graduate students and international research students wishing to study at Australian universities in these disciplines.

DP0666372 Prof MY Simmons; Dr G Scappucci; Asst Prof F Rosei

Approved Fundamental conduction mechanisms in atomic scale silicon devices

Project Title

2006 : $320,000

2007 : $300,000

2008 : $270,000

Primary RFCD 2402 THEORETICAL AND CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This proposal will ensure that Australia remains at the forefront of worldwide research into atomic scale electronics. It links

leading nanotechnologists from Canada and Italy to a dynamic and growing Australian team, which already has strong

collaborations with researchers in the UK, the US, Japan, and Taiwan. In the long run, Australia stands to benefit indirectly

from the research as it is a significant user of semiconductors across all major industries. More importantly, by anticipating

the problems that electronic device manufacturers will face over their long term horizons, the proposed research also seeks

to provide Australia with a chance to lift its involvement in the multi trillion dollar global semiconductor industry.

DP0665275 Prof CC Sorrell; Prof A Fujishima; Prof J Nowotny; Dr T Bak

Approved P Type Titanium Dioxide for Hydrogen Generation from Water using Solar Energy

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2911 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This project aims to develop a completely new processing technology for photo sensitive oxide materials based on titanium

dioxide for the conversion of renewable energy (solar energy) into chemical energy (hydrogen) or electrical energy

(photovoltaic). When commercialised, the resultant technology will allow Australia to achieve the following: a) reduction in air

pollution, b) reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, c) reduction in reliance on foreign energy sources, d) development of a

range of ancillary technologies and infrastructure, and e) export of solar energy in the form of solar hydrogen. This project

addresses National Priorities #1 and #3.

DP0666441 Dr B Spehar; Dr Z Kourtzi

Approved Segmentation and completion in visual object perception: Behavioural and neural perspective

Project Title

2006 : $73,000

2007 : $62,000

2008 : $56,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The problem of perceptual completion and unit formation is among hardest in vision and central to our understanding of how

visual perception works. Using novel approaches this research will provide insights of theoretical significance to the cognitive

and neural bases of perceptual completion. This issue is also relevant to image interpretation in medicine, surveillance and

virtual reality. The research proposed here will enhance international collaboration and strengthen Australia's strong

reputation in vision research and cognitive neuroscience. It also contributes to national research training by offering honours

and PhD students an outstanding research training and international exposure.

DP0667033 Prof PD Steinberg; Prof SL Kjelleberg; Dr JS Webb

Approved Dispersal and colonisation in eukaryotes and prokaryotes

Project Title

2006 : $93,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $83,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The problem of pest or disease organisms for humanity is fundamentally a problem of unwanted colonisation. For example,

colonisation of the surfaces of human tissues by bacterial biofilms is responsible for up to 70% of bacterial infections;

colonisation of the surfaces of boat hulls by marine organisms costs the marine shipping industry > $5 billion per year. This

proposal will generate fundamental information on the ability of both bacteria and higher organisms to disperse and colonise

surfaces, allowing for the development of novel technologies for the prevention of unwanted colonisation of surfaces.

DP0665910 Prof PL Swan; Prof D Feldman; Dr PJ Westerholm

Approved Fragmentation, globalization and the architecture of stock markets: How should the ASX be

Project Title redesigned to ensure its long term survival?

2006 : $145,000

2007 : $135,000

2008 : $145,000

Primary RFCD 3503 BANKING, FINANCE AND INVESTMENT

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The ASX is only at 10% of its potential relative to world best practice in architectural design. Reforms that we investigate,

such as a massive reduction in the minimum tick and greater transparency to reduce asymmetric information, could lift traded

value by several fold and by billions of dollars to efficiency levels achieved by South Korea and reduce trading costs by

hundreds of millions pa. For each dollar of actual trading costs saved there is a further saving of 12 dollars in trades currently

forgone. The ASX can be preserved from the threat of annihilation by a new global exchange and set up common trading

platforms like Euronext in our region. The result will be more successful stocks to replace NewsCorp.

DP0664505 A/Prof GJ Twite; Prof SD Titman; Prof J Fan

Approved An International Comparison of Corporate Financial Policy

Project Title

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 3503 BANKING, FINANCE AND INVESTMENT

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Our research contributes to the finance discipline, corporate decision making and public policy. Existing empirical literature

provides managers with insights on the impact of firm characteristics on corporate financial decisions. However, beyond

suggesting that well functioning banks, equity and bond markets are an integral part of corporate financing, no insight is

provided as to the role played by the public policy, legal structures and the suppliers of capital. In a market such as Australia,

where superannuation is a large and increasing part of corporate funding, this is a glaring omission. This study seeks to

examine the impact of public policy, legal and institutional structures on these financial choices.

DP0666231 Dr N Valanoor; Dr H Zheng; Dr J Junquera

Approved Phase transitions in ultra thin epitaxial polar oxide films.

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

2009 : $75,000

2010 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2914 MATERIALS ENGINEERING

ARF Dr N Valanoor

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

In this project we will utilize sophisticated thin film fabrication and characterization techniques( such as in situ x ray

diffraction) and the most advanced computational materials science tools. Therefore this project will provide postgraduates

and young researchers to cutting edge research, boosting the enormous potential of Australia in basic materials science. It

brings together early career researchers with complimentary expertise areas to interact with each other. It emphasizes

cross disciplinary research and exchange of research ideas across three continents; thus providing the ideal training ground

for young researchers who are expected to make a major contribution to both, fundamental and applied research in the

future.

DP0667127 Dr Z Vrcelj; Dr G Ranzi

Approved Long Term Behaviour Of Composite Steel Concrete Beams And Its Effect On Composite Dynamic

Project Title Response

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2908 CIVIL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Composite steel concrete construction has proven to be a most prolific area of research over the last few decades with

Australian researchers at the forefront in the field internationally. Despite this and the great significance of the problem to the

Australian building industry (in 2000 2001 alone Australia spent 17.5 billion dollars on heavy engineering infrastructure

development), there appears to be no systematic study of time effects, such as creep and shrinkage, on the static and

dynamic response of composite beams. This project will explore these phenomena, both theoretically and experimentally,

leading to development of valuable theoretical models and design aids for practicing engineers.

DP0665826 Prof TS Walter; Dr CA Comerton Forde; A/Prof DR Gallagher

Approved An Examination of the Structure, Performance, Trading Activity and Portfolio Compositions of

Project Title Small Cap Equity Managers

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3503 BANKING, FINANCE AND INVESTMENT

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Australian investment managers currently manage $A904 billion in assets. Given that Australians compulsorily commit 9% of

their salaries this figure is set to rise rapidly. Developing a better understanding of the performance and trading activities of

these managers offers significant benefit to all Australians. The growth in assets under management has forced managers

to invest in alternative assets such as small cap stocks. Small companies have been described as the engine room of

economic growth, promoting employment, national prosperity, and innovation and entrepreneurship. Our research considers

a significant and growing part of Australia's national economy.

DP0663479 Dr J Wang

Approved Modelling the jet characteristics and process performance for abrasive waterjet micro machining

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2903 MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This project will develop a new manufacturing science and technology for micro machining using a micro abrasive waterjet.

The new technology will provide an effective means for micro cutting, etching and super finish polishing on various

micro parts, particularly for advanced materials such as ceramics and glasses that are being increasingly used by industry

while other technologies either experience difficulties or result in defects in processing them. This technology will increase the

capacity of the Australian manufacturing industry to exploit new leading technologies and products.

DP0667305 Prof JK Webb; Prof MJ Irwin

Approved A transit search for extrasolar planets

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $92,000

2008 : $86,000

Primary RFCD 2401 ASTRONOMICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

One of the most exciting astronomical research areas to emerge recently is the discovery of planets outside our solar system.

Whether other Earths exist, and whether they possess life, remains unanswered for now, but important technological

advances, including new Australian innovations, move us steadily towards answering potentially the most important scientific

question of all time. Significant progress is possible at relatively low cost. This project will use a dedicated, automated,

ultra precise telescope in NSW to find a large number of extra solar planets eclipsing their host stars. During transit, detailed

observations can reveal fundamental planetary properties, including atmosphericic signatures for life.

DP0663368 Prof MD Willcox; Dr N Kumar; Dr N Cole; A/Prof RS Armstrong

Approved Novel Antimicrobial Biomaterials

Project Title

2006 : $160,000

2007 : $140,000

2008 : $140,000

Primary RFCD 2915 BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

There is a clear need for new materials that repel bacteria. Infections associated with biomaterials incur a high cost in terms

of human health and well being, but such infections also increase the burden on the health care system by extending hospital

stays and significantly elevating costs. The cost of a catheter related blood stream infection is around $50,000 for patients in

intensive care units. If all medical devices are considered, the cost of related infections is then approximately $20 billion. The

technology proposed here has the potential to reduce biomaterial related infection rates, improve health care and reduce

health care costs.

DP0664572 Prof JA Wolfe; Dr JR Smith; A/Prof GE McPherson; Em/Prof NH Fletcher

Approved Understanding and overcoming technical difficulties in woodwind musical instruments.

Project Title

2006 : $94,000

2007 : $76,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 4101 PERFORMING ARTS

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

A large minority of Australians play musical instruments, and even more enjoy listening. Wind instruments predominate in

school bands. This project will provide knowledge and resources that will improve teaching and playing techniques. It will also

provide understanding and information useful to instrument makers, of which Australia has several. The information will be

made available in both technical and non technical forms via our widely used web site.

The quality of this research, its useful application to practical problems, and the rapid and easy communication to a wide and

very interested subset of the public will enhance Australia's reputation for research and music.

DP0666374 Dr SW Wroe

Approved Australia's mammalian carnivore diversity in space and time

Project Title

2006 : $200,000

2007 : $150,000

2008 : $150,000

2009 : $125,000

2010 : $125,000

Primary RFCD 2601 GEOLOGY

QEII Dr SW Wroe

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

To more effectively address the current extinction crisis we need to understand past diversity. This research program will

comprehensively investigate the diversity of mammalian carnivores on three continents over geological time. Results will

provide insight into whether the evolution of Australia's mammal carnivores differs fundamentally from those of other

continents, as has often been suggested but not quantitatively demonstrated. Studies focused in the present are important,

but often miss critical factors that can only be clarified through analyses with deep time perspectives. The findings will

translate into an improved understanding of what makes Australia unique and better informed decisions regarding wildlife

management.

DP0665581 A/Prof J Xue; A/Prof J Potter

Approved Analysis and Optimisation of Incomplete Object Oriented Programs

Project Title

2006 : $105,000

2007 : $87,000

2008 : $94,000

Primary RFCD 2803 COMPUTER SOFTWARE

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

This project will push Australia to the forefront of OO technologies and will increase the profile of advanced programming

language design and implementation research in Australia. The completed framework will

likely be commercially viable as Australia industries such as banks and

insurance companies and government organisations hosting large

OO software systems may benefit (in terms of performance and

code security) from the technology developed as a result of this research. The completed framework will also provide an

excellent platform for researchers in Australia and elsewhere to do research in OO technologies, helping in producing quality

students for the Australian IT industry.

DP0665786 Prof DJ Young; Dr J Zhang; Dr D McGrouther

Approved "Metal dusting" of austenitic alloys: mechanisms and interventions

Project Title

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $120,000

2008 : $145,000

2009 : $145,000

2010 : $145,000

Primary RFCD 2914 MATERIALS ENGINEERING

ARF Dr J Zhang

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

"Metal dusting" is a catastrophic form of metal corrosion which we do not yet understand. It affects industries important to

Australia: reforming of natural gas and (potentially) ceramic oxide fuel cells. This project aims to understand the process of

austenitic alloy dusting, and thereby design materials to resist this form of attack. This will allow new natural gas processing

industries in Australia to be internationally competitive.

DP0667030 Dr J Yuan

Approved Design of MIMO Spatial Division Multiple Access Techniques for Multi User Wireless Data Services

Project Title

2006 : $88,000

2007 : $78,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

The project aims at developing novel wireless techniques to enable a breakthrough in multi user multimedia services in the

ICT industry sector. The Australian research community will benefit from the new theoretical techniques, design and

deployment of next generation wireless systems, while wireless users will benefit from improved quality, high data rates and

low cost of services. Other benefits include training researchers and industrial innovators, generation of valuable intellectual

property and patent outcomes, which may help Australian telecommunication and information industry to become a leader in

wireless ICT based technologies, ensure Australian ICT companies to gain commercial advantages, and contribute to

national economy.

DP0665276 Dr RP Zou; Prof AB Yu

Approved Fundamental Studies of the Packing of Cohesive Particles

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 2907 RESOURCES ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

Particle/powder technology is of paramount importance to Australia in view of its heavy dependence on the handling and

processing of raw materials. Particle packing is here a most basic operation. This project will examine the underpinning

physics of the packing of cohesive particles and develop novel generic theories and mathematical models for solving packing

problems. Its outcomes can lead to better process or product control, a decrease in energy consumption and an

improvement in productivity in many processes/operations in mineral/material and relevant industries, which, together with

the research training offered, will help strengthen and maintain Australia's leading position in particulate science and

technology.

DP0666661 Prof AB Zwi; Prof D Silove; A/Prof JE Ritchie; Ms A Bunde Birouste

Approved Psychosocial and mental health policy in countries emerging from conflict and natural disaster:

Project Title analysis of policy and program responses

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $120,000

2008 : $130,000

Primary RFCD 3212 PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES

Administering Institution The University of New South Wales

Project Summary

International donor involvement in psychosocial and mental health policy and programming in complex emergencies has

been plagued with controversy. With this project, Australian researchers will help build a much needed evidence base for

psychosocial and mental health policy formulation and implementation. It will specifically enhance programming responses in

conflict  and disaster affected countries of the Asia Pacific region, where Australia is devoting considerable resources and

attention. Better insights into policy processes and the transferability of experience will maximise Australia's response and

operational effectiveness, and will have immediate relevance in Tsunami affected areas.

The University of Newcastle

DP0665254 Ms LA de Beuzeville; A/Prof TA Johnston

Approved The linguistic use of space in Auslan (Australian Sign Language): semantic roles and grammatical

Project Title relations in three dimensions

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $79,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 3802 LINGUISTICS

APD Ms LA de Beuzeville

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

Research into the structure of Auslan provides information for the production of assessment and teaching tools for

practitioners to use in adult education settings (for second language learners of Auslan and Auslan interpreters) and in

special education for signing deaf children. It will also serve as a basis for further research into the acquisition of grammatical

use of space by native signing deaf children. These outcomes will further benefit the deaf community, improving deaf

people's access to education, health, government services and the employment sector.

DP0667265 Prof BZ Dlugogorski

Approved Self heating of porous lignocellulosic and coal particles

Project Title

2006 : $65,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 2999 OTHER ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

This project develops models for spontaneous heating of materials, which have substantial value to Australian economy, and

whose self heating behaviour have led to loss of life and significant material losses in industries processing these materials.

The results will be immediately applicable to evaluate risks of spontaneous ignition in process plants in a more rigorous

manner than performed presently. Furthermore, findings of this investigation will allow considerable improvement in

estimating green house gas emissions as a consequence of spontaneous combustion.

DP0666620 Dr AJ Fleming

Approved Analysis, Optimization, and Control of Scanning Atomic Force Microscope Micro Cantilever Probes

Project Title

2006 : $128,996

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

APD Dr AJ Fleming

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

Atomic Force Microscopes (AFM's) are widely used for the examination of samples smaller than can be observed with an

optical microscope. A tiny 'finger', only a few atoms wide at its sharpest point, is used to 'feel' the surface of a sample. This

project aims to increase the resolution of AFM images by actively controlling the sensor probe dynamics.

Better quality AFM images would allow scientists to further investigate the atomic and molecular structure of such samples

as: metals, polymers, cells, and proteins.

This research will contribute to the design of an Australian made Scanning Probe Microscope. Development of local expertise

will provide a valuable resource for Australian scientific and industrial research.

DP0665656 Prof M Fu; Dr P Schreier

Approved The Interplay of Feedback Control and Digital Communications

Project Title

2006 : $118,000

2007 : $108,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2903 MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

This project deals with two research topics in digital communications and control. The first is concerned with feedback

communications for control systems, aiming to develop new design methods for network based automation and control. The

second studies new decoding and detection algorithms for digital communications. Applications of the proposed research

work include network based industrial control, wireless communication devices, and high density digital storage media. The

cross fertilisation of control systems and digital communications will help strengthen Australia's research expertise in the

National Research Priority area "Information and Communications Technology" (ICT).

DP0664921 Dr L Gan

Approved New Signal Transforms for Multimedia Applications

Project Title

2006 : $62,000

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 2802 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

This project targets at important yet challenging problems for reliable transmission and efficient processing of digital

multimedia. The solutions to these problems will not only contribute to our fundamental understanding of digital visual

information, but also lead to new commercial opportunities. Hence, the project is clearly within the ARC priority research area

3: Frontier Technologies Frontier Technologies for Building and Transforming Australian Industries. Also, as multimedia

market is one of the highest growth segments within the information technology industry, the project is directly in the

information and communication technologies (ICT), whose national importance was recognized by the Federal Government.

DP0663082 Prof GC Goodwin

Approved Parsimonious Quantization in Signal Processing and Control

Project Title

2006 : $178,945

2007 : $115,000

2008 : $112,000

2009 : $131,000

2010 : $133,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

In today's society there is an abundance of data. Indeed, it could be argued that we suffer from data 'overload'. Thus to turn

'data' into actions, the need for parsimony in signal processing and control arises. For that purpose, the data must be

sampled (in time) and quantized (in space). Within this context, the current project is aimed at understanding aspects of

sampled parsimonious quantization. The results have widespread practical uses including digital cameras, video

compression, audio quantization, control over communication networks, switching of electronic devices and many others.

DP0664149 Prof GJ Jameson; A/Prof AV Nguyen; Dr S Ata

Approved Extending the range of the flotation process for particle separation

Project Title

2006 : $250,000

2007 : $180,000

2008 : $200,000

2009 : $170,000

2010 : $150,000

Primary RFCD 2907 RESOURCES ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

The minerals industry is a significant contributor to Australia's prosperity. Flotation is an important process for upgrading

low grade ores to high grade concentrates, and for recovering fine coal from tailings. This project is aimed at solving a

long term problem in current flotation practice, the difficulty in recovering ultrafine and coarse particles, currently lost from

production. We will pursue two new discoveries recently made by us, relating to the recovery of ultrafines and coarse

particles. Benefits to Australia are of the order of $500 million a year in increased exports, education of high quality

graduates, export income from license fees and equipment.

DP0665742 Dr SJ Johnson

Approved Construction methods and analysis tools for repeat accumulate error correction codes

Project Title

2006 : $50,128

2007 : $32,000

2008 : $30,000

Primary RFCD 2805 DATA FORMAT

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

Error correction codes play an integral role in digital communications systems, enabling technologies such as compact disk

players, hard disk drives, high speed modems, digital audio broadcasting and deep space communications. This project

develops the techniques which underlie the success of next generation error correction technologies and thus addresses an

important and fundamental problem in the area of information and communications technology (ICT). The nature of the

project presents significant potential for project outcomes to be beneficial to the Australian telecommunications industry in a

wide range of application areas including wireless networks, mobile communications, and data storage.

DP0665059 Dr M Kibby

Approved Exploring Internet Induced Changes in Youth Music Consumption

Project Title

2006 : $53,000

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $20,000

Primary RFCD 4203 CULTURAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

Music consumption is the basis of both a key Australian industry with wide reaching economic impact, and a social practice

closely tied to identity formation, relationship development and mood management. This project has significant community

and national benefit, in that it will further our understanding of contemporary popular music consumption. In documenting the

range of online music products, young consumers' attitudes towards them, and their personal music acquisition habits, the

project will lead to an understanding of how having access to almost unlimited, personalised music file collections will affect

the role music plays in their lives and the follow on impact in social, cultural and economic terms.

DP0666166 A/Prof EH Kisi; Dr JS Forrester; Dr CJ Howard

Approved Structural Origins of the Giant Piezoelectric Effect in Relaxor Ferroelectrics

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2914 MATERIALS ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

This project addresses fundamental questions about the origins of the Giant Piezoelectric Effect. The solution of these

questions will be will raise the profile of Australian science in this area as well as allowing new directions to be explored both

in modifying existing materials and seeking new ones. It will expand the pool of personnel with experience in the synthesis

and diffraction based study of these materials which are slated for inclusion in large numbers of 'Smart' technologies. The

training of personnel in advanced diffraction methods is important in the lead up to the new Australian research reactor OPAL

in 2006 and the new Australian synchrotron in 2007.

DP0663410 Prof GA Lawrance; A/Prof M Maeder

Approved Assembly and Interactions of Helical Supramolecular Structures

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 2502 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

The project in advanced materials is significant in probing an exciting topology in nanostructural assemblies   helicates   the

understanding of the interactions of which will assist the development of optically pure molecules that are the key to

high value drugs, thus contributing to enhanced development in the specialty chemicals and pharmaceuticals industry. The

research may result in economic benefits for Australia, since it will develop synthetic materials with the potential to perform

tasks in high optical purity essential drug synthesis. Further, it will enhance the knowledge and skills base within the country

through training of highly applicable scientists for a growing national priority area.

DP0664370 Dr PJ Lewis; Dr R Griffith; Dr RJ Lewis

Approved Structural analysis and functional inactivation of bacterial transcription complexes

Project Title

2006 : $103,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2703 MICROBIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

RNA polymerase is an essential enzyme in all living cells. Its role is to convert the genetic information stored in genes into a

message that can be converted into protein. As such, the bacterial RNA polymerase represents an ideal target for the

development of new antibiotics which will be important in maintaining the health of the Australian community and also in

protecting the community from the very real threat of bioterrorism organisms such as anthrax. This project is designed to

identify molecules for development as new antibiotics that are effective against RNA polymerase.

DP0664992 Mr C Ling

Approved Fast Decoding for Multi Input Multi Output Wireless Communications

Project Title

2006 : $83,040

2007 : $77,000

2008 : $77,000

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

APD Mr C Ling

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

This project focuses on the core technology on the physical layer of broadband wireless telecommunications. The outcomes

of the research have the potential to influence the design and implementation of new generation wireless systems, thereby

stimulating the growth of the Australian telecommunications industry. The research of this project is of fundamental

importance to telecommunications engineering. It contributes to the maintenance of Australia's international research profile.

This project falls within the Research Priority 3: Frontier Technologies for Building and Transforming Australian Industries. It

addresses the goals of Breakthrough Science and Frontier Technologies.

DP0666551 Dr AV Lyamin; Dr K Krabbenhoft

Approved Optimization Based Finite Element Procedures for Geotechnical Applications

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2908 CIVIL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

Although this project is predominantly a fundamental study it is expected to lead to a class of new methods for accurate and

efficient modelling of complex geotechnical applications. Ultimately, this will result in cheaper and safer designs of both

standard and non standard geotechnical structures. The project builds on and extends the tradition which has been

established in Australia over the past 15 20 years of applying mathematical programming methods to geomechanical

problems. This work has received world wide recognition and the numerical methods developed in Newcastle are currently

being commercialized for the benefit of practising engineers and geotechnical researchers.

DP0663454 Dr GR MacFarlane

Approved Biomarkers of Heavy Metal Stress in Mangrove Ecosystems

Project Title

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3008 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

Australia has the third largest area of mangroves internationally and these systems are highly productive as primary

producers, habitat and nursery area for many juvenile commercial fish species. The consequences of local destruction of

mangroves through human impacts are lower fish productivity and loss of water quality. The validation of predictive early

warning biomarkers of heavy metal stress in mangroves would provide a powerful management tool that would enable

evidence of pollutant exposure and accurate 'early warning' indication of biological/environmental effects, allowing effective

remedial action and protection of estuarine waters and resources both nationally and internationally.

DP0666130 Dr BP McGrath

Approved Improved Capacitor Voltage Balance for Multicell Power Electronic Converters Controlled by

Project Title Spectrally Optimal Modulation

2006 : $45,922

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 2909 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

There is a growing demand for high power and medium voltage energy conversion systems in a wide range of applications,

including Rail, Renewable Energy, Defence and Electricity Distribution. Multicell type multilevel converters are a very

attractive means of satisfying this demand, but only if the cell voltages can be precisely regulated so as to ensure protection

of the converter while simultaneously ensuring the synthesis of switched waveforms with the required spectral quality. This

project offers the potential to eliminate this barrier to the use of Multicell converter technology. In addition this project

emphasises the development and training of people skilled in the design and development of this technology.

DP0666255 A/Prof SO Moheimani

Approved Advanced Control of Dual Stage Hard Disk Drives

Project Title

2006 : $148,000

2007 : $123,000

2008 : $125,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

The project is of significant scientific merit, resulting in solutions to open problems in control of dual stage hard disk drive

systems. This will contribute to the maintenance of Australia's international research profile, help maintain its internal

research vitality and also enhance the advanced engineering base of the country. An important benefit of this research is the

direct application of developed ideas to the next generation data storage systems. The completion of this project will directly

benefit Australia's developing high tech industries.

DP0663643 Dr SK Morley

Approved Polar Cap Region Boundary Dynamics

Project Title

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $77,000

2008 : $77,000

Primary RFCD 2606 ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

APD Dr SK Morley

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

Geomagnetic storms have the potential to severely impair critical technology infrastructure. Consequences of strong

geomagnetic activity can include power failures, pipeline corrosion, satellite failures, inaccurate GPS positioning and radio

navigation. Knowledge of how, where and under which conditions this activity occurs is therefore crucial. The primary aim of

this project is to extend our knowledge of the mechanisms by which this activity occurs. This work will consolidate Australia's

international space profile and provide excellent training in this field, helping Australia's future technology development.

DP0663688 A/Prof AV Nguyen; Prof GM Evans

Approved Effect of Saline Water on Flotation Processes

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $175,000

2008 : $175,000

2009 : $155,000

2010 : $155,000

Primary RFCD 2907 RESOURCES ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

The Australian mineral and coal industry is valued at $40 billion in export income per year. This significant component of the

Australian economy will benefit from this research into the increased use of highly saline water to improve coal and mineral

flotation recovery. The project will keep Australia at the leading edge of flotation research, research training and development

for the coal and mineral industry. With direct relevance to the National Research Priorities: Water   a Critical Resource, this

project will make contributions to the development of a more environmentally sustainable coal and mineral processing

industry.

DP0666955 A/Prof BM Ninness

Approved New Approaches for the Estimation of Complex Dynamic System Models

Project Title

2006 : $118,000

2007 : $108,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2903 MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

This project lies within an ARC defined Research Priority Area. Namely, "Frontier Technologies". It is directed towards taking

available data records from physical and other processes, ranging from petrochemical plant outputs to share market values,

and using them to determine equations that allow for the prediction, diagnosis, and control of the underlying determining

systems. As such, it lies within the ARC identified area of "Smart Information Use", but has further potential to foster new

approaches and new technologies, by way of the improved system modelling, prediction and diagnosis capabilities it will

provide.

DP0665131 Dr DA Pask; Dr AD Sims

Approved Pictures for Operator Algebras: higher rank graphs

Project Title

2006 : $101,000

2007 : $88,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

The runaway success of graph C* algebras pioneered at the University of Newcastle places Australia at the forefront of an

exciting new research field. Higher dimensional graphs and their algebras are a promising new direction, and this project will

keep Australian researchers at its cutting edge.

This project will involve and train talented young researchers who will contribute to the Mathematical outcomes of the current

project. Their involvement will train them in the techniques of modern Mathematics and furnish them with important

international research connections. In doing so we shall be laying a strong foundation for the future of Australian

Mathematical research.

DP0664626 Prof JW Patrick; Dr DW McCurdy; A/Prof CE Offler

Approved Induction of Plant Transfer Cells   Discovering Regulatory Networks

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $96,000

2008 : $96,000

Primary RFCD 2704 BOTANY

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

This project seeks molecular understanding of regulatory mechanisms responsible for inducing formation of specialized plant

cells that are of central importance in controlling nutrient transport. These so called "transfer cells" play pivotal roles in

determining crop nutrition and hence yield under normal and stressful environments such as soil nutrient deficiencies and

salinity. Discovering regulatory mechanisms that control formation of these specialized cells will maintain Australia's

international reputation in this field of research. In addition, the information platform generated may provide technological

opportunities to optimise nutrient flows in healthy plants, combat certain environmental stresses and control pathogen attack.

DP0664365 Dr P Schreier

Approved Space time and time frequency applications of improper complex processes

Project Title

2006 : $99,515

2007 : $72,000

2008 : $79,000

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

This project addresses an issue of fundamental importance to many areas in science and engineering. It is thus expected

that the results will be disseminated in high quality journals and receive widespread attention and recognition. This will

advance Australia's research profile in the world.

The project can also be expected to have an immediate impact on the design of next generation communications

technologies, thus aiding Australian industries in the development of frontier technologies.

Australia will also benefit economically and socially by the specialised engineers and researchers in signal processing and

communications that will be trained in the course of this project.

DP0666828 Dr JS Welsh

Approved New System Identification Techniques Utilising Misspecified Models

Project Title

2006 : $90,388

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 2909 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

National benefits of the proposed research project will result from improvements in control due to a better, more complete

understanding of the models obtained by the newly proposed system identification technique. The resulting effect on

industrial practice will be an increase in efficiency, by reduced waste, lower pollution levels and increased throughput. Also,

the techniques developed will be directly applicable to current research in the areas of complex systems, such as smart

structures and biological studies of the dynamic effects of drugs and hormones on genes.

DP0667093 Prof GR Willgoose; A/Prof PJ Binning; Dr STYLE="Lancaster; Em/Prof MJ Kirkby; Prof PM Bishop

Approved TERRESIM: A simulation system for understanding and managing the interactions between runoff,

Project Title vegetation, soils and climate in a changing environment

2006 : $250,000

2007 : $200,000

2008 : $200,000

2009 : $200,000

2010 : $170,000

Primary RFCD 2601 GEOLOGY

APF Prof GR Willgoose

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

The landforms around us evolve in response to the processes of hydrology, erosion, climate and vegetation that develops on

them. Likewise, the past behaviour of these processes (thus historical climatic fluctuations) in written in the deposited

sediment. To study these interactions will be develop a state of the art landform simulator (TerreSim). We will use it to

explore the evolution, development and sustainability of soils, vegetation, and hydrology (e.g. water supply) so as to better

understand their response to climatic changes. We will also study rates of cliff retreat and debris flow in steep landscapes to

better understand cliff stability.

DP0665550 Dr NE Wright; Dr TV Davis; Dr B Collins Gearing

Approved Working Together: Indigenous and Non indigenous Collaboration in Australian Film and Literature

Project Title

2006 : $112,000

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $67,000

Primary RFCD 4203 CULTURAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Newcastle

Project Summary

As the first, comprehensive study of Indigenous and non indigenous collaboration in film and literature this project will make

an important contribution to Australian cultural history. It will provide filmmakers, educators and publishers with expanded

theoretical findings about the nature of collaboration. In the most general sense, this critical analysis of one of the ways in

which Indigenous and non indigenous Australians have and continue to 'work together' will contribute to the national project

of Reconciliation.

The University of Sydney

DP0666778 A/Prof DW Airey; Prof JP Carter

Approved Mechanics of dynamic loading and rapid penetration of soils

Project Title

2006 : $208,000

2007 : $160,000

2008 : $180,000

2009 : $140,000

2010 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2908 CIVIL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The project will produce improved understanding and new numerical tools that will permit cost effective simulation and

modelling of rapid penetration of objects into the ground, and of the compaction processes used on the majority of

construction sites. The free fall penetrometer will be developed to enable soil strength to be determined at remote sites, e.g.

ocean seabed, jungles, swamps. The project will also assist in the selection of compaction equipment and procedures.

DP0666148 A/Prof R Aldrich

Approved Province, Nation, Empire: France, 1871 1940

Project Title

2006 : $65,000

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project will deepen understanding of structures of political, strategic and economic power by providing insight into the

dynamics of regionalist, nationalist and internationalist ideologies through study of the world's second largest overseas

empire. It examines the role of non state initiatives and pressures, while also investigating the colonial origins of

contemporary globalisation. It will shed light, in particular, on the post colonial heritage of actions in countries of the

Asia Pacific region that were French colonies or that remain French overseas outposts.

DP0666692 Prof SM Andrews

Approved Lexical expertise and reading skill: An experimental analysis of individual differences in written

Project Title language proficiency

2006 : $62,500

2007 : $67,400

2008 : $72,600

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The Federal Government's current National Inquiry into the Teaching of Literacy highlights the importance of an

evidence based approach to teaching and assessing literacy. Considerable research and policy effort has been directed

towards early reading programs. Much less attention has been paid to evaluating children's later development of reading

comprehension and spelling proficiency, but there is wide diversity in these skills within the adult population that influence

educational and vocational opportunity. This investigation of the factors underlying expertise in reading and spelling will

provide evidence that can contribute to developing educational policy and curricula for the later stages of schooling.

DP0664524 A/Prof SW Armfield; Prof JC Patterson

Approved Stability, transition and heat transfer in thermally coupled natural convection boundary layers

Project Title

2006 : $220,000

2007 : $170,000

2008 : $180,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Thermally coupled natural convection systems occur when a conducting vertical wall separates two fluids at different

temperatures. Such configurations occur, for example, at a window separating the interior of a room from the outside or when

a container of fluid is placed in a refrigerator. Improved building heating/cooling and ventilation, and more efficient

refrigeration systems, require a thorough understanding and predictive capability for these flows. This project will develop

experimental, numerical and analytic tools to predict these flows and provide simple scaling relations for bulk flow parameters

such as the heat transfer across the wall, which will be of immediate use in the associated industries.

DP0663351 Dr DH Arnold; Prof A Johnston

Approved Motion and Spatial Coding in Vision

Project Title

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

APD Dr DH Arnold

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The results of this project will have implications for the design and implementation of artificial visual systems. Completion of

this project will depend upon international collaboration   forging links between a young Australian investigator and

outstanding overseas scientists as well as providing excellent training opportunities. Subsequent publication of the research

in top ranking international journals will further promote Australian science abroad.

DP0664618 Prof HE Astor

Approved Managing Conflict in Higher Education

Project Title

2006 : $42,000

2007 : $20,000

Primary RFCD 3903 JUSTICE AND LEGAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Disputes in Australian universities attract extensive publicity that damages the national and international reputation of

Australian universities in the local and global marketplace. Litigation and other costs amount to millions of dollars. This

money could be better spent on universities' core business of teaching and research. This project will use new developments

in alternative dispute resolution to help Australian universities resolve disputes more effectively. It will focus on methods of

resolving disputes that save costs but are also appropriate for disputes involving important issues such as academic

freedom.

DP0663046 Mr F Aubret

Approved Does adaptive plasticity play a significant role in the initial colonisation of novel habitats?

Project Title

2006 : $145,000

2007 : $115,000

2008 : $115,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

APD Mr F Aubret

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

An increased understanding of the evolutionary and ecological processes responsible for generating Australian biodiversity

can facilitate effective management and conservation of this unique resource. Islands are especially significant in this

context because they host many kinds of distinctive fauna and flora that have vanished from mainland habitats. It is therefore

crucial to understand the biology of these small isolated systems, as a way to preserve those unique systems as well as the

distinctive evolutionary processes that occur within them.

DP0664663 Dr GR Barnes; Prof MB Clunies Ross

Approved Writing from the edge of the world: medieval Icelandic literature and the quest for social identity

Project Title

2006 : $94,092

2007 : $72,923

2008 : $91,157

Primary RFCD 4202 LITERATURE STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project has special significance for Australians. Iceland and Australia are both geographically isolated communities, both

originally colonies of larger political powers (Norway and Britain), both asserting a social identity different from that of the

motherland. Many themes of medieval Icelandic literature have parallels in Australian culture; slogans like 'the cultural cringe',

'the lucky country', 'home and away' can be readily paralleled in Old Icelandic literature. Our study will be of considerable

social benefit to Australia and will show how another ex colony, remote in time and place, constructed its own social identity.

DP0664374 Dr S Belmessous

Approved Assimilation and Empire

Project Title

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

APD Dr S Belmessous

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

There are growing calls internationally for the integration of immigrant communities as a long term means of combating

terrorism. Through an understanding of the history of assimilation, this project provokes considerable scepticism concerning

the current resurgence of assimilationist sentiment. The politics of culturally diverse societies are profound but they are not

going to be solved by simplistic diagnosis. The politics of assimilation is not the solution to contemporary terrorism but part of

the problem. Thus at the heart of this project lie concerns which directly address the National Research Priority,

Safeguarding Australia.

DP0665687 Dr K Belov; Dr M Eldridge; Dr S Beck

Approved Characterization of the tammar wallaby MHC

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

We will be able to determine the immunological fitness of marsupial populations which will help us to conserve our native

fauna and protect our eco tourism industry.

We will work in the international arena of large scale genomics and bring new technologies to Australia.

DP0666279 A/Prof BJ Bennett; A/Prof WA Rogers; Dr IA Karpin

Approved Gender Inequities in Health Research: Towards a New Regulatory Framework

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $150,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project will benefit Australian women by identifying better and fairer ways for the legal system to ensure that health

research performed in Australia provides meaningful information about the significance of new health treatments for

Australian women. The research undertaken in this project will make recommendations for the development of Australian

laws and policies that will promote and maintain good health by encouraging equal participation of men and women in health

research and analysis by gender of research results. This is particularly important given the ageing of the Australian

population and the greater longevity of women compared to men.

DP0665689 Prof MR Bennett; A/Prof WG Gibson

Approved Mechanism of transmission of calcium waves by glial cells

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $82,000

2008 : $82,000

Primary RFCD 2705 ZOOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This research concerns determining the fundamental properties of cells that occupy about 70% of the brain, the glial cells.

Two very important discoveries on glial cells have recently been made, namely that they can convey information in the form

of patterns of waves and that they possess molecules on their surface membranes that have been implicated in psychotic

disorders. One such molecule is called the D2 receptor and its malfunctioning has been implicated in schizophrenia. Our

research will determine the way in which information is propagated in the glial system of the brain and also illuminate the

function of several of the molecules found on the surface of the glial cells.

DP0666883 Prof MM Bilek; Dr SH Lim; Dr A Anders; A/Prof I Yarovsky

Approved Design and synthesis of transparent conducting metal oxides

Project Title

2006 : $200,000

2007 : $160,000

2008 : $160,000

2009 : $160,000

Primary RFCD 2914 MATERIALS ENGINEERING

APD Dr SH Lim

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

With advances in solar cell and flexible display technologies the demand and performance requirements for transparent

conductors used as electrodes in these devices will increase dramatically. This research program is focused on developing

new materials to meet the demand and the challenges of new, more advanced technologies. The project has the potential to

generate valuable intellectual property in the form of new generation transparent conducting oxide materials for a rapidly

growing set of applications. The new devices will directly improve our standard of living and additional economic benefits will

come from commercialisation of the technology both here and overseas.

DP0663776 Dr D Braddon Mitchell; Dr AL Roskies; Dr U Kriegel; Dr C West

Approved Personal Identity, Consciousness and Agency

Project Title

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 4401 PHILOSOPHY

APD Dr AL Roskies

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

If I lose my memory, am I the same person I used to be? If much of my body or brain is replaced, do I remain the same

person? What if my beliefs and attitudes are altered: does this affect who I am? These are questions of personal identity, and

they have enormous bearing on questions of public ethics, especially in the light of biomedical changes. Our inter disciplinary

solutions will add both nuance and insight to the difficult decisions the community will face in this area. The project brings to

Australia two leading young researchers from the United States, thus substantially enhancing Australia's skill base and

international profile.

DP0665330 Dr MS Byron

Approved Textual Ontogeny and the Understanding of Modernist Texts: A Case Study of Samuel Beckett's

Project Title Novel, Watt

2006 : $59,557

2007 : $63,936

2008 : $61,147

2009 : $55,755

Primary RFCD 4202 LITERATURE STUDIES

APD Dr MS Byron

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This research develops smart technology use: by creating a new method of literary editing that is best able to extend the

capabilities of electronic text, this project enhances the understanding of modernist literature and the ability to use technology

in innovative ways in the humanities. New ways to organise and edit complex networks of data and documentation (in this

case extensive archival and published material) will be transferable to a wide variety of non literary applications.

DP0665743 Dr MG Chapman

Approved Identifying and creating essential habitat for rare Australian intertidal molluscs

Project Title

2006 : $40,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $39,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Coastal development in Australia causes major changes to natural habitats. Obligations to conserve biodiversity are

impossible without reliable information about how animals respond to habitat and how best to restore damaged habitat.

Current management treats habitats as large scale units and ignores fine scale use of habitat by animals. This project will

provide essential understanding to guide policy about coastal conservation, by providing ecologically realistic understanding

of associations between rare invertebrates and habitat. New protocols to measure these associations and success of

restoration, will be applicable to any rare species in any complex habitat, increasing present capabilities for conservation.

DP0666848 Prof R Charteris

Approved Transformations from Renaissance to Baroque: The Cultural and Musical Significance of Giovanni

Project Title Gabrieli

2006 : $43,626

2007 : $46,779

2008 : $48,074

2009 : $49,697

2010 : $51,400

Primary RFCD 4101 PERFORMING ARTS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The Western European tradition forms a significant part of Australia's culture, and it is important that Australians are

contributors to the extension of this tradition as well as being consumers. This project will discover new music and materials

that will be of immense interest to many Australians, and it will make its discoveries known in an accessible way that meets

the demand in Australian society. My leadership in Renaissance music studies, especially Gabrieli, is contributing to

Australia's involvement in the dynamic, international revival of early music, as well as facilitating telecasts, broadcasts,

concerts and recordings.

DP0665169 Dr M Chen; Dr TS Bibby; Prof AW Larkum; Prof RE Blankenship

Approved Novel Chlorophylls and New Directions in Photosynthesis

Project Title

2006 : $160,000

2007 : $130,000

2008 : $130,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

APD Dr TS Bibby

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Understanding how solar energy is used in photosynthesis is of global importance and will contribute to cutting edge

photosynthetic research by Australian scientists. We aim to discover how and why the key photosynthetic pigments,

chlorophylls, are synthesised and used; this will provide new opportunities for breakthroughs in frontier technologies, such as

photoelectric cells based on carbon rather than silicon. We aim to understand how novel chlorophylls are used in a variety of

important organisms in a range of ecological niches. The results will aid understanding of the effects of global climate change

on coral reefs, in open ocean systems and in other important biological communities.

DP0664922 Dr SJ Cordwell

Approved Characterising post translational modifications in bacterial proteins

Project Title

2006 : $88,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2703 MICROBIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project represents the first global attempt to characterize post translational modifications in bacterial proteins using the

tools of proteomics. Modifications to proteins are key elements in altering their function. In bacteria, modifications are

important in cell cell adhesion, signalling and triggering of the immune response. Characterisation of modified proteins and

their sites of modification represents an opportunity to understand how bacterial cell populations communicate in the

environment, as well as aid in understanding pathogenesis in medical, veterinary and food borne pathogens. Therefore,

improved vaccine targets and therapeutics, as well as method based products, may be generated by this project.

DP0666615 Dr SM Croom

Approved Quasar Cosmology

Project Title

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $145,000

2008 : $145,000

2009 : $145,000

2010 : $120,000

Primary RFCD 2401 ASTRONOMICAL SCIENCES

QEII Dr SM Croom

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project will address fundamental issues regarding the formation and evolution of galaxies and super massive black

holes. It will build on Australia's international reputation as a centre of excellence in astronomy. The project will capitalize on

new instrumentation technology being developed in Australia as well as opening the door for Australian access to

international facilities. We will train a number of students who will be enabled with a powerful set of analytical and

information technology skills. We will publicize our work to inspire young Australians towards studies in the areas of science

and technology.

DP0665973 Dr JR Curran; Dr T Murphy

Approved Exploring Scientific Information with Advanced New Search Tools

Project Title

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $60,000

2009 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3802 LINGUISTICS

APD Dr T Murphy

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The rapidly growth of scientific literature in many fields makes finding information a challenge. For example, biologists

produce over 1 million articles each year. Existing search tools have only limited success satisfying the demands of scientists'

queries. This project will deliver intelligent e research assistants capable of answering scientists' questions directly rather

than returning a list of documents. This will allow scientists to more efficiently exploit the literature enabling them to be more

innovative and productive. This technology is applicable where ever finding facts in large volumes of text is critical, e.g.

analysing surveillance material. Advanced search tools will have considerable academic and industrial impact.

DP0665402 Prof IS Curthoys; Dr HG MacDougall; Dr STYLE="Moore

Approved Functional Assessment of Head eye Coordination during Driving

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

APD Dr HG MacDougall

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

238 people per 100,000 population were hospitalized and 9 people per 100,000 died as a result of road transport related

injury in Australia in 2002. We will address this issue by assessing the head eye coordination strategies for young drivers, for

proficient drivers and for aged drivers to determine those behaviors and strategies that are associated with various levels of

performance. This insight could be affectively communicated to others and would provide the basis for educational material

and methods that would improve operator skill, safety, and performance. These individual improvements would provide

overall benefits such as improved transport efficiency, reduced accident rates, saved lives and a reduction in related social

costs.

DP0666110 Dr K da Costa

Approved Drawing the line: the archaeology of Roman provincial borders in Late Antique Palaestina and

Project Title Arabia (AD250   650)

2006 : $109,000

2007 : $74,000

2008 : $84,000

2009 : $66,000

Primary RFCD 4302 ARCHAEOLOGY AND PREHISTORY

APD Dr K da Costa

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project, using archaeological evidence from Jordan, will for the first time accurately establish the boundaries of

provinces in the Roman Empire. By linking Australia and the Middle East in international scholarly research dealing with our

common cultural heritage, it will increase our mutual understanding. The examination of very long term trends in an ancient

system which dealt with a complex, multi cultural population will provide much needed comparative illustrations for the

current national debate on the nature and security of Australian borders. It will also provide evidence of long term economic

change and its political consequences.

