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Elektronisk Dansk A.I.Meddelser 104 Okt 06

Dette nummer af EDAIM er foreloebigt sendte til den voksende antal DAIS medlemmer jeg har email adresse paa. Fortsat er der meget faa rettelser til medlemslisten fra jer .

Medlem-email-adresser er meget velkomne.

Medlems bidrag til EDAIM er meget velkommen.

Index:

1) ECCAI : Bulletin #3 - May 2006

2) AI ALERT

3) AI Communications - New Issue Alert

4) AI-2006, Cambridge UK, December 2006

5) ACL2 2006

6) AIMSA 2006: AI, people and the web

7) Agent Technology and Autonomic Computing (ATAC'2006)

8) AI Communications - New Issue Alert

9) AIPR-07

10) ANTS 2006

11) ATVA 2006

12) Computer Vision, Pattern Recognition & Graphics

13) BNAIC'06 : BeNeLux conference on Artificial Intelligence

14) Book Chapters on Evolutionary Art and Music

15) Chapter - Intelligent Complex Adaptive Systems

16) Chapters on Computational Intelligence

17) CMSB06

18) CICLOPS 2006

19) CELDA 2006 Barcelona, Spain

20) C&CA-2006

21) ECCAI: bulletin#4 september 2006!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

22) EMO-2007 (March 5-8, 2007)

23) EvoMusArt: Workshop on Evolutionary Music and Art

24) ESSLLI 2007

25) ESM2006

26) Foundations of Genetic Algorithms - FOGA 2007

27) GAME-ON 2006, Univ. Braunschweig, Germany, Nov 29-Dec 1

28) GEP: Mathematical Modeling by an Artificial Intelligence

29) IAT'06...

30) ICDM'06...

31) ICDVRAT and ArtAbilitation Esbjerg, Denmark

32) ICNC'06-FSKD'06

33) IEEE CEC 2007

34) IICAI-07

35) IJAIT - New Issue Contents

36) IJCAI-07 !!!!!!!!!

37) IJCIA - New Issue Contents

38) IJPRAI - New Issue Contents

39) IJUFKS - New Issue Contents

41) IEEE Computational Intelligence Society Electronic Letter

42) IWISIC2006

43) John Nash to receive Herbert A. Simon Award

44) JELIA'06

45) LPAR 2006 (Phnom Penh, Cambodia)

46) MICAI-2006, Artificial Intelligence

47) META´2006

48) NEW BOOKS by L. Magnani et al

49) Open PhD student positions

50) PhD student - open position

51) PhD Student Position in Swarm Robotics at IDSIA

52) Postdoc position in Swarmanoid project - Brussels

53) Postdoctoral Research Associate post in UK

54) PPSN Workshop on Bio-Inspired Computing

55) research positions 2006-3

56) Roboludens International Symposium 2006

57) RuleML 2006

58) SEAL2006

59) Senior Researcher at IDSIA, OR & AI

60) vacancies for 2 PhD-students

61) Vacancy:logic for knowledge representation.

62) Workshop on Biologically-Inspired Optimisation Methods

63) Workshop on Constraints and Bioinformatics

64) AI Communications - New Issue Alert

65) Artificial Intelligence Genealogy Project (AIGP)

66) Artificial Intelligence and Applications (AIA 2007)

67) AI-2006 Cambridge UK December 2006

68) Call for book Chapters

69) Complex Systems and Self-Organization Modelling -

70) ECAL2007

71) ESM2006

72) Analysis of Genetic Representations and Operators

73) IAPLM'06

74) 2007 IEEE Swarm Intelligence Symposium

75) Computational Intelligence for Modelling, Control

76) Job vacancies: Computational Optimization

77) LPAR 2006, Phnom Penh

78) Post-doc Position at Durham University, UK

79) PDP 2007

80) WII 06

81) AISB

1) ECCAI : Bulletin #3 - May 2006

Bulletin #3, May 2006

=====================

50 Years Artificial Intelligence

================================

This year, the Artificial Intelligence community celebrates the golden anniversary of the 1956 Dartmouth Conference that marks the beginning of AI as a research field.

One the celebrations takes place in Bremen, Germany on 17 June, 2006. Besides Marvin Minsky, several ECCAI Fellows will give speeches on the past and future of AI. The speakers include Aaron Sloman, Wolfgang Bibel, Joerg Siekmann, and Wolfgang Wahlster. Visit the 50 Years AI Symposium website!

