CITY COLLEGE OF NEW YORK
Proposal for a Ph.D. Program in Engineering
(BME, CHE, CE, EE and ME)
THE CITY COLLEGE OF NEW YORK
THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK
DOCTORAL PROGRAMS IN ENGINEERING
The City College of New York
The City University of New York
Contact Person: Provost Zeef Dagan
Resolution Approved by the Faculty Senate of the City College of New York
May 17, 2007
Resolution Approved by the CUNY Board of Trustees
Proposed Start Date
September 1, 2008
Full Proposal: Ph.D. Programs in Engineering
Title of proposed program: Doctoral Program in Engineering
Specialty and HEGIS code number: Biomedical Engineering (0904)
Chemical Engineering (0906)
Civil Engineering (0908)
Electrical Engineering (0909)
Mechanical Engineering (0910)
Degrees awarded: Ph.D., M. Phil.
Institution/Program Website address:
The City College of New Yorkny.cuny.edu
The Grove School of Engineeringny.cuny.edu/engineering
The faculty of the Grove School of Engineering of the City College of New York (CCNY) proposes that the City College of the City University of New York (CUNY) be authorized to confer the Ph.D. degree in Biomedical, Chemical, Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering. The projected starting date of the program is the fall of 2008. Doctoral education in engineering at CCNY started in 1963 under the auspices of the Graduate Center of CUNY. A total of 503 Ph.D. degrees in engineering have been awarded from 1966 through academic year 2006/2007.
Mission and Goals: The mission of the doctoral programs at the Grove School of Engineering (GSOE) has been and will continue to be to provide the knowledge and skills to qualified engineering students to become the future leaders and innovators of a profession in the service of society. The doctoral programs are committed to conduct vigorous basic and applied research that advances fundamental knowledge and develop innovative approaches to engineering problems. The main goal is to graduate first-rank researchers and educators at the doctoral level in order to qualify for careers in academia, industry, and government.
Curriculum: Doctoral degrees in Engineering are awarded for mastery of subject matter and demonstration of research ability. The course and research credit requirements include satisfactory completion of 48 credits of approved graduate course work and 12 credits of research for the doctoral dissertation. Students are also required to pass a comprehensive First Examination (qualifying examination), pass a Second Examination based on their research proposal, and complete a doctoral dissertation and defend it in public.
Admission Requirements: The applicant must have earned a bachelor’s or master’s degree from an accredited institution whose requirements for the degree are substantially equivalent to those of the City College. All applicants are required to submit two recommendation letters, GRE scores, and international applicants with degrees from programs in which the primary language of instruction is not English must pass the TOEFL examination to demonstrate fluency in English.
Student Body and Projected Enrollment: The sources of graduate students are engineering graduates of accredited bachelor’s and master’s programs of local, regional, national, and international institutions. Our current steady-state enrollment varies between 190 and 205. We intend to reduce the enrollment to a maximum of 150 full-time students. The part-time enrollee will be discouraged. These projections are in line with our desire to maintain higher standards for the degree, improve retention, and realistic assessment of our ability to provide adequate financial aid to all the Ph.D. students.
Facilities, Equipment, Faculty: The engineering research laboratories and computing facilities at City College are continuously being updated and developed to meet our needs. We have an outstanding and enthusiastic faculty consisting of 85 core members at the GSOE and more than 15 associate members at other units of CUNY and hospital partners who are actively collaborating with our faculty in mentoring the students. Among the faculty there are 7 Distinguished Professors, 2 of them are emeritus but research-active and mentor PhD students, and 6 Chair Professors. Among the Distinguished Professors, 1 is a member of all three National Academies, 1 is a member of the National Academy of Science, 3 are members of the National Academy of Engineering, 2 are members of the American Academy of Arts and Science, and one is a recipient of the national Medal of Science. The GSOE has just recruited a Distinguished Professor in Chemical Engineering who will be joining the faculty in March 2008. The CCNY administration has authorized the GSOE to add two more Distinguished Professors to the Biomedical and Mechanical Engineering Programs.
Prospects for Employment: There is strong evidence to indicate excellent employment opportunities for PhD’s in Engineering. In the last five years all of our graduates have found jobs either in academe (faculty and Post-Doctorate Fellows) or in government or in industry.
