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Таганрог 2005

Время выполнения теста – 60 минут. Не разрешается пользоваться словарями и справочной литературой. Выполненные задания оформляются на отдельном листе в порядке следования в тесте.

Желаем успеха!

I Подберите английским словосочетаниям русские эквиваленты:

  1. automatic devices

  2. flyball governor

  3. application area

  4. assemble machines

  5. feedback principle

  6. a transfer machine

  7. perform simple tasks

  8. production rate

  9. product efficiency

10.sequence

    1. (автомат.) сборочная линия

    2. автоматические устройства

    3. выполнять простые задачи

    4. принцип обратной связи

    5. сборочные машины

    6. сфера применения

    7. центробежный регулятор

h.производственная эффективность

i. производственная скорость

j. последовательность

10

II Подберите словам, данным справа, синонимы:

  1. feedback

  2. rate

  3. to apply

  4. efficient

  5. device

  6. assemble

  7. realm

  8. sequence

  9. encourage

  10. vague

    1. arrange

    2. careless

    3. effective

    4. equipment

    5. inspire

    6. refer

    7. response

    8. series

    9. speed

    10. sphere

10

III Подберите слова к данным ниже определениям:

a. Thefeedback principle b. Mechanization c. Automation d. Assembly

e. Aerospace f. Marine g. Mechanical h. Naval i. Safety j. Equipment

  1. …is the first step to heighten product efficiency applying motorized machines resembling worker’s motions.

  2. … E. responsible for designing and supervising constructions of ships

  3. …the principle of a mechanism work when a part of the outgoing signal is transferred to the entering signal.

  4. … E. devoted to the design and operation of systems, needed to propel a ship.

  5. …is the second step in the design process when a computer gives the instructions to direct a machining center to machine the part.

  6. … E. dealing with the prevention of accidents and works out procedures to secure workers under hazardous conditions.

  7. …of a machine, device, or object is the process of fitting its different parts together.

  8. … Specialists of this complex branch design, test, build, operate machinery.

  9. …consists of the things that are used for a particular purpose, as apparatus, tools, instruments

  10. … E. concerned with the flight, of vehicles in space beyond the earth’s atmosphere.

10

IV Перепишите предложения, меняя действительный залог на страдательный:

  1. Engineers in the field of electric power and mechanics have brought about several important developments since 1970s.

  2. Digital systems are replacing analog one.

  3. Engineers use computers to solve complex problems.

  4. It is difficult to generalize from the marginal point the current motives for investment in robots.

  5. Engineers continue to work to squeeze great numbers of circuit elements onto smaller chips

10

V Прочитайте текст и выполните задания:

Pocket Radios

The transistor’s compactness and low power requirements also brought a new day in a host of simpler devices. Radio receivers hardly larger than a package of cigarettes were on a reality. In 1956-58 the transistor found one of the most spectacular applications. It helped Russian and American specialists to launch the first satellites and to open the space age. Only a few of the biggest satellites have been able to carry vacuum-tube equipment. Most satellites have been appended on transistors not only for reporting back to the earth but for operating the instruments with which the satellites explored the mysterious regions around the earth. But the most striking aspect of the transistor is not the host of devices it made possible. Most important was its effect on a new branch of science and technology which may be called “solids-state electronics”.

Отметьте соответствующие тексту предложения T (True) и F (False) – несоответствующие тексту:

  1. The pocket radio brought a new day in a host of simpler devices thanks to its serviceability.

  2. In the late fifties of the past century the pocket radio prevented Russian and American specialists from launching the first satellites.

  3. Most satellites have been appended on transistors either to keep in touch with the earth and to monitor the mysterious regions around the earth.

  4. Today transistor is not developed.

  5. The pocket radio won the world fame in the late fifties and fell into oblivion.

10

VI Сопоставьте строчки так, чтобы выражения левой колонки служили иллюстрацией к слову или словосочетанию правой колонки:

41

students

a

alumnus, alumni, alumnae

42

paper

d

candidate, bachelor, master

43

graduate students

c

freshmen, sophomore, junior

44

degree

b

a précis, a passage, an article

45

to translate

e

freely, literally, approximately

VII В каждой строчке выберите слово, отличающееся от других по какому-либо признаку:

46. superseding replace dispose displace

47. area realm circuit curriculum

48. ally associate bind grind

49. eliminate remove insert delete

50. obstacle barrier interference insurance

10

VIII Match the English terms to their Russian equivalents:

  1. précis

  2. yearly project

  3. junior

  4. sophomore

  5. dismissal

    1. второкурсник

    2. конспект

    3. курсовая работа

    4. отчисление

e.третьекурсник

10

Total=80 points

100–95%

94 – 87%

86 – 77%

76 – 68%

67 – 55%

54 – 40%

39 – 20%

19 – 0%

80 – 76

75 – 69

68 – 60

59 – 52

51– 41

40 – 29

28 – 14

13 – 0

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

Key Diagnostic Test I on “Computer Engineering”

I

  1. b

  2. g

  3. f

  4. e

  5. d

  6. a

  7. c

  8. i

  9. h

  10. j

10

II

  1. g

  2. i

  3. f

  4. с

  5. d

  6. a

  7. j

  8. h

  9. e

  10. b

10

III

21-b

22-h

23-a

24-f

25-c

26-i

27-d

28-g

29-j

30-e

10

IV

  1. Several important developments have been brought since 1970s.

  2. Analog systems are being replaced by digital ones.

  3. Computers are used to solve complex problems.

  4. The current motives for investment in robots is difficult to be generalized from the marginal point.

  5. Great number of circuit elements is squeezed onto smaller chips.

10

V

  1. - t

  2. - f

  3. - t

  4. - f

  5. - f

10

VI

41-c

42-b

43-a

44-d

45-e

10

VII

46. superseding

47. curriculum

48. grind

49. insert

50. insurance

10

VIII

56-b

57-c

58-a

59-e

60-d

10

100–95%

94 – 87%

86 – 77%

76 – 68%

67 – 55%

54 – 40%

39 – 20%

19– 0%

80 – 76

75 – 69

68 – 60

59 – 52

51– 41

40 – 29

28 – 14

13 – 0

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

80 – 76

75 – 69

68 – 60

59 – 52

51– 41

40 – 29

28 – 14

13 – 0

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

Test

English for Science II Chapter 6 “Exemplifying”

Время выполнения теста – 60 минут. Не разрешается пользоваться словарями и справочной литературой. Выполненные задания оформляются на отдельном листе в порядке следования в тесте. Желаем успеха!