Live streaming video of the talks will be available on 17 June via rmatik.uni-bremen.de

ECAI-06 conference (latest news)

================================

17th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence -

including PAIS 2006 : Prestigious Applications of Intelligent Systems

August 29- September 1, 2006, Riva del Garda, Italy

Organized by ECCAI and the Italian Association of Artificial Intelligence

Conference Chair : Silvia Coradeschi, Sweden

Programme Chair : Gerhard Brewka, German

Organizing Committee Chairs : Anna Perini and Paolo Traverso, Italy

Workshop Chair : Toby Walsch, Australia

There were 501 full paper submisssions and 49 poster submissions. The programme committed decided to accept 131 full papers and 75 posters. The acceptance rate for full papers is of 26,1%.

Submissions were received from 43 different countries and accepted papers are from 25 countries. In comparison with ECAI 2004, a strong increase in the relative number of submissions from Distributed AI/Agents and Cognitive modelling. Knowledge Representation & Reasoning, traditionally strong in Europe, remains the biggest area of ECAI 2006.

The ECAI-06 best paper award, sponsored by Elsevier, goes to a machine learning paper : A Real Generalization of Discrete AdaBoost but Richard Nock and Frank Nielsen. Congratulations to the authors!

The ECAI-06 best poster award, sponsored by IOS Press, will be decided after the poster session in Riva Del Garda. The ten best papers are invited to a fast track of the Artificial Intelligence Journal.

There will be four invited talks :

Socially Inteligent Robots by Cynthia Breazeal

Managing diversity in knowledge by Fausto Giunchiglia

The truth about defaults by Hector Levesque

Getting answers on the go by Wolfgang Walhster

ECCAI Journals

==============

- IEEE Intelligent systems May/June 2006 : The Future of AI

--------------------------------------------------------------

2006 marks the 50th anniversary of the Dartmouth summer workshop, which many consider to be the birth of modern AI. IEEE Intelligent Systems celebrates this anniversary not by reviewing the field's past but by imagining its future. Also in this issue: intelligent surveillance, affective computing, and more.

The following articles are available without an electronic subscription in PDF format:

Introducing the Future of AI by James Hendler

Robotics and Intelligent Systems in Support of Society by Raj Reddy

AI’s 10 to Watch : The recipients of the IEEE Intelligent Systems 10 to Watch award—Eyal Amir, Regina Barzilay, Jennifer Golbeck, Tom Griffiths, Steve Gustafson, Carsten Lutz, Pragnesh Jay Modi, Marta Sabou, and Richard A. Watson—discuss their current research and their visions of AI for the future.

- Artificial Intelligence Communications: Volume 19, Number 1 / 2006

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Table of Contents :

Evolution of a supply chain management game for the Trading Agent Competition pp. 1 - 12 by Joakim Eriksson, Niclas Finne, Sverker Janson

Evolutionary concept learning in First Order Logic: An overview pp. 13 - 33 by Federico Divina

The state of CASC pp. 35 - 48 by Geoff Sutcliffe and Christian Suttner

Decomposition of planning problems pp. 49 - 81 by Laura Sebastia, Eva Onaindia, Eliseo Marzal

Automatic ontology generation from Web tabular structures pp. 83 - 85

by Aleksander Pivk

IJCAI-07 :

==========

Twentieth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence

6-12 January, 2007 Hyderabad, India

Theme: Artificial Intelligence and Its Benefits to Society…

Conference Chair : Ramon Lopez de Mantaras confchair07@

Important Dates:

June 23, 2006 - Electronic abstract submission deadline

June 30, 2006 - Electronic paper submission deadline

ECCAI Conferences

==================

28 Aug - 1 Sep 2006

ECAI-06 17th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Riva del Garda (Italy)

ECCAI Sponsored Conferences

============================

27 - 30 Jun 2006

IEA/AIE-2006 19th International Conference on Industrial and Enginering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, Annecy (France)

=================================

Next ECCAI-Bulletin in July 2006

=================================

--

Marie-Odile Cordier, Professeur Université Rennes1, IRISA, Campus de Beaulieu, F-35042 Rennes Cedex, tel : +33 2 99 84 71 O0, fax : +33 2 99 84 71 71 ou +33 2 99 84 25 33

Date: Tue, 18 Apr 2006 11:08:22 +0200

From: Marie-Odile Cordier <Marie-Odile.Cordier@irisa.fr>

Organization: Irisa - Rennes

X-Accept-Language: en,fr

To: destinataire inconnu: ;

Subject: ECCAI Bulletin #2, March 2006

X-DAIMI-Spam-Score: -2.599 () BAYES_00

Bulletin #2, March 2006

=======================

Editorial

=========

Get ready for the premier European Artificial Intelligence event in 2006. ECAI-06 (http://ecai2006.itc.it/) will offer a set of excellent talks, plenty of most recent progress work presented in workshops, and the pleasant atmosphere of late summer evenings at lake Garda. Early registration is welcome until May 28th, 2006. As a member of a national AI society you will receive a registration discount which will in many cases be more than your annual AI society membership fee. Lets meet in Riva del Garda from Aug 28th to Sept 1st, 2006.