Proposed Program Title and HEGIS code numbers:
Biomedical Engineering (0904)
Chemical Engineering (0906)
Civil Engineering (0908)
Electrical Engineering (0909)
Mechanical Engineering (0910)
Degrees awarded: Ph.D., M. Phil
Purposes, Goals, and Objectives
The faculty of the Grove School of Engineering of the City College of New York (CCNY) proposes that the City College of the City University of New York (CUNY) be authorized to confer the Ph.D. degree in Biomedical, Chemical, Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering. Students completing the requirements of their respective programs will receive a Ph.D. in Engineering with specialty in the respective field conferred by the City College of CUNY. The projected starting date of the Ph.D. granting authorization is the fall of 2008.
Under the auspices of the Graduate Center of CUNY, doctoral education in Engineering with specialty in Biomedical*, Chemical, Civil, Electrical, and Mechanical Engineering began in 1963 at the Grove School of Engineering (GSOE) of the City College of New York. Although the Graduate Center follows a consortial model for its doctoral education, which involves active participation by doctoral faculty from across the CUNY campuses, the Engineering Program with its five separate departments is confined to the City College of New York because no other CUNY campus offers engineering education. In the forty plus years since its inception, the campus-based Engineering Program at CCNY has grown substantially, and now it involves more than 100 nationally and internationally renowned faculty and research associates working with about 200 talented and engaged students. The total value of current research expenditures of the doctoral faculty in Engineering is over $17M per year. The number of doctoral degrees awarded in Engineering from 1966 to the end of the academic year 2006/07 is 503. More than 12% of the alumni hold faculty positions in universities and colleges
throughout the world. Many others have assumed leadership positions in industrial and governmental jobs. Two members of our chemical engineering alumni have been elected to the National Academy of Engineering.
* The Biomedical Engineering Program became a separate program in 2000.
2.2 Statement of Educational Goals
The goals of the Grove School of Engineering at CCNY have been and continues to provide a broad range of excellent doctoral programs to prepare students to become scholars and research leaders in their fields; to foster research designed to make significant contributions to knowledge and advancement of technology; and to function as an important center of service to the private, nonprofit and government sectors. An equally important goal is to enhance access to doctoral education for the traditionally underrepresented groups at affordable cost.
2.3 Rationale for the Proposed Program
There are strong arguments for authorizing the City College of CUNY to confer the
Ph.D. degree in Biomedical, Chemical, Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering.
The Grove School of Engineering is committed to conduct fundamental and
applied research in areas of national importance that contribute to the advancement of human knowledge. The current research expenditure of the doctoral faculty in Engineering exceeds $17M per year.
The Grove School of Engineering has the vital mission of providing rigorous
and accessible engineering education at the highest levels for qualified students many of whom are immigrants, first generation Americans or belong to underrepresented groups.
The Grove School of Engineering at CCNY is the only engineering school within CUNY, and the only public school of engineering in the Metropolitan area. As a campus-based doctoral program at the Graduate Center, it was responsible for the award of more than 500 CUNY Ph.D. graduates in Engineering. In the last three years, the number of graduates was 20 (May 2007), 26 (May 2006) and 21 (May 2005)
In order to attract high caliber students and faculty and increase access to external funds from research agencies, it is important that the Grove School of Engineering achieves a higher national ranking and be recognized as such especially among sister institutions. The mere fact that the GSOE is a part of a Ph.D. granting institution will go a long way toward realizing the previously mentioned aims.
2.4 Need and Justification
The primary needs for the City College of New York to become a Ph.D. granting institution are the growth of student interest, faculty interest and commitment, the reputation of the Grove School of Engineering and its national ranking, and the future growth of Engineering within CUNY, the metropolitan area and the nation.
The interest of Ph.D. students in the Engineering Program has grown rapidly. Over the past ten years the enrollment increased from 121 in 1997/98 to 194 in 2007/08 (60% increase). Table A gives the enrollment and graduation statistics for the past 3 years. The steady-state enrollment has reached 190 – 200 students. In Fall 2007, the student body included 49 female and 18 African-American and Latino-American doctoral students.
In the past three years, the total number of graduates was 67 including 8 minorities (5 African-American and 3 Latino-American) and 13 female. The work placement of these recent graduates include 46 (69%) in industry, 9 (13%) in tenure-track faculty positions at colleges and universities, 7 (11%) in post-doctoral or academic research positions and 5 (7%) in government. The average time-to-degree for all graduates in the past three years is 5.8 year. This is comparable with the national average for doctoral degrees in engineering.