DP0667031 Prof RA Dampney; A/Prof RM McAllen

Approved Central command neurons integrating cardiorespiratory drive in exercise

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 2706 PHYSIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The ability to perform exercise is fundamental to human health and welfare. This ability depends upon the co ordination by

the brain of respiratory and cardiovascular function, such that the delivery of oxygen to exercising muscles is maximised.

This project will test the idea that there is a specific group of neurons in the brain that drive both the respiratory and

cardiovascular changes that occur during exercise, and will determine the location and functions of such neurons. Such new

knowledge will help us understand how the brain optimises the ability of the body to perform exercise. This is of fundamental

importance in sports science, a field in which Australia excels.

DP0663967 Prof MJ Davies; Prof PJ Barter; Dr MD Rees

Approved Mechanisms and consequences of oxidation of glycosaminoglycans, proteins and proteoglycans

Project Title by myeloperoxidase derived oxidants

2006 : $132,000

2007 : $110,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

APD Dr MD Rees

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) is responsible for the death of 40% of the population of developed, and

developing, countries including Australia. Rupture of the fibrous cap of atherosclerotic lesions is responsible for most sudden

deaths from heart disease and stokes, but is a poorly understood process. Evidence has been presented for a role for

oxidation reactions in weakening the structure of lesions and making them prone to rupture. Little is known about the

fundamental chemistry of such damage; this will be addressed in the proposed program. The data obtained will underpin the

development of new preventative and protective strategies to minimise lesion rupture and deaths from this major disease.

DP0665627 Prof BJ Eggleton; Prof CM de Sterke

Approved Efficient and tailored supercontinuum generation using dispersion management

Project Title

2006 : $254,684

2007 : $193,766

2008 : $192,778

2009 : $201,516

Primary RFCD 2404 OPTICAL PHYSICS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Imagine a laser beam, but not with just one colour, but containing all colours. The light beam thus looks white, somewhat like

a search light, except that it is much brighter. We now know how to generate such bright white beams of light, but it is

expensive, requiring a small specialized laboratory full of equipment. Through a better understanding, we will make it easier

and cheaper to generate these light beams. All kinds of applications that have been known for years, such as medical

imaging and chemical analysis, then suddenly become practical. We anticipate that in the future these bright white light

beams will be used on a routine basis in Australian hospitals and industry.

DP0664830 Prof D Feng; Dr S Eberl; A/Prof M Fulham

Approved Information Technology Aided Diagnosis of Dementia with PET CT Imaging

Project Title

2006 : $141,000

2007 : $111,473

2008 : $115,473

2009 : $132,000

2010 : $135,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Dementia is a significant health problem and approximately 162,000 Australians currently suffer from this disease, with costs

estimated at $6 billion annually in Australia and a profound effect on the lives of carers and family members. With the ageing

of the Australian population, the patient number is expected to rise to 500,000 by 2040.This research will apply innovative IT

approaches to develop computer assisted diagnosis of early dementia, when treatment is possible, from combined functional

and anatomical imaging modalities (PET CT). This will not only add considerable value to Australia's medical imaging

infrastructure and smart use of information, but will ultimately also deliver substantial benefits to our nation and community.

DP0663477 A/Prof TC Fisher; Prof K Sengupta

Approved An Economic Analysis of Bankruptcy and Financial Reorganization in Australia

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $32,000

2008 : $20,248

Primary RFCD 3401 ECONOMIC THEORY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

We examine the question of whether the new Australian bankruptcy law is too lenient on firms in financial trouble. We will

assemble detailed economic data on a large number of bankrupt firms and use the data to measure the performance of the

Australian bankruptcy system. The outcome will be a more complete understanding of how bankruptcy law saves viable firms

and eliminates inefficient firms. The project will assist policy makers designing bankruptcy law. The national benefit will be a

bankruptcy system that balances the need to give innovating entrepreneurs a second chance against the danger of

encouraging too many unprofitable firms to limp on and waste

resources.

DP0666484 Prof SC Fleming

Approved Low energy all optical logic gates with improved cascadability and fan out for future optical

Project Title communications and signal processing systems

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $120,000

2008 : $105,000

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

All optical logic processing is the key to overcoming electronic bottlenecks in high speed communication networks as

single channel speeds exceed electronic capabilities. This research will build off and extend Australia's world leading

specialty fibre and fibre device capabilities and place Australia at the forefront in the international all optical digital

information processing race. High quality research publications will enhance Australia's strong research reputation in

photonics and advanced materials and promote international collaboration. New optical processing capabilities will benefit

other application areas such as sensing and security.

DP0663519 A/Prof RR Fulton; A/Prof SR Meikle; Prof RB Banati

Approved Enabling Technologies for Motion Corrected Positron Emission Tomography (PET) of

Project Title Unanaesthetized Laboratory Animals

2006 : $163,000

2007 : $121,000

2008 : $124,000

Primary RFCD 2999 OTHER ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Small animal molecular imaging is a powerful tool in biological research and drug discovery. Anaesthesia is routinely used to

avoid motion distortion, but can profoundly alter the biological process studied. This research will enable quantitative imaging

of neurobiological phenomena in awake laboratory animals. It will create new opportunities for Australian basic researchers

to use innovative technology with expected high economic potential, and benefit small biotech companies by facilitating

pre clinical and clinical development of new pharmaceuticals. The new motion tracking and image reconstruction

technologies developed will strengthen Australia's leading position in engineering and biomedical systems development.

DP0664046 Dr O Gal

Approved The imperfection of the Universe: Music, Mathematics, Technology and the (dis )Order of Nature in

Project Title Baroque Science

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 3706 HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND MEDICINE

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This research will offer new insight into the birth of modern science, and will thus provide an important contribution towards

informed public discussion concerning science education, the relations between science and industry and between science

and general culture. This discussion is incumbent on us in our quest for knowledge based economy and a proper place in an

increasingly competitive world of science led industry and commerce. Australia enjoys a prime international position in history

and philosophy of science scholarship, and in the field of seventeenth century science in particular. This project will maintain

and enhance this position.

DP0665045 Prof MJ Gatens

Approved George Eliot: Literature as Experimental Philosophy

Project Title

2006 : $115,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

2009 : $100,000

2010 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 4401 PHILOSOPHY

APF Prof MJ Gatens

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project aims to make significant and innovative contributions to research excellence in philosophy, history of ideas and

literary studies. In addition it aims to provide a new conceptual framework and concepts necessary for constructive debate on

current moral and social issues, many of which are complex legacies from Victorian thinkers, such as Eliot and her

contemporaries. The overarching aim of rendering philosophy more inclusive and relevant is vital to the maintenance of a

healthy, free and democratic public culture in contemporary Australia.

DP0665360 Prof RG Gilbert

Approved Molecular archaeology: new knowledge from molecular weight distributions of synthetic and

Project Title natural polymers

2006 : $194,000

2007 : $124,000

2008 : $124,000

Primary RFCD 2505 MACROMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project will lead to new understanding of how natural and synthetic polymers are formed. Examples are the enzymatic

processes that produce the subtle architecture of rice grains, and the processes that pose problems for developing new

techniques for making novel polymer based materials. The fundamental scientific knowledge from this project will provide a

platform for the future development of improved materials, and for superior grain varieties for food and industrial use. These

advances will be of significant benefit to Australian industry and consumers.

DP0663764 Prof GJ Gill

Approved Rites of Power: Symbolism, Ritual and Politics in the Soviet Union and Russia

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $148,000

2008 : $148,000

2009 : $141,000

2010 : $120,000

Primary RFCD 3601 POLITICAL SCIENCE

APF Prof GJ Gill

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

In the last fifteen years, Russia has undergone major political change associated with the collapse of the USSR. One of the

most important tasks of the new regime is to establish a sense of its legitimacy, which should in turn help to shape its future.

As a major player in global politics and a significant power in the Asia Pacific region, Russia's internal development has

important consequences for Australia and the world. Only by understanding Russia and what is happening inside it can

Australia adequately deal with and interact with it. This project will substantially further such understanding.

DP0667065 Dr G Gottwald; Dr MJ Breakspear

Approved Nonlinear Time Series Analysis in Cardiac Physiology

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $67,000

2008 : $69,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

We will develop innovative mathematically based diagnostics with potentially significant savings in mortality and quality of life

for affected individuals and health care costs to the community.

Cardiac diseases kill more Australians than any other disease group. According to the National Heart Foundation the

prevalence to heart conditions increased by 18% over the last decade.

Medical practitioners are in need of reliable diagnostic tools to decide whether a person in front of them is at high risk from

developing sudden cardiac death, and whether they should be fitted with an implant that could save their life.

DP0666642 Prof SJ Gray; Dr RD Morris

Approved Global convergence to International Financial Reporting Standards : factors explaining compliance

Project Title with and impact of changing standards

2006 : $55,000

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 3501 ACCOUNTING, AUDITING AND ACCOUNTABILITY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The major benefit of this research is that it assesses the extent to which Australia's epoch making switch to International

Financial Reporting Standards in 2005 has been successful in practice relative to similar developments in the EU and

elsewhere. Further, the research measures the actual quantitative impact of the change in accounting standards to assess

whether or not the change has been significant from the standpoint of making international comparisons of Australian

corporate performance. Thus important evidence is provided about the outcomes of Australia's global convergence initiative,

how we compare with our major trading partners, and the key change factors involved.

DP0665867 A/Prof AJ Green; Prof EM Sadler

Approved Neutral hydrogen and galaxy assembly in the distant Universe

Project Title

2006 : $178,000

2007 : $168,000

2008 : $120,000

Primary RFCD 2401 ASTRONOMICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This research will produce a snapshot of hydrogen gas in the Universe 6 7 billion years ago. These results, together with

galaxy formation models, will tell us how galaxies are assembled to make the beautiful spirals we see today. This project is

only possible because of rapid advances in programmable chip technology, part of the massive increase in the speed and

complexity of integrated circuit devices.

DP0665282 Dr JM Guss; Dr MJ Maher

Approved The structure and function of dihydroorotase   an enzyme essential for pyrimidine biosynthesis

Project Title

2006 : $86,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Malaria has recently re emerged as one of the major life threatening diseases worldwide. With increasing travel and climate

change, malaria is increasingly endangering Australians at home and abroad. Our work aims to provide the basis for the

rational design of a new class of anti malarial drugs by the systematic and thorough analysis of an essential enzyme in the

malarial parasite.

DP0666241 A/Prof GJ Hage

Approved The Western Nation State, Cultural Pluralism and the Transnational Circulation of Political

Project Title Emotions in the Shi'a Lebanese Diaspora

2006 : $93,000

2007 : $51,000

2008 : $52,000

Primary RFCD 3703 ANTHROPOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

At its most general level, this research aims to expose and explain the importance of emotions in the formation of all cultures.

In so doing it opens the way for a more complex understanding of some of the invisible but important forces that shape

intercultural relations within culturally plural nations. It will thus open the possibilities for ameliorating and refining government

policies concerned with the management of pluralism. At a more particular level, the research hopes to produce critical

knowledge about diasporic Arab Muslim cultures that will ameliorate the thorny relations these cultures have today with

western governments.

DP0665794 Prof TW Hambley; A/Prof M Kassiou

Approved Functionalised MMP Inhibitors as Radiodiagnostic, Radiotherapeutic, and Radiation Sensitising

Project Title Agents for Metastatic Cancer

2006 : $92,000

2007 : $130,000

2008 : $120,000

Primary RFCD 2502 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Identifying and treating malignant cancers is one of the major challenges facing the scientific and medical communities. In

order to minimise side effects that accompany most treatments of cancer it is necessary to find ways of targeting the therapy

to tumours and away from healthy organs. A difference between tumours and healthy tissues is the amount of the proteins

(called MMPs) that tumours use to break out of their surroundings, to break into and out of the blood system, and to establish

new colonies of cancer cells or metastases. This difference also distinguishes the most aggressive cancers. The purpose of

this project is to develop means of identifying and targeting cancers using molecules that bind to these MMP proteins.

DP0664053 Prof MM Harding

Approved Synthesis and Applications of Antifreeze Proteins and Glycoproteins

Project Title

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $130,000

2008 : $130,000

Primary RFCD 2503 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Many cells are damaged when they are chilled below body temperatures thus limiting shelf life for applications. For example,

storage of human blood platelets is limited to 5 days at 22 degrees. This research will produce molecules that can be used in

the fields of agriculture (in vitro fertilization techniques, development of improved blood lines), aquaculture and human

reproductive technologies, where ice crystal growth and freezing are damaging. This outcome will be achieved by the

synthesis of molecules that mimic natural products that allow fish to survive in the icy Arctic and Arctic Oceans and study how

they are able to protect cells and tissues from damage in these extreme environments.

DP0666488 Dr AT Harris

Approved Selective generation of hydrogen from biomass and waste fuels

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2999 OTHER ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Biomass fuels account for 14% of global energy supply. This is likely to increase in future as the population increases, energy

demand rises, cheap oil and coal reserves are depleted, and the effects of global warming become more readily visible. In

Australia the development of a sustainable hydrogen economy is a national priority. The hydrogen economy could bring

about improved energy security, substantially reduced greenhouse gas emissions, improved energy efficiency and improved

air quality. This proposal directly addresses this challenge by investigating the science underpinning a large scale sustainable

hydrogen synthesis process using biomass and waste fuels.

DP0663086 Dr J Harris; Dr CW Clifford

Approved Interactions between vision and touch

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project will investigate in detail how sensory information is integrated across different modalities in constructing our

perceptual experiences. This has the potential to be incorporated into the development of virtual reality type computer based

technologies. The project will link the research activities of two successful Australian researchers, further developing their

new and promising collaboration. The research programme will attract high quality local and international students for training

in basic psychology research in Australia. The publication of this research in top ranking international journals will promote

Australian science abroad.

DP0665739 Dr BR Henderson

Approved Characterisation of APC intracellular trafficking pathways

Project Title

2006 : $91,000

2007 : $84,000

2008 : $84,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This is a fundamental research project aimed at addressing the cell biology of the APC tumour suppressor protein. APC gene

mutations are directly linked to the development of colorectal cancer, a serious healthcare issue in Australia with

approximately 12,400 new cases diagnosed each year and around 4,700 deaths. The severity of cases in men and women

who develop colorectal cancer makes this a socio economically serious health issue, and our project falls within the

Research Priority 2: Promoting and Maintaining Good Health. If successful our project will identify localisation patterns and

pathways of movement of APC within cells, which could ultimately help in development of treatments.

DP0665461 Prof JG Hill; Prof RS Thomas; Prof RW Masulis

Approved The Subversion of Contemporary Performance Based Pay   A Comparative Australian US Study

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The key national benefit from the project will be the development of a more informed basis for analysing, and making policy

and regulatory decisions about executive remuneration, which is a matter of great community concern in Australia. The

project will assess key provisions in Australian and US executive contracts, providing important comparative information

about the structure and operation of performance based pay schemes. The project will also examine whether systemic

problems exist in executive remuneration, The results will assist policy analysts in identifying directions for legal reform, to

address problems of non alignment of interests in executive remuneration, thereby achieving fairer outcomes.

DP0664098 Dr SD Jackson

Approved The creation and opimisation of new optical fibres and novel diode pumped fibre lasers for

Project Title applications in medicine, defence and the environment

2006 : $113,000

2007 : $101,000

2008 : $121,000

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The project will widen Australian laser research and contains the important steps required to progress beyond the recent

demonstrations of super high power and ultra compact mode locked operation. The proposed fibre lasers are internationally

significant, will address many applications and will keep Australia at the leading edge of laser and optical fibre research. The

array of new technologies necessary for the development of the proposed lasers will be vitally important to Australia's high

technology industries.

DP0663330 Dr CT Jin; Dr FA van Schaik

Approved Broadcasting 3D Audio: Recording, Transmission, and Playback

Project Title

2006 : $208,000

2007 : $106,000

2008 : $86,000

2009 : $90,000

2010 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2802 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

QEII Dr CT Jin

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

With the current state of the art, a performance at the Sydney Opera House cannot be recorded and broadcast such that you

can listen to it as if you are in the best seat of the house. The goal of our project is to develop the ultimate form of

multi channel audio broadcasting to create this experience. We will develop and implement effective systems for recording,

broadcasting and playback of 3D audio in three different scenarios: individual headphone reproduction; small loudspeaker

array reproduction; and large loudspeaker array reproduction. We will create optimal recording techniques and broadcasting

software for each of these playback techniques.

DP0667314 Dr IN Johnston

Approved Central nervous system cytokines and morphine analgesia

Project Title

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Morphine remains the drug of choice for the management of moderate to severe pain, however its clinical effectiveness is

compromised by the fact that morphine's analgesic (pain reducing) efficacy becomes less effective the more it is

administered.. This project will examine how analgesic tolerance develops from a completely new approach: Namely, how

stimulation of the immune system within the central nervous system is a crucial factor in the development of tolerance.

Modulation of analgesia by the immune system has not been systematically studied and provides a potentially fertile ground

for the development of new techniques in the management of clinical pain.

DP0665065 Dr MJ Jordan; Prof MA Collins; Prof MS Gordon

Approved The First Chemically Accurate Tools in Theoretical Materials Research

Project Title

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $125,000

2008 : $125,000

2009 : $125,000

2010 : $125,000

Primary RFCD 2506 THEORETICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY

ARF Dr MJ Jordan

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Non metallic materials are widely used in catalytic, separation and sensing applications. This project will create a new,

accurate, general and systematic approach to the computational study of non metallic materials and will provide an

enormous step forward in our ability to design these materials for specific applications. With ever increasing demand, growing

world population and shrinking natural resources, the benefits of such rational materials design impact on the development of

new, safer, more efficient, reusable materials in chemical, engineering, electronic and biological applications.

DP0664624 Prof N Joshi

Approved New Directions in Non linear Mathematical Asymptotics

Project Title

2006 : $88,000

2007 : $78,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Major challenges such as predicting epidemics or modelling cancer rely on our understanding of simple mathematical models

with extremely complicated solutions. The first and only model in the literature to reproduce the three phase cycle of immune

response in HIV/AIDS was based on cellular automata. Its results are extremely sensitive to infinitesimally small changes in

parameters. Yet, no technique exists to study such variation in cellular automata. This research will provide new methods for

prediction and analysis of such models.

DP0665599 A/Prof DT Kenny; Dr CW Thorpe

Approved Providing a theoretical and empirical foundation for the role of technical practice in the acquisition

Project Title of musical mastery

2006 : $55,000

2007 : $45,000

2008 : $45,000

Primary RFCD 4101 PERFORMING ARTS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Cecilia Bartoli, world renowned mezzo soprano, credits her phenomenal vocal technique to daily individual attention from her

teacher. Such intensive individualised attention is financially impossible for most musicians so the value of teacher contact

hours must be maximised through evidence based, self directed technical practice (TP). This multidisciplinary project will

apply world leading technology to discover the principles of TP required for vocal mastery. By using these principles,

teachers and performing arts institutions can maximise the effectiveness of musical instruction in a financially cost effective

way, thereby consolidating our place as a world leader in musical performance and in performing arts research.

DP0664834 A/Prof CJ Kepert

Approved Molecular Framework Materials: Nanoporosity and Anomalous Thermal Expansion

Project Title

2006 : $148,000

2007 : $123,000

2008 : $130,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The design and construction of advanced nanomaterials represents both a key area of fundamental research and a critical

step in the push towards smarter and more efficient high level technologies. Here we explore the strategic assembly of

molecular materials that have entirely new and highly useful properties, namely, nanoporosity and anomalous thermal

expansion. This innovative work will lead to important fundamental advances in nanoscience and will forge deep

understandings of how materials properties relate to nanoscale structure. These advances will spur a wide range of

important new technologies, with application of the materials in molecular separations and sensing, clean energy storage,

electronics and photonics.

DP0666152 Dr AM Kesson; Prof NJ King

Approved Regulation of MHC I and ICAM 1 by flavivirus, West Nile

Project Title

2006 : $94,000

2007 : $84,000

2008 : $84,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project investigates the intracellular signalling pathway responsible for the expression of genes which are critical to our

immune response. We have demonstrated in a mouse model that high levels of expression of two of these genes in flavivirus

encephalitis are associated with a survival advantage. We would expect this project to provide basic new information about

the mechanisms of expression of these genes as well as information about the interaction of this family of viruses, flavivirus

with the host.

DP0665032 Dr B Kuhlmey

Approved ARROW   the route to better Photonic Crystal Fibres

Project Title

2006 : $74,340

2007 : $74,340

2008 : $74,340

Primary RFCD 2404 OPTICAL PHYSICS

APD Dr B Kuhlmey

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The Frontier Technology based on Photonic crystal fibres (PCFs) will be a vital component of next generation photonic

networks and devices. Australia is among the 5 leading nations in PCF research. However we are now at a pivotal stage in

the development of PCFs: their production is close to maturity, and it is now up to PCF designers to make the difference. The

proposed project will provide the Australian scientific community as well as Australian photonics companies with advanced

PCF designing capabilities, giving Australia an opportunity to take a leading position in PCF development and

commercialisation.

DP0665446 Dr AH Kwan

Approved Zinc finger domains as scaffolds for protein engineering

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $89,000

2008 : $89,000

Primary RFCD 3203 MEDICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND CLINICAL CHEMISTRY

APD Dr AH Kwan

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

While great advances have been made in pharmaceutical design and discovery, it is clear that new types of drugs are

needed for the better management of a wide range of diseases (e.g. cancers, autoimmune diseases, viral infections). Many

of these diseases arise from inappropriate interactions between intracellular biological macromolecules. My aim is to develop

a range of novel therapeutic proteins based on naturally existing zinc binding protein domains with the goal of selectively

blocking these inappropriate interactions. Additionally, these engineered proteins have potential uses as biochemical tools

such as to help delineate the functions of natural proteins with no known functions.

DP0662876 Prof RD Lansbury; Dr J Kitay; Dr NR Wailes; Prof HC Katz

Approved Globalisation, Varieties of Capitalism and Employment Relations: A Study of the Automobile

Project Title Assembly and Retail Banking Industries in Seven Countries

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 3502 BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

There are three national benefits associated with this project which examines the impact of globalisation on ER in two

industries, across seven countries. Provides better understanding of an issue which has consequences for the

competitiveness of Australian enterprises and the well being of its employees. Enhances our understanding of issues central

to economic performance of many of our major trading partners. gives insight into the social and political consequences of

globalisation which impact both the stability of our region and international agreements between countries.

DP0664706 Prof PA Lay; Dr HH Harris; Dr AP Stampfl

Approved Nanoprobe and Microprobe Structural and Spectroscopic Studies in Biomedical Research

Project Title

2006 : $125,000

2007 : $114,000

2008 : $103,000

Primary RFCD 2502 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Breakthrough microprobe and nanoprobe technologies, involving X ray, visible and infrared light can focus into different

components of mammalian cells in order to interrogate the biochemistry that is occurring therein. Each of the different

wavelengths of light provides complementary biochemical information that enables multi layered information on changes in

cells that occur as a function of drug treatments and disease processes. This will provide unprecedented information as to

where drugs go and how they are transformed inside cells that, in turn, may revolutionalise the way in which new drugs are

designed that have higher specificity and lower side effects.

DP0666574 Dr MI Letnic

Approved Do dingoes regulate the structure of arid ecosystems?

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $110,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 3008 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

APD Dr MI Letnic

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Predation by the red fox and land degradation due to overgrazing have been identified as major factors contributing to the

loss of biodiversity in arid Australia. I hypothesise that dingoes by regulating populations of foxes and herbivores may have

positive effects on biodiversity. If this hypothesis is supported, this project will have great significance for biodiversity

conservation and is likely to irrevocably change land and wildlife management practices in Australia. The recommendations

arising from this research will influence policy on land management and contribute to achieving an environmentally

sustainable Australia.

DP0666446 Dr W Li; Prof MV Swain

Approved Effects of prosthesis design on bone remodelling and longevity of dental restorations

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $110,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2915 BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING

APD Dr W Li

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The project targets both the 'Promoting and Maintaining Good Health' and 'Advanced Materials' designated research priority

areas. The research will underpin Australia's leading role on some emerging interdisciplinary frontiers of biomechanics,

biomaterials, health sciences and biomedical software. The development of computer aided clinical plan will help optimise

dental restorations for 'long term success'. The benefit will be to improve the ongoing performance and longevity of dental

restoration, which complies with the highly demanding national goal of 'ageing well'. The study will also provide a new means

to improve the therapy effect for many young Australians' effort towards a 'healthy start to their life'.

DP0665488 Prof LF Lindoy; A/Prof GV Meehan

Approved Metal Directed Assembly of New Supramolecular Systems

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $95,000

Primary RFCD 2502 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

An important aspect of this project is the development of strategies for assembling molecules and metals into larger units  

leading to novel compounds and materials for which unusual and potentially useful properties can be anticipated. These may

include materials that act as catalysts for chemical reactions or absorb and store gases (such as hydrogen for use as a fuel).

More generally, the area is one that will underpin the 'bottom up' approach (building tiny components from individual

molecules and ions) in the rapidly expanding field of nanotechnology. Clearly, if Australia is to remain internationally

competitive in such new technologies then an understanding of processes of the type outlined in this proposal will be

essential.

DP0666465 Dr CD Ling

Approved Platinum group Metal Oxides with Modulated Crystal Structures: Flexible Frameworks Designed for

Project Title Geometrically Frustrated Magnetism

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $45,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 2502 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Magnetic materials are of huge importance to modern society because of the key roles they play in devices such as hard

disks, sensors, switches and permanent magnets. This project will focus on the chemical design and synthesis of novel,

flexible and unconventional magnetic materials. Their study will lead to improved theories of magnetism and

superconductivity, and ultimately to technologies such as new data storage media. The project will also help introduce

Australian scientists to their new research reactor and synchrotron, which will play critical roles by allowing exceptionally

thorough and systematic studies to be carried out.

DP0667170 A/Prof CA Lumby; Prof EC Probyn; Dr JA O'Dea; Ms KM Albury

Approved The Well Rounded Person: The Role of Sport in Shaping Physical, Emotional and Social

Project Title Development.

2006 : $88,396

2007 : $105,000

2008 : $120,000

2009 : $105,578

2010 : $41,714

Primary RFCD 4203 CULTURAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Young Australians who play sport have better physical health, higher levels of self esteem and are less likely to be obese.Yet

sports participation rates among young Australians remain low and there are growing concerns that participation in some

sports is associated with antisocial off field behaviours. This project investigates the real impact playing sport has on young

Australians' physical, emotional and social development. It will identify barriers to participation in sport and suggest solutions

to concerns about antisocial behaviours. Ultimately, this project will assist public and private sector organisations involved

with sport to increase participation and tackle negative attitudes or behaviours associated with that participation.

DP0666656 Dr KJ Lyytikäinen

Approved Complex Dopant Diffusivity in Photonic Crystal Fibres and Applications

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $125,000

2008 : $120,000

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

APD Dr KJ Lyytikäinen

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The outcomes of this research in the area of doped photonic crystal fibres will enable Australia to commercialise the

technology and provide an opportunity for leading commercial ventures using novel doped PCF. These opportunities will

eventually become large scale industrial activities developed from the research in fields such as sensing, biophotonics,

medical and defence and will result in significant economic benefit for Australia. Fundamental research outcomes in glass

and dopants that can boost devices and introduce novel devices resulting from this project will contribute to all National

Research Priorities.

DP0666261 Dr J Ma

Approved The development of super toughened epoxies using a novel nanomaterial

Project Title

2006 : $95,000

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $95,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

APD Dr J Ma

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Epoxy resins are widely used as structural adhesives and coatings in engineering structures. This project will address the

problem of the intrinsic brittleness of epoxy by making it significantly tougher with superior performance and

cost effectiveness. Our technology for producing super toughened epoxy will lead to a wide range of applications for new and

existing products in the construction, automotive, aerospace, adhesive and microelectronics industries.

DP0664941 Dr JP Mackay; Prof M Crossley

Approved Structure and function of a new class of multi zinc finger (MZF) transcriptional regulators

Project Title

2006 : $200,000

2007 : $165,000

2008 : $165,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

An understanding of how genes are switched on and off during the development and lifetime of an organism is central to

developing the ability to fight many diseases in a rational way. This project will advance our knowledge in this area at a

fundamental molecular level by examining the mechanisms through which a specific set of proteins controls gene expression.

DP0667271 Dr RS Magnusson

Approved Lifestyle wars: law's role in responding to the challenges of non communicable diseases

Project Title

2006 : $47,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $54,000

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

In economic, social and personal terms, non communicable diseases impose a massive health burden upon Australian

society. Law is a potent tool that could influence the economic, environmental and social structures, as well as the personal

choices, that generate poor health outcomes. Very little work has been carried out on law's relationship with

non communicable diseases, either in Australia or internationally. By exploring and promoting the contribution that public

health law can make to health policy on non communicable diseases, this project will contribute to the promotion and

maintenance of good health in Australia.

DP0666584 Prof M Maher

Approved Curious Places: Agent Mediated Self Aware Worlds

Project Title

2006 : $105,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 3102 BUILDING

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project develops and demonstrates a model of curious places: physical and digital environments that adapt their

behaviour based on their experiences. This means that we can implement new kinds of places, rooms, public spaces, that

respond to human activity and new technology by creating their own goals and behaviours. This is a benefit to Australia by

expanding its capability in home automation and leading developments in novel human computer interfaces. This benefit can

provide economic gain to Australia through the development of frontier technologies.

DP0663123 Dr N Mai Duy

Approved Meshless, numerical modelling for polymer processing

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2914 MATERIALS ENGINEERING

APD Dr N Mai Duy

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The new modelling technology will significantly improve Australian polymer producers' competitiveness and their ability to

respond to international market forces. The technology will lead to new opportunities for Australian companies that develop

simulation software. Our consumers will benefit from improvements in the design of polymer products. Our researchers in

rheology and computational mechanics will gain further opportunities to extend the advances this project will make.

DP0665849 Prof I Marsh

Approved Neo liberalism and the Decline of Democratic Governance: A Problem of Institutional Design?

Project Title

2006 : $76,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3601 POLITICAL SCIENCE

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

How well Australia's democracy is working is critical both for national policy making and for citizenship. Many scholars argue

that populism is in the ascendant, political parties have weakened and that public confidence in political leaders has

diminished. This project will provide an authoritative test of these propositions. If they are established, it will identify the ways

democratic governance can be renewed.

DP0664915 Prof Dr T Maschmeyer; A/Prof AF Masters

Approved Molecular Recognition in Chiral Ionic Liquids as Basis for the Design and Synthesis of New

Project Title Enantioselective Heterogeneous Catalysts and Membranes

2006 : $160,000

2007 : $105,000

2008 : $115,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Molecules that can exist as mirror images, each with different, e.g., beneficial vs. toxic properties, underpin the

pharmaceutical industry and increasingly new highly selective pesticides, and flavours/fragrances.

Current commercial pathways often make mixtures of the mirror images that then need to be separated laboriously. These

routes are inefficient, creating waste and use resources poorly.

We aim to create solutions for these problems, using supported thin films of special, new types of salts that are liquid at room

temperature, and which have other unusual chemical properties that make them ideally suited to enable efficient conversions.

DP0665944 Dr A Mathas; Dr RB Howlett; Dr DI Cartwright; Prof J Shi

Approved Affine buildings and Hecke algebras

Project Title

2006 : $101,000

2007 : $91,000

2008 : $93,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project is breakthrough science. Affine buildings, Ramanujan complexes and the representation theory of affine Hecke

algebras are on the cutting edge of research in mathematics, as evidenced by recent special programs at Cambridge and

Princeton. The outcomes from this project will be published in first class journals and they will be implemented in computer

algebra systems for world wide application. The project is likely to have flow on effects in other disciplines, notably

communication networks, mathematical physics and computer science.

DP0663289 Dr JM Matthews

Approved LIM homeodomain interactions in neuronal development

Project Title

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $106,000

2008 : $106,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The loss of central nervous system function, through accident or disease, is devastating for affected individuals and their

families. Our current inability to stimulate the regeneration of nervous tissue is a result of the lack of detailed knowledge of

the complex processes that must take place, at the molecular and cellular levels, during neuronal development. We are

determining how a group of cellular proteins that have key roles in motor neuron development interact with each other and

with DNA. With this information we are developing reagents that can be used to further probe central nervous system

function and may ultimately be used to regenerate damaged nerves.

DP0666847 Prof JW McAvoy; A/Prof RJ Truscott; Dr JA Aquilina

Approved Understanding lens aging: the molecular basis of presbyopia

Project Title

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 3210 CLINICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Ageing has major consequences in the deterioration of vision, notably, the inability to focus on near objects. The

understanding gained through this study of age related lens changes may allow us to prescribe drugs or diets that alter lens

properties and thus delay the need for glasses. This would have great benefits not just in decreased inconvenience of users,

but also in cost to the middle aged and elderly. In addition, data will be used to underpin the development of a flexible

intraocular lens (IOL). Hard IOLs are routinely inserted into human eyes following cataract surgery. In the future, flexible

IOLs based on the properties of young lenses will be used, rather than reading glasses. This new industry could be based in

Australia.

DP0667221 Dr IS McGregor

Approved Learning about threats: the neural and behavioural response to predator related cues in rodents

Project Title

2006 : $50,000

2007 : $45,000

2008 : $52,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project will investigate the anxiety displayed by rats when confronted with the odours of predators such as cats. This

anxiety may be very similar to that experienced by humans who suffer from anxiety disorders such as phobias. By

investigating the nature of this anxiety, the nature of the stimuli that produce it, and the learning and neural processes that

underlie it we may better understand human anxiety. The project also aims to identify novel chemicals in the fur of cats that

have rodent repellent properties. Such chemicals may be of great use in domestic and agricultural contexts where rodents

are pests.

DP0666866 Prof DR McKenzie; A/Prof DG McCulloch

Approved Novel Carbon Coatings for Exceptional Performance

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2914 MATERIALS ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Carbon coatings are technologically important and have many applications in automotive and biomedical industries

worldwide. An example automotive application is as a coating for high performance fuel injectors. Carbon coatings have

significant unrealised potential for applications in hostile environments such as those encountered in high performance

engineering components and in the human body. This project will develop new types of carbon coatings with properties and

performance tailored to applications in biomedical engineering, energy conversion, automotive engineering, manufacturing

and microelectronics. The result will be a range of new carbon coatings with exceptional properties and cost effective

synthesis methods.

DP0663006 Dr MD McLeod; Dr M Collins (Chebib)

Approved Elucidating the Mode of Action of Nicotinic Receptor Ligands

Project Title

2006 : $95,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2503 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Changes in brain function can cause human diseases such as epilepsy, schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. To develop

new medicines to treat these conditions we need to study how drugs act in the brain. This project will use new methods of

chemistry to make drugs, which will then be tested for biological activity at important brain receptors. This will tell us which

compounds are most effective as potential drugs and also exactly where they act in the brain.

DP0665923 Prof RC McPhedran

Approved Optical Nano plasmonics

Project Title

2006 : $153,000

2007 : $160,000

2008 : $160,000

2009 : $160,000

2010 : $160,000

Primary RFCD 2404 OPTICAL PHYSICS

APF Prof RC McPhedran

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

There is much current interest and excitement in nano optics, where light interacts with features on its own scale or finer than

it. One way of achieving strong interactions between light and finely structured systems is to incorporate metallic elements,

and use the resonances called surface plasmons which arise due to electric currents flowing on the metal. We will develop

accurate ways of calculating the properties of these plasmons for a range of metal dielectric systems, in order to design

highly miniaturized structures which can manipulate light for applications in optical sensors and related devices.

DP0666239 A/Prof SR Meikle; A/Prof DL Bailey; Prof RB Banati

Approved New Imaging Instrumentation and Algorithms for the Simultaneous Measurement of Multiple

Project Title Radio labelled Probes in vivo

2006 : $172,889

2007 : $169,926

2008 : $183,938

Primary RFCD 2999 OTHER ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Medical imaging plays an increasingly important role in basic biological research and health care. This project will lead to new

imaging technologies that allow the simultaneous measurement of more than one biological process at a time in living

subjects, providing new insights into disabling diseases, such as cancer and mental illness. An immediate benefit will be to

strengthen the expertise in biomedical engineering and instrumentation development in Australia, where we have

international leadership. The technologies developed will provide advanced tools for making fundamental biological

discoveries and translating them into biotechnological or clinical applications.

DP0665717 Dr M Melatos

Approved An Economic Analysis of Migration Patterns in a Regionally Integrated World

Project Title

2006 : $26,000

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 3402 APPLIED ECONOMICS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Australia, among other countries, is pursuing a discriminatory free trade (i.e. RTA) agenda. The slow progress of WTO

multilateral talks will exacerbate this trend. At the same time, the level of migration to developed countries, like Australia, has

been growing. What are the implications of RTAs for immigration policy in Australia? How will RTAs, whether they include or

exclude Australia, influence migration flows to and from this country? Among other things, this project helps clarify the

relationship between Australia's discriminatory trade liberalisation strategy and migration patterns. The underlying theme of

this research is that trade policy should be designed so that it is consistent with the aims of migration policy.

DP0665318 Ms RM Millar

Approved GST and the global economy: identifying the underlying causes of consumption tax conflicts

Project Title affecting cross border trade

2006 : $55,000

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $45,000

Primary RFCD 3501 ACCOUNTING, AUDITING AND ACCOUNTABILITY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project will provide an independent analysis of the desirability of particular types of destination based jurisdictional rule in

a GST/VAT in light of their effects on global trade and revenue collection. Focussing on basic principles, the project will

assess the relationship between the ideal subject of the tax (consumption) and the practical effects of existing laws (which tax

their own peculiar concept of consumption). The inclusion of comparative research on developing and transition countries will

enable Australia to assess the outcomes of the concurrent OECD and EC work in this area from a broader perspective and to

evaluate the effects of its own laws on both global trade and the revenue of Australia and its trading partners.

DP0663767 A/Prof J Millbank; Dr CD Dauvergne

Approved An International Comparative Analysis of Refugee Decision Making

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 3903 JUSTICE AND LEGAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Surprisingly little information is available about the actual practice of refugee decision making and the results of different

kinds of claims (which are only recorded by the country of the claimant, not the basis of the claim). This project focuses upon

practice "on the ground" to look at what is really happening. Currently, almost nothing is known about asylum seekers by

category of claim (ie race, religion). This research will examine in detail many hundreds of cases made over a 10 year period.

This data will contribute to a consistent and just decision making process nationally and internationally. This in turn will

ultimately reduce the burgeoning trend of costly and lengthy litigation.

DP0667131 Prof RA Minasian

Approved Novel coherence free photonic microwave signal processors

Project Title

2006 : $160,000

2007 : $160,000

2008 : $155,000

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

With the increasing bandwidth requirements of information signals, there is an unprecedented challenge to provide

high speed and high resolution systems for signal processing. The new photonic signal processors in this project will herald

in a new epoch in the ability to optimally condition wideband signals, with important applications for science, business and

security services. These processors will have particular impact in transcending exisiting electronic processor limitations and

in enhancing fibre fed distributed antenna systems, with benefits to Australia in the fields of radioastronomy and radar

systems in defence.

DP0664650 Prof BJ Morris

Approved Function of a new splicing factor, RBM4

Project Title

2006 : $104,000

2007 : $94,000

2008 : $94,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

New genomic knowledge is revolutionizing our world. However our understanding of the basic mechanisms of RNA

maturation, especially regulation of splicing lags significantly behind our understanding of related genomic processes. This

project is a genetic approach to help elucidate the function of new splicing factors and characterize the way in which specific

RNA sequences are recognized. It should promote the better understanding of regulatory events involved in controlling gene

expression during development and differentiation. Results from this project will also provide new insights into the

'multifunctionality' of cellular proteins and will illustrate the importance of RNA studies in molecular medicine.

DP0663987 Dr C Mountford

Approved Development of Novel Two dimensional Techniques for Magnetic Resonance In vivo Spectroscopy

Project Title

2006 : $160,000

2007 : $120,000

2008 : $140,000

Primary RFCD 2499 OTHER PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Body chemistry alters with functionality, pain, ageing and disease. These changes can be recorded by magnetic resonance

(MR) spectroscopy (MRS) in vivo in a whole body MR scanner. When changes in chemistry can be recorded rapidly, and the

individual species assigned, it will be possible to make a definitive diagnosis and in some cases allow the tailoring of

treatment on an individual basis. This is currently hampered by our inability to separate the composite resonances in a one

dimensional MR spectrum. Research will allow two dimensional MRS to be implemented and provide detailed chemical

information on human organs in vivo.

DP0666236 Dr BK Nauta

Approved Helium droplets: a nanoscale laboratory for studying intermolecular bonding and chemical

Project Title reactivity.

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $130,000

2008 : $130,000

2009 : $103,000

2010 : $103,000

Primary RFCD 2506 THEORETICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY

ARF Dr BK Nauta

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This type of research requires a rather complicated apparatus capable of creating a stream of helium droplets, embedding

molecules and interrogating their properties using laser spectroscopy. The apparatus built in Sydney is the only one capable

of this in Australia and using this new apparatus we will create many novel, bizarre and intriguing aggregates of molecules

and atoms. The project involves cutting edge scientific methods and will shift the boundaries of can do science in the laser

laboratory at the University of Sydney and in Australia in general.

DP0664629 A/Prof BP Oldroyd

Approved Solving Darwin's dilemma: Molecular analysis of worker sterility in social insects

Project Title

2006 : $182,000

2007 : $147,000

2008 : $147,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

One of Darwin's greatest puzzles was how natural selection resulted in worker sterility in social insects. We now know from

mathematical modelling that a gene that causes sterility in workers can be at a selective advantage if it increases the

reproductive success of queens. This project will take the only known gene that causes sterility, 'Anarchy' from honey bees,

and determine how this gene evolved. We will determine if Anarchy is the same gene that causes sterility in all social insects,

or only in honey bees. The project will be at the forefront of international research by providing a molecular perspective to

Darwin's greatest dilemma.

DP0666284 Prof M Onslow; A/Prof RG Menzies; Dr MA Lincoln

Approved Establishing the relationship between anxiety and stuttering

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3210 CLINICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The present project will establish basic knowledge about the disorder of stuttering, which will contribute to offsetting the

personal and community costs of the disorder by guiding empirical investigations into its nature and the development of

future treatments. Further benefits at the population level will occur by provision to the public of basic information about the

disorder assembled from this project. By conveying information from the present project to clinicians who treat stuttering

patients, the project will benefit Australians who stutter.

DP0665676 Prof PN Parkinson; A/Prof JA Cashmore; Hon Prof RC Chisholm

Approved Relocation after parental separation and the best interests of children

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The project is of importance not only for Australia, but internationally, because relocation disputes are a pressing issue

around the world in family law. These disputes have become numerous as laws have changed in recent years to reflect the

ideal that parents should share responsibility after separation and that children should have regular contact with both of them.

This ideal clashes with the promise of divorce that individuals should be able to live their own lives without being unduly

bound by ties to the other parent.This will be the world's first such prospective longitudinal study of the outcomes of relocation

decisions. The national benefits will include better information for courts in making relocation decisions.

DP0667036 Prof R Pitchford

Approved Strategic Contracting with Complementary Assets under Assymetric Information

Project Title

2006 : $40,000

2007 : $36,000

2008 : $39,000

Primary RFCD 3402 APPLIED ECONOMICS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

With the recent tendency for companies to patent any feasible innovations they might make, public policy must focus on the

disincentive effects this may have for producers who must combine multiple patents. The project seeks to understand the

'holdout problem' that stems from such situations, and evaluate policy solutions for Australia and Internationally. Expected

outcomes include publication in leading Australian and International journals, and inputs to the policy debate.

DP0665164 Dr WN Pritchard; Prof J Connell

Approved Indian agriculture in the 21st century: The political economy of market reforms

Project Title

2006 : $20,000

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $55,000

Primary RFCD 3402 APPLIED ECONOMICS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

India has emerged to be a key player in the 21st century global economy, with the fortunes of its agricultural sector central to

its economic and social transformations. These issues have great relevance beyond India itself, and are of vital interest to

Australia. India's prominent role in WTO agricultural negotiations means that its stance on market agriculture will shape the

future global politics of food. Using case studies of strategic sites of market reforms, this project will analyse their social and

economic outcomes, with the aim to generate an internationally significant assessment of the political economy of Indian

agrarian reform.

DP0665064 Prof P Reimann; A/Prof BR Paltridge; Dr RA Calvo

Approved Using machine learning and automated document analysis methods to support English

Project Title composition training

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $55,000

Primary RFCD 3301 EDUCATION STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The project has the potential to further strengthen Australia's Higher Education industry by providing scalable solutions for

teaching academic writing, a core competence for students in the tertiary sector. It is also a contribution to the E learning

industry in general. Innovating with these respective technologies will have a significant impact on the quality of online

training. Australian organizations will be able to reap the benefits of a well tested platform, with the exclusive added

capabilities that this project will develop. One of the software systems to be used in this project is an open source Learning

Management System that is available to every Australian institution without any licensing cost.

DP0666378 Dr JR Reimers

Approved Molecular Electronics Principles and Applications

Project Title

2006 : $231,000

2007 : $240,000

2008 : $250,000

2009 : $256,000

2010 : $254,000

Primary RFCD 2506 THEORETICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY

APF Dr JR Reimers

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project will establish basic conceptual models and computational methods to understand the nature of conduction,

memory storage, and solar to electrical energy conversion processes in molecular devices on the 1 nanometer scale.

Fundamental research of chemical processes, device interfaces, characterization techniques, and natural photosynthesis will

result in widely applicable advances in nanotechnology. Additionally, novel architectures will be developed for disruptive new

technologies in molecular memory and logic design, as well as in the design of biomimetic solar cells. These developments

could lead to new Australian electronics industries and an order of magnitude reduction in the production cost of solar

electricity.

DP0665963 Dr A Salih; Dr MV Matz; Dr J Wiedenmann; Prof R Hoffman

Approved Development of novel fluorescent proteins from marine organisms for in vivo fluorescence imaging

Project Title technologies and cancer research.