Werner Horn, ECCAI Chair

Ecai-06 : ECAI Travel Awards 2006

==================================

ECAI is pleased to announce a Travel Award Scheme for students, young researchers and faculty who are members of an ECCAI affiliated society participating in ECAI 06. The awards, valued at 400 Euros each, are for reimbursement of travel and part payment of registration fees. The ECAI Travel Award Scheme is sponsored by ECCAI and Savannah Simulations.

The purpose of these awards is to help young people at an early stage in their career. Research students, young teaching faculty or young research staff in need of financial help to attend. Grants to reimburse 75% of total costs are available, to a limit of 400 Euros. Recipients must be members of an ECCAI affiliated society. A basic understanding of the field is expected so that attendance should enrich existing knowledge, rather than being used for training. Only one applicant per institution and per paper can be funded, provided she has not recieved the travel grant in previous years. If you accept the ECAI Travel award you must include an acknowledgement to the ECAI sponsors in your presentation at the conference.

Applicants should follow the electronic submission procedure

(see /travelaw.shtml).

Notification deadline: 22 May 2006

ECCAI Journals

==============

- IEEE Intelligent systems (/intelligent/) :

March/April 2006 : Self-Managing Systems

We’re surrounded by natural self-managing systems, such as multicellular organisms, social insects, and ecosystems. Incorporating the key ideas from these systems into information systems could lead to cheap, straightforward, and highly robust solutions. Also in this issue: computational humor, an Internet-based content recommender, and more

Feature Article : Self-Organization Patterns in Wasp and Open-Source Communities, by Sergi Valverde, Guy Theraulaz, Jacques Gautrais, Vincent Fourcassié, and Ricard V. Solé

Examining both software developers and social insects as agents interacting in a complex network reveals common organization patterns. It also reveals that different reinforcement mechanisms clearly distinguish a few core members from the rest of the open-source community.

- Artificial Intelligence Communications: Volume 19, Number 1 / 2006

/link.asp?id=c4qymcykuhpr

Artificial Intelligence Genealogy Project

==========================================

(see http://aigp.csres.utexas.edu/):

Ben Kuipers invite ECCAI members to contribute to the Artificial Intelligence Project in the current issue of AI Communications, volume 19. You can find the text here. The main idea is to create and maintain a database collecting the doctoral student-advisor relationships among researchs in the field. The inspiration is the Mathematical Genealogy Project (see /).

ECCAI conferences and ECCAI sponsored Conferences

=================================================

Call for ACAI-07 organization:

===============================

Deadlines:

1 May 2006 : submission of draft detailed bids

30 June 2006 : end of the discussion between the candidates and the ECCAI board

August2006 : presentation of the bids and selection by the ECCAI General Assembly at Lago de Garda (ECAI-06) Information can be obtained by Ulises Cortes (email: ia@lsi.upc.edu ) or see the web page /acai.shtml

Calls for Ecai-08 (PC Chair) and ECAI-10 (organization)

===========================================================

* Call for Program Committee (PC) Chair position for ECAI-2008 in Patras (2008)

The national societies and the General Conference Chair should nominate a possible candidate and the next ECCAI General Assembly will elect the ECAI-2008 PC chair. Such nominations should be accompanied by appropriate supporting material including a curriculum vitae, letters of support and a statement by the candidate that s/he will have the time necessary and secretarial assistance to serve as a PC Chair for ECAI-2008.

Deadlines:

The nominations can be submitted for 1st May 2006 via email to Silvia Codareschi (silvia.coradeschi@tech.oru.se).

The discussion will take place during summer 2006 and the selection announced at Lago de Garda (ECAI-06).