Because the Grove School of Engineering ranks among the major producers of underrepresented minority B.S. engineering graduates in the nation, it represents a significant pool of prospective minority Ph.D. students at CCNY. The recruitment of such students is accomplished by faculty outreach to talented minority students, and at meetings of the Chairs and the Associate Dean for Graduate Studies with groups of our undergraduate and Master’s students.
TABLE A. Enrollment and Graduation Statistics
DOCTORAL STUDENT ENROLLMENT
[BASED ON CALENDAR YEAR
* Several graduates wrote dissertations in the biomedical field while officially registered in other departments.
2.4.2 Faculty Interest
The main strength of the Engineering program is an outstanding and enthusiastic faculty, many of whom are nationally and internationally recognized leaders in their fields. Together with their first-rate doctoral students, they are engaged in meaningful and externally funded research. At the present time there are 85 faculty members in the engineering departments at CCNY including 7 Distinguished Professors, 2 of them are emeritus but research-active and mentor PhD students, and 6 Chair Professors. Among the Distinguished Professors, 1 is a member of all three National Academies, 1 is a member of the National Academy of Science, 3 are members of the National Academy of Engineering, 2 are members of the American Academy of Arts and Science, and one is a recipient of the national Medal of Science. The GSOE has just recruited a Distinguished Professor in Chemical Engineering who will join the faculty in March 2008. Also, the CCNY administration has authorized the school to add two more Distinguished Professors to the Biomedical and Mechanical Engineering Departments. Five members of the faculty are currently involved in administration work throughout the College and the School of Engineering. In the past 5 years, 40 new members were hired on tenure track lines including 6 female and 2 African-American Professors. Faculty profiles and representative recent publications are given in each department’s description of its program (see Section 10.0 – Appendices).
In addition to the regular faculty at CCNY, a number of research associates who are working in the College’s centers and institutes have been appointed to the doctoral faculty in Engineering. These adjunct members teach graduate courses, mentor Ph.D. students and participate in other activities. This is supplemented by collaboration with numerous doctoral faculty and researchers at other units of CUNY and local institutions and health centers in the New York Metropolitan region. It should also be mentioned that the Dept. of Computer Science, which is also housed in the GSOE at CCNY, has 16 faculty members, some of whom collaborate with the doctoral faculty in engineering
The Grove School of Engineering is committed to a vigorous affirmative action program for the recruitment and retention of women and minority faculty. The recruiting is initiated by advertising and personal contacts by department chairs and faculty members. Lists of minority faculty and doctoral graduates issued by national associations are utilized for recruiting purposes. In the Fall 2007 term the doctoral faculty at CCNY included 11 female and 6 minority professors in tenured or tenure-track positions. The retention of minority and female faculty members has generally been good, since every effort is made to provide support and make them feel at home. Special funds have been allocated to help all new faculty members to get started in their research work and to cover their summer salaries. In addition, all new members are given reduced teaching load (two courses) during the first year.
Just as in any good doctoral program in Engineering, the research work at our school is a mixture of theoretical and experimental efforts. For the past 5 years, the average research expenditure has been about $17 M per year. Recent external research support of each department is included in the appendices at the end of this report.
Groups within the departments conduct collaborative research, through inter-departmental cooperation, and by cooperation with researchers in other scientific institutions and affiliated hospitals throughout New York City. This cooperation is enhanced by the existence of eleven research institutes and centers associated with the School of Engineering at the City College: the Benjamin Levich Institute for Physico-Chemical Hydrodynamics (Prof. Morton Denn, Director), the New York Center for Biomedical Engineering (Prof. Stephen Cowin, Director), the International Center for Environmental Resources and Development (Prof. Reza Khanbilvardi, Director), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration-Cooperative Remote Sensing Science and Technology Center, NOAA-CREST (Professors. Reza Khanbilvardi and Samir Ahmed, Directors), the University Transportation Research Center (Prof. Robert Paaswell, Director), the CUNY Institute for Transportation Systems (Prof. Neville Parker, Director), the Institute for Municipal Waste Research (Prof. John Fillos, Director), NASA University Research Center for Optical Sensing and Imaging- COSI (Prof. Samir Ahmed, Director), the Center for Information Networking and Telecommunications-CINT (Prof.Tarek Saadawi, Director.), CREST: Center for Mesoscopic Modeling and Simulation (Prof. Charles Watkins, Director) and the New York State Center for Advanced Technology In Ultrafast Photonics. A description of these organized research efforts is available at ny.cuny.edu/engineeringand in The City College Graduate Bulletin.