2006 : $75,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The Australian Great Barrier Reef (GBR) is a national treasure and the development of fluorescent proteins (FPs) from reef

organisms for in vivo imaging and biotechnology will enhance the appreciation of this resource. Nowadays, imaging of

biochemical processes in living cells is essential for knowing the roles of various genes and proteins in health and diseases.

The global market for fluorescence based products is estimated in billions of dollars p.a. The discovery of natural FPs from

GBR with superior molecular, biophysical and optical characteristics to those of commercially available FPs offers a unique

opportunity to develop advanced tools to study cellular processes and develop diagnostic assays for diseases such as

cancer.

DP0665824 Dr T Schmidt

Approved Laser Spectroscopy of Molecular Electronic Components

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Electronic devices such as computer memory have been getting smaller and smaller for decades, yet soon devices will need

to be constructed from single molecules. Single molecules behave very differently to copper conductors and silicon chips. To

understand the behaviour of molecular electronic devices such as molecular wires, switches and diodes, one needs to isolate

them under rigorously reproducable conditions. We will study molecular electronic devices in this way, providing rigorous

support to Australia's growing expertise in this field.

DP0665831 Dr T Schmidt; A/Prof SH Kable; Dr BK Nauta

Approved Optical Spectroscopy of Extraterrestrial Molecules

Project Title

2006 : $134,000

2007 : $91,000

2008 : $98,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Space is not empty. In the vast regions between stars is a complex soup of molecules. Some of these molecules get

incorporated into meteorites and find their way to Earth where they can be identified. Analysis has yielded amino acids; the

building blocks of life, but these molecules do not match what we know about the interstellar regions. Interstellar molecules

are identified by their spectra, but many features in these spectra are unknown. Could they be caused by the missing

molecules? In this project we combine the skills of three spectroscopists, each expert in different areas, in an attempt to

make these molecules in the laboratory, measure their spectra and thereby identify these unknown molecules that are in

space.

DP0666004 Dr HT See; Dr N Mai Duy; Dr P Bacchin

Approved Development of constitutive models for concentrated suspensions via particle level simulations

Project Title

2006 : $95,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2906 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The outcome of this work will be a comprehensive theoretical framework by which accurate microstructural information is

distilled into a macro scale constitutive model of particulate suspensions, readily useable for modelling of practical industrial

applications. This work will have a direct impact on the design capability and performance of a wide range of mechanisms

and industrial processes involving suspensions. The development of better models for industrially useful suspensions offers a

competitive advantage for a diverse range of Australia industry, from the food preparation sector, to mineral slurry transport,

and water filtration and recycling.

DP0664782 Dr S Selvadurai; Dr U Roehm; Dr BF Scholz; Dr A Viglas

Approved Distributed Data Processing for Wireless Sensor Networks

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project falls within the national research priorities of Frontier Technologies for building and transforming Australian

Industries, and will provide Australian companies with state of the art technology in wireless sensor networks (WSN).

Australia's priorities are mainly in sustainable environment, health maintenance, and home land security. Any application in

these priority areas that uses our system will have less maintenance costs and a significantly longer lifetime.

This project will generate numerous articles in first class journals and conferences and will contribute to the strength of

Australian Research in sensor technologies and ICT.

DP0662857 Dr LE Semler

Approved Women's Poetry and Classicism in Early Modern England, 1500 1700

Project Title

2006 : $55,059

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $31,620

Primary RFCD 4202 LITERATURE STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The primary national/community benefit of the project is the charting of how women pursued sophisticated education and

imaginative literary expression despite the gender biased structures of exclusion prevalent in early modern England. The

period from Isabella Whitney's first published book (1567) to Margaret Cavendish's (1653) sees nothing less than the first

emergence of Englishwomen as publishing authors. It is of great importance that this historical emergence be interrogated

because it will help us understand how women rose from domestic silence to public voice, how they turned masculine

classical resources to 'feminist' ends, and how the idea of the woman writer developed in England in the age of print.

DP0664709 Prof SJ Simpson; Dr M Beekman

Approved On the move: the study of self organised movement of animal groups with and without leadership

Project Title

2006 : $190,000

2007 : $155,000

2008 : $155,000

Primary RFCD 2705 ZOOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project will uncover the common principles that control the movement of large groups of organisms. We will focus on

swarming honey bees, hopping bands of billions of locusts and millions of crickets marching in unison. The outcomes of our

research will be broadly applicable to other collective phenomena, even to traffic and crowd control in humans.

DP0665439 Dr S Sukkarieh

Approved Data Fusion for Self Localisation and Team Situational Awareness in Unknown Structured

Project Title Environments

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 2999 OTHER ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This research is directed towards improving the operational effectiveness of our defence and civilian first response groups,

which include the Special Forces, law enforcement, fire fighting and special emergency services. These groups are highly

specialised and have very focused operations which require innovative responses and adaptability. The technologies

developed in the course of this project will transform the way these agencies conduct their operations and will have a

beneficial impact on our quality of life and social order.

The research will also advance the knowledge base in the practical implementation of human localisation systems and

provide the enabling mechanism for its adoption into industry.

DP0666307 Prof RI Tanner; Dr A Jabbarzadeh

Approved Nano Rheology and Nano Tribology: Atomistic Simulation of Boundary Lubrication

Project Title

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $110,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Manufacturing in atomic level is going to transform the efficiency level in many important applications. As molecular biology

transformed medical and biological sciences,so molecular level material design and the techniques involved are going to

significantly affect the engineering applications and manufacturing in coming decades. We have no doubt the benefits will

flow from the project to many disciplines that are critical in manufacturing and commercialisation of nano devices. The results

will position Australia in the forefront of one of the most important leading edge technologies in the world. This not only will

improve Australia's research profile in the world but also will enable it to capitalize on any future commercial outcomes

DP0665229 Dr RS Thompson; Dr TL Poepping; Dr WB Fraser; A/Prof C Macaskill

Approved Material boundaries in ultrasonics: New methods and in vitro studies in biomedical phantoms

Project Title

2006 : $95,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2915 BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Ultrasound is an indispensable part of healthcare worldwide. The next wave of applications will see ultrasound pulses used to

closely probe suspected disease sites and to directly manipulate bioactive agents. For safe and effective use of such

techniques it is essential to know the ultrasound field at the disease site. This project will develop simulation methods to

achieve the fast, accurate and case specific results required. Community healthcare will benefit, through better diagnostic

capabilities and customized treatment. Australia is well placed to profit further from this research, in view of the growing

worldwide demand for more sophisticated, knowledge based techniques in medicine.

DP0666325 Dr P Thordarson

Approved Light activated Bioconjugates for Applications in Synthesis and Biosensing

Project Title

2006 : $240,000

2007 : $120,000

2008 : $120,000

2009 : $120,000

2010 : $150,000

Primary RFCD 2503 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

ARF Dr P Thordarson

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project will allow the Australian biotechnology industry to develop better diagnostic biosensors that are controlled using

light, making them cheaper and faster than the current generation of electronically controlled biosensors. Improvements in

the response time of biosensors can be a matter of life and death, for instance, during a surgical operation. The project will

benefit the pharmaceutical industry as it will allow the making of so called chiral drugs cheaper and safer but problems with

the purity of chiral drugs have in the past caused serious side effects such as in the tragic case of thalidomide.

DP0665310 A/Prof RE Tiffen

Approved Media Change. Political Change   Developments in Australian Newspapers' Political Reporting in

Project Title the Age of Television

2006 : $108,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $96,000

2009 : $78,000

2010 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 4001 JOURNALISM, COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

It is frequently asserted that the role of the press has changed since the advent of television, but there is a curious lack of

data documenting the changes. This project will provide extensive, systematic and analytically informed information about

trends in newspapers' political coverage. Through an innovative combination of quantitative and qualitative research

designs, it will chart the extent and timing of changes, and illuminate the external and internal forces driving them. The press

remains central to the quality of Australian democracy and public discourse, and so there is a strong public interest in making

debates about its changing performance more empirically grounded and analytically penetrating.

DP0666683 Prof L Tong; Dr P Tan

Approved Shape adaptive structures with built in compact smart material based actuators

Project Title

2006 : $105,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2902 AEROSPACE ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Primary Australian aerospace manufacturers are sub contractors and constantly compete in the global market. Their

products are primarily control surfaces, e.g., Boeing 757 and 777 rudders, 737 Krueger flaps. In light of the development of

the hingeless control surfaces (HCS) in the smart aircraft wing program in the USA, the economic benefits of this project are

very high because (a) it will address the key technological issue identified in the HCS program; and (b) it will enhance

Australian manufacturers¡¯ technological standing and input in the design and manufacturing of next generation HCS by

providing highly trained people with world leading niche technology.

DP0665818 Prof AJ Underwood

Approved Connecting ecological processes controlling variation across spatial scales

Project Title

2006 : $249,237

2007 : $234,000

2008 : $234,000

2009 : $234,000

2010 : $234,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

APF Prof AJ Underwood

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Large variability in numbers and types of animals from place to place and time to time characterizes many ecological

systems, particularly on the rocky shores along our coasts. It confuses interpretation and hampers predictions about

conservation, impacts and climatic change. This programme is a systematic experimental analysis of the major causes of

variance (availability of suitable habitat and food, influences of weather) on the animals and indirectly on their food. The

research will unravel the interacting influences that operate over several spatial scales to cause variability in local diversity.

This will radically increase our capacity to sustain our coastal fauna.

DP0664742 Dr MA van Eijkelenborg; A/Prof GW Barton

Approved Tailoring the functionality of microstructured polymer optical fibres

Project Title

2006 : $160,000

2007 : $120,000

2008 : $120,000

Primary RFCD 2404 OPTICAL PHYSICS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Australia leads the world in microstructured polymer optical fibre (mPOF) research that has attracted serious commercial

interest from multinational companies. A series of ATSE funded workshops in Europe during 2004 strongly indicated that the

incorporation of a range of additional functionalities within novel fibres is the right path to follow to maintain research

momentum and leadership. This interdisciplinary project offers a clear route to expanded collaboration in both Australia and

overseas thus ensuring that the OFTC retains its research and technological edge into the future whilst helping to satisfy the

demand for students trained in leading edge photonics.

DP0664993 A/Prof RM van Krieken

Approved Civilizing Divorce: Social Change, Law and the Transformation of Parenthood

Project Title

2006 : $35,000

2007 : $35,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The project will leave policy makers, professionals, law reformers, and parents and their children themselves, better

equipped to navigate their way through a major process of transformation in the way our intimate lives are structured. It will

help take some of the 'heat' out of the child custody debate, to see current changes as an integral part of a broader process

of change in our emotional relationships, and to broaden the conceptual resources available to policy making and law reform

concerning post separation child custody.

DP0666002 Dr SV Vladimirov

Approved Complex plasmas: self organized dusty matter from nanotechnology to astrophysics

Project Title

2006 : $235,000

2007 : $235,000

2008 : $235,000

2009 : $235,000

2010 : $235,000

Primary RFCD 2403 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS; PLASMA

PHYSICS

APF Dr SV Vladimirov

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The importance of complex plasmas is based on their intricate self organized behaviour, on their rich variety in nature and

extensive use in the laboratory and advanced technologies. This project aims at breakthrough results advancing the

fundamental knowledge and contributing to frontier technologies such as nanoelectronics and nanotechnology as well as

reliability of space technological systems and communications. The project will boost fundamental and applied aspects of the

Australian science as well as international collaborative links of Australian research and technology by allowing access and

involvement to advanced multi national programs and high profile experiments such as those on board the International

Space Station.

DP0665856 Dr B Wang; Prof Y Mai

Approved Some Outstanding Mechanics Problems in Layered Ferroelectromagnetic Composites with

Project Title Enhanced Magnetoelectric Effect

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $120,000

2008 : $130,000

2009 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2914 MATERIALS ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The proposed research has high impact on both science and technology of ferroelectromagnetic materials. The outcomes will

expand Australia's knowledge base and research capability in this emerging field. Relevant industries, such as smart

materials and devices, can benefit from the results of this project. The theoretical, experimental and numerical results can be

directly transformed to design and application guidelines for the materials engineers and scientists to develop innovative and

structurally/functionally reliable ferroelectromagnetic composites and their various devices and products.

DP0666074 Mr RP White

Approved A cultural history of Australian motor travel overseas

Project Title

2006 : $74,000

2007 : $81,000

2008 : $88,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This project will add to our understanding of Australians' changing perceptions of the world, the way that Australian identity

has been performed when overseas and the practice of motor touring.

It will be of direct benefit to the tourist industry and in contributing to our knowledge of Australia's relationship to the world and

our region.

DP0667002 Prof S White

Approved The Making of Black Manhattan

Project Title

2006 : $137,000

2007 : $143,000

2008 : $121,000

2009 : $133,000

2010 : $135,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

APF Prof S White

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

This application stakes a claim for the importance of Australian scholarship in understanding the world's leading nation and

our most important ally. It is vital that Australian perspectives shape the way we understand other cultures. This project will

ensure that Australian scholars are at the cutting edge of the discipline, contributing to developments in the writing of history,

demonstrating new and exciting ways of engaging with the past, rather than merely being passive consumers of American

scholarship.

DP0666929 Dr L Zadro; Dr ML Moulds

Approved Developing strategies to ameliorate the aversive effects of ostracism

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 3212 PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

By investigating and identifying strategies to ameliorate the aversive effects of ostracism, this research will permit exciting

advances that will extend existing conceptual models in the ostracism literature. Further, given the prevalence of ostracism

across societal, occupational and community domains, these studies will yield outcomes with significant and far reaching

practical implications. By applying rigorous experimental methodologies to answer theoretically driven questions about the

impact of ostracism, these studies represent the interface of empirically sound and clinically and socially oriented

experimental research.

DP0665927 Dr R Zhang; Dr AI Molev

Approved Infinite Dimensional Unitarizable Representations of Lie Superalgebras

Project Title

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

The project addresses major outstanding mathematical problems, which are of fundamental importance to the development

of a unified theory of all four interactions in quantum physics. Mathematics is essential for the understanding of our own

rationality. Advances in the field promised by this project are of intrinsic value. Physics is the foundation of modern

technology. Success of the project will help to create a scientific environment in Australia that fosters technological creativity

and innovation. Results of the project will greatly enhance the scientific reputation of Australia internationally, attracting

foreign researchers and Ph.D students to Australian shores.

DP0667266 Prof AY Zomaya; Dr B Zhou; Dr M Charleston; Dr A Viglas

Approved A Grid Enabled Meta Server for Protein Threading

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $117,000

2008 : $119,000

Primary RFCD 2804 COMPUTATION THEORY AND MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of Sydney

Project Summary

Grid Computing is a driver for many e Science research projects around the world today. The project investigates the use of

grid technology in building a meta server architecture for protein threading. Protein technology problems are important for the

field of bioinformatics and they also influence many industries, such as, agriculture, drug design, food science, and many

more. The proposed framework can be extended to other problems in the life sciences such as bio  and health informatics.

Projects of this nature are significant and will enable Australia to maintain its pioneering position and international reputation

among other nations as leaders in Information Technology.

University of Technology, Sydney

DP0664013 Dr SI Belli; A/Prof NC Smith

Approved The biosynthesis of structural proteins in parasites

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3005 VETERINARY SCIENCES

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

The socio economic impact of parasitic diseases, in Australia and throughout the world, is enormous  they kill 2 3 million

people per year and cost livestock industries billions of dollars per annum. Some are serious food and waterborne threats,

such as the coccidia, because they are transmitted from person to person via the faecal oral route, or via ingestion of

contaminated water or food, or through the ingestion of cysts in raw or undercooked meat. They cause diarrhoea, which in

some cases, can be life threatening. We will understand how the coccidia protect themselves as they move from host to host

and, through that understanding, develop new ways to control them and eliminate the suffering caused by parasitic diseases.

DP0666786 Prof SK Blay; A/Prof PD Keyzer; Ms JM Burn

Approved The Admission and Exclusion of Asylum Seekers: The Search for Legitimate Parameters

Project Title

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $30,000

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

The admission of asylum seekers into Australia is a burning political, legal and human rights issue. While Australia has

dramatically reduced the inflow of asylum seekers through the Pacific Solution and other administrative and legal

mechanisms, there are serious national and international concerns as to whether the strategies are consistent with

international standards and principles of social justice. This project investigates Australia's exclusionary policies towards

asylum seekers and establishes a definitive framework for developing Australian asylum law consistent with international

standards.

DP0666815 Prof DJ Boud; A/Prof CH Rhodes; A/Prof N Solomon; A/Prof C Chappell; Dr HB Scheeres

Approved Beyond training and learning: integrated development practices in organisations

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 3301 EDUCATION STUDIES

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

It is necessary for Australian businesses to maintain and enhance their productivity in the competitive global marketplace. As

enterprises anticipate and face the challenges of the contemporary economy, a central concern is ensuring that employees

learn what is needed to engage successfully with these challenges. Rapid growth in unstructured training in organisations

demonstrates the importance of focusing on learning that is integrated into work processes. The outcomes of this project will

help organisations exploit the productive potential of these different forms of learning. It will do this by identifying the links

between organisational imperatives and the development of personnel.

DP0666689 Prof MB Cortie; A/Prof MJ Ford; Dr S Valenzuela; Dr M Zareie; Mr X Xu; Prof GB Smith

Approved Self assembled surface arrays of mesoscale plasmonic devices for switchable control of coloured

Project Title surfaces

2006 : $129,000

2007 : $110,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2914 MATERIALS ENGINEERING

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

This project has a well defined outcome with potentially significant commercial interest. The proposed device is novel and the

development of it will enhance the science and technology infrastructure within Australia, taking it into original and exciting

directions. A successful demonstration of it will enhance Australia's competitive position in the field of nanotechnology and

could conceivably lead to a manufacturing activity either located in Australia or in which Australian entities have an interest.

Envisaged applications include optical circuitry, 'smart' windows and display surfaces on consumer devices.

DP0663575 Prof GK Cowlishaw

Approved Social Relations Among Urban Aborigines in Sydney's Western Suburbs.

Project Title

2006 : $138,631

2007 : $136,633

2008 : $132,925

2009 : $129,352

2010 : $128,520

Primary RFCD 3701 SOCIOLOGY

APF Prof GK Cowlishaw

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

The forces that generate the horrific health and welfare problems in Indigenous communities will be elucidated and tools will

be offered to enhance the work of policy makers and improve communications between Aborigines and providers of services.

My research will rely on Indigenous people to expose the normalised and internalised forms of racial inequality they

experience and to offer strategies to combat them. Intellectual outcomes will include new directions for social science's

engagement with Indigenous issues, a more innovative contemporary anthropology and better informed practices in

organisations. It will contribute to capacity building by enhancing the skills and experience of participants and improving

self esteem.

DP0666128 Prof JP Dalton; Dr DL Gardiner; Dr KR Trenholme; Dr J Grembecka

Approved Aminopeptidases involved in regulating the amino acid pool in malaria parasites

Project Title

2006 : $88,000

2007 : $88,000

2008 : $88,000

Primary RFCD 3204 MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

Aminopeptidases are pivotal to the normal functions of all cells. Abnormalities in their function and/or structure results in

tissue damage in many pathological processes in humans such as cancer, neuronal diseases and hormonal action. They are

also critical to viral, bacterial and parasitic infections as they are employed to remove amino acids from the host for use in

building their own proteins. This project brings national and international expertise together to define the structure and

biological properties of these essential enzymes so that in the future we can employ rational approaches to develop new

drugs that can combat these diseases and ailments.

DP0664081 Prof TS Dillon; Prof E Chang; A/Prof L Feng

Approved A Commercially Viable, Innovative XML   Enabled Association Rule Framework

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $92,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

The pervasive nature of the Web has raised two important issues, namely (1) how to exchange data between isolated

information systems within two different companies with their own data formats and (2) how to store information particularly

documents, so that they can be accessed through the internet based on their meaning. The Extended Markup Language

XML has emerged as the favoured means of addressing these issues and this is leading to an explosive growth in the

information stored in this way. This project addresses the issue of determination of patterns and knowledge in information

stored in XML through datamining.

DP0665537 Prof SJ Donald; Dr Y Zheng

Approved The Cultivation of Middle Class Taste: Reading, Tourism and Education Choices in Urban China

Project Title

2006 : $125,000

2007 : $135,000

2008 : $130,000

Primary RFCD 4203 CULTURAL STUDIES

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

In urban China, high income professionals and consumers have enormous influence on the development of élite education,

travel, and cultural pursuits, but also on the stability of the Party State. Their choices will materially affect Australian

economic strategy, and will impact the socio political character of the entire region. This project works to support Australian

understanding of the tastes, aspirations and national priorities of this new formation: the Chinese middle class. The approach

and outcomes of the research will enhance Australia's global position in innovative, relevant Asian scholarship, support good

economic strategy, and provide an accurate socio cultural lens through which to engage with Chinese and regional futures.

DP0666670 Dr EJ Harry

Approved Establishing how bacterial cells position the division site

Project Title

2006 : $88,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $83,000

Primary RFCD 2703 MICROBIOLOGY

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

Cell division is essential for life. It is required for bacterial infections and, if uncontrolled, causes diseases such as cancer. We

will establish how bacterial cells position the division site precisely to ensure faithful production of newborn cells. We will use

the latest technology in bacterial cell biology to provide novel, clear cut information to maintain Australia at the leading edge

of this important area of research. There is an alarming increase in antibiotic resistant bacteria and an imminent threat of

bioterrorism. This research allows the opportunity for the development of new antibiotics to protect Australia protected from

these dangerous bacteria.

DP0665463 Dr ML Huang

Approved Efficient and Effective Interactive Visualization of Large Graphical Information Spaces

Project Title

2006 : $60,329

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

The expected outcome will change ways of interacting with and thinking about information processing for all information

systems. As Australian companies became larger and more global, the ability to view and analyse the growing amount of

company information becomes crucial to aspects as varied as trouble shooting or new ventures and eventually to the very

viability of the organization itself. The expected outcome will enhance this ability by providing an optimised global view and

an effective navigation scheme of large graphical information spaces. This will attract leading international IT companies to

use it for developing cutting age tools, and will enhance significantly the capacity and international standing of Australian IT

industry.

DP0666942 Prof HT Nguyen; Prof A Craig; Dr JW Middleton; Dr Y Tran

Approved Innovative hands free technology to give the severely disabled greater mobility control

Project Title

2006 : $95,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2915 BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

Half of the serious neurological injuries in Australia result in tetraplegia. Combined with other disabilities that involve severe

mobility impairments the cost to the community economically, psychologically and socially is huge. This new Australian

technology will facilitate effective sharing of control between a disabled person and a computer control system, taking

advantage of their unique strengths and enabling each to aid the other in areas of weakness. The social and personal

benefits are potentially very large. Scope also exists to significantly reduce healthcare costs and to develop a new industry in

hands free technology.

DP0666515 A/Prof NC Smith; Prof JS Wiley

Approved Parasite virulence: the role of activation and suppression of P2X7 receptors

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3005 VETERINARY SCIENCES

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

Toxoplasmosis and leishmaniasis pose a threat to the health and well being of the Australian human and animal populations.

Around 6 8 million Australians are infected with Toxoplasma, a parasite that can cause severe problems in

immunosuppressed individuals and birth defects and miscarriage in pregnant women with a primary infection. Toxoplasmosis

is also the main cause of abortion and stillbirth in Australian sheep. Leishmaniasis, recently found in Australia, is a risk for

overseas travellers, livestock and wildlife. This research will provide an understanding of what makes these parasites

successful, paving the way for development of novel drugs to combat these chronic diseases.

DP0666257 Prof S Vigneswaran; Dr HH Ngo; Prof HJ Kim

Approved A New Photocatalysis Hybrid System in Wastewater Treatment for Reuse

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2908 CIVIL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

This project would particularly be useful to unreticulated sewage systems and small sewage treatment plants are prevalent in

the coastal areas of NSW and Queensland and the interior parts of Northern Territory with small and isolated communities.

Opportunities for demonstrating the successful application of this cost effective method of waste water treatment to

appropriate stakeholders through participation in workshops, seminars and events will be explored. The study can also be

extended to small and medium sized industries in their wastewater treatment. The technology is of direct benefit within the

Nation and also has significant export potential.

DP0667060 Prof C Zhang; Dr S Zhang

Approved Efficient Techniques for Mining Exceptional Patterns

Project Title

2006 : $88,000

2007 : $78,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

This research will develop totally new techniques for exceptional pattern discovery that are useful for deeper understanding

data mining and capturing the hidden interactions (class bridge rules and out expectation patterns) within data. This will

enable Australian data marketers to access valuable implicit information that is contained in their data, but not currently

accessible. The outcomes will keep Australia in the international leading edge and preserve its competitive status in

preemptively defining the information market of tomorrow. To 'Frontier Technologies for Building and Transforming Australian

Industries', discovering new exceptional patterns within data will lead to increased efficiency in Australian Industries.

DP0667139 Prof JG Zhu

Approved Characterisation and Modelling of Nanostructured Soft Magnetic Materials for Advanced

Project Title Electromagnetic Applications

2006 : $72,000

2007 : $73,000

2008 : $74,000

Primary RFCD 2909 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

Administering Institution University of Technology, Sydney

Project Summary

This project bridges the gap between nanomagnetic materials and practical applications. The knowledge generated and the

international collaborations with world class scientists established through this cutting edge research project will strengthen

the leading status of Australia in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology. The research outcomes will stimulate the

growth of world class Australian industries and hence the national economy through the commercial manufacturing of hi tech

nanomagnetic materials and innovative smart devices and systems. High quality PhD and honours project students will be

trained.

University of Western Sydney

DP0666981 Dr T Kuratate

Approved Building a Talking Head via Dynamic & 3D Static, and Age  & Ethnically Varied Databases:

Project Title Perceptibility and Acceptability

2006 : $125,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2802 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

APD Dr T Kuratate

Administering Institution University of Western Sydney

Project Summary

This project will provide cutting edge realistic, perceptible talking head animation. Based on rich 3D face motion and static

face databases, it will allow the study of the facial structure of specific groups of people, and the creation of a lasting cultural

heritage of faces. Information in these databases will be useful for research in high quality 3D face reconstruction, with

applications as wide as multimodal Biometric Identification, finding lost children, and security systems. The novel methods in

this project will also advance auditory visual speech and emotion research with particular commercial applications in

telecommunications, human machine interfaces, foreign language teaching, humanoid development, animation, and film.

DP0662865 Prof DM McInerney; Prof Dr TE Cook; A/Prof JE Tuovinen; Dr D Viri

Approved Securing the future: Optimising the success of remote Indigenous students at post secondary

Project Title education. A cross cultural study

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $105,000

Primary RFCD 3301 EDUCATION STUDIES

Administering Institution University of Western Sydney

Project Summary

Supporting remote Indigenous students to complete post secondary education is a national and international imperative.

Remote Indigenous student success in VET and University education is a key to the success of Indigenous families,

communities and the nation as a whole. Post secondary education provides students with 'capstone' skills, abilities and

understandings that enable them to function at a high level both socially and economically. Effective Indigenous participation

in post secondary education enhances economic and social self sufficiency, reduces the likelihood of dependency on

welfare, and provides powerful role models for younger Indigenous students to be successful at school, and beyond

compulsory school education

DP0666886 A/Prof VA Nightingale; Dr A Gibbs

Approved The Power of the Image: affect, audience and disturbing imagery

Project Title

2006 : $124,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 4203 CULTURAL STUDIES

Administering Institution University of Western Sydney

Project Summary

In a period of fear and uncertainty about terrorism and war there is a pressing need to examine the specific contemporary

modes of teenagers' engagements with media violence and the ways it contributes to their understanding of violence in the

world around them. This project will identify the links young people make between affective and emotional reactions to media

imagery, their own values and attitudes about the violence in everyday life (e.g. sexual harassment, bullying, fights at school),

and their assessment of their own power and agency. It adds much needed Australian research to a field lacking a distinctive

Australian perspective.

DP0666770 Dr C Rocha

Approved A study of the Brazilian community in Australia and Australian Brazilian bilateral exchange

Project Title

2006 : $81,000

2007 : $78,000

2008 : $74,340

Primary RFCD 3703 ANTHROPOLOGY

APD Dr C Rocha

Administering Institution University of Western Sydney

Project Summary

This study provides knowledge of a recent and growing migrant group in Australia of which there is little information beyond

the bare demographics. It contributes to a deeper understanding of the role of class differences in shaping migrant identities,

by exploring the way the immense socio economic gap in Brazilian society is transplanted from homeland to destination

country. By investigating the as yet uncharted 'South South' cultural pathways between Australia and Brazil, this project

offers a critique of theories of power relations and globalisation. It will inform and enhance the growing bilateral relations

between Australia and Brazil in the areas of tourism, investment, cultural promotion and education

DP0664862 Dr MW Wiggins; Dr M Childs; Prof GJ Fogarty

Approved Cognitive Features of Decision Support System Interfaces

Project Title

2006 : $67,000

2007 : $53,000

2008 : $54,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution University of Western Sydney

Project Summary

The complex and time constrained nature of the contemporary workplace is such that there is an increasing dependence on

technology to assist operators in formulating accurate and timely decisions. This project is designed to ensure that the

process through which this information is presented to operators is as efficient and effective as possible under the

circumstances. Using an innovative approach to the development of such decision support systems, the outcomes of this

project will direct the development of this type of technology in the future and, ultimately, lead to more effective and more

efficient decision making under uncertainty.

DP0666463 A/Prof Y Xiang

Approved Development of a Local Spectral Method for the Computations of Thin Walled Structures

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2908 CIVIL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution University of Western Sydney

Project Summary

This project will benefit Aust. society by providing a powerful tool for improving the safe and cost effective design of

structures under extreme conditions (high frequency vibration, complicating supporting conditions). The method has the

potential to be further developed to provide solutions to unsolved problems in acoustic wave transport, short electromagnetic

wave propagation etc. The research training of the project will help to keep Australia to be at the forefront in this research

field and the published research findings will promote the reputation of Australian researchers in the field of computational

engineering. The international collaboration will be strengthened between the Investigator's team and his colleagues in US.

DP0666540 A/Prof Y Zhang; Dr AC Nayak; Dr K Wang; A/Prof F Lin

Approved Foundations of Nonmonotonic Logic Programming for Complex Knowledge Systems

Project Title

2006 : $84,000

2007 : $74,000

2008 : $76,000

Primary RFCD 2804 COMPUTATION THEORY AND MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution University of Western Sydney

Project Summary

This project will fundamentally provide a new paradigm of nonmonotonic logic programming. As such, it will significantly

contribute towards Australia's leading role in the cutting edge research of intelligent systems development. The new

nonmonotonic logic programming can be used as an effecive platform by many Australian computer companies for building

complex knowledge systems in real world domains. Hence this project has potential economic and social benefits for

Australia. With a very strong research team across different universities and a collaborative research training environment,

this project will further enhance Australia's international reputation as a leader in computing & IT research.

DP0666780 A/Prof WX Zheng; Prof J Chen

Approved An Investigation into Performance Limitation of Wireless Networked Feedback Systems

Project Title

2006 : $87,000

2007 : $74,000

2008 : $76,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution University of Western Sydney

Project Summary

Recent technological advances in information technology have begun to drive controls research in a direction that seeks to

merge communication networks, control design, and computing power. Investigation of the constraints, limitations, and

tradeoffs in design of wireless networked control systems is of intrinsic scientific interest and broad engineering impact. The

success of this project will enrich Australia's leading role in the international control community. The training of the

postdoctoral research associates will generate the expertise needed to maintain the coming generation involved in

cutting edge technological advancement. The project will strengthen research activities in Australia through strong

international collaborations.

University of Wollongong

DP0666700 Prof DJ Ayre; Prof RJ Whelan

Approved Why conserve genetic variation? Is this misdirected effort or a crucial concern?

Project Title

2006 : $106,000

2007 : $96,000

2008 : $96,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

In attempting to conserve populations of threatened plants, ecosystem managers must prioritise allocation of resources to

both immediate and long term threats, including loss of genetic variation. This study will determine the importance of

maintaining existing genetic variation within populations of several species in a major Australian plant group. As well as

advancing theory in the area of plant ecological genetics and evolutionary biology, our results will provide a stronger scientific

basis for the development of conservation policy and management decisions for conserving threatened plant species.

DP0666787 Prof DJ Ayre; Dr TE Minchinton

Approved Setting the limits: Ecological and genetic tests of the status of marine populations at species

Project Title borders.

2006 : $95,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

The wide dispersion of Australia's population along our coastal fringe combined with global climate change poses severe

threats to marine biodiversity and necessitates urgent conservation measures. Our study will use ecological and genetic

approaches to contribute to our understanding of the roles of reproduction and dispersal in maintaining biodiversity. We will

determine whether some locations are highly productive sources of larval colonists, whereas others are unproductive and

dependent on other sources of recruits, and we will inform management practices such as the creation of marine protected

areas.

DP0665531 Prof RJ Barry; Dr AR Clarke; Dr SJ Johnstone

Approved Exploring the brain mechanisms underlying hyperactivity in Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Project Title

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

Attention deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) is the most common psychiatric disorder affecting children, resulting in

substantial costs (both human and financial) to the child, their family and Australian society. The outcomes of this project will

provide a better foundation for understanding dysfunctional brain mechanisms in AD/HD, which is expected to lead to better

diagnosis, treatment, and community support. Ultimately this will contribute to a healthy start to life for these children. This

project will also demonstrate how an integrated Australian approach can lead the research agenda in both basic

neuroscience, at the interface of psychology and physiology, and its applications in health.

DP0666628 Dr JL Beck; Prof MM Sheil

Approved Gas Phase Dynamics of a Biological Molecular Machine: Fundamentals, Stoichiometries and

Project Title Stabilities

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2503 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

Over the last twenty years advanced molecular measurement techniques have enabled the characterization of individual

biological molecules (proteins and DNA) within different types of cells and diseased tissues. This project uses a new

technique that literally "weighs" groups of proteins and/or DNA to help us understand how such large molecules fit together

and function within cells (sometimes referred to as molecular machinery). More detailed knowledge of processes such as

those involved in copying DNA when new cells are produced will, in the long term, improve our understanding and treatment

of conditions or diseases that result from errors in molecular machinery.

DP0665932 Prof LM Head

Approved Beyond dualisms in the conceptualisation and management of Australian landscapes and species

Project Title

2006 : $58,000

2007 : $94,000

2008 : $94,000

2009 : $53,000

Primary RFCD 3704 HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

It is increasingly recognised that the major barriers to the urgent challenges of environmental sustainability are social, cultural

and organisational rather than scientific. This project will help Australia imagine and implement environmental strategies that

come to terms with the reality of a peopled landscape and thus better manage landscapes and species. It will place Australia

at the forefront of international intellectual debates about relationships between the human and non human worlds, and

contribute to our continued international leadership in biodiversity conservation and heritage management. It will foster

linkages with Sweden and build a node of innovative interdisciplinary postgraduate research training.

DP0664199 Prof BN Indraratna; Prof FA DARVE

Approved Assessment and Prediction of Particle Breakage under Cyclic Loading

Project Title

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $55,000

Primary RFCD 2908 CIVIL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

Every year, transport industries spend millions of dollars to maintain existing tracks suffering excessive settlement due to

heavy traffic. In railways, differential settlement and track fouling are mostly due to ballast breakage. Frequent maintenance

requires large amounts of quarried ballast causing environmental degradation. Simulation of particle breakage subject to

cyclic loading is pioneering fundamental research that will have significant impact on the design and maintenance of future

rail and road networks. A full understanding of the breakage mechanisms of aggregates will lead to innovative techniques in

design and construction, including faster trains carrying heavier loads with reduced maintenance costs.

DP0666707 Dr PC Innis; Prof DL Officer; Prof RN Warrener

Approved Self Assembled Porphyrin Fullerene Photovoltaic Electrodes: Towards Nanostructured Organic

Project Title Solar Cells

2006 : $153,000

2007 : $138,000

2008 : $138,000

Primary RFCD 2503 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

Energy is arguably the single most important problem facing humanity today. The development of cheap, efficient

photovoltaic technology could dramatically change this, providing humanity with renewable, environmentally acceptable

energy resources. The need to replace present electrical energy generation, largely based on fossil fuel, is without argument

given the detrimental effects of global warming from increasing carbon dioxide production. The development and

implementation of cheap, efficient photovoltaic technologies in Australia will not only ensure its sustainable economic growth

but also contribute in a major way to the improved use of land, water, mineral and other energy resources in Australia.

DP0665652 A/Prof SC Jones

Approved Evidence based community standards for ethics in advertising

Project Title

2006 : $50,000

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 3502 BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

The primary social benefit of this project is the development of evidence based standards representing community views on

acceptable practices in advertising, providing a basis on which to lobby for improvements in regulation. Such improvements

will contribute to the ability of consumers to make informed choices about product purchase and behaviour change. This

project also has economic benefit for commercial and social advertisers in Australia, enabling them to: pre test potential

advertisements to ensure that they comply with community standards; develop advertisements which are better suited to their

target audience(s); better forecast the effects of appeals on advertising outcomes; and reduce complaints to the ASB and

other bodies.

DP0665292 A/Prof RA Lewis

Approved High Efficiency Terahertz Emitters

Project Title

2006 : $123,000

2007 : $110,000

2008 : $112,000

Primary RFCD 2909 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

Between microwaves and visible light lies the terahertz gap   the least explored region of the electromagnetic spectrum. Yet

the THz region is precisely where many materials exhibit characteristic signatures that allow them to be detected and

identified. For example, anthrax, explosives, water, DNA, plastics, and carcinomas all have distinctive THz signatures. THz

methods are revolutionizing medicine, agriculture, industry, and national security. Wider application is hampered by the lack

of powerful sources of THz radiation. We aim to develop more efficient emitters of THz radiation. The national economy,

security, and well being will benefit.

DP0664386 Dr D Li

Approved Electronically Conducting Nanofibres and Assemblies

Project Title

2006 : $110,880

2007 : $110,880

2008 : $110,880

2009 : $110,880

2010 : $110,880

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

QEII Dr D Li

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

With the use of new techniques that have just emerged in the last two years and are receiving rapidly growing interest

throughout the world, this project will bring to Australia a new nanofabrication platform for making a variety of complex

nanostructures. Fundamental researches on these complex nanostructures will greatly advance nanoscience. New

nanotechnologies will be developed to address some world wide challenging problems, e.g. energy conversion and storage,

chemical/biological sensing and other micro  and nanoelectronic devices. This project will bring both breakthrough science

and frontier technologies for building and transforming Australian industries and help place Australia at the forefront of

nanotechnology.

DP0667182 Prof GC Nanson; A/Prof BG Jones

Approved Palaeoclimatic and environmental significance of major Late Quaternary drainage contributions and

Project Title disruptions in the Lake Eyre basin.

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2601 GEOLOGY

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

This study will advance our knowledge of the most remarkable floods ever known to have occurred in Australia. They were

associated with a vast aquatic ecosystem in what today is the barren northern end of the Flinders Ranges, a region of desert

dunes and salt lakes. Remarkably, such wet conditions appear to have coincided with episodes of megafaunal extinction and

with the human occupation of Australia. The results will provide valuable information with which to better understand the the

main global drivers of episodes of profound wetness and dryness in Australian climate.

DP0665752 Prof SG Pyne

Approved Asymmetric Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Bioactive Alkaloids and their Analogues

Project Title

2006 : $135,000

2007 : $120,000

2008 : $130,000

Primary RFCD 2503 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

We propose to develop innovative methods for preparing bioactive natural products and their analogues with potential

applications as new and safer therapeutic drugs and agricultural chemicals. This project would make important scientific

contributions to the advancement of the fundamentals of synthetic organic chemistry and contribute to Australia's

development as a knowledge based economy. The methodology and products developed may have potential

pharmaceutical and agricultural applications from which the country could benefit from in the future. This project would help

developed skilled people that may develop innovative outcomes in the future, especially in the developing pharmaceutical

and biotechnology industries in Australia.

DP0666084 Prof RG Roberts; Prof Dr R Grun; Dr Z Jacobs; Dr GA Duller

Approved Out of Africa and into Australia: robust chronologies for turning points in modern human evolution

Project Title and dispersal

2006 : $86,000

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $60,000

2009 : $70,000

2010 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 2603 GEOCHEMISTRY

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

This project will yield important new data on the timing of major turning points in human evolution and the human colonisation

of Australia. This will improve our knowledge of Aboriginal cultural heritage and provide a long term perspective on

human/environment interactions to help forecast future impacts of human disruption of the Australian ecosystem

(Environmentally Sustainable Australia NRP). Modern dating techniques underpin many archaeological and environmental

projects, so the advances made in this study will benefit researchers worldwide, increase capacity for commercial services,

and enhance Australia's international standing in geochronology. We will also generate high quality research students and

new collaborative initiatives.

DP0663642 Dr S Roodenrys; Prof C Hulme

Approved Phonological neighbourhood effects in short term memory and speech production: Towards a

Project Title unified account.

2006 : $65,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $24,650

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

This research will help to define the interaction between speech production processes and verbal short term memory. As

short term memory is important in learning language a greater understanding of this interaction will help in the development

of better educational and remedial language instruction practices. Children with developmental language problems, and

adults who have suffered a stroke or other form of brain damage, benefit from remedial language training. The more we

understand about the relationship between speech processes and short term memory, the manner in which they interact, and

the degree to which language acquisition depends on short term memory the better able we will be to develop effective

language programs.

DP0663785 Prof AB Rozenfeld; Dr IM Cornelius; Prof AS Dzurak; Dr GJ Takacs; Prof M Zaider; Dr MI Reinhard

Approved Radiation protection for space, aviation, and terrestrial applications: the development of novel

Project Title radiation detectors and computational techniques

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $140,000

2008 : $140,000

Primary RFCD 2403 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS; PLASMA

PHYSICS

APD Dr IM Cornelius

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

Personnel in space, aviation, and terrestrial applications may be exposed to potentially harmful levels of densely ionising

radiation. This project will produce improved radiation detectors and computational techniques, addressing needs in the

prediction and assessment of equivalent dose in these applications. The "preventative healthcare" priority goal of the

National Research Priority "Promoting and Maintaining Good Health" will be addressed, serving to reduce the risk to

personnel involved in such activities. This research will also enhance Australia's international reputation in this field, stimulate

local expertise, and create a critical mass of researchers in this field.

DP0663423 A/Prof KG Russell; Prof JA Eccleston; Prof SM Lewis; Dr DC Woods

Approved Efficient Design for Generalized Linear Models

Project Title

2006 : $58,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $56,000

Primary RFCD 2302 STATISTICS

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

In industrial, commercial and social research, we collect data in order to predict the outcome of a process based on the

inputs to that process. We want to maximize the information that is gained from the data. Good planning is crucially important

to achieve this. This project will determine how best to select the inputs to the process for many situations that occur in

research. A computer package to answer these questions will be written. The nation will benefit from a fundamental increase

in efficiency of research and, therefore, in efficient use of research dollars.

DP0666163 Prof R Safavi Naini; Mr VD To; Dr P Nickolas

Approved Approximate authentication systems for digital information

Project Title

2006 : $105,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2805 DATA FORMAT

APD Mr VD To

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

Assurance about the origin and integrity of digital content is crucial not only in high security applications but also in everyday

life scenarios such as providing proof that an X ray image presented as part of an insurance claim is authentic, or a news

clip is not tampered with. The outcomes of this project will significantly enhance trustworthiness of multimedia information

systems which are increasingly used in areas such as surveillance (traffic control), health, digital content production and

distribution, tourism and journalism. It will also result in the development of secure biometric authentication systems which

are critical in securing cyber space.

DP0666273 Dr CH Schofield; Prof SB Kaye; Prof BM Tsamenyi

Approved Maritime Legal Practice and Policy in Southeast Asia and the South Pacific: Synergies and

Project Title Challenges for Australian Trade and Security

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $147,000

2008 : $141,000

2009 : $132,000

2010 : $120,970

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

QEII Dr CH Schofield

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

Analysis of maritime legal practice in Southeast Asia and the South Pacific will bolster Australia's national maritime

policy making and regional capacity to address key maritime concerns, leading to enhanced sustainable management of the

ocean environment and its resources, economic security, maritime enforcement and security for trade and shipping. This will

deliver profound political, economic and security benefits to the countries concerned. The research will help to safeguard

Australia's vital maritime interests as well as those of our maritime neighbours and therefore impact directly on Australia's

economic security and prosperity, the protection and preservation of the marine environment and thus the well being of its

society.

DP0666771 Dr D Shi

Approved Development of conductive buffer layers for RABiTS based coated conductors

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 2402 THEORETICAL AND CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

YBCO coated conductor has already been identified and developed as far as second generation HTS wire in power

applications. Major advances have been made in the last 10 years in coated conductor development mainly in all aspects:

substrate, buffer layer and YBCO layer. The research on conductive buffers layer will improve and expand the R&D on

coated conductor in Australia. On the economic side, dramatic advantages and savings could be achieved if the coated

conductors can be put to use. Superconductivity can have a significant role in deregulated electricity markets and in

lessening CO2 emissions and other environmental impacts.

DP0663306 Dr W Susilo; Ms KT Win; Dr F Zhang

Approved Credential Systems and Their Applications in Securing Electronic Health Records

Project Title

2006 : $98,608

2007 : $62,000

2008 : $69,000

Primary RFCD 2805 DATA FORMAT

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

The expected result of this project will be frontier technologies that are essential in applications and services, whose

acceptance and take up will depend on users' assurance of their security in the cyber world. In particular, a service such as

the EHR system, which is known to be a complex system, requires the use of new and innovative credential based systems.

The result will also contribute to maintaining Australia's leading position in the telecommunication and information technology

industries, which has been recognised by increased government funding levels. The resulting applications of this project will

place Australia as the first country able to design and implement a secure EHR system.