* Call for ECAI-10 Organisation

=================================

Deadlines:

1 May 2006 : submission of draft detailed bids

30 June 2006 : end of the discussion between the candidates and the ECCAI board

August2006 : presentation of the bids and selection by the ECCAI General Assembly at Lago de Garda (ECAI-06) Guidelines for organizing ECAI. See also the map of the last ECAIs and the content of the last ECCAI General Assembly

For information, please contact Silvia Codareschi (email: silvia.coradeschi@tech.oru.se)

IJCAI-07 :

==========

Twentieth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence

6-12 January, 2007 Hyderabad, India

Theme: Artificial Intelligence and Its Benefits to Society…

Conference Chair : Ramon Lopez de Mantaras confchair07@

CALL FOR TECHNICAL PAPERS, TUTORIALS PROPOSALS, WORKSHOPS PROPOSALS : see /

ECCAI Conferences

===================

28 Aug - 1 Sep 2006 : ECAI-06 17th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Riva del Garda (Italy)

6-12 January, 2007 : IJCAI-07

Hyderabad, India

Theme: Artificial Intelligence and Its Benefits to Society…

ECCAI Sponsored Conferences

=============================

27 - 30 Jun 2006 : IEA/AIE-2006 19th International Conference on Industrial and Enginering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, Annecy (France)

26-28 Sept. 2006 : AIC-2006

10th RUSSIAN CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

WITH INTERNATIONAL PARTICIPATION (AIC-2006), held in Obninsk, Moscow region.

General Contacts:

Gennady Osipov (chair)e-mail: gos@

Oleg Kuznetsov (vice-chair) e-mail: olkuznes@ Vadim Stefanuk (vice-chair) e-mail: stefanuk@

==================================

Next ECCAI-Bulletin in May 2006

==================================

--

Marie-Odile Cordier, Professeur Université Rennes1, IRISA, Campus de Beaulieu, F-35042 Rennes Cedex, tel : +33 2 99 84 71 O0, fax : +33 2 99 84 71 71 ou +33 2 99 84 25 33

Soutenons le mouvement SAUVONS LA RECHERCHE : /

2) AI ALERT

AI ALERT

11 May 2006

Welcome to the </aitopics/articles&columns/aialerts.html>AI ALERT, a service from </>The American Association for Artificial Intelligence, showcasing an eclectic subset from the </aitopics/html/current.html>AI in the news collection in </aitopics/html/welcome.html>AI TOPICS, the AAAI sponsored pathfinder web site. As explained in our </aitopics/html/notices.html>notices & disclaimers, the AI ALERT is intended to keep you informed of news articles published by third parties. The mere fact that a particular item is selected for inclusion does NOT imply that AAAI or AI TOPICS has verified the information (articles are offered "</aitopics/html/notices.html#alert>as is") or that there is endorsement of any kind. And because the excerpt may not reflect the overall tenor of the article, nor contain all of the relevant information, you are encouraged to access the entire article.

The Headlines:

<#may00c>Bolt Down Those Costs - Fortune Small Business Magazine

<#may1e>Computer Science Looks for a Remake - Computerworld

<#may1d>Fair Isaac's designs are on artificial intelligence - Star Tribune (plus one related article)

<#may2e>Autonomous vehicles to drive in traffic for $2 million - The Associated Press

<#may2f>Artificial intelligence grad students meet at Cornell to network, discuss and practice - Cornell Chronicle Online

<#may2b>BabyBot takes first steps - IST Results (plus one related article)

<#may5pc>Golden Anniversary For AI - Dartmouth News (podcast)

<#may5b>The poker machine -

<#may7a>Music made modern with robotic marvels - The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (plus one related article)

<#may8e>CMU's Reddy to be honored by National Science Board - Pittsburgh Business Times (plus two related articles)

<#may8a>A "Neural" Approach to the Market - BusinessWeek Online

<#may8f>Science teaching gets weak diversity grade - (plus two related articles)

<#may9a>Turning online feedback into trust - Australian IT

<#may9c>Interview with David Hanson - Ubiquity

<#may11d>Making Computers Smarter - Red Herring (plus two related articles)

The Expansion Slot - a few more articles: <#may00b>Getting Vexed - A robot kit that's fun as well as functional | <#may1x>Smarter Spam Could Mimic Friends' Mail | <#may4d>Open the pod bay doors, HAL | <#may10b>Website helps users develop reading skills | <#may11a>Trends hint at a golden era of nanotechnology

The Articles:

May 2006: </magazines/fsb/fsb_archive/2006/05/01/8376226/index.htm>Bolt Down Those Costs - How artificial intelligence keeps a truck business on track. By Ron Stodghill. Fortune Small Business Magazine (Volume 16, Number 4: page 85). [Posted online on May 10, 2006 as: Financial software that can save a company.]

"[Ron] Towry is the kind of client Sageworks, the Raleigh software firm that created ProfitCents, hopes to target. 'Most small-business owners are smart, college-educated, and have great savvy in operations and sales, but they really can't make heads or tails of their financial statements,' says Brian Hamilton, CEO of Sageworks, which charges a variable annual fee for access to the ProfitCents site (). 'This is like an automated CFO for small businesses.' A former CFO himself, Hamilton founded Sageworks in 1998 with Sarah Tourville, an information technology consultant with whom he created a patented technology called FIND. It aggregates data from a firm's general ledger and compares its performance to that of similar companies in its industry. Then, using artificial-intelligence software that Hamilton developed, it translates those findings into narrative text. Today, Hamilton says, ProfitCents is used by thousands of accounting firms, banks, and financial companies worldwide."