The physical facilities, which support research, i.e. office space, computing facilities, and laboratories are located in the main engineering building – Steinman Hall. Classes are held in nearby buildings on campus.
All departments have extensive research laboratories in addition to the teaching laboratories. These CCNY facilities are greatly amplified by the extensive laboratories at some of the affiliated institutions cooperating with our research centers and our hospital partners where some of our students do their experimental research. The departmental laboratories are discussed in the sections devoted to descriptions of the departments. A $40M center for structural biology research with three cryo-TEMs is housed at City College campus as well as plans are in place for building two new science buildings on the south campus of the college.
2.4.4 City College and CUNY Needs
Another major factor in proposing to elevate the status of the City College of New York to that of a Ph.D. granting institution is to improve the reputation of its Ph.D. Program in Engineering as well as enhance the vitality of the GSOE, the City College, and CUNY. This new designation plays a significant role in recruiting and retaining better students and first class faculty.
The Committees of the Engineering Program are:
The Executive Committee: The Executive Committee consists of the following members:
The Dean of the Grove School of Engineering (ex officio)
The Associate Dean for Graduate Studies
One member each from the Biomedical, Chemical, Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering. This member is elected for a three-year term by the faculty of the GSOE.
Two student representatives who are elected for two-year terms by all the students in the five departments of the Engineering Program.
The chair of the Executive Committee is the Associate Dean for Graduate Studies. The Executive Committee will be a committee of the whole and also act as the admissions and Awards Committee and the Faculty Membership Committee.
Ad Hoc Committees: Ad hoc committees will be appointed by the Chair of the Executive Committee with the consent of the Executive Committee. The members will be drawn from the faculty and students of the Engineering Program, with one faculty member from each of the five departments and two student representatives from the student body.
The Student Elections Committee: The student Elections Committee consists of five doctoral students, one each from the Biomedical, Chemical, Civil, Electrical, and Mechanical Engineering. The student Elections Committee supervises elections of the two student representatives to the Executive Committee as described under Student Elections Procedures. Appointment to this committee is made by the Executive Committee and for a term of two years.
Unless otherwise specified, the normal term of membership on a committee is three years. In the event that a member is unable to serve a full term, a replacement that will serve the remainder of the term is appointed by the Ph.D. Committee of the concerned department.
Students on the Executive Committee will not vote in matters involving individual students or faculty. If there is disagreement about the presence of student members in discussions of individual students or faculty before the Executive Committee, a majority vote of the Executive Committee will decide the appropriateness of such presence.
The Ph.D. Committee and any other committees of each of the five programs are listed separately in the section devoted to description of the program.
3.2 Faculty Election Procedures
The faculty of each of the five departments is responsible to form an elections committee that will, at least two weeks in advance of elections by the faculty of the GSOE, nominate and put forward a slate of candidates to fill the one elective position on the Executive Committee of the Engineering Program. The elections to fill this position will be held once every three years. Only members of the doctoral faculty in Engineering are eligible to vote.
Student Election Procedures
Two student representatives to the Executive Committee are elected for a two-year term by the following procedures. At least two weeks in advance of the election, the Student Elections Committee will nominate a slate of eligible students from the five departmens who are willing to serve as representatives to the Executive Committee of the Engineering Program. The Student Elections Committee will be responsible for conducting all aspects of the elections, including the required mailing ballots.
The goal of the Engineering Program is to graduate excellent researchers and educators
at the doctoral level in the five departments. The Ph.D. in Engineering is awarded for mastery of subject matter and demonstration of research ability. The course and research credit requirements and the noncourse requirements for completion of the degree in Biomedical, Chemical, Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering are as described in the Graduate Center Bulletin. In general, these
requirements include satisfactory completion of at least 48 credits of approved graduate coursework and 12 credits of dissertation research. Students are also expected to pass a comprehensive First Examination (qualifying exam), pass a Second Examination based on their research proposal, and complete a Ph.D. dissertation and orally defend it in public. At least 30 of the credits required for the degree must be taken in residence at the City College. Doctoral students are expected to spend at least one year in full-time residence at the City College. Full-time residence consists of at least 12 credits per semester for each of two consecutive semesters. Other requirements applicable to a particular program are discussed in the appropriate section of the department write up included in this proposal.