DP0664898 Dr CS Turney; Dr SG Haberle

Approved Testing the hypothesis of synchronous inter hemispheric climatic change during the Last

Project Title Termination (20,000 10,000 years ago)

2006 : $169,000

2007 : $110,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2606 ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

The results generated in this project will provide a greater understanding of the sensitivity of the Australasian region to a

range of different climatic conditions (far beyond that recorded in historical datasets). Focussing on climate at the end of the

last ice age (20,000 10,000 years ago) we will investigate the timing, rate and magnitude of change in the Australasian region

and test whether the variability was in phase with other records from the mid  and high latitudes of the Southern and Northern

Hemisphere. The results will provide a considerably improved context for understanding present and future climate change in

Australia.

DP0664403 Dr T Uller

Approved Evolution of maternal effects: a life history perspective

Project Title

2006 : $83,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $48,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

The community benefits from the present project are two fold. Firstly, it strengthens Australia's competititve position in

evolutionary biology research, and its applications in conservation and medicine. The projects focus on long term

consequences of early developmental conditions is considered to be a priority in both medical and evolutionary research.

Secondly, understanding variation in phenotypic traits in relation to environmental factors, such as prenatal stress, is

important for designing conservation and animal breeding programs to minimize the risk of population decline and to ensure

uncompromised husbandry conditions to avoid animal suffering.

DP0665873 Dr X Wang; Dr Z Cheng; Prof T Shrout; Prof W Wen; Dr K Yamaura; Dr K Liss; Dr RO Piltz

Approved Development of novel ferroelectric magnetic materials for multi functional applications

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2914 MATERIALS ENGINEERING

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

Ferroelectric magnets having simultaneous ferroeletricity and ferromagnetism is an area of emerging scientific interest. This

project is to develop novel ferroelectric magnetic materials for multifunctional applications and falls into National Research

Priority, Frontier Technologies for Building and Transforming Australian Industries. This project will provide trainings for

postgraduate students and develop patentable science and technologies. The scope for use of the novel multifunctional

materials will be enormous with great markets in the fields of magnetoelectronics, magnetic electromechanical industrial

devices. It will benefit Australian manufacturing industry in the long term.

DP0664313 A/Prof CD Woodroffe

Approved Variability in El Niño frequency and intensity over the past 4000 years

Project Title

2006 : $45,000

2007 : $35,000

2008 : $35,000

Primary RFCD 2606 ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

Fossil corals contain a rich archive of past climate variability for tropical oceans which can extend the limited instrumental

data and increase our understanding of climate sensitivity. El Niño variations in the Pacific have far reaching impacts on

Australian climate, and this project will reconstruct variations in the past in order to better forecast climate sensitivity in the

future. It focuses on Christmas Island which is the optimal site to capture El Niño variability at several different time scales,

and will lead to a better understanding of atmospheric and oceanic factors that have caused climate variability.

DP0666853 Mr Y Zhao; Dr M Ionescu; Dr J Du; Prof EW Collings

Approved Superconducting MgB2 thin films and structures for electronic devices and telecommunication

Project Title applications

2006 : $125,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2914 MATERIALS ENGINEERING

APD Mr Y Zhao

Administering Institution University of Wollongong

Project Summary

Two important directions of electronic application for MgB2 films are superconducting Josephson junction (JJ) technology

and passive microwave devices. Superconducting JJ technology will have a small but important niche in high performance

digital signal and data processing applications for civilian, commercial, and military terrestrial, as well as space deployment.

With superconducting passive microwave devices, the potentially largest market in this segment are filter systems for ground 

or satellite based wireless communication systems. The research outcome could support Australian companies to develop

corresponding products, as well as broaden Australia's knowledge of the physics of the new MgB2 superconductor.

Victoria

CSIRO   Molecular Science

DP0666961 Prof CJ Drummond

Approved Protic Ionic Liquids: Design, Creation, Characterisation and Application

Project Title

2006 : $195,000

2007 : $104,000

2008 : $104,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution CSIRO   Molecular Science

Project Summary

The project activities fall within National Research Priority 3: Frontier Technologies for Building and Transforming Australian

Industries. To remain internationally competitive in the future many Australian manufacturing enterprises will need to make

significant advancements in the design and processing of products at multiple length scales, including at molecular and

atomic levels. The plan is to translate this project's anticipated cutting edge research results into new high technology

products that can be manufactured in Australia. Australian post graduate students and post doctoral fellows will be trained

in the design, creation, characterisation and application of advanced materials.

DP0667189 Prof CJ Drummond; Dr BJ Boyd; Dr AJ Hill

Approved Determining the Nano Structure of Ordered Amphiphile Self Assembly Materials with Positron

Project Title Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy (PALS)

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution CSIRO   Molecular Science

Project Summary

To remain internationally competitive in the future many Australian manufacturing enterprises will need to exploit nano space.

These manufacturers of advanced products containing nano structured materials will be reliant on sophisticated

characterisation techniques in order to maintain a competitive edge. This project will place Australia at the forefront of the

application of one such technique, Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy (PALS), to ordered nano structured

amphiphile self assembly materials. Australian post graduate students and post doctoral fellows will also be trained in the

creation and characterisation of molecular self assembly materials which underpin the bottom up approach in

nanotechnology.

Deakin University

DP0664167 Dr JP Arnould; Dr D Costa; Prof MA Fedak

Approved The cost of a meal: life history consequences of foraging mode in fur seals and sea lions

Project Title

2006 : $79,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution Deakin University

Project Summary

Australia's two fur seal species are currently experiencing population increases throughout their range as they recover from

the over exploitation of the commercial sealing era (18 19th centuries) whereas the Australian sea lion population is

decreasing (or stable but low) throughout its range and is considered vulnerable. Understanding the mechanisms which

determine foraging efficiency in fur seals and sea lions will have implications for the management of these species, which are

likely to experience increasing interactions with fisheries activities. The results of this research will assist in the development

of policies to ensure the environmentally sustainable use of marine resources.

DP0665242 Dr K Ball

Approved Understanding environmental drivers of socioeconomic inequalities in food consumption

Project Title

2006 : $104,515

2007 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 3212 PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES

Administering Institution Deakin University

Project Summary

The health, economic and social costs of poor nutrition are substantial. The national partnership, the Strategic

Inter governmental Nutrition Alliance, has proposed a strategy, Eat Well Australia, which aims to improve the well being of

Australians through better nutrition. Improving Australians' diet will cut health care costs, improve quality of life, and promote

physical, mental and social functioning. In order to improve diet, particularly among those who are disadvantaged, a better

understanding of the environmental drivers of inequalities in food consumption is required. Findings will inform the

development of policies to increase the availability and accessibility of foodstuffs to supply an adequate and affordable diet

for all.

DP0663845 A/Prof DM Cahill; Prof BA Kunz; Dr PM Schenk; Dr DF Klessig

Approved A novel link between plant pathogen defence and DNA repair capability

Project Title

2006 : $124,000

2007 : $110,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2704 BOTANY

Administering Institution Deakin University

Project Summary

Plants and plant based industries are essential for the provision of food, clothing and building materials and underpin the

economies of rural communities. Plant yield and quality and the biodiversity of natural systems are dramatically reduced by

disease. The fundamental knowledge gained from our research will enable manipulation of the factors that enhance disease

resistance resulting in a significant benefit to Australian agriculture and protection of our natural resources. The current

reliance for disease control on chemicals that damage the environment will be reduced and our research will contribute

directly to the provision of cheaper, simpler and more effective methods of control.

DP0665047 Dr S Datta; Dr DJ Beynon

Approved The influence of Indian Antecedents on the geometry of Southeast Asian temples

Project Title

2006 : $45,000

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $35,000

Primary RFCD 3101 ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN ENVIRONMENT

Administering Institution Deakin University

Project Summary

Australia is an emerging player in the field of heritage and conservation in the Asia Pacific region. This project will greatly

improve the ability of Australian cultural heritage institutions to address the preservation and conservation initiatives in the

region. A successful Australian heritage export industry will foster improved diplomatic relations with Asia. It will provide

momentum to a vital and expanding national industry, broadening the scope of Australian trade in cultural heritage and allied

professional services and enhancing the nation's image in Asia. This corresponds with the key objectives of the Australian

government's foreign affairs and trade portfolios.

DP0662950 Prof TD Evans; Ms M Pearson; Dr PD Macauley

Approved Research capacity building: the development of Australian PhD programs in national and emerging

Project Title global contexts.

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3399 OTHER EDUCATION

Administering Institution Deakin University

Project Summary

PhD programs in universities are the principal means by which new researchers are prepared for work in the knowledge

economy. This project develops a comprehensive coded database of every PhD awarded in Australia since the first programs

in the 1940s. It the will study fourteen different PhD programs that have developed during this period in four universities. The

project focuses on how these programs develop research capacity within disciplines and how these are related to the

changing social, cultural and economic needs of Australia. The project will assist in planning future PhD programs and

research capacity development.

DP0665517 Mr JS Gillespie; Dr PK Taylor

Approved Understanding regulatory networks: Assessing the relevance of the 'rule of law' to business

Project Title regulation in Vietnam

2006 : $52,000

2007 : $47,000

2008 : $43,000

Primary RFCD 3703 ANTHROPOLOGY

Administering Institution Deakin University

Project Summary

Consistent with Research Priority 4, the project will assist Australian policy makers and business investors/exporters to

understand why market laws frequently produce fragmentation and instability in developing East Asia. It will also inform

important theoretical debates about the relative influence of law, social norms, ethno religious orientations and sentiment in

forming regulatory networks that augment and rival state power. The project will strengthen linkages between Australian and

Asian universities and research institutions and improve post graduate research and teaching programs.

DP0666276 Prof WS Logan; Dr CD Long; Dr F Qian; Mr KJ Reeves

Approved Remembering Places of Pain and Shame: Conservation of the Asia Pacific Region's 'Difficult'

Project Title Heritage of Imprisonment Sites

2006 : $79,000

2007 : $59,000

2008 : $62,000

2009 : $55,755

Primary RFCD 3101 ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN ENVIRONMENT

APD Dr F Qian

Administering Institution Deakin University

Project Summary

This project will contribute to theoretical and practical discourses relevant to Australia's cultural heritage industry. Its findings

will have implications for the work of national and state industry bodies (Australian Heritage Council, Australian Dept of

Environment and Heritage, Heritage Victoria) and professional organisations (Australia ICOMOS). The project findings may

lead to concrete results such as the addition of new places to international, national and state heritage registers and their

protection for the benefit of the community at large. The project will also provide Early Career Researcher training and

enhance possibilities for future research collaboration with heritage and tourism industry partners.

DP0667181 Dr PN Pathirana; Dr BF Rolfe; Dr A Wong

Approved Nodal Power Saving for Disconnected Ad Hoc Sensor Networks

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

Administering Institution Deakin University

Project Summary

Bushfire, age care and farming is Australia's today and tomorrow.

A key aspect in bushfire control is early detection of ignitions by spreading miniature low power sensors in a large potential

area in an ad hoc fashion and localizing. Response to panic alarm buttons by retirees in a retirement village where they are

free to walk around while their location is monitored in real time using a wireless tag they carry to transmit data relating to

their physical health(i.e blood pressure, ECG etc). Locating live stocks roaming around in the dairy industry using sensory

transmission used for monitoring their statues is vitals for the farmer for improving efficiency.

DP0664206 Dr AF Timperio; Prof DA Crawford; Dr K Ball; Dr J Salmon

Approved Understanding children's risk of obesity: contextual influences on changes in eating, physical

Project Title activity and weight status

2006 : $105,000

2007 : $74,000

2008 : $100,000

2009 : $30,000

Primary RFCD 3212 PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES

Administering Institution Deakin University

Project Summary

Overweight and obesity are significant public health issues in Australia. After tobacco, physical inactivity and obesity are

leading modifiable contributors to the burden of disease. The economic cost of obesity was recently estimated at $1.3

billion/year. Preventing further increases in childhood obesity is an urgent national priority, however there currently exists

insufficient information to guide effective obesity prevention strategies. The findings of this study will inform efforts to prevent

obesity at the population level by enhancing knowledge of contextual influences on obesity risk behaviours and the selection

of specific targets for intervention. As such, this study will help create a healthier generation of children.

La Trobe University

DP0662909 Dr BA Cardak; Prof BJ Chapman; Prof VL Martin

Approved Why poorer students are less likely to go to university: Theoretical and empirical evidence for

Project Title Australia with implications for policy

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3402 APPLIED ECONOMICS

Administering Institution La Trobe University

Project Summary

This project will improve our understanding of the factors that lead to the under representation of low income students in

universities in Australia and other countries. The focus of the analysis will be the impact of a student's family and household

environment and innate ability on their school performance, an essential pre requisite for university admission, together with

the costs of university education. Identifying the relative importance of these factors in determining educational success will

enable families, schools, universities and educational policy makers to improve opportunities for high ability students from all

socioeconomic backgrounds. This will in turn enhance economic growth and productivity, benefiting all Australians.

DP0662929 Dr FJ Collins; Dr SE Turnbull; Dr SL Bye

Approved Australian Screen Comedy

Project Title

2006 : $147,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,350

Primary RFCD 4203 CULTURAL STUDIES

APD Dr SL Bye

Administering Institution La Trobe University

Project Summary

This project will analyse the different types of screen comedy produced in Australia in order to understand how comedy has

shaped a sense of who we are as Australians. It will provide an understanding of why some Australian comedies and

comedians succeed at home but not abroad and whether comedy can claim to be representative of an Australian way of life.

It will make a contribution to a network of current research projects into the history and aesthetics of Australian television and

film, producing synergies in national media research.

DP0664126 Dr M Connors

Approved The role of development agencies in shaping national identity in Thailand

Project Title

2006 : $45,000

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $20,000

Primary RFCD 3601 POLITICAL SCIENCE

Administering Institution La Trobe University

Project Summary

The study will provide much needed research on a country that has an important bilateral relationship with Australia. More

specifically, the role of development agencies in the shaping of national identity is little understood. Given the increased role

that such agencies play in the reconstruction of nations, this is a timely study. My study, based on intense fieldwork and

extensive use of Thai language documents, will offer an analysis of this role. Understanding how Thai national identity has

adapted to change is an important component of Australian cross cultural literacy, and important in understanding the future

direction of Thai politics.

DP0665250 Dr RF Cosgrove; Dr C Shen; Dr H Lu; Dr S Wang

Approved Chinese Middle to Late Pleistocene hominid behaviour: exploring cultural variability through time

Project Title and space

2006 : $156,000

2007 : $82,000

2008 : $125,000

Primary RFCD 4302 ARCHAEOLOGY AND PREHISTORY

APD Dr S Wang

Administering Institution La Trobe University

Project Summary

This research will contribute to the understanding of the spread of our species out of Africa 2 million years ago into East Asia.

It examines the range of hominid behaviours and ecological circumstances that led to the successful colonisation of China by

Homo erectus. It also addresses the vexed question of the relationship between H. erectus and H. sapiens. Did the latter

evolve in situ from their antecedents as some suggest, or did H. sapiens replace H. erectus, in the great diaspora from Africa

120,000 years ago?

DP0663969 Prof SF Crowe

Approved Remembering that things have changed: A behavioural, pharmacological and biochemical

Project Title examination of the differences between consolidation and re consolidation in the day old chick.

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution La Trobe University

Project Summary

This project has five national benefits. 1) It addresses a fundamental scientific and practical problem: to determine whether

re consolidation is actually a repetition of consolidation or in fact a distinct process; 2) it will provide a comprehensive account

of how the two processes compare at a biochemical level; 3) it may ultimately provide a pharmacological and behavioural

approach to modifying troubling or unwanted memories such as the concerns which may result in post traumatic stress

disorder; 4) it will contribute to Australia's international reputation in behavioural neuroscience and 5) it will provide

outstanding training opportunities for Australian undergraduate and postgraduate research students in behavioural

neuroscience.

DP0664424 Prof PL Dyson; A/Prof FW Menk; Dr CL Waters

Approved Dual Radar Studies of Sub Auroral Magnetosphere Ionosphere Coupling

Project Title

2006 : $143,000

2007 : $120,000

2008 : $120,000

Primary RFCD 2606 ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

Administering Institution La Trobe University

Project Summary

Benefits include:

  improved ability to observe, understand and predict space weather impacts on Australia's communications, navigation, and

surveillance capabilities;

  support for specific Australian programs such as: the JORN the over the horizon radar coastal surveillance system; IPS

Radio and Space Services space weather monitoring activities (TIGER is a key component of the Australian Space Weather

Plan   Strategic Planning to 2010 and Beyond);

  continue to provide Australia with a central role in the multi nation SuperDARN project that continues to pioneer new

initiatives in successful network operations for scientific studies and for the development of space weather data products for

monitoring agencies and other scientists.

DP0664973 Dr RM Ford

Approved Working the Land: Women's Rural Labour and the Making of a Nation, Australia, 1901 1945

Project Title

2006 : $39,000

2007 : $39,000

2008 : $42,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution La Trobe University

Project Summary

Dr Ford's research delivers social, cultural and economic benefits to Australia, particularly for rural Australia, for women and

for aging Australians. Her work will increase community understanding about working life in rural Australia; the relationship

between land, agriculture, gender and national identity; and the ways women combined family responsibilities with farm work

  issues central to debates about the role of rural Australia and work/life balance. Her project will contribute to rural

communities' sense of identity, as well as promote heritage tourism, important to regional economic development. It will also

develop partnerships between universities and rural communities and improve the global visibility of Australian research.

DP0663027 Dr TJ Minchin; Prof JA Salmond

Approved Still Fighting for Our Rights: The Ongoing Struggle for Civil Rights in the USA, 1965 1980

Project Title

2006 : $48,000

2007 : $49,000

2008 : $31,070

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution La Trobe University

Project Summary

The American civil rights struggle has close parallels with Australia's, since both countries are new and culturally diverse

societies where race has played a central role in defining the national character. Our study will help to further strengthen the

close links between Australia and the U.S., and will raise the profile of Australian higher education in the U.S, since both

Minchin and Salmond have published widely in the U.S, especially in this field. Much of the recent upsurge in scholarship on

U.S. civil rights has been carried out by scholars based outside the U.S., especially in Europe, and it is vital to have

Australian based scholars and institutions at the heart of this vibrant and relevant field.

DP0664059 Dr JM Santini

Approved Arsenite oxidation by a novel bacterium that is a candidate for arsenic bioremediation

Project Title

2006 : $109,000

2007 : $44,000

2008 : $44,000

Primary RFCD 2703 MICROBIOLOGY

Administering Institution La Trobe University

Project Summary

The arsenic munching microbe NT 26 could help in the fight to clean up arsenic contaminated mining waste and drinking

water. Arsenic poses an environmental problem in countries such as Australia, USA and Canada owing primarily to mining

activities. The problem in countries such as Bangladesh and West Bengal are even more serious as these people are dying

of arsenic related diseases as they rely on water containing arsenic as their primary source of drinking water. The outcomes

of this research should provide the necessary information for removing arsenic from all types of waters.

DP0663825 Dr M Tabain

Approved The effects of sentence structure on consonant and vowel articulations

Project Title

2006 : $75,000

2007 : $45,000

2008 : $30,000

Primary RFCD 3802 LINGUISTICS

Administering Institution La Trobe University

Project Summary

Whilst machine generated speech is generally of good quality at the level of the single word, it is noticeably less

natural sounding at the level of the sentence. This project examines an important aspect of the naturalness of human

speech, namely, the effect that sentence structure has on individual consonants and vowels. A break down of this

naturalness is seen in some speakers who have suffered traumatic brain injury: such speakers perform well when asked to

utter a short word, but struggle when asked to produce a longer string of sounds. A better understanding of the interaction

between speech sounds and sentence structure will lead to improvements in the treatment of speech disorders, and in the

quality of human machine communication.

DP0664177 Prof MR Thornton

Approved EEO in a Culture of Uncertainty

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $130,000

2008 : $115,000

2009 : $86,500

2010 : $89,500

Primary RFCD 3701 SOCIOLOGY

APF Prof MR Thornton

Administering Institution La Trobe University

Project Summary

Australia appears to be losing its commitment to equal opportunity as work becomes increasingly insecure. Deference to

employers, including transnational corporations, is already exercising a disproportionate effect on women, racial minorities

and people with disabilities. The impact of the market, globalisation and free trade agreements is resulting in the increasing

marginalisation of EEO and anti discrimination measures. As a turning away from social justice in favour of the market and

profit making can only impoverish a democratic society, this timely study will examine the nature of the retreat in the hope

that something might be done about it.

Monash University

DP0665836 Dr PC Andrews; Prof GB Deacon; Dr ML Cole; Dr K Ruhlandt Senge

Approved Advancing the Metal Organic Chemistry of the Heavy Alkaline Earth Elements

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2502 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The project will open up a new area in Australian metal based chemical research, deriving high value added products from

the already existing exploitation of Australia's substantial alkaline earth metal mineral resources. Internationally recognised

expertise in the design and manipulation of highly reactive chemical tools will contribute breakthrough science and innovation

to the growing pharmaceutical, fine chemicals and smart materials industry, with the potential to provide nascent and

established Australian companies a competitive edge in new product development. Students will be trained in the necessary

skills to succeed in and expand such technically demanding area of metal based chemistry.

DP0665223 Dr U Bach

Approved DNA Directed Nanofabrication   A novel, universal, highly parallel bottom up assembly approach

Project Title

2006 : $160,000

2007 : $160,000

2008 : $150,000

2009 : $150,000

2010 : $150,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

ARF Dr U Bach

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

This proposal aims to provide a nanofabrication method that has the potential to strongly impact every aspect of science  

from fundamental research to commercial applications by providing a universal, simple low cost tool to build nanostructures

to order. The basic properties of these structures will be studied prior to their integration into new applications. We will be

providing a solution to a bottleneck that currently limits the scientific advancement and commercial exploitation of

nanotechnology. Our proposal describes a 'Nanoassembly' technique, considered by the ARC as Frontier Technologies for

Building and Transforming Australian Industries (ARC priority area 3).

DP0664368 Dr B Balachandran; Prof RW Faff; Prof MF Theobald

Approved Asset Pricing, Signal Type and Overconfident Investors

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $64,000

2008 : $68,000

Primary RFCD 3503 BANKING, FINANCE AND INVESTMENT

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Recent bubbles in financial markets and other anxieties with regard to whether financial assets are correctly valued have led

to a reduction in the confidence in financial markets. This study, by focussing upon potential biases in the price formation

process, will provide strong insights into this important topic. In covering three major equity markets, the project will provide

important guidance for the design of regulatory policies on corporate disclosure by both Governments and Stock Exchanges.

Given the increased need for funded superannuation/pension schemes, an increase in the confidence in capital market

processes will benefit the development of successful funded schemes.

DP0664665 Dr M Burd; Dr A Dussutour

Approved Individual behaviour and collective order: the traffic dynamics of ants

Project Title

2006 : $92,000

2007 : $77,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

APD Dr A Dussutour

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

We are investigating the properties of traffic flow in ant colonies. Ants seem to meet their transportation needs without traffic

congestion or complex centralised control. By discovering how ants accomplish this, we increase our understanding of social

behaviour in the natural world, and also provide the basic research on which applied solutions to human traffic problems can

be based.

DP0665353 A/Prof F Burstein; A/Prof JR Warren; Prof SM McKemmish; A/Prof J Fisher

Approved Smart Information Portals: Meeting knowledge and decision support needs of health care

Project Title consumers for quality online information

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $62,000

2008 : $64,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Smart information portals, tailored to the communities needs, will contribute to emerging national information infrastructure

for consumer focused information provision. They will support government initiatives promoting the role of online access to

reliable, quality information in achieving good health, patient empowerment, participation in informed decision making,

self management, and greater treatment compliance. Through the National Research Priority 3 goal of smart information use,

the project addresses Priority 2 goals relating to ageing well; ageing productively; preventive health care; and strengthening

the social and economic fabric to enable Australians to make choices that lead to healthy, productive and fulfilling lives.

DP0663560 Prof RA Cas; Prof KV Cashman; Prof S de Silva; Dr G Giordano; Dr O Roche; Prof Dr JG Viramonte

Approved The eruption, emplacement and characteristics of extremely large volume pyroclastic flow deposits

Project Title (ignimbrites).

2006 : $132,000

2007 : $110,000

2008 : $110,000

2009 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 2601 GEOLOGY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Pyroclastic flows are hot, turbulent, flows of volcanic gas, pumice, rock debris and fine ash often produced during major

explosive volcanic eruptions. Most historic and researched events have been mostly small volume examples. In this research

we propose to investigate the characteristics of 3 extremely large volume (>1,000 km3) pyroclastic flow deposits in the Andes

of South America, to understand the eruption origins and the flow dynamics of such large volume and potentially far flowing

(up to 200 km from the vent) pyroclastic flows. These are potentially more destructive than the Indian Ocean tsunami event,

and eruptions of this magnitude could occur in Indonesia, PNG and New Zealand.

DP0664451 Dr EL Christopher

Approved Australia's Black Past: the shared history of transatlantic slave trading and convict transportation

Project Title to Africa and Australia

2006 : $88,000

2007 : $63,000

2008 : $62,000

2009 : $62,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

APD Dr EL Christopher

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Every nation needs an understanding of its past the significance of this project is that it examines a part of Australia's history

that is very little understood. European settlement of the continent was implemented at a time that ideas of race, and the

relationship of skin colour to freedom, were altering significantly. These changes had a fundamental effect on the convict

colony and the relationship of the early colonists with the aboriginal people. Only by gaining knowledge of how early racial

interpretations were influenced by global events can Australia interpret her ever controversial racial history.

DP0663255 Prof IJ Clarke; A/Prof C Chen

Approved Estrogen signalling in gonadotropes

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $116,000

2008 : $116,000

Primary RFCD 3206 MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Estrogen action is a normal prerequisite for cyclic function of reproduction in the female, but little is known about how this

important hormone acts in the relevant cells of the pituitary gland (gonadotropes). In order to gain information on normal

function, we will conduct studies on gonadotropes treated with estrogen in a range of paradigms. The information will be

valuable in understanding normal reproduction, but will also form the basis of further studies to investigate the effects of

drugs that affect estrogen action and environmental estrogens.

DP0664022 Dr TJ Cole; A/Prof MJ Morris

Approved Regulation of Stress Hormone Receptors in the Brain

Project Title

2006 : $76,000

2007 : $66,000

2008 : $66,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Our research will provide information on how the brain controls our response to stress and will allow the development of

targeted strategies to reduce the possibility during chronic stress of the development of conditions such as anxiety and

depression. This will improve mental health outcomes in Australia and add to Australia's economic and social stability.

DP0666524 Dr TP Denham

Approved Unearthing the roots of agriculture: multi disciplinary investigations of Pleistocene and Holocene

Project Title plant exploitation in Eastern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $145,000

2008 : $145,000

Primary RFCD 4302 ARCHAEOLOGY AND PREHISTORY

APD Dr TP Denham

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The Project will foster greater communication, public understanding and research links between Australia and Papua New

Guinea. The Project will also provide archaeological training for students at Australian universities and students and

practitioners in Papua New Guinea. The research seeks to understand the development of societies and subsistence

practices, particularly plant exploitation and agriculture, in New Guinea from the Pleistocene to the present. The research will

chart long term human environment relations in New Guinea, which are central to understanding the sustainability of food

production and the maintenance of biodiversity in the Australasian region.

DP0663573 Dr JS Forsythe; A/Prof DI Finkelstein; Dr W Shen; Prof MK Horne

Approved Manipulating nano fibres to control nerve regeneration

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 2915 BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Diseases of the brain and mind are the most common diseases in the western world; being even more prevalent than cardiac

or malignant disease. With Australia's aging demographic, diseases of the brain and mind will continue to impact on our

productivity in the workplace, our quality of life, and the ability of the medicare and private health care systems to keep up

with the ever increasing demand for older Australians.

The research proposed here will enable us to find solutions to this serious problem by building on Australia's strong track

record in nanotechnology and biotechnology research, and help towards new and effective treatments.

DP0663834 A/Prof RH Grzebieta; Dr M Bambach; Dr AS McIntosh; Dr G Rechnitzer; Mr R Judd

Approved Protecting Occupants in Vehicle Rollover Crashes

Project Title

2006 : $160,000

2007 : $120,000

2008 : $130,000

Primary RFCD 2904 AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

This project addresses a public health issue involving rollover crashes. It will help prevent 340 deaths, 6000 injuries and save

$3.6 billion annually in Australia and many fold this number internationally. A dynamic rollover crashworthiness test protocol,

that ensures efficient and economical vehicle rollover protection systems are designed and manufactured, will be provided to

consumer and regulatory bodies to consider and implement. In addition, much needed Occupational Health & Safety

information regarding vehicle rollover crashworthiness, which provide a safe work place environment for professional drivers

and employees using vehicles, will be supplied to industry fleet managers, defence and emergency services.

DP0663276 Dr T Handfield; Dr SJ Barker

Approved Probability and necessity in the physical sciences

Project Title

2006 : $55,755

2007 : $55,755

2008 : $55,755

2009 : $55,755

Primary RFCD 4401 PHILOSOPHY

APD Dr T Handfield

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

This is a philosophical study of concepts that are vital to the conduct of science: namely, dispositional concepts such as force

in physics, solubility in chemistry, biological fitness, and psychological traits. By offering a radical and novel interpretation of

such concepts, this project has the potential to influence the future development of Australian science. Moreover, dispositions

are crucial to understanding our distinctively human perspective on the world. The abilities to predict, reason, communicate

meanings, and to act intentionally all involve dispositional states. This project addresses the fundamental nature of such

states, and will thus be of significance to anyone who hopes to understand these distinctively human phenomena.

DP0664729 A/Prof MP Hedger; Prof PJ Hertzog

Approved Investigation of Macrophage Function in an Immunologically Privileged Site

Project Title

2006 : $94,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2706 PHYSIOLOGY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The unique phenotype of the testicular macrophage demands understanding, and this project has the potential to open up an

entirely new direction of research. The basic information so generated could facilitate development of strategies to alter either

host or donor tissue macrophage functions in order to prevent rejection responses in humans, and be used in the

development of new anti inflammatory drugs. Such technologies will have application in development of novel therapeutics

for transplantation and the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases.

DP0666176 A/Prof DG Holmes

Approved Optimal Control of Modular Multilevel Power Electronic Converter Systems for Electrical

Project Title Distribution Networks

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $95,000

Primary RFCD 2909 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

This project will improve the national capability to use multilevel power electronic converter systems to help operate and

maintain more efficient electrical distribution networks. The outcomes of the project will also contribute to the implementation

into electrical distribution systems of renewable and distributed energy generation systems, and hence will help to reduce

greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, it is anticipated that the control strategies to be investigated could lead to subsequent

commercial developments with local industries. Finally, the project will foster and develop international links in power

electronics between Monash University, and leading edge international research groups in the area around the world.

DP0663904 Dr SP Jackson

Approved Examination of the Calcium Signalling Dynamics Linked to Integrin Adhesion Utilising a Novel

Project Title Micro imaging System

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $87,000

2008 : $87,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

This study aims at increasing our understanding of the fundamental cell processes that allow cells to adhere to surfaces. The

proposed study will lead to a greater understanding of the calcium signalling mechanisms that are fundamental to diverse

biological phenomena such as, tissue regeneration and repair, blood clotting, cancer metastasis, and neuronal cell function.

From a preventative health perspective, the investigation of platelet calcium signalling will greatly accelerate the development

of new pharmaceuticals to tackle acute and chronic cardiovascular diseases, such as stroke, heart attack and

artherosclerosis.

DP0665138 Dr TA Jacobsen

Approved Sexual contracts in Burma and Cambodia: Intersections of Desire, Duty and Debt

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 3703 ANTHROPOLOGY

APD Dr TA Jacobsen

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Prostitution, sex trafficking, and violence against women are global concerns. A better understanding of the underlying

context that permits women and children to be abused in this manner in other cultures will allow Australia to assist in

addressing these problems   in our own multicultural society and abroad   in a culturally appropriate manner that will prove far

more effective than current approaches. Australia has long been regarded as a leader in the Asia Pacific region, especially

regarding crime prevention and protecting the rights of marginalised groups. The research outcomes of this project have

practical applications that can only enhance our reputation.

DP0664277 Dr CP James

Approved Dynastic Marriage, Courtly Politics and the State in Renaissance Italy

Project Title

2006 : $43,000

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The search for an understanding of the processes by which political ideas and cultural assumptions about masculinity and

femininity change, and new genres of written expression emerge, is directly relevant to contemporary Australia. To study

these themes in a period at once remote from one's own and yet, as the Italian Renaissance is, perennially fascinating to the

public imagination, is to make an important contribution to our understanding of the historical roots of significant on going

debates.

DP0663042 Prof DE Jesson; Dr PF Barker

Approved Imaging Light and Gases with Low Energy Electrons

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2402 THEORETICAL AND CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The imaging of light and atoms trapped in the potential minima of optical lattices will be a world first, positioning Australia at

the forefront of the merging fields of electron microscopy and atom optics, leading to important international recognition and

publicity. This project, relevant to the frontier technologies of photonics, atom optics and quantum information processing, will

also develop a skills base in surface electron microscopy and laser science by providing high level training for post graduate

and honours students. In addition, the utilisation of optical lattices as micro environmental cells in electron microscopy will be

an important development for in situ studies of the gas phase including chemical reactions.

DP0665057 Prof C Jones

Approved Modern Low Oxidation State/Low Coordination Main Group Chemistry: A New Domain for

Project Title Australian Science

2006 : $330,000

2007 : $200,000

2008 : $230,000

2009 : $240,000

2010 : $240,000

Primary RFCD 2502 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

APF Prof C Jones

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The proposed research will benefit Australia by creating a knowledge base in an internationally important area of chemistry.

This will be aided by the return to Australia of an international leader in the field. Through an integrated and interdisciplinary

approach, the exploitation of technologies arising from the research program will be explored. In addition to the academic

community, these technologies will benefit hi tech industries including pharmaceutical and fine chemicals concerns which will

gain from the use of the proposed group 13 heterocycles in organic synthesis. Moreover, industries reliant on polymer

supports in catalytic process or opto electronic polymers will profit from the various polymers derived from phosphaalkynes.

DP0663228 Prof R Jones; Dr G Clark; Dr DR Jones; Dr G Glinka

Approved A Multi Scale Approach To Reliability And Durability Of Engineering Structures And Sensors

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2902 AEROSPACE ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The Longford explosion is an example where a major failure was due to a very small defect. It is estimated to have cost

Australia in excess of $1.5 Billion. The acquisition costs of aircraft mean that keeping a fleet operational for a year can

produce savings of ~$100,000,000.The automotive industry is designing lighter vehicles. GM Australia has realised that

ensuring the durability of these new designs is essential. By our participation in the GM PACE program we ensure that the

developments are available to the broader Australian Industry. Indeed, to design durable MEM's structures would give

Australia a commercial edge.

DP0665523 Dr NC Karmakar; Dr GF Swiegers

Approved Chipless RFID for Barcode Replacement

Project Title

2006 : $198,000

2007 : $96,000

2008 : $98,000

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

This project will investigate inexpensive radio frequency transponders that enjoy all of the advantages of, and, indeed,

operate in a manner somewhat similar to barcodes. Transponders of this type may potentially replace barcode technology,

thereby allowing automated identification of individual items at multiple points in supply  and distribution chains. The

resulting efficiencies in a host of logistic and other applications will generate a significant economic benefit for Australia.

Additionally, the development of state of the art transponders based on fundamental microwave  and antenna engineering

prospectively gives Australia a cutting edge advantage as a leading player in the fast growing RFID market.

DP0663242 Prof MJ Kartomi

Approved From Muslim devotions to global niveau: the art of body percussion music as expression of

Project Title cultural memory in Aceh and the diasporas

2006 : $69,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $68,000

Primary RFCD 4101 PERFORMING ARTS

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

After Aceh's tsunami tragedy, Australia/ns pledged large amounts of money and effort to collaborate in rebuilding the

devastated province. Results of this project can help us approach reconstruction in a more culturally sensitive way.

Challenging stereotypes of Acehnese as fanatical and potentially hostile, the project can help explain Aceh's strong

commitment to Islam, pride in its great cultural achievements, and the continuing war. Improved bilateral and

people to people relations between Australians and Acehnese/Indonesians can facilitate a more confident and sympathetic

interpretation of the needs of our national security. In addition, material results of the project will augment two National

Collections.

DP0663473 Prof JE Kenway

Approved Moving Ideas: Mobile Policies, Researchers and Connections in the Social Sciences and

Project Title Humanities   Australia in the global context

2006 : $77,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $80,000

2009 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 3301 EDUCATION STUDIES

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Leading Australian researchers who study culture, politics, society and human behaviour are increasingly on the move across

national borders, taking their ideas in new directions and making new international connections. This is now seen less as a

national brain drain and more as a chance for Australia to benefit from what researchers learn and the new relationships they

develop as they travel. But what exactly are these benefits and what can Australia do to make sure that what looks like a loss

becomes a gain? This research answers these questions.

DP0666100 Dr S Khatab

Approved The Theological and Ideological Bases of al Qa'ida's Political Tactics

Project Title

2006 : $81,180

2007 : $75,160

2008 : $75,160

Primary RFCD 3601 POLITICAL SCIENCE

APD Dr S Khatab

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

This research moves beyond the conventional view of Islam and generates new understandings of the many complexities of

political Islam, and the role of violence and terrorism; explores the theological and ideological foundations of al Qa'ida's

political tactics; the long term objectives beyond al Qa'ida's terrorist activity. It conceptualizes Islamic activism within time and

space and, by implication, facilitates the formulation of relevant policy responses. As a result, this project contributes to

security and counter terrorism works and falls squarely within the National Research Priority, Safeguarding Australia

(Terrorism and Transnational Crime).

DP0664926 Prof ML King; Dr X ZHANG

Approved New Procedures for Multiple Testing of Econometric Models

Project Title

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 3404 ECONOMETRICS

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

In discipline areas ranging from biological and medicine sciences to economics and commerce, very important decisions are

made on the basis of statistical or econometric models. There is usually a high degree of uncertainty about the exact form the

model should take and the data available to help decide on the best form of the model is often limited. The new procedures

developed in this project will help statisticians and econometricians make better decisions about the best form of their

models. Our approach gives a new method of validating an estimated model before it is put to use to make critical decisions.

DP0666023 A/Prof SY Kneebone

Approved The Asylum Seeker in the Legal System: A Comparative and Theoretical Study

Project Title

2006 : $55,000

2007 : $20,000

Primary RFCD 3903 JUSTICE AND LEGAL STUDIES

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Issues about asylum seekers and the legal system in Australia will be brought more prominently before an international

audience of lawyers and political scientists. This should generate further collaborative work between scholars in Australia

and overseas. The nation will benefit from the publication of a more fully developed theory about the 'rule of law' which

tackles fundamental questions of political morality, and the importance of judicial decision making. It will clarify the important

issues, and stimulate discussion of further and better solutions to the issue.

DP0666131 Dr CA Kull; Dr H Rangan

Approved Australian transplants: the political ecology of Acacia exchanges across the Indian Ocean

Project Title

2006 : $50,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3704 HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The case studies and conclusions arising out of this project will help environmental practitioners and policymakers make

informed decisions about exotic plant introductions, balancing needs to 'safeguard' Australia on the one hand with interests in

'improving' Australia on the other. The project's innovative focus on the comings and goings of a single plant genus also

makes a significant contribution to Australian environmental studies, by generating richer public discussion of the question of

native versus introduced plants. Finally, it will produce new knowledge about our iconic wattles (made accessible through a

book), increase international collaboration across the Indian Ocean, and train two postgraduate students.

DP0663447 Dr JC Lattanzio; Dr PR Wood; Prof DL Lambert; Prof S Woosley; Prof EK Zinner

Approved Nucleosynthesis today and tomorrow

Project Title

2006 : $95,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2401 ASTRONOMICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Australia is a recognised world leader in understanding the interiors of stars and how they make the elements seen all around

us, from Carbon to Gold and beyond. This project combines Australian theoreticians with the world's largest telescopes and

computers, as well as the latest laboratory instruments and techniques, to further our understanding of where all the

elements originated.

DP0666300 Dr M Leblanc; A/Prof I Cartwright; Prof F Stagnitti; Prof JP Cull; Dr PJ Van Oevelen; Dr C Leduc; Dr GE

Favreau

Approved Efffective Management of Water Resources in Semiarid Regions Using Remote Sensing

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 2910 GEOMATIC ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Due to the vast expense and difficulties to access many areas from the ground, there is currently no effective system for

assessing and managing water resources over many large semi arid regions of the world. Through the study of two

complementary Basins   The Murray and Lake Chad Basins   we propose a new approach based on satellite imagery to

provide regular and detailed information on the state of our water resources in these areas. These innovative techniques will

yield new information on critical water issues: water availability, salinity, groundwater/surface water interactions, climate and

land use change impact. This project provides the basis for sustainable water use in regional Australia.

DP0664664 Prof RA Lewis; A/Prof MJ Morgan; A/Prof SB Hooper

Approved Phase Contrast X ray Imaging of the Lung

Project Title

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2706 PHYSIOLOGY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Lung diseases are a major cause of death in adults, children and newborn infants. Currently, the diagnosis of lung disease is

based on clinical symptoms, which usually do not manifest until the disease is well advanced. This project will develop a

novel X ray imaging technique, known as phase contrast imaging, to study the lung, and to potentially detect changes in lung

tissue before symptoms arise. This may lead to improved strategies for managing newborn infants, as well as improving the

management of lung diseases in adults.

DP0664192 A/Prof J Liu; Prof BH Toh; Prof C McLean

Approved Characterisation of a novel neural specific ATPase in cholesterol transport

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $73,000

2008 : $73,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Ageing is determined by both genetic and metabolic factors. To a large part, the detailed mechanisms of ageing remain to be

unexplored. Genetically, the timing of cell ageing entails the loss of telomeres (tips of chromosomes). However, the buildup of

metabolic wastes resets the timing prematurely. Metabolic products accumulate from excess production or a shortfall of

removal activity, which occurs in the various parts of ageing cells in tissues such as brain. Traffic jams of cholesterol

transport in the secretory pathway induce early ageing of the nerve cells. We investigate a novel mechanism controlling

cholesterol transport in nerve cell ageing.

DP0664065 A/Prof RC Mac Nally; Prof S Lake; Dr AC Taylor

Approved Aquatic biodiversity: consequences of massive modification of agricultural landscapes

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $108,000

2008 : $108,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Agricultural landscapes have undergone great change. Significant shifts in land use may sustain agricultural productivity, but

nationally we risk the loss of our natural wealth   native plants and animals. This project develops a new vision for assessing

conservation values of rural landscapes that will help land managers to plan for present and future land use of both terrestrial

and aquatic organisms. It will help managers to understand the biodiversity value of different landscapes, the types of

species that may persist or be at risk of loss, and the landscape components that influence these outcomes. This knowledge

will enhance our national capacity to jointly integrate nature conservation and agricultural productivity

DP0664121 Dr G Martin; Dr DC Harris

Approved New Statistical Procedures for Analysing Dependence in Non Gaussian Time Series Data

Project Title

2006 : $75,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 3404 ECONOMETRICS

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

In the economic, finance and business spheres, statistical data is often discrete, binary, strictly positive, or characterized by

an uneven distribution of values above and below the average. Prominent examples are the high frequency financial data

that have become accessible with the computerization of financial markets, including the number of trades in successive time

intervals, the direction of price changes, the time between trades and the return on a financial asset over short periods. This

project develops a range of new statistical tools that will enable both researchers and practitioners to analyze the dynamic

behaviour in such data and thereby validate and implement a range of financial models.

DP0662816 Dr LL Martin; Dr AI Mechler

Approved In situ Scanning Probe Microscopy of biological redox processes: nanoscale structure and

Project Title morphology

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The science behind this project underpins the development of nanobiotechnology. Immediate applications foreseen, are the

development of biosensors and diagnostic devices based on our intimate knowledge of the nature of the protein attachment

to a surface. Use of synthetic membranes to create biomimetic surfaces will impact significantly on our understanding of the

role and contribution membranes have on protein structure, function hence disease.

DP0664676 Prof BM McSherry; Prof JR Ogloff; Dr J Crichton; Prof T Hadjistavropoulos; Dr LD Thomson

Approved Confidentiality in Therapeutic Relationships: Developing Guidelines for Mental Health Professionals

Project Title

2006 : $59,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $63,000

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The outcome of this project will be a document on ethical standards that will contribute to a conceptual framework for

resolving ethical, legal and professional issues that need to be addressed with regard to confidentiality in therapeutic

relationships. By assisting with the establishment of guidelines necessary to promote clarity and confidence, the project will

make a substantial contribution to the effective implementation of a way of working which improves the delivery and quality of

mental health care for patients and goes some way to ensuring greater safety for the public.

DP0663290 Dr AI Mechler

Approved Advanced high resolution atomic force microscopy of biomolecules in physiological environments

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The proposed research is intended to explain high resolution bioimaging problems addressed only phenomenologically

before. A correct physical model would help the scientific community to optimise imaging of dynamic biological systems,

extending our knowledge about the way living organisms function. With dynamic bioimaging, the mechanism of certain

diseases such as Alzheimer's   where biomolecule fiber formation plays a key role   can also be addressed, thus the project

has even therapeutical relevance. Furthermore, adequate description of liquid phase imaging can help engineers in the

design of better hardware and software solutions, for the benefit of the bio nanotechnological industry.

DP0663923 Prof CA Mitchell

Approved The role of PtdIns(4,5)P2 in cellular responses in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

This grant application falls under the criteria of frontier technologies in genomics/phenomics and complex systems. We are

characterizing a highly conserved network of signaling molecules regulated by complex large families of enzymes that

regulate the bending of membranes, and cellular events including cell division in plants, yeast and mammalian cells. We have

developed cutting edge novel technologies to localize signaling on specific intracellular membranes and visualise the role

cellular lipids play in forming tubules in cells. This project will result in the presentation of Australian research at international

forums and support the training of PhD students.

DP0663258 A/Prof LN Moresi; Prof HB Muhlhaus

Approved Plate kinematics to plate dynamics: understanding plate boundary processes at the global scale

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $150,000

2008 : $150,000

Primary RFCD 2602 GEOPHYSICS

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

This proposal aims to create geodynamic models which can be used a basis for a new, smart resource exploration and

extraction industry which uses simulation to help characterize regions where traditional geophysical imaging alone is not able

to penetrate. It provides essential scientific underpinnings for

The Australian Computational Earth System Simulator Major National Research Facility (ACcESS).