-> <#listtop>back to headlines

May 1, 2006: </securitytopics/security/story/0,10801,110959,00.html>Computer Science Looks for a Remake - How can CS become an appealing career choice again? Robot dogs, a new focus on users and a prime-time TV show. Future Watch by Gary Anthes. Computerworld.

"Two of the world's premier facilities for research and education in computer science are celebrating big birthdays this spring. Stanford University's CS department observed its 40th birthday in March, and Carnegie Mellon University's school of CS passed the half-century mark last month. Despite the celebrations on both campuses, there is a deep malaise in computer science these days. Professors bemoan falling enrollments, a decline in prestige and a lack of attention to real-world problems. But, paradoxically, they say the future of CS has never been brighter, both within the discipline and in fields that computer technology will increasingly influence. Computerworld's Gary Anthes recently asked six CS professors [Kenneth P. Birman, Randal E. Bryant, John Canny, Jaime Carbonell, Bernard Chazelle, and William J. Dally] what lies ahead for the field. ... How important is computer science as a discipline today? ... Which areas in CS will show the most important and interesting advancements in the next few years? ... Carbonell: Artificial intelligence. Although those words may be somewhat out of fashion these days, much of the deep excitement and universally useful apps descend therefrom. For example: speech understanding and synthesis in handheld devices, in cars, in laptops; machine translation of text and spoken language; new search engines that find what you want, not just Web pages that contain query words; self-healing software, including adaptive networks that reconfigure for reliability; robotics for mine safety, planetary exploration; prosthetics for medical/nursing care and manufacturing; game theory for electronic commerce, auctions and their design to ensure fairness and market liquidity and maximize aggregate social wealth. ... Is the looming end of Moore's Law a key driver for CS today? ... How can CS be made a more attractive choice for students? ... How should CS programs be moder! nized? ... Bernard Chazelle says CS lacks a 'great popularizer' such as Stephen Hawking in physics. Does CS need such a person?"

-> <#listtop>back to headlines

May 1, 2006: </535/story/405512.html>Fair Isaac's designs are on artificial intelligence - The firm is betting its future on selling companies powerful software capable of being taught to help make business decisions better and faster than humans. By Thomas Lee. Star Tribune.

"Like its trademark FICO credit scoring system, Fair Isaac Corp. long has been something of a black box to the outside world. But if the generation of credit scores seems like financial alchemy, the Minneapolis-based firm's next set of innovations in artificial intelligence promise to take Fair Isaac even further into the rarefied world of predicting your behavior before you make a move. From calculating insurance policies to recognizing your typing patterns, the technology is intended to bring next-generation sophistication to customers' interactions with banks, insurers, credit card companies and retailers. ... 'We build neural networks that are a lot smarter than bugs or even some small animals,' said Ted Crooks, vice president of global fraud solutions. 'To detect fraud, you have to look at a lot of "weak" clues. There are almost never any silver bullets. The problem is complicated enough that humans can't really solve it very well,' Crooks added. 'In stead of trying to program a solution, we program a system to learn the solution. We feed it data on past examples. The system learns all the combinations, strong or weak, that indicate fraud.' ... The technology is impressive -- and a bit disturbing, said Allen Lynch, a professor of economics and quantitative methods at Mercer University in Georgia. 'It is a little creepy,' Lynch said. 'If it doesn't smack of Big Brother, then I don't know what does.' At the same time, the technology is invaluable to large companies, he said."