I Подберите синонимы из колонки В к словам в колонке А:

A

B

1

submerge (in water)

a

difference

2

emit (radiation)

b

enter

3

conduct

c

give off

4

disparity

d

carry

5

insert

e

sink

5 points

II Выберите один синоним к слову из ряда данных:

6

sufficient

a) enough b) suffering c) solid

7

solidify

a) melt b) harden c) soften

8

evaporate

a) liquefy b) pour c) vaporize

9

constant

a) unchanging b) instant c) changing

10

rate

a) place b) speed c) mouse

5 points

III Выпишите отдельно номера предложений, содержащих определения, и предложений, содержащих примеры:

Definitions: …Examples: …

11. Symbiosis is the coexistence of living things for their mutual benefit.

12. Iron, for instance, changes its colour when heated.

13. Feedback is the principle of a mechanism work when a part of the outgoing signal is transferred to the entering signal.

14. Iron illustrates the concept of heat affecting colour.

15. Mechanization is the system of manufacture performing of certain tasks by machines only.

5 points

IV Заполните пропуски, используя слова, данные перед текстом (два слова лишние)

memorable example picture illustrate examples evidence explanations point impact general persuasive concept specific validity volume

One (16)… is worth a thousand (17)…. The best way to clarify the (18)… is to give an example of it. An example brings the (19)… or abstract statement down to a (20)… or concrete image. The example adds (21)…, making the statement more (22)…, more interesting and more (23)…, as well as providing (24)… for it. Scientists use examples to explain or clarify a (25)… or to give evidence to support it. (26)… can sometimes serve to test the (27)… of a point. If no example can be found to (28)… a point, there may not be a point.

13 points

V Измените данные предложения, используя страдательный залог и модальный глагол “should”:

29. Shut off the electricity.

30. It is obligatory to test the blood donors for anemia.

31. Hospitals yearly immunize patients against flu.

32. Don’t let a fire extinguisher in the laboratory.

33. To prevent extreme situations insulate the explosive devices properly.

5 points

VI Закончите определения, используя следующие слова:

a – insulators b – conduction c – convection

d – radiation e – the warmest materials f – melting

g – volatile h – freezing

34… is one method of heat transfer that takes place when there is a difference in temperature between two objects.

35…are those that trap pockets of air, such as wool.

36…is the upward flow of masses of liquid or gas molecules as they are heated from below.

37…is the sending out of energy, heat, etc., in rays.

38…is the conversion of a solid into a liquid at fixed temperature.

39…is lowering the temperature of a liquid sufficiently to change it to a solid.

40 – Liquids that evaporate easily, that is at low temperatures are known as …

7 points

VII Прочитайте отрывок.

… One of the most important effects of heat is that it can change the state of a substance from solid to liquid to gas. In fact, heat is the requirement in any change of physical state. For example, water can be cooled to form ice, or heated so that it changes to steam or vapour.

Melting is the conversion of a solid to a liquid. If a block of ice is heated up to 0˚C, it will begin to melt gradually because the molecule speed will be fastened so that their order will be broken down and they will tumble over each other. Thus, gold melts at 106˚C, iron at 1535˚C, frozen oxygen at -219˚C. The reverse of the melting point is freezing. Freezing is lowering of a liquid sufficiency.

Определите, какие из приведенных выводов соответствуют истине (T), а какие – нет (F):

41. All substances can be classified as solids, liquids, gases.

42. All substances can be classified as cold, cool and hot.

43. Heat is the essential and the only condition to convert almost all substances from one physical state to another.

44. With the addition of heat almost all substances can be converted from one physical state to another.

45. Substances convert from one state to another at fixed temperatures.

46. If the molecules in your tea are moving rapidly, the tea is getting cold.

6 points

VIII Выпишите слово, отличающееся по какому-либо признаку от данных в строке:

47. identify lengthen clear purify

48. identification exemplifying purification solidification

49. weaken soften given broaden

50. careful loose weak lose

4 points

Total score =50

100– 95%

94 – 87%

86 – 77%

76 – 68%

67 – 55%

54 – 40%

39 – 20%

19– 0%

50– 47

46 – 43

42 – 38

37 – 34

33 – 27

26 – 20

19 – 10

9– 0

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1


Test

English for Science II Chapter 1

Время выполнения теста – 60 минут. Не разрешается пользоваться словарями и справочной литературой. Выполненные задания оформляются на отдельном листе в порядке следования в тесте. Желаем успеха!

I Восстановите слово по данной транскрипции

1.['ældzi:] 2.['ælgə] 3.['k :p s] 4.[kә'laıd] 5.[ınfını'tesıməl]

5

II Выпишитеобобщающееслово

e.g. liquids, gases, matter, solids

  1. steel, alloy

  2. paint, tea, colloids, coffee

  3. algae, plants, mushrooms, bacteria

  4. particle, element, molecule, atom

  5. rocks, cotton, solids, paper



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