DP0665667 A/Prof V Mui; Prof T Cason

Approved Social Interactions, Group Dynamics, and the Political Economy of Sovereign Transgression: A

Project Title Laboratory Investigation

2006 : $49,372

2007 : $48,844

Primary RFCD 3499 OTHER ECONOMICS

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Sovereign transgression for example, confiscation of citizens' wealth by the state  can have a significant negative effect on

economic performance. This project will study the under explored issues of how social interactions and group dynamics can

affect the incidence of sovereign transgression and citizen resistance in a controlled laboratory environment. The substantive

and methodological innovations can increase the Australian knowledge base. The project will facilitate collaboration between

Australian researchers and international experts. It will also expose Australian undergraduate students to experimental

economics, and provide graduate students with hands on training in using the laboratory method to study economic

behaviour.

DP0666456 Dr MM Murshed

Approved Pattern Based Video Coding Techniques for Real Time Low Bit Rate and Low Complexity Encoding

Project Title Applications

2006 : $118,000

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 2802 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

This project will benefit the National Research Priority on Frontier Technology with applications in video surveillance, smart

home design, and patient monitoring. It will enable Australia to lead the world in setting up coding standards and thus impact

directly on the manufacturing initiatives of the multimedia communication and entertainment industries. Telecommunication

industries will be the immediate beneficiary by enabling quality live video transmissions at low bit rates in a cost effective

manner. This project will improve the ability of large organisations to operate virtually across huge distances in Australia with

the aid of reliable multimedia communications using distributed devices of limited power and processing capacity.

DP0664188 A/Prof PA Nestor

Approved Portrait of a Lady: Victorian Women's Novels and the Construction of Female Subjectivity

Project Title

2006 : $65,670

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $35,457

Primary RFCD 4202 LITERATURE STUDIES

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

This country enjoys an excellent reputation in the areas of feminism and Victorian Studies. This project will help keep

Australia at the forefront of international scholarship in these fields by making a significant original contribution and by

achieving the high level of visibility provided by a monograph with a major international publisher. More generally, 19th

century England was a crucible for modern conceptions of the self, and by examining the contribution of women writers to

theories of identity and self construction, the project will help us to learn more about ourselves.

DP0663310 Dr SP O'Hanlon; Prof AE Dingle

Approved De industrialising and reinventing the inner city: A tale of two cities, Melbourne and Geelong,

Project Title c1970 2000

2006 : $79,000

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $102,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

As a major study of the recent past, this project illuminates many aspects of Australia's contemporary urban experience. It

investigates a number of current urban issues, previously the preserve of geographers, planners and economists and opens

them to historical inquiry and insight. Utilising a number of previously untapped sources, the project expands our knowledge

of the history of our cities, and of the history of urban youth cultures.

The project enhances the international reputation of Australian scholars for producing innovative studies of the urban past. By

training a PhD student in urban history, the project transmits this reputation to a new generation of scholars.

DP0666019 Prof BJ Oldfield; Dr MJ McKinley; Dr GF Egan

Approved The cortical location of hunger and thirst: a multifunctional study in sheep

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $61,000

2008 : $61,000

Primary RFCD 3207 NEUROSCIENCES

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The escalating problems associated with obesity are immense. These effects contribute to a global epidemic that now

eclipses both infectious diseases and (ironically) undernutrition in its proportions. The effects of disorders of thirst are less

apparent but potentially devastating albeit on a smaller scale. The elderly and psychotic in the community have impaired

thirst mechanisms which impacts on their life in a dramatic way particularly during prolonged hot weather. The aims of these

experiments are to understand the basic brain mechanisms that underpin these drives. This understanding will have far

reaching repercussions for the community both in terms of promoting good health and in preventative health care.

DP0663930 Dr GR Oppy

Approved A History of Australasian Philosophy

Project Title

2006 : $160,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $100,000

2009 : $140,000

Primary RFCD 4401 PHILOSOPHY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

This project will significantly advance our understanding of the history and present state of philosophy in Australia. In

addition, the project will showcase the diverse and innovative contributions made by Australia's philosophers, thus bringing

the current flourishing of Australian philosophy to the attention of the academic and wider community, both here and

overseas. This, in turn, will strengthen Australia's standing as a leading player in the philosophical world, and as an attractive

destination for graduate students and distinguished visiting academics alike.

DP0667101 Mr SJ Pas

Approved Understanding, Control, and Optimisation of Free Volume Mediated Transport in Technologically

Project Title Important Materials.

2006 : $74,340

2007 : $74,340

2008 : $74,340

Primary RFCD 2914 MATERIALS ENGINEERING

APD Mr SJ Pas

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The understanding gained by this work will enable Australian scientists to outpace their competitors in rational materials

design for transport of atoms and molecules in materials while reducing the costly trial and error stage of research. Specific

examples studied and new materials investigated have important technological significance from use in flat panel TV

screens, to solid state electrolytes for application in a wide range of electrochemical devices. The understanding gained by

this work can be applied to a wide range of important materials e.g. separation membranes, nanofilters and catalysts which

help address a number of National Research Priorities.

DP0663511 A/Prof E Pereloma; A/Prof CH Davies; Prof JJ Jonas; Prof O Ivasishin

Approved Intelligent Materials Processing: Microstructure And Texture Control In Bcc Metals

Project Title

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2913 METALLURGY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

In Australia, steel companies are continuing to search for cost effective steel compositions and processing routes.

Concurrently, applications for Ti alloys in chemical, medical and aerospace industries are continuing to widen. As an outcome

of this project, the basis for the optimisation of processing routes in order to achieve enhanced product properties at lower

cost will be established. In the course of this work, a new model for the prediction of microstructure and texture evolution

during recrystallisation will be developed and new process routes will be designed.

DP0665200 Dr AJ Pirola Merlo

Approved Determinants of Researcher Productivity and Impact Over Career Lifespan

Project Title

2006 : $76,923

2007 : $30,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

As Australia's population is ageing at one of the fastest rates among OECD countries, it is imperative to understand the

relationship between age and worker productivity. This project will develop our understanding of how age relates to

productivity not only in terms of quantity but also quality of innovations produced. It will also identify personal and contextual

influences on productivity. This will help identify ways of supporting productivity and participation among older workers.

Additionally, this project will provide a sophisticated framework for developing cultures and work environments that are

supportive of innovation, by modelling the dynamic interplay between individuals and their environments across several

years.

DP0664069 A/Prof CJ Porter; Dr MJ Scanlon

Approved Drug binding to human fatty acid binding proteins: a mechanism of cellular transport for poorly

Project Title water soluble drugs

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $83,000

Primary RFCD 2505 MACROMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Considerable recent effort has been directed towards the development of Australia as a focal point for biotechnology and

drug discovery. The principle operational focus of this effort has been the identification of potent and active new chemical

entities. In order for these new molecules to be most useful in the community, however, they must be active after oral

administration. This project will examine the fundamental mechanisms by which drugs are absorbed across the cells lining

the intestine and will provide insight critical to the design and development of new drugs that are both potent and orally

active.

DP0663320 Dr T Prosic

Approved The King of Terrors: Death and its Meaning in the Israelite/Early Jewish Culture

Project Title

2006 : $20,000

Primary RFCD 3703 ANTHROPOLOGY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The study will deepen our understanding of Judeo Christian traditions and advance our knowledge of ancient cultures. It will

also be important for debates about interethnic relations and tolerance in Australia by elucidating the underlying culturally

conditioned attitudes towards death and the influence they have on the conduct of different ethnic communities. The

undertaking of this important research will continue to establish Australia's growing reputation as the internationally important

location for innovative cultural and religious studies.

DP0665270 Dr MM Rahim; Prof G Shanks; Dr RB Johnston

Approved Organisational Motivation as a Predictor of Benefits from the Adoption of Information Technology

Project Title

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $82,000

2008 : $79,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

IOS are becoming increasingly important for organisations to remain competitive in a global marketplace. By using

organisational motivations to better understand how to design and structure the processes for IOS implementation and set

more realistic expectation, Australian organisations will be able to develop more effective, evidence based methods for IOS

implementation. The theory being tested is an original contribution in a growing area of information technology research. The

data and rigorously tested research protocols developed will enhance Australia'a research standing, contribute to university

teaching and researcher training, and improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the Australian information technology

industry.

DP0666122 Prof MJ Reeder

Approved Coupled Atmosphere Bushfire Modelling with Application to Canberra 2003

Project Title

2006 : $115,000

2007 : $97,000

2008 : $97,000

Primary RFCD 3006 FORESTRY SCIENCES

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Large bushfires are by far the largest contributor to property losses in Australia. Prescribed fire is an important land

management tool for farmers, foresters and park managers among others. There is a need to develop practical and accurate

tools for predicting the behaviour and spread of both prescribed and uncontrolled fires. Australian bushfire research and land

management would benefit greatly from the application of modern, advanced computational methods. The time is ripe for the

huge advances in computer technology and numerical modelling to be applied directly to fire problems, benefiting public

safety and the safety of fire fighting volunteers.

DP0666253 Dr PW Richardson; Dr HM Watt; Prof J Eccles

Approved Motivations for choosing teaching as a career and development in the profession: A multicohort

Project Title longitudinal study of beginning teachers

2006 : $20,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $55,000

2009 : $55,000

Primary RFCD 3301 EDUCATION STUDIES

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Schooling contributes significantly to the preparation of young people for citizenship so it is essential for the social

infrastructure of the country that State Governments, employing authorities, teacher educators, the Federal Government and

recruitment bodies better understanding the different motivational profiles of those entering teacher education now and why

people are not retained in the profession, suffer burnout or become disgruntled less effective teachers. It is also critical that

we better understand the link between motivations, self efficacies and the support networks and strategies needed to sustain

teachers in the profession, particularly in difficult to staff regions, districts and schools.

DP0666539 Dr J Rossjohn; Prof J McCluskey

Approved A Structural Investigation Into Events Within The Immunological Synapse

Project Title

2006 : $360,000

2007 : $343,000

2008 : $343,000

2009 : $343,000

2010 : $343,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

APF Dr J Rossjohn

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The proposed research program, using laboratory based and synchrotron based radiation, will provide significant

fundamental insight into the processes that control infection. Investigating processes central to immunity is important, as it

will further our understanding of these critically important events. Such knowledge will increase Australia's international

research standing, as well as having the potential to generate novel therapies, such as immunosuppressants.

DP0665430 Ms S Sadedin

Approved Simulation studies of gene flow and genetic diversity in heterogeneous landscapes

Project Title

2006 : $92,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

APD Ms S Sadedin

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Conserving genetic diversity is essential for sustaining healthy animal and plant populations. The project findings will aid in

development of efficient strategies to minimise genetic diversity loss and facilitate its recovery, thereby assisting in restoration

of endangered species, conserving natural ecosystems, and sustainable resource use. Genetic engineering offers the

potential for enormous social and economic benefits, but raises strong public concerns about genetic pollution. The project

will improve our understanding of this risk, helping Australians to benefit from the opportunities offered by the genetic

revolution without fearing their impact on natural systems.

DP0664309 A/Prof JG Sanjayan; Prof VB Rangan

Approved Investigation of Geopolymer based Concretes for the Construction of High Fire Risk Infrastructures

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2908 CIVIL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Geopolymer concretes are emerging new materials promising superior fire resistance and durability and potentially cheaper

than the widely used high strength concretes, which also consume high levels of Portland cements. Production of 1 ton of

Portland cement releases 1 ton of green house gases. Further, the 6.5 million tons/year of cement currently produced in

Australia is insufficient to meet the industry demand. This project investigates the use of fly ash to make geopolymer

concrete, without using any Portland cement, to find usage for part of the 11 million tons/year of fly ash produced as a waste

from coal power stations in Australia.

DP0662989 Prof PJ Scammells; Prof CH Schiesser

Approved Synthesis of Novel Dual Acting, Selenium Containing Antioxidants

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2503 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Ischemic heart disease and chronic inflammation afflict a large segment of the Australian population, especially the ageing.

These states are associated with free radicals and other reactive oxygen species and can be controlled to some extent by

the application of adenosine therapy. This project will combine the activity of adenosine agonists and enhancers with

selenium containing antioxidants, used to quench reactive oxygen species, to provide a powerful new class of

pharmaceutical products designed to enhance the quality of life of Australians afflicted by diseases propagated by

free radicals.

DP0667150 Prof H Schmidt; Dr PM Schmidt; Dr BK Kemp Harper; Dr K Beuerlein; Dr J Stasch

Approved A redox sensor and triple receptor function for guanylyl cyclase

Project Title

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $89,000

2008 : $89,000

Primary RFCD 3205 PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Nitric oxide (NO) protects from blood vessel spasms and clot formation. Conversely, insufficient NO occurs in cardiovascular

disease. Life saving drugs like glycerol trinitrate supply more NO to blood vessels, however these drugs are limited in their

action when their target protein (NOGC) is decreased or defective, eg. in hypertension or arteriosclerosis. We have

elucidated the reason for this defect and simultaneously discovered an entirely novel group of drugs which activate NOGC

without NO. Impressively, these drugs are most effective in diseased blood vessels. The aim is the development of novel

blood pressure lowering/anti anginal drugs with higher effectiveness and less side effects because they work in an entirely

new way.

DP0665456 Prof G Shanks; Dr L Churilov; Dr RJ Price

Approved The Impact of Information about Data Quality on Decision Making

Project Title

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $81,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

APD Dr RJ Price

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Data quality problems are widespread in practice and have significant economic impacts. The development of theoretically

sound data quality tags and understanding how they impact decision outcomes and processes will lead to improved data

quality management within Australian organisations and more efficient and effective decision making. These issues constitute

an important area of information technology research. Outcomes from the project will enhance Australia's research standing

and contribute to university teaching and researcher training.

DP0665736 Dr GJ Sheard; Ms J Carberry; Dr K Ryan

Approved Supersonic flow past micro scale particles: Industrial applications

Project Title

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $90,000

2009 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2405 CLASSICAL PHYSICS

APD Dr K Ryan

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Droplet based materials processing has developed significantly over the last decade, with applications in a wide range of

industries where high strength, light weight materials are critical. Our research will allow for continued progress of this

method, by developing accurate models to predict the cooling rate throughout the process and hence the physical properties

of the finished product. Development of this knowledge will allow for higher precision products to be produced and allow for

new techniques to be developed. This information will allow for material processing in Australia to be maintained at world

class levels, and for Australian industry to continue to lead the way in the production of technologically advanced materials.

DP0666366 A/Prof B Shirinzadeh; Prof JA Smith

Approved Haptic exploration and manipulation of micro/nano scale environment

Project Title

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2903 MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The proposed research is novel and innovative in character and it has potential benefits in many frontier areas utilising

micro/nano manipulation systems. These include micromanufacturing and instrumentation, microbiology, microsurgery and

nanotechnology. The outcomes of this project will add to the growth of world class Australian engineering science, and

consolidate Australia's position in innovative technologies and international R&D. This highly challenging project will provide

training for postdoctorate researchers, postgraduate and honours students. These researchers will gain expertise in many

areas including micro/nano manipulation, sensing and control, system design and analysis, virtual reality and experimental

techniques.

DP0665710 A/Prof P Silvapulle; Prof MJ Silvapulle; Prof HM Anderson

Approved New approaches for testing in nonlinear models

Project Title

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $42,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3404 ECONOMETRICS

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The outcome of this project is a new econometric methodology that will be particularly useful for developing our

understanding of Australian (and global) financial markets. Specific benefits are that (i) our value at risk models will enhance

national and international awareness of issues relating to financial risk management; (ii) our exchange rate pass through

model will aid the development of Australian trade and pricing policies and (iii) our duration models for trade in Australian

stocks will lead to a better understanding of the microstructure of the Australian stock market.

DP0665112 Dr R Singh; Prof R Newman; Prof B Murty; Prof V Desai

Approved Corrosion Resistance of Nanocrystalline Materials

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Novel structure and the associated unique properties of nanostructured materials confer potentials for their exciting industrial

applications, such as drug delivery to specified locations for cancer treatment, exceptionally high sensitivity sensors,

miniaturisation in computers/electronic/communication industry, nano electro mechanical systems, catalytic applications and

exceptionally high strength materials. In most of the applications, the nanomaterials have to demonstrate acceptable

corrosion resistance in the operation environment. However, corrosion resistance of nanostructured materials has not been

investigated. The proposal will investigate the mechanistic aspect of localized corrosion and cracking of nanostructured

materials.

DP0665636 Prof T Sridhar; Dr RP Jagadeeshan; Prof M Pasquali; Prof ES Shaqfeh

Approved Understanding the Behavior of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Liquids

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The imminent manufacture of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs) at prices comparable to those of high performance

polymers such as Kevlar, will open up potential applications of SWNTs as high performance fibres and coatings. A major

challenge is the development of scalable processes for producing large objects made of SWNTs. This project, in

collaboration with researchers at Rice and Stanford Universities, aims to understand the principles that underlie the

successful liquid state processing of SWNTs. The novel strategies that arise will cement Australia's position as a leading

country for research in nanotechnology, and place it at the forefront of this field, with great potential for economic advantage.

DP0666472 Dr DR Stegman; Prof TH Torsvik; Prof MA Richards

Approved Planetary Pulsations: Exploring Links between Superplumes, Supercontinents, and Superchrons

Project Title with 3 D Spherical Mantle Convection Models

2006 : $125,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2602 GEOPHYSICS

APD Dr DR Stegman

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

This project advances the tools and knowledge base regarding historic motions of tectonic plates (including the Australian

continent). This furthers understanding of the current and past state of stress in the Earth's surface, ultimately improving

ways of characterizing earthquake hazard and mineral exploration. This project also benefits researchers interpreting the

climate record as two processes which effected the ancient climate are investigated: major outbursts of greenhouse gases

during periods of major volcanism and the reorientation of the planet with respect to its spin axis. The results are obtained

with these computer simulations highlight Australia's emerging strength in supercomputing on the international scene.

DP0665938 Dr DR Turner; Dr SR Batten

Approved Heterobimetallic Coordination Complexes Containing Rare Earth and d Block Ions

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $86,000

2008 : $86,000

Primary RFCD 2502 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

APD Dr DR Turner

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Rare earth compounds have major industrial applications such as MRI contrast agents and as catalysts within the rubber and

petroleum industries. The fundamental knowledge ensuing from this project has the potential to produce new and advanced

magnetic materials. Nanotechnological industries are being developed in Australia and this research will provide materials

with the capacity to act as optical or electrical switches, magnetic storage devices or molecular sensors. This pioneering

work will ensure that Australia remains at the forefront of chemical research within the rapidly advancing field of

magnetochemistry.

DP0663860 Dr JC Whisstock; Dr RN Pike; A/Prof PI Bird

Approved Structural and functional studies on prokaryote serpins

Project Title

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $87,000

2008 : $87,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Proteins are the machines of life, many of which undergo complex movements to achieve function. The basic research

described in this proposal will result in major outcomes in understanding how proteins fold, undergo complex changes in

conformation, and misfold to dysfunctional states. As a result, the study will contribute fundamental knowledge that will

underpin research in the fields of structural biology, protein design and protein folding. Through providing insight into protein

misfolding, the work will will contribute to our understanding of degenerative misfolding pathologies that affect the ageing

population and thus targets the 'ageing well ageing productively' priority goal.

DP0664012 Dr BR Wood; Dr D McNaughton; Prof Y Ozaki; A/Prof BD Tait; Dr EG Robertson

Approved Raman and synchrotron spectroscopy of nano scale drug interactions and molecular processes in

Project Title single living cells

2006 : $105,000

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The need for potent low cost drugs is ever increasing, yet effective ways to screen for new drugs remain elusive. A

spectroscopic approach to screening drugs in living cells would seem a logical alternative to chemically based and

morphological methods that are the status quo. In this context we are developing methodology to analyse molecular target

sites in single living cells for two of the most devastating diseases to afflict human kind, namely malaria and cancer. New

ways of rapidly screening drugs in living cells prior to clinical trials will save an enormous amount of time, money and

ultimately lives.

DP0666549 Dr LY Yeo

Approved Characterisation and Stability of Thin Electrowetting Films

Project Title

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $30,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

Electrowetting is of importance to numerous industrial, biomedical and daily life settings such as microfluidic

biopharmaceutical applications, coating technology, electronic displays, optical focusing devices, miniaturised chemical

analysis systems for homeland security, etc. The work, aimed at generating an understanding of the complex hydrodynamic

and physicochemical processes involved, is fundamental research having generic benefits to researchers in interfacial

science, electrokinetics and microfluidics. The results will also be beneficial to industrial workers in providing engineering

protocols for the development of these devices by identifying optimal conditions for fluid manipulation without prone to wear

mechanical components.

DP0666660 Dr LY Yeo; Dr AJ Ruys

Approved Feasibility Studies of Using AC Electrospraying for Biomaterials Synthesis

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Monash University

Project Summary

The proposed interdisciplinary research is anticipated to benefit workers in academia and industry as well as clinicians and

patients. Given the demand for point of care drug delivery, micro/nano encapsulation and biomaterials synthesis, the

research will be beneficial to the pharmaceutical industry and spin off/start up microfluidic businesses interested in

commercially developing these devices. It is intended that the work will improve quality of life by advancing biomaterials

technology and by making medical treatment more readily accessable, portable and more efficient. For patients, the

proposed drug delivery device can help prevent sudden initial bursts of dose during administration, which could potentially

have fatal consequences.

RMIT University

DP0665744 Prof MC Burry; A/Prof L Padgham; Prof Y Xie; Mr AL Burrow

Approved Acts of electronic negotiation: Overcoming communication barriers to transdisciplinary innovation

Project Title in design

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $145,000

2008 : $140,000

Primary RFCD 4104 DESIGN STUDIES

APD Mr AL Burrow

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

Improved collaboration between the diverse contributors to design in the construction industry is urgently needed to reduce

waste, streamline production and improve performance. It is also a key to better and more advanced design. The quality of

human to human interaction in computer mediated environments is critical to the occurrence of innovation between design

disciplines. This project will create a pool of highly qualified personnel in this area in Australia, including participating

designers introduced to novel empowering approaches to network communication. It will develop and apply knowledge from

other disciplines to developing tools for the design community.

DP0664423 A/Prof AC Eberhard; Dr S Schreider; Prof J Crouzeix; Dr D Ralph

Approved Construction of utility functions from observations of consumer behaviour with application to

Project Title resource modelling and water management strategies.

2006 : $40,000

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

The optimisation techniques developed will be on the forefront of applied mathematical sciences and will increase the

prestige of the Australian mathematical community. The expected results will also be of value because they can be used to

improve the CGE modelling technique. The implementation of the CGE model of one of Victoria's agricultural regions will be

used to improve the accuracy of regional economic models and will contribute to efficient regional resource management.

This has the potential to positively affect the economic growth and employment in the region. The expected outcomes of the

project are especially important taking into account the need for predicting the socio economic consequences of the 1994

COAG water reforms.

DP0665590 Prof JF Fien; Prof JC Bessant; Dr OJ Jolliet

Approved Enhancing Capacity for Change: Promoting Leadership in Sustainable Consumption amongst

Project Title Australian Youth

2006 : $65,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3009 LAND, PARKS AND AGRICULTURE MANAGEMENT

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

Building societal capacity for sustainable consumption is vital if the destructive impacts of current patterns of development

and lifestyle choices are to be reversed. Directly relevant to the 'Sustainability' and 'Good Health' National Research

Priorities, this research will develop the change agent potential of a significant, high spending consumer class   youth and

young adults. The research will result in practical guidelines and program materials for youth organizations to use in capacity

building for change leadership. The resultant modelling and encouragement of sustainable consumption through 'purchasing

differently' will help stimulate the growth of sustainable products and services in Australia.

DP0662751 Prof TR Fry; Dr L Farrell; Dr CK Aitken

Approved An investigation of illicit tobacco use   its prevalence, economic impact and the motivations and

Project Title perceptions of consumers.

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 3404 ECONOMETRICS

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

Black market tobacco costs the Australian government at least $450 million in lost taxes per annum. Little is known about

the prevalence and economics of illicit tobacco use, or the motivations, attitudes and perceptions of consumers. Using a

national telephone survey of licit and illicit tobacco consumers, we will investigate their economic thresholds, decision making

processes, and perceptions of health effects. Our work will lead to improved supply and demand reduction measures for

illicit tobacco, and enable development of appropriately targeted health promotion strategies, generating enduring benefit to

Australia's economy and public health.

DP0664279 Mr LJ Harvey; A/Prof PJ Downton; Dr GK Missingham; Mr A Selenitsch; Mr MD Fowler

Approved Teimu (The Garden of Dreams): aural and aesthetic attributes of Japanese gardens as models for

Project Title spatial environments

2006 : $125,036

2007 : $80,558

2008 : $93,027

Primary RFCD 4104 DESIGN STUDIES

APD Mr MD Fowler

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

Traditional Japanese garden design has greatly influenced both 20C Western landscape designers and composers of

Western art music. By investigating the aural and aesthetic attributes of five renowned Japanese gardens, RMIT and

University of Melbourne researchers will seek out spatial sound designs that could enhance sound quality in urban

environments and provide a pioneering approach to architectural modeling and the built environment. This project has

long term cross disciplinary implications. The results and methods contained in this project may assist in innovative sound

design for new media applications, better listening environments in urban areas, unique approaches for data modeling, and a

catalyst for future design strategies.

DP0663862 Prof JA Hawley; Prof CR Triggle; Prof JR Zierath

Approved Reducing the fat burden: Identification of novel cellular and molecular targets for alleviating

Project Title skeletal muscle insulin resistance

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

Insulin resistance and the associated consequences are a major public health problem in Australia and cost the healthcare

system >$1.1 billion/year. Exercise training and thiaziolidinedione (TZD) treatment are therapies that partially ameliorate

insulin resistance through distinct and independent mechanisms. However, neither intervention represents a viable long term

strategy: exercise training has low compliance, while chronic TZD use is associated with several adverse side effects

(edema, weight gain etc.). We will investigate the metabolic, cellular and molecular mechanisms by which these therapies

each exert their positive effect on insulin action with the aim of identifying novel targets for future drug interventions.

DP0665618 Prof M Kalantzis; Dr W Cope

Approved Literacy Teaching in the Changing Communications Environment: Reading and Writing Multimodal

Project Title and Digital Texts

2006 : $58,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 3301 EDUCATION STUDIES

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

This project will make a contribution to the updating of literacy pedagogy to meet the needs of learners in a communications

environment where digital and multimodal texts are of ever greater significance. It will attempt to develop a 'metalanguage', or

educationally accessible way of talking about contemporary texts in the classroom context, which supplements and extends

traditional grammatical and literary understandings of the written word. The purpose of this research will be to create a model

of literacy teaching which is more relevant to the contemporary communications environment and which students find more

engaging.

DP0663017 Dr SM Murray

Approved Australian domestic violence public policy: history, discourse and impact, 1985 2005

Project Title

2006 : $30,000

2007 : $33,000

2008 : $20,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

The outcomes of the research will be of critical importance to policy makers and practitioners. Domestic violence has

significant costs to the community and this project will have national benefits by identifying effective policy directions. The

project will provide better understandings of the ways in which domestic violence policy has developed over time and, in

doing so, provide assistance to state, territory and federal governments in formulating future policy in this area.

DP0663147 A/Prof L Padgham; Dr MD Winikoff; A/Prof JA Harland; Dr QB Vo

Approved Service oriented negotiation and coordination in multi agent systems

Project Title

2006 : $55,755

2007 : $59,000

2008 : $59,000

2009 : $59,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

APD Dr QB Vo

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

Australia has a strong competitive advantage in the area of agent software. The outcomes of this project will provide an

improved platform for services in application areas such as finance, e commerce, tourism, and multi platform media. More

broadly, the work proposed here will enable the IT industry in Australia, and Melbourne specifically, to adopt and utilise

agent technology in developing the complex software that is increasingly required to meet the needs of the software driven

knowledge economy of the 21st century.

DP0663443 Dr MJ Watt; Dr GI Lancaster; Dr IA Darby; A/Prof MA Febbraio

Approved Molecular basis of skeletal muscle lipoapoptosis

Project Title

2006 : $115,000

2007 : $72,000

2008 : $72,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

High levels of fat in cells are associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes, medical conditions that have increased dramatically

in prevalence in Australia. High fat levels in cells also causes cell death. This research will determine the mechanisms by

which excessive fat storage leads to cell death and whether this leads to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. By

understanding this relationship, effective pharmaceutical treatments will be developed that will ultimately reduce the

incidence of type 2 diabetes, and ease the associated financial burden on the community and healthcare system.

DP0665572 Prof Dr HR Wu

Approved Adaptation of Vision Model to Perceptual Digital Picture Compression

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $79,000

2008 : $81,000

Primary RFCD 2802 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

This project spearheads research in the next generation digital picture compression technology, placing Australia an

undisputed leader in this area of frontier technology. It will generate intellectual property and software prototype systems,

which can be readily transferred into a vast number of visual communication and service applications, feeding into and

rejuvenating national high tech industries. These applications include digital photography for fine art, medical imaging, picture

archive and communication systems for telemedicine and rural health care systems, high quality digital picture, video and

cinematic experience, crime prevention, border control, security and surveillance systems.

DP0663184 Prof Y Xie; Prof G Lu; Dr X Huang

Approved Optimal Topological Design of 3D Continuum Structures for Crashworthiness

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2905 MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

APD Dr X Huang

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

There is a widespread need throughout the Australian transport, defence and construction industries for high performance

energy absorption devices. Data from the Australian Transport Safety Bureau show that in 2002 there were 1,715 people

killed in 1,525 crashes in Australia. The proposed research will develop advanced techniques for improving crashworthiness

of vehicles, roadside barriers and other energy absorption devices. This will lead to significant reductions in injury to people

and damage to structures caused by impact; and thus substantial savings for the nation from the enormous costs associated

with the fatalities, injuries and structural damages.

DP0663321 A/Prof I Yarovsky; Prof A Tachibana

Approved Fundamental Theoretical Study of Hydrogen Interactions with Novel Nanostructures

Project Title

2006 : $78,000

2007 : $78,000

2008 : $78,000

Primary RFCD 2506 THEORETICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

While governments around the world are planning to implement a hydrogen based energy economy in the next several

decades, the delivery of practical hydrogen energy technology has proven elusive to date, with major developments required

in the production, storage and transport of hydrogen. This research will undertake to provide one key step in the

development of safe and efficient hydrogen storage, namely a fundamental study delivering basic knowledge of hydrogen

interactions with nano structured materials constructed from inexpensive light metals such as Aluminium.

DP0666154 Prof J Zobel; Dr SM Tahaghoghi; Dr MA Sanderson

Approved Development and Application of Techniques for Detecting Equivalent Documents

Project Title

2006 : $83,000

2007 : $73,000

2008 : $71,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution RMIT University

Project Summary

The web is a vast collection of data, such as text and images, but contains large numbers of duplicates   the same document

or picture may be present many times. Even personal collections of information, such as the documents and digital photos

people keep on their home computers, often have many versions of the same item. However, detecting such duplicates is not

straightforward, as they may have been edited, or may, for example, be shown in different forms; for example, the quality of a

photo may be reduced for display on a mobile phone. In this project we plan to detect such duplicates, and use the results to

improve search and management of data.

Swinburne University of Technology

DP0665401 Mr Z Bomzon

Approved A biophotonics based approach to the study of cell mechanics

Project Title

2006 : $92,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2499 OTHER PHYSICAL SCIENCES

APD Mr Z Bomzon

Administering Institution Swinburne University of Technology

Project Summary

This study will help to promote and maintain good health. There is a connection between diseases such as arthritis and

osteoporosis and cell mechanics. Our study will provide insight into cell mechanics, thereby helping to understand the

pathophysiology of these diseases. The study is relevant to tissue engineering. There is ongoing research on mechanical

conditioning of tissue substitutes. Understanding cell mechanics will help to optimise conditioning protocols, thereby

improving the properties of engineered tissue.

During this study we will develop optical tools that have applications in the life sciences, in the development of advanced

materials and in nanotechnology. Our project will promote Australian research in these fields.

DP0665574 Prof BK Gibson; Prof Sir MJ Rees; Prof G Efstathiou; Prof J Silk; Dr GF Lewis; Dr RS Sutherland; Dr D

Kawata; Dr CJ Fluke

Approved The Commonwealth Cosmology Initiative: From the First Objects to the Cosmic Web

Project Title

2006 : $174,000

2007 : $176,000

2008 : $182,000

2009 : $91,000

2010 : $117,000

Primary RFCD 2401 ASTRONOMICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution Swinburne University of Technology

Project Summary

The Commonwealth Cosmology Initiative (CCI) is an exciting development for Australian astronomy's gifted young High

Performance Computational (HPC) Astrophysics community. The CCI links the efforts of Australia's next generation of HPC

and theoretical cosmologists with those of the leading scientists in the world. The CCI will provide unparalleled opportunities

to Australia's postgraduate and Early Career Researcher community to take part in a program of research designed to

answer several of the fundamental mysteries of modern astronomy   the formation of galaxies, their relationship with Cosmic

Web in which they are embedded, and the nature of dark matter.

DP0664412 Dr R Hassan

Approved Speed, Time and the Political Process in Australia

Project Title

2006 : $93,240

2007 : $93,240

2008 : $93,240

2009 : $93,240

2010 : $93,240

Primary RFCD 3701 SOCIOLOGY

ARF Dr R Hassan

Administering Institution Swinburne University of Technology

Project Summary

The project represents the first empirically based study to research the traditional processes of political decision making from

the perspective of time and speed in the context of economic globalisation and the networked society. A clearer

understanding of how political processes function in a globally networked setting will provide valuable insight into how well

the fundamental, politically grounded, aspects of Australian life and culture are functioning. This unique perspective will form

the basis of an incisive method of applying 'time awareness' not only to the political process, but to the many

national/community sectors across Australian society that depend upon responsible and effective decision making practices.

DP0664105 Dr AI Karakas

Approved Nucleosynthesis of low and intermediate mass stars: A study into the origin of the elements

Project Title

2006 : $84,000

2007 : $74,340

2008 : $74,340

Primary RFCD 2401 ASTRONOMICAL SCIENCES

APD Dr AI Karakas

Administering Institution Swinburne University of Technology

Project Summary

Everything in our Solar System, including the Sun and all life on Earth, were created out of material forged long ago in fiery

stellar furnaces. In the hot dense cores of long dead stars the material most vital to life was created. However, the stellar

origin of many elements is unknown although we can make guesses, from observations of stars and by bringing together

ideas from different scientific fields including astrophysics, nuclear physics and geochemistry. Using the latest theoretical

techniques together with the most recent experimental data, it is possible to piece together the clues

to unravel the mystery of the origin of the elements.

DP0663076 Dr K Neumann

Approved Australian Public Policy Responses to Refugees and Asylum Seekers: Comparativist and Historical

Project Title Perspectives

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $35,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution Swinburne University of Technology

Project Summary

Furnishing the first comprehensive history of Australia's response to refugees and asylum seekers, the project will enhance

our understanding of the genealogy of current Australian policy and inform debate in an area of intense concern to policy

makers and the general public. The project will put the Australian response into context by comparing it with that of New

Zealand and by analysing it against the backdrop of the evolution of the international refugee regime.

DP0666288 Prof DV Nicolau; Dr PD Sawant; Dr IL Medintz

Approved Biomolecular activity modulated by interaction with nanostructures

Project Title

2006 : $200,000

2007 : $150,000

2008 : $150,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Swinburne University of Technology

Project Summary

Nanotechnological methods are able to reliably fabricate artificial nanostructures with dimensions similar to those of large

biomolecules (a few to tens of nanometers). This study focuses on the interaction of artificial nanostructures with

biomolecules such as proteins and DNA, and will enable scientists to better understand biomolecular recognition and binding

events, which are central to all biological processes. The understanding gained can then be used to design biomimetic

surfaces for use in health monitoring and medical diagnostic devices with improved sensitivity, robustness and portability,

thereby providing significant benefits to the health sector.

DP0663152 Dr J Serbin

Approved Fabrication of complete photonic band gap structures by two photon polymerization and

Project Title subsequent infiltration with high refractive index materials

2006 : $74,340

2007 : $74,340

2008 : $74,340

Primary RFCD 2404 OPTICAL PHYSICS

APD Dr J Serbin

Administering Institution Swinburne University of Technology

Project Summary

The ability to shrink photonic circuits by orders of magnitudes by the integration of photonic crystals offers many stimulating

possibilities for novel device designs. A speculative view is that this miniaturisation can have a similar impact to that

experienced in electronic components in the 1960s. However, the fabrication of 3D photonic crystals remains a major

challenge and the development of new, flexible, and fast nano fabrication techniques is vital. The realization of an innovative

technique for the fabrication of 3D complete photonic band gap structures as it is suggested will make an essential

contribution to the emerging field of all optical tele  and data communications and will deliver major economic benefit to

Australia.

DP0663722 Dr SJ Tingay; Dr A Tzioumis; Dr K Haines; Prof S Gulyaev; Dr TJ Cornwell; Dr DL Jauncey

Approved A deep survey for compact structure in the nearby universe: key science for the upgraded

Project Title Australian Long Baseline Array

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $87,000

2008 : $91,000

Primary RFCD 2401 ASTRONOMICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution Swinburne University of Technology

Project Summary

This project uses advances in ICT to build a national and international network of facilities that includes existing telescopes

primarily on the east coast of Australia, as well as planned facilities in Western Australia and New Zealand. One of these

facilities, the New Technology Demonstrator, is a crucial part of Australia's roadmap to the Square Kilometre Array. The

SKA related science and technology demonstrations we will undertake as part of this project will contribute to Australia's bid

to host this $US1b instrument. This project cements a significant Trans Tasman collaboration and brings together

researchers in astrophysics and ICT to give Australia a leading position in the field of eVLBI.

DP0663759 A/Prof BD Todd; A/Prof PJ Daivis

Approved Computational Nanofluidics

Project Title

2006 : $79,564

2007 : $85,006

2008 : $95,000

Primary RFCD 2506 THEORETICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution Swinburne University of Technology

Project Summary

This project will generate an increased level of skill and expertise in Australia in the emerging science of nanotechnology. To

realise the promise of nanotechnology, a means of controlled propulsion on the nano scale is vital. A deeper understanding

of nanofluidics that allows greater predictive capacities can greatly aid this realisation. It is highly likely that computational

nanofluidics will play as important a role in nanotechnology based industries as computational fluid dynamics (CFD) currently

plays in today's manufacturing, automotive and aerospace industries. The skills and knowledge gained from this project will

enhance our international competitiveness in this area.

DP0663841 Prof Y Yang; Prof R Kowalczyk; Dr J Yan

Approved Agent based coordination and negotiation technologies for decentralised service workflow

Project Title management

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $74,340

2008 : $74,340

Primary RFCD 2803 COMPUTER SOFTWARE

APD Dr J Yan

Administering Institution Swinburne University of Technology

Project Summary

This project will enhance the nation's expertise in ICT in general and smart information use in particular. In the real world,

process management is a key issue in any workplace organisation which needs to be supported by workflow systems,

particularly in this Internet and Web services era. This project will develop an innovative framework and the corresponding

technologies for service workflow management. The research will assist many organisations to effectively develop and

deliver more efficient, reliable, flexible and adaptive business applications. Consequently, this will enhance the ability of many

Australian organisations to run more productively and more competitively.

DP0665868 Dr G Zhou

Approved Nonlinear photonic crystal fabrication in a high refractive index lithium niobate crystal

Project Title

2006 : $74,340

2007 : $74,340

2008 : $74,340

Primary RFCD 2404 OPTICAL PHYSICS

APD Dr G Zhou

Administering Institution Swinburne University of Technology

Project Summary

The method proposed in this project is a very promising and versatile method to achieve 3D nonlinear PhCs in a high

refractive index material. This project will expand the national knowledge in the area of nonlinear PhCs. The successful

compensation of the spherical aberration will advance the optical microfabrication technique. It is expected that the project

will provide many chances for postgraduate students to become involved. Some newly developed devices based on

nonlinear PhCs may find their commercial applications and we have a chance of securing the intellectual property related to

these applications. In a long term, nonlinear PCs may be widely used in daily life and provide some opportunities to the

industries.

The University of Melbourne

DP0663938 Dr KA Adelaar; Dr MC Ewing

Approved Dialect variation in Javanese: an integrated historical linguistic and typological analysis

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3802 LINGUISTICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Australia has the highest concentration outside Indonesia of researchers engaged in the study of Java and this project will

strengthen Australia's position as the premier Anglophone centre of Javanese Studies world wide. This project will also

enhance Australia's position as a leader of academic research in Australasia by highlighting Australia's positive contribution

to the study of Indonesia's cultural history. International links will be strengthened through cooperation between scholars in

Australia and Indonesia. Research results will feed into the teaching programs in Indonesian Studies at the University of

Melbourne and will strengthen Indonesian Studies across Australia.

DP0663915 Dr AJ Anderson; Dr RH Carpenter

Approved Using eye movements to study how past experiences shape expectations

Project Title

2006 : $45,000

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $30,000

Primary RFCD 3803 COGNITIVE SCIENCE

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

We intend to examine how the brain decides where to look next with our eyes, a decision made approximately three times

every second. Understanding how the normal brain makes decisions will in turn help us to understand what happens when

things go wrong in diseases like dementia and Parkinson's disease, with the hope of better   and earlier   diagnosis, and

improved monitoring of treatment. In addition, our research will establish an important research link with The University of

Cambridge, and allow Australia to be competitive with laboratories in North America and Europe that are currently studying

how the brain makes decisions about where to look.

DP0663374 Prof A Bacic; Dr CJ Schultz

Approved Assembly and function of arabinogalactan proteins: a class of proteoglycans involved in plant

Project Title growth and development

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $95,000

Primary RFCD 3002 CROP AND PASTURE PRODUCTION

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Achievements of the Objectives will specifically address National Research Priority 3 by developing breakthrough science

and utilising frontier technologies with application to Australia's agri biotechnology industries. In addition to contributing to

world class research outcomes, we will train highly skilled graduates and postdoctoral fellows in functional genomics

technologies, thereby contributing to the "knowledge nation".

DP0663879 Dr TJ Baldwin

Approved Information Delivery from Segmented Textual Data Streams

Project Title

2006 : $62,744

2007 : $48,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 2802 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This project will contribute to the advancement of ICT innovation in Australia by developing a robust, reusable language

understanding engine. The technology will be tailored to web applications, in the form of a conceptually aware web search

engine capable of tracking cross document dialogues and identifying the core semantic thread of the dialogue. It will place

Australia at the forefront of next generation language technology development, with applications in areas including

concept based multi document summarisation and email surveillance.

DP0663299 Dr E Barberio

Approved Origin of the Mass

Project Title

2006 : $105,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2403 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS; PLASMA

PHYSICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

A hundred metres below ground, under the French Swiss border, scientists are preparing to travel back in time to study

matter as it was in the first fractions of a second after the beginning of the Universe. They are building the world's largest

scientific instrument to help reveal how this primordial matter developed into the building blocks that form the great diversity

of today. Australian physicists are preparing to extract the few fundamental particles that will explain the origin of the mass

from the debris of billions of proton collisions. While solving the major issue confronting particle physics today, we will train

students who will subsequently apply their skills in fields as diverse as science, medicine, industry and finance.

DP0664976 A/Prof JM Boldero; A/Prof RC Bell; Dr E Rafaeli; A/Prof JY Shah

Approved The structure and content of self knowledge: When and how are implicit and explicit measures

Project Title related and what do they tell us?

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Research has found clear links between individuals' beliefs about themselves and emotion, motivation, and behaviour. These

beliefs also play a role in the development of and recovery from psychological illness. However, understanding has been

limited by the use of explicit measures, which rely on our ability to 'know' everything about ourselves, and our willingness to

disclose. We investigate how explicitly and implicitly measured self knowledge affect emotion, motivation, and behaviour. As

a result, we redress a major criticism of this research, and facilitate a greater understanding of the role of self knowledge,

including aspects that we are not able to articulate, in psychological well being.

DP0664271 Dr AN Burkitt

Approved Gain modulation and stability in biological neural systems

Project Title

2006 : $68,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $72,000

Primary RFCD 2802 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This project is relevant to the National Research Priority area of Frontier Technologies and addresses fundamental

cross disciplinary issues of control and information processing in large, distributed neural systems that are at the cutting edge

of intelligent processing systems. Applications are in rapidly growing fields of robotics, machine learning, adaptive control and

intelligent systems, all with applications in diverse areas of economic importance. Applications to cochlear implant speech

processing will provide benefit for the hearing impaired. The project will provide students with training at an international level

within Australia, thus helping ensure Australia maintains and extends its science and technology base into the future

DP0664068 Prof AI Bush; Dr R Cherny; Prof JF Mercer

Approved The Role of Amyloid Protein Precursor in Mammalian Copper Transport

Project Title

2006 : $185,000

2007 : $140,000

2008 : $140,000

Primary RFCD 3207 NEUROSCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The knowledge gained from this investigation will help us to develop new medicines for the treatment of debilitating and ever

more prevalent age related neurodegenerative diseases and will help us to illuminate the role of metals in the ageing process

itself. Apart from the obvious economic and social benefits in extending the productive lifetime of its citizens, the outcomes

of this project have clear commercial applications. We anticipate that there will be patents that will ensue from the

programme, which will be licensed to Australian interests, and contribute to the national revenue in the biotechnology and

pharmaceutical sector.

DP0664789 Dr MW Cantoni

Approved Modelling, Analysis and Synthesis Tools for Multi Dimensional Signal Processing Systems

Project Title

2006 : $93,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2802 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Multi dimensional signal processing plays a role in a variety of application areas, ranging from remote sensing for

environmental monitoring and geological mapping, to medical imaging and the automatic control of industrial processes. The

success of this project will provide mathematical tools for the advancement of the state of the art in these broad areas.