Also see: </article_cbr.asp?guid=DE52BC45-02E2-42EA-9071-757AE9C19557>The importance of business rules - After a near-death experience, business rules management technologies are back in demand as a prerequisite for business agility. By Madan Sheina. Computer Business Review Online (May 3, 2006). "Business rules touch our lives in many interesting ways. They can dictate your credit worthiness, what type of loan or insurance rate you qualify for or even why you are overlooked for the last business class upgrade at the airport. Driving these decisions is a new generation of business rules management systems (BRMS) designed to automate decision making in enterprise IT applications. These systems differ radically from the old 'expert systems' of yesteryear that failed to catch corporate IT attention because they were too complex, expensive to run and maintain and not business-user friendly. ... What has really changed in BRMS is that rules have been formally introduced to business users, who are now presented with an opportunity to control the behaviour of corporate processes, workflows and mission-critical applications without depending on IT. In other words business, not IT, makes the rules. BRMS vendors have responded in kind by making their software more usable through new graphical interfaces that let non-programmers intuitively create, view and modify rules logic in their production applications in a controlled manner without knowing anything about the underlying syntax or code. Fair Isaac's Blaze Advisor BRMS hides the complexity of the rules development behind an intuitive graphical interface, that masks a complex conditional programming language with English-like statements that are easily understood by business staff. ... Commerzbank, one of Germany's leading private sector banks, implemented rules technology to streamline its customer credit applications by ! an impressive 50%. It improved the ability of business users to tweak and change hundreds of rating assessment criteria rules in near real-time. The company also managed to shave off 50% in overall deployment costs and times. ... [Mark] Layden believes the next big opportunity is to combine the agility and automation of BRMS with the segmentation of data mining analytics and optimisation techniques for automated, predictive analytics."

-> <#listtop>back to headlines

May 2, 2006: </news/science/20060502-1119-robotchallenge.html>Autonomous vehicles to drive in traffic for $2 million. By Alicia Chang. The Associated Press / available from .

"Seven months after an unmanned Volkswagen successfully drove itself over the rugged desert, the Pentagon is sponsoring another challenge for self-driving vehicles that can weave through congested city traffic without causing an accident. The contest, to be held in November 2007, will test the vehicles' ability to independently carry out a simulated military supply mission in an urban setting in less than six hours. ... Stanford University computer scientist Sebastian Thrun, who won last year's race, said he was excited to see DARPA take the challenge to the next level. Thrun said the artificial intelligence knowledge gained from the contest could also benefit society by pushing the development of 'smart cars' that can self-navigate on highways and potentially reduce accidents."

-> <#listtop>back to headlines

May 2, 2006: <http://www.news.cornell.edu/st.html>Artificial intelligence grad students meet at Cornell to network, discuss and practice. By Bill Steele. Cornell Chronicle Online.

"'These are our future colleagues,' said Cornell graduate student Filip Radlinski, waving his hand at some 100 other graduate students assembled in Upson B-17 for a talk by Tom Mitchell, professor of computer science at Carnegie Mellon University. The lecture was part of the first annual North East Student Colloquium on Artificial Intelligence (NESCAI), held on the Cornell campus April 28-29. Graduate students came from 18 regional schools, some as far away as Pittsburgh, Montreal, Philadelphia and Boston. Mitchell's talk and an earlier one by Jon Kleinberg, Cornell professor of computer science, were the only intrusions of faculty into the student-organized event. ... Why a conference just for graduate students? ..."

-> <#listtop>back to headlines

May 2, 2006: <http://istresults.cordis.lu/index.cfm/section/news/tpl/article/BrowsingType/Features/ID/81616>BabyBot takes first steps. IST Results.

"BabyBot, a robot modelled on the torso of a two year-old child, is helping researchers take the first, tottering steps towards understanding human perception, and could lead to the development of machines that can perceive and interact with their environment. The researchers used BabyBot to test a model of the human sense of 'presence', a combination of senses like sight, hearing and touch. The work could have enormous applications in robotics, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine perception. The research is being funded under the European Commission’s FET (Future and Emerging Technologies) initiative of the IST programme, as part of the ADAPT project. 'Our sense of presence is essentially our consciousness,' says Giorgio Metta, Assistant Professor at the Laboratory for Integrated Advanced Robotics at Italy's Genoa University and ADAPT project coordinator. ... 'We took an engineering approach to the problem, it was really consciousness for engineers,' sa ys Metta, 'Which means we first developed a model and then we sought to test this model by, in this case, developing a robot to conform to it.' Modelling, or defining, consciousness remains one of the intractable problems of both science and philosophy. 'The problem is duality, where does the brain end and the mind begin, the question is whether we need to consider them as two different aspects of reality,' says Metta. ... ADAPT did not seek to solve it in one project. They made a very promising start and many of the partners will take part in a new IST project, called ROBOTCUB. In ROBOTCUB the engineers will refine their robot so that it can see, hear and touch its environment. Eventually it will be able to crawl, too. "

Also see: </article/dn9117-baby-robot-learns-like-a-human.html>'Baby' robot learns like a human. By Tom news (May 5, 2006) "A robot that learns to interact with the world in a similar way to a human baby could provide researchers with fresh insights into biological intelligence. Created by roboticists from Italy, France and Switzerland, 'Babybot' automatically experiments with objects nearby and learns how best to make use of them. This gives the robot an ability to develop motor skills in the same way as a human infant. ... Babybot's 'brain' is actually a cluster of 20 computers running several neural networks. This is software that mimics a biological neural system and learns in a similar way - by establishing and altering the strength of links between artificial neurons. By adjusting the neural network software and observing the robot's learning behaviour, the roboticists can test different neuroscience models."