DP0666305 Dr R Cappai

Approved Delineating the role of the GxxxG motif in transmembrane protein metabolism

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This study will define how a well defined motif involved in transmembrane interactions affects the metabolism of proteins.

Since this motif is present in proteins involved in Alzheimer's disease it has potential benefits for community health and

combating ageing.

DP0665518 Prof PH Carter; Dr EC Potter

Approved Recreating Public Space: Poetics in the Production of Public Space

Project Title

2006 : $108,000

2007 : $103,230

2008 : $104,500

Primary RFCD 4203 CULTURAL STUDIES

APD Dr EC Potter

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Community health and environmental sustainability are two national goals. 'Recreating Place' proposes that they are

interlinked. First, it focuses on the neglected cultural heritage of local communities. Second, it investigates a graphic

technique for translating these collective traces and associations into the design of the place. Developing a creative research

model, 'Recreating Place' acts locally but thinks globally. Showing that the well being that springs from poetic repossession of

the place through its stories provides the collective motivation to ensure that place's environmental sustainability, it

demonstrates how national goals can be met through the poetic re enchantment of particular locales.

DP0664112 Dr RA Caruso; Dr Y Cheng

Approved Chemical and morphological engineering of semiconductor electrodes for high efficiency solar cells

Project Title

2006 : $200,000

2007 : $130,000

2008 : $120,000

Primary RFCD 2502 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The expected outcomes of the project are the preparation and development of sophisticated electrodes for solar cells, the

main advantage of which resides in their designed chemical and morphological properties. The resulting electrodes have the

potential to improve the efficiency of the solar cells over current industrially used materials. The products and mechanisms

developed are envisaged to be amenable to large scale up in industry. Hence, at a future date, there is the potential to

fabricate the electrodes in Australia and then export the materials or technology internationally. This will benefit the Australian

economy through employment of Australians and income generated through exports.

DP0664372 A/Prof AE Castles; A/Prof GW Stuart

Approved Reconciling perceptual and cognitive accounts of dyslexia: The neural rate deficit hypothesis

Project Title

2006 : $55,000

2007 : $45,000

2008 : $55,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The proposed research will form part of a co ordinated program to understand the causes of dyslexia, a disorder that affects

a large number of children and often persists into adulthood. It complements parallel efforts to elucidate the genetic basis of

dyslexia, the heterogeneity and subtypes of dyslexia, and the developmental precursors to the disorder. This research will

inform early intervention and remediation efforts and will also assist in the understanding of the normal process of reading

acquisition in children.

DP0663499 Prof MS Chong; Prof J Soria; Prof I Marusic; Dr TB Nickels

Approved The structure of turbulent boundary layers

Project Title

2006 : $180,000

2007 : $160,000

2008 : $180,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This research has an enormous impact in many fields of engineering   for example, in aeronautical, mechanical, chemical,

meteorological and biomedical engineering. The resulting energy and economic savings and the reduction in atmospheric

pollution and greenhouse gasses will ultimately impact on areas such as global climatic change and the energy sustainability

of our urban environment, thus influencing the well being of all people living on this planet. This research project will result in

technological advancement and provide important training for future generations of researchers. This will entrench the

Australian engineering and scientific community as world leaders in this area of scientific research.

DP0666803 Prof AF Christie; Ms KG Weatherall

Approved ...and by opposing, end them: A Comparative Examination of Opposition Processes in Patent Law

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $130,000

2008 : $59,967

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Patent law is central to the key Australian economic aim of encouraging an innovative culture. One aspect of patent law, the

opposition process, is directly linked to two important issues currently facing our patent system: improving patent quality, and

minimising predatory behaviour by powerful firms. This project will assess the operation of the opposition process here, and

the practice of equivalent international procedures in other jurisdictions, in order to inform Australian policy in current and

ongoing negotiations towards global harmonisation. Material from this project will lead directly to proposals for improving the

Australian patent system, and ensuring that it promotes, and does not retard, innovation.

DP0663939 Prof J Damousi

Approved Elocution Lessons: A History of Elocution, Speech and the Auditory Self in Australian Cultural Life.

Project Title

2006 : $45,000

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This project makes a contribution to the national and community benefit by showing that speech and voice has played a

central role in how Australians have come to define and understand their national identity.

A study of the aural dimension of Australian culture will also shed light on how Australians have heard themselves as well. By

understanding the influence of sound and listening, this project will open up a new understandings of cultural life. Finally, an

analysis of the shifting sonic environment through technological discoveries will highlight the ways in which the experience of

listening has changed over time.

DP0665898 A/Prof MR Davidson; Dr DJ Harvie

Approved Electro viscous effects on pressure driven liquid flow in microchannels

Project Title

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Australian biotechnology, information technology and food technology industries will benefit from the development of new

tailored micro  and nano fluidic devices for processing of non Newtonian fluids. The efficiency of functional elements such as

valves, pumps, mixers, reactors, heat exchangers can be optimised for specific fluids by understanding the coupling between

the fluid properties, the device geometry, surface charge, and the numerical predictions. This understanding will complement

development in related projects on non Newtonian drop and particle formation in microfluidic flows which envisage

continuous particle manufacture for novel materials possessing programmable, enhanced functional properties.

DP0666857 Dr CW Davis; Dr J Kim; Prof ME Sams

Approved Establishing how head and face movement properties contribute to the perception of speech and

Project Title identity

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $132,000

2008 : $130,000

2009 : $132,000

2010 : $125,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

QEII Dr J Kim

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The proposed studies provide an extensive research program into audio visual speech processing and person identification:

key components of face to face communication. The likely impact and benefits of the project concern its contribution to

perceptual theory (linking signal, brain and behaviour) and its practical implications: For determining the viability of

multimodal biometric identification procedures by assessing the distinctiveness and permanence of AV speech

characteristics. In the development of a visual dubbing technique that has potential for communication in noisy environments

(and for the deaf) and for the development of a morphable model for AV presentation that has application for both first and

second language learning.

DP0663500 A/Prof LM Delbridge; A/Prof RE Widdop

Approved Shaping the heart in early development   new insights into cellular modelling processes

Project Title

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 3210 CLINICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Heart health is an important contributor to quality of life and longevity. This research will provide new insights into the way

hormonal influences early in development shape a healthy heart. The project builds on the application of recently patented,

sophisticated cell imaging techniques. Research students and trainees recruited to this project will benefit from their

involvement with this leading edge technology. These studies are important in providing a basis for developing optimal

management strategies for congenital heart conditions and preterm infants. Improved knowledge of the cardiac effects of

fetal and neonatal exposure to steroids (to assist with lung maturation in prematurity or to control maternal asthma) will be

gained.

DP0664317 A/Prof S Dey; A/Prof JS Evans; Dr GN Nair

Approved Distributed Estimation and Control under Communication Constraints

Project Title

2006 : $118,000

2007 : $108,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Sensor networks will be an important technology for Australia's future. Applications range from monitoring water quality to

controlling complex defence systems. This project will lead to a better understanding of the fundamental limits of wireless

sensor networks. Above and beyond the creation of new theory and algorithms, the national and community benefits will

include: (i) enhancement of Australia's reputation for innovative Engineering research through quality publications and

international collaborations; and (ii) improvement of the research and development capability in the information and

communications technology sector through high level training of postgraduate students and postdoctoral fellows in this

important technology.

DP0663365 Dr NM Dragomir

Approved Quantitative polarisation phase microscopy: A new tool for advances in structural analysis and

Project Title biophotonics

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2404 OPTICAL PHYSICS

APD Dr NM Dragomir

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Innovation in biomedical research is driven by technology in optical imaging. Optical imaging methods including polarisation

microscopy are widely accepted and are at the forefront of biomedical scientific discoveries. This project undertakes

fundamental and applied research innovatively combining polarisation imaging and quantitative phase imaging microscopy to

uniquely quantify the physical thickness and morphology of birefringent specimens such as the cardiac muscle cell. This

project, while of substantial intellectual merit in its own right, could also have the potential to lead to the detection of the

mechanisms related to heart failure.

DP0664051 Prof WA Ducker; A/Prof KE Van Cott; A/Prof RM Davis

Approved Artificial Proteins for the Control of Colloid and Surface Properties

Project Title

2006 : $250,000

2007 : $220,000

2008 : $220,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

A large amount of Australia's wealth arises from mining and the processing of small (colloidal) particles. This project will

develop new coatings for particles, which will allow better control of the properties of particle suspensions. Control of surface

properties is also important in the preparation of ceramics and in the preparation of implants and biosensors. The

development of new coatings will also offer opportunities for improved performance in these areas.

Many existing coating technologies rely on procedures using organic solvents, which are hazardous to human health and the

environment. The proposed research will develop coatings that are made and used in solutions of water only, thereby

minimizing pollution production.

DP0662906 Dr MR Duckham

Approved Automatic fusion of geoinformation: The intelligent geo mediator architecture (iGMA)

Project Title

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 2910 GEOMATIC ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The efficient integration of geographic information from different sources (termed geoinformation fusion) is recognized

internationally as a major problem for projects that rely on geographic information. Conventional geoinformation fusion

procedures require manual assistance from human experts. This project will lead to increased speed, reliability, and economy

for this task, by automating the process of geoinformation fusion. Many different application domains will benefit from these

improvements to geoinformation fusion procedures, including emergency response systems (for example, helping to combine

different data about the structural characteristics of buildings as part of a housing damage assessment following an

earthquake).

DP0664037 Dr AM Finnane

Approved Consumption in Late Imperial China: an Early Modern Phenomenon?

Project Title

2006 : $21,939

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

China's present economic growth and consumer activity are of immediate interest to Australia. This study of consumer

activities in earlier centuries will shed light on changes as well as continuities in Chinese consumption in a long era of

globalization. The project will contribute to the corpus of Australian scholarship on Chinese and world history, enhancing local

and global understandings of China's past, and enriching ways in which it is imagined.

DP0665098 Mr AG Fowler

Approved Implementing large scale solid state quantum computation

Project Title

2006 : $65,000

2007 : $57,000

2008 : $60,000

2009 : $57,000

Primary RFCD 2402 THEORETICAL AND CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS

APD Mr AG Fowler

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The goal of quantum computing research is to harness the properties of quantum mechanics to build computers that are

exponentially more powerful than the computers of today. Along the way, many spin off technologies for conventional

computing and nanotechnology are expected. Realising the quantum computing dream is a daunting experimental challenge

requiring both theoretical assurance that it is possible in principle, and theoretical guidance as to the best method. We seek

to provide this theoretical support for solid state systems, and broaden the range of problems that such systems are

demonstrably suited to tackle.

DP0665971 Dr BG Fry

Approved Modern reptiles with ancient toxins: the molecular origin and evolution of novel bioactive proteins

Project Title from squamate dental glands.

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $30,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Animal venoms provide a rich source of novel bioactive proteins, some of which have demonstrated therapeutically useful

activities. Through this researcher's unique approach of investigating previously unmapped squamate venom systems, there

is potential for the identification of divergent, bioactive proteins. Those already identified by the applicant in the dental glands

of Australian monitor lizard species represent a tremendous opportunity for biodiscovery. Further knowledge in this area will

increase medical understandings of bites and aid conservation measures informed by the natural history of these animals.

DP0664951 Dr L Gangadharan; Dr N Erkal; A/Prof LA Cameron; Dr A Chaudhuri

Approved The Economics of Corruption and Institutional Change: Theory and Experiments

Project Title

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $120,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 3499 OTHER ECONOMICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The economic and social wellbeing of its neighbours is important for Australia. It results in a more prosperous and safe

region. Australia's interest in the wellbeing of its neighbours is often expressed through financial aid and the sharing of

expertise. This research will contribute to this expertise by investigating the ways in which changes in political and legal

institutions can help reduce corruption and result in economic development. Moreover, the cross country nature of this

research project will help increase the level of academic interactions between Australian and foreign universities.

DP0665230 A/Prof RB Gasser; Dr AC Loukas

Approved Discovery of early developmental events in the transition to parasitism in the hookworm

Project Title Ancylostoma caninum using genomic technologies

2006 : $97,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 3005 VETERINARY SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The national/community benefits are: (1) to develop a long term, high quality scientific and technological program contributing

to national objectives, including the maintenance of a strong capability in basic research, the development of new scientific

concepts and the enhancement of international collaborative links; (2) to strengthen the links between basic and applied

research; (3) to develop excellence in research by promoting collaborative research, resulting in a more efficient use of

resources in a national and international context; (4) to enhance the skills base in biology and biotechnology; (5) to

substantially increase global visibility through quality research, leading to an increased investment in Australian science.

DP0665082 Dr AL Genovese

Approved Has Feminism Failed the Family? A History of Equality, Law and Reform

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $74,340

2008 : $74,340

Primary RFCD 3999 OTHER LAW, JUSTICE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

APD Dr AL Genovese

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The research will examine the history of legal reform since the introduction of the Family Law Act. As such, it will provide a

broader perspective to feminist and conservative criticisms of gender bias and legal unfairness in the operation of a family

law system understood to be based on equality principles. The project's outcomes will be of immediate significance therefore

to policy makers, as well as to the divergent groups who currently research legal and government regulation of families and

family breakdown. Further, the project will enhance national knowledge by contributing to the historical understanding of

Australia's immediate past.

DP0664163 Prof KP Ghiggino; Dr TD Bell; Prof FC De Schryver

Approved Single molecule spectroscopy of functional luminescent materials.

Project Title

2006 : $170,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This project will provide new insights into the light induced processes occurring in individual molecules of potentially useful

luminescent materials. The molecules to be studied include new fluorescent probes of biological and polymer systems and

single light harvesting nanoparticles with applications in solar energy collection and conversion. The program of work

proposed will increase our understanding of light induced chemical processes and assist the design of advanced materials

for photomolecular devices.

DP0665127 Prof AJ Gleadow; A/Prof BP Kohn; Prof RW Brown; Dr JM Fletcher; Prof F Chemale Jr.

Approved Reconstructing the morphotectonic evolution of rifted continental margins from low temperature

Project Title thermochronology

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $103,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2601 GEOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Knowledge of how continental rifting occurs will improve our ability to predict the locations of important oil and gas resources

on the margins of Australia and elsewhere, which is directly relevant to the National Research Priority goal of 'Developing

Deep Earth Resources'. The project will enhance our national scientific standing by developing and maintaining key expertise

and facilities that can sustain a world leading research capability in Australia. The project will also forge strong international

links with researchers outside Australia, build our research profile in an area of significant worldwide scientific interest at the

present time, and provide a training ground for a new generation of younger scientists in Australia.

DP0663972 Dr DC Goodman

Approved A History of Public Conversation in the USA

Project Title

2006 : $37,000

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The quality of public conversation is a subject of continuing concern in Australia as in the US. This study of the history of

public conversation in the US will offer a longer historical perspective on current political and social concerns about declining

social capital and civility in public discourse. Americans have always sought more and better public discussion, but for quite

different reasons at different times. The research will illuminate the very rich history of public conversation in the US and shed

some comparative light on Australian conditions.

DP0663494 Dr MN Guillemin; Dr LH Gillam; Prof DA Rosenthal

Approved Hamstrung by ethics creep? Investigating human research ethics in practice

Project Title

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $55,000

Primary RFCD 3799 OTHER STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This project will benefit national ethics review processes and ethical research practice. It will provide the community, funding

bodies, researchers, participants and ethics committee members with confidence in both the ethics review process and

day to day practice of health research. As health research becomes increasingly complex, it is vital that the conceptual bases

used in ethical deliberations and their relationship to research practice are made explicit. By making known the ways that

ethics committee members and health researchers make decisions about research ethics and how this influences the

conduct of their practice, we can be assured that health research in the future is being conducted in the most effective and

ethical way.

DP0665701 Dr CA Hartley; Dr JR Gilkerson; Prof GF Browning; Dr F Li

Approved Blocking immune responses: a critical factor in herpesvirus virulence?

Project Title

2006 : $98,000

2007 : $88,000

2008 : $88,000

Primary RFCD 3005 VETERINARY SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The horse and poultry industries are two large, primarily rural based livestock production industries that are major

contributors to the national economy. The research proposed in this project will improve our understanding of the

pathogenesis of two important viral pathogens that are each a significant cost to their respective industry, and thus will

ultimately reduce the cost of these two viruses to industry. In addition, the technology developed during this project would

have a global market and may be transferable to other viral pathogens of other domestic species.

DP0664286 A/Prof OT Henry; A/Prof MD McKenzie; A/Prof N Olekalns; Dr K Shields; Dr S Suardi

Approved Measuring the Effects of Interest Rate Volatility

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3503 BANKING, FINANCE AND INVESTMENT

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Interest rate changes have important implications for highly influential macroeconomic variables and, for the investor, have

direct implications for asset prices, net worth and future wealth. By considering unresearched areas concerning the behaviour

and influence of interest rates our research will be of interest to an academic audience, government, regulators and market

practitioners. Attention to Australia, the US and Asia means that the research will be directly relevant to Australian

decision makers. Further, the project will yield papers for publication in top international journals, reinforcing Australia's

reputation as a leading centre for financial research and enhance it's reputation for cutting edge work.

DP0666120 Prof G Hjorth

Approved Equivalence Relations, Group Actions, and Descriptive Set Theory

Project Title

2006 : $151,060

2007 : $151,060

2008 : $151,060

2009 : $151,060

2010 : $151,060

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

APF Prof G Hjorth

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This project is a contribution to basic and foundational research in the area of Pure Mathematics generally and Mathematical

Logic specifically. Logic in particular appears in disciplines as diverse as Computer Science,Linguistics, and Philosophy, and

the development of logic in these fields has been profoundly influenced by the foundational work of mathematical logicians.

The innovative techniques introduced in this proposal will enable Australia to maintain a position at the forefront of Pure

Mathematics, and by recruiting a recent winner of the highly prestigious Karp prize the country will be instantly established as

one of the leading centers of Mathematical Logic.

DP0663399 A/Prof CD Hodgson

Approved Three dimensional geometry and topology

Project Title

2006 : $82,000

2007 : $72,000

2008 : $74,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This project will carry out important fundamental research into the geometry and topology of 3 dimensional manifolds, an

area of intense activity over the last 30 years.

The work has direct applications to physics, for example recent work in cosmology aimed at determining the global structure

of our universe. Our work on knotting and symmetries of molecular graphs will also be of considerable interest in chemistry

and biology.

The project will also provide high quality training of undergraduate and graduate students in geometry and topology, and will

increase international cooperation by developing closer links with colleagues and institutions overseas.

DP0663108 Dr OD Jones; Dr DN Veitch

Approved Multifractal models in finance via the crossing tree

Project Title

2006 : $86,000

2007 : $76,000

2008 : $78,000

Primary RFCD 2302 STATISTICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

High level mathematical modelling is an established part of the modern finance industry, in particular the Black Scholes

option pricing formula is now an indispensable financial tool.

To remain competitive the Australian financial sector needs to keep up with developments in mathematical finance, which is

only possible if the Australian academic community remains active in the field.

The work on multifractal modelling proposed here is innovative both in its theoretical aspects and its applied methodology,

and will ensure that Australian research remains at the cutting edge of this highly competitive and fast moving field.

DP0664225 Dr C Kao; Dr MW Cantoni; A/Prof U Jonsson

Approved Robustness Analysis and Control Design of Distributed and Networked Systems

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $82,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The theory and computational tools to be developed in this project have impact on a broad range of areas, including various

engineering disciplines, biology, and medical and environmental sciences. In terms of practical interests, this project will

create cutting edge technologies which are applicable to important infrastructures of the modern society such as

communication networks, transportation systems, electrical power grids, collaborative intelligent machines, and water

distribution networks.

DP0662844 Dr AT Kenyon; A/Prof TC Lindsey; Dr T Marjoribanks; Ms AJ Whiting

Approved The Media and ASEAN Transitions: Defamation Law, Journalism and Public Debate in Indonesia,

Project Title Malaysia and Singapore

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

2009 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This project will examine defamation law, journalism and public debate in three core members of the Association of

Southeast Asian Nations: Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. It will focus on a legal issue, defamation, which is central to

the Australian and regional media's potential for improving public and private sector governance, and promoting domestic and

regional understanding, at a time when independent media speech has great value in relation to trade, security and

development. When risks of transnational defamation liability are increasing, it will assist the Australian media's coverage of

three pivotal countries in the region and substantially develop the academic understanding of defamation law's effects on

media content.

DP0664674 Dr MG Kirley

Approved Evolutionary multi objective algorithms for Global Grids

Project Title

2006 : $75,027

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 2803 COMPUTER SOFTWARE

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This research investigates alternative software technologies for Grid based evolutionary multi objective decision algorithms.

By employing the latest adaptive techniques and taking advantage of the low cost Grid infrastructure, new parallel

evolutionary systems will be developed that can rapidly supply robust solutions to complex problems. This project will further

develop an understanding of scaling issues in parallel evolutionary systems and pave the way for even more widespread

application of evolutionary techniques for large scale, data intensive applications in science and industry.

DP0664752 Prof C Kulik; Dr C Cregan; Dr M Brown; Dr MI Metz

Approved The psychological contract: Bridging human resource management practices and organisational

Project Title effectiveness

2006 : $30,000

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $30,000

Primary RFCD 3502 BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Many managers believe that recent changes in management practice are responsible for Australia's high labour productivity

but very little is known about the mechanisms through which such effects are transmitted. Will HRM enable Australian

organisations to generate and maintain a competitive advantage in the global context? In this project we draw on theoretical

frameworks established in the behavioural sciences to understand how HRM practices influence employee reactions and

impact organisational effectiveness, such as labour productivity. The results will be of direct benefit to Australian

organisations designing, evaluating, or reconfiguring their HRM practices in line with their competitive strategy.

DP0664342 Dr S Kurnia

Approved Adoption of electronic commerce enabled supply chain management: a trans national comparison

Project Title study

2006 : $75,440

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The framework developed will allow practitioners to identify an appropriate strategy to promote the adoption of EC enabled

SCM in developing countries. By including Indonesia and China as two of Australia's large trading partners in this study, the

relationships can be further enhanced, leading to an increase in Australia's export market and improvement in national

productivity and growth. Through wider adoption of EC enabled SCM by Australia's trading partners, Australia can trade with

them more efficiently. The empirical data and the research instruments developed will also enhance Australia's research

standing and contribute to university teaching and research training.

DP0662804 A/Prof KA Landman; A/Prof BD Hughes; Dr MJ Simpson

Approved Multi scale modelling of cell migration in developmental biology

Project Title

2006 : $94,000

2007 : $82,000

2008 : $82,000

2009 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 2399 OTHER MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES

APD Dr MJ Simpson

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Interpretative and predictive tools are needed for the comprehensive understanding of directed cell migration in the medical

sciences. Mathematical models and modelling methodologies developed in this project will make a significant contribution to

the investigation of cell migration and the testing and generation of hypotheses. Such models are needed to understand

observed cellular patterns. This project will contribute to knowledge of normal and abnormal developmental processes,

especially in embryonic growth. Understanding these processes should lead to prediction and treatment of congenital

disorders and contribute to a healthy start to life.

DP0663196 Dr C Leckie; Prof J Bezdek

Approved Data Mining by Clustering in Very Large Relational Databases

Project Title

2006 : $65,000

2007 : $67,000

2008 : $69,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Many commercial and governmental entities possess very large relational data that cannot be feasibly analyzed by today's

computers, e.g., gene expression data, product usage databases and telecommunication call records. The clustering tools

developed in this project will have a significant benefit on many business processes that involve clustering this type of data,

such as fraud detection and market segmentation.

DP0663788 Dr H Lewi; Prof K Darian Smith; Prof PJ Goad; Dr JL Willis; A/Prof JF Murphy

Approved Healthy Bodies, Healthy Minds: Designing Everyday Modernism for Australian Communities

Project Title 1920 1970

2006 : $68,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This cross disciplinary project will construct an historical account of the interconnections between the network of

governmental policies and initiatives promoting a healthy and educated citizenry, and the design and use of modern,

municipal architecture in mid century Australia. Detailed analysis of modern building types, from around the nation, including

kindergartens, sporting facilities, swimming pools, child health clinics, libraries and community centres will constitute an

original and important resource for historians, conservationists and architects. Historical findings will inform directions and

lessons for future practice in the design, planning and conservation of community infrastructure.

DP0665417 Dr SA Lovegrove; A/Prof JA Lawrence; Dr AC Sutton; Dr CS Ross; Ms R Holder

Approved Fairness and equity for victims of crime: what do victims want, and why don't they get it?

Project Title

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $55,000

Primary RFCD 3903 JUSTICE AND LEGAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The goal of the research is to assist justice and crime victims services agencies to understand their role in relation to crime

victims and to develop more effective and responsive ways to meet this important social and justice challenge. The research

will contribute to a better understanding how traditional legal and justice processes can be made consistent with victims'

needs for procedural fairness and equity of outcomes. The project will establish a strong theoretical and policy framework for

a principled, fair and responsive justice system that is informed by the diverse interests of its constituents and consumers.

This research has the support of Victims Support Australasia and in principle agreement from four member services.

DP0665071 A/Prof GS Lynch; Dr DR Plant

Approved Modulating the molecular and cellular physiology of ageing skeletal muscle

Project Title

2006 : $93,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $83,000

Primary RFCD 3206 MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Understanding the underlying mechanisms of how ageing affects muscle is of increasing importance to the community as the

number of older persons in the population continues to escalate and the age of retirement increases. Old muscles are slower

and weaker than young muscles, and are more easily injured. This proposal is focussed on developing safe therapies to

prevent or reverse these age related effects. Making old muscles young again, is a research strategy that will promote

healthy ageing and enable older Australians to enjoy a better quality of life.

DP0663857 A/Prof GM MacNaughton; Dr P Hughes

Approved Negotiating Staff Parent Relations in Culturally Diverse Early Education Settings

Project Title

2006 : $39,000

2007 : $35,000

2008 : $23,000

Primary RFCD 3399 OTHER EDUCATION

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The Australian federal government invests nearly $A1.25 billion annually in childcare and more than 1.6 million children

attend some form of childcare. There is an international consensus that parental involvement in early childhood programs

enhances their economic and social benefits, including improved educational outcomes, enhanced employment opportunities

and increased social participation. This project increases the likelihood that an increasingly culturally diverse Australia wil.l

attain those benefits by offering a radical approach to improving staff parent relations in culturally diverse settings and

helping to reduce the occupational stress often linked with those relations

DP0664097 Prof GI McFadden; Dr RF Waller

Approved Infrakingdom Alveolata: searching for a defining structural feature

Project Title

2006 : $99,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2799 OTHER BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This project will establish the first molecular nexus between a cellular structure currently used to define an Infrakingdom of

life. It will aid in the higher order systematics of our microscopic diversity and allow us to interpret how important parasites

learned to penetrate host cells to establish infection. We will train excellent graduate and Honours students in cellular and

molecular biology.

DP0666735 Dr KL McFerran

Approved Tipping the Scales: Fostering a healthy adolescence through musical participation

Project Title

2006 : $33,000

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $20,000

Primary RFCD 4101 PERFORMING ARTS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The prevention of mental illness is a priority for the Australian community. The death of a parent or sibling during childhood

or adolescence is a significant risk factor for mental illness because of the multiple losses that stem from the original

bereavement. Early intervention programs with a focus on enhancing resilience have been identified as the most appropriate

strategy for promoting mental health. This project investigates and evaluates the potential of creative expression to function

as a protective factor in fostering resilience and effective coping with bereavement during adolescence. Innovative models of

analysis will provide multiple perspectives on this benefit.

DP0664589 Prof W Moran; Dr SD Howard; Prof AR Calderbank

Approved Towards an Information Theory of Radar

Project Title

2006 : $83,000

2007 : $73,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2802 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Radar is a key sensing technology for the defence of Australia. It is also used in several civilian applications. Recent

advances in engineering and science have led to significantly increased inherent capabilities for radar hardware.

Nonetheless, radars in service and planned are unable to counter many current threats. To a large extent these new

capabilities have yet to be fully exploited, and in large part this is because of the lack of an information theory for radar that

corresponds to the highly successful theory of this kind for telecommunications. Our work, though pitched at fundamental

ideas in the theory of radar, will lead to the production of improved radar capability that will permit improved threat detection

and tracking.

DP0663055 Dr M Murphy; Dr EL Fletcher

Approved Histamine and non visual regulation of retinal signalling

Project Title

2006 : $105,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $83,000

Primary RFCD 3207 NEUROSCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This project is internationally competitive, asking basic biological questions about the brain and vision. Of direct national

benefit, the new knowledge generated may alter the way we understand how vision works. Ultimately this knowledge may

give insight into particular health issues, such as the persistence of visual memory in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, and

age related diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. Further this new knowledge will flow directly into the reputation of our

major institutes of higher education and strengthen their place on the world stage. Through both CIs, this research will

contribute to the education of both undergraduate and postgraduate science students at The University of Melbourne.

DP0664501 A/Prof D Nesic; Dr Y Tan

Approved Finite dimensional Sampled data Control of Nonlinear Spatially Distributed Parameter Systems

Project Title

2006 : $113,000

2007 : $101,000

2008 : $101,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

APD Dr Y Tan

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Optical communication networks, smart materials and fluid flows, are all examples of systems whose behaviour can be

significantly improved by automatic control. These are identified as some of the key technologies that will shape our future.

This project will contribute to the fundamental science and engineering design of such diverse systems. Two postdoctoral

fellows and one graduate student will be trained in this important emerging field.

DP0664723 Prof RS Norton

Approved Malarial parasite surface proteins: structure and interactions of key merozoite antigens

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $94,000

2008 : $94,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Malaria remains one the most lethal infectious diseases in the world today, being directly responsible for around 2 million

deaths annually, many in children under 5 years of age. Related parasitic diseases affect livestock in malaria endemic

regions and more broadly. There is an urgent need for an improved understanding of how these parasites invade target red

blood cells. Knowing the structures of key proteins on the parasite cell surface will provide a deeper understanding of

host parasite interactions, as well as a basis for the design of vaccines or drugs that interfere with parasite invasion of host

red blood cells.

DP0663264 Dr CE Parker; Dr VL Nielsen

Approved The Impact of ACCC Enforcement Action: Evaluating the explanatory and normative power of

Project Title responsive regulation and responsive law

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

2009 : $70,000

2010 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3903 JUSTICE AND LEGAL STUDIES

ARF Dr CE Parker

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The project will enhance the capacity of the ACCC and other business regulators to ethically and effectively regulate to

achieve the goals of regulatory policy such as a fair, competitive economy, occupational health and safety, and

environmental integrity. Australia is already well recognised as a leader in ambitious empirical and policy oriented social

science research on regulatory compliance (through the ARC funded Governance Network including RegNet at ANU). This

project will enhance that reputation with the most comprehensive data set on the corporate compliance impact of

enforcement action and fundamental re thinking of foundational theoretical questions about the nature and capacities of

regulation.

DP0665261 Prof PE Pattison; Dr GL Robins; Prof TA Snijders

Approved Statistical models for social networks, network based social processes and complex social systems

Project Title

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $150,000

2008 : $150,000

2009 : $140,000

2010 : $130,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Our methodological advances (flexible, theoretically defensible and empirically testable quantitative models for a wide range

of interactive social processes) will add significantly to national capacity in modelling complex social systems. Existing

collaborations will result in practical scientific outcomes relating to: the impact of social contact and needle sharing networks

on HIV transmission; the social epidemiology of mental health; health policy and local government networks; governance

arrangements in environmental management; intra organizational networks; labour market dynamics; and acculturation

processes for international students. A major emphasis will be the training of a new group of quantitative social science

graduates.

DP0663005 A/Prof PA Pearce; Prof MD Gould

Approved Quantum Spectra

Project Title

2006 : $88,000

2007 : $78,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Fundamental quantum processes will play a key role in emerging technologies in the twenty first century across diverse

industries including quantum information technology, quantum computers and electronics, quantum optics, nanoscale

quantum microscopes and superconductor technology. Australia has a strong base of expertise in the underpinning quantum

disciplines. This project in strategic basic research within mathematical physics will develop a comprehensive and consistent

mathematical description of quantum processes. This research will lead to a deeper understanding of quantum processes,

keep Australia at the leading edge of international developments and increase Australia's capacity to develop and implement

these new technologies.

DP0663724 Prof S Prawer; Prof DN Jamieson; Dr P Olivero; Dr P Reichart; Dr J Wrachtrup; Dr F Jelezko; Dr DF Moore;

Prof A Briggs; Prof IA Walmsley; Prof J Salzman

Approved Diamond Based Quantum Information Processing

Project Title

2006 : $148,680

2007 : $148,680

2008 : $148,680

Primary RFCD 2917 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

APD Dr P Olivero

APD Dr P Reichart

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The explosive growth in ideas for applications of quantum mechanics to practical devices for information processing has

been a worldwide phenomenon of the past 4 years. A leading material which promises many of the desirable quantum

properties is diamond. We aim to build on our extensive expertise in fundamental diamond research to design, fabricate and

analyse novel quantum devices made from diamond. We will seek to attain the glittering prize of constructing diamond

devices that will absorb, store and re emit single light photons with revolutionary applications to information storage and

processing.

DP0665027 Prof IM Ramsay; Prof C Rider; A/Prof AM O'Connell; Prof RJ Mitchell

Approved Employee Share Ownership Plans: Current Practice and Regulatory Reform

Project Title

2006 : $147,000

2007 : $86,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

National Priority Research Goal: Fostering and Innovative Culture and Economy. Employee Share Ownership Plans (ESOPs)

are important to the development of an economic culture of enterprise and innovation and the building of national wealth and

savings in response to long term demands of intergenerational equity. ESOPs require development through appropriate

regulatory frameworks. This project will subject the existing regime of tax, corporate and labour law to technical and empirical

scrutiny. This will enahnce the capacity of policy makers to evaluate and identify appropriate regulatory techniques to ensure

the growth of efficiency of ESOPs at the national and enterprise level.

DP0665513 Dr R Reed

Approved Housing affordability: the use and misuse of reverse mortgages by older households

Project Title

2006 : $27,000

2007 : $28,000

2008 : $27,000

Primary RFCD 3705 DEMOGRAPHY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Many retirees are without compulsory superannuation although daily living costs have risen substantially. As additional

workers in the 'baby boom' generation retire and less tax will be paid to the government, it appears there will be increasing

pressure placed on the pension system. A large proportion of the population may struggle to enjoy a fulfilling retirement and

be drawn towards a reverse mortgage, which in turn may be misunderstood. With an increasing proportion of older residents

leaving the workforce, the community would be adversely affected if this cohort required government financial assistance due

to the misuse of home equity loans.

DP0663872 Prof R Robson; Dr BF Abrahams

Approved Coordination Polymers and Oligomers and Labyrinthine Molecular Solids as Materials for the

Project Title Sorption of Gases/Vapours, with Emphasis on Hydrogen

2006 : $143,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $83,000

Primary RFCD 2599 OTHER CHEMICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The work will afford new types of gas sorbing solids, which may find practical uses in the separation and storage of gases

and in catalysis. Hydrogen is almost the perfect, pollution free fuel; Australia's abundant sunlight potentially makes it cheap

and readily available here. The lack of a safe and economic means of storing hydrogen at easily achieved and maintained

pressures remains the chief obstacle to the viability of numerous hydrogen powered devices of the future such as cell

phones, laptop computers, cordless tools and vehicles. The work proposed will contribute to the development of safe,

efficient, and portable hydrogen storage systems.

DP0664832 Dr G Rosenbaum

Approved Geodynamic evolution of the Banda Arc

Project Title

2006 : $75,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2601 GEOLOGY

APD Dr G Rosenbaum

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The project will contribute to a better understanding of plate tectonic processes and will provide insights into the dynamics of

the Indo Australian plate. This information is fundamentally important for estimating seismic hazards and the potential for

generating large magnitude earthquakes in Australia. Outcomes of this project will facilitate to unravel analogue tectonic

systems that were active during the geological evolution of Australia (e.g. the Lachlan fold belt in eastern Australia), thus

providing a new insight into the Australian environment. The project will also elucidate the nature of tectonic processes that

are known to generate major ore deposits and is therefore likely to have important economic implications.

DP0664276 Prof JH Rubinstein; Dr PT Norbury

Approved Minimal surfaces

Project Title

2006 : $88,000

2007 : $78,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Recent stunning progress in topology, in particular a possible solution to one of the Clay Institute million dollar problems,

using techniques from partial differential equations and minimal surfaces has made this area a hot topic. To attract

researchers in this field to visit Australia and to train students in this area is a major part of this project.

DP0663084 Dr JY Scheerlinck

Approved Regulation of local lymphocyte trafficking and its role during infection

Project Title

2006 : $88,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $83,000

Primary RFCD 2706 PHYSIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The study of early immune responses will contribute to the development of better vaccination strategies. In particular it will

contribute by helping to understand the essential differences between reactogenicity and immunogenicity and how this

relates to adjuvants. Using this understanding it will be possible to develop novel adjuvants that induce appropriate immunity

with minimal side effects.

DP0665409 Prof FB Sear; Mr AE Hutson; Dr HM Goldsworthy

Approved Technological Advances in Large scale Roman Concrete Buildings during the 2nd and 1st centuries

Project Title BC

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 4302 ARCHAEOLOGY AND PREHISTORY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

How were the Romans able to build monuments which are still standing after 2,000 years? Skills to achieve this were clearly

not developed overnight. A multidisciplinary team from the University of Melbourne has identified the 1st century BC as a

time of tremendous technological change in Roman architecture. Was it that the Romans used a technologically advanced

type of concrete? Was it that they had perfected the structural design of vaults and domes? Was it simply their

organisational ability or the enormous wealth which flowed from their vast Empire? A team of experienced

archaeologists, architects and engineers seeks to answer these questions by survey and material analysis of a number of key

Roman monuments.

DP0664601 A/Prof F Separovic; Dr GD Ciccotosto; A/Prof JD Wade

Approved Membrane interactions and neurotoxicity of Amyloid Abeta peptides from Alzheimer's disease.

Project Title

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $105,000

2008 : $105,000

Primary RFCD 2499 OTHER PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

A consequence of the increase in human life span is that age related neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's

disease (AD) are more prevalent. Currently there are limited therapeutic treatments and no cure for AD. The key protein

causing AD is Abeta and characterization of the toxic species of this peptide is critical towards identifying potential

therapeutic targets. This proposal aims to study mutant peptides made synthetically and to identify a membrane binding site.

By establishing which lipid is critically involved in membrane binding of Abeta and mediating subsequent cell death, drugs

may be developed to prevent the binding of Abeta to membranes resulting in neuronal survival and prevention of memory

loss in AD patients.

DP0666313 Dr JA Siapno

Approved Dance, Movements and Visual Symbolism in East Timor

Project Title

2006 : $25,900

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $30,975

Primary RFCD 4101 PERFORMING ARTS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

By understanding traditional dance and indigenous belief systems which are often marginalized in the modern hierarchical

ordering that privileges western style "capacity building" based on modern scientific and managerial values, we will have a

nuanced understanding of East Timorese cosmologies and practices on care of the self, resilience, power and agency.

Development aid which is often defined exclusively in terms of infrastructure and economic growth, may pay attention to

culture and creating space for emotional, social and spiritual creativity. Dance practices may provide alternative models of

generative processes and therapy that actively produce feelings of joy and peace in the bodies, hearts, minds and souls of

East Timorese.

DP0663886 Prof IH Simmonds; Dr JA Bye; Prof Dr K Fraedrich; Dr JC Fyfe

Approved Global objective identification and tracking of atmospheric fronts and the role of fronts in climate

Project Title change

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 2606 ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Fronts, particularly those in the Indian and Southern Oceans, have a very strong impact on day to day weather over a vast

proportion of Australia. Frontal systems are associated with a broad range of weather and climate parameters which affect

people directly. These include precipitation, temperature, wind and a variety of extremes. The quality global climatology of

fronts to be compiled in this project will allow reliable assessments of how frontal systems have changed, and may be

expected to change in the next century. Great community benefit will derive from understanding how these are linked with

changes in Australian weather and climate extremes, and to decreases in rainfall over southern Australia in recent decades.

DP0663981 Dr CA Smith; A/Prof AH Sinclair

Approved A bird's eye view of sex: the chicken embryo as a model for gonadal development

Project Title

2006 : $87,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

The development of an embryo as either male or female (sex determination) is a fundamental biological process that

fascinates both scientific and lay communities alike. This project will use the chicken embryo as a unique model organism to

study how genes control sex determination. We will bring a novel method to our field of study; the use of avian viruses to

deliver genes into embryos. This project will enhance our understanding of a basic biological process. It will have application

to the poultry industry, in terms of sex ratio manipulation. It will also aid in the diagnosis of humans born with sexual

abnormalities. The project will consolidate Australia's standing as a world leader in the area of reproduction and

development.

DP0663889 Dr TA Smith; A/Prof DE Dunstan; A/Prof JE Sader; Dr EK Hill; Prof DJ Birch; Dr P Burn

Approved Towards Nano Assembled Light Emitting Polymer Films

Project Title

2006 : $165,000

2007 : $110,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2505 MACROMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Advanced materials constructed with molecular level architecture through controlled nano assembly will benefit medical

science, biotechnology and nanotechnology, communications and the electronics fields. The national research priorities of

nanotechnology and advanced materials through nano assembly will be promoted by this work. This research will assist

Australian industries to further advance these processes and devices leading to better quality, cheaper, more efficient

products. The Australian community will benefit through economic and technological advances. These advanced materials

will promote health and environmental wellbeing.

DP0662936 A/Prof LF Stirling

Approved Autism and written narrative: discourse analysis and the characterisation of higher level language

Project Title disorder phenotypes

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $55,000

Primary RFCD 3802 LINGUISTICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This work contributes to the national research priority goal 'A healthy start to life', in advancing our understanding of the

language disorder of autism. It is expected to benefit the children, their families and the community in furthering the basic

research necessary for the development of new measures of performance, of use in the better assessment of children with

language disorders and in the design and targeting of intervention programs. This work is cutting edge internationally in the

approach it takes to the naturalistic language of children with autism. Hence it will raise the profile of Australia in this research

domain.

DP0664883 A/Prof MK Stivens

Approved Imagining the Asian Child: Towards an Anthropology of New Asian Childhoods

Project Title

2006 : $46,000

2007 : $22,000

Primary RFCD 3703 ANTHROPOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This innovative study will be of both popular and scholarly interest. The future of childhoods is a key concern in Australia and

globally, with growing anxieties about a number of related issues: declining birthrates, ageing populations and allegedly rising

welfare burdens, youth crime, and children's experiences in families. Asian and family studies are both acknowledged

scholarly strengths in Australia: the project, drawing on the principal investigator's expertise in both fields, will place regional

developments in a global context, and will appeal to a range of social scientists and cultural theorists interested in

comparative studies of family and childhoods.

DP0664448 Dr RT Taylor

Approved From Race to the Genome: the Tasmanian Aboriginal People in the Scientific Imagination

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

APD Dr RT Taylor

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This project addresses the nationally significant issue of contested Aboriginality in Tasmania. It offers a broader

understanding of complex scientific ideas and deeper insights into the 'History Wars' debate that goes to the heart of shaping

Australian national identity. It provides a comprehensive historical and legal context to the current national definition of an

Aboriginal, of direct relevance to the collection of national census data, the allocation of welfare funding and the

Government's current restructuring of ATSIC. It will place Tasmania and Australia within an international context and make

accessible new sources of Tasmanian culture and history to scholarly, indigenous and regional communities.

DP0663371 A/Prof JW Toumbourou; Prof RF Catalano

Approved What factors influence the development of antisocial behaviour in Australian adolescents?

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $150,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Antisocial behaviour is prevalent in Australia and imposes large social and economic costs on our communities. Once

entrenched, antisocial behaviour and related problems often continue throughout life. Currently, much of the research in this

area has been conducted overseas. The findings of this study will provide important insights into the development of

antisocial behaviour from childhood to adolescence in the Australian context. By better understanding how antisocial

behaviour develops, prevention and early intervention programs can be developed to target specific subgroups. In this way

spending on juvenile and adult criminal justice systems can be reduced and a safer, more harmonious community can be

fostered.

DP0663726 A/Prof JW Toumbourou; A/Prof AV Sanson

Approved Pathways to positive personal and social adjustment in early adulthood: a follow up of the

Project Title Australian Temperament Project longitudinal cohort

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Young adulthood today is characterised by delayed independence and family formation, extended attachment to peer culture,

and relatively high levels of alcohol and drug use and mental health problems. Concerns are voiced about the capacity of this

generation to become healthy and productive members of society. Examining the development of healthy young adulthood

within this large longitudinal cohort will enable pathways and predictors of positive development from infancy through

adolescence to be identified. It will hence allow identification of potential targets for policies and interventions to enhance the

development of productive personal capacity, responsible social participation, compassion and trust.

DP0663444 Dr CQ Tran

Approved Advancing x ray imaging into new dimensions using interferometry and phase space tomography

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $130,000

2008 : $170,000

2009 : $100,000

2010 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2404 OPTICAL PHYSICS

ARF Dr CQ Tran

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Synchrotron science and nanofabrication technologies are priority investment areas for most industrial countries including

Australia. This research program takes advantages of recent progress in these fields and aims to advance x ray imaging

techniques of high sensitivity and low radiation dose and retrieve all extractable information of an object encoded in a

wavefield. The development of these techniques is critical to future opportunities of frontier discoveries of the biological, nano

and atomic world. Its application includes structural biology, medical diagnosis, biomedicine, material sciences and many

other fields.

DP0664120 Dr J Van Buskirk

Approved Population genetic structure and habitat specialisation in amphibians

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This will be the first study to uncover the initial stages of ecological speciation in a fully natural setting, which will solidify

Australia's leading position in evolutionary biology. The project promotes active international collaboration and bolsters the

vibrant intellectual community here at home. Many Australian undergraduate and PhD students will participate in cutting edge

science and develop connections with overseas colleagues, helping Australia maintain its prominent international reputation

in the future. The work also advances knowledge and appreciation of the natural world   a more urgent objective now than

ever before. Ecological information is especially critical for amphibians, many of which are declining in Australia.

DP0662959 A/Prof IR van Driel; A/Prof A Giraud; Dr LM Judd

Approved Reg growth factors in gastric regeneration and disease

Project Title

2006 : $98,000

2007 : $88,000

2008 : $88,000

Primary RFCD 3210 CLINICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This project will obtain a more detailed knowledge of the role that growth factors play in helping the lining of the stomach

repair itself after damage caused by disease. Growth factors may also play a role in causing stomach cancer. To do this we

will examine the expression of growth factors in number of stomach diseases and cancer and assay the ability of growth

factors to promote the growth of stomach cells.

This work is that it will contribute to our knowledge of how cell growth in the stomach is controlled under normal

circumstances and in the very common pathological conditions of tissue damage, inflammation and cancer. It may also help

us understand how inflammation can in some circumstances lead to cancer.

DP0664130 Prof RR Volkas

Approved Cosmology and astrophysics with neutrinos and other elementary particles

Project Title

2006 : $74,000

2007 : $77,000

2008 : $79,000

Primary RFCD 2403 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS; PLASMA

PHYSICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Particle physics, cosmology and astrophysics provide a major contribution to the scientific and intellectual culture of the

nation, as they address some of the most important questions in physical science. The nation's international standing will

benefit greatly from participation in these quintessentially Big Science activities. High achieving students are very excited by

the research questions addressed in this proposal, so it will add significantly to the pool of highly trained young Australians.

They emerge as general problem solvers and flexible thinkers of high calibre in addition to becoming experts in particular

areas. The big fundamental questions to be considered are also of great fascination to the general public.

DP0665775 Prof RR Volkas; Prof BH McKellar; Dr GC Joshi

Approved Frontiers of Theoretical Particle Physics

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2403 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS; PLASMA

PHYSICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This project will involve PhD and other students, who will work at the frontiers of theoretical particle physics, which provides

excellent training in model building and problem solving. They will serve the nation as physicists, but also as teachers, in the

finance industry, in the public service and in think tanks, as our former students have done. The quest to understand the

ultimate structure of matter has been a part of western culture for the last 2000 years or more. Media stories on this subject

are popular, and our work will enable authoritative public outreach as the subject develops, and we find that our present

understanding is not the complete story.

DP0663590 Dr RF Waller

Approved Molecular genetic organization and evolution of dinoflagellate mitochondria

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $77,000

2008 : $77,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Dinoflagellates are unicellular organisms that are important parts of the biota as significant primary producers of the oceans.

Certain dinoflagellates form essential symbionts of reef forming corals and loss of the symbiont causes coral bleaching and

death, a phenomenon linked to global warming. Dinoflagellate blooms are also notorious for causing fish kills and human

illnesses such as paralytic shellfish poisoning. My studies of the mitochondrion will address a major aspect of the biology of

this poorly understood group. Mitochondrial function is often a target for drugs and other controlling agents, and therefore

these studies could offer scope to better interpret and manage dinoflagellates in our environment.

DP0663525 Dr SO Warnaar; Prof PJ Forrester; Prof AJ Guttmann

Approved Theory and Applications of Hypergeometric Series

Project Title

2006 : $88,000

2007 : $78,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2399 OTHER MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Techniques based on hypergeometric series lie at the heart of an exciting and rapidly developing class of mathematical

methods, with applications to many areas of science and engineering, such as computer science, statistics, physics,

chemistry and biology.

In the past decades Australia has been at the forefront of important developments in the field, and this proposal serves to

further strengthen the country's leading reputation.

Many of the modern methods in the theory require expertise in mathematics as well as a high level of programming skills.

This combination provides a unique training ground for higher degree students aiming at careers in financial mathematics,

weather/climate forecasting and internet security.

DP0662752 Dr CR Warren

Approved How do plants cope with temporal variability in water and nutrients?

Project Title

2006 : $200,000

2007 : $155,000

2008 : $155,000

2009 : $155,000

2010 : $155,000

Primary RFCD 2704 BOTANY

QEII Dr CR Warren

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Australia's climate and weather are temporally variable, yet we know little of how Australia's flora is affected by temporally

variable vs constant supplies of water and nutrients. In addition, climate change will affect our flora by, among other things,

increasing temporal variability in water and nutrient availability. This program of research will provide basic data on growth

responses to variable vs. constant water and nutrient availability. Hence, results will be directly applicable to predicting the

effects of climate change on growth, species' distribution and community composition. This research will also improve our

basic understanding of limitations to photosynthesis, transpiration and nutrient uptake/assimilation.

DP0663287 Dr SJ Wills

Approved Hostels, Hosts and Hospitality: A Social and Cultural History of Migrant Temporary Accommodation

Project Title in Australia Since the Second World War

2006 : $36,200

2007 : $63,000

2008 : $55,775

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Because it promotes a deeper understanding of migrant experience, the social relations and outcomes that derive from that

experience, on arrival settlement services, the role of the nation as 'host', and the complexity of national and immigrant

identities, this project strengthens Australia's social fabric and capacity to interpret and engage with its regional and global

environment. The experience of regional and global migration, often entailing processes of acute disjuncture, enjoins both an

urgent need for, and specific difficulties in, the creation of a coherent identity. This study contributes to an understanding of

anxieties about place and belonging and how we might interpret and engage such challenges today.

DP0665494 Dr SJ Wilson; Dr NM McLachlan; Dr CA Falk

Approved A Study of Acoustical, Psycho acoustical and Musicological Factors in Tuned Percussion Ensemble

Project Title Design

2006 : $148,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

2009 : $100,000

2010 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 4101 PERFORMING ARTS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

This research will generate the following nationally benefits: 1) The World's first new, widely available, acoustical musical

instruments in almost a Century, and the creation of a uniquely Australian musical form, 2) The creation of a major new

teaching resource for classroom music and a new export industry for Australia, 3) New knowledge and techniques for the

application of psycho acoustic theory to industrial design processes, and their evaluation with respect to musical instrument

acoustics and performance practices, and 4) New knowledge of the human auditory system; thereby contributing to

Australia's international standing as a leader in auditory research and promoting Australia's cultural and scientific capabilities.

DP0663979 Dr AI Wirth

Approved Fast, practical and effective algorithms for clustering with advice

Project Title

2006 : $60,857

2007 : $45,000

2008 : $47,000

Primary RFCD 2804 COMPUTATION THEORY AND MATHEMATICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

To maintain a safe and healthy society, government and industry need high quality immunization and national security

databases. Since we cannot afford to have duplicate, incomplete and conflicting records that refer to the same person, we

unify them by identifying clusters of related records.

In the emerging field of functional genomics, diagnosis of certain diseases is enhanced by determining which genes act

together. Different experimental runs might result in different clusterings of genes: we need one consensus clustering that

summarizes the experimental outcomes.

Cleaning databases and combining clusterings by hand would require vast amounts of time. This project will result in faster

and more accurate computational procedures.

DP0663362 Prof MP Wooden; Prof JI Borland; Dr K Mavromaras

Approved Labour market transitions and dynamics in Australia: An analysis of the Household, Income and

Project Title Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey

2006 : $250,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 3402 APPLIED ECONOMICS

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

As stated in the National Research Priorities, 'in the decade ahead, it will be vital to understand and support the drivers for

workforce participation and the broader social and economic trends influencing Australian families and communities'.

Improving our understanding of these drivers is the main objective of this project. Specifically, the outcomes from this project

will result in a richer comprehension of the interaction between the social safety net and economic participation, and

especially labour force participation. This research will thus directly support the Government's welfare reform and

participation agendas, and thus should feed into improved policy decision making, especially in the areas of employment and

income support.

DP0664621 Dr JD Woodhead; Prof PW Williams; Dr F McDermott

Approved Of caves, bones, and climate change: new insights from old speleothems

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2601 GEOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Australia has an enviable reputation as a leading innovator in geochronological studies and this research will reinforce that

standing. The outcomes will have an immediate and significant impact on studies of global climate change, and provide new

insights into the evolution of Australia's unique fossil mammal fauna. In these ways, and as described in more detail

elsewhere in the application, this project addresses directly our current national research priorities 'responding to climate

change and variability' and 'the sustainable use of Australia's biodiversity'.

DP0663208 Dr S Young

Approved Political reporting of Australian election campaigns

Project Title

2006 : $134,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 3601 POLITICAL SCIENCE

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

Up to 40% of Australian voters decide their vote during an election campaign but most never have any direct contact with

candidates and rely instead on information from newspapers, radio, television and the Internet. According to democratic

theory, these media should act as a site for political information and debate to enable voters to make an informed choice. If

they are not performing this role well, then as a community, Australians are missing out. This project assesses the quality of

election reporting to find out how well or badly we are served by those who report and comment on politics.

DP0663812 Prof CF Zika

Approved The Living Dead: witchcraft and apparition in European culture (3rd to 18th century)

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $80,000

2009 : $27,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Melbourne

Project Summary

By providing a major monograph, an edited collection of papers by national and international scholars, and an electronic

pictorial catalogue, the project will be of immense benefit to this rich new field of international research, and also help

maintain the high reputation Australian scholarship enjoys in the field of medieval and early modern studies. But the

relationship of societies to their dead continues to evoke keen interest in contemporary Australia outside the bounds of the

academy. A fully researched history of Europe's changing views towards the dead will contribute to this topical discussion,

made more urgent by our aging population and changes to traditional religious and cultural responses to death.

University of Ballarat

DP0666061 Dr A Bagirov

Approved Derivative free algorithms for large scale nonsmooth and global optimization and their applications

Project Title

2006 : $93,240

2007 : $93,240

2008 : $93,240

2009 : $93,240

2010 : $93,240

Primary RFCD 2301 MATHEMATICS

ARF Dr A Bagirov

Administering Institution University of Ballarat

Project Summary

The outcomes expected from this research fall broadly into two categories: 1) the development of a new class of effective

readily implementable derivative free techniques for large scale non smooth and global optimisation and 2) the development

of new algorithms based on derivative free optimization techniques for solving data mining, resource allocation problems and

some problems in bioinformatics. In particular, the application of these techniques to molecular biology and cluster analysis

will be very important for the development of competitive technologies for Australia.

DP0665569 Prof J Smyth; Prof LB Angus

Approved Individual, Institutional and Community 'Capacity Building' in a Cluster of Disadvantaged Schools

Project Title and their Community

2006 : $65,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3301 EDUCATION STUDIES

Administering Institution University of Ballarat

Project Summary

It is no longer ethically, socially or economically acceptable to have significant and growing proportions of the school

population that are alienated, marginalised and excluded from a satisfying and rewarding educational experience. The

national and community benefits for Australia expected from this research will be a better understanding of, and possibly

alleviation of, the structural educational impediments that operate on disadvantaged individuals, institutions and communities.

It is in the national interest to have a society in which all its members, not just the privileged, gain lifelong benefit from a

rewarding schooling experience.

Victoria University of Technology

DP0666405 Prof JD McLaren

Approved Faith into Words: the entanglement of religion, politics and poetry in the work of Vincent Buckley.

Project Title

2006 : $65,000

2007 : $35,000

2008 : $35,000

Primary RFCD 4202 LITERATURE STUDIES

Administering Institution Victoria University of Technology

Project Summary

This project will explore poetry of Vincent Buckley, which is grounded in a conception of a God incarnate in the world and its

people that impacted directly on Australia's secular culture and politics, and continues to offer to both secular and religious

readers a way towards an inclusive human community.

Walter & Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research

DP0666603 Dr G Dewson

Approved Elucidating the regulation of cell death by random mutagenesis of key apoptotic proteins

Project Title

2006 : $74,340

2007 : $74,340

2008 : $74,340

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

APD Dr G Dewson

Administering Institution Walter & Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research

Project Summary

All organisms need to remove damaged or excessive cells. This cell death process is called apoptosis. Defects in apoptosis

result in numerous diseases including cancer, and neurodegenerative and immune disorders. Determining how this process

is regulated is of crucial importance for therapeutic intervention. We will utilise a powerful strategy to mutate proteins required

for apoptosis so that they no longer work, which will allow the identification of protein regions essential for cell death activity .

This will lead to identification of potential drug targets to control apoptosis. Elucidating the mechanism of cell death will lead

to the development of novel and improved therapies for diseases such as cancer and neurodegenerative disease.

Queensland

Central Queensland University

DP0664599 A/Prof SD Lockie

Approved The production and regulation of agricultural biodiversity

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $66,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3701 SOCIOLOGY

Administering Institution Central Queensland University

Project Summary

Protecting biodiversity is critical for long term sustainability of agriculture and rural communities. In the shorter term, products

with demonstrable ecological attributes such as organic foods enjoy distinct market advantages, and access to export

markets in the US, EU and Japan is increasingly dependent on satisfying minimum environmental and food safety standards.

By evaluating how people throughout the entire food chain may be mobilised to preserve biodiversity this research will make

a significant contribution to policy and other strategies oriented towards enhancing the social and economic welfare of rural

Australia.

Griffith University

DP0664555 Prof GJ Bamber; Prof RD Lansbury; Prof TA Kochan

Approved The Role of Employment Relations in the Competitive Strategies of Low Cost Airlines in Australia

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3502 BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

Employment relations issues are key determinants of an airline's performance. Air transport is important for Australia.

Australia has experienced failing airlines (e.g. Ansett, Compass); its most successful airline, Qantas, charges high fares and

one of its priorities is improving its employment relations. This project will investigate airlines' critical success factors with

special attention to the links between corporate strategies and employment relations. Besides investigating Qantas, it will link

with MIT's Global Airline Industry Program to consider the transformation of Australia's aviation industry and, in particular, the

innovations pioneered by low cost airlines: JetStar and Virgin Blue.

DP0666833 Dr AJ Brown; Dr A Kay; A/Prof I Gray; Dr D Giorgas; Prof DJ Brunckhorst; Prof CA Saunders

Approved Towards Sustainable Regional Institutions: The Nature, Role and Governance Implications of

Project Title Contemporary Australian Regionalism

2006 : $160,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $130,000

Primary RFCD 3601 POLITICAL SCIENCE

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

This project is the first ever national description of Australian regionalism, using insights from political and social science,

constitutional theory and public administration. Built on successful pilots, this research will equip government, civil society,

development agencies and regional policymakers with a region by region picture of the links between spatial variations in

political culture, civic trust, social capital and challenges of regional institutional design. This new picture of Australian

regional attitudes, expectations and possibilities will contribute directly to national environmental sustainability, sustainable

urban and regional development, revitalised regional communities and a stronger social and economic fabric.

DP0667073 Dr RA Brown; Prof PD Renshaw

Approved Researching Collective Argumentation in Mathematics and Science Classrooms

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 3302 CURRICULUM STUDIES

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

The project will provide evidence based pedagogical strategies for the reform of classroom teaching and learning in the

crucial areas of mathematics and science. We will develop a form of pedagogy (Collective Argumentation) that enables

students to be confident in deploying mathematical and scientific knowledge and skills in relation to the economic and social

choices that they make in everyday contexts. Collective Argumentation can induct students into 'habits of mind and social

practices' necessary for building an innovative learning community. This project will enable us to extend this innovative

approach and to further develop its effectiveness.

DP0666861 Dr M Fabbro

Approved Preventing genetic damage with BIX   a novel player in the DNA damage response pathway

Project Title

2006 : $95,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

Defects in the DNA damage response pathway underpin many human genetic disorders and diseases, including cancer. A

detailed understanding of this process has enormous implications for future medicine. Our characterization of a novel protein

involved in DNA damage signalling will help in screening inhibitors of this pathway that could be applied in chemo and/or

radiotherapy. This proposal will place Australia among the leaders in this internationally significant and highly competitive

area of research leading to the creation of new compounds. Capture of this technology will create the opportunity for IP

income, novel exports and new enterprises for Australia.

DP0663401 Prof JM Giddings; A/Prof MK Robertson

Approved Access to Justice Without Lawyers: Understanding Legal Self Help in Australia

Project Title

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $35,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 3903 JUSTICE AND LEGAL STUDIES

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

While legal self help is extensively practised, it is not well understood. Some people choose to do their own legal work while

others have no option. The project will use case studies to identify the circumstances (in terms of context, user

characteristics and available support) in which self help is most likely to benefit the user as well as where such self help

should not be promoted. The project will benefit governments, courts, private companies, legal aid commissions, community

legal centres and other agencies, all of which provide information services designed to assist people to handle law related

work themselves.

DP0665326 Dr MA Heazle

Approved Global Warming, Iraq, and the Washington Consensus: Three Case Studies on the Role of

Project Title Specialist Advice in Policy Making

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 3601 POLITICAL SCIENCE

APD Dr MA Heazle

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

This project will provide a deeper understanding of critical global policy debates and Australia's role in such debates. Its

analytical framework will suggest ways in which Australian engagement in this discourse can become more effective by

focusing on the role of specialist advice in policymaking and the question of how the political process influences its

interpretation and use by policy makers. The successful completion of this project ultimately will contribute to the

development of more consistent and better quality policy outcomes.

DP0663837 A/Prof LH Liew; A/Prof PA Creed; Prof CM Chu

Approved Risk and Heterogeneity: AIDS and SARS Policymaking in China

Project Title

2006 : $53,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3499 OTHER ECONOMICS

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

This research will provide significant new knowledge on AIDS and SARS policymaking and implementation in China, which

will help Australian policymakers and international agencies engage China on the very important issue of controlling the

global spread of communicable diseases. Successfully engaging China is critical for the enhancement of global health

security, because of China's enormous and increasingly internationally mobile population.

DP0667066 Dr AJ Moran

Approved The Culture of International TV Format Flows: Two studies in its development and genesis

Project Title

2006 : $40,000

2007 : $45,000

2008 : $40,000

2009 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 4001 JOURNALISM, COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

Global movements of cultural knowhow affect all creative industries, especially TV. As 'recipes' for making programs,

formats have reorganized this trade along lines familiar in service industries. What though are the institutions, atmosphere,

rituals, presuppositions and so on that organise it worldwide? Little is actually known about how the format market works,

how it was innovated and how it has developed. This pioneering investigation will clarify understanding of the complex

patterns of commercial and cultural linkage operating in the business. Its major outcome will be to suggest how Australia can

take greater future advantage of this development.

DP0664691 Prof AR Nesdale; Prof MJ Lawson; Prof B Mullen; Prof K Durkin

Approved Children's Intergroup Prejudice: The Roles of Cognitive Representations and Self presentation.

Project Title

2006 : $55,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

Research indicates that intergroup prejudice remains a problem in most Australian schools. For example, children as young

as 5 6 years assign negative attributes to indigenous Australians and Pacific Islander children, they prefer not to play with

these children, and they do not even want them living nearby. The proposed research will examine the possible basis of age

effects in these attitudes. It will have a substantial national benefit because it will increase our understanding of this insidious

social phenomenon and provide a basis for developing an intervention that will minimise a problem that has the potential to

devastate community relations.

DP0667162 Dr J Neuzil

Approved Novel vitamin E analogues disrupt autocrine signalling and angiogenesis: Mechanistic studies and

Project Title relevance to cancer management

2006 : $86,000

2007 : $76,000

2008 : $76,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

Breast and mesothelioma cancers present a severe problem in Australia and many patients succumb due to lack of

appropriate treatment. We believe that vitamin E analogues, selective drugs efficient against cancer cells, hold a promise as

future drugs against these two pathologies. Vitamin E analogues act by several mechanisms, including toxic effect on the

cancer cells and also on cells that are necessary for efficient progression of tumours, such as cells of the malignant blood

vessels. Results of this project will be used to prepare clinical testing of these highly promising drugs.

DP0667042 Prof PD Renshaw; Dr RA Brown; Dr EW Hirst; Prof Dr E Elbers; Dr M De Haan; Prof RN Saljo

Approved Researching teachers' funds of knowledge and teaching repertoires in relation to student diversity.

Project Title

2006 : $65,000

2007 : $45,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 3301 EDUCATION STUDIES

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

Diversity in the Australian community has been recognised as a valuable national asset. This project will provide insight into

how classrooms can be formed to value diversity among students and provide learning opportunities for all students whatever

their background or needs. Students' experiences within schools provide them with a blueprint of the way communities

operate, particularly in terms of how inclusion and exclusion are decided, how conflicts are dealt with, and how consensus

between members of a group can be built. This project will help clarify how inclusive communities for students and teachers

are formed and managed over time.

DP0666107 Dr K Wang; Prof R Topor; Prof G Antoniou

Approved Towards automated and intelligent processing of web based information

Project Title

2006 : $73,000

2007 : $63,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 2802 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

The successful outcome of this project will enhance Australia's research reputation in an important, practical area of ICT, will

contribute to emerging Web standards, will produce frontier technology that will eventually be of benefit to Australian industry,

and will train several postgraduate students.

DP0665078 Dr CA Wells

Approved A Genomic analysis of macrophage differentiation: Epigenetic factors that determine transcriptional

Project Title choices in a lineage dependant manner.

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $77,000

2008 : $77,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

Our genetic information is fundamental to who we are, how we develop, & how we age. This project will build the research

capacity of Australia's genome sciences, providing an analytical framework to describe & study the many products expressed

from any single gene and to assess the function of genetic variation & test genome regulatory events. An immediate outcome

is a better understanding of the regulation of our immune system. This approach will fuel the discovery of new signalling

molecules & their effects on a population of cells, & likewise provides a novel approach to study the dysregulation of cell

signalling pathways.

DP0666516 Prof MS Wesley; Prof WT Tow; Dr BM O'Connor

Approved The Politics of Alliance Affinity

Project Title

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $102,000

2008 : $72,600

Primary RFCD 3601 POLITICAL SCIENCE

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

There is bipartisan consensus in Australia that the alliance with the US is the 'cornerstone' of Australia's security. However,

many of the United States' alliances are increasingly being placed under strain by demographic and attitudinal changes,

changing US force postures, and a shift in US policy on coalition military activities. Managing the alliance relationship with

Washington will be a serious challenge for Australia's security policy makers. Australia also has significant security

relationships with New Zealand and the UK. Understanding the domestic politics of their security policies will provide a much

firmer basis for managing these aspects of Australia's international security.

DP0664154 Prof Z Xu; Prof S Linder; Prof R Oren; Prof JW Cairney; Dr C CHEN; Dr SE Boyd

Approved Fingerprints of global climate change and forest management on rhizosphere carbon and nutrient

Project Title cycling

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 3008 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

Using a series of innovative techniques, this project seeks to capture the excellent, exciting opportunities for studying impacts

of global climate change (GCC) and forest management on plant soil microbe interactions in rhizosphere carbon and nutrient

cycling, with two of the world's best GCC forest experiments in Sweden and USA and three long term forest management

experiments in Australia. The successful conduct of this multidisciplinary collaborative research will result in: improved

understanding and management of forest ecosystems in response to GCC and effective biodiversity conservation in

managed forests; and enhanced international reputation and expertise of the Australian scientists in the relevant research

fields.

DP0667184 Prof Z Xu; Dr C CHEN; Prof T Nasholm; Prof Dr HE Knicker

Approved The nature and ecological functions of soil soluble organic nitrogen in contrasting forest

Project Title ecosystems

2006 : $125,000

2007 : $95,000

2008 : $95,000

Primary RFCD 3001 SOIL AND WATER SCIENCES

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

This project employs a series of innovative techniques to investigate the dynamic nature and ecological significance of soil

soluble organic nitrogen   one of the important nutrient pools, in contrasting tropical, subtropical and temperate forest

ecosystems. The successful conduct of this project will lead to: a) better fertilization recommendation schemes, reduced

ecosystem N losses, improved forest productivity and sustainability, minimised environmental pollution and improved water

quality in forested watersheds; b) effective conservation of biodiversity in both managed and natural forests; and c) enhanced

international cooperation and reputation of the Australian scientists in the relevant research fields.

DP0666561 Dr S Zhang

Approved Development of Nanostructured TiO2 Electrodes for Photoelectrocatalytic Degradation of Organic

Project Title and Microbial Pollutants in Wastewater

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution Griffith University

Project Summary

Australia is one of the driest continents and re use of water/wastewater has been an urgent issue. Photoelectrocatalytic

oxidation processes based on nanostructured TiO2 electrode are able to mineralize common aquatic organic and microbial

pollutants. The proposed technology has the advantages of strong oxidation power and cheap production cost, and it is

chemically stable, robust under UV illumination, and most importantly, environmentally friendly. The success of the project

can place Australia in a leading position of developing cutting edge TiO2 nano material based photoelectrochemical

technologies for environmental wastewater treatment and drinking water disinfection.

James Cook University

DP0665890 Prof RH Crozier; Prof P Schmid Hempel

Approved Evolutionary immunology of social insects.

Project Title

2006 : $255,000

2007 : $190,000

2008 : $190,000

2009 : $190,000

2010 : $190,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

APF Prof RH Crozier

Administering Institution James Cook University

Project Summary

Social insects are particularly abundant in Australia. They live in a wide range of habitats with social systems differing greatly

in size and structure. They are both ecologically and economically important because they form a large part of terrestrial

ecosystems and control much of the energy flow. Their immune system resembles the immune system of humans. Finding

how the social insect immune system evolves will have the potential to help us manage them better, and yield functional

insights into the human innate immune system. Placing the observed patterns in context also involves study of the

associated microbes, finds how social insects interact with this important part of the environment, and may assist in land

management.

DP0662907 A/Prof GP Jones; Dr S Planes; Dr SR Thorrold; A/Prof GR Russ

Approved Larval Dispersal And The Design Of Marine Reserve Networks: Benefits Within And Beyond

Project Title Boundaries

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution James Cook University

Project Summary

Most marine organisms produce tiny offspring that are dispersed unknown distances by oceanic currents. Our present

strategies to manage marine resources lack this vital piece of information. This study will apply two revolutionary techniques

that finally enable us to determine how far marine larvae travel. Using the team that developed these techniques, field studies

will for the first time measure both retention of fish larvae within marine protected areas and dispersal of larvae to adjacent

fished areas on coral reefs. This information can be directly applied to optimize the size of reserves and their spacing in

marine protected area networks.

DP0662910 A/Prof GP Jones; Dr PL Munday; Prof SJ Holbrook; Dr RJ Schmitt

Approved Coral Reef Fishes And The Global Decline In Reef Health: Is Biodiversity At Risk Or Resilient?

Project Title

2006 : $92,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution James Cook University

Project Summary

Successful management and protection of marine species depends on understanding the processes that control the

biodiversity of marine communities at both local and regional scales. This study will develop a general model to predict the

response of reef fish communities to declining habitat structure and diversity across the tropical Pacific Ocean. Using

expertise and ecological tools developed in Australia, and in collaboration with scientists working on the other side of the

Pacific, this project will develop a broad scale understanding of the threats to coral reefs and play a leading role in the

development of marine biodiversity management plans for Australia and neighbouring regions.

DP0665598 A/Prof TD Pham; A/Prof DI Crane; Prof H Yan

Approved An Automated Bioimaging System for High Content Cell Cycle Screening

Project Title

2006 : $68,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $57,000

Primary RFCD 2802 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

Administering Institution James Cook University

Project Summary

1) Providing a better understanding of the biological complexities

that will advance knowledge in life science research and facilitate the development of new anti cancer drugs.

2) Supporting Australian academic institutions in a challenging field of innovative research through international,

interdisciplinary collaborations, and publications in journals of high quality scientific research.

3) Providing research training in a research venture that requires expertise and collaboration in the disciplines of biology,

engineering, computer science, and mathematics.

4) Bringing economic and social benefits for Australia by enhancing important industries and existing technologies in

medicine, and biotechnology.

DP0664840 A/Prof BL Willis; Dr KR Anthony; Dr SR Connolly; Dr MJ van Oppen

Approved The role of algal endosymbionts in acclimation and adaptation of reef corals to climate change

Project Title

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $108,000

2008 : $108,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution James Cook University

Project Summary

Understanding the potential of symbiotic zooxanthellae to enhance the thermal tolerance of reef corals addresses our first

national Research Priority Goal aimed at the sustainable use of Australia's biodiversity. Given current trends in global

warming, such knowledge is critical to underpinning the long term management of the Great Barrier Reef, which has

significant political and socio economic importance on local, state, national and global scales for services ranging from

fisheries to ecotourism. Understanding the potential for corals to form associations with different genetic types of

zooxanthellae will significantly advance current knowledge of the likelihood that animals can adapt to climate change.

Queensland University of Technology

DP0663774 Dr DP Arnold; Dr J McMurtrie

Approved New vistas in porphyrin chemistry via metal catalyzed couplings with hydrazine derivatives

Project Title

2006 : $65,000

2007 : $57,000

2008 : $56,000

Primary RFCD 2503 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

This project will address basic scientific questions and develop new substances for use in molecular electronics and cancer

therapy. We will make and study entirely new molecules derived from porphyrins, which in Nature have vital roles in

photosynthesis, oxygen transport and enzyme catalysis. This breakthrough research will reveal knowledge vital to the

advancement of fundamental chemical science and also offer excellent training in cutting edge research for young Australian

scientists. In addition, porphyrin like substances are used in cancer diagnosis and treatment and have properties essential for

the next generation of nanoelectronic devices, and this project is aimed at these eventual outcomes.

DP0665697 Prof B Boashash; Prof PB Colditz

Approved Multi Channel Time Frequency Analysis for EEG Neonatal Seizure Characterization

Project Title

2006 : $78,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $82,000

Primary RFCD 2802 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

This project researches new signal processing methodologies for a multi channel characterization of seizures for use in

diagnosing newborn brain dysfunctions. The outcomes will result in important immediate clinical benefits for sick newborn

babies and will fundamentally facilitate research progress in the development of neuroprotectants and anticonvulsants. The

success of this project will contribute in minimizing the social financial costs by diagnosing brain disorders in the initial stage

of life and preventing further damage. This has the potential to result in a standard diagnostic equipment in neonatal intensive

care units and medical research centres.

DP0666065 A/Prof CA Boyd; Dr JM Gonzalez Nieto; Prof K Paterson

Approved Cryptographic Protocols from Pairings: Proofs and Designs

Project Title

2006 : $88,000

2007 : $63,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 2805 DATA FORMAT

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

Modern society has become critically dependent on information and communications infrastructures. At the same time, the

development of e commerce is being slowed by lack of confidence in its security. By providing increased assurance and

enhanced cryptographic security protocols this research will improve the dependability of the nation's information and

communications infrastructure, as well as encourage the growth of e commerce. Through the expertise and experience

gained with this project, Australia's excellence in information security research will be reinforced. The training of PhD and

Honours students will provide a much needed source of highly trained information security professionals.

DP0664191 Dr J Brownlee; Dr D Berthelsen; Prof GM Boulton Lewis

Approved Enhancing quality in long day care: Investigating professional beliefes and practices of child care

Project Title workers

2006 : $69,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $67,000

Primary RFCD 3303 PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHERS

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

The Commonwealth Government's National Agenda for Early Childhood recognises the importance of quality of staff in

children's services to ensure overall program quality. This research focuses on the vocational training for child care workers.

It advances knowledge about how contextual and personal factors contribute to the development of epistemological beliefs

about teaching in early education that enables child care workers to become more critical and reflective practitioners. The

research recognises the directions of the National Strategy for Vocational Education and Training, 2004  2010 which

emphasise that vocational education needs to provide skills and knowledge which enhance employability and lifelong

learning.

DP0664847 Prof D Butler; A/Prof MA Farrell; Dr B Mathews; Dr K Walsh

Approved Teachers Reporting Child Sexual Abuse: Towards Evidence based Reform of Law, Policy and

Project Title Practice

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

Every year, thousands of Australian children are sexually abused. This causes lifelong psychological, social and economic

cost to victims. It also undermines Australia's social fabric, and costs the nation hundreds of millions of dollars annually. Early

intervention promotes enhanced health and life outcomes for abused children, and teachers are well placed to contribute to

early reporting of child sexual abuse. This research promotes children's healthy start to life by being the first inquiry to identify

the most effective legal and practical strategies for requiring and enabling teachers to accurately report child sexual abuse. It

adds further economic and social benefit by finding ways to reduce inaccurate reports of child sexual abuse.

DP0666521 Prof WJ Caelli; Prof SG Corones; Dr AJ McCullagh

Approved The Use of Information and Cryptographic Technology to Restrict Competition

Project Title

2006 : $84,846

2007 : $84,846

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

This project will deliver the following benefits:

  Improve the understanding of how security technologies can be misapplied to restrict competition;

  Development of an early warning mechanism to assist regulators in determining when anti competitive behaviour is

occurring thorough the use of security technologies;

  provide assistance to the Australian Government, and thus the Australian economy, by developing an international

framework that can be promoted to Australia's major trading partners to achieve a harmonisation of complimentary

competitive regulation.

  The provision of criteria for consideration by Australian industry in developing new products that may incorporate security

technologies

DP0666616 Prof P Davidsson; A/Prof PR Steffens; Prof PD Reynolds; A/Prof SD Sarasvathy

Approved Comprehensive Australian Study of Entrepreneurial Emergence (CAUSEE)

Project Title

2006 : $165,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $100,000

2009 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 3502 BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

New business creation is a major source of new jobs and an important component of our nation's innovation system. The

project will permanently transform the understanding of business creation in Australia. In contribution to NRP 3,

high technology new ventures will be over sampled and given particular attention. The research is part of a strategy to create

a world class research centre in entrepreneurship (as CI 1 previously had a key role in doing in Sweden). Frontier knowledge

in this area contributes to 'promoting an innovation culture and economy' and facilitates 'maximizing Australia's benefits from

investments in research, particularly related to commercialisation of 'Breakthrough science' and 'Frontier technologies'.

DP0665546 Dr PM Giffard; Dr M Turner; Dr TP Walsh

Approved Cystine flux and hydrogen peroxide breakdown in reuteri group lactobacilli

Project Title

2006 : $97,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

We have discovered, and aim to fully dissect a novel function of reuteri group lactobacilli. These microbes inhabit the

surfaces of the gastrointestinal and reproductive tracts of humans and are also used as probiotics, and in the dairy industry.

This function mediates the production and breakdown of large amounts of hydrogen peroxide, cystine and thiols. These are

highly bioactive and affect human cells and other bacteria at the surfaces of the gastrointestinal and reproductive tracts, and

thiols are also flavourants in dairy products. Our research will inform the rational development of probiotics, the management

and treatment of unpleasant conditions such as Crohn's disease and bacterial vaginosis, and innovation in dairy

fermentations.

DP0663854 Prof GN Hearn; Prof Dr S Lehmann; Dr B Adkins; Mr M Foth

Approved New Media in the Urban Village: Mapping Communicative Ecologies and Socio Economic

Project Title Innovation in Emerging Inner City Residential Developments

2006 : $112,000

2007 : $84,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 4001 JOURNALISM, COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA

APD Mr M Foth

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

This study will deliver a better understanding of the factors that stimulate an innovation culture in local communities. It will

develop knowledge of how social, cultural, educational, economic capital can be of service in encouraging public

consultation, civic engagement and debate, and assist Australians to be creative and innovative in everyday life.

Understanding the opportunities of social networks will help Australians negotiate the complex web of daily choices, access a

greater social safety net, participate in the socio cultural and socio economic life in their city. This will lead to greater social

inclusion, fair access to and smart use of local information and services, urban sustainability and healthier local economies.

DP0665633 A/Prof KM Mallan; A/Prof P Singh

Approved Growing up in networked spaces: Tech savvy youth constructing identities and forming social

Project Title relations in online and offline worlds

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3301 EDUCATION STUDIES

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

This study's focus on online and offline worlds raises significant issues that relate directly to youth's participation in Australia's

global knowledge based economy, particularly youth's engagement with online technologies, and their experiences as

consumers and producers of cultural materials and practices. The project's concern with significant aspects of youth growing

up in a world characterised by change is highly relevant for its impact on their social wellbeing and identity formation.

Schools, tertiary institutions and national youth agencies will benefit from the results of this study in terms of how they

understand youth's changing identities in these new times and new spaces.

DP0667168 Prof KL Mengersen

Approved Doing Bayesian Statistics Better: an Inter Disciplinary Perspective for Improving Models, Priors,

Project Title Design and Applications

2006 : $94,000

2007 : $84,000

2008 : $87,000

Primary RFCD 2302 STATISTICS

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

Through improving methods for data analysis and design, this project increases the capability of individuals, communities

and governments to make correct decisions based on data, leading to immeasurable human, social and financial benefits. It

will also directly enhance Australia's international research reputation, promote inter disciplinary links, promote research by

women in a non traditional area, keep intellectual property within Australia, train quality undergraduates and postgraduates,

and contribute to public good through its focus on applications in key national priorities: health, environment and genetics.

DP0663282 Prof MJ Pearcy; Dr CJ Adam; Adj/Prof JH Evans; Dr GN Askin

Approved Patient specific biomechanical modelling for improved treatment of spinal deformity

Project Title

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $100,000

2008 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 2915 BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

Spinal deformities negatively affect social acceptance, physical and mental wellbeing in children and adolescents. The direct

costs of spinal deformity surgery are approximately $30 million per year in Australia, yet poor treatment outcomes due to

post operative complications incur a much higher cost as patients with persistent pain and disability face a lifetime of

dependency and reduced ability to work. The patient specific biomechanical modelling techniques developed in this project

will reduce complications and improve correction for Australian children who undergo spinal deformity surgery. Better

treatment outcomes will ensure quality of life, health and productivity for spinal deformity patients throughout their entire lives.

DP0666578 Dr B Pini

Approved Farm Women, Networks and ICTs

Project Title

2006 : $62,740

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $68,188

Primary RFCD 3799 OTHER STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

Considerable national funds have been spent on brining rural Australians online. In the previous year over half of those living

in non metropolitan Australian accessed the internet. However, little is known about how new technologies are being

integrated into the daily lives of rural people. This research moves from quantifying technology take up in rural Australia and

describing the possibilities of what new technologies may offer rural people, to analysing and critiquing the extent to which

these possibilities are being realised. It will inform policy on rural and regional technology access and use.

DP0665480 Prof Dr M Rosemann; A/Prof AH ter Hofstede; Dr M Dumas Menjivar; Prof Dr WM van der Aalst; Asst Prof

M zur Muehlen

Approved Next Generation Reference Process Models

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $87,000

Primary RFCD 2801 INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

Business process modelling is a key tool for organisations striving to create efficiencies by leveraging their IT infrastructure.

This project will develop techniques for increasing the productivity of business process analysts by allowing them to reuse as

much as possible existing models rather than systematically desigining new ones from scratch. Specifically, the project will

develop and validate a language for designing highly configurable process models. This language will enable superior

approaches to business process modelling and hence smarter use of information. This will place Australia at the forefront of

developments in business process management: a crucial technology in today's global, dynamic and heterogeneous

environments.

DP0666910 Dr TA Steinberg; Dr T Tesfamichael; Dr WN Martens; Dr H Zhou

Approved Experimental and theoretical study of the formation of nanomaterials under reduced gravity

Project Title conditions

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

This work will investigate the formation of nanomaterials and model this process to provide the skills to develop better

nanocomposite materials. A better understanding of the process and the effect gravity has on it provides better control of this

industrially significant process allowing enhanced process optimisation and product design. The results are directly relevant

to many organisations currently studying nanomaterials. The work provides important results in a frontier technologies which

will help the building and transforming of Australian industries with applications in energy conversion, water purification,

quantum semi conductors, optical materials, films for material separation and fuel cells.

DP0666254 A/Prof K Thorpe; Dr SJ Danby; Prof DA Hay; Dr EA Stewart

Approved Compromised or competent? A longitudinal study of twin children's social competencies

Project Title friendships and behavioural adjustment

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

Twins are a significant and increasing proportion of the school population. This study of twins, transition to school and

friendship will advance knowledge in young children's social and emotional health, the national priority area Promoting and

maintaining good health. It informs the early childhood education community (particularly policy makers, educators and

parents) about twin children's transition to school with a particular focus on social competence. It will address many key

outcomes, identified by Commonwealth Department of Family and Community Services, as priorities for the Early Years. The

findings will have direct relevance for parents, educators, health professionals and policy makers.

DP0662802 Dr K Unsworth; Dr CM Mason; Dr O Epitropaki

Approved Self Leadership towards Innovation & Well Being

Project Title

2006 : $60,941

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $25,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

Innovation and well being in the workplace are of paramount importance in maintaining Australia's social and economic

environment. Self leadership training provides employees with strategies to build confidence and resilience, identify

opportunities in the environment, deriving greater meaning and enjoyment from work. Self leadership training has already

been shown to improve performance; this project extends self leadership research by testing the effects of self leadership

training on employee innovation and well being. It also elucidates the psychological processes underlying improvements in

innovation and well being. The project addresses ARC Research Priorities 2 and 3 and contributes to Australia's social and

economic advancement.

DP0663312 Dr GE Webb; Dr R Bolhar; Dr M Preda; Dr K Grey

Approved Trace element geochemistry of microbialites: towards an independent record of biogenicity,

Project Title microbial communities, and seawater chemistry

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $32,000

Primary RFCD 2601 GEOLOGY

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

A vast amount of Australia's mineral wealth is held in rocks of Precambrian age, yet those rocks are notoriously difficult to

date and correlate owing to the rarity of fossils. Successful discrimination of different microbialites using biochemically

sensitive trace elements will provide a firm basis and rationale for stromatolite biostratigraphy and greatly increase our ability

to understand the geological evolution and distribution of Precambrian rocks and resources. Additionally, a better

understanding of the information content of stromatolites will yield considerable insight into the origin of life on Earth and its

relationship to Earth's evolving chemistry and environment.

DP0666266 A/Prof RC Wolff; Prof AS Hurn; Prof Dr W Härdle; Prof AJ Lawrance; Prof WK Li; Dr KA Lindsay

Approved Understanding and Modelling Weather Derivatives in Australia for the Purpose of their Accurate

Project Title Pricing: a Statistical and Econometric Investigation

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3404 ECONOMETRICS

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

Australia suffers some of the most adverse and extreme weather globally. Its government and industries, especially

agriculture and electricity, stand to benefit from improved understanding of weather derivatives and capability to price them

accurately. Tailored to Australian weather scenarios, weather derivatives will be tools to manage local risk factors, and

increase global competitiveness by hedging against competitors' good weather related advantage. The US weather

derivative market, capitalised at over US$7.5b, began just 7 years ago; there is no organised Australian market. This project's

smart techniques for improving pricing accuracy will support the development and vigorous growth of a local market.

DP0663207 A/Prof JM Wood; A/Prof LM Hickson; A/Prof A Chaparro

Approved Sensory impairments and driving: can older drivers cope with distracters?

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3209 OPTOMETRY

Administering Institution Queensland University of Technology

Project Summary

This research adopts a multi disciplinary approach to investigate the problems of older drivers, and drivers in general. The

research will provide a clear understanding of how visual and auditory distracters impact upon the driving behaviour and

safety of individuals with vision and hearing impairment and those experiencing age related declines in cognitive skills. The

research is highly significant in terms of improving our understanding of how sensory impairment and age related changes

impact upon driving performance, the impact of an increasingly complex driving and in vehicle environment and will provide

tangible benefits for the road safety of the wider community.

The University of Queensland

DP0667070 Dr MA Adamska

Approved Origin of multicellularity in animals: identification and analysis of intercellular signalling pathways

Project Title in a basal metazoan, the demosponge Reniera

2006 : $75,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The Reniera genome project is a multi million dollar collaboration between JGI (US DOE) and Australian scientists that will

see the sequencing of the first Australian marine animal by 2006. This project will significantly advance our understanding of

the origins of animals and contribute to the reconstruction of creatures that lived over 600 million years ago. A major

outcome of this reconstruction will be a fundamental understanding of how cells communicate with each other during the

process of development to give rise to the diversity of cell types within multicellular animals. This study will also shed light on

what happens when cell communication goes astray, as observed in a range of human malignancies, including cancer.

DP0663809 Dr M Alauddin; Prof DP Rao; Prof TJ Coelli

Approved The Sustainability of Agricultural Productivity Growth in a Changing Environment: An International

Project Title Perspective

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $68,000

Primary RFCD 3402 APPLIED ECONOMICS

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The project could provide significant benefits to Australia. Australia is a dry continent with fragile natural resources, and a

significant exporter of agricultural products. A sound knowledge of the factors that affect agricultural sustainability is crucial.

Perhaps more importantly, identifying economic, environmental, social, institutional and political factors that influence

agricultural sustainability in other countries, especially our Asian neighbours, will provide valuable information to relevant

agencies in designing strategies aimed at ensuring that these countries are stable and well fed. This is of particular

importance in the current climate, with growing influences of terrorist organisations in places where poverty exists.

DP0664045 Prof PC Almond

Approved Protestant Apocalypticism, the Book of Revelation, and History in English Thought, 1550 1800

Project Title

2006 : $51,070

2007 : $31,070

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 4402 RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project will make a further significant contribution to Australia's strong international reputation in Early Modern Thought.

It is crucial to Australians' understanding of our contemporary world in which Apocalyptic dualism, particularly the

demonisation of the other by both Western conservative elites and Christian and Muslim fundamentalists,is a central feature

of modern discourse. With conservative religious movements which treat the Bible literally significantly on the increase in

Australia, it is crucial to the national interest to be aware of the socially divisive elements in both Biblical fundamentalism and

contemporary Protestant sectarian Apocalypticism.

DP0664320 Dr AJ Bellamy; Dr PD Williams

Approved The Regionalisation of Peace Operations: Legitimacy, Effectiveness and Stable Peace

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $45,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 3601 POLITICAL SCIENCE

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Through its deployments in East Timor, the Solomon Islands, PNG and elsewhere, Australia has led the world in thinking

about innovative ways of conducting peace operations. It is well understood that peace operations in failed states can help to

prevent terrorism by removing the conditions in which they prosper. To date, however, there has been no rigorous

conceptually informed historical and contemporary research on precisely which types of actors are most effective. This

project will add significantly to global understandings of peace operations and make an important contribution to Australian

policy decisions about how best to maximise effectiveness.