-> <#listtop>back to headlines

May 5, 2006: <http://www.dartmouth.edu/%7Enews/features/podcasts/2006/moor.html>Golden Anniversary For AI [podcast]. Dartmouth News: Views from the Green.

"The field of artificial intelligence was officially named 50 years ago by Dartmouth Professor John McCarthy when he convened the 1956 Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence. In this podcast, philosophy professor Jim Moor discusses the history of AI and some of the philosophical questions he's been thinking about. He also talks about this summers's AI@50 conference, which will be held July 13-15 at Dartmouth."

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May 5, 2006: </cms/s/17a07cfa-db41-11da-98a8-0000779e2340.html>The poker machine. By Tim Harford. [subscription now req'd].

"[Chris] Ferguson, who is reported to have won more than $5m in tournament play, is the best of a new generation of players trying to conquer poker with the branch of mathematics known as game theory. It is a curious struggle, one that has pitted bespectacled geeks against hardened gamblers. But the strangest thing is that poker intellectuals exist at all. Late in the 1920s, the most brilliant man in the world decided to work out the correct way to play poker. John von Neumann, the mathematician who would mastermind the development of the computer and the atomic bomb, had been struck by an engaging new conceit: he wanted to apply mathematical principles to social sciences and devise a theory to analyse everything from the breakdown of diplomatic negotiations to unexpected co-operation between enemies, or even the possibility of nuclear terrorism. He believed that if you wanted a theory that could explain life, you should start with a theory that could explain pok er - game theory. ... Chris Ferguson soon emerged as a dominant player in this rarefied world. A computer-science graduate in the doctoral programme at University of California, Los Angeles, Ferguson was studying artificial intelligence, using game theory to help computers play board games. Ferguson was exposed to both poker and game theory at an early age. ... When Binion’s hosted the World Series of Poker in 1970, participation was by invitation only; a few hands were played and then everyone voted to honour the veteran Johnny Moss with the title of world champion. The 2005 World Poker Robot championship, the first such event, harked back to that tradition. The six software programs were there by invitation, and the true champion was not in doubt: the University of Alberta games research group, having defeated all electronic challengers for seven years, was asked to referee rather than play. ... [Darse] Billings and his colleagues have yet to produce software capable! of beating Ferguson, who is seen as a particular challenge because he is unfazed by an opponent who gives away no physical clues. But they relish the challenge of besting a world champion who holds a doctorate in artificial intelligence and game theory. For now, though, just about any top human player can outplay the robots. In a pair of exhibition matches concluding the World Poker Robot championships, the big-name professional Phil 'Unabomber' Laak was recruited to play the machines. As a partisan crowd chanted 'Hu-mans! Hu-mans!' he swiftly disposed of both the Alberta program and the newly minted world champion, a program called PokerPro. Nobody was surprised. Artificial intelligence researchers see the same challenge in poker that von Neumann did nearly 80 years before them, that of understanding deception. At the moment von Neumann’s game theory remains the most successful approach, exemplified by the fearsome computer program, SparBot, which beats most of the ! humans who log on to the Alberta website to try their skill. '! I believ e that bots will eventually play better than all human beings,' predicts Billings. Ferguson agrees. 'If poker robots had a tenth of the resources that were spent on chess, they’d already have beaten us.'"

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May 7, 2006: </sunday/content/epaper/editions/sunday/arts_44c5be97b343816d00b0.html>Music made modern with robotic marvels. Kirsten Tagami. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution & .

"[I]f it hadn't been for that piano teacher, would [Gil Weinberg] have gone on to get a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's famed Media Lab and join the cutting edge of music technology? Weinberg has made it his life's work to invent new instruments that allow kids --- and untrained adults --- to experience the bliss of music-making before they ever have to play scales or study music theory. ... Expect more such ideas to originate in Atlanta: Weinberg is overseeing the creation of a new master's degree in music technology at Georgia Tech. The program was announced in March and is awaiting final approval from the Board of Regents, which is considered likely. ... The leader in the field of music technology, MIT professor Tod Machover, said Weinberg brings to the field 'a fine sense for human-machine interaction of a kind that is fun both for the human player and the human observer/listener. This work shows that intelligent physical systems can be w orthy collaborators with people, even in the sensitive interplay of musical jamming.' That said, all members of the collaboration still have a lot of practicing to do --- in mechanical nuance, musical response and sonic variety, before this is ready for prime time. ... His robot plays a real drum but also uses certain aspects of artificial intelligence, such as perception, to do things few humans (except maybe Mozart) ever could, such as play back, in reverse, an extended musical motif from 10 minutes before."