DP0666891 Miss SM Bengtson Nash; Prof MR Moore; Prof Dr W Vetter; Prof MA Lang; Dr S Kawaguchi

Approved Assessment of the Risks Posed to an Antarctic Keystone Species, Antarctic krill (Euphausia

Project Title superba), Through Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants

2006 : $240,000

2007 : $180,000

2008 : $180,000

Primary RFCD 3008 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

APD Miss SM Bengtson Nash

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

POPs are subject to a global treaty seeking to reduce and eventually eliminate these chemicals from the environment.

Inhibiting the development of effective intervention strategies is a lack of knowledge regarding biological dose response and

cause effect relationships. The proposed study will develop multiple endpoint assays to investigate these species specific

relationships and undertake a multidisciplinary risk assessment of increasing POP levels to E. superba. The research will

fulfil national treaty requirements and represents an excellent opportunity to advance the field of polar and marine POP

ecotoxicology. Outcomes will be critical for the sustainable management of a commercial resource and a pressured keystone

species.

DP0666369 Dr AI Bishop

Approved Development of a neutral helium beam microscope

Project Title

2006 : $165,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2403 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS; PLASMA

PHYSICS

APD Dr AI Bishop

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project would demonstrate Australia's capability in developing leading edge technologies applicable to the growing

nanotechnology industry. The development of a neutral helium beam microscope brings into Australia expertise in the

emerging field of molecular optics, and would place Australia as one of the first countries to make a commitment to this field.

The project will develop a prototype instrument which is aimed at becoming a commercially viable product   the neutral

helium beam microscope. The possibilities of using the microscope system as a nanofabrication device would also give

researchers in Australia the ability to fabricate structures that could not be manufactured anywhere else in the world.

DP0663485 Prof RJ Capon; Dr R Lewis; Dr MD Norman

Approved Novel Sodium Ion Channel Modulators From Australian Cephalopods.

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2503 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Many Australian cephalopods (octopuses, squids, cuttlefishes and nautiluses) use potent toxins to rapidly paralyse diverse

prey and defend against predators. These toxins act by the efficient blocking of ion channels critical to the transmission of

nerve impulses. Knowledge of these toxins can lead to safer and better drugs for the relief of chronic pain.

DP0665821 Prof RG Carson; Asst Prof AG Cresswell

Approved An inverse control approach to resolving the neural basis of spatial and muscular dependencies in

Project Title coordinated multi limb movements

2006 : $70,000

2007 : $65,000

2008 : $70,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Each year 48,000 Australians suffer from stroke with many survivors left with problems that limit limb function. With reduced

duration of hospital care, the opportunities for retraining in the period immediate following stroke are rapidly diminishing.

Effective and efficient strategies of rehabilitation that will maximise the level of recovery following stroke will result in benefits

expressed in terms of enhanced quality of life and functional life span, as well as significantly reduced costs of health care. In

understanding the fundamental principles underlying the stability and adaptability of movement coordination, this research is

likely to make a significant contribution to the design of programs for movement rehabilitation.

DP0663144 Dr KL Cheney

Approved The function and maintenance of aggressive mimics: the cleaner fish   fangblenny system

Project Title

2006 : $140,000

2007 : $118,000

2008 : $118,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

APD Dr KL Cheney

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Mimicry is an important biological phenomenon, which is studied extensively by scientists. However, only 5% of papers that

were published on mimicry systems in the last five years were from Australian institutes, yet mimicry is ubiquitous in Australia.

Therefore, this study will enhance the recognition of Australian research on the international stage in mimicry studies, animal

communication systems and behavioural ecology. This work will aid communication of biology to the general public, as

mimicry is a celebrated example of Darwinian adaptation and stories about coral reefs are interesting and intuitive. This study

will also provide empirical data to support theoretical development of mimicry theory.

DP0664869 Dr SF Chenoweth

Approved A Genomic Dissection of Natural Adaptation in Mate Recognition

Project Title

2006 : $180,000

2007 : $125,000

2008 : $125,000

2009 : $125,000

2010 : $125,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

ARF Dr SF Chenoweth

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Adaptation is a fundamental area of evolutionary biology but we know surprisingly little about its underlying genetic basis. As

a process, adaptation poses several challenges for Australian society including bacterial evolution of resistance to antibiotics,

HIV resistance to antiviral medications and the evolution of pesticide resistance in agricultural pests. This study will use a

model system and genomic tools to test theoretical models of the genetic basis of adaptation. This integrative approach will

enhance Australia's research profile in genomics and evolutionary biology. The project will provide emerging scientists with

skills in areas including genomics, molecular biology, evolutionary biology and agricultural genetics.

DP0664092 Dr BM Collins

Approved The molecular mechanism of retromer and sorting nexin function in endosomal membrane

Project Title trafficking

2006 : $71,000

2007 : $71,000

2008 : $71,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The proposed research represents breakthrough science that will lead to a fundamental understanding at the molecular level

of the structure and assembly of the retromer complex and how it regulates sorting of receptors in the endosomal system. It

will provide excellent research training for top graduate students and post doctoral scientists in multidisciplinary methods that

constitute state of the art structural and molecular cell biology research. By addressing an area of great interest

internationally the project will have the capacity to increase Australia's knowledge base and strengthen it's reputation for

research excellence.

DP0666020 Prof M Colyvan; Dr DG Hyde

Approved A Paraconsistent Approach to Vagueness

Project Title

2006 : $77,801

2007 : $80,446

2008 : $75,641

Primary RFCD 4401 PHILOSOPHY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project will utilise logical techniques that have been developed largely by Australian logicians. This techniques will be

brought to bear on the problem of vagueness, one of the most important problems in the philosophy of logic. The project will

thus greatly enhance Australia's already strong international reputation in logic and philosophical logic.

DP0662820 Dr HM Creese

Approved Sketches of Bali in 1830: The unpublished letters and papers of Pierre Dubois, Dutch agent at Kuta,

Project Title 1828 1831

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $25,000

2008 : $41,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The primary benefit of this work is its scholarly contribution to knowledge of Indonesian history in the nineteenth century.

Perceptions of Bali forged in the colonial period provide the foundation on which contemporary ideas of identity are

constructed. These images, notably those pertaining to Bali's Hindu religion and unique culture, remain important to

contemporary Indonesian regional identities. They also point to some of the complex interconnections across Western and

Indonesian cultures. As Australia Indonesia relationships enter a more optimistic phase, this historical research thus has the

potential to broaden our understandings of cultural differences to enhance Australia's capacity to interpret regional issues.

DP0664103 A/Prof FB D'Agostino

Approved Using empirical materials to inform normative thinking about the organization of groups for the

Project Title production of knowledge

2006 : $48,776

2007 : $20,000

2008 : $48,776

Primary RFCD 4401 PHILOSOPHY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

It is increasingly apparent that knowledge is produced by organized groups e.g. research or management teams. The idea of

heroic individual creators is still presented in popular media, but has little credence in hard headed organizational contexts,

where, e.g., Wenger's idea of the community of practice plays an important role in steering policy and institutional

development. Finding out how we can organize collectives so that they can function WELL as producers of knowledge is the

aim of this project in social epistemology. Its success will contribute directly to theoretical discourse about innovation in

organizations and promises to contribute indirectly to the improvement of the institutional bases of our cultural and economic

capital.

DP0662882 A/Prof RG Duggleby; Prof Z Li

Approved Development of new herbicides targeting enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of branched chain

Project Title amino acids

2006 : $94,000

2007 : $89,000

2008 : $89,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Modern agriculture is heavily reliant on the use of herbicides. An inevitable consequence of herbicide usage is that resistant

weeds will develop. Therefore, there is a continuing need to develop new herbicides to kill these resistant species. Herbicides

interact with vulnerable molecular targets in plants, such as photosynthesis or the biosynthesis of certain amino acids. This

project will attempt to develop new herbicides that act upon two molecular targets that are not exploited by herbicides that are

used currently. We will design, synthesize and test a variety of new compounds as potential environmentally benign

herbicides.

DP0662927 Prof RE Elson

Approved The origins and trajectory of secularism in modern Indonesian politics

Project Title

2006 : $47,000

2007 : $44,000

2008 : $36,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This reseach will provide both historical perspective and contemporary analysis of the vexed problem of secularism in

Indonesian politics. It will provide a more nuanced understanding of the complexities of the secularist bent in Indonesian

political history and thinking, and will assist commentators, scholars and policy makers better to appreciate Indonesia's

continuing struggle to create, construct and maintain a secularist polity.

DP0664486 Dr DS Ferber

Approved Medicine and Culture: Bioethics in Historical Perspective, 1850 to the present

Project Title

2006 : $62,000

2007 : $20,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Australia has long been looked to as an example for legislative and community responses to new medical technologies and

as a leader in debates about medical ethics. The project will contribute to the international profile of Australia as a leader in

health policy issues, as well as sustaining a focus on informed community debate.

DP0663718 Dr Z Ficek

Approved Entanglement Processing in N Atom Systems

Project Title

2006 : $74,000

2007 : $74,000

2008 : $74,000

Primary RFCD 2404 OPTICAL PHYSICS

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

An essential part of modern technological society is an understanding the scientific explanation of the world around us, and a

realization that these explanations must be critically tested in the light of technological advances. The study of multi atom

entanglement is closely related to questions of fundamental physics. A breakthrough in stimulating this problem could have

applications in other areas of physics and in technology, such as information processing and cryptography.

DP0666256 Prof CE Franklin

Approved The inhibition of muscle disuse atrophy in burrowing frogs

Project Title

2006 : $184,000

2007 : $165,000

2008 : $165,000

2009 : $165,000

2010 : $165,000

Primary RFCD 2706 PHYSIOLOGY

APF Prof CE Franklin

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Prolonged muscle disuse, as a consequence of limb immobilisation, extended bed rest or space travel, can lead to

pathological changes resulting in muscle wasting. By examining a unique Australian frog that burrows underground and

remains immobile for 9 12 months, and which shows no muscle wasting, we will significantly advance our understanding of

the physiological mechanisms that inhibit muscle atrophy.

Benefits of conducting this research will include:

  understanding the role of antioxidants and endogenous opioids in reducing muscle wasting

  training of postgraduate students

  stimulating collaboration between The University of Queensland and CSIRO Livestock Industries.

DP0663300 Prof PR Freebody; Dr CA Christensen; Dr NM Bahr; Dr AH Wright

Approved Disciplinarity and classroom practice: Epistemological issues in the analysis and improvement of

Project Title teaching and learning.

2006 : $94,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $92,000

Primary RFCD 3301 EDUCATION STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Demands on levels of content and technical knowledge are accelerating from many employment sectors in Australia and

elsewhere. In addition, there is an increasing need to apply knowledge to complex problems in innovative and flexible ways

and in authentic settings not readily simulable in traditional schooling. The proposed project addresses fundamental

questions about epistemology, curriculum, and everyday classroom practice. It offers novel and evidence based approaches

to the building of discipline based knowledge, and thus has powerful implications for the revitalising of Australian education to

meet the urgent requirements of new economic, technological, and cultural times put pressures on education.

DP0665316 Dr C Gaus; Dr R Weber; Dr B Kuch

Approved Formation, degradation and migration of a yet unidentified POP source

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 3008 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Australia has recently ratified the Stockholm Convention, targeting persistent organic pollutants (POPs) for global reduction

and elimination. A significant gap exists, however, in understanding sources and pathways of POPs in Australia, and

subtropical/tropical environments. Previous research has shown an extensive POP contamination in coastal Australia, and

exposure of biota to elevated levels. The present study will evaluate the formation, degradation and migration of POPs, and

their significance to Australia's past, present and future emissions. The outcomes will allow identification of sources, their

prioritization for elimination and exposure prevention, and ultimately serve to protect the environment and human health in

Australia.

DP0665426 A/Prof IR Gentle; Prof GJ Ashwell; Dr GJ Foran

Approved Greatly improved rectification by molecular diodes

Project Title

2006 : $95,000

2007 : $88,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2501 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Society has already seen dramatic benefits from microtechnology, which has made possible most of the devices that we take

for granted. The limits of miniaturisation using current technology are rapidly being reached, and the next stage is in the

realm of nanotechnology. The goal of the field known as molecular electronics is to reach the point where electronic

components are composed of single molecules or single molecular layers. In this field the smallest active component is the

molecular diode, and this project is focussed on achieving practical performance from molecular diodes, as a crucial first step

in achieving miniaturisation far beyond anything now possible.

DP0662750 Prof TJ Gonda; Dr S Ishii

Approved Function and regulation of the Schlafen gene family: novel regulators of blood cell proliferation

Project Title and function.

2006 : $88,000

2007 : $88,000

2008 : $88,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The immediate outcomes of the proposed research will be in fundamental knowledge and understanding of important cellular

and biological processes in which the Schlafen genes are involved. In particular, Schlafen genes are likely to play a role in

inflammatory responses and in blood cell growth. These process clearly have relevance to a range of major human (and

animal) diseases including infectious disease, auto immune disease and leukaemia, and thus a long term outcome may be

improved treatments for such disease.

DP0666126 Dr GJ Goodhill

Approved Wiring up the nervous system: how do axons detect molecular gradients?

Project Title

2006 : $125,000

2007 : $108,000

2008 : $108,000

Primary RFCD 3207 NEUROSCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project will improve our understanding of how the nervous system becomes wired up during development. This will

ultimately allow better therapies for some types of developmental disorders, and for repairing damaged connections for

instance in the spinal cord. The theoretical models developed will improve our understanding of the computations

necessary to generate appropriate wiring of the nervous system, which may facilitate the development of self organizing

computing devices. The project will also provide unique research training at the interface of biology and computation, building

capacity for such interdisciplinary research throughout Australia.

DP0664415 A/Prof ME Goos

Approved Designing technology enriched pedagogy in secondary mathematics education

Project Title

2006 : $45,683

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $30,000

Primary RFCD 3303 PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHERS

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The Australian Government's "Agenda for Action" emphasises the need to foster innovation in mathematics teaching and

teacher education, and encourages teachers to embrace technologies that enhance student learning. Yet international

research shows that successful innovation in teaching with technology has been elusive. This project will develop new

theoretical understanding of why technology related innovation in secondary school mathematics teaching takes hold in

some educational settings but not others. The findings will lead to practical recommendations for design of teacher

professional development programs, and shed light on reasons why teachers may embrace or reject educational change.

DP0663048 Prof SF Gray; A/Prof P Gray; Mr JT Alcock

Approved Capital Management in a Stochastic Earnings Framework

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 3503 BANKING, FINANCE AND INVESTMENT

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Many large Australian firms have on going capital management programs. These programs are aimed at ensuring that the

firm maintains an optimal capital structure. This is often done according to rules of thumb or benchmarked against a few

financial ratios. To the extent that more rigor can be introduced into the analysis of optimal capital structure, there is a clear

benefit to Australian firms. Of course, the reason firms engage in capital management initiatives in the first place is to lower

their cost of capital and to increase value. Any initiative that lowers the cost of capital of Australian firms will result in

increased productivity and economic growth.

DP0663668 Prof WD Hall; Prof HP Bartlett; Prof SP Myers

Approved Knowledge and attitudes about life extension technology: public and stakeholder perspectives

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 3299 OTHER MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This comprehensive investigation will contribute new knowledge that will help Australians to better cope with the social and

economic consequences of an ageing population. New developments in the biosciences promise the possibility of extending

human life past 120 years. This study will assist government, healthcare providers and researchers to understand the public

reaction to such developments and enable them to plan for the future. The study will contribute to future strategic research

and train a future researcher in the priority health goal of ageing well, ageing productively.

DP0666577 A/Prof I Hay; Dr R Fielding Barnsley; Dr AF Ashman

Approved Comparative effectiveness of three literacy teaching approaches for young children with reading

Project Title difficulties

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $30,000

Primary RFCD 3301 EDUCATION STUDIES

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project addresses concerns expressed by the Minister for Education, Science and Training, and the Australian Senate in

regard to the relative poor performance of Australian children in national reading tests. Specifically, the project seeks to

identify the most effective early literacy instructional method or methods to redress the growing concern that Australian

children are dropping behind in international competitiveness in reading and literacy achievement. The study concentrates on

early reading development and to inform on teacher education and classroom teaching practices.

DP0665959 Prof PW Hodges; Dr MW Coppieters; Prof Dr J Van Dieen; Dr A Kaigle

Approved Competing demands on the axial muscles: Effects, consequences, compensations and

Project Title mechanisms

2006 : $78,000

2007 : $68,000

2008 : $68,000

Primary RFCD 3214 HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Back and neck pain are major health issues and are associated with considerable cost to society and an individual's quality of

life. A major issue is to identify factors that increase the chance of developing pain. This project will investigate a novel and

innovative possibility; that competition between the many functions of the trunk muscles may increase the possibility for

injury. We will study how the nervous system coordinates functions as diverse and movement of the spine, breathing, and

control of head and eye movement. A key issue will be to identify whether situations arise in which control of the spine is

compromised, potentially leading to increased risk of pain and injury. Such data can aid prevention and rehabilitation.

DP0665174 Prof MS Humphreys

Approved The Control of Memory Access

Project Title

2006 : $75,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The topic of control processes in memory access is central to most of the big questions about human memory such as; why

we forget, what produces spectacular and tragic memory failures (e.g.,lighting a match to check the level of petrol in a tank)

and the role of context in familiarity and recollection. Because of the centrality of the problems addressed there will be many

applications for the results. The long term results will include better models for human operators which can be used in both

civilian (e.g., air traffic control) and military applications. Other areas of application will include how we measure memory

impairment, why we make errors in industrial settings, and the nature of memory deficits as we age.

DP0664608 Dr OG Jepps

Approved Modelling of transdermal transport using computational molecular simulation

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2405 CLASSICAL PHYSICS

APD Dr OG Jepps

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Through molecular simulation, we aim to model the transport of a variety of molecules through lipid bilayers typical of human

skin, identifying key transport mechanisms and properties. We anticipate that this work will provide insight into existing

transdermal delivery data, helping to identify relations between the physicochemical properties of a molecule and its transport

properties. Ultimately, such knowledge can facilitate the development of more efficient transdermal drug delivery, which

offers significant advantages over oral delivery (which leads to high waste and variability due to drug loss in the stomach and

liver) and intravenous delivery (which raises compliance issues due to the adverse psychological response of patients).

DP0666927 Prof J Keller; Dr Z Yuan; Prof W Verstraete

Approved Novel Concept for Wastewater Treatment with Integrated Power Production based on Microbial Fuel

Project Title Cells

2006 : $300,000

2007 : $270,000

2008 : $270,000

2009 : $230,000

2010 : $230,000

Primary RFCD 2911 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

APF Prof J Keller

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Microbial fuel cells are a novel process concept that enables organics, such as sugars, to be converted directly to electricity

with the help of naturally occurring microorganisms. This technology has particularly exciting applications in the

environmental field, namely in wastewater treatment. It offers significant benefits over current processes, particularly reduced

energy consumption or even electricity generation and lower sludge production. This project will demonstrate the

performance and application of such microbial fuel cells for the removal of organic and nitrogen based pollutants from

wastewater. If successful, this technology offers major advances in both water treatment and renewable energy aspects.

DP0665814 Prof B Key

Approved Assessing gene function in the developing brain using zebrafish as a model system

Project Title

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2705 ZOOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

As the average life expectancy in western countries increases there is an increasing incidence of mental health problems in

the general population. Therapeutic approaches to Alzhemier's and Parkinson's disease as well as to brain injury arising from

stroke rely on a thorough understanding of the molecular and physiological mechanisms of normal growth of this tissue.

These are the very processes that need to be reactivated in these diseases for recovery of function. This project seeks to

understand normal development of the brain and in doing so it will expose novel targets for therapy in the aged.

DP0666329 Dr AY Klimenko

Approved New approach to turbulent combustion modelling based on Multiple Mapping Conditioning

Project Title

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $50,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 2999 OTHER ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The project ensures that Australia remains at the front line of international development of new tools and approaches

designed to model turbulent combustion. Improvements in modelling techniques will have a direct effect on optimisation of

the industrial energy production from conventional sources and will assist in resolving the associated ecological issues. The

project will also train several researches to be qualified to work at the frontiers of modern combustion modelling in gaseous

flows.

DP0666572 Prof MF Lavin; Prof PJ Robinson

Approved Identification of functionally important autophosphorylation site(s) on ataxia telangiectasia and Rad

Project Title 3   related (ATR) protein kinase.

2006 : $105,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The integrity of our genetic material must be maintained so that it can be passed on from one generation to the next and also

to minimize the risk of cancer and other pathologies in an individual. There are multiple proteins involved in protecting our

DNA including several enzymes that detect and signal DNA damage to a series of pathways involved in halting the passage

of cells through the cell cycle so that repair can occur. This project studies the mechanism of action of one of these enzymes

which will be of benefit in designing new compounds to fight disease.

DP0663937 Dr WR Louis

Approved Understanding decision making in conflict: Group power, norms and cost benefit analyses

Project Title

2006 : $58,571

2007 : $30,000

2008 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Conflict is common and costly. Racial, religious, and political groups waste time, money, energy, and even lives when

conflicts stagnate or escalate. But researchers still can't predict when groups will cooperate and solve problems quickly, or

when others with similar grievances will avoid the issues, allow them to escalate, or erupt into violence. This research looks

at the psychological processes that shape so called 'irrational' conflict behaviour. It tests the idea that group level factors,

such as identity, power, and norms, can explain the logic of 'senseless' apathy, grumbling, and violence. The results will

improve our ability both to predict conflict dynamics and to manage them.

DP0664967 Dr AJ Lowe; Dr AR Clarke; Dr PM Schenk; Prof Dr LH Rieseberg; Prof RJ Abbott

Approved Why do only some exotics become invasive? Combining ecological and genomic approaches to

Project Title address alternative hypotheses in a recent Australian weed

2006 : $217,000

2007 : $172,000

2008 : $172,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project will specifically test alternative hypotheses about how weeds become invasive. As invasive weeds affect both

agricultural and native ecosystems equally, research on understanding the mechanisms of weed invasion is critical.

Outcomes will benefit Australia by allowing better prioritisation of management against exotic plants already in the country by

providing predictive tools to estimate likelihood of spread. For formal Pest Risk Analysis by regulators (eg Biosecurity

Australia), our project will provide genomic tools by which the potential weediness of a regulated plant can be assessed

through genetic screening, and forms part of an international effort to identify 'weedy genes'.

DP0665859 Dr AJ Lowe; Dr M Rossetto; Dr DM Crayn; Dr MS Pole; Prof D Lambert; Dr PM Hollingsworth

Approved Developing biogeographic know how: Improving species divergence and dispersal estimations to

Project Title examine geological and climatic evolutionary drivers

2006 : $115,000

2007 : $87,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Anthropogenic activity over the last 150 years is now dramatically changing our global climate and ecosystems. The impact

on biodiversity is already evident, and large scale floral and faunal extinctions are predicted. This study unites a cohort of

international experts in an interdisciplinary team to develop new molecular and mathematical methods to expand our

fundamental knowledge on how geological and global climate change have affected our world's species components and

ecosystems in the past. This research is of environmental significance and global importance as it will improve our ability to

predict how species behave under future predicted climate scenarios.

DP0666345 Prof GM Lu; Dr L Wang; Dr J Zou; Prof S Kaliaguine

Approved Charge driven self assembly of nanocomposites of ionic polymers and oxide nanoparticles

Project Title

2006 : $230,000

2007 : $200,000

2008 : $200,000

2009 : $175,000

2010 : $175,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

QEII Dr L Wang

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project addresses the materials needs in platform technologies for more efficient and cleaner means of generating

energy and utilising energy. It also aims at better catalysts for cleaner chemical processes. The novel nanocomposites with

significantly increased active ionic sites and higher ionic conductivity, and better activity in catalysis will lead to possible new

breakthroughs in technologies for energy, environmental and self cleaning materials. The fabrication approach developed are

also applicable to other functional nanomaterials, providing new opportunities for innovative nanotechnology to clearer and

greener chemical and energy industries.

DP0664564 A/Prof JL Martin; A/Prof JC Bardwell; Prof GL Grunewald; Dr MJ McLeish

Approved Innovative Approaches to Membrane Protein Crystallography & Drug Discovery

Project Title

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $83,000

2008 : $83,000

Primary RFCD 2708 BIOTECHNOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Membrane proteins make up around 30% of the predicted products from our human genome, are critical for life, and

represent the targets of biological agents like hormones and toxins as well as most drugs. Yet these proteins have

persistently defied our best efforts to study them: we know very little about what they do or what they look like. This project is

aimed at cracking the problem of membrane proteins, while at the same time developing screening methods that can be

used to design drugs against them. The long term benefits to the community will include fundamental new knowledge and the

development of new technologies and pharmaceuticals.

DP0664638 Prof NG Martin; Dr MJ Wright; Prof GM Geffen; Dr M Luciano

Approved Locating genes for cognitive traits using linkage and association analyses

Project Title

2006 : $180,000

2007 : $165,000

2008 : $165,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Our study is the 1st in the world to find significant linkage for IQ.The dataset is one of only 2 such in the world (based on

sample size, range & type of measures).Identifying genes for cognitive ability using healthy subjects is important in

understanding individual differences in normal cognitive functioning, but it may also provide clues into the underlying

mechanisms of impaired cognitive ability. Diverging conditions like reading disorder, schizophrenia, depression, alcoholism,

and dementia all share deficits in cognitive ability.Downstream practical applications of identifying 'genes for cognition'

include better educational, behavioural and biomedical management of learning and memory disorders, and other intellectual

disabilities.

DP0665056 Dr MG Mason; A/Prof GE Schaller

Approved Regulation of ion homeostasis by two component signalling elements

Project Title

2006 : $105,000

2007 : $87,000

2008 : $87,000

Primary RFCD 2704 BOTANY

APD Dr MG Mason

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Dryland salinity is continuously claiming Australian lands and is a serious threat to our agricultural industry, native flora and

fauna, and infrastructure. Attempting to feed an increasing population whilst agricultural land is disappearing, places an

ever increasing burden on our remaining land. While there is no simple solution to this problem, understanding how plants

regulate cellular ion concentrations will help to generate plants that are suitable for restoration of damaged lands or crop

plants that are more tolerant to saline soils. Furthermore, knowledge acquired from the proposed project will also be useful

for generating healthier crop plants with enhanced levels of ions essential for the human diet.

DP0667246 Prof JS Mattick

Approved Intron encoded RNA regulatory networks in yeast

Project Title

2006 : $165,000

2007 : $145,000

2008 : $145,000

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project has the capacity to transform our understanding of the evolution, development and genetic variation of complex

organisms, as well as the self organization of complex systems in general. The national and community benefits of the

project will be to maintain Australian leadership in advanced genetics and genome phenome informatics. It will provide a

platform for many applications in biology and biotechnology, including new genetic diagnostics and an informed basis for the

engineering of complex traits in agriculture. The project will also provide insights into the structure of biological

communication and control systems with applications in information science and the programming of integrated complex

systems in other domains.

DP0667029 Dr CA McAlpine; A/Prof SR Phinn; Dr DV Pullar; Dr JA Ludwig

Approved Beyond discrete landscape metrics: spatial analysis tools and surface textural measures for

Project Title quantifying gradients in landscape structure.

2006 : $160,000

2007 : $110,000

2008 : $110,000

Primary RFCD 2910 GEOMATIC ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The project will make an important contribution to an Environmental Sustainable Australia, especially the sustainable use and

management of Australia's biodiversity. The focus is Australia's biodiversity hotspots in northern Australia, where fauna

species are threatened as a result of habitat modification and biological invasions. The landscape analysis tools and

supporting knowledge will allow for more effective landscape level conservation strategies to be developed in northern

regions by assisting researchers and managers to answer key questions about how to manage the structure of native

vegetation for the long term conservation of fauna populations. The project will also deliver benefits for conserving marine

biodiversity.

DP0664410 Prof JR McColl Kennedy; Prof P Patterson; A/Prof AK Smith

Approved Customer Rage Spectrum Emotions in Service Failure Encounters: Linking Experience, Expression,

Project Title Behaviour and Organisational Responses

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 3502 BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Customer rage has recently received considerable attention in the press. Yet, organisations are ill equipped to deal with this

disturbing phenomenon. This ground breaking research will help business and government service organisations better

understand and respond to customer rage in order to avoid economic, social and emotional losses, and minimise damage to

property and persons. Such practices should result in stress reduction among consumers and front line employees, thereby

lowering society's healthcare costs and improving citizens' overall quality of life. Since the research examines how customer

rage varies across East West cultures, the results will also have significant international impact.

DP0665016 A/Prof DJ Mee; Em/Prof RJ Stalker

Approved Enhancing scramjet performance by boundary layer combustion

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2902 AEROSPACE ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Australia has developed a strong international reputation over the past 20 years for excellence in research into hypersonic

flight technologies. This helps to reinforce the fact that this is a country in which advanced technologies can be conceived

and developed. Australian companies and agencies are already collaborating with and are being supported by international

organizations to develop further hypersonic flight technologies. Achieving another significant advance in this area by

demonstrating significant reductions in frictional drag on hypersonic vehicles will keep us at the forefront of this field and lead

to continued international support and collaboration.

DP0663047 A/Prof PC Memmott; Dr SG Ulm; A/Prof IA Lilley; A/Prof ND Evans; Dr EC Stock; A/Prof NG White; Dr SM

van Holst Pellekaan; Prof DS Trigger; Dr RP Robins

Approved Isolation, Insularity and Change in Island Populations   an Interdisciplinary Study of Aboriginal

Project Title Cultural Patterns in the Gulf of Carpentaria

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

2009 : $55,000

2010 : $40,000

Primary RFCD 3703 ANTHROPOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The project's national benefits centre on its contribution to safeguarding Australia and to an environmentally sustainable

Australia. The participation of northern Indigenous people is critical to border protection policies and procedures. This project

will help revitalise the Carpentaria Land Council's Aboriginal Rangers scheme, which has a potential role in safeguarding the

nation's northern approaches, including combating feral plant and animal importation, Coastwatch surveillance and marine

habitat protection. The geological research on sea level and climatic history in the Gulf of Carpentaria and associated coastal

geomorphological impacts will contribute to predictive models on global warming and its consequences (sea level rise).

DP0665467 Dr NW Menzies; Mr G Kerven; Mr JV Hanna; Prof Dr WJ Horst

Approved Plant cell wall   aluminium interactions: a role in aluminium stress

Project Title

2006 : $145,000

2007 : $135,000

2008 : $135,000

Primary RFCD 3002 CROP AND PASTURE PRODUCTION

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Soil acidity, resulting in Al toxicity, affects production on circa 50% of Australia's intensively used agricultural land, resulting in

8.5 times more foregone agricultural income than dryland salinity (National Land and Water Resources Audit, 2001). Often,

remediation with lime is not possible or affordable. By understanding Al reactions with cell wall components, we aim to

identify root parameters related to Al resistance by plants. These parameters will be useful as selection markers to identify

and breed Al tolerant crop genotypes. This, in turn, will improve yields and farm profitability, allowing farmers to use lime to

prevent further acidification. This increases sustainability of cropping operations on the 50 Mha with acid soils.

DP0663936 Ms K Miller

Approved A unified theory of the individual   a central problem in analytical philosophy

Project Title

2006 : $74,340

2007 : $74,340

2008 : $74,340

Primary RFCD 4401 PHILOSOPHY

APD Ms K Miller

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project will further increase Australia's already high profile in analytic philosophy. This will foster an intellectual

environment within Australia that will attract highly skilled overseas academics who bring knowledge and funding to Australia,

benefiting both Australian researchers and students. This will in turn attract overseas fee paying students who bring

economic and cultural benefits to Australia.

DP0664888 Dr MJ Monteiro; Dr JT Blanchfield; Prof V Percec

Approved Next generation polymer nanostructures

Project Title

2006 : $240,000

2007 : $180,000

2008 : $200,000

Primary RFCD 2505 MACROMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The project will significantly advance the knowledge base of polymer science and related fields through the preparation of

previously unavailable novel and well defined nanostructures. These structures will be suitable for use in drug and gene

delivery and high strength coatings providing Australian products with advanced features and capabilities, significantly

improving product performance. A direct application of this project will be to develop the structures for use within a synthetic

GAS vaccine. The knowledge obtained through this application will advance the development of synthetic vaccines by

providing an understanding of how these structures function in the body.

DP0666203 Prof PR Mora; Dr H Xing

Approved Supercomputer Simulation and Risk Evaluation of Tsunami Generation Induced by Earthquakes

Project Title

2006 : $95,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 2602 GEOPHYSICS

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

New hotspot forecasts show that great earthquakes are likely to occur during the next decade in the Western Pacific north of

New Zealand which potentially poses a tsunami risk to Australia. The project will enable this risk to be reliably assessed

thereby providing the information needed to properly manage this risk thus addressing the national research priority:

Safeguarding Australia. Building on extensive geo data and Australia's forefront position in solid earth simulation via

investment in the ACcESS Major National Research Facility, the project provides an opportunity for Australia to play a key

role in constructing next generation real time tsunami warning systems.

DP0666275 Prof JM Najman; Prof GM Williams; Dr W Bor; Asst Prof MJ O'Callaghan; Dr AM Clavarino

Approved Parental marital conflict and marital change: effects on child, adolescent and young adult

Project Title developmental outcomes

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $100,000

Primary RFCD 3212 PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Aggressive and/or delinquent behaviour, poor school performance and learning, an inability to develop social relationships or

successfully join the workforce have all been related to family structure and family functioning. Unfortunately, current policy

is poorly informed as previous studies largely involve clinical samples or small population sub groups. This study is the only

Australian 21 year prospective assessment of the way changes in marriage are impacting on the development of children and

adolescents and on the longer term outcomes for young adults.

DP0665365 Prof TP Oei; Dr MJ Hornsey

Approved Exploring the link between group processes and outcomes of group psychotherapy

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $70,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

In Australia an estimated 20% of people suffer from mental disorders for which group psychotherapy is a treatment of choice.

This project has the potential to deliver direct benefits to these patients by optimizing the way group psychotherapy is

structured and delivered, thus reducing emotional suffering as well as reducing the cost of treatment. As a result, it would

have tremendous implications for the treatment of mental health problems nationally and internationally.

DP0662761 Prof RG Parton; Dr BJ Marsh

Approved High Resolution EM Tomography of Specialised Plasma Membrane Domains

Project Title

2006 : $110,000

2007 : $85,000

2008 : $85,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project will provide National benefits in two major areas. Firstly, these studies will greatly increase our understanding of

the cellular structures which are crucial to the functioning of cells in the body. Understanding the structure of the components

of animal cells in three dimensions will provide long term benefits in the quest to understand how a cell works in health and

what goes wrong in disease. Secondly, this project will allow us to develop the new method of electron microscope

tomography and apply it to a crucial question in biology. This will be a vital technique for Australian investigators in the

coming years and this project will allow scientists and students to be trained in these state of the art techniques.

DP0663001 Prof CC Peterson; Dr VP Slaughter; Prof HM Wellman

Approved Social Influences on Five Key Steps in Understanding Mind for Children with Autism, Deafness or

Project Title Typical Development

2006 : $60,000

2007 : $55,000

2008 : $65,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Via new knowledge on five crucial steps in the growth of social understanding, our findings will serve the ARC's Research

Priority #2 to promote good health and a healthy start in life. We will discover what kinds of parenting, social interaction and

conversation foster optimal progress through the steps for typical children, and how the delays discovered in our earlier

research among those with autism or deafness can be offset or overcome. Also, Australia's position as a world leader in

scientific studies of child social cognition will be further strengthened by our methodological and theoretical contributions.

DP0663893 A/Prof SR Phinn; Dr PJ Mumby; Dr EF LeDrew; Dr AG Dekker

Approved Coral Reefs   Innovative Satellite Image Mapping Techniques

Project Title

2006 : $100,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2910 GEOMATIC ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Two primary outcomes are expected from this project, the first is aimed at solving a fundamental challenge to understanding

and managing coral reefs in Australia and worldwide. The optimal reef mapping method(s) will enable coral reef monitoring

and management programs in Australia and internationally to make full use of satellite and airborne image data sets.

Secondly, the project will significantly advance the capabilities of remote sensing applications in coral reefs, by providing a

unique international test of current state of the art combination, these outcomes will enable Australia to continue

to play a role as the world's leading developer and provider of solutions for coral reef monitoring and management.

DP0663867 Prof HP Possingham; Dr RL Pressey

Approved Integrating multiple conservation values for protection and restoration of native vegetation

Project Title

2006 : $150,000

2007 : $130,000

2008 : $130,000

Primary RFCD 3008 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The project will underpin Australia's ability to enhance its competitive advantages in an environmentally sustainable fashion.

We will develop better methods for integrating conservation goals related to biodiversity, soil conservation, water quality,

salinity mitigation and carbon sequestration to identify areas where multiple benefits can be obtained and funding can be

spent more effectively. Our results and techniques will be of immediate use to national, state and local governments,

catchment authorities, and community groups. The project will maintain Australian scientists at the international forefront of

environmental management and provide high quality training for young scientists.

DP0663935 A/Prof TC Ralph

Approved Optical Quantum Computation

Project Title

2006 : $148,680

2007 : $148,680

2008 : $148,680

2009 : $148,680

2010 : $148,680

Primary RFCD 2404 OPTICAL PHYSICS

APF A/Prof TC Ralph

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The study of the storage, communication and processing of information stored in quantum systems   quantum information

science   is recognized as key underpinning knowledge for future technologies. Technologies of current fundamental and

popular interest such as quantum computation and teleportation are likely to form the basis of future communication and

computation systems with far greater power and versatility than those of today. Having a stakehold in the development of

these technologies will be of significant national benefit for Australia.

DP0666772 Dr RW Remington

Approved A Scalable Theory of Behavior Composition for Practical Engineering Models of Human

Project Title Performance

2006 : $210,000

2007 : $150,000

2008 : $180,000

2009 : $180,000

2010 : $180,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

APF Dr RW Remington

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Minimizing human error and maximizing human performance is a major design goal in safety critical systems. The

development of methods for affordable human performance modeling has widespread applicability for evaluating

user system interfaces. The compositional method explored here has been shown to make accurate predictions reduce

model development time by an order of magnitude. Large safety critical applications, such as military or air traffic control

systems, would benefit greatly. The proposed work tests whether the compositional methods will scale to more complex

domains. The work will be coordinated with Australian industry, academia, and government research efforts.

DP0666359 Prof V Rudolph; Dr P Massarotto

Approved Multicomponent gas counter diffusion in coal

Project Title

2006 : $80,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2906 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Coalbed methane resources in Australia surpass $20billion at present gas prices. Using CO2 as an enhancement fluid,

recovery of methane can potentially be improved by 50% adding a further $10b value, simultaneously permanently and safely

sequestering the CO2, with possible carbon credits of up to $15b. The nature of the simultaneous exchange of CO2,

methane and other gases within the coal dictates many of the engineering requirements for optimal exploitation. It underlies

the development of coal gas reservoir simulators, which currently do not incorporate this critical feature. This project is

directed at understanding that counterflow and exchange.

DP0665997 Prof TK Saha; Dr ZY Dong; Prof GF Ledwich; Prof KP Wong; Prof YV Makarov

Approved Advanced Planning Tools for the Prevention of System wide Blackouts of Large Power Systems

Project Title

2006 : $58,000

2007 : $84,000

2008 : $84,000

Primary RFCD 2909 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

In 2003 there had been major power blackouts in US/Canada, Italy and in Scandinavia leading to billions of dollars of lost

production and had raised concern about national security. Prevention of blackout should be one of the highest priorities of

the electricity industry. National security for any critical infrastructure of any country is more vulnerable for a prolonged

blackout. This project will provide comprehensive planning tools to prevent blackouts in the Australian National Electricity

grid. Any benefit to electricity industry will finally result in further benefits to the national economy and security as a whole.

DP0665587 Prof MR Sanders; A/Prof A Ralph

Approved The evaluation of a parenting intervention to prevent adverse developmental outcomes for children

Project Title following family breakdown

2006 : $115,000

2007 : $75,000

2008 : $73,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project will be a major step forward in providing an evidence base for interventions with divorced parents in Australia.

Family Transitions Triple P   Positive Parenting Program is a theoretically based intervention that addresses the Australian

Government's emphasised need of providing families with strategies to resolve relationship disputes and reduce the

emotional costs to families experiencing divorce. Once evaluated for effectiveness, the collaboration of this project with

Relationships Australia will enable the program to be readily accessible to the divorced parents in Australia.

DP0666852 Dr MA Schembri; Prof AG McEwan

Approved Safety in numbers: Bacterial aggregation and adaptation to oxidative stress

Project Title

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $60,000

2008 : $60,000

Primary RFCD 2703 MICROBIOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project is a new collaboration which links two molecular microbiologists with the complementary skills required to make

new insights into the molecular processes that underpin bacterial aggregation and biofilm formation. Biofilms are of immense

significance in medical, industrial and environmental settings and so the fundamental information gained from this project will

have wider relevance to the field of microbiology. An outcome of this proposal will be fundamental knowledge about the

production of surface adhesins that will form the basis for rational treatment of disease in the future. Prevention of

aggregation and biofilm formation would make bacterial populations more susceptible to conventional antibiotic treatment.

DP0665118 Dr KD Scott; Prof MP Zalucki

Approved Does the origin of Helicoverpa punctigera populations explain their susceptibility to agricultural

Project Title insecticides?

2006 : $120,000

2007 : $90,000

2008 : $90,000

Primary RFCD 3002 CROP AND PASTURE PRODUCTION

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

By establishing the geographic origin, and migration pattens of H. punctigera populations (by gene flow), and directly relating

it to the occurrence and persistence of insecticide resistance in Australia (by describing the movement of insects with known

insecticide susceptible/resistant status), this research will greatly advance our understanding of how insecticide resistance

develops and how it spreads. This knowledge will enable the agricultural industry to use insecticides so as to reduce the

frequency of insecticide spray failures, and reduce crop losses caused by insecticide resistant pest outbreaks.

DP0662755 Dr R Shao

Approved Recombination of mitochondrial genomes: what can we learn from chigger mites?

Project Title

2006 : $87,870

2007 : $84,155

2008 : $88,032

Primary RFCD 2702 GENETICS

APD Dr R Shao

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project will bring three benefits to Australia. First, it will enhance Australia's research capacity in the fields of organelle

genomics and evolutionary biology. Second, it will yield highly skilled young researchers: a postdoctoral fellow (Shao), a PhD

student and two BSc Honours students. Third, it will generate new knowledge about genome recombination in animal

mitochondria. Recombination is a fundamental, yet poorly understood issue in mitochondrial genomics and evolutionary

biology. Knowledge from this project will also improve our understanding of other important issues that are associated with

animal mitochondria; like the mechanisms of mitochondrial disease and ageing, and the evolution of modern humans and

other animals.

DP0664925 Dr GA Skilleter; Prof AJ Underwood

Approved Ecological consequences of global warming: predicting effects on biodiversity on intertidal

Project Title assemblages on the east coast of Australia

2006 : $130,000

2007 : $116,000

2008 : $116,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

Understanding what conserves biodiversity is a crucial challenge for Australian science. This research will provide critical

information on the consequences of global climatic change: southerly shifts in distributions of animals due to rising

temperatures; vertical shifts due to rising sea level and changes in amounts of food for grazing species. This information will

underpin the future management of conservation and will improve understanding on issues such as how and why species are

able to invade new areas, the effects on the resident species and how species change distribution in relation to the

availability of specific needs for habitat.

DP0664405 Dr VP Slaughter

Approved Objects or agents: Early development of knowledge about human hands

Project Title

2006 : $52,000

2007 : $40,000

2008 : $50,000

Primary RFCD 3801 PSYCHOLOGY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

It has long been known that human faces are especially interesting to infants, and our recent ARC funded work demonstrated

that infants' knowledge about human faces emerges long before knowledge of the whole human body shape. Like faces,

hands are often the focus of action and communication between infants and their peers or caregivers. The purpose of the

proposed studies is therefore to investigate whether human hands are similar to faces in being highly salient and subject to

precocious learning in infancy. The proposed studies will test this hypothesis, and will lay the foundation for new techniques

that could foster improved social understanding in young children whose developmental disorders make face to face

interaction aversive.

DP0666627 A/Prof ML Smythe; A/Prof P Adams

Approved Common recognition elements in protein active sites: Improving the efficiencies of drug discovery

Project Title

2006 : $90,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $80,000

Primary RFCD 2503 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The three key contributions of biotechnology to the pharmaceutical industry are the identification of novel therapeutic targets,

the creation of libraries of chemical diversity, and the high throughput screening of the libraries against the targets to create

new leads. Australian research institutes and biotechnology companies are strong in the identification of novel targets, but

weaker in the other two areas. The research outlined in this proposal has the potential to lead to efficient drug discovery.

Success in this project will support the Australian pharmaceutical sector, lead to job creation and will have social impact

through the generation of better medicines.

DP0664838 Dr TM Stace

Approved Decoherence and Quantum Simulations of Spin Environment systems

Project Title

2006 : $85,000

2007 : $80,000

2008 : $75,000

Primary RFCD 2402 THEORETICAL AND CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS

APD Dr TM Stace

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

The effort to develop quantum technologies relies on our ability to understand and manipulate quantum mechanical objects

with great precision. In order to do this, we need to study how such systems interact with their surroundings. Solid state

quantum systems connected to an environment show a rich range of phenomena, such as quantum phase transitions, which

are interesting in their own right. This work will better enable experimentalists to develop the techniques required for the

future of quantum technology.

DP0664030 Prof AP Street; Dr C Ramsay; A/Prof DM Donovan

Approved Security Applications of Combinatorial Puzzles

Project Title

2006 : $92,000

2007 : $79,000

2008 : $81,000

Primary RFCD 2805 DATA FORMAT

Administering Institution The University of Queensland

Project Summary

This project provides a basis for improving the implementation and maintenance of key management systems. The

application of discrete mathematics to information security will help safeguard Australia, will provide opportunities for

Australians to take a leading role in an important area and will develop a research network, bridging both theoretical and

practical