Also see : </article/mg19025516.200.html>Drummers tune in to robot rhythm. New Scientist (May 13, 2006; Issue 255: page 27). "Drum machines have done drummers out of a lot of work, so a robot percussionist might be expected to pile on the misery. But not Haile. Its developer, Gil Weinberg of the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta claims it will help drummers rather than hinder them. ... Weinberg now plans to use genetic algorithms to modify the beats in real time, to come up with new patterns."

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May 8, 2006: </pittsburgh/stories/2006/05/08/daily2.html>CMU's Reddy to be honored by National Science Board. By Jennifer Curry. Pittsburgh Business Times.

"Raj Reddy, a professor of computer science and robotics at Carnegie Mellon University, will be honored this week by the National Science Board. Reddy will receive the Vannevar Bush Award Tuesday for his research in robotics and intelligent systems and his contributions to national information and telecommunications policy. The award, which is named after Vannevar Bush, was established in 1980 to recognize outstanding contributions made in science and technology. Bush was an engineer and scientific adviser to presidents who played a key role in establishing the National Science Foundation in 1950. He also was one of the original pioneers of artificial intelligence and came up with an idea similar to today's World Wide Web. 'I would call him the first computer scientist,' Reddy said. 'In many ways, he was ahead of his times. I'm glad that I'm the first computer scientist to win this award. It's great that finally a computer scientist is getting this awarded that was named after him.'"

Also see:

<http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=106921>Charles Townes, Raj Reddy Receive the 2006 Vannevar Bush Award for Lifetime Contributions and Statesmanship to Science - Townes, father of quantum electronics, and Reddy, a computing and robotics pioneer are honored. National Science Foundation (NSF) press release (April 27, 2006). "Reddy is considered one of the most notable contributors to the information revolution in the past four decades. He directed the nation's first robotics institute, which recognized the interrelationships between artificial intelligence and robotics and allowed discoveries leading to some of the nation's most important new technologies. Some of those include broad use of industrial robotics that have increased productivity, state-of-the-art medical developments like hip replacement surgery, and mobile robotic devices in NASA's planetary exploration program. In addition to serving on P ITAC and organizing the nation's IT research agenda, Reddy's influence nationally and internationally is significant. He taught or mentored a number of Silicon Valley executives. Reddy also established a 'CMU West' in the valley. He is also developing the Million Book Digital Library Project, as well as helping low-level readers rural environments worldwide gain access to computer appliances and technology to improve their quality of life."

</site/topics/article.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=84521&version=1&template_id=36&parent_id=16>Top robotics scientist calls for 100% global e-literacy. Gulf Times (May 2, 2006). "Eminent computer science and robotics expert Dr Raj Reddy has called for developing capacity building programmes to make 100% of the world population e-literate. ... Dr Reddy, the Mozah Bint Nasser University Professor of Computer Science and Robotics, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), Pittsburgh, US, was delivering one of the keynote addresses of the second symposium in the Innovations in Education (IIE2) series yesterday. Speaking on 'Empowerment of Masses through Education and Capacity Building,' he explained that multi-lingual interfaces, spoken language interfaces and multi-lingual translation systems ought to be developed."

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May 8, 2006: </investor/content/may2006/pi20060508_776926.htm>A "Neural" Approach to the Market - This S&P portfolio uses a computer model that "learns" from its mistakes -- and has handily beaten its benchmark index. By Will Andrews. BusinessWeek Online.

"For investors, experience is the best teacher -- even for a computer-driven stock-selection strategy. That's the basic approach of Standard & Poor's Neural Fair Value 25 portfolio, which employs the investment research outfit's proprietary quantitative stock ranking system. The Neural Fair Value (NFV) concept, which was created by Andre Archambault, S&P's director of quantitative strategies, starts with S&P's Fair Value stock valuation system, which uses earnings estimates and other metrics to determine whether stocks are trading above or below their fair value. The 'neural' part comes into play when Archambault's model, updated weekly, combs the 3,000 stocks in that group for the 25 names it thinks have superior price appreciation potential. ... The NFV approach, Archambault explains, is based on 'Neural Network' theory, an artificial intelligence concept that seeks to replicate the human brain's ability to learn from mistakes. ... [Q:] The Fair Value conce pt is familiar to many investors, but the part that makes this unique is the neural overlay. How does the artificial intelligence concept come into play? [A:] Neural nets are kind of like 'black boxes,' and they're being used in all kinds of industries. ..."

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